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World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199796/select-abstracts-from-cardiology-2017
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121517/intramural-coronary-artery-in-truncus-arteriosus
#2
Arshid Mir, Harold M Burkhart, Kumar Ponniah, Kent Ward
Coronary artery anomalies are known to be associated with truncus arteriosus (common arterial trunk). Delineation of coronary anatomy preoperatively is important to avoid complications intraoperatively and postoperatively. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with repaired truncus arteriosus who presented with moderate to severe truncal valve regurgitation and severe conduit stenosis. He was noted to have intramural left main coronary artery on a transesophageal echocardiogram performed preoperatively.
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055329/percutaneous-transhepatic-fontan-kreutzer-completion-of-hepatic-vein-inclusion
#3
Ignacio Juaneda, Alejandro Peirone, Adolfo Ferrero Guadagnoli, Alejandro Contreras, Santiago Orozco, Juan Diaz, Christian Kreutzer
We report the case of an 11-year-old girl with heterotaxy syndrome, dextrocardia, and azygos continuation of an interrupted inferior vena cava who had developed pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas after a Kawashima procedure consisting of bilateral superior cavopulmonary anastomoses. She presented with profound cyanosis, fatigue, and failure to thrive. An operative procedure to direct hepatic vein effluent to the pulmonary circulation was performed with placement of an extracardiac conduit between the hepatic veins and the left pulmonary artery...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033087/unexpected-internalization-of-a-pulmonary-artery-band-in-a-porcine-model-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#4
Zakaria Jalal, François Roubertie, Emmanuelle Fournier, Virginie Dubes, David Benoist, Jerome Naulin, Samantha Delmond, Marlène Durand, Michel Haissaguerre, Olivier Bernus, Jean-Benoit Thambo
BACKGROUND: We report our experience of an unexpected complication of internalization of a pulmonary artery (PA) band in the vascular lumen, which occurred in a chronic porcine model of repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). METHODS: Twelve piglets were divided into 3 groups: (1) TOF model animals (PA band plus pulmonary valvotomy, n = 4), (2) pulmonary insufficiency (PI) animals (pulmonary valvotomy, n = 4), and (3) control animals (n = 4). A nonabsorbable, coated braided polyester tape was used to perform the main pulmonary artery banding...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033086/tricuspid-valve-replacement-in-infants-and-children-with-exclusively-autologous-tissue
#5
Khaled Samir Mohamed
Tricuspid valve replacement has always been a challenge in the pediatric population, with high rates of mortality and morbidity. This article describes a new technique that we have used to replace the tricuspid valve with exclusively autologous tissues. The pulmonary autograft is used for tricuspid valve replacement. Pulmonary artery wall and autologous pericardium are utilized for right ventricular out flow tract reconstruction with the creation of a monocusp.
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033085/echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-left-main-coronary-artery-atresia
#6
Justin D Weigand, Srinath Gowda, Richard Lorber, Nitin Madan
This case describes an infantile presentation of left main coronary artery atresia (LMCAA), which involves complete absence of the left coronary ostium and left main coronary artery. The echocardiographic features of LMCAA that assist in making this diagnosis are detailed. Important imaging features that distinguish LMCAA from anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery are highlighted.
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033084/effects-of-exercise-restriction-on-patients-with-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery
#7
Matthew D Elias, James Meza, Brian W McCrindle, Julie A Brothers, Stephen Paridon, Meryl S Cohen
BACKGROUND: Management of young patients with anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) may involve exercise restriction. We sought to identify the association of exercise restriction with changes over time in body mass index (BMI) and exercise capacity in this cohort. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with AAOCA seen at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between January 1, 1998, and August 31, 2014. Linear mixed model repeated-measures analysis assessed changes in BMI and exercise capacity...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033083/the-hemodynamic-effects-and-safety-of-repetitive-levosimendan-infusions-on-children-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#8
Pertti Suominen, Niklas Mattila, Olle Nyblom, Paula Rautiainen, Maila Turanlahti, Otto Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: Limited treatment options are available for children with decompensated dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), while they wait for either functional recovery or heart transplantation. We evaluated the safety of repetitive levosimendan infusions and short-term and long-term impacts of the therapy in this patient population. METHODS: Eighty-one repetitive levosimendan infusions administered to 20 patients with DCM at severe or end stage of the disease in the pediatric intensive care unit were analyzed retrospectively...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033082/surgical-site-infection-after-pediatric-cardiothoracic-surgery
#9
Anthony A Sochet, Alexander M Cartron, Aoibhinn Nyhan, Michael C Spaeder, Xiaoyan Song, Anna T Brown, Darren Klugman
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) occurs in 0.25% to 6% of children after cardiothoracic surgery (CTS). There are no published data regarding the financial impact of SSI after pediatric CTS. We sought to determine the attributable hospital cost and length of stay associated with SSI in children after CTS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, matched cohort study in a 26-bed cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) from January 2010 through December 2013. Cases with SSI were identified retrospectively and individually matched to controls 2:1 by age, gender, Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery score, Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery category, and primary cardiac diagnosis and procedure...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033081/clinical-databases-and-registries-in-congenital-and-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-cardiology-critical-care-and-anesthesiology-worldwide
#10
David F Vener, Michael Gaies, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Sara K Pasquali
The growth in large-scale data management capabilities and the successful care of patients with congenital heart defects have coincidentally paralleled each other for the last three decades, and participation in multicenter congenital heart disease databases and registries is now a fundamental component of cardiac care. This manuscript attempts for the first time to consolidate in one location all of the relevant databases worldwide, including target populations, specialties, Web sites, and participation information...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033080/common-arterial-trunk-repair-by-means-of-a-handmade-bovine-pericardial-valved-woven-dacron-conduit
#11
Samuel Ramírez-Marroquín, Pedro José Curi-Curi, Juan Calderón-Colmenero, José Antonio García-Montes, Jorge Luis Cervantes-Salazar
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair of common arterial trunk (CAT) by means of a homograft conduit has become a standard practice. We report our experience in the correction of this heart disease with a handmade bovine pericardial-valved woven Dacron conduit as an alternative procedure to homografts, with a focus on early, mid-term, and long-term results. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study that included 15 patients with a mean age of 1.5 years (range: three months to eight years), who underwent primary repair of simple CAT...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033079/sustained-improvement-in-right-ventricular-chamber-dimensions-10-years-following-xenograft-pulmonary-valve-replacement
#12
Heidi B Schubmehl, Michael F Swartz, Nader Atallah-Yunes, Carol Wittlieb-Weber, Rebecca E Pratt, George M Alfieris
BACKGROUND: The goals following pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) are to optimize right ventricular hemodynamics and minimize the need for subsequent reoperations on the right ventricular outflow tract. We hypothesized PVR using a xenograft valved conduit would result in superior freedom from reoperation with sustained improvement in right ventricular chamber dimensions. METHODS: Xenograft valved conduits placed in patients aged >16 years were reviewed from 2000 to 2010 to allow for a 5-year minimum follow-up...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033078/the-accuracy-of-noninvasive-peripheral-pulse-oximetry-after-palliative-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Gemma E Scrimgeour, Michael J Griksaitis, John V Pappachan, Andrew J Baldock
BACKGROUND: Children with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) live with oxyhemoglobin saturations that are typically expressed as percentages in the range of 70s and 80s. Peripheral pulse oximetry (measurement of SpO2) performs poorly in this range and yet is widely used to inform clinical decisions in these patients. The reference standard is co-oximetry of arterial samples (SaO2). METHODS: In this study, 515 paired measurements of SpO2 and SaO2 were taken from 19 children who had undergone palliative cardiac surgery...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033077/virtual-3-dimensional-computed-tomographic-surgical-planning-for-severe-aortic-coarctation-aneurysm-in-the-setting-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#14
Jerold S Shinbane, Serena Ghanshani, Vaughn Starnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033076/a-simplified-technique-for-interventional-extracardiac-fontan
#15
Sudesh Prabhu, Ben Anderson, Cameron Ward, Tom Karl, Nelson Alphonso
PURPOSE: We report a simple technique for an interventional extracardiac Fontan (ECF) procedure. DESCRIPTION: At the preparatory stage along with a bidirectional cavopulmonary connection (BCPC; cardiopulmonary bypass), a short piece of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tube graft is anastomosed to the inferior surface of the right pulmonary artery. Another longer PTFE graft is anastomosed to the transected inferior vena cava (IVC). A large medial opening in the lower PTFE graft is anastomosed to an atriotomy...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033075/short-term-results-of-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-repair
#16
Khakimjon Abralov, Amonjon Alimov
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively analyzed 65 patients who underwent surgical repair of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm over the last 27 years. METHODS: From January 1, 1988, to October 1, 2015, a total of 65 patients with sinus of Valsalva aneurysm underwent surgical repair in our hospital. There were 41 males (63%) and 24 females (37%), and their age ranged from 5 to 50 years (mean 23 ± 10 years, median 21 years). Out of the 65 patients, 45 (69%) had ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, 46 (70%) had a ventricular septal defect, and 22 (34%) had aortic valve insufficiency...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033074/preoperative-feeding-neonates-with-cardiac-disease
#17
Carly J Scahill, Eric M Graham, Andrew M Atz, Scott M Bradley, Minoo N Kavarana, Sinai C Zyblewski
BACKGROUND: The potential for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in neonates requiring cardiac surgery has contributed largely to wide feeding practice variations and a hesitation to initiate enteral feeding during the preoperative period, specifically those patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of neonates undergoing cardiac surgery at a single institution between July 2011 and July 2013 was performed. The primary objective of this study was to determine if preoperative feeding was associated with NEC in neonates requiring cardiac surgery...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856692/the-medium-term-effects-of-treatment-for-mild-aortic-recoarctation
#18
Camilla Grøndahl, Thais Almeida Lins Pedersen, Vibeke Elisabeth Hjortdal
OBJECTIVE: To assess medium-term effects of treatment for mild to moderate recoarctation in an adult population. DESIGN: We identified all patients who had coarctation repair between 1965 and 1985 in our institution. They were all (n = 156) invited to a thorough outpatient examination, which was accepted by 133. Eleven (median age 36 [28-53] years) were identified with isolated mild to moderate recoarctation and received reintervention. They comprise the patient population of the current study...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098607/suprasternal-approach-aortopexy-relieves-tracheal-compression-after-nikaidoh-procedure
#19
David Horne, Michelle Noga, Vijay Anand, Ivan M Rebeyka
Tracheal obstruction secondary to vascular and soft tissue compression, after Nikaidoh procedure, can effectively be managed with aortopexy from a suprasternal incision.
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098605/severe-pulmonary-vascular-obstructive-disease-after-neonatal-arterial-switch-operation-for-simple-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#20
Dai Kimura, Mario Briceno-Medina, T K Susheel Kumar, Christopher J Knott-Craig
Neonatal arterial switch operation for simple dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) has almost eliminated the occurrence of pulmonary vascular obstructive disease compared to patients who underwent Mustard or Senning procedure at an older age. We report a case of a neonate with d-TGA and intact ventricular septum who underwent arterial switch operation and yet developed severe pulmonary vascular obstructive disease within two months.
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
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