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Mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333201/dispositional-mindfulness-shame-and-compulsive-sexual-behaviors-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#1
Meagan J Brem, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Approximately 31% of men in treatment for a substance use disorders (SUD) engage in compulsive sexual behavior (CSB). Shame, a well-documented consequence of CSB, increases the likelihood of relapse following treatment for SUDs. Despite the risk of relapse, prior research has not investigated factors that may attenuate the relation between CSB and shame. Dispositional mindfulness is one such factor known to mitigate shame. However, researchers have yet to examine dispositional mindfulness as a moderator of the relationship between CSB and shame among a sample of men in treatment for SUDs...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#2
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201247/positive-emotion-correlates-of-meditation-practice-a-comparison-of-mindfulness-meditation-and-loving-kindness-meditation
#3
Barbara L Fredrickson, Aaron J Boulton, Ann M Firestine, Patty Van Cappellen, Sara B Algoe, Mary M Brantley, Sumi Loundon Kim, Jeffrey Brantley, Sharon Salzberg
The purpose of this study was to uncover the day-to-day emotional profiles and dose-response relations, both within-persons and between-persons, associated with initiating one of two meditation practices, either mindfulness meditation or loving-kindness meditation. Data were pooled across two studies of midlife adults (N = 339) who were randomized to learn either mindfulness meditation or loving-kindness meditation in a six-week workshop. The duration and frequency of meditation practice was measured daily for nine weeks, commencing with the first workshop session...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312472/being-present-and-enjoying-it-dispositional-mindfulness-and-savoring-the-moment-are-distinct-interactive-predictors-of-positive-emotions-and-psychological-health
#4
Laura G Kiken, Kristjen B Lundberg, Barbara L Fredrickson
Mindfulness and savoring the moment both involve presently occurring experiences. However, these scientific constructs are distinct and may play complementary roles when predicting day-to-day positive emotions. Therefore, we examined the unique and interactive roles of dispositional mindfulness and perceived ability to savor the moment for predicting daily positive emotions as well as related psychological health benefits. Participants completed a nine-week longitudinal field study. At baseline, dispositional mindfulness and perceived ability to savor the moment were assessed, along with three indicators of psychological health: depressive symptoms, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction...
October 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959369/effects-of-tai-chi-versus-physical-therapy-on-mindfulness-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, John B Wong, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Mei Chung, Jeffrey B Driban, Lucas P K Morgan, Nani L Morgan, Chenchen Wang
Tai Chi mind-body exercise is widely believed to improve mindfulness through incorporating meditative states into physical movements. A growing number of studies indicate that Tai Chi may improve health in knee osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic pain disease and a primary cause of global disability. However, little is known about the contribution of mindfulness to treatment effect of Tai Chi practice. Therefore, our purpose was to investigate the effect of Tai Chi mind-body practice compared to physical therapy (PT) on mindfulness in knee OA...
October 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242720/a-pilot-rct-of-a-values-based-mindfulness-group-intervention-with-jail-inmates-evidence-for-reduction-in-post-release-risk-behavior
#6
Elizabeth T Malouf, Kerstin Youman, Jeffrey Stuewig, Edward A Witt, June P Tangney
This study pilot-tested a values and mindfulness-based intervention (Re-Entry Values and Mindfulness Program: REVAMP) in a sample of male jail inmates. REVAMP aimed to reduce post-release risky behavior by targeting dimensions of mindfulness (e.g., willingness/acceptance) and associated proximal outcomes/mechanisms of action (emotion regulation, self-control, shame/guilt). Inmates were randomly assigned to REVAMP (n=21) or treatment as usual (TAU, n=19). Attendance and feedback supported REVAMP's feasibility and acceptability...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057017/the-shape-of-change-in-perceived-stress-negative-affect-and-stress-sensitivity-during-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction
#7
Evelien Snippe, John J Dziak, Stephanie T Lanza, Ivan Nyklíček, Marieke Wichers
Both daily stress and the tendency to react to stress with heightened levels of negative affect (i.e., stress sensitivity) are important vulnerability factors for adverse mental health outcomes. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) may help to reduce perceived daily stress and stress sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to examine how change in perceived stress, negative affect (NA), and the decoupling between perceived stress and NA evolved over the course of a MBSR program, without making any a priori assumptions on the shape of change...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603562/meditation-in-stressed-older-adults-improvements-in-self-rated-mental-health-not-paralleled-by-improvements-in-cognitive-function-or-physiological-measures
#8
Barry S Oken, Helané Wahbeh, Elena Goodrich, Daniel Klee, Tabatha Memmott, Meghan Miller, Rongwei Fu
To determine if mindfulness meditation (MM) in older adults improves cognition and, secondarily, if MM improves mental health and physiology, 134 at least mildly stressed 50-85 year olds were randomized to a six-week MM intervention or a waitlist control. Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and two months later at Visit 2. The primary outcome measure was an executive function/attentional measure (flanker task). Other outcome measures included additional cognitive assessments, salivary cortisol, respiratory rate, heart rate variability, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness (NEO) personality traits, and SF-36 health-related quality of life...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458727/self-reported-mindful-attention-and-awareness-go-no-go-response-time-variability-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Julian R Keith, Mallory E Blackwood, Rano T Mathew, Len B Lecci
The abilities to stabilize the focus of attention, notice attention lapses, and return attention to an intended object following lapses are precursors for mindfulness. Individuals diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are deficient in the attentional and self-control skills that characterize mindfulness. The present study assessed the relationship between mindfulness and ADHD in young adults using the Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale (MAAS), a computerized Go/No-Go task (the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA)), the World Health Organization Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS), a tool used as an adult ADHD screen, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344683/dispositional-mindfulness-predicts-adaptive-affective-responses-to-health-messages-and-increased-exercise-motivation
#10
Yoona Kang, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Victor J Strecher, Emily B Falk
Feelings can shape how people respond to persuasive messages. In health communication, adaptive affective responses to potentially threating messages constitute one key to intervention success. The current study tested dispositional mindfulness, characterized by awareness of the present moment, as a predictor of adaptive affective responses to potentially threatening health messages and desirable subsequent health outcomes. Both general and discrete negative affective states (i.e., shame) were examined in relation to mindfulness and intervention success...
April 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344682/dispositional-mindfulness-and-memory-problems-the-role-of-perceived-stress-and-sleep-quality
#11
Nicholas M Brisbon, Margie E Lachman
There is a growing body of evidence exploring the beneficial effects of mindfulness on stress, sleep quality, and memory, though the mechanisms involved are less certain. The present study explored the roles of perceived stress and sleep quality as potential mediators between dispositional mindfulness and subjective memory problems. Data were from a Boston area subsample of the Midlife in the United States study (MIDUS-II) assessed in 2004-2006, and again approximately one year later (N=299). As expected, higher dispositional mindfulness was associated with lower perceived stress and better sleep quality...
April 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392844/mindfulness-facets-social-anxiety-and-drinking-to-cope-with-social-anxiety-testing-mediators-of-drinking-problems
#12
Elise M Clerkin, Laurel D Sarfan, E Marie Parsons, Joshua C Magee
This cross-sectional study tested social anxiety symptoms, trait mindfulness, and drinking to cope with social anxiety as potential predictors and/or serial mediators of drinking problems. A community-based sample of individuals with co-occurring social anxiety symptoms and alcohol dependence were recruited. Participants (N = 105) completed measures of social anxiety, drinking to cope with social anxiety, and alcohol use and problems. As well, participants completed the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, which assesses mindfulness facets of accepting without judgment, acting with awareness, not reacting to one's internal experiences, observing and attending to experiences, and labeling and describing...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191264/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-stimulant-dependent-adults-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Larissa J Mooney, Alfonso Ang, Hélène Chokron Garneau, Emily Hartwell, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Richard A Rawson
In light of the known associations between stress, negative affect, and relapse, mindfulness strategies hold promise as a means of reducing relapse susceptibility. In a pilot randomized clinical trial, we evaluated the effects of Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), relative to a health education control condition (HE) among stimulant dependent adults receiving contingency management. All participants received a 12-week contingency management (CM) intervention. Following a 4-week CM-only lead in phase, participants were randomly assigned to concurrently receive MBRP (n=31) or HE (n=32)...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201248/a-qualitative-study-with-healthcare-staff-exploring-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-in-a-self-help-mindfulness-based-intervention
#14
Moitree Banerjee, Kate Cavanagh, Clara Strauss
In order to increase the cost-efficiency, availability and ease of accessing and delivering mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), clinical and research interest in mindfulness-based self-help (MBSH) interventions has increased in recent years. Several studies have shown promising results of effectiveness of MBSH. However, like all self-help interventions, dropout rates and disengagement from MBSH are high. The current study explored the facilitators and barriers of engaging in a MBSH intervention. Semi-structured interviews with members of healthcare staff who took part in an MBSH intervention (n = 16) were conducted...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201246/differential-effects-of-attention-compassion-and-socio-cognitively-based-mental-practices-on-self-reports-of-mindfulness-and-compassion
#15
Lea K Hildebrandt, Cade McCall, Tania Singer
Research on the effects of mindfulness- and compassion-based interventions is flourishing along with self-report scales to assess facets of these broad concepts. However, debates remain as to which mental practices are most appropriate to develop the attentional, cognitive, and socio-affective facets of mindfulness and compassion. One crucial question is whether present-moment, attention-focused mindfulness practices are sufficient to induce a cascade of changes across the different proposed facets of mindfulness, including nonjudgmental acceptance, as well as compassion or whether explicit socio-affective training is required...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201245/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-orientation-and-mindfulness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jodie C Stevenson, Lisa-Marie Emerson, Abigail Millings
Mindfulness can be measured as an individual trait, which varies between individuals. In recent years, research has investigated the overlap between trait mindfulness and attachment. The aim of the present review and meta-analysis was to investigate the current evidence linking adult attachment dimensions to trait mindfulness dimensions, and to quantitatively synthesize these findings using meta-analyses. A systematic literature search was conducted using five scientific databases of which, upon review, 33 articles met inclusion criteria...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201244/mindfulness-based-interventions-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Anjulie Dhillon, Elizabeth Sparkes, Rui V Duarte
This systematic review aims to assess the effect of mindfulness-based interventions carried out during pregnancy exploring mindfulness and mental health outcomes. A systematic review was conducted to appraise the current literature on the subject area. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were agreed and after reviewing titles, abstracts and full papers, 14 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The quality of included articles was checked using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989553/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-intervention-study-of-a-mindfulness-based-self-leadership-training-mbslt-on-stress-and-performance
#18
Juliane Sampl, Thomas Maran, Marco R Furtner
The present randomized pilot intervention study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based self-leadership training (MBSLT) specifically developed for academic achievement situations. Both mindfulness and self-leadership have a strong self-regulatory focus and are helpful in terms of stress resilience and performance enhancements. Based on several theoretical points of contact and a specific interplay between mindfulness and self-leadership, the authors developed an innovative intervention program that improves mood as well as performance in a real academic setting...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989552/inflexible-youngsters-psychological-and-psychopathological-correlates-of-the-avoidance-and-fusion-questionnaire-for-youths-in-nonclinical-dutch-adolescents
#19
Peter Muris, Cor Meesters, Anke Herings, Marieke Jansen, Chris Vossen, Pina Kersten
The present study examined psychological and psychopathological correlates of psychological inflexibility as measured by the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y) in two independent samples of nonclinical Dutch adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years (Ns being 184 and 157). Participants completed a survey containing the AFQ-Y and scales assessing mindfulness, thought suppression, self-compassion, self-worth, self-efficacy, and internalizing/externalizing symptoms. In both samples, the AFQ-Y was found to be a reliable measure of psychological inflexibility that correlated in a theoretically meaningful way with other psychological constructs...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989551/mindfulness-mechanisms-in-sports-mediating-effects-of-rumination-and-emotion-regulation-on-sport-specific-coping
#20
Torbjörn Josefsson, Andreas Ivarsson, Magnus Lindwall, Henrik Gustafsson, Andreas Stenling, Jan Böröy, Emil Mattsson, Jakob Carnebratt, Simon Sevholt, Emil Falkevik
The main objective of the project was to examine a proposed theoretical model of mindfulness mechanisms in sports. We conducted two studies (the first study using a cross-sectional design and the second a longitudinal design) to investigate if rumination and emotion regulation mediate the relation between dispositional mindfulness and sport-specific coping. Two hundred and forty-two young elite athletes, drawn from various sports, were recruited for the cross-sectional study. For the longitudinal study, 65 elite athletes were recruited...
2017: Mindfulness
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