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World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329464/left-ventricular-retraining-and-double-switch-in-patients-with-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#1
Ali N Ibrahimiye, Richard D Mainwaring, William L Patrick, Laura Downey, Vamsi Yarlagadda, Frank L Hanley
PURPOSE: Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CC-TGA) is a complex form of congenital heart defect with numerous anatomic subgroups. The majority of patients with CC-TGA are excellent candidates for a double-switch procedure. However, in the absence of an unrestrictive ventricular septal defect or subpulmonary stenosis, the left ventricle (LV) may undergo involution and require retraining prior to double switch. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with patients having CC-TGA who required LV retraining prior to a double-switch procedure...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329463/current-practices-in-the-timing-of-stage-2-palliation
#2
James M Meza, Robert D B Jaquiss, Brett R Anderson, Michael-Alice Moga, James K Kirklin, George Sarris, William G Williams, Brian W McCrindle
BACKGROUND: Mortality through single-ventricle palliation remains high and the effect of the timing of stage 2 palliation (S2P) is not well understood. We investigated current practice patterns in the timing of S2P across two professional societies and compared them to actual practice patterns from two databases of patients who underwent S2P. METHODS: A ten-question survey was distributed to the members of the Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society (CHSS) and the European Congenital Heart Surgeons' Association (ECHSA)...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329462/preoperative-use-of-ct-angiography-in-infants-with-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#3
Kirsten Rose-Felker, Joshua D Robinson, Carl L Backer, Cynthia K Rigsby, Osama M Eltayeb, Michael C Mongé, Karen Rychlik, Christina L Sammet, Jeffrey G Gossett
BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and echocardiography (echo) are used preoperatively in coarctation of the aorta to define arch hypoplasia and great vessel branching. We sought to determine differences in quantitative measurements, as well as surgical utility, between modalities. METHODS: Infants (less than six months) with both CTA and echo prior to coarctation repair from 2004 to 2013 were included. Measurements were compared and correlated with surgical approach...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329461/cardiac-function-after-tetralogy-of-fallot-complete-atrioventricular-canal-repair
#4
Elizabeth H Stephens, Jennifer Tingo, Marc Najjar, Betul Yilmaz, Stéphanie Levasseur, Jeffrey D Dayton, Ralph S Mosca, Paul Chai, Jan M Quaegebeur, Emile A Bacha
BACKGROUND: Repair of complete atrioventricular canal (CAVC) with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a challenging operation increasingly being performed as a complete, primary repair in infancy. Previous studies have focused on perioperative outcomes; however, midterm valve function, ventricular function, and residual obstruction have received little attention. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 20 patients who underwent CAVC/TOF repair (January 2005 to December 2014)...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329460/model-based-comparison-of-the-normal-and-fontan-circulatory-systems-part-iii
#5
Raymond L Watrous, Alvin J Chin
BACKGROUND: For patients with the Fontan circulatory arrangement, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, guanylate cyclase activation, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition, and endothelin receptor antagonism have so far resulted in little or no improvement in [Formula: see text] or peak cardiac index (CI), suggesting that our understanding of the factors that most impact the exercise hemodynamics is incomplete. METHODS: To facilitate comparisons with clinical reports of the exercise performance of preadolescent Fontan patients, we rescaled our previously reported computational models of a two-year-old normal child and similarly aged Fontan patient, extended our Fontan model to capture the nonlinear relationship between flow and resistance quantified from previous computational fluid dynamic analyses of the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC), and added respiration as well as skeletal muscle contraction...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329459/nineteen-years-of-adult-congenital-heart-surgery-in-a-single-center
#6
Madurra Perinpanayagam, Signe H Larsen, Kristian Emmertsen, Marianne B Møller, Vibeke E Hjortdal
BACKGROUND: Adults with congenital heart disease are a growing population. We describe surgical interventions, short- and long-term mortality and morbidity, and risk factors for adverse events in a population-based cohort. METHODS: Patients over or equal to 18 years with congenital heart disease who underwent cardiac surgery at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, from 1994 to 2012 were included in the study. Diagnoses, surgical procedures, postoperative complications, and survival were identified in hospital databases, medical records, and the Danish Civil Registration System...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329458/type-iv-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection
#7
James D St Louis, Elizabeth M Turk, Jeffrey P Jacobs, James E O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Mortality associated with correction of type IV total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is generally reported in combination with other anatomic types. The objective of this study is to review surgical outcomes associated with the repair of type IV TAPVC by analyzing a multi-institutional cohort specific for this group. We also analyze patient-specific variables that may contribute to poor operative outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium (PCCC) registry identified patients who underwent repair of type IV TAPVC between 1982 and 2007...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329457/hemolysis-during-open-heart-surgery-with-vacuum-assisted-venous-drainage-at-different-negative-pressures-in-pediatric-patients-weighing-less-than-10-kilograms
#8
Jae Gun Kwak, Jinkwon Lee, Minkyoung Park, Yu-Jin Seo, Chang-Ha Lee
BACKGROUND: This study examined the degree of hemolysis during vacuum-assisted venous drainage at different negative pressures to identify an adequate negative pressure that provides effective venous drainage without significant hemolysis in open-heart surgery in children weighing less than 10 kg. METHODS: Patients weighing less than 10 kg who underwent surgery for ventricular septal defect or atrial septal defect from 2011 to 2014 were enrolled. We used one of four negative pressures (20, 30, 40, or 60 mm Hg) for each patient...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329456/surgical-management-of-absent-pulmonary-valve-syndrome
#9
Bulent Saritas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329455/denton-arthur-cooley-md-and-the-dawn-of-congenital-heart-surgery
#10
Charles D Fraser, Charles D Fraser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329454/adult-congenital-cardiac-care
#11
Brian E Kogon, Kati Miller, Paula Miller, Bahaaldin Alsoufi, Joshua M Rosenblum
BACKGROUND: The Adult Congenital Heart Association (ACHA) is dedicated to supporting patients with congenital heart disease. To guide patients to qualified providers and programs, it maintains a publicly accessible directory of dedicated adult congenital cardiac programs. We analyzed the directory in 2006 and 2015, aiming to evaluate the growth of the directory as a whole and to evaluate the growth of individual programs within the directory. We also hope this raises awareness of the growing opportunities that exist in adult congenital cardiology and cardiac surgery...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329453/reply-to-surgical-management-of-absent-pulmonary-valve-syndrome
#12
Richard A Jonas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329452/effect-of-prime-blood-storage-duration-on-clinical-outcome-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#13
Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Pankaj Garg, Kartik Patel, Parth Solanki, Jigar Surti, Atul Solanki, Komal Shah, Sanjay Patel
BACKGROUND: In this study, we tested the hypothesis that in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with blood prime, the storage duration of the packed red blood cells (PRBCs) used in prime led to differences in postoperative complications and metabolic profiles of the patients. METHODS: For this prospective observational study we included 400 pediatric patients undergoing cardiac operations using CPB and requiring PRBCs prime...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329451/preliminary-experience-with-the-use-of-an-extracellular-matrix-to-augment-the-native-pulmonary-valve-during-repair-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#14
Anil Dharmapuram, Nagarajan Ramadoss, Sudeep Verma, Vejendla Gouthami, Ivatury Rao
BACKGROUND: During repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), when a transannular patch is needed in case of a small annulus and dysplastic pulmonary valve, we chose to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract by augmenting the divided anterior leaflet with an extracellular matrix (ECM) patch to produce a competent valve. In this study, we present our preliminary experience and early outcomes. METHODS: From March 2013 to December 2015, of the 206 patients who underwent primary repair of TOF, 52 required a transannular incision...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329450/public-views-on-pulse-oximetry-screening-for-critical-congenital-heart-disease
#15
Praveen Kumar, Hari Iyengar, Prerna Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To understand public views on pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart disease. METHODS: Two hundred thirteen adults read a brief vignette describing the importance of early detection of critical congenital heart disease and then answered five questions on a five-point scale of how likely or unlikely they were to support pulse oximetry screening. Responses were tabulated and analyzed using a Fisher exact test, and logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios for adjusted associations using generalized estimating equations...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199796/select-abstracts-from-cardiology-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036230/anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-with-an-intraparenchymal-course
#17
Cosimo M Campanale, Puja Banka, Stephen P Sanders
An intraparenchymal course of the pulmonary venous pathway within one lung in anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare and poorly recognized variation. We report three new cases and summarize the remaining 19 known cases of this infrequent anomaly. We expect that this review will call attention to this unusual pattern of pulmonary venous drainage and enhance prospective diagnosis.
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927943/superior-vena-cava-banding-to-facilitate-unilateral-bidirectional-glenn-operation-in-patients-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease-and-bilateral-superior-caval-veins
#18
Matthew C Schwartz, David Nykanen, William DeCampli, Kamal Pourmoghadam
Staged palliation to achieve a total cavopulmonary connection is a common treatment strategy in patients with single ventricle congenital heart disease. Patients with bilateral superior caval veins (bilateral SVC) often require the creation of bilateral superior cavopulmonary connections as part of the staged palliation, and these patients are at increased risk of morbidity. We describe a novel technique used in two patients with bilateral SVC and very small (1-2 mm) bridging vein that encouraged bridging vein growth and facilitated creation of a unilateral superior cavopulmonary connection...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549734/a-rare-cause-of-pediatric-stroke
#19
Ignacio Juaneda, Alejandro Peirone, Alejandro Contreras, Juan Díaz, Federico Roca
We describe a case of sudden-onset left-sided hemiparesis and dysarthria in a five-year-old boy. Acute vascular malformation bleeding or ischemic stroke was suspected. Neurological examination three weeks after the initial event revealed mild residual facial paresis. Brain angiography ruled out a vascular malformation. A work-up echocardiogram revealed a 4-cm left atrial mass compatible with cardiac myxoma. Urgent surgical resection of the mass under cardiopulmonary bypass confirmed the diagnosis. Uneventful recovery followed surgical resection...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154795/survival-of-three-neonates-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-d-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#20
Victoria L Blancha, Veniamin Ratner, Gudrun Aspelund, Paul Chai, Stéphanie Levasseur, Usha Krishnan, Emile Bacha, Ganga Krishnamurthy
Survival is significantly compromised in infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and major cardiac anomalies. Mortality is highest when congenital diaphragmatic hernia occurs in association with d-transposition of the great arteries. We present three infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with d-transposition of the great arteries from a single institution. All three infants survived to discharge after surgical repair/palliation of both the diaphragmatic hernia and heart defect and are doing well at last follow-up...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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