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Sports Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298161/the-evolving-treatment-patterns-of-ncaa-division-i-football-players-by-orthopaedic-team-physicians-over-the-past-decade-2008-2016
#1
Trevor J Carver, John B Schrock, Matthew J Kraeutler, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have analyzed the treatment patterns used to manage injuries in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football players. HYPOTHESIS: Treatment patterns used to manage injuries in NCAA Division I football players will have changed over the study period. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5. METHODS: The head orthopaedic team physicians for all 128 NCAA Division I football teams were asked to complete a survey containing questions regarding experience as team physician, medical coverage of the team, reimbursement issues, and treatment preferences for some of the most common injuries occurring in football players...
January 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298132/physical-therapy-protocols-for-arthroscopic-bankart-repair
#2
Steven F DeFroda, Nabil Mehta, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after arthroscopic Bankart repair can be highly dependent on compliance and participation in physical therapy. Additionally, there are many variations in physician-recommended physical therapy protocols. HYPOTHESIS: The rehabilitation protocols of academic orthopaedic surgery departments vary widely despite the presence of consensus protocols. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
January 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281560/high-rate-of-return-to-cycling-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome
#3
Rachel M Frank, Gift Ukwuani, Ian Clapp, Jorge Chahla, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) is most commonly diagnosed in athletes who sustain repetitive flexion and rotational loading to their hip. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a patient's ability to return to cycling after hip arthroscopy for FAIS. HYPOTHESIS: There is a high rate of return to cycling after hip arthroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4...
December 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272209/self-reported-fear-predicts-functional-performance-and-second-acl-injury-after-acl-reconstruction-and-return-to-sport-a-pilot-study
#4
Mark V Paterno, Kaitlyn Flynn, Staci Thomas, Laura C Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are highly variable. Previous studies have failed to report the relationship between fear, objective measures of function, and reinjury rates. The purpose of this study was to determine whether fear was related to functional performance measures and risk of second ACL injury after ACLR and return to sport (RTS). HYPOTHESIS: Fear will be associated with performance on functional testing and second ACL injury rate...
December 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240544/expected-time-to-return-to-athletic-participation-after-stress-fracture-in-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#5
Timothy L Miller, Marissa Jamieson, Sonsecharae Everson, Courtney Siegel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented expected time to return to athletic participation after stress fractures in elite athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Time to return to athletic participation after stress fractures would vary by site and severity of stress fracture. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: All stress fractures diagnosed in a single Division I collegiate men's and women's track and field/cross-country team were recorded over a 3-year period...
December 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211625/anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-deformity-as-a-cause-for-extra-articular-hip-impingement-in-young-athletes-after-an-avulsion-fracture-a-case-report
#6
Eduardo N Novais, Mark F Riederer, Aaron J Provance
Extra-articular hip impingement from prior traumatic injury to the anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) is an uncommon cause of groin pain in young athletes. Currently, the most common treatment for this injury is arthroscopic decompression. However, hip arthroscopy is not universally available and requires advanced skills. We report 2 cases of the development of extra-articular hip impingement from unusual bony exostoses off the AIIS after traumatic injury in 2 young athletes who underwent open surgical resection...
December 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173121/fueling-for-performance
#7
Jeffrey R Bytomski
CONTEXT: Proper nutrition is crucial for an athlete to optimize his or her performance for training and competition. Athletes should be able to meet their dietary needs through eating a wide variety of whole food sources. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was searched for relevant articles published from 1980 to 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. RESULTS: An athlete should have both daily and activity-specific goals for obtaining the fuel necessary for successful training...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161185/medications-for-sleep-schedule-adjustments-in-athletes
#8
Matthew B Baird, Irfan M Asif
CONTEXT: Sleep schedule adjustments are common requirements of modern-day athletes. Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic strategies exist to facilitate circadian rhythm shifts to maximize alertness and performance during competition. This review summarizes the evidence for commonly used pharmacologic agents and presents recommendations for the sports medicine provider. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE searches were performed using the following keywords: sleep aids, circadian rhythm adjustment, athletes and sleep, caffeine and sports, melatonin and athletes, and sleep aids and sports...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#9
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#10
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131721/postural-stability-in-healthy-child-and-youth-athletes-the-effect-of-age-sex-and-concussion-related-factors-on-performance
#11
Melissa Paniccia, Katherine E Wilson, Anne Hunt, Michelle Keightley, Karl Zabjek, Tim Taha, Isabelle Gagnon, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Postural stability plays a key role in sport performance, especially after concussion. Specific to healthy child and youth athletes, little is known about the influence development and sex may have on postural stability while considering other subjective clinical measures used in baseline/preinjury concussion assessment. This study aims to describe age- and sex-based trends in postural stability in uninjured child and youth athletes at baseline while accounting for concussion-related factors...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116884/hamstring-injuries-in-professional-soccer-players-extent-of-mri-detected-edema-and-the-time-to-return-to-play
#12
Michel D Crema, Ivan R B Godoy, Rene J Abdalla, Jose Sanchez de Aquino, Sheila J McNeill Ingham, Abdalla Y Skaf
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies exist in the literature regarding the association of the extent of injuries assessed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with recovery times. HYPOTHESIS: MRI-detected edema in grade 1 hamstring injuries does not affect the return to play (RTP). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. METHODS: Grade 1 hamstring injuries from 22 professional soccer players were retrospectively reviewed...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106811/epidemiology-and-impact-on-performance-of-lower-extremity-stress-injuries-in-professional-basketball-players
#13
Moin Khan, Kim Madden, M Tyrrell Burrus, Joseph P Rogowski, Jeff Stotts, Marisa J Samani, Robby Sikka, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Professional basketball players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) subject their lower extremities to significant repetitive loading during both regular-season and off-season training. Little is known about the incidence of lower extremity bony stress injuries and their impact on return to play and performance in these athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Stress injuries of the lower extremity will have significant impact on performance. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090988/youth-baseball-pitching-mechanics-a-systematic-review
#14
Samuel F Thompson, Trent M Guess, Andreas C Plackis, Seth L Sherman, Aaron D Gray
CONTEXT: Pitching injuries in youth baseball are increasing in incidence. Poor pitching mechanics in young throwers have not been sufficiently evaluated due to the lack of a basic biomechanical understanding of the "normal" youth pitching motion. OBJECTIVE: To provide a greater understanding of the kinetics and kinematics of the youth baseball pitching motion. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, MEDLINE, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from database inception through February 2017...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252135/the-evolution-of-sports-health-past-present-and-future
#15
Bernard R Bach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252134/happy-anniversary
#16
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068781/healthy-kids
#17
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023194/factors-that-drive-youth-specialization
#18
Ajay S Padaki, Charles A Popkin, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Specialization in young athletes has been linked to overuse injuries, burnout, and decreased satisfaction. Despite continued opposition from the medical community, epidemiological studies suggest the frequency is increasing. HYPOTHESIS: Extrinsic pressures in addition to individual aspirations drive this national trend in sports specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016234/limited-evidence-suggests-a-protective-association-between-oral-contraceptive-pill-use-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-females-a-systematic-review
#19
Kathleen Samuelson, Ethan M Balk, Erika L Sevetson, Braden C Fleming
CONTEXT: Female athletes aged 14 to 18 years are at particular risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Hormonal factors are thought to predispose them to this injury. Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) might reduce ACL injury risk, although the literature appears controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between OCP use and ACL injuries in women. The secondary objective was to determine the rates of ACL injuries in the pre- and postovulatory phases of the menstrual cycle in OCP and non-OCP (NOCP) users...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985697/characterization-of-prepractice-injury-prevention-exercises-of-high-school-athletic-teams
#20
James R Slauterbeck, Autumn Reilly, Pamela M Vacek, Rebecca Choquette, Timothy W Tourville, Bert Mandelbaum, Robert J Johnson, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Static and dynamic exercises are performed before activity to decrease injury risk and increase performance. Although evidence supports using dynamic over static stretching and performing Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ as a dynamic prepractice routine, we do not know the frequency at which these exercises are utilized in high school populations. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that there is a wide variety of preparticipation exercises performed by high school athletes, and that few high school teams perform FIFA 11+ as an injury prevention program in its entirety...
November 2017: Sports Health
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