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International Journal of Otolaryngology

Adeyi A Adoga, Daniel D Kokong, Tonga L Nimkur, Nuhu D Ma'an
Background: Worldwide evidence indicates that environmental and life-style related factors are associated with increased risk for cancers in the head and neck region. We aim to study the association between these risk factors and cancers in the sinonasal and nasopharyngeal regions in our environment. Methods: Longitudinal prospective cohort study at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria. Risk exposures were classified based on the International Agency for the Research on Cancer (IARC) classification of suspected carcinogens...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Liv Kari Døsen, Knut Kvinnesland, Magnus TarAngen, Olga Shiryaeva, Caryl Gay, Rolf Haye
The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of unilateral, combined unilateral (left + right), and bilateral peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurements in assessing the results of nasal septal surgery. Nasal obstruction was recorded subjectively and objectively before and 4 months after nasal septoplasty using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and a PNIF meter. Nasal septoplasty (58 patients) and septoplasty with turbinoplasty (68 patients) were performed on 126 patients (85 males; 41 females) with a mean age of 32...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Maxwell P Kligerman, Anahuma Alexandre, Patrick Jean-Gilles, David K Walmer, Adam J Gomez, Christina S Kong, Mack L Cheney, Murray A Mittleman, Anna H Messner
This manuscript characterizes the demographics, presenting symptoms and risk factors of patients diagnosed with head and neck cancer at Hopital de L'Universite d'Etat d'Haiti (HUEH), Haiti's single largest healthcare facility. We conducted a prospective study of patients who presented to HUEH between January and March of 2016 with a lesion of the head or neck suspicious for cancer. All patients who met eligibility criteria received a biopsy, which was interpreted by a Haitian pathologist and when the specimen was available was confirmed by a team of pathologists from Stanford University...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Eugene Wong, Narinder Singh
Background: Middle turbinate (MT) lateralisation with adhesion formation (MiTLAF) is a common complication following endoscopic sinus surgery, frequently resulting in surgical failure, persistence of preoperative symptoms, and delayed secondary complications. Packing materials, splints, or spacers reduce the risk of MiTLAF but often result in postoperative nasal obstruction and discomfort, along with reduced access for irrigation. Temporary suture medialisation of the MTs reduces the risk of MiTLAF and prevents the problems encountered with packing, splints, or spacers...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Seyede Faranak Emami, Nasrin Gohari, Hossein Ramezani, Mariam Borzouei
Introduction: Estrogen has a protective role on auditory function. It may have an excitatory action on auditory nerve fibers and can have a neuroprotective effect. Progesterone has a mainly inhibitory action on the central nervous system, which may balance the mainly excitatory action of estrogen. Objective: To determine changes in hearing performance with pure tone audiometry (PTA), tympanometry, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), and auditory brainstem responses (ABR) as hormonal changes occur from follicular to luteal phase...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Jean Paul Darius Nshimirimana, Kaitesi Batamuliza Mukara
Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media causes serious lifelong consequences when treatment is delayed. Early detection and effective treatment result in a good outcome and possible complications are thus avoided. The aim of this study was to determine the factors resulting in delayed care seeking for treatment of CSOM. Method and Patient: The study was a cross-sectional survey conducted at a tertiary teaching hospital in Rwanda. A questionnaire was used to collect data of patients diagnosed with CSOM who attended ENT Department during the study period...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Jonathan A Harounian, Andrew R Azab, Christopher A Roberts, Michele M Carr
Objectives: To identify differences in cervical infection management in infants versus older children. Methods: Charts of patients 0-18 years, diagnosed with a cervical infection at our institution between 2004 and 2015, were included. Age, gender, presenting symptoms, comorbidities, CT scan findings and management including admission, procedures, antibiotics, cultures, length of stay, readmission rates, and complications were included. Results: 239 patients were included: mean age was 4...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Abdullah D Alotaibi, Bassam Ahmed Almutlaq, Fahad Nashmi Alshammari, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed
Background: Nasal septal deviation (NSD) plays a critical role in nasal obstruction symptoms, aesthetic look of the nose, increased nasal resistance, and occasionally snoring. Septoplasty is the most common method for correction of deviated nasal septum (DNS). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the association between initial clinical presentations of patients selected for septoplasty and demographical characteristics in Northern Saudi Arabia. Methodology: Archives related to all patients selected for septoplasty between 2012 and 2017 were retrieved from ENT Department at King Khalid Hospital in Hail, Northern Saudi Arabia...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Anton Budhi Darmawan, Marsetyawan H N E Soesatyo, Ratna Dwi Restuti, Agus Surono
Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a common public health problem worldwide and a major cause of hearing impairment especially in developing countries. The role of Mannose-Binding Lectin (MBL), a component of innate immunity, in CSOM has not been studied. The aim of the study was to examine whether MBL deficiency was more frequently present in cases group of tubotympanic CSOM patients rather than healthy subjects. Material and Methods: This was an analytic observational study...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Alimohamad Asghari, Mohammad Mohseni, Ahmad Daneshi, Yasser Nasoori, Sara Rostami, Maryam Balali
Objective: The purpose of the study is to compare the clinical outcome of the two techniques of Bucket Handle Tympanoplasty and Cartilage Tympanoplasty in achieving success in graft survival as well as acceptable auditory results. 60 patients who suffered chronic otitis media with anterior perforation of the tympanic membrane were chosen. The patients were randomly assigned using Block Randomization Method of two groups including patients who underwent Bucket Handle Tympanoplasty ( n = 30) or those that underwent Cartilage Tympanoplasty ( n = 30)...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Habib G Zalzal, Michele Carr, Nainika Nanda, Steven Coutras
Objective: To establish the incidence and possible contributing factors leading to adenoid regrowth in children with pediatric sleep apnea using drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Methods: Children treated for obstructive sleep apnea following previous adenoidectomy were evaluated using DISE. Adenoid regrowth was scored by the same attending physician using a 5-point grading scale. Age, sex, body mass index (BMI) percent for age, polysomnogram results, initial adenoid size before adenoidectomy, and postoperative complications were evaluated...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Tsutomu Nomura, Daisuke Maki, Sadahiro Kishishita, Fumihiko Matsumoto, Seiichi Yoshimoto
Objectives: Oncological and functional results of open conservation surgery for hypopharyngeal cancer have been desired. Methods: We performed a chart review of 33 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer who underwent open conservation surgery. Oncological and functional results were evaluated in surgery with primary closure (Group A) and surgery with reconstruction (Group B). Postoperative functions were evaluated by interval to resumption of oral intake, Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale (FOSS) and Communication Scale (CS)...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Eva Rye Rasmussen, Christian von Buchwald, Mia Wadelius, Sumangali Chandra Prasad, Shailajah Kamaleswaran, Kawa Khaled Ajgeiy, Georg Authried, Kristine Appel U Pallesen, Anette Bygum
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/1476402.].
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Shang-Heng Wu, Jen-Fu Lin, Rong-San Jiang
Purpose: The antibacterial effect of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) solution on nasal secretion of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) was investigated. Materials and Methods: Five swab specimens were collected from the middle meatus of CRS patients. The first one was placed directly in a Thanswab tube while all of the others were placed randomly into 4 glass tubes containing either HOCl solution, normal saline (NS), 75% alcohol, or povidone-iodine (PVPI) solution for one minute in the first part and for 5 minutes in the second part of the study before transfer to a Thanswab tube...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Amarkumar Dhirajlal Rajgor, Navid Akhtar Hakim, Sanah Ali, Adnan Darr
Background. Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS) is the acute onset of neuropsychiatric symptoms following group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal infection. The aetiology remains elusive. However, with group A streptococcus being the most common bacterial cause of tonsillitis, surgical intervention in the form of tonsillectomy has often been considered as a potential therapy. Methods. A MEDLINE® search was undertaken using keywords "PANDAS" or "paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcus" combined with "tonsillectomy"...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Lars Pedersen, Linus Schiöler, Kenneth Holmberg, Cecilia Ahlström Emanuelsson, Johan Hellgren
Objective: To study predictors of symptom relief six months after septoplasty using data from the Swedish National Septoplasty Register. Participants: This is a retrospective register study of adult patients undergoing septoplasty in Sweden in 2003-2012. Outcome: Relief of nasal symptoms was analysed in relation to age, gender, size of hospital performing the surgery, addition of turbinoplasty, and unplanned postoperative visits to the hospital due to pain, bleeding, or infection...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Daisuke Takahara, Sachio Takeno, Takao Hamamoto, Takashi Ishino, Katsuhiro Hirakawa
The posterior nasal nerves emerge from the sphenopalatine foramen and contain sensory and autonomic nerve components. Posterior nasal neurectomy is an effective method to remove pathological neural networks surrounding the inferior turbinate that cause unregulated nasal hypersensitivity with excess secretion in patients with severe allergic rhinitis (AR). We describe the sophisticated endoscopic surgical procedure that allows feasible access to the confined area and selective resection of the nerve branches with the preservation of the sphenopalatine artery (SPA)...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Felipe Fredes, Jaime Pinto, Nelson Pinto, Pablo Rojas, Daniel M Prevedello, Ricardo L Carrau, Thomas Schmidt
Background: Reconstruction of surgical defects following cranial base surgery is challenging. Others have demonstrated that leukocyte-platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) stimulates tissue healing and bone regeneration. However, these studies have addressed mostly maxillofacial surgical wounds. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the possible adjuvant role of L-PRF in inducing neoossification of the surgical bone defect in anterior skull base surgery. Methods: We identified patients who had undergone an endoscopic endonasal surgery of the anterior skull base in which L-PRF membranes were used for the reconstruction of the bone defect and who were followed up with postoperative CT scans...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Theophilus Adjeso, Michael Chanalu Damah, James Patrick Murphy, Theophilus Teddy Kojo Anyomih
Background: Foreign body (FB) aspiration requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis and prompt management to avoid morbidity and mortality. This retrospective study was conducted to review pediatric foreign body aspiration at the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Unit of the Tamale Teaching Hospital (TTH). Materials and Methods: The theater records of children managed for foreign body aspiration from January 2010 to December 2016 at the ENT Unit of TTH were retrieved and data summarized with respect to age, gender, indications for bronchoscopy, nature of foreign body, location of foreign body, and outcome of the bronchoscopy procedure...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Supranee Fooanant, Salita Angkurawaranon, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Kannika Roongrotwattanasiri, Saisawat Chaiyasate
OBJECTIVE: To review and report diseases of the sphenoid sinus from the literature and from a university hospital. METHODS: Inpatients' data were retrospectively gathered and reviewed from January 2006 to June 2016. Clinical data, imaging, organisms, and pathological reports were collected. Pathology was divided into infection/inflammation, tumor, and miscellaneous. A literature review was performed with the search term "isolated sphenoid disease" in PubMed...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
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