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Sports Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738281/epidemiology-of-figure-skating-injuries-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Julie S Han, Ellen T Geminiani, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: As the popularity and technical demands of figure skating increase, so will the number of athletes presenting with sport-related problems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were performed across PubMed from 1980 to 2017. The keywords searched were skating, skaters, incidence, and injuries. The search was limited to English-language articles and human participants. Relevant articles were cross-referenced. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648933/influence-of-body-position-on-shoulder-and-trunk-muscle-activation-during-resisted-isometric-shoulder-external-rotation
#2
David A Krause, Lucas G Dueffert, Jaclyn L Postma, Eric T Vogler, Amy J Walsh, John H Hollman
BACKGROUND: External rotation (ER) strengthening of the shoulder is an integral component of rehabilitative and preventative programs for overhead athletes. A variety of shoulder ER strengthening exercises are reported, including those intended to integrate the core musculature. The purpose of this study was to examine ER torque and electromyographic (EMG) activation of shoulder and trunk muscles while performing resisted isometric shoulder ER in 3 positions (standing, side lying, and side plank)...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648924/operative-treatment-of-isolated-meniscus-injuries-in-adolescent-patients-a-meta-analysis-and-review
#3
Gina M Mosich, Virginia Lieu, Edward Ebramzadeh, Jennifer J Beck
CONTEXT: With the rise in sports participation and increased athleticism in the adolescent population, there is an ever-growing need to better understand adolescent meniscus pathology and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the operative management of meniscus tears in the adolescent population. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar was performed for all archived years. STUDY SELECTION: Studies that reported on isolated meniscus tears in adolescent patients (age, 10-19 years) were included...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29638200/return-to-play-after-multiligament-knee-injuries-in-national-football-league-athletes
#4
Neil K Bakshi, Moin Khan, Simon Lee, Fred T Finney, Jeff Stotts, Robby S Sikka, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Return to play (RTP) of National Football League (NFL) athletes after isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears has been reported. However, no studies have reported on RTP of NFL athletes after multiligament knee injuries. HYPOTHESES: NFL athletes with multiligament knee injuries have lower RTP rates and longer recoveries than athletes with isolated ACL tears. Second, athletes with ACL and medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries will have higher RTP rates and shorter time to RTP than athletes with an ACL tear and posterolateral corner involvement...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558239/variation-of-traditional-biomarkers-of-liver-injury-after-an-ultramarathon-at-altitude
#5
Jill N Tirabassi, Lucianne Olewinski, Morteza Khodaee
BACKGROUND: Significant elevations of traditional biomarkers of liver injury can occur as a result of running an ultramarathon. HYPOTHESIS: Traditional serum biomarker levels of liver injury will significantly increase as the result of participating in this 161-km race at altitude. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: A total of 64 (before) and 83 (after) volunteer runners participated in a prospective observational field-based study at the Leadville 100 ultramarathon race...
March 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553882/correlating-the-king-devick-test-with-vestibular-ocular-motor-screening-in-adolescent-patients-with-concussion-a-pilot-study
#6
Shira Russell-Giller, Diana Toto, Mike Heitzman, Mustafa Naematullah, John Shumko
BACKGROUND: The King-Devick (K-D) test is a rapid number-naming task that has been well validated as a sensitive sideline performance measure for concussion detection. Patients with concussion take significantly longer to complete the K-D test than healthy controls. Previous research suggests that ocular motor deficits, specifically saccadic abnormalities, may be an underlying factor for the prolonged time. However, these findings have not been studied at length. HYPOTHESIS: K-D testing time of concussed adolescents at the initial clinical concussion visit will positively correlate with vestibular/ocular motor screening (VOMS) total scores...
March 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543576/effectiveness-of-valgus-offloading-knee-braces-in-the-treatment-of-medial-compartment-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#7
Chetan Gohal, Ajaykumar Shanmugaraj, Patrick Tate, Nolan S Horner, Asheesh Bedi, Anthony Adili, Moin Khan
CONTEXT: Knee osteoarthritis affects 9.3 million adults over age 45 years in the United States. There is significant disability associated with this condition. Given the potential complications and the significant cost to the health care system with the dramatic increase in total knee arthroplasties performed for this condition, assessment of the efficacy of nonoperative modalities, such as offloading knee braces, is essential as part of optimizing nonoperative treatment for this condition...
March 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688147/celebrating-the-advancement-of-the-athletic-training-profession-over-the-past-10-years-highlights-of-key-achievements-made-by-the-national-athletic-trainers-association
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688146/team-physician-quagmire
#9
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485941/quadriceps-strength-deficit-at-6-months-after-acl-reconstruction-does-not-predict-return-to-preinjury-sports-level
#10
João Victor Novaretti, Carlos Eduardo Franciozi, Andrea Forgas, Pedro Henrique Sasaki, Sheila Jean McNeill Ingham, Rene Jorge Abdalla
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of literature-based objective criteria for return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Establishing such objective criteria is crucial to improving return to sport after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). HYPOTHESES: Patients who return to their preinjury level of sport will have higher isokinetic, postural stability, and drop vertical jump test scores 6 months after surgery and greater patient satisfaction compared with those who did not...
May 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442612/a-review-of-a-decade-of-rugby-union-injury-epidemiology-2007-2017
#11
Pierre L Viviers, Jeandré T Viljoen, Wayne Derman
CONTEXT: Rugby union is the most widely played team collision sport globally. As with other contact sports, there is substantial risk of injury. To date, the majority of studies on injury epidemiology have focused on elite male cohorts, which inherently prevents extrapolation of research findings to other groups within the player continuum. This review aims to describe emerging injury trends across the spectrum of various rugby union subpopulations and to highlight gaps that may influence future injury prevention tactics...
May 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420135/impaired-sleep-mediates-the-negative-effects-of-training-load-on-subjective-well-being-in-female-youth-athletes
#12
Andrew Watson, Stacey Brickson
BACKGROUND: Although increased training load (TL) and impaired sleep are associated with decreases in subjective well-being in adult athletes, these relationships among female youth athletes are unclear. It is unknown whether the effects of sleep and TL on well-being are independent or whether alterations in sleep mediate the effects of TL on subjective well-being. HYPOTHESIS: Sleep and TL exert independent effects on subjective well-being among youth athletes, although alterations in sleep mediate a significant portion of the effect of TL on well-being in female youth athletes...
May 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474165/celebrating-the-advancement-of-science-in-sports-medicine-a-10-year-collaboration-between-sports-health-and-the-amssm
#13
Irfan M Asif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474163/play-ball
#14
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381423/glenohumeral-internal-rotation-deficit-and-risk-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-overhead-athletes-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Robert A Keller, Anthony F De Giacomo, Julie A Neumann, Orr Limpisvasti, James E Tibone
CONTEXT: Current perception dictates that glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) is a chronic adaptation that leads to an increased risk of pathologic conditions in the dominant shoulder or elbow of overhead athletes. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adaptations in glenohumeral range of motion in overhead athletes lead to injuries of the upper extremity, specifically in the shoulder or elbow. DATA SOURCES: An electronic database search was performed using Medline, Embase, and SportDiscus from 1950 to 2016...
March 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356622/evidence-based-review-of-clinical-diagnostic-tests-and-predictive-clinical-tests-that-evaluate-response-to-conservative-rehabilitation-for-posterior-glenohumeral-instability-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jasdeep Dhir, Myles Willis, Lyn Watson, Lyndsay Somerville, Jackie Sadi
CONTEXT: Posterior glenohumeral instability is poorly understood and can be challenging to recognize and evaluate. Using evidence-based clinical and predictive tests can assist clinicians in appropriate assessment and management. OBJECTIVE: To review evidence-based clinical diagnostic tests for posterior glenohumeral instability and predictive tests that identify responders to conservative management. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive electronic bibliographic search was conducted using Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, PEDro, and CINAHL databases from their date of inception to February 2017...
March 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#17
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
March 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131721/postural-stability-in-healthy-child-and-youth-athletes-the-effect-of-age-sex-and-concussion-related-factors-on-performance
#18
Melissa Paniccia, Katherine E Wilson, Anne Hunt, Michelle Keightley, Karl Zabjek, Tim Taha, Isabelle Gagnon, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Postural stability plays a key role in sport performance, especially after concussion. Specific to healthy child and youth athletes, little is known about the influence development and sex may have on postural stability while considering other subjective clinical measures used in baseline/preinjury concussion assessment. This study aims to describe age- and sex-based trends in postural stability in uninjured child and youth athletes at baseline while accounting for concussion-related factors...
March 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106811/epidemiology-and-impact-on-performance-of-lower-extremity-stress-injuries-in-professional-basketball-players
#19
Moin Khan, Kim Madden, M Tyrrell Burrus, Joseph P Rogowski, Jeff Stotts, Marisa J Samani, Robby Sikka, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Professional basketball players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) subject their lower extremities to significant repetitive loading during both regular-season and off-season training. Little is known about the incidence of lower extremity bony stress injuries and their impact on return to play and performance in these athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Stress injuries of the lower extremity will have significant impact on performance. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
March 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090988/youth-baseball-pitching-mechanics-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Samuel F Thompson, Trent M Guess, Andreas C Plackis, Seth L Sherman, Aaron D Gray
CONTEXT: Pitching injuries in youth baseball are increasing in incidence. Poor pitching mechanics in young throwers have not been sufficiently evaluated due to the lack of a basic biomechanical understanding of the "normal" youth pitching motion. OBJECTIVE: To provide a greater understanding of the kinetics and kinematics of the youth baseball pitching motion. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, MEDLINE, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from database inception through February 2017...
March 2018: Sports Health
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