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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062570/multiple-clustered-dermatofibromas-following-ustekinumab-treatment-for-psoriasis-vulgaris
#1
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, Miguel A Díaz-Martinez, Daniel Sánchez-Cano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062569/atrophoderma-of-pasini-and-pierini
#2
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, Daniel Sánchez-Cano, Luis Salvador-Rodriguez, Carlos Cuenca-Barrales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062568/umbilical-endometriosis
#3
Ayida A Al-Khalili, Robin Billick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062567/a-rare-case-of-coexisting-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-and-nutcracker-phenomenon
#4
Philips G Michael, Tahra Al-Saadi, Rakesh Jamkhandikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062566/subamniotic-haematoma-associated-with-an-uneventful-labour
#5
Nabil Abdalla, Robert Piorkowski, Pawel Stanirowski, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Wlodzimierz Sawicki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062565/unusual-case-of-an-intracranial-aneurysm-misdiagnosed-as-focal-basal-meningitis
#6
Philips G Michael, Rakesh M Jamkhandikar, Imran K Memon, Tahra Al-Saadi, Said Al-Aghbari, Majed Al-Muqaimi, Misbahuddin Ansari, Ahmed Al-Shamakhi, Asifa Ahmad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062564/bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccine-induced-tuberculous-hip-osteomyelitis-in-an-infant-case-report
#7
Mohammed S Al-Azri, Jazel Manarang, Yaqoub Al-Mufargi
To this day, tuberculosis (TB) continues to pose a significant global health burden. The World Health Organization's Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) recommends the bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine for infants to protect against the haematogenous spread of primary TB and other more severe types of TB infection. We report an eight-month-old boy who presented to the Armed Forces Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with a one-month history of intermittent fever associated with a limited range of motion in the right hip area...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062563/segmental-spinal-muscular-atrophy-localised-to-the-lower-limbs-first-case-from-oman
#8
Roshan Koul, Amna Al-Futaisi, Khalid Al-Thihli, Zandre Bruwer, Patrick Scott
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic lower motor neuron disease. It usually involves all of the skeletal muscles innervated by the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord. In rare cases, there is also localised involvement of the spinal cord. We report a 10-year-old boy who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with muscle weakness restricted to the lower limbs. The presence of a homozygous deletion within the survival of motor neuron 1 gene confirmed the diagnosis of SMA...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062562/anomalous-origin-of-the-right-coronary-artery-from-the-left-coronary-sinus-case-report
#9
Ziyab K Sarfaraz, Mohammad S Siddiqi, Adil H Al-Kindi, Tarek Alameddine
The anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the left coronary sinus is a rare congenital disorder and can often result in sudden death upon initial presentation. We report a 19-year-old male patient who was referred to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with multiple episodes of exertional angina. He was diagnosed as having an anomalous right coronary artery arising from the left coronary sinus following an intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram. An unroofing ostioplasty of the anomalous right coronary artery was successful...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062561/transposition-of-the-great-arteries-and-coarctation-of-the-aorta-in-an-infant-presenting-with-bronchiolitis-an-incidental-finding
#10
Khaloud S Al-Mukhaini, Ala M Mohamed
The transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a complex congenital heart disease which usually presents as cyanosis in neonates with limited mixing between the systemic and pulmonary circulatory systems. A delayed diagnosis of TGA can lead to ventricular failure. We report a six-week-old infant who was admitted to the paediatric Intensive Care Unit of the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2016 for bronchiolitis. During admission, she was incidentally diagnosed with TGA and coarctation of the aorta. Postnatal screening, including the use of pulse oximetry, plays a significant role in avoiding a late diagnosis of TGA; however, this screening tool is not widely used in Oman...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062560/use-of-a-minimally-invasive-cardiac-output-monitor-to-optimise-haemodynamics-in-a-patient-with-mitral-valve-disease-undergoing-cerebrovascular-surgery
#11
Ali M Al-Mashani, Niranjan D Waje, Neeraj Salhotra, Samaresh Das, Neelam Suri, Rashid A Al-Sheheimi, Nilay Chatterjee
Patients with mitral valve disease undergoing cerebrovascular surgery face increased inherent risks due to their associated cardiac comorbidities. As such, the anaesthetic management of such patients is distinctly challenging. Simultaneous consideration of both the cerebrovascular and underlying cardiac conditions determines key anaesthetic issues, as fluids and vasopressors or inotropes need to be titrated according to haemodynamic variables in order to optimise cerebral blood flow without compromising cardiac function...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062559/secondary-adrenal-insufficiency-due-to-the-co-administration-of-ritonavir-and-inhaled-fluticasone-propionate-case-report
#12
Ali Al-Maqbali, Bina Kamble, Salim Al-Qassabi, Ali Elgalib
Ritonavir is a powerful inhibitor of the cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) isoenzyme. It is used as a pharmaceutical enhancer in the management of HIV-positive patients. However, when co-administered with other drugs that are metabolised via the CYP3A4 pathway, ritonavir can potentially cause serious drug-drug interactions. Inhaled fluticasone propionate, which is used to treat asthma and chronic obstructive airway disease, is particularly prone to such interactions due to its physiological attributes. We report a HIV-positive 48-year-old male patient who presented to Al Nahdha Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2012 with weight loss, generalised weakness and fatigue and diagnosed with secondary adrenal insufficiency as a result of concomitant ritonavir and inhaled fluticasone...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062558/bilateral-diaphragmatic-paralysis-following-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-experience-of-four-cases-at-the-royal-hospital-muscat-oman
#13
Said A M Al-Hanshi, Mohammed H R Al-Ghafri
Bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis (BDP) is a rare complication of paediatric cardiac surgery. We report four children who developed BDP following cardiac surgery who were managed at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 2009 and 2014. All four children suffered severe respiratory distress soon after extubation and required re-intubation within two hours. In addition, all of the children underwent a tracheostomy as an interim method for ventilation. The four children were successfully weaned from positive pressure ventilation following the functional recovery of at least one side of the diaphragm...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062557/relationship-between-medication-adherence-and-health-beliefs-among-patients-with-hypertension-in-oman-pilot-study
#14
Huda Al-Noumani, Jia-Rong Wu, Debra Barksdale, Esra Alkhasawneh, George Knafl, Gwen Sherwood
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of hypertension (HTN) in Oman is alarmingly high and patient adherence to antihypertensive medications is inadequate. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and health beliefs among Omani patients with HTN. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional pilot study was conducted in December 2015 and included 45 patients with HTN recruited from four primary health centres in Al Dakhiliyah and Muscat governorates, Oman...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062556/neurology-research-in-saudi-arabia-urgent-call-for-action
#15
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Faisal Boker, Albaraa Algamdi, Abdulah Alkahtani
OBJECTIVES: Research activities in Saudi Arabia are promoted at the governmental and institutional levels. However, the output and quality of research conducted in the field of neurology has not yet been measured quantitatively. This study therefore aimed to analyse neurology-related publications from Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This study was conducted in January 2016. A systematic search using the PubMed® search engine (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) was conducted to identify all neurology-related articles published from Saudi Arabia between January 1996 and December 2015...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062555/synoptic-versus-narrative-reporting-of-prostate-biopsies-at-a-tertiary-healthcare-institution-challenges-successes-and-expectations
#16
Nnamdi O Orah, Charles C Anunobi, Rufus W Ojewola
OBJECTIVES: Cancer pathology reports are expected to contain all information required for patient management and disease surveillance. Moreover, reports for patients with prostate cancer have become increasingly complex with the addition of more pathological details. This study aimed to compare narrative and synoptic prostate cancer reports for core needle biopsies received at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria in order to determine which form was most complete according to international standards...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062554/effectiveness-of-prophylactic-cervical-cerclage-in-prolonging-higher-order-multiple-pregnancies
#17
Nail Obeidat, Haifa Alchalabi, Maha Obeidat, Bahauddin Sallout, Shereen Hamadneh, Jehan Hamadneh, Yousef Khader, Zouhair Amarin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the value of prophylactic cervical cerclage in prolonging higher-order multiple pregnancies. METHODS: This retrospective study included all women with higher-order multiple pregnancies beyond 24 gestational weeks treated at the King Abdullah University Hospital in Irbid, Jordan, and King Fahad Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between February 2014 and January 2015. Selected maternal characteristics and obstetric outcomes were compared between women who received prophylactic cervical cerclage and those who did not...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062553/impact-of-educational-activities-in-reducing-pre-analytical-laboratory-errors-a-quality-initiative
#18
Hamed Al-Ghaithi, Anil Pathare, Sahimah Al-Mamari, Rodrigo Villacrucis, Naglaa Fawaz, Salam Alkindi
OBJECTIVES: Pre-analytic errors during diagnostic laboratory investigations can lead to increased patient morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to ascertain the effect of educational nursing activities on the incidence of pre-analytical errors resulting in non-conforming blood samples. METHODS: This study was conducted between January 2008 and December 2015. All specimens received at the Haematology Laboratory of the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, during this period were prospectively collected and analysed...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062552/trends-and-outcomes-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-omani-patients-experience-at-a-university-hospital
#19
Muhammad Furrukh, Shiyam Kumar, Khawaja F Zahid, Hanan S Al-Shamly, Zainab A Al-Jabri, Ikram A Burney, Mansour S Al-Moundhri
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of lung cancer in Oman has shown a gradual but definitive increase since 2002. This study aimed to evaluate the demographic and epidemiological characteristics and survival outcomes of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) at a university hospital in Oman. METHODS: This study was conducted from January to June 2016. A retrospective analysis was performed of consecutive patients diagnosed with NSCLC presenting to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) in Muscat, Oman, between March 2000 and December 2015...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062551/in-vitro-cysteine-reactivates-organophosphate-insecticide-dichlorvos-inhibited-human-cholinesterases
#20
Hamidreza Mohammadi, Jafar Jalilian, Mohammad Y Karimi, Seyed V Shetab-Boushehri
OBJECTIVES: Organophosphate (OP) pesticides inhibit both red blood cell (RBC) and plasma cholinesterases (ChEs). Oximes, especially pralidoxime (2-PAM), are widely used as antidotes to treat OP poisoning. In addition, N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is sometimes used as an adjuvant antidote. The current study aimed to assess the feasibility of using NAC as a single therapeutic agent for OP poisoning in comparison to in vitro 2-PAM. METHODS: This study was carried out at the Razi Drug Research Center of Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, between April and September 2014...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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