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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728346/suggestions-for-promoting-evidence-based-public-health-in-korea
#1
Jong-Myon Bae
The Public Health (EBPH) is defined as a decision-making in the domain of public health using current best evidences. Debates about the latent tuberculosis infection control program suggested by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017 bring the need for promoting EBPH. To do this, three strategies were suggested as following: drawing some necessary evidences by evaluating policy-evidence gaps, delivering good quality and relevant evidences timely by conducting systematic reviews and adapting public health guidelines, and making the value-driven decisions by training and educating public health policy makers...
July 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728347/pros-and-cons-of-health-transformation-program-in-iran-evidence-from-financial-outcomes-at-household-level
#2
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Abolhasan Afkar, Ahmad Naghibzadeh Tahami
Purpose: Health transformation program (HTP) is one of the recent reforms in health system of Iran implemented in early 2014. Improving the equity of payments and reducing out of pocket (OOP) and catastrophic health expenditures (CHE) were some of the program's important goals. In this study these goals were evaluated using a before-after analysis. Methods: Household income and expenditures data of Guilan province were gathered for years 2013-2015. OOP payments for outpatient, inpatient and drug services were calculated and the results were compared using propensity score matching technique after adjustment of confounding variables...
July 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728348/effect-of-antiretroviral-therapy-art-on-change-in-fertility-intentions-of-hiv-positive-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#3
Hussen Mekonnen
Objectives: The study aimed to assess change in fertility intentions 12 months after ART initiation among HIV positive women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based follow up study was conducted, among 360 HIV positive women in Addis Ababa; from June 2012 to October 2013. Logistic regression model was used to assess the influence socio-demographic, reproductive health and clinical characteristics on the change in fertility intention of women. Results: Overall, 41...
July 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#4
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Objectives: Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. There is not a comprehensive picture of the health status and work-related hazards among Iranian farmers. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Methods: Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published until March 2017...
July 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728350/the-association-between-smoking-or-passive-smoking-and-cardiovascular-diseases-using-a-bayesian-hierarchical-model-based-on-the-2008-2013-korea-community-health-survey
#5
WhanHee Lee, SungHee Hwang, HaYoung Choi, Ho Kim
Objectives: Smoking and passive smoking have been extensively reported as risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite the biological mechanisms underlying the impact of hazardous chemical substances contained in tobacco in cardiovascular diseases, studies investigating the association between smoking and passive smoking with morbidity are at an inchoate stage in Korea. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the risks of smoking and passive smoking on cardiovascular morbidity at the national and regional levels...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728351/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-community-characteristics-and-depression-using-geographically-weighted-regression
#6
Hyungyun Choi, Ho Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728352/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-atrial-fibrillation-applying-heaviside-function-in-survival-analysis-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#7
Yaser Mokhayeri, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Hamid Soori, Soheila Khodakarim
Objectives: Although the effect of physical activity (PA) on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been studied, contradictory results have been reported. These seemingly different results may reflect alternate effects of different types of PA upon AF as well as gender interactions. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of PA types namely total, moderate/vigorous, intentional, as well as walking pace on AF risk, in men and women. Methods: Using the MESA Typical Week Physical Activity Survey, three PA measures and walking pace among 6487 men and women aged 45-84 years were calculated...
June 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728353/estimation-of-rate-and-number-of-under-reporting-deliberate-self-poisoning-attempts-in-western-iran-2015
#8
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Objectives: Rates of Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) attempts are subjected to under-counting, under-reporting, and denying suicide attempts. In this study, therefore, we seek to estimate the rate of under-reported DSPs, which is the most common way of suicide attempts in Iran. Methods: Using truncated count models, we estimated rates and numbers of under-counted DSP attempts in western part of Iran in 2015. By this method, n0, namely the number of people attempted DSP, but not referring to any health care centers, was calculated through data connection...
June 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395399/kudoa-septempunctata-as-a-cause-of-food-poisoning-and-its-differential-diagnosis
#9
Sung Uk Lee
Purpose: Recently kudoa septempuctata in olive flounders is suggested as a cause of food poisoning, however whether kudoa septempuctata can affect human gastrointestinal systems is controversial and its pathogenecity remains unclear. In view of the field epidemiology, food poisonings caused by kudoa septempuctata should be distinguished from those caused by staphylococcus aureus and bacillus cereus. Methods: The statistics of food poisoning investigations published by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2013-2015 were reviewed...
March 31, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330335/income-gaps-in-self-rated-poor-health-and-its-association-with-life-expectancy-in-245-districts-of-south-korea
#10
Ikhan Kim, Jinwook Bahk, Sung-Cheol Yun, Young-Ho Khang
Objectives: This study was conducted to examine income gaps in self-rated poor health at the district level of South Korea and to present geographical correlations among self-rated poor health, life expectancy, and their income gaps. Methods: We analyzed 1,578,189 subjects derived from the Community Health Survey data of South Korea collected between 2008 and 2014. The age-standardized prevalences of self-rated poor health and their income gaps were calculated. Prior results on life expectancy and its income gaps were used also...
March 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511340/review-of-brucellosis-in-nepal
#11
Krishna Prasad Acharya, Nirajan Niroula, Krishna Kaphle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511339/patterns-of-disease-occurrence-and-management-and-public-health-issues-among-korean-populations-based-on-information-and-experiences-obtained-by-field-epidemiological-studies-in-various-situations-with-episodic-stories-never-been-told
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395401/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-diseases-etiology-research-center-cmerc-cohort-study-protocol-and-results-of-the-first-3-years-of-enrollment
#13
Jee-Seon Shim, Bo Mi Song, Jung Hyun Lee, Seung Won Lee, Ji Hye Park, Dong Phil Choi, Myung Ha Lee, Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim, Sungha Park, Won-Woo Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Although the etiologies of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are widely understood, the goal of finding a globally effective solution for preventing CVD is unrealistic. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a community-based prospective study on the prevention and management of CVD in Korean adults. This study was designed to recruit 8,000 healthy adults over the course of 5 years. The baseline assessment includes a wide range of established CVD risk factors, including demographic characteristics, medical history, health behaviors, psychological conditions, body size and composition, blood pressure, the augmentation index, carotid ultrasonography, an electrocardiogram, and biochemical indicators, as well as some novel factors, such as social network characteristics, exposure to environmental pollutants, inflammatory markers, hemostatic markers, and immunosenescence markers...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395400/an-opposing-view-on-including-high-school-students-in-a-latent-tuberculosis-infection-control-program-in-korea
#14
Jong-Myon Bae
The Korea Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (KCDC) has announced a control program against latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI), for a "TB-safe country" this year with the goal of a "TB-free Korea" by 2025. The program includes high school students as one target group; however, some school health teachers and parents have expressed their opposition to this. The 2015 World Health Organization guidelines do not recommend inclusion of asymptomatic high school students in LTBI control programs...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395398/poor-quality-of-life-as-a-predictor-of-survival-among-thalassemia-patients-in-iran
#15
Shahab Rezaeian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330336/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#16
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
OBJECTIVES: The postpartum period is a critical period for addressing widespread unmet needs in family planning and for reducing the risks of closely spaced pregnancies. However, contraception during the extended postpartum period has been underemphasized in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess postpartum modern contraceptive use among women in northern Ethiopia and to identify factors associated with modern contraceptive use in the postpartum period. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2015...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292008/smokeless-tobacco-paan-and-gutkha-consumption-prevalence-and-contribution-to-oral-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Kamal Niaz, Faheem Maqbool, Fazlullah Khan, Haji Bahadar, Fatima Ismail Hassan, Mohammad Abdollahi
Smokeless tobacco consumption, which is widespread throughout the world, leads to oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF), which is a long-lasting and devastating condition of the oral cavity with the potential for malignancy. In this review, we mainly focus on the consumption of smokeless tobacco, such as paan and gutkha, and the role of these substances in the induction of OSMF and ultimately oral cancer. The list of articles to be examined was established using citation discovery tools provided by PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231687/the-impact-of-disease-characteristics-on-multiple-sclerosis-patients-quality-of-life
#18
Aziz Rezapour, Abdollah Almasian Kia, Sahar Goodarzi, Mojtaba Hasoumi, Soraya Nouraei Motlagh, Sajad Vahedi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), and to investigate the effects of characteristics of MS such as disease course, severity, and relapses on patients' QoL. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, in which 171 patients were enrolled. Health-related QoL was assessed using the Persian version of the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 questionnaire. To measure patients' disability status, we used the Expanded Disability Status Scale...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171715/cancer-mortality-to-incidence-ratio-as-an-indicator-of-cancer-management-outcomes-in-organization-for-economic-cooperation-and-development-countries
#19
Eunji Choi, Sangeun Lee, Bui Cam Nhung, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park, Jae Kwan Jun, Kui Son Choi
OBJECTIVES: Assessing long-term success and efficiency is an essential part of evaluating cancer control programs. The mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) can serve as an insightful indicator of cancer management outcomes for individual nations. By calculating MIRs for the top five cancers in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, the current study attempted to characterize the outcomes of national cancer management policies according to the health system ranking of each country...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171714/irritable-bowel-syndrome-is-concentrated-in-people-with-higher-educations-in-iran-an-inequality-analysis
#20
Asieh Mansouri, Mostafa Amini Rarani, Mosayeb Fallahi, Iman Alvandi
OBJECTIVES: Like any other health-related disorder, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has a differential distribution with respect to socioeconomic factors. This study aimed to estimate and decompose educational inequalities in the prevalence of IBS. METHODS: Sampling was performed using a multi-stage random cluster sampling approach. The data of 1,850 residents of Kish Island aged 15 years or older were included, and the determinants of IBS were identified using a generalized estimating equation regression model...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
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