journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706767/m-mode-diagnosis-of-tachyarrhythmia-can-be-erroneous-owing-to-pseudo-1-1-atrioventricular-movement-of-the-atrial-wall-adjacent-to-the-atrioventricular-valve-possibly-due-to-atrioventricular-constraint-a-case-of-neonatal-atrial-flutter-with-2-1-atrioventricular
#1
Akiko Kawano, Ayumi Oshima, Satoshi Masutani, Akio Ishiguro, Yoichi Iwamoto, Hirotaka Ishido, Mio Taketazu, Hideaki Senzaki
M-mode echocardiography has been playing an important role in the diagnosis of fetal tachyarrhythmia. We recently encountered a neonatal case of atrial flutter with 2:1 atrioventricular conduction. However, M-mode erroneously indicated 1:1 atrioventricular movement. While the movement of the atrial wall far from the atrioventricular valve was much faster than that of the ventricular wall, the atrial wall adjacent to the atrioventricular valve fully synchronized to that of the ventricular wall. Thus, to avoid this novel pitfall, it would be important to add an additional assessment focusing on the movement of the atrial wall far from the ventricle...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497343/on-the-diagnosis-of-mycotic-aortic-aneurysms
#2
Karl Sörelius, Pietro G di Summa
Objective: There is striking paucity in consensus on the terminology, definition, and diagnostic criteria of mycotic aortic aneurysms. This literature study aims to elucidate this scientific omission, discuss its consequences, and present a proposition for reporting items on this disease. Methods: A systematic literature review on PubMed and Medline using mycotic and infected aortic aneurysms between 1850 and 2017 was performed. Articles were assessed according to a protocol regarding terminology, definition, and diagnostic criteria...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497342/hemostasis-after-brachial-artery-access-with-the-mynxgrip-device-a-case-report
#3
Arturo Giordano, Stefano Messina, Gennaro Maresca, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai
Purpose: Brachial access is occasionally used for endovascular procedures when other more established or safer ones (eg, femoral or radial) are contraindicated. Although manual compression is the standard of care after brachial arteriotomy, suboptimal compression may lead to bleeding or thrombosis. Arteriotomy closure devices have thus been proposed as an alternative means to achieve hemostasis after brachial arteriotomy. Yet, there is a paucity of evidence and a limited spectrum of devices suitable for brachial arteriotomy closure...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497341/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-atherogenic-indices-in-an-iranian-population-birjand-east-of-iran
#4
Toba Kazemi, Morteza Hajihosseini, Maryam Moossavi, Mina Hemmati, Masood Ziaee
Introduction: The alteration in serum lipid profile; increase in total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerol (TAG), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C); and reduction in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are key factors in cardiovascular disease progression. The high prevalence and severity of cardiovascular diseases require new screening tools for better evaluation. Atherogenic index (AI) (LDL-C/HDL-C) and coronary risk index (CRI) (TC/HDL-C) can be strong markers for predicting the risk of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease and disclose the presence of LDL or TAG in the serum of related patients...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371788/awareness-of-systolic-anterior-motion-in-different-conditions
#5
Monish Raut, Arun Maheshwari, Baryon Swain
Perioperative echocardiography, especially transesophageal echocardiography, is of paramount importance in evaluating and managing refractory hypotension, a potential cause of which is systolic anterior motion (SAM) of anterior mitral leaflet. Dynamically moving anterior mitral valve leaflet towards the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) is described as SAM. Although SAM was initially observed in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, it can also be seen in patients with complex dynamic anatomy of the left ventricle...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343998/rationale-and-design-for-a-monocentric-prospective-study-sleep-apnea-diagnosis-using-a-novel-pacemaker-algorithm-and-link-with-aldosterone-plasma-level-in-patients-presenting-with-diastolic-dysfunction-sapaad-study
#6
Laure Champ-Rigot, Virginie Ferchaud, Jean-Noël Prévost, Pierre Moirot, Arnaud Pellissier, Damien Legallois, Joachim Alexandre, Patrice Scanu, Remy Morello, Eric Saloux, Paul Ursmar Milliez
Previous studies showed good agreement between pacemaker respiratory disturbance index (RDI) and polysomnography for diagnosis of severe sleep apnea (SA). The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of RDI compared with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) from a cardiorespiratory sleep study for the diagnosis of severe SA within patients requiring a pacemaker and meeting diastolic dysfunction criteria. Secondary objectives are as follows: correlation between plasma aldosterone level and SA severity, diagnostic accuracy of RDI for moderate SA, prevalence of SA among patients with diastolic dysfunction, occurrence of arrhythmias, and improvement of RDI with continuous positive airway pressure therapy...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343997/hospitalisation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#7
REVIEW
Shane Nanayakkara, Hitesh C Patel, David M Kaye
Heart failure is highly prevalent with more than 50% of cases being patients with a preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), a figure that is projected to increase due to the changing risk factor landscape, in particular the ageing population. Overall mortality is similar to patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF), as are the rates of hospitalisation. Patients with HFPEF have more comorbid conditions with fewer therapeutic options available. In this review, we explore the epidemiology of hospitalisation of HFPEF, the impact of current treatment modalities, and the potential of future therapies...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326534/is-exercise-training-appropriate-for-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-receiving-continuous-inotropic-infusion-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Eisuke Amiya, Masanobu Taya
Exercise-based rehabilitation programs have been reported to have beneficial effects for patients with heart failure. However, there is little evidence about whether this is the case in patients with more severe heart failure. In particular, there is a question in the clinical setting whether patients with advanced heart failure and continuous inotropic infusion should be prescribed exercise training. In contrast, many studies conclude that prolonged immobility associated with heart failure profoundly impairs physical function and promotes muscle wasting that could further hasten the course of heart failure...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326533/manually-steerable-catheter-with-improved-agility
#9
Geir Arne Tangen, Frode Manstad-Hulaas, Erik Nypan, Reidar Brekken
Purpose: A prototype steerable catheter was designed for endovascular procedures. This technical pilot study reports the initial experience using the catheter for cannulation of visceral arteries. Technique: The 7F catheter was manually steerable with operator control handle for bending and rotation of the tip. The maximum bending angle was approximately 90° and full 360° rotation of the tip was supported. The study involved 1 pig with 4 designated target arteries: the left and right renal arteries, the superior mesenteric artery, and the celiac trunk...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308018/patients-with-intermittent-claudication-and-chronic-widespread-pain-improves-in-health-related-quality-of-life-after-invasive-but-not-after-noninvasive-treatment
#10
Hans Iv Lindgren, Håkan Pärsson, Anders Gottsäter, Stefan Bergman
Background: Intermittent claudication (IC) is traditionally managed with risk factor modification, best medical treatment (BMT), and exercise training. Comorbidities such as diabetes and ischemic heart disease affect both results of invasive treatment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) negatively. It is unknown how chronic widespread pain (CWP) influences the results of invasive treatment. We evaluated the influence of CWP on HRQoL in patients undergoing invasive (open surgery or endovascular treatment) and noninvasive BMT of IC...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308017/improvements-in-regional-left-ventricular-function-following-late-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-anterior-myocardial-infarction
#11
Srilakshmi M Adhyapak, Prahlad G Menon, Kiron Varghese, Abhinav Mehra, S B Lohitashwa, Fabio Fantini
Background: Late revascularization following a myocardial infarction has questionable clinical benefit. Methods: We studied 13 patients with anterior wall myocardial infarction who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention within 2 weeks of the primary event, by quantitative analysis of 2-dimensional echocardiographic images. Endocardial segmentations of the left ventricular (LV) endocardium from the 4-chamber views were studied over time to establish cumulative wall displacements (CWDs) throughout the cardiac cycle...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276418/peripheral-artery-occlusive-disease-among-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-receiving-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#12
Thanawat Rattanathammethee, Adisak Tantiworawit, Ekarat Rattarittamrong, Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Sasinee Hantrakool, Arintaya Phrommintikul, Wanwarang Wongcharoen, Siriluck Gunaparn, Lalita Norasetthada
Background: There were some reports of peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) associated with nilotinib usage in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). These complications in other tyrosine kinase inhibitors are revealed as unknown. Materials and methods: We determined the prevalence of PAOD in patients with CML as compared with matched-control population by cross-sectional case-control study. Peripheral artery occlusive disease was screened by ankle-brachial index (ABI)...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270038/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-precipitated-by-tapering-of-anxiolytic-medication-a-case-report
#13
Christopher J Lafferty, Kristen M Lafferty, Tariq Bhat, Peter C Olson, Adam Atoot, Farshid Daneshvar, Donald A McCord
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a transient apical ballooning of the left ventricle typically with electrocardiographic changes and enzyme release without evidence of obstructive coronary artery disease. It typically occurs in postmenopausal women and may have a predilection for patients with anxiety disorders. The following is a case in which we believe takotsubo cardiomyopathy was induced by the tapering of antianxiety medications. We feel that health care professionals should be aware of this possibility in such a patient population especially when they have demonstrated cardiovascular symptomatology...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270037/clinical-and-echocardiographic-predictors-of-arrhythmias-detected-with-24-hour-holter-electrocardiography-among-hypertensive-heart-failure-patients-in-nigeria
#14
Tuoyo Omasan Mene-Afejuku, Michael Olabode Balogun, Anthony Olubunmi Akintomide, Rasaaq Ayodele Adebayo, Olufemi Eyitayo Ajayi, Valentine N Amadi, Omolola Abiodun Oketona, Amanze Nkemjika Ikwu, Bamidele Mene-Afejuku, Olaniyi James Bamikole
Background: Hypertensive heart failure (HHF) is the commonest form of heart failure in Nigeria. There is paucity of data in Nigeria on 24-hour Holter electrocardiography (24-HHECG) and important predictors of arrhythmias among HHF patients. Objectives: To determine the 24-HHECG characteristics among HHF patients. To determine the clinical and echocardiographic predictors of arrhythmias detected using 24-HHECG among HHF patients. Methods: A total of 100 HHF patients as well as 50 age-matched and sex-matched apparently healthy controls were prospectively recruited over a period of 1 year...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230090/calcium-dynamics-and-cardiac-arrhythmia
#15
EDITORIAL
Makarand Deo, Seth H Weinberg, Patrick M Boyle
This Special Collection will gather all studies highlighting recent advances in theoretical and experimental studies of arrhythmia, with a specific focus on research seeking to elucidate links between calcium homeostasis in cardiac cells and organ-scale disruption of heart rhythm.
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974920/influence-of-apolipoprotein-e-on-the-lipid-profile-and-postprandial-triglyceride-levels-in-brazilian-postmenopausal-women-with-artery-disease
#16
Lúcia Helena Bonalume Tácito, Lilian Nakachima Yamada, Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Juan Carlos Yugar-Toledo, Dorotéia Rossi Silva Souza
This study confirms the association of risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and the apoE polymorphisms, specifically related to the APOE*4 allele, with coronary disease in postmenopausal women. Significantly altered values of the lipid profile were found in patients when compared with controls, independent of the presence of the APOE*4 allele. However, the controls showed higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and reduced triglyceride (TG) levels, differing significantly from patients...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951660/treatment-with-tafamidis-slows-disease-progression-in-early-stage-transthyretin-cardiomyopathy
#17
Marla B Sultan, Balarama Gundapaneni, Jennifer Schumacher, Jeffrey H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Transthyretin cardiomyopathy (TTR-CM) is a progressive, fatal disease caused by the accumulation of misfolded transthyretin (TTR) amyloid fibrils in the heart. Tafamidis is a kinetic stabilizer of TTR that inhibits misfolding and amyloid formation. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis, data from an observational study (Transthyretin Amyloidosis Cardiac Study; n = 29) were compared with an open-label study of tafamidis in patients with TTR-CM (Fx1B-201; n = 35)...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804249/pacing-spikes-all-over
#18
REVIEW
Mohammed Shurrab, Teresa Pagacz, Ayelet Shauer, Ilan Lashevsky, David Newman, Eugene Crystal
Ventricular safety pacing (VSP) is used to avoid cross talk by delivering ventricular stimulus shortly after an atrial-paced event if ventricular-sensed event occurs. Although VSP is a protective feature that exists for decades in different pacing devices, there are some reports of unfavorable outcomes of this algorithm. More so, health care providers sometimes face difficulties in interpreting and dealing with VSP strips. This case report discusses an important pacemaker algorithm and encourages further attention to possible pitfalls and hence avoids unnecessary interventions...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804248/effect-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment-by-combination-therapy-on-cardiovascular-system
#19
Reda Biomy, Mohamed Abdelshafy, Ahmed Abdelmonem, Hesham Abu-Elenin, George Ghaly
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Egypt is quite high, and the combined oral direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) may have impressive results. OBJECTIVE: To assess the cardiovascular effects of DAAs in patients with HCV. METHODS: A total of 170 patients with HCV were divided into 2 groups: first group (100 patients) received triple combination therapy (pegylated interferon alfa, sofosbuvir, and ribavirin, whereas the second group (70 patients) received dual combination therapy (sofosbuvir and simeprevir)...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638244/cardiac-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-practical-guide-to-enhance-patient-outcomes-through-continuity-of-care
#20
Catherine Giuliano, Belinda J Parmenter, Michael K Baker, Braden L Mitchell, Andrew D Williams, Katie Lyndon, Tarryn Mair, Andrew Maiorana, Neil A Smart, Itamar Levinger
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide. Referral to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a class I recommendation for all patients with CAD based on findings that participation can reduce cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, as well as improve functional capacity and quality of life. However, programme uptake remains low, systematic progression through the traditional CR phases is often lacking, and communication between health care providers is frequently suboptimal, resulting in fragmented care...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
journal
journal
42906
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"