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International Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932242/analysis-of-the-chemical-modification-of-dental-enamel-submitted-to-35-hydrogen-peroxide-in-office-whitening-with-or-without-calcium
#1
Rudá França Moreira, Fábio Pinheiro Santos, Estevão Antero Santos, Ramon Silva Dos Santos, Marcelino José Dos Anjos, Mauro Sayão de Miranda
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in calcium and phosphorus content in dental enamel when subjected to "in-office" whitening for an extended time by using a 35% hydrogen peroxide solution, with and without calcium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10 human teeth, from which the roots had been removed, were embedded in epoxy resin, and their surfaces were smoothed. The specimens were divided into two groups; in group 1, a whitening solution without calcium was used, while in group 2, the solution included calcium...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928771/an-analysis-of-patient-perceptions-and-expectations-to-dental-implants-is-there-a-significant-effect-on-long-term-satisfaction-levels
#2
Shane J J McCrea
Here we present an analysis of patient perceptions and expectations to dental implant placement and their prosthetic reconstruction, to then consider whether they have an effect on long-term satisfaction levels. A Post-Treatment Completion Questionnaire was designed to analyse whether patient satisfaction is influenced by age and/or gender; has an effect on patient-reported self-confidence levels; contributes to increased levels of oral hygiene; provides further insight into the average pain levels during and after the surgical intervention; or influences further acceptance of dental implant surgery...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928770/influence-of-the-smile-line-on-smile-attractiveness-in-short-and-long-face-individuals
#3
Amjad Al Taki, Thar Hayder Mohammed, Ahmad Mohammad Hamdan
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the impact of facial height on attractiveness of smile, in association with the maxillary gingival display. This research was performed by dental professionals and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frontal extraoral photographs were captured for both short and long faces. The photographs were modified using software for image-processing and three rater groups (orthodontists, dentists, and laypersons) evaluated the smile attractiveness, with 30 subjects in each group...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912812/the-influence-of-sweet-taste-perception-on-dietary-intake-in-relation-to-dental-caries-and-bmi-in-saudi-arabian-schoolchildren
#4
Heba Ashi, Guglielmo Campus, Heléne Bertéus Forslund, Waleed Hafiz, Neveen Ahmed, Peter Lingström
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of sweet taste perception on dietary habits in Saudi schoolchildren. In addition, the relationship between dietary habits and both caries and BMI was studied. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study comprising 225 schoolchildren aged 13-15 years from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was conducted. The consumption frequency of certain food items was analysed from a beverage and snack questionnaire and a three-day estimated dietary record was obtained...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848604/morse-taper-connection-implants-placed-in-grafted-sinuses-in-65-patients-a-retrospective-clinical-study-with-10-years-of-follow-up
#5
Francesco Mangano, Renata Bakaj, Irene Frezzato, Alberto Frezzato, Sergio Montini, Carlo Mangano
PURPOSE: To investigate the 10-year survival and complication rates of Morse taper connection implants (MTCIs) placed in grafted sinuses. METHODS: This study reports on patients treated with maxillary sinus augmentation (with the lateral window technique (LWT) or the transalveolar osteotomy technique (TOT)) and installed with MTCIs supporting fixed restorations (single crowns (SCs) and fixed partial dentures (FPDs)), in two dental clinics. The outcomes of the study were the 10-year implant survival and complication rates...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845159/analyzing-menton-deviation-in-posteroanterior-cephalogram-in-early-detection-of-temporomandibular-disorder
#6
Trelia Boel, Ervina Sofyanti, Erliera Sufarnap
INTRODUCTION: Some clinicians believed that mandibular deviation leads to facial asymmetry and it also had a correlation with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Posteroanterior (PA) cephalogram was widely reported as a regular record in treating facial asymmetry and craniofacial anomalies. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship of menton deviation in PA cephalogram with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TMJ function was initially screened based on TMD-DI questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835752/the-ball-welding-bar-a-new-solution-for-the-immediate-loading-of-screw-retained-mandibular-fixed-full-arch-prostheses
#7
Danilo Bacchiocchi, Andrea Guida
PURPOSE: To present a new intraoral welding technique, which can be used to manufacture screw-retained, mandibular fixed full-arch prostheses. METHODS: Over a 4-year period, all patients with complete mandibular edentulism or irreparably compromised mandibular dentition, who will restore the masticatory function with a fixed mandibular prosthesis, were considered for inclusion in this study. The "Ball Welding Bar" (BWB) technique is characterised by smooth prosthetic cylinders, interconnected by means of titanium bars which are adjustable in terms of distance from ball terminals and are inserted in the rotating rings of the cylinders...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828006/how-intraday-index-changes-influence-periodontal-assessment-a-preliminary-study
#8
Carlo Bertoldi, Andrea Forabosco, Michele Lalla, Luigi Generali, Davide Zaffe, Pierpaolo Cortellini
It is reputed that periodontal indices remain unchanged over a 24-hour period, with great clinical significance. This preliminary study analyzes daily index changes. In 56 selected patients, full-mouth plaque score (FMPS), full-mouth bleeding score (FMBS), periodontal screening and recording (PSR) indices, and periodontal risk assessment (PRA) were recorded at baseline and three times per day (check-I: 08.30, check-II: 11.30, and check-III: 14.30), after appropriate cause-related therapy. Correlation between variables was statistically analyzed by Stata...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828005/missing-teeth-and-prosthetic-treatment-in-patients-treated-at-college-of-dentistry-university-of-dammam
#9
Shaimaa M Fouda, Fahad A Al-Harbi, Soban Q Khan, Jorma I Virtanen, Aune Raustia
The percentage of completely and partially edentulous patients and their prosthetic treatment at the Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences (SDS), College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, were investigated. Panoramic radiographs and medical records of adult patients (n = 479, mean age 45.9 years, and range 25-96 years) treated in 2011-2014 were examined. 6% of the patients were completely edentulous, 8% had single jaw edentulousness, and 74% were partially edentulous. Edentulousness was significantly correlated with age and the number of missing teeth was significantly higher among males (p < 0...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798771/diagnosis-of-oral-hairy-leukoplakia-the-importance-of-ebv-in-situ-hybridization
#10
Luana L Martins, José Henrique F Rosseto, Natália Silva Andrade, Juliana Bertoldi Franco, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva, Karem L Ortega
Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which has been related to HIV infection. In situ hybridization (ISH) is the gold-standard diagnosis of OHL, but some authors believe in the possibility of performing the diagnosis based on clinical basis. The aim of this study is diagnose incipient lesions of OHL by EBV ISH of HIV-infected patients and the possible correlations with clinical characteristics of the patients. Ninety-four patients were examined and those presenting with clinical lesions compatible to OHL were submitted to biopsy prior to EBV ISH...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791048/specific-central-nervous-system-medications-are-associated-with-temporomandibular-joint-symptoms
#11
John K Drisdale Iii, Monica G Thornhill, Alexandre R Vieira
AIMS: There is evidence of association between bruxism and the increasingly common central nervous system stimulants prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) often prescribed for depression or anxiety. However, the evidence is not clear on whether these medications inducing bruxism are directly associated with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). The aim of this work is to evaluate whether these medications are associated with TMD symptoms...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785282/incidence-of-tooth-loss-in-adults-a-4-year-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Manoelito Ferreira Silva-Junior, Marília Jesus Batista, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To verify the incidence of tooth loss in extended age group of adults in 4 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective cohort study assessed adults (20-64 years old) between 2011 and 2015, from Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. The dependent variable was cumulative incidence of tooth loss, assessed by difference between missing teeth (M) of decayed, missing, and filled tooth index (DMFT) in 2011 and 2015. Participants were stratified into young (20-44 years old) and older (45-64 years old) adults...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785281/effect-of-anatomical-customization-of-the-fiber-post-on-the-bond-strength-of-a-self-adhesive-resin-cement
#13
Adricyla Teixeira Rocha, Leticia Machado Gonçalves, Ana Júlia de Carvalho Vasconcelos, Etevaldo Matos Maia Filho, Ceci Nunes Carvalho, Rudys Rodolfo De Jesus Tavarez
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate, by means of the push-out test, the effect of the anatomical customization of the fiber post on the bond strength of a self-adhesive resin cement. METHODS: Twelve endodontically treated, human, upper central incisors were randomly divided into two groups (n = 6): control (glass fiber posts cemented with Relyx® U200) and customized (glass fiber posts anatomically customized with translucent composite resin cemented with Relyx U200)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781595/estimation-of-antioxidant-levels-in-saliva-and-serum-of-chronic-periodontitis-patients-with-and-without-ischemic-heart-disease
#14
Anahita Punj, Santhosh Shenoy, N Suchetha Kumari, Priyanka Pampani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a relationship between periodontitis and ischemic heart disease by estimation of total antioxidant status in saliva and serum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 samples were collected and divided equally into 4 groups of healthy controls, chronic periodontitis patients, ischemic heart disease patients with periodontitis, and ischemic heart disease patients without periodontitis. Saliva and venous blood samples were collected and analyzed for levels of total antioxidant capacity, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and catalase...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757870/peripheral-exophytic-oral-lesions-a-clinical-decision-tree
#15
REVIEW
Hamed Mortazavi, Yaser Safi, Maryam Baharvand, Somayeh Rahmani, Soudeh Jafari
Diagnosis of peripheral oral exophytic lesions might be quite challenging. This review article aimed to introduce a decision tree for oral exophytic lesions according to their clinical features. General search engines and specialized databases including PubMed, PubMed Central, Medline Plus, EBSCO, Science Direct, Scopus, Embase, and authenticated textbooks were used to find relevant topics by means of keywords such as "oral soft tissue lesion," "oral tumor like lesion," "oral mucosal enlargement," and "oral exophytic lesion...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751913/cumulative-success-rate-of-short-and-ultrashort-implants-supporting-single-crowns-in-the-posterior-maxilla-a-3-year-retrospective-study
#16
Giorgio Lombardo, Jacopo Pighi, Mauro Marincola, Giovanni Corrocher, Miguel Simancas-Pallares, Pier Francesco Nocini
AIM: To determine cumulative success rate (CSR) of short and ultrashort implants in the posterior maxilla restored with single crowns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study in 65 patients with 139 implants. 46 were ultrashort and 93 short. Implants were placed with a staged approach and restored with single crowns. Success rate, clinical and radiographic outcomes, and crown-to-implant ratio (CIR) were assessed after three years. Statistical analysis was performed by descriptive and inferential statistics...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751912/efficacy-and-safety-of-topical-corticosteroids-for-management-of-oral-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#17
REVIEW
Basma Abdelaleem Elsaadany, Eman Magdy Ahmed, Sana Maher Hasan Aghbary
BACKGROUND: Oral chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) is a major complication in transplantation community, a problem that can be addressed with topical intervention. Topical corticosteroids are the first line of treatment although the choice remains challenging as none of the available treatments is supported by strong clinical evidence. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to determine the clinical efficacy and safety of topical corticosteroids for the management of the mucosal alterations of oral cGVHD...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713427/a-three-year-retrospective-study-on-survival-of-ceramic-veneered-zirconia-y-tzp-fixed-dental-prostheses-performed-in-private-practices
#18
Veronika Norström Saarva, Göran Bjerkstig, Anders Örtorp, Per Svanborg
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the three-year clinical outcome for ceramic-veneered zirconia fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). METHODS: All patients who were treated with ceramic-veneered zirconia FDPs, in three private practices in Sweden, during the period June 2003 to April 2007 were included. Case records from 151 patients, treated with a total of 184 zirconia FDPs (692 units), were analysed for clinical data. All complications noted in the charts were registered and compared to definitions for success and survival and statistical analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and a Cox regression model...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713426/3d-morphology-analysis-of-tmj-articular-eminence-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
Izabella Nascimento Falcão, Maria Beatriz Carrazzone Cal Alonso, Lucas Hian da Silva, Sérgio Lúcio Pereira de Castro Lopes, Lívia Pichi Comar, André Luiz Ferreira Costa
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the computational reconstruction of the articular eminence of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and semiautomatic volumetric segmentation techniques for morphological classification of the TMJ structure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 MRI scans of TMJ individuals were selected and formatted by using the ITK-SNAP software, consisting of MRI segmentation and generation of 3D models...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713425/periapical-status-and-quality-of-root-canal-fillings-in-a-moroccan-subpopulation
#20
Hafsa El Merini, Hind Amarir, Amine Lamzawaq, Mouna Hamza
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) and quality of root canal fillings in an adult Moroccan subpopulation. METHODS: In the study 508 patients were included, attending the Conservative Dentistry Clinic at the Faculty of Dentistry of Casablanca. 508 panoramic and 709 periapical radiographs were observed. The periapical status of all teeth (with the exception of third molars) was examined according to Ørstavik's periapical index...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
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