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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395399/kudoa-septempunctata-as-a-cause-of-food-poisoning-and-its-differential-diagnosis
#1
Sung Uk Lee
Purpose: Recently kudoa septempuctata in olive flounders is suggested as a cause of food poisoning, however whether kudoa septempuctata can affect human gastrointestinal systems is controversial and its pathogenecity remains unclear. In view of the field epidemiology, food poisonings caused by kudoa septempuctata should be distinguished from those caused by staphylococcus aureus and bacillus cereus. Methods: The statistics of food poisoning investigations published by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2013-2015 were reviewed...
March 31, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330335/income-gaps-in-self-rated-poor-health-and-its-association-with-life-expectancy-in-245-districts-of-south-korea
#2
Ikhan Kim, Jinwook Bahk, Sung-Cheol Yun, Young-Ho Khang
Objectives: This study was conducted to examine income gaps in self-rated poor health at the district level of South Korea and to present geographical correlations among self-rated poor health, life expectancy, and their income gaps. Methods: We analyzed 1,578,189 subjects derived from the Community Health Survey data of South Korea collected between 2008 and 2014. The age-standardized prevalences of self-rated poor health and their income gaps were calculated. Prior results on life expectancy and its income gaps were used also...
March 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292008/smokeless-tobacco-paan-and-gutkha-consumption-and-its-prevalence-contributing-toward-oral-cancer
#3
Kamal Niaz, Faheem Maqbool, Fazlullah Khan, Haji Bahadar, Fatima Ismail Hassan, Mohammad Abdollahi
OBJECTIVES: Smokeless tobacco consumption leads to oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) condition, which is a long-lasting devastating condition of oral cavity having the potential of malignancy across the world. In this review, we mainly focus on smokeless tobacco such as paan and gutkha consumption, and their role in the induction of OSMF and finally oral cancer. METHODS: The list of articles to be examined was established using citation discovery tools provided by PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar...
March 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511340/review-of-brucellosis-in-nepal
#4
Krishna Prasad Acharya, Nirajan Niroula, Krishna Kaphle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511339/patterns-of-disease-occurrence-and-management-and-public-health-issues-among-korean-populations-based-on-information-and-experiences-obtained-by-field-epidemiological-studies-in-various-situations-with-episodic-stories-never-been-told
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395401/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-diseases-etiology-research-center-cmerc-cohort-study-protocol-and-results-of-the-first-3-years-of-enrollment
#6
Jee-Seon Shim, Bo Mi Song, Jung Hyun Lee, Seung Won Lee, Ji Hye Park, Dong Phil Choi, Myung Ha Lee, Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim, Sungha Park, Won-Woo Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Although the etiologies of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are widely understood, the goal of finding a globally effective solution for preventing CVD is unrealistic. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a community-based prospective study on the prevention and management of CVD in Korean adults. This study was designed to recruit 8,000 healthy adults over the course of 5 years. The baseline assessment includes a wide range of established CVD risk factors, including demographic characteristics, medical history, health behaviors, psychological conditions, body size and composition, blood pressure, the augmentation index, carotid ultrasonography, an electrocardiogram, and biochemical indicators, as well as some novel factors, such as social network characteristics, exposure to environmental pollutants, inflammatory markers, hemostatic markers, and immunosenescence markers...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395400/an-opposing-view-on-including-high-school-students-in-a-latent-tuberculosis-infection-control-program-in-korea
#7
Jong-Myon Bae
The Korea Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (KCDC) has announced a control program against latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI), for a "TB-safe country" this year with the goal of a "TB-free Korea" by 2025. The program includes high school students as one target group; however, some school health teachers and parents have expressed their opposition to this. The 2015 World Health Organization guidelines do not recommend inclusion of asymptomatic high school students in LTBI control programs...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395398/poor-quality-of-life-as-a-predictor-of-survival-among-thalassemia-patients-in-iran
#8
Shahab Rezaeian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330336/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#9
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
OBJECTIVES: The postpartum period is a critical period for addressing widespread unmet needs in family planning and for reducing the risks of closely spaced pregnancies. However, contraception during the extended postpartum period has been underemphasized in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess postpartum modern contraceptive use among women in northern Ethiopia and to identify factors associated with modern contraceptive use in the postpartum period. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2015...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231687/the-impact-of-disease-characteristics-on-multiple-sclerosis-patients-quality-of-life
#10
Aziz Rezapour, Abdollah Almasian Kia, Sahar Goodarzi, Mojtaba Hasoumi, Soraya Nouraei Motlagh, Sajad Vahedi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and to investigate the effects of characteristics of MS such as disease course, severity, and relapses on patients' QoL. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, in which 171 patients were enrolled. Health-related QoL was assessed using the Persian version of the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 questionnaire. To measure patients' disability status, we used the Expanded Disability Status Scale...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171715/cancer-mortality-to-incidence-ratio-as-an-indicator-of-cancer-management-outcomes-in-organization-for-economic-cooperation-and-development-countries
#11
Eunji Choi, Sangeun Lee, Bui Cam Nhung, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Kui Son Choi
OBJECTIVES: Assessing long-term success and efficiency is an essential part of evaluating cancer control programs. The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) can serve as an insightful indicator of cancer management outcomes for individual nations. By calculating MIRs for the top five cancers in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, the current study attempted to characterize the outcomes of national cancer management policies according to the health system ranking of each country...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171714/irritable-bowel-syndrome-is-concentrated-in-people-with-higher-educations-in-iran-an-inequality-analysis
#12
Asieh Mansouri, Mostafa Amini Rarani, Mosayeb Fallahi, Iman Alvandi
OBJECTIVES: Like any other health-related disorder, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has a differential distribution with respect to socioeconomic factors. This study aimed to estimate and decompose educational inequalities in the prevalence of IBS. METHODS: Sampling was performed using a multi-stage random cluster sampling approach. The data of 1,850 residents of Kish Island aged 15 years or older were included, and the determinants of IBS were identified using a generalized estimating equation regression model...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171713/is-there-evidence-that-kudoa-septempunctata-can-cause-an-outbreak-of-acute-food-poisoning
#13
Young-Bae Chung, Jong-Myon Bae
After publishing results of a study that revealed diarrheagenic and emetic activity in 4-5-day old mice infected with Kudoa septempunctata (K. septempunctata) spores, the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 11 events of "Kudoa food poisoning" in 2015. The epidemiological design of the previous study was descriptive rather than analytical; therefore, this study aimed to further investigate the pathogenicity of K. septempunctata. Academic articles showing evidence of the pathogenicity of K...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171712/sensitization-to-common-allergens-among-patients-with-allergies-in-major-iranian-cities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Mozhgan Moghtaderi, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Shirin Farjadian
Various allergens are implicated in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases in different regions. This study attempted to identify the most common allergens among patients with allergies based on the results of skin prick tests in different parts of Iran. Relevant studies conducted from 2000 to 2016 were identified from the MEDLINE database. Six common groups of allergen types, including animal, cockroach, food, fungus, house dust mite, and pollen were considered. Subgroup analysis was performed to determine the prevalence of each type of allergen...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092931/the-criteria-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-the-national-health-screening-and-education-system-in-japan
#15
REVIEW
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso
Two major definitions of metabolic syndrome have been proposed. One focuses on the accumulation of risk factors, a measure used by the American Heart Association (AHA) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI); the other focuses on abdominal obesity, a measure used by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the Japanese government. The latter definition takes waist circumference (WC) into consideration as an obligatory component, whereas the former does not. In 2009, the IDF, NHLBI, AHA, and other organizations attempted to unify these criteria; as a result, WC is no longer an obligatory component of those systems, while it remains obligatory in the Japanese criteria...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092930/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-tuberculosis-laboratory-workers-in-iran
#16
Mahshid Nasehi, Abdolrazagh Hashemi-Shahraki, Amin Doosti-Irani, Saeed Sharafi, Ehsan Mostafavi
OBJECTIVES: The risk of transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from patients to health care workers (HCWs) is a neglected problem in many countries, including Iran. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) among TB laboratory staff in Iran, and to elucidate the risk factors associated with LTBI. METHODS: All TB laboratory staff (689 individuals) employed in the TB laboratories of 50 Iranian universities of medical sciences and a random sample consisting of 317 low-risk HCWs were included in this cross-sectional study...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092933/estimation-of-the-size-of-the-iatrogenic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-outbreak-associated-with-cadaveric-dura-mater-grafts-in-korea
#17
Byoug-Hak Jeon, Jinseob Kim, GangHyun Kim Kim, Soo Chul Park, SangYun Kim, Hae-Kwan Cheong
Purpose: This study estimated the overall magnitude of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (iCJD) based on dura graft cases in Korea using a mathematical model. Methods: We estimated the number of annual cases of dura grafts performed between 1980 and 1995 by applying the proportion of dura grafts recorded by the Health Insurance Review Agency claim dataset in Korea to the number of nationwide neurosurgery cases. The distribution of the incubation period was assumed to fall under a Weibull distribution with density function or a log-logistic distribution with density function...
December 19, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788566/prescribing-patterns-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-medications-among-children-and-adolescents-in-korea-2007-2011
#18
Inmyung Song, Ju Young Shin
Objectives: This study analyzed the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication users among children and adolescents in Korea between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2011. Methods: Using the Korea National Health Insurance claims database, we identified the patients aged between 1 and 17 years who had at least one medical claim for the diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10: F90.0). The annual prevalence of ADHD diagnosis was calculated, using national census data from the Statistics Korea on the population aged between 1 and 17 years as the denominator...
October 26, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738348/forecasting-and-prediction-of-scorpion-sting-cases-using-a-sarima-model-in-biskra-province-algeria
#19
Schehrazad Selmane, Mohamed L'Hadj
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to highlight some epidemiological aspects of scorpion envenomations, to analyse and interpret the recorded data, and to develop a forecasting model for scorpion sting cases in Biskra province which records the highest number of scorpion stings at national level. METHODS: In addition to the epidemiological profile of scorpion stings that occurred throughout the year 2013, we carried out the Box-Jenkins approach to fit a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model to the monthly recorded scorpion sting cases in Biskra from 2000 to 2012...
October 14, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703129/overview-of-brucellosis-in-nepal
#20
Krishna Prasad Acharya, Nirajan Niroula, Krishna Kaphle
Brucellosis is an abortifacient zoonotic disease which remains prominent in third world countries like Nepal. Brucellosis possess a public health concern, the incidences of which in livestocks can present substantial economic and health burdens for herders and health professionals. In Nepal, several cases of bovine including human brucellosis have been reported. This paper aims to evaluate the current status of the disease, the mechanism of infection, pathogenesis, zoonotic potential, diagnostic advances, treatment regimens, and the preventive measures that can be adopted in managing human brucellosis in under-developed countries like Nepal...
October 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
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