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Journal of Natural Medicines

Shagufta Perveen, Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Hasan Soliman Yusufoglu, Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Ahmed Foudah, Maged Saad Abdel-Kader
Anvillea garcinii is a medicinal plant traditionally used for the treatment of dysentery, gastrointestinal troubles, hepatitis, lung disease, colds, digestive problems and pulmonary affections and in liver diseases. Four new sesquiterpene lactones, garcinamines A-D, along with seven known compounds, were isolated from the leaves of A. garcinii. This is the first report of the isolation of amino acid analogues of parthenolide-type sesquiterpene lactones from the family Asteraceae. Total ethanol extract of leaves as well as the chloroform and n-butanol fractions were tested for their hepatoprotective effect using the carbon tetrachloride liver toxicity model...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Misato Ota, Feng Xu, Yao-Li Li, Ming-Ying Shang, Toshiaki Makino, Shao-Qing Cai
Licorice (root and rhizome of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) is sometimes used as crude drug after processing. In this report, we prepared roasted licorice with or without honey using 3 lots of crude drug samples derived from wild G. uralensis, and analyzed the constituents in unprocessed, roasted, and honey-roasted licorice samples by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-ion trap-time of flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-IT-TOF-MS(n)) with principal component analysis. We found that the areas of 41 peaks were noticeably changed by processing...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Naohiro Oshima, Takuro Maruyama, Tadatoshi Yamashita, Nahoko Uchiyama, Yoshiaki Amakura, Sumiko Hyuga, Masashi Hyuga, Shunsuke Nakamori, Hiroaki Takemoto, Yoshinori Kobayashi, Takashi Hakamatsuka, Hiroshi Odaguchi, Toshihiko Hanawa, Yukihiro Goda
As part of our continuing study of ephedrine alkaloids-free Ephedra Herb extract (EFE) in pursuit of its approval as a crude drug preparation, we identified two quantitative markers for the quality control of the manufacturing process of EFE and sought to establish cost-effective and simple methods for quantitative analyses. We analysed Ephedra Herb extracts grown in different habitats and collection years by liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC/HRMS) and detected two notable peaks common to each extract...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Takeshi Kinoshita
Prof. Shoji Shibata (1916-2016) left behind remarkable achievements in the field of the history of pharmacy. Among those, the scientific survey on medicines preserved in Shōsō-in, globally known as the World Cultural Heritage, is of particular interest, drawing wide attention from scholars to the general public. Its most spectacular and also shocking study in the field of pharmacognosy will be the one on the true origin of Kōboku (Houpu) that seems quite ordinary from its name. Prof. Shibata revealed that it is of juglandaceous origin that is completely different from what is known today under the same name...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Masateru Ono
Resin glycosides are well known as purgative ingredients, which are characteristic of certain crude drugs such as Mexican Scammony Radix, Orizabae Tuber, and Jalapae Tuber, all of which originate from Convolvulaceae plants. Depending on their solubility in ether, these are roughly classified into two groups-jalapin (soluble) and convolvulin (insoluble). Almost all jalapins hitherto isolated and characterized had common intramolecular macrocyclic ester structures. These are composed of 1 mol of oligoglycoside of hydroxyl fatty acid (glycosidic acid) partially acylated by some organic acids at the sugar moiety, some examples of which are ester-type dimers...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Lucia Satiko Yoshida, Tomohito Kakegawa, Yasukatsu Yuda, Hiromi Takano-Ohmuro
We aimed to find candidate molecules possibly involved in the anti-inflammatory activity of shikonin (active compound of "Shikon") by analyzing its effects on gene expression of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated THP-1 macrophages. Polysome-associated mRNAs (those expected to be under translation: translatome) from cells treated with LPS alone (LPS: 5 µg/mL), shikonin alone (S: 100 nM), or LPS plus shikonin (LPS&S) for 3 h were analyzed by DNA microarray followed by detection of enriched pathways/gene ontologies using the tools of the STRING database...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Takahiro Matsumoto, Kazuki Takahashi, Sumire Kanayama, Yuka Nakano, Hiromi Imai, Masumi Kibi, Daisuke Imahori, Tomohiro Hasei, Tetsushi Watanabe
The methanolic extracts from the peels of Citrus limon were found to show antimutagenic effects against 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole, and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in the Ames test. From the methanolic extracts, four new coumarins (wakayamalimonol A-D) and a new furanocoumarin (wakayamalimonol E) were isolated together with fifteen known compounds. The absolute stereostructures of the new compounds were determined by chemical synthesis and the modified Mosher's method...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Thanchanok Puksasook, Shinya Kimura, Sarin Tadtong, Jutamas Jiaranaikulwanitch, Jaturong Pratuangdejkul, Worawan Kitphati, Khanit Suwanborirux, Naoki Saito, Veena Nukoolkarn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Toshiaki Suzuki, Ayano Yamamoto, Masahiro Ohsawa, Yoshiharu Motoo, Hajime Mizukami, Toshiaki Makino
Oxaliplatin (L-OHP) is a platinum-based anticancer agent used to treat various types of cancer. It frequently causes acute and chronic peripheral neuropathies, such as cold allodynia and mechanical hyperalgesia. Ninjin'yoeito (NYT) is a formula used in traditional Japanese Kampo medicine to improve recovery from diseases and other medical disorders. We previously reported that treatment with a boiling-water extract of NYT prevented L-OHP-induced damage to neurite-like outgrowths from differentiated PC12 cells...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Airi Fujii, Tetsuya Okuyama, Koji Wakame, Tadayoshi Okumura, Yukinobu Ikeya, Mikio Nishizawa
Phellodendri Cortex (Obaku in Japanese) and Coptidis Rhizoma (Oren), both of which contain berberine, have been used to prepare the kampo formula orengedokuto to treat inflammatory diseases, including dermatitis, gastric ulcers, and gastritis. These drugs are blended differently in other formulas, such as the use of Phellodendri Cortex in shichimotsukokato to treat hypertension and Coptidis Rhizoma in hangeshashinto to treat diarrhea and stomatitis. However, the differences in their medicinal properties are not well characterized...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Teruyoshi Tanaka, Nobuhisa Kawaguchi, Nobuhiro Zaima, Tatsuya Moriyama, Yasuhisa Fukuta, Norifumi Shirasaka
In recent years, the number of patients with osteoporosis has risen with the increase in average longevity. Therefore, the chemoprevention of osteoporosis using food materials or food components has become an increasingly important target. Syringic acid (SA) is a phenolic compound present in the fruit of the açaí palm Euterpe oleracea and the mycelium of the shiitake mushroom Lentinula edodes. This compound has no affinity for estrogen receptors and is potentially useful for disease prevention. However, little is known about the effects of a SA diet on bone metabolism, particularly bone resorption in vivo...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Nwet Nwet Win, Hla Ngwe, Ikuro Abe, Hiroyuki Morita
Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) is a lentiviral family member that encodes the retroviral Gag, Pol, and Env proteins, along with six additional accessory proteins, Tat, Rev, Vpu, Vif, Nef, and Vpr. The currently approved anti-HIV drugs target the Pol and Env encoded proteins. However, these drugs are only effective in reducing viral replication. Furthermore, the drugs' toxicities and the emergence of drug-resistant strains have become serious worldwide problems. Resistance eventually arises to all of the approved anti-HIV drugs, including the newly approved drugs that target HIV integrase (IN)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Zhen Xiao, Yonghong Jiang, Xuan Gao, Shuzhu Lin, Yan Lin, Xiuxiu Liu, Dan Tan, Zhiyan Jiang
Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is a common disease in children. Qingfei Tongluo formula (QTF) has been used for the treatment of MPP clinically, but the therapeutic effect remains unclear compared to conventional treatments with Western medicines. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess changes in the expression levels of relevant factors associated with microcirculation after MPP and to compare the therapeutic effect of QTF with that of azithromycin (AZM) on experimental mice with MPP. A total of 174 children admitted with clinical diagnoses of pneumonia (80 MPP and 94 non-MPP) were used to identify differences in the expression patterns of factors in the microcirculation using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Pornsiri Pitchakarn, Sonthaya Umsumarng, Sariya Mapoung, Pisamai Ting, Piya Temviriyanukul, Wanisa Punfa, Wilart Pompimon, Pornngarm Limtrakul
We previously reported the multidrug resistance-reversing ability of kuguacin J (KJ) in cervical cancer cells via the inhibition of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function. This study investigated whether KJ could promote cisplatin- and paclitaxel (PTX)-induced cancer cell death in drug-resistance human ovarian cancer cells (SKOV3). Cytotoxicity testing showed that SKOV3 was more resistant to cisplatin and PTX compared to drug-sensitive human ovarian cancer cells (A2780). The cytotoxicity of PTX was significantly increased in SKOV3 cells when co-treated with KJ...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Jiankun Yan, Xuliu Shi, Paul Owusu Donkor, Huajie Zhu, Xiumei Gao, Liqin Ding, Feng Qiu
Nine pairs of megastigmane enantiomers (1a/1b-9a/9b), comprising two new compounds (6S,9R)-blumenol C (7b), (6S,9S)-blumenol C (8b), two pairs of enantiomers (+)-(6R)-eucomegastigmane A (1a), (-)-(6S)-eucomegastigmane A (1b), (+)-(3S,4S)-eucomegastigmane B (5a), (-)-(3R,4R)-eucomegastigmane B (5b) isolated by chiral resolution firstly, and twelve known compounds, were isolated from the leaves of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver. Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analysis. Absolute configurations of the megastigmane enantiomers were assigned by comparing experimental ECD and OR with calculated ECD and OR...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Madan Kumar Paudel, Seiichi Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto
Wogonin glucuronide (wogonin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide, Wgn) is widely recognized as a constituent of Scutellariae radix, which is used in Kampo medicines. Wgn has been used for both pharmacological (antifebrile uses and in detoxification) and research purposes. A recombinant antigen-binding fragment (rFab) and an antigen-binding fragment from a monoclonal antibody (mFab) against Wgn were constructed and used in an indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (icELISA) in this study. The rFab and mFab against Wgn showed both activity and recognition against Wgn...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Mitsuhiko Nose, Momoka Tada, Rika Kojima, Kumiko Nagata, Shinsuke Hisaka, Sayaka Masada, Masato Homma, Takashi Hakamatsuka
Glycyrrhizae Radix is the most frequently used crude drug in Japan and is prescribed in Kampo medicine for the treatment of a wide range of diseases. The major active ingredient of Glycyrrhizae Radix, glycyrrhizin (GL), has been shown to possess various pharmacological actions, but is also known to cause adverse effects such as pseudoaldosteronism. To avoid the adverse effects of GL, precautions have been indicated on the package inserts of Glycyrrhizae Radix-containing formulas depending on the amount of Glycyrrhizae Radix they contain...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Thanchanok Puksasook, Shinya Kimura, Sarin Tadtong, Jutamas Jiaranaikulwanitch, Jaturong Pratuangdejkul, Worawan Kitphati, Khanit Suwanborirux, Naoki Saito, Veena Nukoolkarn
A series of prenylated resveratrol derivatives were designed, semisynthesized and biologically evaluated for inhibition of β-secretase (BACE1) and amyloid-β (Aβ) aggregation as well as free radical scavenging and neuroprotective and neuritogenic activities, as potential novel multifunctional agents against Alzheimer's disease (AD). The results showed that compound 4b exhibited good anti-Aβ aggregation (IC50 = 4.78 µM) and antioxidant activity (IC50 = 41.22 µM) and moderate anti-BACE1 inhibitory activity (23...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Toru Takahashi, Aya Okiura, Masahiro Kohno
The leaves of fig (Ficus carica L.) have been used for traditional and Chinese medicine. We determined the composition of phenylpropanoids (polyphenols and furanocoumarins) as a functional agent in the leaves of 37 cultivars of fig. The most abundant polyphenol was caffeoylmalic acid (12.0-26.6 mg/g dry weight), followed by rutin (4.7-14.6 mg/g dry weight) and isoschaftoside (2.5-6.4 mg/g dry weight). Psoralen (3.8-23.0 mg/g dry weight) was dominant in the furanocoumarins. In molar amounts, psoralic acid glucoside (PAG), a precursor of psoralen, was equivalent to psoralen...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
Tharita Kitisripanya, Chadathorn Inyai, Jukrapun Komaikul, Supaluk Krittanai, Thaweesak Juengwatanatrakul, Seiichi Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto, Waraporn Putalun
White Kwao Krua (WKK)-derived products have been used worldwide as dietary supplements to relieve climacteric symptoms in menopausal women. Miroestrol is a unique chromene found in WKK tuberous roots that corresponds to the estrogenic activity of WKK. However, miroestrol naturally accumulates at low levels in WKK samples, which are difficult to detect. The development of a rapid and sensitive assay to detect miroestrol in numerous products derived from this plant would be a practical and useful method to guarantee the quality of raw materials...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
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