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Oman Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118516/retrobulbar-alcohol-injection-for-phantom-eye-pain-syndrome-in-bilateral-eviscerated-orbit
#1
Venkatakrishnan V Jaichandran, Srinivasan Bhaskar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118515/two-brothers-with-reduced-vision
#2
Anupam Singh, Barun Kumar, Bhawna Piplani, Chirag Bahuguna, Gaurav Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118514/progressive-visual-loss-with-systemic-symptoms-in-an-adult
#3
Sitara Azeem, Mohamed Al-Abri, Ahmed Al-Hinai, Nawal Al-Fadhil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118513/the-shining-eye
#4
Swati Singh, Swathi Kaliki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118512/multiple-white-dots-on-posterior-capsule
#5
Chidanand Kulkarni
A 38 years old female patient presented with unilateral cataract without known predisposing factors. During cataract extraction, the surgeon noticed multiple white dots scattered over inner surface of the posterior capsule. These dots were of uniform size and shape. They were distributed uniformly and involved all the areas of the posterior capsule and extended up to equator. The surgeon decided to implant IOL and tackle the opacities in a later setup. In spite of the extensive opacities, the patient's Uncorrected Corrected Visual Acuity (UCVA) at six weeks was 6/9, Best Corrected Visual Acuity(BCVA) was 6/6 and near vision with correction was N6...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118511/pigmented-ciliary-body-medulloepithelioma-in-a-newborn-infant
#6
Parag K Shah, Prajna Meeralakshmi, R Shanthi, V R Saravanan, Narendran Kalpana, Venkatapathy Narendran
Ciliary body medulloepithelioma is a nonpigmented tumor which presents during the first decade of life. It is rarely seen in newborn infants. We report a pigmented medulloepithelioma in a newborn infant, which showed a rapid growth. Ciliary body medulloepithelioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis in a newborn infant presenting with leukocoria.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118510/foveal-neovascularization-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Anisha Seth, Basudeb Ghosh, Vishaal Bhambhwani, Anika Gupta, Usha K Raina
Retinal neovascularization in Diabetes mellitus (DM) is commonly seen at the optic disc and mid-periphery. It is rare at the fovea as the fovea is an avascular zone and there are very few case reports of foveal neovascularization in Type 1 DM. We report a case of unilateral foveal neovascularization in Type 2 DM.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118509/epiretinal-membrane-development-after-submacular-perfluorocarbon-liquid-removal
#8
Parijat Chandra, Vinod Kumar, Brijesh Takkar, Atul Kumar
Optical coherence tomography of submacular perfluorocarbon liquid and its safe removal with a small gauge cannula have been presented in the report. This case was complicated by development of an epiretinal membrane, though visual acuity was preserved.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118508/treatment-of-unilateral-zone-i-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-with-oral-valganciclovir-and-intravitreal-ganciclovir
#9
Koushik Tripathy, Kanhaiya Mittal, Pradeep Venkatesh, Sameer Bakhshi, Rohan Chawla
Cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) is an opportunistic infection seen in immunocompromised patients, especially suffering from acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is uncommonly seen in hematological malignancies and in patients on immunosuppressants. The authors present a 12-year-old girl with unilateral CMVR who was on maintenance phase therapy for mixed phenotype (B/myeloid) leukemia. Serology for human immunodeficiency virus was negative. The child was successfully treated with oral valganciclovir and repeated intravitreal ganciclovir injections...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118507/periventricular-leukomalacia-with-16-ds-high-myopia-in-a-2%C3%A2-months-old-infant-a-rare-case-presentation
#10
Praveen Jeyaseelan, Tulika Kar, P Vijayalakshmi
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is coagulation necrosis of white matter seen in preterm, low birth weight (LBW) infants and associated with a range of ocular manifestations. We report a case of 2½ months old (47 weeks gestational age) female infant with PVL associated with bilateral high myopia (-16 DS). On examination, child had difficulty in tracking objects and inferior field defect with preference for superior gaze. She was prescribed spectacles and visual stimulation exercises to preserve existing vision and prevent amblyopia...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118506/localized-retinal-degeneration-secondary-to-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinemia
#11
Dhanashree Ratra, Vineet Ratra, Mansi Kishnani
A 52-year-old man, treated for Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM), continued to experience decreased vision even after 24 months. He was evaluated using multimodal imaging and electroretinography. The retina did not show any hyperviscosity changes but revealed a yellow lesion at macula with atrophic changes causing a pattern on fluorescein angiography similar to a leopard's skin. Optical coherence tomographic imaging revealed uniformly reflective material deposited in the outer retina with degeneration of outer retinal layers...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118505/descemet-s-membrane-macroperforation-during-interface-irrigation-in-big-bubble-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#12
Mohammed Ziaei, Susan E Ormonde
This report describes the macroperforation of descemet's membrane (DM) during irrigation of the interface following successful removal of stromal tissue in big bubble (BB) deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). A 42-year-old woman with keratoconus underwent a BB DALK procedure. After successful formation of Type 2 bubble and removal of stromal tissue, interface irrigation was performed to remove residual viscoelastic. This led to a macroperforation of DM, and the case was converted to penetrating keratoplasty...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118504/bilateral-early-capsular-block-syndrome-following-implantation-of-the-new-trifocal-toric-lens
#13
Ashbala Khattak
A young patient underwent phacoemulsification with endocapsular implantation of trifocal toric lens in both eyes (AT LISA tri toric 939 MP, Carl-Zeiss, Germany). One-week postsurgery, he developed capsular block syndrome (CBS) in both eyes. There was deterioration of uncorrected visual acuity at 1-week postsurgery, with a myopic shift of 2.5 diopters (D) in the right eye and 2.0 D in the left eye. The intraocular pressure was only elevated in the left eye. Neodymium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser posterior capsulotomy resolved the block successfully in both eyes...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118503/inadvertent-intralenticular-dexamethasone-implant-1-year-follow-up-and-management
#14
Cagatay Caglar
We report the case of a 72-year-old female who developed macular edema (ME) due to hemicentral retinal vein occlusion in her right eye. A dexamethasone implant was inadvertently injected into the crystalline lens. The patient was followed without repositioning of the dexamethasone implant during the 12 months. Besides, the posterior subcapsular cataract and ME had progressed significantly; hence, cataract extraction and intravitreal ranibizumab injection were performed in the same session. A three-piece intraocular lens was implanted in the sulcus with optic captured, and then intravitreal ranibizumab injection was performed...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118502/bilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-secondary-to-sympathetic-ophthalmia-in-a-human-leukocyte-antigen-a2-positive-patient
#15
Konstantinos T Tsaousis, Vasileios E Konidaris, Theodoros Empeslidis
We report a case of sympathetic ophthalmia 1 month following trauma in a 71-year-old immunocompetent female patient of Indian origin. The patient was hospitalized with signs and symptoms of meningism, ataxia, and neurosensory deafness. We explore and provide further clinical evidence in supporting the hypothesis of antigen cross-reactivity derived from tissues with common neural crest embryological background such as the uvea and cells of the labyrinth. The patient was human leukocyte antigen-A2 positive and treatment with oral steroids and cyclosporine has managed to have favorable results and control the inflammation...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118501/novel-pde6a-mutation-in-an-emirati-patient-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#16
Pratibha Nair, Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh, Ethar Mustafa Malik, Darshjit Oberoi, Mahmoud Taleb Al-Ali, Fatma Bastaki
Mutations in the PDE6A gene are known to cause a form of retinitis pigmentosa (RP43), characterized by progressive retinal degeneration. We describe an Emirati patient with RP caused by a novel mutation in PDE6A. Clinical diagnosis of RP was made based on clinical evaluation and electroretinograms. The molecular analysis involved performing whole-exome sequencing, which enabled the identification of a homozygous 2-bp deletion (c.1358_1359delAT) in PDE6A, which was predicted to result in a frameshift and premature termination (p...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118500/iridoplasty-of-fixed-dilated-pupil-urrets-zavalia-syndrome-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#17
Efthalia Ntora, Nikolaos Ziakas
A 38-year-old woman with advanced keratoconus initially developed Urrets-Zavalia Syndrome (UZS) in the left eye after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. During the uneventful surgery, a 7-mm-wide pupil unresponsive to light was noticed. On the first postoperative day, intraocular pressure (IOP) was elevated up to 45 mmHg with shallow anterior chamber (AC). A peripheral iridotomy in 2 o'clock position was conducted and a fixed combination of brinzolamide 1% and timolol 0.5% was administered topically. In the subsequent postoperative period, IOP was successfully reduced, but the patient reported severe photophobia, glare, and decreased vision...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118499/causes-and-management-of-small-pupil-in-patients-with-cataract
#18
Ioannis Halkiadakis, Irini Chatziralli, Evangelos Drakos, Michail Katzakis, Sotirios Skouriotis, Eleni Patsea, Panagiotis Mitropoulos, Artemios Kandarakis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to present the causes and management of small pupil (<6 mm) in Greek patients with cataract. METHODS: About 1144 consecutive patients with cataract comprised the study group. The pupil size was measured after maximal dilation by means of Rosenbaum cards and Colvard pupillometer. Dilation regimen included phenylephrine 10%, tropicamide 1%, cyclopentolate 1%, and ketorolac trometamol 0.5% administered 3 times at 5 min intervals starting 1 h before surgery...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118498/comparison-of-clinical-outcome-between-23-g-and-25-g-vitrectomy-in-diabetic-patients
#19
Eman Abo Taleb, Manish P Nagpal, Navneet S Mehrotra, Kalyani Bhatt, Sangeeta Goswami, Yewande O Babalola, Abdulrahman Noman
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes and complications between 23-G and 25-G vitrectomy in patients with diabetic vitreous hemorrhage (VH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective comparative study comprising 69 eyes (36 eyes in 23-G group and 33 eyes in 25-G group) of 65 patients who underwent vitrectomy with air tamponade for diabetic vitreous hemorrhage (VH) with at least 6 months of follow-up was conducted. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, gender, bilaterality, type of diabetes, presence of hypertension, lens status, and previous argon laser photocoagulation state (P > 0...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118497/comparing-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-with-focal-and-global-responses-on-multifocal-electroretinogram-in-glaucoma
#20
Aparna Rao, Rohit V Chandrashekhar, Debananda Padhy, Sujoy Mukherjee, Gopinath Das, Sarada Sarangi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate responses on multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) with ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness on cirrus spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in glaucoma. METHODS: All diagnosed glaucoma patients attending glaucoma services at our institute from November 2012 to April 2013 were screened for this observational hospital-based study. Controls included patients attending our outpatient services for general eye checkup...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
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