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Nutrients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805747/what-is-nutritious-snack-food-a-comparison-of-expert-and-layperson-assessments
#1
Tamara Bucher, Christina Hartmann, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
The term "nutritious" is being increasingly used by product manufacturers but the term is not currently regulated as a nutrition claim. It is unclear how lay consumers and experts define and interpret the term or how they evaluate the "nutritiousness" of various foods. To address this evidence gap, a mixed methods design was applied and both nutrition experts (n = 206) and lay participants (n = 269) provided definitions of the term "nutritious" and evaluated the "nutritiousness" of 20 different snack foods in a cross-sectional survey...
August 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805735/dietary-propolis-ameliorates-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-and-modulates-the-gut-microbiota-in-rats-fed-a-western-diet
#2
Kai Wang, Xiaolu Jin, Mengmeng You, Wenli Tian, Richard K Le Leu, David L Topping, Michael A Conlon, Liming Wu, Fuliang Hu
Propolis is an important hive product and considered beneficial to health. However, evidence of its potential for improving gut health is still lacking. Here we use rats to examine whether dietary supplementation with propolis could be used as a therapy for ulcerative colitis. Rats were fed with a Western style diet alone (controls) or supplemented with different amounts of Chinese propolis (0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.3%) to examine effects on acute colitis induced by 3% dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) in drinking water...
August 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805734/grain-foods-are-contributors-of-nutrient-density-for-american-adults-and-help-close-nutrient-recommendation-gaps-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2012
#3
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) maintains recommendations for increased consumption of whole grains while limiting intake of enriched/refined grains. A variety of enriched grains are sources of several shortfall nutrients identified by 2015-2020 DGA, including dietary fiber, folate, iron, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to determine food sources of energy and nutrients for free-living U.S. adults using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012...
August 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805705/changes-of-bone-related-minerals-during-denosumab-administration-in-post-menopausal-osteoporotic-patients
#4
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kato
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study included 21 patients with primary osteoporosis who were treated with the anti-resorption drug, denosumab. To date, there has been no detailed report on the changes of bone-related minerals after anti-resorption drug therapy. METHODS: Twenty-one post-menopausal females were retrospectively enrolled. Serum zinc (Zn), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), grip strength, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were examined at one week and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 months...
August 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805671/the-roles-of-vitamin-c-in-skin-health
#5
REVIEW
Juliet M Pullar, Anitra C Carr, Margreet C M Vissers
The primary function of the skin is to act as a barrier against insults from the environment, and its unique structure reflects this. The skin is composed of two layers: the epidermal outer layer is highly cellular and provides the barrier function, and the inner dermal layer ensures strength and elasticity and gives nutritional support to the epidermis. Normal skin contains high concentrations of vitamin C, which supports important and well-known functions, stimulating collagen synthesis and assisting in antioxidant protection against UV-induced photodamage...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805670/appetite-and-gut-hormones-response-to-a-putative-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitor-salacia-chinensis-in-overweight-obese-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Lihong Hao, Yvette Schlussel, Krista Fieselmann, Stephen H Schneider, Sue A Shapses
Animal studies indicate Salacia reduces body weight, possibly due to its α-glucosidase inhibitor (α-GI) properties, but this has not been examined previously. In this study, a randomized, placebo-controlled, three-way cross-over design was used to evaluate whether Salacia Chinensis (SC) reduces appetite in healthy overweight/obese individuals (body mass index 28.8 ±3.6 kg/m²; 32 ± 12 years). Forty-eight participants were fasted overnight and consumed a dose of SC (300 or 500 mg) or placebo with a fixed breakfast meal at each visit...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805669/effect-of-mediterranean-diet-and-antioxidant-formulation-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-study
#7
Ludovico Abenavoli, Marta Greco, Natasa Milic, Francesca Accattato, Daniela Foti, Elio Gulletta, Francesco Luzza
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide, characterized by liver fatty acid accumulation and fibrosis, not due to excessive alcohol consumption. Notably, nutritional habits have been reported to be implicated in the onset and severity of the hepatic damage, while the Mediterranean diet has shown beneficial effects on NAFLD. Free radicals and oxidative stress were suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of NAFLD, and several data highlighted the efficacy of antioxidant supplementation in its treatment...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805668/locally-sustainable-school-lunch-intervention-improves-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-levels-and-body-mass-index-among-elementary-schoolchildren-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#8
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
School lunch is not provided in public elementary schools in Indonesia, and students frequently buy and eat snacks at school. We hypothesized that providing a traditional Sundanese meal as school lunch would be beneficial for children in rural West Java. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of a 1-month school lunch intervention aiming at sustainability and based on children's nutritional intake, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and body mass index (BMI). A lunch (including rice, vegetable dish, animal protein dish, plant protein dish, and fruit) containing one-third of the recommended daily allowance of energy was offered every school day for 1 month, targeting 68 fourth-grade elementary schoolchildren...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805667/the-effect-of-a-standardized-ginger-extract-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-moderately-or-highly-emetogenic-chemotherapy-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Wolfgang Marx, Alexandra L McCarthy, Karin Ried, Dan McKavanagh, Luis Vitetta, Avni Sali, Anna Lohning, Elisabeth Isenring
Ginger supplementation could be an effective adjuvant treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea (CIN). The aim of this clinical trial was to address significant methodological limitations in previous trials. Patients (N = 51) were randomly allocated to receive either 1.2 g of standardised ginger extract or placebo per day, in addition to standard anti-emetic therapy, during the first three cycles of chemotherapy. The primary outcome was CIN-related quality of life (QoL) measured with the Functional Living Index- Emesis (FLIE) questionnaire...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800117/iron-fortification-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-to-address-iron-deficiency
#10
Rajib Podder, Bunyamin Tar'an, Robert T Tyler, Carol J Henry, Diane M DellaValle, Albert Vandenberg
Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major human health concern in areas of the world in which diets are often Fe deficient. In the current study, we aimed to identify appropriate methods and optimal dosage for Fe fortification of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) dal with FeSO₄·7H₂O (ferrous sulphate hepta-hydrate), NaFeEDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid iron (III) sodium salt) and FeSO₄·H₂O (ferrous sulphate mono-hydrate). We used a colorimetric method to determine the appearance of the dal fortified with fortificants at different Fe concentrations and under different storage conditions...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800115/intake-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-the-belgian-population-adequacy-and-contribution-of-foods-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#11
Isabelle Moyersoen, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Arnold Dekkers, Karin de Ridder, Jean Tafforeau, John van Camp, Herman van Oyen, Carl Lachat
A key challenge of public health nutrition is to provide the majority of the population with a sufficient level of micronutrients while preventing high-consumers from exceeding the tolerable upper intake level. Data of the 2014 Belgian food consumption survey (n = 3200) were used to assess fat-soluble vitamin (vitamins A, D, E and K) intake from the consumption of foods, fortified foods and supplements. This study revealed inadequate intakes for vitamin A, from all sources, in the entire Belgian population and possible inadequacies for vitamin D...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800093/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-summary-of-the-2016-agency-of-healthcare-research-and-quality-evidence-review
#12
REVIEW
Ethan M Balk, Alice H Lichtenstein
We summarize the 2016 update of the 2004 Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality's evidence review of omega-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The overall findings for the effects of marine oil supplements on intermediate CVD outcomes remain largely unchanged. There is high strength of evidence, based on numerous trials, of no significant effects of marine oils on systolic or diastolic blood pressures, but there are small, yet statistically significant increases in high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800092/induced-aberrant-organisms-with-novel-ability-to-protect-intestinal-integrity-from-inflammation-in-an-animal-model
#13
Helieh S Oz
Robust and balanced gut microbiota are required to support health and growth. Overgrowth of gut microbial or pathogens can change ecosystem balance, and compromise gut integrity to initiate gastrointestinal (GI) complications. There is no safe and effective modality against coccidiosis. Antibiotic additives routinely fed to food animals to protect against infection, are entered into the food chain, contaminate food products and pass to the consumers. HYPOTHESIS: induced aberrant organisms possess distinct ultrastructure and are tolerated by immunodeficient-animals yet are non-pathogenic, but immunogenic in various strains of chicks to act as a preventive (vaccine) and eliminating the needs for antibiotic additives...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800091/inverse-associations-between-a-locally-validated-mediterranean-diet-index-overweight-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-chilean-adults
#14
Guadalupe Echeverría, Emma E McGee, Inés Urquiaga, Paulina Jiménez, Sonia D'Acuña, Luis Villarroel, Nicolás Velasco, Federico Leighton, Attilio Rigotti
Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are key risk factors for chronic disease. Dietary patterns are critical in the incidence and persistence of obesity and MetS, yet there is few data linking diet to obesity and MetS in Chile. Our objective was to use a locally validated diet index to evaluate adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern and its correlations with overweight/obesity (OW/O) and MetS prevalence in Chilean adults. We conducted a nationwide, cross-sectional online survey of Chilean adults with complete self-reported diet and body mass index data (n = 24,882)...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800090/the-effect-of-buffering-high-acid-load-meal-with-sodium-bicarbonate-on-postprandial-glucose-metabolism-in-humans-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#15
Pinar Kozan, Jackson C Blythe, Jerry R Greenfield, Dorit Samocha-Bonet
Background: High dietary acid load relates to increased risk of type 2 diabetes in epidemiological studies. We aimed to investigate whether buffering a high acid load meal with an alkalizing treatment changes glucose metabolism post meal. Methods: Non-diabetic participants (n = 32) were randomized to receive either 1680 mg NaHCO₃ or placebo, followed by a high acid load meal in a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover (1-4 weeks apart) study. Thirty (20 men) participants completed the study. Venous blood pH, serum bicarbonate, blood glucose, serum insulin, C-peptide, non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA), and plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) concentrations were measured at baseline (fasting) and at 15-30 min intervals for 3 h post meal...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796176/bridging-the-gap-between-gut-microbial-dysbiosis-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Kimberley Lau, Varun Srivatsav, Ayesha Rizwan, Andrew Nashed, Rui Liu, Rui Shen, Mahmood Akhtar
The human gut is heavily colonized by a community of microbiota, primarily bacteria, that exists in a symbiotic relationship with the host and plays a critical role in maintaining host homeostasis. The consumption of a high-fat (HF) diet has been shown to induce gut dysbiosis and reduce intestinal integrity. Recent studies have revealed that dysbiosis contributes to the progression of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) by promoting two major CVD risk factors-atherosclerosis and hypertension. Imbalances in host-microbial interaction impair homeostatic mechanisms that regulate health and can activate multiple pathways leading to CVD risk factor progression...
August 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796175/suppression-of-wnt-signaling-and-osteogenic-changes-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-by-eicosapentaenoic-acid
#17
Yukihiro Saito, Kazufumi Nakamura, Daiji Miura, Kei Yunoki, Toru Miyoshi, Masashi Yoshida, Norifumi Kawakita, Tomonari Kimura, Megumi Kondo, Toshihiro Sarashina, Satoshi Akagi, Atsuyuki Watanabe, Nobuhiro Nishii, Hiroshi Morita, Hiroshi Ito
Vascular medial calcification is often observed in patients with arteriosclerosis. It is also associated with systolic hypertension, wide pulse pressure, and fluctuation of blood pressure, which results in cardiovascular events. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been shown to suppress vascular calcification in previous animal experiments. We investigated the inhibitory effects of EPA on Wnt signaling, which is one of the important signaling pathways involved in vascular calcification. Intake of food containing 5% EPA resulted in upregulation of the mRNA expression of Klotho, an intrinsic inhibitor of Wnt signaling, in the kidneys of wild-type mice...
August 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796173/effects-of-vegetables-on-cardiovascular-diseases-and-related-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Guo-Yi Tang, Xiao Meng, Ya Li, Cai-Ning Zhao, Qing Liu, Hua-Bin Li
Epidemiological studies have shown that vegetable consumption is inversely related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, research has indicated that many vegetables like potatoes, soybeans, sesame, tomatoes, dioscorea, onions, celery, broccoli, lettuce and asparagus showed great potential in preventing and treating cardiovascular diseases, and vitamins, essential elements, dietary fibers, botanic proteins and phytochemicals were bioactive components. The cardioprotective effects of vegetables might involve antioxidation; anti-inflammation; anti-platelet; regulating blood pressure, blood glucose, and lipid profile; attenuating myocardial damage; and modulating relevant enzyme activities, gene expression, and signaling pathways as well as some other biomarkers associated to cardiovascular diseases...
August 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796169/cell-surface-and-nuclear-receptors-in-the-colon-as-targets-for-bacterial-metabolites-and-its-relevance-to-colon-health
#19
REVIEW
Sathish Sivaprakasam, Yangzom D Bhutia, Sabarish Ramachandran, Vadivel Ganapathy
The symbiotic co-habitation of bacteria in the host colon is mutually beneficial to both partners. While the host provides the place and food for the bacteria to colonize and live, the bacteria in turn help the host in energy and nutritional homeostasis, development and maturation of the mucosal immune system, and protection against inflammation and carcinogenesis. In this review, we highlight the molecular mediators of the effective communication between the bacteria and the host, focusing on selective metabolites from the bacteria that serve as messengers to the host by acting through selective receptors in the host colon...
August 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796168/reply-comment-on-chocolate-consumption-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies-nutrients-2017-9-688
#20
Sheng Yuan, Jinping Lu
To the editor, We would like to thank Dr. Hurtado-Torres for his valuable comments on our article entitled "Chocolate Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies", which was published in Nutrients in July 2017 [1]. [...].
August 10, 2017: Nutrients
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