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International Journal of Otolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997652/infants-are-more-likely-than-older-children-to-have-surgery-for-cervical-infections
#1
Jonathan A Harounian, Andrew R Azab, Christopher A Roberts, Michele M Carr
Objectives: To identify differences in cervical infection management in infants versus older children. Methods: Charts of patients 0-18 years, diagnosed with a cervical infection at our institution between 2004 and 2015, were included. Age, gender, presenting symptoms, comorbidities, CT scan findings and management including admission, procedures, antibiotics, cultures, length of stay, readmission rates, and complications were included. Results: 239 patients were included: mean age was 4...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29967643/the-common-clinical-presentation-of-patients-selected-for-septoplasty-in-northern-saudi-arabia
#2
Abdullah D Alotaibi, Bassam Ahmed Almutlaq, Fahad Nashmi Alshammari, Hussain Gadelkarim Ahmed
Background: Nasal septal deviation (NSD) plays a critical role in nasal obstruction symptoms, aesthetic look of the nose, increased nasal resistance, and occasionally snoring. Septoplasty is the most common method for correction of deviated nasal septum (DNS). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the association between initial clinical presentations of patients selected for septoplasty and demographical characteristics in Northern Saudi Arabia. Methodology: Archives related to all patients selected for septoplasty between 2012 and 2017 were retrieved from ENT Department at King Khalid Hospital in Hail, Northern Saudi Arabia...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951099/the-role-of-mannose-binding-lectin-serum-level-in-tubotympanic-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#3
Anton Budhi Darmawan, Marsetyawan H N E Soesatyo, Ratna Dwi Restuti, Agus Surono
Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a common public health problem worldwide and a major cause of hearing impairment especially in developing countries. The role of Mannose-Binding Lectin (MBL), a component of innate immunity, in CSOM has not been studied. The aim of the study was to examine whether MBL deficiency was more frequently present in cases group of tubotympanic CSOM patients rather than healthy subjects. Material and Methods: This was an analytic observational study...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951098/randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-bucket-handle-and-cartilage-tympanoplasty-techniques-for-the-reconstruction-of-subtotal-or-anterior-tympanic-membrane-perforation
#4
Alimohamad Asghari, Mohammad Mohseni, Ahmad Daneshi, Yasser Nasoori, Sara Rostami, Maryam Balali
Objective: The purpose of the study is to compare the clinical outcome of the two techniques of Bucket Handle Tympanoplasty and Cartilage Tympanoplasty in achieving success in graft survival as well as acceptable auditory results. 60 patients who suffered chronic otitis media with anterior perforation of the tympanic membrane were chosen. The patients were randomly assigned using Block Randomization Method of two groups including patients who underwent Bucket Handle Tympanoplasty ( n = 30) or those that underwent Cartilage Tympanoplasty ( n = 30)...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853903/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-identification-of-adenoid-regrowth-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Habib G Zalzal, Michele Carr, Nainika Nanda, Steven Coutras
Objective: To establish the incidence and possible contributing factors leading to adenoid regrowth in children with pediatric sleep apnea using drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Methods: Children treated for obstructive sleep apnea following previous adenoidectomy were evaluated using DISE. Adenoid regrowth was scored by the same attending physician using a 5-point grading scale. Age, sex, body mass index (BMI) percent for age, polysomnogram results, initial adenoid size before adenoidectomy, and postoperative complications were evaluated...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780420/oncological-and-functional-evaluation-of-open-conservation-surgery-for-hypopharyngeal-cancer-with-without-reconstruction
#6
Tsutomu Nomura, Daisuke Maki, Sadahiro Kishishita, Fumihiko Matsumoto, Seiichi Yoshimoto
Objectives: Oncological and functional results of open conservation surgery for hypopharyngeal cancer have been desired. Methods: We performed a chart review of 33 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer who underwent open conservation surgery. Oncological and functional results were evaluated in surgery with primary closure (Group A) and surgery with reconstruction (Group B). Postoperative functions were evaluated by interval to resumption of oral intake, Functional Outcome Swallowing Scale (FOSS) and Communication Scale (CS)...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686707/corrigendum-to-assessment-of-105-patients-with-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-induced-angioedema
#7
Eva Rye Rasmussen, Christian von Buchwald, Mia Wadelius, Sumangali Chandra Prasad, Shailajah Kamaleswaran, Kawa Khaled Ajgeiy, Georg Authried, Kristine Appel U Pallesen, Anette Bygum
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/1476402.].
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681944/antibacterial-effect-of-hypochlorous-acid-solution-on-nasal-discharge-from-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#8
Shang-Heng Wu, Jen-Fu Lin, Rong-San Jiang
Purpose: The antibacterial effect of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) solution on nasal secretion of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) was investigated. Materials and Methods: Five swab specimens were collected from the middle meatus of CRS patients. The first one was placed directly in a Thanswab tube while all of the others were placed randomly into 4 glass tubes containing either HOCl solution, normal saline (NS), 75% alcohol, or povidone-iodine (PVPI) solution for one minute in the first part and for 5 minutes in the second part of the study before transfer to a Thanswab tube...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675045/paediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorder-associated-with-group-a-beta-haemolytic-streptococcal-infection-an-indication-for-tonsillectomy-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Amarkumar Dhirajlal Rajgor, Navid Akhtar Hakim, Sanah Ali, Adnan Darr
Background. Paediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS) is the acute onset of neuropsychiatric symptoms following group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal infection. The aetiology remains elusive. However, with group A streptococcus being the most common bacterial cause of tonsillitis, surgical intervention in the form of tonsillectomy has often been considered as a potential therapy. Methods. A MEDLINE® search was undertaken using keywords "PANDAS" or "paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcus" combined with "tonsillectomy"...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487623/age-and-unplanned-postoperative-visits-predict-outcome-after-septoplasty-a-national-swedish-register-study
#10
Lars Pedersen, Linus Schiöler, Kenneth Holmberg, Cecilia Ahlström Emanuelsson, Johan Hellgren
Objective: To study predictors of symptom relief six months after septoplasty using data from the Swedish National Septoplasty Register. Participants: This is a retrospective register study of adult patients undergoing septoplasty in Sweden in 2003-2012. Outcome: Relief of nasal symptoms was analysed in relation to age, gender, size of hospital performing the surgery, addition of turbinoplasty, and unplanned postoperative visits to the hospital due to pain, bleeding, or infection...
2018: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379524/management-of-intractable-nasal-hyperreactivity-by-selective-resection-of-posterior-nasal-nerve-branches
#11
Daisuke Takahara, Sachio Takeno, Takao Hamamoto, Takashi Ishino, Katsuhiro Hirakawa
The posterior nasal nerves emerge from the sphenopalatine foramen and contain sensory and autonomic nerve components. Posterior nasal neurectomy is an effective method to remove pathological neural networks surrounding the inferior turbinate that cause unregulated nasal hypersensitivity with excess secretion in patients with severe allergic rhinitis (AR). We describe the sophisticated endoscopic surgical procedure that allows feasible access to the confined area and selective resection of the nerve branches with the preservation of the sphenopalatine artery (SPA)...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348753/potential-effect-of-leukocyte-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-bone-healing-of-skull-base-a-pilot-study
#12
Felipe Fredes, Jaime Pinto, Nelson Pinto, Pablo Rojas, Daniel M Prevedello, Ricardo L Carrau, Thomas Schmidt
Background: Reconstruction of surgical defects following cranial base surgery is challenging. Others have demonstrated that leukocyte-platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) stimulates tissue healing and bone regeneration. However, these studies have addressed mostly maxillofacial surgical wounds. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the possible adjuvant role of L-PRF in inducing neoossification of the surgical bone defect in anterior skull base surgery. Methods: We identified patients who had undergone an endoscopic endonasal surgery of the anterior skull base in which L-PRF membranes were used for the reconstruction of the bone defect and who were followed up with postoperative CT scans...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098005/foreign-body-aspiration-in-northern-ghana-a-review-of-pediatric-patients
#13
Theophilus Adjeso, Michael Chanalu Damah, James Patrick Murphy, Theophilus Teddy Kojo Anyomih
Background: Foreign body (FB) aspiration requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis and prompt management to avoid morbidity and mortality. This retrospective study was conducted to review pediatric foreign body aspiration at the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Unit of the Tamale Teaching Hospital (TTH). Materials and Methods: The theater records of children managed for foreign body aspiration from January 2010 to December 2016 at the ENT Unit of TTH were retrieved and data summarized with respect to age, gender, indications for bronchoscopy, nature of foreign body, location of foreign body, and outcome of the bronchoscopy procedure...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090009/sphenoid-sinus-diseases-a-review-of-1-442-patients
#14
REVIEW
Supranee Fooanant, Salita Angkurawaranon, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Kannika Roongrotwattanasiri, Saisawat Chaiyasate
OBJECTIVE: To review and report diseases of the sphenoid sinus from the literature and from a university hospital. METHODS: Inpatients' data were retrospectively gathered and reviewed from January 2006 to June 2016. Clinical data, imaging, organisms, and pathological reports were collected. Pathology was divided into infection/inflammation, tumor, and miscellaneous. A literature review was performed with the search term "isolated sphenoid disease" in PubMed...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085429/indications-and-morbidity-of-reoperative-thyroid-surgeries-in-a-military-hospital-of-senegal
#15
Abdou Sy, Eric Joël Regonne, Aminata Fofana, Yves Diandy, Malick Ndiaye
OBJECTIVES: To describe reoperative thyroid surgeries in our department. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional and descriptive study at the Ouakam Military Hospital in Dakar (Senegal), over a period of eight and a half years. METHODS: The study involved all records of patients who had a reoperative thyroidectomy regardless of the indication and time of the second surgery. Parameters evaluated for first and reoperative surgery were time interval between the two surgeries, operative indications, surgical procedures, intraoperative findings, pathological examination, and morbidity...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932244/does-microscope-assistance-in-cold-steel-tonsillectomy-reduce-the-risk-of-postoperative-hemorrhage-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Thomas Wilhelm, Jan Wittlinger, Robert Georgiew, Christian Güldner, Stephan Hoch, Afshin Teymoortash, Thomas Günzel, Petar Stankovic
BACKGROUND: Posttonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH) is the most feared complication. Dissection near the tonsillar capsule under microscopic view (TEmic ) could be assumed to decrease PTH compared to traditional tonsillectomy (TEtrad ). METHODS: In this study, patients were evaluated with respect to the need for surgical control (R/N: return/no return to theater (RTT): the day of surgery [0] or thereafter [1]). The findings at resection site and pain were measured. RESULTS: 869 patients were included (183 TEmic ; 686 TEtrad )...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883833/preoperative-signs-and-symptoms-as-prognostic-markers-in-nasal-septoplasty
#17
Olga Shiryaeva, Magnus Tarangen, Caryl Gay, Liv Kari Døsen, Rolf Haye
Identification of preoperative signs and symptoms that may predict the outcome of surgery is important, for both patient selection and the development of interventions for improving outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of some selected preoperative signs and symptoms for predicting outcomes of nasal septoplasty. Patients undergoing septoplasty with or without turbinoplasty responded to the Nasal Surgical Questionnaire (NSQ) preoperatively and six months postoperatively. The questionnaire contains visual analogue scales (VAS) for nasal obstruction during the day and at night...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852408/prevalence-of-rhinitis-in-athletes-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Pavol Surda, Abigail Walker, Matus Putala, Pavel Siarnik
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of rhinitis in athletes has frequently been studied and varies widely from 27% to 74%. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the prevalence of rhinitis in athletes, to specifically compare the evidence of rhinitis in land-based and aquatic athletes. METHODS: Systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the non-MEDLINE subset of PubMed was performed from inception to March 8, 2016, to identify studies on rhinitis in athletes. RESULTS: Of the 373 identified unique articles, a total of 13 studies satisfied the criteria for this review...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848606/time-between-first-and-second-posttonsillectomy-bleeds
#19
Sheriza Hussain, Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine the time between first and recurrent posttonsillectomy hemorrhages (PTHs) and find factors related to multiple PTHs. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Of 112 patients, 91 had one PTH, while 21 had recurrent PTHs. Patients with recurrent bleeds had significant differences (P < 0.05) in indication for tonsillectomy (47.6% had recurrent tonsillitis), prior cardiac conditions (28.6%), transfusions (9.5%), and hematology consults during the initial PTH visit (19%)...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798773/planktonic-growth-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-around-a-dual-species-biofilm-supports-the-growth-of-fusobacterium-nucleatum-within-that-biofilm
#20
James C Wang, Joehassin Cordero, Yan Sun, Mayank Aranke, Randall Wolcott, Jane A Colmer-Hamood, Abdul N Hamood
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to understand the potential interaction between Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Fusobacterium nucleatum within the middle ear. METHODS: We examined the microbiota of ear fluid and tympanostomy tubes (TTs) obtained from patients with posttympanostomy tube otorrhea. We also examined biofilms formed by P. aeruginosa and F. nucleatum, singly or together, under aerobic or anaerobic conditions. RESULTS: While the facultative anaerobe P...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
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