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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899025/empirical-model-for-calculating-dengue-incidence-using-temperature-rainfall-and-relative-humidity-a-19-year-retrospective-analysis-in-east-delhi-india
#1
V G Ramachandran, Priyamvada Roy, Shukla Das, Narendra Singh Mogha, Ajay Kumar Bansal
Purpose: Aedes mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue virus. Mosquito lifecycle is known to be influenced by temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. This retrospective study was planned to investigate if climatic factors can be used to predict occurrence of dengue cases in our area. Methods: Number of monthly dengue cases reported for a period of 19 years was obtained. Monthly data of rainfall, temperature and humidity collected from local Weather Station was correlated with number of monthly reported dengue cases...
November 27, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857026/the-association-between-health-promoting-lifestyle-and-quality-of-life-among-adults-with-beta-thalassemia-major
#2
Aghbabak Maheri, Roya Sedeghi, Davoud Shojaeezadeh, Azar Tol, Mehdi Yaseri, Mojtaba Ebrahimi
Objectives: Health promoting lifestyle (HPL) is one of the factors affecting the quality of life (QoL) among patients with beta-thalassemia (β-thalassemia). Due to the lack of studies in this field, this study aimed at determining" the association between HPL and QoL among adults with β-thalassemia ". Methods: This cross-sectional (descriptive-analytic )study conducted among 389 adult patients with β-thalassemia in Tehran, Iran. The research instrument included a questionnaire consisting of three parts; demographic items, Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II)...
November 15, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820957/survival-and-predictors-of-mortality-among-hiv-patients-on-anti-retroviral-treatment-at-jinka-hospital-south-omo-ethiopia
#3
Erdaw Tachbele Betre, Gobena Ameni
Purpose: Survival rate of HIV-infected patients on treatment are poorly understood in Ethiopia. The study aimed to determine the probability of survival and predictors of mortality, among HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy in Jinka Hospital, South Omo, Ethiopia. Methods: A six years retrospective cohort study was conducted using 350 patient records among 1,899 antiretroviral therapy clients enrolled in Jinka hospital from September2010 - August 2015. Data was analysed using Kaplan Meier and Cox regression models...
November 6, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809456/life-and-health-satisfaction-in-adult-population-of-iran
#4
Rajabali Daroudi, Arash Rashidian, Hojjat Zeraati, Alireza Oliyaeemanesh, Ali Akbari Sari
Background: There is increasing interest in the use of subjective well-being (SWB) as a development indicator and for evaluation of public policies. The aim of this study was to assess life and health satisfaction and their determinants in the adult population of Iran. Methods: We conducted a survey on a sample of 3,150 adults, aged 18 and over, in Iran's capital (Tehran city). The subjects were selected using a stratified random sampling method, and were interviewed face-to-face at their usual residence by trained interviewers...
November 3, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788567/self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-and-factors-affecting-health-insured-in-iran
#5
Ali Kazemi Karyani, Arash Rashidian, Sara Emamgholipour Sefidd, Ali Akbari Sari
Objectives: The aim of this study was to measure HRQoL and affecting factors in health insured in Tehran city, Iran. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study conducted using the EQ-5D-3L questionnaire. In order to estimate the determinants of HRQoL, demographic, socioeconomic and health status were included. Cluster sampling technique was used in data collection - from May to June, 2016. The chi-squared test and weighted least squares (WLS) were employed for data analysis...
October 26, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788566/prescribing-patterns-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-medications-among-children-and-adolescents-in-korea-2007-2011
#6
Inmyung Song, Ju Young Shin
Objectives: This study analyzed the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication users among children and adolescents in Korea between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2011. Methods: Using the Korea National Health Insurance claims database, we identified the patients aged between 1 and 17 years who had at least one medical claim for the diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10: F90.0). The annual prevalence of ADHD diagnosis was calculated, using national census data from the Statistics Korea on the population aged between 1 and 17 years as the denominator...
October 26, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738348/forecasting-and-prediction-of-scorpion-sting-cases-using-a-sarima-model-in-biskra-province-algeria
#7
Schehrazad Selmane, Mohamed L'Hadj
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to highlight some epidemiological aspects of scorpion envenomations, to analyse and interpret the recorded data, and to develop a forecasting model for scorpion sting cases in Biskra province which records the highest number of scorpion stings at national level. METHODS: In addition to the epidemiological profile of scorpion stings that occurred throughout the year 2013, we carried out the Box-Jenkins approach to fit a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model to the monthly recorded scorpion sting cases in Biskra from 2000 to 2012...
October 14, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733034/level-of-adherence-and-associated-factors-to-option-b-pmtct-among-pregnant-and-lactating-mothers-in-selected-government-health-facilities-of-south-wollo-zone-amhara-region-north-east-ethiopia-2016
#8
Delelegn Tsegaye, Leul Deribe, Shambel Wodajo
Objectives: Adherence of HIV positive pregnant and lactating mothers to ART is a central component in PMTCT. Thus, the aim of this study was to measure the level of adherence and identify factors associated with adherence to option B+ PMTCT among pregnant and lactating mothers in selected government health facilities of South Wollo Zone, Amhara region, North East Ethiopia. Methods: An institution based cross sectional quantitative study design was employed from March 1 to April 14, 2016 using standard structured data collection instrument...
October 13, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703129/overview-of-brucellosis-in-nepal
#9
Krishna Prasad Acharya, Nirajan Niroula, Krishna Kaphle
Brucellosis is an abortifacient zoonotic disease which remains prominent in third world countries like Nepal. Brucellosis possess a public health concern, the incidences of which in livestocks can present substantial economic and health burdens for herders and health professionals. In Nepal, several cases of bovine including human brucellosis have been reported. This paper aims to evaluate the current status of the disease, the mechanism of infection, pathogenesis, zoonotic potential, diagnostic advances, treatment regimens, and the preventive measures that can be adopted in managing human brucellosis in under-developed countries like Nepal...
October 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703128/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-reproductive-health-behavior-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-society-and-culture-of-indonesian-adolescents
#10
Tantut Susanto, Iis Rahmawati, Emi Wuri Wuryaningsih, Syahrul Syahrul, Ruka Saito, Rumiko Kimura, Akiko Tsuda, Noriko Tabuchi, Junko Sugama
OBJECTIVES: Complex factors related reproductive health (RH) behavior among adolescents based on the social and culture of each countries, especially in Islamic culture of Indonesia. This study examines the prevalence and related factors of active RH behavior among Indonesian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was conducted among 1,040 of students who were selected through a multi-stage random sampling technique for completing a questionnaire. A self-administered questionnaire was developed, including the illustrative questionnaire for interview surveys with young people of the WHO, pubertal development scale, and sexual activity scale, modified in accordance with the context of Indonesia...
September 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703127/age-period-cohort-analyses-of-hepatitis-a-in-korea-during-2002-2012
#11
JooYeon Seo, SungYong Choi, Moran Ki, BoYoul Choi
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of hepatitis A in Korea during 2002-2012 using age-period-cohort analyses. Methods: We used claims data from the Korean National Health Insurance Corporation for the whole population. Census data from 2010 were used for the standard population. The incidence of hepatitis A was assumed to have a Poisson distribution and the models and effects were evaluated using the intrinsic estimator method, the likelihood ratio, and the Akaike information criterion...
September 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608807/estimating-the-population-attributable-fraction-of-road-related-injuries-due-to-speeding-and-passing-in-rural-roads-of-iran
#12
Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani, Hamid Soori, Kamyar Mansori, Manoochehr Karami, Erfan Ayubi, Salman Khazaei
Purpose: Speeding and passing are considered as the main human factors resulting in road traffic injuries (RTIs). This study aimed to estimate the population attributable fraction (PAF) of speeding and passing in rural Iran RTIs during 2012. Methods: The contribution of speeding and passing in RTI related morbidity and mortality was calculated using PAF. The prevalence of speeding and passing was obtained from national traffic police data registry. A logistic regression model was run to measure the association between the above risk factors and RTIs...
August 29, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384329/prefectural-difference-of-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-incidence-in-japan-analyzed-with-publically-accessible-diagnosis-procedure-combination-data-possibilities-and-limitations
#13
Toru Fukuhara, Yusuke S Hori
Objectives: Annually reported publically-accessible Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) data by Japanese government is a part of the whole DPC database of Japanese medical reimbursement system for hospitalization. Although medical issues can be evaluated with these data promptly, the applicability of these data in epidemiological analyses has not been assessed. Methods: We performed analyses using only statistical indices reported on the homepage of the government...
July 2, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919122/effective-risk-governance-requires-risk-communication-experts
#14
Hye-Jin Paek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919121/psychological-trauma-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-victims-and-bereaved-families
#15
Minyoung Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899024/the-interdependent-complexity-of-disaster-and-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome
#16
Wonjae Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866408/prescribing-patterns-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-medications-among-children-and-adolescents-in-korea-2007-2011
#17
Inmyung Song, Ju-Young Shin
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication use among children and adolescents in Korea between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2011. METHODS: Using the Korea National Health Insurance claims database, we identified patients between one and 17 years of age who had at least one medical claim for the diagnosis of ADHD (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision: F90.0). The annual prevalence of ADHD diagnoses was calculated, using national census data from Statistics Korea on the population aged between one and 17 years as the denominator...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866407/forecasting-and-prediction-of-scorpion-sting-cases-in-biskra-province-algeria-using-a-seasonal-autoregressive-integrated-moving-average-model
#18
Schehrazad Selmane, Mohamed L'Hadj
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to highlight some epidemiological aspects of scorpion envenomations, to analyse and interpret the available data for Biskra province, Algeria, and to develop a forecasting model for scorpion sting cases in Biskra province, which records the highest number of scorpion stings in Algeria. METHODS: In addition to analysing the epidemiological profile of scorpion stings that occurred throughout the year 2013, we used the Box-Jenkins approach to fit a seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model to the monthly recorded scorpion sting cases in Biskra from 2000 to 2012...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866406/prevalence-of-factors-related-to-active-reproductive-health-behavior-a-cross-sectional-study-indonesian-adolescent
#19
Tantut Susanto, Iis Rahmawati, Emi Wuri Wuryaningsih, Ruka Saito, Syahrul, Rumiko Kimura, Akiko Tsuda, Noriko Tabuchi, Junko Sugama
OBJECTIVES: Complex and diverse factors are related to reproductive health (RH) behavior among adolescents according to the social and cultural context of each countries. This study examined the prevalence of active RH and factors related to active RH behavior among Indonesian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,040 of students who were selected through a multi-stage random sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was developed, including the World Health Organization Illustrative Questionnaire for Interview-Surveys with Young People, pubertal development scale, and sexual activity scale, modified in accordance to the Indonesian context...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866405/occupation-and-mesothelioma-in-sweden-updated-incidence-in-men-and-women-in-the-27-years-after-the-asbestos-ban
#20
Nils Plato, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Pär Sparén, Gunnar Hillerdal, Elisabete Weiderpass
OBJECTIVES: We updated the Swedish component of the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) Study through 2009 in order to investigate the incidence of mesothelioma of the peritoneum and pleura in both genders, and explored occupational exposures that may be associated with mesothelioma. METHODS: The Swedish component of the NOCCA Study includes 6.78 million individuals. Data from this cohort were linked to the population-based Swedish Cancer Registry and Swedish Total Population Registry for three periods between 1961 and 2009, and then further linked to the Swedish NOCCA job-exposure matrix, which includes 25 carcinogenic substances and the corresponding exposure levels for 280 occupations...
2016: Epidemiology and Health
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