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International Journal of Dentistry

Yoshiaki Nomura, Ayako Okada, Jun Miyoshi, Masaru Mukaida, Eriko Akasaka, Keietsu Saigo, Hideki Daikoku, Hidenori Maekawa, Tamotsu Sato, Nobuhiro Hanada
Japanese dental hygienists' employment rate is low. The environment factors and daily job contents that contribute to willingness to work of Japanese dental hygienists and their structures were investigated. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered postal questionnaire distributed for one thousand and twenty-three members of Japan Dental Hygienist Association registered in Iwate prefecture affiliation. Three items concerning willingness to work, satisfaction for the 9 items about working environment, anxiety for work, and 106 daily job contents were used for analysis...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Rafaella de S Leão, Sandra L D de Moraes, Kátia A da S Aquino, Cristina P Isolan, Bruno G da S Casado, Marcos A J R Montes
Herein, the effect of different post-pressing times and pressure in two cycles of polymerization on the degree of conversion (DC) of thermally activated acrylic resin (TRRA) is analyzed to optimize the polymerization of this material. After post-pressing for 0, 6, or 12 h, polymerization was performed with or without a pressure of 60 psi (0.41 MPa) in a short (4 h) or a long (11 h) cycle, totaling 12 groups. To determine the DC, PMMA specimens were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Emily Chen, Bruna Benso, Dalia Seleem, Luiz Eduardo Nunes Ferreira, Silvana Pasetto, Vanessa Pardi, Ramiro Mendonça Murata
Current treatments for Candida albicans infection are limited due to the limited number of antifungal drugs available and the increase in antifungal resistance. Curcumin is used as a spice, food preservative, flavoring, and coloring agent that has been shown to have many pharmacological activities. Thus, this study evaluated the modulatory effects of curcumin on major virulence factors associated with the pathogenicity of C. albicans . The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of curcumin against C. albicans (SC5314) was determined...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
T M Kabali, E G Mumghamba
Aim: To determine the level of knowledge of periodontal diseases, practices regarding oral hygiene, and self-perceived periodontal problems among pregnant and postnatal women attending reproductive and child health clinics in rural districts of Zambia. Methodology: This was a quantitative, questionnaire-based, descriptive, and cross-sectional study that recruited 410 women aged 15 to 43 years. Data were analyzed using SPSS v19.0 computer program. Results: Participants knowledgeable of periodontal diseases were 62%; gingivitis signs included gum swelling (87...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Latifa Berrezouga, Adel Bouguezzi, Mohamed Semir Belkhir
Objective: To assess the 6- to 24-month outcome of endodontic treatments performed, by one specialist, and to identify prognostic factors that may influence initial endodontic treatment outcome (IETO). Methods: One hundred and forty-six patients out of 163 were included. A number of 201 teeth were endodontically treated, and an overall number of 408 canals were obturated. Of these, 165 teeth received initial endodontic treatment (IET). The criteria of the European Society of Endodontology were used to assess the IETO...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Gabriele Tonellini, Raquel Saez Vigo, Giorgio Novelli
Background: The rehabilitation of edentulous jaws with guided and flapless surgery applied to the All-on-4 concepts is a predictable treatment with a high implant and prosthetic survival rates, but there are several contraindications for this technique like when bone reduction is needed due to a high smile line in the maxilla or when there is an irregular or thin bone crest. Purpose: To report a technique with double guided surgery for bone reduction and implant placement with the All-on-4 concept...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
A Impellizzeri, G Midulla, U Romeo, C La Monaca, E Barbato, G Galluccio
Introduction: Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an inherited disease caused by mutations in the RUNX2 gene on chromosome 6p21. This pathology, autosomal dominant or caused by a spontaneous genetic mutation, is present in one in one million individuals, with complete penetrance and widely variable expressivity. Aim: To identify the incidence of these clinical findings in the report of the literature by means of PubMed interface from 2002 to 2015, with the related keywords...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
André Göhler, Stefanie Samietz, Carsten Oliver Schmidt, Thomas Kocher, Ivo Steinmetz, Birte Holtfreter
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/2048390.].
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Giacomo Oteri, Vera Panzarella, Antonia Marcianò, Olga Di Fede, Laura Maniscalco, Matteo Peditto, Giuseppina Campisi
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess appropriateness of diagnostic exams, treatments, and procedures among Italian dental practitioners. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire with multiple responses on topics of dentistry and oral medicine was administered to a sample of 198 Italian dental practitioners. Information on characteristics of the respondents was also collected. Descriptive statistics and multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) were applied...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Da In Kim, Manuel O Lagravère
Objective: Compare measurements of skeletal and dental areas on the CBCT to the corresponding soft-tissue measures taken from a 3D Facial Scanner. Methods: 30 patients with CBCT and 3D Facial scanner photos were selected from the orthodontic program database. 30 different distance measurements were obtained from CBCT and facial scan. OrthoInsight software was used to obtain the measurements from the facial scan images, and AVIZO software was used for corresponding CBCT landmarks...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Gabriella Balli, Andreas Ioannou, Charles A Powell, Nikola Angelov, Georgios E Romanos, Nikolaos Soldatos
Background: The purpose of this systematic review was to accurately assess the procedural success of ridge preservation technique through the application of strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data Sources: A methodical search of PubMed of the US National Library of Medicine and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted for applicable articles. Only randomized controlled trials comparing ridge preservation treatment with a nongrafting control, ten-subject minimum sample size, and three or more months of follow-up were included in our study...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Solange Núñez-González, J Andrés Delgado-Ron, Christopher Gault, Daniel Simancas-Racines
The aims of this study were to describe the temporal trend of OC from 2001 to 2016 and to analyze the space and space-time clusters of high mortality due to OC in Ecuador from 2011 to 2016. Methods . The present study is a mixed ecological study; the time trends were obtained using a Joinpoint regression model, space-time scan statistics was used to identify high-risk clusters, and Global Moran I index was calculated. Results . In Ecuador, between 2001 and 2016, OC caused a total of 1,025 deaths. Crude mortality rates significantly increased, with an APC (annual percentage change) of 2...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Jae Won Jang, Hee-Yung Chang, Sung-Hee Pi, Yoon-Sang Kim, Hyung-Keun You
Introduction: For maxillary sinus membrane elevation (MSME), the lateral window approach and crestal approach are available, and high success rates have been achieved with low residual bone height as a development of technology. Objective: To evaluate MSME using the crestal approach with a rotary-grind bur (RGB (including reamer or sinus bur)) in patients with residual bone height of <4 mm. Materials and Methods: Ten implants were placed in 10 patients with residual bone height of <4 mm, by sinus elevation using an RGB...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Prageet K Sachdev, Jeanne Freeland-Graves, S Natasha Beretvas, Namrata Sanjeevi
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a potentially malignant disorder which causes fibrosis and inflammation of the oral mucosa. Studies have reported altered levels of trace elements in oral submucous fibrosis subjects, but findings have been inconsistent. The objective of this research is to perform a meta-analysis to summarize studies that report zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe) in patients, with and without OSF. A literature search of Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science electronic databases was conducted for studies up to January 2017...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Shivani Kohli, Aaron Lam Wui Vun, Christopher Daryl Philip, Cassamally Muhammad Aadil, Mahenthiran Ramalingam
Purpose: Falls occur commonly in geriatric populations and undesirably influence their life, morbidity, and mortality. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between the number of teeth present among the elderly population and covariates in relation to the risk of falls. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at various old age homes in the Klang Valley region of Malaysia involving the geriatric population aged 60 years and above. A detailed questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic data including sex, age, household income, and dental variables such as the number of teeth and chewing difficulty was obtained...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Ebtissam M Al-Madi, Samar A Al Saleh, Sundus M Bukhary, Maha M Al-Ghofaily
Objective: The study aims at investigating the treatment patterns for young permanent posterior teeth with pulp involvement. Materials and Methods: A random sample of 1793 dental records of patients aged 6-18 years old who had received dental treatment was investigated. 663 permanent posterior treated teeth had pulp involvement. Demographic and treatment data were gathered from patients' records. Results: Prevalence of young permanent teeth with pulp involvement was 36...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Alaa Gamaleldin Sulieman, Elhadi Mohieldin Awooda
Background: Traumatic dental injury (TDI) is a challenging public health problem. Its incidence and prevalence vary within countries, states, and different social groups. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in primary incisors among 3-5-year-old Sudanese preschool children and associated factors such as age, sex, and size of overjet and anterior open bite. Materials and Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 600 preschool children (3-5 years old) selected by multistage cluster technique from preschools located in Khartoum city, Sudan...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Severine N Anthony, Kayembe Zimba, Balakrishnan Subramanian
The study aimed to assess the prevalence of malocclusions and its impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among early adolescents in Ndola, Zambia. It used a random sample of 384 primary school children aged 12-14 years. The Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form 19 (COHIP-SF19) was used to assess OHRQoL, and the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) was used to examine dentofacial anomalies. The chi-square test was used to study whether there was a statistically significant association between variables and multivariate logistic regression for the influence of sociodemographic and malocclusions on OHRQoL...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Sebastian Igelbrink, Stefan Burghardt, Barbara Michel, Norbert R Kübler, Henrik Holtmann
Introduction: Bleeding after dental surgery is still a common cause for emergency presentation in patients using anticoagulants. Our aim was to analyze pertinent characteristic features on the one hand and to bare existing problems in handling on the other. Materials and Methods: The study included 76 patients. We documented basic data, anticoagulant medication, type of surgery, and tooth socket sutures in respective patients. Results: The vast majority of patients took a coumarin derivative (41) and acetylsalicylic acid (27)...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Marzieh Alikhasi, Hakime Siadat, Alireza Nasirpour, Mahya Hasanzade
Purpose: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the accuracy of different implant impression techniques of the maxillary full arch with tilted implants of two connection types. Materials and Methods: Two maxillary edentulous acrylic resin models with two different implant connections (internal or external) served as a reference model. Each model had two anterior straight and two posterior angulated implants. Ninety impressions were made using an intraoral scanner (Trios 3Shape) with scan bodies for digital impression (groups DII and DIE), a custom open tray with additional silicone for the conventional direct group (groups CDI and CDE), and a custom closed tray with additional silicone for the conventional indirect group (groups CII and CIE) from both internal and external models, respectively...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
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