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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690906/long-standing-asymptomatic-inguinoscrotal-hernia
#1
Ahmed A Nugud, Shmous Nugud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690905/pseudoangiomatous-stromal-hyperplasia-a-rare-mimic-of-breast-malignancy
#2
Philips G Michael, Tahra Al-Saadi, Rakesh Jamkhandikar, Lakshmi Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690904/auricular-pseudocyst-due-to-unusual-repetitive-manipulation-of-the-ears-clinical-approach
#3
Francisco Navarro-Triviño, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690903/mondor-s-disease-rare-case-of-a-painful-breast-lump-in-a-middle-aged-woman
#4
Philips G Michael, Tahra Al-Saadi, Rakesh Jamkhandikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690902/group-a-streptococcal-pericarditis-in-a-four-month-old-infant-case-report
#5
Badria R Al-Waili, Sunny K Zacharias, Emad Aslem
Purulent pericarditis is uncommon among paediatric patients and cases caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS) are even rarer. We report a four-month-old female infant who was referred to the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. She had initially presented to a secondary hospital with a two-week history of fever, a runny nose and shortness of breath. Blood and pericardial fluid cultures confirmed GAS isolates. The infant was treated with a two-week course of antibiotics and made a complete recovery with no echocardiographical evidence of pericardial effusion at a two-month follow-up...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690901/use-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-an-unusual-canine-abnormality
#6
Archana Gopalakrishnan, K Unnikrishna, Anita Balan, P S Haris
Diagnosis and treatment planning are important for successful endodontic treatment. We report a 24-year old male who presented to the Government Dental College in Kozhikode, Kerala, India, in 2015 with pain in his right upper canine. A digital periapical radiograph indicated the presence of a supernumerary tooth superimposing the root of the canine. However, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) confirmed that the supernumerary tooth was an illusion and that the canine root had a sharp invagination involving the labial and pulpal dentin surfaces, with evidence of periapical bone destruction...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690900/solitary-peripheral-osteoma-of-the-hard-palate-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Fotios Bountaniotis, Ioannis Melakopoulos, Fotios Tzerbos
Osteomas are benign slow-growing osteogenic lesions of unknown aetiology which can be central, peripheral or extraskeletal. Peripheral osteomas of the maxilla are very uncommon. We report a 72-year-old female patient who presented to the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental School of Athens, Athens, Greece, in 2015 with swelling of the palate following a tooth extraction. Clinical and radiographical features were indicative of a solitary peripheral osteoma of the hard palate. An excisional biopsy and histological examination of the lesion confirmed the diagnosis...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690899/struma-ovarii-with-pseudo-meigs-syndrome-and-raised-cancer-antigen-125-levels-masquerading-as-an-ovarian-carcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Surekha Yadav, Reena Tomar, Nidhi Verma, Nita Khurana, Rewa Triathi
The monodermal teratoma struma ovarii is a rare ovarian tumour; however, struma ovarii presenting with pseudo-Meigs' syndrome and raised cancer antigen (CA)-125 levels is even rarer. In elderly patients, this presentation can potentially lead to a misdiagnosis of a malignant ovarian carcinoma, resulting in unnecessary extensive surgery. We report a 55-year-old female who presented to the Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Hospital, New Delhi, India, in 2016 with progressive abdominal discomfort, fatigue and abdominal distention...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690898/delayed-treatment-response-in-a-neonate-with-multisystem-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Amitabh Singh, Anirban Mandal, Lavleen Singh, Sataroopa Mishra, Ankita Patel
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare proliferative disorder of the Langerhans cells, which are part of the mononuclear phagocytic system. The disorder varies in terms of the extent of the disease, its natural course and patient outcomes. While skin rashes are a common presentation of neonatal LCH, other systems or organs may also be involved. Delays in the diagnosis of neonatal LCH may occur due to its non-specific presentation and a lack of awareness of the condition among doctors. We report a two-month-old male neonate who presented to the Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalya hospital, New Delhi, India, in 2016 after the onset of pulmonary symptoms...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690897/a-case-of-multiple-myeloma-presenting-with-diabetes-insipidus
#10
Rudrajit Paul, Aditya V Ruia, Asim Saha, Jayati Mondal, T J Sau, Indranil Thakur, Kunal Haldar
Multiple myeloma (MM) can present with involvement of the central nervous system in the form of nerve palsy, plasma cell masses or, rarely, with endocrinological effects due to involvement of the pituitary gland. Usually, in such cases, the disease has a rapid progression and poor prognosis. We report a 52-year-old man who was admitted to the Kolkata Medical College, Kolkata, India, in 2016 with a prolonged low-grade fever and hypernatremia. Shortly afterwards, the patient began to complain of increased urinary frequency and drowsiness...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690896/late-diagnosis-of-5-%C3%AE-reductase-type-2-deficiency-in-an-adolescent-girl-with-primary-amenorrhoea
#11
Abdul-Rahman A Hummadi, Ayel O Yahya, Awad M Al-Qahtani
Deficiency of the 5-α-reductase enzyme has been found to affect male sexual development. We report an 18-year-old patient who was referred to an endocrinology clinic in Jizan, Saudi Arabia, in April 2014 with primary amenorrhoea, virilisation and a lack of secondary sex characteristics. As female external genitalia were present at birth, she had been raised as a female. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed no uterine or ovarian tissue in the pelvis and the presence of a scrotal sac. She was diagnosed with 5-α-reductase type 2 deficiency, a 46,XY disorder of sexual development...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690895/discrimination-between-drug-abuse-and-medical-therapy-case-report-of-a-tranylcypromine-overdose-related-fatality
#12
Maryam Akhgari, Farzaneh Jokar, Afshar Etemadi-Aleagha, Ali Ghasemi
Tranylcypromine is an effective antidepressant from the class of monoamine oxidase inhibitors and is structurally related to amphetamine. However, reports differ regarding the potential metabolism of tranylcypromine to amphetamine and methamphetamine within the human body. We report a 25-year-old woman with severe depression who died due to a fatal tranylcypromine overdose in 2016. She had been prescribed tranylcypromine one day previously and had no history of previous suicide attempts or substance abuse. The body was transferred to a forensic medicine department in Tehran, Iran for the autopsy...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690894/gender-differences-in-heart-rate-variability-among-individuals-undergoing-regular-resistance-training-preliminary-observations
#13
Ellen S V Ramalho, Estevam L Souza-Junior, Marciane Magnani, Valdir A Braga
OBJECTIVES: Frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is an effective tool to evaluate autonomic balance. This study aimed to investigate gender differences in HRV among individuals undergoing regular resistance training. METHODS: This preliminary cross-sectional study was conducted from April to September 2016 in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. The low-frequency (LF), high-frequency (HF) and LF/HF ratio components of HRV spectral analysis were analysed among 22 men and 27 women undergoing regular resistance training...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690893/blood-culture-contaminants-in-a-paediatric-population-retrospective-study-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-oman
#14
Mohamed A El-Naggari, Sharef W Al-Mulaabed, Zakaria Al-Muharrmi, Renjith Mani, Rana Abdelrahim, Reem Abdwani
OBJECTIVES: Most children presenting with febrile illness require a blood culture to determine the causative organism as well as its sensitivity to antibiotics. However, false-positive results lead to unnecessary hospitalisations, prescriptions and tests. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of false-positive blood cultures among a paediatric population at a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: This retrospective study included all 225 children <13 years old with positive blood cultures who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between July 2011 and December 2013...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690892/outcomes-of-multi-trauma-road-traffic-crashes-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-oman-does-attendance-by-trauma-surgeons-versus-non-trauma-surgeons-make-a-difference
#15
Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Sultan Z Al-Shaqsi, Nada Al-Marhoobi, Mahmood Hasan
OBJECTIVES: Trauma surgeons are essential in hospital-based trauma care systems. However, there are limited data regarding the impact of their presence on the outcome of multi-trauma patients. This study aimed to assess the outcomes of multi-trauma road traffic crash (RTC) cases attended by trauma surgeons versus those attended by non-trauma surgeons at a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in December 2015. A previously published cohort of 821 multi-trauma RTC patients admitted between January and December 2011 to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, were reviewed for demographic, injury and hospitalisation data...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690891/the-accuracy-of-the-broselow%C3%A2-pediatric-emergency-tape-for-weight-estimation-in-an-omani-paediatric-population
#16
Azher A Al-Busaidi, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Hilal M Al-Barwani
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the Broselow™ Pediatric Emergency Tape (BT) for estimating weight in an Omani paediatric population at a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted during July 2015. The electronic medical records of Omani outpatients <14 years old attending the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between July 2009 and June 2013 were reviewed for recorded height and weight data...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690890/development-and-validation-of-a-culturally-tailored-breast-cancer-health-education-programme-for-arab-women
#17
Esra Alkhasawneh, Yahya Al-Farsi, Fayez Al-Simadi, Michael Leocadio
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a health education programme to encourage breast cancer awareness and early detection behaviours among Arab women. METHODS: This study took place between December 2015 and March 2016. The Enabling Systems Raising Awareness model was used to develop a breast cancer health education programme which was subsequently implemented by trained health educators at three female-only fitness clubs in Muscat, Oman. Breast cancer knowledge among 53 women was assessed using the breast module of the Cancer Awareness Measure before and after each health education session...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690889/imbalances-in-t-cell-related-transcription-factors-among-patients-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#18
Vahid Safdari, Ebrahim Alijani, Maryam Nemati, Abdollah Jafarzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Imbalances in effector T cell functioning have been associated with a number of autoimmune diseases, including Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). Differentiation of effector T helper (Th) 1, Th2, Th17 and regulatory T cell (Treg) lymphocytes is regulated by transcription factors, including Th1-specific T box (T-bet), GATA binding protein-3 (GATA3), retinoid-related orphan receptor (ROR)-α and forkhead box P3 (FOXP3). This study aimed to investigate Th1/Th2, Th1/Treg, Th2/Treg and Th17/Treg balances at the level of these transcription factors...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690888/underwater-acoustic-source-localisation-among-blind-and-sighted-scuba-divers-comparative-study
#19
Jacopo Cambi, Ludovica Livi, Walter Livi
OBJECTIVES: Many blind individuals demonstrate enhanced auditory spatial discrimination or localisation of sound sources in comparison to sighted subjects. However, this hypothesis has not yet been confirmed with regards to underwater spatial localisation. This study therefore aimed to investigate underwater acoustic source localisation among blind and sighted scuba divers. METHODS: This study took place between February and June 2015 in Elba, Italy, and involved two experimental groups of divers with either acquired (n = 20) or congenital (n = 10) blindness and a control group of 30 sighted divers...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690887/prevention-of-%C3%AE-radiation-induced-dna-damage-in-human-lymphocytes-using-a-serine-magnesium-sulfate-mixture
#20
Vahid Changizi, Mona Bahrami, Mahbod Esfahani, Seyed V Shetab-Boushehri
OBJECTIVES: Ionising radiation has deleterious effects on human cells. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and cysteine, the active metabolite of NAC, are well-known radioprotective agents. Recently, a serine-magnesium sulfate combination was proposed as an antidote for organophosphate toxicity. This study aimed to investigate the use of a serine-magnesium sulfate mixture in the prevention of γ-radiation-induced DNA damage in human lymphocytes as compared to NAC and cysteine. METHODS: This study was carried out at the Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, between April and September 2016...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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