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Critical Ultrasound Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998373/icterus-and-abdominal-pain-an-unexpected-rare-sonographic-finding-in-a-peruvian-emergency-department
#1
Stephanie J Doniger, Alexander Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become increasingly important in resource-limited settings. It can rapidly diagnose both tropical infectious diseases and more common pathology at the bedside. In these practice settings, POCUS can have a significant impact on management strategies and patient care. Ultrasonography has been the gold standard for the diagnosis and staging of Echinococcus disease. However, even in the "classic" clinical scenario and setting, the clinician must maintain a broad differential diagnosis...
July 12, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971618/the-impact-of-heart-lung-and-diaphragmatic-ultrasound-on-prediction-of-failed-extubation-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-observational-pilot-study
#2
Kavi Haji, Darsim Haji, David J Canty, Alistair G Royse, Cameron Green, Colin F Royse
BACKGROUND: Failed extubation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients is multifactorial, complex and not well understood. We aimed to identify whether combined transthoracic echocardiography, lung and diaphragmatic ultrasound can predict extubation failure in critically ill patients. RESULTS: Fifty-three participants who were intubated > 48 h and deemed by the treating intensivist ready for extubation underwent a 60-min pre-extubation weaning trial (pressure support ≤ 10 cmH2 O and positive end expiratory pressure 5 cmH2 O)...
July 4, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946769/the-area-method-a-new-method-for-ultrasound-assessment-of-diaphragmatic-movement
#3
Søren Helbo Skaarup, Anders Løkke, Christian B Laursen
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound can be used to assess diaphragm movement. Existing methods focus on movement at a single point at the hemidiaphragm and may not consider the anatomic and functional complexity. We aimed to develop an ultrasound method, the Area method, to assess movement of the entire hemidiaphragm dome and to compare it with existing methods to evaluate accuracy, inter-rater agreement, and feasibility. METHODS: Movement of the diaphragm was evaluated by ultrasonography in 19 healthy subjects and correlated with simultaneously performed spirometry...
June 27, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911284/lung-and-diaphragm-ultrasound-as-predictors-of-success-in-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation
#4
Eva Tenza-Lozano, Ana Llamas-Alvarez, Enrique Jaimez-Navarro, Javier Fernández-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Lung and diaphragm ultrasound methods have recently been introduced to predict the outcome of weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV). The aim of this study is to assess the reliability and accuracy of these techniques for predicting successful weaning in critically ill adults. METHODS: We conducted two studies: a cross-sectional interobserver agreement study between two sonographers and a prospective cohort study to assess the accuracy of lung and diaphragm ultrasound for predicting weaning and extubation outcome...
June 18, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876841/problems-with-interpretation-of-transient-hyperemic-response-ratio-thrr
#5
LETTER
Achyut Sharma, Diptesh Aryal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797105/feasibility-study-of-advanced-focused-cardiac-measurements-within-the-emergency-department
#6
Joe Betcher, Al Majkrzak, Jim Cranford, Ross Kessler, Nik Theyyunni, Rob Huang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the increased time needed to perform advanced focused cardiac measurements in the emergency department, including diastolic heart failure evaluation via E/E', and cardiac output with LVOT/VTI. Patients with pertinent cardiopulmonary symptoms in the emergency department had a focused cardiac ultrasound performed by the emergency department ultrasound team. The ability to obtain basic cardiac windows, evaluate for effusion, systolic ejection fraction, and right-sided heart pressures were recorded...
May 25, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691756/prospective-evaluation-of-cardiac-ultrasound-performance-by-general-internal-medicine-physicians-during-a-6-month-faculty-development-curriculum
#7
Christopher J Smith, Abdulrahman Morad, Christopher Balwanz, Elizabeth Lyden, Tabatha Matthias
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care (POCUS) education is rapidly expanding within medical schools and internal medicine residency programs, but lack of trained faculty is a major barrier. While POCUS training can improve short-term outcomes, knowledge and skills rapidly decay without deliberate practice and feedback. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of focused cardiac ultrasound (FCU) by volunteer general internal medicine (GIM) faculty participating in a longitudinal POCUS curriculum...
April 24, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666966/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-notes-from-the-field
#8
Maria Teresa Giordani, Francesca Tamarozzi, Daniel Kaminstein, Enrico Brunetti, Tom Heller
BACKGROUND: Thoracic ultrasound is helpful to evaluate lung pathology in patients with acute dyspnea. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of point-of-care ultrasound in patients with extrapulmonary TB and HIV co-infection. This retrospective, open-label case-control study explores the role of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in HIV-positive patients. In particular, it highlights the potential role of specific sonographic features that may be unique to this population...
April 17, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616352/efast-for-the-diagnosis-of-a-perioperative-complication-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#9
Achyut Sharma, Prajjwal Bhattarai, Apurb Sharma
A 29-year-old patient with normal preanesthetic evaluation was planned for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for right nephrolithiasis with right pyelolithiasis. Surgery was performed under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation with muscle relaxation. At the conclusion of surgery, when the patient was turned over to supine position, tense abdomen was noted. Immediately extended focused assessment with sonography in trauma (eFAST) was done in which both right and left quadrants of abdomen including pericardial and suprapubic region, right and left thoracic, and both lung basis were examined...
April 3, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435677/ultrasound-assessment-of-visual-loss-during-severe-preeclampsia-a-case-report
#10
Fehmi Ferhi, Abdeljalil Khlifi, Feten Hachani, Khalil Tarmiz, Khaled Benjazia
Bilateral retinal detachments and cortical blindness are rare complications of preeclampsia and the association of the two pathologies is exceptional. We report the case of a preeclamptic patient who presented with an acute bilateral vision loss. Besides, her ocular ultrasound revealed bilateral retinal detachments and an elevated optic nerve sheath diameter. The patient underwent an urgent cesarean section. Subsequently, magnetic resonance imaging and ocular fundus examination confirmed the diagnosis.
February 12, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392549/acute-fissuration-of-a-giant-splenic-artery-aneurysm-detected-by-point-of-care-ultrasound-case-report
#11
Philippe Le Conte, David Trewick, Philippe Pes, Eric Frampas, Eric Batard
BACKGROUND: Epigastric pain is frequent in Emergency Medicine and remains a challenging situation. Besides benign etiologies such as gastritis or uncomplicated cholelithiasis, it could reveal myocardial infarction or vascular disease. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) could be performed in such situation. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 66-year-old man with no previous medical history was admitted to the Emergency Department for a rapid onset epigastric pain. He reported taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatories for 1 week prior to admission...
February 1, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372430/emergency-physician-use-of-tissue-doppler-bedside-echocardiography-in-detecting-diastolic-dysfunction-an-exploratory-study
#12
Marina Del Rios, Joseph Colla, Pavitra Kotini-Shah, Joan Briller, Ben Gerber, Heather Prendergast
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates the agreement between emergency physician (EP) assessment of diastolic dysfunction (DD) by a simplified approach using average peak mitral excursion velocity (e'A ) and an independent cardiologist's diagnosis of DD by estimating left atrial (LA) pressure using American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) guidelines. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of 48 limited bedside echocardiograms (LBE) performed as a part of a research study of patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with elevated blood pressure but without decompensated heart failure...
January 25, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349680/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-airway-in-the-ed-a-feasibility-study
#13
Elizabeth A Hall, Ibrahim Showaihi, Frances S Shofer, Nova L Panebianco, Anthony J Dean
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the difficult airway is a critical element of emergency practice. Mallampati score and body mass index (BMI) are not always predictive and they may be unavailable in critically ill patients. Ultrasonography provides high-resolution images that are rapidly obtainable, mobile, and non-invasive. Studies have shown correlation of ultrasound measurements with difficult laryngoscopy; however, none have been performed in the Emergency Department (ED) using a consistent scanning protocol...
January 18, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340797/transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-in-the-icu-it-is-not-all-sunshine-and-rainbows
#14
LETTER
Pablo Blanco, Anselmo Abdo-Cuza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302799/early-abnormal-transient-hyperemic-response-test-can-predict-delayed-ischemic-neurologic-deficit-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#15
Hosam Al-Jehani, Mark Angle, Judith Marcoux, Jeanne Teitelbaum
BACKGROUND: Early detection of vasospasm is crucial to prevent significant delayed ischemic neurological deficit post subarachnoid hemorrhage. The standard methods of detection, including cerebral angiogram and computed tomography are invasive and not safe to be repeated, as is very often indicated clinically. Transient hyperemic response test has been previously used to predict autoregulation failure in traumatic brain injury and subarachnoid hemorrhage. AIMS: We investigate the usability of transient hyperemic response test as a predictor of clinical vasospasm in a cohort of patients with aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage...
January 4, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270697/abstracts-from-the-13th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-critical-care
#16
Stephen Alerhand, Adam Nevel, Bret Nelson, Michael Halperin, Felipe Serrano, Gregor Prosen, Tjaša Banović, Stephanie J Doniger, Mirjana Brvar, Barbara Furman, P Gallego Rodríguez, Tomas Villén Villegas, A Trueba Vicente, L W Alba Muñoz, C Guillén Astete, N Díaz García, N García Montes, Jimena Areco, Daniel Terra, Fiorella Cavalleri, Siul Salisbury, Ana Rodríguez, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Zulaili Asri, Norainal Atiqah Mohamed, Mohmad Aswad Mohmad Amin, Adeline Marie Gnanasegaran Xavier, Mohd Anas Mohd Nor, Khairul Izwan Hashim, Shaik Farid Abdull Wahab, Mohd Boniami Yazid, Mohammad Zikri Ahmad, Ahmad Rasdan Ismail, Rohayu Othman, Mauro Constantini, Julio Pontet, Igor Sviridenko, Pablo Rodriguez, Christian Yic, Diego Méndez, Sylvia Noveri, Ana Soca, Mario Cancela, Pablo Rodriguez Luna, Rodrigo Martella, Silvina Fabretto, Erich Lidstone, Jacob Shapiro, Kristine Robinson, Cecilia Gómez Ravetti, Thiago Bragança Lana Silveira Ataide, Lidia Miranda Barreto Mourão, Nathália Costa Almeida Pinho, Lucas Vieira Chagas, Renan Detoffol Bragança, Vandack Nobre, Maria Thereza Meira Araujo, Luiz Ernani Meira Junior, Luciana Mendes, Jackson Andrade, Nayara Nobre Basso, Anna Cecília Castro E Abreu, José Muniz Pazeli Junior, Ana Luisa Silveira Vieira, Bernardo Costa Lemos, Marinna Marques Rodrigues Saliba, Maurício Dutra Costa, Pedro Andrade Mello, Rosimary Souza Vicentino, Juan Pablo Fernandez, Nicolas Ahualli, Humberto Insfran, Ivana Fatica, Jonatan Bornia, Paula Denardi, Ruben Daniel Algieri, Cristian Flores, Maria Soledad Ferrante, Gustavo Vassia, Carolina Brofman, Victor Ortiz, Elizabeth Krebs, Frances Shofer, Cameron Baston, Christy Moore, Wilma Chan, Anthony J Dean, Nova Panebianco, Stefano Geniere Nigra, Carmela Graci, Vito Sgromo, Alberto Casazza, Giacomo Veronese, Miguel Montorfano, Giovanni Ricevuti, Marina Marazzi, María Fernanda Barbui, Gabriela Da Campo, Cecilia Ciarlo, Leonardo Vera, Matías Brizuela, Mariana Lía Brizuela, Marcos Aqcuavita, Javier Buchanan, José Alejandro Bujedo, Pablo Bravo Figueroa, V Ricardo Carvajal, P Oscar Bravo, N Monserrat Navarro, J Rodrigo Adasme, Carolina Méndez, Adi Osman, Azma Haryaty Ahmad, Seri Rohayu Neow Hanzah, Emilia Mohtar Razali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639253/ultrasonography-in-trauma-a-nation-wide-cross-sectional-investigation
#17
Jesper Weile, Klaus Nielsen, Stine C Primdahl, Christian A Frederiksen, Christian B Laursen, Erik Sloth, Hans Kirkegaard
BACKGROUND: The Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST) protocol is considered beneficial in emergent evaluation of trauma patients with blunt or penetrating injury and has become integrated into the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) protocol. No guidelines exist as to the use of ultrasonography in trauma in Denmark. We aimed to determine the current use of ultrasonography for assessing trauma patients in Denmark. METHODS: We conducted a nation-wide cross-sectional investigation of ultrasonography usage in trauma care...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631103/transesophageal-echocardiography-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-a-comprehensive-intraoperative-monitoring-tool
#18
REVIEW
Luigi Vetrugno, Federico Barbariol, Umberto Baccarani, Francesco Forfori, Giovanni Volpicelli, Giorgio Della Rocca
Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is a minimally invasive monitoring tool that can provide real-time visual information on ventricular function and hemodynamic volume status in patients undergoing liver transplantation. The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases states that transesophageal echocardiography should be used in all liver transplant candidates in order to assess chamber sizes, hypertrophy, systolic and diastolic function, valvular function, and left ventricle outflow tract obstruction...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620869/right-heart-thrombus-in-transit-a-series-of-two-cases
#19
Eva Otoupalova, Bhavinkumar Dalal, Brian Renard
Right heart thrombus in transit is an increasingly recognized medical emergency with very high mortality rate. Echocardiography helps to establish the diagnosis and can differentiate between right heart thrombi that result from atrial fibrillation and those originating from deep venous thrombosis. We present two cases of right heart thrombus in transit diagnosed with echocardiography that were managed with different approaches.
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612302/a-simplified-lung-ultrasound-approach-to-detect-increased-extravascular-lung-water-in-critically-ill-patients
#20
Antonio Anile, Jole Russo, Giacomo Castiglione, Giovanni Volpicelli
BACKGROUND: The quantification of B-lines at lung ultrasonography is a valid tool to estimate the extravascular lung water (EVLW) in patients after major cardiac surgery. However, there is still uncertainty about the correlation between B-lines and EVLW in a general population of critically ill. AIM: To evaluate a simplified lung ultrasonographic assessment as a tool to estimate the EVLW in critically ill patients admitted to a polyvalent intensive care unit (ICU)...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
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