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Oman Journal of Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843245/orthoptic-relevance-of-refractive-correction-in-the-phakic-plane-in-unilateral-high-refractive-errors-in-adults
#1
Siddharth Agrawal, Vinita Singh, Ankur Yadav, Vishal Katiyar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843244/plateau-iris-an-important-anatomical-configuration-not-to-miss
#2
Haitham Hilal Al Mahrouqi, Ali Alsheikheh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843243/an-18-year-old-female-with-unilateral-painless-vision-loss
#3
Bhushan Wadekar, Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Pradeep Venkatesh, Yog Raj Sharma, Rajpal Vohra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843242/ultrawide-field-imaging-of-multiple-intraretinal-cysts-in-old-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#4
Vinod Kumar, Kumar Vivek, Parijat Chandra, Atul Kumar
A middle ages male presented with old rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with multiple intraretinal macrocysts. Clinical significance of these macrocysts and utility of ultra-wide field imaging in such cases is described.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843241/unusual-course-of-interferon-related-retinopathy-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#5
Gaurav Mathur, Deependra V Singh, Ayush Singal
Interferon Alfa retinopathy usually presents as cotton wool spots, superficial hemorrhages and macular edema. We describe a rare case of severe retinopathy involving hard exudates at macula that lead to permanent visual loss in one eye. Elderly male presented with diminution of vision in right eye of 8 month duration. He was a diagnosed case of compensated chronic hepatitis C and had received interferon Alfa therapy before. Fundus examination of both eye showed multiple hard exudates at macula with a plaque involving the foveal center in right eye...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843240/choroidal-melanoma-masquerading-as-multifocal-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#6
Pukhraj Rishi, Ramya Appanraj, Tarun Sharma
A 56 year-old-male presented with diminution of vision in right eye of 2 months duration. His best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/25. Anterior segment examination was bilaterally normal. Right fundus revealed oval, raised, pigmented lesion in superotemporal quadrant with subfoveal fluid. Fundus fluroscein angiography (FFA) showed multiple pinpoint leakages. Acoustic hollowing on ultrasound (USG) was typical of choroidal melanoma. A high index of suspicion is required for the diagnosis of small choroidal melanoma that could present with multiple focal leaks and subretinal fluid simulating multifocal central serous retinopathy (CSR)...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843239/unique-neuro-ophthalmic-presentation-of-gun-pellet-injury
#7
Reena Sharma, Sanjay Sharma, Swati Phuljhele, Rohit Saxena
We describe a unique case of orbital gunshot injury with isolated intraorbital pellets lodged symmetrically in the two apices, causing identical clinical presentation, and absence of any associated globe or cerebral injury. He developed bilateral complete third nerve palsy with bilateral traumatic optic neuropathy. The optic nerve strut prevented the pellets from going into the brain on both the sides.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843238/optic-neuritis-with-secondary-retinal-venous-stasis-in-a-case-of-abdominal-tuberculosis
#8
Harshika Chawla, Vishal Vohra, Praveen Malik
The authors report a case of unilateral optic neuritis along with secondary retinal venous stasis in a patient diagnosed with abdominal tuberculosis. Patient presented with diminished visual acuity, colour perception and Marcus Gunn pupillary response, pointing towards optic nerve involvement. Associated findings of disc edema, dilated and tortuous veins, along with hemorrhages on disc and superotemporal quadrant made diagnosis of retinal venous stasis secondary to optic neuritis imperative. The visual outcome of the patient paralleled that expected with optic neuritis...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843237/demonstration-of-cornea-dua-s-layer-at-a-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-surgery
#9
Yusuf Koçluk, Ayşe Burcu, Emine Alyamaç Sukgen
The authors aimed to present a deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) surgery case with mixed type bubble demonstrating Dua's layer (DL). This was a reported case of DALK surgery. The authors encountered cornea DL structure at DALK surgery while cleaning the remaining stromal pieces. We also observed perforation in the central part of DL. However, DALK surgery could be completed. It is possible to encounter DL in a DALK surgery performed with mixed type big-bubble.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843236/mycobacterium-chelonae-in-a-tectonic-corneal-graft
#10
Haziq Raees Chowdhury, Oliver Comyn, Gill Jones, Mayank A Nanavaty
Atypical mycobacterial infections of the cornea can present with nonspecific inflammatory changes and graft rejection, with no obvious focus to culture and a subsequent delay to diagnosis. These pathogens are well documented in the literature following laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis but have rarely been described following corneal transplant surgery. We report a single case of Mycobacterium chelonae keratitis 1 year after tectonic keratoplasty.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843235/flat-choroidal-melanoma-masquerading-as-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#11
Timothy Patrick Higgins, Chloe T L Khoo, George Magrath, Carol L Shields
There are several mimickers of choroidal melanoma. We report a patient with recent family stress who developed blurred vision to 20/50 OD and was found to have unilateral central serous chorioretinopathy and a coincidental choroidal nevus. After 1 year without resolution of the subretinal fluid, the patient was referred for our opinion. On examination, visual acuity was 20/50 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. The left eye was normal. Evaluation of the right eye showed a small, pigmented submacular choroidal lesion measuring 4 mm × 3 mm...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843234/progressive-keratoconus-retinal-detachment-and-intracorneal-silicone-oil-with-obsessive-compulsive-eye-rubbing
#12
Kartik Panikkar, George Manayath, Revathi Rajaraman, Veerappan Saravanan
An 18-year-old boy with an obsessive-compulsive disorder of eye rubbing presented with forme fruste keratoconus (KC) and posterior subcapsular cataracts. After evaluation, he underwent phacoemulsification in his left eye with intraocular lens implantation. The aggressive eye rubbing, however, aggravated the rapid progression to established KC, and further acute corneal hydrops within 3 months. Within the next 3 months, the eye rubbing precipitated rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RDs) in both eyes. Furthermore, after undergoing a combined cataract and RD surgery with belt buckling and silicone oil endotamponade in his right eye, the repeated eye rubbing caused extrusion of the implanted silicone oil into the subconjunctival space and within the corneal stroma...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843233/role-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-membrane-peel-in-vitreomacular-traction-associated-with-retinal-vasoproliferative-tumors
#13
Verónica Castro-Navarro, Jarin Saktanasate, Emil Anthony T Say, Allen Chiang, Carol Lally Shields
To report a case of retinal vasoproliferative tumor (VPT) with secondary epiretinal membrane (ERM) formation and vitreo-macular traction managed by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and membrane peel. A 29-year-old male was referred for management of decreased vision in the right eye (OD) for 1 week. Presenting visual acuity was 20/50 Snellen feet (ft) OD, and fundus examination showed an ERM associated with a reddish-yellow mass in the inferotemporal quadrant with overlying exudation, hemorrhage, and subretinal fluid consistent with VPT, and cryotherapy was recommended...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843232/minimal-exposure-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-children-with-retinoblastoma-and-13q-syndrome
#14
Alexander B Dillon, Alexzandra Douglass, Pascal Jabbour, Carol L Shields
Two infants with retinoblastoma and 13q syndrome with multiorgan system anomalies were treated with targeted intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) using one-to-three cycles of melphalan 5 mg to avoid systemic chemotherapeutic side effects. Both patients showed good response, with tumor control and no systemic chemotherapy side effects. Of the treatment modalities currently available, IAC may represent an optimal balance between tumor extermination and adverse drug reactions in this patient population with classically reduced multiorgan reserve...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843231/anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-following-dengue-fever
#15
Reshma Ramakrishnan, Saurabh Shrivastava, Shrikant Deshpande, Priyanka Patkar
Dengue fever is caused by a flavivirus. This infection is endemic in the tropics and warm temperate regions of the world. Ocular manifestations of dengue fever include subconjunctival, vitreous, and retinal haemorrhages; posterior uveitis; optic neuritis; and maculopathies, haemorrhage, and oedema. However anterior ischemic optic neuropathy is a rare presentation. Optic nerve ischemia most frequently occurs at the optic nerve head, where structural crowding of nerve fibers and reduction of the vascular supply may combine to impair perfusion to a critical degree and produce optic disc oedema...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843230/preclinical-cataract-masquerading-as-post-lasik-regression
#16
Rohit Shetty, Nikhil Negalur, Mathew Kurian, Rushad Shroff
The purpose of this case report is to bring forth a rare clinical scenario where preclinical cataract mimics post-LASIK regression and to describe the role of aberrometry in detecting higher order aberrations (HOAs) and early lens changes. A 36-year-old female presented with blurring of vision since 1 year after having undergone an uneventful LASIK surgery 3 years prior. Corneal topography and aberrometry were within normal limits. Although the lens was morphologically normal on slit lamp examination, increased HOAs and lenticular density were detected...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843229/a-comparative-study-of-various-topical-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-to-steroid-drops-for-control-of-post-cataract-surgery-inflammation
#17
Anu Malik, Anup Sadafale, Yogesh Kumar Gupta, Alka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Postoperative inflammation continues to be a cause of patient discomfort, delayed recovery, and in some cases, suboptimal visual results. Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and steroid are commonly used in the management and prevention of noninfectious ocular inflammation following cataract surgery. AIMS: The aim was to study the safety and efficacy of various NSAIDs drops for control of postoperative inflammation following cataract surgery and compare with steroid eye drops in a patient following cataract surgery...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843228/study-of-efficacy-and-timing-of-laser-suture-lysis-in-reducing-intraocular-pressure-after-trabeculectomy-with-mitomycin-c
#18
Swati Ramakrishna, Sirish Nelivigi, Asha Maganahalli Sadananda, Sri Ganesh
CONTEXT: Laser suture lysis is used to enhance filtration after trabeculectomy. AIMS: The aim of this is to evaluate the change in intraocular pressure (IOP) after laser suture lysis after trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C and to correlate the efficacy of suture lysis in relation to the time of lysis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective interventional study of seventy eyes of seventy patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C was performed for 352 patients with glaucoma...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843227/combined-argon-laser-photocoagulation-and-antivascular-endothelial-growth-factor-for-management-of-macular-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy
#19
Parveen Sen, S Vinay Kumar, Muna Bhende, Tarun Sharma
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy of argon laser photocoagulation and intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injection in idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) involving macula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective interventional study involving 12 eyes of 11 patients diagnosed with PCV involving the macula on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Intravitreal anti-VEGF was given in eyes with significant subretinal/sub retinal pigment epithelium hemorrhage or exudation...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843226/validity-and-cost-effectiveness-of-cone-adaptation-test-as-a-screening-tool-to-detect-retinitis-pigmentosa
#20
Rahul Deshpande, Prajakta Save, Madan Deshpande, Mahadev Shegunashi, Marium Chougule, Rajiv Khandekar
BACKGROUND: The cone adaptation test is to detect retinitis pigmentosa (RP) cases confirmed by electroretinogram (ERG). We present the validity and cost-effectiveness of cone adaptation test as a screening tool for detecting RP. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2013 and December 2013. All RP cases diagnosed by ophthalmologists of H. V. Desai Eye Hospital in the last 5 years were participated in this study. The cone adaptation test was done in photopic and scotopic illumination...
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
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