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Global Journal of Health Science

Ying Wang, Maolin Du, Zhihui Hao, Hairong Zhang, Qing Zhang, Wenli Hao, Lei Xi, Juan Sun
The objective of our study was to identify the causes of death in children <15 years of age in Inner Mongolia and to examine the age-specific causes of death. Study data from 2008-2012 were obtained from the Death Registry System that is maintained by the Inner Mongolia Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The mortality rate (per 100,000) for children <15 years of age was calculated and stratified by age in different years. We computed the proportion of age-specific causes of death for children <15 years that occurred between 2008 and 2012 across eight monitoring points in Inner Mongolia...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Fatemeh Kiani, Abbas Balouchi, Alireza Shahsavani
BACKGROUND: Proper communication with patients plays an important role in nursing cares. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was Investigation of nursing students' verbal communication quality during patients' Education in Zahedan hospitals: southeast of Iran. MATERIALS & METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 95 nursing students in two Educational hospitals of Zahedan, Iran from November 2013 through March 2014.sampling method was census...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mariam Kashani, Arn H Eliasson, Elaine M Walizer, Clarie E Fuller, Renata J Engler, Todd C Villines, Marina N Vernalis
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy, defined as confidence in the ability to carry out behavior to achieve a desired goal, is considered to be a prerequisite for behavior change. Self-efficacy correlates with cardiovascular health although optimal timing to incorporate self-efficacy strategies is not well established. We sought to study the effect of an empowerment approach implemented in the introductory phase of a multicomponent lifestyle intervention on cardiovascular health outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective intervention cohort study...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Zahra Kiani, Masuomeh Simbar, Mahrokh Dolatian, Farid Zayeri
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Women empowerment is one of millennium development goals which is effective on fertility, population's stability and wellbeing. The influence of social determinants of health (SDH) on women empowerment is documented, however the correlation between SDH and women's empowerment in fertility has not been figured out yet. This study was conducted to assess correlation between social determinants of health and women's empowerment in reproductive decisions. MATERIAL & METHODS: This was a descriptive-correlation study on 400 women who attended health centers affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran-Iran...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Zeinab Ebrahimzadeh, Mohammad Ali Goodarzi, Hassan Joulaei
With the development of the antiretroviral therapy, the number of the people with HIV is increasing; therefore, identifying the factors affecting HIV is of great importance. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the antiretroviral medication adherence and the rate of CD4 with depression and social support in the people with HIV. The research method was a descriptive study kind of correlation. The statistical population included all patients with HIV in Shiraz, of whom, 220 people who had referred to the Behavioral Diseases Consultation Center were selected using the available sampling method...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Farnaz Shishehgar, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Parvin Mirmiran, Sepideh Hajian, Ahmad Reza Baghestani, Nazanin Moslehi
Polycystic Ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complicated endocrinopathy affecting women in reproductive age. The crucial role of obesity and insulin resistance in progression of metabolic and cardiovascular features of PCOS has been confirmed. Although it has been suggested that there is a possible association between dietary pattern and risk of PCOS, few studies investigating the diet composition of PCOS women. The aim of this study was to compare the dietary intakes between women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and eumenorrheic non hirsute women...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Ali Mohammad Varzi, Koroush Saki, Khalil Momeni, Ghasem Rajabi Vasokolaei, Zahra Khodakaramifard, Morteza Arab Zouzani, Habib Jalilian
INTRODUCTION: Patient satisfaction with provided services is used as an indicator of health care quality. Patient satisfaction is defined as patient perception of provided care compared to expected care. This study was administered to evaluate the health tourists' satisfaction of provided services in Lorestan University of Medical Sciences affiliated hospitals in 2015.  METHOD: In this descriptive case study, 1800 (696 (54.4 %) men and 812 (45.6 % ) women, 74.5 province native) patients were selected by random sampling from among the patients of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences affiliated hospitals in 2015 spring...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mahnaz Akbari Kamrani, Sharifah Syed Yahya
This generic qualitative study explores the perspective of Malaysian teachers regarding the constraints of the current school-based sexual and reproductive health education in secondary schools of Klang-Valley Malaysia. For this study, in-depth interviews were conducted with twenty eight science teachers of government schools. The majority of participants named the teaching strategy and capacity of teachers, the lack of co-operation from the school and parents, limited resources in teaching and students themselves as some of the challenges...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Masomeh Rezai, Mohmmad Jamshidi, Robabeh Mohammadbeigi, Fariba Seyedoshohadaei, Somaye Mohammadipour, Ghobad Moradi
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Metformin and Acarbose accompanying Clomiphene on the successful ovulation induction in infertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome.This randomized double blind clinical trial study was performed on 60 women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Women were selected and randomly divided in two control and intervention groups. Intervention group received Acarbose 100 mg/day for 3 months. In the first, second, and third weeks, they received 1 tablet, 2 tablets, and 3 tablets per day respectively...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Baratali Rezapour, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Hamid Reza Khalkhali
OBJECTIVES: Students attend sedentary life style and less like vigorous physical activity. This study investigated the effects of School-based intervention on increasing physical activity for decreasing obesity among high-school obese and overweight boys, based on the components of PRECEDE PROCEED Model, to participate in median - vigorous physical activity among the first Period of high school boys in the city of Urmia, Iran. METHODS: This study was an experimental intervention that conducted at 4 high schools that were divided into 2 groups of intervention (40) and the control (40) male students, schools in junior high schools in Urmia...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Parisa Parsa, Farideh Kazemi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Gissoo Dadvand, Shabnam Habib
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a particular period in women's life that is accompanied by an increase in nutritional needs. Having a normal pregnancy period and successful pregnancy outcomes depends on the intake of sufficient amount of food. The present study aimed to determine nutritional behaviors in pregnant women in the first and second trimesters referring to clinics in Hamadan, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 170 women referred to health and treatment centers of Hamadan in 2013...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Kathryn Hurt, Rebekah J Walker, Jennifer A Campbell, Leonard E Egede
The purpose of this review was to determine whether mHealth interventions were effective in low- and middle-income countries in order to create a baseline for the evidence to support mHealth in developing countries. Studies were identified by searching Medline on 02 October 2014 for articles published in the English language between January 2000 and September 2014. Inclusion criteria were: 1) written in English, 2) completion of an mHealth intervention in a low or middle-income country, 3) measurement of patient outcomes, and 4) participants 18 years of age or older...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Laura Cordisco Tsai, Claudia Cappa, Nicole Petrowski
This study explored the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and family planning among adolescent girls and young women in formal unions in the Philippines. Analyzing a sample (n =1,566) from the 2013 Philippines Demographic and Health Survey, logistic regression models were separately run for current contraception use and unmet need for family planning on recent physical violence (yes/no), recent sexual violence (yes/no), and recent emotional (yes/no). Findings revealed that the odds of using contraception were significantly higher among girls and young women who reported recent physical IPV (OR=1...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Mohammad Hassaan Khan, Akash Khetpal, Muhammad Saad, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Mudassir Iqbal Dar, Najya Hasan, Rafia Rafiq, Maryam Sherwani, Haider Abbas, Ayesha Sultan, Maha Inam
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative hyperglycemia has been shown to be related to higher levels of morbidity and mortality in patients on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), both diabetic and non-diabetic. Blood electrolytes, like sodium, potassium, calcium, and chloride play a very important role in the normal functioning of the body and can lead to a variety of clinical disorders if they become deficient. A minimal number of studies have been conducted on the simultaneous perioperative changes in both blood glucose and electrolyte levels during CPB in Pakistan...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ottar Vasseljen, Astrid Woodhouse, Siv Morkved
BACKGROUND: Specific stabilizing exercises activating deep local muscles in coordination with global muscles are recommended in the treatment of pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. Some studies have suggested that recruitment of the deepest abdominal muscle, transversus abdominis, is crucial in the development and improvement of lumbopelvic pain. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study aimed to describe the development of pain, disability and transversus abdominis recruitment before, during and after an individually designed intervention including an exercise program for women with persisting lumbopelvic pain after delivery...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Brandon Brown, Renata Wachowiak-Smolíková, Nicholas D Spence, Mark P Wachowiak, Dan F Walters
Securing safe and adequate drinking water is an ongoing issue for many Canadian First Nations communities despite nearly 15 years of reports, studies, policy changes, financial commitments, and regulations. The federal drinking water evaluation scheme is narrowly scoped, ignoring community level social factors, which may play a role in access to safe water in First Nations. This research used the 2006 Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada First Nations Drinking Water System Risk Survey data and the Community Well-Being Index, including labour force, education, housing, and income, from the 2006 Census...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Mahdi Karimyar Jahromi, Shahnaz Minaei, Sareh Abdollahifard, Majid Maddahfar
INTRODUCTION: Occupational stress is one of the major problems of health care staff, substantially affecting their professional and personal performance. This research has been conducted with the aim of determining the effect of stress management on occupational stress and satisfaction among the Midwives in Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital wards at Motahari Hospital in Jahrom, Iran 2013-2014. METHODS: This is a Quasi-experimental study of the pre- and post-clinical trials type...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Maryam Abbasian, Reza Chaman, Mohammad Amiri, Mohammad Esmaeil Ajami, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Hossein Rohani, Seyed Mahmood Taghavi-Shahri, Erfan Sadeghi, Mehdi Raei
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is a worldwide problem. Studies have reported prevalence ranged 18-84% in pregnant women. Receiving adequate calcium and vitamin D during pregnancy period is necessary for calcium homeostasis, fetal growth and bone mineralization. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women and their neonates in Shahroud city in the northeast Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 284 pregnant women and their neonates referred to Fatemiyeh Hospital of Shahroud were included...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Yadolah Fakhri, Azim Alinejad, Hassan Keramati, Abotaleb Bay, Moayed Avazpour, Yahya Zandsalimi, Bigard Moradi, Leila Rasouli Amirhajeloo, Maryam Mirzaei
The use of smart phones is increasing in the world. This excessive use, especially in the last two decades, has created too much concern on the effects of emitted electromagnetic fields and specific absorption rate on human health. In this descriptive-analytical study of the electric field resulting from smart phones of Samsung and Nokia by portable measuring device, electromagnetic field, Model HI-3603-VDT/VLF, were measured. Then, head absorption rate was calculated in these two mobiles by ICNIRP equation...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Abdolreza Sotoodeh Jahromi, Abbas Ahmadi-Vasmehjani, Hassan Zabetian, Hossein Hakimelahi, Alireza Yusefi, Mohammad Sadegh Sanie, Somayehsadat Talebnia Jahromi, Masoud Ghanei, Abdolali Sapidkar, Saiedeh Erfanian, Abdolhossien Madani, Farshid Kafilzadeh, Mohammad Kargar, Mohammad Hojjat-Farsangi
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) could be cause of viral hepatitis in the developing countries and cause severe epidemics. According to other studies, blood transfusion as a probable route of HEV infection has been suggested. An infection with hepatitis agents such as HEV causes active liver failure in multi-transfusion patients in particular thalassemia. The purpose of this study determines the seropositivity of anti-HEV antibodies in thalassemia individuals in Jahrom. In a cross-sectional study, sera from 110 thalassemia were collected between 2013 and 2014...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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