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Veterinary Medicine International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147599/prevalence-of-dog-erythrocyte-antigen-1-in-7-414-dogs-in-italy
#1
Anyela Andrea Medina Valentin, Alessandra Gavazza, George Lubas
The study aim was to establish the prevalence of DEA 1, the most immunogenic and clinically important blood group in canine blood transfusion, in 7,414 dogs from Italy. The potential sensitization risk following a first transfusion and the acute reaction risk following a second transfusion given without a cross-matching and blood typing test were also calculated. Dogs tested were purebred (4,798) and mongrel (2,616); 38.8% were DEA 1 negative and 61.2% were DEA 1 positive. High prevalence for DEA 1 positive blood type was found in Ariegeois and English Setter, whereas German Shepherd and Boxer had higher DEA 1 negative blood type...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948059/contamination-levels-and-identification-of-bacteria-in-milk-sampled-from-three-regions-of-tanzania-evidence-from-literature-and-laboratory-analyses
#2
G Msalya
Milk in Tanzania has been reported to be contaminated with large number of bacteria. This is because (1) milk is obtained from animals with unknown health status, (2) good milking and handling practices are to a large extent not observed, and (3) marketing and distribution are done in informal channels. These factors are potential causes of milk-borne diseases and milk quality loss. The aim of this study was to assess nutritional risks in milk as reported in literature over a period of 20 years and through analyses of samples collected during the present study...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785508/status-epilepticus-due-to-intraperitoneal-injection-of-vehicle-containing-propylene-glycol-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#3
Evon S Ereifej, Seth M Meade, Cara S Smith, Keying Chen, Nanette Kleinman, Jeffrey R Capadona
Published reports of status epilepticus due to intraperitoneal injection containing propylene glycol in rats are sparse. In fact, there are no reports specifying a maximum safe dose of propylene glycol through intraperitoneal administration. We report here a case of unexpected seizures in Sprague Dawley rats after receiving an intraperitoneal injection containing propylene glycol. Nine-week-old, 225-250 gram male rats were reported to experience tremor progressing to seizures within minutes after given injections of resveratrol (30 mg/kg) dissolved in a 40 : 60 propylene glycol/corn oil vehicle solution by direct intraperitoneal (IP) slow bolus injection or via a preplaced intraperitoneal catheter...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761774/proinflammatory-and-anabolic-gene-expression-effects-of-platelet-rich-gel-supernatants-on-equine-synovial-membrane-explants-challenged-with-lipopolysaccharide
#4
Jorge U Carmona, Diana L Ríos, Catalina López, María E Álvarez, Jorge E Pérez
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) preparations are used in horses with osteoarthritis (OA). However, some controversies remain regarding the ideal concentration of platelets and leukocytes to produce an adequate anti-inflammatory and anabolic response in the synovial membrane. The aims of this study were to study the influence of leukoconcentrated platelet-rich gel (Lc-PRG) and leukoreduced platelet-rich gel (Lr-PRG) supernatants on the quantitative expression of some proinflammatory and anabolic genes in equine synovial membrane explants (SMEs) challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638674/role-of-personality-in-behavioral-responses-to-new-environments-in-captive-asiatic-lions-panthera-leo-persica
#5
Giovanni Quintavalle Pastorino, Anna Viau, Giulio Curone, Paul Pearce-Kelly, Massimo Faustini, Daniele Vigo, Silvia Michela Mazzola, Richard Preziosi
Studying personality in captive animals may enable the development of individual-based management decisions, which may improve animal welfare. Asiatic lions at London Zoo represent an opportunity to research an understudied species' response to new environments since they have experienced social and physical changes, such as new enclosures and increased social interaction with humans. This project aimed to investigate the role of personality in behavioral responses to these changes. Lion personality questionnaires completed by keepers and direct focal animal observations were used to create personality profiles...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553557/factors-affecting-herd-status-for-bovine-tuberculosis-in-dairy-cattle-in-northern-thailand
#6
Tawatchai Singhla, Sukolrat Boonyayatra, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Kimberly L VanderWaal, Julio Alvarez, Srinand Sreevatsan, Somphorn Phornwisetsirikun, Jamnong Sankwan, Mongkol Srijun, Scott J Wells
The objective of this case-control study was to identify farm-level risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in dairy cows in northern Thailand. Spatial analysis was performed to identify geographical clustering of case-farms located in Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai provinces in northern Thailand. To identify management factors affecting bTB status, a matched case-control study was conducted with 20 case-farms and 38 control-farms. Case-farms were dairy farms with at least single intradermal tuberculin test- (SIT-) reactor(s) in the farms during 2011 to 2015...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480092/the-effect-of-acepromazine-alone-or-in-combination-with-methadone-morphine-or-tramadol-on-sedation-and-selected-cardiopulmonary-variables-in-sheep
#7
Lilian Toshiko Nishimura, Isadora Oliveira Junqueira Villela, Leonardo Lamarca Carvalho, Luisa Pucci Bueno Borges, Marcos Augusto Machado Silva, Ewaldo Mattos-Junior
The sedative and selected cardiopulmonary effects of acepromazine alone or in combination with methadone, morphine, or tramadol were compared in sheep. Six ewes were randomly assigned to treatments: A (0.05 mg/kg acepromazine), AM (A plus 0.5 mg/kg methadone), AMO (A plus 0.5 mg/kg morphine), and AT (A plus 5 mg/kg tramadol). Parameters were assessed before sedative drug administration (baseline) and every 15 minutes thereafter, for two hours. Treatments A and AM were associated with increases in sedation score for 60 minutes and treatments AMO and AT for 30 minutes; however, there were no significant differences between treatments...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357151/caprine-endometrial-mesenchymal-stromal-stem-cell-multilineage-potential-characterization-and-growth-kinetics-in-breeding-and-anestrous-stages
#8
Amin Tamadon, Davood Mehrabani, Younes Zarezadeh, Farhad Rahmanifar, Mehdi Dianatpour, Shahrokh Zare
The endometrial layer of the uterus contains a population of cells with similar characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In the present study, caprine endometrial mesenchymal stromal stem cells (En-MSCs) characters and differentiation potential to chondrogenic, osteogenic, and adipogenic cell lines as well as their growth kinetics in breeding and anestrous stages were evaluated. En-MSCs were enzymatically isolated from endometrial layer of the uterus of adult goats and were cultured and subcultured until passage 4...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316862/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-e-coli-o157-h7-isolated-from-traditionally-marketed-raw-cow-milk-in-and-around-asosa-town-western-ethiopia
#9
Nigatu Disassa, Berhanu Sibhat, Shimelis Mengistu, Yimer Muktar, Dinaol Belina
A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2014 to July 2015 to determine the prevalence and populations of E. coli as well as the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of E. coli O157:H7 isolated from raw milk. Biochemical and serological tests methods were used to confirm E. coli and E. coli O157:H7 and isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility test using the agar disc diffusion method. Out of 380 raw milk samples examined, 129 (33.9%) and 11 (2.9%) were contaminated with E. coli and E...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293445/microscopic-and-molecular-detection-of-camel-piroplasmosis-in-gadarif-state-sudan
#10
Abdalla Mohamed Ibrahim, Ahmed A H Kadle, Hamisi Said Nyingilili
The socioeconomic importance of camels (Camelus dromedarius) could not be neglected in the Sudan. The present study was planned to confirm the presence of piroplasmosis in camels from the Eastern region of the Sudan (Gedarif State) using microscopical (blood film) and molecular technique (PCR). A total of 55 camels of different sexes (34 females and 21 males) were sampled from four localities of the state between January 2011 and January 2012. The prevalence rates using parasitological and molecular examinations were 43...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251016/assessment-of-pasteurella-multocida-a-lipopolysaccharide-as-an-adhesin-in-an-in-vitro-model-of-rabbit-respiratory-epithelium
#11
Carolina Gallego, Stefany Romero, Paula Esquinas, Pilar Patiño, Nhora Martínez, Carlos Iregui
The role of the P. multocida lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a putative adhesin during the early stages of infection with this bacterium in the respiratory epithelium of rabbits was investigated. By light microscopy and double enzyme labeling of nasal septa tissues, the amount of bacteria attached to the respiratory epithelium and the amount of LPS present in goblet cells at different experimental times were estimated. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and LPS labeling with colloidal gold particles were also used to determine the exact location of LPS in the cells...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246573/milk-hygiene-in-rural-southwestern-uganda-prevalence-of-mastitis-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-bacterial-contaminants-of-milk-and-milk-products
#12
Paul Ssajjakambwe, Gloria Bahizi, Christopher Setumba, Stevens M B Kisaka, Patrick Vudriko, Collins Atuheire, John David Kabasa, John B Kaneene
Mastitis and antimicrobial resistance are a big challenge to the dairy industry in sub-Saharan Africa. A study was conducted in Kashongi and Keshunga subcounties of Kiruhura District (in Uganda) where the government and private sector have deliberate programs to improve production efficiency, quality, and safety of milk and its products. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of mastitis, its common causative agents, antimicrobial sensitivity of mastitis causing organisms, and contaminants of processed milk products: yoghurt and ghee...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116216/subsequent-fertility-of-goats-with-prenatal-mortality-diagnosed-by-ultrasound-and-treated-by-pgf2%C3%AE-and-oxytetracycline
#13
A S Aban, R M Abdelghafar, M E Badawi, A M Almubarak
Thirteen Saanen and Saanen crossbred female goats, between the ages of 6 months and 7, years were presented to the clinic, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan University of Science and Technology, for sonographic pregnancy diagnosis. Transabdominal ultrasound was performed using 3.5 MHz probe which revealed non-viable fetuses as judged by absence of heart beats and movements. Twelve goats were given single i/m injection of PGF2α analogue and 5% oxytetracycline. Ten goats responded to the treatment and six of them became pregnant and gave birth within the normal gestational period...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105381/altered-biomechanical-properties-of-gastrocnemius-tendons-of-turkeys-infected-with-turkey-arthritis-reovirus
#14
Tamer A Sharafeldin, Qingshan Chen, Sunil K Mor, Sagar M Goyal, Robert E Porter
Turkey arthritis reovirus (TARV) causes lameness and tenosynovitis in commercial turkeys and is often associated with gastrocnemius tendon rupture by the marketing age. This study was undertaken to characterize the biomechanical properties of tendons from reovirus-infected turkeys. One-week-old turkey poults were orally inoculated with O'Neil strain of TARV and observed for up to 16 weeks of age. Lameness was first observed at 8 weeks of age, which continued at 12 and 16 weeks. At 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age, samples were collected from legs...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105380/circadian-rhythm-and-stress-response-in-droppings-of-serinus-canaria
#15
Maura Turriani, Nicola Bernabò, Barbara Barboni, Gianluca Todisco, Luigi Montini, Paolo Berardinelli
Serinus canaria is a widespread domestic ornamental songbird, whose limited knowledge of biology make compelling studies aimed to monitor stress. Here, a commercial enzyme immunoassay was adopted to measure immunoreactive corticosterone (CORT) in single Serinus canaria dropping sample, to monitor the daily fecal excretion of CORT in birds bred singly or in-group and to detect the effect promoted by aviary or small transport cage restraint. A robust daily rhythm of CORT was recorded in animals held on short-day light cycle, independent of bred conditions (single or group), which persisted when space availability was modified in single bred animal (transfer in aviary and transport cages)...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058131/blood-pressure-serum-glucose-cholesterol-and-triglycerides-in-dogs-with-different-body-scores
#16
Mauro José Lahm Cardoso, Rafael Fagnani, Carolina Zaghi Cavalcante, Marcelo de Souza Zanutto, Ademir Zacarias Júnior, Luciane Holsback da Silveira Fertonani, Jéssica Ragazzi Calesso, Maíra Melussi, Helena Pinheiro Costa, Eduardo Yudi Hashizume
The objective of this research was to determine the frequency for the occurrence of MS in dogs, using the criteria determined, and to correlate the criteria of dogs that would characterize the MS with different body condition score (BCS). 271 dogs with different body scores were studied, with 101 dogs with BCS 4-5; 101 dogs with BCS 6-7; and 69 dogs with BCS 8-9. Among the dogs studied, 62 (22,87%) had two or more inclusion criteria for MS. Of these, 28 had BCS 6-7, while 34 dogs had BCS 8-9. Therefore, 27,72% of overweight dogs had inclusion criteria for MS and 49,27% of obese ones had two or more inclusion criteria for MS...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830104/prevalence-of-needlestick-injury-and-its-potential-risk-among-veterinarians-in-nigeria
#17
Philip Paul Mshelbwala, J Scott Weese, Jibrin Manu Idris
A cross sectional study using multistage sampling method by means of structured interviewer administered questionnaire was designed to estimate the rate of occurrence of needlestick injuries among veterinarians involved in clinical practice and to evaluate needle handling practices and risk factors. The study was carried out during the months of August-November 2015. Out of the 215 veterinarians that participated in the survey, 171 (79.5%) reported to have suffered needlestick injuries (NSIs). In the multivariable model, only male sex (OR 2...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818832/efficacy-of-a-feed-dispenser-for-horses-in-decreasing-cribbing-behaviour
#18
Silvia Mazzola, Clara Palestrini, Simona Cannas, Eleonora Fè, Gaia Lisa Bagnato, Daniele Vigo, Diane Frank, Michela Minero
Cribbing is an oral stereotypy, tends to develop in captive animals as a means to cope with stress, and may be indicative of reduced welfare. Highly energetic diets ingested in a short time are one of the most relevant risk factors for the development of cribbing. The aim of this study was to verify whether feeding cribbing horses through a dispenser that delivers small quantities of concentrate when activated by the animal decreases cribbing behaviour, modifies feeding behaviour, or induces frustration. Ten horses (mean age 14 y), balanced for sex, breed, and size (mean height 162 cm), were divided into two groups of 5 horses each: Cribbing and Control...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656312/investigation-of-anaplasma-marginale-seroprevalence-in-a-traditionally-managed-large-california-beef-herd
#19
Thomas R Tucker, Sharif S Aly, John Maas, Josh S Davy, Janet E Foley
Recent observations by stakeholders suggested that ecosystem changes may be driving an increased incidence of bovine erythrocytic anaplasmosis, resulting in a reemerging cattle disease in California. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to estimate the incidence of Anaplasma marginale infection using seroconversion in a northern California beef cattle herd. A total of 143 Black Angus cattle (106 prebreeding heifers and 37 cows) were enrolled in the study. Serum samples were collected to determine Anaplasma marginale seroprevalence using a commercially available competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test kit...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595036/bayesian-estimation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-rose-bengal-complement-fixation-and-indirect-elisa-tests-for-the-diagnosis-of-bovine-brucellosis-in-ethiopia
#20
T Getachew, G Getachew, G Sintayehu, M Getenet, A Fasil
Test evaluation in the absence of a gold standard test was conducted for the diagnosis and screening of bovine brucellosis using three commercially available tests including RBPT, CFT, and I-ELISA in National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center (NAHDIC) Ethiopia. A total of 278 sera samples from five dairy herds were collected and tested. Each serum sample was subjected to the three tests and the results obtained were recorded and the test outcomes were cross-classified to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the tests using Bayesian model...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
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