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Journal of Natural Medicines

Koji Fujihara, Kunio Takahashi, Kiyotaka Koyama, Kaoru Kinoshita
Five new oleanane-type saponins 1-5 together with a known saponin 6 and a steroidal glycoside 7 were isolated from Polaskia chichipe Backbg., and their structures were determined from their 1D and 2D NMR and HRFABMS spectral data. The six isolated saponins 1-6 were tested for their effects on the melanogenesis of B16 melanoma 4A5 cells. Compound 1 exerted an inhibitory effect at 100 μM whereas compound 3 promoted melanogenesis at the same concentration, even though these two compounds contain the same aglycon structure...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Ichiro Kawahata, Tatsuya Suzuki, Evelyn Gutiérrez Rico, Shuichi Kusano, Hiroshi Tamura, Yoshihiro Mimaki, Tohru Yamakuni
A previous study reported biotransformation of a citrus peel polymethoxyflavone, nobiletin, by Aspergillus enabling production of 4'-demethylnobiletin, and the product's antimutagenic activity. However, the effects of fermented citrus peel on the basal forebrain-hippocampal system remain unidentified. Citrus reticulata (ponkan) fruit squeezed draffs are generated as mass waste in beverage factories. In this study using PC12D cells and cultured central nervous system neurons, we therefore examined whether Aspergillus kawachii-fermented citrus fruit squeezed draff could affect cAMP response element (CRE)- and choline acetyltransferase gene (ChAT) promoter region-mediated transcriptional activities relevant to memory formation and cholinergic function...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Ahmed H El-Desoky, Hikaru Kato, Sachiko Tsukamoto
Three new spongian diterpenes, ceylonins G-I (1-3), were isolated from the marine sponge Spongia ceylonensis collected in Indonesia, together with five known spongian diterpenes (4-8). Only 4 inhibited USP7 with an IC50 value of 8.2 μM.
May 3, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Fusako Nakano, Shozo Miyoshi, Toshiyuki Murakami
Four new galloyl-oxygen-diphenyl (GOD)-type ellagitannins, brambliins A-D (1-4), were isolated from the leaves of Rubus suavissimus. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses and the absolute configurations of 1-4 were determined by chemical and phytochemical evidence. These GOD-type ellagitannins inhibited the formation of dental plaque, which is beneficial for oral hygiene.
April 28, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Parinuch Chumkaew, Jaraslak Pechwang, Theera Srisawat
Phytochemical investigation of the stems from Brucea javanica led to the isolation of two new quassinoids, brujavanol C (1) and brujavanol D (2), together with six known compounds (3-8). The chemical structures were elucidated by means of various spectroscopic methods. All the isolated compounds were evaluated for antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum and compounds 6 and 7 exhibited the most potent activity against the K1 strain, with IC50 values of 1.41 and 1.06 μM, respectively.
April 28, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Saeed Amiri Gheshlaghi, Razieh Mohammad Jafari, Mohammad Algazo, Nastaran Rahimi, Hussein Alshaib, Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Genistein, a major source of phytoestrogen exposure for humans and animals, has been shown to mediate neuroprotection in Alzheimer's disease and status epilepticus. In the present study, we investigated the effect of genistein on pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in ovariectomized mice and the possible involvement of estrogenic and serotonergic pathways in the probable effects of genistein. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of genistein (10 mg/kg) significantly increased the seizure threshold 30 min prior to induction of seizures 14 days after ovariectomy surgery...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Mohamed S Abdelfattah, Mohammed I Y Elmallah, Adal A Mohamed, Masami Ishibashi
A new ana-quinonoid tetracene metabolite, named sharkquinone (1), and the known SS-228R (2) have been isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the culture of marine Streptomyces sp. EGY1. The strain was isolated from sediment sample collected from the Red Sea coast of Egypt. The structure of sharkquinone (1) was elucidated using detailed spectral (HRESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR) analyses and quantum chemical calculations. This is the first report of the isolation of ana-quinonoid tetracene derivative from a natural source...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Tharita Kitisripanya, Chadathorn Inyai, Supaluk Krittanai, Kittisak Likhitwitayawuid, Boonchoo Sritularak, Poonsakdi Ploypradith, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto, Waraporn Putalun
Oxyresveratrol is a major active compound in the heartwood of Artocarpus lacucha. It plays an important role in anti-tyrosinase, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and neuroprotective properties. There are many A. lacucha commercial products available on the market for skin whitening and anti-aging effects. To evaluate the quality of raw material from the plant, a monoclonal antibody (MAb) against oxyresveratrol was generated in this study. The immunogen was prepared by the Mannich reaction for the conjugation of oxyresveratrol and cationized bovine serum albumin (cBSA)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Delfly B Abdjul, Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Syu-Ichi Kanno, Ayako Tomizawa, Henki Rotinsulu, Defny S Wewengkang, Deiske A Sumilat, Kazuyo Ukai, Magie M Kapojos, Michio Namikoshi
In the course of our studies on anti-mycobacterial substances from marine organisms, the known dimeric sphingolipid, leucettamol A (1), was isolated as an active component, together with the new bromopyrrole alkaloid, 5-bromophakelline (2), and twelve known congeners from the Indonesian marine sponge Agelas sp. The structure of 2 was elucidated based on its spectroscopic data. Compound 1 and its bis TFA salt showed inhibition zones of 12 and 7 mm against Mycobacterium smegmatis at 50 μg/disk, respectively, while the N,N'-diacetyl derivative (1a) was not active at 50 μg/disk...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Xin Feng, Gejia Zhong, Daji Dengba, Jun Luo, Shouying Du
Two new polyhydroxy polyacetylenes, herpecaudenes A and B (1 and 2), were isolated from the ethanol extract of fruits of Herpetospermum caudigerum, an important Tibetan medicine. The structures of them were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods including UV, IR, HRESIMS, (1)H and (13)C NMR, HMBC, HSQC, and (1)H-(1)H COSY. Compound 2 showed significant inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages with IC50 values of 7.05 ± 1.59 µM.
March 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Wenzhong Shi, Lili Liu, Jian Li, Lu Qu, Xu Pang, Haiyang Yu, Yi Zhang, Tao Wang
Three new flavonoid glycosides-soyaflavonosides A (1), B (2), and C (3)-together with 23 known ones were obtained from the 70% EtOH extract of Flos Sophorae (Sophora japonica, Leguminosae). Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Among the known isolates, 14, 18, 20, 22, and 26 were isolated from the Sophora genus for the first time; 12, 19, 24, and 25 were obtained from the species firstly. Moreover, NMR data for compounds 18 and 26 are reported for the first time here. Meanwhile, compounds 4, 8-13, 15, 16, 19, 21, and 22 presented obvious inhibitory effects on TG accumulation in HepG2 cells...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Keiko Kumagai, Masayuki Tsuda, Eri Fukushi, Jun Kawabata, Atsunori Masuda, Masashi Tsuda
Iriomoteolides-9a (1) and 11a (2), new 15- and 19-membered macrolides, respectively, have been isolated from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species (strain KCA09052). Compounds 1 and 2 were obtained from the extracts of the algal cells inoculated in the PES and TKF seawater medium, respectively. The structures of 1 and 2 were assigned on the basis of detailed NMR analyses. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited cytotoxic activity against human cervix adenocarcinoma HeLa cells.
March 2, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Sachiko Sugimoto, Yoshi Yamano, Hany Ezzat Khalil, Hideaki Otsuka, Mohamed Salah Kamel, Katsuyoshi Matsunami
A new pyrrolidine derivative, (5S)-hydroxyethyl 2-oxopyrrolidine-5-carboxylate (1), a new flavonol glycoside, tamaraxetin 3,7-di-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (2), and a new triterpene saponin, polyscioside A methyl ester (3), along with six known compounds (4-9) were isolated from the leaves of Polyscias balfouriana. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Xiaoru Feng, Mengyue Wang, Jun Cheng, Xiaobo Li
Two new secolignans, urticin A (1) and urticin B (2), were isolated from the ethanol extract of Urtica fissa rhizomes. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic evidence (UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, and NMR). Urticin A and urticin B possessed in vitro anti-inflammatory activities, which significantly inhibited the TNF-α and NO release induced by LPS in RAW 264.7 cells.
February 27, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Bo Li, Mei Lu, Xin-Xiang Jiang, Meng-Xiong Pan, Jun-Wu Mao, Mei Chen
Autophagy modulation has been considered a potential therapeutic strategy for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A previous study confirmed that baicalein might possess significant anti-carcinogenic activity. However, whether baicalein induces autophagy and its role in cell death in OSCC are still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer activity and molecular targets of baicalein in OSCC in vitro. In this study, we found that baicalein induced significant apoptosis in OSCC cells Cal27...
April 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Chang Ching-Wen, Chen Yun-Chieh, Lin Yu-Chin, Peng Wen-Huang
p-Hydroxyacetophenone (HAP) is a crucial chemical compound present in plants of the genus Artemisia, which are used in traditional therapies for treating jaundice, hepatitis, and inflammatory diseases. Nevertheless, the bioactivity of HAP remains to be identified in order to prove its importance in the plants of genus Artemisia. This study investigated the antioxidative, antinociceptive, and anti-inflammatory effects of HAP, and probed its possible molecular mechanisms. Our results revealed that HAP (80 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) in vivo reduced the acetic acid-induced writhing response and formalin-induced licking time...
April 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Bo Cui, Lu Li, Qiyan Zeng, Faquan Lin, Lijun Yin, Liejun Liao, Min Huang, Jingping Wang
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins and have been used for purification and characterization of glycoproteins. In this study, a novel 58.9-kDa tetrameric lectin from Artocarpus lingnanensis seeds was purified, characterized, and its mitogenic potential was evaluated. The hemagglutination inhibition assay indicated that Artocarpus lingnanensis lectin (ALL) showed specificity toward galactose. ALL was effectively purified in a single-step using affinity chromatography on a galactose-Sepharose column. ALL showed pH optima between 5...
April 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Chao-Jie Chen, Zhi-Feng Zhong, Zhi-Ming Xin, Long-Hui Hong, Yan-Ping Su, Chang-Xi Yu
Koumine, an active alkaloid of neurotoxic plant Gelsemium, has been focused on its therapeutic uses, especially in central nervous system. Nevertheless, less is known about the neurological effects of koumine, which hampers its potential therapeutic exploitation. Moreover, as the anxiolytic potential of Gelsemium has raised many critical issues, its active principles on the anxiolytic and other neurological effects need to be further investigated. Here, we used functional observation battery (FOB) of mice to systematically measure the neurological effects of koumine at the effective doses, and then further confirmed its anxiolytic properties in open-field test (OFT) of mice and Vogel conflict test (VCT) of rats...
April 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Nastaran Rahimi, Bahram Delfan, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Ahmad R Dehpour
Oleuropein, a well-known olive polyphenol, has been shown to mediate neuroprotection in Alzheimer's disease and cerebral ischemia. We investigated the effects of oleuropein on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in male NMRI mice, with diazepam as the standard drug. We also examined the possible involvement of opioidergic/nitrergic pathways in the probable effects of oleuropein. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of different doses of oleuropein (10, 20 and 30 mg/kg) significantly increased the seizure threshold 60 min prior to induction of seizure, in a dose-dependent manner...
April 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Toshitaka Kohno, Tran Hai-Bang, Qinchang Zhu, Yhiya Amen, Seiichi Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
Tubulin polymerization is an important target for anticancer therapies. Even though the potential of Ganoderma triterpenoids against various cancer targets had been well documented, studies on their tubulin polymerization-stimulating activity are scarce. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Ganoderma triterpenoids on tubulin polymerization. A total of twenty-four compounds were investigated using an in vitro tubulin polymerization assay. Results showed that most of the studied triterpenoids exhibited microtuble-stabilizing activity to different degrees...
April 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
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