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International Journal of Otolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098005/foreign-body-aspiration-in-northern-ghana-a-review-of-pediatric-patients
#1
Theophilus Adjeso, Michael Chanalu Damah, James Patrick Murphy, Theophilus Teddy Kojo Anyomih
Background: Foreign body (FB) aspiration requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis and prompt management to avoid morbidity and mortality. This retrospective study was conducted to review pediatric foreign body aspiration at the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Unit of the Tamale Teaching Hospital (TTH). Materials and Methods: The theater records of children managed for foreign body aspiration from January 2010 to December 2016 at the ENT Unit of TTH were retrieved and data summarized with respect to age, gender, indications for bronchoscopy, nature of foreign body, location of foreign body, and outcome of the bronchoscopy procedure...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090009/sphenoid-sinus-diseases-a-review-of-1-442-patients
#2
REVIEW
Supranee Fooanant, Salita Angkurawaranon, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Kannika Roongrotwattanasiri, Saisawat Chaiyasate
OBJECTIVE: To review and report diseases of the sphenoid sinus from the literature and from a university hospital. METHODS: Inpatients' data were retrospectively gathered and reviewed from January 2006 to June 2016. Clinical data, imaging, organisms, and pathological reports were collected. Pathology was divided into infection/inflammation, tumor, and miscellaneous. A literature review was performed with the search term "isolated sphenoid disease" in PubMed. Original primary studies with 20 patients or more were reviewed...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085429/indications-and-morbidity-of-reoperative-thyroid-surgeries-in-a-military-hospital-of-senegal
#3
Abdou Sy, Eric Joël Regonne, Aminata Fofana, Yves Diandy, Malick Ndiaye
OBJECTIVES: To describe reoperative thyroid surgeries in our department. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional and descriptive study at the Ouakam Military Hospital in Dakar (Senegal), over a period of eight and a half years. METHODS: The study involved all records of patients who had a reoperative thyroidectomy regardless of the indication and time of the second surgery. Parameters evaluated for first and reoperative surgery were time interval between the two surgeries, operative indications, surgical procedures, intraoperative findings, pathological examination, and morbidity...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932244/does-microscope-assistance-in-cold-steel-tonsillectomy-reduce-the-risk-of-postoperative-hemorrhage-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Thomas Wilhelm, Jan Wittlinger, Robert Georgiew, Christian Güldner, Stephan Hoch, Afshin Teymoortash, Thomas Günzel, Petar Stankovic
BACKGROUND: Posttonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH) is the most feared complication. Dissection near the tonsillar capsule under microscopic view (TEmic) could be assumed to decrease PTH compared to traditional tonsillectomy (TEtrad). METHODS: In this study, patients were evaluated with respect to the need for surgical control (R/N: return/no return to theater (RTT): the day of surgery [0] or thereafter [1]). The findings at resection site and pain were measured. RESULTS: 869 patients were included (183 TEmic; 686 TEtrad)...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883833/preoperative-signs-and-symptoms-as-prognostic-markers-in-nasal-septoplasty
#5
Olga Shiryaeva, Magnus Tarangen, Caryl Gay, Liv Kari Døsen, Rolf Haye
Identification of preoperative signs and symptoms that may predict the outcome of surgery is important, for both patient selection and the development of interventions for improving outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of some selected preoperative signs and symptoms for predicting outcomes of nasal septoplasty. Patients undergoing septoplasty with or without turbinoplasty responded to the Nasal Surgical Questionnaire (NSQ) preoperatively and six months postoperatively. The questionnaire contains visual analogue scales (VAS) for nasal obstruction during the day and at night...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852408/prevalence-of-rhinitis-in-athletes-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Pavol Surda, Abigail Walker, Matus Putala, Pavel Siarnik
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of rhinitis in athletes has frequently been studied and varies widely from 27% to 74%. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the prevalence of rhinitis in athletes, to specifically compare the evidence of rhinitis in land-based and aquatic athletes. METHODS: Systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the non-MEDLINE subset of PubMed was performed from inception to March 8, 2016, to identify studies on rhinitis in athletes. RESULTS: Of the 373 identified unique articles, a total of 13 studies satisfied the criteria for this review...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848606/time-between-first-and-second-posttonsillectomy-bleeds
#7
Sheriza Hussain, Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine the time between first and recurrent posttonsillectomy hemorrhages (PTHs) and find factors related to multiple PTHs. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Of 112 patients, 91 had one PTH, while 21 had recurrent PTHs. Patients with recurrent bleeds had significant differences (P < 0.05) in indication for tonsillectomy (47.6% had recurrent tonsillitis), prior cardiac conditions (28.6%), transfusions (9.5%), and hematology consults during the initial PTH visit (19%)...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798773/planktonic-growth-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-around-a-dual-species-biofilm-supports-the-growth-of-fusobacterium-nucleatum-within-that-biofilm
#8
James C Wang, Joehassin Cordero, Yan Sun, Mayank Aranke, Randall Wolcott, Jane A Colmer-Hamood, Abdul N Hamood
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to understand the potential interaction between Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Fusobacterium nucleatum within the middle ear. METHODS: We examined the microbiota of ear fluid and tympanostomy tubes (TTs) obtained from patients with posttympanostomy tube otorrhea. We also examined biofilms formed by P. aeruginosa and F. nucleatum, singly or together, under aerobic or anaerobic conditions. RESULTS: While the facultative anaerobe P...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757873/absence-of-relationship-between-mitochondrial-dna-haplogroups-and-cisplatin-induced-hearing-loss
#9
D Graterol, C Mir, C Garcia-Vaquero, I Braña, A N Pardo, M I Rochera-Villach, A Lyakhovich, M E LLeonart, J Lorente
BACKGROUND: Many drugs used for cancer chemotherapy produce reactive oxygen species, thus leading to various complications including nephrotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and ototoxicity. OBJECTIVE: We have provided a haplogroup analysis of a cohort of cancer patients treated with chemotherapy and compared factors associated with associated hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This observational cohort study includes a pure-tone audiometry of the patients who underwent chemotherapeutic treatment...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553355/innovative-3d-model-of-the-human-middle-ear-in-high-resolution-with-a-histological-microgrinding-method-a-feasibility-study-and-comparison-with-%C3%AE-ct
#10
Susanne Bradel, Laura Doniga-Crivat, Silke Besdo, Franziska Lexow, Michael Fehr, Thomas Lenarz, Nils Prenzler, Gudrun Brandes
Conclusion. The development of a histological 3D model of the tympanic cavity visualizes the exact microanatomy of the sound conduction organ and is therefore essential for finite elements simulations and surgical training. Objectives. So far, no accurate histological 3D model of the sound conduction system existed in literature. For 3D reconstruction of the very fine structures inside and outside the auditory ossicles, a method based on histological slices allows a more differential analysis of both hard and soft tissues and could thus be superior to μCT...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553354/construct-face-and-content-validation-on-voxel-man%C3%A2-simulator-for-otologic-surgical-training
#11
M Varoquier, C P Hoffmann, C Perrenot, N Tran, C Parietti-Winkler
Objective. To assess the face, content, and construct validity of the Voxel-Man TempoSurg Virtual Reality simulator. Participants and Methods. 74 ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeons participated. They were assigned to one of two groups according to their level of expertise: the expert group (n = 16) and the novice group (n = 58). The participants performed four temporal bone dissection tasks on the simulator. Performances were assessed by a global score and then compared to assess the construct validity of the simulator...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546812/sinonasal-characteristics-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-compared-to-healthy-controls
#12
Mads Henrik Strand Moxness, Vegard Bugten, Wenche Moe Thorstensen, Ståle Nordgård
Background. The difference in nasal obstruction between OSA patients and healthy individuals is not adequately documented. Our aim was to describe the sinonasal quality of life and nasal function in OSA patients and healthy controls using the sinonasal outcome test-20 (SNOT-20), nasal obstruction visual analog scale (NO-VAS), and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF). Methodology and Principal. Ninety-three OSA patients and 92 controls were included in a case-control study from 2010 to 2015. Results. Mean SNOT-20 score in the OSA group was 1...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473856/recovery-of-abnormal-abr-in-neonates-and-infants-at-risk-of-hearing-loss
#13
Ioannis Psarommatis, Charalampos Voudouris, Ioannis Kapetanakis, Faselida Athanasiadi, Konstantinos Douros
The purpose of this retrospective study is to present the clinical experience of a single institution on the recovery of ABR thresholds in a large population of neonates and infants at risk of hearing loss. Potential prognostic factors associated with this phenomenon were also investigated. Out of 2248 high risk infants, 384 had abnormal ABR at initial hearing evaluation and 168 of them had absent ABR or a threshold ≥80 dBnHL. From this subgroup, a significant percentage showed complete or partial recovery on reexamination (32...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286522/assessment-of-105-patients-with-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-induced-angioedema
#14
Eva Rye Rasmussen, Christian von Buchwald, Mia Wadelius, Sumangali Chandra Prasad, Shailajah Kamaleswaran, Kawa Khaled Ajgeiy, Georg Authried, Kristine Appel U Pallesen, Anette Bygum
Objective. To asses a cohort of 105 consecutive patients with angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitor induced angioedema with regard to demographics, risk factors, family history of angioedema, hospitalization, airway management, outcome, and use of diagnostic codes used for the condition. Study Design. Cohort study. Methods. This was a retrospective cohort study of 105 patients with angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitor induced angioedema in the period 1995-2014. Results. The cohort consisted of 67 females and 38 males (F : M ratio 1...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255303/reduction-of-radiation-dosage-in-visualization-of-paranasal-sinuses-in-daily-routine
#15
Christian Güldner, Isabell Diogo, Julia Leicht, Magis Mandapathil, Thomas Wilhelm, Afshin Teymoortash, Evelyn Jahns
Background. Preoperative imaging of the nose and paranasal sinus is standard in otorhinolaryngology. Previous studies on phantoms demonstrated the potential for dose reduction of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) by varying the application parameters. Methodology. Based on previous studies, the standard protocol of paranasal sinus imaging by CBCT was altered. One hundred and fifty examinations using the old protocol (01/2010-01/2011, high dosage) and 150 examinations using the new protocol (09/2012-09/2013, low dosage) were evaluated and compared for the visibility of 17 anatomical structures, the Lund-Mackay Score, and technical parameters...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203252/management-of-chyle-leak-after-head-and-neck-surgery-review-of-current-treatment-strategies
#16
REVIEW
Sean W Delaney, Haoran Shi, Alireza Shokrani, Uttam K Sinha
Chyle leak formation is an uncommon but serious sequela of head and neck surgery when the thoracic duct is inadvertently injured, particularly with the resection of malignancy low in the neck. The thoracic duct is the primary structure that returns lymph and chyle from the entire left and right lower half of the body. Chyle extravasation can result in delayed wound healing, dehydration, malnutrition, electrolyte disturbances, and immunosuppression. Prompt identification and treatment of a chyle leak are essential for optimal surgical outcome...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101106/multiport-combined-endoscopic-approach-to-nonembolized-juvenile-nasopharyngeal-angiofibroma-with-parapharyngeal-extension-an-emerging-concept
#17
Tiruchy Narayanan Janakiram, Shilpee Bhatia Sharma, Vijayshree Nahata Gattani
Background. Surgical approaches to the parapharyngeal space (PPS) are challenging by virtue of deep location and neurovascular content. Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA) is a formidable hypervascular tumor that involves multiple compartments with increase in size. In tumors with extension to parapharyngeal space, the endonasal approach was observed to be inadequate. Combined Endoscopic Endonasal Approaches and Endoscopic Transoral Surgery (EEA-ETOS) approach has provided a customized alternative of multicorridor approach to access JNA for its safe and efficient resection...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083071/-gauze-technique-in-the-treatment-of-the-fungus-ball-of-the-maxillary-sinus-a-technique-as-simple-as-it-is-effective
#18
Pietro Garofalo, Alessandro Griffa, Georges Dumas, Flavio Perottino
Fungus ball of maxillary sinus generally affects immunocompetent and nonatopic subjects. Although endoscopic removal is the current gold standard treatment, removal is at times difficult due to an accumulation of fungal elements in the anterior ad inferior recesses. Aim. To present our experience of maxillary fungus ball treated by the "gauze technique" that avoids these removal difficulties. Materials and Methods. A retrospective, cross-sectional, and descriptive study of 25 patients affected by maxillary fungus ball was carried out: 19 were treated by the "gauze technique" and 6 were treated without "gauze technique...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899950/bone-anchored-titanium-implants-in-patients-with-auricular-defects-three-years-and-27-patients-experience
#19
Emilio Mevio, Luca Facca, Stefano Schettini, Mauro Mullace
Different surgical solutions have been proposed for reconstruction of the auricle following loss of the pinna through traumatic injury or neoplastic disease or in patients with congenital defects. Surgical treatment may involve the insertion of an autogenous rib cartilage framework or the use of a porous polymer material inserted into an expanded postauricular flap. Reconstruction with rib cartilage has yielded good results but requires more than one surgical step, and adverse events can occur both at the donor and at the acceptor site; cases of prosthesis rejection have also been described following application of the polymeric prosthesis...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847516/cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-in-cochlear-implantation-enlarged-cochlear-versus-enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-common-cavity-excluded
#20
Giovanni Bianchin, Valeria Polizzi, Patrizia Formigoni, Carmela Russo, Lorenzo Tribi
Objective. To share our experience of cerebrospinal fluid gusher in cochlear implantation in patients with enlarged cochlear or vestibular aqueduct. Study Design. Case series with comparison and a review of the literature. Methods. A retrospective study was performed. Demographic and radiological results of patients with enlarged cochlear aqueduct or enlarged vestibular aqueduct in 278 consecutive cochlear implant recipients, including children and adults, were evaluated between January 2000 and December 2015...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
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