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Pan African Medical Journal

Oyedunni Sola Arulogun, Ifeyinwa Arinze Ogbu, Isaac Oluwafemi Dipeolu
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of young people exposed to pornographic materials through the internet in Nigeria is increasing. However, the influence of the exposure on their sexual behaviour has not been fully explored. This study therefore explored the effects of internet exposure on the sexual behaviour of young persons in Ibadan North Local Government Area of southwest Nigeria. METHODS: A survey of 413 young persons was done using a pretested self-administered questionnaire which included questions on internet exposure and its influence on behaviour...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Mohamed Mahjoub, Maher Jedidi, Tasnim Masmoudi, Nabiha Bouafia, Mansour Njah
INTRODUCTION: The University Hospital Farhat Hached Sousse (Tunisia), has implemented a device-vigilance (DV) system, according to ANCSEP (National Agency of the Sanitary and Environmental Control of Products) guidelines, in order to manage the risk more effectively in hospital and to improve the quality and safety of patient care. In Tunisia the lack of regulation regarding device vigilance is the major obstacle to caregiver vigilance. The objective of this study is to establish the knowledge, attitudes, and clinical practice of University Hospital physicians regarding the implementation of the DV system...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Juan Carlos Cataño, Veronica Posada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Taiwo Augustina Ladapo, Christopher Imokhuede Esezobor, Foluso Ebunoluwa Lesi
INTRODUCTION: Children with steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome usually require treatment with second-line agents and calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine are now recommended as initial therapy. These agents only recently become available in our environment and their impact on care is unknown. We reviewed the short-term treatment outcomes of their use in comparison with previous outcomes. METHODS: Medical records of children managed for idiopathic steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome over a 5 year period were reviewed...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Mehdi Khmamouche, Zerrouk Rachid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Mehdi Kehila, Ahmed Halouani, Omar Touhami, Hassine Saber Abouda, Abdeljalil Khlifi, Rim Ben Hmid, Ines Benhassen, Aida Masmoudi, Mohamed Badis Chanoufi
This study aims to evaluate the value of prenatal ultrasound diagnosis by comparing it with the results of the fetopathological examination in case of therapeutic interruption of pregnancy for fetal indication. We conducted a retrospective descriptive and analytical study carried out over a three-year period from January 2013 to December 2015. It involved 66 fetuses autopsied after therapeutic interruption of pregnancy for fetal indication. Fetopathological examination confirmed ultrasound results in 63 cases (95...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Luchuo Engelbert Bain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Mohamed Sinaa
Liposarcoma is an extremely rare malignant adipose mesenchymal tumor. World Health Organization classifies liposarcomas into five subtypes: well differentiated, myxoid, pleomorphic, dedifferentiated and mixed. The association between multiple and synchronous location of several subtypes of liposarcomas is exceptional. Only 34 cases have been reported in the literature. We report the case of synchronous association between retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma and two small well-differentiated lipoma-like pericolic liposarcomas...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Joseph Aje Anejo-Okopi, Julius Ocheme Okojokwu, Augustine Odo Ebonyi, Emeka Uba Ejeliogu, Samson Ejiji Isa, Onyemocho Audu, Edoama Edet Akpakpan, Esther Ebere Nwachukwu, Christabel Kelechi Ifokwe, Murna Ali, Patricia Lar, Stephen Oguche
INTRODUCTION: Cryptosporidium is an important cause of diarrhea in children and immune-compromised individuals. Recent advances in molecular diagnostics have led to the discovery of subtype families that are thought to be more commonly associated with diarrhea. We aimed to isolate and characterize Cryptosporidium spp among children with diarrhea in Jos, Nigeria. METHODS: Stool samples were collected from165 children aged 0-5 years with diarrhea. Cryptosporidium oocysts were examined by wet mount preparation, using formalin ether and a modified acid fast staining method...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Hakima Elmahi, Asmae Lahlou, Hanane Baybay, Salim Gallouj, Fatima Zahra Mernissi, Fatima Zahra Reggad, Taoufik Harmouch
Basosquamous carcinoma (BSC) is a rare skin cancer which has areas of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and a transition zone between them. However, dermoscopic features of BSC are not well described in the literature, except for two studies. The aim of this case study was to better identify and clarify the role of dermoscopy in the diagnosis of BSC, although histological confirmation is necessary.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Daouda Diamane Ndour
We report a case of intrauterine premature closure of the ductus arteriosus diagnosed in an anasarca fetus associated with major heart failure following mother's ingestion of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Second trimester obstetric ultrasound allowed detection of an asymmetry of the cardiac chambers. Caesarean section was perfomed at 30 weeks of pregnancy to remove anasarca fetus with major heart failure due to prenatal closure of the ductus arteriosus. Based upon this case, we conducted a literature review to highlight potential fetal and neonatal complications resulting from early closure of the ductus arteriosus secondary to NSAID use during pregnancy...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Oluwadare Esan, Adetunji Mapaderun Toluse, Oludare Uriel Ashaolu, Ayodele Elkanah Orimolade
INTRODUCTION: intramedullary nailing is a method of choice in the management of long bone diaphyseal fractures. However, complications necessitating re-operation may arise. This study was aimed at determining the rate and indications for re-operation following intramedullary nailing of tibia shaft fractures. METHODS: it was a cross-sectional study done at Orthopaedic Department of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife in Southwest Nigeria...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Charles John Elikwu, Oyinlola Oduyebo, Folasade Tolulope Ogunsola, Rose Ihuoma Anorlu, Christy Nene Okoromah, Brigitte König
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to industrialized countries, until recently Group B Streptococcus (GBS) was infrequently reported in the developing world. This study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of GBS maternal colonization and to analyze the serotype distribution among the isolates. METHODS: Vagino-rectal swabs collected from pregnant women were cultured for GBS using conventional media. Swabs were also taken from the mouths, ears and umbilical stumps of the neonates born to colonized mothers...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Barhoumi Mohamed Hafed, Ragmoun Houcem, Saidi Wassim, Guizani Taieb, Manssouri Waddah, Liouane Mohamed, Fatnassi Mohamed Ridha
Cerebral thrombophlebites are rare but life-threatening conditions (1/5000 births). Pregnancy and postpartum are predisposing factors: clinical presentation vary and may be misleading, dominated by headaches, convulsions and neurological deficits but showing no specific features. Physical examination often generates informations unavailable and misleading because cerebral thrombophlebites share symptoms with other affections. A definitive diagnosis can be made only neuroradiologically. Brain MRI is currently the reference method; it allows visualization of the venous thrombus and its evolution...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Nsikak Paul Nyoyoko, Augustine Vincent Umoh
INTRODUCTION: The Prevention of Mother to Child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV, an important intervention in the fight against HIV/AIDS can only be of benefit if the HIV status of the mother is known. Unfortunately, some women receive HIV counseling and testing (HCT) during the window period or prior to new infection in pregnancy and therefore, miss-out on the gains of PMTCT. A repeat HIV test would identify this later seroconversion and ensure early intervention. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of HIV seroconversion during pregnancy and assessing the factors associated with HIV seroconversion in clients who attended ante-natal clinic (ANC) in University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Karim Lakhdar, Naoufal Houari, Abderrahim Elbouazzaoui, Taoufik Ameuraoui, Brahim Boukatta, Hicham Sbai, Nabil Kanjaa
Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fungal infection occurring in immunocompromised patients. It is a serious life threatening condition. Even though diagnosed early, mucormycosis has a mortality rate reaching 50%. We report the case of mucormycosis in a diabetic patient hospitalized in Intensive Care Unit for severe angiocholitis. Evolution was lethal.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Karim Bourra, Amin Belmahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Marie Chantal Ngonde Essome, Bonglaisin Julius Nsawir, Rodrigue Dongang Nana, Patrick Molu, Mansour Mohamadou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Daouda Ndour
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common problem in neonatology. Various physiological protective reflex responses provide a plausible biological link between gastro-esophageal reflux and apnea and bradycardia in premature. It is uncertain whether or not there is a causal relationship between the two diseases. However there is no consensus about the clinical and paraclinical diagnosis. Further explorations and treatment offered to premature infants with symptoms are discussed. We report the case of a preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care and with apnea and bradycardia...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Maléki Assih, Lochina Feteke, Cyrille Bisseye, Djeneba Ouermi, Florencia Djigma, Simplice Damintoti Karou, Jacques Simpore
This study aimed to compare the sensitivity of multiplex PCR to ELISA technique in the instantaneous detection of HBV, HCV and HIVin blood samples from donors of the National blood Transfusion Centre in Togo. A total of 440 blood samplesfrom volunteer were collected and tested by ELISA and multiplex PCR for HBV, HCV and HIV detection. Among the 440 volunteer blood donors, 83% were female and 17% were male. Age range of 20-29 years was more represented (73%). Whereas, multiplex PCR detected more cases of HBV than ELISA (50% vs 33%, P=0...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
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