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Pan African Medical Journal

Isaac Nkrumah, Catherine Atuhaire, Gunilla Priebe, Samuel Nambile Cumber
Introduction: Scientific research results are a necessary base for high quality nursing practice. The level of implementation of research in the clinical setting, including nurses' participation in and knowledge of research results, have gained considerable attention internationally. However, the remarkable international increase of such studies does not apply to the Ghanaian context. We therefore set out to evaluate the degree of involvement of nurses in research, as well as their utilization patterns of research findings in Ghana...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Mouna Ejjiyar, Saloua Ettalbi
Malignant lymphomas are a group of cancers that arise in the lymphoid tissue, in the lymph nodes or in extranodal sites due to neoplastic lymphocytic cell transformation. Within this group, malignant non-Hodgkin lymphomas are distinctive. We report a case of diffuse advanced and extremely aggressive malignant cutaneous non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The study involved a 30-year old patient, driver, married and father of one child, followed-up in the Department of Hematology and Oncology for 2 years due to malignant non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed on the basis of axillary and inguinal polyadenopathies...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Ibidolapo Taiwo Ijarotimi, Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, Adeola Aderinwale, Oluwadamilola Abiodun-Adewusi, Ime-Maria Okon
Introduction: Hospital-acquired infections of Lassa fever (LF) have been described in many West African countries. We assessed the availability of Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) measures and their use in the health centres (HCs) at the affected Local Government Areas (LGAs) during an ongoing LF outbreak in Ondo State, Nigeria. Methods: We included all primary and secondary HCs and their healthcare workers (HCWs) in the affected Ose and Owo LGAs. We collected data from respondents using self-administered questionnaires and used a checklist to assess the IPC measures at the HCs...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.11604/pamj.2016.24.335.9171.].
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Sitraka Angelo Raharinavalona, Iandry Michella Razafinjatovo, Rija Eric Raherison, Thierry Razanamparany, Andriamparany Rasata Ravelo, Andrinirina Dave Patrick Rakotomalala
Thyroid ectopia is rare. It results from a failure of migration of the thyroid gland during its embryonic development. It is most often asymptomatic. We here report a case of thyroid ectopia in the hyoid region in a young Malagasy girl, presenting as aesthetic discomfort associated with subclinical hypothyroidism. Diagnosis was confirmed using cervical ultrasound and scintigraphy with technetium-99m. Hormone replacement therapy is the gold standard even in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism because it results in physiologic euthyroidism and good clinical evolution...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Faten Limaiem, Saadia Bouraoui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Omar Boulahroud, Tarik Ziadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Mohammed Ahmed Ibrhim, Meaza Demissie, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Alemayehu Worku, Yemane Berhane
Introduction: Ethiopia has expanded the number of health facilities that offer maternal health services during the last two decades. However, the utilization of skilled birth attendants in health facilities is still very low especially among the pastoralist regions of the country. This study explored why women in the pastoralist region of Afar, Ethiopia still prefer to give birth at home. Methods: A qualitative study approach was used to collect information from October to December 2015...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Amenze Oritsemofe Onowhakpor, Vincent Yakubu Adam, Oghenetega Ewomazino Sakpa, Lydia Ukamaka Ozokwelu
Introduction: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is of great public health importance. Health care workers (HCWs) in various health care facilities especially in developing countries such as Nigeria, are particularly vulnerable to the disease. It is therefore imperative that health care workers adopt the necessary preventive practices to reduce to the barest minimum the risk of infection transmission. The study assessed the factors associated with EVD preventive practices among HCWs in a tertiary institution in Benin City, Nigeria...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Odette Dorcas Manigoue Tchape, Youth Brittany Tchapoga, Catherine Atuhaire, Gunilla Priebe, Samuel Nambile Cumber
Introduction: End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is an irreversible kidney condition and hemodialysis is the most frequent treatment option used for this condition. However, hemodialysis also has a detrimental impact on the quality of life and the individuals' physical and psychosocial wellbeing. The main objective of this study was to identify physiological and psychosocial stressors faced by patients undergoing hemodialysis in the Buea Regional Hospital in Cameroon. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out (December 2016 - January 2017) among patients undergoing hemodialysis at the Buea regional hospital...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Wafa Ben Ameur, Lamia Kallel, Houcine Maghrebi, Slim Haouet, Azza Filali
Cystic lymphangioma is a rare benign malformative tumor of the lymphatic vessels which may occur in various locations. Intra-abdominal cystic lymphangioma is less frequent than cervicoaxillary cystic lymphangioma. Clinical presentation is polymorphic. Diagnosis is based on imaging data but it requires histological confirmation. Surgery is the gold standard treatment. We here report a rare case of acquired intraperitoneal cystic lymphangioma secondary to subtotal colectomy in a female patient with severe evolutive Crohn's disease treated with anti-TNF alpha...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Bennis Ahmed, Benatiya Andaloussi Idriss
We here report the case of a 79-year old patient who underwent cataract by phacoemulsification associated with preoperative left and right eyes pseudo-capsular exfoliation in 2000. He had pseudo-exfoliative glaucoma with recurrence on the implant.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Ouiam El Anzi, Badreddine Hassam
Henna is used for coloring hair, but also to draw labile skin tattoo. Henna is often mixed with paraphenylenediamine (PPD). We report the case of a female patient presenting with contact eczema due to labile tattoo containing PPD. The study involved a 23-year old young woman with an aesthetic Black Henna tattoo on the back of the hand and on the forearm. This labile tattoo contained PPD. Two days later, the patient developed intensely pruritic, burning erythematovesiculosus and edematous lesions. The lesions involved the tattooed area, corresponding with the original drawing...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Mouna Ejjiyar, Saloua Ettalbi
Macrodactylia is a rare congenital malformation of unknown origin that can affect the fingers or the toes. It is characterized by an increase in the size of all the elements of one or more rays, recognizable at birth or occurring in a progressive manner. Social, aesthetic as well as functional impact imposes early surgical management or even amputations in advanced forms. We report the case of a 18-year old unmarried, left handed patient without a profession, admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery at the University Hospital Mohammed VI in Marrakech, with progressive acrodactylia involving the first and the second ray of the right hand...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Emmanuel Edmond Yambasu, Anthony Reid, Philip Owiti, Marcel Manzi, Mariama Jeanne Sia Murray, Ama Kyerewaa Edwin
Introduction: Transmissible blood-borne infections are a serious threat to blood transfusion safety in West African countries; and yet blood remains a key therapeutic product in the clinical management of patients. Sierra Leone screens blood donors for blood-borne infections but has not implemented prevention of mother-to-child transmission for hepatitis B. This study aimed to describe the overall prevalence of hepatitis B and C, HIV and syphilis among blood donors in Sierra Leone in 2016 and to compare the differences between volunteer versus family replacement donors, as well as urban versus rural donors...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Simant Singh Thapa, Buddha Basnyat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Antoine Lamblin, Clément Derkenne, Antoine Schwartz, Pierre Pasquier, Romain Gorioux, Pierre-François Wey
The treatment of foreign bodies in the upper third of the esophagus is well codified and it is more often based on endoscopic treatment. This specific instrument as well as gastroenterologists trained in its use are sometimes missing in African countries. Physicians have to use alternative approaches to treat this disease. This study aimed to evaluate the procedure for the removal of foreign bodies in the upper third of the esophagus carried out by anaesthetists-resuscitators in a medical and surgical center in Chad...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Lamiae Bouimetarhan, Habib Bellamlih, Issam En-Nafaa, Jamal El Fenni, Touria Amil, Bouchaib Radouane
Plexiform neurofibroma is a rare benign tumor of the peripheral nerves involving the conjunctiva cells of the perineurium. It is pathognomonic of neurofibromatosis type1 (NF1 or Von Recklinghausen disease). MRI is a great help in the diagnosis of this pathology. Anatomopathological confirmation is sometimes necessary, in particular in patients with no signs of NF1. We here report the case of a little girl with cervical plexiform neurofibroma revealing neurofibromatosis type 1.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Leila Nasiriani, Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar, Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Naser Bahrani
Introduction: Professional ethics is an important issue in every organization. This study was designed to define compliance level to professional codes of ethics and some of its related factors in midwives working at healthcare centers. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in 2013 Tehran Iran. 125 midwives from the governmental healthcare centers of Tehran were selected through stratified quota sampling method. Data gathering tool was a self-reporting questionnaire which included: demographic characteristics, Iranian version of ethical codes of reproductive health providers, applicability of these ethical codes and awareness about the professional codes of ethical...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Francine Mwayuma Birungi, Brian van Wyk, Jeannine Uwimana, Joseph Ntaganira, Stephen Michael Graham
Introduction: To report on the diagnostic yield using the Xpert MTB/RIF assay on gastric lavage samples from children (<15 years) who were household contacts of tuberculosis (TB) cases in Kigali, Rwanda. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 216 child contacts of index cases with sputum smear-positive TB over a 7 month period, from 1st August 2015 to 29th February 2016. Child contacts with tuberculosis-related symptoms or abnormal chest X-ray had sputum collected by gastric lavage on two consecutive days and samples were examined by smear microscopy, Xpert MTB/RIF assay and solid culture...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
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