journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546697/erratum-comparison-of-olive-tipped-and-conventional-steven-s-cannula-for-sub-tenon-ophthalmic-anesthesia
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 307 in vol. 23, PMID: 27994394.].
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546696/new-surgical-technique-for-management-of-recurrent-macular-hole
#2
Osman Abdelzaher Mohammed, Anant Pai
Recurrence of macular hole (MH) following the standard approach of pars plana vitrectomy, posterior hyaloids removal, internal limiting membrane peeling, gas tamponade, and postoperative positioning is a common postoperative complication following MH surgery. We present a new surgical technique which involves induction of serous macular detachment around the MH, parafoveal retinal massage to bring its edges closer, gas tamponade, and face down positioning. The recurrent MHs had closed in all four consecutive patients with a parallel gain in visual acuity following this technique...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546695/retinal-vascular-occlusion-secondary-to-retrobulbar-injection-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Dhaivat Vasavada, Prabu Baskaran, Seema Ramakrishnan
Retrobulbar injection has been widely practiced as a technique of ocular anesthesia for many decades. Nevertheless, the technique is not free from complications. Vascular occlusion secondary to retrobulbar injection is rare but can be vision threatening. We report a case series of two such patients who presented with poor vision following retrobulbar injection. Fundus showed pale retina with cherry red spot suggestive of central retinal artery occlusion in case 1 and pale disc with sclerosed vessels and multiple superficial hemorrhages suggestive of a combined occlusion of retinal artery and vein in case 2...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546694/cannula-associated-ocular-injuries-during-cataract-surgery-a-preventable-intraoperative-complication
#4
Darren Shu Jeng Ting, Chrisjan Dees, Christine Ellerton
Although rare, inadvertently dislodged cannula can occur during cataract surgery. We report two cases of cannula-associated ocular injury during stromal hydration of the main corneal incision despite the use of Luer-lock syringes. Case 1 suffered from an initially occult intraocular injury which led to a delayed presentation of vitreous prolapsing into the anterior chamber, presumed posterior capsular rupture, vitreous hemorrhage, and multiple retinal tears, which required a three-port pars plana vitrectomy and cryotherapy...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546693/disseminated-rhinosporidiosis-with-conjunctival-involvement-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#5
Deepa John, Satheesh S T Selvin, Aparna Irodi, Pushpa Jacob
Rhinosporidiosis is a granulomatous infection of mucocutaneous tissue caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi that most commonly occurs in the nasal cavity. Ocular rhinosporidiosis affects primarily the conjunctiva. Diagnosis of rhinosporidiosis is based on strong clinical suspicion and is confirmed by histopathological examination. We report a rare case of conjunctival rhinosporidiosis in an immunocompromised patient (human immunodeficiency virus) with disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiosis. A 44-year-old male presented with a swelling in the right upper eyelid for 6 months...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546692/age-related-changes-in-the-foveal-bulge-in-healthy-eyes
#6
Kumar Saurabh, Rupak Roy, Preeti Sharma, Dhileesh P Chandrasekharan, Kaustubh Deshmukh, Chinmayi Vyas
BACKGROUND: Intact foveal bulge has been associated with good visual outcome in retinal diseases. The aim of this study was to study the variation in foveal bulge with age. METHODS: It was an observational cross-sectional study conducted between October 2014 and December 2015. Totally, 101 eyes of 101 healthy volunteers were studied in a tertiary care center. All individuals had best corrected visual acuity of 20/20 or better. High myopia (>6 D), high hyperopia (>4 D), unstable fixation, media opacities and retinal disorder like diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion were the exclusion criteria...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546691/toxic-anterior-segment-syndrome-outbreak-after-cataract-surgery-triggered-by-viscoelastic-substance
#7
AyşeGül Koçak Altıntaş, Meryem Yaşar Ciritoğlu, Özlem BeyazyıldıZ, Çiğdem Ülkü Can, Sibel Polat
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to present toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) outbreak at our clinic and discuss possible causes of TASS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four eyes of 34 patients developed TASS in a consecutive 2 weeks period were included in this study. Both anterior segment and fundus examinations were performed before and after uncomplicated cataract surgery. During the follow-up period, clinical features and all possible causes were evaluated including perioperative products and processing such as sterilization technique of surgical instruments, irrigating solutions, drugs, viscoelastic substance (VES), and intraocular lens...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546690/update-on-the-epidemiology-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-ocular-infections
#8
Darlene Miller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the epidemiology and current antibiotic-resistant threats in ophthalmology. METHODS: Trends in frequency and antibiotic-nonsusceptible profiles during an 11 year-period (2005-2015) were evaluated and compared with the 5-year Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring in Ocular Microorganism (ARMOR) study. RESULTS: Trends in the current review confirmed the continued high rates of fluoroquinolone nonsusceptbility circulating among ocular methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus epidermidis, methicillin-resistant S...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546689/risks-of-cefuroxime-prophylaxis-for-postcataract-endophthalmitis
#9
REVIEW
Khaled A Al-Abduljabbar, Donald U Stone
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis after cataract surgery is a rare but vision-threatening complication. Intracameral cefuroxime (ICC) has been reported to be effective at reducing the risk, but concerns regarding the risks associated with this intervention remain. METHODS: Systematic review and synthesis of the literature on ICC, with a focus on the risks of therapy. RESULTS: Level 2a evidence was found to support the use of cefuroxime in penicillin-allergic patients...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546688/collagen-cross-linking-for-microbial-keratitis
#10
REVIEW
Prashant Garg, Sujata Das, Aravind Roy
Collagen cross-linking is gaining popularity not only for arresting the progression of keratoconus but also other indications including management of corneal infections. In this review article, we analyzed the published literature to understand the level of evidence for its use in corneal ulcer. Photoactivated riboflavin and ultraviolet A light are known to possess antimicrobial properties. The treatment also induces formation of inter- and intra-fibrillar bonds, thereby making the corneal collagen resistant to the action of proteases arresting stromal melt...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546687/adjunctive-therapies-for-bacterial-keratitis
#11
REVIEW
Turki Abdulaziz Bin Dakhil, Donald U Stone, David C Gritz
Bacterial keratitis is the most common type among all types of infectious keratitis. Currently, antibiotics are the main-stay of treatment. The objective of this systematic review is to review published clinical studies which discuss the adjunctive treatment of bacterial keratitis to guide clinical decision-making. We reviewed the role of a variety of medications and surgeries which can help in managing bacterial keratitis complications, which include as thinning, perforation, and impaired wound healing. We have included appropriate animal and laboratory studies, case reports and case series, and randomized clinical trials regarding each therapy...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546686/infectious-uveitis-an-enigma
#12
REVIEW
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Avirupa Ghosh, Jyotirmay Biswas
Infectious uveitis accounts for majority of the cases of uveitis in developing countries. It also encompasses an array of various microorganisms and their clinical presentations. Some of these infectious uveitic entities are familiar, while others are newly emerging in the global ophthalmic world. Many of these entities are also a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and appropriate, timely management is required to save not the eye, but life of the patient. This review highlights the ocular manifestations of various infectious uveitic entities, relevant to the ophthalmologist...
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546685/ocular-infection-update
#13
EDITORIAL
Donald U Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994403/erratum-cataract-surgery-audit-at-a-private-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#14
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 502 in vol. 22, PMID: 26692725.].
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994402/erratum-oestrus-ovis-as-a-cause-of-red-eye-in-aljabal-algharbi-libya
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 305 in vol. 18, PMID: 22224020.].
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994401/streptococcus-agalactiae-endophthalmitis-in-boston-keratoprosthesis-in-a-patient-with-steven-johnson-syndrome
#16
Humoud M Al-Otaibi, Mohammed Talea, Omar Kirat, Donald U Stone, William N May, Igor Kozak
A 25-year-old Syrian male with a previous episode of Stevens-Johnson syndrome with bilateral corneal cicatrization previously underwent surgery for Type 1 Boston Keratoprosthesis (K-Pro). Sixteen months after the K-Pro surgery, the patient presented with decreased vision to hand motion and microbial keratitis of the graft around the K-Pro with purulent discharge. Corneal scrapings were nonrevealing. B-scan in 3 days showed increased debris in the vitreous cavity and thickened retinochoroidal layer. Intravitreal tap and injections of vancomycin and ceftazidime were performed...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994400/in-vivo-confocal-microscopic-architecture-of-corneal-nerves-in-a-case-of-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-2b
#17
Chintan Malhotra, Arun Kumar Jain, Bikram Thapa, Sabin Sahu
A detailed ocular examination and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) using the Heidelberg retinal tomograph 3 with Rostock cornea module were performed in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) 2b syndrome. Ocular findings included ptosis secondary to thickening of the lid margins, subconjunctival and perilimbal neuromas, and prominent corneal nerves extending up to the pupillary area. IVCM demonstrated structural alterations of both the main nerve trunks and the smaller branches. The main nerve trunks were grossly thickened while the smaller fibers were present in an intertwining manner in the anterior stroma...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994399/serous-retinal-detachment-in-dome-shaped-macula-with-7-years-follow-up
#18
Adel G Alakeely, Saba Alrashaed
Dome-shaped macula (DSM) was first described by Gaucher et al. as a convex protrusion of macula within a staphyloma in highly myopic eyes that cause visual impairment associated with serous foveal detachment (SFD). We describe a patient with persistent SFD in DSM documented by serial spectral domain optical coherence tomography for 7 years with stable vision.
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994398/risk-of-breaking-haptic-of-trifocal-iol-and-its-management
#19
Tariq Alasbali
Fracture of an intraocular lens (IOL) haptic is a rare complication of cataract surgery. A broken haptic can cause serious damage in the anterior and posterior segments. To the best of our knowledge, a broken haptic in a high-quality, commercially available trifocal IOL has not been documented in the literature. Prompt and proactive action at 1 day postoperatively aided in addressing the complication and restoring the vision. We suggest that the ophthalmologist performed a thorough evaluation on the 1(st) postoperative day and take immediate action after a discussion with the patient and relatives...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994397/phacoantigenic-reaction-masquerading-as-postoperative-endophthalmitis-in-a-silicone-oil-filled-eye
#20
Bindu Rajesh, Rameez Hussain, Mahesh Gopalakrishnan, Anantharaman Giridhar
A 72-year-old phakic male with immature cataract underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil injection in his left eye for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. The surgery was uneventful except for lens touch during vitrectomy. Two weeks postoperatively, he presented with circumcorneal congestion, hypopyon, and absent fundal glow suggestive of postoperative endophthalmitis. The patient was managed conservatively as he refused further intervention. Five weeks later, ocular inflammation subsided following posterior dislocation of the cataractous lens, thus revealing the error in our initial diagnosis...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
journal
journal
42817
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"