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Journal of Tropical Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891154/preparation-of-ecofriendly-formulations-containing-biologically-active-monoterpenes-with-their-fumigant-and-residual-toxicities-against-adults-of-culex-pipiens
#1
Mohamed E I Badawy, Nehad E M Taktak, Osama M Awad, Souraya A Elfiki, Nadia E Abou El-Ela
Different mixtures of monoterpenes (ketone, alcohol, and alkene) were loaded on paper discs and wax and their knockdown activities were evaluated against Culex pipiens adults. Some individual monoterpenes were also evaluated by residual toxicity technique. Citronella oil as a reference was also loaded separately or in combination with monoterpenes on paper discs and wax. The ketone monoterpenes mixture (camphor, menthone, carvone, and fenchone) on paper discs was the most active (KT50 = 17.20 min) followed by ketone monoterpenes with citronella oil (KT50 = 20...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872647/antimalarial-properties-of-aqueous-crude-extracts-of-gynostemma-pentaphyllum-and-moringa-oleifera-leaves-in-combination-with-artesunate-in-plasmodium-berghei-infected-mice
#2
Voravuth Somsak, Preeyanuch Borkaew, Chokdee Klubsri, Kittiyaporn Dondee, Panatda Bootprom, Butsarat Saiphet
Due to the emergence and spread of malaria parasite with resistance to antimalarial drugs, discovery and development of new, safe, and affordable antimalarial are urgently needed. In this respect, medicinal plant extracts are targets to optimize antimalarial actions and restore efficacy of standard antimalarial drugs. The present study was aimed at determining the antimalarial activities of Gynostemma pentaphyllum and Moringa oleifera leaf extracts in combination with artesunate against Plasmodium berghei-infected mice...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829843/health-care-seeking-behavior-of-persons-with-acute-chagas-disease-in-rural-argentina-a-qualitative-view
#3
Ignacio Llovet, Graciela Dinardi, Cecilia Canevari, Nahal Torabi
Chagas disease (CD) is a tropical parasitic disease largely underdiagnosed and mostly asymptomatic affecting marginalized rural populations. Argentina regularly reports acute cases of CD, mostly young individuals under 14 years old. There is a void of knowledge of health care seeking behavior in subjects experiencing a CD acute condition. Early treatment of the acute case is crucial to limit subsequent development of disease. The article explores how the health outcome of persons with acute CD may be conditioned by their health care seeking behavior...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829842/the-role-of-anethum-graveolens-l-dill-in-the-management-of-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Iraj Khodadadi, Heidar Tavilani, Ebrahim Abbasi Oshaghi
Aim. There is evidence that Anethum graveolens (AG) has been used for centuries in Asian traditional medicine, and its constituents have useful effects on the control and management of diabetes and cardiovascular disorders. AG has many useful effects, including hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic effects, and it has been reported to reduce the incidence of diabetic complications. It acts mainly by affecting antioxidant capacity and change in some genes in glucose and lipid pathways. The aim of the present paper was to summarize pharmacological effects of AG in the management of diabetes...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807452/child-survival-strategies-assessment-of-knowledge-and-practice-of-rural-women-of-reproductive-age-in-cross-river-state-nigeria
#5
Aniekan Jumbo Etokidem, Ofonime Johnson
Introduction. Nigeria is one of the five countries that account for about 50% of under-five mortality in the world. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of child survival strategies among rural community caregivers in Cross River State of Nigeria. Materials and Methods. This descriptive cross-sectional survey used a pretested questionnaire to obtain information from 150 women of reproductive age. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 20. Results. The child survival strategy known to most of the respondents was oral rehydration therapy as indicated by 98% followed by female education by 73...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738439/electrocardiographic-study-in-adult-homozygous-sickle-cell-disease-patients-in-lagos-nigeria
#6
Adedoyin Dosunmu, Akinsegun Akinbami, Ebele Uche, Adewumi Adediran, Sarah John-Olabode
Background. This study sought to identify the pattern of electrocardiographic changes in steady state adult sickle cell anaemia. Methods. A case-control, cross-sectional study was conducted amongst sickle cell patients attending the sickle cell clinic of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, and HbAA controls. All consenting participants had haemoglobin electrophoresis done and were subjected to electrocardiography (ECG). The descriptive data were given as means ± standard deviation (SD). The differences were considered to be statistically significant when the p value obtained was <0...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651801/pattern-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-meningitis-among-hiv-infected-adults-admitted-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-western-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Matobogolo M Boaz, Samuel Kalluvya, Jennifer A Downs, Bonaventura C T Mpondo, Stephen E Mshana
Background. Limited information exists on the etiologies, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of meningitis among HIV-infected patients in Africa. We conducted a study to determine the etiology, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of meningitis among HIV-infected adults. Methods. A prospective cross-sectional hospital based study was conducted among HIV-infected patients aged ≥18 years admitted to the medical wards with symptoms and signs of meningitis. Sociodemographic and clinical information were collected using a standardized data collection tool...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635146/detection-of-urinary-tract-pathology-in-some-schistosoma-haematobium-infected-nigerian-adults
#8
O S Onile, H O Awobode, V S Oladele, A M Agunloye, C I Anumudu
Screening for Schistosoma haematobium infection and its possible morbidity was carried out in 257 adult participants in Eggua community, Ogun State, Nigeria. Parasitological assessment for the presence of ova of S. haematobium in urine and abdominopelvic ultrasonographic examination for bladder and secondary kidney pathology were carried out. S. haematobium prevalence of 25.68% (66/257) was recorded among the participants. There was a significantly higher prevalence of 69.2% of urinary schistosomiasis in the females than the prevalence of 31...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579046/health-and-social-needs-in-three-migrant-worker-communities-around-la-romana-dominican-republic-and-the-role-of-volunteers-a-thematic-analysis-and-evaluation
#9
Aaron S Miller, Henry C Lin, Chang-Berm Kang, Lawrence C Loh
Objective. For decades, Haitian migrant workers living in bateyes around La Romana, Dominican Republic, have been the focus of short-term volunteer medical groups from North America. To assist these efforts, this study aimed to characterize various health and social needs that could be addressed by volunteer groups. Design. Needs were assessed using semistructured interviews of community and professional informants, using a questionnaire based on a social determinants of health framework, and responses were qualitatively analysed for common themes...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433167/corrigendum-to-the-effect-of-aqueous-extract-of-cinnamon-on-the-metabolome-of-plasmodium-falciparum-using-1-hnmr-spectroscopy
#10
Shirin Parvaz, Sedigheh Sadeghi, Mehri Azadi, Maryam Mohammadi, Mohammad Arjmand, Farideh Vahabi, Somye Sadeghzadeh, Zahra Zamani
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/3174841.].
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418933/atherogenic-risk-assessment-among-persons-living-in-rural-uganda
#11
Clara Wekesa, Gershim Asiki, Ivan Kasamba, Laban Waswa, Steven J Reynolds, Rebecca N Nsubuga, Rob Newton, Anatoli Kamali
Background. Hypertension and dyslipidemia are independent risk factors for coronary heart disease and commonly coexist. Cardiovascular risk can be reliably predicted using lipid ratios such as the atherogenic index, a useful prognostic parameter for guiding timely interventions. Objective. We assessed the cardiovascular risk profile based on the atherogenic index of residents within a rural Ugandan cohort. Methods. In 2011, a population based survey was conducted among 7507 participants. Sociodemographic characteristics, physical measurements (blood pressure, weight, height, and waist and hip circumference), and blood sampling for nonfasting lipid profile were collected for each participant...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382372/perceptions-of-the-role-of-short-term-volunteerism-in-international-development-views-from-volunteers-local-hosts-and-community-members
#12
Bethina Loiseau, Rebekah Sibbald, Salem A Raman, Benedict Darren, Lawrence C Loh, Helen Dimaras
Background. Short-term international volunteer trips traditionally involve volunteers from high-income countries travelling to low- and middle-income countries to assist in service-related development activities. Their duration typically ranges from 7 to 90 days. The city of La Romana, Dominican Republic, receives hundreds of short-term international volunteers annually. They participate in activities aimed at improving conditions faced by a marginalized ethnic-Haitian community living in bateyes. Methods. This qualitative analysis examined perceptions of short-term international volunteerism, held by three key stakeholder groups in La Romana: local hosts, international volunteers, and community members...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340411/high-school-students-are-a-target-group-for-fight-against-self-medication-with-antimalarial-drugs-a-pilot-study-in-university-of-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo
#13
Ramsès Kabongo Kamitalu, Michel Ntetani Aloni
Aim. To assess the self-medication against malaria infection in population of Congolese students in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out in University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Medical records of all students with malaria admitted to Centre de Santé Universitaire of University of Kinshasa from January 1, 2008, to April 30, 2008, were reviewed retrospectively. Results. The median age of the patients was 25.4 years (range: from 18 to 36 years)...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190525/magnitude-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-indonesia-at-postmillennium-development-goals-era
#14
REVIEW
Tri Wibawa, Tri Baskoro Tunggul Satoto
The world will enter the postmillennium development goals 2015 era. The achievements of the millennium development goals (MDGs) as a global development target need to be evaluated. A sustainable new reasonable target is important for neglected tropical diseases (NTD) elimination in Indonesia. This review describes the NTD situation in Indonesia and highlights problems beneath the NTD transmission. Multidisciplinary approach is a promising strategy to help the marginalized people.
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127522/molecular-characterization-of-leptospira-spp-in-environmental-samples-from-north-eastern-malaysia-revealed-a-pathogenic-strain-leptospira-alstonii
#15
Muhammad Azharuddin Azali, Chan Yean Yean, Azian Harun, Nurul Najian Aminuddin Baki, Nabilah Ismail
The presence of pathogenic Leptospira spp. in the environment poses threats to human health. The aim of this study was to detect and characterize Leptospira spp. from environmental samples. A total of 144 samples comprised of 72 soil and 72 water samples were collected from markets and recreational areas in a north-eastern state in Malaysia. Samples were cultured on Ellinghausen and McCullough modified by Johnson and Harris media. Leptospires were positive in 22.9% (n = 33) of the isolates. Based on partial sequences of 16S rRNA, a pathogenic leptospire, Leptospira alstonii (n = 1/33), was identified in 3% of the isolates followed by intermediate leptospire (L...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047548/the-impact-of-leprosy-on-marital-relationships-and-sexual-health-among-married-women-in-eastern-nepal
#16
Anna T van 't Noordende, Wim H van Brakel, Nandlal Banstola, Krishna P Dhakal
Background. Leprosy is one of the most stigmatized diseases known today. The stigma surrounding leprosy can be a major burden and affects many dimensions of a person's life, including intimate relationships. We aimed to investigate the experiences of women affected by leprosy regarding marital life and sexuality, comparing these to the experiences of women with other physical disabilities and to those of able-bodied women in South-East Nepal. Methods. This study used a qualitative approach and a cross-sectional, nonrandom survey design...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006665/quality-assessment-of-artemether-lumefantrine-samples-and-artemether-injections-sold-in-the-cape-coast-metropolis
#17
James Prah, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw, Richmond Afoakwah, Patrick Fiawoyife, Ernest Oppong-Danquah, Johnson Nyarko Boampong
Most prescribers and patients in Ghana now opt for the relatively expensive artemether/lumefantrine rather than artesunate-amodiaquine due to undesirable side effects in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. The study sought to determine the existence of substandard and/or counterfeit artemether-lumefantrine tablets and suspension as well as artemether injection on the market in Cape Coast. Six brands of artemether-lumefantrine tablets, two brands of artemether-lumefantrine suspensions, and two brands of artemether injections were purchased from pharmacies in Cape Coast for the study...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904135/neonatal-tetanus-immunity-in-nigeria-the-effect-of-hiv-infection-on-serum-levels-and-transplacental-transfer-of-antibodies
#18
Muhammad Faruk Bashir, Hassan Abdullahi Elechi, Mohammed Garba Ashir, Adamu Ibrahim Rabasa, David Nadeba Bukbuk, Ahmadu Baba Usman, Modu Gofama Mustapha, Mohammad Arab Alhaji
Background. Tetanus toxoid immunisation of pregnant mother has remained the most effective strategy in eliminating neonatal tetanus. Impaired production and/or transplacental transfer of antibodies may affect the effectiveness of this strategy. We studied the effect of maternal HIV infection on serum levels and transplacental transfer of anti-tetanus antibodies. Methods. A total of 162 mother-baby paired serum samples were taken and analysed for anti-tetanus antibody levels using ELISA. Maternal HIV status was also determined by double ELISA technique...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904134/the-effect-of-aqueous-extract-of-cinnamon-on-the-metabolome-of-plasmodium-falciparum-using-1-hnmr-spectroscopy
#19
Shirin Parvazi, Sedigheh Sadeghi, Mehri Azadi, Maryam Mohammadi, Mohammad Arjmand, Farideh Vahabi, Somye Sadeghzadeh, Zahra Zamani
Malaria is responsible for estimated 584,000 deaths in 2013. Researchers are working on new drugs and medicinal herbs due to drug resistance that is a major problem facing them; the search is on for new medicinal herbs. Cinnamon is the bark of a tree with reported antiparasitic effects. Metabonomics is the simultaneous study of all the metabolites in biological fluids, cells, and tissues detected by high throughput technology. It was decided to determine the mechanism of the effect of aqueous extract of cinnamon on the metabolome of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro using (1)HNMR spectroscopy...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880999/antimicrobial-resistance-of-enteric-salmonella-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#20
Christian Diamant Mossoro-Kpinde, Alexandre Manirakiza, Jean-Robert Mbecko, Pembé Misatou, Alain Le Faou, Thierry Frank
Introduction. The number of Salmonella isolated from clinical samples that are resistant to multiple antibiotics has increased worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of resistant Salmonella enterica isolated in Bangui. Methods. All enteric Salmonella strains isolated from patients in 2008 were identified and serotyped, and the phenotypes of resistance were determined by using the disk diffusion method. Nine resistance-associated genes, bla TEM , bla OXA , bla SHV , tetA, aadA1, catA1, dhfrA1, sul I, and sul II, were sought by genic amplification in seven S...
2015: Journal of Tropical Medicine
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