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Asian Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410867/psychotropic-implant-can-be-a-new-hope-in-psychiatry
#1
Guru S Gowda, Soumitra Das, Raveesh Bevinahalli Nanjegowda
Non-adherence to oral psychotropic medications is common in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). This substantially limits the effectiveness of treatment and results in higher rates of relapse, rehospitalization, suicide, early mortality and disability in SMI. This is a major concern for professionals, caregivers and policy makers. The pharmacological, psychological, psychosocial models and interventions have been there since last few decades to address non-adherence. These have not made major changes in treatment adherence and outcome of SMI...
March 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365164/plasma-interleukin-6-in-remitted-early-bipolar-i-disorder-and-subjects-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#2
LETTER
Tarasingh N Sanjay, Venkataram Shivakumar, Manjula Subbanna, Shweta U Biradar, Kesavan Muralidharan, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483104/psycho-neuro-immuno-endocrinology-of-schizophrenia-back-to-the-future
#3
EDITORIAL
Rajiv Tandon, Uma Suryadevara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483103/cytokines-cortisol-and-igf-1-in-first-episode-psychosis-and-ultra-high-risk-males-evidence-for-tnf-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE-il-4-deviation
#4
Evangelos Karanikas, Stefanos Manganaris, Evangelos Ntouros, Georgios Floros, Diomidis Antoniadis, Georgios Garyfallos
The aim of the study was to determine circulating cytokines, cortisol and Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF)-1, known for their involvement in inflammation, in male patients with First Episode Psychosis (FEP) and subjects at Ultra High Risk (UHR) for Psychosis. The FEP group presented increased pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, ΤNF-β) as well as increased anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-4) compared with Healthy Controls (HC). The UHR group showed increased IL-4 against HC. In contrast, none of the groups did show deviation from normality in either cortisol or IGF-1 levels...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483102/use-of-buprenorphine-in-treatment-of-refractory-depression-a-review-of-current-literature
#5
REVIEW
Cornel N Stanciu, Oliver M Glass, Thomas M Penders
OBJECTIVE: Current treatment strategies for depressive disorders have limited efficacy, leaving many patients unimproved or with significant residual symptoms. The development of additional treatments represent a significant unmet need for providers. Several lines of evidence suggest that the opioid system may be involved in regulation of mood and incentives salience. Intervention based on modifying central opioid receptors may represent a novel approach to treatment of depressive disorders among those unresponsive to accepted treatments...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483101/prevalence-of-pathological-gambling-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome-attending-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-india
#6
LETTER
Vijaya Raghavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483100/caregiver-burden-in-alzheimer-type-dementia-and-psychosis-a-comparative-study-from-india
#7
P Sinha, N G Desai, O Prakash, S Kushwaha, C B Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Caregiver burden in dementia is an important area of research. Providing care for a relative can be a potent source of chronic stress and can have deleterious consequences for both the physical and emotional health of caregivers. This study aims to evaluate the burden of care in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia and compare it with elderly psychosis; and to also study the factors that influence burden of care in Alzheimer's dementia. METHODS: Thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of Alzheimer-type dementia were compared with thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of psychosis...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483099/estrogen-pathway-related-genes-and-their-association-with-risk-of-postpartum-psychosis-a-case-control-study
#8
Harish Thippeswamy, Pradip Paul, Meera Purushottam, Mariamma Philip, Sanjeev Jain, Prabha S Chandra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483098/a-pilot-study-of-body-image-perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-obesity-in-hospitalized-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-patients
#9
Sameer Hassamal, Alexandru Trutia, Alican Dalkilic, Ananda K Pandurangi
OBJECTIVE: Body image perceptions, and attitudes toward obesity were examined and compared between psychotic and non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder. METHODS: 80 psychotic patients and 36 non-psychotic patients with a mood disorder admitted to an acute inpatient psychiatric unit participated in the study. On admission, each patient completed a visual silhouettes scale of actual self and ideal self, as well as the Attitudes Toward Obese Persons (ATOP) scale...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483097/a-carer-burden-and-stigma-in-schizophrenia-and-affective-disorders-experiences-from-sri-lanka
#10
Sunera M Fernando, Frank P Deane, Hamish J McLeod, Esther L Davis
OBJECTIVES: Stigma compounds the burden experienced by family members of those with a mental illness. This study aimed to examine burden experienced by carers of people with schizophrenia or affective disorders and to explore the relationship between carer burden and stigma. METHOD: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted with patient-carer dyads involving 67 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 51 diagnosed with affective disorder. Carers completed the Zarit Burden Interview (short version) and stigma was measured using the Stigma Scale and the Internalised Stigma of Mental Illness Scale...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483096/electroencephalogram-alpha-to-theta-ratio-over-left-fronto-temporal-region-correlates-with-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#11
Sayantanava Mitra, Shamsul Haque Nizamie, Nishant Goyal, Sai Krishna Tikka
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms impair outcomes on occupational functioning, social interaction and interpersonal relationships in patients with schizophrenia. Past researchers have reported reduced alpha and increased theta and delta spectral powers on quantitative EEG recordings in those with prominent negative symptoms. AIM: Present analysis aimed at exploring the relationships between lower-frequency EEG powers and negative symptoms, in schizophrenia, over a period of naturalistic antipsychotic treatment...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483095/are-burnout-prevention-programs-for-hospital-physicians-needed
#12
Shabbir Amanullah, Kathie McNally, Jenni Zelin, Julie Cole, Zack Cernovsky
INTRODUCTION: Burnout, whether as a brief episode or more protracted, affects all aspects of a physician's life. Given the critical role of physicians in society, efforts to monitor, preserve, and enhance physician health are beneficial also to their patients. We investigated the patterns of burnout in physicians. METHODOLOGY: Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), in the General Survey version, was handed out to interested physicians of a Canadian general hospital in a Grand Rounds lecture on "well-being of physicians...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483094/why-not-clozapine-for-the-patient-with-schizophrenia-at-risk-of-suicide
#13
LETTER
Tarun Bastiampillai, Olivia Tonnu, Prashant Tibrewal, Rohan Dhillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483093/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-community-assessment-of-psychic-experiences-cape-in-an-adolescent-general-population
#14
Winifred Mark, Timothea Toulopoulou
The Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) is a popular 42-item self-report assessment of psychosis proneness (PP) that has been widely-translated. However, there is as yet no validation of CAPE in non-Western languages. Here, we validated a Chinese translation of CAPE ("CAPE-C") in a young Chinese community sample. Factor analyses were employed in a sample of 660 individuals (mean age=18.63) to identify a culturally-sensitive factor structure for CAPE-C (Study 1). Since confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) suggested that CAPE-C did not follow the original factor structure, exploratory factor analysis and follow-up CFA were employed to establish an alternative structure, resulting in a 15-item "CAPE-C15" which retained a three-factor structure tapping positive, negative and depressive symptoms...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483092/assessments-of-plasma-concentrations-pathology-symptoms-and-cognition-following-paliperidone-treatment-in-schizophrenic-patients-previously-treated-with-risperidone
#15
LETTER
Hidenobu Suzuki, Keishi Gen, Yuichi Inoue, Hiroyuki Hibino, Ayako Mikami, Hideo Matsumoto, Katsunaka Mikami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483091/mediation-effect-of-social-support-on-the-association-between-hardiness-and-immune-response
#16
Deepak Pandey, Priyamvada Shrivastava
The objective of the present study was to examine the mediation effect of social support on the association between hardiness and immune response. 200 people living with HIV within the age range of 19 to 54 years from different district of Chhattisgarh state were selected on the basis of purposive sampling technique as participants of the study. The Correlational research design was employed. The immune response was measured by CD4 T- lymphocyte counts. Hardiness was measured by psychological hardiness scale (Singh, 2008)...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483090/the-psychometric-characteristics-of-the-4-item-suicidal-behaviors-questionnaire-revised-sbq-r-as-a-screening-tool-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-nigerian-university-students
#17
Olutayo Aloba, Olubunmi Ojeleye, Tolulope Aloba
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major contribution to mortality among university students in developed countries. There is no reliable and validated self-report suicide assessment scale with adequate sensitivity and specificity for the identification of Nigerian university students who are at risk of future suicidal behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric characteristics of the 4 item Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R) as a screening tool for suicide risk assessment among university undergraduate students in South-western Nigeria...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483089/social-experiential-deprivation-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-possible-prognostic-factor
#18
Sowmyashree Mayur Kaku, Salah Basheer, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Rose Dawn Bharath, Satish Chandra Girimaji, Shoba Srinath
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are well known to be influenced by various environmental factors. Among these influencers, social experiential deprivation (SED) in infancy is one of them which is not well reported. We explored factors contributing to SED in 11 young children diagnosed to have ASD and compared them to 24 children without SED also having ASD. Intervention mainly addressing factors causing SED for 6 months demonstrated that children with SED had a better outcome at follow up. Could SED be a possible prognostic factor in children with ASD?...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483088/gambling-in-india-past-present-and-future
#19
REVIEW
Sanju George, Richard Velleman, Abhijit Nadkarni
Gambling has been a popular pastime in ancient and colonial India, and continues to be in modern India. Problem gambling is an important public health issue because of its prevalence, increased risk to certain vulnerable groups and its numerous adverse consequences to the gambler, his/her family and the wider society. In this paper, we present an overview of gambling in ancient and modern India, and also suggest a public health approach aimed at reducing gambling-related harm and associated problems.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483087/suicidal-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-university-students-in-six-countries-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#20
Karl Peltzer, Siyan Yi, Supa Pengpid
A large data gap remains on suicidal behaviors among youth in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, despite the increasing rates of suicide in Asian cultures that may be related to rapid economic changes and the loss of social stability. This study was therefore conducted to explore the prevalence of and factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among university students in six ASEAN member states. Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of 4675 undergraduate university students, mean age 20...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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