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Oman Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298872/a-rare-case-of-bilateral-congenital-dacryocele
#1
Gauri Bhushan, Usha Raina Kaul, Apurva Mahendra Gorey, Neha Rathie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298871/a-case-of-unilateral-non-dilating-small-pupil
#2
Pratik Yogesh Doshi, Pradnya Jayant Kamat, Ugam P S Usgaonkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298870/congenital-preretinal-arterial-loop-is-it-a-misnomer
#3
Rajiv Raman, Laxmi Gella, M S Kazi
We describe a case of recurrent spontaneous vitreous haemorrhage due to congenital retinal arterial loop. The pre-optical coherence tomography showed the loop to be intraretinal rather than pre retinal. Thus the term pre retinal arterial loop is a misnomer. The arterial loop is in the superficial layer of retinal nerve fiber layer. We also demonstrated preretinal posterior hyaloid tissue attached on the retinal arterial loop, which may be the cause of traction and spontaneous recurrent VH.
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298869/pigment-dispersion-syndrome-associated-with-spontaneous-subluxation-of-crystalline-lens
#4
Vikas Veerwal, Jawahar Lal Goyal, Parul Jain, Ritu Arora
Pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) is an ocular condition characterized by a dispersion of iris pigment throughout the eye. This pigment is deposited in a characteristic manner on the corneal endothelium as Krukenberg's spindle, anterior surface of the iris, in the trabecular meshwork, on the lens and zonule and occasionally on the anterior hyaloid face. Even with deposition of pigment on zonular fibers, no zonular weakness, or zonular dehiscence has been reported in these cases. We report a unique case of PDS with bilateral spontaneous subluxation of crystalline lens...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298868/lipemia-retinalis-in-1-month-old-infant
#5
Neha C Jain, Jyothi Vanteri, Parag K Shah, Venkatapathy Narendran
We present a rare case of lipemia retinalis secondary to familial lipase deficiency.
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298867/stones-bones-groans-thrones-and-psychiatric-overtones-systemic-associations-of-sclerochoroidal-calcification
#6
Jordan A Sugarman, Alexzandra M Douglass, Emil Anthony T Say, Carol L Shields
Sclerochoroidal calcification (SCC) is a frequent masquerader of choroidal melanoma with important systemic associations such as hyperparathyroidism and parathyroid adenoma. Herein, we describe a case of a 67-year-old male who presented with an amelanotic choroidal lesion in the right eye (OD) and a history of kidney stones. Ultrasonography showed the lesion to be flat and calcified OD. Incidentally, a subclinical calcified plaque was also found in the fellow eye. Optical coherence tomography showed an elevated suprachoroidal mass in a table mountain configuration OD and flat configuration left eye, consistent with type 4 and type 1 SCC...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298866/choroidal-neovascularization-secondary-to-ocular-penetration-during-retrobulbar-anesthesia-and-its-treatment
#7
Seyhan Dikci, Turgut Yılmaz, Zarife Ekici Gök, Soner Demirel, Oğuzhan Genç
Retrobulbar anesthesia is still used before ocular surgery; however, it has various complications including ocular penetration. The penetration/perforation of the globe can cause complications such as endophthalmitis, retinal detachment, and scotoma. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is rarely seen, following choroidal rupture in penetrating eye injuries. Here, we present a patient who underwent a pars plana vitrectomy for vitreous hemorrhage secondary to ocular penetration during a retrobulbar injection for cataract surgery...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298865/autoimmune-retinopathy-a-case-report-from-india
#8
Sudha K Ganesh, Arshee S Ahmed
A first case report of autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) from India. A middle-aged female patient presented with subacute loss of vision in both eyes. Clinical examination revealed a near normal fundus in both the eyes. A presumed diagnosis of nonparaneoplastic AIR was made based on clinical features and suggestive investigations. Early detection and management with steroids or immunosuppression may be beneficial to patients with AIR.
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298864/vitrectomy-for-vitreopapillary-traction-in-a-nondiabetic-16-year-old-girl
#9
C K Nagesha, Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi
Vitreopapillary traction (VPT) is an unusual clinical entity and its management and prognosis have been sparsely studied. It has been described in adults with various vitreomacular pathologies and the possible effects on visual functions. However, the role of surgical intervention in altering the course of the disease is not well understood. Hereby, we describe a case of idiopathic VPT in a 16-year-old girl who presented with decreased vision and visual field changes corresponding to the area of retinal traction...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298863/scleral-buckle-infection-by-serratia-species
#10
Ramesh Venkatesh, Manisha Agarwal, Shalini Singh, Rahul Mayor, Aditya Bansal
We describe a rare case of scleral buckle (SB) infection with Serratia species. A 48-year-old male with a history of retinal detachment repair with scleral buckling presented with redness, pain, and purulent discharge in the left eye for 4 days. Conjunctival erosion with exposure of the SB and scleral thinning was noted. The SB was removed and sent for culture. Blood and chocolate agar grew Gram-negative rod-shaped bacillus identified as Serratia marcescens. On the basis of the susceptibility test results, the patient was treated with oral and topical antibiotics...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298862/polycythemia-causing-posterior-segment-vascular-occlusions
#11
Suganeswari Ganesan, Rajiv Raman, Tarun Sharma
A 44-year-old male patient presented with features suggestive of transient central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) followed by permanent CRAO and lateral posterior ciliary artery occlusion. He had diagnostic features of polycythemia vera (PV). When presented for the first time, the patient had features of ocular ischemia such as ocular pain, conjunctival congestion, and retinal opacification but with normal arm-to-retina time and normal arteriovenous transit time. During the second presentation, he had ocular pain, congested conjunctiva, retinal opacification, cherry red spot with box-carrying of retinal vessels, and choroidal infarct (Amalric's sign)...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298861/retinopathy-of-prematurity-revisiting-incidence-and-risk-factors-from-oman-compared-to-other-countries
#12
Zenaida Soriano Reyes, Sharef Waadallah Al-Mulaabed, Flordeliz Bataclan, Cheryl Montemayor, Anuradha Ganesh, Sanaa Al-Zuhaibi, Huda Al-Waili, Fatma Al-Wahibi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the maternal/neonatal risk factors at a tertiary care hospital in Oman, compared to other countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of premature neonates born with gestational age (GA) 24-32 weeks at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, from January 2007 to December 2010. Maternal and neonatal in-hospital course was retrieved. The incidence of ROP was reported...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298860/association-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-cyp46a1-genes-polymorphism-with-senile-cataract
#13
Syed Tasleem Raza, Shania Abbas, Anu Chandra, Luxmi Singh, Saliha Rizvi, Farzana Mahdi
BACKGROUND: Senile cataract is the most common type of cataract characterized by gradual progressive thickening of the lens of the eye. Previously, many studies investigated the association between genetic polymorphism and senile cataract. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D polymorphism is the potential risk factor for many eye-related diseases such as retinopathy and glaucoma. CYP46A1 enzyme converts cholesterol to 24S-hydroxycholesterol; human lens' membranes contain the highest cholesterol content...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298859/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-after-exercise-test
#14
Morteza Abdar Esfahani, Mojgan Gharipour, Hamid Fesharakinia
BACKGROUND: The decrease in intraocular pressure (IOP) within exercise has been recently suggested; however, this change remained ambiguous following exercise test. The present study aimed to assess changes in IOP induced by exercise test in patients who suspected to coronary artery disease (CAD) and indicated for exercise test evaluation. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study at the cardiovascular research center of Amin Heart Hospital in Isfahan, 101 eyes from 51 consecutive patients suspected to CAD aged 30-70 years referred for exercise testing were evaluated...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298858/mobile-unit-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening-and-management-at-urban-neonatal-intensive-care-units-outcomes-and-impact-assessment
#15
Jai Kelkar, Supriya Agashe, Aditya Kelkar, Rajiv Khandekar
PURPOSE: To study the outcomes and impact of a mobile unit for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening and management at urban Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). STUDY DESIGN: Public health intervention study. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2012. Staff of a mobile unit assessed all infants aged 32 weeks or less and/or weight 1250 g or less admitted in five NICUs between 2009 and 2011. An ophthalmologist performed bedside ROP screening through dilated pupils using indirect ophthalmoscopy...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298857/interobserver-reliability-when-using-the-van-herick-method-to-measure-anterior-chamber-depth
#16
Ahmed Javed, Mohamed Loutfi, Stephen Kaye, Mark Batterbury
INTRODUCTION: The Van Herick method is a quick and easy way to estimate anterior chamber depth, which allows grading of patients according to the likelihood of having primary acute closed-angle glaucoma. However, as the test is highly subjective, measurements and thus grading may vary between observers. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of variation of Van Herick scores among observers and to investigate agreement between temporal and nasal scores...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298856/applications-of-polymers-in-intraocular-drug-delivery-systems
#17
REVIEW
Ali Mohammed Alhalafi
We are entering a new era of ophthalmic pharmacology where new drugs are rapidly being developed for the treatment of anterior and posterior segment of the eye disease. The pharmacokinetics of drug delivery to the eye remains a very active area of ophthalmic research. Intraocular drug delivery systems allow the release of the drug, bypassing the blood-ocular barrier. The main advantage of these preparations is that they can release the drug over a long time with one single administration. These pharmaceutical systems are of great important in the treatment of the posterior segment diseases, and they can be prepared from biodegradable or nonbiodegradable polymers...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298855/day-care-ophthalmic-surgeries-at-a-secondary-care-hospital-in-oman-our-experience
#18
EDITORIAL
Jagdish Bhatia, Bindu Narayanadas, Albert Alfy Hafez Gad, Mathew Varghese, Makari Adel Mansi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843245/orthoptic-relevance-of-refractive-correction-in-the-phakic-plane-in-unilateral-high-refractive-errors-in-adults
#19
Siddharth Agrawal, Vinita Singh, Ankur Yadav, Vishal Katiyar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843244/plateau-iris-an-important-anatomical-configuration-not-to-miss
#20
Haitham Hilal Al Mahrouqi, Ali Alsheikheh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
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