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Sports Health

Sosuke Imai, Ken Kumagai, Yasuteru Yamaguchi, Kazuma Miyatake, Tomoyuki Saito
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a treatment option for tendon injury because of its effective tendon-healing properties. At the early stage of tendon repair, paratenon-derived cells (PDCs) are thought to play a more important role than tendon proper-derived cells (TDCs). However, there has been no study investigating the effects of PRP on PDCs. HYPOTHESIS: PRP promotes the migration, proliferation, and differentiation of PDCs in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
October 30, 2018: Sports Health
Rebecca K Yau, Savannah G Dennis, Barry P Boden, Robert C Cantu, James A Lord, Kristen L Kucera
BACKGROUND: Cheerleading is a specialized athletic activity that can lead to catastrophic injuries. Cheerleading rules are in place to maximize safety of participants. The purpose of this study was to describe catastrophic cheerleading injuries among high school and collegiate-level participants in the United States and to explore whether the 2006-2007 basket toss rule change was effective at reducing the number of catastrophic injuries. HYPOTHESIS: The 2006-2007 basket toss rule change contributed to a reduction in the number of catastrophic injuries among high school and collegiate cheerleaders...
October 24, 2018: Sports Health
Sarah Black, Kevin Black, Aman Dhawan, Cayce Onks, Peter Seidenberg, Matthew Silvis
BACKGROUND: Pediatric sports specialization, defined as intense year-round training in a single sport as a result of excluding other sports for more than 8 months per year, is common in the United States. There are demonstrated physical and social risks to early pediatric sports specialization (defined as before age 12 years). While thought to be needed to acquire appropriate experience and excel in a given sport, there remains little information on when athletes at the highest levels of their sport specialized...
October 5, 2018: Sports Health
Ashley Kuczinski, Jared M Newman, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Nipun Sodhi, James P Doran, Anton Khlopas, George A Beyer, Carl B Paulino, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Understanding the risks and trends of soccer-related injuries may prove beneficial in creating preventative strategies against season-ending injuries. HYPOTHESIS: Soccer-related fractures will have decreased over the past 7 years. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) database was queried to identify soccer-related injuries from 2010 through 2016...
September 24, 2018: Sports Health
Jonathan A Drezner, Danielle F Peterson, David M Siebert, Leah Cox Thomas, Martha Lopez-Anderson, Monica Z Suchsland, Kimberly G Harmon, Kristen L Kucera
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in young athletes during sports. HYPOTHESIS: Survival after SCA in young athletes is variable. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, active surveillance study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: From July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2016, exercise-related SCA in competitive young athletes was identified through a systematic search of traditional and social media sources, direct reporting to the National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research, searching of the National Collegiate Athletic Association Resolutions List, regular communication with national and state high school athletic associations, and review of cases in the Parent Heart Watch database...
September 11, 2018: Sports Health
Mackenzie M Herzog, Stephen W Marshall, Jennifer L Lund, Virginia Pate, Christina D Mack, Jeffrey T Spang
BACKGROUND: Few population-based descriptive studies on the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and concomitant pathology exist. HYPOTHESIS: Incidence of ACL reconstruction has increased from 2002 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive clinical epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: The Truven Health Analytics MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database, which contains insurance enrollment and health care utilization data for approximately 158 million privately insured individuals younger than 65 years, was used to obtain records of ACL reconstructions performed between 2002 and 2014 and any concomitant pathology using Current Procedures Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
November 2018: Sports Health
George J Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Sports Health
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Sports Health
Aaron Slone Jeckell, Elizabeth Anne Copenhaver, Alex Benjamin Diamond
CONTEXT: Hazing and peer sexual abuse in sport are a critical issue, brought into public scrutiny with increasing frequency due to various forms of media, resulting in major causes of numerous avoidable mental health issues, and in some cases, even death. While the exact incidence of these activities is extremely difficult to quantify, trends indicate that the problem is very likely underreported. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Google, various legal journals/statutes, books on hazing and peer abuse in sport, and newspaper periodicals/editorials were all searched...
November 2018: Sports Health
Wesley M Durand, Avi D Goodman, Patricia Giglio, Christine Etzel, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Although lower extremity injuries are more common than upper extremity injuries in high school- and college-aged soccer players, upper extremity injuries may be equally severe. The epidemiology of upper extremity injuries is poorly characterized in this population. HYPOTHESIS: Upper extremity injuries are an important contributor to soccer-related morbidity among high school- and college-aged players. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
November 2018: Sports Health
Karl V Reisig, Christopher M Miles
This case highlights the importance of vigilant clinical suspicion in diagnosing abdominal perforation. Intra-abdominal injury can be difficult to identify during competition, and timely diagnosis of jejunal perforation is difficult because of initially subtle clinical findings that gradually progress over time. Identifying intra-abdominal injuries early can improve the outcome of the patient. In-game evaluation did not identify this injury. The athlete completed the game, and the injury was ultimately identified with peritoneal signs and a negative Carnett sign, making abdominal wall injury less likely...
November 2018: Sports Health
Jo Armour Smith, Andrew Hawkins, Marybeth Grant-Beuttler, Richard Beuttler, Szu-Ping Lee
CONTEXT: Low back pain is common in golfers. The risk factors for golf-related low back pain are unclear but may include individual demographic, anthropometric, and practice factors as well as movement characteristics of the golf swing. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic review were to summarize and synthesize evidence for factors associated with low back pain in recreational and professional golfers. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the PubMed, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus electronic databases through September 2017...
November 2018: Sports Health
William G Blakeney, Hervé Ouanezar, Isabelle Rogowski, Gregory Vigne, Meven Le Guen, Jean-Marie Fayard, Mathieu Thaunat, Pierre Chambat, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the appropriate timing of return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. A composite test was developed to assess the athlete's ability to return to sports after ACL reconstruction: the Knee Santy Athletic Return To Sport (K-STARTS) test. HYPOTHESIS: The K-STARTS test meets validation criteria for an outcome score assessing readiness for return to sports after ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic study...
November 2018: Sports Health
Christopher W Miars, Andreas Stamatis, Grant B Morgan, Jonathan A Drezner
BACKGROUND: The development of athlete-specific electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation standards, along with recent rates of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes being higher than previously estimated, has heightened the debate in the sports medicine community regarding cardiovascular screening of the college athlete, including whether certain high-risk subsets, such as male basketball athletes, should undergo more intensive screening. HYPOTHESIS: ECG and/or echocardiography screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association Autonomous 5 Division I (A5DI) schools will be more common than previous reports, and there will be more frequent use of noninvasive cardiac screening for men's basketball players than the general athlete population...
November 2018: Sports Health
Julie S Han, Ellen T Geminiani, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: As the popularity and technical demands of figure skating increase, so will the number of athletes presenting with sport-related problems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were performed across PubMed from 1980 to 2017. The keywords searched were skating, skaters, incidence, and injuries. The search was limited to English-language articles and human participants. Relevant articles were cross-referenced. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
November 2018: Sports Health
Neil K Bakshi, Moin Khan, Simon Lee, Fred T Finney, Jeff Stotts, Robby S Sikka, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Return to play (RTP) of National Football League (NFL) athletes after isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears has been reported. However, no studies have reported on RTP of NFL athletes after multiligament knee injuries. HYPOTHESES: NFL athletes with multiligament knee injuries have lower RTP rates and longer recoveries than athletes with isolated ACL tears. Second, athletes with ACL and medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries will have higher RTP rates and shorter time to RTP than athletes with an ACL tear and posterolateral corner involvement...
November 2018: Sports Health
Chetan Gohal, Ajaykumar Shanmugaraj, Patrick Tate, Nolan S Horner, Asheesh Bedi, Anthony Adili, Moin Khan
CONTEXT: Knee osteoarthritis affects 9.3 million adults over age 45 years in the United States. There is significant disability associated with this condition. Given the potential complications and the significant cost to the health care system with the dramatic increase in total knee arthroplasties performed for this condition, assessment of the efficacy of nonoperative modalities, such as offloading knee braces, is essential as part of optimizing nonoperative treatment for this condition...
November 2018: Sports Health
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Sports Health
Kyle T Aune, Joseph M Powers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Sports Health
Rasmus Tolstrup Larsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Sports Health
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