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Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826968/a-case-of-type-2-hereditary-angioedema-with-serping1-mutation
#1
Da Woon Sim, Kyung Hee Park, Jae Hyun Lee, Jung Won Park
Hereditary angioedema is a disease of congenital deficiency or functional defect in the C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) consequent to mutation in the SERPING1 gene, which encodes C1-INH. This disease manifests as recurrent, non-pitting, non-pruritic subcutaneous, or submucosal edema as well as an erythematous rash in some cases. These symptoms result from the uncontrolled localized production of bradykinin. The most commonly affected sites are the extremities, face, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory system...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826967/palonosetron-induced-anaphylaxis-during-general-anesthesia-a-case-report
#2
Hyungjun Park, Kyunghwan Oh, Hoonhee Lee, Ji Hyang Lee, Sun Myoung Kang, So Young Park, Hyouk Soo Kwon, You Sook Cho, Hee Bom Moon, Tae Bum Kim
Palonosetron is a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT-3) receptor antagonist used for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting. Compared with ondansetron and granisetron, it is a better drug because of prolonged action and minimal side effects. Some adverse effects of palonosetron have been reported. In this report, we describe a 37-year-old male who developed severe hypersensitivity reactions to palonosetron during surgery for kidney donation. His medical history was unremarkable, except for inguinal hernia with herniorrhaphy 8 years ago...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826966/association-of-mbl-with-work-related-respiratory-symptoms-in-bakery-workers
#3
Mi Ae Kim, Moon Kyung Yoon, Seung Hyun Kim, Hae Sim Park
Baker's asthma is the most prevalent occupational asthma, and IgE-mediated response is known as a major pathogenesis. However, recent studies have suggested the involvement of innate immune response because wheat flour contains bacterial endotoxins or lipopolysaccharides. To further understand a role of innate immune response in the development of work-related respiratory symptoms (WRS) in bakery workers, we investigated mannose-binding lectin (MBL), one of the initiating components of the complement cascade in a single cohort of bakery workers...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826965/validation-of-a-rapid-robust-inexpensive-screening-method-for-detecting-the-hla-b-58-01-allele-in-the-prevention-of-allopurinol-induced-severe-cutaneous-adverse-reactions
#4
Dinh Van Nguyen, Christopher Vida, Hieu Chi Chu, Richard Fulton, Jamma Li, Suran L Fernando
The HLA B*58:01 allele has been worldwide reported as a pharmacogenetic susceptibility to allopurinol-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs). To prevent these life-threatening conditions, the American College of Rheumatology hingly recommended that the HLA-B*58:01 be screened prior to the initiation of allopurinol therapy. Therefore, we developed a rapid, robust, inexpensive screening method using SYBR® Green real time PCR to detect the HLA-B*58:01 allele. A total of 119 samples were tested. The assay has a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI: 69...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826964/comorbidities-and-phenotypes-of-rhinitis-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#5
Kyung Suk Lee, Hye Yung Yum, Youn Ho Sheen, Yong Mean Park, Yong Ju Lee, Bong Seok Choi, Hye Mi Jee, Sun Hee Choi, Hyun Hee Kim, Yang Park, Hyo Bin Kim, Yeong Ho Rha
PURPOSE: Rhinitis is a nasal inflammatory disease in children and adolescents. However, little is known about the phenotypes and characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Korean children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to analyze the symptoms and comorbidities of rhinitis, to compare AR to non-allergic rhinitis (NAR), and to reveal the phenotypes and features of AR in a Korean pediatric population. METHODS: Patients under 18 years of age with rhinitis symptoms were recruited from January 2013 to January 2015 by pediatric allergists...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826963/inhibition-of-allergic-response-by-intranasal-selective-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-decoy-oligodeoxynucleotides-in-a-murine-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#6
Jee Hye Wee, Yu Lian Zhang, Chae Seo Rhee, Dong Young Kim
PURPOSE: It remains unknown whether local inhibition of Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) could have therapeutic value in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of selective NF-κB inhibition using NF-κB decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) for the local treatment of AR in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized wild-type mice. METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized with OVA and alum, and then challenged intranasally with OVA. NF-κB decoy ODNs were given intranasally to the treatment group, and NF-κB scrambled ODNs were given to the sham treatment group...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826962/asthma-severity-and-the-controller-prescription-in-children-at-12-tertiary-hospitals
#7
Dong In Suh, Hyeon Jong Yang, Bong Seong Kim, Youn Ho Shin, So Yeon Lee, Geunhwa Park, Woo Kyung Kim, Hyo Bin Kim, Heysung Baek, Ja Kyoung Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Dae Hyun Lim
PURPOSE: Guidelines need to be tailored to where they are applied. We aimed to describe the distinctive asthma severity profile and the pattern of controller prescription in Korean children. METHODS: Twelve pediatric allergists from tertiary medical centers reviewed medical records of all asthmatic children who visited their clinics between September 1 and November 30 of 2013. Controller prescriptions were re-classified into 4 categories, then the prevalence of each asthma severity category and the controller prescription patterns according to asthma severity assessed by a Western (Global Initiative for Asthma, GINA) and an Asia-Pacific (Japanese Pediatric GuideLine, JPGL) guideline were evaluated...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826961/development-and-validation-of-an-attitudinal-profiling-tool-for-patients-with-asthma
#8
Aileen David-Wang, David Price, Sang Heon Cho, James Chung Man Ho, Chong Kin Liam, Glenn Neira, Pei Li Teh
PURPOSE: To develop a profiling tool which accurately assigns a patient to the appropriate attitudinal cluster for the management of asthma. METHODS: Attitudinal data from an online survey of 2,467 patients with asthma from 8 Asian countries/region, aged 18-50 years, having had ≥2 prescriptions in the previous 2 years and access to social media was used in a discriminant function analysis to identify a minimal set of questions for the Profiling Tool. A split-sample procedure based on 100 sets of randomly selected estimation and validation sub-samples from the original sample was used to cross-validate the Tool and assess the robustness of its predictive accuracy...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826960/oral-food-desensitization-in-children-with-ige-mediated-cow-s-milk-allergy-immunological-changes-underlying-desensitization
#9
Laura Perezábad, Marta Reche, Teresa Valbuena, Rosina López-Fandiño, Elena Molina, Iván López-Expósito
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy to induce clinical desensitization to cow's milk (CM) of an oral immunotherapy (OIT) protocol in a pediatric population with cow's milk allergy (CMA). In addition, the immune responses against β-casein, of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from CMA patients, before and after the protocol were evaluated and compared to a nonallergic population. METHODS: A group of 20 children with IgE-mediated CMA and 15 nonallergic children were recruited...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826959/inhibitory-effects-of-resveratrol-on-airway-remodeling-by-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathway-in-chronic-asthma-model
#10
Hwa Young Lee, In Kyoung Kim, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Soon Suk Kwon, Chin Kook Rhee, Sook Young Lee
PURPOSE: Asthma is a chronic airway disease characterized by airway remodeling, leading to a progressive decline in lung function. Therapeutic agents that attenuate airway remodeling can complement the limited effects of traditional glucocorticoids. In this study, we investigated the effect of resveratrol on allergic airway inflammation and remodeling in a murine model of chronic bronchial asthma. METHODS: Peribronchial smooth muscle thickening that developed in mice challenged with a 3-month repeated exposure to ovalbumin (OVA) was used to study airway remodeling...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826958/personalized-medicine-in-allergy
#11
REVIEW
Matteo Ferrando, Diego Bagnasco, Gilda Varricchi, Stefano Bernardi, Alice Bragantini, Giovanni Passalacqua, Giorgio Walter Canonica
Allergic disease is among the most common pathologies worldwide and its prevalence has constantly increased up to the present days, even if according to the most recent data it seems to be slightly slowing down. Allergic disease has not only a high rate of misdiagnosis and therapeutic inefficacy, but represents an enormous, resource-absorbing black hole in respiratory and general medicine. The aim of this paper is to summarize principal therapeutic innovations in atopic disease management befallen in the recent years in terms of personalized/precision medicine...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826957/development-of-new-therapies-for-severe-asthma
#12
REVIEW
Merritt L Fajt, Sally E Wenzel
Persistent asthma has long been treated with inhaled corticosteroids (CSs), as the mainstay of therapy. However, their efficacy in patients with more severe disease is limited, which led to the incorporation of poor response to ICSs (and thereby use of high doses of ICS) into recent definitions of severe asthma. Several studies have suggested that severe asthma might consist of several different phenotypes, each with ongoing symptoms and health care utilization, despite the use of high doses of ICS, usually in combination with a second or third controller...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826956/resveratrol-in-asthma-a-french-paradox
#13
EDITORIAL
Hye Young Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582406/the-basophil-activation-test-is-safe-and-useful-for-confirming-drug-induced-anaphylaxis
#14
Suk Yeon Kim, Joo Hee Kim, Young Sook Jang, Jeong Hee Choi, Sunghoon Park, Yong Il Hwang, Seung Hun Jang, Ki Suck Jung
The basophil activation test (BAT) has been suggested as a complementary method for diagnosing drug allergies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of this test in patients with drug-induced anaphylaxis. In total, 19 patients, all of whom had a history of moderate to severe anaphylaxis, were enrolled. None of the causative drugs had available in vitro tests or reliable skin tests; these drugs included, among others, first and second-generation cephalosporins, H2 blockers, and muscle relaxants...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582405/a-multicenter-retrospective-case-study-of-anaphylaxis-triggers-by-age-in-korean-children
#15
So Yeon Lee, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim, Gwang Cheon Jang, Taek Ki Min, Hyeon Jong Yang, Bok Yang Pyun, Ji Won Kwon, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyung Won Kim, Kyu Earn Kim, Jinho Yu, Soo Jong Hong, Jung Hyun Kwon, Sung Won Kim, Tae Won Song, Woo Kyung Kim, Hyung Young Kim, You Hoon Jeon, Yong Ju Lee, Hae Ran Lee, Hye Young Kim, Youngmin Ahn, Hye Yung Yum, Dong In Suh, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Jeong Hee Kim, Yong Mean Park, Sooyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Although anaphylaxis is recognized as an important, life-threatening condition, data are limited regarding its triggers in different age groups. We aimed to identify anaphylaxis triggers by age in Korean children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records for children diagnosed with anaphylaxis between 2009 and 2013 in 23 secondary or tertiary hospitals in South Korea. RESULTS: A total of 991 cases (mean age=5...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582404/burden-of-respiratory-disease-in-korea-an-observational-study-on-allergic-rhinitis-asthma-copd-and-rhinosinusitis
#16
Kwang Ha Yoo, Hae Ryun Ahn, Jae Kyoung Park, Jong Woong Kim, Gui Hyun Nam, Soon Kwan Hong, Mee Ja Kim, Aloke Gopal Ghoshal, Abdul Razak Bin Abdul Muttalif, Horng Chyuan Lin, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Shalini Bagga, Rab Faruqi, Shiva Sajjan, Santwona Baidya, De Yun Wang, Sang Heon Cho
PURPOSE: The Asia-Pacific Burden of Respiratory Diseases (APBORD) study is a cross-sectional, observational one which has used a standard protocol to examine the disease and economic burden of allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), and rhinosinusitis across the Asia-Pacific region. Here, we report on symptoms, healthcare resource use, work impairment, and associated costs in Korea. METHODS: Consecutive participants aged ≥18 years with a primary diagnosis of asthma, AR, COPD, or rhinosinusitis were enrolled...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582403/plasma-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-children-with-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#17
Fatih Dilek, Deniz Ozceker, Emin Ozkaya, Zeynep Tamay, Mebrure Yazici, Siddika Kesgin, Abdurrahim Kocyigit, Nermin Guler
PURPOSE: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a disease that is primarily seen in adults and is comparatively rare in children. Consequently, only a few studies have focused on the pathogenesis of the disease in children. This study investigated the possible role of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in the pathogenesis of CSU in children. METHODS: The study group was composed of 54 children with CSU; 34 healthy children comprised the control group. The demographic and clinical features of the study group were extensively evaluated, and laboratory assessments were also performed...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582402/emergency-department-visits-for-asthma-exacerbation-due-to-weather-conditions-and-air-pollution-in-chuncheon-korea-a-case-crossover-analysis
#18
Jae Woo Kwon, Young Ji Han, Moo Kyung Oh, Chang Youl Lee, Ja Yeun Kim, E Jin Kim, Ho Kim, Woo Jin Kim
PURPOSE: This retrospective study was conducted to estimate the effects of climate factors and air pollution on asthma exacerbations using a case-crossover analysis. METHODS: Patients who visited the emergency department (ED) of 2 university hospitals in Chuncheon for asthma exacerbations from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2011, were enrolled. Daily average data for meteorological factors (temperature, daily temperature range, relative humidity, wind speed, atmospheric pressure, presence of rain, solar irradiation, and presence of fog) and the daily average levels of gaseous air pollutants (SO₂, NO₂, O₃, CO, and PM10) were obtained...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582401/clinical-significance-of-component-allergens-in-fagales-pollen-sensitized-peanut-allergy-in-korea
#19
Kyung Hee Park, Young Woong Son, Sang Chul Lee, Kyunguk Jeong, Da Woon Sim, Hye Jung Park, Sooyoung Lee, Jae Hyun Lee, Jung Won Park
PURPOSE: Clinical features of peanut allergy can range from localized to systemic reactions. Because peanut and birch pollen have cross-reactivity, peanut can lead to localized allergic reaction in Fagales pollen-sensitized oral allergy syndrome (OAS) patients without peanut sensitization per se. The purpose of this study was to discriminate true peanut food allergy from cross-reactive hypersensitivity in birch-sensitized peanut allergy. METHODS: Birch-sensitized (n=81) and peanut anaphylaxis patients (n=12) were enrolled...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582400/factors-affecting-recovery-time-of-pulmonary-function-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations
#20
Hyo Jung Kim, Jaemoon Lee, Jung Hyun Kim, So Young Park, Hyouk Soo Kwon, Tae Bum Kim, Hee Bom Moon, You Sook Cho
PURPOSE: Prolonged recovery time of pulmonary function after an asthma exacerbation is a significant burden on asthmatics, and management of these patients needs to be improved. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with a longer recovery time of pulmonary function among asthmatic patients hospitalized due to a severe asthma exacerbation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 89 patients who were admitted for the management of acute asthma exacerbations...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
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