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Pan African Medical Journal

Robert Domo Nuoh, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Priscilla Nortey, Samuel Oko Sackey, Noora Charles Lwanga, Donne Kofi Ameme, Culbert Nuolabong, Marijanatu Abdulai, Fredrick Wurapa, Edwin Afari
INTRODUCTION: The Upper West region of Ghana is within the meningitis belt. Analysis of long term surveillance data is necessary for understanding changes in the disease occurrence. We analyzed five years of surveillance data to describe by person, place and time and to determine trends in meningitis. METHODS: Meningitis surveillance data from Ghana Health Service in the Upper West Region, from 2009 to 2013 were reviewed. Data was obtained from District-Health Information Management System and line list from the Disease Control Unit...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Maria Anyorikeya, Donne Kofi Ameme, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Samuel Oko Sackey, Edwin Afari
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is the third leading cause of hospital morbidity in children under five years in the War Memorial Hospital (WMH). With the current changes in climate, little is known about the seasonal and spatial distribution of diarrhoeal diseases in the WMH. We determined trends of diarrhoeal diseases in children under five years in the WMH. METHODS: We reviewed secondary data of children under five years who attended the WMH and were diagnosed of diarrhoea...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Gideon Kye-Duodu, Priscillia Nortey, Keziah Malm, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Samuel Oko Sackey, Sampson Ofori, Edwin Andrews Afari
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B and HIV infections are endemic in sub-Saharan Africa including Ghana. Understanding the extent of the co-infection is critical to the optimal care of persons living with HIV and AIDS (PLHIV). We determined the prevalence and risk factors of HBV co-infection in PLHIV and assessed the knowledge of health care workers (HCW) in Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) clinics regarding the co-infection. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in five ART clinics to obtain data from a systematic random sample of PLHIV in the Eastern region of Ghana from March to June 2012...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Ebenezer Kofi Mensah, Edwin Afari, Frederick Wurapa, Samuel Sackey, Albert Quainoo, Ernest Kenu, Kofi Mensah Nyarko
INTRODUCTION: Small-scale gold miners in Ghana have been using mercury to amalgamate gold for many years. Mercury is toxic even at low concentration. We assessed occupational exposure of small-scale gold miners to mercury in Prestea, a gold mining town in Ghana. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which we collected morning urine samples from 343 small-scale gold miners and tested for elemental mercury. Data on small-scale gold miner's socio-demographics, adverse health effects and occupational factors for mercury exposure were obtained and analyzed using SPSS Version 16 to determine frequency and percentage...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Anthony Zunuo Dongdem, Mawuli Dzodzomenyo, Richard Harry Asmah, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Priscillia Nortey, Adwoa Agyei, David Nana Adjei, Ernest Kenu, Andrew Anthony Adjei
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype is an important predictive variable which might have an impact in management and treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B infection. In Ghana very little information is available on hepatitis B genotypes. This study was conducted to determine the distribution of HBV genotypes circulating among chronic hepatitis B patients reporting at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Accra, Ghana. METHODS: Blood samples (10 ml) were collected from 250 consenting patients...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Helena Acquah, Keziah Malm, Joyce Der, Gideon Kye-Duodu, Ebenezer Kofi Mensah, Samuel Oko Sackey, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Edwin Afari
INTRODUCTION: Cholera is a diarrhoea disease caused by the bacterium e. On 13th June 2011, there was a reported outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea at Medinya among people who eat at a mass traditional wedding ceremony in the Western Region of Ghana. We investigated to characterize the outbreak, and implement control and preventive measures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study. We interviewed health workers, reviewed medical records, conducted environmental assessment and obtained water and stool samples for laboratory investigation...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Liaqat Ali Chaudhry, Jaffar Ali Al-Tawfiq, Marwan Mohammed Zamzami, Saeed Abdullah Al-Ghamdi, Asirvatham Alwin Robert
INTRODUCTION: To analyze the susceptibility patterns in a rehabilitation center. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted between January 2011 and to January 2013 at Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Humanitarian City (SBAHC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Number of the patients, specimen type, pathogen detected and antibiogram were entered in database for analysis using Inter System Track care software. RESULTS: A total of 4525 isolates were available from 5148 patients...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Jean Berchmans Bizimana, Mansourou Mohamed Lawani, Barnabé Akplogan, Charles Gaturagi
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity has a positive impact on health. This study aims to compare health-related physical fitness in adults engaged in organized physical exercise with these in adults engaged in nonorganized physical exercise and to establish a relationship between this physical fitness and physical activity level. METHODS: We collected data on physical activity level and health-related physical fitness parameters. Independent samples T-test was used to compare the means of the two groups and Pearson correlation coefficient calculator was used to analyze the relationship between physical fitness parameters and physical activity level...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Ibtihale Benjouad, Ikram Taam, Khaoula El Ataouna, Mohamed Mahi, Touriya Amil, Rachida Saouab
Scimitar syndrome or veino-lobaire syndrome (term coined by Felson) is a very rare disease characterized by the combination of cardiopulmonary anomalies, in particular an anomalous right pulmonary venous return, located mostly in the inferior vena cava. We here report the original case of a 6-month-old female infant presenting with acute dyspnea. The diagnosis was suspected on the basis of thoracic radiograph and was confirmed by tomodensitometry which showed a large single right pulmonary vein draining into the right atrium associated with dextrocardia and pulmonary sequestration...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Aniss Regragui, Rajae Daoudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Tsitsi Panganai, Precious Shumba
INTRODUCTION: The use of natural health products is gradually increasing all over the world with up to 50% of the general population having tried at least one herbal product. This becomes a dilemma to the midwife who has limited or no knowledge on their effects in pregnancy, hence the need to explore the perceptions of women on the use herbs in pregnancy and labour. METHODS: The research, which was a case study of a Claybank Private Hospital in Gweru, Zimbabwe, adopted a qualitative approach with a triangulation of data from interviews, observations and analysis of maternal records...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Panda Lukongo Kitronza, Mairiaux Philippe
INTRODUCTION: This case study aims to make an assessment of environmental health nuisances in textile industry in the Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and analytical study. Out of 257 workers selected using systematic sampling, 229 workers were enrolled in the study. 223 workstations were subjected to measurements in order to determine the level of noise, lighting and heat. Data were collected from company documents, by means of a direct-question interview focusing on socio professional informations and through measurements...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Sanaa Itchimouh, Karima Khabtou, Sakher Mahdaoui, Houssine Boufettal, Naima Samouh
Meckel Gruber syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive polymalformation syndrome characterized by occipital encephalocele, polydactyly and cystic renal dysplasia. Ultrasound is, at present, the best tool for prenatal screening of this lethal polymalformation and diagnosys is confirmed by karyotyping. We here report a case of Meckel Gruber syndrome detected by ultrasound. Abortion was performed at 25 weeks of amenorrhoea.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Jemal Zeberga Shifa, Othokawa Nkomazana, Negussie Alula Bekele, Mamo Woldu Kassa
Congenital iris ectropion is a rare condition; non-progressive anomaly characterised by the presence of iris pigment epithelium on the anterior surface of the iris stroma and is frequently associated with anterior iris insertion, dysgenesis of the drainage angle and glaucoma. This paper describes unusual case of bilateral case of congenital iris ectropion in adult patient with pupillary abnormality, normal anterior chamber angle structure and with no evidence of glaucoma.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Taha Elghazi, Zouheir Hafidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Bo Langhoff Hønge, Sanne Jespersen, Johanna Aunsborg, Delfim Vicente Mendes, Candida Medina, David da Silva Té, Alex Lund Laursen, Christian Erikstrup, Christian Wejse
INTRODUCTION: HIV infected individuals with late presentation (LP) and advanced disease (AD) have been associated with higher mortality, higher cost of medical management, impaired CD4 cell count increment and potentially ongoing risk of HIV transmission. Here we describe the proportion of patients with LP and AD at an HIV clinic in Guinea-Bissau, identify risk factors and evaluate the outcome of these patients. METHODS: We included all patients >15 years diagnosed with HIV-1 and/or HIV-2 at the outpatient HIV clinic at Hospital National Simão Mendes, during June 2005 - December 2013 in a retrospective cohort study...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Taoufiq Ramdani, Rachid Sekhsoukh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Diallo Moussa, Diouf Abdoul Aziz, Diallo Astou Coly Niassy, Koulimaya Cyre Espérence, Niang Youssou, Moreau Jean Charles, Diouf Alassane
Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors are rare secreting mesenchymal and sex cord-stromal tumors. However, they constitute one type of tumor most often responsible for virilization syndrome. A definite diagnosis is provided by histological examination following surgical excision of the tumor. It has no characterizing features on ultrasonography, in spite of the strong clinical presumption. Like many neoplasias, prognosis is related to the degree of cellular differentiation and to the presence of heterologous elements...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Hind Serhane, Msougar Yassine, Lamyae Amro
Spontaneous hemothorax is a rare condition. Its causes are multiple but sometimes they remain unknown. In some patients, thoracotomy may be the only means to determine hemothorax origin. Vasculitis have not been reported as a common cause of spontaneous hemothorax. Pregnancy does not appear to have causal or aggravating effect on spontaneous hemothorax or on vasculitis. We here report the peculiar case of a young patient presenting during pregnancy with spontaneous hemothorax secondary to Wegener's vasculitis...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Eitel Igor Kouamo, Merouane Nour, Jean Marie Gennar, Jean Marc Guillaume, Elie Choufani, Thierry Merrot, Jean Pierre Alessandrni, Kathia Chaumoitre, Michel Panuel, Namane Doumbouya, Patrice Guemaleu
Disc calcifications are usually revealed in children by pain crises that affect the spine. The most common location for disc calcifications is the cervical spine. However, other locations are less symptomatic and they may well go unnoticed. We here report two cases of children hospitalized with symptomatic cervical disc calcifications. The first case involves a girl aged four and a half suffering from torticollis revealing the migration of a previously asymptomatic disc calcification ; the second case, instead, involves a 5-year old boy presenting for acute neck pain and in whom calcification disc was detected...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
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