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International Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843453/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-considerations-on-a-new-antiresorptive-therapy-denosumab-and-treatment-outcome-after-a-13-year-experience
#1
Gianfranco Favia, Angela Tempesta, Luisa Limongelli, Vito Crincoli, Eugenio Maiorano
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a serious complication in patients receiving antiresorptive therapies for bone neoplastic localizations and osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features of MRONJ in a cohort of patients treated by new antiresorptive drugs (denosumab) and the corresponding outcome after 13-year maximum follow-up. Overall, 244 patients affected by MRONJ were treated from 2003 to 2015. After clinical and radiological examinations, all lesions were staged according to a dimensional staging system and then surgically treated...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840639/gastrointestinal-disturbances-associated-with-the-consumption-of-sugar-alcohols-with-special-consideration-of-xylitol-scientific-review-and-instructions-for-dentists-and-other-health-care-professionals
#2
REVIEW
Kauko K Mäkinen
Sugar alcohols (polyols) are used in food manufacturing and in medical tests and examinations. d-Glucitol (sorbitol) and d-mannitol were previously the most common alditols used for these purposes. After the 1960s, xylitol became a common ingredient in noncariogenic confectioneries, oral hygiene products, and diabetic food. Erythritol, a polyol of the tetritol type, can be regarded as the sweetener of the "next generation." The disaccharide polyols maltitol, lactitol, and isomalt have also been used in food manufacturing and in medical tests...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840638/digital-dentistry-new-materials-and-techniques
#3
EDITORIAL
Francesco Mangano, Jamil A Shibli, Thomas Fortin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829834/the-prosthetic-workflow-in-the-digital-era
#4
Lidia Tordiglione, Michele De Franco, Giovanni Bosetti
The purpose of this retrospective study was to clinically evaluate the benefits of adopting a full digital workflow for the implementation of fixed prosthetic restorations on natural teeth. To evaluate the effectiveness of these protocols, treatment plans were drawn up for 15 patients requiring rehabilitation of one or more natural teeth. All the dental impressions were taken using a Planmeca PlanScan® (Planmeca OY, Helsinki, Finland) intraoral scanner, which provided digital casts on which the restorations were digitally designed using Exocad® (Exocad GmbH, Germany, 2010) software and fabricated by CAM processing on 5-axis milling machines...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822227/nonsurgical-management-of-oral-mucocele-by-intralesional-corticosteroid-therapy
#5
Rupam Sinha, Soumyabrata Sarkar, Tanya Khaitan, Arpita Kabiraj, Anirban Maji
Background. Oral mucocele is a common lesion resulting from an alteration of minor salivary glands due to mucus accumulation. Rapid appearance, specific location, history of trauma, bluish colour, and consistency help in the diagnosis. Conventional surgical removal is the treatment of choice but has several disadvantages like damage to adjacent ducts with further development of satellite lesions. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of intralesional corticosteroid injection (betamethasone) as a nonsurgical treatment procedure in oral mucoceles...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799940/inhibitory-effect-of-enterococcus-faecium-wb2000-on-volatile-sulfur-compound-production-by-porphyromonas-gingivalis
#6
Nao Suzuki, Takuya Higuchi, Masato Nakajima, Akie Fujimoto, Hiromitsu Morita, Masahiro Yoneda, Takashi Hanioka, Takao Hirofuji
Volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) produced by oral anaerobes are the major compounds responsible for oral malodor. Enterococcus faecium WB2000 is recognized as an antiplaque probiotic bacterium. In this study, the effect of E. faecium WB2000 on VSC production by Porphyromonas gingivalis was evaluated, and the mechanism of inhibition of oral malodor was investigated. P. gingivalis ATCC 33277 was cultured in the presence of four lactic acid bacteria, including E. faecium WB2000. Subsequently, P. gingivalis ATCC 33277, W50, W83, and two clinical isolates were cultured in the presence or absence of E...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781066/diagnostic-features-of-common-oral-ulcerative-lesions-an-updated-decision-tree
#7
REVIEW
Hamed Mortazavi, Yaser Safi, Maryam Baharvand, Somayeh Rahmani
Diagnosis of oral ulcerative lesions might be quite challenging. This narrative review article aims to introduce an updated decision tree for diagnosing oral ulcerative lesions on the basis of their diagnostic features. Various general search engines and specialized databases including PubMed, PubMed Central, Medline Plus, EBSCO, Science Direct, Scopus, Embase, and authenticated textbooks were used to find relevant topics by means of MeSH keywords such as "oral ulcer," "stomatitis," and "mouth diseases." Thereafter, English-language articles published since 1983 to 2015 in both medical and dental journals including reviews, meta-analyses, original papers, and case reports were appraised...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774105/perceptions-of-altered-smile-esthetics-a-comparative-evaluation-in-orthodontists-dentists-and-laypersons
#8
Amjad Al Taki, Mohammed Khalesi, Muftah Shagmani, Islam Yahia, Fatma Al Kaddah
Objective. The current investigation was proposed to determine the impression of trained dental professionals and laypeople towards the modified smile esthetics. Materials and Methods. Twenty-six images were randomized in a survey and graded according to attractiveness by the orthodontists, general dentists, and laypeople. Photographs of gingival display, midline diastema, central incisor crown length, and lateral incisor crown width were manipulated with five minor changes in each. For smile arc and buccal corridor, two major changes were incorporated besides the ideal photograph...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766106/the-effect-of-different-cleaning-protocols-on-post-space-a-sem-study
#9
Giuseppe Lo Giudice, Angelo Lizio, Roberto Lo Giudice, Antonio Centofanti, Giuseppina Rizzo, Michele Runci, Angela Alibrandi, Marco Cicciù
Aim. Purpose of the present paper is to analyze the efficiency of different post-space irrigation protocols. Methods. 28 single rooted teeth were endodontically treated. After post-space preparation every sample was assigned to one of three experimental groups and to one control group. In each group different irrigation protocols were performed as follows: EDTA (Group A), 37% orthophosphoric acid (Group B), and EDTA + 37% orthophosphoric acid with ultrasounds activation (Group C). In the control group (Group D) the irrigate association was not activated by ultrasounds...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738432/biological-effects-of-medicinal-plants-on-induced-periodontitis-a-systematic-review
#10
Jefferson Soares de Oliveira, Moara E Silva Conceição Pinto, Lucas de Araújo de Bastos Santana, Antonione Santos Bezerra Pinto, David di Lenardo, Daniel Fernando Pereira Vasconcelos
Objective. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the advances in the study of medicinal plants and their biologic effects on periodontitis in animal models. Study Design. A systematic search was conducted by three independent researchers, who screened articles published up to March/2016, to identify the studies that contained sufficient and clear information on the association of the medicinal plants and periodontitis in murine models. The searches were performed using PubMed, Cochrane, and Science Direct databases...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721830/correlation-between-microleakage-and-absolute-marginal-discrepancy-in-zirconia-crowns-cemented-with-four-resin-luting-cements-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Abad-Coronel Cristian, Li Jeanette, Martínez-Rus Francisco, Pradíes Guillermo
Objectives. To evaluate microleakage and absolute marginal discrepancy (AMD) and to assess correlation between AMD and microleakage with four resin luting cements. Material and Methods. 20 extracted human third molars were prepared for full-coverage crowns. 20 zirconia copings were made (LAVA, 3M ESPE) and cemented. Specimens were randomly allocated for each used type of cement into 4 groups, RelyX® (Rx), Multilink® (Mk), PANAVIA 2.1® (P), and Maxcem® (Mx) and immersed in 10% safranin for 72 hours. 20x magnification lenses were used to observe microleakage areas (μm(2)) and images software was used to measure AMD areas (μm)...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721829/corrigendum-to-a-study-of-success-rate-of-miniscrew-implants-as-temporary-anchorage-devices-in-singapore
#12
Yi Lin Song, Mimi Yow, Ming Tak Chew, Kelvin Weng Chiong Foong, Hung Chew Wong
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/294670.].
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703479/pcr-based-identification-of-oral-streptococcal-species
#13
Jeffrey A Banas, Min Zhu, Deborah V Dawson, Huojun Cao, Steven M Levy
The microbial etiology of dental caries is still debated. Among the hypothesized contributors are the "low pH streptococci," a designation given to unusually acid proficient strains among the primary plaque colonizers S. oralis, S. mitis, S. gordonii, and S. anginosus. However, accurate assignment of species is difficult among the oral streptococci. Our objective was to develop a streamlined method for identifying strains of S. oralis and S. mitis from plaque samples so that they could be analyzed in a separate study devoted to low pH streptococci and caries...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635141/erythritol-is-more-effective-than-xylitol-and-sorbitol-in-managing-oral-health-endpoints
#14
REVIEW
Peter de Cock, Kauko Mäkinen, Eino Honkala, Mare Saag, Elke Kennepohl, Alex Eapen
Objective. To provide a comprehensive overview of published evidence on the impact of erythritol, a noncaloric polyol bulk sweetener, on oral health. Methods. A literature review was conducted regarding the potential effects of erythritol on dental plaque (biofilm), dental caries, and periodontal therapy. The efficacy of erythritol on oral health was compared with xylitol and sorbitol. Results. Erythritol effectively decreased weight of dental plaque and adherence of common streptococcal oral bacteria to tooth surfaces, inhibited growth and activity of associated bacteria like S...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635140/-digitally-oriented-materials-focus-on-lithium-disilicate-ceramics
#15
REVIEW
Fernando Zarone, Marco Ferrari, Francesco Guido Mangano, Renato Leone, Roberto Sorrentino
The present paper was aimed at reporting the state of the art about lithium disilicate ceramics. The physical, mechanical, and optical properties of this material were reviewed as well as the manufacturing processes, the results of in vitro and in vivo investigations related to survival and success rates over time, and hints for the clinical indications in the light of the latest literature data. Due to excellent optical properties, high mechanical resistance, restorative versatility, and different manufacturing techniques, lithium disilicate can be considered to date one of the most promising dental materials in Digital Dentistry...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597866/comparison-of-piezosurgery-and-conventional-rotary-instruments-for-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-and-radiographic-trial
#16
Hani Arakji, Mohamed Shokry, Nayer Aboelsaad
The purpose of this study was to test the effect of the surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars using piezosurgery versus the conventional surgical technique on postoperative sequelae and bone healing. Material and Methods. This study was carried out as a randomized controlled clinical trial: split mouth design. Twenty patients with bilateral mandibular third molar mesioangular impaction class II position B indicated for surgical extraction were treated randomly using either the piezosurgery or the conventional bur technique on each site...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555870/frequency-and-influencing-factors-of-rubber-dam-usage-in-tianjin-a-questionnaire-survey
#17
Huiru Zou, Yanni Li, Xiaoli Lian, Yan Yan, Xiaohua Dai, Guanhua Wang
Objective. To investigate the frequency and influencing factors of rubber dam usage for endodontic procedures among general dentistry practitioners and specialized practitioners (endodontist) in Tianjin. Methods. Three hundred questionnaires were distributed among practitioners from 3 different types of medical institutions in Tianjin. Data were collected and analysed using Chi-square tests. Results. There were 63.3% of respondents who have used rubber dam (response rate 82.7%, valid response rate 76.3%). However, only 0...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528873/estimate-of-impact-on-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-older-thai-people-by-the-provision-of-dentures-through-the-royal-project
#18
Patcharawan Srisilapanan, Narumanas Korwanich, Sutha Jienmaneechotchai, Supranee Dalodom, Nontalee Veerachai, Warangkana Vejvitee, Jeffrey Roseman
Purpose. To estimate the impact of the provision of dentures to Thai older people by the Royal Project on their oral health-related quality of life. Methods. A purposive cross-sectional study of a sample of 812 subjects was conducted. The Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) measure was used to assess the oral health-related quality of life. Results. Four groups of older people with different tooth types were studied. 216 (26.6%) had natural teeth (NT). 189 (23.3%) had natural and replaced teeth (NRT)...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516775/bacterial-adhesion-and-surface-roughness-for-different-clinical-techniques-for-acrylic-polymethyl-methacrylate
#19
Lucas Costa de Medeiros Dantas, João Paulo da Silva-Neto, Talita Souza Dantas, Lucas Zago Naves, Flávio Domingues das Neves, Adérito Soares da Mota
This study sought to assess the effect of different surface finishing and polishing protocols on the surface roughness and bacterial adhesion (S. sanguinis) to polymethyl methacrylates (PMMA). Fifty specimens were divided into 5 groups (n = 10) according to their fabrication method and surface finishing protocol: LP (3 : 1 ratio and laboratory polishing), NF (Nealon technique and finishing), NP (Nealon technique and manual polishing), MF (3 : 1 ratio and manual finishing), and MP (3 : 1 ratio and manual polishing)...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516774/prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-kosovar-adult-population
#20
Blerim Kamberi, Ferit Koçani, Agim Begzati, Jeta Kelmendi, Donika Ilijazi, Nora Berisha, Lumnije Kqiku
Objectives. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dental caries in the Kosovar adult population. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional study in Kosovo was conducted examining 9387 patients, aged 18 upwards, between January 2010 and December 2011. Clinical evaluation was done using WHO criteria for evaluation of dental health status and data collection. Results. The prevalence of caries for the whole study was 72.80%. The mean DMFT index was 9.61 (±5.12) in the 18-34-year age group, 11.6 (±6...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
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