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International Journal of Analytical Chemistry

Danijela Vidic, Amira Čopra-Janićijević, Mladen Miloš, Milka Maksimović
In order to determine influence of extraction method on volatile oil composition of Artemisia annua L., steam distillation, hydrodistillation, organic solvent extraction, and headspace sampling have been applied. The relative abundance of volatile compounds from the odorous aerial parts of A. annua , obtained by different extraction techniques, was analyzed by GC-MS. Exactly fifty constituents were identified. The leaf and flower essential oil yield ranged from 0.9 to 2.3% (v/w). Oxygenated monoterpenes were predominant in all samples ranged from 42...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Dongwook Lim, Sang-Deuk Kim, Hyungseok Kong, Daehyeon Nam, Sang Eun Shim, Sung-Hyeon Baeck
We propose a simple method to investigate both the qualitative and quantitative properties of titanium tetrachloride. The selection and concentration of the employed solvent were found to be very important in the analysis of highly reactive titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4 ). Herein, we employed various concentrations of an acid solution to serve as a stabilizing medium. Qualitative analysis was performed via Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS)...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Murad N Abualhasan, Abdel Naser Zaid, Nidal Jaradat, Ayman Mousa
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/1728414.].
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Maja Hadzieva Gigovska, Ana Petkovska, Jelena Acevska, Natalija Nakov, Packa Antovska, Sonja Ugarkovic, Aneta Dimitrovska
This manuscript describes comprehensive approach for assessment of degradation behavior of simvastatin employing experimental design methodology as scientific multifactorial strategy. Experimental design methodology was used for sample preparation and UHPLC method development and optimization. Simvastatin was subjected to stress conditions of oxidative, acid, base, hydrolytic, thermal, and photolytic degradation. Using 2n full factorial design degradation conditions were optimized to obtain targeted level of degradation...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Tzu-Hsien Yu, Shuo-Ping Hsieh, Chien-Ming Su, Feng-Jung Huang, Chien-Che Hung, Lih-Ming Yiin
A quick and cost-effective method to analyze leafy vegetable nitrate on spectrometry was developed and compared with a standard method using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This method was designed to use ion-exchange solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridges in reducing interference from organic matrices to meet the criterion of an existing method for analyzing nitrate in wastewater. Nine vegetables (bok coy, cabbage, celery, Chinese cabbage, Chinese kale, lettuce, mustard green, pak choi, and water spinach) were selected for the method testing with three replicates being conducted for each vegetable...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Rüstem Keçili
The current work demonstrates the design, characterization, and preparation of molecularly imprinted microspheres for the selective detection of myoglobin in serum samples. The suspension polymerization approach was applied for the preparation of myoglobin imprinted microspheres. For this purpose, N-methacryloylamino folic acid-Nd3+ (MAFol- Nd3+ ) was chosen as the complex functional monomer. The optimization studies were performed changing the medium pH, temperature, and myoglobin concentration. pH 7.0 was determined as the optimum value where the prepared imprinted microspheres displayed maximum binding for myoglobin...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Ling-Jia Zhao, Wei Liu, Su-Hui Xiong, Jie Tang, Zhao-Huan Lou, Ming-Xia Xie, Bo-Hou Xia, Li-Mei Lin, Duan-Fang Liao
Background: Total flavonoids content (TFC) is one of the most important quality indexes of Ginkgo biloba leaf, and it is concerned with total antioxidant activity. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) method has showed its advantages in fast, accurate, qualitative, and quantitative analysis of various components in many quality control researches. In this study, a calibration model was built by partial least squares regression (PLSR) coupling with NIR spectrum to quantitatively analyze the TFC and total antioxidant activity of Ginkgo biloba leaf...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Xiaoshan Huang, Mingxin Guan, Zhuliangzi Lu, Yiping Hang
A new sensitive method for antimony (III) determination by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) has been developed by using N-benzoyl-N-phenylhydroxylamine (BPHA) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([C4 mim][PF6 ]) single drop microextraction. The single drop microextraction (SDMM) system is more competitive compared with other traditional extraction methods. Under the optimized conditions, the limit of detection (signal-to-noise ratio is 3) and the enrichment factor of antimony (III) are 0...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Alexander Chernonosov
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a harbinger of cardiovascular diseases. There are several classes of drugs used to treat hypertension. This review discusses the use of dried blood spots (DBSs) for the quantification by mass spectrometry (MS), tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), or, in some cases, by fluorescence detection methods the following antihypertensive medications: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ramipril, ramiprilat, captopril, and lisinopril); angiotensin II receptor antagonists (valsartan, irbesartan, losartan, and losartan carboxylic acid); calcium channel blockers (verapamil, amlodipine, nifedipine, pregabalin, and diltiazem); α blockers (guanfacine, doxazosin, and prazosin); β blockers (propranolol, bisoprolol, atenolol, and metoprolol); endothelin receptor antagonists (bosentan and ambrisentan); and statins (simvastatin, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin)...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Elizabeth Mary Mathew, Sudheer Moorkoth, Leslie Lewis, Pragna Rao
Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy is a condition where the affected infant or child has prolonged seizures (status epilepticus), which are nonresponsive to anticonvulsant therapy but can be treated with pharmacological doses of pyridoxine. If identified earlier and treated prophylactically with pyridoxine, severe brain damage due to seizures can be prevented. Alpha-amino adipic semialdehyde (AASA), piperidine-6-carboxylic acid (P6C), and pipecolic acid (PA) are known biomarkers of pyridoxine dependent epilepsy...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Shizhuang Weng, Mengqing Qiu, Ronglu Dong, Fang Wang, Jinling Zhao, Linsheng Huang, Dongyan Zhang
A simple and sensitive method for detection of chlormequat chloride residue in wheat was developed using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) coupled with chemometric methods on a portable Raman spectrometer. Pretreatment of wheat samples was performed using a two-step extraction procedure. Effective and uniform active substrate (gold nanorods) was prepared and mixed with the sample extraction solution for SERS measurement. The limit of detection for chlormequat chloride in wheat extracting solutions and wheat samples was 0...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Margarita Cid-Hernández, Fernando Antonio López Dellamary-Toral, Luis Javier González-Ortiz, María Judith Sánchez-Peña, Fermín Paul Pacheco-Moisés
Spirulina platensis contains several biologically active compounds, some of them with antioxidant activity. Nevertheless, not all of these compounds have been identified to date. As a first step to achieving such identification, a methodology to perform two-dimensional thin layer chromatography bioautographies on silica gel thin layer chromatography plates was proposed. Starting with a reference binary system, 5 other binary systems were tested, in which the relative polarity was systematically increased. To further improve the separation behavior, a phase modifier (NH4 OH) was used...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Md Hasan Zahir, Shakhawat Chowdhury, Md Abdul Aziz, Mohammad Mizanur Rahman
The capacities of the p - t -butylcalix[8]arene (abbreviated as H8 L) host to extract toxic divalent heavy metal ions and silver from aqueous solution phases containing ammonia or ethylene diamine to an organic phase (nitrobenzene, dichloromethane, or chloroform) were carried out. When the metal ions were extracted from an aqueous ammonia solution, the metal ion selectivity for extraction was found to decrease in the order Cd2+ > Ni2+ > Cu2+ > Ag+ > Co2+ > Zn2+ . When the aqueous phase contained ethylene diamine, excellent extraction efficiencies of 97% and 90% were observed for the heavy metal ions Cu2+ and Cd2+ , respectively...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Hui Chen, Chao Tan, Zan Lin
Black rice is an important rice species in Southeast Asia. It is a common phenomenon to pass low-priced black rice off as high-priced ones for economic benefit, especially in some remote towns. There is increasing need for the development of fast, easy-to-use, and low-cost analytical methods for authenticity detection. The feasibility to utilize near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and support vector data description (SVDD) for such a goal is explored. Principal component analysis (PCA) is used for exploratory analysis and feature extraction...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Rüstem Keçili, Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are a type of tailor-made materials that have ability to selectively recognize the target compound/s. MIPs have gained significant research interest in solid-phase extraction, catalysis, and sensor applications due to their unique properties such as low cost, robustness, and high selectivity. In addition, MIPs can be prepared as composite nanomaterials using nanoparticles, multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), nanorods, quantum dots (QDs), graphene, and clays. This review paper aims to demonstrate and highlight the recent progress of the applications of imprinted nanocomposite materials in analytical chemistry...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
S Sowjanya, Ch Devadasu
A reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method was developed and validated for simultaneous estimation of levamisole and albendazole in drug substance and in its combinational dosage form. The analysis was carried out using Inertsil ODS C18 (4.6 x 150 mm, 5 μ m) column, and the separation was carried out using a mobile phase containing a buffer of pH 3.5 and acetonitrile (70:30 v/v) pumped at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min with variable wavelength UV-detection at 224 nm. Both the drugs were well resolved in the stationary phase and the retention times were 2...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Ava E Conner, Veronica Gordillo-Herrejon, Sonia C Francone, Emily A Shriner, Fernando E Acosta, Nathan D Barnett, Deon T Miles
The growth and solubility of quantum dots (QDs) are important factors that must be examined before these nanoparticles are incorporated into a variety of potential applications. In this work, monolayer-protected CdSe QDs surrounded by water-soluble thiols were prepared using various cadmium salts. The use of a variety of cadmium salts did not have a significant impact on the spectral properties of the CdSe QDs. CdSe QDs were synthesized at rather low temperatures (< 0°C), resulting in slow nanoparticle growth upon subsequent heating of the reaction mixture...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Sasiprapa Choochuay, Jutamas Phakam, Prakorn Jala, Thanapoom Maneeboon, Natthasit Tansakul
A reliable and rapid method has been developed for the determination of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) in four kinds of feedstuffs comprising broken rice, peanuts, corn, and fishmeal. A sample preparation was carried out based on the QuEChERS method with the exclusion of the clean-up step. In this study, AFB1 was extracted using acetonitrile/methanol (40/60 v/v), followed by partitioning with sodium chloride and magnesium sulfate. High-performance liquid chromatography with precolumn derivatization and fluorescence detection was performed...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Saoussen Hammami, Nassira Chniba Boudjada, Adel Megriche
Alkali metal-rare earth polyphosphates LiGd(1-x) Eux (PO3 )4 (LGP:Eu3+ ) (where x= 0, 0.02 and 0.04) were synthesized by solid-state reaction. The Rietveld refinement showed the following cell parameters: I 2/a space group, a=9.635(3) Å, b=7.035(3) Å, c=13.191(3) Å, β =90.082°, V= 894.214Å3, and Z=4. The similarity between RF =4.21% and RB =4.31% indicated that the realized refinement is reliable. The crystal structure consists of infinite zig-zag chains of (PO4 )3- tetrahedra, linked by bridging oxygen...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Rasha S Ahmed, Raghad S Mohammed, Rana O Abdaljalil
Clay soil samples (0, 30, and 60 cm depths) were collected from two districts (Abu Al Khasib and Ad Dayr) in Basrah governorate in southern Iraq for gamma-ray spectroscopy. The activity concentrations for natural existing radionuclides in 18 soil samples were measured using high-purity germanium detector HPGe. From the obtained results of γ -ray spectroscopy, the 238 U activity concentrations were found to be ranging from 2.4 to 5.6 ppm with an average of 3.5 ppm in Abu Al Khasib and ranging from 2.1 to 4...
2018: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
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