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Mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570568/the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-compulsive-sexual-behavior-in-a-sample-of-men-in-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#1
Ryan C Shorey, Joanna Elmquist, Michael J Gawrysiak, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a serious worldwide problem. Despite years of research on the treatment of SUDs, relapse remains high. One factor that may complicate SUDs treatment for some patients is compulsive sexual behavior. Factors that are related to both SUDs and compulsive sexual behavior could be targeted in SUDs treatment. In the current study, we examined dispositional mindfulness, a protective factor for a range of mental health problems, and its relationship to compulsive sexual behavior in a SUDs treatment sample...
August 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570567/drinking-motives-mediate-the-relationship-between-facets-of-mindfulness-and-problematic-alcohol-use
#2
Christine Vinci, Claire A Spears, MacKenzie R Peltier, Amy L Copeland
Mindfulness is a multi-faceted construct, and research suggests that certain components (e.g., Acting with Awareness, Nonjudging) are associated with less problematic alcohol use. Recent research has examined whether specific drinking motives mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and alcohol use. The current study sought to extend this research by examining whether certain drinking motives would mediate the relationship between facets of mindfulness and problematic alcohol use in a sample of 207 college students classified as engaging in problematic drinking...
June 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429667/both-trait-and-state-mindfulness-predict-lower-aggressiveness-via-anger-rumination-a-multilevel-mediation-analysis
#3
Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Jessica R Peters, Richard S Pond, C Nathan DeWall
Trait mindfulness, or the capacity for nonjudgmental, present-centered attention, predicts lower aggression in cross-sectional samples, an effect mediated by reduced anger rumination. Experimental work also implicates state mindfulness (i.e., fluctuations around one's typical mindfulness) in aggression. Despite evidence that both trait and state mindfulness predict lower aggression, their relative impact and their mechanisms remain unclear. Higher trait mindfulness and state increases in mindfulness facets may reduce aggression-related outcomes by (1) limiting the intensity of anger, or (2) limiting rumination on anger experiences...
June 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200110/mindful-attention-reduces-linguistic-intergroup-bias
#4
Moses M Tincher, Lauren A M Lebois, Lawrence W Barsalou
A brief mindfulness intervention diminished bias in favor of one's in-group and against one's out-group. In the linguistic intergroup bias (LIB), individuals expect in-group members to behave positively, and out-group members to behave negatively. Consequently, individuals choose abstract language beset with character inferences to describe these expected behaviors, and in contrast, choose concrete, objective language to describe unexpected behaviors. Eighty-four participants received either mindful attention instructions (observe their thoughts as fleeting mental states) or immersion instructions (become absorbed in the vivid details of thoughts)...
April 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200109/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-older-adults-a-review-of-the-effects-on-physical-and-emotional-well-being
#5
Paul J Geiger, Ian A Boggero, C Alex Brake, Carolina A Caldera, Hannah L Combs, Jessica R Peters, Ruth A Baer
This comprehensive review examined the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on the physical and emotional wellbeing of older adults, a rapidly growing segment of the general population. Search procedures yielded 15 treatment outcome studies meeting inclusion criteria. Support was found for the feasibility and acceptability of mindfulness-based interventions with older adults. Physical and emotional wellbeing outcome variables offered mixed support for the use of mindfulness-based interventions with older adults...
April 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087863/dispositional-mindfulness-uncouples-physiological-and-emotional-reactivity-to-a-laboratory-stressor-and-emotional-reactivity-to-executive-functioning-lapses-in-daily-life
#6
Greg Feldman, Jayne Lavalle, Kelsea Gildawie, Jeffrey M Greeson
Both dispositional mindfulness and mindfulness training may help to uncouple the degree to which distress is experienced in response to aversive internal experience and external events. Because emotional reactivity is a transdiagnostic process implicated in numerous psychological disorders, dispositional mindfulness and mindfulness training could exert mental health benefits, in part, by buffering emotional reactivity. The present studies examine whether dispositional mindfulness moderates two understudied processes in stress reactivity research: the degree of concordance between subjective and physiological reactivity to a laboratory stressor (Study 1); and the degree of dysphoric mood reactivity to lapses in executive functioning in daily life (Study 2)...
April 1, 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087862/mindfulness-in-parenting-and-coparenting
#7
Justin Parent, Laura G McKee, Margret Anton, Michelle Gonzalez, Deborah J Jones, Rex Forehand
Mindfulness has been established as a critical psychosocial variable for the well-being of individuals; however, less is understood regarding the role of mindfulness within the family context of parents, coparents, and children. This study tested a model examining the process by which parent dispositional mindfulness relates to parenting and coparenting relationship quality through mindful parenting and coparenting. Participants were 485 parents (59.2% mothers) from three community samples of families with youth across three developmental stages: young childhood (3 - 7 yrs...
April 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110301/making-friends-with-yourself-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study-of-a-mindful-self-compassion-program-for-adolescents
#8
Karen Bluth, Susan A Gaylord, Rebecca A Campo, Michael C Mullarkey, Lorraine Hobbs
The aims of this mixed-method pilot study were to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary psychosocial outcomes of "Making Friends with Yourself: A Mindful Self-Compassion Program for Teens" (MFY), an adaptation of the adult Mindful Self-Compassion program. Thirty-four students age 14-17 enrolled in this waitlist controlled crossover study. Participants were randomized to either the waitlist or intervention group and administered online surveys at baseline, after the first cohort participated in the intervention, and after the waitlist crossovers participated in the intervention...
March 1, 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158278/assessing-fidelity-of-implementation-foi-for-school-based-mindfulness-and-yoga-interventions-a-systematic-review
#9
Laura Feagans Gould, Jacinda K Dariotis, Mark T Greenberg, Tamar Mendelson
As school-based mindfulness and yoga programs gain popularity, the systematic study of fidelity of program implementation (FOI) is critical to provide a more robust understanding of the core components of mindfulness and yoga interventions, their potential to improve specified teacher and student outcomes, and our ability to implement these programs consistently and effectively. This paper reviews the current state of the science with respect to inclusion and reporting of FOI in peer-reviewed studies examining the effects of school-based mindfulness and/or yoga programs targeting students and/or teachers implemented in grades kindergarten through twelve (K-12) in North America...
February 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087861/mindful-parenting-and-parents-emotion-expression-effects-on-adolescent-risk-behaviors
#10
Caitlin C Turpyn, Tara M Chaplin
Mindful parenting is associated with greater adjustment and fewer behavior problems in children and adolescents. However, the mechanisms by which mindful parenting functions to mitigate risk in adolescence is not well understood. This study investigated parent emotional expression as a potential mechanism in the relationship between low mindful parenting and adolescent risk behaviors. A sample of 157 12-14 year old adolescents (49% female) and their primary caregivers (99% female) participated in an emotionally-arousing conflict interaction...
February 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034729/a-school-based-mindfulness-pilot-study-for-ethnically-diverse-at-risk-adolescents
#11
Karen Bluth, Rebecca A Campo, Sarah Pruteanu-Malinici, Amanda Reams, Michael Mullarkey, Patricia C Broderick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918064/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-student-learning-and-skills-use-in-a-school-based-mindfulness-and-yoga-program
#12
Jacinda K Dariotis, Roxanne Mirabal-Beltran, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Laura Feagans Gould, Mark T Greenberg, Tamar Mendelson
Previous studies on school-based mindfulness and yoga programs have focused primarily on quantitative measurement of program outcomes. This study used qualitative data to investigate program content and skills that students remembered and applied in their daily lives. Data were gathered following a 16-week mindfulness and yoga intervention delivered at three urban schools by a community non-profit organization. We conducted focus groups and interviews with nine classroom teachers who did not participate in the program and held six focus groups with 22 fifth and sixth grade program participants...
February 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909466/illusory-temporal-binding-in-meditators
#13
Peter Lush, Jim Parkinson, Zoltan Dienes
We investigate conditions in which more accurate metacognition may lead to greater susceptibility to illusion and thus conditions under which mindfulness meditation may lead to less accurate perceptions. Specifically, greater awareness of intentions may lead to an illusory compression of time between a voluntary action and its outcome ("intentional binding"). Here, we report that experienced Buddhist mindfulness meditators rather than non-meditators display a greater illusory shift of the timing of an outcome toward an intentional action...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909465/group-and-individual-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-are-both-effective-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-depressed-people-with-a-somatic-disease
#14
Maya J Schroevers, K Annika Tovote, Evelien Snippe, Joke Fleer
Depressive symptoms are commonly reported by individuals suffering from a chronic medical condition. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been shown to be an effective psychological intervention for reducing depressive symptoms in a range of populations. MBCT is traditionally given in a group format. The aim of the current pilot RCT was to examine the effects of group-based MBCT and individually based MBCT for reducing depressive symptoms in adults suffering from one or more somatic diseases. In this study, 56 people with a somatic condition and comorbid depressive symptoms (i...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909464/mindfulness-and-self-compassion-as-unique-and-common-predictors-of-affect-in-the-general-population
#15
Angélica López, Robbert Sanderman, Maya J Schroevers
In contrast to the increased research interest in the benefits of mindfulness and self-compassion, relatively few studies have examined their unique and combined effects in predicting affect. This cross-sectional study examined the predictive value of mindfulness and self-compassion for depressive symptoms, negative affect, and positive affect in a large representative sample of community adults (N = 1736). The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) was used as a measure of mindfulness and the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) as a measure of self-compassion...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642376/the-association-of-mindful-parenting-with-glycemic-control-and-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-diabetes-miles-the-netherlands
#16
Inge J P Serkel-Schrama, Jolanda de Vries, Anke M Nieuwesteeg, Frans Pouwer, Ivan Nyklíček, Jane Speight, Esther I de Bruin, Susan M Bögels, Esther E Hartman
The objective of this study was to examine associations between the mindful parenting style of parents of adolescents (aged 12-18) with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and the glycaemic control and quality of life (QoL) of the adolescents. Chronic health conditions, such as T1DM, that require demanding treatment regimens, can negatively impact adolescents' quality of life. Therefore, it is important to determine whether mindful parenting may have a positive impact in these adolescents. Age, sex and duration of T1DM were examined as potential moderators...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642375/a-rct-comparing-daily-mindfulness-meditations-biofeedback-exercises-and-daily-physical-exercise-on-attention-control-executive-functioning-mindful-awareness-self-compassion-and-worrying-in-stressed-young-adults
#17
Esther I de Bruin, J Esi van der Zwan, Susan M Bögels
Our Western society is characterized by multitasking, competition, and constant time pressure. Negative effects of stress for the individual (anxiety, depression, somatic complaints) and for organizations and society (costs due to work absence) are very high. Thus, time-efficient self-help interventions to address these issues are necessary. This study assessed the effects of daily mindfulness meditations (MM) versus daily heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) and daily physical exercise (PE) on attention control, executive functioning, mindful awareness, self-compassion, and worrying...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642374/food-specific-decentering-experiences-are-associated-with-reduced-food-cravings-in-meditators-a-preliminary-investigation
#18
Esther K Papies, Martine van Winckel, Mike Keesman
This study examined the association of food-specific decentering experiences with food cravings in a sample of meditators. Decentering refers to viewing one's thoughts as transient mental events and thus experiencing them as less subjectively real. This process has been suggested to be a key mechanism underlying the effects of mindfulness and many contemplative practices. Although most earlier studies have focused on the effects of decentering with regard to negative affect, some studies have shown that brief inductions of decentering among non-meditators reduce food cravings as well as unhealthy food choices...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642373/mindfulness-and-mood-stimulate-each-other-in-an-upward-spiral-a-mindful-walking-intervention-using-experience-sampling
#19
Rinske A Gotink, Karlijn S F M Hermans, Nicole Geschwind, Reinier De Nooij, Wouter T De Groot, Anne E M Speckens
The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of mindful walking in nature as a possible means to maintain mindfulness skills after a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) or mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course. Mindful walking alongside the river Rhine took place for 1, 3, 6, or 10 days, with a control period of a similar number of days, 1 week before the mindful walking period. In 29 mindfulness participants, experience sampling method (ESM) was performed during the control and mindful walking period...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642372/trait-self-compassion-reflects-emotional-flexibility-through-an-association-with-high-vagally-mediated-heart-rate-variability
#20
Julie Lillebostad Svendsen, Berge Osnes, Per-Einar Binder, Ingrid Dundas, Endre Visted, Helge Nordby, Elisabeth Schanche, Lin Sørensen
Converging evidence shows a positive effect of self-compassion on self-reported well-being and mental health. However, few studies have examined the relation between self-compassion and psychophysiological measures. In the present study, we therefore examined the relation between trait self-compassion and vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) in 53 students (39 female, mean age = 23.63). Trait self-compassion was assessed using the Self-Compassion Scale, and resting vmHRV was measured during a 5-min ECG baseline period...
2016: Mindfulness
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