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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377040/re-neurology-research-in-saudi-arabia-urgent-call-for-action
#1
COMMENT
Ibrahim S Al-Busaidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377032/erratum-notice-of-formatting-correction-in-vitro-cysteine-reactivates-organophosphate-insecticide-dichlorvos-inhibited-human-cholinesterases
#2
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. E293 in vol. 17, PMID: 29062551.].
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372098/t-cell-large-granular-lymphocyte-leukaemia-with-cutaneous-infiltration
#3
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, Ahinoa Bueno-Rodriguez, Paula Aguayo-Carreras, Daniel Sánchez-Cano, Norberto Ortego-Centeno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372097/paget-s-disease-of-the-breast-a-dangerous-imitator-of-eczema
#4
Paula Aguayo-Carreras, Laura Bonilla-García, Israel Pérez-López, Carlos Cuenca-Barrales, Jesús Tercedor-Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372096/calvarial-tuberculosis-in-a-preschool-aged-child-an-uncommon-entity
#5
Avradip Santra, Arya Sen, Atri Chatterjee
Calvarial tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis, especially in children under five years of age. We report a two-and-a-half-year-old male child who presented to the Nilratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, India, in 2015 with frontoparietal fluctuant swelling of three months' duration. He had also had chronic sinus discharge from the left lower eyelid over the previous six months. Computed tomography of the head revealed a frontal swelling along with erosion of both the outer and inner plates of the left frontal bone...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372095/cardiovocal-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-hoarseness-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#6
Rakul Nambiar, Dae Dalus, Anjali Srikumar
Hoarseness is a common clinical condition with underlying causes which can vary from reversible and benign to life-threatening and malignant. Cardiovocal syndrome may cause hoarseness secondary to left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy when the recurrent laryngeal nerve is mechanically affected due to enlarged cardiovascular structures. We report a 28-year-old male who presented to the Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, India, in 2013 with hoarseness. He had undergone irregular treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) two years previously...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372094/broad-ligament-lipoleiomyoma-masses-two-curious-cases-masquerading-as-ovarian-carcinomas
#7
Surekha Yadav, Barkha Maheswari, Nishant Sagar, Varuna Mallya, Nita Khurana, Sangeeta Gupta
Lipoleiomyomas are an extremely rare form of uterine leiomyoma; moreover, the occurrence of this type of tumour on the broad ligament is even rarer. We report two cases of broad ligament lipoleiomyomas in 15- and 38-year-old female patients who presented to the Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Hospital in New Delhi, India, between 2016 and 2017. In both cases, the preoperative diagnosis was of a solid ovarian malignancy. Most broad ligament tumours are mistaken for ovarian masses as they are difficult to diagnose radiologically...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372093/gingival-leiomyosarcoma-in-a-young-woman-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Massimo Viviano, Clelia Miracco, Guido Lorenzini, Gennaro Baldino, Serena Cocca
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare mesenchymal malignancy, of which 3-10% of cases occur in the head and neck region. We report a 22-year-old woman who was referred to the University Hospital of Siena, Italy, in 2016 with an ostensibly benign asymptomatic lump on the mandibular gingiva. The lesion grew rapidly, causing otalgia in the right ear. An excisional biopsy was performed and primary LMS was diagnosed histologically. Subsequently, the patient underwent radical re-excision of the perilesional mucosa, a partial bone resection and the extraction of four teeth...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372092/intravenous-remifentanil-analgaesia-for-an-obstetric-patient-with-type-i-neurofibromatosis-and-a-factor-v-leiden-mutation
#9
José L Gálvez, Carlos L Errando, Silvia Serrano, Marga Martín-Ayuso, José M Valverde-Mantecón
Type I neurofibromatosis is characterised by altered skin pigmentation and the growth of benign tumours, particularly along the peripheral nerves and central nervous system. We report a 36-year-old primigravida woman in labour who was admitted to the obstetric suite of the Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain, in 2007 with hypothyroidism, type I neurofibromatosis and a factor V Leiden mutation. Due to a lack of cranial and spinal imaging data, an epidural was not indicated; instead, continuous intravenous remifentanil analgaesia was administered...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372091/pitting-oedema-in-a-patient-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-case-report-of-an-unusual-association
#10
Homa Sadeghian, Rouzbeh Motiei-Langroudi
Oedema refers to the excessive accumulation of fluid within intercellular tissues as a result of disequilibrium between the capillary hydrostatic and oncotic pressure gradients. Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) commonly causes lower back pain and radicular leg pain. We report a 57-year-old female who presented to the neurosurgery clinic of the Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran, in 2015 with pain and pitting oedema in the bilateral lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a diagnosis of LDH of the L3-L4 and L4-L5 vertebrae...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372090/thyrotoxic-neuropathy-a-rare-cause-of-acute-flaccid-paraplegia
#11
Aiman K Al-Wahaibi, Santosh Kumar, Ali Al-Risi, Farook Wali
Acute polyneuropathy is a rare manifestation of severe hyperthyroidism. We report a 22-year-old Omani male who presented to the Sohar Hospital, Sohar, Oman, in 2016 with acute-onset rapidly progressive flaccid areflexic paraplegia as the presenting manifestation of thyrotoxicosis. Nerve conduction studies revealed mixed axonal and demyelinating polyneuropathy in both the motor and sensory nerves. Treatment of the hyperthyroidism with β-blockers and carbimazole along with physiotherapy resulted in the patient's full recovery and the alleviation of his symptoms...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372089/a-case-of-persistent-urogenital-sinus-pitfalls-and-challenges-in-diagnosis
#12
Hooi H Tan, Shung K Tan, Rajah Shunmugan, Rozman Zakaria, Zakaria Zahari
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is a rare anomaly whereby the urinary and genital tracts fail to separate during embryonic development. We report a three-year-old female child who was referred to the Sabah Women & Children Hospital, Sabah, Malaysia, in 2016 with a pelvic mass. She had been born prematurely at 36 gestational weeks via spontaneous vaginal delivery in 2013 and initially misdiagnosed with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The external genitalia appeared normal and an initial sonogram and repeat micturating cystourethrograms did not indicate any urogenital anomalies...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372088/soft-tissue-rosai-dorfman-disease-case-report
#13
Rubyath C Rajib, Rajasekharan Pillai, Ibrahim A Sulaiman, Ibrahim Al-Haddabi
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign proliferative histiocytic disorder characterised by massive lymphadenopathy. While extranodal involvement can occur in generalised RDD, isolated soft tissue RDD (STRDD) is extremely rare. We report a 17-year-old male patient who presented to the maxillofacial outpatient department of the Sultan Qaboos Hospital, Salalah, Oman, in 2015 with a painless cheek mass which had been slowly growing over the previous two months. Routine histopathological examinations and immunohistochemistry confirmed a diagnosis of STRDD...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372087/diabetes-related-knowledge-and-preventative-practices-among-government-employees-with-diabetes-in-kuwait
#14
Ahmad J Abdulsalam, Abdullah E Al-Daihani, Kostantinos Francis
Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM)-related knowledge and preventative practices are vital for the successful management of this condition. In Kuwait, few studies have been conducted to evaluate the knowledge and preventative practices of DM patients. This study aimed to assess DM-related knowledge and preventative practices among government employees with DM in Kuwait and to examine associations between DM knowledge, preventative practices and other variables. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in June 2015 and involved 345 employees with DM from 15 government ministries in Kuwait...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372086/evaluation-of-family-planning-counselling-in-north-jordan
#15
Abdulhakeem M Okour, Rami A Saadeh, Mona Zaqoul
Objectives: Counselling plays a key role in enhancing reproductive services, providing contraception-related information and supporting long-term family planning for women of childbearing age. This study aimed to evaluate family planning counselling sessions in selected governmental and private clinics in northern Jordan. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between January and June 2016 in Irbid, Jordan. A total of 200 women attending two private clinics affiliated with the Jordanian Association for Family Planning and Protection (JAFPP) and six governmental clinics were invited to participate in the study...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372085/distribution-of-trauma-care-facilities-in-oman-in-relation-to-high-incidence-road-traffic-injury-sites-pilot-study
#16
Sara M Al-Kindi, Ahmed A Naiem, Kadhim M Taqi, Najla M Al-Gheiti, Ikhtiyar S Al-Toobi, Nasra Q Al-Busaidi, Ahmed Z Al-Harthy, Alaa M Taqi, Sharif A Ba-Alawi, Hani A Al-Qadhi
Objectives: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are considered a major public health problem worldwide. In Oman, high numbers of RTIs and RTI-related deaths are frequently registered. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution of trauma care facilities in Oman with regards to their proximity to RTI-prevalent areas. Methods: This descriptive pilot study analysed RTI data recorded in the national Royal Oman Police registry from January to December 2014. The distribution of trauma care facilities was analysed by calculating distances between areas of peak RTI incidence and the closest trauma centre using Google Earth and Google Maps software (Google Inc...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372084/mortality-rate-and-years-of-life-lost-due-to-prostate-cancer-in-yazd-province-iran-a-10-year-study
#17
Mojtaba Mirzaei, Mahboobehsadat Mirzadeh, Mohsen Mirzaei
Objectives: Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths. The number of deaths and years of life lost (YLL) due to a disease can be used to monitor health status, assess healthcare needs and determine the prioritisation and allocation of health resources within a population; in addition, the latter calculation can serve as a baseline indicator of premature mortality. This study aimed to measure prostate cancer-related mortality and YLL in Yazd Province, Iran. Methods: This study included all prostate cancer-related deaths in Yazd Province reported between March 2001 and March 2010...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372083/discrepancies-between-planned-and-actual-operating-room-turnaround-times-at-a-large-rural-hospital-in-germany
#18
Regula Morgenegg, Franziska Heinze, Katharina Wieferich, Ralf Schiffer, Frank Stueber, Markus M Luedi, Dietrich Doll
Objectives: While several factors have been shown to influence operating room (OR) turnaround times, few comparisons of planned and actual OR turnaround times have been performed. This study aimed to compare planned and actual OR turnaround times at a large rural hospital in Northern Germany. Methods: This retrospective study examined the OR turnaround data of 875 elective surgery cases scheduled at the Marienhospital, Vechta, Germany, between July and October 2014...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372082/interpreting-neonatal-growth-parameters-in-oman-are-we-doing-it-right
#19
Reem M Abdulrahim, Ahmed B Idris, Asad Ur-Rahman, Mohamed Abdellatif, Nigel Fuller
Objectives: This study aimed to compare reference anthropometric measures of Omani neonates with the international standard growth charts of the World Health Organization (WHO) in order to determine the appropriateness of these growth charts to assess the growth of Omani neonates. Methods: This cross-sectional study included all healthy full-term Omani neonates born between November 2014 and November 2015 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. Birth weight, length and head circumference measurements were identified and compared to those of the 2006 WHO growth charts...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372081/epidemiology-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-infections-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-oman
#20
Said A Al-Busafi, Halima Al-Shuaili, Heba Omar, Haifa Al-Zuhaibi, L Jeyaseelan, Khalid Al-Naamani
Objectives: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is a leading cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. However, there is a lack of data regarding the epidemiology of CHC in Oman. This study aimed to describe the clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of CHC-infected patients at a tertiary care hospital in Oman. Methods: This retrospective descriptive hospital-based study included all CHC-infected patients who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) in Muscat, Oman, between January 2010 and December 2015...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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