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Journal of Natural Medicines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332194/the-active-glycosides-from-urtica-fissa-rhizome-decoction
#1
Mengyue Wang, Ying Zhang, Hao Zhang, Xiaoru Feng, Xiaobo Li
Using bioassay guided fractionation, 16 glycosides, including two new compounds (1 and 2), were isolated from the anticomplement and anti-inflammatory portion of an Urtica fissa rhizome decoction used for arthritis. Several compounds were found to possess significant anticomplement and anti-inflammatory activities. This study revealed that glycosides played an important role in the therapeutic effects of Urtica fissa rhizome.
January 13, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332193/melanogenesis-inhibitory-activity-of-components-from-salam-leaf-syzygium-polyanthum-extract
#2
Andriyana Setyawati, Kae Hirabayashi, Kosei Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Hattori, Tohru Mitsunaga, Irmanida Batubara, Rudi Heryanto, Hiroshi Hashimoto, Mitsuyuki Hotta
In order to identify a novel whitening agent, the methanol extract of S. polyanthum leaf was focused on by the screening test using nine Indonesian medicinal plants for the inhibition of melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity in B16 melanoma cells. Three novel compounds [(1) 1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy-4-methylphenyl)hexane-1-one, (2) 1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy methylphenyl)octane-1-one, and (3) (4E)-1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy-4-methylphenyl)decan-1-one and one known compound [(4) 1-(2,3,5-trihydroxy-4-methylphenyl)decan-1-one were isolated from the methanol extract...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305771/correction-to-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-the-quantitative-qualitative-analysis-of-plant-secondary-metabolites
#3
Seiichi Sakamoto, Waraporn Putalun, Sornkanok Vimolmangkang, Waranyoo Phoolcharoen, Yukihiro Shoyama, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto
The article Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the quantitative/qualitative analysis of plant secondary metabolites, written by Seiichi Sakamoto, Waraporn Putalun, Sornkanok Vimolmangkang, Waranyoo Phoolcharoen, Yukihiro Shoyama, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Satoshi Morimoto, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 21 November 2017 without open access.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288328/new-diterpenes-from-nigella-damascena-seeds-and-their-antiviral-activities-against-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1
#4
Keiko Ogawa, Seikou Nakamura, Kohei Hosokawa, Hanako Ishimaru, Natsuki Saito, Kaori Ryu, Masahiro Fujimuro, Souichi Nakashima, Hisashi Matsuda
Nigella species are rich source of dolabellane diterpenes. During our study of Nigella species, new dolabellane diterpenes, damasterpenes V-VIII were isolated. The structural determination of new compounds damasterpenes V-VIII is described with consideration of their absolute configurations. The antiviral activities against herpes simplex virus type-1 of the isolated compounds and their derivatives are also evaluated. Damasterpene V (inhibition 35.0%) and 2-phenylacetyl 13-benzoyl damasterpenol (32.0%) showed significant antiviral activity at 10 μM...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275476/lignosulfonic-acid-attenuates-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-and-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-dysfunction-induced-by-tnf-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-in-caco-2-cells
#5
Koji Matsuhisa, Akihiro Watari, Kazuki Iwamoto, Masuo Kondoh, Kiyohito Yagi
Lentinula edodes mycelia solid culture extract (MSCE) is used as a medical food ingredient and provides beneficial effects to patients with cancer and chronic type C hepatitis. Low molecular weight lignin (LM-lignin), which is an active component of MSCE, exhibits hepatoprotective, antitumor, antiviral, and immunomodulatory effects. In this study, we investigated the effect of LM-lignin/lignosulfonic acid on intestinal barrier function. Lignosulfonic acid enhanced transepithelial membrane electrical resistance in human intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270797/immunomodulatory-constituents-from-ascomycetous-fungi
#6
REVIEW
Haruhiro Fujimoto
Our screening project, namely, search for new immunomodulatory constituents from Ascomycetous fungi, was guided by the effects on mitogen-induced proliferations of mouse spleen lymphocytes. On the project, the defatted crude extracts from Gelasinospora multiforis, G. heterospora, G. longispora, G. kobi, Diplogelasinospora grovesii, Emericella aurantio-brunnea, Eupenicillium crustaceum, etc., submitted to the solvent partition followed by fractionation with repeated chromatography monitored by immunomodulatory activity to afford many active constituents, of which molecular structures including absolute configurations and immunomodulatory activities were elucidated...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264846/phenolic-compounds-from-the-leaves-of-breynia-officinalis-and-their-tyrosinase-and-melanogenesis-inhibitory-activities
#7
Ayano Sasaki, Yoshi Yamano, Sachiko Sugimoto, Hideaki Otsuka, Katsuyoshi Matsunami, Takakazu Shinzato
From the EtOAc-soluble fraction of a MeOH extract of the leaves of Breynia officinalis, five new compounds (1-5) along with 11 known compounds (6-16) were isolated. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and compounds 1-3 were found to be acylated hydroquinone apiofuranosylglucopyranosides, while compound 4 was an acylated hydroquinone glucopyranoside. Compound 5 was shown to be butyl p-coumarate and this seems to be its first isolation from a natural source. The tyrosinase inhibitory activity of all of the isolated compounds was assayed, and the activity was significant in p-coumarate derivatives...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260413/berberine-protects-hk-2-cells-from-hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced-apoptosis-via-inhibiting-sphk1-expression
#8
Jianrao Lu, Yang Yi, Ronghua Pan, Chuanfu Zhang, Haiyan Han, Jie Chen, Wenrui Liu
Renal ischemia reperfusion injury (RIRI) refers to the irreversible damage for renal function when blood perfusion is recovered after ischemia for an extended period, which is common in clinical surgeries and has been regarded as a major risk for acute renal failures (ARF) that is accompanied with unimaginably high morbidity and mortality. Hypoxia during ischemia followed by reoxygenation via reperfusion serves as a major event contributing to cell apoptosis, which has been widely accepted as the vital pathogenesis in RIRI...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260412/inner-morphological-and-chemical-differentiation-of-boehmeria-species
#9
Kazi-Marjahan Akter, Hye-Jin Kim, Atif Ali Khan Khalil, Woo Sung Park, Mi Kyeong Lee, Jong Hee Park, Mi-Jeong Ahn
The present study was designed to establish quality control parameters for pharmacognostic evaluation and differentiation of eight locally derived Boehmeria species, B. gracilis, B. nivea, B. pannosa, B. platanifolia, B. quelpaertensis, B. spicata, B. splitgerbera, B. tricuspis, and two varieties named B. japonica var. longispica, B. nivea var. concolor, which have been utilized as the folk medicine, 'Mo-Si-Pool' in Korea. Although the outer morphological study of these species had been reported, there is no pharmacognostical description yet...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236225/enhanced-ultrasound-assisted-enzymatic-hydrolysis-extraction-of-quinolizidine-alkaloids-from-sophora-alopecuroides-l-seeds
#10
Hanqing Wang, Yue Tong, Wei Li, Xia Zhang, Xiaojuan Gao, Jingjiao Yong, Jianjun Zhao, Kazuo Koike
Quinolizidine alkaloids are the main bioactive components in Sophora alopecuroides L. This study reports a novel ultrasound-assisted enzymatic hydrolysis method for the extraction of these important alkaloids. Box-Behnken design, a widely used response surface methodology, was used to investigate the effects of process variables on ultrasound bath-assisted enzymatic hydrolysis (UAEH) extraction. Four independent variables, pH, extraction temperature (°C), extraction time (min) and solvent-to-material ratio (mL/g), were studied...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236224/two-new-aromatic-glycosides-elengiosides-a-and-b-from-the-flowers-of-mimusops-elengi
#11
Toshio Morikawa, Yoshiaki Manse, Mika Koda, Saowanee Chaipech, Yutana Pongpiriyadacha, Osamu Muraoka, Kiyofumi Ninomiya
Two new aromatic glycosides, elengiosides A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the methanolic extract of the flowers of Mimusops elengi (Sapotaceae) together with 26 known compounds. Their stereostructures were elucidated based on their spectroscopic properties and chemical evidence. Among the isolates, a phenylethanoid glycoside, undatuside C (14), was found to exhibit hyaluronidase inhibitory activity.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230659/in-memoriam-professor-shoji-shibata-october-23-1915-july-12-2016
#12
Masami Ishibashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218469/discrimination-of-schisandrae-chinensis-fructus-and-schisandrae-sphenantherae-fructus-based-on-fingerprint-profiles-of-hydrophilic-components-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-ultraviolet-detection
#13
Ryusei Oshima, Akira Kotani, Minpei Kuroda, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Mimaki, Hideki Hakamata
High-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) using 20 mM phosphate mobile phase and an octadecylsilyl column (Triart C18, 150 × 3.0 mm i.d., 3 μm) has been developed for the analysis of hydrophilic compounds in the water extract of Schisandrae Fructus samples. The present HPLC-UV method permits the accurate and precise determination of malic, citric, and protocatechuic acids in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia (JP) Schisandrae Fructus, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus and Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209902/dehydropropylpantothenamide-isolated-by-a-co-culture-of-nocardia-tenerifensis-ifm-10554t-in-the-presence-of-animal-cells
#14
Yasumasa Hara, Midori A Arai, Kanae Sakai, Naoki Ishikawa, Tohru Gonoi, Takashi Yaguchi, Masami Ishibashi
A new amide, named dehydropropylpantothenamide (1), was obtained by a co-culture of Nocardia tenerifensis IFM 10554T in the presence of the mouse macrophage-like cell line J774.1 in modified Czapek-Dox (mCD) medium. Compound 1 was synthesized from D-pantothenic acid calcium salt in 6 steps. The absolute configuration of natural compound 1 was determined by comparisons of the optical rotation and CD spectra of synthetic 1. In the present study, a new method for producing secondary metabolites was demonstrated using a "co-culture" in which the genus Nocardia was cultured in the presence of an animal cell line...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198066/agelamasines-a-and-b-diterpene-alkaloids-from-an-okinawan-marine-sponge-agelas-sp
#15
Sanghoon Lee, Naonobu Tanaka, Jun'ichi Kobayashi, Yoshiki Kashiwada
Two new diterpene alkaloids having an N-methyladenine moiety, agelamasines A (1) and B (2), were isolated from an Okinawan marine sponge Agelas sp. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. Agelamasine A (1) is the first diterpene alkaloid with a rearranged (4 → 2)-abeo-clerodane skeleton from a marine source, while agelamasine B (2) is a clerodane diterpene alkaloid.
December 2, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188416/production-of-an-emericellin-and-its-analogues-as-fungal-biological-responses-for-shimbu-to-extract
#16
Nobuhiro Inoue, Daigo Wakana, Hisashi Takeda, Takashi Yaguchi, Tomoo Hosoe
This research examined the production of fungal metabolites as a biological response to Kampo medicines. Shimbu-to (SMB) is a Kampo medicine composed of five herbal components: peony root (Shakuyaku), ginger (Shokyo), processed aconite root (Bushi), Poria sclerotium (Bukuryo), and Atractylodes lancea rhizomes (Sojutsu). High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of the fungus Aspergillus nidulans CBS 112.46 incubated in potato dextrose broth supplemented with SMB extract revealed emericellin (2) as the major peak and new xanthone analogues 24-hydroxyshamixanthone (1), shamixanthone (3), epishamixanthone (4), pre-shamixanthone (5), and variecoxanthone A (6) as minor peaks...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188415/botanical-origin-of-mei-gui-hua-in-chinese-markets
#17
LETTER
Ochir Sarangowa, Makoto Nishizawa, Takao Myoda, Chunjie Ma, Takashi Yamagishi
The petals or buds of Rosa species have been used as an important Chinese crude drug called "Mei-gui Hua" and also an ingredient for herbal tea in China. The 15 flavonol glycosides in 34 commercially available "Mei-gui Hua" were quantitatively determined by UPLC, and the data were compared with those of known Rosa sp. belong to Cinnamomeae, Gallicanae, Caninae and Synstylae by principal component analysis for the estimation of original plants of these "Mei-gui Hua". Seven samples were classified into two groups (Types A and B) composed of species in Gallicae and Synstilae and 11 samples into a group (Type D) composed of species in Cinnamomeae...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177792/new-8-12-8-20-diepoxy-8-14-secopregnane-hexa-and-hepta-glycosides-from-the-roots-of-asclepias-tuberosa
#18
Tsutomu Warashina, Toshio Miyase
Previously, phytochemical investigation of the roots of Asclepias tuberosa (Asclepiadaceae) led to the isolation of some 8,12;8,20-diepoxy-8,14-secopregnane tri-, tetra-, and penta-glycosides. An additional eight new minor 8,12;8,20-diepoxy-8,14-secopregnane glycosides were afforded in the recent investigation of this plant. These glycosides consisted of six or seven 2,6-dideoxy-hexopyranoses together with the aglycone, tuberogenin. The structures of each of these compounds were established using NMR, mass spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidence...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164507/enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-the-quantitative-qualitative-analysis-of-plant-secondary-metabolites
#19
REVIEW
Seiichi Sakamoto, Waraporn Putalun, Sornkanok Vimolmangkang, Waranyoo Phoolcharoen, Yukihiro Shoyama, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto
Immunoassays are antibody-based analytical methods for quantitative/qualitative analysis. Since the principle of immunoassays is based on specific antigen-antibody reaction, the assays have been utilized worldwide for diagnosis, pharmacokinetic studies by drug monitoring, and the quality control of commercially available products. Berson and Yalow were the first to develop an immunoassay, known as radioimmunoassay (RIA), for detecting endogenous plasma insulin [1], a development for which Yalow was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1977...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159687/au-1-from-agavaceae-plants-downregulates-the-expression-of-glycolytic-enzyme-phosphoglycerate-mutase
#20
Tomofumi Fujino, Akihito Yokosuka, Harutaka Ichikawa, Toshiyuki Oshima, Yoshihiro Mimaki, Makio Hayakawa
The spirostanol saponin AU-1 from Agavaceae plants stimulates the expression of the glycolytic enzyme phosphoglycerate mutase (PGAM) in ACHN cells. We hypothesized that this may arise from the downregulation of the NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1. In this article, we showed that, unlike in renal adenocarcinoma cells, AU-1 does not affect the expression of SIRT1 in the normal renal cell-derived cell line HK-2. Consistent with the lack of a downregulation of SIRT1, AU-1 did not upregulate, but rather decreased PGAM expression...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
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