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Journal of Ophthalmology

Hyun Cheol Roh, Choul Yong Park, Martha Kim
Purpose. To investigate the effect of uneventful cataract surgery on macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (mGC-IPL) thickness in glaucoma patients. Methods. This retrospective study included 65 eyes of 65 subjects who underwent uneventful cataract surgery, including 13 glaucoma eyes and 52 normal eyes. Using spectral domain optical coherence tomography, the mGC-IPL thickness was measured and compared between glaucoma and normal eyes preoperatively as well as 1 month and 3 months postoperatively. Linear regression analysis was used to determine the factors associated with postoperative change in mGC-IPL thickness...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Martin Ming-Leung Ma, Mitchell Scheiman, Cuiyun Su, Xiang Chen
Introduction. We evaluated the effectiveness of office-based accommodative/vergence therapy (OBAVT) with home reinforcement to improve accommodative function in myopic children with poor accommodative response. Methods. This was a prospective unmasked pilot study. 14 Chinese myopic children aged 8 to 12 years with at least 1 D of lag of accommodation were enrolled. All subjects received 12 weeks of 60-minute office-based accommodative/vergence therapy (OBAVT) with home reinforcement. Primary outcome measure was the change in monocular lag of accommodation from baseline visit to 12-week visit measured by Shinnipon open-field autorefractor...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Asuka Kobayashi, Takeshi Ide, Teruki Fukumoto, Emiko Miki, Kazuo Tsubota, Ikuko Toda
Purpose. Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) can lead to abnormalities in the composition and function of tear film, resulting in dry eye. Eyelid hygiene is a key to management of MGD. We tested a novel eyelid shampoo (Eye Shampoo Long, ESL) for its ability to maintain lid hygiene. This shampoo is nonirritating and can potentially lengthen eyelashes. This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of ESL in the treatment of MGD and its effects on eyelash length. Methods. Ten patients with MGD and 10 healthy subjects without MGD applied ESL twice daily for 8 weeks...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
George Michael Saleh, James Wawrzynski, Silvestro Caputo, Tunde Peto, Lutfiah Ismail Al Turk, Su Wang, Yin Hu, Lyndon Da Cruz, Phil Smith, Hongying Lilian Tang
Patients without diabetic retinopathy (DR) represent a large proportion of the caseload seen by the DR screening service so reliable recognition of the absence of DR in digital fundus images (DFIs) is a prime focus of automated DR screening research. We investigate the use of a novel automated DR detection algorithm to assess retinal DFIs for absence of DR. A retrospective, masked, and controlled image-based study was undertaken. 17,850 DFIs of patients from six different countries were assessed for DR by the automated system and by human graders...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Alexei N Kulikov, Dmitrii S Maltsev, Ernest V Boiko
Purpose. To compare three 360°-laser retinopexy (LRP) approaches (using navigated pattern laser system, single-spot slit-lamp (SL) laser delivery, and single-spot indirect ophthalmoscope (IO) laser delivery) in regard to procedure duration, procedural pain score, technical difficulties, and the ability to achieve surgical goals. Material and Methods. Eighty-six rhegmatogenous retinal detachment patients (86 eyes) were included in this prospective randomized study. The mean procedural time, procedural pain score (using 4-point Verbal Rating Scale), number of laser burns, and achievement of the surgical goals were compared between three groups (pattern LRP (Navilas® laser system), 36 patients; SL-LRP, 28 patients; and IO-LRP, 22 patients)...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Sloan W Rush, Ryan B Rush
Purpose. To compare the long-term outcomes of infectious versus sterile perforated corneal ulcers after therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty in the United States. Methods. The charts of 45 consecutive eyes that underwent primary therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty for a perforated corneal ulcer at a single center were retrospectively reviewed. The perforated ulcers were classified as infectious or sterile and the underlying demographics, clinical features, and 36-month outcomes were compared among the two groups...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Eduardo Scaldini Buscacio, Lia Florim Patrão, Haroldo Vieira de Moraes
Purpose. To evaluate the refractive and the quality of vision outcomes of toric IOL implantation in patients with low astigmatism. Design. Prospective study of single-arm. Methods. Patients with corneal astigmatism range from 0,75 D to 1,5 D and cataract that underwent cataract surgery with toric IOL. The measurements were performed preoperatively and 6 weeks after the surgery. Patients were evaluated for visual acuity with and without correction, contrast sensitivity, static and dynamic refraction, and quality of life questionnaire...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Yu Xu, Xiaoli Kang, Qi Zhang, Qiujing Huang, Jiao Lv, Peiquan Zhao
To investigate the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) combined with laser photocoagulation for aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (AP-ROP) patients with vitreous hemorrhage, we conducted a retrospective observational case series study. A total of 37 eyes of 20 patients' medical records were reviewed. Patients first received IVR (0.25 mg/0.025 mL) and later photocoagulation. The mean postconceptual age of injection was 34.6 ± 1.4 weeks, and the mean follow-up period was 39.3 ± 8.3 weeks...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Masashi Ishii, Morito Hayashi, Fumihiko Yagi, Kenichiro Sato, Goji Tomita, Satoshi Iwabuchi
When internal carotid artery stenosis is accompanied by ocular ischemic syndrome, intervention is recommended to prevent irreversible visual loss. In this study, we used laser speckle flowgraphy to measure the ocular microcirculation in the optic nerve head before and after carotid artery stenting (CAS) of 40 advanced internal carotid stenosis lesions from 37 patients. The aim was to investigate the relationship between ocular microcirculation and the direction of ophthalmic artery blood flow obtained by angiography...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Hossam El Din Mohamed Khalil, Heba A El Gendy, Hala Ahmed Raafat Youssef, Hazem Effat Haroun, Tamer Atef Gheita, Hossam Mahmoud Bakir
Aim of Work. To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal methotrexate (MTX) compared to retrobulbar triamcinolone acetonide (TAA), in controlling posterior segment involvement and inducing remissions among Behçet's disease (BD) patients. Study Design. This is a cross-sectional nonrandomized comparative study. Patients and Methods. 31 adult BD male patients with a mean disease duration of 5.45 years who presented with bilateral posterior segment involvement were included. Each patient received intravitreal injection of 400 μg/0...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Nihat Polat, Abuzer Gunduz
Purpose. To obtain information about effect of cycloplegia on keratometry and biometry in keratoconus. Methods. 48 keratoconus (Group 1) and 52 healthy subjects (Group 2) were included in the study. We measured the flat meridian of the anterior corneal surface (K1), steep meridian of the anterior corneal surface (K2), lens thickness (LT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and axial length (AL) using the Lenstar LS 900 before and after cycloplegia. Results. The median K1 in Group 1 was 45.64 D before and 45.42 D after cycloplegia, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
José J Esteve-Taboada, Antonio J Del Águila-Carrasco, Paula Bernal-Molina, Teresa Ferrer-Blasco, Norberto López-Gil, Robert Montés-Micó
Accommodation is controlled by the action of the ciliary muscle and mediated primarily by parasympathetic input through postganglionic fibers that originate from neurons in the ciliary and pterygopalatine ganglia. During accommodation the pupil constricts to increase the depth of focus of the eye and improve retinal image quality. Researchers have traditionally faced the challenge of measuring the accommodative properties of the eye through a small pupil and thus have relied on pharmacological agents to dilate the pupil...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Dragana Drobnjak, Inger Christine Munch, Charlotte Glümer, Kristine Faerch, Line Kessel, Michael Larsen, Nina C B B Veiby
Purpose. To describe associations between retinal vessel diameters and cardiovascular risk markers and mortality. Methods. The present study included 908 persons aged 30 to 60 years. Vessel diameters were expressed as central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) and central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE). Multiple linear regression analyses and Cox regression models were used. Results. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that narrower CRAE was associated with higher systolic blood pressure, age, and higher HDL cholesterol, whereas wider CRAE and CRVE were associated with smoking...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Sherif A Eissa, Sherin H Sadek, Mohamed W A El-Deeb
Purpose. To assess intraocular pressure (IOP), lens vaulting, and anterior chamber (AC) angle width, following V4C implantable Collamer lens (ICL) procedure for myopic refractive error. Methods. A prospective case series that enrolled 54 eyes of 27 patients that were evaluated before and after V4C phakic posterior chamber Collamer lens implantation for correction of myopic refractive error. Preoperative measurement of IOP was done using Goldmann applanation tonometer and anterior chamber angle width using both Van Herick slit lamp grading system and Scheimpflug tomography imaging (Oculus Pentacam)...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Paolo Mora, Livia Ruffini, Caterina Ghetti, Stella Ghirardini, Maura Scarlattei, Giorgio Baldari, Carla Cidda, Pierangela Rubino, Stefano A Gandolfi, Jelka G Orsoni
Purpose. Prospective, controlled cohort study to investigate possible alterations in brain glucose metabolism (CMRglc) in patients with Cogan's syndrome (CS). Patients and Methods. Functional mapping of the CMRglc was obtained by quantitative molecular imaging positron emission tomography, combined with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). The patients were divided into three clinical groups: typical CS; atypical CS (ACS); autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED). The unmatched control group (CG) consisted of subjects requiring FDG-PET/CT for an extracranial pathology...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Uri Soiberman, Daniel Shai, Anat Loewenstein, Adiel Barak
Background. This study aims to compare the outcome of macular hole (MH) surgery with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling facilitated by two different vital dyes. Methods. This was a retrospective chart review. The group designated "group-MB" underwent pars plana vitrectomy with ILM peeling facilitated by Membrane-Blue (MB), whereas in "group-MBD," the vital dye used was Membrane-Blue-Dual (MBD). Results. Seventy-four eyes comprised the study population: 53 in group-MB and 21 in group-MBD. There was no difference in the rate of macular hole closure in group-MB or group-MBD: 71...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Katleen Janssens, Michelle Mertens, Noémie Lauwers, Rob J W de Keizer, Danny G P Mathysen, Veva De Groot
Purpose. To analyze and describe corneal and conjunctival tumor thickness and internal characteristics and extension in depth and size and shape measured by two noninvasive techniques, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). Design. Systematic review. Methods. This systematic review is based on a comprehensive search of 4 databases (Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library). Articles published between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2015, were included...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Marcel N Menke, Andreas Ebneter, Martin S Zinkernagel, Sebastian Wolf
Background. Ranibizumab is approved for treatment of macular edema in eyes with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Some eyes show low-response to treatment with regard to visual acuity gain (VA) and OCT central retinal thickness (CRT) reduction. The goal of this study was to quantify the percentage of low-responders. Methods. Treatment of naïve eyes with macular edema secondary to RVO was included and monthly VA and CRT were analyzed. Four weeks after the loading phase, and at the end of the study, eyes were grouped into low- and good responders based on predefined criteria...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Alexander T Nguyen, Tiffany Liu, Ji Liu
Scheimpflug photography is the basis for a variety of imaging devices that are highly versatile. The applications of Scheimpflug imaging are wide in scope, spanning from evaluation of corneal ectasia to quantifying density in nuclear sclerotic cataracts. The potential uses for Scheimpflug-based devices are expanding and a number of them are relevant in glaucoma. In particular, they can provide three-dimensional image reconstruction of the anterior segment which includes assessment of the iridocorneal angle...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Mehmet Bulut, Aylin Yaman, Muhammet Kazim Erol, Fatma Kurtuluş, Devrim Toslak, Berna Doğan, Deniz Turgut Çoban, Ebru Kaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
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