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Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture

Gennaro Civero, Vincenzo Rusciano, Debora Scarpato
BACKGROUND: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the most important tool for implementing Sustainability Guidelines for Business (US20030018487A1), delivering economic, social and environmental benefits for all the stakeholders and is currently the focus of international studies and debates (US7260559B1), especially in the agri-food sector as demonstrated by recent patents (CA2862273A1). In most agri-food businesses operating in Italy, there is little effectiveness in the communication strategies of this instrument to the stakeholders since they are often not advanced...
May 7, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Aline Das Gracas Souza, Ricardo Ernesto Muraro, Oscar Jose Smiderle, Valmor Joao Bianchi
This study aimed to verify the influence of different substrates with and without addition of nutrient solution on the production of the rootstock cultivar Capdeboscq and grafted peach plants of 'Chimarrita' scion. In the first experiment, the height and stem diameter of the rootstocks were evaluated every two weeks, up to 90 days after transplanting. At 90 days after transplanting, dry weight of shoots and roots, total dry mass and Dickson Quality Index were evaluated. In the second experiment, seedlings of 'Capdeboscq' were grafted with 'Chimarrita' scion...
May 7, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Muhaimin Rifa I, Mulya Dwi Wahyuningsih, Noviana Dwi Lestari, Aris Soewondo, Mansur Ibrahim, Hideo Tsuboi
OBJECTIVE: The sharp increase of pro-inflammatory cytokine becomes a severe problem in some degenerative diseases. This study aimed to investigate the effect of cherry leaf extract (CLE) on pro-inflammatory cytokine production in a hyperglycaemic mouse model. METHODS: In this study, we induced hyperglycemia with high-fat diet and 20% fructose drink. Hyperglycemic mice were orally administered with CLE with the dose of 420, 700, and 28000 mg/kg BW for two weeks. After treatment, the pro-inflammatory molecule was analyzed by flow cytometry by isolating spleen cells...
April 26, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Aline Das Graças Souza, Oscar Jose Smiderle, Valmor Joao Bianchi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of using the computerized imaging seed analysis system (SAS) in the biometric and morphophysiological characterization of seeds and the initial growth of seedlings from peach rootstocks. METHODS: The experimental design was completely randomized with five replicates of 20 seeds. The variables analyzed were degree of seed humidity, length and width of seeds measured by SAS technology and manual measurements, mean germination time, germination percentage, radicle length and width, taproot length, length of the aerial part and taproot/aerial part ratio...
April 26, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Kareem A Mosa, Sameh Soliman, Ali El-Keblawy, Muna Abdalla Ali, Hessa Ali Hassan, Aysha Ali Bin Tamim, Moza Mohamed Al-Ali
Commercially available herbal and medicinal plants-based products are susceptible to substitution or contamination with other unlabeled or undesired materials. This will reduce the quality of the product, and may lead to intoxication and allergy. DNA Barcoding is a molecular technology that allows the identification of plant materials at the species level, by sequencing short stretches of standardized gene sequences from nuclear or organelle genome in an easy, rapid, accurate and cost-effective manner. The aim of this research is to apply DNA barcoding to investigate the authenticity of commercially available herbal and medicinal plant-based products within the UAE markets...
April 8, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Tingting Xu
BACKGROUND: Limited patents have explored young children's understanding of the connection between food and health. This qualitative study aimed to narrow this gap by investigating young children's health conceptions. METHODS: Seventy-two children, 5 to 7 years of age, participated in this study. Two instruments, the demographic survey and child interview survey, were used to collect data. Data were analyzed following the processes of conducting initial coding, specifying categories, and combining categories to develop themes...
March 27, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Hui Wang, Tao Feng, Ning Hai Zhuang, Min Zhi Xu, Ran Ye, Min Sun
This review attempts to visualize the actual impact of starch nanoparticle-based materials in different areas. In recent patent databases, starch nanoparticles showed the importance of this material, as well as relevant topics concerning the applications of starch nanoparticles in different domains. Because starch is environmentally friendly, starch nanoparticles are suggested as one of the promising biomaterials for novel utilization in foods, papermaking, medicines as well as various composites. In this review, the most common techniques for starch nanoparticles preparation were found to be acid and enzymatic procedures, ultrasonic treatment, combination of hydrolysis and Ultrasonic treatment, high pressure homogenization, enzymatic hydrolysis and recrystallization and emulsion-crosslinking...
March 20, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Mohammad-Foad Noorbakhsh, Farzad Hayati, Saeed Samarghandian, Hanieh Shaterzadeh-Yazdi, Tahereh Farkhondeh
Liver as an essential organ has an important function in metabolism and waste secretion from the body. Disorders of this organ may caused by several reasons such as high alcoholic consumption, various chemical or microbial agents and various hepatic cancers. Reactive and oxidative stress and oxygen species (ROS) are introduced the main mechanisms of these hepatic injuries. The seeds of Nigella sativa (Family Ranunculaceae) which is known as black seed, is widely used as a medicinal herb for cure or prevention of many of diseases such as liver problems...
February 20, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Azzurra Annunziata, Mariani Angela
BACKGROUND: Although sustainable food consumption is gaining growing importance on the international agenda, research on this subject is still quite fragmented and most studies analyse single aspects of sustainable food consumption with particular reference to environmental sustainability. In addition, the literature highlights the need to take account of the strong heterogeneity of consumers in studying sustainable behaviour. Identifying consumer segments with common profiles, needs and values is essential for developing effective communication strategies to promote sustainability in food consumption...
December 14, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Sorbari Igbiri, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Osazuwa Clinton Ekhator, Rose Ngozi Asomugha, Zelinjo Nkeiruka Igweze, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
Edible mushrooms are highly nutritious with vast pharmacological/medicinal properties. This study has determined the potential human health risk associated with the consumption of mushroom in Niger Delta, Nigeria. Concentrations of Pb, Cd, Sn, Cu, Ni, Al and Zn in both wild/cultivated mushroom and background soil/substrate were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). Heavy metal pollution was calculated using bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and pollution load index (PLI) while human health risk assessment employed estimated daily intake (EDI), target hazard quotient (THQ), hazard index (HI), carcinogenic risk (CR) and total cancer risk (TCR)...
November 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Marwa Rashad Ali
Orange-Mint leaves juice was formulated using different addition percentages of mint leaves extract. The juice was aseptically processed, packed in glass bottles under sterilized environment and sterilized at 70°C for 15 minutes then storage at 5°C for 3 months. The physicochemical, nutritional value, microbiological and sensory characteristics of the juice was evaluated. There is no difference in pH, total soluble solids, ash, and total acidity in all samples moreover, the sample A2, "orange juice with 15% of mint leaves extract" recorded the best values of sensory evaluation, on the other hand, it was recorded lower values of vitamin C and total phenolic compound than sample (C) or (C1) because of increasing in addition% of mint leaves extract to orange juice...
October 31, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Benjamin Holman, Joseph P Kerry, David L Hopkins
BACKGROUND: Meat packaging once acted primarily as an inert barrier to protect its contents against contamination and this function has shifted. DISCUSSION: Packaging now includes complementary functions that improve product quality, longevity and customer/retail appeal. The devices and methods applied to achieve these functions may be categorised as smart packaging, which includes intelligent packaging, devised to monitor and communicate packaged content status, and active packaging, to provide passive adjustment of in-pack conditions from its interactions with the packaged meat...
October 31, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Donia Anvari, Rashid Jamei
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants contain large amount of natural antioxidant compounds, which enable them to neutralize free radicals. Asteraceae family is important source of phytochemical compounds. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research is to find out the antioxidant potential and radical scavenging from leaf and flowers of five species (Artemisia absinthium L., Arctium lappa L., Silybum marianum L., Centaurea cyanus L. and Echinops ritro L.) of the Asteraceae family...
October 23, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Nihed B Halima
BACKGROUND: Lipids are biomolecules with interesting structural variability. They are involved in many processes such as the storage of energy, in nutrition and are also of relevance for signal transduction processes, in apoptosis, cell differentiation and phagocytosis, etc. Macroalgae and microalgae are a promising and very diverse group of organisms. These living arganisms inhabit a vaste range of ecosystems from the Antarctic to the Deserts. They account for above half the primary productivity at the base of the food chain because of their multiple nutritional products including, for instance, lipids...
2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Hanaa H Abd El Baky, Gamal S El Baroty
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of growing of algae Ulva lactuca L.under different salinity levels coupled with varied KNO3 concentrations (source of N) as a potential source of oil for biodiesel production. METHODS: U. lactuta was cultured in 10.0% NaCl coupled with either 2.5 g/L (S1+ 1N) or 1.0 g/L KNO3 (S1+ 2N) and in 30.0% NaCl coupled with 2.5 g/L (S2+ 1N) or 1.0 g/L KNO3 (S2+ 2N) nutrient medium. Among all algae cultures, biomass (dry weight) and lipid accumulation (total lipid content, TL) were significantly different (P>0...
2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Saeed Samarghandian, Mohsen Azimi-Nezhad, Fariborz Samini, Tahereh Farkhondeh
BACKGROUND: Using antioxidant diets may be a good strategy for the inhibition of oxidative stress connected to age-related disease. Saffron is a dried stigma of with antioxidant properties. This investigation was done to study the effects of saffron administration on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in female aged rats. METHODS: The rats were treated with the ethanolic extract of saffron for 4 weeks. At the end of our investigation, the hippocampi of rats were removed...
2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Maria C Pina-Pérez, Antonio Martínez, Dolores Rodrigo
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the best way to provide ideal food for infants. However, there are many situations in which breastfeeding is unviable (maternal illness, hygiene problems, intravenous feeding requirement, storage). Safe, efficient, and nutritious products should be offered by the industry to mothers and healthcare professionals as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: The present review aims to update the state of the art regarding the most innovative developments in infant feeding formulation and, the promising novel technologies that are being investigated to achieve a balance between the microbiological stability, organoleptic and nutritional value of baby food...
2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Mahsa Alikord, Javad Keramat, Mahdi Kadivar, Hassan Momtaz, Mohammad N Eshtiaghi, Aziz Homayouni-Rad
BACKGROUND: Species identification and authentication in meat products are important subjects for ensuring the health of consumers. The multiplex-PCR amplification and species- specific primer set were used for the identification of horse, donkey, pig and other ruminants in raw and processed meat products. METHODS: Oligonucleotid primers were designed and patented for amplification of species-specific mitochondrial DNA sequences of each species and samples were prepared from binary meat mixtures...
2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Belame S Sharath, Sevva P Muthukumar, Devappa Somashekar
BACKGROUND: The presence of anti-nutrients and toxins like phorbol esters in Jatropha curcas seed cake (JSC) limits its application in feeds. This study was done to assess the potential of detoxified JSC as rat feed. METHODS: The rats were fed a diet containing 0-5 and 10% of detoxified fermented JSC for four weeks. For the group I, only casein diet was used in rat feed as a negative control. For the group II, untreated JSC was used in rat feed as a positive control...
2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Chiara Riganelli, Andrea Marchini
The phenomenon of asymmetric information is central in the agri-food sector, in which often there is not full information transparency about product quality. This condition is particularly complex considering the high-end products. In order to reduce this information gap, a company can choose voluntarily to participate in certification programs that can be viewed also as a simplification of some organization issues. The research aims to understand the characteristics of firms oriented to use voluntary certifications as a tool to reduce information asymmetries between producers and final consumers...
January 28, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
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