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Medical Ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622424/a-web-based-modern-ultrasound-diagnostic-scanner-simulation-simulus-for-undergraduate-medical-e-learning-education
#1
LETTER
Christian Kollmann, Marko Flor, Robert Bader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622423/imaging-findings-of-obstructive-sialadenitis-due-to-an-intraglandular-foreign-body
#2
LETTER
Ali Bekir Kurt, Hasan Öztürk, Mukadder Korkmaz, Alpay Haktanır
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622422/pelvic-cystic-mass-and-ipsilateral-renal-agenesis-detected-by-ultrasound-in-a-young-girl-early-onset-of-herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome
#3
LETTER
María Fernández-Ibieta, Esperanza Banu Hernández-Anselmi, María Soledad Fernández-Córdoba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622421/management-and-outcome-of-sonographically-diagnosed-uterine-enhanced-myometrial-vascularity-arteriovenous-malformations-following-early-pregnancy-events-a-single-center-experience
#4
LETTER
Jennifer K Y Ko, Vincent Y T Cheung, Pynskhemboklang Khongsni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622420/lower-urinary-tract-obstruction-in-male-children-a-report-of-three-cases
#5
Donboklang Lynser, Evarisalin Marbaniang, Pynskhemboklang Khongsni
Urinary retention in young children and infancy is relatively rare. The commonest malignancy cause of bladder outlet obstruction in infancy is prostatic rhabdomyosarcoma; the commonest cause of congenital bladder outlet obstruction in a male infantis posterior urethral valve and the commonest cause of urethral obstruction in male children is urethral calculi. We present here a report on three cases of urethral obstruction in male children.
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622419/proximal-femoral-focal-deficiency-of-the-fetus-early-3d-4d-prenatal-ultrasound-diagnosis
#6
Marek J Kudla, Aleksandra Beczkowska-Kielek, Katarzyna Kutta, Justyna Partyka-Lasota
Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency (PFFD) is a rare congenital syndrome of unknown etiology. Additional disorders can be present up to 70% of PFFD cases. Management (including termination) depends on the severity of the malformation. We present a case of a 32-year-old woman referred for routine ultrasound examination in the 12th week of pregnancy. Detailed 3D/4D evaluation revealed asymmetry of lower limbs and diagnosis of isolated PFFD was established. Parents were fully informed and decided to continue the pregnancy...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622418/ileo-colic-intussusception-by-ileo-cecal-valve-lipoma-an-infrequent-ultrasonographic-occurrence-a-case-report
#7
Bogdan Stancu, Alexandra Chira, Romeo Ioan Chira, Ioana Grigorescu, Claudia Diana Gherman, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
We present a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in an adult, due to ileo-colic intussusception by a lipoma of the ileo-cecal valve and its ultrasonographic presentation. The case presented in emergency for spontaneously appearing and disappearing palpable elastic mass in the right iliac fossa. The ultrasonographic examination raised the suspicion of an ileo-colic intussusception due to a polypoid tumor. The contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed the finding and suggested that the polypoid tumor was more likely a lipoma...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622417/neonatal-head-ultrasound-systematic-approach-to-congenital-central-nervous-system-anomalies-a-pictorial-essay
#8
Hye-Kyung Yoon, Seong Whi Cho
Brain ultrasound is widely used for the screening of prematurely born babies. Although the best imaging modality for the central nervous system anomaly is brain MRI, the first imaging study in the post-natal period is brain ultrasonography in most cases. Anomalies could be found incidentally on screening ultrasound, or in those cases already suspected on prenatal ultrasound. In order not to miss congenital structural abnormalities of the brain on screening ultrasound, systematic approaches would be very helpful...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622416/craniosynostosis-prenatal-diagnosis-by-2d-3d-ultrasound-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-computed-tomography
#9
REVIEW
Talita Micheletti Helfer, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Gabriele Tonni, Edward Araujo Júnior
Craniosynostosis is defined as the process of premature fusion of one or more of the cranial sutures. It is a common condition that occurs in about 1 to 2,000 live births. Craniosynostosis may be classified in primary or secondary. It is also classified as nonsyndromic or syndromic. According to suture commitment, craniosynostosis may affect a single suture or multiple sutures. There is a wide range of syndromes involving craniosynostosis and the most common are Apert, Pffeifer, Crouzon, Shaethre-Chotzen and Muenke syndromes...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622415/concepts-in-diagnosing-scoring-and-monitoring-tenosynovitis-and-other-tendon-abnormalities-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-role-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound
#10
REVIEW
Mihaela C Micu, Florian Berghea, Daniela Fodor
In the last years, important advancements have been made in implementing high resolution imaging related information inside the global management algorithm in RA patients. Musculoskeletal ultrasound has already proven its utility in visualizing directly the joint synovial tissue, the synovial vascularization and in monitoring the response to therapy. Recently, much attention has been given to the presence of tenosynovitis, as a constant, complementary but different facet of the inflammatory involvement in RA...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622414/value-of-ultrasound-elastography-in-the-diagnosis-of-native-kidney-fibrosis
#11
REVIEW
Ileana Peride, Daniela Rădulescu, Andrei Niculae, Vladimir Ene, Ovidiu Gabriel Bratu, Ionel Alexandru Checheriță
In the last decade, ultrasound elastography, an already widely used technique in the diagnosis of hepatic fibrosis, has raised the attention of nephrologists as a potential valuable noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of renal fibrosis. Due to renal deep location and anatomic complexity, the shear wave techniques are the most appropriate elastography methods for exploring native kidneys. Recent research offers promising results, but further larger studies are required for a better standardization of this method and also for establishing reference values of normal kidney elasticity...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622413/comments-and-extensions-to-efsumb-guidelines-on-renal-interventional-ultrasound-invus
#12
REVIEW
Markus G Mohaupt, Spyridon Arampatzis, Nathan Atkinson, Dong Yi, Xin Wu Cui, Andre Ignee, Christoph F Dietrich
The substantial evidence base for interventional ultrasound approaches to renal diagnostic sampling and therapeutic access exists. This review comments on the evidence-based recommendations on ultrasound-guided renal access which have been published recently within the framework of Guidelines on Interventional Ultrasound (InVUS) of the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) from a clinical practice point of view. Specific aspects of tissue handling and workup, procedural approach and patient interaction are discussed...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622412/reproducibility-in-pelvic-floor-biometric-parameters-of-nulliparous-women-assessed-by-translabial-three-dimensional-ultrasound-using-omniview-reformatting-technique
#13
Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin Jármy-Di Bella, Edward Araujo Júnior, Claudinei Alves Rodrigues, Luiza Torelli, Wellington P Martins, Antonio Fernandes Moron, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão
AIM: To assess the reproducibility of pelvic floor biometric parameters by translabial three-dimensional ultrasound compared with the OmniView® reformatting technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study involving 47 nulliparous women without symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction. The hiatal area and right pubovisceral muscle width measurements were performed in the axial plane using both 3D ultrasound in the rendering mode and OmniView® techniques...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622411/layer-specific-myocardial-strain-analysis-investigation-of-regional-deformation-in-a-rabbit-model-of-diabetes-mellitus-during-different-stages
#14
Ying-Yan Qiao, Mu Zeng, Rong-Juan Li, Zhao-Ting Leng, Jiao Yang, Ya Yang
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to determine the characteristics of myocardial damage at different stages of diabetes mellitus (DM) using layer-specific myocardial strain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty six New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into either the control group (n =18) or the DM group (induced with alloxan) (n=18). For the myocardial deformation studies echocardiography and layer-specific strain were performed at baseline and after 3, 6, and 9 months in all of the rabbits...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622410/ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-stenosis-of-native-arteriovenous-fistulas-in-haemodialysis-patients
#15
Dacian-Călin Tirinescu, Cosmina Ioana Bondor, Dan Ştefan Vlăduțiu, Ioan Mihai Pațiu, Diana Moldovan, Remus Orășan, Ina Maria Kacsó
AIMS: Ultrasound (US) examination is an important tool in the diagnosis of arteriovenous (AVF) stenoses; different US measures are available for assessing the severity of stenoses. The aim of our study was to analyse risk factors and consequences of AVF stenosis and its severity and to compare the usefulness of different US measures of stenoses' severity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-seven prevalent patients from a single dialysis centre with patent AVF were included...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622409/can-diagnostic-ultrasound-scanners-be-a-potential-vector-of-opportunistic-bacterial-infection
#16
Paweł Skowronek, Artur Wojciechowski, Piotr Leszczyński, Paweł Olszewski, Marcin Sibiński, Michał Polguj, Marek Synder
UNLABELLED: Ultrasound examinations are recognised as being safe. The greatest epidemiological threat during the performance of examination is the transfer of pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms between patients and from personnel to patients. Colonization of the skin with opportunistic bacteria of immunocompromised and high risk patients may lead to infection following an ultrasound scan. AIM: To identify and evaluate the strains of bacteria occurring on ultrasound equipment subjected to unexpected control performed by a local infectious diseases control team...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622408/pain-in-bilateral-knee-osteoarthritis-correlations-between-clinical-examination-radiological-and-ultrasonographical-findings
#17
Oana Serban, Mihai Porojan, Maria Deac, Flavia Cozma, Carolina Solomon, Manuela Lenghel, Mihaela Micu, Daniela Fodor
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlations between clinical symptoms (pain), physical examination, ultrasound (US), and radiological findings in patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Knee pain was appreciated during medial and lateral palpation of each knee joint and using visual analogue scale (VAS) and The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). US evaluation (osteophytes, meniscal protrusion, synovial fluid, femoral hyaline cartilage thickness) and radiological assessment (osteophytes, femoral-tibial space, Kellgren-Lawrence [K-L] score, enthesopathies) were performed by two examiners blinded to the clinical results and to each other...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622407/high-frequency-sonography-in-the-evaluation-of-nail-psoriasis
#18
Mihaela Elena Marina, Carolina Solomon, Sorana-Daniela Bolboaca, Corina Bocsa, Carmen Mihaela Mihu, Alexandru Dumitru Tătaru
AIM: To evaluate the morphostructural aspects and nail vascularity in the nail unit of patients with psoriasis, and to evaluate whether there are differences among psoriatic patients with and without nail involvement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nail plates and nail bed changes, nail fold vessel resistance index (NVRI), power and color Doppler blood flow appearances were investigated in 23 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis, with and without nail involvement, and compared to those of 11 healthy participants...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622406/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-elastosonographic-strain-ratio-and-cross-sectional-area-evaluation-for-the-diagnosis-and-disease-severity
#19
Idil Gunes Tatar, Aydin Kurt, Nese Gungor Yavasoglu, Baki Hekimoglu
AIM: To evaluate the role of gray scale ultrasonography (US) and real time elastosonography (RTE) in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both wrists of 18 healthy volunteers (n=36) formed the control group (Group 1) and 19 symptomatic outpatients of the neurology clinic constituted the patient group. According to nerve conduction study results, cases with mild CTS (n=15) formed Group 2; cases with moderate to severe CTS (n=20) formed Group 3. Cross sectional area (CSA) and strain ratio (SR) were measured at carpal tunnel inlet (CTI) and 4 cm proximal to the distal end of the radius (P)...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622405/real-time-sonoelastography-of-the-patellar-and-quadriceps-tendons-pattern-description-in-professional-athletes-and-healthy-volunteers
#20
Ayse Nur Sirin Ozcan, Sinan Tan, Nuray Gulden Tangal, Saliha Cıracı, Savas Kudas, Suleyman Bulent Bektaser, Halil Arslan
AIMS: The comparison of elastographic features of quadriceps and patellar tendons in a group of professional athletes and healthy volunteers and the description of elasticity characteristics of these tendons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-nine professional athletes (22 male, 17 female; mean age 18.5 years) and 35 healthy volunteers (21 male, 14 female; mean age 19 years) were included. They were divided into two groups by gender. Quadriceps tendon, patellar side of the patellar tendon, and tibial side of the patellar tendon elasticity patterns and strain ratios were investigated with real-time ultrasound elastography...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
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