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International Journal of Analytical Chemistry

John Teye Azietaku, Xie-An Yu, Jin Li, Jia Hao, Jun Cao, Mingrui An, Zhijing Tan, Yan-Xu Chang
A specific, sensitive, and reliable high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) was first optimized and then used in the simultaneous quantification of bergapten, imperatorin, notopterol, and isoimperatorin in rat plasma using osthole as the internal standard. Liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate was employed in treating the rat plasma samples obtained. Separation was carried out with a Hedera™ ODS column (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm) by gradient elution at a temperature of 40°C...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Yu Sun, Alessio Caravella
This study proposed a facile method to detect metalloporphyrin-based coordination polymer particles (Z-CPPs) in aqueous solution by modified surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The SERS-active particles are photodeposited on the surface of Z-CPPs, offering an enhanced Raman signal for the trace detection of Z-CPPs.
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Wanida Tangkawsakul, Toemsak Srikhirin, Kazunari Shinbo, Keizo Kato, Futao Kaneko, Akira Baba
In this study, we demonstrate a long-range surface plasmon resonance (LR-SPR) biosensor for the detection of whole cell by captured antigens A and B on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs) as a model. The LR-SPR sensor chip consists of high-refractive index glass, a Cytop film layer, and a thin gold (Au) film, which makes the evanescent field intensity and the penetration depth longer than conventional SPR. Therefore, the LR-SPR biosensor has improved capability for detecting large analytes, such as RBCs. The antibodies specific to blood group A and group B (Anti-A and Anti-B) are covalently immobilized on a grafting self-assembled monolayer (SAM)/Au surface on the biosensor...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Dereje Homa, Ermias Haile, Alemayehu P Washe
This study was conducted to determine the spatial levels of chromium contamination of water, agricultural soil, and vegetables in the leather tanning industrial areas using spectrophotometric methods. The results showed elevated accumulation of total Cr ranging from 10.85 ± 0.885 mg/L to 39.696 ± 0.326 mg/L, 16.225 ± 0.12 mg/Kg to 1581.667 ± 0.122 mg/Kg, and 1.0758 ± 0.05348 mg/Kg to 11.75 ± 0.206 mg/Kg in water, agricultural soil, and vegetable samples, respectively. The highest levels of chromium (VI) found from the speciation study were 2...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Imran Amin, Tania Jabbar, Fawad Ali, Muhammad Saeed Akhtar
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/367801.].
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Seraj Anwar Ansari, Fauzia Khan, Anees Ahmad
Cauliflower leaf powder (CLP), a biosorbent prepared from seasonal agricultural crop waste material, has been employed as a prospective adsorbent for the removal of a basic dye, methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution by the batch adsorption method under varying conditions, namely, initial dye concentration, adsorbent dose, solution pH, and temperature. Characterization of the material by FTIR and SEM indicates the presence of functional groups and rough coarse surface suitable for the adsorption of methylene blue over it...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Stefano Dugheri, Alessandro Bonari, Ilenia Pompilio, Alessandro Monti, Nicola Mucci, Giulio Arcangeli
Hydrogen fluoride (HF) is a basic raw material for a wide variety of industrial products, with a worldwide production capacity of more than three million metric tonnes. A novel method for determining particulate fluoride and gaseous hydrogen fluoride in air is presented herewith. Air was sampled using miniaturised 13 mm Swinnex two-stage filter holders in a medium-flow pumping system and through the absorption of particulate fluoride and HF vapours on cellulose ester filters uncoated or impregnated with sodium carbonate...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Narjis Naz, Aiza Kashif, Kinza Kanwal, Abdul Muqeet Khan, Mateen Abbas
The current research work aimed to access the contamination level of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2 in the household spices that are widely consumed in huge amounts. 200 different spice samples, 100 packed and 100 unpacked, were analyzed for the aflatoxins profile by HPLC with an incidence of 61.5% contamination out of which 53.66% samples exceed the EU limit. The results disclosed that the unpacked samples are more contaminated as compared to the packed samples except for white cumin seeds. Among packed and unpacked samples of spices, the maximum value of aflatoxins was detected in fennel, that is, 27...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Imran Khan, K M Taufiqur Rahman, S M Saad Us Siraj, Mahbubul Karim, Abdul Muktadir, Arpan Maheshwari, Md Azizul Kabir, Zebun Nahar, Mohammad Mainul Ahasan
Molecular size distribution of meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine is a readily identifiable parameter that directly correlates with the immunogenicity. In this paper, we report a size exclusion chromatography method to determine the molecular size distribution and distribution coefficient value of meningococcal polysaccharide serogroups A, C, W, and Y in meningococcal polysaccharide (ACWY) vaccines. The analyses were performed on a XK16/70 column packed with sepharose CL-4B with six different batches of Ingovax® ACWY, a meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine produced by Incepta Vaccine Ltd...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Sukumar Biswas, Wei Fan, Rong Li, Sifan Li, Wenli Ping, Shujun Li, Alexandra Naumova, Tamara Peelen, Esther Kok, Zheng Yuan, Dabing Zhang, Jianxin Shi
Reliable methods are needed to detect the presence of tobacco components in tobacco products to effectively control smuggling and classify tariff and excise in tobacco industry to control illegal tobacco trade. In this study, two sensitive and specific DNA based methods, one quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay and the other loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay, were developed for the reliable and efficient detection of the presence of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) in various tobacco samples and commodities...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Riccarda Antiochia, Paolo Bollella, Gabriele Favero, Franco Mazzei
In the last decades, in vitro diagnostic devices (IVDDs) became a very important tool in medicine for an early and correct diagnosis, a proper screening of targeted population, and also assessing the efficiency of a specific therapy. In this review, the most recent developments regarding different configurations of surface plasmon resonance affinity biosensors modified by using several nanostructured materials for in vitro diagnostics are critically discussed. Both assembly and performances of the IVDDs tested in biological samples are reported and compared...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Ho Jin Kim
A novel and simple method for detecting six water-soluble vitamins in animal feed using high performance liquid chromatography equipped with a photodiode array detector (HPLC/PDA) and ion-pairing reagent was developed. The chromatographic peaks of the six water-soluble vitamins were successfully identified by comparing their retention times and UV spectra with reference standards. The mobile phase was composed of buffers A (5 mM PICB-6 in 0.1% CH3COOH) and B (5 mM PICB-6 in 65% methanol). All peaks were detected using a wavelength of 270 nm...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Zbigniew Grobelny, Andrzej Swinarew, Justyna Jurek-Suliga, Kinga Skrzeczyna, Jadwiga Gabor, Marta Łężniak
Potassium t-butoxide dissolved in tetrahydrofuran effectively initiates homogeneous polymerization of propylene oxide at room temperature. Unsaturation and molar mass (M n ) of the polymers prepared depend on the presence of additives, such as macrocyclic ligand 18-crown-6 (L) and t-butanol. Application of the ligand alone results in distinct increase of unsaturation and decrease of M n , whereas use of t-BuOH leads to simultaneous decrease of unsaturation and M n . Activation of t-BuOK/t-BuOH system with the ligand causes further decrease of unsaturation, that is, from 12...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Mengrui Yang, Min Wang, Jian Zhou, Yinqing Song, Tongtong Wang
Prior to preparation of CRM candidate of chloramphenicol in methanol with a concentration of 100 mg/L, two independent methods including mass balance (MB) and quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (qNMR) were employed to precisely measure the mass fraction of pure chloramphenicol materials. The mass fraction was assigned to be 99.8% with uncertainty of 0.3%. Homogeneity testing and stability study of chloramphenicol in methanol were examined by using high performance liquid chromatography. Additionally, the uncertainties originating from the process of CRM development were comprehensively evaluated...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Muhammad Imran Din, Aneela Rani
Green protocols for the synthesis of nanoparticles have been attracting a lot of attention because they are eco-friendly, rapid, and cost-effective. Nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles have been synthesized by green routes and characterized for impact of green chemistry on the properties and biological effects of nanoparticles in the last five years. Green synthesis, properties, and applications of nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles have been reported in the literature. This review summarizes the synthesis of nickel and nickel oxide nanoparticles using different biological systems...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Jun Sumaoka, Hiroki Akiba, Makoto Komiyama
Phosphorylation of tyrosine residues in proteins, as well as their dephosphorylation, is closely related to various diseases. However, this phosphorylation is usually accompanied by more abundant phosphorylation of serine and threonine residues in the proteins and covers only 0.05% of the total phosphorylation. Accordingly, highly selective detection of phosphorylated tyrosine in proteins is an urgent subject. In this review, recent developments in this field are described. Monomeric and binuclear Tb(III) complexes, which emit notable luminescence only in the presence of phosphotyrosine (pTyr), have been developed...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Di-Hua Li, Yuan-Shan Lv, Jun-Hong Liu, Lei Yang, Yan Wang, Shu-Kun Zhang, Yu-Zhen Zhuo
A HPLC coupled with evaporative light scattering detection method had been developed for the simultaneous determination of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyl alcohol glycoside, salidroside, chlorogenic acid, and liriodendrin in the stem of Sargentodoxa cuneata. With a C18 column, the analysis was performed using acetonitrile and 0.2% formic acid aqueous solution as mobile phase in gradient program at a flow rate of 0.9 mL/min. The optimum drift tube temperature of evaporative light scattering detection was at 105°C with the air flow rate of 2...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Mohamed Benmohamed, Rabah Alouani, Amel Jmayai, Abdesslem Ben Haj Amara, Hafsia Ben Rhaiem
The paper deals with a formation of artificial rock (clinker). Temperature plays the capital role in the manufacturing process. So, it is useful to analyze a poor clinker to identify the different phases and defects associated with their crystallization. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy was used to determine the clinker's chemical composition. The amounts of the mineralogical phases are measured by quantitative XRD analysis (Rietveld). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the main phases of white Portland cement clinker and the defects associated with the formation of clinker mineral elements...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Elena A Ponomarenko, Ekaterina V Poverennaya, Ekaterina V Ilgisonis, Mikhail A Pyatnitskiy, Arthur T Kopylov, Victor G Zgoda, Andrey V Lisitsa, Alexander I Archakov
This work discusses bioinformatics and experimental approaches to explore the human proteome, a constellation of proteins expressed in different tissues and organs. As the human proteome is not a static entity, it seems necessary to estimate the number of different protein species (proteoforms) and measure the number of copies of the same protein in a specific tissue. Here, meta-analysis of neXtProt knowledge base is proposed for theoretical prediction of the number of different proteoforms that arise from alternative splicing (AS), single amino acid polymorphisms (SAPs), and posttranslational modifications (PTMs)...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Bruna Ferreira Gomes, Juliana Soares da Silva Burato, Carlos Manuel Silva Lobo, Luiz Alberto Colnago
We have demonstrated that the relaxometry technique is very efficient to quantify paramagnetic ions during in situ electrolysis measurements. Therefore, the goal of this work was to validate the relaxometry technique in the determination of the concentration of the ions contained in electrolytic solutions, Cu(2+), Ni(2+), Cr(3+), and Mn(2+), and compare it with other analytical methods. Two different NMR spectrometers were used: a commercial spectrometer with a homogeneous magnetic field and a home-built unilateral sensor with an inhomogeneous magnetic field...
2016: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
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