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Medical Ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167600/ultrasound-imaging-for-lateral-knee-pain-popliteus-tendon-highlighted
#1
LETTER
Vincenzo Ricci, Levent Özçakar
.
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167599/a-new-method-for-ocular-ultrasound-examination
#2
LETTER
Juan de Dios Berná-Serna, Pablo Chico-Sánchez, Juan de Dios Berná-Mestre, Guillermo Carbonell-López Del Castillo
.
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167598/a-rare-sonographic-finding-for-suprascapular-nerve-entrapment-engorged-suprascapular-artery-not-vein
#3
LETTER
Wei-Ting Wu, Ke-Vin Chang, Levent Özçakar, Carlo Martinoli
.
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167597/hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-cardiac-involvement-in-a-patient-with-multiple-malignancies
#4
LETTER
Mihaela Ioana Dregoesc, Adrian Corneliu Iancu, Alexandra Alina Lazar, Serban Balanescu
.
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167596/monochorionic-diamniotic-twin-pregnancy-complicated-by-twin-reversed-arterial-perfusion-sequence-and-retroplacental-hematoma-a-case-report
#5
Andrei Mihai Malutan, Marina Dudea, Camelia Albu, Razvan Ciortea, Doru Diculescu, Radu Mocan-Hognogi, Carmen Bucuri, Maria Rada, Dan Mihu
Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence is a rare and severe complication specific to monochorionic twin pregnancies, involving the presence of an acardiac twin and a structurally normal co-twin (pump twin). We report on the case of a33-year-old female with a biamniotic monochorionic twin pregnancy complicated with TRAP sequence and polyhydramnios. The patient underwent fetoscopic termination of the acardiac twin and at 34 gestational weeks (GW) was readmitted with aretroplacental hematoma. The patient gave birth through caesarean section to a living female fetus, weighing 1480 g...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167595/contrast-enhanced-imaging-features-of-liver-metastasis-from-a-meningeal-solitary-fibrous-tumor-a-case-report
#6
Beilei Lu, Qing Lu, Beijian Huang, Haixia Yuan, Chaolun Li
A solitary fibrous tumor seldom originates from the meninges, and the accuracy of imaging modalities in the diagnosis of meningeal SFT metastasisis is perlexing. Contrast enhanced imaging modalities, such as contrast enhanced ultrasound and contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging are valuable in the differential diagnosis of hepatic neoplasms. This case report demonstrated the contrast enhanced ultrasound and enhanced magnetic resonance imaging features of one case of liver metastasis from a menigeal solitary fibrous tumor...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167594/fibroadenomas-and-breast-carcinoma-a-possible-answer-to-a-frequently-asked-question-a-pictorial-essay
#7
Anca Ileana Ciurea, Hanelore Argentina Herţa, Cătălin George Iacoban, Bogdan Fetica, Liliana Rogojan, Cristiana Augusta Ciortea
Fibroadenomas (FAs) are the most frequently encountered benign breast lesions in young women and due to the age of the patients, they are usually diagnosed by ultrasound. Although they rarely undergo malignant transformation, the patients remain concerned about the possibility of malignant transformation. The aim of this pictorial essay is to illustrate the appearance of classic and complex fibroadenomas, to discuss the risk factors and to highlight the imaging characteristics that raise the suspicion of malignant transformation...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167593/a-common-misunderstanding-in-lung-ultrasound-the-comet-tail-artefact
#8
REVIEW
Francis Chun Yue Lee, Christian Jenssen, Christoph F Dietrich
The comet tail artefact is probably one of the most commonly and imprecisely used to describe vertical artefacts found in lung ultrasound. Two distinct artefacts are commonly observed: the lung comets and the B-lines. Both artefacts differ with regard to generation mechanism and clinical significance. This review explores the current understanding and use of these two artefacts in lung ultrasound and suggests how to avoid the pitfalls related to confusing comet tail artefacts with other vertical artefacts...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167592/what-s-new-in-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-pediatric-rheumatology
#9
REVIEW
Mihaela Spârchez, Daniela Fodor
Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) has become almost indispensable in the rheumatology settings nowadays, allowing early diagnosis, careful guidance during procedures such as joint injections and therapy monitoring. Nonetheless, the applicability of MSUS in pediatric population is still limited. Recently, a standardized MSUS examination procedure in pediatric patients with rheumatic diseases, definitions for synovitis and the sonographic features of joints in healthy children has been developed. Also, important data on age-related  vascularization and ossification of joints in children have been published...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167591/changes-in-left-atrial-size-and-function-early-after-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-as-assessed-by-conventional-two-dimensional-echocardiography
#10
Silvia Lupu, Adriana Mitre, Ioana Sus, Roxana Rudzik, Ildiko Beke, Dan Dobreanu
AIMS: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) was shown to improve left atrial (LA) size and function within months after the procedure. We aimed to assess the impact of CRT on left atrial (LA) size and function within days after the procedure. Materials and methods: Twenty-eight consecutive patients with CRT were evaluated before the procedure and within 3 days afterwards, and 25 of them were also examined at three months. Echocardiography was performed to assess LA size and function: LA volumes indexed to body surface (LAVIs) were measured at different moments during the cardiac cycle: ventricular end-systole - maximum LAVI (LAVImax), before atrial systole (LAVIpreA), and at ventricular end-diastole - minimum LAVI (LAVImin)...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167590/struma-ovarii-ultrasound-features-of-a-rare-tumor-mimicking-ovarian-cancer
#11
Vit Weinberger, Jana Kadlecova, Luboš Minář, Michal Felsinger, Milan Anton, Petra Ovesna, Markéta Bednaříková, Marta Číhalová, Eva Jandáková, Jitka Hausnerová, Michal Zikán
AIMS: To describe the ultrasound features of benign struma ovarii that often mimic ovarian cancer in the background of complex clinical and histopathological pictures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with histologically confirmed benign struma ovarii, treated in our institution between 2003-2016 with complete imaging, clinical, nd histopathological data available. Ultrasound findings were drawn from images, and reports using terms and definitions of the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group and pattern recognition description was applied...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167589/predictability-of-myometrial-lower-uterine-segment-and-cervical-invasion-with-3d-transvaginal-ultrasonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-endometrial-cancer-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Nuri Yildirim, Bahadir Saatli, Semir Kose, Ceren Sancar, Cagnur Ulukus, Meral Koyuncuoglu, Ugur Saygili, Funda Obuz
AIMS: The objective of this study is to identify the diagnostic performance of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography (3D-US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting myometrial, lower uterine segment and/or cervical invasion in endometrial cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 40 patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer were performed 3D-US and MRI, preoperatively. Deep myometrial, lower uterine segment and cervical invasion were evaluated subjectively and results were compared with the final histology as a gold standard...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167588/reliability-and-quantification-of-gastrocnemius-elasticity-at-relaxing-and-at-submaximal-contracted-condition
#13
Minsoo Jeon, Kyojun Youn, Shinseung Yang
AIMS: To investigate the feasibility of quantitative analysis of muscle stiffness by Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) imaging, to obtain the reference values at relaxing and contraction position of gastrocnemius medialis (GCM) and to evaluate the inter-observer and intra-observer reliabilities of shear wave velocities measurements in healthy skeletal muscles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The stiffness of the left GCM muscle of 15 healthy volunteers was measured by ARFI elastography in transverse scan while the ankle was in the relaxed position and in 30 degrees of plantar flexion with the submaximal isometric contraction...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167587/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-autologous-conditioned-serum-acs-injections-compared-with-betamethasone-and-placebo-injections-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-shoulder-joint-pain-due-to-supraspinatus-tendinopathy-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#14
Nemanja Damjanov, Branko Barac, Jelena Colic, Vladan Stevanovic, Ana Zekovic, Goran Tulic
AIMS: Autologous conditioned serum (ACS; marketed as Orthokine®) is an autologous blood product that has previously shown efficacy in treatment of joint osteoarthritis, spinal radiculopathy, tendon and muscle injuries in randomized controlled trials. In this 24-week, randomized, double-blind study, we compared the efficacy and safety of ACS with glucocorticoid (betamethasone) injections in chronic supraspinatus tendinopathy patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with chronic supraspinatus tendinopathy were enrolled in the study...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167586/does-patients-opinion-of-remission-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-overlap-ultrasound-true-remission-a-pilot-study
#15
Violeta Vlad, Florian Berghea, Vasilia Iorgoveanu, Mihaela Popescu, Denisa Predeteanu, Ruxandra Ionescu
AIM: Patients describe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remission as the absence of any symptoms or return to normality. Residual ultrasound (US) synovitis was frequently described in remission cohorts in previous studies. US tenosynovitis evaluation and scoring seems to better follow clinical remission scores compared with synovitis in RA. Our objective was to verify the presence of US findings suggestive of persistent inflammation in a cohort of patients in remission according to their own opinion...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167585/pregnant-versus-non-pregnant-healthy-subjects-a-prospective-longitudinal-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-study-concerning-the-spectrum-of-normality
#16
Mihaela Cosmina Micu, Daniela Fodor, Romeo Micu, Sorana Dana Bolboacă, Ruxandra Ionescu
Pregnancy induces profound changes in the maternal body and the normality spectrum may differ compared to non-pregnant subjects. AIMS: The main objective was to establish the presence, frequency and distribution of articular and peri-articular abnormal findings in healthy women, pregnant and non-pregnant, using clinical examination (CE) and musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS). Second objective was to identify which joint/tendon set would show fewer modifications in both groups of healthy subjects and would remain stable throughout pregnancy...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167584/diagnostic-value-of-acustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-salivary-gland-involvement-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-sydrome
#17
Hale Turnaoglu, Feride Kural Rahatli, Melih Pamukcu, Kemal Murat Haberal, Nihal Uslu
AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) imaging in the assessment of salivary gland involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty five patients with pSS and 25 healthy volunteers were included. First, echostructures and the thickness of the submandibular and parotid glands were evaluated by B-mode ultrasonography. Then, ARFI imaging with Virtual Touch Quantification® was performed...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167583/effectiveness-of-superb-microvascular-imaging-for-the-differentiation-of-intraductal-breast-lesions
#18
Suleyman Bakdik, Serdar Arslan, Fatih Oncu, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Aysegul Altunkeser, Mehmet Ali Eryilmaz, Yasar Unlu
AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) and power Doppler imaging (PDI) for the differentiation of intraductal breast lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 54 intraductal breast lesions (39 benign, 10 atypical, and 5 malignant) in 53 patients were examined using B-mode ultrasonography, PDI, and SMI. Vascularity grading, distribution of microvessels, and penetrating vessels were evaluated using each Doppler technique...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167582/how-to-diagnose-renal-artery-stenosis-correctly-using-ultrasound-evaluation-of-results-of-renal-arteries-duplex-ultrasonography-examinations
#19
Rong Zhu, Zhonghui Xu, Zhenhong Qi, We Ye, Jian Wang, Jing Kong, Jin Jin, Jianchu Li
AIM: Renal artery duplex ultrasonography (RDU) is an effective and non-invasive screening test in diagnosing renal artery stenosis. The discordance of results in multiple RDU is common. We aim to evaluate the discordance and the reasons for discordance between diagnoses and measurements from multiple RDU examinations. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study was performed in 64 examinations of renal arteries from 32 patients that were referred for two or more RDU examinations and renal artery digital subtraction angiography (DSA) within six months, between August 2013 and January 2016...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167581/subtle-errors-of-bladder-wall-thickness-measurement-have-a-significant-impact-on-the-calculation-of-ultrasound-estimated-bladder-weight-a-pilot-study
#20
Vasileios I Sakalis, Vasileios Sfiggas, Ioannis Vouros, Georgios Salpiggidis, Athanasios Papathanasiou, Apostolos Apostolidis
AIMS: Ultrasound-estimated bladder weight (UEBW), is an emerging diagnostic tool, which has been used in both males and females with lower urinary tract dysfunction. The currently acknowledged UEBW calculation methods rely on the accurate measurement of bladder wall thickness (BWT). We aim to identify if subtle errors in BWT measurement have a significant impact on UEBW calculations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were randomly selected from an overactive bladder patient cohort...
August 30, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
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