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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025259/using-capture-recapture-method-to-estimate-the-population-of-hiv-positive-people
#1
Jalal Poorolajal, Younes Mohammadi, Farzad Farzinara
Objectives: The capture-recapture method was applied to estimate the size of HIV-positive patients not registered with any of the data sources. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Lorestan Province, the west of Iran, in 2016. Three incomplete sources of HIV-positive patients, with partially overlapping data, were used, including: (a) transfusion center; (b) Volunteer Counseling and Testing Centers (VCTCs); (c) and prison. The three-source capture-recapture method, using a log-linear model, was applied for data analysis...
October 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882025/shipping-amounts-of-olive-flounder-from-jejudo-and-events-of-acute-food-poisoning-by-kudoa-septempunctata-in-2015-korea-an-ecological-study
#2
Jong-Myon Bae
Objectives: There are debates on Kudoa septempunctata as a pathogenic agent causing acute food poisoning because the reproducibility of experimental evidences is in doubt. If K. septempunctata were one of causal agent of acute food poisoning, the more intake of oliver flounder infected by K. septempuctata, the more occurrence of events diagnosed as Kudoa food poisoning. The aim was to evaluate an association between shipping amounts of olive flounder from Jejudo (amounts) and events of Kudoa food poisoning (events)...
September 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882026/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-voluntary-poisoning-by-pesticides-in-2008-2014-morocco
#3
Zineb Nabih, Latifa Amiar, Zakaria Abidli, Maria Windy, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Abdelrhani Mokhtari, Rachida Soulaymani Bencheikh
Objectives: To determine the epidemiological profile of voluntary poisoning by pesticides, and determine the risk factors that may affect the life of patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis using all cases of voluntary poisoning by pesticides collected at the Antipoison and Pharmacovigilance Center of Morocco between January 2008 and December 2014. Results: During the study period, 2 690 acute pesticides poisoning cases were collected...
September 1, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823118/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-scrub-typhus-in-jeju-island-korea
#4
Sung Uk Lee
Purpose: Scrub typhus is the most common febrile disease in Autumn season. Jeju Island is the largest island in South Korea and has a distinctive oceanic climate. This study aimed to identify epidemiological characteristics of scrub typhus in Jeju. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2016, total 446 patients were diagnosed with scrub typhus in Jeju. Patient's personal and environmental factors that may relate to scrub typhus had been investigated and retrospectively analyzed...
August 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793755/cancer-screening-rate-in-diabetic-patients-in-the-korean-population-results-from-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2007-2009
#6
Kumban Walter Chuck, Minji Hwang, Kui Son Choi, Mina Suh, Jae Kwan Jun, Boyoung Park
Purpose: To investigate the screening rate for gastric, breast, and cervical cancer in people with diabetes compared with people without diabetes. Methods: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination survey 2007-2009 was used. Cancer-free men who were 40 years old and over and women who were 30 years old and over were included. Lifetime screening rate and regular screening rate were compared in people with and without diabetes. Results: People with diabetes received less cancer screening than people without diabetes in their lifetime (53...
August 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774161/suggestions-on-improvement-of-infectious-disease-law-and-regulations
#7
Mijeong Park
Purpose: The study's perspective is through examining an enactment for the New amendment for legislation, to make proposals for a more rational and concrete basis in the interpretation and application of the Korean legal regime in global infectious disease emergency situations. Methods: The Republic of Korea reported its first laboratory-confirmed case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) on 20 May 2015. Since the first index case, Korean public health authorities enforced many public health measures that were not authorized in the law...
July 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774162/direction-of-restructuring-the-field-epidemiology-training-program-in-korea
#8
Moo Sik Lee, Kwan Lee, Jee-Hyuk Park, Jee-Young Hong, Min-Young Jang, Byoung-Hak Jeon, Sang-Yun Cho, Sun-Ja Choi, JeongIk Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774163/prevalence-and-co-morbidity-in-common-mental-disorders-and-association-with-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-population
#9
Yousef Veisani, Fathola Mohamadian, Ali Delpisheh
Purpose: Already there are little information on the association between co-morbidities in mental disorders and suicide ideation in developing countries. Current study examines the relationship between co-morbidities in mental disorders and suicide ideation in adult population. Methods: The cross sectional study was conducted using cluster random sampling method in three steps. Data collecting was based on household assets survey and a self-administered 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) as first step to screening and Persian version of the DSM-IVTR was applied to second stage to determine prevalence of mental disorders...
July 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728348/effect-of-antiretroviral-therapy-art-on-change-in-fertility-intentions-of-hiv-positive-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#10
Hussen Mekonnen
Objectives: The study aimed to assess change in fertility intentions 12 months after ART initiation among HIV positive women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based follow up study was conducted, among 360 HIV positive women in Addis Ababa; from June 2012 to October 2013. Logistic regression model was used to assess the influence socio-demographic, reproductive health and clinical characteristics on the change in fertility intention of women. Results: Overall, 41...
July 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728351/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-community-characteristics-and-depression-using-geographically-weighted-regression
#11
Hyungyun Choi, Ho Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844124/analysis-of-kudoa-septempunctata-as-a-cause-of-foodborne-illness-and-its-associated-differential-diagnosis
#12
COMMENT
Sung Uk Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835004/analysis-of-kudoa-septempunctata-as-a-cause-of-foodborne-illness-and-its-associated-differential-diagnosis
#13
Ji-Hyuk Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779749/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-methodological-issue-in-this-cross-sectional-study
#14
COMMENT
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774169/medication-errors-among-nurses-in-teaching-hospitals-in-the-west-of-iran-what-we-need-to-know-about-prevalence-types-and-barriers-to-reporting
#15
Afshin Fathi, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Khalil Moradi, Hamed Zandian, Maryam Dezhkameh, Shima Kazemzadeh, Satar Rezaei
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and types of medication errors (MEs), as well as barriers to reporting MEs, among nurses working in 7 teaching hospitals affiliated with Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select the study participants (n=500 nurses). A self-constructed questionnaire was employed to collect information on participants' socio-demographic characteristics (10 items), their perceptions about the main causes of MEs (31 items), and barriers to reporting MEs to nurse managers (11 items)...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774168/exploring-neighborhood-inequality-in-female-breast-cancer-incidence-in-tehran-using-bayesian-spatial-models-and-a-spatial-scan-statistic
#16
Erfan Ayubi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Ali Ghanbari Motlagh, Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi, Ali Hosseini, Kamran Yazdani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the spatial pattern of female breast cancer (BC) incidence at the neighborhood level in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The present study included all registered incident cases of female BC from March 2008 to March 2011. The raw standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of BC for each neighborhood was estimated by comparing observed cases relative to expected cases. The estimated raw SIRs were smoothed by a Besag, York, and Mollie spatial model and the spatial empirical Bayesian method...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774167/geographic-distribution-of-the-incidence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-iran-a-population-based-study
#17
Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani, Erfan Ayubi, Salman Khazaei, Mohadeseh Sani, Shiva Mansouri Hanis, Somayeh Khazaei, Mokhtar Soheylizad, Kamyar Mansori
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer death in the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the provincial distribution of the incidence of CRC across Iran. METHODS: This epidemiologic study used data from the National Cancer Registry of Iran and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran. The average annual age-standardized rate (ASR) for the incidence of CRC was calculated for each province...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774166/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-in-northern-ethiopia-prevalence-and-associated-factors-methodological-issues-in-this-cross-sectional-study
#18
Kamyar Mansori, Shiva Mansouri Hanis, Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774165/current-status-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-countermeasures-in-south-korea
#19
REVIEW
Sook-Hyang Jeong, Eun Sun Jang, Hwa Young Choi, Kyung-Ah Kim, Wankyo Chung, Moran Ki
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver-related mortality. The new antiviral drugs against HCV, direct acting antivirals, result in >90% cure rate. This review aimed to summarize the current prevalence, clinical characteristics, outcomes, and treatment response associated with HCV infection, and countermeasures for optimal HCV control in South Korea. Based on a literature review, the current anti-HCV prevalence in the Korean population is 0...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728353/estimation-of-the-rate-and-number-of-underreported-deliberate-self-poisoning-attempts-in-western-iran-in-2015
#20
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
OBJECTIVES: Rates of attempted deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) are subject to undercounting, underreporting, and denial of the suicide attempt. In this study, we estimated the rate of underreported DSP, which is the most common method of attempted suicide in Iran. METHODS: We estimated the rate and number of unaccounted individuals who attempted DSP in western Iran in 2015 using a truncated count model. In this method, the number of people who attempted DSP but were not referred to any health care centers, n0, was calculated through integrating hospital and forensic data...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
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