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Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497901/risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-in-vietnamese-patients
#1
Thuy A V Pham, Thoai Q Kieu, Lan T Q Ngo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of periodontitis with dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and obesity in Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 367 adults who first visited the Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Information on demographic characteristics, dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and nutritional status was investigated by a self-administered questionnaire...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480637/photodynamic-treatment-outcomes-of-potentially-malignant-lesions-and-malignancies-of-the-head-and-neck-region-a-systematic-review
#2
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Amol Ramchandra Gadbail, Manjari G Choudhary, Priyanka R Vedpathak, Manoj S Likhitkar
AIM: The aim of the present study was to systematically review the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the management of oral potentially-malignant disorders (PMDS) and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: From 1985 to 2015, PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched using different combinations of the following key words: PDT, oral precancer, leukoplakia, erythroplakia, erythroleukoplakia, verrucous hyperplasia, oral submucous fibrosis, and HNSCC...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474492/vertical-root-fractures-in-endodontically-treated-teeth-a%C3%A2-retrospective-analysis-of-possible-risk-factors
#3
Claudia García-Guerrero, Claudia Parra-Junco, Sara Quijano-Guauque, Nicolás Molano, Gerardo A Pineda, Dairo J Marín-Zuluaga
AIM: The prevalence of vertical root fractures (VRF) ranges from 2% to 20%, and is associated with endodontically-treated teeth (ETT). The aim of the present study was to analyze clinically and radiographically, at different intervals of time, some of the risk factors present in ETT that developed VRF. METHODS: A classification model according to time measured the follow-up period of three groups. A match was made for times of occurrence (cases) and follow up (controls)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474437/clinical-efficacy-of-subgingivally-delivered-0-75-boric-acid-gel-as-an-adjunct-to-mechanotherapy-in-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Dharmendra Kanoriya, Sandeep Singhal, Vibhuti Garg, Avani R Pradeep, Shruti Garg, Amit Kumar
AIM: Borinic acid quinoline esters are a recently-identified class of new antibacterial and anti-inflammatory compounds known to inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption. They have proposed to have osteostimulative properties by causing osteoblast differentiation in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this double-masked, randomized, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of the subgingival delivery of boric acid gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) on clinical and radiographic parameters, and compare this method with SRP plus placebo gel alone in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419770/pilot-survey-of-the-health-of-massachusetts-dentists
#5
Romesh P Nalliah, Alan Budd, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentistry is a career that is very rewarding because of the direct opportunity to deliver essential health services to patients in need. Dentistry is also very demanding; mentally, physically, and even emotionally. Little is known about the health of dentists and how it compares to the health of the general population. The aim of the present study was to report on the general health and health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: A medical health and health practices survey was developed from the Delaware Valley Community Health Center and customized...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393469/gingival-profiles-in-a-select-asian-cohort-a-pilot-study
#6
Wan Zhen Lee, Marianne M A Ong, Alvin B-K Yeo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the facial gingival profiles of teeth with a healthy periodontium in an Asian population. METHODS: A total of 51 patients with a healthy periodontium were examined. Gingival thickness (GT) and gingival width (GW) were assessed at the maxillary and mandibular incisors to the first molars. GT was measured by transgingival probing (GT-TGP), and probe visibility through the marginal gingiva (GT-TRAN) was assessed. Results between groups (anterior and posterior, tooth types) were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and t-test...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387048/genetic-basis-of-dentigerous-cysts-associated-with-supernumerary-teeth-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Robert P Anthonappa, Manikandan Ekambaram, Chaturi N G Neboda, Nigel M King, Abu-Bakr M Rabie
In the present study, we sought to: (a) analyze the p53 gene status in dentigerous cysts (DC) associated with supernumerary teeth (ST) in a pair of siblings with ST, of whom one developed a DC; and (b) conduct a narrative review of the literature on ST associated with DC. Blood samples were obtained, and the isolated DNA was used to amplify exons 4-8 of the p53 gene using specific primers, and subsequently sequenced. No mutations were identified in the coding regions of the p53 gene. A review of the literature revealed a prevalence of DC associated with ST to be as high as 13...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386989/predictors-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adolescents-a-prospective-study
#8
Amir H Pakpour, Chung-Ying Lin, Santhosh Kumar, Bengt Fridlund, Henrik Jansson
AIM: In the present study, we evaluated the direct and mediating (indirect) effects of clinical oral conditions, dental anxiety, sense of coherence (SOC), and socioeconomic variables on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and general health-related quality of life (GHRQoL) in Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A longitudinal design was used with a sample of 1052 (694 males, mean age=15.05 years) schoolchildren from Qazvin, Iran. Each participant completed a background information sheet and the following scales at baseline: Modified Dental Anxiety Scale, SOC, PedsQL 4...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371484/awareness-of-risk-of-cross-infection-and-infection-control-measures-among-patients-attending-university-dental-hospital-peradeniya-sri-lanka
#9
Dilini Ratnayake, Sumudu Medawela, Ruwan Jayasinghe, Sumedha Jayathilake, Dileep de Silva, Mohaideen Sitheeque
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess awareness of the risk of cross-infection and infection-control measures practiced in dental clinics for patients attending the outpatient dental department (OPD) at University Dental Hospital, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 427 patients who attended the OPD clinics at University Dental Hospital. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data, and chi-squared-test of association was applied where appropriate...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349674/association-between-specific-periodontal-pathogens-toll-like-receptor-4-and-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-expression-in-placental-tissues-of-pre-eclamptic-women-with-periodontitis
#10
Prathahini S Parthiban, Jaideep Mahendra, Anitha Logaranjani, Sambandham Shanmugam, Anandan Balakrishnan, Mohammed Junaid, Ambalavanan Namasivayam
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the association between the presence of specific periodontal pathogens, Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) expression in the placental tissues of pre-eclamptic women. METHODS: Antenatal periodontal screening was performed in 25 normotensive pregnant women and 25 pre-eclamptic women. Subgingival plaque and placental tissue samples were collected from both groups and screened for the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349669/polymorphism-in-emergence-of-deciduous-dentition-a-cross-sectional-study-of-indian-children
#11
Pratik Kariya, Shobha Tandon, Sweta Singh, Nitesh Tewari
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the timing and sequence of the eruption of deciduous teeth in Indian children. METHOD: This cross-sectional study focused on children aged 5-36 months. One hospital was randomly selected from four geographic zones of the city. A total of 400 children from each hospital, fulfilling the inclusion criteria, constituted the sample. The examination was carried out by a single, trained examiner. The tooth was recorded as "present" or "absent" on the day of examination...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321995/clinical-and-microbiological-efficacy-of-4-garcinia-mangostana-l-pericarp-gel-as-local-drug-delivery-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Jaideep Mahendra, Little Mahendra, Priyadharshini Svedha, Sandhya Cherukuri, Georgios E Romanos
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the periodontal status of individuals and the presence of red complex microorganisms (RCM), such as Treponema denticola (Td), Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forsythia in the subgingival tissues of periodontitis patients before and after the application of 4% mangostana gel (Garcinia mangostana [MGA]) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP). METHODS: Twenty-five patients (MGA group) were treated with SRP, and the subgingival application of mangostana gel was used as local drug delivery...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317331/survival-and-testing-parameters-of-zirconia-based-crowns-under-cyclic-loading-in-an-aqueous-environment-a-systematic-review
#13
Shareen Hayel Elshiyab, Noor Nawafleh, Roy George
AIM: To study the hypothesis that in vitro fatigue testing variables in an aqueous environment affect the survival results of zirconia-based restorations, and evaluate the level of agreement between in vitro and previous in vivo data. METHODS: An electronic search of literature was conducted in PubMed and Scopus to identify in vitro studies testing zirconia-based crowns using cyclic loading in an aqueous environment. Only studies that complied with the inclusion criteria were included...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997329/tooth-enamel-properties-and-morphology-after-microabrasion-an-in-situ-study
#14
Núbia Inocencya Pavesi Pini, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima, Renato Herman Sundfeld, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Flavio Henrique Baggio Aguiar, José Roberto Lovadino
AIM: This study evaluated the effect of saliva on enamel after microabrasion with different microabrasive compounds under in situ conditions. METHODS: Enamel/dentin blocks (16 mm(2) ) from bovine incisors were divided into nine groups (n = 19): one control group (no treatment), four groups treated with microabrasion using 35% phosphoric acid (H3 PO4 ) + pumice, and the last four groups treated with microabrasion using 6.6% hydrochloric acid (HCl) + silica. The treated groups were subdivided according to the in situ regimen: without salivary exposure, 1 h, 24 h, or 7 days of saliva exposure...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991690/cellular-cannibalism-in-giant-cells-of-central-giant-cell-granuloma-of-jaw-bones-and-giant-cell-tumors-of-long-bones
#15
Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Shailesh Gawande, Snehal Patil, Rahul Anand, Shankar Gouda Patil, Prakash Patil
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) and giant cell tumor of long bones (GCT) with respect to cannibalistic giant cells (GCs). METHOD: Sixteen cases each of CGCG and GCT were histopathologically analyzed for cannibalistic GCs. One hundred GCs were examined in each section, and the number of cannibalistic GCs was expressed in percentage. RESULTS: Cannibalistic GCs were seen in all cases of CGCG and GCT (100%)...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991538/denture-induced-stomatitis-and-associated-factors-in-a-group-of-patients-attending-a-university-dental-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#16
Indika P Thilakumara, Jayalath A M S Jayatilake, Ranjith W Pallegama, Arjuna N B Ellepola
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate factors associated with denture-induced stomatitis (DIS) among denture wearers and their oral and hand carriage of Candida. METHODS: Sociodemographics and denture and oral hygiene practices were investigated using an interviewer-administered questionnaire in denture wearers with DIS (n = 60) and without DIS (n = 60) selected using a convenience sampling of patients attending the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988864/subgingivally-delivered-1-2-atorvastatin-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-among-smokers-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Minal Kumari, Santosh S Martande, Avani R Pradeep
AIM: Statins are known to have a beneficial effect in the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP). The current study was designed to investigate the effectiveness of a 1.2% atorvastatin (ATV) local drug delivery system as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of intrabony defects (IBD) in CP among smokers. METHODS: Seventy-one smokers with CP were categorized into two treatment groups: SRP + 1.2% ATV gel and SRP + placebo gel. Clinical parameters, modified sulcus bleeding index, probing depth, and clinical attachment level were recorded at baseline before SRP and at 3, 6, and 9 months...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26840561/antifibrotic-effect-of-centella-asiatica-linn-and-asiatic-acid-on-arecoline-induced-fibrosis-in-human-buccal-fibroblasts
#18
Pooja Narain Adtani, Malathi Narasimhan, Alan M Punnoose, Himavanth Reddy Kambalachenu
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro antifibrogenic effects of Centella asiatica Linn (CA) and its bioactive triterpene aglycone asiatic acid (AA) on arecoline-induced fibrosis in primary human buccal fibroblasts (HBF). METHODS: An ethanolic extract of CA was prepared, and AA was purchased commercially. High-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) was performed to quantify AA in the CA extract; colorimetric assay (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) was performed to determine an half-maximal inhibitory concentration...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825515/association-of-salivary-gland-hypofunction-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-drugs-among-the-elderly-in-karachi-pakistan
#19
Muneeb Ahmed Lone, Sameer Shaikh, Maham Muneeb Lone, Ashar Afaq, Mohid Abrar Lone
AIM: Studies from Pakistan on salivary dysfunction are lacking, and the Pakistani elderly population is rapidly growing. Among the most common problems in the elderly that could have a deleterious impact on their quality of life are salivary gland hypofunction (SGH), diabetes mellitus (DM), and the intake of drugs with adverse effects on salivary function. In the present study, we aimed to find the association of SGH with DM and drugs among the elderly in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: The inclusion criterion was affirmative answers to a series of standardized questions related to the symptoms of dry mouth...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26800647/one-year-clinical-evaluation-of-different-types-of-bulk-fill-composites
#20
Yusuf Bayraktar, Ertuğrul Ercan, Mehmet Mustafa Hamidi, Hakan Çolak
AIM: In the present study, we evaluated the 1-year clinical performance of a conventional posterior composite resin and three bulk-fill composite resins. METHODS: Fifty patients with four class II restorations under occlusion were enrolled in the present study. A total of 200 restorations were placed in the cavity, 50 for each material (Clearfil Photo Posterior, Filtek Bulk-Fill Flowable and Filtek P60, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk-Fill, and SonicFill). One operator placed the restorations in the cavity, and 1 week later the patients were called for baseline examination...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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