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Sports Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#1
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447871/the-effects-of-specialization-and-sex-on-anterior-y-balance-performance-in-high-school-athletes
#2
Madeline M Miller, Jessica L Trapp, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization and movement asymmetry have been separately discussed as potential risk factors for lower extremity injury. Early specialization may lead to the development of movement asymmetries that can predispose an athlete to injury, but this has not been thoroughly examined. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes rated as specialized would exhibit greater between-limb anterior reach asymmetry and decreased anterior reach distance on the Y-balance test (YBT) as compared with nonspecialized high school athletes, and these differences would not be dependent on sex...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402756/effectiveness-of-manual-therapy-and-stretching-for-baseball-players-with-shoulder-range-of-motion-deficits
#3
Lane B Bailey, Charles A Thigpen, Richard J Hawkins, Paul F Beattie, Ellen Shanley
BACKGROUND: Baseball players displaying deficits in shoulder range of motion (ROM) are at increased risk of arm injury. Currently, there is a lack of consensus regarding the best available treatment options to restore shoulder ROM. HYPOTHESIS: Instrumented manual therapy with self-stretching will result in clinically significant deficit reductions when compared with self-stretching alone. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Shoulder ROM and humeral torsion were assessed in 60 active baseball players (mean age, 19 ± 2 years) with ROM deficits (nondominant - dominant, ≥15°)...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394713/elbow-mri-findings-do-not-correlate-with-future-placement-on-the-disabled-list-in-asymptomatic-professional-baseball-pitchers
#4
Nicholas M Gutierrez, Christopher Granville, Lee Kaplan, Michael Baraga, Jean Jose
BACKGROUND: Injury rates among professional baseball players may reach as high as 5.8 per 1000 encounters, with pitchers being most vulnerable on account of the excessive biomechanical load on the upper extremity during the throwing motion. Anatomically, the shoulder is the most common site of pitching-related injury, accounting for 30.7% of injuries, closely followed by the elbow at 26.3%. Characteristic valgus loading imparts a predictable constellation of stresses on the joint, including medial tension, lateral compression, and posterior medial shearing...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394710/blood-glucose-levels-after-local-musculoskeletal-steroid-injections-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-review
#5
Anna L Waterbrook, Brenden J Balcik, Aaron John Goshinska
CONTEXT: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become an epidemic in the United States and is associated with increased risk of multiple comorbidities, including painful musculoskeletal conditions. A common treatment for many of these painful musculoskeletal conditions is local soft tissue and intra-articular corticosteroid injection (CSI). These local injections have the potential to cause elevated blood glucose levels (BGLs) and cause complications in patients with DM. Therefore, it was the objective of this investigation to review the currently available evidence that directly addresses the effects of local CSIs used for painful musculoskeletal conditions on BGL in patients with DM...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353415/casting-and-splinting-management-for-hand-injuries-in-the-in-season-contact-sport-athlete
#6
Katherine H Carruthers, Olivia O'Reilly, Martin Skie, John Walters, Patrick Siparsky
CONTEXT: Upper extremity injuries are extremely common in contact sports such as football, soccer, and lacrosse. The culture of competitive athletics provides an environment where hand injuries are frequently downplayed in an effort to prevent loss of game time. However, studies have shown that many sport-induced hand injuries do not actually require immediate surgical attention and can be safely treated through immobilization so that the athlete may complete the athletic season. In these cases, appropriate casting and splinting measures should be taken to ensure protection of the injured player and the other competitors without causing loss of game time...
March 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146414/timing-of-lower-extremity-injuries-in-competition-and-practice-in-high-school-sports
#7
Kyle Nagle, Bernadette Johnson, Lina Brou, Tyler Landman, Ada Sochanska, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Laboratory-based experiments demonstrate that fatigue may contribute to lower extremity injury (LEI). Few studies have examined the timing of LEIs during competition and practice, specifically in high school athletes across multiple sports, to consider the possible relationship between fatigue and LEIs during sport events. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe the timing of LEIs in high school athletes within games and practices across multiple sports, with a hypothesis that more and severe injuries occur later in games and practices...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225690/sports-injury-prevention
#8
Edward M Wojtys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225689/sex-differences-in-anthropometrics-and-heading-kinematics-among-division-i-soccer-athletes
#9
Abigail C Bretzin, Jamie L Mansell, Ryan T Tierney, Jane K McDevitt
BACKGROUND: Soccer players head the ball repetitively throughout their careers; this is also a potential mechanism for a concussion. Although not all soccer headers result in a concussion, these subconcussive impacts may impart acceleration, deceleration, and rotational forces on the brain, leaving structural and functional deficits. Stronger neck musculature may reduce head-neck segment kinematics. HYPOTHESIS: The relationship between anthropometrics and soccer heading kinematics will not differ between sexes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177851/growing-pains
#10
Patrick J Lehman, Rebecca L Carl
CONTEXT: The term growing pains describes a common, benign syndrome of recurrent discomfort that occurs in young children. First described in the 1800s, the etiology of this condition remains unclear. The peak incidence does not correspond to a time of rapid growth. Children typically report bilateral pain in the lower extremities that occurs late in the day or at night. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The PubMed database was searched using the keywords growing pains, benign nocturnal limb pains of childhood, recurrent limb pain of childhood, and limb pain in childhood...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#11
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151702/the-athletic-shoe-in-football
#12
James Jastifer, Richard Kent, Jeff Crandall, Chris Sherwood, David Lessley, Kirk A McCullough, Michael J Coughlin, Robert B Anderson
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle injuries are common in sports, particularly in cleated athletes. Traditionally, the athletic shoe has not been regarded as a piece of protective equipment but rather as a part of the uniform, with a primary focus on performance and subjective feedback measures of comfort. Changes in turf and shoe design have poorly understood implications on the health and safety of players. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search of the MEDLINE and PubMed databases was conducted...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134572/physical-activity-related-injury-profile-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-their-age-maturation-and-level-of-sports-participation
#13
Lara Costa E Silva, Maria Isabel Fragoso, Júlia Teles
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial, enhancing healthy development. However, one-third of school-age children practicing sports regularly suffer from an injury. These injuries are associated with sex, chronological age, and PA level. PURPOSE: To identify the importance of age, PA level, and maturity as predictors of injury in Portuguese youth. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129072/sports-related-emergency-preparedness-in-oregon-high-schools
#14
Samuel T Johnson, Marc F Norcross, Viktor E Bovbjerg, Mark A Hoffman, Eunwook Chang, Michael C Koester
BACKGROUND: Best practice recommendations for sports-related emergency preparation include implementation of venue-specific emergency action plans (EAPs), access to early defibrillation, and first responders-specifically coaches-trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator (AED) use. The objective was to determine whether high schools had implemented these 3 recommendations and whether schools with a certified athletic trainer (AT) were more likely to have done so...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879298/withdrawals-and-retirements-in-professional-tennis-players
#15
Matthew J Hartwell, Sandra M Fong, Alexis C Colvin
BACKGROUND: Injuries and illnesses for professional tennis athletes disrupt training, competition, and progression in the sport and represent a major reason for athlete withdrawal or retirement from a tournament. Few descriptive epidemiological studies have focused on these trends in elite tennis athletes. PURPOSE: To examine the causes of professional tennis player withdrawal or retirement from United States Tennis Association (USTA) Pro Circuit tournaments during 2013...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834667/validity-and-reliability-of-the-vestibular-ocular-motor-screening-and-associations-with-common-concussion-screening-tools
#16
Amy M Yorke, Laura Smith, Mitch Babcock, Bara Alsalaheen
BACKGROUND: Sustaining a concussion commonly results in vestibular impairments that may be associated with balance deficits. To screen for vestibular impairments after a concussion, the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) tool was developed. The relationship between the VOMS and other concussion screening tools, such as the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) and King-Devick (K-D), have not been explored. HYPOTHESES: (1) VOMS would provide reliable results and not provoke symptoms in healthy adolescents and (2) VOMS test items would measure related aspects of vestibular function that are not measured through the BESS or K-D...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821574/bone-health-in-athletes
#17
Marci A Goolsby, Nicole Boniquit
CONTEXT: The health of the skeletal system is important for athletes young and old. From the early benefits of exercise on bones to the importance of osteoporosis prevention and treatment, bone health affects the ability to be active throughout life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed articles dating from 1986 to 2016 were used for the review. Relevant terms such as keywords and section titles of the article were searched and articles identified were reviewed for relevance to this article...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807260/high-school-sport-specialization-patterns-of-current-division-i-athletes
#18
Eric G Post, Jill M Thein-Nissenbaum, Mikel R Stiffler, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell, Jennifer L Sanfilippo, Stephanie M Trigsted, Bryan C Heiderscheit, Timothy A McGuine
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is a strategy to acquire superior sport performance in 1 sport but is associated with increased injury risk. Currently, the degree of high school specialization among Division I athletes is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: College athletes will display increased rates of specialization as they progress through their high school careers. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590793/fear-of-reinjury-in-athletes
#19
Chao-Jung Hsu, Adam Meierbachtol, Steven Z George, Terese L Chmielewski
CONTEXT: A sports injury has both physical and psychological consequences for the athlete. A common postinjury psychological response is elevated fear of reinjury. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the implications of fear of reinjury on the rehabilitation of athletes, including clinical methods to measure fear of reinjury; the impact of fear of reinjury on rehabilitation outcomes, including physical impairments, function, and return to sports rate; and potential interventions to address fear of reinjury during rehabilitation...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107113/the-relationship-between-pitching-mechanics-and-injury
#20
Peter N Chalmers, Markus A Wimmer, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Michael L Pearl
CONTEXT: The overhand pitch is one of the fastest known human motions and places enormous forces and torques on the upper extremity. Shoulder and elbow pain and injury are common in high-level pitchers. A large body of research has been conducted to understand the pitching motion. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to gain a full understanding of all currently available biomechanical and clinical evidence surrounding pitching motion analysis...
January 1, 2017: Sports Health
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