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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003909/erratum-notice-of-author-name-correction-currently-available-tools-and-teaching-strategies-for-the-interprofessional-education-of-students-in-health-professions-literature-review
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. e277 in vol. 16, PMID: 27606105.].
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003908/rickettsial-infection-diagnosed-in-a-clinical-context-in-oman
#2
Mohamed A El-Naggari, Ahmed Idris, Zakariya Al-Muharrmi, Ibtisam El-Nour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003907/multiple-pyoderma-gangrenosum-ulcers-associated-with-cocaine-abuse
#3
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, Daniel Sánchez-Cano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003906/large-bilateral-symptomatic-pelvic-lymphoceles-following-a-radical-prostatectomy
#4
Philips G Michael, Rakesh Jamkhandikar, Girish L Kukade, Said K S Al-Aghbari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003905/coexistence-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-three-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-case-reports-and-review-of-literature
#5
Amna Al-Futaisi, Ahmed Idris, Abeer Al-Sayegh, Watfa S Al-Mamari
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multisystem neurocutaneous disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and characterised by benign tumours in the brain and other vital organs such as the heart, eyes, kidneys, skin and lungs. Links between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and TSC have been postulated for many decades, with TSC considered to be one of the main syndromic causes of ASD; however, precise confirmation of a relationship between these two disorders required validated diagnostic tools. Fortunately, accurate evaluation of this relationship is now possible with standardised criteria for ASD diagnosis...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003904/a-case-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-intracranial-sinus-thrombosis-possible-rare-complications-of-childhood-abdominal-tuberculosis
#6
Geeta Gathwala, Poonam Dalal, Virender Gehlawat, Jasbir Singh, Vandana Arya
Severe pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) complicated by deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in adults has been reported previously in the medical literature; however, childhood extrapulmonary TB complicated by DVT is rare. We report a 13-year-old girl who presented to the Department of Pediatrics at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences in Rohtak, India, in 2012 with abdominal TB complicated by DVT and intracranial sinus thrombosis. She was treated with a course of four antitubercular drugs and short-term anticoagulation therapy with a positive outcome over the next six months...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003903/transcatheter-closure-of-ruptured-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-report-of-two-cases
#7
Khalfan S Al-Senaidi, Abdullah Al-Farqani, Madan Maddali, Salim Al-Maskary
A ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA) is a rare cardiac anomaly. Traditionally, RSVAs were repaired surgically; however, percutaneous transcatheter closure is the current treatment of choice. We report two cases of RSVA which were closed using this approach. The first case was a 45-year-old female who presented to the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2014 with a RSVA in the right ventricle. The second case was a 39-year-old male who was admitted to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, in 2015 with a large multifenestrated RSVA extending into the right ventricle outflow tract...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003902/missed-gastric-injuries-in-blunt-abdominal-trauma-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#8
Ahmed A Naiem, Kadhim M Taqi, Badriya H Al-Kendi, Hani Al-Qadhi
Hollow viscus injuries of the digestive tract are an uncommon occurrence in blunt abdominal trauma. We report a 39-year-old male who was hit by a vehicle as a pedestrian and admitted to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015. He underwent an exploratory laparotomy which revealed injuries to the distal stomach, liver and descending colon. Postoperatively, the patient was febrile, tachycardic and hypotensive. Abdominal examination revealed distention and tenderness. The next day, a repeat laparotomy identified a gastric injury which had not been diagnosed during the initial laparotomy...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003901/bilateral-anterior-ischaemic-optic-neuropathy-in-a-child-on-continuous-peritoneal-dialysis-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Abdullah Al-Kaabi, Agha S Haider, Mohammed O Shafeeq, Mohammed A El-Naggari, Ibtisam El-Nour, Anuradha Ganesh
Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a serious complication of continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) which can lead to poor vision and blindness. We report a five-year-old girl who had undergone a bilateral nephrectomy at the age of one year and was on home CPD. She was referred to the Paediatric Ophthalmology Unit of Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2013 with acute bilateral vision loss, preceded by a three-day history of poor oral intake. At presentation, the patient had severe systemic hypotension...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003900/relapse-of-multiple-myeloma-presenting-as-lower-lip-numbness
#10
Yusra M Al-Riyami, Abdulaziz Bakathir, Khalil Al-Farsi, Faisal Al-Azri
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an uncommon malignancy characterised by the proliferation of clonal plasma cells. There are few published reports describing the extramedullary presentation of MM manifesting primarily in the head and neck region. In addition, the occurrence of an isolated relapse of MM in these sites is exceedingly rare. We report a 56-year-old female who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2010 with sudden-onset numbness of the lower lip. She had a history of MM in remission following chemotherapy and a bone marrow transplant...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003899/dental-and-anaesthetic-challenges-in-a-patient-with-dystrophic-epidermolysis-bullosa
#11
Ali Al-Abadi, Salah A Al-Azri, Abdulaziz Bakathir, Yusra Al-Riyami
Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of rare genetic disorders characterised by skin and mucous membrane fragility and systemic manifestations of variable severity. We report a case of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in an 18-year-old male patient who presented to the Department of Oral Health at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with recurrent dental pain and infections. Due to the poor dental status of the patient and anticipated operative difficulties due to microstomia and limited mouth opening, the patient underwent full dental clearance under general anaesthesia...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003898/clinical-significance-of-an-unusual-variation-anomalous-additional-belly-of-the-sternothyroid-muscle
#12
M Senthil Murugan, R Sudha, Rajesh Bhargavan
The infrahyoid muscles are involved in vocalisation and swallowing; among these, the sternothyroid muscle is derived from the common primitive sheet. The improper differentiation of this muscle may therefore result in morphological variations. We report an unusual variation found during the dissection of a 65-year-old male cadaver at the Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College, Madagadipet, Pondicherry, India, in 2015. An anomalous belly of the right sternothyroid muscle was observed between the internal jugular (IJ) vein and the internal carotid artery with an additional insertion into the tympanic plate and petrous part of the temporal bone and the presence of a levator glandulae thyroideae muscle...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003897/use-of-prescription-drugs-and-investigations-by-doctors-in-primary-care-settings-in-oman-and-the-uk
#13
Robin Davidson
OBJECTIVES: This audit aimed to investigate the use of prescription drugs and investigations by trainee doctors in primary care settings in Oman and the UK. METHODS: This audit took place between February and April 2015. The medical records of consecutive patients seen by five family medicine trainee doctors at a primary care setting in Oman were retrospectively reviewed. These data were compared to those gathered from two trainees at a general practice clinic in the UK as well as an experienced general practitioner (GP) who had practiced in both countries...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003896/laparoscopic-splenectomy-alone-for-sickle-cell-disease-account-of-50-paediatric-cases
#14
Zainab N Al-Balushi, Khalid M Bhatti, Muhammad T Ehsan, Yousuf Al-Shaqsi, Nawal A R Al-Sharji, Hatem A A Mady, Mahmoud H Sherif
OBJECTIVES: In Oman, the most frequent indication for a splenectomy in children is sickle cell disease (SCD), which is one of the most common haematological disorders in the Gulf region. This study aimed to describe paediatric laparoscopic splenectomies alone for SCD at a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: This study was conducted between February 2010 and October 2015 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. The medical records of all children aged ≤15 years old undergoing splenectomies during the study period were reviewed...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003895/perceptions-of-the-use-of-blueprinting-in-a-formative-theory-assessment-in-pharmacology-education
#15
Tejas Patel, Manoj K Saurabh, Parvati Patel
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess perceptions of the use of a blueprint in a pharmacology formative theory assessment. METHODS: This study took place from October 2015 to February 2016 at a medical college in Gujurat, India. Faculty from the Department of Pharmacology used an internal syllabus to prepare an assessment blueprint. A total of 12 faculty members prepared learning objectives and categorised cognitive domain levels by consensus. Learning objectives were scored according to clinical importance and marks were distributed according to proportional weighting...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003894/a-hypothetical-model-to-predict-nursing-students-perceptions-of-the-usefulness-of-pre-service-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-training
#16
Fannah A Al-Araimi, Sitwat U Langrial
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test a hypothetical model to predict nursing students' perceptions of the usefulness of pre-service Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) training and their intention to apply this training in clinical practice. METHODS: This study was carried out at the Sur Nursing Institute, Sur, Oman, in May 2015. Using six predefined constructs, a hypothetical structural model was created. The constructs were used as latent variables to highlight their probable impact on intention to apply IMCI-related knowledge and skills in practice...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003893/comparison-of-postoperative-drain-insertion-versus-no-drain-insertion-in-thyroidectomies-retrospective-case-control-study-from-the-sultan-qaboos-university-hospital-muscat-oman
#17
Asma S Al-Habsi, Al-Anood K Al-Sulaimani, Kadhim M Taqi, Hani A Al-Qadhi
OBJECTIVES: A thyroidectomy is a frequently performed surgical procedure which can result in life-threatening complications. The insertion of a drain after a thyroidectomy has been suggested to prevent such complications. This study aimed to evaluate the use of surgical drains following thyroidectomies in relation to postoperative complications and mass sizes. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included all thyroidectomies conducted at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, from January 2011 to December 2013...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003892/early-versus-late-tracheostomy-for-patients-with-high-and-low-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries
#18
Akram H Guirgis, Venugopal K Menon, Neelam Suri, Nilay Chatterjee, Emil Attallah, Maged Y Saad, Shereen Elshaer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of early versus late tracheostomies among patients with cervical spinal cord injuries (CSCIs). METHODS: This retrospective study included 69 adult CSCI patients who underwent bedside percutaneous tracheostomies at the Intensive Care Unit of Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between January 2011 and October 2015. The tracheostomy was considered early if the procedure took place within one week of the CSCI. The impact of an early tracheostomy on patient outcomes was analysed in terms of duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) stay among patients with high (C1-C2 vertebrae) and low (C3-C7 vertebrae) CSCIs...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003891/arterial-resistance-in-late-first-trimester-as-a-predictor-of-subsequent-pregnancy-related-hypertension
#19
Pralhad Kushtagi, Anoosha Emani
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between indicators of arterial resistance occurring late in the first trimester and the subsequent development of pregnancy-related hypertension. METHODS: This study took place between May 2014 and August 2015 and included 329 consecutive women with singleton pregnancies attending the antenatal clinics of a medical college in Karnataka, India, during this period. Pulse pressure (PP) and uterine artery Doppler parameters were recorded between 11-14 gestational weeks...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003890/use-of-intracervical-foley-catheter-for-induction-of-labour-in-cases-of-previous-caesarean-section-experience-of-a-single-tertiary-centre-in-oman
#20
Hazel Gonsalves, Nihal Al-Riyami, Tamima Al-Dughaishi, Vaidayanathan Gowri, Mohammed Al-Azri, Ayesha Salahuddin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate rates of success and perinatal complications of labour induction using an intracervical Foley catheter among women with a previous Caesarean delivery at a tertiary centre in Oman. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 68 pregnant women with a history of a previous Caesarean section who were admitted for induction via Foley catheter between January 2011 and December 2013 to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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