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Oncology Reviews

Saeid Shahrabi, Ali Ehsanpour, Somayyeh Heidary, Mohammad Shahjahani, Masumeh Maleki Behzad
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are clonal stem cell disorders characterized by the presence of JAK2V617F mutation. Thrombohemorrhagic as well as autoimmune or inflammatory phenomena are common clinical outcomes of these disorders. Recent studies have shown that abnormality in frequency and function of blood cells manifested by an alteration in CD markers' expression patterns play a key role in these complications. So, there may be a relationship between CD markers' expressions and prognosis of JAK2V617F positive MPNs...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Pezeshki, Ali Amin Asnafi, Abbas Khosravi, Mohammad Shahjahani, Shirin Azizidoost, Saeid Shahrabi
Several factors such as chromosomal translocations, gene mutations, and polymorphisms are involved in the pathogenesis of leukemia/lymphoma. Recently, the role of vitamin D (VD) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms in hematologic malignancies has been considered. In this review, we examine the possible role of VD levels, as well as VDR polymorphisms as prognostic biomarkers in leukemia/lymphoma. Relevant English language literature were searched and retrieved from Google Scholar search engine (1985-2017)...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Amrallah A Mohammad
Presentation of pancreatic cancer is localized, locally advanced or metastatic. With the later represented the main bulk (more than 80%). Despite the significant innovation in molecular analysis and therapeutic approach in many types of cancer in the last two decades, still the outcome of advanced pancreatic cancer is disappointing and the mortality rate approximately unchanged. In this mandated review we intended to highlight the standard of care and emerging agents for advanced pancreatic cancer treatment...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Prasit Mahawongkajit, Prakitpunthu Tomtitchong
This study shows the first survey of patterns about surgeons' approaches and current practices in early and advanced gastric cancer in Thailand. Gastric cancer is a significant health problem worldwide. International guidelines for treatment differ in their recommendations including the accompanying therapy, but the condition is potentially curable. Surgeons have played an important role in Thailand but the limitation of institutional resources and the practices for gastric cancer vary between treatment options...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Maude Lambert, Lea Ann Ouimet, Cynthia Wan, Angela Stewart, Barbara Collins, Irene Vitoroulis, Catherine Bielajew
There is a great deal of variability in the composition of neuropsychological test batteries used in the assessment of cancerrelated cognitive impairment (CRCI). Not only the development of a gold standard approach for CRCI assessment would allow for easier identification of women suffering from CRCI but it would also promote optimal care for survivors. As a first step towards the development of a valid and reliable unified test battery, the objective of this study was to verify whether the theoretical domains commonly used in CRCI assessment are statistically supported, before and after breast cancer treatment...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Md Serajul Islam
Haematological malignancies can have devastating effects on the patients' physical, emotional, psycho-sexual, educational and economic health. With the improvement of therapies patients with these malignancies are living longer, however significant proportion these patient show poor quality of life (QoL) due to various physical and psychological consequences of the disease and the treatments. Health-related QoL (HRQoL) is multi-dimensional and temporal, relating to a state of functional, physical, psychological and social/family well-being...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Maria Paola Ciliberti, Rosa D'Agostino, Laura Gabrieli, Anna Nikolaou, Angela Sardaro
Hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is an extremely rare hypervascular tumor of mesenchymal lineage. It tends to recur and to develop distant metastases even many years after primary surgical resection. The management of recurrent and metastatic disease is not always so well defined. A complete surgical resection does not eliminate the high risk of local recurrences that occur in the central nervous system, often in the same surgical bed. However, treatment with adjuvant radiotherapy even in cases of complete resection remains controversial...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Leslie C Costello, Renty B Franklin
Hormone-independent malignancy is a major issue of morbidity and deaths that confronts prostate cancer. Despite decades of research, the oncogenic and hormonal implications in the development and progression of prostate malignancy remain mostly speculative. This is largely due to the absence and/or lack of consideration by contemporary clinicians and biomedical investigators regarding the established implications of the co-regulation of testosterone and prolactin in the development, maintenance, metabolism and functions of the prostate gland...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Luis Mendoza
Precision oncology is now the evidence-based standard of care for the management of many advanced non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Notably, new molecular profiling technologies have permitted dynamic growth in the identification of actionable driver oncogenes including RET rearrangements. RET oncogenes cannot be adequately detected by immunohistochemistry, although fluorescence in situ hybridization, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and next-generation sequencing are complementary diagnostic tools...
July 4, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Shankargouda Patil, Barnali Majumdar, Kamran Habib Awan, Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Amol R Gadbail, Shailesh Gondivkar
Biobanks provide a platform for innovative biomedical research and has improvised translational and personalized medicine to a great extent. Time 2009 published 10 ideas changing the world right now with biobanks on the list emphasizing its role in discovery and development of new therapeutic drugs. They form the cornerstone, providing resources for future investigations and biomarker discovery to understand the effects of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors on human morbidity, mortality and health...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Rosalin Mishra, Hima Patel, Samar Alanazi, Long Yuan, Joan T Garrett
ERBB family members including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) also known as HER1, ERBB2/HER2/Neu, ERBB3/HER3 and ERBB4/HER4 are aberrantly activated in multiple cancers and hence serve as drug targets and biomarkers in modern precision therapy. The therapeutic potential of HER3 has long been underappreciated, due to impaired kinase activity and relatively low expression in tumors. However, HER3 has received attention in recent years as it is a crucial heterodimeric partner for other EGFR family members and has the potential to regulate EGFR/HER2-mediated resistance...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Sheril June Ankasha, Mohamad Nasir Shafiee, Norhazlina Abdul Wahab, Raja Affendi Raja Ali, Norfilza Mohd Mokhtar
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA with an established function to regulate genes at the post-transcriptional level leading to suppression or degradation of its messenger RNA expression (mRNA). Its dysregulation plays a vital role in a variety of biological and pathological processes including cancer. A lot of algorithms have been established to predict the target sites of miRNA, but experimentally identifying and validating its target region is still lacking. Guidance in experimental procedures is really needed to find genuine miRNA targets...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Samapika Routray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Michael Roche, Laura Parisi, Linda Li, Amy Knehans, Rebecca Phaeton, Joshua P Kesterson
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of mortality among gynecologic malignancies, with most cases diagnosed at an advanced stage. Despite an initial response, most develop a recurrence and subsequent resistance to standard therapies. Pemetrexed (AlimtaTM ) is a new generation multi-targeted antifolate initially approved for the treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma. In recent years, it has shown promise in the treatment of recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer. In this review, we outline the current literature and discuss the future of pemetrexed in the setting of recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Ateeq Ahmed Al-Zahrani
Several anticancer drugs have been developed from natural products such as plants. Successful experiments in inhibiting the growth of human cancer cell lines using Saudi plants were published over the last three decades. Up to date, there is no Saudi anticancer plants database as a comprehensive source for the interesting data generated from these experiments. Therefore, there was a need for creating a database to collect, organize, search and retrieve such data. As a result, the current paper describes the generation of the Saudi anti-human cancer plants database (SACPD)...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Abbas Khosravi, Shaban Alizadeh, Arsalan Jalili, Reza Shirzad, Najmaldin Saki
MicroRNA-9 (MiR-9) dysregulation has been observed in various cancers. Recently, MiR-9 is considered to have a part in hematopoiesis and hematologic malignancies. However, its importance in blood neoplasms is not yet well defined. Thus, this study was conducted in order to assess the significance of MiR-9 role in the development of hematologic neoplasia, prognosis, and treatment approaches. We have shown that a large number of MiR-9 targets (such as FOXOs, SIRT1, CCND1, ID2, CCNG1, Ets, and NFkB) play essential roles in leukemogenesis and that it is overexpressed in different leukemias...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Shahindokht Bassiri-Jahromi
Cancer has become one of the most fatal diseases in most countries. In spite of the medical care developing, cancer still remains a significant problem. The majority of the cancers are resistant to treatment. Thus, the research for novel, more efficient and less side effect treatment methods continues. Pomegranate contains strong antioxidant activity, with potential health interests. Research concern in pomegranate is increasing because of their anticancer potential due to possess rich in polyphenols. We highlight the pomegranate potential health benefits and mechanism of cancer progression inhibition...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
Gargi Sachin Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Nikunj Maniyar, Nilesh Kumar Sharma, Shankargouda Patil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Oncology Reviews
Jeeve Kanagalingam, Akhil Chopra, Min Hee Hong, Wisam Ibrahim, Antonio Villalon, Jin-Ching Lin
Oral mucositis (OM) is a common and often dose-limiting side effect of cancer therapy. Povidone iodine (PVP-I) formulations have been shown to decrease the incidence and severity of OM, but the relevance of these findings remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to review evidence for the use of PVP-I for OM management. An algorithm identified relevant articles published online, and a panel of experts with experience in the management of OM reviewed the findings. Six studies fulfilled the criteria for full review...
June 14, 2017: Oncology Reviews
Elroy Patrick Weledji
Surgical resection is the most effective treatment approach for colorectal liver metastases but only a minority of patients is suitable for upfront surgery. The treatment strategies of stage IV colorectal cancer have shifted towards a continuum of care in which medical and surgical treatment combinations are tailored to the clinical setting of the individual patient. The optimization of treatment through appropriate decision-making and multimodal therapy for stage IV colorectal cancer require a joint multidisciplinary meeting in a centralized liver cancer unit...
June 14, 2017: Oncology Reviews
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