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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793755/cancer-screening-rate-in-diabetic-patients-in-the-korean-population-results-from-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2007-2009
#1
Kumban Walter Chuck, Minji Hwang, Kui Son Choi, Mina Suh, Jae Kwan Jun, Boyoung Park
Purpose: To investigate the screening rate for gastric, breast, and cervical cancer in people with diabetes compared with people without diabetes. Methods: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination survey 2007-2009 was used. Cancer-free men who were 40 years old and over and women who were 30 years old and over were included. Lifetime screening rate and regular screening rate were compared in people with and without diabetes. Results: People with diabetes received less cancer screening than people without diabetes in their lifetime (53...
August 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774161/suggestions-on-improvement-of-infectious-disease-law-and-regulations
#2
Mijeong Park
Purpose: The study's perspective is through examining an enactment for the New amendment for legislation, to make proposals for a more rational and concrete basis in the interpretation and application of the Korean legal regime in global infectious disease emergency situations. Methods: The Republic of Korea reported its first laboratory-confirmed case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) on 20 May 2015. Since the first index case, Korean public health authorities enforced many public health measures that were not authorized in the law...
July 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774162/direction-of-restructuring-the-field-epidemiology-training-program-in-korea
#3
Moo Sik Lee, Kwan Lee, Jee-Hyuk Park, Jee-Young Hong, Min-Young Jang, Byoung-Hak Jeon, Sang-Yun Cho, Sun-Ja Choi, JeongIk Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774163/prevalence-and-co-morbidity-in-common-mental-disorders-and-association-with-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-population
#4
Yousef Veisani, Fathola Mohamadian, Ali Delpisheh
Purpose: Already there are little information on the association between co-morbidities in mental disorders and suicide ideation in developing countries. Current study examines the relationship between co-morbidities in mental disorders and suicide ideation in adult population. Methods: The cross sectional study was conducted using cluster random sampling method in three steps. Data collecting was based on household assets survey and a self-administered 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) as first step to screening and Persian version of the DSM-IVTR was applied to second stage to determine prevalence of mental disorders...
July 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728346/suggestions-for-promoting-evidence-based-public-health-in-korea
#5
Jong-Myon Bae
The Public Health (EBPH) is defined as a decision-making in the domain of public health using current best evidences. Debates about the latent tuberculosis infection control program suggested by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2017 bring the need for promoting EBPH. To do this, three strategies were suggested as following: drawing some necessary evidences by evaluating policy-evidence gaps, delivering good quality and relevant evidences timely by conducting systematic reviews and adapting public health guidelines, and making the value-driven decisions by training and educating public health policy makers...
July 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728347/pros-and-cons-of-health-transformation-program-in-iran-evidence-from-financial-outcomes-at-household-level
#6
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Abolhasan Afkar, Ahmad Naghibzadeh Tahami
Purpose: Health transformation program (HTP) is one of the recent reforms in health system of Iran implemented in early 2014. Improving the equity of payments and reducing out of pocket (OOP) and catastrophic health expenditures (CHE) were some of the program's important goals. In this study these goals were evaluated using a before-after analysis. Methods: Household income and expenditures data of Guilan province were gathered for years 2013-2015. OOP payments for outpatient, inpatient and drug services were calculated and the results were compared using propensity score matching technique after adjustment of confounding variables...
July 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728348/effect-of-antiretroviral-therapy-art-on-change-in-fertility-intentions-of-hiv-positive-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#7
Hussen Mekonnen
Objectives: The study aimed to assess change in fertility intentions 12 months after ART initiation among HIV positive women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based follow up study was conducted, among 360 HIV positive women in Addis Ababa; from June 2012 to October 2013. Logistic regression model was used to assess the influence socio-demographic, reproductive health and clinical characteristics on the change in fertility intention of women. Results: Overall, 41...
July 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728350/the-association-between-smoking-or-passive-smoking-and-cardiovascular-diseases-using-a-bayesian-hierarchical-model-based-on-the-2008-2013-korea-community-health-survey
#8
WhanHee Lee, SungHee Hwang, HaYoung Choi, Ho Kim
Objectives: Smoking and passive smoking have been extensively reported as risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite the biological mechanisms underlying the impact of hazardous chemical substances contained in tobacco in cardiovascular diseases, studies investigating the association between smoking and passive smoking with morbidity are at an inchoate stage in Korea. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the risks of smoking and passive smoking on cardiovascular morbidity at the national and regional levels...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728351/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-community-characteristics-and-depression-using-geographically-weighted-regression
#9
Hyungyun Choi, Ho Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728352/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-atrial-fibrillation-applying-heaviside-function-in-survival-analysis-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#10
Yaser Mokhayeri, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Hamid Soori, Soheila Khodakarim
Objectives: Although the effect of physical activity (PA) on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been studied, contradictory results have been reported. These seemingly different results may reflect alternate effects of different types of PA upon AF as well as gender interactions. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of PA types namely total, moderate/vigorous, intentional, as well as walking pace on AF risk, in men and women. Methods: Using the MESA Typical Week Physical Activity Survey, three PA measures and walking pace among 6487 men and women aged 45-84 years were calculated...
June 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728353/estimation-of-rate-and-number-of-under-reporting-deliberate-self-poisoning-attempts-in-western-iran-2015
#11
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Objectives: Rates of Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) attempts are subjected to under-counting, under-reporting, and denying suicide attempts. In this study, therefore, we seek to estimate the rate of under-reported DSPs, which is the most common way of suicide attempts in Iran. Methods: Using truncated count models, we estimated rates and numbers of under-counted DSP attempts in western part of Iran in 2015. By this method, n0, namely the number of people attempted DSP, but not referring to any health care centers, was calculated through data connection...
June 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779749/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-methodological-issue-in-this-cross-sectional-study
#12
COMMENT
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774169/medication-errors-among-nurses-in-teaching-hospitals-in-the-west-of-iran-what-we-need-to-know-about-prevalence-types-and-barriers-to-reporting
#13
Afshin Fathi, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Khalil Moradi, Hamed Zandian, Maryam Dezhkameh, Shima Kazemzadeh, Satar Rezaei
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and types of medication errors (MEs), as well as barriers to reporting MEs, among nurses working in 7 teaching hospitals affiliated with Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select the study participants (n=500 nurses). A self-constructed questionnaire was employed to collect information on participants' socio-demographic characteristics (10 items), their perceptions about the main causes of MEs (31 items), and barriers to reporting MEs to nurse managers (11 items)...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774168/exploring-neighborhood-inequality-in-female-breast-cancer-incidence-in-tehran-using-bayesian-spatial-models-and-a-spatial-scan-statistic
#14
Erfan Ayubi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Ali Ghanbari Motlagh, Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi, Ali Hosseini, Kamran Yazdani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the spatial pattern of female breast cancer (BC) incidence at the neighborhood level in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The present study included all registered incident cases of female BC from March 2008 to March 2011. The raw standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of BC for each neighborhood was estimated by comparing observed cases relative to expected cases. The estimated raw SIRs were smoothed by a Besag, York, and Mollie spatial model and the spatial empirical Bayesian method...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774167/geographic-distribution-of-the-incidence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-iran-a-population-based-study
#15
Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani, Erfan Ayubi, Salman Khazaei, Mohadeseh Sani, Shiva Mansouri Hanis, Somayeh Khazaei, Mokhtar Soheylizad, Kamyar Mansori
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the provincial distribution of the incidence of CRC across Iran. METHODS: This epidemiologic study used data from the National Cancer Registry of Iran and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran. The average annual age-standardized rate (ASR) for the incidence of CRC was calculated for each province...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774166/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-methodological-issues-in-this-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kamyar Mansori, Shiva Mansouri Hanis, Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774165/current-status-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-countermeasures-in-south-korea
#17
REVIEW
Sook-Hyang Jeong, Eun Sun Jang, Hwa Young Choi, Kyung-Ah Kim, Wankyo Chung, Moran Ki
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver-related mortality. The new antiviral drugs against HCV, direct acting antivirals, result in >90% cure rate. This review aimed to summarize the current prevalence, clinical characteristics, outcomes, and treatment response associated with HCV infection, and countermeasures for optimal HCV control in South Korea. Based on a literature review, the current anti-HCV prevalence in the Korean population is 0...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. No comprehensive picture exists of the health status of Iranian farmers and the work-related hazards that affect them. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published through March 2017...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511340/review-of-brucellosis-in-nepal
#19
Krishna Prasad Acharya, Nirajan Niroula, Krishna Kaphle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511339/patterns-of-disease-occurrence-and-management-and-public-health-issues-among-korean-populations-based-on-information-and-experiences-obtained-by-field-epidemiological-studies-in-various-situations-with-episodic-stories-never-been-told
#20
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