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Mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191264/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-stimulant-dependent-adults-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Larissa J Mooney, Alfonso Ang, Hélène Chokron Garneau, Emily Hartwell, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Richard A Rawson
In light of the known associations between stress, negative affect, and relapse, mindfulness strategies hold promise as a means of reducing relapse susceptibility. In a pilot randomized clinical trial, we evaluated the effects of Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), relative to a health education control condition (HE) among stimulant dependent adults receiving contingency management. All participants received a 12-week contingency management (CM) intervention. Following a 4-week CM-only lead in phase, participants were randomly assigned to concurrently receive MBRP (n=31) or HE (n=32)...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163798/phenomenological-fingerprints-of-four-meditations-differential-state-changes-in-affect-mind-wandering-meta-cognition-and-interoception-before-and-after-daily-practice-across-9%C3%A2-months-of-training
#2
Bethany E Kok, Tania Singer
Despite increasing interest in the effects of mental training practices such as meditation, there is much ambiguity regarding whether and to what extent the various types of mental practice have differential effects on psychological change. To address this gap, we compare the effects of four common meditation practices on measures of state change in affect, mind-wandering, meta-cognition, and interoception. In the context of a 9-month mental training program called the ReSource Project, 229 mid-life adults (mean age 41) provided daily reports before and after meditation practice...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163797/mindful2work-effects-of-combined-physical-exercise-yoga-and-mindfulness-meditations-for-stress-relieve-in-employees-a-proof-of-concept-study
#3
Esther I de Bruin, Anne R Formsma, Gerard Frijstein, Susan M Bögels
Work-related stress and associated illness and burnout is rising in western society, with now as much as almost a quarter of European and half of USA's employees estimated to be at the point of burnout. Mindfulness meditation, yoga, and physical exercise have all shown beneficial effects for work-related stress and illness. This proof of concept study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of the newly developed Mindful2Work training, a combination of physical exercise, restorative yoga, and mindfulness meditations, delivered in six weekly group sessions plus a follow-up session...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163796/metacognition-and-mindfulness-the-role-of-fringe-consciousness
#4
Elisabeth Norman
The involvement of metacognition in mindfulness is already acknowledged in recent mindfulness models. The focus of the current paper is on how mindfulness may be seen to involve a particular subcategory of metacognitive feeling referred to as fringe consciousness. Fringe feelings are in themselves consciously experienced but have been demonstrated to reflect nonconscious context information and are assumed to play a functional role in metacognitive monitoring and behavioral control. I first address ways in which metaexperiences during mindfulness may be seen as a variety of fringe consciousness...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163795/mindful-aging-the-effects-of-regular-brief-mindfulness-practice-on-electrophysiological-markers-of-cognitive-and-affective-processing-in-older-adults
#5
Peter Malinowski, Adam W Moore, Bethan R Mead, Thomas Gruber
There is growing interest in the potential benefits of mindfulness meditation practices in terms of counteracting some of the cognitive effects associated with aging. Pursuing this question, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of mindfulness training on executive control and emotion regulation in older adults, by means of studying behavioral and electrophysiological changes. Participants, 55 to 75 years of age, were randomly allocated to an 8-week mindful breath awareness training group or an active control group engaging in brain training exercises...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163794/modeling-the-effects-of-attentional-cueing-on-meditators
#6
Marieke K van Vugt, Paul M van den Hurk
Training in meditation has been shown to affect functioning of several attentional subsystems, most prominently conflict monitoring, and to some extent orienting. These previous findings described the effects of cueing and manipulating stimulus congruency on response times and accuracies. However, changes in accuracy and response times can arise from several factors. Computational process models can be used to distinguish different factors underlying changes in accuracy and response times. When decomposed by means of the drift diffusion model, a general process model of decision making that has been widely used, both the congruency and cueing effects, is subserved by a change in decision thresholds...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083076/facets-of-mindfulness-mediate-the-relationship-between-depressive-symptoms-and-smoking-behavior
#7
Christine Vinci, Claire A Spears, MacKenzie R Peltier, Amy L Copeland
The relationship between cigarette smoking and depressive symptoms is well-established. Dispositional mindfulness has been associated with lower depressive symptoms, lower smoking dependence, and higher odds of smoking cessation. Given that mindfulness is multi-faceted, the current study examined which facets of mindfulness might mediate the relationship between depressive symptoms and smoking behavior. Participants (n = 72) completed the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire (SCQ), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD), and Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (KIMS; subscales-Observe, Describe, Acting with Awareness, Accepting without Judgment), and indicated number of cigarettes smoked per day (CPD)...
December 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042346/associations-among-dispositional-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-executive-function-proficiency-in-early-adolescents
#8
Hee-Sung Shin, David S Black, Eleanor Tate Shonkoff, Nathaniel R Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
The study objective was to examine the effects of two conceptually related constructs, self-compassion and dispositional mindfulness, on executive function (EF) proficiency among early adolescents. Executive function refers to a set of psychological processes governing emotional regulation, organization, and planning. While the benefits of positive psychology appear evident for mental health and wellness, little is known about the etiological relationship between dispositional mindfulness and self-compassion in their associations with EF...
December 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570568/the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-compulsive-sexual-behavior-in-a-sample-of-men-in-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#9
Ryan C Shorey, Joanna Elmquist, Michael J Gawrysiak, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a serious worldwide problem. Despite years of research on the treatment of SUDs, relapse remains high. One factor that may complicate SUDs treatment for some patients is compulsive sexual behavior. Factors that are related to both SUDs and compulsive sexual behavior could be targeted in SUDs treatment. In the current study, we examined dispositional mindfulness, a protective factor for a range of mental health problems, and its relationship to compulsive sexual behavior in a SUDs treatment sample...
August 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570567/drinking-motives-mediate-the-relationship-between-facets-of-mindfulness-and-problematic-alcohol-use
#10
Christine Vinci, Claire A Spears, MacKenzie R Peltier, Amy L Copeland
Mindfulness is a multi-faceted construct, and research suggests that certain components (e.g., Acting with Awareness, Nonjudging) are associated with less problematic alcohol use. Recent research has examined whether specific drinking motives mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and alcohol use. The current study sought to extend this research by examining whether certain drinking motives would mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and problematic alcohol use in a sample of 207 college students classified as engaging in problematic drinking...
June 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429667/both-trait-and-state-mindfulness-predict-lower-aggressiveness-via-anger-rumination-a-multilevel-mediation-analysis
#11
Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Jessica R Peters, Richard S Pond, C Nathan DeWall
Trait mindfulness, or the capacity for nonjudgmental, present-centered attention, predicts lower aggression in cross-sectional samples, an effect mediated by reduced anger rumination. Experimental work also implicates state mindfulness (i.e., fluctuations around one's typical mindfulness) in aggression. Despite evidence that both trait and state mindfulness predict lower aggression, their relative impact and their mechanisms remain unclear. Higher trait mindfulness and state increases in mindfulness facets may reduce aggression-related outcomes by (1) limiting the intensity of anger, or (2) limiting rumination on anger experiences...
June 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200110/mindful-attention-reduces-linguistic-intergroup-bias
#12
Moses M Tincher, Lauren A M Lebois, Lawrence W Barsalou
A brief mindfulness intervention diminished bias in favor of one's in-group and against one's out-group. In the linguistic intergroup bias (LIB), individuals expect in-group members to behave positively, and out-group members to behave negatively. Consequently, individuals choose abstract language beset with character inferences to describe these expected behaviors, and in contrast, choose concrete, objective language to describe unexpected behaviors. Eighty-four participants received either mindful attention instructions (observe their thoughts as fleeting mental states) or immersion instructions (become absorbed in the vivid details of thoughts)...
April 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200109/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-older-adults-a-review-of-the-effects-on-physical-and-emotional-well-being
#13
Paul J Geiger, Ian A Boggero, C Alex Brake, Carolina A Caldera, Hannah L Combs, Jessica R Peters, Ruth A Baer
This comprehensive review examined the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on the physical and emotional wellbeing of older adults, a rapidly growing segment of the general population. Search procedures yielded 15 treatment outcome studies meeting inclusion criteria. Support was found for the feasibility and acceptability of mindfulness-based interventions with older adults. Physical and emotional wellbeing outcome variables offered mixed support for the use of mindfulness-based interventions with older adults...
April 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087863/dispositional-mindfulness-uncouples-physiological-and-emotional-reactivity-to-a-laboratory-stressor-and-emotional-reactivity-to-executive-functioning-lapses-in-daily-life
#14
Greg Feldman, Jayne Lavalle, Kelsea Gildawie, Jeffrey M Greeson
Both dispositional mindfulness and mindfulness training may help to uncouple the degree to which distress is experienced in response to aversive internal experience and external events. Because emotional reactivity is a transdiagnostic process implicated in numerous psychological disorders, dispositional mindfulness and mindfulness training could exert mental health benefits, in part, by buffering emotional reactivity. The present studies examine whether dispositional mindfulness moderates two understudied processes in stress reactivity research: the degree of concordance between subjective and physiological reactivity to a laboratory stressor (Study 1); and the degree of dysphoric mood reactivity to lapses in executive functioning in daily life (Study 2)...
April 1, 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087862/mindfulness-in-parenting-and-coparenting
#15
Justin Parent, Laura G McKee, Margret Anton, Michelle Gonzalez, Deborah J Jones, Rex Forehand
Mindfulness has been established as a critical psychosocial variable for the well-being of individuals; however, less is understood regarding the role of mindfulness within the family context of parents, coparents, and children. This study tested a model examining the process by which parent dispositional mindfulness relates to parenting and coparenting relationship quality through mindful parenting and coparenting. Participants were 485 parents (59.2% mothers) from three community samples of families with youth across three developmental stages: young childhood (3 - 7 yrs...
April 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110301/making-friends-with-yourself-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study-of-a-mindful-self-compassion-program-for-adolescents
#16
Karen Bluth, Susan A Gaylord, Rebecca A Campo, Michael C Mullarkey, Lorraine Hobbs
The aims of this mixed-method pilot study were to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary psychosocial outcomes of "Making Friends with Yourself: A Mindful Self-Compassion Program for Teens" (MFY), an adaptation of the adult Mindful Self-Compassion program. Thirty-four students age 14-17 enrolled in this waitlist controlled crossover study. Participants were randomized to either the waitlist or intervention group and administered online surveys at baseline, after the first cohort participated in the intervention, and after the waitlist crossovers participated in the intervention...
March 1, 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158278/assessing-fidelity-of-implementation-foi-for-school-based-mindfulness-and-yoga-interventions-a-systematic-review
#17
Laura Feagans Gould, Jacinda K Dariotis, Mark T Greenberg, Tamar Mendelson
As school-based mindfulness and yoga programs gain popularity, the systematic study of fidelity of program implementation (FOI) is critical to provide a more robust understanding of the core components of mindfulness and yoga interventions, their potential to improve specified teacher and student outcomes, and our ability to implement these programs consistently and effectively. This paper reviews the current state of the science with respect to inclusion and reporting of FOI in peer-reviewed studies examining the effects of school-based mindfulness and/or yoga programs targeting students and/or teachers implemented in grades kindergarten through twelve (K-12) in North America...
February 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087861/mindful-parenting-and-parents-emotion-expression-effects-on-adolescent-risk-behaviors
#18
Caitlin C Turpyn, Tara M Chaplin
Mindful parenting is associated with greater adjustment and fewer behavior problems in children and adolescents. However, the mechanisms by which mindful parenting functions to mitigate risk in adolescence is not well understood. This study investigated parent emotional expression as a potential mechanism in the relationship between low mindful parenting and adolescent risk behaviors. A sample of 157 12-14 year old adolescents (49% female) and their primary caregivers (99% female) participated in an emotionally-arousing conflict interaction...
February 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034729/a-school-based-mindfulness-pilot-study-for-ethnically-diverse-at-risk-adolescents
#19
Karen Bluth, Rebecca A Campo, Sarah Pruteanu-Malinici, Amanda Reams, Michael Mullarkey, Patricia C Broderick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918064/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-student-learning-and-skills-use-in-a-school-based-mindfulness-and-yoga-program
#20
Jacinda K Dariotis, Roxanne Mirabal-Beltran, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Laura Feagans Gould, Mark T Greenberg, Tamar Mendelson
Previous studies on school-based mindfulness and yoga programs have focused primarily on quantitative measurement of program outcomes. This study used qualitative data to investigate program content and skills that students remembered and applied in their daily lives. Data were gathered following a 16-week mindfulness and yoga intervention delivered at three urban schools by a community non-profit organization. We conducted focus groups and interviews with nine classroom teachers who did not participate in the program and held six focus groups with 22 fifth and sixth grade program participants...
February 2016: Mindfulness
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