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Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942197/hepatitis-a-vaccine-response-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients-the-interchangeability-of-single-dose-versus-double-a-prospective-look
#1
Jason Dazley, Raymund Sison, Humberto Jimenez, Jihad Slim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942196/comment-on-a-case-of-aerococcus-urinae-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#2
Erik Senneby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942195/prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-extensively-drug-resistant-and-pandrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-from-a-tertiary-level-intensive-care-unit
#3
J S Gill, Sunil Arora, S P Khanna, Kvs Hari Kumar
BACKGROUND: Infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is common in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), leading to increased morbidity and mortality. The organism is classified into various phenotypes based on the drug resistance pattern, namely, drug-resistant (DR), multi-DR (MDR), extensively DR (XDR), and pan-DR (PDR). We aim to study the incidence of P. aeruginosa phenotypes in a tertiary level ICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted this prospective, observational study for 2 years (January 2014-December 2015) and collected appropriate clinical samples (blood, urine, wound discharge, etc...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942194/acute-undifferentiated-febrile-illness-in-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india-clinical-spectrum-and-outcome
#4
Kundavaram Paul Prabhakar Abhilash, Jonathan Arul Jeevan, Shubhanker Mitra, Nirvin Paul, Thimiri Palani Murugan, Ajay Rangaraj, Sandeep David, Samuel George Hansdak, John Antony Jude Prakash, Asha Mary Abraham, Prakash Ramasami, Sowmya Sathyendra, Thambu David Sudarsanam, George M Varghese
BACKGROUND: Acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) may have similar clinical presentation, and the etiology is varied and region specific. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in South India. All adult patients presenting with AUFI of 3-14 days duration were evaluated for etiology, and the differences in presentation and outcome were analyzed. RESULTS: The study cohort included 1258 patients...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942193/identification-and-antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-candida-species-a-comparison-of-vitek-2-system-with-conventional-and-molecular-methods
#5
Ravinder Kaur, Megh Singh Dhakad, Ritu Goyal, Absarul Haque, Gauranga Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Candida infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients; an accurate and early identification is a prerequisite need to be taken as an effective measure for the management of patients. The purpose of this study was to compare the conventional identification of Candida species with identification by Vitek-2 system and the antifungal susceptibility testing (AST) by broth microdilution method with Vitek-2 AST system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 172 Candida isolates were subjected for identification by the conventional methods, Vitek-2 system, restriction fragment length polymorphism, and random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942192/consensus-recommendation-for-india-and-bangladesh-for-the-use-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-mass-gatherings-with-special-reference-to-hajj-pilgrims
#6
Dilip Mathai, Abul Khair Mohammad Shamsuzzaman, Ahrar Ahmed Feroz, Amin R Virani, Ashfaq Hasan, K L Ravi Kumar, Khalid Ansari, Khandaker Atm Forhad Hossain, Mahesh Marda, M A Wahab Zubair, Mohammed Mukarram Ali, N Ashraf, Riyaz Basha, Shaeq Mirza, Shafeeq Ahmed, Shamim Akhtar, Syed Mustafa Ashraf, Zahirul Haque
Respiratory tract infections are prevalent among Hajj pilgrims with pneumonia being a leading cause of hospitalization. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common pathogen isolated from patients with pneumonia and respiratory tract infections during Hajj. There is a significant burden of pneumococcal disease in India, which can be prevented. Guidelines for preventive measures and adult immunization have been published in India, but the implementation of the guidelines is low. Data from Bangladesh are available about significant mortality due to respiratory infections; however, literature regarding guidelines for adult immunization is limited...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942191/state-of-the-globe-acute-febrile-encephalopathy
#7
EDITORIAL
Avinash Agarwal, Manish Gutch, Sukriti Kumar, Shuchi Agrawal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621565/polymyxin-b-combination-therapy-a-dire-need-to-safeguard-our-last-hope
#8
Maheshkumar Lakhe, Saiprasad Vilas Patil, Krishnaprasad Korukonda, Amit Bhargava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621564/right-sided-infective-endocarditis-in-an-indian-intensive-care-unit
#9
Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Muralidhar D Varma, Saarwaani Vallabhajosyula, Shashaank Vallabhajosyula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621563/pneumococcal-vertebral-osteomyelitis-after-epidural-injection-a-rare-event
#10
Tamara M Johnson, Chandrika Chitturi, Michael Lange, Jin S Suh, Jihad Slim
Streptococcus pneumoniae vertebral infections have rarely been reported. Herein, we report a case of pneumococcal vertebral osteomyelitis with paraspinal and epidural abscesses as well as concomitant bacteremia following epidural injection. This will be the second case in the literature reporting pneumococcal vertebral osteomyelitis related to epidural manipulation.
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621562/clinically-profiling-pediatric-patients-with-dengue
#11
Sriram Pothapregada, Banupriya Kamalakannan, Mahalaskhmy Thulasingham, Srinivasan Sampath
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical profile and outcome of dengue fever in children at a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children (0-12 years of age) diagnosed and confirmed as dengue fever from August 2012 to January 2015 were reviewed retrospectively from hospital case records as per the revised World Health Organization guidelines for dengue fever. The diagnosis was confirmed by NS1 antigen-based ELISA test or dengue serology for IgM and IgG antibodies, and the data were analyzed using SPSS 16...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621561/phylogenetic-analysis-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-2-group-b
#12
Eleonora Cella, Alessandra Lo Presti, Marta Giovanetti, Carla Veo, Alessia Lai, Giordano Dicuonzo, Silvia Angeletti, Marco Ciotti, Gianguglielmo Zehender, Massimo Ciccozzi
CONTEXT: Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) infections are mainly restricted to West Africa; however, in the recent years, the prevalence of HIV-2 is a growing concern in some European countries and the Southwestern region of India. Despite the presence of different HIV-2 groups, only A and B Groups have established human-to-human transmission chains. AIMS: This work aimed to evaluate the phylogeographic inference of HIV-2 Group B worldwide to estimate their data of origin and the population dynamics...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621560/pcr-and-genotyping-for-hpv-in-cervical-cancer-patients
#13
Pradyot Prakash, Shashikant C U Patne, Ashish Kumar Singh, Mohan Kumar, Mukti Nath Mishra, Anil Kumar Gulati
AIMS: To devise nested multiplex polymerase chain reaction (NMPCR) protocol for detection of mucosal human papilloma viruses (HPVs) and typing of HPV-16 and -18 in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues of carcinoma cervix (CaCx). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NMPCR was done for simultaneous detection of HPV, targeting 134 bp L1 capsid gene employing GP+/mGP+ primers and typing of genotypes-16 and -18, targeting E6/E7 gene from 34 FFPE tissue blocks of CaCx and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621559/determination-of-cutoff-of-elisa-and-immunofluorescence-assay-for-scrub-typhus
#14
Nitin Gupta, Rama Chaudhry, Chandan Kumar Thakur
BACKGROUND: The most common method employed for diagnosis of scrub typhus is serology. It is widely known that demonstration of ≥4-fold rise in titers of antibody in paired sera is required for diagnosis. However, for guidance of initial treatment, there is a need for rapid diagnosis at the time of admission. Therefore, there is a need for standardized region specific cutoff titers at the time of admission. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 258 patients of all age groups with clinically suspected scrub typhus over a period of 24 months (October 2013-October 2015) were enrolled...
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621558/state-of-the-globe-what-s-the-right-test-for-diagnosing-rickettseal-diseases
#15
EDITORIAL
Lakshay Chanana, Karishma Atre, Sagar Galwankar, Dhanashree Kelkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293365/a-case-of-generalized-tetanus-from-a-nonendemic-country
#16
Theocharis Koufakis, Ioannis Gabranis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293364/analysis-of-serum-th1-th2-cytokine-levels-in-patients-with-acute-mumps-infection
#17
Jeevan Malaiyan, Padmasani Venkat Ramanan, Dinesh Subramaniam, Thangam Menon
BACKGROUND: The mumps virus is frequently the causative agent of parotitis. There has been no study on serum cytokine levels of acute mumps parotitis except for a few which document cytokine levels in cerebrospinal fluid of mumps meningitis. It is with this notion, our study aimed to find Th1/Th2 cytokine levels from patients with acute mumps parotitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Concentrations of mumps-specific IgM, mumps, measles, rubella-specific IgG antibody, and Th1/Th2 cytokines, namely interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, and IL-10 were measured simultaneously in serum from 74 patients (42 pediatric and 32 adult cases), 40 healthy subjects (20 pediatric and 20 adults) and in the supernatant of peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with mumps virus genotype C which served as the positive control...
April 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293363/enteric-parasitic-infection-among-antiretroviral-therapy-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-seropositive-people-infection-begets-infection-experience-from-eastern-india
#18
Suman Mitra, Anindya Mukherjee, Dibbendhu Khanra, Ananya Bhowmik, Krishnendu Roy, Arunansu Talukdar
CONTEXT: Parasitic opportunistic infections (POIs) frequently occur in HIV/AIDS patients and affect the quality of life. AIMS: This study assessing the standard organisms in the stool of HIV-positive patients, their comparison with HIV-negative controls, their relation with various factors, is the first of its kind in the eastern part of India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: hospital-based case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 194 antiretroviral therapy naïve HIV-positive patients (18-60 years) were taken as cases and 98 age- and sex-matched HIV-negative family members as controls...
April 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293362/human-leukocyte-antigen-e-alleles-are-associated-with-hepatitis-c-virus-torque-teno-virus-and-toxoplasma-co-infections-but-are-not-associated-with-hepatitis-b-virus-hepatitis-d-virus-and-gb-virus-c-co-infections-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-patients
#19
Afiono Agung Prasetyo, Ruben Dharmawan, Irvan Raharjo, Hudiyono
CONTEXT: Data regarding the distribution of Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-E alleles and their association with blood-borne pathogen infections/co-infections are limited for many populations, including Indonesia. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between HLA-E allelic variants and infection with blood-borne pathogens such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV), torque teno virus (TTV), GB virus C (GBV-C), and Toxoplasma gondii (T...
April 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293361/genotyping-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-coimbatore-south-india
#20
Toms John Peedikayil Neetu, Sevanan Murugan
BACKGROUND: Globally, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the most common pathogens that causes hospital- and community-acquired infections. The use of molecular typing methods is essential for determining the origin of the isolates, their clonal relations, and also epidemiological investigations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant MRSA investigate the accessory gene regulator (agr) and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) types and perform multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
April 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
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