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Veterinary Medicine International

Ivonne Hernández-Cortazar, Karla Cecilia Amaya Guardia, Marco Torres-Castro, Karla Acosta-Viana, Eugenia Guzmán-Marín, José Israel Chan-Pérez, Antonio Ortega-Pacheco, Roger I Rodríguez-Vivas, Rodrigo Medina-Pinto, Matilde Jiménez-Coello
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of the Chagas disease, which is endemic in southeastern Mexico and is transmitted by the vector Triatoma dimidiata (triatomide). T. cruzi infect a great variety of domestic and wild mammals; rodents are considered one of the most important reservoirs of the parasite in the transmission cycles of T. cruzi . The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of T. cruzi infection and to determine the parasitic load in synanthropic and wild rodents from the rural community of southern Mexico...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Gloria R Cortez-Aguirre, Matilde Jiménez-Coello, Eduardo Gutiérrez-Blanco, Antonio Ortega-Pacheco
To assess the risk of zoonotic pathogen transmission as function of stray dog presence and health status, a cross-sectional study was carried out in a large city of southern Mexico that lacks comprehensive strategies for the control of stray canine populations. The photographic capture-recapture method was used to estimate the density of dogs/km2 . In the same way, dog feces from 14 public parks of the city were collected to determine the prevalence and intensity of infection with gastrointestinal parasites...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Ramiro F Díaz, Carlos S Galina, Sandra Estrada, Felipe Montiel, Gloriana Castillo, Juan José Romero-Zúñiga
In order to measure the influence of the temperature-humidity index (THI) and the variation of fat thickness on reproductive performance, ninety-two Bos indicus cows kept under grazing conditions were used in two farms in Veracruz (Mexico) and Puntarenas (Costa Rica). THI was calculated with the average environmental temperature and relative humidity. Measurements of fat thickness (FAT) were taken two weeks apart from the last trimester of gestation to approximately 80 days postpartum (dpp). Natural breeding was used in both farms...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Tchoffo Herve, Kana Jean Raphaël, Ngoula Ferdinand, Folack Tiwa Laurine Vitrice, Adoum Gaye, Moussa Mahamat Outman, Ngouozeu Moyo Willy Marvel
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of ginger ( Zingiber officinale , Rosc.) essential oil on growth performance, serum biochemical profile, oxidative stress, and histological structure of testes and fertility traits in Japanese quail ( Coturnix coturnix japonica ). 96 three-week-old male Japanese quail weighing between 120 and 130 g were randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatment groups in a completely randomized design. Each group was divided into 4 replicates of 6 quails. Quails in control group received orally 100  μ l/kg bw of distilled water, while the three test groups received, respectively, by gastric intubation 50, 100, and 150  μ l/kg bw of ginger essential oil...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
K Bouaddi, A Bitar, A Ferssiwi, M Bouslikhane, A Fitani, P P Mshelbwala, S W Audu
Understanding the socioecology of domestic dog populations is essential for effective disease control, especially canine rabies. In Morocco, since 1986, the control efforts and plans put in place by the government have failed to eradicate this disease; this is because the management of the canine population was not taken into account during the establishment of these plans. It is against the background that this study was designed to estimate the dog population and determine its socioecological characteristics, as well as investigate the attitude of the inhabitants towards the dogs...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Saliha Bounar-Kechih, Mossadak Taha Hamdi, Hebib Aggad, Nacima Meguenni, Zafer Cantekin
Multiresistant and especially Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ( MRSA) poses a serious public health problem that requires their immediate identification and antibiotic resistance characteristics. In order to determine antibiotic resistance S. aureus poultry and bovine origin, 8840 samples were collected from slaughterhouses in the northern region of Algeria between years 2009 and 2014. 8375 samples were from an avian origin (1875 from laying hens and 6500 from broiler chickens) and the rest was from bovine origin...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Sri Wahyuni, Gholib Gholib, I Ketut Mudite Adnyane, Muhammad Agil, Hamny Hamny, Srihadi Agungpriyono, Tuty Laswardi Yusuf
Stages of the seminiferous epithelium of the testis of the wild Javan muntjac ( Muntiacus muntjak muntjak ) in hard antler period were characterized based on the tubular morphology method. The number and the relative frequencies of seminiferous epithelium stages and the morphometry of germinal cell nuclei were identified microscopically. We identified eight stages of seminiferous epithelium in testicular tissue of the Javan muntjac and found that the relative frequencies of stages I to VIII were 14.87, 15.12, 17...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Marc K Kouam, Junior O Moussala
Biosecurity plays an irreplaceable role in preventing diseases and increasing productivity on farm. The main objective of this study was to characterize pig farming and investigate factors influencing biosecurity on pig farms in the western highlands of Cameroon. Data were collected from May to July 2017 using a questionnaire and observations. A technical scoring system was developed from the biosecurity measures. The results revealed that most farmers are males (76.29%), on average 47.82 ± 10.34 years old, with secondary school level (53...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Yosef Mamo, Molalegne Bitew, Tsegaye Teklemariam, Murga Soma, Debebe Gebre, Temesgen Abera, Tefera Benti, Yosef Deneke
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly contagious disease of cattle which is one of the great plagues which continues to devastate the cattle herds on which so many people are dependent in Africa. Cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to August 2016 to determine the seroprevalence of CBPP in cattle and associated risk factors in Gimbo district, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 384 serum samples were collected and tested for the presence of specific antibodies against Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony (MmmSC), using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA)...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Berhanu Tilahun, Yacob Hailu Tolossa, Getachew Tilahun, Hagos Ashenafi, Shihun Shimelis
A cross-sectional study was carried out from July 2011 to September 2013 to assess the seroprevalence and identify risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic ruminants of East Hararghe zone of Oromia region, Ethiopia. Sera of 1360 domestic ruminants were analyzed for the presence of anti- T. gondii IgG antibodies using the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA). Additionally, the owners were also interviewed using a structured questionnaire to identify the potential risk factors of T...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Esther Torrent, Marta Planellas, Laura Ordeix, Josep Pastor, Jaume Rodon, Laia Solano-Gallego
The aims of the study were to determine whether symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) was increased in dogs with leishmaniosis and to assess its relationship with creatinine concentration and urinary protein : creatinine ratio (UPC) to determine its utility as a marker of early excretory dysfunction. Fifty-three dogs with leishmaniosis classified according to the LeishVet clinical staging (stage I, n = 5, stage II, n = 30; stage III, n = 12; stage IV, n = 6) were selected and compared with 41 clinically healthy dogs...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Haftay Abraha Tadesse, Netsenet Berhe Gidey, Kidane Workelule, Hagos Hailu, Seyfe Gidey, Abrha Bsrat, Habtamu Taddele
Aim: Foodborne illnesses represent a public health problem in developed and developing countries. They cause great suffering and are transmitted directly or indirectly between animals and humans and circulate in the global environment . E. coli are among them, causing a major public health problem. The aim of this study was therefore to study the antimicrobial resistance profile of E. coli from raw cow milk and fruit juice. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2016 to June 2017 on 258 samples collected from milk shops ( n = 86), dairy farms ( n = 86), and fruit juice ( n = 86) in different subcities of Mekelle...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Gamal Wareth, Mohamed El-Diasty, Falk Melzer, Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Amir Abdulmawjood, Lisa D Sprague, Heinrich Neubauer
Trueperella pyogenes was isolated from a dog and a cat with a mixed infection with Brucella abortus . Both lived on a dairy cattle farm with a history of regular cases of abortion and mastitis. Identification of the bacteria was done by means of MALDI-TOF MS, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) based on cpn 60, partial 16S rRNA sequencing, and growth on Loeffler Serum Medium. Isolation of Trueperella pyogenes on the dairy farm highlights its neglected role in reproduction failure and draws attention to its effects in the dairy industry in Egypt...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
S H Gwandu, H E Nonga, R H Mdegela, A S Katakweba, T S Suleiman, R Ryoba
Milk quality depends on the physicochemical characteristics, hygienic standards, and nutritional quality; however, animal husbandry practices, unhygienic harvesting and processing, may affect its quality. A cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2010 and July 2011 to assess the hygiene of cow milk production environment, raw cow milk physicochemical characteristics, and microbial quality and estimate the prevalence of antimicrobial residues using standard methods in Pemba Island. A total of 98 raw cow milk samples from selected smallholder dairy farms were analyzed, and the judgement on the quality used the East African Standards...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Ayalew Assefa, Fufa Abunna
Aquaculture is rapidly growing part of agriculture worldwide. It makes up around 44 percent of total fish production globally. This increased growth of production is achieved despite facing many challenges in the aquaculture environment. Among production limiting challenges, the infectious disease takes the lion share by causing multibillion-dollar loss annually. To reduce the impact of the fish disease, it is necessary to address health constraints based on scientifically proven and recommended ways. This review aims at pointing out some of the best approaches to prevention and control of infectious disease in aquaculture...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Penny Humaidah Hamid, Yuli Purwandari Kristianingrum, April Hari Wardhana, Sigit Prastowo, Liliana Machado Ribeiro da Silva
Avian coccidiosis is a huge problem worldwide. Heavily infected animals that show severe clinical signs and coccidiostat resistance are causing important economic losses. The present study aimed to update the recent cases of coccidiosis in Central Java, Indonesia, and to show the importance of the disease in the region. A total of 699 samples were obtained from different chicken breed. Different Eimeria species were detected in 175 individuals (25.04%). Three different groups of chicken breed were considered: local chicken (autochthonous chickens of Sentul and Jawa), commercial broiler, and layer...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
J Awah-Ndukum, M M M Mouiche, H N Bayang, V Ngu Ngwa, E Assana, K J M Feussom, T K Manchang, P A Zoli
A cross-sectional seroprevalence study was conducted on cattle in the North and Adamawa Regions of Cameroon to investigate the status of bovine brucellosis and identify potential risk factors. The diagnosis was carried out using the Rose Bengal Plate test (RBPT) and indirect ELISA (i-ELISA), while questionnaires were used to evaluate risk factors for bovine brucellosis in cattle. The Bayesian approach was used to evaluate the diagnostic tests' sensitivity and specificity. The overall individual level ( n = 1031) and herd level ( n = 82) seroprevalence were 5...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
Getachew Gari, Biressaw Serda, Dejene Negesa, Fethu Lemma, Hagos Asgedom
Peste des petits ruminant (PPR) is an economically important disease of small ruminants with a rapidly expanding geographical distribution. There are fragmented reports to the occurrence and distribution of the disease in Ethiopia. A total of 700 serum samples were collected from goats and sheep to detect the presence of antibody against PPR virus using Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (C-ELISA). An overall PPR seropositivity was reported to be 48.43% in the area. There is no statistically significant difference in the seroprevalence of the disease between sheep and goats (50...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
Nicola Pratt, Anne Conan, Sreekumari Rajeev
Leptospirosis is an important bacterial zoonotic disease that affects humans and many animal species. Knowledge of prevalence of Leptospira in a given geographic region supports the implementation of effective control/prevention programmes and thus reduces the transmission risks. This study provides Leptospira seroprevalence and serovar distribution in dogs and cats on the Caribbean island of Saint Kitts. Convenient serum samples from domestic dogs ( n = 101) and cats ( n = 50) were tested by the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) using 21 Leptospira serovars belonging to 17 serogroups...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
Claudia M Gutiérrez, Catalina López, Carlos E Giraldo, Jorge U Carmona
There is a lack of information about the methods used for bovine platelet-rich plasma (PRP)/platelet-rich gel (PRG) procurement, including information on platelet (PLT), white blood cell (WBC) in PRP, and growth factor release from PRG supernatants. The aims of this study were to compare and to correlate the PLT, WBC, transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF- β 1 ), and platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) concentrations in bovine whole blood, plasma, and four PRP layers and their respective PRG supernatants: A and B (obtained by a single centrifugation tube method at 720 g /5 min) and C and D (obtained by a double centrifugation tube method, by using two centrifugation episodes at 720 g /5 min)...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
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