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Sports Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#1
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#2
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131721/postural-stability-in-healthy-child-and-youth-athletes-the-effect-of-age-sex-and-concussion-related-factors-on-performance
#3
Melissa Paniccia, Katherine E Wilson, Anne Hunt, Michelle Keightley, Karl Zabjek, Tim Taha, Isabelle Gagnon, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Postural stability plays a key role in sport performance, especially after concussion. Specific to healthy child and youth athletes, little is known about the influence development and sex may have on postural stability while considering other subjective clinical measures used in baseline/preinjury concussion assessment. This study aims to describe age- and sex-based trends in postural stability in uninjured child and youth athletes at baseline while accounting for concussion-related factors...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116884/hamstring-injuries-in-professional-soccer-players-extent-of-mri-detected-edema-and-the-time-to-return-to-play
#4
Michel D Crema, Ivan R B Godoy, Rene J Abdalla, Jose Sanchez de Aquino, Sheila J McNeill Ingham, Abdalla Y Skaf
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies exist in the literature regarding the association of the extent of injuries assessed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with recovery times. HYPOTHESIS: MRI-detected edema in grade 1 hamstring injuries does not affect the return to play (RTP). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. METHODS: Grade 1 hamstring injuries from 22 professional soccer players were retrospectively reviewed...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106811/epidemiology-and-impact-on-performance-of-lower-extremity-stress-injuries-in-professional-basketball-players
#5
Moin Khan, Kim Madden, M Tyrrell Burrus, Joseph P Rogowski, Jeff Stotts, Marisa J Samani, Robby Sikka, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Professional basketball players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) subject their lower extremities to significant repetitive loading during both regular-season and off-season training. Little is known about the incidence of lower extremity bony stress injuries and their impact on return to play and performance in these athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Stress injuries of the lower extremity will have significant impact on performance. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090988/youth-baseball-pitching-mechanics-a-systematic-review
#6
Samuel F Thompson, Trent M Guess, Andreas C Plackis, Seth L Sherman, Aaron D Gray
CONTEXT: Pitching injuries in youth baseball are increasing in incidence. Poor pitching mechanics in young throwers have not been sufficiently evaluated due to the lack of a basic biomechanical understanding of the "normal" youth pitching motion. OBJECTIVE: To provide a greater understanding of the kinetics and kinematics of the youth baseball pitching motion. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, MEDLINE, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from database inception through February 2017...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068752/an-epidemiological-comparison-of-elbow-injuries-among-united-states-high-school-baseball-and-softball-players-2005-2006-through-2014-2015
#7
Andrew V Pytiak, Matthew J Kraeutler, Dustin W Currie, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Pitching is a common mechanism of injury in baseball, with known risk factors for elbow injuries among adolescent pitchers. HYPOTHESIS: Elbow injury rates and mechanisms will differ between high school baseball and softball players. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Baseball- and softball-related injury data from the 2005-2006 through 2014-2015 academic years were collected from the High School Reporting Information Online (RIO) Internet-based data collection tool...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059531/creatine-use-in-sports
#8
Jessica Butts, Bret Jacobs, Matthew Silvis
CONTEXT: The use of creatine as a dietary supplement has become increasingly popular over the past several decades. Despite the popularity of creatine, questions remain with regard to dosing, effects on sports performance, and safety. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was searched for articles published between 1980 and January 2017 using the terms creatine, creatine supplementation, sports performance, and dietary supplements. An additional Google search was performed to capture National Collegiate Athletic Association-specific creatine usage data and US dietary supplement and creatine sales...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985702/descriptive-epidemiology-of-injuries-sustained-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-men-s-and-women-s-volleyball-2013-2014-to-2014-2015
#9
Christine M Baugh, Gil S Weintraub, Andrew J Gregory, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: There were 18,844 volleyball players in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the 2014-2015 academic year. Little research has examined sex-based differences among these athletes. PURPOSE: To examine injury epidemiology in NCAA men's and women's volleyball athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Injury surveillance data from the 2013-2014 through 2014-2015 academic years were obtained from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program for 6 men's and 33 women's collegiate volleyball teams...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972820/injuries-in-cricket
#10
Dinshaw N Pardiwala, Nandan N Rao, Ankit V Varshney
CONTEXT: Cricket is a popular global sport that requires a combination of physical fitness, skill, and strategy. Although a noncontact sport, overuse and impact injuries are common since players engage in a wide range of physical activities, including running, throwing, batting, bowling, catching, and diving. Significant or match time-loss injuries are defined as those that either prevent a player from being fully available for selection in a major match, or during a major match, cause a player to be unable to bat, bowl, or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the team's captain...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952896/gastrointestinal-prophylaxis-in-sports-medicine
#11
Akash R Patel, Daniel Oheb, Tracy L Zaslow
CONTEXT: Because sports participation at all levels often requires international travel, coaches, athletic trainers, and team physicians must effectively protect athletes from gastrointestinal infections. Traveler's diarrhea is the most common travel-related illness and can significantly interfere with training and performance. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of relevant publications was completed using PubMed and Google Scholar. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927346/deep-venous-thrombosis-prophylaxis-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructive-surgery-what-is-the-current-state-of-practice
#12
Robert A Keller, Vasilios Moutzouros, Joshua S Dines, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Orr Limpisvasti
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant perioperative risk with many common orthopaedic procedures. Currently, there is no standardized recommendation for the use of VTE prophylaxis during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This study sought to evaluate the current prophylactic practices of fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons in the United States. HYPOTHESIS: Very few surgeons use perioperative VTE prophylaxis for ACL reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915360/risk-factors-for-reoperation-and-performance-based-outcomes-after-operative-fixation-of-foot-fractures-in-the-professional-athlete-a-cross-sport-analysis
#13
Sameer Singh, Kevin Larkin, Anish Kadakia, Wellington Hsu
BACKGROUND: Professional athletes are predisposed to fractures of the foot due to large stresses placed on the lower extremity. These players are concerned with efficiently returning to play at a high level. Return-to-play rates after operative treatment have been previously reported, yet performance outcomes after such treatment are generally unknown in this population. HYPOTHESIS: Overall, professional athletes sustaining a foot fracture would return to play at high rates with little impact on post-operative performance or league participation...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068781/healthy-kids
#14
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023194/factors-that-drive-youth-specialization
#15
Ajay S Padaki, Charles A Popkin, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Specialization in young athletes has been linked to overuse injuries, burnout, and decreased satisfaction. Despite continued opposition from the medical community, epidemiological studies suggest the frequency is increasing. HYPOTHESIS: Extrinsic pressures in addition to individual aspirations drive this national trend in sports specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016234/limited-evidence-suggests-a-protective-association-between-oral-contraceptive-pill-use-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-females-a-systematic-review
#16
Kathleen Samuelson, Ethan M Balk, Erika L Sevetson, Braden C Fleming
CONTEXT: Female athletes aged 14 to 18 years are at particular risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Hormonal factors are thought to predispose them to this injury. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) might reduce ACL injury risk, although the literature appears controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between OCP use and ACL injuries in women. The secondary objective was to determine the rates of ACL injuries in the pre- and postovulatory phases of the menstrual cycle in OCP and non-OCP (NOCP) users...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985697/characterization-of-prepractice-injury-prevention-exercises-of-high-school-athletic-teams
#17
James R Slauterbeck, Autumn Reilly, Pamela M Vacek, Rebecca Choquette, Timothy W Tourville, Bert Mandelbaum, Robert J Johnson, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Static and dynamic exercises are performed before activity to decrease injury risk and increase performance. Although evidence supports using dynamic over static stretching and performing Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ as a dynamic prepractice routine, we do not know the frequency at which these exercises are utilized in high school populations. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that there is a wide variety of preparticipation exercises performed by high school athletes, and that few high school teams perform FIFA 11+ as an injury prevention program in its entirety...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976815/dissemination-and-implementation-strategies-of-lower-extremity-preventive-training-programs-in-youth-a-clinical-review
#18
Lindsay J DiStefano, Barnett S Frank, Hayley J Root, Darin A Padua
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular preventive training programs effectively reduce injury and improve performance in youth athletes. However, program effectiveness is directly linked to program compliance, fidelity, and dosage. Preventive training programs are not widely adopted by youth sport coaches. One way to promote widespread dissemination and compliance is to identify implementation strategies that influence program adoption and maintenance. It is unknown how previously published programs have followed the elements of an implementation framework...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846505/development-and-validation-of-a-portable-and-inexpensive-tool-to-measure-the-drop-vertical-jump-using-the-microsoft-kinect-v2
#19
Aaron D Gray, Brad W Willis, Marjorie Skubic, Zhiyu Huo, Swithin Razu, Seth L Sherman, Trent M Guess, Amirhossein Jahandar, Trevor R Gulbrandsen, Scott Miller, Nathan J Siesener
BACKGROUND: Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in adolescent female athletes is an increasing problem. The knee-ankle separation ratio (KASR), calculated at initial contact (IC) and peak flexion (PF) during the drop vertical jump (DVJ), is a measure of dynamic knee valgus. The Microsoft Kinect V2 has shown promise as a reliable and valid marker-less motion capture device. HYPOTHESIS: The Kinect V2 will demonstrate good to excellent correlation between KASR results at IC and PF during the DVJ, as compared with a "gold standard" Vicon motion analysis system...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719761/rehabilitation-and-postoperative-management-practices-after-osteochondral-allograft-transplants-to-the-distal-femur-a-report-from-the-metrics-of-osteochondral-allografts-moca-study-group-2016-survey
#20
Marie S Kane, Karlee Lau, Dennis C Crawford
CONTEXT: We present the current spectrum of postoperative management practices for patients receiving distal femur osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplants. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The Joint Restoration Foundation database was examined in cooperation with the Metrics of Osteochondral Allografts study group to identify 121 surgeons who had performed at least 1 OCA transplant in the past year; 63% of surgeons responded. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical survey...
November 2017: Sports Health
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