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Yizhe Sun, Yibin Jiang, Huiren Peng, Jiangliu Wei, Shengdong Zhang, Shuming Chen
Efficient inverted quantum-dot (QD) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are demonstrated by using 15% Mg doped ZnO (Zn0.85Mg0.15O) as an interfacial modification layer. By doping Mg into ZnO, the conduction band level, the density of oxygen vacancies and the conductivity of the ZnO can be tuned. To suppress excess electron injection, a 13 nm Zn0.85Mg0.15O interlayer with a relatively higher conduction band edge and lower conductivity is inserted between the ZnO electron transport layer and QD light-emitting layer, which improves the balance of charge injection and blocks the non-radiative pathway...
May 26, 2017: Nanoscale
Wei Wu
Owing to their capability of bypassing conventional high-priced and inflexible silicon based electronics to manufacture a variety of devices on flexible substrates by using large-scale and high-volume printing techniques, printed electronics (PE) have attracted increasing attention in the field of manufacturing industry for electronic devices. This simple and cost-effective approach could enhance current methods of constructing a patterned surface for nanomaterials and offer opportunities for developing fully-printed functional devices, especially offering the possibility of ubiquitous low-cost and flexible devices...
May 26, 2017: Nanoscale
Z M Dai, W Liu, X T Zhao, T T Wang, S K Li, Yongsheng Yu, X G Zhao, Z D Zhang
We report on a field induced domain evolutionary procedure in the anisotropic Nd-Dy-Fe-Co-B/MgO/Fe multilayers by using first-order-reversal-curves and magnetic force microscopy. Different reversal behaviors and domain sizes are found in well coupled and decoupled multilayers by changing the thickness of the spacer layer. The competition between dipolar magnetostatic energy and Zeeman energy is evaluated by in-field observation throughout nucleation and annihilation processes. In addition, lithography-patterned arrays of soft Fe disks onto a continuous Nd-Dy-Fe-Co-B hard-magnetic layer are designed...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Xin Gao, Chunxiao Xu, Hao Yin, Xiaoguang Wang, Qiuzhi Song, Pengwan Chen
Graphene nanosheets were produced by electrical explosion of high-purity graphite sticks in distilled water at room temperature. The as-prepared samples were characterized by various techniques to find different forms of carbon phases, including graphite nanosheets, few-layer graphene, and especially, mono-layer graphene with good crystallinity. Delicate control of energy injection is critical for graphene nanosheet formation, whereas mono-layer graphene was produced under the charging voltage of 22.5-23.5 kV...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Xin Su, Xiaoqian Sun, Suli Wu, Shufen Zhang
Photonic crystals (PCs) have long been considered effective for tuning upconversion luminescence due to their photonic band gap (PBG) and the redistribution of density of optical states (DOS). Although the emission intensity can be changed obviously by the PC effect, rarely an obvious lifetime change consistent with theory is observed due to the low refractive index of PS or SiO2 spheres in the commonly used PCs. Herein, CdS/NaYF4:Yb(3+),Er(3+) composite PCs with a high refractive index contrast are fabricated in one step with upconversion nanoparticles filled inside CdS PCs...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Niranjan Meher, Parameswar Krishnan Iyer
Strategically, a series of five angular "V" shaped naphthalimide AIEEgens with varying pendant chains (butyl, hexyl, octyl, cyclohexyl and methylcyclohexyl) have been synthesized to fine-tune their nanomorphological and photophysical properties. With similar aromatic cores and electronic states, unexpected tuning of the condensed state emission colors and nanomorphologies (reproducible on any kind of surface) of naphthalimides has been achieved for the first time simply by varying their side chains. Conclusive analysis by various spectroscopic techniques (SC-XRD, powder-XRD, DLS, FESEM) and DFT computational studies confirmed the full control of the pendant chain (in terms of bulkiness around the naphthalimide core, which restricts the ease of intermolecular π-π interactions) over the nanoaggregate morphology and solid state emissive properties of the AIEEgens; this can be rationalized to all aggregation-prone systems...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Zhuoran Wang, Raynald Gauvin, George P Demopoulos
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS), other than in standard p-n junction device architecture, can be employed as a broad light absorber upon coating onto a wide bandgap electron conducting TiO2 film. Earlier CZTS sensitized TiO2 films have yielded low photoconversion efficiency and Voc. In this work, a water-ethanol solution spin coating approach has been applied to directly deposit CZTS nanocrystallites on rutile TiO2 nanorods grown on an FTO substrate (TNR) for evaluation in a sensitized solar cell configuration. The FTO@TNR@CZTS photoanode following controlled annealing is shown to exhibit improved photovoltaic properties...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Semi Oh, Kwang Jae Lee, Sang-Jo Kim, Kab Ha, Jongyeul Jeong, Dongjun Kim, Kyoung-Kook Kim, Seong-Ju Park
The control of the refractive index and electrical conductivity in the dielectric layer of omnidirectional reflectors (ODRs) is essential to improve the low efficiency of AlGaN-based UV emitters. Here, we report self-assembled indium tin oxide (ITO) nanoball-embedded omnidirectional reflectors (NODRs) for use in high-efficiency AlGaN-based UV emitters at 365 nm. These NODRs consisted of a reflective Al layer, a self-assembled conducting ITO nanoball layer for current injection and spreading, and nanovoids that provided a low refractive index to achieve highly efficient UV emitters...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Heun Park, Dong Sik Kim, Soo Yeong Hong, Chulmin Kim, Jun Yeong Yun, Seung Yun Oh, Sang Woo Jin, Yu Ra Jeong, Gyu Tae Kim, Jeong Sook Ha
In this study, we report on the development of a stretchable, transparent, and skin-attachable strain sensor integrated with a flexible electrochromic device as a human skin-inspired interactive color-changing system. The strain sensor consists of a spin-coated conductive nanocomposite film of poly(vinyl alcohol)/multi-walled carbon nanotube/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) on a polydimethylsiloxane substrate. The sensor exhibits excellent performance of high sensitivity, high durability, fast response, and high transparency...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Min Wang, Yushi Yang, Xiaobo Liu, Zonghua Pu, Zongkui Kou, Peipei Zhu, Shichun Mu
Fe-N-C series catalysts are always attractive for their high catalytic activity towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, they usually consist of various components such as iron nitrides, metallic iron, iron carbides, N-doped carbon and Fe-N4 moieties, leading to controversial contributions of these components to the catalysis of the ORR, especially iron nitrides. In this work, to investigate the function of iron nitrides, FexN nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in mesoporous N-doped carbon without Fe-N4 moieties are designed and constructed by a simple histidine-assisted method...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Xu Qiu, Lixi Wang, Hongli Zhu, Yongkang Guan, Qitu Zhang
Lightweight microwave absorbing materials have drawn tremendous attention. Herein, nano-porous biomass carbon materials have been prepared by carbonization with a subsequent potassium hydroxide activation of walnut shells and the microwave absorption properties have also been investigated. The obtained samples have large specific surface areas with numerous micropores and nanopores. The sample activated at 600 °C with a specific surface area of 736.2 m(2) g(-1) exhibits the most enhanced microwave absorption performance...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Shinichiro Mouri, Wenjin Zhang, Daichi Kozawa, Yuhei Miyauchi, Goki Eda, Kazunari Matsuda
Correction for 'Thermal dissociation of inter-layer excitons in MoS2/MoSe2 hetero-bilayers' by Shinichiro Mouri et al., Nanoscale, 2017, DOI: 10.1039/c7nr01598d.
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Zhaohui Cao, Fei Peng, Zhilin Hu, Binbin Chu, Yiling Zhong, Yuanyuan Su, Sudan He, Yao He
Extensive investigations have been carried out for evaluating the toxicology of various nanomaterials (e.g., carbon- and metal-based nanomaterials), which offer invaluable information for assessing the feasibility of nanomaterial-based wide-ranging applications. In recent years, sufficient efforts have been made to develop fluorescent small-sized silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) as a novel optical material simultaneously featuring strong fluorescence and ultrahigh photostability, providing high promise for a myriad of biological, biomedical and electronic applications...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
R Buzio, A Gerbi, S Uttiya, C Bernini, A E Del Rio Castillo, F Palazon, A S Siri, V Pellegrini, L Pellegrino, F Bonaccorso
We report the frictional response of few-layer graphene (FLG) flakes obtained by the liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) of pristine graphite. To this end, we inkjet print FLG on bare and hexamethyldisilazane-terminated SiO2 substrates, producing micrometric patterns with nanoscopic roughness that are investigated by atomic force microscopy. Normal force spectroscopy and atomically-resolved morphologies indicate reduced surface contamination by solvents after a vacuum annealing process. Notably, the printed FLG flakes show ultralow friction comparable to that of micromechanically exfoliated graphene flakes...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Liancheng Wang, Zhiqiang Liu, Zhi Li, Yiyun Zhang, Hongjian Li, Xiaoyan Yi, Junxi Wang, Guohong Wang, Jinmin Li
We report here a new approach of Talbot effect based colloidal photolithography for fabricating nanostructure light emitting diodes (LEDs). By employing a rigid metal nanohole array template (RDT) as the diffraction grating and a polysiloxane-based spin on dielectric (SOD) as the thickness-controllable spacer layer, various InGaN/GaN nanostructure LEDs have been fabricated. Three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (3D-FDTD) simulations have been conducted to verify the proposed approach. Photoluminescence (PL) and time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) have been performed to investigate the optical properties of the obtained nanostructure LEDs...
May 24, 2017: Nanoscale
M A Borysiewicz, M Ekielski, Z Ogorzałek, M Wzorek, J Kaczmarski, T Wojciechowski
The recent rapid development of transparent electronics, notably displays and control circuits, requires the development of highly transparent energy storage devices, such as supercapacitors. The devices reported to date utilize carbon-based electrodes for high performance, however at the cost of their low transparency around 50%, insufficient for real transparent devices. To overcome this obstacle, in this communication highly transparent supercapacitors were fabricated based on ZnO/MnO2 nanostructured electrodes...
May 24, 2017: Nanoscale
Gi Byoung Hwang, Adnan Patir, Kristopher Page, Yao Lu, Elaine Allan, Ivan P Parkin
A superhydrophobic paint was fabricated using 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyltriethoxysilane (PFOTES), TiO2 nanoparticles and ethanol. The paint has potential for aquatic application of a superhydrophobic coating as it induces increased buoyancy and drag reduction. Buoyance testing showed that the reduction of surface energy by superhydrophobic coating made it feasible that glass, a high density material, was supported by the surface tension of water. In a miniature boat sailing test, it was shown that the low energy surface treatment decreased the adhesion of water molecules to the surface of the boat resulting in a reduction of the drag force...
May 24, 2017: Nanoscale
Dhanya T Jayaram, Sabiha Runa, Melissa L Kemp, Christine K Payne
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs), used as pigments and photocatalysts, are ubiquitous in our daily lives. Previous work has observed cellular oxidative stress in response to the UV-excitation of photocatalytic TiO2 NPs. In comparison, most human exposure to TiO2 NPs takes place in the dark, in the lung following inhalation or in the gut following consumption of TiO2 NP food pigment. Our spectroscopic characterization shows that both photocatalytic and food grade TiO2 NPs, in the dark, generate low levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), specifically hydroxyl radicals and superoxides...
May 24, 2017: Nanoscale
Faiz Ul Amin, Ali Kafash Hoshiar, Ton Duc Do, Yeongil Noh, Shahid Ali Shah, Muhammad Sohail Khan, Jungwon Yoon, Myeong Ok Kim
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent age-related neurodegenerative disease, pathologically characterized by the accumulation of aggregated amyloid beta (Aβ) in the brain. Here, we describe for the first time the development of a new, pioneering nanotechnology-based drug delivery approach for potential therapies for neurodegenerative diseases, particularly AD. We demonstrated the delivery of fluorescent carboxyl magnetic Nile Red particles (FMNPs) to the brains of normal mice using a functionalized magnetic field (FMF) composed of positive- and negative-pulsed magnetic fields generated by electromagnetic coils...
May 23, 2017: Nanoscale
Santiago Jose Cartamil-Bueno, Alba Centeno, Amaia Zurutuza, Peter Gerard Steeneken, Herre Sjoerd Jan van der Zant, Samer Houri
We use a scalable optical technique to characterize more than 21 000 circular nanomechanical devices made of suspended single- and double-layer graphene on cavities with different diameters (D) and depths (g). To maximize the contrast between suspended and broken membranes we used a model for selecting the optimal color filter. The method enables parallel and automatized image processing for yield statistics. We find the survival probability to be correlated with a structural mechanics scaling parameter given by D(4)/g(3)...
May 23, 2017: Nanoscale
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