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International Journal of Dentistry

Alaa Gamaleldin Sulieman, Elhadi Mohieldin Awooda
Background: Traumatic dental injury (TDI) is a challenging public health problem. Its incidence and prevalence vary within countries, states, and different social groups. Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in primary incisors among 3-5-year-old Sudanese preschool children and associated factors such as age, sex, and size of overjet and anterior open bite. Materials and Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 600 preschool children (3-5 years old) selected by multistage cluster technique from preschools located in Khartoum city, Sudan...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Severine N Anthony, Kayembe Zimba, Balakrishnan Subramanian
The study aimed to assess the prevalence of malocclusions and its impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among early adolescents in Ndola, Zambia. It used a random sample of 384 primary school children aged 12-14 years. The Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form 19 (COHIP-SF19) was used to assess OHRQoL, and the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) was used to examine dentofacial anomalies. The chi-square test was used to study whether there was a statistically significant association between variables and multivariate logistic regression for the influence of sociodemographic and malocclusions on OHRQoL...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Sebastian Igelbrink, Stefan Burghardt, Barbara Michel, Norbert R Kübler, Henrik Holtmann
Introduction: Bleeding after dental surgery is still a common cause for emergency presentation in patients using anticoagulants. Our aim was to analyze pertinent characteristic features on the one hand and to bare existing problems in handling on the other. Materials and Methods: The study included 76 patients. We documented basic data, anticoagulant medication, type of surgery, and tooth socket sutures in respective patients. Results: The vast majority of patients took a coumarin derivative (41) and acetylsalicylic acid (27)...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Marzieh Alikhasi, Hakime Siadat, Alireza Nasirpour, Mahya Hasanzade
Purpose: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the accuracy of different implant impression techniques of the maxillary full arch with tilted implants of two connection types. Materials and Methods: Two maxillary edentulous acrylic resin models with two different implant connections (internal or external) served as a reference model. Each model had two anterior straight and two posterior angulated implants. Ninety impressions were made using an intraoral scanner (Trios 3Shape) with scan bodies for digital impression (groups DII and DIE), a custom open tray with additional silicone for the conventional direct group (groups CDI and CDE), and a custom closed tray with additional silicone for the conventional indirect group (groups CII and CIE) from both internal and external models, respectively...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Sandra Lúcia Andrade de Freitas, William Cunha Brandt, Milton Edson Miranda, Rafael Pino Vitti
Objective: To evaluate the shear bond strength between different artificial teeth and denture base polymerized by two polymerization methods submitted to thermocycling. Materials and Methods: Two acrylic resins were selected according to the polymerization method (water-bath and microwave), and four different artificial teeth (Biotone, Dentsply; Trilux, Vipi Dent; Premium 8, Heraeus Kulzer; Soluut PX, Yamahachi) were also tested. The polymerization of the acrylic resin was performed by using conventional cycle (8 h at 74°C) in water-bath and using two cycles (20 min at 270 W + 5 min at 360 W) by the microwave method...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Jefferson Soares de Oliveira, Moara E Silva Conceição Pinto, Lucas de Araújo de Bastos Santana, Antonione Santos Bezerra Pinto, David di Lenardo, Daniel Fernando Pereira Vasconcelos
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/3719879.].
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
F Meyer, J Enax
Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the most prevalent diseases in children worldwide. ECC is driven by a dysbiotic state of oral microorganisms mainly caused by a sugar-rich diet. Additionally, poor oral hygiene or insufficient dental plaque removal leads to the rapid progression of ECC. ECC leads not only to dental destruction and pain with children, but also affects the quality of life of the caregivers. Children with extensive ECC are at high risk to develop caries with the permanent dentition or will have other problems with speaking and/or eating...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Sami El Toum, Antoine Cassia, Nermine Bouchi, Issam Kassab
Background: Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions in a sample of Lebanese population attending the School of Dentistry of Lebanese University is necessary to evaluate their oral health situation. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions of patients attending the School of Dentistry. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out by retrospectively examining a total of 231 medical and clinical examination record files of patients, attending the School of Dentistry Lebanese University for multidisciplinary dental treatments...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Kashef K AlShaban, Zainab Gul Abdul Waheed
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders (if any) among the patients attending the dental clinic (for routine dental treatment) of Ajman University of Science and Technology (AUST)-Fujairah campus, UAE, and its possible causes. A sample of 100 adult patients attending the dental clinic of AUST for different types of dental treatment were collected; the routine examination of the TMJ and possible disorders such as clicking, crepitation, limitation or deviation during mouth opening, or tenderness reveals that 41% of the sample experience varying degrees of disorders in the TMJ...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Fabiano Luiz Heggendorn, Aline Guerra Manssour Fraga, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Lucio Souza Gonçalves, Viviane de Oliveira Freitas Lione, Márcia Teresa Soares Lutterbach
Aim: This study describes the biofilm formation and the corrosive capacity of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) on the metallic structure of used endodontic files. Methods: Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) ( Desulfovibrio desulfuricans oral and Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis or D. desulfuricans environmental) were inoculated into the culture media (Postgate C culture medium or modified Postgate E culture medium). The biocorrosive potential of these bacteria will be an important component of a biopharmaceutical under development called BACCOR...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Maria Rita Giuca, Maria Cappè, Elisabetta Carli, Lisa Lardani, Marco Pasini
Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical defects and etiological factors potentially involved in the onset of MIH in a pediatric sample. Methods: 120 children, selected from the university dental clinic, were included: 60 children (25 boys and 35 girls; average age: 9.8 ± 1.8 years) with MIH formed the test group and 60 children (27 boys and 33 girls; average age: 10.1 ± 2 years) without MIH constituted the control group. Distribution and severity of MIH defects were evaluated, and a questionnaire was used to investigate the etiological variables; chi-square, univariate, and multivariate statistical tests were performed (significance level set at p < 0...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Eshaghali Saberi, Narges Farhad-Mollashahi, Shima Bijari, Mohammad Daryaeian
Introduction: This study is aimed at evaluating root canal transportation in the mesiobuccal canal of mandibular first molars prepared with One Shape, Reciproc, and M-One nickel titanium (NiTi) single-file rotary systems using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: In this ex vivo study, CBCT scans of 45 extracted human mandibular first molars with 20-40° curvature were obtained. The teeth were randomly divided into three groups ( n =15) for preparation of the mesiobuccal canal with One Shape, Reciproc, and M-One rotary systems according to the manufacturers' instructions...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Luigi Canullo, Eitan Mijiritsky, Silvio Mario Meloni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Marco Tallarico, Marco Caneva, Silvio Mario Meloni, Erta Xhanari, Yuki Omori, Luigi Canullo
Objectives: To identify whether there is a relationship between different implant shoulder positions/orientations/designs and prosthetic and/or implant failures, biological or mechanical complications, radiographic marginal bone loss (MBL), peri-implant buccal recession (RC), aesthetic scores (Papilla Index, PES, and WES), and patient satisfaction after a minimum of 1 year function in the aesthetic zone, compared to the two-piece, conventional implant neck architecture. Materials and Methods: The systematic review was written according to the PRISMA guidelines...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
F D Oz, S Bolay
Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate marginal adaptation and fracture strength of inlays produced by CEREC Omnicam using different types of blocs and heat-pressed technique. Methods: Seventy-five extracted human mandibular molars were divided randomly into 5 groups ( n =15). 60 molars in four groups received MOD inlay preparations. Experimental groups were CO: Intact teeth, EC: IPS e.max CAD and CEREC, LU: Lava Ultimate and CEREC, EL: IPS Empress CAD and CEREC, EP: IPS Empress Esthetic ingots and heat-pressed technique...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Milaim Sejdini, Kastriot Meqa, Nora Berisha, Ekrem Çitaku, Nora Aliu, Sokol Krasniqi, Sami Salihu
Introduction: Saliva is a watery product formed by the salivary glands and secreted in the mouth. Besides the fundamental factors, saliva with its ingredient is one of the main etiologic factors of caries presence. In the development of dental caries, the relationship between demineralization and remineralization is influenced by the presence of saliva, which facilitates the transportation of ions, oral bacteria, and fermentable carbohydrates to the exposed surfaces of teeth. The main components of saliva electrolytes are sodium, calcium, copper, magnesium, bicarbonates, and organic phosphates...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
André Göhler, Stefanie Samietz, Carsten Oliver Schmidt, Thomas Kocher, Ivo Steinmetz, Birte Holtfreter
Objectives: To improve understanding of periodontitis pathology, we need more profound knowledge of relative abundances of single prokaryotic species and colonization dynamics between habitats. Thus, we quantified oral microbes from two oral habitats to gain insights into colonization variability and correlation to the clinical periodontal status. Methods: We analyzed tongue scrapings and subgingival pocket samples from 237 subjects (35-54 years) with at least 10 teeth and no recent periodontal treatment from the 11-year follow-up of the Study of Health in Pomerania...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Joás Araújo Teixeira, Amitis Vieira Costa E Silva, Valdeci Elias Dos Santos Júnior, Paulo Correia de Melo Júnior, Manuela Arnaud, Maria Goretti Lima, Miguel Angel Pelagio Flores, Thayza Christina Montenegro Stamford, José Ricardo Dias Pereira, Andréa Gadelha Ribeiro Targino, André Galembeck, Aronita Rosenblatt
An experimental dentifrice containing nano-silver fluoride (NSF) and a sodium fluoride (NaF) toothpaste were tested in vitro , against S. mutans , to evaluate the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC), antiadherence, antiacid, enamel microhardness, and OCT. The microdilution technique was used to determine the MIC and MBC. Fragments of deciduous enamel were treated with dentifrice slurries, containing bacterial suspension and PBS-treated saliva. The quantification of the microorganisms that adhered to the enamel was determined after 24 hours of incubation, and media pH readings were performed after 2 hours and 24 hours...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Aqdar A Akbar, Noura Al-Sumait, Hanan Al-Yahya, Mohammad Y Sabti, Muawia A Qudeimat
Objective: To investigate the knowledge, attitude, and possible barriers to fluoride application among oral health-care providers in Kuwait. Methods: A validated self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of 291 dentists. The questionnaire included four categories: dentists' characteristics, knowledge of and attitude towards fluoride application, factors influencing decision-making on prescription of fluoride, and the clinician's perception of own knowledge...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Luiza Pereira Dias da Cruz, Robert G Hill, Xiaojing Chen, David G Gillam
There are numerous over-the-counter (OTC) and professionally applied (in-office) products and techniques currently available for the treatment of dentine hypersensitivity (DH), but more recently, the use of bioactive glasses in toothpaste formulations have been advocated as a possible solution to managing DH. Aim . The aim of the present study, therefore, was to compare several bioactive glass formulations to investigate their effectiveness in an established in vitro model. Materials and Methods . A 45S5 glass was synthesized in the laboratory together with several other glass formulations: (1) a mixed glass (fluoride and chloride), (2) BioMinF, (3) a chloride glass, and (4) an amorphous chloride glass...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
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