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Mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963214/parent-engagement-in-online-mindfulness-exercises-within-a-parent-training-program-for-post-deployed-military-families
#1
Na Zhang, Jessie H Rudi, Osnat Zamir, Abigail H Gewirtz
Mindfulness has drawn increased attention in prevention programs targeting parents. Commonly, mindfulness-based programs are provided to reduce parental stress and improve child outcomes. Less often, researchers incorporate a mindfulness-informed approach, integrating a low dose of mindfulness exercises into an existing evidence-based parent training model. Little is known about participant engagement with mindfulness exercises in such programs. This non-experimental study focuses on families who are at risk for impaired parenting due to the unique stressor of a parent's deployment to war...
June 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861793/the-mindful-personality-ii-exploring-the-metatraits-from-a-cybernetic-perspective
#2
Adam W Hanley, Anne K Baker, Eric L Garland
Relationships between dispositional mindfulness and the personality metatraits, stability and plasticity, remain unexplored despite continued efforts to more accurately characterize associations between dispositional mindfulness and personality. The metatraits are theorized to constitute basic requirements for biological survival and their expression is believed to be a strong determinant of well-being. As such, this study used path analysis to explore associations between dispositional mindfulness, the metatraits and psychological well-being in a sample of 403 American adults...
June 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892321/considerations-for-research-and-development-of-culturally-relevant-mindfulness-interventions-in-american-minority-communities
#3
Jeffrey Proulx, Raina Croff, Barry Oken, Carolyn M Aldwin, Crystal Fleming, Dessa Bergen-Cico, Thao Le, Misbah Noorani
As many health disparities in American minority communities (AMCs) are stress-related, there has been an increased interest in the development of mindfulness programs as potential stress reduction measures in these communities. However, the bulk of the extant literature on mindfulness research and mindfulness interventions is based upon experiences with the larger White community. The intent of this commentary is to share a framework that includes key cultural considerations for conducting research and developing culturally-salient mindfulness programs with AMCs...
April 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430258/mindfulness-and-psychological-health-outcomes-a-latent-profile-analysis-among-military-personnel-and-college-students
#4
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Michelle L Kelley
Previous research on trait mindfulness facets using person-centered analyses (e.g., latent profile analysis [LPA]) has identified four distinct mindfulness profiles among college students: a high mindfulness group (high on all facets of the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire [FFMQ]), a judgmentally observing group (highest on observing, but low on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness), a non-judgmentally aware group (high on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness, but very low on observing), and a low mindfulness group (low on all facets of the FFMQ)...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430257/when-traits-match-states-examining-the-associations-between-self-report-trait-and-state-mindfulness-following-a-state-mindfulness-induction
#5
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Adam D Wilson, Katie Witkiewitz
Previous research has found inconsistent relationships between trait mindfulness and state mindfulness. To extend previous research, we sought to examine the unique associations between self-report trait mindfulness and state mindfulness by levels of meditation experience (meditation-naïve vs. meditation-experienced) and by mindfulness induction (experimentally induced mindful state vs. control group). We recruited 299 college students (93 with previous mindfulness meditation experience) to participate in an experiment that involved the assessment of five facets of trait mindfulness (among other constructs), followed by a mindfulness induction (vs...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875884/barriers-to-mindfulness-a-path-analytic-model-exploring-the-role-of-rumination-and-worry-in-predicting-psychological-and-physical-engagement-in-an-online-mindfulness-based-intervention
#6
Moitree Banerjee, Kate Cavanagh, Clara Strauss
Little is known about the factors associated with engagement in mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). Moreover, engagement in MBIs is usually defined in terms of class attendance ('physical engagement') only. However, in the psychotherapy literature, there is increasing emphasis on measuring participants' involvement with interventions ('psychological engagement'). This study tests a model that rumination and worry act as barriers to physical and psychological engagement in MBIs and that this in turn impedes learning mindfulness...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875883/the-relationships-between-self-compassion-attachment-and-interpersonal-problems-in-clinical-patients-with-mixed-anxiety-and-depression-and-emotional-distress
#7
Kate Mackintosh, Kevin Power, Matthias Schwannauer, Stella W Y Chan
Self-compassion has been consistently linked to psychological well-being. The ability to be self-compassionate may be shaped by early attachment experiences and associated with interpersonal difficulties. However, evidence has yet to be extended to clinical populations. This study examined the role of self-compassion and its relationship with attachment and interpersonal problems in clinical patients with anxiety and depression. Participants ( N  = 74; 60% female, mean age 40 years) were recruited from a primary care psychological therapies service in Scotland, UK...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875882/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-versus-pure-cognitive-behavioural-self-help-for-perfectionism-a-pilot-randomised-study
#8
Kirsty James, Katharine A Rimes
This pilot study compared mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with a self-help guide based on cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for university students experiencing difficulties due to perfectionism. Participants were randomised to an MBCT intervention specifically tailored for perfectionism or pure CBT self-help. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, 8 weeks later (corresponding to the end of MBCT) and at 10-week follow-up. Post-intervention intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses identified that MBCT participants ( n  = 28) had significantly lower levels of perfectionism and stress than self-help participants ( n  = 32)...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875881/mindfulness-based-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-parents-direct-and-long-term-improvements
#9
Anna Ridderinkhof, Esther I de Bruin, René Blom, Susan M Bögels
A combined mindfulness-based program for children and their parents (MYmind) was beneficial for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In this study, we investigated whether this program is also beneficial for younger children with ASD, whether effects last on the long-term, and whether it reduces common comorbid problems. Forty-five children referred with ASD aged 8 until 19 years old, and their parents participated. Repeated measures of children's and parents' social communication problems, emotional and behavioral functioning, mindful awareness, and of parenting were conducted pre-intervention, post intervention, 2-month follow-up, and 1-year follow-up...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875880/the-utility-of-home-practice-in-mindfulness-based-group-interventions-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Annette Lloyd, Ross White, Catrin Eames, Rebecca Crane
A growing body of research supports the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). MBIs consider home-practice as essential to increasing the therapeutic effects of the treatment. To date however, the synthesis of the research conducted on the role of home-practice in controlled MBI studies has been a neglected area. This review aimed to conduct a narrative synthesis of published controlled studies, evaluating mindfulness-based group interventions, which have specifically measured home-practice. Empirical research literature published until June 2016 was searched using five databases...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599853/an-investigation-of-the-factor-structure-of-the-self-compassion-scale
#11
Seonaid Cleare, Andrew Gumley, Chris J Cleare, Rory C O'Connor
The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is the most widely used measure of self-compassion. The scale is constructed of six factors measuring positive and negative components of compassion. Support for this factor structure has been subject to debate and alternative factor structures have been proposed. We tested the proposed factor structures against existing models of the SCS including one derived from an exploratory factor analysis of our data. Respondents ( n  = 526) completed the original version of the SCS online at two time points, at baseline (time 1) and 2...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599852/mindfulness-dampens-cardiac-responses-to-motion-scenes-of-violence
#12
Artur Brzozowski, Steven M Gillespie, Louise Dixon, Ian J Mitchell
Mindfulness is linked with improved regulatory processes of attention and emotion. The potential benefits of mindfulness are vast, including more positive emotional states and diminished arousal in response to emotional stimuli. This study aims to expand of the current knowledge of the mechanisms of mindfulness by relating the latter to cardiovascular processes. The paper describes two studies which investigated the relationship of trait mindfulness to self-report measures of emotions elicited during a violent video clip and cardiovascular responses to the clip...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599851/potential-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-improving-sleep-and-distress
#13
Way K W Lau, Mei-Kei Leung, Yun-Kwok Wing, Tatia M C Lee
The mechanisms of mindfulness-improved sleep quality are not extensively studied. Recently, attention monitoring/awareness and acceptance in mindfulness have been proposed to be the underlying mechanisms that tackle distress and related disorders. The current study tested if acceptance moderated the relationship of awareness with psychological distress and sleep quality, and verified that psychological distress mediated the relationship between mindfulness and sleep quality in a group of community-dwelling healthy adults...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599850/how-is-stress-reduced-by-a-workplace-mindfulness-intervention-a-qualitative-study-conceptualising-experiences-of-change
#14
Siobhan Hugh-Jones, Sally Rose, Gina Z Koutsopoulou, Ruth Simms-Ellis
Mindfulness-based interventions are effective as curative and preventative approaches to psychological health. However, the mechanisms by which outcomes are secured from such interventions when delivered in the workplace, and to a stressed workforce, are not well understood. The aim of the present study was to elicit and analyse accounts from past participants of a workplace mindfulness intervention in order to generate a preliminary model of how positive benefits appear to be secured. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were completed with 21 employees of a higher education institution who had completed an eight-week intervention based on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, adapted for the workplace...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599849/the-integration-of-the-workable-range-model-into-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-course-a-practice-based-case-study
#15
Sally A Rose, David Sheffield, Martyn Harling
Didactic teaching about stress is part of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) curriculum. The content and methods of integrating conceptual teaching within the experiential pedagogy are rarely explored. Workable range is a model of stress and emotion regulation that illustrates patterns of physical, emotional and cognitive reactivity in relation to mindful presence. This is a qualitative case study of the inclusion of the workable range model into an MBSR course as a refinement of the didactic teaching about stress...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599848/the-co-creation-and-feasibility-of-a-compassion-training-as-a-follow-up-to-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-recurrent-depression
#16
Rhoda Schuling, Marloes Huijbers, Hetty Jansen, Renée Metzemaekers, Erik Van Den Brink, Frits Koster, Hiske Van Ravesteijn, Anne Speckens
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effectiveness of Mindfulness - Based Compassionate Living (MBCL) as a follow-up intervention to Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy in adults with recurrent depression. We conducted an uncontrolled study in 17 patients with recurrent depression, in two successive groups. The first group contained novices to compassion training ( N  = 14); in the second group, ten of these participated again, in addition to three new participants ( N  = 13)...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387268/compassion-for-others-and-self-compassion-levels-correlates-and-relationship-with-psychological-well-being
#17
Angélica López, Robbert Sanderman, Adelita V Ranchor, Maya J Schroevers
Compassion for others and self-compassion are assumed to be closely related concepts. Yet, as they have been mostly studied separately, little is known about their relationship and to what extent they differ or resemble each other with respect to their correlates. This cross-sectional study aimed to gain knowledge on their mean levels, interrelationship, and relationships to psychological well-being and demographic factors. A community sample of 328 adults completed a series of standardized self-report questionnaires to assess compassion for others, self-compassion, depressive symptoms, negative affect, and positive affect...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387267/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-online-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-paranoia-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#18
Robert Shore, Clara Strauss, Kate Cavanagh, Mark Hayward, Lyn Ellett
Paranoia is common and distressing in the general population and can impact on health, emotional well-being and social functioning, such that effective interventions are needed. Brief online mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in non-clinical samples; however, at present, there is no research investigating whether they can reduce paranoia. The current study explored whether a brief online MBI increased levels of mindfulness and reduced levels of paranoia in a non-clinical population...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387266/efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-mobile-application-a-randomized-waiting-list-controlled-trial
#19
Arnold A P van Emmerik, Fieke Berings, Jaap Lancee
Although several hundreds of apps are available that (cl)aim to promote mindfulness, only a few methodologically sound studies have evaluated the efficacy of these apps. This randomized waiting-list controlled trial therefore tested the hypothesis that one such app (the VGZ Mindfulness Coach ) can achieve immediate and long-term improvements of mindfulness, quality of life, general psychiatric symptoms, and self-actualization. One hundred ninety-one experimental participants received the VGZ Mindfulness Coach, which offers 40 mindfulness exercises and background information about mindfulness without any form of therapeutic guidance...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387265/impact-of-mindfulness-based-teacher-training-on-mbsr-participant-well-being-outcomes-and-course-satisfaction
#20
Pauline Eva Ruijgrok-Lupton, Rebecca S Crane, Dusana Dorjee
Growing interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) has resulted in increased demand for MBP teachers, raising questions around safeguarding teaching standards. Training literature emphasises the need for appropriate training and meditation experience, yet studies into impact of such variables on participant outcomes are scarce, requiring further investigation. This feasibility pilot study hypothesised that participant outcomes would relate to teachers' mindfulness-based teacher training levels and mindfulness-based teaching and meditation experience...
2018: Mindfulness
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