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Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166820/the-persistent-lyme-disease-true-chronic-lyme-disease-rather-than-post-treatment-lyme-disease-syndrome
#1
Alexis Lacout, Mostafa El Hajjam, Pierre-Yves Marcy, Christian Perronne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166819/lassa-a-latent-threat-to-west-africa-how-ready-are-we
#2
Henshaw Uchechi Okoroiwu, Josephine O Akpotuzor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166818/pott-disease-in-a-14-year-old-girl-affected-by-congenital-lamellar-ichthyosis-type-3-and-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Maria Elena Cucuzza, Flavia La Mendola, Angela D'Ambra, Pierluigi Smilari, Filippo Greco, Agata Fiumara, Andrea D Praticò
Extrapulmonary manifestations of tuberculosis (TB) are particularly frequent during childhood, and usually involve the lymph nodes and the skull. They are related to predisposing immunosuppression conditions. A patient affected by diabetes mellitus type 1 (DMT1) and congenital lamellar ichthyosis type 3 came at our attention with a 4-year history of recurrent parotitis and severe back pain and inferior limb hypomobility, which had lasted for 6 months. A diagnosis of chronic TB parotitis combined with Pott disease was performed after a suggestive spinal magnetic resonance imaging, and positive culture and polymerase-chain reaction examination...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166817/evaluation-of-exoenzyme-activities-biofilm-formation-and-co-hemolytic-effect-in-clinical-isolates-of-candida-parapsilosis-species-complex
#4
Keyvan Pakshir, Mostafa Ravandeh, Hossein Khodadadi, Mohamad Motamedifar, Kamiar Zomorodian, Saeideh Alipour
Candida parapsilosis species complex is considered as important emerging pathogens and little is known about their pathogenicity factors and co-hemolytic activity with different bacteria species. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro exoenzyme activities, biofilm formation, and co-hemolytic effect of different bacteria species on clinical C. parapsilosis complex isolates. In total, 67 C. parapsilosis complex isolates consist of C. parapsilosis sensu stricto 63/67 and Candida orthopsilosis 4/67 were used in this study...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166816/a-simple-approach-to-pneumococcal-vaccination-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
Calvin Green, Christine Ann Moore, Akhilesh Mahajan, Kailash Bajaj
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium responsible for a spectrum of diseases including lobar pneumonia, meningitis, otitis media, and sinusitis. Invasive pneumococcal disease is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality across the world. Concerted efforts led to the development of two vaccinations, Pneumova × 23 and Prevnar 13, for the prevention of pneumococcal disease. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides vaccination schedules for predisposed adults, but the proposed schedules remain a challenge to health-care providers...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166815/impact-of-per-capita-income-on-the-effectiveness-of-school-based-health-education-programs-to-promote-cervical-cancer-screening-uptake-in-southern-mozambique
#6
Floriano Amimo, Troy D Moon, Anthony Magit, Jahit Sacarlal
Context: In the face of rising mortality rates from cervical cancer (CC) among women of reproductive age, a nationwide screening program based on visual inspection with acetic acid was introduced in Mozambique in 2009. Objective: The objective of the study is to examine the impact of per capita income on the effectiveness of school-based health education programs to promote the utilization of CC screening services. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 2013 involving 105 women randomly selected from households of different economic backgrounds...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166814/risk-factors-for-acquiring-scrub-typhus-among-the-adults
#7
Tina George, Sudha Jasmine Rajan, John Victor Peter, Samuel George Hansdak, John Antony Jude Prakash, Ramya Iyyadurai, Alice Mathuram, Belavendra Antonisamy, Kavitha Ramanathan, Thambu David Sudarsanam
Background: Behavioral and geographical factors may play a role in the acquisition of scrub typhus infection. In this prospective case-control study, we studied the factors associated with infection. Patients and Methods: Consecutive adult patients admitted with scrub typhus infection over 10 months were recruited. For every case, a geographical control from the same area and a gender-matched clinical control admitted with acute febrile illness were enrolled. The risk factors, which included sanitation, environment, activity, and protective measures, were compared between cases and controls using univariable and multivariable conditional logistic regression analysis and expressed as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166813/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producers-detection-for-the-diagnostic-laboratory
#8
Rani Diana Sahni, Dilip Mathai, Thambu David Sudarsanam, V Balaji, K N Brahamadathan, Mary V Jesudasan, M K Lalitha
Background and Objectives: Discovered in 1983, Extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producers are still the leading cause of infections in India. Its prompt detection is crucial to the clinical management. The Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) recommends phenotypic screening and confirmatory tests to identify the ESBL producer making it cost and time consuming for the diagnostic laboratory. We compare here the screening and confirmatory tests offering a solution to the CLSI recommendation...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166812/drug-resistance-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-carbapenem-resistant-gram-negative-bacilli-isolates
#9
Huma Naim, Meher Rizvi, Richa Gupta, Mohd Azam, Neelam Taneja, Indu Shukla, Haris M Khan
Objectives: Detection and comparison of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) production in clinical isolates by phenotypic and genotypic measures. The objective of this study is to evaluate clinical characteristics and risk factors in patients infected with MBLs. Materials and Methods: Study was conducted by the Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College from February 2014 to December 2015. Bacterial culture, identification, and antibiotic susceptibility were carried out according to standard guidelines...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166811/community-acquired-lower-urinary-tract-infections-etiology-antimicrobial-resistance-and-treatment-results-in-female-patients
#10
Ilknur Erdem, Ridvan Kara Ali, Enes Ardic, Senay Elbasan Omar, Reyhan Mutlu, Aynur Eren Topkaya
Background/Purpose: Most community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually treated empirically. The knowledge of antibiotic resistance patterns of the microorganisms causing UTI is essential for defining the empirical treatment. Objective: The aim of the present study is to determine the distribution of bacterial strains isolated from lower UTIs and their resistance patterns against commonly used antimicrobial agents and treatment results in female patients...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166810/treatment-outcomes-associated-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#11
Nitin Gupta, Pankaj Jorwal
Background: Developing countries like India are heavily burdened with multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out at the directly observed treatment short course chemotherapy plus site in our tertiary care center (All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi) where records of all patients enrolled between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed. The aim of this study was to calculate the frequency of predefined outcomes in these patients receiving standardized treatment for MDR-TB...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166809/comparative-study-on-the-epidemiological-trends-and-aspects-of-murine-typhus-in-korea-in-the-last-decade-2006-2015
#12
Byung-Joon Chang, Seong-Joon Kim, Won-Chang Lee, Myeong-Jin Lee, Nong-Hoon Choe
Introduction: In this study, we undertook a retrospective analysis of the epidemiological aspects and risk factors of murine typhus (MT) in Korea in the last decade (2006-2015). Materials and Methods: MT infections in Korea using a total of 411 cases obtained from the Diseases Web Statistical System of the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Results: In a total of 411 MT infection cases, the cumulative incidence rate was 0.08/100,000 populations...
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166808/the-threat-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#13
Rudrajit Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166807/state-of-the-globe-rising-antimicrobial-resistance-of-pathogens-in-urinary-tract-infection
#14
EDITORIAL
Rudrajit Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910575/travel-acquired-scrub-typhus-infection-masked-by-dengue-fever-in-a-patient-from-nonendemic-area
#15
Akanksha Garg, Aditi Jain, Rajesh Kashyap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910574/-oerskovia-species-bacteremia-in-a-diabetic-patient
#16
Katerina G Oikonomou, Carla Sue Mcwilliams, Marwa M Moussa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910573/disseminated-histoplasmosis-diagnosed-on-bone-marrow-aspiration-in-a-case-of-fever-with-thrombocytopenia
#17
Shreshtha A Tiwari, Sandeep S Ojha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910572/pulmonary-nocardiosis-and-scrub-typhus-in-an-immunocompromised-host
#18
Isabella Princess, R Ebenezer, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan, S Nandini
Pulmonary infections are not uncommon in patients with an underlying immunocompromised condition. Unusual combination of microorganisms causing concomitant infections among these patients has also been reported. However, certain rare dual occurrences are usually unanticipated as in the case we present here. This case highlights the importance of being aware of the possible coexistence of infections in immunocompromised patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of coinfection with Nocardia otitidiscaviarum and Orientia tsutsugamushi in a critically ill immunocompromised patient from South India...
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910571/leprosy-associated-chronic-wound-management-using-biomaterials
#19
Srinivasan Sivasubramanian, Sambasivam Mohana, Paulraj Maheswari, Victor Victoria, Ramar Thangam, Jayashri Mahalingam, Gayathri Chandrasekar-Janebjer, Vincent Savariar, Balaraman Madhan, Palani Gunasekaran, Satish S Kitambi
Background: Deformities and neuropathic chronic ulcers are the common features associated with leprosy-cured individuals that impact their quality of life and impair rehabilitation efforts. The challenging aspects for treatment of chronic wounds are the factors that inhibit healing. We reasoned that limited success of various therapeutic interventions could be due to the fact that leprosy-cured individual's physiology gets acclimatized to having a chronic wound that any therapeutic intervention is counterbalanced to maintain status quo at the wound site...
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910570/the-role-of-biochemical-variations-and-genotype-testing-in-determining-the-virological-response-of-patients-infected-with-hepatitis-c-virus
#20
Abid Shoukat, Mosin S Khan, Syed Mudassar, Zaffar Kawoosa, Altaf H Shah, Showkat Ali Zargar
Background: In hepatitis C virus (HCV), infection viral and IL28B genotype along with many clinical and biochemical factors can influence response rates to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (Peg-IFN-a/R) therapy and progression to chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Aims: The present study was conducted to determine the effect of biochemical and risk factors on treatment outcome in CHC patients in relation to their viral and host genotype. Settings and Design: The present study was a prospective Pe- IFN efficacy study consisting of Peg-IFN-a/R therapy for 24-48 weeks including 250 HCV infected patients...
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
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