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Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research

Suk Yeon Kim, Joo Hee Kim, Young Sook Jang, Jeong Hee Choi, Sunghoon Park, Yong Il Hwang, Seung Hun Jang, Ki Suck Jung
The basophil activation test (BAT) has been suggested as a complementary method for diagnosing drug allergies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of this test in patients with drug-induced anaphylaxis. In total, 19 patients, all of whom had a history of moderate to severe anaphylaxis, were enrolled. None of the causative drugs had available in vitro tests or reliable skin tests; these drugs included, among others, first and second-generation cephalosporins, H2 blockers, and muscle relaxants...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
So Yeon Lee, Kangmo Ahn, Jihyun Kim, Gwang Cheon Jang, Taek Ki Min, Hyeon Jong Yang, Bok Yang Pyun, Ji Won Kwon, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyung Won Kim, Kyu Earn Kim, Jinho Yu, Soo Jong Hong, Jung Hyun Kwon, Sung Won Kim, Tae Won Song, Woo Kyung Kim, Hyung Young Kim, You Hoon Jeon, Yong Ju Lee, Hae Ran Lee, Hye Young Kim, Youngmin Ahn, Hye Yung Yum, Dong In Suh, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Jeong Hee Kim, Yong Mean Park, Sooyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Although anaphylaxis is recognized as an important, life-threatening condition, data are limited regarding its triggers in different age groups. We aimed to identify anaphylaxis triggers by age in Korean children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records for children diagnosed with anaphylaxis between 2009 and 2013 in 23 secondary or tertiary hospitals in South Korea. RESULTS: A total of 991 cases (mean age=5...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Kwang Ha Yoo, Hae Ryun Ahn, Jae Kyoung Park, Jong Woong Kim, Gui Hyun Nam, Soon Kwan Hong, Mee Ja Kim, Aloke Gopal Ghoshal, Abdul Razak Bin Abdul Muttalif, Horng Chyuan Lin, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Shalini Bagga, Rab Faruqi, Shiva Sajjan, Santwona Baidya, De Yun Wang, Sang Heon Cho
PURPOSE: The Asia-Pacific Burden of Respiratory Diseases (APBORD) study is a cross-sectional, observational one which has used a standard protocol to examine the disease and economic burden of allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), and rhinosinusitis across the Asia-Pacific region. Here, we report on symptoms, healthcare resource use, work impairment, and associated costs in Korea. METHODS: Consecutive participants aged ≥18 years with a primary diagnosis of asthma, AR, COPD, or rhinosinusitis were enrolled...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Fatih Dilek, Deniz Ozceker, Emin Ozkaya, Zeynep Tamay, Mebrure Yazici, Siddika Kesgin, Abdurrahim Kocyigit, Nermin Guler
PURPOSE: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a disease that is primarily seen in adults and is comparatively rare in children. Consequently, only a few studies have focused on the pathogenesis of the disease in children. This study investigated the possible role of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in the pathogenesis of CSU in children. METHODS: The study group was composed of 54 children with CSU; 34 healthy children comprised the control group. The demographic and clinical features of the study group were extensively evaluated, and laboratory assessments were also performed...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Jae Woo Kwon, Young Ji Han, Moo Kyung Oh, Chang Youl Lee, Ja Yeun Kim, E Jin Kim, Ho Kim, Woo Jin Kim
PURPOSE: This retrospective study was conducted to estimate the effects of climate factors and air pollution on asthma exacerbations using a case-crossover analysis. METHODS: Patients who visited the emergency department (ED) of 2 university hospitals in Chuncheon for asthma exacerbations from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2011, were enrolled. Daily average data for meteorological factors (temperature, daily temperature range, relative humidity, wind speed, atmospheric pressure, presence of rain, solar irradiation, and presence of fog) and the daily average levels of gaseous air pollutants (SO₂, NO₂, O₃, CO, and PM10) were obtained...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Kyung Hee Park, Young Woong Son, Sang Chul Lee, Kyunguk Jeong, Da Woon Sim, Hye Jung Park, Sooyoung Lee, Jae Hyun Lee, Jung Won Park
PURPOSE: Clinical features of peanut allergy can range from localized to systemic reactions. Because peanut and birch pollen have cross-reactivity, peanut can lead to localized allergic reaction in Fagales pollen-sensitized oral allergy syndrome (OAS) patients without peanut sensitization per se. The purpose of this study was to discriminate true peanut food allergy from cross-reactive hypersensitivity in birch-sensitized peanut allergy. METHODS: Birch-sensitized (n=81) and peanut anaphylaxis patients (n=12) were enrolled...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Hyo Jung Kim, Jaemoon Lee, Jung Hyun Kim, So Young Park, Hyouk Soo Kwon, Tae Bum Kim, Hee Bom Moon, You Sook Cho
PURPOSE: Prolonged recovery time of pulmonary function after an asthma exacerbation is a significant burden on asthmatics, and management of these patients needs to be improved. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with a longer recovery time of pulmonary function among asthmatic patients hospitalized due to a severe asthma exacerbation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 89 patients who were admitted for the management of acute asthma exacerbations...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Kenji Izuhara, Shoichiro Ohta, Junya Ono
Periostin acts both as an extracellular matrix protein belonging to the fasciclin family and as a matricellular protein functioning in cell activation by binding to its receptors on the cell surface. It has been established that periostin is a downstream molecule of interleukin (IL)-13, a signature type 2 cytokine, and that periostin plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, including asthma. Based on these findings, much attention has been paid to periostin as a biomarker useful in the treatment of asthma...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Marek Sanak
Lipid mediators contribute to inflammation providing both pro-inflammatory signals and terminating the inflammatory process by activation of macrophages. Among the most significant biologically lipid mediators, these are produced by free-radical or enzymatic oxygenation of arachidonic acid named "eicosanoids". There were some novel eicosanoids identified within the last decade, and many of them are measurable in clinical samples by affordable chromatography-mass spectrometry equipment or sensitive immunoassays...
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Chang Gyu Jung, Hae Sim Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Eun Lee, Byoung Ju Kim, Mi Jin Kang, Kil Yong Choi, Hyun Ju Cho, Yeongho Kim, Song I Yang, Young Ho Jung, Hyung Young Kim, Ju Hee Seo, Ji Won Kwon, Hyo Bin Kim, So Yeon Lee, Soo Jong Hong
Microbial colonization of the infant gut is unstable and shows a wide range of diversity between individuals. Gut microbiota play an important role in the development of the immune system, and an imbalance in these organisms can affect health, including an increased risk of allergic diseases. Microbial colonization of young infants is affected by the delivery mode at birth and the consequent alterations of gut microbiota in early life affect the development of allergic diseases. We investigated the effects of the delivery mode on the temporal dynamics of gut microbiota in healthy Korean infants...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Anne Marie Madore, Vanessa T Vaillancourt, Emmanuelle Bouzigon, Chloé Sarnowski, Florent Monier, Marie Hélène Dizier, Florence Demenais, Catherine Laprise
PURPOSE: Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays a key role in inflammation and immunity and its decoy receptor, IL-1R2, has been implicated in transcriptomic and genetic studies of asthma. METHODS: Two large asthma family collections, the French-Canadian Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ) study and the French Epidemiological Study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA), were used to investigate the association of SNPs in 10 genes that modulate IL-1R2 activities with asthma, allergic asthma, and atopy...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Naseh Sigari, Ali Jalili, Laili Mahdawi, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Mohammadi Shilan
Asthma research is shifting from studying symptoms and lung functions to the narrow-focus cellular profiles protein analysis, biomarkers, and genetic markers. The transmembrane glycoprotein CD93 is involved in endothelial cell migration, angiogenesis, leukocytes extravasation, apoptosis, innate immunity and inflammation. Relationships between the serum level of soluble CD93 (sCD93) and acute myocardial infarction/premature MI/inflammatory arthritis/skin sclerosis have recently been reported. We hypothesized that sCD93 would be elevated during the acute phase of asthma...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Youin Bae, Kenji Izuhara, Soichiro Ohta, Junya Ono, Gwan Ui Hong, Jai Youl Ro, Gyeong Hun Park, Jeong Hee Choi
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a complex idiopathic disease of the skin with various cellular infiltrations. Although mast cells are key effector cells in the pathogenesis of CSU, CD4+ T helper 2 cells also have particular roles in the development and maintenance of CSU. Periostin is known as a downstream molecule of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, key cytokines of type 2 immune responses. In this study, we examined periostin and IL-13 levels in the sera of patients with CSU (n=84) and healthy normal controls (NCs, n=43)...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Ji Eun Lee, Yeon Hoo Kim, Chae Seo Rhee, Dong Young Kim
PURPOSE: Although the concept of "one airway, one disease," which includes the middle ear space as part of the united airway is well recognized, the role of allergens in otitis media with effusion (OME) is not clearly understood. We aimed to investigate the effect of the interaction between Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the induction of epithelial inflammatory response in vitro. METHODS: Primary human middle ear epithelial cells were exposed to Der f, LPS, or both in different sequences, and the magnitude of the immunologic responses was compared...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Chang Ching Yeh, Hsiao Yun Tai, Hong Chou, Keh Gong Wu, Horng Der Shen
PURPOSE: Fusarium species are among prevalent airborne fungi and causative agents of human respiratory atopic disorders. We previously identified a 36.5-kDa F. proliferatum component recognized by IgE antibodies in 9 (53%) of the 17 F. proliferatum-sensitized atopic serum samples. The purpose of this study is to characterize the 36.5-kDa allergen of F. proliferatum. METHODS: Characterization of allergens and determination of IgE cross-reactivity were performed by cDNA cloning/expression and immunoblot inhibition studies...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Antonio Moreno, Fernando Pineda, Javier Alcover, David Rodríguez, Ricardo Palacios, Eduardo Martínez-Naves
PURPOSE: Hypersensitivity to fungi is associated with rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma. For some fungi, such as Alternaria alternata (A. alternata), the symptoms of asthma are persistent, increasing disease severity and the risk of fatal outcomes. There are a large number of species of fungi but knowledge of them remains limited. This, together with the difficulties in obtaining adequate standardized extracts, means that there remain significant challenges in the diagnosis and immunotherapy of allergy associated with fungi...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Xiang Dong, Nan Huang, Wenjing Li, Lintao Hu, Xiaolong Wang, Yin Wang, Ning Xiang, Guanghui Liu, Rongfei Zhu
PURPOSE: The incidence of allergen specific immunotherapy-related systemic reactions (SRs) varies among different studies, and many factors are likely to contribute to SRs. This study aims to investigate the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors of SRs to standardize dust mite-specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) in Central China. METHODS: All patients receiving standardized dust mites (100-100,000 SQ-U/mL; Alutard SQ, Hørsholn, Denmark) immunotherapy were followed up...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Ana Rodríguez Trabado, Carmen Cámara Hijón, Alfonso Ramos Cantariño, Silvia Romero-Chala, José Antonio García-Trujillo, Luis Miguel Fernández Pereira
PURPOSE: The basophil activation test (BAT) has been used to monitor venom immunotherapy (VIT) due to its high specificity. A previous study has reported a good correlation between a significant decrease in basophil activation during 5 years of VIT and clinical protection assessed by sting challenge. The following prospective study was performed to examine changes in basophil reactivity over a complete VIT period of 5 years. METHODS: BAT in a dose-response curve was studied prospectively in 10 hymenoptera venom-allergic patients over 5 years of VIT...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Wan Rou Lin, Yi Hsing Chen, Mey Fann Lee, Ling Yi Hsu, Chih Jen Tien, Feng Ming Shih, Shih Ching Hsiao, Pi Han Wang
PURPOSE: Fungi have been known to be important aeroallergens for hundreds of years. Most studies have focused on total fungal concentration; however, the concentration of specific allergenic fungi may be more important on an individual basis. METHODS: Ten fungal allergic patients and 2 non-fungal allergic patients were enrolled. The patients with a decrease in physician or patient global assessment by more than 50% of their personal best were considered to have an exacerbation of allergic symptoms and to be in the active stage...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
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