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Veterinary Medicine International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977495/assessment-of-factors-influencing-the-implementation-of-biosecurity-measures-on-pig-farms-in-the-western-highlands-of-cameroon-central-africa
#1
Marc K Kouam, Junior O Moussala
Biosecurity plays an irreplaceable role in preventing diseases and increasing productivity on farm. The main objective of this study was to characterize pig farming and investigate factors influencing biosecurity on pig farms in the western highlands of Cameroon. Data were collected from May to July 2017 using a questionnaire and observations. A technical scoring system was developed from the biosecurity measures. The results revealed that most farmers are males (76.29%), on average 47.82 ± 10.34 years old, with secondary school level (53...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977494/contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-in-gimbo-district-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Yosef Mamo, Molalegne Bitew, Tsegaye Teklemariam, Murga Soma, Debebe Gebre, Temesgen Abera, Tefera Benti, Yosef Deneke
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly contagious disease of cattle which is one of the great plagues which continues to devastate the cattle herds on which so many people are dependent in Africa. Cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to August 2016 to determine the seroprevalence of CBPP in cattle and associated risk factors in Gimbo district, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 384 serum samples were collected and tested for the presence of specific antibodies against Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony (MmmSC), using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA)...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887984/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-among-domestic-ruminants-in-east-hararghe-zone-of-oromia-region-ethiopia
#3
Berhanu Tilahun, Yacob Hailu Tolossa, Getachew Tilahun, Hagos Ashenafi, Shihun Shimelis
A cross-sectional study was carried out from July 2011 to September 2013 to assess the seroprevalence and identify risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic ruminants of East Hararghe zone of Oromia region, Ethiopia. Sera of 1360 domestic ruminants were analyzed for the presence of anti- T. gondii IgG antibodies using the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA). Additionally, the owners were also interviewed using a structured questionnaire to identify the potential risk factors of T...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862007/serum-symmetric-dimethylarginine-as-an-early-marker-of-excretory-dysfunction-in-canine-leishmaniosis-l-infantum-induced-nephropathy
#4
Esther Torrent, Marta Planellas, Laura Ordeix, Josep Pastor, Jaume Rodon, Laia Solano-Gallego
The aims of the study were to determine whether symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) was increased in dogs with leishmaniosis and to assess its relationship with creatinine concentration and urinary protein : creatinine ratio (UPC) to determine its utility as a marker of early excretory dysfunction. Fifty-three dogs with leishmaniosis classified according to the LeishVet clinical staging (stage I, n = 5, stage II, n = 30; stage III, n = 12; stage IV, n = 6) were selected and compared with 41 clinically healthy dogs...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755727/antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-e-coli-isolated-from-raw-cow-milk-and-fresh-fruit-juice-in-mekelle-tigray-ethiopia
#5
Haftay Abraha Tadesse, Netsenet Berhe Gidey, Kidane Workelule, Hagos Hailu, Seyfe Gidey, Abrha Bsrat, Habtamu Taddele
Aim: Foodborne illnesses represent a public health problem in developed and developing countries. They cause great suffering and are transmitted directly or indirectly between animals and humans and circulate in the global environment . E. coli are among them, causing a major public health problem. The aim of this study was therefore to study the antimicrobial resistance profile of E. coli from raw cow milk and fruit juice. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2016 to June 2017 on 258 samples collected from milk shops ( n = 86), dairy farms ( n = 86), and fruit juice ( n = 86) in different subcities of Mekelle...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755726/-trueperella-pyogenes-and-brucella-abortus-coinfection-in-a-dog-and-a-cat-on-a-dairy-farm-in-egypt-with-recurrent-cases-of-mastitis-and-abortion
#6
Gamal Wareth, Mohamed El-Diasty, Falk Melzer, Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Amir Abdulmawjood, Lisa D Sprague, Heinrich Neubauer
Trueperella pyogenes was isolated from a dog and a cat with a mixed infection with Brucella abortus . Both lived on a dairy cattle farm with a history of regular cases of abortion and mastitis. Identification of the bacteria was done by means of MALDI-TOF MS, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) based on cpn 60, partial 16S rRNA sequencing, and growth on Loeffler Serum Medium. Isolation of Trueperella pyogenes on the dairy farm highlights its neglected role in reproduction failure and draws attention to its effects in the dairy industry in Egypt...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721257/assessment-of-raw-cow-milk-quality-in-smallholder-dairy-farms-in-pemba-island-zanzibar-tanzania
#7
S H Gwandu, H E Nonga, R H Mdegela, A S Katakweba, T S Suleiman, R Ryoba
Milk quality depends on the physicochemical characteristics, hygienic standards, and nutritional quality; however, animal husbandry practices, unhygienic harvesting and processing, may affect its quality. A cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2010 and July 2011 to assess the hygiene of cow milk production environment, raw cow milk physicochemical characteristics, and microbial quality and estimate the prevalence of antimicrobial residues using standard methods in Pemba Island. A total of 98 raw cow milk samples from selected smallholder dairy farms were analyzed, and the judgement on the quality used the East African Standards...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682272/maintenance-of-fish-health-in-aquaculture-review-of-epidemiological-approaches-for-prevention-and-control-of-infectious-disease-of-fish
#8
REVIEW
Ayalew Assefa, Fufa Abunna
Aquaculture is rapidly growing part of agriculture worldwide. It makes up around 44 percent of total fish production globally. This increased growth of production is achieved despite facing many challenges in the aquaculture environment. Among production limiting challenges, the infectious disease takes the lion share by causing multibillion-dollar loss annually. To reduce the impact of the fish disease, it is necessary to address health constraints based on scientifically proven and recommended ways. This review aims at pointing out some of the best approaches to prevention and control of infectious disease in aquaculture...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593858/chicken-coccidiosis-in-central-java-indonesia-a-recent-update
#9
Penny Humaidah Hamid, Yuli Purwandari Kristianingrum, April Hari Wardhana, Sigit Prastowo, Liliana Machado Ribeiro da Silva
Avian coccidiosis is a huge problem worldwide. Heavily infected animals that show severe clinical signs and coccidiostat resistance are causing important economic losses. The present study aimed to update the recent cases of coccidiosis in Central Java, Indonesia, and to show the importance of the disease in the region. A total of 699 samples were obtained from different chicken breed. Different Eimeria species were detected in 175 individuals (25.04%). Three different groups of chicken breed were considered: local chicken (autochthonous chickens of Sentul and Jawa), commercial broiler, and layer...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535853/seroprevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-brucellosis-among-indigenous-cattle-in-the-adamawa-and-north-regions-of-cameroon
#10
J Awah-Ndukum, M M M Mouiche, H N Bayang, V Ngu Ngwa, E Assana, K J M Feussom, T K Manchang, P A Zoli
A cross-sectional seroprevalence study was conducted on cattle in the North and Adamawa Regions of Cameroon to investigate the status of bovine brucellosis and identify potential risk factors. The diagnosis was carried out using the Rose Bengal Plate test (RBPT) and indirect ELISA (i-ELISA), while questionnaires were used to evaluate risk factors for bovine brucellosis in cattle. The Bayesian approach was used to evaluate the diagnostic tests' sensitivity and specificity. The overall individual level ( n = 1031) and herd level ( n = 82) seroprevalence were 5...
2018: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387503/serological-investigation-of-peste-des-petits-ruminants-in-east-shewa-and-arsi-zones-oromia-region-ethiopia
#11
Getachew Gari, Biressaw Serda, Dejene Negesa, Fethu Lemma, Hagos Asgedom
Peste des petits ruminant (PPR) is an economically important disease of small ruminants with a rapidly expanding geographical distribution. There are fragmented reports to the occurrence and distribution of the disease in Ethiopia. A total of 700 serum samples were collected from goats and sheep to detect the presence of antibody against PPR virus using Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (C-ELISA). An overall PPR seropositivity was reported to be 48.43% in the area. There is no statistically significant difference in the seroprevalence of the disease between sheep and goats (50...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279785/-leptospira-seroprevalence-in-domestic-dogs-and-cats-on-the-caribbean-island-of-saint-kitts
#12
Nicola Pratt, Anne Conan, Sreekumari Rajeev
Leptospirosis is an important bacterial zoonotic disease that affects humans and many animal species. Knowledge of prevalence of Leptospira in a given geographic region supports the implementation of effective control/prevention programmes and thus reduces the transmission risks. This study provides Leptospira seroprevalence and serovar distribution in dogs and cats on the Caribbean island of Saint Kitts. Convenient serum samples from domestic dogs ( n = 101) and cats ( n = 50) were tested by the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) using 21 Leptospira serovars belonging to 17 serogroups...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214094/study-of-a-two-step-centrifugation-protocol-for-concentrating-cells-and-growth-factors-in-bovine-platelet-rich-plasma
#13
Claudia M Gutiérrez, Catalina López, Carlos E Giraldo, Jorge U Carmona
There is a lack of information about the methods used for bovine platelet-rich plasma (PRP)/platelet-rich gel (PRG) procurement, including information on platelet (PLT), white blood cell (WBC) in PRP, and growth factor release from PRG supernatants. The aims of this study were to compare and to correlate the PLT, WBC, transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF- β 1 ), and platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) concentrations in bovine whole blood, plasma, and four PRP layers and their respective PRG supernatants: A and B (obtained by a single centrifugation tube method at 720 g /5 min) and C and D (obtained by a double centrifugation tube method, by using two centrifugation episodes at 720 g /5 min)...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147599/prevalence-of-dog-erythrocyte-antigen-1-in-7-414-dogs-in-italy
#14
Anyela Andrea Medina Valentin, Alessandra Gavazza, George Lubas
The study aim was to establish the prevalence of DEA 1, the most immunogenic and clinically important blood group in canine blood transfusion, in 7,414 dogs from Italy. The potential sensitization risk following a first transfusion and the acute reaction risk following a second transfusion given without a cross-matching and blood typing test were also calculated. Dogs tested were purebred (4,798) and mongrel (2,616); 38.8% were DEA 1 negative and 61.2% were DEA 1 positive. High prevalence for DEA 1 positive blood type was found in Ariegeois and English Setter, whereas German Shepherd and Boxer had higher DEA 1 negative blood type...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948059/contamination-levels-and-identification-of-bacteria-in-milk-sampled-from-three-regions-of-tanzania-evidence-from-literature-and-laboratory-analyses
#15
G Msalya
Milk in Tanzania has been reported to be contaminated with large number of bacteria. This is because (1) milk is obtained from animals with unknown health status, (2) good milking and handling practices are to a large extent not observed, and (3) marketing and distribution are done in informal channels. These factors are potential causes of milk-borne diseases and milk quality loss. The aim of this study was to assess nutritional risks in milk as reported in literature over a period of 20 years and through analyses of samples collected during the present study...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785508/status-epilepticus-due-to-intraperitoneal-injection-of-vehicle-containing-propylene-glycol-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#16
Evon S Ereifej, Seth M Meade, Cara S Smith, Keying Chen, Nanette Kleinman, Jeffrey R Capadona
Published reports of status epilepticus due to intraperitoneal injection containing propylene glycol in rats are sparse. In fact, there are no reports specifying a maximum safe dose of propylene glycol through intraperitoneal administration. We report here a case of unexpected seizures in Sprague Dawley rats after receiving an intraperitoneal injection containing propylene glycol. Nine-week-old, 225-250 gram male rats were reported to experience tremor progressing to seizures within minutes after given injections of resveratrol (30 mg/kg) dissolved in a 40 : 60 propylene glycol/corn oil vehicle solution by direct intraperitoneal (IP) slow bolus injection or via a preplaced intraperitoneal catheter...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761774/proinflammatory-and-anabolic-gene-expression-effects-of-platelet-rich-gel-supernatants-on-equine-synovial-membrane-explants-challenged-with-lipopolysaccharide
#17
Jorge U Carmona, Diana L Ríos, Catalina López, María E Álvarez, Jorge E Pérez
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) preparations are used in horses with osteoarthritis (OA). However, some controversies remain regarding the ideal concentration of platelets and leukocytes to produce an adequate anti-inflammatory and anabolic response in the synovial membrane. The aims of this study were to study the influence of leukoconcentrated platelet-rich gel (Lc-PRG) and leukoreduced platelet-rich gel (Lr-PRG) supernatants on the quantitative expression of some proinflammatory and anabolic genes in equine synovial membrane explants (SMEs) challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638674/role-of-personality-in-behavioral-responses-to-new-environments-in-captive-asiatic-lions-panthera-leo-persica
#18
Giovanni Quintavalle Pastorino, Anna Viau, Giulio Curone, Paul Pearce-Kelly, Massimo Faustini, Daniele Vigo, Silvia Michela Mazzola, Richard Preziosi
Studying personality in captive animals may enable the development of individual-based management decisions, which may improve animal welfare. Asiatic lions at London Zoo represent an opportunity to research an understudied species' response to new environments since they have experienced social and physical changes, such as new enclosures and increased social interaction with humans. This project aimed to investigate the role of personality in behavioral responses to these changes. Lion personality questionnaires completed by keepers and direct focal animal observations were used to create personality profiles...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553557/factors-affecting-herd-status-for-bovine-tuberculosis-in-dairy-cattle-in-northern-thailand
#19
Tawatchai Singhla, Sukolrat Boonyayatra, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Kimberly L VanderWaal, Julio Alvarez, Srinand Sreevatsan, Somphorn Phornwisetsirikun, Jamnong Sankwan, Mongkol Srijun, Scott J Wells
The objective of this case-control study was to identify farm-level risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in dairy cows in northern Thailand. Spatial analysis was performed to identify geographical clustering of case-farms located in Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai provinces in northern Thailand. To identify management factors affecting bTB status, a matched case-control study was conducted with 20 case-farms and 38 control-farms. Case-farms were dairy farms with at least single intradermal tuberculin test- (SIT-) reactor(s) in the farms during 2011 to 2015...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480092/the-effect-of-acepromazine-alone-or-in-combination-with-methadone-morphine-or-tramadol-on-sedation-and-selected-cardiopulmonary-variables-in-sheep
#20
Lilian Toshiko Nishimura, Isadora Oliveira Junqueira Villela, Leonardo Lamarca Carvalho, Luisa Pucci Bueno Borges, Marcos Augusto Machado Silva, Ewaldo Mattos-Junior
The sedative and selected cardiopulmonary effects of acepromazine alone or in combination with methadone, morphine, or tramadol were compared in sheep. Six ewes were randomly assigned to treatments: A (0.05 mg/kg acepromazine), AM (A plus 0.5 mg/kg methadone), AMO (A plus 0.5 mg/kg morphine), and AT (A plus 5 mg/kg tramadol). Parameters were assessed before sedative drug administration (baseline) and every 15 minutes thereafter, for two hours. Treatments A and AM were associated with increases in sedation score for 60 minutes and treatments AMO and AT for 30 minutes; however, there were no significant differences between treatments...
2017: Veterinary Medicine International
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