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Journal of Natural Medicines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378198/sharkquinone-a-new-ana-quinonoid-tetracene-derivative-from-marine-derived-streptomyces-sp-egy1-with-trail-resistance-overcoming-activity
#1
Mohamed S Abdelfattah, Mohammed I Y Elmallah, Adal A Mohamed, Masami Ishibashi
A new ana-quinonoid tetracene metabolite, named sharkquinone (1), and the known SS-228R (2) have been isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the culture of marine Streptomyces sp. EGY1. The strain was isolated from sediment sample collected from the Red Sea coast of Egypt. The structure of sharkquinone (1) was elucidated using detailed spectral (HRESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR) analyses and quantum chemical calculations. This is the first report of the isolation of ana-quinonoid tetracene derivative from a natural source...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364228/a-monoclonal-antibody-based-immunoassay-for-the-determination-of-oxyresveratrol-from-artocarpus-lacucha-buch-ham
#2
Tharita Kitisripanya, Chadathorn Inyai, Supaluk Krittanai, Kittisak Likhitwitayawuid, Boonchoo Sritularak, Poonsakdi Ploypradith, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto, Waraporn Putalun
Oxyresveratrol is a major active compound in the heartwood of Artocarpus lacucha. It plays an important role in anti-tyrosinase, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and neuroprotective properties. There are many A. lacucha commercial products available on the market for skin whitening and anti-aging effects. To evaluate the quality of raw material from the plant, a monoclonal antibody (MAb) against oxyresveratrol was generated in this study. The immunogen was prepared by the Mannich reaction for the conjugation of oxyresveratrol and cationized bovine serum albumin (cBSA)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364227/an-anti-mycobacterial-bisfunctionalized-sphingolipid-and-new-bromopyrrole-alkaloid-from-the-indonesian-marine-sponge-agelas-sp
#3
Delfly B Abdjul, Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Syu-Ichi Kanno, Ayako Tomizawa, Henki Rotinsulu, Defny S Wewengkang, Deiske A Sumilat, Kazuyo Ukai, Magie M Kapojos, Michio Namikoshi
In the course of our studies on anti-mycobacterial substances from marine organisms, the known dimeric sphingolipid, leucettamol A (1), was isolated as an active component, together with the new bromopyrrole alkaloid, 5-bromophakelline (2), and twelve known congeners from the Indonesian marine sponge Agelas sp. The structure of 2 was elucidated based on its spectroscopic data. Compound 1 and its bis TFA salt showed inhibition zones of 12 and 7 mm against Mycobacterium smegmatis at 50 μg/disk, respectively, while the N,N'-diacetyl derivative (1a) was not active at 50 μg/disk...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357635/two-new-polyhydroxyl-polyacetylenes-from-fruits-of-herpetospermum-caudigerum
#4
Xin Feng, Gejia Zhong, Daji Dengba, Jun Luo, Shouying Du
Two new polyhydroxy polyacetylenes, herpecaudenes A and B (1 and 2), were isolated from the ethanol extract of fruits of Herpetospermum caudigerum, an important Tibetan medicine. The structures of them were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods including UV, IR, HRESIMS, (1)H and (13)C NMR, HMBC, HSQC, and (1)H-(1)H COSY. Compound 2 showed significant inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages with IC50 values of 7.05 ± 1.59 µM.
March 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357634/bioactive-flavonoids-from-flos-sophorae
#5
Wenzhong Shi, Lili Liu, Jian Li, Lu Qu, Xu Pang, Haiyang Yu, Yi Zhang, Tao Wang
Three new flavonoid glycosides-soyaflavonosides A (1), B (2), and C (3)-together with 23 known ones were obtained from the 70% EtOH extract of Flos Sophorae (Sophora japonica, Leguminosae). Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic methods. Among the known isolates, 14, 18, 20, 22, and 26 were isolated from the Sophora genus for the first time; 12, 19, 24, and 25 were obtained from the species firstly. Moreover, NMR data for compounds 18 and 26 are reported for the first time here. Meanwhile, compounds 4, 8-13, 15, 16, 19, 21, and 22 presented obvious inhibitory effects on TG accumulation in HepG2 cells...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255848/iriomoteolides-9a-and-11a-two-new-odd-numbered-macrolides-from-the-marine-dinoflagellate-amphidinium-species
#6
Keiko Kumagai, Masayuki Tsuda, Eri Fukushi, Jun Kawabata, Atsunori Masuda, Masashi Tsuda
Iriomoteolides-9a (1) and 11a (2), new 15- and 19-membered macrolides, respectively, have been isolated from the marine dinoflagellate Amphidinium species (strain KCA09052). Compounds 1 and 2 were obtained from the extracts of the algal cells inoculated in the PES and TKF seawater medium, respectively. The structures of 1 and 2 were assigned on the basis of detailed NMR analyses. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited cytotoxic activity against human cervix adenocarcinoma HeLa cells.
March 2, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251520/chemical-structures-of-constituents-from-the-leaves-of-polyscias-balfouriana
#7
Sachiko Sugimoto, Yoshi Yamano, Hany Ezzat Khalil, Hideaki Otsuka, Mohamed Salah Kamel, Katsuyoshi Matsunami
A new pyrrolidine derivative, (5S)-hydroxyethyl 2-oxopyrrolidine-5-carboxylate (1), a new flavonol glycoside, tamaraxetin 3,7-di-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (2), and a new triterpene saponin, polyscioside A methyl ester (3), along with six known compounds (4-9) were isolated from the leaves of Polyscias balfouriana. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243817/two-new-secolignans-with-in-vitro-anti-inflammatory-activities-from-urtica-fissa-rhizomes
#8
Xiaoru Feng, Mengyue Wang, Jun Cheng, Xiaobo Li
Two new secolignans, urticin A (1) and urticin B (2), were isolated from the ethanol extract of Urtica fissa rhizomes. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic evidence (UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, and NMR). Urticin A and urticin B possessed in vitro anti-inflammatory activities, which significantly inhibited the TNF-α and NO release induced by LPS in RAW 264.7 cells.
February 27, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220276/taxonomic-examination-of-longgu-fossilia-ossis-mastodi-dragon-bone-and-a-related-crude-drug-longchi-dens-draconis-dragon-tooth-from-japanese-and-chinese-crude-drug-markets
#9
Kazuki Oguri, Yuichiro Nishioka, Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Kyoko Takahashi
Longgu ("dragon bone," Ryu-kotsu, Fossilia Ossis Mastodi, or Os Draconis) is the only fossil crude drug listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia. All longgu in the current Japanese market is imported from China, where its resources are being depleted. Therefore, effective countermeasures are urgently needed to prevent resource depletion. One possible solution is the development of a substitute made from bones of contemporary animals that are closely related to the original animal source of the current longgu. However, no research has been conducted on the original animal source of longgu, except for a report on the longgu specimens present in the Shosoin Repository...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205135/apium-graveolens-extract-influences-mood-and-cognition-in-healthy-mice
#10
Phetcharat Boonruamkaew, Wanida Sukketsiri, Pharkphoom Panichayupakaranant, Wijittra Kaewnam, Supita Tanasawet, Varomyalin Tipmanee, Pilaiwanwadee Hutamekalin, Pennapa Chonpathompikunlert
Apium graveolens is a food flavoring which possesses various health promoting effects. This study investigates the effect of a sub-acute administration of A. graveolens on cognition and anti-depression behaviors via antioxidant and related neurotransmitter systems in mice brains. Cognition and depression was assessed by various models of behavior. The antioxidant system of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), % inhibition of superoxide anion (O2(-)), and lipid peroxidation were studied. In addition, neurochemical parameters including acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and monoamine oxidase-type A (MAO-A) were also evaluated...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181079/anti-obesity-activity-of-yamabushitake-hericium-erinaceus-powder-in-ovariectomized-mice-and-its-potentially-active-compounds
#11
Eri Hiraki, Shoko Furuta, Rika Kuwahara, Naomichi Takemoto, Toshiro Nagata, Taiki Akasaka, Bungo Shirouchi, Masao Sato, Koichiro Ohnuki, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
Hericium erinaceus (H. erinaceus) improves the symptoms of menopause. In this study, using ovariectomized mice as a model of menopause, we investigated the anti-obesity effect of this mushroom in menopause. Mice fed diets containing H. erinaceus powder showed significant decreases in the amounts of fat tissue, plasma levels of total cholesterol, and leptin. To determine the mechanism, groups of mice were respectively fed a diet containing H. erinaceus powder, a diet containing ethanol extract of H. erinaceus, and a diet containing a residue of the extract...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181078/puerarin-may-protect-against-schwann-cell-damage-induced-by-glucose-fluctuation
#12
Bing Xue, Lin Wang, Zhe Zhang, Rui Wang, Xin-Xin Xia, Ping-Ping Han, Li-Jun Cao, Yong-Hui Liu, Lian-Qing Sun
Puerarin is one of the major active ingredients in Gegen, a traditional Chinese herb that has been reported to have a wide variety of beneficial pharmacology functions. Previous studies have implicated that the damaging effects of hyperglycemia resulting from oxidative stress and glucose fluctuation may be more dangerous than constant high glucose in the development of diabetes-related complications. The present study focuses on the effects of puerarin on glucose fluctuation-induced oxidative stress-induced Schwann cell (SC) apoptosis in vitro...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176233/inhibiting-reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-autophagy-enhanced-baicalein-induced-apoptosis-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Bo Li, Mei Lu, Xin-Xiang Jiang, Meng-Xiong Pan, Jun-Wu Mao, Mei Chen
Autophagy modulation has been considered a potential therapeutic strategy for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A previous study confirmed that baicalein might possess significant anti-carcinogenic activity. However, whether baicalein induces autophagy and its role in cell death in OSCC are still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer activity and molecular targets of baicalein in OSCC in vitro. In this study, we found that baicalein induced significant apoptosis in OSCC cells Cal27...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150144/p-hydroxyacetophenone-suppresses-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-related-inflammation-in-nociceptive-and-inflammatory-animal-models
#14
Chang Ching-Wen, Chen Yun-Chieh, Lin Yu-Chin, Peng Wen-Huang
p-Hydroxyacetophenone (HAP) is a crucial chemical compound present in plants of the genus Artemisia, which are used in traditional therapies for treating jaundice, hepatitis, and inflammatory diseases. Nevertheless, the bioactivity of HAP remains to be identified in order to prove its importance in the plants of genus Artemisia. This study investigated the antioxidative, antinociceptive, and anti-inflammatory effects of HAP, and probed its possible molecular mechanisms. Our results revealed that HAP (80 mg/kg, intraperitoneally) in vivo reduced the acetic acid-induced writhing response and formalin-induced licking time...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110389/a-novel-lectin-from-artocarpus-lingnanensis-induces-proliferation-and-th1-th2-cytokine-secretion-through-cd45-signaling-pathway-in-human-t-lymphocytes
#15
Bo Cui, Lu Li, Qiyan Zeng, Faquan Lin, Lijun Yin, Liejun Liao, Min Huang, Jingping Wang
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins and have been used for purification and characterization of glycoproteins. In this study, a novel 58.9-kDa tetrameric lectin from Artocarpus lingnanensis seeds was purified, characterized, and its mitogenic potential was evaluated. The hemagglutination inhibition assay indicated that Artocarpus lingnanensis lectin (ALL) showed specificity toward galactose. ALL was effectively purified in a single-step using affinity chromatography on a galactose-Sepharose column. ALL showed pH optima between 5...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105568/koumine-exhibits-anxiolytic-properties-without-inducing-adverse-neurological-effects-on-functional-observation-battery-open-field-and-vogel-conflict-tests-in-rodents
#16
Chao-Jie Chen, Zhi-Feng Zhong, Zhi-Ming Xin, Long-Hui Hong, Yan-Ping Su, Chang-Xi Yu
Koumine, an active alkaloid of neurotoxic plant Gelsemium, has been focused on its therapeutic uses, especially in central nervous system. Nevertheless, less is known about the neurological effects of koumine, which hampers its potential therapeutic exploitation. Moreover, as the anxiolytic potential of Gelsemium has raised many critical issues, its active principles on the anxiolytic and other neurological effects need to be further investigated. Here, we used functional observation battery (FOB) of mice to systematically measure the neurological effects of koumine at the effective doses, and then further confirmed its anxiolytic properties in open-field test (OFT) of mice and Vogel conflict test (VCT) of rats...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105567/effects-of-oleuropein-on-pentylenetetrazol-induced-seizures-in-mice-involvement-of-opioidergic-and-nitrergic-systems
#17
Nastaran Rahimi, Bahram Delfan, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Ahmad R Dehpour
Oleuropein, a well-known olive polyphenol, has been shown to mediate neuroprotection in Alzheimer's disease and cerebral ischemia. We investigated the effects of oleuropein on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in male NMRI mice, with diazepam as the standard drug. We also examined the possible involvement of opioidergic/nitrergic pathways in the probable effects of oleuropein. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of different doses of oleuropein (10, 20 and 30 mg/kg) significantly increased the seizure threshold 60 min prior to induction of seizure, in a dose-dependent manner...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078535/tubulin-polymerization-stimulating-activity-of-ganoderma-triterpenoids
#18
Toshitaka Kohno, Tran Hai-Bang, Qinchang Zhu, Yhiya Amen, Seiichi Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoshi Morimoto, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
Tubulin polymerization is an important target for anticancer therapies. Even though the potential of Ganoderma triterpenoids against various cancer targets had been well documented, studies on their tubulin polymerization-stimulating activity are scarce. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Ganoderma triterpenoids on tubulin polymerization. A total of twenty-four compounds were investigated using an in vitro tubulin polymerization assay. Results showed that most of the studied triterpenoids exhibited microtuble-stabilizing activity to different degrees...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074433/partial-contribution-of-rho-kinase-inhibition-to-the-bioactivity-of-ganoderma-lingzhi-and-its-isolated-compounds-insights-on-discovery-of-natural-rho-kinase-inhibitors
#19
Yhiya Amen, Qinchang Zhu, Hai-Bang Tran, Mohamed S Afifi, Ahmed F Halim, Ahmed Ashour, Kuniyoshi Shimizu
Recent studies identified Rho-kinase enzymes (ROCK-I and ROCK-II) as important targets that are involved in a variety of diseases. Synthetic Rho-kinase inhibitors have emerged as potential therapeutic agents to treat disorders such as hypertension, stroke, cancer, diabetes, glaucoma, etc. Our study is the first to screen the total ethanol extract of the medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lingzhi with thirty-five compounds for Rho-kinase inhibitory activity. Moreover, a molecular binding experiment was designed to investigate the binding affinity of the compounds at the active sites of Rho-kinase enzymes...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074432/stereo-and-region-specific-biotransformation-of-physapubescin-by-four-fungal-strains
#20
Chongyue Qiu, Ting Yuan, Dejuan Sun, Suyu Gao, Lixia Chen
Biotransformations of physapubescin (1) were performed by four fungal strains-Mucor subtilissimus AS 3.2454, Mucor polymorphosporus AS 3.3443, Aspergillus niger AS 3.795, and Syncephalastrum racemosum AS 3.264. Four metabolites were prepared in the biotransformation process of 1, and their structures were elucidated as 15α-acetoxy-5,6β:22,26:24,25-triepoxy-26α-hydroxy-3β-methoxy 4β-hydroxyergost-1-one (2), 15α-acetoxy-5,6β:22,26-diepoxy-4β,24β,25α,26(α, β)-tetrahydroxyergost-3β-methoxy-1-one (3a/3b), 15α-acetoxy-5,6β:22,26-diepoxy-4β,24β,25α,26(α, β)-tetrahydroxyergost-2-en-1-one (4a/4b), and physapubescin D (5), by spectroscopic data analysis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
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