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Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture

Tahereh Farkhondeh, Mohammad-Foad Noorbakhsh, Farzad Hayati, Saeed Samarghandian, Hanieh Shaterzadeh-Yazdi
Liver as an essential organ has an important function in metabolism and waste secretion from the body. Disorders of this organ may caused by several reasons such as high alcoholic consumption, various chemical or microbial agents and various hepatic cancers. Reactive and oxidative stress and oxygen species (ROS) are introduced the main mechanisms of these hepatic injuries. The seeds of Nigella sativa (Family Ranunculaceae) which is known as black seed, is widely used as a medicinal herb for cure or prevention of many of diseases such as liver problems...
February 20, 2018: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Azzurra Annunziata
BACKGROUND: Although sustainable food consumption is gaining growing importance on the international agenda, research on this subject is still quite fragmented and most studies analyse single aspects of sustainable food consumption with particular reference to environmental sustainability. In addition, the literature highlights the need to take account of the strong heterogeneity of consumers in studying sustainable behaviour. Identifying consumer segments with common profiles, needs and values is essential for developing effective communication strategies to promote sustainability in food consumption...
December 14, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Sorbari Igbiri, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Osazuwa Clinton Ekhator, Rose Ngozi Asomugha, Zelinjo Nkeiruka Igweze, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
Edible mushrooms are highly nutritious with vast pharmacological/medicinal properties. This study has determined the potential human health risk associated with the consumption of mushroom in Niger Delta, Nigeria. Concentrations of Pb, Cd, Sn, Cu, Ni, Al and Zn in both wild/cultivated mushroom and background soil/substrate were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). Heavy metal pollution was calculated using bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and pollution load index (PLI) while human health risk assessment employed estimated daily intake (EDI), target hazard quotient (THQ), hazard index (HI), carcinogenic risk (CR) and total cancer risk (TCR)...
November 29, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Marwa Rashad Ali
Orange-Mint leaves juice was formulated using different addition percentages of mint leaves extract. The juice was aseptically processed, packed in glass bottles under sterilized environment and sterilized at 70°C for 15 minutes then storage at 5°C for 3 months. The physicochemical, nutritional value, microbiological and sensory characteristics of the juice was evaluated. There is no difference in pH, total soluble solids, ash, and total acidity in all samples moreover, the sample A2, "orange juice with 15% of mint leaves extract" recorded the best values of sensory evaluation, on the other hand, it was recorded lower values of vitamin C and total phenolic compound than sample (C) or (C1) because of increasing in addition% of mint leaves extract to orange juice...
October 31, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Benjamin Holman, Joseph P Kerry, David L Hopkins
BACKGROUND: Meat packaging once acted primarily as an inert barrier to protect its contents against contamination and this function has shifted. DISCUSSION: Packaging now includes complementary functions that improve product quality, longevity and customer/retail appeal. The devices and methods applied to achieve these functions may be categorised as smart packaging, which includes intelligent packaging, devised to monitor and communicate packaged content status, and active packaging, to provide passive adjustment of in-pack conditions from its interactions with the packaged meat...
October 31, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Donia Anvari, Rashid Jamei
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants contain large amount of natural antioxidant compounds, which enable them to neutralize free radicals. Asteraceae family is important source of phytochemical compounds. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research is to find out the antioxidant potential and radical scavenging from leaf and flowers of five species (Artemisia absinthium L., Arctium lappa L., Silybum marianum L., Centaurea cyanus L. and Echinops ritro L.) of the Asteraceae family...
October 23, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Nihed Ben Halima
BACKGROUND: Lipids are biomolecules with interesting structural variability. They are involved in many processes such as the storage of energy, in nutrition and are also of relevance for signal transduction processes, in apoptosis, cell differentiation and phagocytosis, etc. Algae and microalgae are a promising and very diverse group of organisms. These living arganisms inhabit a vaste range of ecosystems from the Antarctic to the Deserts. They account for above half the primary productivity at the base of the food chain because of their multiple nutritional products including, for instance, lipids...
June 19, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Hanaa H Abd El Baky, Gamal S El Baroty
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of growing of algae Ulva lactuca L under different salinity levels coupled with varied KNO3 concentrations (source of N) as a potential source of oil for biodiesel production. METHODS: U. lactuta was cultured in 10.0% NaCl coupled with either 2.5 g/L (S1+ 1N) or 1.0 g/L KNO3 (S1+ 2N) and in 30.0% NaCl coupled with 2.5 g/L (S2+ 1N) or 1.0 g/L KNO3 (S2+ 2N) nutrient medium. Among all algae cultures, biomass (dry weight) and lipid accumulation (total lipid content, TL) were significantly different (P>0...
June 1, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Saeed Samarghandian, Mohsen Azimi Nezhad, Fariborz Samini, Tahereh Farkhondeh
BACKGROUND: Using antioxidant diets may be a good strategy for the inhibition of oxidative stress connected to age-related disease. Saffron is a dried stigmas of with antioxidant properties. This investigation was done to study the effects of saffron administration on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in hippocampus of male aged rats. The rats were treated with the ethanolic extract of saffron for 4 weeks. At the end of our investigation, the hippocampi of rats were removed. The homogenate was used for evaluation of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxides (GPx), catalase (CAT) and glutathione (GSH)...
May 28, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
M C Pina-Pérez, A Martínez, D Rodrigo
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the best way to provide ideal food for infants. However, there are many situations in which breastfeeding is unviable (maternal illness, hygiene problems, intravenous feeding requirement, storage). Safe, efficient, and nutritious products should be offered by the industry to mothers and healthcare professionals as an alternative. OBJECTIVE: The present review aims to update the state of the art regarding the most innovative developments in infant feeding formulation and, the promising novel technologies that are being investigated to achieve a balance between the microbiological stability, organoleptic and nutritional value of babyfood...
March 28, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Mahsa Alikord, Javad Keramat, Mahdi Kadivar, Hassan Momtaz, Mohammad Naghi Eshtiaghi, Aziz Homayouni Rad
BACKGROUND: Species identification and authentication in meat products are important subjects for ensuring the health of consumers. The multiplex-PCR amplification and species-specific primer set were used for identification of horse, donkey, pig and other ruminants in raw and processed meat products. METHODS: Oligonucleotid primers were designed for amplification of species-specific mitochondrial DNA sequences of each species and samples were prepared from binary meat mixtures...
January 13, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Sharath Bs, Muthukumar Sp, Somashekar Devappa
BACKGROUND: The presence of anti-nutrients and toxins like phorbol esters in Jatropha curcas seed cake (JSC) limits its application in feeds. This study was done to assess the potential of detoxified JSC as rat feed. METHODS: The rats were fed a diet containing 0, 5 and 10% of detoxified fermented JSC for four weeks. For the group I, only casein diet was used in rat feed as a negative control. For the group II, untreated JSC was used in rat feed as a positive control...
November 17, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Chiara Riganelli, Andrea Marchini
The phenomenon of asymmetric information is central in the agri-food sector, in which often there is not full information transparency about product quality. This condition is particularly complex considering the high-end products. In order to reduce this information gap, a company can choose voluntarily to participate in certification programs that can be viewed also as a simplification of some organization issues. The research aims to understand the characteristics of firms oriented to use voluntary certifications as a tool to reduce information asymmetries between producers and final consumers...
January 28, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Danielle B Lopes, Amanda R A de Avila, Livia D de Queiros, Juliana A Macedo, Gabriela A Macedo
BACKGROUND: Soy isoflavones, an important class of phytoestrogens, are suggested to be responsible for a number of biological activities associated with health benefits, including defense against various chronic diseases, including breast and prostate cancer, cardiovascular disorders, and osteoporosis, and they may alleviate the symptoms of menopause. METHODS: However, current researches (including patents) have shown that the clinical efficacy of these phenolic compounds is related to the ability of an individual to biotransform isoflavones into equol, which is a metabolite of daidzein formed exclusively by the intestinal microbiota...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Abdullah Makhzoum, Srividhya Venkataraman, Jocelyne Tremouillaux-Guiller, Kathleen Hefferon
BACKGROUND: Agricultural biotechnology, including the generation of genetically modified food crops, has been the subject of much controversy over the last few years. Initially serving the basic needs of farmers, Ag Biotech has more recently gained much appeal for its opportunities with respect to both the nutritional and pharmaceutical sciences. METHODS: The following review describes a number of recently approved patents that could have direct implications for the field of medicine...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Mina Babashahi, Maryam Mirlohi, Reza Ghiasvand, Sahar Torki-Baghbadorani
BACKGROUND: A new product from soy milk, which is a combination of probiotics and essential oils, can be regarded as a functional food with new added health benefit. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluation of the results of response surface methodology (RSM) in prediction of the optimum growth condition of Lactobacillus plantarum A7 (KC 355240) (LA7) cultured in soy milk enriched with different concentrations of essential oil of Cuminum cyminum in comparison with the classical growth curve monitoring method...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Arash Tondhoosh, Kooshan Nayebzadeh, Mohamad A Mohamadifar, Aziz Homayouni-Rad, Hamid Hosseinoghli
BACKGROUND: Individual factors, which interfere in the continuous churning, were manipulated to enhance the rheological properties and chemical composition of butter. This process leads to achieve softer; more spreadable, and ultimately healthier product for consumers. In addition it could prevent hardening of texture especially in winter. METHODS: Firstly, Pasteurized cream with different fat contents (40 & 45% fat) was passed through heat treatments, and then it was injected to a continuous churn...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Abderrahmane Houicher, Hind Hechachna, Hanifa Teldji, Fatih Ozogul
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the antifungal activity of the essential oils isolated from three aromatic plants against 13 filamentous fungal strains. METHODS: The major constituents of Mentha spicata, Thymus vulgaris, and Laurus nobilis essential oils were carvone (52.2%), linalool (78.1%), and 1,8-cineole (45.6%), respectively. There are also some patents suggesting the use of essential oils as natural and safe alternatives to fungicides for plant protection...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Kandikere R Sridhar, Dorothy D Anita, Sudeep D Ghate
BACKGROUND: This study compares the composition of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) in seeds of Sesbania speciosa (dry and mature) after processing (uncooked and cooked) and extraction (hot and cold). METHODS: Among PUFA, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids were common to uncooked and cooked dry seeds which were high on cold extraction. Only two fatty acid ratios were favorable in hot extraction [(C14:0 + C15:0 + (C16:0 / C18:0) and C18:1 / C18:2]. RESULTS: Cold extraction yielded docosahexaenoic acid in uncooked as well as cooked dry seeds and all fatty acid ratios were nutritionally favorable...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
Bing Huei Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
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