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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606129/erratum-notice-of-author-sequence-change-spousal-concordance-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-women-in-ajman-united-arab-emirates
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. e197 in vol. 16, PMID: 27226911.].
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606128/use-of-prophylactic-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-trauma
#2
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. e82 in vol. 16, PMID: 26909219.].
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606127/-papaya-seed-appearance-of-subependymal-nodules-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-a-patient-with-tuberous-sclerosis
#3
Roshan Koul, Amna Al-Futaisi, Dilip Sankhla, Faisal Al-Azri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606126/lichen-planus-pigmentosus-with-blaschkoid-distribution
#4
María J Alonso-Corral, Cristina Garrido-Colmenero, Ana Almodovar-Real, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606125/coral-red-fluorescence-of-erythrasma-plaque
#5
Gonzalo Blasco-Morente, Salvador Arias-Santiago, Israel Pérez-López, Antonio Martínez-López
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606124/duodenum-inversum-findings-from-an-upper-gastrointestinal-series
#6
Mehmet S Dogan, Selim Doganay, Gonca Koc, Sureyya B Gorkem, Abdulhakim Coskun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606123/seizures-as-an-atypical-feature-of-beal-s-syndrome
#7
Nazreen B K Jaman, Abeer Al-Sayegh
Congenital contractural arachnodactyly, commonly known as Beal's syndrome, is an extremely rare genetic disorder caused by mutations in the fibrillin-2 (FBN2) gene located on chromosome 5q23. It is an autosomal dominant inherited connective tissue disorder characterised by a Marfan-like body habitus, contractures, abnormally shaped ears and kyphoscoliosis. We report a seven-year-old Omani male who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2014 with seizures. He was noted to have certain distinctive facial features and musculoskeletal manifestations; he was subsequently diagnosed with Beal's syndrome...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606122/successful-salvage-treatment-of-resistant-acute-antibody-mediated-kidney-transplant-rejection-with-eculizumab
#8
Saif A Khan, Dawood Al-Riyami, Yasser W Al-Mula Abed, Saja Mohammed, Marwa Al-Riyami, Nabil M Al-Lawati
Antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) jeopardises short- and long-term transplant survival and remains a challenge in the field of organ transplantation. We report the first use of the anticomplement agent eculizumab in Oman in the treatment of a 61-year-old female patient with ABMR following a living unrelated kidney transplant. The patient was admitted to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Muscat, Oman, in 2013 on the eighth day post-transplantation with serum creatinine (Cr) levels of 400 µmol/L which continued to rise, necessitating haemodialysis...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606121/disease-modifying-drug-possibly-linked-to-placental-insufficiency-severe-placental-complications-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Sultan M Salahudheen, Muzibunnisa A Begam
Disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) such as interferon (IFN)-β and glatiramer acetate are often prescribed to slow disability progression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, adverse pregnancy outcomes have been reported with these medications. We report the rare occurrence of severe placental complications in a 30-year-old pregnant woman with MS who continued to take IFN-β during her first trimester. She presented at the Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, in 2013 with early-onset fetal growth restriction...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606120/suprasellar-clear-cell-meningioma-in-an-infant
#10
Charles C Anunobi, Olufemi Bankole, Nzechukwu Z Ikeri, Nurudeen A Adeleke
Clear cell meningiomas are an uncommon subtype of meningioma rarely seen in infancy. We report a case of clear cell meningioma in an 8-month-old male infant. He presented at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, in 2015 with persistent vomiting, poor feeding and failure to thrive over a four month period. Generalised hypertonia and hyperreflexia were noted on examination. Computed tomography of the brain revealed a huge largely isodense suprasellar mass with a hypodense core. The tumour, which measured 6 × 5 × 4 cm, enhanced non-uniformly with contrast injection and extended to occlude the third ventricle...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606119/a-combination-of-drug-eluting-stents-and-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-in-the-treatment-of-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Ahmed Al-Mamary, Filippo Zilio, Massimo Napodano
Optimal management of multivessel coronary artery disease can be complex. We report a 67-year-old male patient who was admitted to the Padua University Hospital, Padua, Italy, in 2014 with a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography showed diffuse multiple sub-occlusive lesions of the proximal and distal left coronary vessels involving a long segment of the vessel. On intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS), the left main artery was moderately diseased with critically stenotic and calcified branch ostia...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606118/variation-in-the-obturator-vasculature-during-routine-anatomy-dissection-of-a-cadaver
#12
Vishwajit Deshmukh, Seema Singh, Neerja Sirohi, Divya Baruhee
The obturator artery normally originates from the internal iliac artery while the obturator vein drains into the internal iliac vein. During a routine gross anatomy dissection class for undergraduate students at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, in 2016, a rare unilateral variation in the obturator vasculature was found in a female cadaver of approximately 55 years of age. In this case, the left obturator artery originated from the superior gluteal artery and the left obturator vein drained into the external iliac vein...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606117/treatment-of-aluminium-phosphide-poisoning-with-a-combination-of-intravenous-glucagon-digoxin-and-antioxidant-agents
#13
Zohreh Oghabian, Omid Mehrpour
Aluminium phosphide (AlP) is used to protect stored grains from rodents. It produces phosphine gas (PH3), a mitochondrial poison thought to cause toxicity by blocking the cytochrome c oxidase enzyme and inhibiting oxidative phosphorylation, which results in cell death. AlP poisoning has a high mortality rate among humans due to the rapid onset of cardiogenic shock and metabolic acidosis, despite aggressive treatment. We report a 21-year-old male who was referred to the Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman, Iran, in 2015 after having intentionally ingested a 3 g AlP tablet...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606116/combination-of-continuous-dexmedetomidine-infusion-with-titrated-ultra-low-dose-propofol-fentanyl-for-an-awake-craniotomy
#14
Samaresh Das, Ali Al-Mashani, Neelam Suri, Neeraj Salhotra, Nilay Chatterjee
An awake craniotomy is a continuously evolving technique used for the resection of brain tumours from the eloquent cortex. We report a 29-year-old male patient who presented to the Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2016 with a two month history of headaches and convulsions due to a space-occupying brain lesion in close proximity with the left motor cortex. An awake craniotomy was conducted using a scalp block, continuous dexmedetomidine infusion and a titrated ultra-low-dose of propofolfentanyl. The patient remained comfortable throughout the procedure and the intraoperative neuropsychological tests, brain mapping and tumour resection were successful...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606115/occupational-stress-and-coping-behaviours-among-dentists-in-kerman-iran
#15
Shiva Pouradeli, Arash Shahravan, Ali Eskandarizdeh, Forozan Rafie, Maryam A Hashemipour
OBJECTIVES: Recognising causes of stress can help prevent associated adverse effects. This study aimed to investigate causes of occupational stress and coping behaviours among general dentists in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from April to December 2014. A modified version of the Occupational Stress Indicator questionnaire was used to assess causes of stress and coping behaviours among 142 general dentists in Kerman, Iran. RESULTS: A total of 93 dentists participated in the study (response rate: 65...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606114/public-knowledge-of-oral-cancer-and-modelling-of-demographic-background-factors-affecting-this-knowledge-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#16
Hamdi A Al-Hakimi, Abdulqaher E Othman, Omima G Mohamed, Abdulaal M Saied, Waled A Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge of oral cancer affects early detection and diagnosis of this disease. This study aimed to assess the current level of public knowledge of oral cancer in Khartoum State, Sudan, and examine how demographic background factors affect this knowledge. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 501 participants recruited by systematic random sampling from the outpatient records of three major hospitals in Khartoum State between November 2012 and February 2013...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606113/prevalence-and-levels-of-depression-among-parents-of-children-with-cancer-in-basrah-iraq
#17
Shukrya K Al-Maliki, Jasim Al-Asadi, Akeel Al-Waely, Sabah Agha
OBJECTIVES: Cancer in a family member can be a major source of psychological disorders, especially for the parents of children diagnosed with cancer. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and levels of depression among parents of children with cancer in Basrah, Iraq. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2014 and April 2015 at the Specialist Paediatric Hospital in Basrah City, Iraq. One parent each of 384 children with cancer admitted to the hospital for treatment or follow-up during the study period were invited to participate in the study...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606112/psychometric-examination-of-an-arabic-version-of-the-state-trait-anger-expression-inventory
#18
Motohiro Nakajima, Ines Bouanene, Sana El-Mhamdi, Mohamed Soltani, Stephan Bongard, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of an Arabic version of the trait anger and anger expression scales of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). METHODS: This study took place between April 2005 and August 2014. Adults in Yemen (n = 334) and Tunisia (n = 200) were recruited from university campuses and a smoking cessation clinic, respectively. The STAXI was translated into Arabic using back-translation methods. An explanatory principal component analysis was conducted to explore the factor structure of the anger expression scale, utilising parallel analyses to determine the number of retained factors...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606111/comparison-of-salivary-ph-buffering-capacity-and-alkaline-phosphatase-in-smokers-and-healthy-non-smokers-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel, Parisa Falsafi, Mohammad T Goodarzi, Jalal Poorolajal
OBJECTIVES: Saliva contains alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-a key intracellular enzyme related to destructive processes and cellular damage-and has buffering capacity (BC) against acids due to the presence of bicarbonate and phosphate ions. Smoking may have deleterious effects on the oral environment due to pH changes which can affect ALP activity. This study aimed to evaluate the salivary pH, BC and ALP activity of male smokers and healthy non-smokers. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study took place between August 2012 and December 2013...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606110/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-vascular-calcification-and-pericardial-fat-volume-among-patients-with-suspected-coronary-artery-disease
#20
Hussein Nafakhi, Abdulameer Al-Mosawi, Hayder Elwali, Hasan Al-Nafakh, Raad Tawfeq, Ahmed Nafakhi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the relationship between pericardial fat volume (PFV), aortic root calcification (ARC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) among patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place between January and December 2014 at the Kufa University Teaching Hospital, Najaf, Iraq. A total of 130 consecutive patients with an intermediate pretest probability of ischaemic heart disease who underwent 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (CT) angiography during the study period were recruited...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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