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World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945516/strengthening-international-collaboration-in-congenital-heart-surgery
#1
Richard A Jonas
This paper was presented by the author at the 2016 biannual scientific meeting in Abu dhabi of the World Society for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery as his incoming presidential address. In addition to listing the accomplishments of the World Society including several successful international scientific meetings and regional meetings, the Society has established the only journal devoted to congenital heart surgery and is in the process of establishing the new World Society database. The mission statement of the World Society emphasizes equitable global management of patients with congenital heart disease and includes an emphasis on excellence in education, research and community service...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945515/perspective-regarding-postoperative-care-following-pediatric-heart-surgery
#2
Jon Kaufman, Eduardo M da Cruz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945514/role-of-negative-pressure-wound-care-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-sternal-wound-infections-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#3
Hannah Copeland, Jennifer Newcombe, Feras Yamin, Khaled Bhajri, Vanessa Ayer Mille, Nahidh Hasaniya, Leonard Bailey, Anees J Razzouk
BACKGROUND: Sternal wound infections after pediatric cardiac surgery are uncommon but can be morbid. METHODS: We describe an institutional protocol for complicated sternal wounds utilizing hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) and negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT). PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective chart review (2001-2013) of 4,028 pediatric cardiac operations in 3,264 patients less than 18 years of age. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (1...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945513/vasopressin-is-no-inotrope
#4
Peter Paul Roeleveld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945512/history-of-the-world-society-for-pediatric-and-congenital-heart-surgery-the-first-decade
#5
Jeffrey P Jacobs, Christo I Tchervenkov, Giovanni Stellin, Hiromi Kurosawa, Constantine Mavroudis, Marcelo B Jatene, Zohair Al-Halees, Sertac M Cicek, Nestor F Sandoval, Carl L Backer, Jorge Cervantes, Joseph A Dearani, Tjark Ebels, Frank Edwin, Kirsten Finucane, Jose Fragata, Krishna S Iyer, Robin H Kinsley, James K Kirklin, Christian Kreutzer, Jinfen Liu, Bohdan Maruszewski, James D St Louis, George E Sarris, Richard A Jonas
The World Society for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery (WSPCHS) is the largest professional organization in the world dedicated to pediatric and congenital heart surgery. The purpose of this article is to document the first decade of the history of WSPCHS from its formation in 2006, to summarize the current status of WSPCHS, and to consider the future of WSPCHS. The WSPCHS was incorporated in Canada on April 7, 2011, with a head office in Montreal, Canada. The vision of the WSPCHS is that every child born anywhere in the world with a congenital heart defect should have access to appropriate medical and surgical care...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945511/a-letter-to-the-resident-starting-my-service%C3%A2
#6
Joseph A Dearani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945510/digital-design-and-3d-printing-of-aortic-arch-reconstruction-in-hlhs-for-surgical-simulation-and-training
#7
Sarah A Chen, Chin Siang Ong, Nagina Malguria, Luca A Vricella, Juan R Garcia, Narutoshi Hibino
PURPOSE: Patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) present a diverse spectrum of aortic arch morphology. Suboptimal geometry of the reconstructed aortic arch may result from inappropriate size and shape of an implanted patch and may be associated with poor outcomes. Meanwhile, advances in diagnostic imaging, computer-aided design, and three-dimensional (3D) printing technology have enabled the creation of 3D models. The purpose of this study is to create a surgical simulation and training model for aortic arch reconstruction...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945509/ubiquitin-c-terminal-hydrolase-1-and-phosphorylated-axonal-neurofilament-heavy-chain-in-infants-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-preliminary-assessment-as-potential-biomarkers-of-brain-injury
#8
Timothy Lee, Sathish M Chikkabyrappa, Diane Reformina, Amanda Mastrippolito, Sujata B Chakravarti, Ralph S Mosca, Gerry Shaw, Sunil P Malhotra
BACKGROUND: There are no reliable markers to assess brain injury in neonates following cardiac surgery. We examine ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1) and phosphorylated axonal neurofilament heavy chain (pNF-H), neuronal-specific biomarkers released following axonal and cortical injury, in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). METHODS: Twenty-six patients younger than three months were prospectively enrolled (CPB only, n = 12 and DHCA, n = 14)...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945508/single-ventricle-and-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-implications-of-prenatal-diagnosis
#9
Hayley S Hancock, Jennifer C Romano, Aimee Armstrong, Sunkyung Yu, Ray Lowery, Sarah Gelehrter
BACKGROUND: Single ventricle (SV) patients with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) are at high risk. Given the limited published data available, we examined outcomes and the implications of a prenatal diagnosis of SV/TAPVC. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective review was performed in neonates with SV/TAPVC from 1998 to 2014, identified through institutional databases. Patient demographic, perioperative, and follow-up data were collected. RESULTS: Thirty-four eligible infants with SV/TAPVC were identified (mean birth weight: 3...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945507/surgical-closure-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-premature-neonates-weighing-less-than-1-000-grams-contemporary-outcomes
#10
David G Lehenbauer, Charles D Fraser, Todd C Crawford, Naru Hibino, Susan Aucott, Joshua C Grimm, Nishant Patel, J Trent Magruder, Duke E Cameron, Luca Vricella
OBJECTIVE: The safety of surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight premature neonates has been questioned because of associated morbidities. However, these studies are vulnerable to significant bias as surgical ligation has historically been utilized as "rescue" therapy. The objective of this study was to review our institutions' outcomes of surgical PDA ligation. METHODS: All neonates with operative weight of ≤1.00 kg undergoing surgical PDA ligation from 2003 to 2015 were analyzed...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945506/similar-interstage-outcomes-for-single-ventricle-infants-palliated-with-an-aortopulmonary-shunt-compared-to-the-norwood-procedure
#11
Matthew Pizzuto, Mehul Patel, Jennifer Romano, Lauren Retzloff, Sunkyung Yu, Ray Lowery, Sarah Gelehrter
BACKGROUND: Interstage outcomes for single ventricle infants following Norwood operation have been well studied, showing significant mortality. Other single ventricle infants require only an aortopulmonary shunt. The aim of the study was to describe the interstage outcomes of this group compared to Norwood patients and identify risk factors for mortality. METHODS: A single-center retrospective cohort review was performed in patients who underwent a Norwood operation (Norwood) or aortopulmonary shunt (Shunt) during 2000 to 2011 and survived to discharge...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945505/kawashima-by-fenestrated-hemi-fontan-for-palliation-following-prior-stage-i-norwood-operation
#12
Jenny E Zablah, Michael Ross, Neil Wilson, Brian Fonseca, Max B Mitchell
Single ventricle patients with interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) and azygos continuation to the superior vena cava (SVC) are typically palliated with a bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (BCPS), known as the Kawashima operation in this setting. Because the volume of venous blood directed to the pulmonary arteries is substantially greater in the presence of interrupted IVC, Kawashima procedures are commonly delayed to older age compared to other single ventricle patients undergoing BCPS. We report two young infant single ventricle patients with interrupted IVC and azygos continuation to the SVC who underwent stage I Norwood procedures for initial palliation...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945504/rotational-thromboelastometry-rapidly-predicts-thrombocytopenia-and-hypofibrinogenemia-during-neonatal-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#13
John P Scott, Robert A Niebler, Eckehard A E Stuth, Debra K Newman, James S Tweddell, Rachel S Bercovitz, D Woodrow Benson, Regina Cole, Pippa M Simpson, Ke Yan, Ronald K Woods
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia and hypofibrinogenemia during neonatal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) contribute to bleeding and morbidity. Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is a viscoelastic assay with a rapid turnaround time. Data validating ROTEM during neonatal cardiac surgery remain limited. This study examined perioperative hemostatic trends in neonates treated with standardized platelet and cryoprecipitate transfusion during CPB. We hypothesized that ROTEM would predict thrombocytopenia, hypofibrinogenemia, and the correction thereof...
July 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697021/successful-late-recruitment-of-the-occluded-left-main-coronary-artery-after-initial-arterial-switch-operation
#14
Krzysztof W Michalak, Maciej Moll, Tomasz Moszura, Jacek Jan Moll
We describe a surgical technique for late recruitment of the proximally occluded left main coronary artery (LMCA) after initial arterial switch operation, which had been complicated by severe left ventricular dysfunction. This technique allowed for LMCA recanalization, using the patent conal artery branching off the LMCA close to the ostium. It is particularly useful in small children, where surgical options for coronary arteries are limited and associated with a high risk of restenosis. It was successfully used in a two-month-old boy with successful revascularization confirmed by angiography...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697020/optimal-use-of-z-scores-to-preserve-the-pulmonary-valve-annulus-during-repair-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#15
Mark Nelson Awori, Nikita P Mehta, Frederick O Mitema, Naomi Kebba
OBJECTIVE: The size of the pulmonary annulus measured as a z-score is often used to determine when to insert a transannular patch (TAP). Multiple "cutoffs" are quoted in the literature; this could lead to inappropriate insertion. We aimed to determine whether the use of z-scores derived from different populations may have contributed to the varied "cutoffs" quoted. METHODS: PubMed was searched using the terms: "tetralogy," "Fallot," "transannular," "patch," "mortality," and "death...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692237/ping-pong-ball-tumor-or-thrombus-in-the-right-atrium-a-case-report
#16
Stephanie Ghaleb, Bryant Roosevelt, James Cnota
Tumors and thrombi are the most common cardiac masses of the right atrium. The use of noninvasive imaging to differentiate between the two can be deceiving, and the clinical judgment of a cardiologist and the emergency of the situation should be partnered to decide on the next step of the management. We present the case of a 29-year-old lady who was receiving neoadjuvant treatment for her rhabdomyosarcoma and was incidentally found to have a very large, very mobile right atrial mass that was protruding in the right ventricle with each cardiac cycle along with findings of a small segmental right lower lobe pulmonary embolism...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692236/interstage-outcomes-in-infants-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease-comparing-home-monitoring-technology-to-three-ring-binder-documentation-a-randomized-crossover-study
#17
Michael Bingler, Lori A Erickson, Kimberly J Reid, Brian Lee, James O'Brien, Johnathan Apperson, Kathy Goggin, Girish Shirali
BACKGROUND: Interstage outcomes for infants with single ventricle remain suboptimal. We have previously described a tablet PC-based platform Cardiac High Acuity Monitoring Program (CHAMP) for remote monitoring which provides immediate access to data, videos, and instant alerts to our single ventricle care team. METHODS: This study compares traditional three-ring binder monitoring (Binder) to CHAMP using a randomized crossover design to evaluate mortality, resource utilization, and caregiver experience...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692235/perioperative-corticosteroids-in-children-undergoing-congenital-heart-surgery-five-decades-of-clinical-equipoise
#18
COMMENT
Kevin D Hill, Prince J Kannankeril
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692234/cardiopulmonary-bypass-reduces-early-thrombosis-of-systemic-to-pulmonary-artery-shunts
#19
Jason T Patregnani, Anthony A Sochet, David Zurakowski, Darren Klugman, Yaser Diab, John T Berger, Pranava Sinha
BACKGROUND: Shunt thrombosis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt (SPS) placement. Concurrent procedures with placement of SPS may require cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Cardiopulmonary bypass is known to cause bleeding and platelet dysfunction in infants, which may protect from early shunt thrombosis. We hypothesized that infants undergoing SPS placement on CPB have a lower incidence of early shunt thrombosis. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of infants undergoing SPS placement from January 2008 to December 2014 was performed...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692233/anomalous-systemic-artery-to-the-left-lower-lobe-literature-review-and-a-new-surgical-technique
#20
Jacob R Miller, Timothy S Lancaster, Aaron M Abarbanell, Peter B Manning, Pirooz Eghtesady
Anomalous systemic arterial supply to the basal segments of the left lower lobe without coexisting pulmonary artery connection is a rare anomaly. Most feel treatment is necessary; however, the ideal strategy is unclear. Treatments described include embolization, pulmonary resection, or anastomosis to the native pulmonary artery. We recently encountered an infant with this anomaly and present a literature review summarizing all recent reports. Additionally, we describe a novel surgical technique to create a tension-free anastomosis utilizing segmental aortic translocation that we employed in our patient due to a large distance between the anomalous vessel and native left pulmonary artery...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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