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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421864/registry-based-stroke-research-in-taiwan-past-and-future
#1
Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Darren Philbert Wu, Sheng-Feng Sung
Stroke registries are observational databases focusing on the clinical information and outcomes of stroke patients. They play an important role in the cycle of quality improvement. Registry data are collected from real world experiences of stroke care, and are suitable for measuring quality of care. By exposing the inadequacy of performance measures of stroke care, research from stroke registries has changed how we managed stroke patients in Taiwan. With the success of various quality improvement campaigns, mortality from stroke and recurrence of stroke have decreased in the past decade...
February 4, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370682/rapid-qualitative-review-of-ethical-issues-surrounding-healthcare-for-pregnant-women-or-women-of-reproductive-age-in-epidemic-outbreaks
#2
Patrik Hummel, Abha Saxena, Corinna Klingler
Purpose: This article describes, categorizes, and discusses the results of a rapid literature review aiming to provide an overview of ethical issues and corresponding solutions surrounding pregnancies in epidemic outbreaks. The review was commissioned by the World Health Organization to inform responses to the Zika outbreak that began in 2015. Methods: Due to the urgency of response efforts which needed to be informed by the literature search, a rapid qualitative review of literature published in PubMed was conducted...
January 23, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370683/systematic-review-of-published-data-on-the-worldwide-prevalence-of-john-cunningham-virus-jcv-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Sonia Castedo Paz, Luciana Prats Branco, Marina Alves Camargo Pereira, Caroline Vieira Spessotto, Yara Dadalti Fragoso
Purpose: The John Cunningham virus (JCV) is a polyoma virus that infects humans mainly in childhood or adolescence, and presents no symptomatic manifestations. JCV can cause progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in immunosuppressed individuals, including those undergoing treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). PML is a severe and potentially fatal disease of the brain. The prevalence of JCV antibodies has been described to be between 50% and 90% in human serum...
January 5, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370685/the-current-status-of-health-data-of-korean-children-and-adolescents
#4
Eunyoung Lee, Dahye Baik, Yoon Park, Moran Ki
The time of being child and adolescent is critical point to affect health status as an adult. Therefore, it is needed to analyze different factors which influence on the health of children and adolescents. In Korea, youth-related health data are broadly obtained not only in regional level but also in national level. This report summarized current status of studies related with Korean children and adolescents' health. Data which offers open access include Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Study, Korean Youth Panel Survey, Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey, and Student Health Examination...
December 26, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370684/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-scrub-typhus-on-jeju-island
#5
Jong-Myon Bae
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370686/field-epidemiology-training-program-fetp-in-korea-16-years-1999-2015-experiences-and-challenges-after-2015-mers-cov-outbreak
#6
Moo Sik Lee, Eun-Young Kim, Sang-Won Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228522/factors-affecting-the-satisfaction-of-cancer-information-of-the-social-network-services-in-korea
#7
Su Yeon Kye, Min Hee Lee, Jisu Yoo, Kyounghee Oh, Jae Kwan Jun
Objectives: This study aims to identify the characteristics of social networking service (SNS) users and connect these factors to user satisfaction with the SNSs of the National Cancer Information Center (NCIC) in South Korea. Methods: A Web-based survey was completed by 1,670 users of the NCIC SNSs to collect data on sources for information on cancer, determinants for using the SNS, source of NCIC SNS awareness, time for use, and the satisfaction level of the users...
December 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141399/factors-affecting-cognitive-function-according-to-gender-in-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#8
Kim Miwon, Jeongmo Park
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender. Methods: 4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression. Results: There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled...
November 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121711/differences-in-agricultural-activities-related-to-incidence-of-scrub-typhus-between-korea-and-japan
#9
Gyung-Jae Oh, Chang-Jin Ma, Gong-Unn Kang, Jeong-Mi Lee, Da-Un Lee, Hae-Sung Nam, So-Yeon Ryu, Young-Hoon Lee
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to establish a basis for improving or strengthening the preventive strategy against scrub typhus in Korea by comparing and analyzing the difference of prevention behaviors contributing to the occurrence of scrub typhus in both countries. Methods: The survey area selected Jeonbuk province, which is a high risk and high incidence area, and Fukuoka prefecture, which is a high risk and low incidence area. The subjects were 406 in Korea and 216 in Japanese farmers...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121712/epidemiologic-incidence-of-rhabdomyolysis-in-opioid-overdose-in-icu-of-poisoning-center-in-iran-2014
#10
Babak Khoshideh, Mohammad Arefi, Mazaher Ghorbani, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fatemeh Taghizadeh
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical, demographical characteristics and some laboratory findings of hospitalized patients with acute opioid toxicity and rhabdomyolysis. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 354 hospitalized patients were investigated at Baharloo Educational Hospital in Tehran, with acute illicit drug toxicity in 2014. Data was collected by an investigator-made check lists. The collected data and variations (such as mortality rate, demographic data, and renal function tests as well as serum biochemical elements) were analyzed by descriptive statistics and x-square test...
November 8, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103277/decomposing-economic-disparities-in-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-blinder-oaxaca-decomposition-analysis
#11
Mehdi Noroozi, Hamid Sharifi, Alireza Noroozi, Fatemah Rezaei, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Bahram Armoon
Objectives: To our knowledge, no study yet has assessed systematically the role of economic status on risky sexual behavior among people who inject drugs(PWID) in Iran. In this study,we used a Blinder-Oaxaca (BO)decomposition to explore the relative contributions of inequality in unprotected sex and to decompose it to its determinants among PWID in Tehran. Methods: Behavioral surveys among PWID were conducted in Tehran the capital city of Iran from November 2016 to April 2017...
November 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092391/shared-decision-making-related-concepts-and-facilitating-strategies
#12
Jong-Myon Bae
As the paradigm of healthcare nowadays is the evidence-based patient-centered decision making, the issue of shared decision making (SDM) is highlighted. The aims of this manuscript were to look around about the related concepts and to suggest the facilitating strategies for overcoming barriers of conducting SDM. While the definitions of SDM were discordant, several concepts such as good communication, individual autonomy, patient participants, and patient-centered decision-making were involved. And, the facilitating strategies of SDM were to educate and train physician, to apply clinical practice guidelines and patient decision aids, to develop valid measurement tools for evaluation of SDM processes, and to invest the impact of SDM...
October 30, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056030/health-disparities-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults-and-the-general-population-in-south-korea-rainbow-connection-project-i
#13
Horim Yi, Hyemin Lee, Jooyoung Park, Bokyoung Choi, Seung-Sup Kim
Objectives: This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities. Methods: The research team conducted a nationwide survey of 2,335 Korean LGB adults in 2016. Using the dataset, we estimated the age-standardized prevalence ratios (SPR) for poor self-rated health, musculoskeletal pain, depressive symptoms, suicidal behaviors, smoking, and hazardous drinking...
October 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056033/a-comparison-of-breast-cancer-survivals-among-young-middle-and-elderly-aged-patients-of-southern-iran-using-cox-and-empirical-bayesian-additive-hazard-models
#14
Samane Nematolahi, Seyyed Mohammad Tagh Ayatollahi
Objectives: Survival analysis of breast cancer patients in three age categories is rare in southern Iran. This paper aims at quantifying prognostic factors contributed to poor prognosis, using Cox and empirical Bayesian additive hazard (EBAH) models among Young (20-39 years), middle (40-64 years) and elderly aged ( over 65 years) women. Methods: Data related to a total of 1,574 breast cancer patients diagnosed from 2002 to 2012 in the cancer registry of Fars province (Southern Iran), stratified in the three age groups...
October 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793755/cancer-screening-rate-in-diabetic-patients-in-the-korean-population-results-from-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2007-2009
#15
Kumban Walter Chuck, Minji Hwang, Kui Son Choi, Mina Suh, Jae Kwan Jun, Boyoung Park
Purpose: To investigate the screening rate for gastric, breast, and cervical cancer in people with diabetes compared with people without diabetes. Methods: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination survey 2007-2009 was used. Cancer-free men who were 40 years old and over and women who were 30 years old and over were included. Lifetime screening rate and regular screening rate were compared in people with and without diabetes. Results: People with diabetes received less cancer screening than people without diabetes in their lifetime (53...
August 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309721/the-unrealized-potential-cohort-effects-and-age-period-cohort-analysis
#16
Jongho Heo, Sun-Young Jeon, Chang-Mo Oh, Jongnam Hwang, Juhwan Oh, Youngtae Cho
This study aims to provide a systematical introduction of age-period-cohort (APC) analysis to South Korean readers who are unfamiliar with this method (we provide an extended version of this study in Korean). As health data in South Korea has substantially accumulated, population-level studies that explore long-term trends of health status and health inequalities and identify macrosocial determinants of the trends are needed. Analyzing long-term trends requires to discern independent effects of age, period, and cohort using APC analysis...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278902/vaccination-history-in-elementary-school-children-enrolled-in-the-varicella-epidemic-investigations-held-in-jeju-si-korea-in-the-first-half-of-2017
#17
Hyun-Suk Oh, Jong-Myon Bae
OBJECTIVES: The reported incidence rate of varicella infection in Jeju-do is higher compared with the national average. This study aimed to examine varicella vaccination history and evaluate clinical manifestation of varicella cases in Jeju-do. METHODS: Based on the guideline suggested by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), two epidemic investigations for varicella infection were conducted in the first half of 2017. The history of varicella vaccination was confirmed using the Integrated Control System for Diseases and Health operated by the KCDC...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172409/prevalence-of-goiter-and-associated-factors-among-schoolchildren-in-northeast-ethiopia
#18
Emebet Tigabu, Kindie Bantie Bekele, Berihun Assefa Dachew
OBJECTIVES: Goiter is a major public health problem, especially in developing countries such as Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of goiter among children in Waghimra Zone, northeast Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 8 to 25, 2015 in northeast Ethiopia. A multistage sampling method was used to select 454 schoolchildren. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured interviewer-administered questionnaire...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129042/healthcare-worker-infected-with-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-korea-2015
#19
Hae-Sung Nam, Mi-Yeon Yeon, Jung Wan Park, Jee-Young Hong, Ji Woong Son
OBJECTIVES: During the outbreak of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in Korea in 2015, the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) confirmed a case of MERS in a healthcare worker in Daejeon, South Korea. To verify the precise route of infection for the case, we conducted an in-depth epidemiological investigation in cooperation with the KCDC. METHODS: We reviewed the MERS outbreak investigation report of the KCDC, and interviewed the healthcare worker who had recovered from MERS...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121710/effects-of-living-alone-versus-with-others-and-of-housemate-type-on-smoking-drinking-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-among-elderly-people
#20
Seungmin Jeong, Sung Il Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study examined differences in health behaviors between elderly people living alone and with others; it also investigated whether the effect of living with others differs according to housemate type, namely a spouse and/or younger generations. METHODS: Gender-stratified data from the 2013 Korea Community Health Survey for individuals aged 60 to 74 living in Seoul were analyzed. Logistic regression modeling was conducted to obtain odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the outcome variables (smoking, drinking, eating salty foods, inactive lifestyle) for the variables of interest (living alone/with others, housemate type)...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
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