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Global Journal of Health Science

Alireza Rai, Mohammadreza Saidi, Nahid Salehi, Farzad Sahebjamei, Masoud Jalilian, Parisa Janjani
Considering the importance of cardiovascular disease and the role that platelets have in thrombosis formation in the coronary arteries, this study was done in order to assess platelet-related indices in patients who suffered acute myocardial infarction (MI) and compare them with those who had normal coronary angiography results.In this descriptive-analytical study, 200 patients who were admitted to our university hospital due to chest pain were included. The patients were divided into five groups including ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI), non-STEMI, unstable angina (UA), stable angina (SA), and healthy subjects (as control group)...
May 13, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Marziyeh Zardosht, Maryam Dastoorpoor, Farzaneh Bani Hashemi, Fatemeh Estebsari, Ensiyeh Jamshidi, Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Payam Khazaeli
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is a public health concern because of drug misuse/abuse and its medical, social and psychological problems. AIM: Given the growing prevalence of self-medication, the present study aims to determine the prevalence and causes of self-medication among students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 on 550 students who were selected through multistage sampling from Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, in southeast Iran...
March 23, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Ramin Amouchie, Mohsen Kianpoor, Abbas Tavallaii, Ensieh Vahedi, Yasser Hatamnejad, Sarah Masoumi, Mahboobe Abasian, Zahra Saffarian, Maryam Abasian, Ali Sadeghkhani
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are among the most common problems experienced by chemically injured veterans, affecting their quality of life and their general health. Therefore, we aimed to compare Polysomnography indices with data derived from the PSQI in chemically injured veterans in Iran in order to study the relationship between or independence of subjective complaints (self-reports) and objective data. METHODS: In this study, 70 veterans were selected among chemically injured veterans who had referred to our clinic during 2012-2013 using the convenience sampling method...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Maria D Pappa, Nikolaos V Theodosiadis, Andreas Tsounis, Pavlos Sarafis
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that a large number of patients undergoing surgery show a measurable cognitive deterioration after surgery, while many of them still show cognitive deficits even three months later an operation. These specific cognitive deficits in which there is a temporal association between surgery and mental disorders are defined as postoperative impairment of cognitive function. Among cognitive disorders occurring during the postoperative period, the post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is less studied...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Ali Asgari, Ronald C Scherer, Peyman Dabirmoghadam
PURPOSE: The phrase "health-related quality of life" (HRQOL) refers to patients' perceptions of the influence of disease and treatment on their physical, psychological, and social function. Also, cultural aspects should be taken into account when evaluating quality of life and should be considered in related surveys.  In the current study, the most prominent voice-related QOL dimensions, including culture-based items in Iranian individuals was examined. METHODS: A convenience sample (n= 23) of adults was interviewed addressing voice related quality of life areas...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Maryam Dafei, Shiv K Sarin, Anjur T Kannan, Kamal Agrawal, Suneela Garg, Kieert Agrawal, Ali Dehghani
BACKGROUND & AIM: Occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens, mainly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV), poses a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs), especially in developing countries, due to the high prevalence of these pathogens and fewer safety precautions. The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of HBV, HCV, and HIV infections and to measure the vaccination practices in HCWs at three tertiary care hospitals in Delhi, India...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Jafar Nasiri, Amin Ahmadi, Forouzan Ganji
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy is a valuable diagnostic method for the treatment of various diseases that has found a wonderful application in recent years. Yet, controlling patients' pain and nausea is a fundamental factor to increase patient satisfaction, reduce patients' discomfort, and increase the patient's cooperation. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the efficacy of Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthesia (EMLA) cream and gel, as a topical pharyngeal anesthetic on patients' pharyngeal pain, nausea/vomiting, and satisfaction, in comparison with lidocaine gel and spray and placebo...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Hoda Mokari, Shiva Khaleghparast, Behrooz Ghanbari, Behshid Ghadrdoost, Amir Reza Azizian, Zahra Hanifi, Shabnam Zafari
BACKGROUND: Health education in adolescence is important in which critical transitions from childhood to adulthood occur. These developmental transitions range from a marked increase in growth rate and physiological changes to movement toward economic and social independence. One of the most influential elements on this development is the self-esteem of a teenager. This study aims to determine if structured health education for Iranian female high school students will affect their self-esteem...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Aikaterini Deligianni, Maria Kyriakidou, Evridiki Kaba, Martha Kelesi, Michael Rovithis, Georgia Fasoi, Nikolaos Rikos, Areti Stavropoulou
Empathy is an integral component of the nurse-patient relationship and is critical to the development of the therapeutic relationship. The focus of this qualitative descriptive study is to explore student nurses' views on empathy. Student nurses related the concept of empathy, with emotion, conscientiousness, care, communication and support. Empathy for these students was the combination of cognitive, emotional and functional characteristics and skills. Each category, which emerged from the data analysis, contained the concepts of emotion, knowledge and skill...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Kerong Zhang, Wuyi Liu
In the study, the outbreak of avian influenza was explored analyzed in depth with all the data resources available. It was found that behavior choices and motivations of the animal producers fundamentally depended on their interests and accessing means in the process of animal epidemic disease prevention and control. It was suggested that the government and its sectors should formulate and execute an appropriate compensation system and make compensation timely when there appears an economic impact of major epidemic animal diseases on the producers and the producers' economic losses are found...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Peivand Bastani, Leila Doshmangir, Mahnaz Samadbeik, Rassoul Dinarvand
PURPOSE: According to the importance of strategic purchasing as a prerequisite for overall access and universal health coverage, this study was conducted to explore requirements and incentives for implementation of pharmaceutical strategic purchasing in the Iranian health system. METHODS: This was a qualitative study conducted through content analysis with an inductive approach applying a five-stage framework analysis. Data analysis was started right after transcribing each interview applying MAXQDA10...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Malihe Sheibani, Hassan Joulaei, Noorollah Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Several studies suggested that subjective memory complaints in HIV-infected patients are influenced by factors the same as mood, social support and medical symptoms. The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between depression, anxiety, social support and substance abuse with memory complaints in HIV/AIDS patients. METHOD: To accomplish this goal, in a correlation study, 220 Iranian adults (146 males and 74 females) selected from the Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Center in Shiraz in 2012, completed these measures: Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), The Patient's Assessment of Own Functioning Inventory (PAOFI), Quality of Relationship Inventory (QRI) and Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Jorge Ponce, Fernando Cornejo-Leon, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Rodrigo Henríquez Trujillo, Estefanía Espín, Darío Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between access to health systems and out-of-pocket spending with socio demographic characteristics in Ecuador. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of national level data on household medical expenditure from the National Survey of Household Income and Expenditure in Urban and Rural Houses conducted by the Ecuadorian National Institute of Statistics and Census Databases as well as other scientific, institutional, technical-administrative datasets...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Masoumeh Esmaeilivand, Fereshteh Jalalvandi, Mohammad Mehdi Mohammadi, Shima Parandin, Parvin Taghizadeh, Peyman Arasteh
INTRODUCTION: In the background of increasing use of internet in Asian countries, the study of psychological health in internet addicted users seems to be vital and necessary. Therefore the present study aimed to determine mental health among internet addicted and non-internet addicted Iranian and Indian students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 students in various colleges from Pune and Mumbai cities of Maharashtra. Internet Addiction Test and Symptom Check List (SCL) 90-R were used...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mohamed H Al-Thani, Heba S Nasser, Suzan Sayegh, Alexandra Haddad, Eman Sadoun
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major global health problem. The present study examines the relationship between the metabolic, anthropometric and Finnish risk score (FINDRISC) among normal and pre-diabetic adults. Subjects (n = 1319, aged above 18 years) from the Qatari population were classified into two groups based on their hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurements (non-diabetic A1c<5.6% and pre-diabetic 5.6% ≤ A1c ≤ 6.4%) were examined for their anthropometric (height, weight and waist circumference), metabolic [fat, fat free mass (FFM), muscle mass (MM), total body water (TBW), bone mass, degree of obesity, basal metabolic rate (BMR), body mass index (BMI), metabolic age, visceral fat rating, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), total cholesterol (Total-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides (TG), fasting / random plasma glucose (FPG / RPG), HbA1c and vitamin D (VitD)] and FINDRISC...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Hala Soomro, Salik Aleem, Mujtaba Hussain, Ali Alam, Ali Qadeer, Aisha Rasool Saand, Nur Ul Ein, Tahreem Ahmad, Ayyaz Alam Sultan, Maaz Hasan Khan, Hamza Usman, Areesh Bhatti, Samran Noor, Hassan Sarki, Syed Muhammad Shujauddin, Hiba Imran, Hasan Alam Gagai, Mohammad Hussham Arshad
BACKGROUND: Aspirin non-adherence or discontinuation is associated with an almost three-fold increase in risk of major adverse cardiac events. Compliance, commonly known as adherence, has been a major health care issue. Some studies have reported non-adherence rates to aspirin as high as fifty percent. The main objective of this study was to determine the frequency and predictors of non-compliance to aspirin in post myocardial infarction patients. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted over a period of 3 months from May 2015 to July 2015 at Civil Hospital, Karachi...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Zohreh Haji-Mirsaeidi, Hamid Kazemi-Zahrani, Masoumeh Sadeghi
The aim of this study was to compare the skills of mindfulness, metacognitive beliefs and perceived stress in hypertension patients and control group. The study was a causal-comparative one. The population included all patients with high blood pressure who were admitted in Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute in 2014, 90 of which were selected by purposive sampling. Research instruments include: Kentucky's mindfulness skills (Baer, Smith, & Allen, 2004), metacognitive beliefs questionnaire (Welles, 1997) and questionnaire perceived stress (Cohen & Kamarck, 1983)...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
George O Momanyi, Maureen A Adoyo, Eunice M Mwangi, Dennis O Mokua
BACKGROUND: Rewards are used to strengthen good behavior among employees based on the general assumption that rewards motivate staff to improve organizational productivity. However, the extent to which rewards influence motivation among health workers (HWs) has limited information that is useful to human resources (HRs) instruments. This study assessed the influence of rewards on motivation among HWs in Narok County, Kenya.  METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study done in two sub-counties of Narok County...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mehdi Abarghouei, Mohammad Hossein Sorbi, Mohammad Reza Abarghouei, Reza Bidaki
The aim of this study was studying the relationship between religious coping strategies and happiness with meaning in life in blind people in Iran in 2015. This research was a Correlation study with sample size of 103 blind people (17 to 55 years) of Yazd in Iran, selected by convenience sampling method. Data were gathered by Islamic Coping Strategies Scale (ICSS), Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) and Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ). SPSS-16 was used for analyzing data. Correlation coefficient results showed a positive significant correlation between religious coping strategies (Cognitive, Behavioral and Emotional) and happiness with  meaning in life, also there was a positive significant correlation between religious coping strategies and happiness (p < 0...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Abdulwahid G Mohammed, Bahaaedin A Elkhader, Charbel Saade, Maram A Fagiri, Mustafa Z Mahmoud
This research was designate with an intention to find the role of Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with acute scrotum. A sum of 80 (mean age 23±2.1 years) consequential patients were recruited for a period of six months between July 2015 and January 2016 in this prospective study. Collected data confined age, medical history, and clinical symptoms. DUS was performed with a linear array transducer (10-15 MHz) connected to HI vision Avius ultrasound unit; Hitachi. CRP was measured using turbidimetric analysis through the Cobas Integra analyzer system (Test CRPL2, 0-293); Roche Diagnostics...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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