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Biofabrication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812983/a-microfluidic-platform-for-modeling-metastatic-cancer-cell-matrix-invasion
#1
Laura Blaha, Chentian Zhang, Mario Cabodi, Joyce Y Wong
Invasion of the extracellular matrix is a critical step in the colonization of metastatic tumors. The invasion process is thought to be driven by both chemokine signaling and interactions between invading cancer cells and physical components of the metastatic niche, including endothelial cells that line capillary walls and serve as a barrier to both diffusion and invasion of the underlying tissue. Transwell chambers, a tool for generating artificial chemokine gradients to induce cell migration, have facilitated recent work to investigate the chemokine contributions to matrix invasion...
August 16, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812982/quantitative-criteria-to-benchmark-new-and-existing-bio-inks-for-cell-compatibility
#2
Karen Dubbin, Anthony Tabet, Sarah Heilshorn
Recent advancements in 3D bioprinting have led to the fabrication of more complex, more precise, and larger printed tissue constructs. As the field continues to advance, it is critical to develop quantitative benchmarks to compare different bio-inks for key cell-biomaterial interactions, including (1) cell sedimentation within the ink cartridge, (2) cell viability during extrusion, and (3) cell viability after ink curing. Here we develop three simple protocols for quantitative analysis of bio-ink performance...
August 16, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795951/gelma-collagen-blends-enable-drop-on-demand-3d-printablility-and-promote-angiogenesis
#3
Henrike Stratesteffen, Marius Johannes Köpf, Franziska Kreimendahl, Andreas Blaeser, Stefan Jockenhoevel, Horst Fischer
Effective vascularization is crucial for three dimensional (3D) printed hydrogel-cell constructs to efficiently supply cells with oxygen and nutrients. Till date, several hydrogel blends have been developed that allow the in vitro formation of a capillary-like network within the gels but comparatively less effort has been made to improve the suitability of the materials for a 3D bioprinting process. Therefore, we hypothesize that tailored hydrogel blends of photo-crosslinkable gelatin and type I collagen exhibit favorable 3D drop-on-demand printing characteristics in terms of rheological and mechanical properties and that further capillary-like network formation can be induced by co-culturing human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) within the proposed blends...
August 10, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770808/comparative-study-of-gelatin-methacrylate-hydrogels-from-different-sources-for-biofabrication-applications
#4
Zongjie Wang, Zhenlin Tian, Frederic Menard, Keekyoung Kim
Gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogel is a promising bioink for biofabrication applications due to its cost-effectiveness, ease of synthesis and biocompatibility to allow cell adhesion. However, the GelMA synthesized from a widely used porcine skin gelatin has the thermal gelation problem at room temperature. Here, we present thermally stable GelMA hydrogels at room temperature while maintaining the mechanical and biological properties comparable to porcine GelMA. The novel GelMA hydrogels were synthesized from fish skin and cold soluble gelatin...
August 3, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752825/dc-biased-low-frequency-insulating-constriction-dielectrophoresis-for-protein-biomolecules-concentration
#5
Peng Zhang, Yuxin Liu
Sample enrichment or molecules concentration is considered as an essential step for sample processing in miniaturized devices aiming at biosensing and bioanalysis. Among all the means involved to achieve this aim, dielectrophoresis (DEP) is increasingly employed in molecules manipulation and concentration because it is non-destructive and high efficiency. This paper presents a methodology to achieve protein concentration utilizing the combination effects of electrokinetics and low frequency insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) generated within a microfluidic device, in which a submicron constricted channel was fabricated using DNA molecular combing and replica molding...
July 28, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726681/a-novel-cylindrical-microwell-featuring-inverted-pyramidal-opening-for-efficient-cell-spheroid-formation-without-cell-loss
#6
Jae Min Cha, HyungDal Park, Eun Kyoung Shin, Ji Hee Sung, Ockchul Kim, Woohyun Jung, Oh Young Bang, Jinseok Kim
Spheroid cultures have been often used to simulate and understand in situ biological occurrences with potential to be further applied to therapeutic approaches, such as cell transplantation. However, traditional lab-scale techniques hardly reached the needed large scale production of cell spheroids, thus limiting their versatility in many biomedical fields. Microscale technologies have rapidly improved in the last decade, and contributed to the large scale production of cell spheroids with high controllability and reproducibility...
July 20, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707627/mussel-inspired-nano-building-block-assemblies-for-mimicking-extracellular-matrix-microenvironments-with-multiple-functions
#7
Zhenming Wang, Zhanrong Jia, Yanan Jiang, Pengfei Li, Lu Han, Xiong Lu, Fuzeng Ren, Ke-Feng Wang, Huipin Yuan
The assembly of nano-building blocks is an effective way to produce artificial extracellular matrix microenvironments with hierarchical micro/nano structures. However, it is hard to assemble different types of nano-building blocks, to form composite coatings with multiple functions, by traditional layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly methods. Inspired by the mussel adhesion mechanism, we developed polydopamine (PDA)-decorated bovine serum albumin nanoparticles (BSA-NPs) and nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA), and assembled them to form bioactive coatings with micro/nano structures encapsulating bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)...
July 14, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707625/bioprinting-of-functional-vascularized-mouse-thyroid-gland-construct
#8
Elena A Bulanova, Elizaveta V Koudan, Jonathan Degosserie, Charlotte Heymans, Frederico DAS Pereira, Vladislav A Parfenov, Yi Sun, Qi Wang, Suraya A Akhmedova, Irina K Sviridova, Natalia S Sergeeva, Georgy A Frank, Yusef D Khesuani, Christophe E Pierreux, Vladimir A Mironov
Bioprinting can be defined as additive biofabrication of 3D tissues and organ constructs using tissue spheroids, capable of self-assembly, as building blocks. Thyroid gland, a relatively simple endocrine organ, is suitable for testing the proposed bioprinting technology. Here we report the bioprinting of functional vascularized mouse thyroid gland construct from embryonic tissue spheroids as a proof of concept. Based on the self-assembly principle, we generated thyroid tissue starting from thyroid spheroids (TS) and allantoic spheroids (AS), as a source of thyrocytes and endothelial cells (EC), respectively...
July 14, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707624/three-dimensional-3d-culture-in-sarcoma-research-and-the-clinical-significance
#9
Songtao Gao, Jacson Shen, Francis Hornicek, Zhenfeng Duan
Sarcomas are rare malignant tumors that arise from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin. Despite the progress in diagnosis and treatment, sarcomas have a high mortality rate due to local recurrence, metastasis, and the development of drug resistance to chemotherapy. New models for sarcoma research are required to further understand the disease and to develop new therapies. In vitro sarcoma modeling is challenging because of significant genetic heterogeneities, diverse pathological, and overlapping clinical characteristics...
July 14, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691696/decellularized-extracellular-matrix-a-step-towards-the-next-generation-source-for-bioink-manufacturing
#10
Byoung Soo Kim, Hyeonji Kim, Ge Gao, Jinah Jang, Dong-Woo Cho
In tissue engineering, the need for hierarchical assembly of three-dimensional (3D) tissues becomes increasingly important, considering that a new technology is essential for advanced tissue fabrication. 3D cell printing has emerged as a powerful technology to recapitulate the microenvironment of native tissue, allowing for the precise deposition of multiple cells onto the pre-defined position. Parallel to these technological advances, seeking for an appropriate bioink to provide a suitable microenvironment supporting cellular activities has been into the spotlight...
July 10, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639943/bioprintable-form-of-chitosan-hydrogel-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#11
T Tolga Demirtas, Gülseren Irmak, Menemse Gumusderelioglu
Bioprinting can be defined as the 3D patterning of living cells and other biologics by using a computer-aided layer-by-layer deposition approach. Presence of cells within the ink to usage of a "bio-ink" presents the potential to print of living tissues and organ analogs that can be implanted into damaged/diseased tissue to promote highly controlled cell-based regeneration. In this study, it was shown for the first time that chitosan solution and its composite with nanostructured bone-like hydroxyapatite (HA) can be mixed with cells and printed successfully...
June 22, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604361/synthetic-scaffolds-with-full-pore-interconnectivity-for-bone-regeneration-prepared-by-supercritical-foaming-using-advanced-biofunctional-plasticizers
#12
Aurelio Salerno, Sara Diéguez, Luis Diaz-Gomez, Jose Luis Gomez-Amoza, Beatriz Magariños, Angel Concheiro, Concepcion Domingo, Carmen Alvarez-Lorenzo, Carlos A García-González
Supercritical foaming allows for the solvent-free processing of synthetic scaffolds for bone regeneration. However, the control on the pore interconnectivity and throat pore size with this technique still needs to be improved. The use of plasticizers may help to overcome these limitations. Eugenol, a GRAS natural compound extracted from plants, is proposed in this work as an advanced plasticizer with bioactive properties. Eugenol-containing poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds were obtained by supercritical foaming (20...
June 12, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589919/alternately-plasma-roughened-nanosurface-of-a-hybrid-scaffold-for-aligning-myoblasts
#13
Gi Hoon Yang, Hojun Jeon, GeunHyung Kim
For successful skeletal muscle tissue regeneration, inducing alignment and fusion of myoblasts into multinucleated myotubes is critical. Many studies are ongoing to induce myoblast alignment using various micro/nanopatternings on scaffold surfaces, mechanically stretching scaffolds, or aligned micro/nanofibers. In this study, we have developed a simple method to induce myoblast alignment using a modified plasma treatment on a hybrid PCL scaffold consisting of melt-printed perpendicular PCL struts and an electrospun PCL fibrous mat...
June 7, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569243/cell-sheet-based-bioink-for-3d-bioprinting-applications
#14
Ezgi Bakirci, Burak Toprakhisar, Mehmet Zeybek, Gozde Ozaydin Ince, Bahattin Koc
In this research, a novel development of bioink from cell sheets is presented for scaffold free bioprinting applications. Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) coated surfaces were first prepared by using initiated Chemical Vapor Deposition (iCVD) method. Cell-sheets were then grown on these thermoresposnsive pNIPAAm coated surfaces and easily detached without disturbing delicate cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell-cell interactions. The detached cells sheets were used to prepare cell sheet based bioink and bioprinted to form various shapes...
June 1, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817384/engineering-the-mechanical-and-biological-properties-of-nanofibrous-vascular-grafts-for-in-situ-vascular-tissue-engineering
#15
Jeffrey J D Henry, Jian Yu, Aijun Wang, Randall Lee, Jun Fang, Song Li
Synthetic small diameter vascular grafts have a high failure rate, and endothelialization is critical for preventing thrombosis and graft occlusion. A promising approach is in situ tissue engineering, whereby an acellular scaffold is implanted and provides stimulatory cues to guide the in situ remodeling into a functional blood vessel. An ideal scaffold should have sufficient binding sites for biomolecule immobilization and a mechanical property similar to native tissue. Here we developed a novel method to blend low molecular weight (LMW) elastic polymer during electrospinning process to increase conjugation sites and to improve the mechanical property of vascular grafts...
August 17, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770811/fabrication-of-arbitrary-3d-components-in-cardiac-surgery-from-macro-micro-to-nanoscale
#16
Ranjith Kumar Kankala, Kai Zhu, Jun Li, Chun-Sheng Wang, Shi-Bin Wang, Ai-Zheng Chen
Fabrication of tissue-/organ-like structures at arbitrary geometries by mimicking the properties of the complex material offers enormous interest to the research and clinical applicability in cardiovascular diseases. Patient-specific, durable, and realistic three-dimensional (3D) cardiac models for anatomic consideration have been developed for education, pro-surgery planning, and intra-surgery guidance. In cardiac tissue engineering (TE), 3D printing technology is the most convenient and efficient microfabrication method to create biomimetic cardiovascular tissue for the potential in vivo implantation...
August 3, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726680/towards-4d-printed-scaffolds-for-tissue-engineering-exploiting-3d-shape-memory-polymers-to-deliver-time-controlled-stimulus-on-cultured-cells
#17
Wilhelmus J Hendrikson, Jeroen Rouwkema, Federico Clementi, Clemens A van Blitterswijk, Silvia Farè, Lorenzo Moroni
Tissue engineering needs innovative solutions to better fit the requirements of a minimally invasive approach, providing at the same time instructive cues to cells. The use of shape memory polyurethane has been investigated by producing 4D scaffolds via additive manufacturing technology. Scaffolds with two different pore network configurations (0/90° and 0/45°) were characterized by dynamic-mechanical analysis. The thermo-mechanical analysis showed a Tg at about 32 °C (Tg = T trans), indicating no influence of the fabrication process on the transition temperature...
August 2, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759433/engineering-derived-approaches-for-ipsc-preparation-expansion-differentiation-and-applications
#18
Yang Li, Ling Li, Zhi-Nan Chen, Ge Gao, Rui Yao, Wei Sun
Remarkable achievements have been made since induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were first introduced in 2006. Compared with non-pluripotent stem cells, iPSC research faces several additional complexities, such as the choice of extracellular matrix proteins, growth and differentiation factors, as well as technical challenges related to self-renewal and directed differentiation. Overcoming these challenges requires the integration of knowledge and technologies from multiple fields including cell biology, biomaterial science, engineering, physics and medicine...
July 31, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691691/development-of-a-clay-based-bioink-for-3d-cell-printing-for-skeletal-application
#19
T Ahlfeld, G Cidonio, D Kilian, S Duin, A R Akkineni, J I Dawson, S Yang, A Lode, R O C Oreffo, M Gelinsky
Three-dimensional printing of cell-laden hydrogels has evolved as a promising approach on the route to patient-specific or complex tissue-engineered constructs. However, it is still challenging to print structures with both, high shape fidelity and cell vitality. Herein, we used a synthetic nanosilicate clay, called Laponite, to build up scaffolds utilising the extrusion-based method 3D plotting. By blending with alginate and methylcellulose, a bioink was developed which allowed easy extrusion, achieving scaffolds with high printing fidelity...
July 25, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671108/cell-instructive-high-resolution-micropatterned-polylactic-acid-surfaces
#20
David Barata, Paulo Dias, Paul Wieringa, Clemens van Blitterswijk, Pamela Habibovic
Micro and nanoscale topographical structuring of biomaterial surfaces has been a valuable tool for influencing cell behavior, including cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation. However, most fabrication techniques for surface patterning of implantable biomaterials suffer from a limited resolution, not allowing controlled generation of sub-cellular three-dimensional features. Here, a direct laser lithography technique based on two-photon absorption was used to construct several patterns varying in size between 500 nm and 15 μm...
July 24, 2017: Biofabrication
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