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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210866/retraction-notice-diabetes-related-knowledge-and-preventative-practices-among-government-employees-with-diabetes-in-kuwait
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. e444 in vol. 17, PMID: 29372087.].
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210865/re-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-masquerading-as-a-cervical-fibroid-report-of-a-rare-entity
#2
LETTER
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210864/re-controversies-in-odontogenic-tumours-review
#3
LETTER
Divya Gopinath, Rohit K Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210863/-spoon-fed-versus-self-directed-learning-in-an-arab-context
#4
LETTER
Abdul S Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210862/thoracic-endometriosis-presenting-with-bilateral-hydropneumothorax
#5
Varsha Viswanath, Alkesh Khurana, Abhishek Goyal, Yogesh Niwariya, Mahendra P Singh, Hemlata Panwar, Garima Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210861/uremic-leontiasis-ossea
#6
Jien Shim, Run Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210860/-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-with-worsening-pleural-effusion-despite-treatment-with-appropriate-antimicrobials-case-report
#7
Kowthar S Hassan, Ghalib Al-Khadouri
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia. As M. pneumoniae pneumonia is usually a mild and self-limiting disease, complications such as pleural effusion occur only rarely. We report a 22-year-old woman who presented to the Emergency Medicine Department of the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2017 with an eight-day history of fever associated with coughing, chills and rigors. She was diagnosed with M. pneumoniae pneumonia, but subsequently developed pleural effusion which worsened despite treatment with appropriate antimicrobials...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210859/pulmonary-alveolar-microlithiasis-a-commonly-misdiagnosed-rare-entity
#8
Alkesh Khurana, Rajesh Malik, Jitendra Sharma, Ujjawal Khurana, Deepti Joshi, Abhishek Goyal
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is an uncommon entity which can pose a diagnostic challenge. We report a 45-year-old female who was referred to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, India, in 2017 with a two-year history of progressively worsening dyspnoea and dry coughing. She had been previously diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis elsewhere and prescribed antitubercular therapy; however, there was little improvement in her symptoms. Following referral, the patient was diagnosed with PAM based on high-resolution computed tomography findings and the abundance of lamellar microliths in a bronchoalveolar lavage sample...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210858/pulmonary-glue-embolism-an-unusual-complication-following-endoscopic-sclerotherapy-for-gastric-varices
#9
Philips G Michael, Georgios Antoniades, Anca Staicu, Shahid Seedat
A pulmonary glue embolism is an unusual but potentially life-threatening complication following the treatment of variceal bleeding, especially in patients with large varices requiring large volumes of sclerosant. Other contributory factors include the rate of injection and ratio of the constituent components of the sclerosant (i.e. n-butyl-cyanoacrylate and lipiodol). This condition may be associated with a delayed onset of respiratory compromise. Therefore, a high degree of clinical suspicion is essential in patients with unexplained cardiorespiratory decline during or following endoscopic sclerotherapy...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210857/recurrent-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-with-pigmentation-and-myoid-differentiation
#10
Surekha Yadav, Nidhi Verma, Nita Khurana, Sushant Neogi
Dermatofibrosarcomas protuberans (DFSP) are rare low-grade tumours with various subtypes and usually occur among middle-aged adults. However, myoid differentiation is very rare. We report a 44-year-old woman who presented to the Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Hospital, New Delhi, India, in 2017 with a recurrent pigmented DFSP presenting as an arm swelling. Upon histological and immunohistochemical analysis, myoid differentiation was confirmed. A literature review of the clinical and histopathological features of this rare entity is presented...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210856/rituximab-treatment-in-myasthaenia-gravis-report-of-two-paediatric-cases
#11
Roshan Koul, Amna Al-Futaisi, Rana Abdelrahim, Renjith Mani, Reem Abdwani, Abdullah Al-Asmi
Myasthaenia gravis (MG) is an auto-immune disease involving the postsynaptic receptors in the neuromuscular junction. The condition is characterised by fatigable weakness of the skeletal muscles and is uncommon in children. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and immune-modifying medications are usually considered the mainstay of treatment. However, these medications have to be given on a lifelong basis so that patients remain in remission; furthermore, drug-related side-effects can have a major impact on quality of life...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210855/point-of-care-airway-ultrasonography-prior-to-an-emergency-cricothyroidotomy-case-report
#12
Mohamad Iqhbal, Julina M Noor, Nur A Karim, Izzat Ismail, Halim Sanib, Mohd A Mokhtar, Safreeda S F Salim
The use of ultrasonography in acute and critical care medicine is becoming increasingly common. However, use of an airway ultrasound as an adjunct to determine the type of intervention needed and assess complications is not common practice. We report a 56-year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department of the Sungai Buloh Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia, in 2015 with hoarseness, stridor and impending respiratory failure. A point-of-care ultrasound performed to assess the neck and vocal cords indicated a heterogeneous echogenic mass in the larynx, thus ruling out a cricothyroidotomy...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210854/inflammatory-reactions-to-red-tattoo-inks-three-cases-highlighting-an-emerging-problem
#13
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, Pablo Fernandez-Crehuet, Paula Aguayo-Carreras, Jose L Hernandez-Centeno, Carlos Cuenca-Barrales
In recent years, tattoos have become more commonplace. However, this can result in various inflammatory processes, the management of which can be challenging in daily clinical practice. Tattoo-related inflammatory reactions can comprise different patterns, including acute and immediate reactions, foreign body granulomas, sarcoid granulomas, isomorphic lesions, allergic contact dermatitis and photosensitivity. We report three cases who were referred to the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of the Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain, in 2017 with various skin reactions in the red-ink areas of their tattoos...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210853/nasopharyngeal-salivary-gland-anlage-tumour-a-rare-cause-of-neonatal-respiratory-distress
#14
Salma M Al-Sheibani, Kiran P Sawardekar, Salwa J Habib, Hunaina M Al-Kindi
A salivary gland anlage tumour (SGAT) is a very rare type of benign tumour that usually presents in early infancy with respiratory distress which is exacerbated upon feeding. We report a full-term male neonate who was referred to the Al Nahdha Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with severe neonatal respiratory distress due to a nasopharyngeal obstruction immediately after birth. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-circumscribed mass in the nasopharynx, without intracranial extension...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210852/paliperidone-palmitate-induced-delirium-in-an-adolescent-with-schizophrenia-case-report
#15
Hassan Mirza, Duncan Harding, Naser Al-Balushi
Schizophrenia is a serious long-term mental disorder which usually presents in adolescence or early adulthood. However, poor adherence to oral antipsychotics can lead to relapse and rehospitalisation. We report an adolescent male with schizophrenia who was referred to the South London & Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, UK, in 2015 due to worsening psychotic symptoms. Following poor compliance with oral medications, a four-week regimen of paliperidone palmitate long-acting injections was initiated, with an initial positive response...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210851/different-strokes-a-management-dilemma
#16
Arunodaya R Gujjar, Mortada El-Tigani, Darshan Lal, Anupam K Kakaria, Abdullah R Al-Asmi
Stroke is a common medical emergency resulting from numerous pathophysiological mechanisms and with varied clinical manifestations; as such, the diagnosis of stroke requires diligent clinical assessment. When different stroke syndromes occur in the same patient, it may cause a dilemma in terms of diagnosis and management. This continuing medical education article describes an interesting patient with recurrent neurological events, highlighting the complex pathophysiological processes associated with cerebrovascular syndromes...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210850/perceptions-of-plagiarism-among-medical-and-nursing-students-in-erbil-iraq
#17
Kameran H Ismail
Objectives: The rapidly rising incidence of plagiarism among students at universities throughout the world requires attention. This study aimed to determine the extent to which medical and nursing students in Erbil, Iraq, plagiarise, their knowledge, understanding and perceptions of plagiarism and the underlying factors that may lead them to plagiarise. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out between January and June 2017 among a sample of 400 undergraduate medical and nursing students at Hawler Medical University in Erbil...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210849/characteristics-of-critically-ill-patients-at-two-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-sudan
#18
Hagir Sulieman, Wael El-Mahdi, Mohannad Awadelkareem, Lama Nazer
Objectives: Knowledge of intensive care unit (ICU) admission patterns and characteristics is necessary for the development of critical care services, particularly in low-resource settings. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of critically-ill patients admitted to ICUs in Sudan. Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted between February and May 2017 in the ICUs of two government tertiary care hospitals in Khartoum, Sudan. A total of 100 consecutive adult patients admitted to the ICUs were included in the study...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210848/cephalometric-norms-in-an-omani-adult-population-of-arab-descent
#19
Prashantha S Govinakovi, Ibrahim Al-Busaidi, Viswapurna Senguttuvan
Objectives: This study aimed to establish cephalometric norms for an Omani population of Arab descent and to compare these with established cephalometric values for Caucasians. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Military Dental Centre and Oman Dental College in Muscat, Oman, between May 2014 and October 2016. A total of 150 Omani patients between 20-29 years old seeking orthodontic treatment were included. All participants had a symmetrical face, class I molar and canine relationships, proper intercuspation, a normal overjet/overbite (<3 mm) and mild spacing/crowding of the teeth (≤3 mm)...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210847/the-dundee-ready-education-environment-measure-a-prospective-comparative-study-of-undergraduate-medical-students-and-interns-perceptions-in-oman
#20
Gowda P Prashanth, Salim K Ismail
Objectives: This study aimed to assess perceptions of the educational environment in Oman among medical undergraduate students and interns using the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) tool. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2016 and April 2017 at the Oman Medical College (OMC), Sohar, Oman. A total of 737 medical undergraduate students and interns from the OMC and College of Medicine & Health Sciences of Sultan Qaboos University in Muscat, Oman, were invited to complete the DREEM questionnaire in the form of an online survey...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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