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International Journal of Dentistry

Ashok Dongol, Alok Sagtani, Mehul Rajesh Jaisani, Arpita Singh, Ashish Shrestha, Anju Pradhan, Pradeep Acharya, Anjani Kumar Yadav, Ram Prasad Yadav, Arun Kumar Mahat, Iccha Kumar Maharjan, Leeza Pradhan
Objective: To assess the incidence of dentigerous cystic changes in the follicles of radiographically normal impacted mandibular third molars. Methods: One hundred and thirteen follicles obtained after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars with radiolucency of less than 2.5 mm in the radiograph were sent for histopathologic evaluation to evaluate pathologic changes. Results: The incidence of dentigerous cystic changes observed was 15...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Yoshiaki Nomura, Ayako Okada, Yoh Tamaki, Hiroko Miura
Periodontal disease is a common inflammatory disease. It affects about 20-50% of global population in both developed and developing countries. Early detection of slight changes of periodontal tissue plays an important role in prevention of onset and progression of periodontal disease. Hence, there is a need of a screening test to assess periodontal tissue for health check-ups. Salivary levels hemoglobin (Hb) has been proposed to assess the conditions of the inflammation of gingiva. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate and summarize critically the current evidences for Hb as periodontal screening test...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Sabrina Gonçalves Riatto, Javier Montero, David Ribas Pérez, Antonio Castaño-Séiquer, Abraham Dib
Introduction: Little is known about the state of oral health among immigrants from conflict zones, such as the refugee children from the Syrian Civil War. Aim: To determine the oral health status of Syrian immigrant children refugee at the Center for Temporary Stay of Immigrants in Melilla to plan prevention and care programs. Design: Using the criteria set by the World Health Organization, an exploration of the oral cavity of all Syrian children aged 5-13 living at that center was conducted in May 2015...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Arati Sharma, Bidhan Shrestha, Bijay Kumar Chaudhari, Pramita Suwal, Raj Kumar Singh, Surya Raj Niraula, Prakash Kumar Parajuli
Objectives: This study was conducted to know the preferred source and perceived need of more information about dental implants by the undergraduate students of Nepal and their association with academic levels and gender. Materials and Methods: It was conducted in all the dental colleges of Nepal from June 2016 to June 2017 after taking ethical clearance and approval from the research committee of BPKIHS. It included all those who were present at the time of survey...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Kujtim Sh Shala, Linda J Dula, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Teuta Bicaj, Enis F Ahmedi, Zana Lila-Krasniqi, Arlinda Tmava-Dragusha
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the level of adaptation of patients to newly fitted complete dentures in their dominant and nondominant sides, by means of ElectromyoFigureic signals. Materials and Methods: Eighty-eight patients with complete dentures were evaluated in the study. Masticatory muscle ( masseter and temporal ) bioelectric activity of the patients with complete dentures was recorded at maximum intercuspal relation. Parametric statistical data were analyzed with one-way repeated measures ANOVA test...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Manal Almalik, Abeer Alnowaiser, Omar El Meligy, Jamal Sallam, Yusra Balkheyour
Objective: To determine anxiety in relation to gender, Grade Point Average (GPA), level of education and academic and clinical situations in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Also, to identify academic and clinical anxiety levels among postgraduate pediatric dentistry students. Methods: A cross-sectional study at governmental training hospitals was conducted. All registered postgraduate students in pediatric dental programs during the year 2015-2016 were included in the study...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Cizelene do Carmo Faleiros Veloso Guedes, Silas Antonio Juvencio de Freitas Filho, Paulo Rogério de Faria, Adriano Mota Loyola, Robinson Sabino-Silva, Sérgio Vitorino Cardoso
Oral mucositis (OM) is a frequent and severe adverse effect of therapy against head and neck cancer. Photobiomodulation with the low-power laser is known to be effective against OM, but the diversity of protocols and the possibility of stimulating residual tumor cells are still obstacles. The present study aimed to compare two doses of laser energy delivered to the oral mucosa of patients under oncologic treatment for head and neck cancer, looking for differences in the control of mucositis, as well as in the frequency of tumoral recurrences...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Shahida Maqsood, Hasan Baber, Zia Abbas, Javeria Ali Khan, Muznah Khalid
Obesity is a state of abnormal accumulation of fat in adipose tissues of the body to the level that one's health is adversely compromised. Tripathi et al. state (according to WHO) that obesity is now considered the fifth leading cause of mortality in the world. Caries is a multifactorial disease and one of the major oral health issues of the modern era affecting people around the globe. Rise in dental caries has been observed in developing countries as a result of factors including increased intake of carbohydrates...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Gisele Pavão Spaulonci, Ricardo Salgado de Souza, Vanessa Gallego Arias Pecorari, Luciano Lauria Dib
The present study assessed the level of dentists' knowledge regarding oral cancer in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. A questionnaire was used to compare the level of knowledge among newly graduated and senior clinicians. A total of 20,154 e-mails were correctly delivered to the dentists registered in the database of the Regional Dentistry Council of São Paulo, and 477 (2.36%) responses were received. This sample consisted of 84 newly graduated clinicians and 105 senior clinicians. For the statistical analysis, the chi-square test and the logistic regression analysis were performed with α  = 0...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Hattanas Kumchai, Patrapan Juntavee, Arthur F Sun, Dan Nathanson
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of glazing on flexural strength of highly translucent zirconia materials. Materials and Methods: Specimens of three brands of zirconia bars (Prettau Zirconia, Zirkonzahn; inCoris TZI, Sirona; and Zirlux FC, Pentron Ceramics) were prepared and polished according to manufacturers' instructions. Final specimen dimensions were 20 × 4 × 2 mm. The specimens from each brand were divided into 3 groups ( N  = 10): control, heat-treated, and glazed...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Luljeta Zajmi, Agim Begzati, Milaim Sejdini, Nora Berisha, Lumnije Krasniqi
Objectives: The oral health services of the prison population are considered more complex than those of the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the oral health status (the DMFT index and OHI index) and to evaluate the relation between the oral health and risk factors of inmates of this population, thus identifying the dental health status of inmates by gender, age, and the duration of their sentence. Materials and Methods: Our study has included a total number of 150 inmates, of both genders, from Lipjan prison house in Kosovo...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Ahmed S Alnuaimi, Asmaa T Uthman
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to assess shisha smoking among dental school students in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). In addition, the role of suggested barriers and enabling factors in shisha smoking was also evaluated. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, between February and May 2016. The questions were adapted from previously published water pipe smoking studies...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Omar Hamad Alkadhi, Sarah Fahad Almahfouz, Hana Abdulmajeed Tokhtah, Lamia Abdulaziz Binhuwaishel
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the arch dimensions (width, length, and depth) in Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: 169 orthodontic models (73 males and 96 females) made of white stone were selected according to inclusion criteria. Measurement of arch dimensions was taken including width, length, and depth at different reference points. Differences between males and females were tested using independent samples t -test. Results: The sample comprised subjects aged 18-33 years old...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Mehak Pervaiz, Ruth Gilbert, Nasreen Ali
Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are a major occupational health problem among dental healthcare workers (HCWs) in Pakistan, which places them at a significant risk of acquiring blood-borne infections. However, not all NSIs are reported, leading to an underestimation of the actual prevalence. The harmful impacts of NSIs on the healthcare delivery necessitate an urgent need to measure its actual prevalence. Objectives . The aim of this study was to review literature to estimate the prevalence and reporting rates of NSIs among dental-HCWs in Pakistan...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Ruchanee Salingcarnboriboon Ampornaramveth, Nilada Akeatichod, Jesita Lertnukkhid, Nichakorn Songsang
Aim and Purpose: Biofilms in dental unit waterlines (DUWLs) are extremely difficult to eliminate. Aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a mixture of four D-amino acids on biofilm dispersion in DUWLs. Materials and Methods: A mixture of four D-amino acids (D-methionine, D-tryptophan, D-leucine, and D-tyrosine, 10 mM each), distilled water (control), and 0.1 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) was used in the experiment. In laboratory, pieces of DUWLs covered with biofilms were submerged in different solutions for 5 days, flushed, and measured OD600 of the dispersed biofilms...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Milaim Sejdini, Agim Begzati, Sami Salihu, Sokol Krasniqi, Nora Berisha, Nora Aliu
Introduction: Minimal attention has been given to the role of salivary microelements, the importance they have in reducing the intensity of caries, and the effect of caries prophylaxes. Aim: This research aimed to determine the concentration and quantity of Zn and its impact on the prevention and the reduction of the intensity of caries in schoolchildren aged 12-13 years with permanent dentition. Methods: For this research, we analyzed the stimulated and nonstimulated full saliva of 106 schoolchildren divided into three groups by mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
David Gomes de Alencar Gondim, Antonio Marcos Montagner, Ivo Cavalcante Pita-Neto, Romildo José de Siqueira Bringel, Francisco Aurelio Luchesi Sandrini, Eduardo Fernando Chaves Moreno, Amanda Mendes de Sousa, Andreza Bastos Correia
Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of the topical administration of benzocaine and EMLA on oral pain and tactile sensitivity. Materials and Methods: A randomized, double-blind, split-mouth clinical trial was carried out with 20 volunteers. The sensorial and quantitative tests were applied before the contact with topical anesthetic and after the application. Results: In the superficial tactile perception test, when we compared each group singly, there were statistically significant values in the decrease of superficial tactile perception when compared to the moment prior to the application of anesthetic agents...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Marta Alvarez-Escobar, Sidónio C Freitas, Derek Hansford, Fernando J Monteiro, Alejandro Pelaez-Vargas
Introduction: Microfabrication offers opportunities to study surface concepts focused to reduce bacterial adhesion on implants using human minimally invasive rapid screening (hMIRS). Wide information is available about cell/biomaterial interactions using eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells on surfaces of dental materials with different topographies, but studies using human being are still limited. Objective: To evaluate a synergy of microfabrication and hMIRS to study the bacterial adhesion on micropatterned surfaces for dental materials...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Sidónio C Freitas, Alejandra Correa-Uribe, M Cristina L Martins, Alejandro Pelaez-Vargas
Implant-based therapy is a mature approach to recover the health conditions of patients affected by edentulism. Thousands of dental implants are placed each year since their introduction in the 80s. However, implantology faces challenges that require more research strategies such as new support therapies for a world population with a continuous increase of life expectancy, to control periodontal status and new bioactive surfaces for implants. The present review is focused on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for dental implant materials as a nanoscale-processing approach to modify titanium surfaces...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Kaoutar Laslami, Sara Dhoum, Amine El Harchi, Iman Benkiran
Objectives: The aim of the study is to define the relationship between the apical preparation diameter and the apical sealing ability to highlight the importance of the preservation of the diameter and the original position of the apical foramen. Materials and Methods: 50 extracted maxillary incisors were randomly allocated into three groups of 15 teeth each (n = 15) according to the apical preparation size: Group 1: finishing file F1 corresponding to size 20 reached the working length (ProTaper Universal system Dentsply®); Group 2: prepared up to size 30 corresponding to finishing file F30; Group 3: prepared up to size 50 corresponding to finishing file F5...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
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