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Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855597/study-on-utilization-of-detoxified-jatropha-curcas-seed-cake-subjected-to-solid-state-fermentation-as-a-dietary-supplement-in-wistar-rats
#1
Sharath Bs, Muthukumar Sp, Somashekar Devappa
BACKGROUND: The presence of anti-nutrients and toxins like phorbol esters in Jatropha curcas seed cake (JSC) limits its application in feeds. This study was done to assess the potential of detoxified JSC as rat feed. METHODS: The rats were fed a diet containing 0, 5 and 10% of detoxified fermented JSC for four weeks. For the group I, only casein diet was used in rat feed as a negative control. For the group II, untreated JSC was used in rat feed as a positive control...
November 17, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809756/recent-patents-in-agricultural-biotechnology-focus-on-health
#2
Abdullah Makhzoum, Srividhya Venkataraman, Jocelyne Tremouillaux-Guiller, Kathleen L Hefferon
BACKGROUND: Agricultural biotechnology, including the generation of genetically modified food crops, has been the subject of much controversy over the last few years. Initially serving the basic needs of farmers, Ag Biotech has more recently gained much appeal for its opportunities with respect to both the nutritional and pharmaceutical sciences. METHODS: The following review describes a number of recently approved patents that could have direct implications for the field of medicine...
November 1, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784227/evaluation-of-response-surface-methodology-to-predict-optimum-growth-conditions-for-lactobacillus-plantarum-a7-kc-355240-in-probiotic-soy-milk-containing-essential-oil-of-cuminum-cyminum
#3
Mina Babashahi, Maryam Mirlohi, Reza Ghiasvand, Sahar Torki-Baghbadorani
BACKGROUND: A new product from soy milk, which is a combination of probiotics and essential oils, can be regarded as a functional food with new added health benefit. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluation of the results of response surface methodology (RSM) in prediction of the optimum growth condition of Lactobacillus plantarum A7 (KC 355240) (LA7) cultured in soy milk enriched with different concentrations of essential oil of Cuminum cyminum in comparison with the classical growth curve monitoring method...
October 26, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756199/industrial-application-of-different-heat-treatments-and-cream-fat-contents-for-improving-the-spreadability-of-butter
#4
Arash Tondhoosh, Aziz Homayouni Rad, Hamid Hosseinoghli
BACKGROUND: Individual factors, which interfere in the continuous churning, were manipulated to enhance the rheological properties and chemical composition of butter. This process leads to achieve softer; more spreadable, and ultimately healthier product for consumers. In addition it could prevent hardening of texture especially in winter. METHODS: Firstly, Pasteurized cream with different fat contents (40 & 45% fat) was passed through heat treatments, and then it was injected to a continuous churn...
October 13, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697029/fatty-acid-composition-of-mangrove-wild-legume-seeds-sesbania-speciosa-in-southwestern-india
#5
Kandikere R Sridhar, Dorathy D Anita, Sudeep D Ghate
This study compares the composition of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) in seeds of Sesbania speciosa (dry and mature) after processing (uncooked and cooked) and extraction (hot and cold). Among PUFA, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids were common to uncooked and cooked dry seeds which were high on cold extraction. Only two fatty acid ratios were favorable in hot extraction [(C14:0 + C15:0 + (C16:0 / C18:0) and C18:1 / C18:2]. Cold extraction yielded docosahexaenoic acid in uncooked as well as cooked dry seeds and all fatty acid ratios were nutritionally favorable...
October 3, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697030/in-vitro-study-of-the-antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-obtained-from-mentha-spicata-thymus-vulgaris-and-laurus-nobilis
#6
Abderrahmane Houicher, Hind Hechachna, Hanifa Teldji, Fatih Ozogul
The aim of this study was to determine the antifungal activity of the essential oils isolated from three aromatic plants against 13 filamentous fungal strains. The major constituents of Mentha spicata, Thymus vulgaris, and Laurus nobilis essential oils were carvone (52.2%), linalool (78.1%), and 1,8-cineole (45.6%), respectively. M. spicata essential oil exhibited the strongest activity against all tested fungi in which Fusarium graminearum, F.moniliforme, and Penicillium expansum were the most sensitive to mint oil with lower minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC) values of 2...
September 27, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215786/wineries-evaluation-of-costs-and-benefits-of-the-terra-vitis-sustainability-certification-program-in-france
#7
Frederique Jourjon, Hsiao-Chi Chou, Anna Gezart, Amy Ellen Kadison, Lea Martinat, Eugenio Pomarici, Riccardo Vecchio
BACKGROUND: The current paper analyses the evaluation of the costs and benefits of French wineries (N=69) participating in the sustainability program Terra Vitis, a widespread environmental certification scheme within the French wine industry. METHOD: An online questionnaire was sent to all Terra Vitis participants, in order to analyse the evaluation of economic costs and benefits (together with environmental benefits) as seen by wineries. RESULTS: Our findings reveal that older participants in the scheme (over 5 years), firms with highe export share (>40% of annual turnover) and cooperative wineries tend to be keener to assign a positive evaluation to the benefits/costs ratio in both the vineyard and the winery...
May 11, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996439/overview-of-flaxseed-patent-applications-for-the-reduction-of-cholesterol-levels
#8
Simone Augusta Ribas, Rafaela Lora Grando, Lilia Zago, Elvira Carvajal, Iolanda M Fierro
BACKGROUND: Flaxseed is becoming an increasingly widely used food ingredient. The rising interest of the food industry in this nutraceutical is primarily because of functional nutrients, such as alpha-linolenic acid and lignans, which have health benefits due to their lipid-lowering properties. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide an overview of the patenting of flaxseed products with cholesterol-lowering effects. METHOD: Patent applications filed by country of origin were retrieved from the Derwent Innovations Index® database...
March 21, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825753/the-strategy-of-voluntary-certification-in-italian-olive-oil-industry-who-and-why
#9
Chiara Riganelli, Andrea Marchini
The phenomenon of asymmetric information is central in the agri-food sector, in which often there is not full information transparency about product quality. This condition is particularly complex considering the high-end products. In order to reduce this information gap, a company can choose voluntarily to participate in certification programs that can be viewed also as a simplification of some organization issues. The research aims to understand the characteristics of firms oriented to use voluntary certifications as a tool to reduce information asymmetries between producers and final consumers...
January 28, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398422/preface
#10
Bing Huei Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957469/the-multidisciplinary-issue-of-obesity-epidemiological-studies-company-strategies-and-policy-actions-a-systematic-and-methodological-review-of-the-research-approaches
#11
Chiara Paffarini, Linda Fioriti, Laura Marchini
BACKGROUND: The work is a review of studies carried out in recent years on the epidemic of obesity. The issue of obesity includes several disciplines: medical-health, socio-economic impacts and policy actions. METHODS: This review focuses on the three main areas of study: the first area is about patent epidemiological researches, the second one analyzes the companies that focus on research and development towards less obesogenic foods and the third one investigates on the policies actions adopted by European governments to address the problem of obesity...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957468/reducing-information-gap-and-increasing-market-orientation-in-the-agribusiness-sector-some-evidences-from-apulia-region
#12
Francesco Contò, Cristina Santini, Piermichele La Sala, Mariantonietta Fiore
BACKGROUND: Market orientation plays a crucial role in reinforcing firm's competitive advantage; nevertheless, marketing myopia can negatively affect a clear perception of the market. METHODS: An organization that defines itself by product rather than by market terms is probably affected by marketing myopia, a narrowness of mind towards any newness - newness respect to firms' convincement and routines - coming from the external environment. In that context some scientific relevant developments that comes from recent patents have been considered...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957467/the-seven-challenges-for-transitioning-into-a-bio-based-circular-economy-in-the-agri-food-sector
#13
Massimiliano Borrello, Alessia Lombardi, Stefano Pascucci, Luigi Cembalo
BACKGROUND: Closed-loop agri-food supply chains have a high potential to reduce environmental and economic costs resulting from food waste disposal. This paper illustrates an alternative to the traditional supply chain of bread based on the principles of a circular economy. METHODS: Six circular interactions among seven actors (grain farmers, bread producers, retailers, compostable packaging manufacturers, insect breeders, livestock farmers, consumers) of the circular filière are created in order to achieve the goal of "zero waste"...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957466/the-case-of-cruse-affair-for-the-bordeaux-wines-winegate-and-its-consequences-on-the-burgundy-wine-industry
#14
Benoit Lecat, Claude Chapuis, Joelle Brouard, Laurence Cogan
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to show how the Cruse affair known as the "Winegate" has changed the wine industry in Burgundy. Cruse, one of the major Bordeauxsellers, was caught by the Customs Office in 1973 and condemned for fraud involving 20'000 hl of Bordeaux wine. This affair has generated a loss of trust between consumers and producers and also between small wine-growers who were selling their wine to the Négociants. METHODS: The objective of this study is to focus on the consequences that this affair has generated for Burgundy growers and Négociants...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957465/trends-and-perspectives-of-the-information-asymmetry-between-consumers-and-italian-traditional-food-producers
#15
Francesco Zecca, Natalia Rastorgueva
BACKGROUND: Contemporary food market offers plenty of different food products from all over the world. However, as people have more disposable income, they are more discerning with regards to quality, and certified food has a reputation as being more wholesome and more healthy. In other words, food quality issues become crucial in a consumer's choice. Nevertheless, the question arises - that what should be considered as a food quality, and which quality criteria consumers are ready to pay more? There are many certified products within the variety of agricultural food, and for understanding which products are more preferable for a consumer, it is necessary to know, what do labels mean and what do they guarantee...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957464/the-strategy-of-voluntary-certification-in-italian-olive-oil-industry-who-and-why
#16
Chiara Riganelli, Andrea Marchini
BACKGROUND: The phenomenon of asymmetric information is central in the agri-food sector, in which often there is not full information transparency about product quality. This condition is particularly complex considering the high-end products. In particular, there are specific attributes (credence attributes) that are not assessable by consumers. For these reasons, a clear information about certification can give to consumers the possibility to make a rational choice. A company can choose voluntarily to participate in certification programs that can be viewed also as a simplification of some organization issues...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957463/editorial-understanding-consumer-expectations-and-reducing-asymmetry-between-consumers-and-producers-a-challenge-for-food-producers-in-a-monopolistic-competition-market
#17
EDITORIAL
Mariarosaria Simeone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26832738/product-attributes-and-purchasing-behaviour-how-parents-food-choices-can-act-on-their-children-s-bmi-empirical-evidence-from-a-case-study
#18
Antonietta Telese, Debora Scarpato, Giacomo Rotondo, Mariarosaria Simeone
BACKGROUND: Given the epidemic proportions and economic costs associated with nutrition related diseases in Western countries, an empirical study was carried-out between September and December 2014 in Campania, the Italian region with the highest prevalence of obese children. METHODS: The survey was conducted in a secondary school and involved 145 children, aged 11 to 14, and their parents, with the ultimate aim of studying the relationship between the behaviour of parents regarding the use of nutrition labels, the attention to product quality and the body weight of their children...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825754/consumer-behavior-under-conflicting-information-provided-by-interested-parties-implications-for-equilibrium-in-the-market-for-credence-goods
#19
Carlo Russo, Eleonora Tufi
BACKGROUND: Incomplete information in food consumption is a relevant topic in agricultural economics. This paper proposes a theoretical model describing consumer behavior, market equilibrium and public intervention in an industry where consumers must rely on the information of interested parties such as producers or associations. METHODS: We provide simple game theory model showing the link between price competition and the strategic use of information. If information are unverifiable (as in the case of credence attributes) firms may have no incentive to advertise true claims and consumer decisions may be biased...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715305/typical-vine-or-international-taste-wine-consumers-dilemma-between-beliefs-and-preferences
#20
Gabriele Scozzafava, Fabio Boncinelli, Caterina Contini, Caterina Romano, Francesca Gerini, Leonardo Casini
BACKGROUND: The wine-growing sector is probably one of the agricultural areas where the ties between product quality and territory are most evident. Geographical indication is a key element in this context, and previous literature has focused on demonstrating how certification of origin influences the wine purchaser's behavior. However, less attention has been devoted to understanding how the value of a given name of origin may or may not be determined by the various elements that characterize the typicality of the wine product on that territory: vines, production techniques, etc...
2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
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