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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417046/re-coexistence-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-three-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-case-reports-and-review-of-literature
#1
COMMENT
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417045/a-turning-point-for-paediatric-developmental-services-in-oman-establishment-of-a-national-autism-screening-programme
#2
Watfa Al-Mamari, Ahmed B Idris, Muna Al-Jabri, Ahlam Abdelsattar, Fatma Al-Hinai, Moza Al-Hatmi, Amira Al-Raidan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417044/medline-%C3%A2-indexing-of-the-sultan-qaboos-university-medical-journal-a-great-leap-forward-for-biomedical-research-and-publishing-in-the-gulf-region
#3
COMMENT
Ibrahim S Al-Busaidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417043/extensive-fixed-drug-eruption-due-to-diclofenac
#4
Rudrajit Paul, Gautam Lahiri, Tanmay J Sau, Kunal Haldar, Rajesh Pandey, Asim Saha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417042/accessory-duct-of-the-submandibular-gland
#5
Prakash B Billakanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417041/focal-scalp-hair-heterochromia-in-an-infant
#6
Pramod Kumar
Hair heterochromia involves the presence of two different non-artificially induced colours of hair in the same individual which can be due to either iron deficiency anaemia, genetic mutations or mosaicism. We report a six-month old male infant who presented to the Department of Dermatology, Saham Hospital, Saham, Oman, in 2013 with focal scalp hair heterochromia without any detectable underlying abnormalities. The area of heterochromia was still noticeable at a one-year follow-up.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417040/unusual-branching-pattern-of-the-lateral-cord-of-the-brachial-plexus-associated-with-neurovascular-compression-case-report
#7
Hitendra K Loh, Shikha Singh, Rajesh K Suri
The brachial plexus consists of a network of nerves that innervates the upper limbs and its musculature. We report a rare formation of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus observed during the dissection of a 47-year-old male cadaver at the Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, India, in 2016. The lateral cord was exceptionally long with twin lateral pectoral nerves and twin lateral roots of the median nerve. The proximal lateral root of the median nerve was thin in comparison to the medial root of the median nerve...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417039/a-true-human-tail-in-a-neonate-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Mahesh K Pillai, Smitha T Nair
A true human tail is a benign vestigial caudal cutaneous structure composed of adipose, connective tissue, muscle, vessels, nerves and mechanoreceptors. A true human tail can be distinguished from a pseudotail as the latter is commonly associated with underlying spinal dysraphism, which requires specialised management. True human tails are very rare, with fewer than 40 cases reported to date. We report a healthy one-day-old male newborn who was referred to the Bharath Hospital, Kottayam, Kerala, India, in 2014 with a cutaneous appendage arising from the lumbosacral region...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417038/anomalous-innervation-of-the-median-nerve-in-the-arm-in-the-absence-of-the-musculocutaneous-nerve
#9
Khursheed Raza, Seema Singh, Neerja Rani, Raghav Mishra, Kamakshi Mehta, Saroj Kaler
The brachial plexus innervates the upper extremities. While variations in the formation of the brachial plexus and its terminal branches are quite common, it is uncommon for the median nerve to innervate the muscles of the arm. During the dissection of an elderly male cadaver at the Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, in 2016, the coracobrachialis muscle was found to be supplied by a direct branch from the lateral root of the median nerve and the musculocutaneous nerve was absent...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417037/additional-muscle-slip-of-bicipital-aponeurosis-and-its-anomalous-relationship-with-the-median-cubital-vein
#10
Nandini Bhat, Kumar M R Bhat, Antony S D'Souza, Sushma R Kotian
The cubital region of the arm is a common site for recording blood pressure, taking blood for analysis and administering intravenous therapy and blood transfusions. During the routine dissection of a 70-year-old male cadaver at the Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India, in 2015, it was observed that the aponeurotic insertion of the biceps brachii muscle divided into two slips. The medial slip fused normally with the deep fascia of the forearm, while flexor carpi radialis muscle fibres originated from the lateral slip...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417036/verrucous-hyperplasia-case-report-and-differential-diagnosis
#11
Sonal Grover, Mihir Jha, Bhushan Sharma, Shekhar Kapoor, Kumud Mittal, Nithin K Parakkat, Anil B Shivappa, Ravleen Kaur
Verrucous hyperplasia (VH) is a rare exophytic oral mucosal lesion which can transform into verrucous carcinoma (VC), its malignant but clinically similar counterpart. These entities can be distinguished by the lack of invasive growth in VH cases; as such, it is essential to include a margin with adequate depth when performing a biopsy of the epithelium of the lesion. We report an 80-year-old male patient who presented to the Bapuji Dental College & Hospital, Davangere, Karanataka, India, in 2011 with a warty whitish-pink growth on the inside of his cheek...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417035/jaw-osteomyelitis-as-a-complication-of-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-three-omani-patients-case-reports-and-literature-review
#12
Hilal Al-Ismaili, Omar Nasim, Abdulaziz Bakathir
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a common haemoglobinopathy among people from the Middle East, the Afro-Caribbean region, the Mediterranean and East India. While osteomyelitis of the long bones is a well-documented complication of SCA, there are few documented cases of SCA patients presenting with jaw osteomyelitis. We report three SCA patients with chronic jaw osteomyelitis who presented to the Department of Oral Health, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 2009 and 2013. Two of the patients had osteomyelitis of the mandible and the third had osteomyelitis of the maxilla...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417034/knowledge-regarding-secondary-prevention-lifestyle-practices-among-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-oman-pilot-study
#13
Tamim R Al-Tamimi, Hafidh A Ba-Omar, Sunil Nadar
OBJECTIVES: Secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is very important. This study aimed to assess knowledge of necessary lifestyle changes among Omani patients diagnosed with IHD. METHODS: This cross-sectional pilot study took place between October 2015 and February 2016 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman. A total of 30 random patients with IHD from the Cardiology Outpatient Clinic of SQUH were included. A 30-item survey was used to determine patients' knowledge of necessary lifestyle practices following their IHD diagnosis, with scores of <70% indicating poor knowledge...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417033/validation-of-a-persian-short-form-version-of-a-standardised-questionnaire-assessing-oral-cancer-knowledge-practice-and-attitudes-among-dentists
#14
Nader Navabi, Maryam A Hashemipour, Aida Roughani
OBJECTIVES: Oral cancer is a global health problem; however, many dentists lack the necessary skills, knowledge and capacity to diagnose oral cancers early. This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of a Persian short-form version of a standardised questionnaire to assess dentists' knowledge, practice and attitudes towards oral cancer. METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was carried out in May 2015 in Tehran, Iran. An original 39-item English-language questionnaire developed by Yellowitz et al...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417032/vision-screening-of-ophthalmic-nursing-staff-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-hospital-outcomes-and-ocular-healthcare-seeking-behaviours
#15
Ruhi A Khan, Ches Souru, Sejo Vaghese, Ziaul Yasir, Rajiv Khandekar
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate ocular healthcare-seeking behaviours and vision screening outcomes of nursing staff at a tertiary eye care hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted between April and September 2016 among all 500 nurses employed at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected on age, gender, use of visual aids, the presence of diabetes, a history of refractive surgery and date of last ocular health check-up...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417031/knowledge-practice-and-self-efficacy-in-evidence-based-practice-among-midwives-in-east-iran
#16
Elham Azmoude, Fereshteh Farkhondeh, Maryam Ahour, Maryam Kabirian
OBJECTIVES: The successful implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) can lead to appropriate and effective midwifery care during pregnancy, childbirth and in the postnatal period. However, levels of knowledge and confidence in one's ability to apply EBP are related to its effective implementation. This study aimed to investigate levels of knowledge, practice of and self-efficacy towards the use of EBP among midwives in East Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place between January and February 2016 and involved 98 midwives employed at two hospitals and all four urban health care centres in Torbat-e Heydariyeh, Iran...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417030/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-basic-life-support-among-health-students-at-a-saudi-women-s-university
#17
Maha A Al-Mohaissen
OBJECTIVES: Awareness of basic life support (BLS) is paramount to ensure the provision of essential life-saving medical care in emergency situations. This study aimed to measure knowledge of BLS and attitudes towards BLS training among female health students at a women's university in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study took place between January and April 2016 at five health colleges of the Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417029/contraceptive-utilisation-among-mothers-of-reproductive-age-in-ajman-united-arab-emirates
#18
Naila Kanwal, Jayakumary Muttappallymyalil, Shatha Al-Sharbatti, Iman Ismail
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine contraceptive utilisation among mothers aged 18-49 years old in Ajman, United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from May to November 2013. A total of 400 participants were recruited from two primary healthcare centres and one private hospital in Ajman. An interviewer-administered validated questionnaire was used for data collection. RESULTS: The frequency of previous and current contraceptive use was 68...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417028/general-anaesthesia-protocols-for-patients-undergoing-electroconvulsive-therapy-retrospective-analysis-of-504-sessions-over-a-five-year-period-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-oman
#19
Aravind Narayanan, Chandar Lal, Hamed Al-Sinawi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review general anaesthesia protocols for patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) at a tertiary care hospital in Oman, particularly with regards to clinical profile, potential drug interactions and patient outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study took place at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman. The electronic medical records of patients undergoing ECT at SQUH between January 2010 and December 2014 were reviewed for demographic characteristics and therapy details...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417027/decision-to-delivery-time-intervals-in-emergency-caesarean-section-cases-repeated-cross-sectional-study-from-oman
#20
Kaukab Tashfeen, Malini Patel, Ilham M Hamdi, Ibrahim H A Al-Busaidi, Mansour N Al-Yarubi
OBJECTIVES: In cases of fetal intolerance to labour, meeting the standard decision-to-delivery time interval (DDI) of ≤30 minutes is challenging. This study aimed to assess DDIs in emergency Caesarean section (CS) cases to identify factors causing DDI delays and the impact of a delayed DDI on perinatal outcomes. METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional study included all emergency CS procedures performed due to acute fetal distress, antepartum haemorrhage or umbilical cord prolapse at the Nizwa Hospital, Nizwa, Oman...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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