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Pan African Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761620/-swelling-of-the-pectoralis-muscle-revealing-isolated-muscular-tuberculosis
#1
Sohaib Hayoun, Hanane El Ouazzani, Bouchra Habibi, Salwa Belhabib, Hicham Souhi, Ismail Abderahmane Rhorfi, Ahmed Abid
Soft tissue tuberculosis is one of the rare forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Furthermore, isolated muscular tuberculosis is exceptional. We here report the original case of a young immunocompetent patient with isolated muscular tuberculosis involving major pectoralis muscle. The diagnosis was mainly based on histology. The patient was successfully treated with anti bacterial therapy only. This rare case study has been combined with a literature review.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761619/ectopic-thyroid-tissue-unusual-differential-diagnosis-of-cervical-paraganglioma
#2
Houda Chahed, Ghada Kharrat, Rim Bechraoui, Jihene Marrakchi, Azza Mediouni, Mohamed Ben Amor, Rim Zainine, Nejeh Beltaief, Ghazi Besbes
Ectopic thyroid tissue (ETT) lateral to the midline is rare. Its occurrence in the carotid bifurcation is exceptional. We present a 45 years woman who consulted with a slow growing right cervical swelling. Clinical examination Ultrasonography, contrast enhanced CT and cervical MRI concluded to a paraganglioma. Intra-operatively, the tumor didn't have the characteristic aspect of a paraganglioma. Complete excision was performed. Histology concluded to an ectopic micro-vesicular thyroid adenoma.Previous literature was reviewed to summarize clinical and radiologic characteristics of such rare entity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761618/percutaneous-placement-of-the-peripheral-catheter-to-the-subclavian-vein-for-a-va-shunt
#3
Drosos Evangelos, Giakoumettis Dimitrios, Sfakianos Georgios, Eleftherakis Nikolaos, Papadopoulos Filippos, Themistocleous Marios
Hydrocephalus is a common neurosurgical pathology that affects people of all ages and especially the pediatric population. It can be very often a life threatening condition that pediatric neurosurgeons must deal with. Therefore a number of CSF diversion techniques have been established. The gold standard treatment currently is the placement of a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. Because of hydrocephalus being a lifelong condition, it is almost in daily practice dealing with cases of shunt failures for a number of reasons...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761617/hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-clinicopathological-study-of-64-cases
#4
Faten Limaiem, Marwa Bouhamed, Ghada Sahraoui, Sabeh Mzabi
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common of all liver cancers and is a major worldwide public health problem. The aim of this study was to provide an updated overview on clinicopathological features, treatment and outcome of HCC. In our retrospective study, we reviewed 64 cases of HCC that were diagnosed at the pathology department of Mongi Slim hospital over a fifteen-year period (2000- 2014). Relevant clinical information and microscopic slides were retrospectively reviewed. Our study group included 38 men and 26 women (sex ratio M/F = 1,26) aged between 8 and 83 years (mean = 56,64 years)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761616/cardiometabolic-risk-among-hiv-positive-ugandan-adults-prevalence-predictors-and-effect-of-long-term-antiretroviral-therapy
#5
Patrick Kazooba, Ivan Kasamba, Billy Nsubuga Mayanja, Joseph Lutaakome, Ivan Namakoola, Tino Salome, Pontiano Kaleebu, Paula Munderi
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the prevalence, predictors of and effect of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) regimen on cardiometabolic risk among HIV-positive Ugandan adults at enrolment into a prospective cohort to study the Complications of Long-Term ART (CoLTART). METHODS: We collected data on cardiometabolic risk factors including dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity and calculated the mean atherogenic index for Plasma (AIP) and 10 year Framingham risk score (FHS)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761615/-historical-buttock-tumor-a-case-report
#6
Hasnaa Zaouri, Baderdine Hassam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761614/-impact-of-controlled-temperature-chain-ctc-approach-on-immunization-coverage-achieved-during-the-preventive-vaccination-campaign-against-meningitis-a-using-menafrivac-in-togo-in-2014
#7
Dadja Essoya Landoh, Anna-Léa Kahn, Anani Lacle, Kodjovi Adjeoda, Bayaki Saka, Issifou Yaya, Danladi Ibrahim Nassoury, Assima Kalao, Makawa-Sy Makawa, Nsiari-Mueyi Joseph Biey, Andre Bita, Yaovi Temfa Toke, Petit Dörte, Lucile Imboua, Olivier Ronveaux
METHOD: We conducted a survey from 9 to 14 March 2015 (for approximately 3 months) after the end of the vaccination campaign in these four regions. Interviewees were selected using two stages cluster sampling stratified according to the regions. MenAfriVac vaccine in Controlled Temperature Chain (CTC) was used in 10 districts, in Togo. RESULTS: A total of 2707 households were surveyed and 9082 people aged 1-29 years were interviewed. The average age of the individuals surveyed was 11...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761613/-dress-syndrome-secondary-to-antituberculosis-drugs-about-a-case
#8
Siham Jridi, Rajae Azzeddine, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi
Drug hypersensitivity syndrome or Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms or DRESS syndrome is a severe and potentially life-threatening toxidermia. It should be suspected in patients developing cutaneous reaction following drug intake. We report the case of a 45-year old patient treated for pulmonary tuberculosis (TPM+) who developed DRESS syndrom induced by antibacillaries.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761612/-medical-oncology-is-it-a-new-medical-speciality-in-africa
#9
Sami Aziz Brahmi, Fatima Zahra Ziani, Youssef Seddik, Said Afqir
Cancer is a major public health problem in Africa. Advances in the treatment of cancers over the last decade are undeniable. Multidisciplinary approach is essential for improved patient's management. Medical oncology is a recently-recognized speciality in Africa Indeed, many African countries do not have doctors or a sufficient number of doctors qualified to practice in this medical specialty. The fight against cancer in Africa involves oncology speciality training and the development of curricula in order to ensure optimum patient management...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761611/-literature-review-on-human-influenza-epidemics-occurred-before-the-implementation-plan-for-sentinel-surveillance-program-in-the-drc
#10
REVIEW
Edith Nkwembe-Ngabana, Steve Ahuka-Mundeke, Benoit Kebela-Ilunga, Emile Okitolo Londa, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), several influenza epidemics are ignored because they are confused with other infectious diseases which have similar symptoms. Our study aims to assess influenza epidemics occurred in the DRC before 2008, year of the implementation of the influenza surveillance program in the DRC. We searched all the documents [articles, report,…] about influenza epidemic or acute respiratory infections [ARI] in the DRC before 2008 by using chosen key words. Epidemic description elements were identified and analyzed in each report...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761610/cold-chain-management-practices-of-health-care-workers-in-primary-health-care-facilities-in-southern-nigeria
#11
Esohe Olivia Ogboghodo, Vivian Ossaidiom Omuemu, Oisedebame Odijie, Ofure Jennifer Odaman
INTRODUCTION: Vaccination has caused a dramatic reduction in the threat of diseases that were once widespread and often times fatal. The efficient practice of cold chain management is therefore key to ensuring that the benefits of vaccination are sustained. The objective of this study is to assess the practice of cold chain management among health workers in primary health care facilities in Benin City, Edo State. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was employed in this study...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761609/evaluation-of-severe-malaria-case-management-in-mazowe-district-zimbabwe-2014
#12
Bargley Makumbe, Cremence Tshuma, Gerald Shambira, More Mungati, Notion Tafara Gombe, Donewell Bangure, Tsitsi Patience Juru, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Malaria is a preventable and curable disease. Mazowe district had been experiencing a lower malaria transmission rate in comparison to other districts in the Mashonaland Central province but it experienced a huge outbreak in the 2013-2014 rainy seasons with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 0.21%. This CFR was the highest in the province and it was twice as much as the national CFR (0.12%) for the same period. We evaluated severe malaria case management in Mazowe district to determine if practice is as per standard treatment guidelines...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761608/knowledge-of-direct-obstetric-causes-of-maternal-mortality-and-associated-factors-among-reproductive-age-women-in-aneded-woreda-northwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Fikreselassie Getachew, Getachew Mullu Kassa, Mulatu Ayana, Endawoke Amsalu
INTRODUCTION: in Ethiopia, 20,000 women die each year from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth with much more maternal morbidity occurring for each maternal death. Good knowledge of women related with direct causes of maternal mortality is important in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess knowledge of direct obstetric causes of maternal mortality and associated factors among reproductive age of women in Aneded woreda, Northwest Ethiopia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761607/-severe-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-a-patient-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy-and-automated-implantable-defibrillator-aid
#14
Stéphane Méo Ikama, Jospin Makani, Bertrand Ellenga-Mbolla, Louis Igor Ondze-Kafata, Thierry Raoul Gombet, Gisèle Kimbally-Kaky
Severe ventricular arrhythmias are frequent during heart failure; they are a life-threatening condition due to the increased risk of sudden death. Efficient management remains limited in sub-Saharan Africa because of the limited or unavailable medical resources as automated implantable defibrillator (AID). We report the case of a 56-year old patient with non ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy with very low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)who underwent AID implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death due to ventricular arrhythmias in 2012...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761606/malaria-morbidity-and-mortality-trends-in-manicaland-province-zimbabwe-2005-2014
#15
Faith Mutsigiri, Patron Trish Mafaune, More Mungati, Gerald Shambira, Donewell Bangure, Tsitsi Juru, Notion Tafara Gombe, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Zimbabwe targets reducing malaria incidence from 22/1000 in 2012 to 10/1000 by 2017, and malaria deaths to near zero by 2017. As the country moves forward with the malaria elimination efforts, it is crucial to monitor trends in malaria morbidity and mortality in the affected areas. In 2013, Manicaland Province contributed 51% of all malaria cases and 35% of all malaria deaths in Zimbabwe. This analysis describes the trends in malaria incidence, case fatality and malaria outpatient workload compared to the general outpatient workload...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761605/henoch-schonlein-purpura-associated-with-primary-active-epstein-barr-virus-infection-a-case-report
#16
Burcu Karakayali, Sila Yilmaz, Deniz Çakir, Pembe Gül Günes, Sirin Güven, Ismail Islek
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common form of childhood vasculitis. Various viral and bacterial infections, drugs, vaccines, food allergy and even insect bites have been considered as triggering factors in pathogenesis of HSP. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, which is associated with HSP, have been rarely reported. Herein we present HSP patient possibly caused by EBV infection. A 8-year old boy was admitted to our department with fever, rashes on legs and arms and intermittent mild abdominal pain...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761604/-colon-adenocarcinoma-and-synchronous-type-1-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-unique-association
#17
Asma Sassi, Dhouha Bacha, Ghofrane Talbi, Sana Ben Slama, Rahma Boughriba, Zeineb Mzoughi, Saadia Bouraoui, Ahlem Lahmar
The detection of primary tumors synchronous with colorectal cancer has been the subject of multiple publications. This association can occur sporadically or fall under the framework of well defined clinical syndromes such as Lynch syndrome. Synchronous association of colorectal cancer (CRC) and renal cell carcinoma is rare. It is even more rare when renal cell carcinoma is of papillary origin, with only 2 cases reported in the literature. The association between CRC and renal cell carcinoma does not seem to be related to mismatch repair proteins (MMR) abnormality and does not include, up to now, any clinical syndrome...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761603/-malignant-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-breast-and-hiv-about-a-case
#18
Ahmed Meklaa, Abdennasser El Kharass
Malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) accounts for 0.5% of all breast cancers. Diagnosis is essentially based on histology. We report the case of a 42-year old female patient with MNHL of the breast and positive HIV serology. This study aimed to highlight the clinical, radiological and therapeutic aspects of this disease and to emphasize the importance of HIV testing in patients with extraganglionar MNHL.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761602/-papules-on-the-back-of-hands-granuloma-annulare-should-be-suspected
#19
Hasnaa Zaouri, Baderddine Hassam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761601/childhood-tuberculosis-management-and-treatment-outcomes-among-children-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Zemene Tigabu Kebede, Belaynew Wasie Taye, Yohannes Hailu Matebe
INTRODUCTION: Childhood tuberculosis (TB) treatment is becoming a major challenge in the TB control efforts of the Ethiopian health system. This study assessed childhood tuberculosis management, and treatment outcomes among children who completed anti-TB treatment in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among children who completed their anti-TB treatment in Gondar University Referral Hospital and 6 satellite health centers. Data from each child with tuberculosis were obtained from review of medical records...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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