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Journal of Ophthalmology

Sri Ganesh, Sheetal Brar, Archana Pawar, Kirti J Relekar
Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes following bilateral ERV intraocular lens implantation with micromonovision. Methods: 25 subjects underwent bilateral Tecnis Symfony IOL implantation with micromonovision. The dominant eye was targeted for emmetropia and the nondominant eye for myopia of -0.75 D. Uncorrected and corrected distance (UDVA, CDVA), intermediate (UIVA, CIVA), and near visual acuity (UNVA, DCNVA); reading performance; defocus curve; and contrast sensitivity were studied...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Ye Ji Kim, Youn Gon Lee, Dong Won Lee, Jae Hui Kim
Purpose: To evaluate short-term treatment outcomes following selective retina therapy (SRT) with real-time feedback-controlled dosimetry in Korean patients with acute idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods: Sixteen eyes (16 patients) with acute idiopathic CSC (symptom duration < 3 months) were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent a single session of SRT with real-time feedback-controlled dosimetry. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central foveal thickness (CFT) before and 3 months after treatment were examined and compared...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
María Pilar Ruiz-Del-Tiempo, Pilar Calvo, Antonio Ferreras, Jesús Leciñena, Luis Pablo, Oscar Ruiz-Moreno
Purpose: To evaluate anatomical retinal changes measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), after applying photodynamic therapy (PDT) for treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 43 patients (48 eyes) with chronic CSC treated with PDT. Visual acuity (VA), central retinal thickness (CRT), outer nuclear layer (ONL) thickness, subretinal fluid (SRF), and photoreceptor ellipsoid zone (EZ) measured by SD-OCT were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months after PDT...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Erdogan Cicik, Rengin Yildirim, Ceyhun Arici, Funda Dikkaya, Osman Sevki Arslan
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of hemifacial spasm (HFS) on intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement. Methods: Twenty-four consecutive patients with HFS and 25 age- and gender-matched randomly selected eyes of healthy volunteers underwent corneal pachymetry and IOP measurements using Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) and noncontact tonometer (NCT). IOP measurements were performed before (during HFS) and 2 weeks after Botox injections in HFS patients and in healthy volunteers without Botox injections...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
C Kern, K Kortüm, M Müller, A Kampik, S Priglinger, W J Mayer
Purpose: To compare two calculators for toric intraocular lens (IOL) calculation and to evaluate the prediction of refractive outcome. Methods: Sixty-four eyes of forty-five patients underwent cataract surgery followed by implantation of a toric intraocular lens (Zeiss Torbi 709 M) calculated by a standard industry calculator using front keratometry values. Prediction error, median absolute error, and refractive astigmatism error were evaluated for the standard calculator...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Jin Tao Sun, Meng An, Xiao Bo Yan, Guo Hua Li, Da Bo Wang
Purpose: To investigate the prevalence and related factors for myopia in school-aged children in the Economic and Technological Development Zone of Qingdao, Eastern China. Methods: A total of 4890 (aged 10 to 15 years) students were initially enrolled in this study. 3753 (76.75%) students with completed refractive error and questionnaire data were analyzed. The children underwent a comprehensive eye examination. Multiple logistic regression models were applied to assess possible factors associated with myopia...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Alexandra Miere, Hassiba Oubraham, Francesca Amoroso, Pauline Butori, Polina Astroz, Oudy Semoun, Elsa Bruyere, Alexandre Pedinielli, Manar Addou-Regnard, Camille Jung, Salomon Y Cohen, Eric H Souied
Purpose: To compare the qualitative and quantitative choroidal neovascularization (CNV) changes after antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy in treatment-naïve and treated eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Consecutive patients with neovascular AMD underwent multimodal imaging, including OCTA (AngioPlex, CIRRUS HD-OCT model 5000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, OH) at baseline and at three monthly follow-up visits...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Waleed Ali Abou Samra, Amani E Badawi, Hanem Kishk, Ayman Abd El Ghafar, Mohamed M Elwan, Hossam Youssef Abouelkheir
Objectives: To study the fitting and the visual rehabilitation obtained with a corneoscleral contact lens, namely, Rose K2 XL in patients with irregular cornea. Methods: This prospective study included 36 eyes of 36 patients with irregular cornea fitted with Rose K2 XL. Refractive and visual outcomes and mesopic and aberrometric parameters of fitted eyes were assessed at 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after the initial lens use. Objective and subjective parameters of patient satisfaction and lens comfort were noted...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Jiangang Xu, Zhikun Ouyang, Yangfan Yang, Xiaoyu Cai, Zhonghao Wang, Mingkai Lin, Xiulan Zhang, Xing Liu, Minbin Yu
Background: Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) comprises a group of inherited disorders in which patients typically lose night vision in adolescence and then lose peripheral vision in young adulthood before eventually losing central vision later in life. A retrospective case-control study was performed to evaluate differences in ocular biometric parameters in primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) patients with and without concomitant RP to determine whether a relationship exists between PACG and RP...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Sherif A Eissa, Nashwa Badr Eldin, Ashraf Ahmed Nossair, Wael Ahmed Ewais
Purpose: To evaluate corneal transparency following accelerated collagen cross-linking (ACXL) in pediatric keratoconus. Design: A prospective interventional case series. Methods: This study included 47 eyes (25 patients), aged 9-14 years, with documented progressive keratoconus. After applying 0.1% riboflavin drops, ACXL was performed. Assessment included corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), corneal haze, and corneal densitometry in grayscale units (GSU)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
L Rico-Del-Viejo, M Garcia-Montero, J L Hernández-Verdejo, S García-Lázaro, F J Gómez-Sanz, A Lorente-Velázquez
Objectives: To describe the past 20 years' correction modalities for keratoconus and their visual outcomes and possible complications. Methods: A review of the published literature related to the visual outcomes and possible complications in the context of keratoconus management using nonsurgical procedures for the last 20 years (glasses and contact lenses) was performed. Original articles that reported the outcome of any correction modalities of keratoconus management were reviewed...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Preeyachan Lourthai, Patama Bhurayanontachai
Purpose: To evaluate contrast sensitivity (CS) changes in acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods: Visual acuity (VA), CS, and subretinal fluid (SRF) were evaluated monthly for 6 months. Treatment was considered at 3 months in case of persistent SRF. Results: Twelve of 20 eyes (60%) had spontaneous SRF resolution within 4 months. Five of 8 patients with delayed SRF resolution received either focal laser or photodynamic therapy...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Gamze Maden, Akin Cakir, Dilan Icar, Burak Erden, Selim Bolukbasi, Mustafa Elcioglu
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of age and sex on the photoreceptor outer segment (PROS) length in healthy eyes, using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods: A total of 97 eyes of 97 healthy participants (spherical equivalent < ±1 diopters [D]) were scanned with SD-OCT. The patients were divided into 3 groups by age: group 1 (0-20 years), group 2 (21-40 years), and group 3 (41-60 years). The PROS length was defined as the distance from the inner surface of IS/OS (inner segment/outer segment) band to the inner surface of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Vinodh Kakkassery, Tim Schultz, Marc Ilan Wunderlich, Marc Schargus, H Burkhard Dick, Jörg Rehrmann
Purpose: To determine the efficacy, safety, and predictive outcome factors for intravitreal dexamethasone implant (DEX) in pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME). Methods: Retrospective, interventional, controlled study. Patients included had to have clinically significant PCME and have been treated with the DEX between 2012 and 2015. Charts and one-year data were selected consecutively, and efficacy and safety were abstracted. Visual acuity (VA) and central foveal thickness (CFT) were analysed...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
L Fernández-Vega-Cueto, V Romano, R Zaldivar, C H Gordillo, F Aiello, D Madrid-Costa, J F Alfonso
Keratoconus provides a decrease of quality of life to the patients who suffer from it. The treatment used as well as the method to correct the refractive error of these patients may influence on the impact of the disease on their quality of life. The purpose of this review is to describe the evidence about the conservative surgical treatment for keratoconus aiming to therapeutic and refractive effect. The visual rehabilitation for keratoconic corneas requires addressing three concerns: halting the ectatic process, improving corneal shape, and minimizing the residual refractive error...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Bo Xiao, Yanhua Chu, Hongyan Wang, Quanhong Han
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive repetitive UVA irradiation along with riboflavin treatment on sclera collagen cross-linking in rabbits. Method: Forty-eight healthy adult New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: pseudosurgery group (group I), single-irradiation group (group II), duplicate-irradiation group (group III), and triplicate-irradiation group (group IV), with 12 rabbits in each group...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Yuri Ubukata, Hisanori Imai, Keiko Otsuka, Masaya Nishizaki, Rumiko Hara, Mamoru Uenishi, Atsushi Azumi, Makoto Nakamura
Aims: To compare the surgical outcome of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) with and without lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation (LHEP). Methods: This retrospective study included 158 eyes of 158 patients with FTMH treated with PPV. The following variables were analyzed: sex, age, preoperative best corrected visual acuity (pre-BCVA), BCVA 6 months after the surgery (6M-BCVA), the axial length of eye, the minimum diameter of FTMH, the diameter of basal side of FTMH, postoperative continuity of subfoveal ellipsoid zone (EZ) and external limiting membrane (ELM), and the preoperative presence of LHEP...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Yi-Ming Huang, Ming-Hung Hsieh, An-Fei Li, Shih-Jen Chen
Purpose: To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in differentiating polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) from age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Methods: Fundus color photographs, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and fluorescein angiography (step 1) and OCTA (step 2) of 50 eyes that had PCV or AMD were presented to two ophthalmologists. The final diagnoses of PCV were masked. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated and compared to the 2-step approach (before and after OCTA) in detecting PCV...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Jorge L Alio, Alejandra E Rodriguez, Ahmed A Abdelghany, Renan F Oliveira
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of autologous platelet-rich plasma (E-PRP) eye drops for the treatment of chronic ocular surface syndrome (OSS) following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Methods: This prospective interventional consecutive clinical study include 156 eyes of 80 patients affected by post-LASIK chronic OSS who were treated with autologous E-PRP 6 times a day as monotherapy for 6 weeks. Results: Dry eye symptoms improved in 85% of the cases...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
Hui Wang, Yanling Wang, Hongyang Li
Objectives: To assess the underlying mechanisms of OIS and confirm the haemodynamic and retinal structure changes of early OIS. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted of 60 internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis patients, and they were divided into OIS and control group. Colour doppler imaging, optical coherence tomography, and fundus fluorescein angiography were performed. Results: The middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis differs significantly between the two groups...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
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