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Veterinary Medicine International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830104/prevalence-of-needlestick-injury-and-its-potential-risk-among-veterinarians-in-nigeria
#1
Philip Paul Mshelbwala, J Scott Weese, Jibrin Manu Idris
A cross sectional study using multistage sampling method by means of structured interviewer administered questionnaire was designed to estimate the rate of occurrence of needlestick injuries among veterinarians involved in clinical practice and to evaluate needle handling practices and risk factors. The study was carried out during the months of August-November 2015. Out of the 215 veterinarians that participated in the survey, 171 (79.5%) reported to have suffered needlestick injuries (NSIs). In the multivariable model, only male sex (OR 2...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818832/efficacy-of-a-feed-dispenser-for-horses-in-decreasing-cribbing-behaviour
#2
Silvia Mazzola, Clara Palestrini, Simona Cannas, Eleonora Fè, Gaia Lisa Bagnato, Daniele Vigo, Diane Frank, Michela Minero
Cribbing is an oral stereotypy, tends to develop in captive animals as a means to cope with stress, and may be indicative of reduced welfare. Highly energetic diets ingested in a short time are one of the most relevant risk factors for the development of cribbing. The aim of this study was to verify whether feeding cribbing horses through a dispenser that delivers small quantities of concentrate when activated by the animal decreases cribbing behaviour, modifies feeding behaviour, or induces frustration. Ten horses (mean age 14 y), balanced for sex, breed, and size (mean height 162 cm), were divided into two groups of 5 horses each: Cribbing and Control...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656312/investigation-of-anaplasma-marginale-seroprevalence-in-a-traditionally-managed-large-california-beef-herd
#3
Thomas R Tucker, Sharif S Aly, John Maas, Josh S Davy, Janet E Foley
Recent observations by stakeholders suggested that ecosystem changes may be driving an increased incidence of bovine erythrocytic anaplasmosis, resulting in a reemerging cattle disease in California. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to estimate the incidence of Anaplasma marginale infection using seroconversion in a northern California beef cattle herd. A total of 143 Black Angus cattle (106 prebreeding heifers and 37 cows) were enrolled in the study. Serum samples were collected to determine Anaplasma marginale seroprevalence using a commercially available competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test kit...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595036/bayesian-estimation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-rose-bengal-complement-fixation-and-indirect-elisa-tests-for-the-diagnosis-of-bovine-brucellosis-in-ethiopia
#4
T Getachew, G Getachew, G Sintayehu, M Getenet, A Fasil
Test evaluation in the absence of a gold standard test was conducted for the diagnosis and screening of bovine brucellosis using three commercially available tests including RBPT, CFT, and I-ELISA in National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center (NAHDIC) Ethiopia. A total of 278 sera samples from five dairy herds were collected and tested. Each serum sample was subjected to the three tests and the results obtained were recorded and the test outcomes were cross-classified to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the tests using Bayesian model...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563481/interpretation-criteria-for-comparative-intradermal-tuberculin-test-for-diagnosis-of-bovine-tuberculosis-in-cattle-in-maroua-area-of-cameroon
#5
J Awah-Ndukum, J Temwa, V Ngu Ngwa, M M Mouiche, D Iyawa, P A Zoli
Intradermal tuberculin test (TST) is the choice method for diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis (Tb) in live animals. This work was done to assess the performance of single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin (SICCT) test in randomly selected cattle in Maroua, Cameroon, against detection of Tb lesions and detection of Tb lesions plus acid fast bacilli in lesions. While 22.28% of slaughtered cattle presented Tb lesions at meat inspection, detection rates of anti-bovine-Tb antibody, Tb lesions, and Tb lesions plus acid fast bacilli were 68...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379195/identification-of-bapa-in-strains-of-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-isolated-from-wild-animals-kept-in-captivity-in-sinaloa-mexico
#6
Gabriela Silva-Hidalgo, Martin López-Valenzuela, Nora Cárcamo-Aréchiga, Silvia Cota-Guajardo, Mayra López-Salazar, Edith Montiel-Vázquez
bapA, previously named stm2689, encodes the BapA protein, which, along with cellulose and fimbriae, constitutes biofilms. Biofilms are communities of microorganisms that grow in a matrix of exopolysaccharides and may adhere to living tissues or inert surfaces. Biofilm formation is associated with the ability to persist in different environments, which contributes to the pathogenicity of several species. We analyzed the presence of bapA in 83 strains belonging to 17 serovars of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica from wildlife in captivity at Culiacan's Zoo and Mazatlán's Aquarium...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313949/hematological-biochemical-and-serological-findings-in-healthy-canine-blood-donors-after-the-administration-of-canileish%C3%A2-vaccine
#7
Chiara Starita, Alessandra Gavazza, George Lubas
The aim of the study was to evaluate hematological, biochemical, and serological findings in healthy canine blood donors after the administration of CaniLeish® vaccine. Twenty-seven client-owned dogs were included in the study and arranged into 3 groups according to the vaccination stage. Complete blood count (CBC) with blood smear examination, serum biochemical profile (SBP), serum protein electrophoresis (SPE), and serological tests for L. infantum were performed at different times. Additionally, in a subgroup of dogs IgA, IgM, and IgG were quantified...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239369/serological-and-molecular-evidence-of-q-fever-in-domestic-ruminants-in-bangladesh
#8
Md Arifur Rahman, Md Mahbub Alam, Md Aminul Islam, A K Fazlul Haque Bhuiyan, A K M Anisur Rahman
The objective of this study was to know the herd and animal level prevalence of Q fever in domestic ruminants in some selected districts in Bangladesh. Randomly collected 111 bulk milk and 94 sera samples of cattle, sheep, and goats were tested by indirect ELISA (iELISA). DNA extracted from 23 aborted fetal membranes was analyzed by real time (rt) PCR. The positive cut-off value of iELISA in bulk milk and individual animal sera was ≥30% and ≥40%, respectively. The overall herd level prevalence of Q fever in dairy cattle was 15...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034890/prevalence-of-dog-erythrocyte-antigens-1-4-and-7-in-podenco-ibicenco-ibizan-hounds-from-ibiza-island
#9
Eva Spada, Daniela Proverbio, Luis Miguel Viñals Flórez, Blanca Serra Gómez de la Serna, Maria Del Rosario Perlado Chamizo, Luciana Baggiani, Roberta Perego
The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of Dog Erythrocyte Antigens (DEA) 1, 4, and 7 in Ibizan hounds, to compare the results with the prevalence of DEA in Spanish greyhounds, and to determine the risk of sensitization following the first transfusion of blood not typed for DEA 1 and the probability of an acute hemolytic reaction following a second incompatible transfusion using untyped DEA 1 blood. DEA 1, 4, and 7 status was determined in 92 Ibizan hounds. Results were compared with the previously reported prevalence in Spanish greyhounds...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998380/protozoan-parasites-of-rodents-and-their-zoonotic-significance-in-boyer-ahmad-district-southwestern-iran
#10
Zeinab Seifollahi, Bahador Sarkari, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Qasem Asgari, Mohammad Javad Ranjbar, Samaneh Abdolahi Khabisi
Backgrounds. Wild rodents are reservoirs of various zoonotic diseases, such as toxoplasmosis, babesiosis, and leishmaniasis. The current study aimed to assess the protozoan infection of rodents in Boyer-Ahmad district, southwestern Iran. Materials and Methods. A total of 52 rodents were collected from different parts of Boyer-Ahmad district, in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province, using Sherman live traps. Each rodent was anesthetized with ether, according to the ethics of working with animals, and was dissected...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998379/respiratory-support-for-pharmacologically-induced-hypoxia-in-neonatal-calves
#11
C G Donnelly, C T Quinn, S G Nielsen, S L Raidal
Practical methods to provide respiratory support to bovine neonates in a field setting are poorly characterised. This study evaluated the response of healthy neonatal calves with pharmacologically induced respiratory suppression to nasal oxygen insufflation and to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered via an off-the-shelf device. Ten calves were randomised to receive either nasal oxygen insufflation (Group 1, n = 5) or CPAP (Group 2, n = 5) as a first treatment after induction of respiratory depression by intravenous administration of xylazine, fentanyl, and diazepam...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981316/a-homemade-snare-an-alternative-method-for-mechanical-removal-of-dirofilaria-immitis-in-dogs
#12
Ana Margarida Alho, António Fiarresga, Miguel Landum, Clara Lima, Óscar Gamboa, José Meireles, José Sales Luís, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Canine dirofilariosis is a life-threatening parasitic disease that is increasingly reported worldwide. Once diagnosed the main treatment goals are to improve the animal's clinical condition and to eliminate all life stages of the parasite with minimal posttreatment side effects. This can be achieved through mechanical, surgical, or chemotherapeutical approaches. Currently, manual extraction is the preferred method to remove adult heartworms due to its diminished invasiveness, reduced damage to the vascular endothelium, and shortened anaesthesia duration...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981315/prevalence-of-neoplastic-diseases-in-pet-birds-referred-for-surgical-procedures
#13
Patrícia F Castro, Denise T Fantoni, Bruna C Miranda, Julia M Matera
Neoplastic disease is common in pet birds, particularly in psittacines, and treatment should be primarily aimed at tumor eradication. Nineteen cases of pet birds submitted to diagnostic and/or therapeutic surgical procedures due to neoplastic disease characterized by the presence of visible masses were retrospectively analyzed; affected species, types of neoplasms and respective locations, and outcomes of surgical procedures were determined. All birds undergoing surgery belonged to the order Psittaciformes; the Blue-fronted parrot (Amazona aestiva) was the prevalent species...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981314/light-and-electron-microscopic-studies-on-prenatal-differentiation-of-exocrine-pancreas-in-buffalo
#14
Divya Gupta, Varinder Uppal, Neelam Bansal, Anuradha Gupta
The study was conducted on pancreas of 24 buffalo fetuses collected from abattoir and Veterinary clinics, GADVASU, Ludhiana. The buffalo fetuses were divided into three groups after measuring their CVRL, namely, group I (CVRL between 0 and 20 cm), group II (CVRL above 20 cm and up to 40 cm), and group III (CVRL above 40 cm) and their approximate age was calculated. The tissues were processed for light and ultrastructural studies. In group I, at 1.2 cm CVRL (34 days), the pancreas comprised tubules and solid nest of undifferentiated epithelial cells...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977335/determining-proportion-of-exfoliative-vaginal-cell-during-various-stages-of-estrus-cycle-using-vaginal-cytology-techniques-in-aceh-cattle
#15
Tongku N Siregar, Juli Melia, Rohaya, Cut Nila Thasmi, Dian Masyitha, Sri Wahyuni, Juliana Rosa, Nurhafni, Budianto Panjaitan, Herrialfian
The aim of this study was to investigate the period of estrus cycle in aceh cattle, Indonesia, based on vaginal cytology techniques. Four healthy females of aceh cattle with average weight of 250-300 kg, age of 5-7 years, and body condition score of 3-4 were used. All cattle were subjected to ultrasonography analysis for the occurrence of corpus luteum before being synchronized using intramuscular injections of PGF2 alpha 25 mg. A vaginal swab was collected from aceh cattle, stained with Giemsa 10%, and observed microscopically...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885439/comparison-of-the-effect-of-two-purification-methods-on-the-immunogenicity-of-recombinant-outer-membrane-protein-h-of-pasteurella-multocida-serovar-a-1
#16
Arunee Thanasarasakulpong, Pichayanut Poolperm, Weerapongse Tangjitjaroen, Thanya Varinrak, Takuo Sawada, Dirk Pfeiffer, Nattawooti Sthitmatee
Recombinant outer membrane protein H (rOmpH) of Pasteurella multocida strain X-73 can be purified using affinity chromatography but this adversely affects its immunogenicity. The current study presents the results from an intervention study comparing the immunogenicity of rOmpH purified using electroelution with rOmpH purified using affinity chromatography and native OmpH purified using electroelution and a nonimmunized control group. Chickens immunized with rOmpH purified using electroelution produced the highest ELISA antibody levels against P...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881184/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-faecal-shedding-of-cryptosporidium-oocysts-in-dogs-in-the-federal-capital-territory-abuja-nigeria
#17
Gbemisola Magaret Olabanji, Beatty Viv Maikai, Gbeminiyi Richard Otolorin
Cryptosporidium is one of the causes of diarrhoeal illness in man and animals worldwide. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with faecal shedding of Cryptosporidium oocysts in dogs in FCT Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 276 dog faecal samples were examined using Modified Acid Fast (MAF) technique and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Fifteen (5.4%) and 51 (18.5%) out of the 276 dog faecal samples examined were positive for Cryptosporidium oocysts and coproantigens, respectively...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881183/brazilian-spotted-fever-with-an-approach-in-veterinary-medicine-and-one-health-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Sabrina Destri Emmerick Campos, Nathalie Costa da Cunha, Nádia Regina Pereira Almosny
There is increasing interaction between man and pathogens transmitted by arthropods, especially by ticks. It is on this background that a holistic approach stands out, for the sake of Public Health. Brazilian Spotted Fever is an endemic disease at the country's southeast, with Amblyomma sculptum as its major contributor, followed by A. aureolatum and potentially Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Dogs have been considered sentinels, and in some areas the disease in dogs can precede human disease. Considering the importance of this disease for human health, the serological evidence in dogs, and the transmission of ticks between dogs and their owners, this review aimed to elucidate the importance of the epidemiological investigation, the diagnosis in dogs, and the role of veterinarians in Public Health to control vector-borne zoonotic diseases...
2016: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881182/social-network-analysis-of-cattle-movement-in-sukhothai-province-thailand-a-study-to-improve-control-measurements
#19
Supot Noopataya, Sukanya Thongratsakul, Chaithep Poolkhet
The aim of this study is to analyse the pattern of cattle movement in Sukhothai province, Thailand. A validated questionnaire was applied to 308 respondents related to cattle farming using one-step snowball sampling. The results showed that most of the nodes are farmers who move their animals in the province. The average normalized degree centrality and normalized closeness centrality were low (<0.01 and 0.04, resp.). We found that traders are the nodes with a high value of centrality. This corresponds with the cutpoint analysis results that traders are outstanding...
2015: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819799/epidemiological-observations-on-cryptosporidiosis-in-diarrheic-goat-kids-in-greece
#20
Nektarios D Giadinis, Elias Papadopoulos, Shawkat Q Lafi, Vasiliki Papanikolopoulou, Sofia Karanikola, Anastasia Diakou, Vergos Vergidis, Lihua Xiao, Evi Ioannidou, Harilaos Karatzias
This study aimed at investigating the occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. in diarrheic goat kids in Greece and the risk factors associated with cryptosporidiosis. Altogether, 292 diarrheic 4-15-day-old goat kids from 54 dairy goat herds of Northern Greece were examined. Oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp. were detected in 223 of 292 (76.4%) goat kids and the intensity of infection was scored as "high" in 142 samples, "moderate" in 45 samples, and "low" in 36 samples. Larger herds (>200 animals) had higher infection rates than smaller ones, although this difference was not statistically significant...
2015: Veterinary Medicine International
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