Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Natural Medicines

Phakhamon Lapphanichayakool, Manote Sutheerawattananonda, Nanteetip Limpeanchob
The beneficial effect of cholesterol-lowering proteins and/or peptides derived from various dietary sources is continuously reported. A non-dietary protein from silk cocoon, sericin, has also demonstrated cholesterol-lowering activity. A sericin hydrolysate prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis was also expected to posses this effect. The present study was aimed at investigating the cholesterol-lowering effect of sericin peptides, so called "sericin-derived oligopeptides" (SDO) both in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that SDO at all three doses tested (10 mg kg(-1) day(-1), 50 mg kg(-1) day(-1), and 200 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) suppressed serum total and non-HDL cholesterol levels in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Guo-Bin Zhang, Shan-Shan Ren, Bao-Ying Wang, Lian-Qi Tian, Fei-Hong Bing
To investigate the effect of flaccidoside II on the serum uric acid levels in hyperuricemic rodents. Both mice and rats were injected intraperitoneally with potassium oxonate to induce hyperuricemia. Different dosages of flaccidoside II were orally administrated to hyperuricemic and normal rodents for 7 days, respectively. Liver xanthine oxidase (XOD) activities in hyperuricemic mice were determined using the colorimetric method. Acute toxicity of flaccidoside II was also evaluated in mice. Allopurinol, as a positive control, was administered under the same treatment scheme...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Eliane Brito Cortez Lima, Caren Nádia Soares de Sousa, Lucas Nascimento Meneses, Yuri Freitas E Silva Pereira, Natália Castelo Branco Matos, Rayanne Brito de Freitas, Nycole Brito Cortez Lima, Manoel Cláudio Azevedo Patrocínio, Luzia Kalyne Almeida Moreira Leal, Glauce Socorro Barros Viana, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos
Extracts from the husk fiber of Cocos nucifera are used in folk medicine, but their actions on the central nervous system have not been studied. Here, the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of the standardized hydroalcoholic extract of C. nucifera husk fiber (HECN) were evaluated. Male Swiss mice were treated with HECN (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg) 60 min before experiments involving the plus maze test, hole-board test, tail suspension test, and forced swimming test (FST). HECN was administered orally (p.o.) in acute and repeated-dose treatments...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Naoaki Morihara, Atsuko Hino
Aged garlic extract (AGE), a garlic preparation rich in water-soluble cysteinyl moieties, has been reported to have multiple beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease including inhibition of platelet aggregation. However, the mode of AGE action on platelets has not been clear. In this study, we examined the effect of AGE on the functional property of platelet by administering AGE to rats and evaluating the platelet aggregation in response to collagen in vitro. We found that AGE treatment significantly reduced the ability of platelet to aggregate and this effect of AGE was manifested on the 14 day, but not 7 day of treatment...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Mamdouh Nabil Samy, John Refaat Fahim, Sachiko Sugimoto, Hideaki Otsuka, Katsuyoshi Matsunami, Mohamed Salah Kamel
Phytochemical investigation of Chorisia chodatii Hassl. leaves led to the isolation of an unusual rearranged megastigmane glycoside; chodatiionoside A (1) and another new megastigmane glycoside; chodatiionoside B (2), together with three known megastigmane glycosides (3-5) and one known flavonoid glycoside (6). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR experiments ((1)H, (13)C, DEPT, COSY, HSQC and HMBC) in combination with HR-ESI-MS, CD and modified Mosher's method. As a result, chodatiionoside A has been elucidated as a first example of an unusual rearranged form of megastigmane...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Rui He, Yongsong Xu, Jingjing Peng, Tingting Ma, Jing Li, Muxin Gong
Paeoniflorin (PF), the main active component of Shaoyao-Gancao-tang, possesses significantly antinociceptive effects and many other pharmacological activities. However, its poor intestinal absorption results in low bioavailability. Therefore, enhancing PF absorption plays a vital role in exerting its therapeutic effect. Shaoyao combined with Gancao exhibited a synergistic effect. The enhancement of PF absorption through the interaction of its constituents in intestinal absorption would be greatly implicated...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Hossam M Abdallah, Hany M El-Bassossy, Gamal A Mohamed, Ali M El-Halawany, Khalid Z Alshali, Zainy M Banjar
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are associated with a non-enzymatic reaction between the amino group of a protein and the carbonyl group of a sugar during hyperglycemia. The precipitation of AGEs in different tissues leads to many complications, such as endothelial dysfunction, cardiovascular complications, atherosclerosis, retinopathy, neuropathy, and Alzheimer's disease. Garcinia mangostana L. (Clusiaceae) (GM) was selected owing to the ability of its polar and non-polar fractions to inhibit AGE formation...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Daisuke Nakano, Kenji Ishitsuka, Narumi Matsuda, Ai Kouguchi, Ryota Tsuchihashi, Masafumi Okawa, Hikaru Okabe, Kazuo Tamura, Junei Kinjo
During the course of our studies towards the identification of promising chemotherapeutic candidates from plants against two human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I-infected T-cell lines (MT-1 and MT-2), we screened 17 extracts from 9 rutaceous plants against MT-1 and MT-2 cells. The extracts from the aerial parts and roots of Boenninghausenia japonica, as well as the leaves and roots of Ruta graveolens showed potent antiproliferative effects. After activity-guided fractionation, we isolated 44 compounds from two rutaceous plants, including three new compounds (1-3), which were classified into 26 coumarin analogs (13 coumarins, 8 furanocoumarins, 4 dihydrofuranocoumarins and one dihydropyranocoumarin), 15 alkaloid analogs (7 quinolone alkaloids, 4 acridone alkaloids, 3 furanoquinoline alkaloids and one tetrahydroacridone alkaloid) and 3 flavonoid glycosides...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Yuki Nakano, Masaaki Nasu, Mana Kano, Hiroshi Kameoka, Tetsuya Okuyama, Mikio Nishizawa, Yukinobu Ikeya
Guaiac resin, extracted from the heartwood of Guaiacum officinale L. or G. sanctum L., is speculated to have anti-inflammatory effects. Lignans were purified from guaiac resin (also known as gum guaiacum) by monitoring the nitric oxide (NO) production in rat hepatocytes treated with an inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Six lignans were purified from guaiac resin and identified as: dehydroguaiaretic acid (1), (+)-trans-1,2-dihydrodehydroguaiaretic acid (2), furoguaiaoxidin (3), meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid (4), furoguaiacin (i...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Tanyarath Utaipan, Anan Athipornchai, Apichart Suksamrarn, Canussanun Jirachotikoon, Xiaohong Yuan, Monthon Lertcanawanichakul, Warangkana Chunglok
Carbazole alkaloids, a major constituent of Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel (Rutaceae), exhibit biological effects such as anticancer activity via the induction of apoptosis, and they represent candidate chemotherapeutic agents. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent cancer of the oral cavity and a growing and serious health problem worldwide. In this study, we investigated the anticancer properties and mechanisms of action of two carbazole alkaloids derived from M. koenigii leaves, mahanine and isomahanine, in the OSCC cell line CLS-354...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Yuangui Yang, Hang Jin, Ji Zhang, Jinyu Zhang, Yuanzhong Wang
Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz (PPY) is used widely as an anthelmintic, antimicrobial, and anti-tumor agent. Multiplicate analytical methods have been employed to discriminate PPY from different regions, as well as to identify regions most beneficial to the growing of this species. In this study, a convenient and accurate method was established using ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) for simultaneous determination of four steroid saponins (Pa, Pb, polyphyllin VI, and chonglou saponin VII)...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Zhe Wu, Ji Zhang, Furong Xu, Yuanzhong Wang, Jinyu Zhang
Paris Polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz ("Dian Chonglou" in Chinese) is a famous herbal medicine in China, which is usually well known for activities of anti-cancer, hemolysis, and cytotoxicity. In this study, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy coupled with principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) was applied to discriminate samples of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis harvested in different years and determine the content of polyphyllin I, II, VI, and VII in P...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Amit Rai, Hidetaka Kamochi, Hideyuki Suzuki, Michimi Nakamura, Hiroki Takahashi, Tomoki Hatada, Kazuki Saito, Mami Yamazaki
Lonicera japonica is one of the most important medicinal plants with applications in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine for thousands of years. Extensive studies on the constituents of L. japonica extracts have revealed an accumulation of pharmaceutically active metabolite classes, such as chlorogenic acid, luteolin and other flavonoids, and secoiridoids, which impart characteristic medicinal properties. Despite being a rich source of pharmaceutically active metabolites, little is known about the biosynthetic enzymes involved, and their expression profile across different tissues of L...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Shengli Gao, Hirotaka Kushida, Toshiaki Makino
Recent pharmacokinetic studies have revealed that ginsenosides, the major ingredients of ginseng (the roots of Panax ginseng), are present in the plasma collected from subjects receiving ginseng, and speculated that ginsenosides might be actively transported via glucose transporters. We evaluated whether ginsenosides Rb1 and Rg1, and their metabolites from enteric bacteria act as substrates of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 1, the major glucose transporter expressed on the apical side of intestinal epithelial cells...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Rie Tanaka, Risa Inagaki, Naoki Sugimoto, Hiroshi Akiyama, Akito Nagatsu
A quantitative (1)H-NMR method ((1)H-qNMR) was developed to determine the concentration of acteoside and geniposidic acid in Plantaginis semen, which is an important crude drug for diuretic purposes. The purity of geniposidic acid and acteoside was determined by the ratio of the intensity of the H-3 signal at δ 7.51 ppm or the H-7″ signal at δ 7.58 ppm in methanol-d 4 to that of a hexamethyldisilane (HMD) signal at 0.04 ppm, respectively. The concentration of HMD was corrected with the International System of Units traceability using potassium hydrogen phthalate of certified reference material grade...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Shunsuke Nakamori, Jun Takahashi, Sumiko Hyuga, Toshiko Tanaka-Kagawa, Hideto Jinno, Masashi Hyuga, Takashi Hakamatsuka, Hiroshi Odaguchi, Yukihiro Goda, Toshihiko Hanawa, Yoshinori Kobayashi
Kampo medicines containing Ephedra Herb (EH) such as eppikajutsubuto and makyoyokukanto are used to treat myalgia, arthralgia, and rheumatism. The analgesic effects of these Kampo medicines are attributed to the anti-inflammatory action of EH. However, the molecular mechanism of the analgesic effect of EH remains to be clarified. In this study, the effects of EH extract (EHE) on transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), a nonselective ligand-gated cation channel, which plays an essential role in nociception on sensory neurons, were investigated using mTRPV1/Flp-In293 cells (stable mouse TRPV1-expressing transfectants)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Sutin Kaennakam, Pongpun Siripong, Santi Tip-Pyang
Two new isoflavanes, dalvelutinanes A (1) and B (2), along with three known isoflavanes (3-5) were isolated from the roots of Dalbergia velutina. Their chemical structures, including their absolute configurations, were determined by spectroscopic analysis (1D and 2D NMR, HRESIMS, and CD). All isolated compounds were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicities against five human cancer cell lines (KB, HeLa-S3, MCF-7, HepG-2, and HT-29). Compound 5 showed significant cytotoxicity against all of the tested cancer cell lines, with IC50 values in the range 3...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Zhongnan Wu, Yubo Zhang, Li Yang, Nenghua Chen, Lin Jiang, Siqi Jiang, Guoqiang Li, Yaolan Li, Guocai Wang
Three new ent-kaurane diterpenes, 3α-angeloyloxy-17-hydroxy-ent-kaur-15-en-19-oic acid (1), 3α-tigloyloxy-17-hydroxy-ent-kaur-15-en-19-oic acid (2) and 3α-cinnamoyloxykaur-9(11),16-dien-19-oic acid (3), along with five known compounds (4-8), were isolated from the herbs of Wedelia prostrata (Asteraceae). The structures were determined by extensive analysis of their spectroscopic data (IR, UV, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR). The isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity on human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Yanan Hao, Chunyan Liu, Fei Yin, Yonglan Zhang, Jianhui Liu
Our previous work showed that geniposide affected glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) via regulating glucose uptake and metabolism in pancreatic β cells; however, the molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Substantial evidence suggests that activation of 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a central role in GSIS. Here, we aim to determine the role of AMPK on geniposide-regulated GSIS in rat pancreatic INS-1 cells. The results demonstrated that 6-[4-(2-piperidin-1-yletoxy)-phenyl]-3-pyridin-4-yl-pyrazolo[1,5-α] pyrimidine (Compound C; an AMPK inhibitor) significantly attenuated the effects of geniposide on glucose uptake, energy metabolism, and insulin secretion in INS-1 cells...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Ken-Ichi Nakashima, Naohito Abe, Fang-Rong Chang, Makoto Inoue, Masayoshi Oyama
Four new acetophenone di-C-glycosides, pteleifolols A-D (1-4) and a new dimeric benzopyran, pteleifolol E (5), were isolated from the leaves of Melicope pteleifolia. Seven known compounds, including 2,4,6-trihydroxyacetophenone-3,5-di-C-glucopyranoside (6), were also isolated. Structures of the new compounds (1-5) were established by using spectroscopic and spectrometric techniques, including 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), UV, and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS) data...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Natural Medicines
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"