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Nutrients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230804/calcium-intake-and-nutritional-adequacy-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#1
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
Calcium is an important nutrient for child development. The main objective of this study was to assess calcium intake and its adequacy with dietary reference intake (DRI) in Spanish children. The ANIVA (Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia) study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. During two academic years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, 1176 schoolchildren aged 6-9 years were selected from 14 primary schools in Valencia (Spain). Three-day food records were used to assess dietary intake, completed by parents/guardian...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230798/a%C3%A2-village-based%C3%A2-intervention-%C3%A2-promoting%C3%A2-folic%C3%A2-acid%C3%A2-use%C3%A2-among%C3%A2-rural%C3%A2-chinese%C3%A2-women
#2
Qian Lin, Lina Yang, Fang Li, Hong Qin, Mingzhi Li, Jihua Chen, Jing Deng, Xiangying Hu
BACKGROUND: Folic acid supplementation is effective in reducing the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs). However, the use of folic acid is low among rural women in China. Nutrition education can provide information about folic acid and encourage its use. The primary objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of a village-based nutrition intervention on folic acid use among rural women. METHODS: Sixty villages were randomly selected using multiple-stage sampling and were divided into control and intervention groups...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230784/the-effects-of-moderate-whole-grain-consumption-on-fasting-glucose-and-lipids-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-microbiota
#3
Danielle N Cooper, Mary E Kable, Maria L Marco, Angela De Leon, Bret Rust, Julita E Baker, William Horn, Dustin Burnett, Nancy L Keim
This study was designed to determine if providing wheat, corn, and rice as whole (WG) or refined grains (RG) under free-living conditions will change parameters of health over a six-week intervention in healthy, habitual non-WG consumers. Measurements of body composition, fecal microbiota, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides were made at baseline and post intervention. Subjects were given adequate servings of either WG or RG products based on their caloric need and asked to keep records of grain consumption, bowel movements, and GI symptoms weekly...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230782/reported-dietary-intake-disparity-between-the-reported-consumption-and-the-level-needed-for-adequacy-and-food-sources-of-calcium-phosphorus-magnesium-and-vitamin-d-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study-%C3%A2
#4
Josune Olza, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Ángel Gil
Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamin D have important biological roles in the body, especially in bone metabolism. We aimed to study the reported intake, the disparity between the reported consumption and the level needed for adequacy and food sources of these four nutrients in the Spanish population. We assessed the reported intake for both, general population and plausible reporters. Results were extracted from the ANIBES survey, n = 2009. Three-day dietary reported intake data were obtained and misreporting was assessed according to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230781/-dose-to-mother-deuterium-oxide-dilution-technique-an-accurate-strategy-to-measure-vitamin-a-intake-in-breastfed-infants
#5
Veronica Lopez-Teros, Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia, Sherry A Tanumihardjo, Orlando Tortoledo-Ortiz, Mauro E Valencia
In Mexico, infants (0-2 years old) show the highest prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD), measured by serum retinol concentrations. Thus, we consider that low vitamin A (VA) intake through breast milk (BM) combined with poor weaning practices are the main factors that contribute to VAD in this group. We combined the assessment of VA status in lactating women using BM retinol and a stable isotope 'dose-to-mother' technique to measure BM production in women from urban and agricultural areas. Infants' mean BM intake was 758 ± 185 mL, and no difference was observed between both areas (p = 0...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230779/validity-and-reliability-of-general-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-adults-in-uganda
#6
Richard Bukenya, Abhiya Ahmed, Jeanette M Andrade, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, John Muyonga, Juan E Andrade
This study sought to develop and validate a general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (GNKQ) for Ugandan adults. The initial draft consisted of 133 items on five constructs associated with nutrition knowledge; expert recommendations (16 items), food groups (70 items), selecting food (10 items), nutrition and disease relationship (23 items), and food fortification in Uganda (14 items). The questionnaire validity was evaluated in three studies. For the content validity (study 1), a panel of five content matter nutrition experts reviewed the GNKQ draft before and after face validity...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230769/hypoallergenic-variant-of-the-major-egg-white-allergen-gal-d-1-produced-by-disruption-of-cysteine-bridges
#7
Pathum Dhanapala, Dulashi Withanage-Dona, Mimi L K Tang, Tim Doran, Cenk Suphioglu
Gal d 1 (ovomucoid) is the dominant allergen in the chicken egg white. Hypoallergenic variants of this allergen can be used in immunotherapy as an egg allergy treatment approach. We hypothesised that disruption of two of the nine cysteine-cysteine bridges by site-directed mutagenesis will allow the production of a hypoallergenic variant of the protein; Methods: Two cysteine residues at C192 and C210 in domain III of the protein were mutated to alanine using site-directed mutagenesis, to disrupt two separate cysteine-cysteine bridges...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230765/metabolic-effects-of-glucose-fructose-co-ingestion-compared-to-glucose-alone-during-exercise-in-type-1-diabetes
#8
Lia Bally, Patrick Kempf, Thomas Zueger, Christian Speck, Nicola Pasi, Carlos Ciller, Katrin Feller, Hannah Loher, Robin Rosset, Matthias Wilhelm, Chris Boesch, Tania Buehler, Ayse S Dokumaci, Luc Tappy, Christoph Stettler
This paper aims to compare the metabolic effects of glucose-fructose co-ingestion (GLUFRU) with glucose alone (GLU) in exercising individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Fifteen male individuals with type 1 diabetes (HbA1c 7.0% ± 0.6% (53 ± 7 mmol/mol)) underwent a 90 min iso-energetic continuous cycling session at 50% VO2max while ingesting combined glucose-fructose (GLUFRU) or glucose alone (GLU) to maintain stable glycaemia without insulin adjustment. GLUFRU and GLU were labelled with (13)C-fructose and (13)C-glucose, respectively...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230764/cinnamic-acid-and-its-derivatives-mechanisms-for-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes-and-its-complications
#9
REVIEW
Sirichai Adisakwattana
With recent insight into the development of dietary supplements and functional foods, search of effective phytochemical compounds and their mechanisms involved in prevention and management of diabetes and its complications are now being assessed. Cinnamic acid and its derivatives occur naturally in high levels of plant-based foods. Among various biological activities, cinnamic acid and its derivatives are associated with a beneficial influence on diabetes and its complications. The aim of the review is to summarize the potential mechanisms of these compounds for prevention and management of diabetes and its complications...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230744/s-allylmercaptocysteine%C3%A2-attenuates%C3%A2-cisplatin-induced%C3%A2-nephrotoxicity%C3%A2-through%C3%A2-suppression%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-apoptosis-%C3%A2-oxidative%C3%A2-stress-%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-inflammation
#10
Xiaosong Zhu, Xiaoyan Jiang, Ang Li, Zhongxi Zhao, Siying Li
Cisplatin is a potent chemotherapeutic agent, but its clinical usage is limited by nephrotoxicity. S-allylmercaptocysteine (SAMC), one of the water-soluble organosulfur garlic derivatives, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and plays an important role in protecting cells from apoptosis. This study aims to examine the protective effects of SAMC on cisplatin nephrotoxicity and to explore the mechanism of its renoprotection. Rats were treated with cisplatin with or without pre-treatment with SAMC...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230742/fructose%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-sucrose%C3%A2-intake%C3%A2-increase%C3%A2-exogenous%C3%A2-carbohydrate%C3%A2-oxidation%C3%A2-during%C3%A2-exercise
#11
Jorn Trommelen, Cas J Fuchs, Milou Beelen, Kaatje Lenaerts, Asker E Jeukendrup, Naomi M Cermak, Luc J C van Loon
Peak exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rates typically reach ~1 g∙min-1 during exercise when ample glucose or glucose polymers are ingested. Fructose co-ingestion has been shown to further increase exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rates. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of fructose co-ingestion provided either as a monosaccharide or as part of the disaccharide sucrose on exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rates during prolonged exercise in trained cyclists. Ten trained male cyclists (VO2peak: 65 ± 2 mL∙kg-1∙min-1) cycled on four different occasions for 180 min at 50% Wmax during which they consumed a carbohydrate solution providing 1...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230737/role-of-fiber-in-symptomatic-uncomplicated-diverticular-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Marilia Carabotti, Bruno Annibale, Carola Severi, Edith Lahner
Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) is a syndrome characterized by recurrent abdominal symptoms in patients with colonic diverticula. There is some evidence that a high-fiber diet or supplemental fibers may reduce symptoms in SUDD patients and a high-fiber diet is commonly suggested for these patients. This systematic review aims to update the evidence on the efficacy of fiber treatment in SUDD, in terms of a reduction in symptoms and the prevention of acute diverticulitis. According to PRISMA, we identified studies on SUDD patients treated with fibers (PubMed and Scopus)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230732/effects-of-acute-blueberry-flavonoids-on-mood-in-children-and-young-adults
#13
Sundus Khalid, Katie L Barfoot, Gabrielle May, Daniel J Lamport, Shirley A Reynolds, Claire M Williams
Epidemiological evidence suggests that consumption of flavonoids (usually via fruits and vegetables) is associated with decreased risk of developing depression. One plausible explanation for this association is the well-documented beneficial effects of flavonoids on executive function (EF). Impaired EF is linked to cognitive processes (e.g., rumination) that maintain depression and low mood; therefore, improved EF may reduce depressionogenic cognitive processes and improve mood. Study 1: 21 young adults (18-21 years old) consumed a flavonoid-rich blueberry drink and a matched placebo in a counterbalanced cross-over design...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230731/certain-grain-foods-can-be-meaningful-contributors-to-nutrient-density-in-the-diets-of-u-s-children-and-adolescents-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2012
#14
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
Grain foods may play an important role in delivering nutrients to the diet of children and adolescents. The present study determined grain food sources of energy/nutrients in U.S. children and adolescents using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Analyses of grain food sources were conducted using a 24-h recall in participants 2-18 years old (N = 6109). Sources of nutrients contained in grain foods were determined using U.S. Department of Agriculture nutrient composition databases and excluded mixed dishes...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230729/catechol-groups-enable-reactive-oxygen-species-scavenging-mediated-suppression-of-pkd-nfkappab-il-8-signaling-pathway-by-chlorogenic-and-caffeic-acids-in-human-intestinal-cells
#15
Hee Soon Shin, Hideo Satsu, Min-Jung Bae, Mamoru Totsuka, Makoto Shimizu
Chlorogenic acid (CHA) and caffeic acid (CA) are phenolic compounds found in coffee, which inhibit oxidative stress-induced interleukin (IL)-8 production in intestinal epithelial cells, thereby suppressing serious cellular injury and inflammatory intestinal diseases. Therefore, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of CHA and CA, both of which inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced IL-8 transcriptional activity. They also significantly suppressed nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) transcriptional activity, nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit, and phosphorylation of IκB kinase (IKK)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230722/individual-diet-modeling-shows-how-to-balance-the-diet-of-french-adults-with-or-without-excessive-free-sugar-intakes
#16
Anne Lluch, Matthieu Maillot, Rozenn Gazan, Florent Vieux, Fabien Delaere, Sarah Vaudaine, Nicole Darmon
Dietary changes needed to achieve nutritional adequacy for 33 nutrients were determined for 1719 adults from a representative French national dietary survey. For each individual, an iso-energy nutritionally adequate diet was generated using diet modeling, staying as close as possible to the observed diet. The French food composition table was completed with free sugar (FS) content. Results were analyzed separately for individuals with FS intakes in their observed diets ≤10% or >10% of their energy intake (named below FS-ACCEPTABLE and FS-EXCESS, respectively)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230720/role-of-vitamin-a-retinoic-acid-in-regulation-of-embryonic-and-adult-hematopoiesis
#17
REVIEW
Ana Cañete, Elena Cano, Ramón Muñoz-Chápuli, Rita Carmona
Vitamin A is an essential micronutrient throughout life. Its physiologically active metabolite retinoic acid (RA), acting through nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RARs), is a potent regulator of patterning during embryonic development, as well as being necessary for adult tissue homeostasis. Vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy increases risk of maternal night blindness and anemia and may be a cause of congenital malformations. Childhood Vitamin A deficiency can cause xerophthalmia, lower resistance to infection and increased risk of mortality...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218722/relationship-between-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-case-control-and-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Hajar Mazahery, Welma Stonehouse, Maryam Delshad, Marlena C Kruger, Cathryn A Conlon, Kathryn L Beck, Pamela R von Hurst
Omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation (n-3 LCPUFA) for treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is popular. The results of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses of n-3 LCPUFA supplementation on ASD outcomes were inconclusive. Two meta-analyses were conducted; meta-analysis 1 compared blood levels of LCPUFA and their ratios arachidonic acid (ARA) to docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), ARA to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), or total n-6 to total n-3 LCPUFA in ASD to those of typically developing individuals (with no neurodevelopmental disorders), and meta-analysis 2 compared the effects of n-3 LCPUFA supplementation to placebo on symptoms of ASD...
February 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218715/the-cross-sectional-association-between-consumption-of-the-recommended-five-food-group-grain-cereal-dietary-fibre-and-anthropometric-measures-among-australian-adults
#19
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Peter Petocz, Andrew McConnell, Kate Tuck, Marie Mansour
The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommended "grain (cereal)" core food group includes both refined and whole grain foods, but excludes those that are discretionary (i.e., cakes). We investigated the association between daily serves from the "grain (cereal)" group and its effect on fibre and adiposity. Data from Australian adults in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 9341). Participants were categorised by serves of core grain foods and general linear models were used to investigate the effect of demographic, socioeconomic, and dietary covariates on waist circumference, body mass index (BMI) and fibre intake...
February 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218661/exploring-the-effect-of-lactium%C3%A2-and-zizyphus-complex-on-sleep-quality-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Andrew Scholey, Sarah Benson, Amy Gibbs, Naomi Perry, Jerome Sarris, Greg Murray
Acute, non-clinical insomnia is not uncommon. Sufferers commonly turn to short-term use of herbal supplements to alleviate the symptoms. This placebo-controlled, double-blind study investigated the efficacy of LZComplex3 (lactium™, Zizyphus, Humulus lupulus, magnesium and vitamin B6), in otherwise healthy adults with mild insomnia. After a 7-day single-blind placebo run-in, eligible volunteers (n = 171) were randomized (1:1) to receive daily treatment for 2 weeks with LZComplex3 or placebo. Results revealed that sleep quality measured by change in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score improved in both the LZComplex3 and placebo groups...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
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