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Asian Journal of Psychiatry

Sultana Algin, Jhunu Shamsun Nahar, Mohammad Waliul Hasnat Sajib, S M Yasir Arafat
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common and severe psychiatric illness which affects about 1-3% of the population across the globe. The Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) is a 20-item self-report instrument that assesses the severity of OCD in four dimensions. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to adapt and validate the DOCS in Bangla. METHODS: This validation study was conducted from January 2016 to July 2017 using purposive sampling technique...
September 8, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Saeid Yazdi-Ravandi, Farshid Shamsaei, Nasrin Matinnia, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Jamal Shams, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Ali Ghaleiha
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with cognitive dysfunction. Deeper and wider knowledge of the cognitive components of these patients can play an important role in better understanding of this disorder. This study aimed to compare executive function, selective attention and information processing in OCD patients and healthy controls. The current study was performed on 54 patients meeting DSM-5 criteria for OCD and 54 healthy subjects who matched with patients in gender, age, marital and educational status...
September 5, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Tjhin Wiguna, R Irawati Ismail, Rini Sekartini, Noorhana Setyawati Winarsih Rahardjo, Fransiska Kaligis, Albert Limawan Prabowo, Rananda Hendarmo
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent cyberbullying and high-risk behaviour outcomes has been a major concern in the last few years. Gender discrepancy is an important component that predicts the outcomes. This study aimed to elaborate and identify the association between cyberbullying experience and high-risk behaviour outcomes based on gender differences among adolescents in Indonesia. METHOD: A cross sectional study that involved junior and senior high schools in Jakarta. There were 2917 adolescents who took part in this study...
September 1, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Subhashree Devasenapathy, Rashi Midha, Teesta Naskar, Anuradha Mehta, Bharat Prajapati, Mariam Ummekulsum, Rajesh Sagar, Nandini C Singh, Subrata Sinha
Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests as a reading disability despite normal intelligence and adequate educational opportunity. Twin and family studies have indicated a genetic component, while genome-wide studies have implicated a number of susceptibility genes, most of which have direct or indirect roles in neuronal migration. Reelin (RELN) has important biological functions facilitating migration of neurons. Polymorphisms in RELN have been implicated in related disorders like autism and schizophrenia but have not been examined in dyslexia...
August 25, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
John Snowdon
OBJECTIVE: To compare suicide rates and characteristics in East Asian and Western countries. METHOD: Data from five East Asian jurisdictions and five English-speaking Western countries were obtained from national offices responsible for collection of statistics. Data were graphed to demonstrate differences between East Asian and Western age patterns of suicide. Relevant literature was reviewed, including observations concerning suicide rates in various non-English-speaking European countries...
August 24, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Shiva Shanker Reddy Mukku, Sowmya Selvaraj, Rujuta Parlikar, Dinakaran Damodharan, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Chandana Nagaraj, Sandhya Mangalore, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Mathew Varghese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Fransiska Kaligis, Raden Irawati Ismail Marsubrin, Tjhin Wiguna, S W Noorhana, Alfi Fajar Almasyhur
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Psychosis is a mental disorder resulting in high disability impacts. Many studies show that early detection of prodromal symptoms may improve prognosis. Psychotic prodromal symptoms may mimic other mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety or learning difficulties. The aim of this study was to analyze validity, reliability, sensitivity and specificity of the Prodromal Questionnaire Brief Version (PQ-B) Indonesian version to detect psychotic prodromal symptoms...
August 23, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Sanober Nadeem, Ghazala Rafique, Yusra Sajid Chachar
This study aims to determine the prevalence of behavioural problems among preschoolers and their association with maternal depression. A cross-sectional study was carried out in three districts of Sindh province of Pakistan. Mothers were interviewed by using a structured questionnaire during household survey. Total 1566 children were assessed on Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire while mother was inquired about her mental health by using Aga Khan Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS). Almost 23% children were rated as abnormal and 23...
August 19, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Yueyang Hu, Zhihua Ma, Han Zhang, Tingting Gao, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Zeying Qin, Songli Mei
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression among married patients with gynecological malignancies in China and then explores factors related to anxiety and depression. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2016 to July 2017 in Jilin Province. A total of 394 married patients with gynecological malignancies completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to evaluate the association between influencing factors of anxiety and depression...
August 18, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Abdulbari Bener, Elnour E Dafeeah, Mohammed T Abou-Saleh, Dinesh Bhugra, Antonio Ventriglio
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric co-morbidity is a common condition, partly due to the overlap of symptoms in the categorical diagnosis of mental disorders. The co-occurrence of schizophrenia (SZ) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common and challenging co-morbid condition. Also, the relationship between SZ and OCD remains unclear. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the co-morbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) among schizophrenia (SZ) patients and compare clinical characteristics of schizophrenia patients with versus without comorbid OCD...
August 18, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Mohammad Farris Iman Leong Bin Abdullah, Yin Ping Ng, Hatta Bin Sidi
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common psychiatric sequelae of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, there is lack of data on comorbid depression and anxiety, and depression and anxiety in TBI patients were often evaluated using non-validated diagnostic tools. This study aims to determine the rates, their comorbidity, and factors associated with depressive and anxiety disorders in TBI patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 101 TBI patients were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders to assess the rates of depressive and anxiety disorders after TBI...
August 18, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Amy Gajaria, Arun V Ravindran
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression has been associated with infant low birth weight and with multiple health indicators affecting childhood morbidity and mortality. The condition is twice as prevalent in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) compared to high-income countries but poorly studied. AIM: To conduct a review of published literature on interventions for perinatal depression in LMICs. METHODS: A search of the literature was performed for articles published up to October 2017...
August 17, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Ahmed Naguy, Camellia A Naguy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Aparna Ashok, Safoora Naaz, Lakshmi Narayanan Kota, Somdatta Sen, Meera Purushottam, Mohammed Faruq, Renu Kumari, Vinod Yadav, Ramakrishnan Kannan, Sanjeev Jain, Mitradas M Panicker, Biju Viswanath
Aberrant re-entry of neurons into cell cycle appears to be an early event in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and targeting this dysregulation may have therapeutic potential. We have examined whether cell cycle dysregulation in AD can be detected using patient and control derived B-lymphocytes. Cell cycle analysis using flow cytometry demonstrated that cell cycle dysregulation occurs in AD lymphocytes, with a significant difference in the distribution of cells in G0/G1, S and G2/M phases of cell cycle as compared to control lymphocytes...
August 16, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Hidenobu Suzuki, Hiroyuki Hibino, Yuichi Inoue, Atsuhiko Takaya
INTRODUCTION: There have been no naturalistic reports in Japan clarifying the difference of second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) long-acting injections (LAIs) on treatment retention according to severity of patient condition. METHODS: This study aimed to investigate the difference in treatment retention between SGA LAIs according to severity of patient condition. RESULTS: This study demonstrated that, although AOM patients had better rates of treatment retention compared to PP and RLAI for mild cases, the reverse was true for moderate to severe cases...
August 11, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Vanteemar S Sreeraj, Damodharan Dinakaran, Rujuta Parlikar, Harleen Chhabra, Sowmya Selvaraj, Venkataram Shivakumar, Anushree Bose, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
Conventional transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) has been reported to alleviate persistent auditory hallucinations (AH) in schizophrenia as an add-on intervention. High-Definition tDCS (HD-tDCS), an optimized form of tDCS, has the potential for more focalized neuromodulation. In this study, add-on HD-tDCS (5 days twice daily session with 2-mA cathodal current on left temporo-parietal junction) using 4 × 1 ring montage significantly reduced persistent AH (t = 3.6;p < 0.01) in schizophrenia patients (N = 19)...
August 9, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Shiva Shanker Reddy Mukku, Vijaykumar Harbishettar, P T Sivakumar
Retirement from work is usually an inevitable and significant social life event for many elderly. The retirement age is generally around 60 years. It can have negative or positive effect in old age depending on other factors such as frailty, slowing cognitive functions, multiple physical health problems, medications and sensory impairment. The objective of the study is to discuss psychological morbidity in persons following retirement in Indian context. Previous studies indicate possible cross-cultural differences with conflicting findings of positive and negative impact on mental health following retirement in the developed countries...
August 8, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Rathnayake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Hanan E Badr, Konstantinos Francis
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of smoking and drug use among adolescent boys, and to examine adolescents' psychosocial factors, and suicidal behaviors associated with adolescents' substance use. METHODS: The Kuwait Global School-Based Student Health Survey employed a two-stage cluster sample design targeting a representative sample of adolescents. This study focused on the participated 1310 boys. Statistical analysis included Chi-square test, student t-test, and multivariate analysis...
August 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Debanjan Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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