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Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry

Fazele Atarbashi-Moghadam, Saede Atarbashi-Moghadam, Mahshid Namdari, Shokoufeh Shahrabi-Farahani
Reactive lesion formation around dental implants a complication that has been given much consideration. These lesions can lead to marginal bone loss, and consequently, implant failure. In the present systematic review, all reported reactive lesions associated with dental implants in the literature were assessed. An electronic search was performed using PubMed Central, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Science Direct. The search strategy was limited to human studies (case reports and case series), full-text English language articles, published until May 2017...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Sahu Ipshita, Ida G Kurian, Pankaj Dileep, Shatrughan Kumar, Priyanka Singh, Avani R Pradeep
AIM: Alendronate (ALN) has antiresorptive and osteostimulative properties. The major component of aloe vera (AV) gel is acemannan, which has been found to have osteogenic properties. The aim of the present study is to explore the effectiveness of 1% ALN and AV gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in chronic periodontitis patients with class II furcation defects. METHODS: Ninety volunteers were randomly assigned to three treatment groups: (a) SRP plus placebo gel; (b) SRP plus 1% ALN gel; and (c) SRP plus AV gel...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Sarah Grace George, Anil Kumar Kanakamedala, Jaideep Mahendra, Nashra Kareem, Little Mahendra, Jeethu John Jerry
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the treatment of gingival recession defects using a coronally-advanced flap procedure with or without placental membrane. METHODS: Sixty teeth in 15 patients with single and multiple Miller's class I and II gingival recession defects bilaterally in the anterior and premolar region of the maxilla and mandible were divided into two groups. In group I (control), 30 recession defects were treated with coronally-advanced flap alone using Zucchelli's technique...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Jagan K Baskaradoss, Abdulaziz Alrumaih, Abdulrahman Alshebel, Ahmed Alfaqih, Mohammed Aleesa, Saleh Alkhashan, Mohamad Altuwaijri
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the pattern of antibiotic prescription and dentists' awareness about the recent guidelines for antibiotic prescription. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 282 dentists practicing in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The data were collected from 20 randomly-selected dental clinics from each of the five administrative blocks in Riyadh. In addition, data were also collected from four tertiary care centers and three academic universities...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Jeremy Lung, Laura Bell, Molly Heslop, Sophie Cuming, Anura Ariyawardana
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms among dentistry students at James Cook University in Australia, and to determine the associations of TMD symptoms with demographic parameters and compare the prevalence to that of the Australian general population. METHODS: The study was conducted at the School of Dentistry, James Cook University. Axis I symptom questionnaire of diagnostic criteria for TMD was used to assess the prevalence of TMD symptoms...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Sana Ikram, Nuzhat Hassan, Muhammad A Raffat, Sana Mirza, Zohaib Akram
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of probiotics as an adjunct to scaling and root planning (SRP) in the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: The focused question of the study was: Does adjunctive use of probiotics yield better clinical periodontal outcomes compared to placebo/no treatment group in the treatment of CP? Electronic and manual literature searches were conducted up to December 2017 using the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Peter Rechmann, Beate M T Rechmann, Richard Kinsel, John D B Featherstone
AIM: Long-term, low-level fluoride concentrations in saliva are highly effective in caries prevention and remineralization. The aim of the present two-phased study was to test whether fluoride-releasing lozenges compared to placebo significantly raise salivary fluoride levels above baseline achieved by 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste in a double-blind, crossover pilot study. METHODS: In phase 1, a four-arm crossover basic study, four participants used one dissolvable lozenge with ...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Hüseyin S Topçuoğlu, Özge Ulusan, Gamze Topçuoğlu, Eda Biricik
AIM: In the present study, we evaluated the effect of the single-cone technique (SCT), cold lateral compaction (CLC), and wave vertical compaction (WVC) technique performed using two different sealers on the amount of apically extruded debris (AED) produced during the removal of canal filling material. METHODS: Ninety extracted mandibular premolars were prepared with ProTaper instruments. The teeth were then randomly assigned to six groups (N = 15) for root canal filling: (a) group 1, CLC+AH Plus; (b) group 2, SCT+AH Plus; (c) group 3, WVC+AH Plus; (d) group 4, CLC+MTA Fillapex; (e) group 5, SCT+MTA Fillapex; and (f) group 6, WVC+MTA Fillapex...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Simin Lesan, Roja Toosi, Reza Aliakbarzadeh, Maryam Daneshpazhooh, Leila Mahmoudi, Soheil Tavakolpour, Hamidreza Mahmoudi
AIM: The potential role of superantigens derived from microbial agents could be considered in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, but the association between Candida albicans and psoriasis severity is still controversial. The present study was designed to compare the prevalence of oral candidiasis in a group of psoriatic patients and healthy patients, and its correlation with psoriasis severity. METHODS: Seventy psoriatic patients with no history of systemic treatment and 70 closely-matched control patients underwent oral examination...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Imad Barngkgei, Razan Khattab
AIM: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the effects of bisphosphonates (BP), prescribed for osteoporosis, on jawbones using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). METHODS: Fifty-three women who had dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry examination were scanned by MDCT. Both the cortical and the trabecular parts of the alveolar and the cortical bones were compared between BP users and non-BP users using a number of radiological measurements...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Maryam Tavangar, Rafat Bagheri, Tae-Yub Kwon, Ayse Mese, David J Manton
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the degree of surface staining and roughness of resin composites (RC) after finishing and polishing with different methods and immersion in three soft drinks. METHODS: A microhybrid, a nanohybrid, and a hybrid composite were selected. The specimens were prepared and divided into three groups of 36 after 24 hours, and designated as either unpolished or polished using Sof-Lex discs or Enhance point. Each group was further divided into three subgroups, immersed in distilled water, coffee, or cola for 1 week (N = 12)...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Shehab A Aly, Doha Alyan, Mona S Fayed, Maged S Alhammadi, Yehya A Mostafa
AIM: The objective of the present study was to investigate success rates and associated factors affecting temporary anchorage device (TAD) failure in different biomechanical applications. METHODS: A total of 180 TADs were used as a part of 82 patients' treatment plan (24 males and 58 females); their mean age was 21.41 years. Three types of TADs were used: 50 (3M ESPE, Neuss, Germany), 56 (Bone screw; Jeil Medical, Seoul, Korea), and 74 (Morelli, Sorocaba, Brazil)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Sufyan Garoushi, Ausama Gargoum, Pekka K Vallittu, Lippo Lassila
A newly-recommended method for restoring large cavities is the biomimetic approach of using short fiber-reinforced composite (SFRC) as dentine-replacing material. The aim of the current review was to present an overview of SFRC and to give the clinician a detailed understanding of this new material and treatment strategy based on available-literature review. A thorough literature search was done up to December 2017. The range of relevant publications was surveyed using PubMed and Google Scholar. From the search results, articles related to our search terms were only considered...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Scilla Sparabombe, Marisa Roncati, Riccardo Monterubbianasi, Alberto Catellani, Lamberto Manzoli, Fabrizio Bambini, Maurizio Procaccini, Angelo Putignano, Giovanna Orsini
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of a disposable gauze soaked with chlorhexidine and rolled up on the finger vs chlorhexidine mouth rinse (CM) to maintain oral hygiene. METHODS: In this single-blind, randomized trial, both groups were instructed to brush their teeth and use the 0.12% chlorhexidine intervention twice per day (experimental group: toothbrushing + chlorhexidine-soaked gauze; control group: toothbrushing + mouth rinse)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Baharak Eshghipour, Hamid Tofighi, Faham Nehal, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed, Zohaib Akram
In the present study, the impact of scaling and root planing (SRP) on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) cytokine/chemokine levels in smokers with chronic periodontitis was assessed. The PICO (population, intervention, comparison, outcome) question was: In smokers with chronic periodontitis (population), what is the effect of SRP (intervention) in comparison to SRP in non-smokers with chronic periodontitis (comparison) on the GCF cytokine/chemokine level (outcome)? Indexed databases were searched up to September 2017...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Meghashyam Bhat, Loc G Do, Kaye Roberts-Thomson
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the association between dental visiting and missing teeth using propensity score (PS) adjustment to control for confounding bias, and to compare the estimates with those obtained from traditional regression models. METHODS: A population-based study was conducted on adults aged 35-54 years in India. Multistage stratified cluster random sampling was used. Data were collected through interviews and oral examinations...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Anisha P Yadav, Anita Kulloli, Sharath Shetty, Shruti S Ligade, Santosh S Martande, Meenakshi J Gholkar
The aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the factors that affect the outcome of subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) for managing Miller's class I and class II isolated gingival recession defect. The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines for systematic reviews were used. Quality assessments of selected articles were performed. Data on root surface condition, recession type defect, flap thickness, different flap designs, different harvesting techniques, presence/absence of the epithelial collar, graft thickness, flap tension, suturing techniques, and smoking-related outcomes on root coverage were assessed...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Romesh P Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentists are perceived as leaders and role models of good oral health, but do dentists practice what they preach? The current study was a pilot evaluation dentists of the oral health and oral health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: The Massachusetts Dental Society sent emails to 3957 member dentists for whom an email contact was available. One reminder was sent 3 months later, and there was no incentive offered. Institutional review board approval was acquired prior to administering the survey through the Harvard Medical School Committee on Human Studies...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Surena Vahabi, Bahareh Nazemisalman, Sepanta Hosseinpour, Simindokht Salavitabar, Alireza Aziz
AIM: Chronic periodontitis (CP) is a multifactorial disease and the most common type of periodontitis mainly caused by microbial plaque. CP can be brought on by, and progresses with, insufficient oral hygiene, and environmental and genetic susceptibilities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between interleukin (IL)-2 (T-330G), IL-16 (T-295C), and IL-17 (A-7383G) gene polymorphisms and the susceptibility to CP in an Iranian population. METHODS: Ninety-nine cases diagnosed with CP and 75 matched healthy controls engaged in the present study...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Kate L Winstanley, Lisa M Otway, Lionel Thompson, Zoe H Brook, Nigel King, Bernard Koong, Michael O'Halloran
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess risks prior to third molar removal. A 2-D panoramic radiograph or a 3-D cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan can be used to visualize the proximity of the third molar to the mandibular canal. We aimed to correlate panoramic indicators of risk with the incidence of contact between these two structures on CBCT scans. METHODS: Patients were selected from a Western Australian population if they had a panoramic radiograph that illustrated signs of risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury and had a CBCT scan on file...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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