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Pan African Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402202/effects-of-concurrent-chloroquine-and-ethanol-administration-on-the-rat-kidney-morphology
#1
Abdurrahman Abdulkadir, Ejikeme Felix Mbajiorgu, Trust Nyirenda
Introduction: The use of antimalarial chloroquine in malaria-endemic regions of Africa is rampant and it is not uncommon to find individuals taken the drug concurrent with alcohol. Effects of anti-malarial drug chloroquine (Chq) and ethanol (Et) combination on kidney volume and function using rat model was investigated. Methods: 32 adult male rats were randomly distributed into four groups of 8 rats each. Group C serve as control and received vehicle only, while Q is Chq treated only, E is Et treated and QE is Et and Chq treated...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374400/-retrorectal-stromal-tumor-macroscopic-entity-and-surgical-difficulties
#2
Driss Erguibi, Abdelilah El Bakouri, Yassine Fahmi, Bouchaib Kadiri
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are uncommon mesenchymal tumors that very rarely occur in the rectum. They pose preoperative diagnostic and therapeutic problems. We report the case of retrorectal stromal tumor in order to highlight the clinical, radiological and therapeutic features of this rare entity.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374399/pucker-sign-in-irreducible-posterolateral-knee-dislocation
#3
Sanjiv Fitz-Morris Gray, Beatrice Esther Dieudonne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374398/psychomotor-regression-due-to-vitamin-b12-deficiency
#4
Amal Bousselamti, Brahim El Hasbaoui, Hanae Echahdi, Yamna Krouile
A vitamin B12 deficiency in infants is rare, but may sometimes be seen in breastfed babies of strict vegetarian mothers. Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is only found in meat and other animal products. Most babies have a sufficient supply as long as the mother was not deficient herself. Symptoms and signs of vitamin B12 deficiency appear between the ages of 2 to 12 months and include vomiting, lethargy, failure to thrive, hypotonia, and arrest or regression of developmental skills. Urinary concentrations of methylmalonic acid and homocystine are characteristically elevated in vitamin B12 deficiency...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374397/a-giant-mass-in-the-neck-of-a-young-men-a-case-of-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer
#5
Carlos Eduardo Salazar-Mejía, Luis Alberto Pérez-Arredondo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374396/an-overview-of-civil-society-organizations-roles-in-health-project-sustainability-in-bauchi-state-nigeria
#6
Umar Ibrahim, Sharifa Ezat Wan-Puteh
Introduction: This study sets out to assess the roles of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in post donor health project sustainability in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs), the case of the Bauchi State, Nigeria. This study equally investigated the CSOs strategies and roles in health project sustainability. Methods: For quantitative data collection, the random, purposive, and convenient sampling techniques were used and 156 respondents selected from relevant organizations operating in Bauchi state, Nigeria, and 15 respondents for Key Informant Interviews (KIIs)...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374395/-self-induced-dermatosis-on-the-shoulder
#7
Mohamed El Amraoui, Badredine Hassam
Self-induced dermatoses are more and more frequent in adolescent substance abusers with adaptation problems. We here report a case of self-induced bullous lesions on the shoulder in an adolescent with major depression and suicidal ideations. The study involved a 22-year old man, who was a chronic smoker, an occasional user of cannabis and alchool with no particular past medical history, with divorced parents, in conflict with his father. He presented with bullous eruption on the left shoulder made of bubbles, post-bullous skin erosions and scabs on a healthy skin...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374394/advanced-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lower-lip
#8
Fred Bernardes Filho, Priscila Vinhal Grupioni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374393/-cheilitis-granulomatosa-revealing-crohn-s-disease
#9
Khaoula Jellali, Ihsane Mellouki, Adil Ibrahimi
Many disorders of the digestive tract cause cutaneous manifestations that may be an indication of an underlying condition; hence dermatologist plays a key role in recommending that the patient see a gastroenterologist. Conversely, gastroenterologist often sees patients with mucocutaneous lesions suggesting possible association with well-known digestive disorders. Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases are the typical example of this essential collaboration between the two specialities. We report a case of Crohn's disease revealed by cheilitis granulomatosa...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374392/-cervico-occipital-junction-malformation-and-vitiligo
#10
Omar Boulahroud, Jalal El Benaye
Vitiligo is a relatively common multifactorial polygenetic dermatosis (0.5%-2% of general population) characterized by segmental or nonsegmental cutaneous depigmentation. Chiari malformation is a congenital cervico-occipital junction disease characterized by a migration of a part of the cerebellum through the foramen magnum.The association between these two pathologies is exceptional and poses a cause-effect problem. We here report the case of a 45-year old woman with no particular previous history who reported bilateral cervico-brachial neuralgias associated with thermal algesic dissociated sensory disorders lasting for 2 months...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374391/-ureteral-injuries-complicating-gynecologic-surgery
#11
Fatnassi Ridha, Merzougui Latifa, Rebhi Ines, Hajji Maamar, Braiek Salem
Iatrogenic ureteral lesions may occur after any pelvic surgery. They are severe and can affect renal function and even vital prognosis. This study aimed to determine the clinical aspects and the therapeutic approaches of this injury. We conducted a retrospective study of six patients with iatrogenic ureteral lesions following gynecologic or obstetric surgery whose data were collected in the Department of Urology in Kairouan on a period of 4 years (2012-2016). The average age of our patients was 46 years. They were all multiparous...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374390/gamasoidosis-bird-mite-dermatitis-dermanyssus-gallinae-in-a-young-boy
#12
Marcos Davi Gomes de Sousa, Fred Bernardes Filho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374389/-nosocomial-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-annual-incidence-rate-and-clinical-aspects
#13
Latifa Merzougui, Tarek Barhoumi, Tayeb Guizani, Hafed Barhoumi, Hajer Hannachi, Elyess Turki, Wael Majdoub
Although the number of ICU beds is generally limited, the incidence rates of nosocomial infections is high. Managing infectious risk in ICU is a priority today; one of the strategic aims is the establishment of systems for epidemiological control. The aim of our study is to determine the incidence and the clinical aspects in order to identify the risk factors. We conducted a longitudinal descriptive impact assessment study enrolling patients hospedalized for more than 48 hours in general purpose Intensive Care Unit at the Ibn El JAZZAR Hospital, Kairouan over a period of 1 year, from 01/03/2013 to 28/02/2014...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374388/-the-rts-s-as01-malaria-vaccine-in-children-aged-5-17-months-at-first-vaccination
#14
REVIEW
Pascale Vandoolaeghe, Lode Schuerman
RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine received a favorable scientific opinion from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in July 2015. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the pilot introduction of this vaccine in children aged 5 months or older using a vaccination schedule which included 3 initial doses separated by at least 1 month and a 4th dose administered 15-18 months after the 3rd dose. Clinical trials and mathematical models showed that the partial protection against malaria conferred by vaccine RTS,S/AS01 Malaria Vaccine could have a substantial impact on public health if the vaccine was used in association with other control measures for malaria, in particular in highly endemic areas...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374387/-nasal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-about-two-rare-cases
#15
Najoua Bouayad, Naoual Oubelkacem, Wafaa Bono, Ouafae Masbah, Touria Bouhafa, Abderrahman Elmazghi, Hassouni Khalid
NK/T-cell lymphoma is a severe and rare disorder in Africa and in Europe. Treatment is based on radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We here report two cases of elderly patients aged 55 years and 52 years, respectively, with bilateral nasal obstruction associated with purulent rhinorrhea. Clinical examination showed cleft palate. Diagnosis was made on the basis of immunohistochemical examination of biopsies. Both patients underwent CHOEP chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma is an aggressive type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with specific clinicopathologic features...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374386/-acquired-facial-angiokeratoma
#16
Jawad El-Azhari, Naoufal Hjira
Angiokeratomas are vascular dilations (telangiectasic papules) with keratotic surface caused by capillary dilation in the dermal papilla due to venous hyperpression, vascular malformation or a capillary fragility. They most commonly are benign and just unsightly and they may sometimes reveal a dreaded overload disease known as Fabry Disease. Here we report the case of a 56-year old patient, with no notable medical history, presenting with nontraumatic, nonpruritic, bleeding on contact, grouped cluster erythematous papules without extracutaneous manifestations on the left malar region, that had occurred 4 months before...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374385/-tarsal-conjunctiva-an-exceptional-localization-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-conjunctiva
#17
Bennis Ahmed, Benatiya Andaloussi Idriss
We here report the case of a 48-year old patient with a family history of five deaths due to cancers with different localizations, presenting with ulcero-budding nodular swelling of the lower palpebral conjunctiva measuring 2cm long its longer axis, gradually increasing volume over one year. It involved the inner half of the lower tarsal conjunctiva closely with the lower lacrimal punctum (A). Tumor biopsy showed well differentiated squamous carcinoma of the conjunctiva. Treatment was based on tumor resection (B) with wide negative safety margins on anatomopathological exam...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374384/type-b-lymphomatoid-papulosis
#18
Ahmed Bouhamidi, Badreddine Hassam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374383/-kayser-fleischer-ring-in-wilson-s-disease
#19
Qariani Hajare, Khmamouche Mehdi
Wilson's disease is a copper toxicosis characterized by an overload in tissue copper (mainly hepatic, cerebral and pericorneal). It is caused by ATP7B mutations which incorporate copper into ceruloplasmin in the liver and pass out excess copper into the bile. This disease can be adequately treated if diagnosed early. The challenge is to diagnose it in the early stage of liver disease, before it becomes multisystemic. We report the case of a 19-year old female patient with Wilson's disease with multisytemic involvement: mucocutaneous pallor, intermittent hand tremor, that started when she was 16 years, hepatitis complicated by ascites, neurological disorder, such as postural tremor of the arms and the legs...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374382/paederus-dermatitis
#20
Ahmed Bouhamidi, Mohammed Boui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
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