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Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205808/maximizing-biomass-and-lipid-production-in-heterotrophic-culture-of-chlorella-vulgaris-techno-economic-assessment
#1
Mohammad H Morowvat, Younes Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, chlorophycean microalgae have attained a broad-spectrum attention as potential candidate for biomass and bioenergy production. Despite their appreciated benefits, one of major problems is their low biomass and lipid productivity. Here we investigated the heterotrophic culture in shake flasks and stirred tank bioreactor to improve the lipid and biomass production in a naturally isolated strain of Chlorella vulgaris. METHODS: A naturally isolated C...
September 10, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088455/a-fixed-combination-of-probiotics-and-herbal-extracts-attenuates-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-from-inflammatory-stress-in-an-in-vitro-model-using-caco-2-cells
#2
Veronica Cocetta, Daniela Catanzaro, Vittoria Borgonetti, Eugenio Ragazzi, Maria C Giron, Paolo Governa, Ilaria Carnevali, Marco Biagi, Monica Montopoli
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), are considered a growing global disease, with about ten million people being affected worldwide. Maintenance of intestinal barrier integrity is crucial for preventing IBD onset and exacerbations. Some recent patents regarding oily formulations containing probiotics (WO2010122107A1 and WO2010103374A9) and the use of probiotics for gastrointestinal complaints (US20110110905A1 and US9057112B2) exist, or are pending application. OBJECTIVE: In this work we studied the effect of a fixed combination of registered Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus acidophilus strains and herbal extracts in an in vitro inflammation experimental model...
August 8, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081795/processed-gingers-current-and-prospective-use-in-food-cosmetic-and-pharmaceutical-industry
#3
Jae-Suk Choi
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) has been widely used in traditional medicine, and as raw material for cosmetics, beverages, and health functional foods. However, some adverse effects of ginger have been reported. In addition, the hot and pungent taste of ginger leads to reduced consumption. To overcome these problems, methods for the production of fermented, steamed (or steamed-dried), aged, roasted and beopje ginger have been developed. This review provides an overview and summary of new ginger processing procedures, including methods to reduce the pungent flavor of ginger, extend shelf-life, increase the health-functional compound content, and improve safety...
August 6, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058501/hepatoprotective-effects-of-algerian-crataegus-oxyacantha-leaves
#4
Amira Mechri, Wassila Benabderrahmane, Amel Amrani, Nassima Boubekri, Fadila Benayache, Samir Benayache, Djamila Zama
BACKGROUND: Hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha), a common edible plant, is widely used for the preparation of different foodstuff and is also used in traditional medicine to treat heart problems and gastrointestinal ailments. Recently, a few patents of Crataegus preparation for protective effects (prevention of cardiovascular and hepatic diseases) have been developed. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to explore the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of n-butanol extract of Crataegus oxyacantha leaves in acute liver damage induced by doxorubicin (DOX)...
July 29, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039769/prophylactic-potential-of-conventional-and-supercritical-garlic-extracts-to-alleviate-diet-related-malfunctions
#5
Kanza A Awan, Masood S Butt, Faiza Ashfaq, Hussan Munir, Hafiz A Rasul Suleria
OBJECTIVES: The present research was tailored to explore the prophylactic role of garlic extracts to mitigate some diet related malfunctions. The recent patents regarding as antidiabetic agents (US 20140147528 A1) and garlic compositions (US 20110129580 A1) also helped in the study design. METHODS: Bioevaluation trials were conducted on Sprague Dawley rats by feeding garlic extracts for a period of sixty days. Accordingly, three studies were carried out comprising of normal, hyperglycemic and hypercholesterolemic rats...
July 23, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039768/evaluation-of-nutritional-supplementation-with-palm-oil-in-high-gravity-beer-production
#6
Caroline Cerqueira Araujo Magalhaes, Julia Andrade Romao, Geiza Suzart Araujo, Diego T Santos, Giovani Brandao Mafra De Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The use of nutritional supplementation of the brewer's wort can be an interesting option to increase cell viability and yeast fermentability. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at to evaluate the effects of the variables wort concentration and nutritional supplementation with palm oil in the production of beer in high density wort. METHOD: The process effects were evaluated through the central composite rotational design of type 22 associated with the response surface methodology (RSM)...
July 23, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019656/the-effect-of-coconut-jelly-with-natural-sweeteners-stevia-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-replacement-on-blood-glucose-insulin-and-c-peptide-responses
#7
Chaowanee Chupeerach, Cholathip Yothakulsiri, Rungrat Chamchan, Uthaiwan Suttisansanee, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Anchalee Tungtrongchitr, Nattira On-Nom
Coconut jelly is a popular dessert among Asian people. However, it contains high levels of sugar. The recent patents on steviol glycoside (WO2015014969A1), steviol glycoside compositions for oral ingestion or use (WO2017095932A1) and sweetener composition for preventing and improving obesity, containing glycolysis inhibitor ingredient (EP2756764B1) [3] help to select the sweetener for development of coconut jelly. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the purposes of this study were to develop a healthier coconut jelly formula by using stevia as a natural sweetener as well as to investigate the short-term effects of modified coconut jelly (MCJ) compared to control formula (CCJ) consumption on glycemic and insulin responses in twelve healthy participants...
July 17, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984666/impact-of-electron-beam-irradiation-on-the-bioactive-principles-of-seeds-of-coastal-sand-dune-wild-legumes-canavalia-spp
#8
Prabhavathi Supriya, Kandikere R Sridhar
BACKGROUND: Recent patents reveal that vegetable ingredients have several applications in novel food formulations. Many so-called antinutritional components (e.g. tannins, saponins, lectins and protease inhibitors) have nutraceutical as well as pharmaceutical significance. Seeds of two wild legumes of the genus Canavalia inhabitants of the coastal sand dunes of Southwest India are known for a variety of bioactive principles (e.g. phenolics, tannins, canavanine, concanavalin and phytohemagglutinins)...
July 9, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984675/cheese-food-perception-and-food-choice
#9
Lenia Rodrigues, Graca Machado, Cristina Conceicao Pinheiro
In light of the increasing interest of the economic and socio-political impacts of the 'traditional food' trend, it is essential to understand the determinant factors that lead to traditional consumer choices. The standardization of sensory quality evaluation methods is a pressing need for the food products certification, particularly foods with specific sensory characteristics, such as those with a protected designation of origin (PDO). Consumer perception of particular foods, particularly foods that are culturally and socially contingent, such as cheese, must be understood as both a psychophysical reflex and a learned social practice...
July 4, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962354/two-sizes-may-fit-all-promoting-healthier-choices-through-regulatory-fit-in-risk-communications
#10
Rui Gaspar, Adriano da Silva Costa
For consumers to make healthy informed decisions (e.g. choose a low nutritional risk food product), they need to receive and exchange information and knowledge with health authorities, health and risk communicators and other interested groups. However, communicators are often faced with the challenge that consumers avoid such information and have a low engagement with the communication process. This often occurs due to a lack of consideration of consumers' characteristics and consequent communications tailoring to these...
July 1, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886843/cell-growth-lipid-production-and-productivity-in-photosynthetic-microalga-chlorella-vulgaris-under-different-nitrogen-concentrations-and-culture-media-replacement
#11
Mohammad H Morowvat, Younes Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: The photosynthetic unicellular microalgal strain, Chlorella vulgaris is considered as a robust biomass and lipid producer for human food and feed and also green energy production. The culture media composition plays a crucial role in biomass and lipid production and productivity. METHODS: The photosynthetic green microalga C. vulgaris was studied in three distinct cultivation experiments each for 22 days, using BG11 and f/2 culture media to investigate the effects of different levels of nitrogen and culture media replacement on cell growth, lipid production and productivity...
June 10, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866029/mushroom-cultivation-processing-and-value-added-products-a-patent-based-review
#12
Somya Singhal, Prasad Rasane, Sawinder Kaur, Umar Garba, Jyoti Singh, Nishant Raj, Neeru Gupta
BACKGROUND: Edible mushrooms are an abundant source of carbohydrates, proteins, and multiple antioxidants and phytonutrients. This paper presents a general overview on the edible fungus describing the inventions made in the field of its cultivation, equipment and value added products. OBJECTIVE: To understand and review the innovations and nutraceutical benefits of mushrooms as well as to develop interest regarding the edible mushrooms. METHODS: Information provided in this review is based on the available research investigations and patents...
June 3, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737270/orientation-of-agri-food-companies-to-csr-and-consumer-perception-a-survey-on-two-italian-companies
#13
Gennaro Civero, Vincenzo Rusciano, Debora Scarpato
BACKGROUND: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the most important tool for implementing Sustainability Guidelines for Business (US20030018487A1), delivering economic, social and environmental benefits for all the stakeholders and is currently the focus of international studies and debates (US7260559B1), especially in the agri-food sector as demonstrated by recent patents (CA2862273A1). In most agri-food businesses operating in Italy, there is little effectiveness in the communication strategies of this instrument to the stakeholders since they are often not advanced...
May 7, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737269/morphophysiological-quality-of-seedlings-and-grafted-peach-trees-effects-of-nutrient-solution-and-substrates
#14
Aline Das Gracas Souza, Ricardo Ernesto Muraro, Oscar Jose Smiderle, Valmor Joao Bianchi
This study aimed to verify the influence of different substrates with and without addition of nutrient solution on the production of the rootstock cultivar Capdeboscq and grafted peach plants of 'Chimarrita' scion. In the first experiment, the height and stem diameter of the rootstocks were evaluated every two weeks, up to 90 days after transplanting. At 90 days after transplanting, dry weight of shoots and roots, total dry mass and Dickson Quality Index were evaluated. In the second experiment, seedlings of 'Capdeboscq' were grafted with 'Chimarrita' scion...
May 7, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701165/flow-cytometric-analysis-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-production-in-hyperglycemic-mouse-model
#15
Muhaimin Rifa I, Mulya Dwi Wahyuningsih, Noviana Dwi Lestari, Aris Soewondo, Mansur Ibrahim, Hideo Tsuboi
OBJECTIVE: The sharp increase of pro-inflammatory cytokine becomes a severe problem in some degenerative diseases. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cherry leaf extract (CLE) on pro-inflammatory cytokine production in a hyperglycaemic mouse model. METHODS: In this study, we induced hyperglycemia with high-fat diet and 20% fructose drink. Hyperglycemic mice were orally administered with CLE with the dose of 420, 700, and 28000 mg/kg BW for two weeks. After treatment, the pro-inflammatory molecule was analyzed by flow cytometry by isolating spleen cells...
April 26, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589553/young-children-talking-about-food-and-health
#16
Tingting Xu
BACKGROUND: Limited patents have explored young children's understanding of the connection between food and health. This qualitative study aimed to narrow this gap by investigating young children's health conceptions. METHODS: Seventy-two children, 5 to 7 years of age, participated in this study. Two instruments, the demographic survey and child interview survey, were used to collect data. Data were analyzed following the processes of conducting initial coding, specifying categories, and combining categories to develop themes...
March 27, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051786/preface
#17
Bing Huei Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701164/biometric-characterization-and-morphophysiological-quality-of-peach-rootstock-seeds-using-images-of-their-seedling-vigor
#18
Aline G Souza, Oscar J Smiderle, Valmor J Bianchi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of using the computerized imaging Seed Analysis System (SAS) in the biometric and morphophysiological characterization of seeds and the initial growth of seedlings from peach rootstocks. METHODS: The experimental design was completely randomized with five replicates of 20 seeds. The variables analyzed were the seed humidity content, length and width of seeds measured by SAS technology and manual measurements, mean germination time, germination percentage, radicle length and width, taproot length, length of the aerial part and taproot/aerial part ratio...
2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629668/using-dna-barcoding-to-detect-adulteration-in-different-herbal-plant-based-products-in-the-united-arab-emirates-proof-of-concept-and-validation
#19
Kareem A Mosa, Sameh Soliman, Ali El-Keblawy, Muna A Ali, Hessa A Hassan, Aysha A B Tamim, Moza M Al-Ali
BACKGROUND: Commercially available herbal and medicinal plants-based products are susceptible to substitution or contamination with other unlabeled or undesired materials. This will reduce the quality of the product, and may lead to intoxication and allergy. METHODS: DNA barcoding is a molecular technology that allows the identification of plant materials at the species level, by sequencing short stretches of standardized gene sequences from nuclear or organelle genome in an easy, rapid, accurate and cost-effective manner...
2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564991/a-review-on-patents-of-starch-nanoparticles-preparation-applications-and-development
#20
Hui Wang, Tao Feng, Haining Zhuang, Zhimin Xu, Ran Ye, Min Sun
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we performed an analysis on how various materials based on starch nanoparticle affect different applications. The frequency of topics related to starch nanoparticles as well as their applications in different patent databases shows the importance of this material. OBJECTIVE: Being environmentally friendly, these nanoparticles show promise as novel composite biomaterials and are used in industries related to nutrition, paper production and medicines among many others...
2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
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