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Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119729/efficacy-of-statin-delivery-as-an-adjunct-to-scaling-and-root-planing-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Zohaib Akram, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
The action of statins in stimulating bone formation and having other pleiotropic effects, such as anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects, has justified their use as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of statin delivery as an adjunct to SRP in the treatment of CP. Electronic searches were conducted using the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, up until July 2017...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057586/mercury-levels-in-hair-samples-of-dentists-a-comparative-study-in-sri-lanka
#2
Lumbini A Wijesekara, Rinzee Usoof, Sachindra S T Gamage, Ruwan Jayasinghe, Nandasena Gamage, Dileep De Silva, Sagarika Ekanayake
AIM: Elemental mercury is widely used in dentistry as dental amalgam. Hair samples constitute preferred biomarkers to determine the index of mercury exposure. In the absence of any published studies, the aim of the present study was to ascertain the level of mercury in a selected sample of dentists and controls in Sri Lanka. METHODS: Hair samples (.7 g) from dentists working in and around the Colombo district in Sri Lanka (n = 50) and controls (n = 50) were digested with sulfuric acid-potassium permanganate solution, and reduced to metallic mercury with stannous chloride...
October 22, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055115/prevalence-of-pre-eruptive-intracoronal-radiolucencies-in-thai-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#3
Chanika Manmontri, Papimon Chompu-Inwai, Phattaranant M Mahasantipiya, Sangsom Prapayasatok
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, location, size, and tooth type of pre-eruptive intracoronal radiolucencies (PEIR) from panoramic radiographs in Thai patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of PEIR was conducted on 1599 panoramic radiographs of 629 Thai males and 970 Thai females with an age range of 4-20 years (average age: 14.0 ± 4.0 years). Each radiograph was reviewed by two calibrated examiners. The age and sex of the patients, location, size, and tooth type of the lesions were recorded...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986962/development-of-techniques-for-determination-of-primary-components-of-dental-medicament-paste-mixtures-for-root-canal-treatment
#4
James Jarrett, Alan R White, Sarah L Cresswell, Laurence J Walsh, Roy George
AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to develop techniques to evaluate and quantify the primary components of dental medicament paste mixtures for root canal treatment, and to evaluate if degradation of the primary components occurred during storage. METHODS: The first part of the study developed a mass spectrometry (MS) method for determination of best recovery process. For this process, analytical grades of triamcinolone acetonide, clindamycin HCl, and doxycycline hyclate were sourced and analyzed...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944594/effect-of-clonidine-on-the-efficacy-of-lignocaine-local-anesthesia-in-dentistry-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
Alternatives to adrenaline with lignocaine local anesthesia, such as clonidine, have been trialed in various randomized, controlled trials. Therefore, the aim of the present systematic review was to compile the available evidence on using clonidine with lignocaine for dental anesthesia. Electronic databases were searched for eligible studies. A data-extraction form was created, extracted data were analyzed using non-Cochrane mode in RevMan 5.3 software. Heterogeneity between the studies were assessed using the forest plot, I(2) statistics (where >50% was considered to have moderate-to-severe heterogeneity), and χ(2) -test...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940829/to-add-the-statistical-data
#6
LETTER
Hiroki Nikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868637/clinical-performance-of-self-assembling-peptide-p11-4-in-the-treatment-of-initial-proximal-carious-lesions-a-practice-based-case-series
#7
Markus Schlee, Till Schad, Jan H Koch, Philippe C Cattin, Florian Rathe
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical performance of self-assembling peptide P11 -4 on non-cavitated initial proximal carious lesions 12 months after treatment. METHODS: Twenty-six patients, aged between 18 and 65 years, with 35 carious lesions were included in this practice-based, uncontrolled, prospective case series. The opacity and size of the proximal lesions were evaluated visually at baseline and at day 360 using standardized single-tooth or bite-wing and digital-subtraction radiography...
September 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862391/dental-extractions-for-preradiation-dental-clearance-and-incidence-of-osteoradionecrosis-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-treated-with-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#8
Yoong L See Toh, Yoke L Soong, Yi X Chim, Li T Tan, Weng K Lye, Khim H Teoh
AIM: The aims of the present retrospective study were to evaluate the outcomes of dental extractions in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who had undergone dental clearance pre- and post-radiotherapy (RT) with intensity-modulated RT, and to report on the incidence and timing of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) in these patients. METHODS: A total of 231 patients were seen pre-, mid-, and postradiation therapy. Information on patient demographics, smoking history, staging, treatment modalities, dental extraction indications, and number and site of dental extractions was gathered...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862386/use-of-antidepressive-agents-as-a-possibility-in-the-management-of-periodontal-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-studies
#9
REVIEW
Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Iracema Matos Melo, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Geanne Matos de Andrade, Ricardo Souza Martins, Maria Mônica Studart Mendes Moreira, Rosimary de Sousa Carvalho
Antidepressant agents have anti-inflammatory functions that could be interesting as adjuvants in periodontal therapy. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of antidepressive drugs in the management of periodontal disease. The MEDLINE, Scopus, Embase, LILACS, and SciELO databases were searched. To be included, the studies had to be experimental studies; randomized, controlled; double-blinded; or blinded studies. A total of 565 articles were initially searched, of which five were selected for the systematic review...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862373/sociodemographic-profile-and-oral-health-status-of-thalassemic-patients-attending-the-national-thalassaemia-centre-kurunegala-sri-lanka
#10
Wickramasooriyage Nandana Kularatne, Rasika M Jayasinghe, Mahinda Chandika Diyunugala, Dayananda Bandara, Sachith Abeysundara, Irosha Perera
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the sociodemographic profile and oral health status (Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth [DMFT] and periodontal health) of thalassemic patients compared to healthy individuals. METHODS: The data were collected by means of an interviewer-administered, pretested, and validated questionnaire, followed by oral examination. Patients attending the outpatient department, who were age and sex matched, but without any diagnosed or suspected long-term illnesses, were considered for the control group...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862372/correlation-of-cd4-count-with-cariogenic-oral-flora-indicators-and-dental-caries-in-hiv-seropositive-children-undergoing-antiretroviral-therapy-in-mangaluru-south-india
#11
Soumya Muraleedharan, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Rekha P Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Imran Pasha
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the association of CD4 count with cariogenic oral flora indicators and dental caries in HIV-seropositive children receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among HIV-seropositive children receiving ART at Snehasadan Camillian Care and Support Center HIV/AIDS in Mangaluru, India. Demographic details and r recent CD4 counts were recorded. For dental caries, the Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT)/decayed, missing, filled/decayed, extracted, filled index was used...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834384/association-of-s100-calcium-binding-protein-a12-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-endproducts-and-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-expression-with-inflammation-in-pulp-tissues-from-tooth-caries
#12
Mohammad M Y Khorasani, Pouria Andam-Shahsavari, Nahid Zainodini, Hossein Khoramdelazad, Reza Nosratabadi
AIM: S100 calcium-binding protein A1 (S100A12) is a pro-inflammatory molecule which is secreted during inflammation and induces chemotaxis and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines via interaction with receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) and subsequent, activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). The present study was designed to determine the expression levels of S100A12, RAGE, and NF-κB in the inflamed pulp of carried teeth. METHODS: In the present study, mRNA from 50 inflamed pulp and 50 healthy pulp were used for expression studies using real-time polymerase chain reaction...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834423/khat-catha-edulis-and-its-oral-health-effects-an-updated-review
#13
REVIEW
Sadeq A Al-Maweri, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Abdulaziz Samran
Khat or qat (Catha edulis) is a plant that grows in East Africa and southern Arabia. The leaves and twigs of this small tree are chewed by several millions of people worldwide for their stimulating amphetamine-like effects. The reported prevalence of khat chewing in Europe and the USA is on the rise, especially with global migration. Long-term khat chewing has several detrimental general and oral health effects. The aim of the present study was to review the current literature regarding khat use and its association with oral and dental diseases, with particular emphasis on its link with oral keratotic white lesions and oral cancer...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834333/effect-of-large-instrument-use-on-shaping-ability-and-debris-extrusion-of-rotary-and-reciprocating-systems
#14
Elielton L Costa, Emílio C Sponchiado-Júnior, Lucas F R Garcia, André A F Marques
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of large instrument use on the shaping ability and apical debris extrusion of rotary and reciprocating systems in oval-shaped root canals. METHODS: Forty-five mandibular premolars, with an 18-mm long, oval-shaped single canal, and apical diameter ranging from 300 to 350 μm, were separated into three groups (n=15), according to the system used: ProTaper Universal group, F5 (0.50/0.05); ProTaper Next (PTN group), X5 (0...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762671/comparison-of-different-polishing-methods-on-the-surface-roughness-of-microhybrid-microfill-and-nanofill-composite-resins
#15
Mariana D Moda, André Gustavo de L Godas, Juliana C Fernandes, Thaís Y U Suzuki, Ana Paula A Guedes, André L F Briso, Ana Karina Bedran-Russo, Paulo H Dos Santos
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different polishing methods on the surface roughness of resin-based composites subjected to a thermocycling procedure. METHODS: A total of 192 specimens were divided into 24 groups, according to composite materials (Filtek Z250, Point 4, Renamel Nanofill, Filtek Supreme Plus, Renamel Microfill, and Premise) and finishing and polishing systems (Sof-Lex Pop On, Super Snap, Flexidisc, and Flexidisc+Enamelize)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762669/white-spot-lesions-does-etching-really-matter
#16
Moufida Abufarwa, Robert D Voorhees, Venu G Varanasi, Phillip M Campbell, Peter H Buschang
AIM: The clinical significance of acid etching prior to orthodontic bonding is controversial. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of 15 seconds of acid etching on enamel demineralization. METHODS: Twenty-seven human molars were sectioned and assigned to two groups. Under standardized conditions, the enamel surfaces were imaged using FluoreCam to obtain baseline data. Group 1 was etched using 37% phosphoric acid for 15 seconds, rinsed with water, and then imaged again; group 2 was only rinsed with water...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762655/knowledge-and-practice-of-and-attitudes-toward-pulp-therapy-in-deciduous-teeth-among-pediatric-dentists-in-india
#17
Ullal A Nayak, Saakshe Wadhwa, Nilotpol Kashyap, Deepesh Prajapati, Amit V Mahuli, Reena Sharma
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge and practice of, and attitudes toward, pulp therapy in deciduous dentition among pediatric dentists. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational survey was conducted using a closed-ended, multiple-choice questionnaire evaluating the knowledge and practice of, and attitudes toward, pulp therapy in deciduous dentition, which was formulated and sent to 360 pediatric dentists across India. Descriptive statistics were done, followed by χ(2) -test to test the association between years of experience and the questionnaire items...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492786/variability-between-credit-units-dedicated-to-dental-and-clinical-sciences-in-dental-schools-across-the-usa
#18
Romesh P Nalliah, Michael S Forman, Sydnee E Chavis, Peggy Timothé
PURPOSE: The Commission of Dental Accreditation (CODA) does not set minimum standards for clock hours of training in Dental and Clinical sciences. The purpose of this evaluation was to compare United States (US) dental schools for variability in clock hours. The current paper utilizes the American Dental Association's survey of clock hours of all US dental schools which is publicly available data. Clock hours survey from 2010 to 2011 was utilized and the analysis tool, JMP, was utilized to visualize and report variability...
August 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477327/accuracy-of-radiographic-measurements-for-implant-planning-using-cone-beam-and-helical-computer-tomography
#19
Carl K K Leung, Edmond H N Pow, Thomas K L Li, Edward C M Lo, Tak W Chow
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the accuracy of radiographic measurements for dental implants planning using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and helical computed tomography (HCT). METHODS: Six pig ribs were wrapped by putty impression material, with radiographic markers placed. Two CBCT and an HCT were taken following the standard protocols. Twenty-five locations were selected, with vertical and horizontal dimensions measured using the default software, as well as on the processed HCT films by a digital caliper...
August 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477110/treatment-of-periodontal-intrabony-defects-using-autologous-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-titanium-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-randomized-clinical-comparative-study
#20
Anirban Chatterjee, Avani R Pradeep, Vibhuti Garg, Shravanthi Yajamanya, Mohammed M Ali, V Sneha Priya
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of open flap debridement (OFD) alone and OFD with either autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) or titanium PRF (TPRF) in the treatment of intrabony defects (IBD). METHODS: The study was conducted on patients reporting to the Department of Periodontics, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India. Thirty-eight patients with 90 periodontal IBD of moderate-severe periodontitis were selected and assigned to the OFD alone group (group I), the OFD with autologous PRF group (group II), or the OFD with TPRF group (group III)...
August 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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