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International Journal of Analytical Chemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932243/sensitive-wavelengths-selection-in-identification-of-ophiopogon-japonicus-based-on-near-infrared-hyperspectral-imaging-technology
#1
Zhengyan Xia, Chu Zhang, Haiyong Weng, Pengcheng Nie, Yong He
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) technology has increasingly been applied as an analytical tool in fields of agricultural, food, and Traditional Chinese Medicine over the past few years. The HSI spectrum of a sample is typically achieved by a spectroradiometer at hundreds of wavelengths. In recent years, considerable effort has been made towards identifying wavelengths (variables) that contribute useful information. Wavelengths selection is a critical step in data analysis for Raman, NIRS, or HSI spectroscopy. In this study, the performances of 10 different wavelength selection methods for the discrimination of Ophiopogon japonicus of different origin were compared...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845160/separation-process-of-fine-coals-by-ultrasonic-vibration-gas-solid-fluidized-bed
#2
Shuai Wang, Yaqun He, Hua Wei, Weining Xie
Ultrasonic vibration gas-solid fluidized bed was proposed and introduced to separate fine coals (0.5-0.125 mm fraction). Several technological methods such as XRF, XRD, XPS, and EPMA were used to study the composition of heavy products to evaluate the separation effect. Results show that the ultrasonic vibration force field strengthens the particle separation process based on density when the vibration frequency is 35 kHz and the fluidization number is 1.8. The ash difference between the light and heavy products and the recovery of combustible material obtain the maximum values of 47...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835753/phenolics-in-primula-veris-l-and-p-elatior-l-hill-raw-materials
#3
Katarzyna Bączek, Jarosław L Przybył, Małgorzata Mirgos, Olga Kosakowska, Izabela Szymborska-Sandhu, Zenon Węglarz
Primula veris L. and Primula elatior (L.) Hill represent medicinal plants used for the production of herbal teas and preparations with antioxidant and expectorant activity. Flowers and roots of both species possess the same biological activity. In the presented study, raw materials of wild growing P. veris and P. elatior were compared in terms of the content and composition of phenolic compounds using a fast and simple HPLC-DAD method. The study showed that flowers of both species were rich in flavonoids. However, P...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831284/effect-of-isopropyl-alcohol-concentration-and-etching-time-on-wet-chemical-anisotropic-etching-of-low-resistivity-crystalline-silicon-wafer
#4
Eyad Abdur-Rahman, Ibrahim Alghoraibi, Hassan Alkurdi
A micropyramid structure was formed on the surface of a monocrystalline silicon wafer (100) using a wet chemical anisotropic etching technique. The main objective was to evaluate the performance of the etchant based on the silicon surface reflectance. Different isopropyl alcohol (IPA) volume concentrations (2, 4, 6, 8, and 10%) and different etching times (10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 min) were selected to study the total reflectance of silicon wafers. The other parameters such as NaOH concentration (12% wt.), the temperature of the solution (81...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831283/in-vitro-dissolution-profile-of-dapagliflozin-development-method-validation-and-analysis-of-commercial-tablets
#5
Rafaela Zielinski Cavalheiro de Meira, Aline Biggi Maciel, Fabio Seigi Murakami, Paulo Renato de Oliveira, Larissa Sakis Bernardi
Dapagliflozin was the first of its class (inhibitors of sodium-glucose cotransporter) to be approved in Europe, USA, and Brazil. As the drug was recently approved, there is the need for research on analytical methods, including dissolution studies for the quality evaluation and assurance of tablets. The dissolution methodology was developed with apparatus II (paddle) in 900 mL of medium (simulated gastric fluid, pH 1.2), temperature set at 37 ± 0.5°C, and stirring speed of 50 rpm. For the quantification, a spectrophotometric (λ = 224 nm) method was developed and validated...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819360/hexavalent-chromium-removal-from-model-water-and-car-shock-absorber-factory-effluent-by-nanofiltration-and-reverse-osmosis-membrane
#6
Amine Mnif, Imen Bejaoui, Meral Mouelhi, Béchir Hamrouni
Nanofiltration and reverse osmosis are investigated as a possible alternative to the conventional methods of Cr(VI) removal from model water and industrial effluent. The influences of feed concentration, water recovery, pH, and the coexisting anions were studied. The results have shown that retention rates of hexavalent chromium can reach 99.7% using nanofiltration membrane (NF-HL) and vary from 85 to 99.9% using reverse osmosis membrane (RO-SG) depending upon the composition of the solution and operating conditions...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791049/effectiveness-of-liquid-liquid-extraction-solid-phase-extraction-and-headspace-technique-for-determination-of-some-volatile-water-soluble-compounds-of-rose-aromatic-water
#7
Hale Seçilmiş Canbay
Steam distillation is used to isolate scent of rose flowers. Rose aromatic water is commonly used in European cuisine and aromatherapy besides its use in cosmetic industry for its lovely scent. In this study, three different sampling techniques, liquid-liquid extraction (LLE), headspace technique (HS), and solid phase extraction (SPE), were compared for the analysis of volatile water-soluble compounds in commercial rose aromatic water. Some volatile water-soluble compounds of rose aromatic water were also analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS)...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757871/quantification-of-barbatusin-and-3%C3%AE-hydroxy-3-deoxybarbatusin-in-plectranthus-species-by-hplc-dad
#8
Maria Goretti de Vasconcelos Silva, Leandro Bezerra Lima, Maria da Conceição Ferreira de Oliveira, Marcos Carlos de Mattos, Jair Mafezoli
The concentration of diterpenes barbatusin (1) and 3β-hydroxy-3-deoxybarbatusin (2) in the extracts from leaves of Plectranthus grandis, P. barbatus, P. ornatus, and P. amboinicus was evaluated by HPLC-DAD analysis on a Luna C-18 column, using isocratic mixtures of water and acetonitrile as eluents. The regression equations were obtained with good linearity (r(2) > 0.99) and limit of quantifications was higher than 0.1 µg/mL. The precision (lower than 3.5%, within day) and accuracy (higher than 81.7% and lower than 107...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751914/geochemical-characteristics-and-origins-of-the-crude-oil-of-triassic-yanchang-formation-in-southwestern-yishan-slope-ordos-basin
#9
Xiaoli Zhang, Jinxian He, Yande Zhao, Hongchen Wu, Zeqiang Ren
Biomarker compounds that derived from early living organisms play an important role in oil and gas geochemistry and exploration since they can record the diagenetic evolution of the parent materials of crude oil and reflect the organic geochemical characteristics of crude oil and source rocks. To offer scientific basis for oil exploration and exploitation for study area, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method is applied to study the biomarker compounds of crude oil in Southwestern Yishan Slope of Ordos Basin, through qualitatively and quantitatively analyzing separated materials...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694825/rapid-separation-of-indole-glucosinolates-in-roots-of-chinese-cabbage-brassica-rapa-subsp-pekinensis-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection
#10
Alfredo Aires, Rosa Carvalho
Glucosinolates are a class of sulphur-containing plant compounds with diverse biological properties. They have been found exclusively in the Brassicaceae family plants and studied exhaustively in biosynthetic and application perspectives. The aim of this current study is to present a simple and updated method to quantify indole glucosinolate content in hairy root cultures of Chinese cabbage by HPLC-DAD-UV/Vis. Method validation controls were performed and recovery experiments were assayed. The data was statically treated and compared with published works...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680445/validation-of-a-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometric-assay-for-quantitative-analysis-of-lenvatinib-in-human-plasma
#11
Tomoko Ogawa-Morita, Yoshiyuki Sano, Tomoka Okano, Hirofumi Fujii, Makoto Tahara, Masakazu Yamaguchi, Hironobu Minami
Toward conducting clinical pharmacokinetic studies of an antineoplastic agent, lenvatinib, we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric assay for its quantitative analysis in human plasma. Analyte (lenvatinib) and internal standard (IS, propranolol) in the plasma were extracted by using acetonitrile and chromatographically separated by using a XTerra MS C18 column with 0.2 mL/min flow and mobile phase starting with 0.1% formic acid in water, followed by increasing percentage of acetonitrile...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630627/changes-in-polyphenols-contents-and-antioxidant-capacities-of-organically-and-conventionally-cultivated-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-l-fruits-during-ripening
#12
Dea Anton, Ingrid Bender, Tanel Kaart, Mati Roasto, Marina Heinonen, Anne Luik, Tõnu Püssa
Polyphenols of fruits and vegetables form an important part of human dietary compounds. Relatively little is known about accumulation of phenolics during fruits ripening process. The goal of this work was to study the changes in antioxidant activity and in content of 30 polyphenols during ripening of tomato fruits. Five organically and conventionally grown tomato cultivars were investigated at three different ripening stages. Phenolic compounds were extracted with methanol and extracts were analyzed by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630626/rapid-and-selective-determination-of-folate-receptor-%C3%AE-with-sensitive-resonance-rayleigh-scattering-signal
#13
Liping Wu, Yue Liu, Rong Huang, Huawen Zhao, Weiqun Shu
A rapid, simple, and novel method for folate receptor α (FRα) determination is reported here. A probe of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) modified with anti-FRα antibody was synthesized under the optimized conditions first. The antibody-modified Au NPs would aggregate when FRα was added to the probe for the specific interaction between antibody and antigen, resulting in the enhancement of resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) intensity. There is a linear relationship between the change of RRS intensity (ΔIRRS) and the concentration of FRα, with the detecting range of 0...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630625/quantification-of-antioxidant-phenolic-compounds-in-a-new-chrysanthemum-cultivar-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection-and-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#14
Ah-Reum Han, Hyo Young Kim, Yangkang So, Bomi Nam, Ik-Soo Lee, Joo-Won Nam, Yeong Deuk Jo, Sang Hoon Kim, Jin-Baek Kim, Si-Yong Kang, Chang Hyun Jin
The flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. have been used as an herbal tea and in traditional medicine, and the plant has been developed to produce horticultural cultivars of various colors and shapes. In this study, a new chrysanthemum cultivar with dark purple petals (C. morifolium cv. ARTI-Dark Chocolate; ADC) was developed by radiation-induced mutation breeding of its original cultivar with purple striped white petals (C. morifolium cv. Noble Wine, NW). The phenolic profile and antioxidant property of ADC were investigated and compared with NW and the commercially available medicinal herb, C...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607557/the-adsorption-of-pb-zn-cu-ni-and-cd-by-modified-ligand-in-a-single-component-aqueous-solution-equilibrium-kinetic-thermodynamic-and-desorption-studies
#15
E Igberase, P Osifo, A Ofomaja
In this investigation, an amino functionalized adsorbent was developed by grafting 4-aminobenzoic acid onto the backbone of cross-linked chitosan beads. The 3 sets of beads including chitosan (CX), glutaraldehyde cross-linked chitosan (CCX), and 4-aminobenzoic acid grafted cross-linked chitosan (FGCX) were characterized by FTIR, XRD, SEM, and TGA. The water content and amine concentration of FGCX were determined. The effect of adsorption parameters was studied and the optimum was used for further studies. Equilibrium data was obtained from the adsorption experiment carried out at different initial concentration; the data were applied in isotherm, thermodynamics, and kinetic studies...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592971/formulation-development-of-high-strength-gel-system-and-evaluation-on-profile-control-performance-for-high-salinity-and-low-permeability-fractured-reservoir
#16
Chengli Zhang, Guodong Qu, Guoliang Song
For the large pores and cracks of reservoirs with low temperatures, high salinity, and low permeability, a new type of high strength gel ABP system is developed in this paper. The defects of conventional gels such as weak gel strength, no gelling, and easy dehydration are overcome under the conditions of low temperature and high salinity. The temperature and salt resistance, plugging characteristics, and EOR of the gel system are studied. Under the condition of 32°C and 29500 mg/L salinity, the ABP system formulation is for 0...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584526/analyses-of-mineral-content-and-heavy-metal-of-honey-samples-from-south-and-east-region-of-turkey-by-using-icp-ms
#17
Serap Kılıç Altun, Hikmet Dinç, Nilgün Paksoy, Füsun Karaçal Temamoğulları, Mehmet Savrunlu
The substantial of mineral ingredients in honey may symbolize the existence of elements in the plants and soil of the vicinity wherein the honey was taken. The aim of this study was to detect the levels of 13 elements (Potassium (K), Sodium (Na), Calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd), Copper (Cu), Manganese (Mn), Lead (Pb), Nickel (Ni), Chromium (Cr), Aluminum (Al), and Selenium (Se)) in unifloral and multifloral honey samples from south and east regions of Turkey. Survey of 71 honey samples from seven different herbal origins, picked up from the south and east region of Turkey, was carried out to determine their mineral contents during 2015-2016...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567056/rapid-determination-of-isomeric-benzoylpaeoniflorin-and-benzoylalbiflorin-in-rat-plasma-by-lc-ms-ms-method
#18
Chuanqi Zhou, Xiaoke Wang
Benzoylpaeoniflorin (BP) is a potential therapeutic agent against oxidative stress related Alzheimer's disease. In this study, a more rapid, selective, and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to determine BP in rat plasma distinguishing with a monoterpene isomer, benzoylalbiflorin (BA). The method showed a linear response from 1 to 1000 ng/mL (r > 0.9950). The precision of the interday and intraday ranged from 2.03 to 12.48% and the accuracy values ranged from -8...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553353/new-modified-uplc-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-determination-of-risperidone-and-its-active-metabolite-9-hydroxyrisperidone-in-plasma-application-to-dose-dependent-pharmacokinetic-study-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#19
Essam Ezzeldin, Marwa Tammam, Nisreen F Abo Talib
Sensitive and specific liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) assay has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of risperidone (RIS) and its active metabolite 9-hydroxyrisperidone (9-OH-RIS) in rat plasma using olanzapine (OLA) as internal standard (IS). Pharmacokinetics of risperidone and its active metabolite 9-hydroxyrisperidone was compared across different doses (0.3, 1.0, and 6.0 mg/kg). Serial blood sample was collected over a time of 48 hours and analyzed for risperidone and its active metabolite 9-hydroxyrisperidone...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487740/analyses-of-ferrous-and-ferric-state-in-dynabitab-using-m%C3%A3-ssbauer-spectroscopy
#20
Young Rang Uhm, Jae Cheong Lim, Sang Mu Choi
Antianemic medicament ferrous gluconate, ferrous fumarate, and a Dynabi tablet with a basic iron bearing ingredient were studied with the use of Mössbauer spectroscopy. Room temperature spectra of ferrous gluconate gave clear evidence that the two phases of iron were present: ferrous (Fe(2+)) as a major one with a contribution at and above 91 a.u.% and ferric (Fe(3+)) whose contribution was found to be ~9 a.u.%. In the case of ferrous fumarate, a single phase was measured corresponding to ferrous (Fe(2+)) state...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
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