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International Journal of Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348749/the-effect-of-number-of-teeth-and-chewing-ability-on-cognitive-function-of-elderly-in-uae-a-pilot-study
#1
Zahra Seraj, Dana Al-Najjar, Mohammed Akl, Noorelrahman Aladle, Yousif Altijani, Ahmed Zaki, Sausan Al Kawas
Cognitive decline is one of the major causes of disability among the aging population. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between oral health parameters (number of teeth, chewing ability, and presence of a denture) and cognitive function in the elderly across the UAE. Fifty persons (age ≥ 60; 71.26 ± 10.23) were enrolled in the study. Cognitive status was assessed using the standardized mini-mental state examination (SMMSE) and accordingly, cognitively normal subjects scoring ≥24 were considered as the control group and cognitively impaired individuals scoring ≤23 were considered as the low scoring group...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312451/survey-of-screw-retained-versus-cement-retained-implant-restorations-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Alaa Makke, Abdulwahed Homsi, Montaha Guzaiz, Abdulrahman Almalki
Introduction: Implant-supported prostheses are currently the standard treatment for the replacement of missing teeth and deficiencies. Implant restorations can either be screw-retained, cement-retained, or both. The implant retention system type is typically chosen during the treatment plan. The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the frequency of implant restoration retention systems. Materials and Methods: A five-page questionnaire was sent to private institutes, educational institutes, and governmental hospitals that provide dental services...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259628/relative-efficacy-of-quercetin-compared-with-benzydamine-hydrochloride-in-minor-aphthae-a-prospective-parallel-double-blind-active-control-preliminary-study
#3
Maitreyi Pandya, Anupama N Kalappanavar, Rajeshwari G Annigeri, Dhanya S Rao
Background and Objectives: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is an inflammatory condition present since ancient era wherein numerous treatment modalities have been tried. But complete eradication of the disease has not been possible and hence newer agents are being introduced. One such agent is a flavonoid named quercetin with proven antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and ulcer healing properties. Methods: 40 patients with minor aphthous ulcers were divided equally into two groups: A and B...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225624/a-competition-between-care-teams-improved-recording-of-diagnoses-in-primary-dental-care-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#4
Jouko Kallio, Timo Kauppila, Lasse Suominen, Anna Maria Heikkinen
Introduction: A playful competition was launched in a primary dental health care system to improve the recording of diagnoses into an electronic patient chart system and to study what diagnoses were used in primary dental care. Methods: This was a longitudinal follow-up study with public sector primary dental care practices in a Finnish city. A one-year-lasting playful competition between the dental care teams was launched and the monthly percentage of dentists' visits with recorded diagnosis before, during, and after the intervention was recorded...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201054/antibacterial-effects-of-natural-herbal-extracts-on-streptococcus-mutans-can-they-be-potential-additives-in-dentifrices
#5
Spoorthi Banavar Ravi, Sudarshini Nirupad, Prashanthi Chippagiri, Rohit Pandurangappa
Background: Many plants or herbs exhibit potent antimicrobial activity against various microorganisms. They have no side effects and presumably act against and modulate the factors that are crucial for microbial survival or their activity. Streptococcus mutans is a pioneer bacteria implicated in dental caries. This study aims to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of garlic bulbs, pudina leaves, and mango and eucalyptus twig extracts on Streptococcus mutans by evaluating their zone of inhibition and determining their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201053/superfast-set-strong-and-less-degradable-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-cement
#6
Abdullah Alqedairi, Carlos A Muñoz-Viveros, Eugene A Pantera, Marc Campillo-Funollet, Hussam Alfawaz, Ensanya Ali Abou Neel, Tariq S Abuhaimed
Purpose: Despite the good sealing ability and biocompatibility of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), its slow setting, high degradation, and weakness limit its use in surgical endodontics and high stress-bearing areas. This study aimed to develop two new liquids to control these drawbacks. They were prepared from calcium chloride, fumed silica, and hydroxyapatite or calcium phosphate and coded "H" and "P," respectively. Methods: Portland cement, Grey ProRoot® MTA, and white ProRoot MTA were mixed with distilled water (control) or liquid "H" or "P...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181025/detection-of-bone-defects-using-cbct-exam-in-an-italian-population
#7
Gianluca Gambarini, Gabriele Miccoli, Gianfranco Gaimari, Deborah Pompei, Andrea Pilloni, Lucila Piasecki, Dina Al-Sudani, Dario Di Nardo, Luca Testarelli
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo incidence and the location of fenestrations in a young Italian population by using CBCT. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients who had previously performed CBCT for planning third molar extraction or orthodontic therapy were selected for the study. No previous dental treatment had been performed on these patients. Overall, 1,395 teeth were evaluated. Root fenestrations were identified according to the definition of Davies and the American Association of Endodontists...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129975/forensic-age-estimation-of-chinese-malaysian-adults-by-evaluating-occlusal-tooth-wear-using-modified-kim-s-index
#8
Chai Kit Lu, Margaret Chia Soo Yee, Spoorthi Banavar Ravi, Rohit Pandurangappa
Background and Objective: Evaluation of dental attrition is an easy and relatively accurate approach to estimating the age of an adult either ante- or postmortem for some specific population. Dental attrition represents a progressive physiological age change that can be measured using variety of indices to aid as an adjunct in forensic age estimation. Some of the previously proposed indices have their own practical limitations. This paper focuses on using modified Kim's criteria to score dental attrition to estimate the age of Chinese Malaysian adults and validate it...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098003/validity-of-digital-imaging-of-fiber-optic-transillumination-in-caries-detection-on-proximal-tooth-surfaces
#9
Marja-Liisa Laitala, Liina Piipari, Noora Sämpi, Maria Korhonen, Paula Pesonen, Tiina Joensuu, Vuokko Anttonen
Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate the validity of the digital imaging fiber-optic transillumination (DIFOTI) method in comparison with clinical visual examination (CV) and bitewing (BW) radiography on detecting caries lesions on proximal surfaces of teeth. Materials and Methods: Proximal tooth surfaces of premolars and molars (n = 2,103) of 91 voluntary university students aged from 18 to 30 years were examined with CV, BW radiography, and the DIFOTI method...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090006/impact-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-dentofacial-deformities
#10
Faezeh Eslamipour, Arash Najimi, Azade Tadayonfard, Zeinab Azamian
The aim of this investigation was to determine the impact of orthognathic surgery on quality of life in patients with dentofacial deformities at immediate presurgery and at 3-week, 3-month, and 6-month intervals following the surgery. Subjects included forty-three 18-40-year-old Iranian orthognathic patients who were referred to private offices in Isfahan. Data collection was performed using the 22-item Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ). Participants completed the questionnaire prior to surgery and 3 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after it...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062362/assessment-of-elementary-school-teachers-level-of-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
Manal A Awad, Eman AlHammadi, Mariam Malalla, Zainab Maklai, Aisha Tariq, Badria Al-Ali, Alaa Al Jameel, Hisham El Batawi
INTRODUCTION: In this cross-sectional study, the level of knowledge and attitude of elementary school teachers regarding traumatic dental injuries (TDI) were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 330 elementary school teachers in 30 randomly selected schools in the Emirates of Sharjah and Dubai. The questionnaire collected information on participants' demographic characteristics, first aid training, and attitude about emergency management of TDI...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951740/a-novel-approach-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-type-of-soft-palate-using-digital-intraoral-impression
#12
Saurabh Chaturvedi, Mohamed Khaled Addas, Abdullah Saad Ali Al Humaidi, Abdulrazaq Mohammed Al Qahtani, Mubarak Daghash Al Qahtani
AIM: To determine the prevalence of type of soft palate in targeted population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using computer technology in dentistry, intraoral digital scanner, and 3D analysis software tool, study was conducted. 100 patients selected from the outpatient clinics were divided into two groups based on the ages of 20-40 years and 41-60 years with equal ratio of males and females. Each selected patient's maxillary arch was scanned with intraoral scanner; images so obtained were sectioned in anteroposterior cross section and with the 3D analysis software; the angulation between hard and soft palate was determined...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947902/demineralized-freeze-dried-bovine-cortical-bone-its-potential-for-guided-bone-regeneration-membrane
#13
David B Kamadjaja, Achmad Harijadi, Pratiwi Soesilawati, Eny Wahyuni, Nurul Maulidah, Akhsanal Fauzi, Fika Rah Ayu, Roberto Simanjuntak, R Soesanto, Djodi Asmara, Andra Rizqiawan, Peter Agus, Coen Pramono
BACKGROUND: Bovine pericardium collagen membrane (BPCM) had been widely used in guided bone regeneration (GBR) whose manufacturing process usually required chemical cross-linking to prolong its biodegradation. However, cross-linking of collagen fibrils was associated with poorer tissue integration and delayed vascular invasion. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the potential of bovine cortical bone collagen membrane for GBR by evaluating its antigenicity potential, cytotoxicity, immune and tissue response, and biodegradation behaviors...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932242/analysis-of-the-chemical-modification-of-dental-enamel-submitted-to-35-hydrogen-peroxide-in-office-whitening-with-or-without-calcium
#14
Rudá França Moreira, Fábio Pinheiro Santos, Estevão Antero Santos, Ramon Silva Dos Santos, Marcelino José Dos Anjos, Mauro Sayão de Miranda
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in calcium and phosphorus content in dental enamel when subjected to "in-office" whitening for an extended time by using a 35% hydrogen peroxide solution, with and without calcium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10 human teeth, from which the roots had been removed, were embedded in epoxy resin, and their surfaces were smoothed. The specimens were divided into two groups; in group 1, a whitening solution without calcium was used, while in group 2, the solution included calcium...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928771/an-analysis-of-patient-perceptions-and-expectations-to-dental-implants-is-there-a-significant-effect-on-long-term-satisfaction-levels
#15
Shane J J McCrea
Here we present an analysis of patient perceptions and expectations to dental implant placement and their prosthetic reconstruction, to then consider whether they have an effect on long-term satisfaction levels. A Post-Treatment Completion Questionnaire was designed to analyse whether patient satisfaction is influenced by age and/or gender; has an effect on patient-reported self-confidence levels; contributes to increased levels of oral hygiene; provides further insight into the average pain levels during and after the surgical intervention; or influences further acceptance of dental implant surgery...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928770/influence-of-the-smile-line-on-smile-attractiveness-in-short-and-long-face-individuals
#16
Amjad Al Taki, Thar Hayder Mohammed, Ahmad Mohammad Hamdan
OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the impact of facial height on attractiveness of smile, in association with the maxillary gingival display. This research was performed by dental professionals and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frontal extraoral photographs were captured for both short and long faces. The photographs were modified using software for image-processing and three rater groups (orthodontists, dentists, and laypersons) evaluated the smile attractiveness, with 30 subjects in each group...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912812/the-influence-of-sweet-taste-perception-on-dietary-intake-in-relation-to-dental-caries-and-bmi-in-saudi-arabian-schoolchildren
#17
Heba Ashi, Guglielmo Campus, Heléne Bertéus Forslund, Waleed Hafiz, Neveen Ahmed, Peter Lingström
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of sweet taste perception on dietary habits in Saudi schoolchildren. In addition, the relationship between dietary habits and both caries and BMI was studied. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study comprising 225 schoolchildren aged 13-15 years from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was conducted. The consumption frequency of certain food items was analysed from a beverage and snack questionnaire and a three-day estimated dietary record was obtained...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848604/morse-taper-connection-implants-placed-in-grafted-sinuses-in-65-patients-a-retrospective-clinical-study-with-10-years-of-follow-up
#18
Francesco Mangano, Renata Bakaj, Irene Frezzato, Alberto Frezzato, Sergio Montini, Carlo Mangano
PURPOSE: To investigate the 10-year survival and complication rates of Morse taper connection implants (MTCIs) placed in grafted sinuses. METHODS: This study reports on patients treated with maxillary sinus augmentation (with the lateral window technique (LWT) or the transalveolar osteotomy technique (TOT)) and installed with MTCIs supporting fixed restorations (single crowns (SCs) and fixed partial dentures (FPDs)), in two dental clinics. The outcomes of the study were the 10-year implant survival and complication rates...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845159/analyzing-menton-deviation-in-posteroanterior-cephalogram-in-early-detection-of-temporomandibular-disorder
#19
Trelia Boel, Ervina Sofyanti, Erliera Sufarnap
INTRODUCTION: Some clinicians believed that mandibular deviation leads to facial asymmetry and it also had a correlation with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Posteroanterior (PA) cephalogram was widely reported as a regular record in treating facial asymmetry and craniofacial anomalies. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship of menton deviation in PA cephalogram with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TMJ function was initially screened based on TMD-DI questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835752/the-ball-welding-bar-a-new-solution-for-the-immediate-loading-of-screw-retained-mandibular-fixed-full-arch-prostheses
#20
Danilo Bacchiocchi, Andrea Guida
PURPOSE: To present a new intraoral welding technique, which can be used to manufacture screw-retained, mandibular fixed full-arch prostheses. METHODS: Over a 4-year period, all patients with complete mandibular edentulism or irreparably compromised mandibular dentition, who will restore the masticatory function with a fixed mandibular prosthesis, were considered for inclusion in this study. The "Ball Welding Bar" (BWB) technique is characterised by smooth prosthetic cylinders, interconnected by means of titanium bars which are adjustable in terms of distance from ball terminals and are inserted in the rotating rings of the cylinders...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
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