journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sports Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644776/eye-injuries-in-high-school-and-collegiate-athletes
#1
Barry P Boden, Lauren A Pierpoint, Rebecca G Boden, R Dawn Comstock, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Although eye injuries constitute a small percentage of high school and college sports injuries, they have the potential to be permanently debilitating. HYPOTHESIS: Eye injury rates will vary by sport, sex, and between the high school and college age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Data from eye injury reports in high school and college athletes were obtained from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance System, High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) database over a 10-year span (2005-2006 through 2014-2015 school years) and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) over an 11-year span (2004-2005 through 2014-2015 school years)...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632455/joint-preservation-techniques-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#2
Philip J York, Frank B Wydra, Matthew E Belton, Armando F Vidal
CONTEXT: With increasing life expectancy, there is growing demand for preservation of native articular cartilage to delay joint arthroplasties, especially in younger, active patients. Damage to the hyaline cartilage of a joint has a limited intrinsic capacity to heal. This can lead to accelerated degeneration of the joint and early-onset osteoarthritis. Treatment in the past was limited, however, and surgical treatment options continue to evolve that may allow restoration of the natural biology of the articular cartilage...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628419/association-of-competition-volume-club-sports-and-sport-specialization-with-sex-and-lower-extremity-injury-history-in-high-school-athletes
#3
Eric G Post, David R Bell, Stephanie M Trigsted, Adam Y Pfaller, Scott J Hetzel, M Alison Brooks, Timothy A McGuine
BACKGROUND: High school athletes are increasingly encouraged to participate in 1 sport year-round to increase their sport skills. However, no study has examined the association of competition volume, club sport participation, and sport specialization with sex and lower extremity injury (LEI) in a large sample of high school athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Increased competition volume, participating on a club team outside of school sports, and high levels of specialization will all be associated with a history of LEI...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617653/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-taping-techniques-on-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#4
Catherine A Logan, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Ashley J Tisosky, Daniel B Haber, Anna Jorgensen, Adam Roy, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Taping is commonly used in the management of several musculoskeletal conditions, including patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Specific guidelines for taping are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of knee taping in the management of PFPS. Our hypothesis was that tension taping and exercise would be superior to placebo taping and exercise as well as to exercise or taping alone. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Source, and CINAHL databases were reviewed for English-language randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of various taping techniques that were published between 1995 and April 2015...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610536/triceps-ruptures-after-fluoroquinolone-antibiotics-a-report-of-2-cases
#5
Theodore B Shybut, Ernest R Puckett
Rupture of the triceps brachii tendon is exceedingly rare, and surgical repair is generally indicated. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics have been implicated in tendon pathology, including tendon ruptures. Triceps rupture has not been previously reported in the setting of fluoroquinolone antibiotic therapy. We present 2 cases of triceps tendon rupture after treatment with fluoroquinolones. In both cases, triceps repair was performed with good outcomes. These cases highlight a risk of fluoroquinolone-induced tendinopathy to athletes...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571492/eccentric-exercise-to-enhance-neuromuscular-control
#6
Lindsey K Lepley, Adam S Lepley, James A Onate, Dustin R Grooms
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular alterations are a major causal factor of primary and secondary injuries. Though injury prevention programs have experienced some success, rates of injuries have not declined, and after injury, individuals often return to activity with functionality below clinical recommendations. Considering alternative therapies to the conventional concentric exercise approach, such as one that can target neuromuscular injury risk and postinjury alterations, may provide for more effective injury prevention and rehabilitation protocols...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556681/epidemiology-of-shoulder-dislocations-in-high-school-and-collegiate-athletics-in-the-united-states-2004-2005-through-2013-2014
#7
Matthew J Kraeutler, Dustin W Currie, Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dislocations occur frequently in athletes across a variety of sports. This study provides an updated descriptive epidemiological analysis of shoulder dislocations among high school and college athletes and compares injury rates and patterns across these age groups. HYPOTHESIS: There would be no difference in injury rates/patterns between high school and college athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548611/relationships-between-knee-extension-moments-during-weighted-and-unweighted-gait-and-strength-measures-that-predict-knee-moments-after-acl-reconstruction
#8
Erin Hartigan, Jennifer Aucoin, Rita Carlson, Melanie Klieber-Kusak, Thomas Murray, Bernadette Shaw, Michael Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Weighted gait increases internal knee extension moment impulses (KEMI) in the anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed (ACLR) limb; however, limb differences persist. HYPOTHESES: (1) KEMI during normal gait will influence KEMI during weighted gait and (2) peak knee extension (PKE) torque and time to reach PKE torque will predict KEMI during gait tasks. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Twenty-four women and 14 men completed 3 gait tasks (unweighted, vest, sled) and strength testing after discharge from rehabilitation and clearance to return to sports...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504915/prevalence-of-os-styloideum-in-national-hockey-league-players
#9
Harry G Greditzer, Ian D Hutchinson, Christian S Geannette, Robert N Hotchkiss, Bryan T Kelly, Hollis G Potter
BACKGROUND: Os styloideum describes an accessory carpal ossicle between the trapezoid, the capitate, and the second and third metacarpals. Injuries to this tissue have been described as part of the carpal boss syndrome. While the etiology of os styloideum remains uncertain, it may represent a physiologic response to altered loading forces in the wrist, similar to the development of cam-type deformity in the hips of ice hockey players or the Bennett lesion in the shoulders of baseball pitchers...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493791/recurrent-shoulder-instability-in-a-young-active-military-population-and-its-professional-implications
#10
James H Flint, Adam Pickett, Brett D Owens, Steven J Svoboda, Karen Y Peck, Kenneth L Cameron, John Biery, Jeffrey Giuliani, John-Paul Rue
BACKGROUND: Shoulder instability is a topic of significant interest within the sports medicine literature, particularly regarding recurrence rates and the ideal treatment indications and techniques. Little has been published specifically addressing the occupational implications of symptomatic recurrent shoulder instability. HYPOTHESIS: Previous arthroscopic repair will continue to be a significant predisposing factor for recurrent instability in a young, active population, and that recurrent instability may have a negative effect on college graduation and postgraduate occupational selection...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486018/development-and-validation-of-skinfold-model-for-estimation-of-body-density-for-a-safe-weight-reduction-in-young-iranian-wrestlers
#11
Sadjad Riyahi-Alam, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Yaser Kabirizadeh, Nasrin Mansournia, Ewout Steyerberg, Ramin Kordi
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of excessive body mass reduction among wrestlers dictate minimum weight determination through body composition. Although skinfold equations are essential to estimate body composition in the field setting, they are mostly derived from Western societies and may lack generalizability to other populations. PURPOSE: Previously published skinfold equations lacked external validity in predicting body density of Iranian wrestlers. We aimed to derive a new anthropometric model specific to young Iranian male wrestlers...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475420/the-impact-of-previous-athletic-experience-on-current-physical-fitness-in-former-collegiate-athletes-and-noncollegiate-athletes
#12
Janet E Simon, Carrie L Docherty
BACKGROUND: Physical activity performed at moderate intensity is associated with reduced risk of mortality, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and some types of cancers. However, vigorous physical activity during participation in college athletics may increase the risk of injury, which might limit future physical activity levels. PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in current physical fitness levels between former Division I athletes and noncollegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
May 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#13
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447871/the-effects-of-specialization-and-sex-on-anterior-y-balance-performance-in-high-school-athletes
#14
Madeline M Miller, Jessica L Trapp, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization and movement asymmetry have been separately discussed as potential risk factors for lower extremity injury. Early specialization may lead to the development of movement asymmetries that can predispose an athlete to injury, but this has not been thoroughly examined. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes rated as specialized would exhibit greater between-limb anterior reach asymmetry and decreased anterior reach distance on the Y-balance test (YBT) as compared with nonspecialized high school athletes, and these differences would not be dependent on sex...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394710/blood-glucose-levels-after-local-musculoskeletal-steroid-injections-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-review
#15
Anna L Waterbrook, Brenden J Balcik, Aaron John Goshinska
CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become an epidemic in the United States and is associated with increased risk of multiple comorbidities, including painful musculoskeletal conditions. A common treatment for many of these painful musculoskeletal conditions is local soft tissue and intra-articular corticosteroid injection (CSI). These local injections have the potential to cause elevated blood glucose levels (BGLs) and cause complications in patients with DM. Therefore, it was the objective of this investigation to review the currently available evidence that directly addresses the effects of local CSIs used for painful musculoskeletal conditions on BGL in patients with DM...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452637/incidence-and-etiology-of-sudden-cardiac-death-new-updates-for-athletic-departments
#16
Irfan M Asif, Kimberly G Harmon
CONTEXT: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in a young athlete is a tragic event and is the leading medical cause of death in this population. The precise incidence of SCD in young athletes has been subject of debate, with studies reporting drastically different rates (1:917,000 athlete-years (AYs) to 1:3000 AYs) depending on the methodological design of the investigation or the targeted population. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search was performed in PubMed using the terms: incidence, sudden cardiac death, sudden death, sudden cardiac arrest, etiology, pathology, registry, athlete, young, children, and adolescents...
May 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452636/mental-health-services-in-ncaa-division-i-athletics-a-survey-of-head-atcs
#17
Laura E Sudano, Christopher M Miles
BACKGROUND: There is a growing awareness of the importance of mental health care in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) student-athletes; however, there is a lack of literature on mental health resources in collegiate settings. Identifying current practices can set the stage to improve the delivery of care. HYPOTHESIS: There is great variability in resources and current practices and no "standard of care" exists. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, quantitative...
May 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452635/the-brady-bunch
#18
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402756/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-and-stretching-for-baseball-players-with-shoulder-range-of-motion-deficits
#19
Lane B Bailey, Charles A Thigpen, Richard J Hawkins, Paul F Beattie, Ellen Shanley
BACKGROUND: Baseball players displaying deficits in shoulder range of motion (ROM) are at increased risk of arm injury. Currently, there is a lack of consensus regarding the best available treatment options to restore shoulder ROM. HYPOTHESIS: Instrumented manual therapy with self-stretching will result in clinically significant deficit reductions when compared with self-stretching alone. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Shoulder ROM and humeral torsion were assessed in 60 active baseball players (mean age, 19 ± 2 years) with ROM deficits (nondominant - dominant, ≥15°)...
May 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394713/elbow-mri-findings-do-not-correlate-with-future-placement-on-the-disabled-list-in-asymptomatic-professional-baseball-pitchers
#20
Nicholas M Gutierrez, Christopher Granville, Lee Kaplan, Michael Baraga, Jean Jose
BACKGROUND: Injury rates among professional baseball players may reach as high as 5.8 per 1000 encounters, with pitchers being most vulnerable on account of the excessive biomechanical load on the upper extremity during the throwing motion. Anatomically, the shoulder is the most common site of pitching-related injury, accounting for 30.7% of injuries, closely followed by the elbow at 26.3%. Characteristic valgus loading imparts a predictable constellation of stresses on the joint, including medial tension, lateral compression, and posterior medial shearing...
May 2017: Sports Health
journal
journal
42675
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"