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Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics

Kyung-Soon Park, Abdel Ghani Ibrahim Al Awamleh, Sung-Am Cho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of two different implant surface treatments on initial bone connection by comparing the Removal Torque Values (RTQs) at 7 and 10 days after chemically modified, sandblasted, large-grit and acid-etched (modSLA), and Laser-etched (LE) Ti implant placements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty modSLA and 20 LE implants were installed on the left and right tibias of 20 adult rabbits. RTQs were measured after 7 and 10 days in 10 rabbits each...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Shareen H Elshiyab, Noor Nawafleh, Andreas Öchsner, Roy George
PURPOSE: The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the fracture resistance under chewing simulation of implant-supported posterior restorations (crowns cemented to hybrid-abutments) made of different all-ceramic materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Monolithic zirconia (MZr) and monolithic lithium disilicate (MLD) crowns for mandibular first molar were fabricated using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing technology and then cemented to zirconia hybrid-abutments (Ti-based)...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Hye-Nan Park, Young-Jun Lim, Won-Jin Yi, Jung-Suk Han, Seung-Pyo Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to design an intraoral environment simulator and to assess the accuracy of two intraoral scanners using the simulator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A box-shaped intraoral environment simulator was designed to simulate two specific intraoral environments. The cast was scanned 10 times by Identica Blue (MEDIT, Seoul, South Korea), TRIOS (3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark), and CS3500 (Carestream Dental, Georgia, USA) scanners in the two simulated groups...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Neslihan Tekçe, Sinan Fidan, Safa Tuncer, Dilan Kara, Mustafa Demirci
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of accelerated aging on surface properties of glazed CAD/CAM resin blocks using a 2D surface profilometer and a 3D non-contact optical profilometer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three types of CAD/CAM resin restorative materials, LAVA Ultimate (3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA), VITA Enamic (Vita Zahnfabrik H. Rauter, Bad Säckingen, Germany), and Cerasmart (GC Corparation, Tokyo, Japan) were used for this study. CAD/CAM blocks were cut in 3-mm thickness slabs and divided into three groups; Group 1: control group (specimens polished with 600 grit SCI paper); Group 2: specimens sandblasted, silanized, and glazed with Optiglaze Color (GC); Group 3: glazed specimens subjected to 5000 thermocycles (n=15)...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Canan Akay, Merve Çakırbay Tanış, Emre Mumcu, Mehmet Ali Kılıçarslan, Murat Şen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study is to examine the effects of a nano-structured alumina coating on the adhesion between resin cements and zirconia ceramics using a four-point bending test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 pairs of zirconium bar specimens were prepared with dimensions of 25 mm × 2 mm × 5 mm and cementation surfaces of 5 mm × 2 mm. The samples were divided into 5 groups of 20 pairs each. The groups are as follows: Group I (C) - Control with no surface modification, Group II (APA) - airborne-particle-abrasion with 110 µm high-purity aluminum oxide (Al2 O3 ) particles, Group III (ROC) - airborne-particle-abrasion with 110 µm silica modified aluminum oxide (Al2 O3 + SiO2 ) particles, Group IV (TCS) - tribochemical silica coated with Al2 O3 particles, and Group V (AlC) - nano alumina coating...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Ferhan Egilmez, Gulfem Ergun, Isil Cekic-Nagas, Pekka Kalevi Vallittu, Lippo Veli Juhana Lassila
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to derive and compare the inherent color (hue angle, chroma), translucency (TPSCI ), surface gloss (ΔE* SCE-SCI ), and surface roughness (Ra ) amongst selected shades and brands of three hybrid CAD/CAM blocks [GC Cerasmart (CS); Lava Ultimate (LU); Vita Enamic (VE)]. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The specimens (N = 225) were prepared into square-shaped (12 × 12 mm2 ) with different thicknesses and shades. The measurements of color, translucency, and surface gloss were performed by a reflection spectrophotometer...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Konstantinos Dimitriadis, Konstantinos Spyropoulos, Triantafillos Papadopoulos
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to record the metal-ceramic bond strength of a feldspathic dental porcelain and a Co-Cr alloy, using the Direct Metal Laser Sintering technique (DMLS) for the fabrication of metal substrates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten metal substrates were fabricated with powder of a dental Co-Cr alloy using DMLS technique (test group) in dimensions according to ISO 9693. Another ten substrates were fabricated with a casing dental Co-Cr alloy using classic casting technique (control group) for comparison...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Philipp-Cornelius Pott, Michael Eisenburger, Meike Stiesch
PURPOSE: In literature, many studies compare survival rates of different types of FPDs. Most of them compared restorations, which originated from one university, but from different clinicians. Data about restoration survival rates by only one experienced dentist are very rare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival rate of allceramic FPDs without the blurring effects of different clinicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 153 veneeredzirconia FPDs were observed for follow-up...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Fa-Bing Tan, Chao Wang, Hong-Wei Dai, Yu-Bo Fan, Jin-Lin Song
PURPOSE: The study aimed to identify the accuracy and reproducibility of preparations made by gypsum materials of various colors using quantitative and semi-quantitative three-dimensional (3D) approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A titanium maxillary first molar preparation was created as reference dataset (REF). Silicone impressions were duplicated from REF and randomized into 6 groups (n=8). Gypsum preparations were formed and grouped according to the color of gypsum materials, and light-scanned to obtain prepared datasets (PRE)...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Sina Safari, Fereshteh Hosseini Ghavam, Parviz Amini, Kaveh Yaghmaei
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of abutment diameter, cement type, and re-cementation on the retention of implant-supported CAD/CAM metal copings over short abutments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty abutments with two different diameters, the height of which was reduced to 3 mm, were vertically mounted in acrylic resin blocks with matching implant analogues. The specimens were divided into 2 diameter groups: 4.5 mm and 5.5 mm (n=30). For each abutment a CAD/CAM metal coping was manufactured, with an occlusal loop...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 308 in vol. 9, PMID: 28874999.].
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Hugo Lambert, Jean-Cédric Durand, Bruno Jacquot, Michel Fages
The wide use of chairside CAD/CAM restorations has increased the diversity of the restorative material. For the practitioner, the selection of the appropriate material is difficult amongst the variety offered by the market. Information on the characteristics of the products can be difficult to assess due to the lack of up-to-date classification and the lack of reliability of manufacturer's advertising. The purpose of this article is to structure the data on restorative materials provided by various sources in order for the practitioner to choose the product most suited to the clinical situation...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Melissa Anwander, Martin Rosentritt, Sibylle Schneider-Feyrer, Sebastian Hahnel
PURPOSE: This laboratory study aimed to investigate the effect of doping an acrylic denture base resin material with nanoparticles of ZnO, CaO, and TiO2 on biofilm formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized specimens of a commercially available cold-curing acrylic denture base resin material were doped with 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, or 0.8 wt% commercially available ZnO, CaO, and TiO2 nanopowder. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) was used to identify the availability of the nanoparticles on the surface of the modified specimens...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Yukumi Kanehira, Korenori Arai, Toshiki Kanehira, Keina Nagahisa, Shunsuke Baba
PURPOSE: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly commonly used as a method of evaluating treatments. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate implant treatment from the perspective of patient-reported outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were 804 patients who visited the Department of Oral Implantology at Osaka Dental University. The participants were categorized into a pre-implant group and a post-implant group. They were further categorized into five subgroups based on the number of occlusal supports provided by the remaining teeth according to the Eichner classification...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Yong Hyun Jeon, Chul Kwon Lee, Hee-Jung Kim, Jae-Heon Chung, Heung-Joong Kim, Sun-Kyoung Yu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the complex course of the mandibular canal using 3D reconstruction of microCT images and to provide the diagram for clinicians to help them understand at the interforaminal region in Korean. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six hemimandibles obtained from cadavers were examined using microCT, and the images were reconstructed. At both the midpoint of mental foramen and the tip of anterior loop, the bucco-lingual position, the height from the mandibular inferior border, the horizontal distance between two points, and position relative to tooth site on the mandibular canal were measured...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Dong-Yeon Kim, Eo-Bin Kim, Hae-Young Kim, Ji-Hwan Kim, Woong-Chul Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fit of a three-unit metal framework of fixed dental prostheses made by subtractive and additive manufacturing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One master model of metal was fabricated. Twenty silicone impressions were made on the master die, working die of 10 poured with Type 4 stone, and working die of 10 made of scannable stone. Ten three-unit wax frameworks were fabricated by wax-up from Type IV working die. Stereolithography files of 10 three-unit frameworks were obtained using a model scanner and three-dimensional design software on a scannable working die...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Jung-Hwan Lee, Soo-Kyung Jun, Si-Chul Kim, Chikahiro Okubo, Hae-Hyoung Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro cytotoxicity of thermoplastic denture base resins and to identify the possible adverse effects of these resins on oral keratinocytes in response to hot water/food intake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six dental thermoplastic resin materials were evaluated: three polyamide materials (Smile tone, ST; Valplast, VP; and Luciton FRS, LF), two acrylic materials (Acrytone, AT; and Acryshot, AS), and one polypropylene resin material (Unigum, UG)...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Yue Guo, Hou-De Zhou, Yun-Zhi Feng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the sealing performance of Hybrid Coat and its influence on the shear bond strength of five dentin surface cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six premolars were pretreated to expose the dentin surface prior to the application of Hybrid Coat. The microscopic characteristics of the dentinal surfaces were examined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Then, 40 premolars were sectioned longitudinally, and 80 semi-sections were divided into a control group (untreated) and a study group (treated by Hybrid Coat)...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Meltem Bektaş Kömürcüoğlu, Elçin Sağırkaya, Ayça Tulga
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of different surface treatments on the bond strength of novel CAD/CAM restorative materials to resin cement by four point bending test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CAD/CAM materials under investigation were e.max CAD, Mark II, Lava Ultimate, and Enamic. A total of 400 bar specimens (4×1.2×12 mm) (n=10) milled from the CAD/CAM blocks underwent various pretreatments (no pretreatment (C), hydrofluoric acid (A), hydrofluoric acid + universal adhesive (Scotchbond) (AS), sandblasting (Sb), and sandblasting + universal adhesive (SbS))...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Hyung-In Yoon, Min-Jeong Yoo, Eun-Jin Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro validity of quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital (QLF-D) and laser fluorescence (DIAGNOdent) for assessing proximal caries in extracted premolars, using digital radiography as reference method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 102 extracted premolars with similar lengths and shapes were used. A single operator conducted all the examinations using three different detection methods (bitewing radiography, QLF-D, and DIAGNOdent)...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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