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Journal of Natural Medicines

Kiyomi Hikita, Natsuki Hattori, Aya Takeda, Yuko Yamakage, Rina Shibata, Saori Yamada, Kuniki Kato, Tomiyasu Murata, Hitoshi Tanaka, Norio Kaneda
Erypoegin K is an isoflavone isolated from the stem bark of Erythrina poeppigiana. It contains a furan group at the A-ring of the core isoflavone structure and can inhibit the activity of glyoxalase I, an enzyme that catalyzes the detoxification of methylglyoxal (MG), a by-product of glycolysis. In the present study, we found that erypoegin K has a potent cytotoxic effect on human leukemia HL-60 cells. Its cytotoxic effect was much stronger than that of a known glyoxalase I inhibitor S-p-bromobenzylglutathione cyclopentyl diester...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Takuro Maruyama, Masami Ezaki, Mao Shiba, Hiroki Yamaji, Taichi Yoshitomi, Noriaki Kawano, Shu Zhu, Xiao Cheng, Tsuguo Yokokura, Yutaka Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Fuchino, Hang Sun, Katsuko Komatsu, Nobuo Kawahara
Saposhnikoviae radix (SR) is described in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia as a crude drug derived from the root of Saposhnikovia divaricata Schischkin (Umbelliferae). According to Flora of China, the root of Peucedanum ledebourielloides K. F. Fu is used as a regional substitute for SR. Therefore, we surveyed the botanical origin of the drug used in China, especially Shaanxi and the surrounding regions, through nucleotide sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region of rDNA. As a result, several samples from Shaanxi () and Shanxi () provinces were identified as Peucedanum ledebourielloides...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Eiji Inoue, Yasuharu Shimizu, Ryo Masui, Tomomi Hayakawa, Tomoe Tsubonoya, Satoko Hori, Keiichi Sudoh
Saffron, the stigma of Crocus sativus Linné (Iridaceae family), has been known to inhibit aggregation of β-amyloid, a nerve tissue protein. α-Synuclein (αS) is a 140-amino acid protein found abundantly in various regions of the brain. Its abnormal aggregation and accumulation in nerve tissue are said to cause neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, Lewy body dementia, and multiple-system atrophy. This study (part of this study was presented at the 137th Annual Meeting of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan) examined the effects of saffron, its constituents (crocin-1, crocin-2, crocetin, and safranal), and crocetin structural analogs (hexadecanedioic acid, norbixin, and trans, trans-muconic acid) on αS aggregation, and αS fibril dissociation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Sachiko Sugimoto, Katsuyoshi Matsunami, Hideaki Otsuka
The aim of our study is to find functional compounds from natural resources. We focus on plants grown in tropical areas, especially Madagascar and Thailand, because they have unique flora and are expected to contain interesting compounds. We review the functional compounds of the seed kernels of Entada phaseoloides and E. rheedei and their biological activities such as anti-proliferation and melanogenesis inhibitory properties, etc.
November 9, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Hongke Cai, Xi Chen, Jianbo Zhang, Jijian Wang
18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (18β-GA) is a bioactive component of licorice root which exerts pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-oxidative and anti-cancer effects. The current study further investigated the molecular mechanisms associated with the inhibitory effects of 18β-GA on tumor metastasis in human gastric cancer cells. The results indicated that 18β-GA significantly reduced invasion and migration activities and suppressed MMP-2 and 9 activities on SGC-7901cells in a dose-dependent manner...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Toshihiro Nohara, Masateru Ono, Naho Nishioka, Fuka Masuda, Yukio Fujiwara, Tsuyoshi Ikeda, Daisuke Nakano, Junei Kinjo
One atypical thiolane-type sulfide, garlicnin I2 (1), two 3,4-dimethylthiolane-type sulfides, garlicnins M (2) and N (3), and one thiabicyclic-type sulfide, garlicnin O (4), were isolated from the acetone extracts of Chinese garlic bulbs, Allium sativum and their structures were characterized. Hypothetical pathways for the production of the respective sulfides were discussed.
October 30, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Tsutomu Tsuruoka, Kazuki Ishikawa, Tomoo Hosoe, Darikhand Davaajab, Suvd Duvjir, Unursaikhan Surenjav
A new cinnamoylphenethylamine derivative, compound 1, was isolated as the main HPLC peak after partitioning the methanol extract of bulbs of a Mongolian onion species, Allium carolinianum DC. The chemical structure of this substance was determined by spectroscopic analysis including MS, and 1D and 2D NMR. Compound 1 showed weak cytotoxic activity in the murine leukemia cell line P388.
October 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Young Sook Yun, Sachie Noda, Shigeru Takahashi, Yuji Takahashi, Hideshi Inoue
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) contains a variety of alkamides. Among them, piperine has been reported to have antidepressant-like effects in chronically stressed mice, but little is known about the biological activity of other alkamides. In this study, we investigated the effects of alkamides from white pepper (P. nigrum) on neuronal cells. Twelve alkamides were isolated from white pepper MeOH extracts, and their chemical structures were identified by NMR and MS analyses. The compounds were subjected to assays using the luciferase-reporter gene under the control of the BDNF promoter or cAMP response element in mouse neuroblastoma Neuro-2a cells...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Motoyasu Minami, Takako Mori, Takayuki Yonezawa, Yukiko Saito, Toshiaki Teruya, Je-Tae Woo
Nepodin, found in the roots of Rumex japonicus Houtt. (Polygonaceae), inhibits osteoclast differentiation and has an antidiabetic effect. We propose nepodin as an ingredient of new functional foods or as a drug candidate for reducing the risk of reduced locomotion resulting from diseases such as osteoporosis. Although there are no previous reports of R. obtusifolius L., which is found throughout Japan, having roots containing nepodin, we found nepodin in the roots of this species. Therefore, R. obtusifolius as well as R...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Gui-Yun Zhao, Bo-Wen Deng, Chong-Yu Zhang, Yi-Da Cui, Jia-Yi Bi, Guo-Gang Zhang
Two new phenanthrene and 9, 10-dihydrophenanthrene derivatives (1-2) with six known congeners (3-8) were isolated from the extraction of stems of Dendrobium officinale. Compounds 1 and 2 were based on carbon skeleton in which phenanthrene and 9, 10-dihydrophenanthrene moiety were linked with a phenylpropane unit through a dioxane bridge, respectively. Their structures were determined by comprehensive NMR spectroscopic data, the absolute configuration of new compounds were determined by comparing their experimental and calculated ECD for the first time...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Hiroshi Yamashita, Keiko Takeda, Machiko Haraguchi, Yuki Abe, Natsumi Kuwahara, Shota Suzuki, Ayaka Terui, Takumi Masaka, Naoko Munakata, Mariko Uchida, Masashi Nunokawa, Kyousuke Kaneda, Masuo Goto, Kuo-Hsiung Lee, Koji Wada
Diterpenoid alkaloids with remarkable chemical properties and biological activities are frequently found in plants of the genera Aconitum, Delphinium, and Garrya. Accordingly, several diterpenoid alkaloid constituents of Aconitum and Delphinium plants as well as their derivatives exhibited cytotoxic activity against lung, prostate, nasopharyngeal, and vincristine-resistant nasopharyngeal cancer cell lines. Four new C19-diterpenoid alkaloids, 14-anisoyllasianine (1), 14-anisoyl-N-deethylaconine (2), N-deethylaljesaconitine A (3), and N-deethylnevadensine (4), together with 17 known C19- and C20-diterpenoid alkaloids, were isolated in a phytochemical investigation of rhizoma of Aconitum japonicum THUNB...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Nenling Zhang, Xiangchun Shen, Xiaofei Jiang, Jiazhong Cai, Xiaoling Shen, Yingjie Hu, Samuel X Qiu
Two new stilbenoid dimers, cajanstilbenoids A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the leaves of Cajanus cajan. Planar structures of these compounds were verified by NMR (1D and 2D) and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HR-ESI-MS). Absolute configurations were assigned by comparing experimental and calculated electronic CD values. The cytotoxicity of 1 and 2 against human hepatoma (HepG2), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), and human lung cancer (A549) cells were evaluated in vitro. Compound 1 showed strong cytotoxicity against all the tested cell lines (IC50 values: 2...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Gorawit Yusakul, Seiichi Sakamoto, Poomraphie Nuntawong, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto
The binding properties of recombinant antibody fragments, such as affinity and specificity, determine their usefulness for therapeutic and analytical applications. Anti-paclitaxel single-chain variable fragment clone 1C2 (anti-PT scFv1C2) was expressed using Escherichia coli cell and Bombyx mori larvae expression systems. The binding characteristics of the scFvs were evaluated using indirect competitive ELISA. The linear range of binding between anti-PT scFv1C2 and paclitaxel was significantly different between the anti-PT scFv1C2s derived from E...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Takahiro Sato, Masako Akiyama, Ken-Ichi Nakahama, Shujiro Seo, Masamichi Watanabe, Jin Tatsuzaki, Ikuo Morita
We report in this study novel biochemical activities of peanut skin extract (PEXT) on thrombocytopoiesis. Peanut skin, derived from Arachis hypogaea L., is a traditional Chinese medicine that is used to treat chronic hemorrhage. We have shown that oral administration of PEXT increases the peripheral platelet levels in mice. Recently, we reported a liquid culture system that is useful for investigating megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombocytopoiesis from human CD34(+) cells. In this liquid culture system, PEXT was shown to enhance the formation of CD41(+)/DAPI(-) cells (platelets), but had no effect on the formation of CD41(+)/DAPI(+) cells (megakaryocytes) or on the DNA content...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Takaharu Suwama, Keisuke Watanabe, Orawan Monthakantirat, Prathan Luecha, Hiroshi Noguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Kaoru Umehara
This study evaluated methanol extracts from the leaves and branches of the Thai medicinal plant Diospyros mollis (Ebenaceae). Seven triterpenes and 22 aromatic compounds, including five new compounds, were isolated, and their structures were determined. The new compounds had the following structures: diospyrol glycoside (makluoside A, 1), 8,8'-di-O-6-β-D-apiofuranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl-6,6'-dimethyl-2,3'-binaphthalene-1-ol-1',4'- dione (makluoside B, 2), and 3-methyl-1,8- naphthalenediol glycosides (makluosides C-E, 3-5)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Toshio Morikawa, Katsuya Imura, Yoshinori Akagi, Osamu Muraoka, Kiyofumi Ninomiya
Two new gallic acid glycosides, potentillanosides G (1) and H (2), were newly isolated from the methanol extract of the tuberous roots of Potentilla anserina (Rosaceae), together with a known compound, ellagic acid 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (3). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. Among the constituents, potentillanoside H (2, IC50 = 99.5 μM) was found to show hepatoprotective activity.
October 10, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Yohta Shimato, Misato Ota, Kohshi Asai, Toshiyuki Atsumi, Yoshiaki Tabuchi, Toshiaki Makino
The Japanese Pharmacopoeia defines byakujutsu (Atractylodes rhizome) as the rhizome of Atractylodes japonica or A. macrocephala and sojutsu (Atractylodes lancea rhizome) as the rhizome of A. lancea, A. chinensis, or their interspecific hybrids. Because their pharmaceutical uses differ in traditional Japanese Kampo medicine and traditional Chinese medicine, with less apparent scientific evidence, we compared the pharmacological properties between byakujutsu and sojutsu. Crude drug specimens of byakujutsu (n = 40) and sojutsu (n = 49) obtained in markets were identified by their species using DNA profiling...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Takuya Ito, Hien Minh Nguyen, Nwet Nwet Win, Hung Quoc Vo, Hoai Thi Nguyen, Hiroyuki Morita
Sesquiterpenoid quinones with remarkable properties, such as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor, antiangiogenic, and differentiation-inducing activities, have reportedly been isolated from the marine sponge genera Dysidea, Spongia, and Dactylospongia. In our continuing search for bioactive compounds from marine sponges, three new sesquiterpenoid quinones, langcoquinones D-F (1-3), were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of Spongia sp. collected from Vietnam. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Dongmei Yang, Li Li, Shanjun Qian, Lixin Liu
Liver fibrosis is considered to be a result of chronic liver pathological changes, and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play an important role during this process. Evodiamine, an indole alkaloid derived from Evodia rutaecarpa, exhibits pharmacological activities. This study focused on the effects of evodiamine on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats and HSCs in vitro via the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway. A liver fibrosis rat model was established by the intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 (3 ml/kg, 30% in olive oil)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Qiu Chen, Jian Li, Jingya Ruan, Lu Qu, Hongyan Wei, Xiaoling Ma, Yi Zhang, Tao Wang
Five new compounds, leontoaerialosides A (1), B (2), C (3), D (4), and E (5) were obtained from the 70% EtOH extract of the whole plants of Leontopodium leontopodioides (Wild.) Beauv. Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Moreover, compounds 4 and 5 showed significant effects on stimulating the hepatic glucose uptake in HepG2 cells.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
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