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Sports Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29965792/relationship-between-range-of-motion-strength-motor-control-power-and-the-tennis-serve-in-competitive-level-tennis-players-a-pilot-study
#1
Kenneth Palmer, Debi Jones, Christine Morgan, Giorgio Zeppieri
BACKGROUND: The tennis serve is a complex skill requiring appropriate energy transfer to maximize serve speed. As the only independently powered shot in tennis, it is important to understand what characteristics contribute to a player's serve. HYPOTHESIS: Upper extremity and lower extremity power variables will be predictive of serve speed. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: A total of 42 competitive tennis players underwent range of motion, strength, motor control, power, and serve speed testing...
June 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932862/subchondral-bone-and-the-osteochondral-unit-basic-science-and-clinical-implications-in-sports-medicine
#2
Bryan M Saltzman, Jonathan C Riboh
CONTEXT: Articular cartilage injuries and early osteoarthritis are among the most common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians. Nonetheless, treatment options for articular degeneration are limited once the osteoarthritic cascade has started. Intense research is focused on the use of biologics, cartilage regeneration, and transplantation to help maintain and improve cartilage health. An underappreciated component of joint health is the subchondral bone. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive, nonsystematic review of the published literature was completed via a PubMed/MEDLINE search of the keywords "subchondral" AND "bone" from database inception through December 1, 2016...
June 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932857/the-use-and-abuse-of-human-growth-hormone-in-sports
#3
David M Siebert, Ashwin L Rao
CONTEXT: Recombinant human growth hormone (rHGH) has become a target of abuse in the sporting world. Conversely, sports medicine clinicians may encounter athletes using rHGH to achieve normalcy in the context of growth hormone (GH) deficiency. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medline and PubMed databases were queried using the following keywords: GH, GH physiology, GH deficiency, acromegaly, GH athlete, GH sports, GH athletic performance, and GH deficiency concussion. Articles focusing on GH physiology, deficiency, excess, and its effects in both deficient and healthy patients were included...
June 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924719/functional-and-patient-reported-outcomes-improve-over-the-course-of-rehabilitation-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-acl-sports-trial
#4
Amelia J H Arundale, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Angela Smith, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Specialized Post-Operative Return to Sports (ACL-SPORTS) randomized controlled trial was designed to address deficits in functional and patient-reported outcomes. The trial examined the effects of a secondary ACL prevention program that included progressive strengthening, agility training, plyometrics (SAP), and other components of current primary prevention protocols, with perturbation training (SAP + PERT group) and without PERT (SAP group)...
June 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792780/cardiovascular-screening-practices-and-attitudes-from-the-ncaa-autonomous-power-5-conferences
#5
Christopher W Miars, Andreas Stamatis, Grant B Morgan, Jonathan A Drezner
BACKGROUND: The development of athlete-specific electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation standards, along with recent rates of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes being higher than previously estimated, has heightened the debate in the sports medicine community regarding cardiovascular screening of the college athlete, including whether certain high-risk subsets, such as male basketball athletes, should undergo more intensive screening. HYPOTHESIS: ECG and/or echocardiography screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association Autonomous 5 Division I (A5DI) schools will be more common than previous reports, and there will be more frequent use of noninvasive cardiac screening for men's basketball players than the general athlete population...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792778/does-iron-supplementation-improve-performance-in-iron-deficient-nonanemic-athletes
#6
Amity Rubeor, Carmen Goojha, Jeffrey Manning, Jordan White
CONTEXT: Supplementing iron-deficient nonanemic (IDNA) athletes with iron to improve performance is a trend in endurance sports. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the benefits of iron on performance, identify a ferritin level cutoff in IDNA athletes, and determine which iron supplementation regimens are most effective. DATA SOURCES: A search of the PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, ERIC, and Cochrane databases was performed in 2014 including all articles. Citations of pertinent review articles were also searched...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792776/prevalence-of-inadequate-immunity-to-measles-mumps-rubella-and-varicella-in-mlb-and-nba-athletes
#7
Justin J Conway, Brett G Toresdahl, Daphne I Ling, Nicole T Boniquit, Lisa R Callahan, James J Kinderknecht
BACKGROUND: Multiple outbreaks of vaccine-preventable viral diseases have occurred in professional sports in recent years. Currently, there is no established protocol for vaccination or immunity screening for professional athletes. HYPOTHESIS: There are significant differences in the prevalence of inadequate immunity dependent on age, sport, country of birth, and participation in collegiate sports. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738281/epidemiology-of-figure-skating-injuries-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Julie S Han, Ellen T Geminiani, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: As the popularity and technical demands of figure skating increase, so will the number of athletes presenting with sport-related problems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were performed across PubMed from 1980 to 2017. The keywords searched were skating, skaters, incidence, and injuries. The search was limited to English-language articles and human participants. Relevant articles were cross-referenced. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949476/updates-in-musculoskeletal-imaging
#9
Erin C Argentieri, Darryl B Sneag, O Kenechi Nwawka, Hollis G Potter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949474/real-life-after-the-spotlight-fades
#10
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882722/effect-of-a-6-week-weighted-baseball-throwing-program-on-pitch-velocity-pitching-arm-biomechanics-passive-range-of-motion-and-injury-rates
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michael M Reinold, Leonard C Macrina, Glenn S Fleisig, Kyle Aune, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Emphasis on enhancing baseball pitch velocity has become popular, especially through weighted-ball throwing. However, little is known about the physical effects or safety of these programs. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of training with weighted baseballs on pitch velocity, passive range of motion (PROM), muscle strength, elbow torque, and injury rates. HYPOTHESIS: A 6-week weighted ball training program would result in a change in pitching biomechanical and physical characteristics...
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863963/examination-of-early-functional-recovery-after-acl-reconstruction-functional-milestone-achievement-and-self-reported-function
#12
Michael C Obermeier, Robby S Sikka, Marc Tompkins, Bradley J Nelson, Abigail Hamilton, Megan Reams, Terese L Chmielewski
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented early functional recovery after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: To quantify the time to early functional milestone achievement and change in function over 12 weeks after ACL reconstruction and to identify demographic characteristic predictors of the outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, observational study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. METHODS: A total of 182 patients (95 females, 87 males; mean ± SD age, 28 ± 12 years; mean ± SD body mass index [BMI], 25 ± 4 kg/m2 ) who received primary, unilateral, ACL reconstruction were included...
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851549/socioeconomic-factors-for-sports-specialization-and-injury-in-youth-athletes
#13
Neeru A Jayanthi, Daniel B Holt, Cynthia R LaBella, Lara R Dugas
BACKGROUND: The effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on rates of sports specialization and injury among youth athletes has not been described previously. HYPOTHESIS: Young athletes from lower socioeconomic status will have lower rates of sports specialization and subsequently lower risk of overuse injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Injured athletes aged 7 to 18 years were recruited from 2 hospital-based sports medicine clinics and compared with uninjured athletes presenting for sports physicals at primary care clinics between 2010 and 2013...
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648933/influence-of-body-position-on-shoulder-and-trunk-muscle-activation-during-resisted-isometric-shoulder-external-rotation
#14
David A Krause, Lucas G Dueffert, Jaclyn L Postma, Eric T Vogler, Amy J Walsh, John H Hollman
BACKGROUND: External rotation (ER) strengthening of the shoulder is an integral component of rehabilitative and preventative programs for overhead athletes. A variety of shoulder ER strengthening exercises are reported, including those intended to integrate the core musculature. The purpose of this study was to examine ER torque and electromyographic (EMG) activation of shoulder and trunk muscles while performing resisted isometric shoulder ER in 3 positions (standing, side lying, and side plank)...
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648924/operative-treatment-of-isolated-meniscus-injuries-in-adolescent-patients-a-meta-analysis-and-review
#15
REVIEW
Gina M Mosich, Virginia Lieu, Edward Ebramzadeh, Jennifer J Beck
CONTEXT: With the rise in sports participation and increased athleticism in the adolescent population, there is an ever-growing need to better understand adolescent meniscus pathology and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the operative management of meniscus tears in the adolescent population. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar was performed for all archived years. STUDY SELECTION: Studies that reported on isolated meniscus tears in adolescent patients (age, 10-19 years) were included...
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443643/comprehensive-examination-of-the-athlete-s-shoulder
#16
REVIEW
Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, David Christian, Rachel M Frank, Bernard R Bach
CONTEXT: Shoulder pain and dysfunction are common, with patients presenting complaints to both primary and orthopaedic physicians. History and physical examination remain essential to creating a differential diagnosis, even as noninvasive imaging has improved. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature was obtained through keyword searches based on the pathology in question (eg, rotator cuff) and the keywords physical examination using PubMed from January 1, 1980, through September 20, 2017...
July 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688146/team-physician-quagmire
#17
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485941/quadriceps-strength-deficit-at-6-months-after-acl-reconstruction-does-not-predict-return-to-preinjury-sports-level
#18
João Victor Novaretti, Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Andrea Forgas, Pedro Henrique Sasaki, Sheila Jean McNeill Ingham, Rene Jorge Abdalla
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of literature-based objective criteria for return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Establishing such objective criteria is crucial to improving return to sport after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). HYPOTHESES: Patients who return to their preinjury level of sport will have higher isokinetic, postural stability, and drop vertical jump test scores 6 months after surgery and greater patient satisfaction compared with those who did not...
May 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442612/a-review-of-a-decade-of-rugby-union-injury-epidemiology-2007-2017
#19
REVIEW
Pierre L Viviers, Jeandré T Viljoen, Wayne Derman
CONTEXT: Rugby union is the most widely played team collision sport globally. As with other contact sports, there is substantial risk of injury. To date, the majority of studies on injury epidemiology have focused on elite male cohorts, which inherently prevents extrapolation of research findings to other groups within the player continuum. This review aims to describe emerging injury trends across the spectrum of various rugby union subpopulations and to highlight gaps that may influence future injury prevention tactics...
May 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420135/impaired-sleep-mediates-the-negative-effects-of-training-load-on-subjective-well-being-in-female-youth-athletes
#20
Andrew Watson, Stacey Brickson
BACKGROUND: Although increased training load (TL) and impaired sleep are associated with decreases in subjective well-being in adult athletes, these relationships among female youth athletes are unclear. It is unknown whether the effects of sleep and TL on well-being are independent or whether alterations in sleep mediate the effects of TL on subjective well-being. HYPOTHESIS: Sleep and TL exert independent effects on subjective well-being among youth athletes, although alterations in sleep mediate a significant portion of the effect of TL on well-being in female youth athletes...
May 2018: Sports Health
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