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World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199796/select-abstracts-from-cardiology-2017
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121517/intramural-coronary-artery-in-truncus-arteriosus
#2
Arshid Mir, Harold M Burkhart, Kumar Ponniah, Kent Ward
Coronary artery anomalies are known to be associated with truncus arteriosus (common arterial trunk). Delineation of coronary anatomy preoperatively is important to avoid complications intraoperatively and postoperatively. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with repaired truncus arteriosus who presented with moderate to severe truncal valve regurgitation and severe conduit stenosis. He was noted to have intramural left main coronary artery on a transesophageal echocardiogram performed preoperatively.
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055329/percutaneous-transhepatic-fontan-kreutzer-completion-of-hepatic-vein-inclusion
#3
Ignacio Juaneda, Alejandro Peirone, Adolfo Ferrero Guadagnoli, Alejandro Contreras, Santiago Orozco, Juan Diaz, Christian Kreutzer
We report the case of an 11-year-old girl with heterotaxy syndrome, dextrocardia, and azygos continuation of an interrupted inferior vena cava who had developed pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas after a Kawashima procedure consisting of bilateral superior cavopulmonary anastomoses. She presented with profound cyanosis, fatigue, and failure to thrive. An operative procedure to direct hepatic vein effluent to the pulmonary circulation was performed with placement of an extracardiac conduit between the hepatic veins and the left pulmonary artery...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956709/surgical-repair-of-congenital-left-atrial-aneurysm-and-mitral-valve-insufficiency-in-a-four-year-old-child
#4
C Tayyar Sarioglu, Yasemin Turkekul, Ahmet Arnaz, Emrah Sisli, Yusuf Kenan Yalcinbas, Ayse Sarioglu
Left atrial aneurysm is an extremely rare anomaly, which can be associated with supraventricular arrhythmia, compression of coronary arteries, intracardiac thrombus, life-threatening systemic embolization, pulmonary venous obstruction, mitral valve insufficiency, and congestive heart failure. Herein, we report a four-year-old boy who had a giant aneurysm of the left atrium and severe mitral regurgitation. The aneurysm and mitral valve cleft causing severe mitral regurgitation were successfully repaired.
December 12, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927943/superior-vena-cava-banding-to-facilitate-unilateral-bidirectional-glenn-operation-in-patients-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease-and-bilateral-superior-vena-cavae
#5
Matthew C Schwartz, David Nykanen, William DeCampli, Kamal Pourmoghadam
Staged palliation to achieve a total cavopulmonary connection is a common treatment strategy in patients with single ventricle congenital heart disease. Patients with bilateral superior caval veins (bilateral SVC) often require the creation of bilateral superior cavopulmonary connections as part of the staged palliation, and these patients are at increased risk of morbidity. We describe a novel technique used in two patients with bilateral SVC and very small (1-2 mm) bridging vein that encouraged bridging vein growth and facilitated creation of a unilateral superior cavopulmonary connection...
December 7, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927942/contegra-12-mm-how-long-can-it-last
#6
Alessandro Falchetti, Marie-Anne Pellegrin, Ahmed Sanoussi, Helene Demanet, Pierre Wauthy
Since the year 2000, we have used Contegra conduits for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in infants and newborns. Published reports of early and late results from multiple centers have included variable and inconsistent findings. Concerns about the durability of small conduits placed in younger infants have been expressed. We report an interesting experience with a 12-mm Contegra conduit that we explanted 16 years after implantation in the course of repair of truncus arteriosus (common arterial trunk) in an infant...
December 7, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923944/membrane-oxygenator-use-with-biventricular-assist-device-facilitation-of-support-and-lung-recovery
#7
Kristen Nelson-McMillan, William J Ravekes, William R Thompson, Kristen M Brown, Larry Wolff, Rajeev S Wadia, LeAnn M McNamara, Donald H Shaffner, Ivor D Berkowitz, Marshall L Jacobs, Luca A Vricella
We present the use of a low-resistance membrane oxygenator (Quadrox D, Maquet) in series with a pulsatile right ventricular assist device (Berlin Heart EXCOR, Berlin Heart) in a patient with biventricular support who required high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), due to refractory acute respiratory distress syndrome associated with Cytomegalovirus pneumonia. The high mean airway pressure associated with the use of HFOV resulted in a significant negative impact on left ventricular assist device (LVAD) filling that led to a combined respiratory and metabolic acidosis and the need for vasopressor support...
December 6, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923943/venovenous-ecmo-support-in-an-infant-with-single-ventricle-physiology-and-catastrophic-pulmonary-venous-abnormalities
#8
Richard P Fernandez, Don Hayes, Patrick I McConnell, Darren Berman
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an accepted treatment modality for life support refractory to conventional efforts in neonates with complex congenital heart lesions. Cannulation for ECMO can be accomplished by venovenous (VV) access where patients receive primarily respiratory support or venoarterial (VA) access which provides complete cardiopulmonary support. VV ECMO delivered by a single-vessel cannulation with a dual-chamber venous cannula allows for respiratory support while the patient remains dependent upon intrinsic cardiac function to support hemodynamics...
December 6, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923942/two-rare-vascular-rings-with-ductal-origin-of-the-left-pulmonary-artery-a-previously-unrecognized-syndrome
#9
Poonam P Thankavel, Kristine J Guleserian, Robert H Anderson
We report two neonates with distal ductal origin of the left pulmonary artery who also had rare vascular rings comprised of a left aortic arch and right arterial duct with a midline/rightward descending aorta. To the best of our knowledge, this association has not previously been described, although other abnormalities of the left pulmonary artery in the setting of vascular rings have been reported. We review the embryology, utility of imaging, and clinical course.
December 6, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881810/an-unusual-case-of-raghib-defect-and-double-orifice-tricuspid-valve
#10
Alexander C Egbe, Sameh M Said, Christopher J McLeod, David W Barbara, Heidi M Connolly
Raghib defect and double-orifice tricuspid valve are two rare congenital heart defects. We report a case of a 42-year-old man with both Raghib defect and DOTV. The patient underwent reroofing of the coronary sinus with an intra-atrial baffle and annuloplasty of the tricuspid and mitral valves via median sternotomy.
November 23, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881809/situs-inversus-totalis-single-stage-anatomic-repair-of-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Andrew C Chatzis, Alexandros J Tsoutsinos, Meletios A Kanakis, Constantinos A Contrafouris, Spyros Rammos, Fotios A Mitropoulos
Transposition of the great arteries occurs rarely in patients with mirror image dextrocardia and situs inversus, while the combination with severe coarctation of the descending aorta (CoA) makes the anatomy even more unusual. Therefore, it is not surprising that a case with such unusual and complicated anatomy presents unique problems when a primary definitive correction is attempted. We report a patient with situs inversus totalis and complex congenital heart disease including transposition of the great arteries and severe CoA who underwent successful complete, single-stage, anatomic correction...
November 23, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881808/jellyfish-like-accessory-mitral-valve-tissue-causing-near-collapse-in-a-young-child
#12
Hideyuki Kato, Carolina Escudero, Elizabeth Sherwin, Martin Hosking, Sanjiv K Gandhi
Accessory mitral valve tissue (AMVT) causing left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is rare. We report a case of AMVT causing severe LVOTO resulting in acutely progressive symptoms of near-collapse. Urgent surgical resection eliminated the patient's life-threatening symptoms. AMVT should be considered among potential LVOTO diagnoses, and early surgical intervention may be required.
November 23, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033087/unexpected-internalization-of-a-pulmonary-artery-band-in-a-porcine-model-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#13
Zakaria Jalal, François Roubertie, Emmanuelle Fournier, Virginie Dubes, David Benoist, Jerome Naulin, Samantha Delmond, Marlène Durand, Michel Haissaguerre, Olivier Bernus, Jean-Benoit Thambo
BACKGROUND: We report our experience of an unexpected complication of internalization of a pulmonary artery (PA) band in the vascular lumen, which occurred in a chronic porcine model of repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). METHODS: Twelve piglets were divided into 3 groups: (1) TOF model animals (PA band plus pulmonary valvotomy, n = 4), (2) pulmonary insufficiency (PI) animals (pulmonary valvotomy, n = 4), and (3) control animals (n = 4). A nonabsorbable, coated braided polyester tape was used to perform the main pulmonary artery banding...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033086/tricuspid-valve-replacement-in-infants-and-children-with-exclusively-autologous-tissue
#14
Khaled Samir Mohamed
Tricuspid valve replacement has always been a challenge in the pediatric population, with high rates of mortality and morbidity. This article describes a new technique that we have used to replace the tricuspid valve with exclusively autologous tissues. The pulmonary autograft is used for tricuspid valve replacement. Pulmonary artery wall and autologous pericardium are utilized for right ventricular out flow tract reconstruction with the creation of a monocusp.
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033085/echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-left-main-coronary-artery-atresia
#15
Justin D Weigand, Srinath Gowda, Richard Lorber, Nitin Madan
This case describes an infantile presentation of left main coronary artery atresia (LMCAA), which involves complete absence of the left coronary ostium and left main coronary artery. The echocardiographic features of LMCAA that assist in making this diagnosis are detailed. Important imaging features that distinguish LMCAA from anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery are highlighted.
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033084/effects-of-exercise-restriction-on-patients-with-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery
#16
Matthew D Elias, James Meza, Brian W McCrindle, Julie A Brothers, Stephen Paridon, Meryl S Cohen
BACKGROUND: Management of young patients with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) may involve exercise restriction. We sought to identify the association of exercise restriction with changes over time in body mass index (BMI) and exercise capacity in this cohort. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with AAOCA seen at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between January 1, 1998, and August 31, 2014. Linear mixed model repeated-measures analysis assessed changes in BMI and exercise capacity...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033083/the-hemodynamic-effects-and-safety-of-repetitive-levosimendan-infusions-on-children-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#17
Pertti Suominen, Niklas Mattila, Olle Nyblom, Paula Rautiainen, Maila Turanlahti, Otto Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: Limited treatment options are available for children with decompensated dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), while they wait for either functional recovery or heart transplantation. We evaluated the safety of repetitive levosimendan infusions and short-term and long-term impacts of the therapy in this patient population. METHODS: Eighty-one repetitive levosimendan infusions administered to 20 patients with DCM at severe or end stage of the disease in the pediatric intensive care unit were analyzed retrospectively...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033082/surgical-site-infection-after-pediatric-cardiothoracic-surgery
#18
Anthony A Sochet, Alexander M Cartron, Aoibhinn Nyhan, Michael C Spaeder, Xiaoyan Song, Anna T Brown, Darren Klugman
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) occurs in 0.25% to 6% of children after cardiothoracic surgery (CTS). There are no published data regarding the financial impact of SSI after pediatric CTS. We sought to determine the attributable hospital cost and length of stay associated with SSI in children after CTS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, matched cohort study in a 26-bed cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) from January 2010 through December 2013. Cases with SSI were identified retrospectively and individually matched to controls 2:1 by age, gender, Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery score, Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery category, and primary cardiac diagnosis and procedure...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033081/clinical-databases-and-registries-in-congenital-and-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-cardiology-critical-care-and-anesthesiology-worldwide
#19
David F Vener, Michael Gaies, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Sara K Pasquali
The growth in large-scale data management capabilities and the successful care of patients with congenital heart defects have coincidentally paralleled each other for the last three decades, and participation in multicenter congenital heart disease databases and registries is now a fundamental component of cardiac care. This manuscript attempts for the first time to consolidate in one location all of the relevant databases worldwide, including target populations, specialties, Web sites, and participation information...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033080/common-arterial-trunk-repair-by-means-of-a-handmade-bovine-pericardial-valved-woven-dacron-conduit
#20
Samuel Ramírez-Marroquín, Pedro José Curi-Curi, Juan Calderón-Colmenero, José Antonio García-Montes, Jorge Luis Cervantes-Salazar
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair of common arterial trunk (CAT) by means of a homograft conduit has become a standard practice. We report our experience in the correction of this heart disease with a handmade bovine pericardial-valved woven Dacron conduit as an alternative procedure to homografts, with a focus on early, mid-term, and long-term results. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study that included 15 patients with a mean age of 1.5 years (range: three months to eight years), who underwent primary repair of simple CAT...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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