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Sports Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920260/how-to-deal-with-anterior-knee-pain-in-the-active-young-patient
#1
Vicente Sanchis-Alfonso, Scott F Dye
CONTEXT: Anterior knee pain (AKP) represents the most common reason to consult with a clinician who specializes in the knee. Despite the high incidence of the disorder, however, its etiology is still controversial. Many unnecessary surgeries that may damage the patient are done for this clinical entity. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed search from 1995 through June 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4...
December 5, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899680/normative-tandem-gait-in-collegiate-student-athletes-implications-for-clinical-concussion-assessment
#2
Jessie R Oldham, Melissa S DiFabio, Thomas W Kaminski, Ryan M DeWolf, Thomas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Impaired balance is common after concussion. The third edition of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT-3) recommends the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) and/or tandem gait for postconcussion balance assessment. The limitations of the BESS are well documented; however, tandem gait has received little attention throughout concussion literature. The purpose of this study was to provide normative data for tandem gait in collegiate student-athletes based on sport type, concussion history, and gender...
November 29, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879299/return-to-golf-after-lumbar-fusion
#3
Grant D Shifflett, Michael D Hellman, Phillip K Louie, Christopher Mikhail, Kevin U Park, Frank M Phillips
BACKGROUND: Spinal fusion surgery is being increasingly performed, yet few studies have focused on return to recreational sports after lumbar fusion and none have specifically analyzed return to golf. HYPOTHESIS: Most golfers successfully return to sport after lumbar fusion surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. METHODS: All patients who underwent 1- or 2-level primary lumbar fusion surgery for degenerative pathologies performed by a single surgeon between January 2008 and October 2012 and had at least 1-year follow-up were included...
November 22, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879298/withdrawals-and-retirements-in-professional-tennis-players-an-analysis-of-2013-united-states-tennis-association-pro-circuit-tournaments
#4
Matthew J Hartwell, Sandra M Fong, Alexis C Colvin
BACKGROUND: Injuries and illnesses for professional tennis athletes disrupt training, competition, and progression in the sport and represent a major reason for athlete withdrawal or retirement from a tournament. Few descriptive epidemiological studies have focused on these trends in elite tennis athletes. PURPOSE: To examine the causes of professional tennis player withdrawal or retirement from United States Tennis Association (USTA) Pro Circuit tournaments during 2013...
November 22, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872403/biomechanical-analysis-of-weighted-ball-exercises-for-baseball-pitchers
#5
Glenn S Fleisig, Alek Z Diffendaffer, Kyle T Aune, Brett Ivey, Walter A Laughlin
BACKGROUND: Weighted-ball throwing programs are commonly used in training baseball pitchers to increase ball velocity. The purpose of this study was to compare kinematics and kinetics among weighted-ball exercises with values from standard pitching (ie, pitching standard 5-oz baseballs from a mound). HYPOTHESIS: Ball and arm velocities would be greater with lighter balls and joint kinetics would be greater with heavier balls. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
November 21, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864504/youth-baseball-pitching-stride-length-normal-values-and-correlation-with-field-testing
#6
Karl E Fry, Andrew Pipkin, Kelcie Wittman, Scott Hetzel, Marc Sherry
BACKGROUND: Pitching biomechanical analysis has been recommended as an important component of performance, injury prevention, and rehabilitation. Normal values for youth pitching stride length have not been established, leading to application of normative values found among professional pitchers to youth pitchers. HYPOTHESES: The average youth pitching stride length will be significantly less than that of college and professional pitchers. There will be a positive correlation between stride length, lower extremity power, balance, and pitching experience...
November 18, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834667/validity-and-reliability-of-the-vestibular-ocular-motor-screening-and-associations-with-common-concussion-screening-tools
#7
Amy M Yorke, Laura Smith, Mitch Babcock, Bara Alsalaheen
BACKGROUND: Sustaining a concussion commonly results in vestibular impairments that may be associated with balance deficits. To screen for vestibular impairments after a concussion, the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) tool was developed. The relationship between the VOMS and other concussion screening tools, such as the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) and King-Devick (K-D), have not been explored. HYPOTHESES: (1) VOMS would provide reliable results and not provoke symptoms in healthy adolescents and (2) VOMS test items would measure related aspects of vestibular function that are not measured through the BESS or K-D...
November 10, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821574/bone-health-in-athletes-the-role-of-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones
#8
Marci A Goolsby, Nicole Boniquit
CONTEXT: The health of the skeletal system is important for athletes young and old. From the early benefits of exercise on bones to the importance of osteoporosis prevention and treatment, bone health affects the ability to be active throughout life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed articles dating from 1986 to 2016 were used for the review. Relevant terms such as keywords and section titles of the article were searched and articles identified were reviewed for relevance to this article...
November 7, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807260/high-school-sport-specialization-patterns-of-current-division-i-athletes
#9
Eric G Post, Jill M Thein-Nissenbaum, Mikel R Stiffler, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell, Jennifer L Sanfilippo, Stephanie M Trigsted, Bryan C Heiderscheit, Timothy A McGuine
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is a strategy to acquire superior sport performance in 1 sport but is associated with increased injury risk. Currently, the degree of high school specialization among Division I athletes is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: College athletes will display increased rates of specialization as they progress through their high school careers. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4...
November 2, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807259/patients-undergoing-shoulder-stabilization-surgery-have-elevated-shoulder-activity-compared-with-sex-and-age-matched-healthy-controls
#10
Robert H Brophy, Carolyn M Hettrich, Shannon Ortiz, Brian R Wolf
BACKGROUND: Shoulder activity level may be a risk factor for shoulder instability, an indication for surgical intervention, and a risk factor for failure of operative stabilization. HYPOTHESIS: Patients undergoing shoulder stabilization surgery have a higher activity level compared with sex- and age-matched healthy controls. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2. METHODS: Patients undergoing shoulder stabilization surgery aged 18 to 50 years were prospectively enrolled...
November 2, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799568/patient-throughput-in-a-sports-medicine-clinic-with-the-implementation-of-an-athletic-trainer-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Timothy S Nicolello, Forrest Q Pecha, Reed L Omdal, Kurt J Nilsson, Alejandro A Homaechevarria
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic clinics have acquired a multitude of health professionals to improve clinic efficiency. More recently, athletic trainers (ATs) have been utilized to improve clinical efficiency and patient care because of their extensive background in musculoskeletal injuries and anatomy. Improved clinical efficiency allows for increased patient visits, potentially enhancing patient access and downstream revenue via relative value units (RVUs). HYPOTHESIS: The addition of an AT into a sports medicine physician's clinic will increase total patient throughput and overall RVU production...
October 31, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784817/relationship-between-body-positioning-muscle-activity-and-spinal-kinematics-in-cyclists-with-and-without-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#12
Gabriel M Streisfeld, Caitlin Bartoszek, Emily Creran, Brianna Inge, Marc D McShane, Therese Johnston
CONTEXT: Low back pain is reported by more than half of cyclists. The pathomechanics and association of risk factors of lumbar spine overuse injuries in cycling are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether relationships exist between body positioning, spinal kinematics, and muscle activity in active cyclists with nontraumatic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: In August of 2015 and April of 2016, a comprehensive search of the PubMed, CINAHL, Ovid MEDLINE, and Scopus databases was performed independently by 5 reviewers...
October 26, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777281/hand-pain-in-a-golfer-a-case-report-of-a-metacarpal-stress-injury-and-a-review-of-the-literature-regarding-return-to-play-in-grip-athletes
#13
Cortie J Rolison, Milton Kyle Smoot
A 19-year-old golfer presented to the sports clinic with a 2-week history of dominant-hand pain after several months of daily golf. He had a metacarpal stress fracture. This case discusses the athlete's return-to-play timeline as well as reviews the current limited literature guiding return to play in grip athletes.
October 24, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760845/external-iliac-artery-vasospasm-in-an-elite-female-runner
#14
Kristin L Garlanger, Elena J Jelsing, Jonathan T Finnoff
A 33-year-old elite female runner presented to a tertiary care sports medicine clinic with a 2-year history of progressive anterior thigh and circumferential leg pain with associated foot paresthesias brought on by high-intensity running. She had both external iliac artery vasospasm and chronic exertional compartment syndrome. External iliac artery vasospasm is a rare cause of exertional leg pain, particularly in the running population. This case highlights the unique features of this condition, addresses the multidisciplinary approach that led to the accurate diagnoses, and demonstrates that more than 1 etiology for exertional leg pain can coexist in an athlete...
October 19, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760844/injuries-in-an-extreme-conditioning-program
#15
Kyle T Aune, Joseph M Powers
BACKGROUND: Extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) are fitness training regimens relying on aerobic, plyometric, and resistance training exercises, often with high levels of intensity for a short duration of time. These programs have grown rapidly in popularity in recent years, but science describing the safety profile of these programs is lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The rate of injury in the extreme conditioning program is greater than the injury rate of weightlifting and the majority of injuries occur to the shoulder and back...
October 19, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742879/exercise-behaviors-and-health-conditions-of-runners-after-childbirth
#16
Liga Blyholder, Elizabeth Chumanov, Kathleen Carr, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: With a recent increase in running popularity, more women choose to run during and after pregnancy. Little research has examined exercise behaviors and postpartum health conditions of runners. HYPOTHESIS: Antenatal and postpartum exercise is beneficial in reducing certain postpartum health conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5. METHODS: A self-administered, online survey was developed that consisted of questions regarding antenatal and postpartum exercise behaviors, maternal history, and postpartum health conditions...
October 14, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729482/medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-active-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-risk-factors
#17
Mark F Reinking, Tricia M Austin, Randy R Richter, Mary M Krieger
CONTEXT: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common condition in active individuals and presents as diffuse pain along the posteromedial border of the tibia. OBJECTIVE: To use cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies to identify significant MTSS risk factors. DATA SOURCES: Bibliographic databases (PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, PEDRo), grey literature, electronic search of full text of journals, manual review of reference lists, and automatically executed PubMed MTSS searches were utilized...
October 11, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765830/superior-labral-anterior-posterior-slap-tears-in-the-military-a-clinical-review-of-incidence-diagnosis-and-treatment-compared-with-the-civilian-population
#18
William Rossy, George Sanchez, Anthony Sanchez, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Given the notable physical demands placed on active members of the military, comprehension of recent trends in management and outcomes of superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) tears in this patient population is critical for successful treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases, including PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase, were reviewed for the years 1985 through 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Database review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5...
October 7, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697890/sex-differences-in-time-to-return-to-play-progression-after-sport-related-concussion
#19
Sarah Stone, Bobby Lee, J Craig Garrison, Damond Blueitt, Kalyssa Creed
BACKGROUND: Recently, female sports participation has increased, and there is a tendency for women to experience more symptoms and variable presentation after sport-related concussion (SRC). The purpose of this study was to determine whether sex differences exist in time to begin a return-to-play (RTP) progression after an initial SRC. HYPOTHESIS: After initial SRC, female athletes (11-20 years old) would take longer to begin an RTP progression compared with age-matched male athletes...
October 3, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697889/posterior-shoulder-instability-current-surgical-management
#20
Ivan J Antosh, John M Tokish, Brett D Owens
CONTEXT: Posterior shoulder instability has become more frequently recognized and treated as a unique subset of shoulder instability, especially in the military. Posterior shoulder pathology may be more difficult to accurately diagnose than its anterior counterpart, and commonly, patients present with complaints of pain rather than instability. "Posterior instability" may encompass both dislocation and subluxation, and the most common presentation is recurrent posterior subluxation. Arthroscopic and open treatment techniques have improved as understanding of posterior shoulder instability has evolved...
October 3, 2016: Sports Health
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