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Mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430258/mindfulness-and-psychological-health-outcomes-a-latent-profile-analysis-among-military-personnel-and-college-students
#1
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Michelle L Kelley
Previous research on trait mindfulness facets using person-centered analyses (e.g., latent profile analysis [LPA]) has identified four distinct mindfulness profiles among college students: a high mindfulness group (high on all facets of the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire [FFMQ]), a judgmentally observing group (highest on observing, but low on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness), a non-judgmentally aware group (high on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness, but very low on observing), and a low mindfulness group (low on all facets of the FFMQ)...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430257/when-traits-match-states-examining-the-associations-between-self-report-trait-and-state-mindfulness-following-a-state-mindfulness-induction
#2
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Adam D Wilson, Katie Witkiewitz
Previous research has found inconsistent relationships between trait mindfulness and state mindfulness. To extend previous research, we sought to examine the unique associations between self-report trait mindfulness and state mindfulness by levels of meditation experience (meditation-naïve vs. meditation-experienced) and by mindfulness induction (experimentally induced mindful state vs. control group). We recruited 299 college students (93 with previous mindfulness meditation experience) to participate in an experiment that involved the assessment of five facets of trait mindfulness (among other constructs), followed by a mindfulness induction (vs...
February 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599853/an-investigation-of-the-factor-structure-of-the-self-compassion-scale
#3
Seonaid Cleare, Andrew Gumley, Chris J Cleare, Rory C O'Connor
The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is the most widely used measure of self-compassion. The scale is constructed of six factors measuring positive and negative components of compassion. Support for this factor structure has been subject to debate and alternative factor structures have been proposed. We tested the proposed factor structures against existing models of the SCS including one derived from an exploratory factor analysis of our data. Respondents ( n  = 526) completed the original version of the SCS online at two time points, at baseline (time 1) and 2...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599852/mindfulness-dampens-cardiac-responses-to-motion-scenes-of-violence
#4
Artur Brzozowski, Steven M Gillespie, Louise Dixon, Ian J Mitchell
Mindfulness is linked with improved regulatory processes of attention and emotion. The potential benefits of mindfulness are vast, including more positive emotional states and diminished arousal in response to emotional stimuli. This study aims to expand of the current knowledge of the mechanisms of mindfulness by relating the latter to cardiovascular processes. The paper describes two studies which investigated the relationship of trait mindfulness to self-report measures of emotions elicited during a violent video clip and cardiovascular responses to the clip...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599851/potential-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-improving-sleep-and-distress
#5
Way K W Lau, Mei-Kei Leung, Yun-Kwok Wing, Tatia M C Lee
The mechanisms of mindfulness-improved sleep quality are not extensively studied. Recently, attention monitoring/awareness and acceptance in mindfulness have been proposed to be the underlying mechanisms that tackle distress and related disorders. The current study tested if acceptance moderated the relationship of awareness with psychological distress and sleep quality, and verified that psychological distress mediated the relationship between mindfulness and sleep quality in a group of community-dwelling healthy adults...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599850/how-is-stress-reduced-by-a-workplace-mindfulness-intervention-a-qualitative-study-conceptualising-experiences-of-change
#6
Siobhan Hugh-Jones, Sally Rose, Gina Z Koutsopoulou, Ruth Simms-Ellis
Mindfulness-based interventions are effective as curative and preventative approaches to psychological health. However, the mechanisms by which outcomes are secured from such interventions when delivered in the workplace, and to a stressed workforce, are not well understood. The aim of the present study was to elicit and analyse accounts from past participants of a workplace mindfulness intervention in order to generate a preliminary model of how positive benefits appear to be secured. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were completed with 21 employees of a higher education institution who had completed an eight-week intervention based on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, adapted for the workplace...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599849/the-integration-of-the-workable-range-model-into-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-course-a-practice-based-case-study
#7
Sally A Rose, David Sheffield, Martyn Harling
Didactic teaching about stress is part of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) curriculum. The content and methods of integrating conceptual teaching within the experiential pedagogy are rarely explored. Workable range is a model of stress and emotion regulation that illustrates patterns of physical, emotional and cognitive reactivity in relation to mindful presence. This is a qualitative case study of the inclusion of the workable range model into an MBSR course as a refinement of the didactic teaching about stress...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599848/the-co-creation-and-feasibility-of-a-compassion-training-as-a-follow-up-to-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-recurrent-depression
#8
Rhoda Schuling, Marloes Huijbers, Hetty Jansen, Renée Metzemaekers, Erik Van Den Brink, Frits Koster, Hiske Van Ravesteijn, Anne Speckens
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effectiveness of Mindfulness - Based Compassionate Living (MBCL) as a follow-up intervention to Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy in adults with recurrent depression. We conducted an uncontrolled study in 17 patients with recurrent depression, in two successive groups. The first group contained novices to compassion training ( N  = 14); in the second group, ten of these participated again, in addition to three new participants ( N  = 13)...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387268/compassion-for-others-and-self-compassion-levels-correlates-and-relationship-with-psychological-well-being
#9
Angélica López, Robbert Sanderman, Adelita V Ranchor, Maya J Schroevers
Compassion for others and self-compassion are assumed to be closely related concepts. Yet, as they have been mostly studied separately, little is known about their relationship and to what extent they differ or resemble each other with respect to their correlates. This cross-sectional study aimed to gain knowledge on their mean levels, interrelationship, and relationships to psychological well-being and demographic factors. A community sample of 328 adults completed a series of standardized self-report questionnaires to assess compassion for others, self-compassion, depressive symptoms, negative affect, and positive affect...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387267/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-online-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-paranoia-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#10
Robert Shore, Clara Strauss, Kate Cavanagh, Mark Hayward, Lyn Ellett
Paranoia is common and distressing in the general population and can impact on health, emotional well-being and social functioning, such that effective interventions are needed. Brief online mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in non-clinical samples; however, at present, there is no research investigating whether they can reduce paranoia. The current study explored whether a brief online MBI increased levels of mindfulness and reduced levels of paranoia in a non-clinical population...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387266/efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-mobile-application-a-randomized-waiting-list-controlled-trial
#11
Arnold A P van Emmerik, Fieke Berings, Jaap Lancee
Although several hundreds of apps are available that (cl)aim to promote mindfulness, only a few methodologically sound studies have evaluated the efficacy of these apps. This randomized waiting-list controlled trial therefore tested the hypothesis that one such app (the VGZ Mindfulness Coach ) can achieve immediate and long-term improvements of mindfulness, quality of life, general psychiatric symptoms, and self-actualization. One hundred ninety-one experimental participants received the VGZ Mindfulness Coach, which offers 40 mindfulness exercises and background information about mindfulness without any form of therapeutic guidance...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387265/impact-of-mindfulness-based-teacher-training-on-mbsr-participant-well-being-outcomes-and-course-satisfaction
#12
Pauline Eva Ruijgrok-Lupton, Rebecca S Crane, Dusana Dorjee
Growing interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) has resulted in increased demand for MBP teachers, raising questions around safeguarding teaching standards. Training literature emphasises the need for appropriate training and meditation experience, yet studies into impact of such variables on participant outcomes are scarce, requiring further investigation. This feasibility pilot study hypothesised that participant outcomes would relate to teachers' mindfulness-based teacher training levels and mindfulness-based teaching and meditation experience...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387264/mindfulness-acceptance-and-defusion-strategies-in-smokers-a-systematic-review-of-laboratory-studies
#13
REVIEW
Shirley Serfaty, Grace Gale, Matthew Beadman, Brett Froeliger, Sunjeev K Kamboj
The psychological flexibility model (PFM) provides a framework for understanding and treating behavioural dysregulation in addictions. Rather than modulating the intensity of subjective experience, interventions based on, or consistent with, the PFM (PFM interventions) seek to alter the individual's relationship to internal states, such as craving, negative affect and drug-related thoughts, using mindfulness, acceptance and related strategies. Experimental (non-clinical) studies in smokers have examined the effects of specific isolated strategies informed by or consistent with the PFM (PFM strategies)...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387263/dispositional-mindfulness-and-psychological-health-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Eve R Tomlinson, Omar Yousaf, Axel D Vittersø, Lauraine Jones
Interest in the influence of dispositional mindfulness (DM) on psychological health has been gathering pace over recent years. Despite this, a systematic review of this topic has not been conducted. A systematic review can benefit the field by identifying the terminology and measures used by researchers and by highlighting methodological weaknesses and empirical gaps. We systematically reviewed non-interventional, quantitative papers on DM and psychological health in non-clinical samples published in English up to June 2016, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576809/observational-study-on-a-mindfulness-training-for-smokers-within-a-smoking-cessation-program
#15
James M Davis, Simon B Goldberg, Kelly S Angel, Rachel H Silver, Emily A Kragel, Delaney J Lagrew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479377/the-mindful-personality-a-meta-analysis-from-a-cybernetic-perspective
#16
Adam W Hanley, Eric L Garland
Dispositional mindfulness (DM), or the tendency to attend to present moment experience, may have important implications for the structure of human personality. However, relationships between DM and the Big Five Model of Personality (BF) have not been definitively established. Therefore, the purpose of this meta-analysis was to extend previous investigations of the relationship between DM and the BF, utilizing a larger sample of studies, attending to relational inconsistencies potentially associated with alternative methods of operationalizing DM, conducting the first meta-analysis of the DM subdomains in relation to the BF, and situating the results in a cybernetic model...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399210/the-impact-of-mindfulness-and-perspective-taking-on-implicit-associations-toward-the-elderly-a-relational-frame-theory-account
#17
Darren J Edwards, Ciara McEnteggart, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Rob Lowe, Nicky Evans, Roger Vilardaga
Perspective-taking interventions have been shown to improve attitudes toward social outgroups. In contrast, similar interventions have produced opposite effects (i.e., enhanced negativity) in the context of attitudes toward elderly groups. The current study investigated whether a brief perspective-taking intervention enhanced with mindfulness would be associated with less negativity than perspective-taking alone. One hundred five participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 conditions which comprised of an active or control perspective-taking component and an active or control mindfulness component...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335671/feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-a-4-week-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-protocol-for-hospital-employees
#18
Christina M Luberto, Rachel S Wasson, Kristen M Kraemer, Richard W Sears, Carly Hueber, Sian Cotton
Hospital employees may experience occupational stress and burnout, which negatively impact quality of life and job performance. Evidence-based interventions implemented within the hospital setting are needed to promote employees' well-being. We offered a 4-week Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy group program for hospital employees, and used a mixed-methods practice-based research approach to explore feasibility, acceptability, and effects on stress and burnout. Participants were 65 hospital employees ( M age = 44...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333201/dispositional-mindfulness-shame-and-compulsive-sexual-behaviors-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#19
Meagan J Brem, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Approximately 31% of men in treatment for a substance use disorders (SUD) engage in compulsive sexual behavior (CSB). Shame, a well-documented consequence of CSB, increases the likelihood of relapse following treatment for SUDs. Despite the risk of relapse, prior research has not investigated factors that may attenuate the relation between CSB and shame. Dispositional mindfulness is one such factor known to mitigate shame. However, researchers have yet to examine dispositional mindfulness as a moderator of the relationship between CSB and shame among a sample of men in treatment for SUDs...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#20
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
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