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Veterinary Medicine International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116216/subsequent-fertility-of-goats-with-prenatal-mortality-diagnosed-by-ultrasound-and-treated-by-pgf2%C3%AE-and-oxytetracycline
#1
A S Aban, R M Abdelghafar, M E Badawi, A M Almubarak
Thirteen Saanen and Saanen crossbred female goats, between the ages of 6 months and 7, years were presented to the clinic, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology, for sonographic pregnancy diagnosis. Transabdominal ultrasound was performed using 3.5 MHz probe which revealed non-viable fetuses as judged by absence of heart beats and movements. Twelve goats were given single i/m injection of PGF2α analogue and 5% oxytetracycline. Ten goats responded to the treatment and six of them became pregnant and gave birth within the normal gestational period...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105381/altered-biomechanical-properties-of-gastrocnemius-tendons-of-turkeys-infected-with-turkey-arthritis-reovirus
#2
Tamer A Sharafeldin, Qingshan Chen, Sunil K Mor, Sagar M Goyal, Robert E Porter
Turkey arthritis reovirus (TARV) causes lameness and tenosynovitis in commercial turkeys and is often associated with gastrocnemius tendon rupture by the marketing age. This study was undertaken to characterize the biomechanical properties of tendons from reovirus-infected turkeys. One-week-old turkey poults were orally inoculated with O'Neil strain of TARV and observed for up to 16 weeks of age. Lameness was first observed at 8 weeks of age, which continued at 12 and 16 weeks. At 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age, samples were collected from legs...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105380/circadian-rhythm-and-stress-response-in-droppings-of-serinus-canaria
#3
Maura Turriani, Nicola Bernabò, Barbara Barboni, Gianluca Todisco, Luigi Montini, Paolo Berardinelli
Serinus canaria is a widespread domestic ornamental songbird, whose limited knowledge of biology make compelling studies aimed to monitor stress. Here, a commercial enzyme immunoassay was adopted to measure immunoreactive corticosterone (CORT) in single Serinus canaria dropping sample, to monitor the daily fecal excretion of CORT in birds bred singly or in-group and to detect the effect promoted by aviary or small transport cage restraint. A robust daily rhythm of CORT was recorded in animals held on short-day light cycle, independent of bred conditions (single or group), which persisted when space availability was modified in single bred animal (transfer in aviary and transport cages)...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058131/blood-pressure-serum-glucose-cholesterol-and-triglycerides-in-dogs-with-different-body-scores
#4
Mauro José Lahm Cardoso, Rafael Fagnani, Carolina Zaghi Cavalcante, Marcelo de Souza Zanutto, Ademir Zacarias Júnior, Luciane Holsback da Silveira Fertonani, Jéssica Ragazzi Calesso, Maíra Melussi, Helena Pinheiro Costa, Eduardo Yudi Hashizume
The objective of this research was to determine the frequency for the occurrence of MS in dogs, using the criteria determined, and to correlate the criteria of dogs that would characterize the MS with different body condition score (BCS). 271 dogs with different body scores were studied, with 101 dogs with BCS 4-5; 101 dogs with BCS 6-7; and 69 dogs with BCS 8-9. Among the dogs studied, 62 (22,87%) had two or more inclusion criteria for MS. Of these, 28 had BCS 6-7, while 34 dogs had BCS 8-9. Therefore, 27,72% of overweight dogs had inclusion criteria for MS and 49,27% of obese ones had two or more inclusion criteria for MS...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830104/prevalence-of-needlestick-injury-and-its-potential-risk-among-veterinarians-in-nigeria
#5
Philip Paul Mshelbwala, J Scott Weese, Jibrin Manu Idris
A cross sectional study using multistage sampling method by means of structured interviewer administered questionnaire was designed to estimate the rate of occurrence of needlestick injuries among veterinarians involved in clinical practice and to evaluate needle handling practices and risk factors. The study was carried out during the months of August-November 2015. Out of the 215 veterinarians that participated in the survey, 171 (79.5%) reported to have suffered needlestick injuries (NSIs). In the multivariable model, only male sex (OR 2...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818832/efficacy-of-a-feed-dispenser-for-horses-in-decreasing-cribbing-behaviour
#6
Silvia Mazzola, Clara Palestrini, Simona Cannas, Eleonora Fè, Gaia Lisa Bagnato, Daniele Vigo, Diane Frank, Michela Minero
Cribbing is an oral stereotypy, tends to develop in captive animals as a means to cope with stress, and may be indicative of reduced welfare. Highly energetic diets ingested in a short time are one of the most relevant risk factors for the development of cribbing. The aim of this study was to verify whether feeding cribbing horses through a dispenser that delivers small quantities of concentrate when activated by the animal decreases cribbing behaviour, modifies feeding behaviour, or induces frustration. Ten horses (mean age 14 y), balanced for sex, breed, and size (mean height 162 cm), were divided into two groups of 5 horses each: Cribbing and Control...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656312/investigation-of-anaplasma-marginale-seroprevalence-in-a-traditionally-managed-large-california-beef-herd
#7
Thomas R Tucker, Sharif S Aly, John Maas, Josh S Davy, Janet E Foley
Recent observations by stakeholders suggested that ecosystem changes may be driving an increased incidence of bovine erythrocytic anaplasmosis, resulting in a reemerging cattle disease in California. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to estimate the incidence of Anaplasma marginale infection using seroconversion in a northern California beef cattle herd. A total of 143 Black Angus cattle (106 prebreeding heifers and 37 cows) were enrolled in the study. Serum samples were collected to determine Anaplasma marginale seroprevalence using a commercially available competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test kit...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595036/bayesian-estimation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-rose-bengal-complement-fixation-and-indirect-elisa-tests-for-the-diagnosis-of-bovine-brucellosis-in-ethiopia
#8
T Getachew, G Getachew, G Sintayehu, M Getenet, A Fasil
Test evaluation in the absence of a gold standard test was conducted for the diagnosis and screening of bovine brucellosis using three commercially available tests including RBPT, CFT, and I-ELISA in National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center (NAHDIC) Ethiopia. A total of 278 sera samples from five dairy herds were collected and tested. Each serum sample was subjected to the three tests and the results obtained were recorded and the test outcomes were cross-classified to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the tests using Bayesian model...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563481/interpretation-criteria-for-comparative-intradermal-tuberculin-test-for-diagnosis-of-bovine-tuberculosis-in-cattle-in-maroua-area-of-cameroon
#9
J Awah-Ndukum, J Temwa, V Ngu Ngwa, M M Mouiche, D Iyawa, P A Zoli
Intradermal tuberculin test (TST) is the choice method for diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (Tb) in live animals. This work was done to assess the performance of single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin (SICCT) test in randomly selected cattle in Maroua, Cameroon, against detection of Tb lesions and detection of Tb lesions plus acid fast bacilli in lesions. While 22.28% of slaughtered cattle presented Tb lesions at meat inspection, detection rates of anti-bovine-Tb antibody, Tb lesions, and Tb lesions plus acid fast bacilli were 68...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379195/identification-of-bapa-in-strains-of-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-isolated-from-wild-animals-kept-in-captivity-in-sinaloa-mexico
#10
Gabriela Silva-Hidalgo, Martin López-Valenzuela, Nora Cárcamo-Aréchiga, Silvia Cota-Guajardo, Mayra López-Salazar, Edith Montiel-Vázquez
bapA, previously named stm2689, encodes the BapA protein, which, along with cellulose and fimbriae, constitutes biofilms. Biofilms are communities of microorganisms that grow in a matrix of exopolysaccharides and may adhere to living tissues or inert surfaces. Biofilm formation is associated with the ability to persist in different environments, which contributes to the pathogenicity of several species. We analyzed the presence of bapA in 83 strains belonging to 17 serovars of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica from wildlife in captivity at Culiacan's Zoo and Mazatlán's Aquarium...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313949/hematological-biochemical-and-serological-findings-in-healthy-canine-blood-donors-after-the-administration-of-canileish%C3%A2-vaccine
#11
Chiara Starita, Alessandra Gavazza, George Lubas
The aim of the study was to evaluate hematological, biochemical, and serological findings in healthy canine blood donors after the administration of CaniLeish® vaccine. Twenty-seven client-owned dogs were included in the study and arranged into 3 groups according to the vaccination stage. Complete blood count (CBC) with blood smear examination, serum biochemical profile (SBP), serum protein electrophoresis (SPE), and serological tests for L. infantum were performed at different times. Additionally, in a subgroup of dogs IgA, IgM, and IgG were quantified...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239369/serological-and-molecular-evidence-of-q-fever-in-domestic-ruminants-in-bangladesh
#12
Md Arifur Rahman, Md Mahbub Alam, Md Aminul Islam, A K Fazlul Haque Bhuiyan, A K M Anisur Rahman
The objective of this study was to know the herd and animal level prevalence of Q fever in domestic ruminants in some selected districts in Bangladesh. Randomly collected 111 bulk milk and 94 sera samples of cattle, sheep, and goats were tested by indirect ELISA (iELISA). DNA extracted from 23 aborted fetal membranes was analyzed by real time (rt) PCR. The positive cut-off value of iELISA in bulk milk and individual animal sera was ≥30% and ≥40%, respectively. The overall herd level prevalence of Q fever in dairy cattle was 15...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034890/prevalence-of-dog-erythrocyte-antigens-1-4-and-7-in-podenco-ibicenco-ibizan-hounds-from-ibiza-island
#13
Eva Spada, Daniela Proverbio, Luis Miguel Viñals Flórez, Blanca Serra Gómez de la Serna, Maria Del Rosario Perlado Chamizo, Luciana Baggiani, Roberta Perego
The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of Dog Erythrocyte Antigens (DEA) 1, 4, and 7 in Ibizan hounds, to compare the results with the prevalence of DEA in Spanish greyhounds, and to determine the risk of sensitization following the first transfusion of blood not typed for DEA 1 and the probability of an acute hemolytic reaction following a second incompatible transfusion using untyped DEA 1 blood. DEA 1, 4, and 7 status was determined in 92 Ibizan hounds. Results were compared with the previously reported prevalence in Spanish greyhounds...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998380/protozoan-parasites-of-rodents-and-their-zoonotic-significance-in-boyer-ahmad-district-southwestern-iran
#14
Zeinab Seifollahi, Bahador Sarkari, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Qasem Asgari, Mohammad Javad Ranjbar, Samaneh Abdolahi Khabisi
Backgrounds. Wild rodents are reservoirs of various zoonotic diseases, such as toxoplasmosis, babesiosis, and leishmaniasis. The current study aimed to assess the protozoan infection of rodents in Boyer-Ahmad district, southwestern Iran. Materials and Methods. A total of 52 rodents were collected from different parts of Boyer-Ahmad district, in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province, using Sherman live traps. Each rodent was anesthetized with ether, according to the ethics of working with animals, and was dissected...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998379/respiratory-support-for-pharmacologically-induced-hypoxia-in-neonatal-calves
#15
C G Donnelly, C T Quinn, S G Nielsen, S L Raidal
Practical methods to provide respiratory support to bovine neonates in a field setting are poorly characterised. This study evaluated the response of healthy neonatal calves with pharmacologically induced respiratory suppression to nasal oxygen insufflation and to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered via an off-the-shelf device. Ten calves were randomised to receive either nasal oxygen insufflation (Group 1, n = 5) or CPAP (Group 2, n = 5) as a first treatment after induction of respiratory depression by intravenous administration of xylazine, fentanyl, and diazepam...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981316/a-homemade-snare-an-alternative-method-for-mechanical-removal-of-dirofilaria-immitis-in-dogs
#16
Ana Margarida Alho, António Fiarresga, Miguel Landum, Clara Lima, Óscar Gamboa, José Meireles, José Sales Luís, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Canine dirofilariosis is a life-threatening parasitic disease that is increasingly reported worldwide. Once diagnosed the main treatment goals are to improve the animal's clinical condition and to eliminate all life stages of the parasite with minimal posttreatment side effects. This can be achieved through mechanical, surgical, or chemotherapeutical approaches. Currently, manual extraction is the preferred method to remove adult heartworms due to its diminished invasiveness, reduced damage to the vascular endothelium, and shortened anaesthesia duration...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981315/prevalence-of-neoplastic-diseases-in-pet-birds-referred-for-surgical-procedures
#17
Patrícia F Castro, Denise T Fantoni, Bruna C Miranda, Julia M Matera
Neoplastic disease is common in pet birds, particularly in psittacines, and treatment should be primarily aimed at tumor eradication. Nineteen cases of pet birds submitted to diagnostic and/or therapeutic surgical procedures due to neoplastic disease characterized by the presence of visible masses were retrospectively analyzed; affected species, types of neoplasms and respective locations, and outcomes of surgical procedures were determined. All birds undergoing surgery belonged to the order Psittaciformes; the Blue-fronted parrot (Amazona aestiva) was the prevalent species...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981314/light-and-electron-microscopic-studies-on-prenatal-differentiation-of-exocrine-pancreas-in-buffalo
#18
Divya Gupta, Varinder Uppal, Neelam Bansal, Anuradha Gupta
The study was conducted on pancreas of 24 buffalo fetuses collected from abattoir and Veterinary clinics, GADVASU, Ludhiana. The buffalo fetuses were divided into three groups after measuring their CVRL, namely, group I (CVRL between 0 and 20 cm), group II (CVRL above 20 cm and up to 40 cm), and group III (CVRL above 40 cm) and their approximate age was calculated. The tissues were processed for light and ultrastructural studies. In group I, at 1.2 cm CVRL (34 days), the pancreas comprised tubules and solid nest of undifferentiated epithelial cells...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977335/determining-proportion-of-exfoliative-vaginal-cell-during-various-stages-of-estrus-cycle-using-vaginal-cytology-techniques-in-aceh-cattle
#19
Tongku N Siregar, Juli Melia, Rohaya, Cut Nila Thasmi, Dian Masyitha, Sri Wahyuni, Juliana Rosa, Nurhafni, Budianto Panjaitan, Herrialfian
The aim of this study was to investigate the period of estrus cycle in aceh cattle, Indonesia, based on vaginal cytology techniques. Four healthy females of aceh cattle with average weight of 250-300 kg, age of 5-7 years, and body condition score of 3-4 were used. All cattle were subjected to ultrasonography analysis for the occurrence of corpus luteum before being synchronized using intramuscular injections of PGF2 alpha 25 mg. A vaginal swab was collected from aceh cattle, stained with Giemsa 10%, and observed microscopically...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885439/comparison-of-the-effect-of-two-purification-methods-on-the-immunogenicity-of-recombinant-outer-membrane-protein-h-of-pasteurella-multocida-serovar-a-1
#20
Arunee Thanasarasakulpong, Pichayanut Poolperm, Weerapongse Tangjitjaroen, Thanya Varinrak, Takuo Sawada, Dirk Pfeiffer, Nattawooti Sthitmatee
Recombinant outer membrane protein H (rOmpH) of Pasteurella multocida strain X-73 can be purified using affinity chromatography but this adversely affects its immunogenicity. The current study presents the results from an intervention study comparing the immunogenicity of rOmpH purified using electroelution with rOmpH purified using affinity chromatography and native OmpH purified using electroelution and a nonimmunized control group. Chickens immunized with rOmpH purified using electroelution produced the highest ELISA antibody levels against P...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
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