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Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases

Marvelous Sungirai, Samantha Baron, Doreen Zandile Moyo, Patrick De Clercq, Christine Maritz-Olivier, Maxime Madder
Acaricide resistance is one of the greatest threats towards the successful control of vector ticks worldwide. Communal farmers of Zimbabwe use amitraz as the most common acaricide with occasional usage of pyrethroids and organophosphates. As a strategy towards developing an effective acaricide resistance management system in Zimbabwe, screening was done by genotyping Rhipicephalus microplus tick populations using molecular markers associated with resistance to these chemicals. The frequency of the mutant allele for the octopamine/tyramine receptor marker associated with amitraz resistance was high (0...
November 2, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Christopher J Holmes, Cameron J Dobrotka, David W Farrow, Andrew J Rosendale, Joshua B Benoit, Peter J Pekins, Jay A Yoder
We report that larvae of the winter tick Dermacentor albipictus, the only stage that will quest for a host, can tolerate short-term cold shock down to -25°C and short-term heat shock as high as 46°C. Unlike a three host-tick, larvae of D. albipictus have no preconditioning response to low or high temperature exposure by rapid cold hardening (RCH) or heat hardening, and poor ability to acclimate to low and high temperature extremes. Thermal tolerance limits were not improved as the result of larval clustering, and there was only a minimal effect due to changes in photoperiod...
October 31, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Trevor Petney, Olaf Kahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Keyla Carstens Marques de Sousa, Heitor Miraglia Herrera, Fabiana Lopes Rocha, Francisco Borges Costa, Thiago Fernandes Martins, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Rosangela Zacarias Machado, Marcos Rogério André
The genus Rickettsia comprises obligatory intracellular bacteria, well known to cause zoonotic diseases around the world. The present work aimed to investigate the occurrence of Rickettsia spp. in wild animals, domestic dogs and their respective ectoparasites in southern Pantanal region, central-western Brazil, by molecular and serological techniques. Between August 2013 and March 2015, serum, whole blood and/or spleen samples were collected from 31 coatis, 78 crab-eating foxes, seven ocelots, 42 dogs, 110 wild rodents, and 30 marsupials...
October 27, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Marie-Kristin Raulf, Daniela Jordan, Volker Fingerle, Christina Strube
In recent years, awareness of coinfections has increased as synergistic or antagonistic effects on interacting bacteria have been observed. To date, several reports on coinfections of ticks with Rickettsia and Borrelia spp. are available. However, associations are rarely described and studies are based on rather low sample sizes. In the present study, coinfections of Ixodes ricinus with these pathogens were investigated by determining their association in a meta-analysis. A total of 5079 tick samples examined for Rickettsia and Borrelia spp...
October 27, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Valentina Chisu, Rosanna Zobba, Roberta Lecis, Francesca Sotgiu, Giovanna Masala, Cipriano Foxi, Danilo Pisu, Alberto Alberti
Anaplasma species are globally distributed tick-borne bacteria causing a range of clinical conditions in domestic animals, wildlife, and human. Nevertheless, data on presence and distribution of Anaplasma strains in ticks are still lacking, especially in the Mediterranean region. This study reports the molecular identification, genetic characterization and phylogeny of Anaplasma strains of both veterinary and zoonotic importance in ticks collected from domestic and wild hosts sampled in a typical Mediterranean warm temperate region, the island of Sardinia...
October 26, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Sergey Y Kovalev, Tatyana A Mukhacheva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Pipina A Vlahakis, Simbarashe Chitanga, Martin C Simuunza, Edgar Simulundu, Yongjin Qiu, Katendi Changula, Herman M Chambaro, Masahiro Kajihara, Ryo Nakao, Ayato Takada, Aaron S Mweene
Although tick-borne pathogens, Anaplasma platys and Anaplasma phagocytophilum are recognized as zoonotic agents associated with appreciable morbidity and mortality in dogs and humans worldwide, there is limited information on these infections in many African countries, including Zambia. The purpose of this study was to detect, identify and phylogenetically characterize Anaplasma species from dogs in Chilanga District in Lusaka Province, Zambia. A total of 301 blood samples were collected from apparently healthy and semi-confined dogs...
October 17, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Sebastián Muñoz-Leal, José M Venzal, Santiago Nava, Mercedes Reyes, Thiago F Martins, Romário C Leite, Vinicius L R Vilela, Hector R Benatti, Daniela Ríos-Rosas, Darci M Barros-Battesti, Daniel González-Acuña, Marcelo B Labruna
High similarity of morphological traits has historically overshadowed the identities and distributions of poultry-associated soft ticks Argas (Persicargas) miniatus and Argas (Persicargas) persicus in America. In order to model the occurrence of both parasites in the continent, in the current study we performed morphological and molecular analyses to identify ticks collected in hen houses from Brazil and northern Chile. Combining these results with literature data, and the examination of Argas allotments deposited in the tick collections "Coleção Nacional de Carrapatos Danilo Gonçalves Saraiva" (Brazil), the "Coleção Acarológica do Instituto Butantan São Paulo" (Brazil), and the "Colección Zoológica de la Academia de Ciencia de Cuba" (Cuba), we present a critical list with the localities where A...
October 16, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Adriana Seixas, María Fernanda Alzugaray, Lucas Tirloni, Luis Fernando Parizi, Antonio Frederico Michel Pinto, Naftaly Wang'ombe Githaka, Satoru Konnai, Kazuhiko Ohashi, John R Yates Iii, Carlos Termignoni, Itabajara da Silva Vaz
The vitellogenin receptor (VgR), which belongs to the low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLR) family, regulates the absorption of yolk protein accumulated in developing oocytes during oogenesis. In the present study, the full sequence of Rhipicephalus microplus VgR (RmVgR) and the partial sequence of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus VgR (RaVgR) ORF were determined and cloned. The RmVgR amino acid sequence contains the five highly conserved structural motifs characteristic of LDLR superfamily members, the same overall structure as observed in other species...
October 16, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Adalberto Albuquerque Pajuaba Neto, Vanessa do Nascimento Ramos, Maria Marlene Martins, Carolina Fonseca Osava, Jamile de Oliveira Pascoal, Adriane Suzin, Jonny Yokosawa, Matias Pablo Juan Szabó
Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is a potentially lethal human disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii transmitted by ticks, including Amblyomma sculptum. However, in Southeast Brazil, where most BSF cases occur, capybaras are key hosts for both A. sculptum and Amblyomma dubitatum. We therefore compared the risk of human exposure to these ticks at a non-endemic anthropogenic site in Southeast Brazil where both tick species are maintained by capybaras and occur at high abundance. Cloth dragging, human baits and CO2 traps were used to assess tick abundance and risk for human exposure...
October 16, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Fredy A Rivera-Páez, Marcelo B Labruna, Thiago F Martins, Jorge E Perez, Gabriel J Castaño-Villa, Paula A Ossa-López, Carlos A Gil, Bruno Rodrigues Sampieri, Hector J Aricapa-Giraldo, Maria I Camargo-Mathias
The known tick fauna of Colombia includes 58 species (15 Argasidae and 43 Ixodidae). To add to the knowledge of the biology of ticks in Colombia, hard ticks (Ixodidae) were collected from domestic animals or vegetation during 2014-2016 in 10 of Colombia's Departments. Ticks were identified to species through morphological examinations. Taxonomic identification was confirmed for some specimens by molecular methods, including phylogenetic analyses inferred from three tick genes (cytochrome c oxidase, 16S rDNA, second internal transcribed spacer)...
October 14, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Isabel G Fernández de Mera, Valeria Blanda, Alessandra Torina, Mayssaa Fawaz Dabaja, Ali El Romeh, Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz, José de la Fuente
Tick-borne diseases have become a world health concern, emerging with increasing incidence in recent decades. Spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsiae are tick-borne pathogens recognized as important agents of human tick-borne diseases worldwide. In this study, 88 adult ticks from the species Hyalomma anatolicum, Rhipicephalus annulatus, Rh. bursa, Rh. sanguineus sensu lato, and Rh. turanicus, were collected from farm ruminants in Lebanon, and SFG rickettsiae were molecularly identified and characterized in these ticks...
October 12, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Joshua Kamani, Gad Baneth, Ricardo Gutiérrez, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Shimon Harrus
Rodents are hosts of numerous pathogenic agents of public health importance globally. Their ability to harbor these pathogens without showing overt clinical signs of disease has epidemiologic consequences. In some rural settings in Nigeria, humans and rodents do not only share feeds and abode, but the latter may end up on the table of the former as a source of protein, thereby increasing the risks of disease transmission. Molecular assays were used to detect and characterize two agents of zoonotic importance, Coxiella burnetii and Rickettsia spp...
October 12, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Jifei Yang, Rong Han, Qingli Niu, Zhijie Liu, Guiquan Guan, Guangyuan Liu, Jianxun Luo, Hong Yin
The members of the genus Anaplasma are important tick-borne rickettsial bacteria of veterinary and public health significance. Domestic ruminants are important reservoir hosts for several Anaplasma species. In this study, the occurrence of Anaplasma spp. was investigated by PCR in domestic small ruminants from Gansu, northwestern China. The results showed a high prevalence of Anaplasma spp. (46.2%, 201/435) in sheep. The average infection rates were 5.7%, 24.4%, 28.0% and 18.2% for A. ovis, A. bovis, A. phagocytophilum and A...
October 12, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
A Soleng, K S Edgar, K M Paulsen, B N Pedersen, Y B Okbaldet, I E B Skjetne, D Gurung, R Vikse, Å K Andreassen
This study investigated the geographical distribution of Ixodes ricinus and prevalence of the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in northern Norway. Flagging for questing I. ricinus ticks was performed in areas ranging from Vikna in Nord-Trøndelag County, located 190km south of the Arctic Circle (66.3°N), to Steigen in Nordland County, located 155km north of the Arctic Circle. We found that ticks were abundant in both Vikna (64.5°N) and Brønnøy (65.1°N). Only a few ticks were found at locations ∼66°N, and no ticks were found at several locations up to 67...
October 8, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Matheus Dias Cordeiro, Bruna de Azevedo Baêta, Patricia Barizon Cepeda, Rafaella Câmara Teixeira, Carla Carolina Dias Uzedo Ribeiro, Jaqueline Rodrigues de Almeida Valim, Adriano Pinter, Adivaldo Henrique da Fonseca
This study aimed to evaluate, by means of artificial feeding, the interaction between a pathogenic rickettsia and the hard tick R. microplus. We used partially engorged females fed on calves free of Rickettsia spp. Group 1 (G1), containing 20 ticks, was fed bovine blood only. Group 2 (G2), containing 20 ticks, was fed blood containing uninfected VERO cells, and group 3 (G3), containing 40 ticks, was fed blood containing VERO cells infected with Rickettsia parkeri. Biological parameters of the non-parasitic phase and a possible bacterial transmission to the tick eggs and to guinea pigs were evaluated...
October 7, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Robyn M Nadolny, Holly D Gaff
The ixodid tick species Ixodes affinis is expanding its range northward, changing the tick community population dynamics in the Mid-Atlantic United States. We present five years of surveillance on newly established populations of I. affinis throughout southeastern Virginia and discuss the habitat and host associations of I. affinis in this northernmost extent of its range. We found that I. affinis populations tend to persist once they are established, and populations tend to increase as ecological succession progresses, provided a vegetated understory persists...
September 29, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Aurélie Velay, Morgane Solis, Wallys Kack-Kack, Pierre Gantner, Marianne Maquart, Martin Martinot, Olivier Augereau, Dominique De Briel, Pierre Kieffer, Caroline Lohmann, Jean Dominique Poveda, Emmanuelle Cart-Tanneur, Xavier Argemi, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Sylvie de Martino, Benoit Jaulhac, Sophie Raguet, Marie-Josée Wendling, Yves Hansmann, Samira Fafi-Kremer
OBJECTIVES: Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is a zoonotic agent causing severe encephalitis. In 2016, in Northeastern France, we faced a TBEV infection increase, leading to a warning from the Regional Health Agency. Here, we report the confirmed TBE cases diagnosed between January 2013 and December 2016, with particular emphasis on the year 2016. METHODS: A total of 1643 blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from everywhere in France, corresponding to 1460 patients, were prospectively tested for anti-TBEV-specific IgM and IgG antibodies by ELISA...
September 28, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Mabotse A Tjale, Alri Pretorius, Antoinette Josemans, Mirinda Van Kleef, Junita Liebenberg
The use of bioinformatics tools to search for possible vaccine candidates has been successful in recent years. In an attempt to search for additional vaccine candidates or improve the current heartwater vaccine design, a genome-wide transcriptional profile of E. ruminantium (Welgevonden strain) replicating in bovine endothelial cells (BA886) and Ixodes scapularis embryonic tick cells (IDE8) was performed. The RNA was collected from the infective extracellular form, the elementary bodies (EBs) and vegetative intracellular form, reticulate bodies (RBs) and was used for transcriptome sequencing...
September 22, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
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