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Pan African Medical Journal

Vinay Kharsan, Ramnik Singh Madan, Pankaj Rathod, Abhishek Balani, Sumit Tiwari, Saurabh Sharma
Ossifying fibroma (OF) is classified as, and behaves like, a benign bone neoplasm. It is often considered to be a type of fibro-osseous lesion (FOL). It can affect both mandible and the maxilla, particularly the mandible. This bone tumour consists of highly cellular, fibrous tissue that contains varied amounts of bone or cementum resembling calcified tissue. Present case is an unusual report of central ossifying fibroma involving the left side of mandible in an 18 year old female patient, who presented to the department with a painless hard swelling...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Ahmed Mougui, Imane El Bouchti
We here report the case of a 18 year old patient with two brothers who died from sickle cell anemia. He had a 5-day history of diffuse bone pain. He had drunk a preparation containing lead to obtain an analgesic effect without improvement. Radiographic examination showed a condensation due to the presence of lead in the digestive tract, associated with aseptic osteonecrosis of the two femoral heads on the X-ray of the pelvis (A) and of the vertebrae in H on the X-ray of the dorso-lumbar spine (B). These signs were suggestive of sickle cell anemia...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Gideon Rutaremwa, Allen Kabagenyi
Introduction: Promotion of modern family planning is a major policy action for Africa to harness the demographic dividend. Family planning is an important public health intervention for maternal and child health. Methods: Analysis was based on data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2010 on samples of women from Burundi (3396) and Rwanda (4670). Descriptive and multivariate logistic regression analyses to examine the contribution and comparison of the various predictors of uptake of modern contraceptives during the postpartum period (PPFP) in the two countries were carried out using STATA statistical software...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Calixte Ida Penda, Else Carole Eboumbou Moukoko, Julien Franck Ngomba Youmba, Emmanuel Mpondo Mpondo
Introduction: The use of different therapeutic approaches is common among sick children in Cameroon. The main objective of this study was to characterize the use of non-prescription drugs and describe the therapeutic itineraries of sick children before admission to the hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional and prospective study was conducted from January to May 2017. A closed-ended questionnaire (CEQ) consisting of one or several response options was administered to the parents/guardians of the children on admission to the hospital in the pediatric ward of the Laquintinie Hospital in Douala (LHD) and the Cité des Palmiers District Hospital (CPDH) of the city of Douala...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Abdelkader Jalil El Hangouche, Ouiame Lamliki, Latifa Oukerraj, Taoufiq Dakka, Nawal Doghmi, Jamila Zarzur, Mohammed Cherti
The Kounis-Zavras syndrome is defined as the coincidental occurrence of acute coronary events and hypersensitivity reactions following an allergic reaction including a mast-cell degranulation of vasospastic mediators. This report describes a case of Kounis-Zavras syndrome in the setting of aspirin-induced asthma also known as Samter-Beer triad combining nasal polyps, asthma, and aspirin allergy leading to vasospasm and myocardial infarction. All physicians should be aware of The Kounis syndrome and always keep that unique clinical entity in mind to recognize it promptly and direct the therapy at suppressing the allergic reaction...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Jawad El-Azhari, Mohammed Boui
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent skin cancer. It never affects the mucosa. It is characterized by a local malignancy with an extremely rare risk of developing distant metastasis and the lowest mortality. However in the absence of diagnosis and early surgery, BCC can be locally invasive and result in severe tissue destruction. It can ulcerate and its growth can be extensive and destructive: terebrant tumors affecting the structures of the muscles and the bone. We here report the case of a 80-year old woman living in an isolated rural areas, presenting with ulcerated exudative and smelly burgeoning lesion in the pretragal and the parotid regions...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Redouane Hani, Mohamed Ben-Aissi, Reda Allah Bassir, Mohamed Saleh Berrada
Elbow dislocations are very frequent. We conducted a retrospective study of 40 patients with dislocations of the elbow whose data were collected between 2013 and 2015. All patients underwent emergency reduction under sedation or under general anesthesia. Treatment was completed with antalgic immobilization for about ten days followed by active mobilization. After a mean follow-up period of 24 months, flexion and extension mobility greater than 100ο was obtained in more than 80% of patients and only two cases had severe stiffness...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Aryé Weinberg, Andreas Eberhard Albers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Humphrey Kabugo, Davis Ashaba, Fausta Mosha, Rebecca Babirye, Christine Kihembo, Mercy Maeda, Kerine Hay, Olivia Namusisi, Peter Nsubuga
Introduction: Between September 2010 and September 2016, the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) implemented laboratory strengthening initiatives through a cooperative agreement with the International Laboratory Branch of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This project aimed at improving laboratory Quality Management Systems (QMS) towards accreditation in Africa and the Caribbean region and was implemented in 11 countries in the Caribbean and seven African countries...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Ghizlan El Amri, Mohammed Zalagh, Ali Jahidi, Fouad Benariba
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (NTOS) encloses the whole set of clinical manifestations associated with the compression of the trunks of the brachial plexus and/or of the subclavian vessels as they cross the thoracic outlet (cervico-thoraco-brachial junction). It rarely affects children. We here report the case of a young girl treated for neurologic NTOS caused by supernumerary cervical rib.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Akloa Komlavi Ehlissou Kolima, Kombate Noufanangue Kanfitine, Lamboni Damessane, Gnandi-Piou Fare, Sama Hamza Dolès, Akpoto Messanvi Yaovi, Assenouwe Sarakawabalo, Assogba Komi, Abalo Anani
In February 2016, the camp of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), in Kidal, was attacked and many people were wounded and killed. This study aims to determine the nature of extremity traumas and to describe their treatment. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of extremity traumas in the victims of the attack on the camp of MINIUSMA in Kidal. The parameters studied were age, sex, admission delay, seat of the lesions and type of emergency surgical treatment performed...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Lieven Dossche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Adama Diallo, Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Ter Tiero Elias Dah, Souleymane Tassembedo, Romial Sawadogo, Nicolas Meda
Introduction: Tuberculosis treatment failure results in increased risk of morbidity, drug resistance, transmission and mortality. There are few data about tuberculosis treatment outcomes in Burkina Faso. The current study investigated the factors associated with tuberculosis treatment failure in the central east health region of Burkina Faso. Methods: We conducted a case-control study. All cases of pulmonary tuberculosis failing first-line treatment matched to those who were cured (controls) in the Central Eastern Region were sampled from January 2010 to December 2014...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Obinna Ositadimma Oleribe, Omole Ukwedeh, Nicholas Jonathan Burstow, Asmaa Ibrahim Gomaa, Mark Wayne Sonderup, Nicola Cook, Imam Waked, Wendy Spearman, Simon David Taylor-Robinson
For many years the definition of 'health' has remained unchanged as a narrow concept, encompassing physical wellbeing from a medical context. This somewhat focused definition has attracted criticism from individuals and professional bodies alike. Recent attempts have been made to redefine health, each offering an alternative viewpoint from sociological, environmental, societal and economic standpoints. We summarize and contextualize these definitions and provide an alternative, new, all-encompassing definition of health...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Fatima-Ezzahra Hazmiri, Fatima Boukis, Said Ait Benali, Najat Cherif Idrissi El Ganouni, Hanane Rais
Brain tumors are the most diagnosed solid tumors in children under the age of 15 years worldwide. However, the epidemiological and anatomopathological profile of these tumors has been poorly described in African and, particularly, in Moroccan literature. This study highlights the epidemiological and anatomopathological peculiarities of primary brain tumors in children living in the region of Marrakech (south Morocco). We conducted a retrospective study in the Division of Anatomic Pathology at the Mohammed VI University Hospital, Marrakech from 2004 to 2016...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Mickyas Aberham, Jeffrey John Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Bilkisu Nwankwo, Mohammed Nasir Sambo
Introduction: Reliable and accurate public health information is essential for monitoring, evaluating and improving the delivery of healthcare services. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of training health care workers on data management practice in health management information systems in primary health care (PHC) centers in Kaduna state. Methods: The study was quasi-experimental with baseline, intervention and end point components. It was carried out in two local government areas, a study and a control...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Adebayo Adekunle Akadri, Oluwaseyi Isaiah Odelola
Introduction: Labour pain perception is influenced by a variety of factors; hence women experience and cope with labour pain differently. This study was designed to assess labour pain perception among parturient. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 132 pregnant women who had vaginal delivery at two tertiary hospitals in south west Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was administered to women within 24 hours of delivery to record details of labour and delivery...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Grace Wambura Mbuthia, Charles Owour Olungah, Tom Gesora Ondicho
Introduction: Tuberculosis awareness is crucial to the success of control and prevention of tuberculosis. However, the knowledge and perceptions of tuberculosis patients in rural Kenya is not well documented. The study sought to explore the knowledge and perceptions of TB patients in West Pokot County Kenya. Methods: This was a qualitative descriptive study conducted between January-March 2016. A total of 61 pulmonary tuberculosis patients took part in the study which comprised 6 focus group discussion and 15 in-depth interviews...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Vincent Mogaka Mageto, Mathenge Scholastica Gatwiri, Wachuka Njoroge
Introduction: Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for urinary tract infections. Irrational use of antibiotics has led to the emergency of uropathogens resistant to available antibiotics. The main objective was to determine the bacterial causative agents of urinary tract infections and their antibiotic resistance patterns. Methods: One hundred and eighty (180) type 2 diabetic patients were recruited to take part in the study. Urine samples were collected and cultured for urinary tract infections diagnosis and antibiotic sensitivity...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
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