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Epidemiology and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172409/prevalence-of-goiter-and-associated-factors-among-school-children-northeast-ethiopia
#1
Emebet Tigabu, Kindie Bantie Bekele, Berihun Assefa Dachew
Purpose: Goiter is a major public health problem, especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of goiter among children in Waghimra Zone, Northeast Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 8 - 25/2015 in Northeast Ethiopia. A multistage sampling method was used to select 454 school children. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured interviewer administered questionnaire...
November 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141399/factors-affecting-cognitive-function-according-to-gender-in-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#2
Kim Miwon, Jeongmo Park
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender. Methods: 4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression. Results: There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled...
November 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129042/healthcare-worker-infected-with-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-korea-2015
#3
Hae-Sung Nam, Mi-Yeon Yeon, Jung Wan Park, Jee-Young Hong, Ji Woong Son
Objectives: During the Korean outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in 2015, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) confirmed the MERS case of healthcare worker in Daejeon, South Korea. To verify the precise route of infection for the case, we conducted an in-depth epidemiological investigation in cooperation with KCDC. Methods: We reviewed the MERS outbreak investigation report of KCDC, and conducted an interview with the healthcare worker who was recovered from MERS...
November 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121711/differences-in-agricultural-activities-related-to-incidence-of-scrub-typhus-between-korea-and-japan
#4
Gyung-Jae Oh, Chang-Jin Ma, Gong-Unn Kang, Jeong-Mi Lee, Da-Un Lee, Hae-Sung Nam, So-Yeon Ryu, Young-Hoon Lee
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to establish a basis for improving or strengthening the preventive strategy against scrub typhus in Korea by comparing and analyzing the difference of prevention behaviors contributing to the occurrence of scrub typhus in both countries. Methods: The survey area selected Jeonbuk province, which is a high risk and high incidence area, and Fukuoka prefecture, which is a high risk and low incidence area. The subjects were 406 in Korea and 216 in Japanese farmers...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121712/epidemiologic-incidence-of-rhabdomyolysis-in-opioid-overdose-in-icu-of-poisoning-center-in-iran-2014
#5
Babak Khoshideh, Mohammad Arefi, Mazaher Ghorbani, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fatemeh Taghizadeh
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical, demographical characteristics and some laboratory findings of hospitalized patients with acute opioid toxicity and rhabdomyolysis. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 354 hospitalized patients were investigated at Baharloo Educational Hospital in Tehran, with acute illicit drug toxicity in 2014. Data was collected by an investigator-made check lists. The collected data and variations (such as mortality rate, demographic data, and renal function tests as well as serum biochemical elements) were analyzed by descriptive statistics and x-square test...
November 8, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103277/decomposing-economic-disparities-in-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tehran-blinder-oaxaca-decomposition-analysis
#6
Mehdi Noroozi, Hamid Sharifi, Alireza Noroozi, Fatemah Rezaei, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Bahram Armoon
Objectives: To our knowledge, no study yet has assessed systematically the role of economic status on risky sexual behavior among people who inject drugs(PWID) in Iran. In this study,we used a Blinder-Oaxaca (BO)decomposition to explore the relative contributions of inequality in unprotected sex and to decompose it to its determinants among PWID in Tehran. Methods: Behavioral surveys among PWID were conducted in Tehran the capital city of Iran from November 2016 to April 2017...
November 5, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092391/shared-decision-making-related-concepts-and-facilitating-strategies
#7
Jong-Myon Bae
As the paradigm of healthcare nowadays is the evidence-based patient-centered decision making, the issue of shared decision making (SDM) is highlighted. The aims of this manuscript were to look around about the related concepts and to suggest the facilitating strategies for overcoming barriers of conducting SDM. While the definitions of SDM were discordant, several concepts such as good communication, individual autonomy, patient participants, and patient-centered decision-making were involved. And, the facilitating strategies of SDM were to educate and train physician, to apply clinical practice guidelines and patient decision aids, to develop valid measurement tools for evaluation of SDM processes, and to invest the impact of SDM...
October 30, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092392/network-meta-analysis-application-and-practice-using-stata-software
#8
Sung-Ryul Shim, Byung-Ho Yoon, In-Soo Shin, Jong-Myon Bae
This review aimed to arrange the concepts of a network meta-analysis (NMA) and to demonstrate the analytical process of NMA using STATA software under frequentist framework. The NMA tries to synthesis evidences for a decision making with evaluating the comparative effectiveness of more than 2 alternative interventions for the same condition. Before conducting a NMA, three major assumptions such as similarity, transitivity, and consistency should be checked. The statistical analysis is processed of five steps...
October 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056030/health-disparities-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults-and-the-general-population-in-south-korea-rainbow-connection-project-i
#9
Horim Yi, Hyemin Lee, Jooyoung Park, Bokyoung Choi, Seung-Sup Kim
Objectives: This study aims to investigate health disparities between lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults and the general population in South Korea, where there is low public acceptance of sexual minorities and a dearth of research on the health of sexual minorities. Methods: The research team conducted a nationwide survey of 2,335 Korean LGB adults in 2016. Using the dataset, we estimated the age-standardized prevalence ratios (SPR) for poor self-rated health, musculoskeletal pain, depressive symptoms, suicidal behaviors, smoking, and hazardous drinking...
October 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056033/a-comparison-of-breast-cancer-survivals-among-young-middle-and-elderly-aged-patients-of-southern-iran-using-cox-and-empirical-bayesian-additive-hazard-models
#10
Samane Nematolahi, Seyyed Mohammad Tagh Ayatollahi
Objectives: Survival analysis of breast cancer patients in three age categories is rare in southern Iran. This paper aims at quantifying prognostic factors contributed to poor prognosis, using Cox and empirical Bayesian additive hazard (EBAH) models among Young (20-39 years), middle (40-64 years) and elderly aged ( over 65 years) women. Methods: Data related to a total of 1,574 breast cancer patients diagnosed from 2002 to 2012 in the cancer registry of Fars province (Southern Iran), stratified in the three age groups...
October 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793755/cancer-screening-rate-in-diabetic-patients-in-the-korean-population-results-from-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2007-2009
#11
Kumban Walter Chuck, Minji Hwang, Kui Son Choi, Mina Suh, Jae Kwan Jun, Boyoung Park
Purpose: To investigate the screening rate for gastric, breast, and cervical cancer in people with diabetes compared with people without diabetes. Methods: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination survey 2007-2009 was used. Cancer-free men who were 40 years old and over and women who were 30 years old and over were included. Lifetime screening rate and regular screening rate were compared in people with and without diabetes. Results: People with diabetes received less cancer screening than people without diabetes in their lifetime (53...
August 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121710/effects-of-living-alone-versus-with-others-and-of-housemate-type-on-smoking-drinking-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-among-elderly-people
#12
Seungmin Jeong, Sung Il Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study examined differences in health behaviors between elderly people living alone and with others; it also investigated whether the effect of living with others differs according to housemate type, namely a spouse and/or younger generations. METHODS: Gender-stratified data from the 2013 Korea Community Health Survey for individuals aged 60 to 74 living in Seoul were analyzed. Logistic regression modeling was conducted to obtain odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the outcome variables (smoking, drinking, eating salty foods, inactive lifestyle) for the variables of interest (living alone/with others, housemate type)...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121709/applied-mediation-analyses-a-review-and-tutorial
#13
REVIEW
Theis Lange, Kim Wadt Hansen, Rikke Sørensen, Søren Galatius
In recent years, mediation analysis has emerged as a powerful tool to disentangle causal pathways from an exposure/treatment to clinically relevant outcomes. Mediation analysis has been applied in scientific fields as diverse as labour market relations and randomized clinical trials of heart disease treatments. In parallel to these applications, the underlying mathematical theory and computer tools have been refined. This combined review and tutorial will introduce the reader to modern mediation analysis including: the mathematical framework; required assumptions; and software implementation in the R package medflex...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056032/decomposing-gender-disparity-in-total-physical-activity-among-iranian-adults
#14
Ebrahim Rahimi, Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Koorosh Etemad, Hamid Soori
OBJECTIVES: While gender differences in physical activity (PA) have been reported, their origin is not well understood. The present study aimed to identify factors contributing to this disparity. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study based on the 2011 surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases that was conducted among Iranian adults. Multi-staged sampling was performed to obtain the required study sample. The primary outcome was gender differences in the prevalence of sufficient physical activity (SPA)...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056031/national-human-genome-projects-an-update-and-an-agenda
#15
Joon Yong An
Population genetic and human genetic studies are being accelerated with genome technology and data sharing. Accordingly, in the past 10 years, several countries have initiated genetic research using genome technology and identified the genetic architecture of the ethnic groups living in the corresponding country or suggested the genetic foundation of a social phenomenon. Genetic research has been conducted from epidemiological studies that previously described the health or disease conditions in defined population...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025259/using-the-capture-recapture-method-to-estimate-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-population
#16
Jalal Poorolajal, Younes Mohammadi, Farzad Farzinara
OBJECTIVES: The capture-recapture method was applied to estimate the number of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals not registered with any data sources. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Lorestan Province, in the west of Iran, in 2016. Three incomplete sources of HIV-positive individuals, with partially overlapping data, were used, including: (a) transfusion center, (b) volunteer counseling and testing centers (VCTCs), and (c) prison...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882026/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-voluntary-pesticide-poisoning-in-morocco-2008-2014
#17
Zineb Nabih, Latifa Amiar, Zakaria Abidli, Maria Windy, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Abdelrhani Mokhtari, Rachida Soulaymani-Bencheikh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the epidemiological profile and risk factors of voluntary poisoning by pesticides. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of all cases of voluntary poisoning by pesticides registered at the AntiPoison and Pharmacovigilance Center of Morocco between January 2008 and December 2014. RESULTS: During the study period, 2,690 cases of acute pesticide poisoning were registered. The region of Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer accounted for the largest proportion, with 598 cases...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882025/relationship-between-shipping-amounts-of-olive-flounder-aquacultured-from-jejudo-and-the-reported-events-of-acute-food-poisoning-by-kudoa-septempunctata-in-2015-south-korea-an-ecological-study
#18
Jong-Myon Bae
OBJECTIVES: Confirmation of Kudoa septempunctata (K. septempunctata) as the pathogenic agent causing acute food poisoning remains under debate owing to inconsistencies in the reproducibility of experimental evidence. Higher intake of olive flounder infected with K. septempunctata would result in increased diagnosis of food poisoning by K. septempunctata, if the latter was one of the causal agents of acute food poisoning. The aim was to evaluate the relationship between the shipping amount of olive flounder aquacultured from Jejudo and the incidence of K...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844124/analysis-of-kudoa-septempunctata-as-a-cause-of-foodborne-illness-and-its-associated-differential-diagnosis
#19
COMMENT
Sung Uk Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835004/analysis-of-kudoa-septempunctata-as-a-cause-of-foodborne-illness-and-its-associated-differential-diagnosis
#20
Ji-Hyuk Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Epidemiology and Health
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