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Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667654/re-calvarial-tuberculosis-in-a-preschool-aged-child-an-uncommon-entity
#1
COMMENT
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666697/hepatocellular-carcinoma-migrating-to-the-right-atrium-through-the-inferior-vena-cava
#2
Ayman Z Azzam, Kareem A Azzam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666696/solitary-circumscribed-neuroma-dermoscopic-clues-to-facilitate-diagnosis
#3
Pablo Fernández-Crehuet, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666695/primary-cutaneous-carcinosarcoma-a-cutaneous-neoplasm-with-an-exceptional-presentation
#4
Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, José Aneiros-Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666694/darwin-s-tubercle
#5
Philip R Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666693/removal-of-nasogastric-tube-accidentally-stitched-to-roux-en-y-oesophagojejunostomy-following-a-radical-gastrectomy-for-stomach-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ayman Z Azzam, Kareem A Azzam, Tarek Amin
Nasogastric tubes (NGTs) are important for feeding, stenting and decompression after gastrointestinal surgeries, particularly in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Resistance in the removal of a NGT is a rare surgical complication and may be due to a knot in the tube or a stitch anchoring the tube to an anastomosis . We report a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2015 with stomach cancer. He underwent a radical total gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y oesophagojejunostomy...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666692/a-rare-case-of-rectovaginal-fistula-due-to-consensual-sexual-intercourse
#7
Fida Al-Asali, Rami Kilani, Firas Rshoud, Ismaiel A Mahfouz
Rectovaginal fistulae after sexual intercourse are rare. We report a healthy recently married 21-year-old woman who presented to the Jordan Healthcare Centre, Amman, Jordan in 2014 with a five-week history of passing flatus and stool from the vagina. Six weeks prior, she had sustained a rectovaginal injury during initial consensual sexual intercourse, leading to the development of a distal rectovaginal fistula . A successful transvaginal repair was performed nine weeks after presentation which resulted in the complete resolution of her symptoms...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666691/internal-laryngocele-unusual-onset-in-a-91-year-old-female-patient
#8
Maria C Spinosi, Chiara Mezzedimi, Giovanni Monciatti, Desiderio Passali
While internal laryngoceles rarely cause major clinical complaints, they may lead to airway obstruction and require emergency intervention on rare occasions. We report a 91-year-old patient who was referred to the Ear, Nose & Throat Clinic of the Policlinico Santa Maria alle Scotte, Siena, Italy, in 2017 due to recurrent episodes of severe dyspnoea. A flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscopic examination revealed an internal laryngocele of approximately 1.5 cm in diameter that moved up and down the glottic plane, occasionally invading the subglottic space during inspiration and impeding airflow...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666690/small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-masquerading-as-a-cervical-fibroid-report-of-a-rare-entity
#9
Mukta Pujani, Kanika Singh, Varsha Chauhan, Raina Chawla, Rashmi Ahuja
Primary neuroendocrine tumours of the cervix are extremely rare, with an incidence of only 0.5-1%; as such, these entities can present a clinical and diagnostic challenge. Small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the cervix are highly aggressive tumours that have a tendency to metastasise. We report a 44-year-old woman who presented to the Gynaecology Clinic of the Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College & Hospital, Faridabad, India, in 2016 with menorrhagia . Based on a clinical examination, she was provisionally diagnosed with a cervical fibroid...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666689/painful-pes-anserine-bursitis-following-total-knee-replacement-surgery-two-cases
#10
Mohamed A M Ariff, Mohd I A C Ros, Nor H M Yahaya
Pes anserine bursitis (PAB) is an inflammation of the bursa located between the medial aspect of the tibia and the hamstring muscles. It is common in patients with degenerative or inflammatory knee arthritis, usually has a self-limiting course and tends to respond well to conservative treatment. However, painful PAB directly following total knee replacement surgery is rare. We report two such cases who were diagnosed via ultrasonography at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 2015...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666688/synovial-haemangioma-of-the-elbow-a-rare-paediatric-case-and-imaging-dilemma
#11
Han G Hoe, Faizah M Zaki, Abdul H A Rashid
Synovial haemangiomas are rare benign vascular proliferations arising in synovium-lined surfaces. While the knee is by far the joint most commonly involved, this condition can also occur in the elbow. We report an eight-year-old boy who presented to the National University of Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in 2016 with a left elbow swelling of one year's duration. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a lobulated intra-articular mass with intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted imaging and low signal punctate and linear structures within the hyperintense mass on T2-weighted imaging...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666687/efficacy-of-ok-432-therapy-for-the-incisionless-treatment-of-head-and-neck-cystic-masses-case-series
#12
Hesham Y A Hasan, Muhammad A Rizwan
Head and neck masses can present in different pathologies that usually vary according to the age of the patient. We report five cases of benign head or neck masses occurring among patients of different ages who were managed at the Bahrain Defence Force Royal Medical Services Hospital, Ar-Rifaa, Bahrain, between 2005-2014. All of the patients were treated using the sclerotherapeutic agent OK-432. Although surgical removal is usually considered optimal treatment in the management of such cases, OK-432 appears to be a promising alternative...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666686/evaluation-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-intervention-on-clinical-and-drug-related-problems-among-coronary-heart-disease-inpatients-a-pre-experimental-prospective-study-at-a-general-hospital-in-indonesia
#13
Vina A Sagita, Anton Bahtiar, Retnosari Andrajati
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the role of a clinical pharmacist intervention in decreasing subsequent clinical and drug-related problems (DRPs) among coronary heart disease (CHD) inpatients with at least one previous DRP. Methods: This pre-experimental study with a pre-post design was carried out from January to April 2017 among inpatients with at least one previous DRP at a general hospital in Tangerang District, Banten, Indonesia. Clinical and DRPs were documented prospectively by a clinical pharmacist, with DRPs classified using Version 6...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666685/identifying-risk-factors-for-healthcare-associated-infections-caused-by-carbapenem-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#14
Amira M Sultan, Wael A Seliem
Objectives: Acinetobacter baumannii is a causative pathogen of various healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and is particularly prevalent in high-risk hospital settings. This study aimed to determine risk factors associated with HAIs caused by carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods: This prospective study was performed between January 2013 and June 2014 among NICU patients at the Mansoura University Children's Hospital, Mansoura, Egypt...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666684/item-analysis-of-multiple-choice-questions-at-the-department-of-paediatrics-arabian-gulf-university-manama-bahrain
#15
Deena Kheyami, Ahmed Jaradat, Tareq Al-Shibani, Fuad A Ali
Objectives: The current study aimed to carry out a post-validation item analysis of multiple choice questions (MCQs) in medical examinations in order to evaluate correlations between item difficulty, item discrimination and distraction effectiveness so as to determine whether questions should be included, modified or discarded. In addition, the optimal number of options per MCQ was analysed. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in the Department of Paediatrics, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666683/effects-of-peer-facilitated-video-based-and-combined-peer-and-video-education-on-anxiety-among-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Hosein Habibzadeh, Zahra D Milan, Moloud Radfar, Leyla Alilu, Audrey Cund
Objectives: Coronary angiography can be stressful for patients and anxiety-caused physiological responses during the procedure increase the risk of dysrhythmia, coronary artery spasms and rupture. This study therefore aimed to investigate the effects of peer, video and combined peer-and-video training on anxiety among patients undergoing coronary angiography. Methods: This single-blinded randomised controlled clinical trial was conducted at two large educational hospitals in Iran between April and July 2016...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666682/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-clinical-trial-participation-in-oman-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Hussain Al-Lawati, Khalid Al-Baimani, Mahra Al-Zadjali, Nasra Al-Obaidani, Ziyana Al-Kiyumi, Murtadha K Al-Khabori
Objectives: Clinical trials are prospective studies on human subjects designed to answer various clinical questions. However, only a limited number of clinical trials have been conducted in Oman. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of Omani patients and their relatives towards participating in clinical trials. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2015 and March 2016 among 174 patients and relatives attending the Haematology and Oncology Outpatient Clinics and Day Care Unit of the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666681/implications-of-early-pregnancy-obesity-on-maternal-fetal-and-neonatal-health-retrospective-cohort-study-from-oman
#18
Anita Zutshi, Jayasree Santhosh, Julie Sheikh, Fareeha Naeem, Ahmed Al-Hamedi, Shahla Khan, Eishthiag Al-Said
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of early pregnancy obesity among Omani women and to review maternal antenatal complications, intrapartum and postpartum events and neonatal complications among such women in comparison to women of normal weight. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 2,652 pregnant Omani women who delivered at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between November 2011 and April 2012. The patients' electronic medical records were reviewed for antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum data...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666680/determination-of-an-aspergillus-fumigatus-specific-immunoglobulin-g-reference-range-in-an-adult-omani-population
#19
Munira Al-Rahman, Mahmood Al Kindi, Ibrahim Kutty, Ibrahim Al-Kalbani, Jalila Alshekaili
Objectives: The presence of abnormally high levels of Aspergillus fumigatus -specific immunoglobulin (Ig) G antibodies can serve as a diagnostic criterion for severe conditions like allergic bronchopulmonary and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. This study aimed to determine a reference range of A. fumigatus -specific IgG levels within a healthy adult Omani population. Methods: This study took place during November 2015 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666679/intrauterine-fetal-blood-transfusion-descriptive-study-of-the-first-four-years-experience-in-oman
#20
Arwa Z Al-Riyami, Mouza Al-Salmani, Sabria N Al-Hashami, Sabah Al-Mahrooqi, Ali Al-Marhoobi, Sumaiya Al-Hinai, Saif Al-Hosni, Sathiya M Panchatcharam, Zainab A Al-Arimi
Objectives: Haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) causes hydrops fetalis . The successful treatment of HDFN has been reported with intrauterine blood transfusion (IUT). This study aimed to describe the initial experience with IUT procedures in Oman. Methods: This retrospective observational study took place at the Royal Hospital and Sultan Qaboos University Hospital Blood Bank, Muscat, Oman, and included all women who underwent IUT procedures in Oman between March 2012 and March 2016...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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