journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422760/demographic-and-clinical-features-of-pediatric-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-iran
#1
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422759/cytomegalovirus-retinitis-as-a-presenting-feature-of-multisystem-disorder-dyskeratosis-congenita
#2
Swapnil Parchand, Adarsh Barwad
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is an opportunistic infection commonly seen in disorders that affect the immune system of the body such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and hematological malignancies such as leukemia/lymphoma or organ transplantation. The occurrence of CMV retinitis in the absence of such condition should be thoroughly investigated, as it is a strong indicator of poor immune competence. We here report an interesting case of CMV retinitis as a presenting feature of rare multisystem disorder "Dyskeratosis congenita...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422758/localized-trichiasis-causing-focal-full-thickness-corneal-edema-endothelial-cell-loss-and-corneal-scarring-requiring-penetrating-keratoplasty
#3
Tiffany Sara Liu, Seth Meskin
The purpose of the study was to report a case of focal trichiasis causing full-thickness corneal edema, scarring, and endothelial cell loss requiring penetrating keratoplasty (PK). A 66-year-old male was referred for trichiasis of the right upper eyelid corresponding to an area of full-thickness corneal edema. No keratic precipitates or guttata was noted. Specular microscopy showed diffuse endothelial cell loss. He was treated with topical steroids and acyclovir with epilation of lashes. Anterior chamber paracentesis was negative for varicella-zoster virus, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422757/aeromonas-salmonicida-as-a-causative-agent-for-postoperative-endophthalmitis
#4
Abhishek Varshney, Manmath Das, Priyanka Chaudhary, Rashmi Kumari, Kusha Yadav
We report a case of a 55-year-old female who presented with pain, redness, and profound visual loss in her right eye 2 weeks after cataract surgery. An ophthalmic examination showed light perception vision, corneal edema with severe anterior chamber reaction and hypopyon, exudative membranes on the anterior lens surface, and dense vitreous exudates. Under the impression of acute postoperative exogenous endophthalmitis, immediate pars plana vitrectomy with culture of vitreous aspirate and intravitreal antibiotic injections were performed...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422756/assessment-of-annual-diabetic-eye-examination-using-telemedicine-technology-among-underserved-patients-in-primary-care-setting
#5
Elham Hatef, Miriam Alexander, Bruce G Vanderver, Peter Fagan, Michael Albert
CONTEXT: Digital retinal imaging with the application of telemedicine technology shows promising results for screening of diabetic retinopathy in the primary care setting without requiring an ophthalmologist on site. AIMS: We assessed whether the establishment of telemedicine technology was an effective and efficient way to increase completion of annual eye examinations among underserved, low-income (Medicaid) diabetic patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in a primary care setting...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422755/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-carboxymethylcellulose-0-5-hydroxypropyl-guar-containing-polyethylene-glycol-400-propylene-glycol-and-hydroxypropyl-methyl-cellulose-0-3-tear-substitutes-in-improving-ocular-surface-disease-index-in-cases-of-dry-eye
#6
Prafulla K Maharana, Sapna Raghuwanshi, Ashish K Chauhan, Vaishali G Rai, Rajesh Pattebahadur
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of carboxymethylcellulose 0.5% (CMC), hydroxypropyl-guar containing polyethylene glycol 400/propylene glycol (PEG/PG), and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 0.3% (HPMC) as tear substitutes in patients with dry eye. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of cases presenting with symptoms of dry eye from July 2014 to June 2015 was done. Patients with Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scoring >12 were included in the study. Parameters such as age, gender, Schirmer test (ST), and tear film breakup time (TBUT) were recorded on day 0, week 1, and week 4...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422754/comparative-evaluation-of-corneal-endothelium-in-diabetic-patients-undergoing-phacoemulsification
#7
Pramod Kumar Sahu, Gopal Krushna Das, Sumeet Agrawal, Sabitabh Kumar, Nitish Kumar
PURPOSE: To determine if phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation has a greater impact on the corneal endothelium of type 2 diabetic patients as compared to nondiabetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study compared the endothelial status in 60 diabetics with good glycemic control and 60 nondiabetics before and after uneventful phacoemulsification. Central corneal endothelial cell density, percentage hexagonality and percentage coefficient of variation (%CV) were measured using a specular microscope...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422753/investigating-the-visual-status-of-preschool-children-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#8
Ali M Alsaqr, Ghayda'a Ibrahim, Ali Abu Sharha, Raied Fagehi
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the vision status of preschool children aged 3-6 years in Al Riyadh and to identify children at risk of amblyopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study. Visual acuity (VA) was measured using 15-line Lea symbols, refractive error was assessed using the Mohindra near retinoscopy technique, and peak contrast sensitivity (CS) was measured with the aid of the numerical CS test. We recruited 335 children, with their parents' written consent, from 14 kindergartens...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422752/epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-thyroid-associated-orbitopathy-in-accra
#9
Edith Mawunyo Ackuaku-Dogbe, Josephine Akpalu, Benjamin Abaidoo
PURPOSE: Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), a clinical manifestation of Graves' disease, is an autoimmune disorder of the orbital and periorbital tissue. Data on the epidemiology and clinical presentation of TAO in Africa are generally scarce and unavailable in Ghana. We investigated the epidemiology and clinical features of TAO among patients with thyroid disorders attending the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of patients diagnosed with thyroid disorders which was conducted at the endocrine and orbital clinics of the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422751/cataract-and-glaucoma-surgery-endoscopic-cyclophotocoagulation-versus-trabeculectomy
#10
Sheila Marco, Karim F Damji, Samir Nazarali, Chris J Rudnisky
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) versus trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (trab) in combination with cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the 6-month results of patients undergoing phacoemulsification (phaco) with either ECP or trab. The primary outcome was mean intraocular pressure (IOP) at 6 months; secondary outcomes were change in glaucoma medications, visual acuity, intraocular inflammation, and postoperative complications...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422750/keratoconus-asymmetry-between-both-eyes-based-on-corneal-tomography
#11
Nathalie Bussières, Osama Hamid Ababneh, Mohammed Ali Abu Ameerh, Muawyah D Al Bdour
PURPOSE: To characterize the asymmetry between both eyes in patients with keratoconus based on corneal tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with keratoconus who presented to the eye clinic at Jordan University Hospital between January 2008 and November 2011 were included in the study. Using computerized corneal tomography, the keratometric values and indices of both eyes of participants with keratoconus and normal controls were compared. For both eyes to be considered symmetrical, the difference between the mean curvature power (Km), flat curvature power (K1), or steep curvature power (K2) in both eyes was equal to or <2...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422749/outcomes-of-scleral-fixated-intraocular-lens-in-children-with-idiopathic-ectopia-lentis
#12
Abdulaziz I Al Somali, Faisal N Al-Dossari, Khalid E Emara, Ahmed Al Habash
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to review the safety and stability of scleral-fixated intraocular lens (IOL) 2 years after implantation in children with idiopathic ectopia lentis (EL). METHODS: This retrospective case series enrolled children with EL managed between 2011 and 2015 at a tertiary eye hospital in the eastern of Saudi Arabia. Data were collected on age, gender, vision, isolated or syndromic pathology, intraoperative and postoperative complications, spherical equivalent refraction, and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA)...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279660/occult-optic-disc-pit-maculopathy-in-a-glaucomatous-disc
#13
Chokkahalli Krishnappa Nagesha, Pratyusha Ganne
Optic pits are congenital defects of the optic disc. Diagnosis of optic pit maculopathy is quite challenging in the absence of a clinically visible or optical coherence tomography (OCT) proven pit. One such scenario is when there is advanced glaucomatous cupping. We present a case in which OCT helped detect optic disc pit maculopathy in a 60-year-old female.
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279659/superior-oblique-myokymia-some-novel-observations
#14
Sanitha Sathyan, Rosemary C Antony
Superior oblique myokymia is a rare condition, characterized by spontaneous rhythmic contractions of the superior oblique muscle and was first described by Duane in 1906. However, the pathophysiology of this condition remains poorly understood even today. A number of medical and surgical treatment modalities have been tried, with variable results. We report a case of superior oblique myokymia in a pregnant female, which could be triggered with flashlight stimulation, and the result of treatment with timolol maleate 0...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279658/macular-hole-secondary-to-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy
#15
Prabu Baskaran, Utsab Pan
We report a case of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) presented with massive submacular hemorrhage (SMH) and macular hole (MH). Spectral domain optical coherence tomography confirmed the presence of MH along with SMH and also revealed an extrafoveal-notched pigment epithelium detachment (PED) suggestive of PCV. Urgent pneumatic displacement with perfluoropropane (C3F8) was done. Indocyanine green angiography done 3 weeks later showed polyps in the superonasal macula corresponding to PED. Extrafoveal polyps were treated with laser photocoagulation...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279657/real-time-optical-coherence-tomography-incorporated-in-the-operating-microscope-during-cataract-surgery
#16
Mohammed A Almutlak, Turki Aloniazan, William May
A 55-year-old male presented with reduced vision due to senile cataract. The patient consented to undergo real-time intraoperative anterior segment-optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) during phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Images were captured at various points during the surgery. The use of AS-OCT incorporated into the surgical microscope was evaluated as an adjunct to cataract surgery. We were able to successfully evaluate, in real-time, wound architecture, the attachment of Descemet's membrane, the posterior capsule, and IOL position...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279656/prevalence-and-major-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-iranian-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Ghasem Saeedi-Anari, Elham Ashrafi, Seyed-Mehrdad Mohammadi, Farshad Farzadfar, Alireza Lashay, Hassan Hashemi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to provide a pooled estimate of moderate-to-severe visual impairment (MSVI) and blindness in Iran for people 50 years and over and to identify the major causes through systematic review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: International (PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and Scopus) and national databases (Scientific Information Database, Barakat Knowledge Network System, Iran Databank of Ophthalmology Research, and Magiran) databases were searched...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279655/outcomes-of-pneumatic-retinopexy-for-the-management-of-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#18
Mohammad A Hazzazi, Saba Al Rashaed
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to report the outcomes of pneumatic retinopexy (PR) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients with RRD who were managed with PR at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital between 2000 and 2014. Data were collected on preoperative ocular history, characteristics of the RRD, postoperative anatomical and visual outcomes, and secondary surgeries. RESULTS: Sixty-five eyes comprised the study sample with mean a follow-up of 42 months...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279654/intravitreal-bevacizumab-for-choroidal-neovascularization-associated-with-angioid-streaks-long-term-results
#19
T Lekha, Hari Narayan Prasad, Renuka Nikit Sarwate, Manasi Patel, S Karthikeyan
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) in the treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to angioid streaks (AS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Noncomparative, interventional retrospective case series involving ten patients (15 eyes) with a minimum follow-up of 25 months following IVB for AS-associated CNV. Demographic and clinical details at baseline and during follow-up were collected from patient records...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279653/clinical-profile-and-outcomes-of-optic-neuritis-in-an-hiv-prevalent-urban-community-in-south-africa
#20
Hamzah Mustak, Colin Cook
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical profile, causes and response to corticosteroid therapy in patients admitted and treated for optic neuritis at a tertiary hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: A retrospective case review of 117 patients with optic neuritis between January 2002 and December 2012. Demographic information, clinical presentation, course of illness, investigations performed and visual outcomes at discharge and at three month follow up were collected for analysis...
July 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
journal
journal
42817
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"