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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428641/lessons-from-the-radiation-epidemiology
#1
Won Jin Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428642/domestic-elder-abuse-and-associated-factors-in-elderly-women-in-tehran-iran
#2
Negar Piri, Parisa Taheri, Soheila Khodakarim, Koorosh Etemad
Objectives: Elderly people often are abused in many ways with serious and pasting consequences. Elder abuse remains one of the most hidden forms of family conflict and it is anticipated that it is rising in many countries which are rapidly experiencing population aging. The purpose of study is to investigate the status of domestic elder abuse in elderly women and their related factors in Tehran. Methods: This cross-sectional study conducted in 2017 on 260 women aged 60 and older, selected through multistage random sampling...
November 10, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428643/incidences-of-varicella-in-children-of-jeju-do-republic-of-korea-2005-2016-age-period-cohort-analysis
#3
Jin-Hee Kim, Ji-Eun Kim, Jong-Myon Bae
Objectives: Although the nationwide inoculation rate of varicella vaccine was about 95% in Korean children, the notified numbers of varicella cases are increasing till now, unexpectedly. To suggest some hypotheses about the gap, an age-period-cohort (APC) analysis as descriptive epidemiology study was conducted for children resident in Jeju-do, Republic of Korea (ROK). Methods: The raw data was the nationwide database for insurance claim of healthcare fee suggested by National Health Insurance Service, ROK...
November 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30428644/life-expectancy-of-hiv-positive-patients-after-diagnosis-in-iran-from-1986-to-2016-a-retrospective-cohort-study-at-national-and-sub-national-levels
#4
Mohammad Mirzaei, Maryam Farhadian, Jalal Poorolajal, Parvin Afsar Kazerooni, Katayoun Tayeri, Younes Mohammadi
Objectives: Little is known on the life expectancy of HIV positive patients in Iran. This study aimed to estimate the life expectancy of HIV positive patients in Iran. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we extracted the data from Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME) and Death Registration System (DRS). We included the patients aged 20 years and older who had specified date of diagnosis...
November 7, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376709/national-epidemiologic-survey-of-thyroid-cancer-republic-of-korea
#5
Chang-Mo Oh, Hyun-Joo Kong, Eun-Yang Kim, Hye-Jin Kim, Kyu-Won Jung, Sohee Park, Young-Joo Won
The Korea Central Cancer Registry (KCCR) conducted the National Epidemiologic Survey of Thyroid cancer (NEST) to investigate changes in the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of thyroid cancer patients between 1999 and 2008. The NEST was designed to collect representative samples of patients with thyroid cancer diagnosed in the years 1999, 2005, and 2008 using a proportionally stratified and systematic random sampling method. Among 42,891 subjects diagnosed with thyroid cancer, 5,796 subjects were included in the final study population...
October 26, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336661/development-and-validation-of-a-sunlight-exposure-questionnaire-for-urban-adult-filipinos
#6
Marc Gregory Yu, Nina Castillo-Carandang, Ma Elinor Grace Sison, Angelique Bea Uy, Katrina Lenora Villarante, Patricia Maningat, Elizabeth Paz-Pacheco, Eileen Abesamis-Cubillan
Purpose: To develop and validate a self-reported sunlight exposure questionnaire (SEQ) for urban adult Filipinos. Methods: The study included adults (19-76 years old) in Metro Manila, Philippines, well-versed in the Filipino (Tagalog) language and residing in an urban area for at least 1 year. Exclusion criteria included pregnancy, active skin disorders, and immunocompromised states. An expert panel created a questionnaire in Likert scale format based on a conceptual framework and four existing instruments...
October 11, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336662/association-of-appendicular-skeletal-muscle-mass-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-according-to-body-mass-index-in-korea
#7
Ji Eun Heo, Hyeon Chang Kim, Jee-Seon Shim, Bo Mi Song, Hye Yoon Bae, Ho Jae Lee, Il Suh
Objectives: The combined effects of obesity and appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM) on atherosclerosis, especially in middle-aged populations, remain poorly understood. This cross-sectional study investigated the effects of ASM on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) according to body mass index (BMI) in middle-aged Korean adults. Methods: Herein, 595 men and 1,274 women aged 30-64 years completed questionnaires and underwent health examinations as part of the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center (CMERC) cohort...
October 7, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336663/the-survival-rate-of-patients-with-beta-major-thalassemia-and-thalassemia-intermedia-and-its-trend-in-recent-years-in-iran
#8
Alireza Ansarimoghaddam, HosseinAli Adineh, Mehdi Mohammadi, Iraj Zareban, Mahtab Maghsoudloo
Objectives: Thalassemia is a common genetic disease in Iran, especially in the north and south of the country. The present study seeks to determine the survival rate of patients with thalassemia in high-endemic regions of Iran and its variation in patients born before and after 1971. Methods: The present historical cohort study examined the health records of patients with major, intermedia and sickle beta thalassemia who had presented to thalassemia centers in the past years and specified their date of death and duration of survival...
October 3, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336664/community-based-surveillance-of-cryptosporidium-in-the-indigenous-community-of-boliwong-philippines-april-to-december-2017
#9
Ryan Vidal Labana, Julieta Z Dungca, Veeranoot Nissapatorn
Objectives: For the first time, Boliwong, an indigenous community in the Philippines was surveyed for the prevalence of Cryptosporidium within the periods of April to December 2017 . Methods: Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected from the river, creek, and water pumps via immunomagnetic separation techniques. Detections were also done from human and animal concentrated fecal samples using Modified Ziehl Neelsen technique. Results: From the 24 water samples, seven (29...
September 28, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336665/relationship-between-heavy-drinking-experience-and-suicide-attempts-in-korean-adolescents-based-on-2013-the-korea-youth-risk-behavior-web-based-survey
#10
Kyeong Hyang Byeon, Heejin Kimm, Sun Ha Jee, Jae Woong Sull, Boyoung Choi
Objectives: The suicide and drinking problems in adolescents are increasing every year, and it is known that suicide is related to drinking. This study aim to identify the relationship between heavy drinking experience (HDE) and suicide attempts in Korean adolescents. Methods: The Ninth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS) was used for analysis, 2013. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the relationship between HDE and suicide attempts, the relationship between HDE and suicide attempts in middle and high school students stratified by age...
September 26, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121969/a-review-of-methods-to-estimate-the-visibility-factor-for-bias-correction-in-network-scale-up-studies
#11
Aliakbar Haghdoost, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Ali Mirzazadeh, Farzaneh Zolala, Mohammad Reza Baneshi
Purpose: Network Scale Up (NSU) is an indirect size estimation method, where participants are questioned on sensitive behaviors of their social network members. Therefore the visibility of the behavior affects the replies and estimates. Many attempts to estimate the visibility are made. The aims of this manuscript are to review main methods to address the visibility, and to provide a summary of reported Visibility Factor (VF) across populations. Methods: We systematically searched relevant data bases and Google...
August 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081621/tuberculosis-control-in-the-republic-of-korea
#12
Kyung Sook Cho
The TB incidence rate and mortality rate in the Republic of Korea are 77 and 5.2 per 100,000 people respectively (2016), which are the highest among the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Recently, the Republic of Korea's TB incidence decreased dramatically among people in their teens and twenties. This is largely attributed to the contact investigation efforts in targeting schools over the past few years. However, the TB incidence in the elderly still remains high and is even increasing compared to the past 10 years...
August 2, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30223638/ambient-air-quality-and-subjective-stress-level-using-community-health-survey-data-in-korea
#13
Myung-Jae Hwang, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Jong-Hun Kim, Youn Seo Koo, Hui-Young Yun
OBJECTIVES: Air pollution causes various disease in exposed populations, and can lead to premorbid health effects manifested as both physical and psychological functional impairment. The present study investigated the subjective stress level in daily life in relation to the level of air pollution. METHODS: Data from the Community Health Survey (2013), comprising 99,162 men, and 121,273 women residing in 253 healthcare administrative districts, were combined with air pollutant concentration modelling data from the Korean Air Quality Forecasting System, and were stratified by subjective stress levels into five strata for multiple logistic regression...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220193/current-status-of-newborn-hearing-screening-in-low-income-families-in-the-southeastern-region-of-korea
#14
You Sun Chung, Su-Kyoung Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the current status and problems of hearing screening tests for newborns in low-income families in the southeastern Korea. METHODS: This study analyzed data from the Ministry of Health and Welfare's project on the early detection of hearing loss in newborns in low-income families in the southeastern Korea (2011-2015). RESULTS: The referral rate was 1.33, 1.69, and 1.27% in Daegu, Gyeongbuk, and Ulsan, respectively...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220192/application-of-a-non-parametric-non-mixture-cure-rate-model-for-analyzing-the-survival-of-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-in-iran
#15
Mehdi Azizmohammad Looha, Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi, Maryam Nasserinejad, Hadis Najafimehr, Mohammad Reza Zali
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients are considered to have been cured when the mortality rate of individuals with the disease returns to the same level as expected in the general population. This study aimed to assess the impact of various risk factors on the cure fraction of CRC patients using a real dataset of Iranian CRC patients with a non-mixture non-parametric cure model. METHODS: This study was conducted on the medical records of 512 patients who were definitively diagnosed with CRC at Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, Iran from 2001 to 2007...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189723/prophylactic-efficacy-of-probiotics-on-travelers-diarrhea-an-adaptive-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Jong-Myon Bae
OBJECTIVES: The 2017 guideline for the prevention of travelers' diarrhea (TD) by the International Society of Travel Medicine suggested that 'there is insufficient evidence to recommend the use of commercially available prebiotics or probiotics to prevent or treat TD.' However, a meta-analysis published in 2007 reported significant efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of TD (summary relative risk [sRR], 0.85, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 0.91). This study aimed to synthesize the efficacy of probiotics on TD by updating the meta-analysis of double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized human trials...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134649/korea-hiv-aids-cohort-study-study-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#17
Bo Youl Choi, Jun Yong Choi, Sang Hoon Han, Sang Il Kim, Mee-Kyung Kee, Min Ja Kim, Shin-Woo Kim, Sung Soon Kim, Yu-Mi Kim, Nam Su Ku, Jin-Soo Lee, Joo-Shil Lee, Yunsu Choi, Kyong Sil Park, Joon Young Song, Jun Hee Woo, Moon Won Kang, June Kim
The number of persons infected by HIV/AIDS has consistently increased in Korea since the first case of HIV/AIDS infection in 1985 and reached 15,208 by 2016. About 1,100 new patients with HIV/ AIDS infections have emerged every year since 2013. In Korea, the Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study was established for the evidenced-based prevention, treatment, and effective management of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in December 2006. This study monitored 1,438 patients, who accounted for about 10% of all patients with HIV/AIDS in Korea, for 10 years with the following aims: (1) to develop an administrative system for the establishment of a HIV/AIDS cohort-based study; (2) to standardize methodologies and the case report forms; and (3) to standardize multi-cohort data and develop a data cleaning method...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30130955/predicting-needlestick-and-sharps-injuries-and-determining-preventive-strategies-using-a-bayesian-network-approach-in-tehran-iran
#18
Hamed Akbari, Fakhradin Ghasemi, Hesam Akbari, Amir Adibzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have shown that the rate of needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) is unacceptably high in Iranian hospitals. The aim of the present study was to use a systematic approach to predict and reduce these injuries. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Eleven variables thought to affect NSIs were categorized based on the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) framework and modeled using a Bayesian network...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121970/androgen-deprivation-therapy-is-associated-with-decreased-second-primary-lung-cancer-risk-in-the-united-states-veterans-with-prostate-cancer
#19
Kyungsuk Jung, Jong Chul Park, Hyunseok Kang, Johann Christoph Brandes
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in prostate cancer patients was associated with a decreased risk for second primary lung cancer in US veterans. METHODS: Prostate cancer diagnoses in the US Veterans Affairs Cancer Registry between 1999 and 2008 were identified. Use of hormonal therapy and diagnoses of second primary lung cancer were determined from the registry. Synchronous prostate and lung cancers, defined as 2 diagnoses made within 1 year, were excluded from the analysis...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089352/the-association-between-aggression-and-risk-of-internet-gaming-disorder-in-korean-adolescents-the-mediation-effect-of-father-adolescent-communication-style
#20
Eunjin Kim, Hyeon Woo Yim, Hyunsuk Jeong, Sun-Jin Jo, Hae Kook Lee, Hye Jung Son, Hyun-Ho Han
OBJECTIVES: Open and supportive communication between parents and children is known to reduce adolescents' delinquent behavior. Recently, the risk of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been increasing in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of parent-child communication styles on the relationship between adolescent aggressiveness and risk of IGD. METHODS: Participants in this study were 402 first-year students from 4 middle schools in Seoul who enrolled in the Internet user Cohort for Unbiased Recognition of gaming disorder in Early adolescence (iCURE) and completed baseline assessment in 2016...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
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