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Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics

Hee-Kyung Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the repeatability and matching accuracy between two identical intraoral spectrophotometers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The maxillary right central incisor, canine, and mandibular left central incisor of each of 30 patients were measured using 2 identical intraoral spectrophotometers with different serial numbers (EasyShade V). The color of each shade tab from 3 shade guides (VITA 3D-Master) was also determined with both devices...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Yoo-Geum Jeong, Wan-Sun Lee, Kyu-Bok Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of a model made using the computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) milling method and 3D printing method and to confirm its applicability as a work model for dental prosthesis production. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, a natural tooth model (ANA-4, Frasaco, Germany) was scanned using an oral scanner. The obtained scan data were then used as a CAD reference model (CRM), to produce a total of 10 models each, either using the milling method or the 3D printing method...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Estefanía Aranda Yus, Josep Maria Anglada Cantarell, Antonio Miñarro Alonso
PURPOSE: To determine the discrepancy in monolithic zirconium dioxide crowns made with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems by comparing scans of silicone impressions and of master casts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a Cr-Co master die of a first upper left molar, 30 silicone impressions were taken. The 30 silicone impressions were scanned with the laboratory scanner, thus obtaining 30 milled monolithic yttrium stabilized zirconium dioxide (YSZD) crowns (the silicone group)...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Danilo Alessio Di Stefano, Vittoria Perrotti, Gian Battista Greco, Claudia Cappucci, Paolo Arosio, Adriano Piattelli, Giovanna Iezzi
PURPOSE: Implant site preparation may be adjusted to achieve the maximum possible primary stability. The aim of this investigation was to study the relation among bone-to-implant contact at insertion, bone density, and implant primary stability intra-operatively measured by a torque-measuring implant motor, when implant sites were undersized or tapped. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Undersized (n=14), standard (n=13), and tapped (n=13) implant sites were prepared on 9 segments of bovine ribs...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Delia Cristina Greta, Horaţiu Alexandru Colosi, Cristina Gasparik, Diana Dudea
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to define a color space of non-vital teeth and to compare it with the color space of matched vital teeth, recorded in the same patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a group of 218 patients, with the age range from 17 to 70, the middle third of the buccal surface of 359 devitalized teeth was measured using a clinical spectrophotometer (Vita Easyshade Advance). Lightness (L* ), chromatic parameters (a* , b* ), chroma (C* ), hue angle (h) and the closest Vita shade in Classical and 3D Master codifications were recorded...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Neslihan Tekçe, Safa Tuncer, Mustafa Demirci
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of prolonged sandblasting on the bond durability of dual-cure adhesive resin cement to computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restoratives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nano-ceramic LAVA Ultimate and hybrid-ceramic VITA Enamic CAD/CAM blocks were used for this study. Each CAD/CAM block was sectioned into slabs of 4-mm thickness for the microtensile test (µTBS) test and 2-mm thickness for the surface roughness test...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Merve Çakırbay Tanış, Canan Akay, Turgut Cihan Akçaboy, Murat Şen, Pınar Akkaş Kavaklı, Kadriye Sapmaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of a gas-phase fluorination method under different fluorination periods through using two resin cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 84 zirconia specimens in dimensions of 5 mm × 5 mm × 2 mm were prepared and surface treated with 50 µm aluminum oxide particles or gas phase fluorination for 2 min, 5 min, or 10 min. One specimen in each group was surface analyzed under scanning electron microscope. The remaining specimens were bonded to composite cylinders in dimensions of 2 mm diameter and 3 mm high with Panavia SA Plus or Variolink N...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Peter Gehrke, Emmanouil Spanos, Carsten Fischer, Helmut Storck, Florian Tebbel, Dirk Duddeck
PURPOSE: To determine the extent of treatment traces, the roughness depth, and the quantity of titanium nitride (TiN) removed from the surface of CAD/CAM abutments after treatment with various instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve TiN coated CAD/CAM abutments were investigated for an in vitro study. In the test group (9), each abutment surface was subjected twice (150 g vs. 200 g pressure) to standardized treatment in a simulated prophylaxis measure with the following instruments: acrylic scaler, titanium curette, and ultrasonic scaler with steel tip...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Sang-Yun Kim, Jeong-Kui Ku, Hyun-Suk Kim, Pil-Young Yun, Young-Kyun Kim
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of single short implants, less than 8 mm in length, placed in the posterior area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 128 patients (75 male and 53 female, mean age: 52.6±11.2 years) with 154 implants participated. Implant marginal bone loss, and survival and success rates were measured. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 51.35±24.97 months. A total of 128 implants, 8 mm in length, were placed in patients who had mean marginal bone loss of 0...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Hongso Yang, Chan Park, Jin-Ho Shin, Kwi-Dug Yun, Hyun-Pil Lim, Sang-Won Park, Hyunju Chung
PURPOSE: To analyze stress distribution in premolars restored with inlays or onlays using various materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional maxillary premolar models of abutments were designed to include the following: 1) inlay with O cavity (O group), 2) inlay with MO cavity (MO group), 3) inlay with MOD cavity (MOD group), and 4) onlay (ONLAY group). A restoration of each inlay or onlay cavity was simulated using gold alloy, e.max ceramic, or composite resin for restoration...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Nushin Arjmand, Alireza Boruziniat, Majid Zakeri, Hamideh Sadat Mohammadipour
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of incorporating nanoparticles of silver (NAg) and amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) into a self-etching primer of a resin cement on the microtensile bond strength of dentin, regarding the proven antibacterial feature of NAg and remineralizing effect of NACP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flat, mid-coronal dentin from 20 intact extracted human third molars were prepared for cementation using Panavia F2...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Ik-Jung Kim, Soo-Yeon Shin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the new bone formation capability of zirconia with those of other synthetic bone grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve rabbits were used and four 6-mm diameter transcortical defects were formed on each calvaria. Each defect was filled with Osteon II (Os), Tigran PTG (Ti), and zirconia (Zi) bone grafts. For the control group, the defects were left unfilled. The rabbits were sacrificed at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. Specimens were analyzed through micro computed tomography (CT) and histomorphometric analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Richard Leesungbok, Jin-Ho Seo, Sung-Am Cho
PURPOSE: The marginal bone loss of implants with laser treated surface was investigated after six weeks of loading after implant installation to the mandible molar area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 23 implants were placed in the edentulous molar area of the mandible: 13 implants were immediately loaded and 10 implants were early loaded. The implants used were made of titanium grade 23, screw shaped, 4.2 mm in diameter, and 10 mm in length. Patients were evaluated with resonance frequency analysis at implant fixture installation and 1, 2 (final prosthesis installation), 3, 5, 8, and 14 months later...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Yuseung Yi, Jai-Young Koak, Seong-Kyun Kim, Shin-Jae Lee, Seong-Joo Heo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the fracture of implant component behavior of external and internal type of implants to suggest directions for successful implant treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the clinical records of all patients who received WARANTEC implants at Seoul National University Dental Hospital from February 2002 to January 2014 for 12 years. Total number of implants was 1,289 and an average of 3.2 implants was installed per patient...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Aung Thu Hein, Young-Dan Cho, Ye-Hyeon Jo, Dae-Joon Kim, Jung-Suk Han
PURPOSE: This study was performed to evaluate the osteogenic potential of 3mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (3Y-TZP) and niobium oxide containing Y-TZPs with specific ratios, new (Y,Nb)-TZPs, namely YN4533 and YN4533/Al20 discs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3Y-TZP, YN4533 and YN4533/Al20 discs (15 mm diameter and 1 mm thickness) were prepared and their average surface roughness (Ra ) and surface topography were analyzed using 3-D confocal laser microscope (CLSM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Kyung-Hoi Heo, Young-Jun Lim, Myung-Joo Kim, Ho-Beom Kwon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of the splinted implant prosthesis in a reconstructed mandible using three-dimensional finite element analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional finite element models were generated from a patient's computed tomography data. The patient had undergone partial resection of the mandible that covered the area from the left canine to the right condyle. The mandible was reconstructed using a fibula bone graft and dental implants...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Ipek Caglar, Sabit Melih Ates, Zeynep Yesil Duymus
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare three polishing systems on the surface roughness and phase transformation of monolithic zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 disk shaped specimens (10 mm diameter, 3 mm thickness) were fabricated from monolithic zirconia blocks. 20 specimens were left as a control group and remaining specimens were grinded by diamond bur to simulate the occlusal adjustments. Grinded specimens were randomly divided into 4 groups: group G (no polishing), group M (Meisinger, zirconia polishing kit), group E (EVE Diacera, zirconia polishing kit), and group P (EVE Diapol, porcelain polishing kit)...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Hyun-Wook Woo, Sung-Am Cho, Cheong-Hee Lee, Kyu-Bok Lee, Jin-Hyun Cho, Du-Hyeong Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the marginal discrepancy of full-arch frameworks in implant-supported prostheses fabricated using pre-sintered soft alloy (PSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Full-arch metal frameworks were fabricated on the edentulous implant model using casting alloy (CA), fully-sintered hard alloy (FHA), and PSA (n = 4 in each group). To evaluate the misfit of the framework to the abutments, the absolute marginal discrepancy (AMD) values of the frameworks were measured in cross-sectional images that had been drawn as part of the triple-scan protocol...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Ana Paula Barbosa Lima, Rafael Pino Vitti, Marina Amaral, Ana Christina Claro Neves, Lais Regiane da Silva Concilio
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the dimensional stability of a complete-arch prosthesis processed by conventional method in water bath or microwave energy and polymerized by two different curing cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty maxillary complete-arch prostheses were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): MW1 - acrylic resin cured by one microwave cycle; MW2 - acrylic resin cured by two microwave cycles: WB1 - conventional acrylic resin polymerized using one curing cycle in a water bath; WB2 - conventional acrylic resin polymerized using two curing cycles in a water bath...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Sahar Abdulrazzaq Naji, Marjan Behroozibakhsh, Tahereh Sadat Jafarzadeh Kashi, Hossein Eslami, Reza Masaeli, Hosseinali Mahgoli, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Mehrsima Ghavvami Lahiji, Vahid Rakhshan
PURPOSE: The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate, for the first time, the effects of addition of titania nanotubes (n-TiO2 ) to poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) on mechanical properties of PMMA denture base. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TiO2 nanotubes were prepared using alkaline hydrothermal process. Obtained nanotubes were assessed using FESEM-EDX, XRD, and FT-IR. For 3 experiments of this study (fracture toughness, three-point bending flexural strength, and Vickers microhardness), 135 specimens were prepared according to ISO 20795-1:2013 (n of each experiment=45)...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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