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International Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529526/genetic-factors-and-the-risk-of-periodontitis-development-findings-from-a-systematic-review-composed-of-13-studies-of-meta-analysis-with-71-531-participants
#1
REVIEW
Maélson Klever da Silva, Antonio Carlos Gonçalves de Carvalho, Even Herlany Pereira Alves, Felipe Rodolfo Pereira da Silva, Larissa Dos Santos Pessoa, Daniel Fernando Pereira Vasconcelos
Purpose. This work aimed to synthesize the results of recent meta-analysis focusing on polymorphism in inflammatory mediators and its relation with the risk of periodontitis development. Materials and Methods. A systematic search was conducted using databases for publications prior to October 2016. Three examiners extracted data from articles with a clear association between polymorphisms in the inflammatory mediator gene and the development of periodontitis through meta-analysis using the fixed or randomized statistical models to calculate the Odds Ratio with values of P < 0...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487739/food-simulating-organic-solvents-for-evaluating-crosslink-density-of-bulk-fill-composite-resin
#2
Neveen M Ayad, Hala A Bahgat, Eman Hussain Al Kaba, Maryam Hussain Buholayka
Objectives. To evaluate crosslink densities of two bulk fill composite resins and determine if the used Food Simulating Organic Solvent (FSOS) affected them. Methods. Forty specimens were prepared from SureFill and SonicFill bulk fill composite resins, 20 each. All specimens were stored dry for 24 h. Each group was divided into 2 subgroups: stored in ethanol (E) 75% or in methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) 100% for 24 h. Crosslink density was evaluated by calculating the difference between the Vickers hardness numbers of the specimens stored dry and after their storage in FSOS...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487738/comparative-assessment-of-preoperative-versus-postoperative-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-complications-following-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction
#3
Hashem M Al-Shamiri, Maha Shawky, Nermin Hassanein
Aim. To evaluate the effect of preoperative versus postoperative administration of oral Dexamethasone on postoperative complications including pain, edema, and trismus following lower third molar surgery. Methods. 24 patients were divided into two equal groups receiving 8 mg Dexamethasone orally, one group one hour preoperatively and the other group immediately after surgery. Pain was measured using VAS, edema was measured using a graduated tape between 4 fixed points in the face, and the mouth opening was measured using a graduated sliding caliper...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484493/characterization-of-chronic-mechanical-irritation-in-oral-cancer
#4
Jerónimo P Lazos, Eduardo D Piemonte, Hector Eduardo Lanfranchi, Mabel N Brunotto
Objective. Oral mucosa could host many lesions originated by chronic mechanical irritation (CMI) from teeth or dentures, and it has been proposed as risk factor for oral cancer. Nevertheless, the features of CMI factors in oral cancer and other lesions are not assessed. The aim of this study is to describe CMI features regarding type (dental, prosthetic, and/or functional), localization, and time span. Materials and Methods. Three groups were studied in this cross-sectional study: Oral Cancer (OC); Chronic Traumatic Ulcer (CTU); and Benign Irritative Mechanical Lesions (BIML)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479918/bovine-tooth-discoloration-induced-by-endodontic-filling-materials-for-primary-teeth
#5
Samantha Rodrigues Xavier, Katerine Jahnecke Pilownic, Andressa Heberle Gastmann, Mariana Silveira Echeverria, Ana Regina Romano, Fernanda Geraldo Pappen
Objective. This study evaluated the discoloration potential of endodontic materials used in primary teeth. Material and Methods. Dentine-enamel blocks were prepared from 75 bovine teeth, assorted in five experimental groups (n = 15). The tested materials included an MTA-based material; zinc oxide and eugenol cement (ZOE); Vitapex; and calcium hydroxide thickened with zinc oxide (Calen + ZO). The color measurements were performed using a spectrophotometer at the following intervals: prior to (T0) and after placement of the filling (T1) and after 1 week (T2), 1 month (T3), 3 months (T4), 6 months (T5), and 9 months (T6)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473854/medical-and-periodontal-clinical-parameters-in-patients-at-different-levels-of-chronic-renal-failure
#6
Caroline Perozini, Gilson Fernandes Ruivo, Lucilene Hernandes Ricardo, Larissa Avance Pavesi, Yeon Jung Kim, Debora Pallos
Aim. To assess the clinical periodontal and medical parameters in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) at different levels of renal disease. Background. CRF is a progressive and irreversible loss of renal function associated with a decline in the glomerular filtration rate. Periodontal disease is a destructive inflammatory disease affecting periodontal tissues that shows high prevalence in patients with CRF. Materials and Methods. 102 CRF patients were included and divided into an early stage group (EG), predialysis group (PDG), and hemodialysis group (HDG)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473853/3d-evaluation-of-maxillary-sinus-using-computed-tomography-a-sexual-dimorphic-study
#7
Balaji Babu Bangi, Uday Ginjupally, Lakshmi Kavitha Nadendla, Bhavana Vadla
Purpose. Gender determination is considered to be an important step in the reconstruction of the biological profile in forensic medicine. Maxillary sinus can be used for identification of sex when other methods are indecisive. Computed tomography (CT) provides an excellent method for examining maxillary sinuses. Hence the aim of the study was to determine the accuracy of gender determination using maxillary sinus with CT. Materials and Methods. CT images were used to measure the mediolateral, superoinferior, and anteroposterior dimensions and the volume of the maxillary sinuses in 100 patients (50 males and 50 females) to determine the gender of an individual for forensic identification...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465687/a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-understand-urban-latino-parent-s-oral-health-knowledge-and-beliefs
#8
Tamanna Tiwari, Nayanjot Rai, Eivi Colmenero, Hilda Gonzalez, Mirna Castro
The aim of this study is to describe oral health knowledge, behaviors, and beliefs of Latino parents with children under the ages of 6 years and to conduct a needs assessment with Latino families to better understand the challenges in maintaining oral health for their children. The investigator collaborated with a community serving the organization to recruit Latino primary caregivers for focus groups interviews and 30 primary caregivers were recruited. The focus groups data was transcribed and analyzed using a grounded theory approach using QDA Miner software...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465686/the-effect-of-fermented-lingonberry-juice-on-candida-glabrata-intracellular-protein-expression
#9
Pirjo Pärnänen, Ali Nawaz, Timo Sorsa, Jukka Meurman, Pirjo Nikula-Ijäs
Lingonberries have a long traditional use in treating fungal infections on mucosal membranes, but very little is known about the exact antifungal mechanisms. We tested the effects of fermented lingonberry juice on Candida glabrata intracellular protein expression. A Candida glabrata clinical strain was grown in the presence of fermented lingonberry juice (FLJ). Also the effect of lowered pH was tested. Intracellular protein expression levels were analyzed by the 2D-DIGE method. Six proteins detected with ≥1...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465685/cavity-adaptation-of-water-based-restoratives-placed-as-liners-under-a-resin-composite
#10
Sheela B Abraham, Maria D Gaintantzopoulou, George Eliades
Purpose. To investigate the cavity adaptation of mineral trioxide (ProRoot MTA/MT), tricalcium silicate (Biodentine/BD), and glass ionomer (Equia Fil/EF) cements used as liners and the interfacial integrity between those liners and a composite resin placed as the main restorative material. Materials and Methods. Standardized class I cavities (n: 8 per group) were prepared in upper premolars. Cavities were lined with a 1 mm thick layer of each of the tested materials and restored with Optibond FL adhesive and Herculite Precis composite resin...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465684/periodontal-health-status-and-associated-factors-findings-of-a-prenatal-oral-health-program-in-south-brazil
#11
Marta Silveira da Mota Krüger, Renata Picanço Casarin, Letycia Barros Gonçalves, Fernanda Geraldo Pappen, Fernanda Oliveira Bello-Correa, Ana Regina Romano
Objective. The aims of this study were to evaluate the periodontal health of pregnant women and to investigate the association of periodontal status with demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, as well as medical and dental history. Materials and Methods. A total of 311 pregnant women were interviewed to obtain sociodemographic data along with medical and dental histories. Clinical examinations were performed to record the presence of visible plaque, gingival bleeding, and caries activity. The periodontal condition was evaluated by Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) in one tooth of each sextant (16, 11, 26, 36, 31, and 46)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458691/prevalence-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-knowledge-status-and-practices-among-visually-impaired-individuals-in-chennai-tamil-nadu
#12
James Rufus John, Breena Daniel, Dakshaini Paneerselvam, Ganesh Rajendran
Aim. To assess the prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene knowledge, status, and practices among visually impaired individuals in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 404 visually impaired individuals in Chennai city, Tamil Nadu. Four schools were randomly selected for conducting the study. The oral hygiene status, prevalence of caries, and knowledge and attitude towards oral care among visually impaired individuals were collected and analysed. Results. In the present study, whilst 42% of individuals had fair oral hygiene status, 33% had good hygiene followed by 25% having poor oral hygiene...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428800/effect-of-enamel-caries-lesion-baseline-severity-on-fluoride-dose-response
#13
Frank Lippert
This study aimed to investigate the effect of enamel caries lesion baseline severity on fluoride dose-response under pH cycling conditions. Early caries lesions were created in human enamel specimens at four different severities (8, 16, 24, and 36 h). Lesions were allocated to treatment groups (0, 83, and 367 ppm fluoride as sodium fluoride) based on Vickers surface microhardness (VHN) and pH cycled for 5 d. The cycling model comprised 3 × 1 min fluoride treatments sandwiched between 2 × 60 min demineralization challenges with specimens stored in artificial saliva in between...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424733/combined-implant-and-tooth-support-an-up-to-date-comprehensive-overview
#14
REVIEW
Mahmoud K Al-Omiri, Maher Al-Masri, Mohannad M Alhijawi, Edward Lynch
Objectives. This article presents a review on the concerned topics and some considerations related to the concept of splinting teeth and implants in the rehabilitation of partial edentulism. Study Selection. An electronic PubMed/MEDLINE and manual search of identified articles and reviews as well as clinical, laboratory, and finite element studies was performed in this project. Due to the shortage in within-subject, long term, randomized, controlled clinical trials regarding the subject a meta-analysis was not possible...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421115/radix-entomolaris-in-the-mandibular-molar-teeth-of-an-iranian-population
#15
Maryam Kuzekanani, Laurence J Walsh, Jahangir Haghani, Ali Zeynali Kermani
Purpose. Supernumerary roots in permanent mandibular molar teeth make endodontic treatment more complicated. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Radix Entomolaris (RE) in permanent mandibular first and second molars in the population of Kerman, in the southeast of Iran. Materials and Methods. From a collection of 500 mandibular first and second molar teeth extracted over 2015-2016 at dental clinics in Kerman, teeth were scored for an additional distolingual root, and the average root length and root morphology of this extra root were determined using the De Moor classification scheme...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408928/salivary-alpha-amylase-enzyme-psychological-disorders-and-life-quality-in-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#16
Juliana Andrade Cardoso, André Avelino Dos Santos Junior, Maria Lucia Tiellet Nunes, Maria Antonia Zancanaro de Figueiredo, Karen Cherubini, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum
Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate stress, anxiety, and salivary alpha-amylase (SAA) activity in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). The impact of this disease on the life quality was also evaluated. Design. Twenty-two patients with RAS and controls, matched by sex and age, were selected. Stress and anxiety were assessed using Lipp's Inventory of Stress Symptoms and Beck Anxiety Inventory. Life quality was assessed through the World Health Organization Quality of Life-bref (WHOQOL-BREF) and the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392803/periodontal-application-of-manuka-honey-antimicrobial-and-demineralising-effects-in-vitro
#17
Syarida H Safii, Geoffrey R Tompkins, Warwick J Duncan
Background. Topical application of manuka honey is effective in the treatment of burns and soft-tissue infections. The aim of this study was to assess the antibacterial activity of manuka honey against plaque-associated bacteria in vitro in order to evaluate the potential application as an adjunct to periodontal treatment. Materials and Methods. The minimum bacteriostatic and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) of manuka honey were compared to those of white clover honey against a variety of plaque-associated bacteria, at the natural and neutral pH...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386279/effect-of-rebonding-on-the-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-tubes-a-comparison-of-light-cure-adhesive-and-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-cement-in-vitro
#18
Monika Aleksiejunaite, Antanas Sidlauskas, Arunas Vasiliauskas
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of different enamel preparation procedures and compare light cure composite (LCC) and resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) on the bond strength of orthodontic metal tubes rebonded to the enamel. Twenty human molars were divided into two groups (n = 10). Tubes were bonded using LCC (Transbond XT) in group 1 and RMGI (Fuji Ortho LC) in group 2. The tubes in each group were bonded following manufacturers' instructions (experiment I) and then debonded using testing machine...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373883/cephalometric-analysis-for-gender-determination-using-maxillary-sinus-index-a-novel-dimension-in-personal-identification
#19
Tanya Khaitan, Arpita Kabiraj, Uday Ginjupally, Ritika Jain
Purpose. Radiography is important in forensic odontology for the identification of humans. The maxillary sinus is the largest of the paranasal sinuses and first to develop. Sinus radiography has been used for identification of skeletal remains and determination of gender. Hence, the aim and objectives of the present study were to establish a new method for gender determination using maxillary sinus index from lateral cephalometric radiographs and to establish the reliability of maxillary sinus for gender determination...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367215/root-zx-electronic-foramen-locator-an-ex-vivo-study-of-its-three-models-precision-and-reproducibility
#20
Bernardo Almeida Aguiar, Rafael Santos Reinaldo, Luciana Maria Arcanjo Frota, Mônica Sampaio do Vale, Bruno Carvalho de Vasconcelos
Although Root ZX is considered the gold standard electronic foramen locator (EFL), two variations of this device were launched, however without different operating mechanisms. This investigation aims to evaluate the precision of Root ZX (RZX), Root ZX II (RII), and Root ZX Mini (RM) EFLs. After access cavity preparation, 32 mandibular single rooted human premolars had their real length measured with the aid of a #15 K-type manual file under magnification (25x). Electronic measurements were performed by the devices in an alternate order until the apical foramen was reached (0...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
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