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Asian Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410867/psychotropic-implant-can-be-a-new-hope-in-psychiatry
#1
Guru S Gowda, Soumitra Das, Raveesh Bevinahalli Nanjegowda
Non-adherence to oral psychotropic medications is common in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). This substantially limits the effectiveness of treatment and results in higher rates of relapse, rehospitalization, suicide, early mortality and disability in SMI. This is a major concern for professionals, caregivers and policy makers. The pharmacological, psychological, psychosocial models and interventions have been there since last few decades to address non-adherence. These have not made major changes in treatment adherence and outcome of SMI...
March 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365164/plasma-interleukin-6-in-remitted-early-bipolar-i-disorder-and-subjects-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#2
LETTER
Tarasingh N Sanjay, Venkataram Shivakumar, Manjula Subbanna, Shweta U Biradar, Kesavan Muralidharan, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223059/fear-of-future-terrorism-associated-psychiatric-burden
#3
T Abiola, O Udofia, T L Sheikh, D A Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The mental health burden from fear of future terrorism has not been given much research attention compared to the immediate mental distress such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Such neglected ongoing mental health morbidity associated with threats of terrorism had been described as pre-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS). OBJECTIVE: The study highlighted this phenomenon (PTSS) in Nigeria by examining the catastrophic burden of the fear of future terrorism and associated psychiatric burden among adult population in Kaduna city...
February 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174076/caffeine-addiction-need-for-awareness-and-research-and-regulatory-measures
#4
LETTER
Shobhit Jain, Adya Shanker Srivastava, Raghunath Prasad Verma, Gaurav Maggu
Caffeine consumption has been constantly growing in India especially among children and youngsters. Addictive potential of caffeine has long been reported, still there is lack of awareness about caffeine abuse in India. There is an intense need for appropriate public health regulatory measures and awareness about addictive potential & harms related to caffeine. To the best of our knowledge this is first case from India highlighting several important issues with progressive caffeine abuse resulting in dependence leading to physical, psychological, academic and social consequences; psychotic symptoms during intoxication; predisposing factors as impulsivity and novelty seeking traits in pre-morbid personality; psychosis in family; poor awareness of health hazards even among medical professionals...
February 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262180/modelling-schizophrenia-opportunities-and-challenges
#5
EDITORIAL
Rajiv Tandon, Dawn M Bruijnzeel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262179/neurobiology-of-eating-disorders-an-overview
#6
REVIEW
Anand Mishra, Manu Anand, Shreekantiah Umesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262178/zolpidem-s-use-for-insomnia
#7
REVIEW
Jaime M Monti, David Warren Spence, Kenneth Buttoo, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
Zolpidem is a short-acting non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drug that belongs to the imidazopyridine class. In addition to immediate-release (IR) and extended-release (ER) formulations, the new delivery forms including two sublingual tablets [standard dose (SD) and low dose (LD)], and an oral spray form have been recently developed which bypass the gastrointestinal tract. So far, Zolpidem has been studied in several clinical populations: cases poor sleepers, transient insomnia, elderly and non-elderly patients with chronic primary insomnia, and in comorbid insomnia...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262177/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-non-affective-non-organic-late-onset-psychosis
#8
Sureshkumar Ramasamy, Srikala Bharath
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders are predominantly studied in young population. However some individuals do develop psychotic disorder for the first time during their old age. The aim of this study is to look at the clinical characteristics of non-affective, non-organic, late onset psychosis. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review study, medical records of all patients registered between 1st of January 2006 and 31st May 2011 at geriatric clinic in NIMHANS, Bangalore was screened, 83 files with a diagnosis of late onset psychosis and meeting the study criteria were systematically analyzed...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262176/tools-to-assess-psychological-trauma-its-correlates-in-child-sexual-abuse-a-review-current-needs-in-asia
#9
REVIEW
Sujata Satapathy, Vandana Choudhary, Rajesh Sagar
Absence of visible physical symptoms and limited capacity to express trauma directly, pose significant challenges in assessment of its exact nature of trauma and its correlates in child sexual abuse. There are numerous assessment tools however, deciding upon the appropriateness is often challenging in Asian socio-cultural and health care set up. A review would provide a ready reference to the practioner regarding the exact clinically utility of the tools and also would guide them in the direction of culture specific modifications...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262175/a-qualititative-study-of-neurological-soft-signs-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-effect-of-comorbid-psychotic-spectrum-disorders-and-familiality-on-its-expression-in-indian-population
#10
Dr Sonia Malhotra, Dr Pankaj B Borade, Dr Pradeep Sharma, Dr Yogesh Satija, Dr Gunjan
INTRODUCTION: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders, with lifetime prevalence of 2%-3% and is known to lie on a spectrum continuous with Schizophrenia and other affective psychosis. Neurological Soft Signs (NSS) have been reported to be higher in both Schizophrenia and affective psychosis, like bipolar disorder, and their first degree relatives but in OCD, the results have been inconsistent. It remains unclear if NSS occur at even higher rates in individuals who have a co-morbidity for OCD and either schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, as it might be expected if a broader neurodevelopmental hit underlies the pathophysiology of both OCD and these disorders...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262174/a-review-of-indian-research-on-cognitive-remediation-for-schizophrenia
#11
REVIEW
Shantala Hegde
Cognitive deficits play a central role in recovery from Schizophrenia (SZ). Cognitive remediation (CR) is increasingly being examined to improve cognitive functions in SZ. It is becoming an inevitable component of treatment for this debilitating illness. This review article presents the current status of research on CR for SZ in India. In contrast to the numerous studies reported from across the globe, there are only five studies on CR for SZ published from India. Of the five, only two are randomized controlled trials, two are non-randomized studies and one is a series of case reports...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262173/cellular-models-to-study-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Manasa Seshadri, Debanjan Banerjee, Biju Viswanath, K Ramakrishnan, Meera Purushottam, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Sanjeev Jain
BACKGROUND: Advancements in cellular reprogramming techniques have made it possible to directly study brain cells from patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. We have systematically reviewed the applications of induced pluripotent stem cells (IPSCs) and their neural derivatives in understanding the biological basis of schizophrenia. METHOD: We searched the scientific literature published in MEDLINE with the following search strategy: (Pluripotent) AND (Schizophrenia OR Antipsychotic OR Psychosis)...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262172/alexithymia-in-different-dermatologic-patients
#13
Fahimeh Dehghani, Farideh Dehghani, Parichehr Kafaie, Mohammad Reza Taghizadeh
Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in differentiating and describing feelings. Research indicates that alexithymia can be considered as a possible risk factor for a variety of medical conditions. The purpose of our study was to compare and assess the prevalence of alexithymia in patients with psoriasis, alopecia areata, vitiligo and acne vulgaris. 120 consecutive subjects referred to dermatologic clinic with psoriasis, alopecia areata, vitiligo and acne vulgaris and 30 subjects selected from hospital staff and relatives of patients were enrolled in patient and control groups of our study respectively...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262171/partial-regimen-replacement-with-aripiprazole-reduces-serum-prolactin-in-patients-with-a-long-history-of-schizophrenia-a-case-series
#14
Keiko Naono-Nagatomo, Hisao Naono, Hiroshi Abe, Ryuichiro Takeda, Hideki Funahashi, Daisuke Uchimura, Yasushi Ishida
AIM: Aripiprazole (ARP) is a popular antipsychotic drug that has demonstrated ameliorative effects on hyperprolactinemia. However, no study to date has studied the utility of ARP in patients with a long history of schizophrenia and antipsychotic treatment. We therefore examined the effect of partial antipsychotic regimen replacement with ARP on hyperprolactinemia induced by chronic antipsychotic use in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Sixteen patients with a schizophrenia diagnosis (F2) based on the International Classification of Diseases (version 10) were recruited...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262170/-psychiatric-assessment-of-deaf-and-mute-patients-a-case-series
#15
Rahul Saha, Aastha Sharma, M K Srivastava
Deafness is negatively associated with higher distress, depression, somatization, and loneliness in patients of all age groups. The psychiatric presentation of patient also varies. Due to lack of proper communication, clinical approach often becomes quite difficult. We will be discussing various psychiatric presentations in 3 different deaf mute patients. We will also be highlighting the different clinical approach applied to all the patients. This case series might help in giving an insight into the psychiatric symptoms of deaf mute patients which might pave way for new diagnostic guidelines for future research and in clinical practice...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262169/effect-of-call-organization-on-burnout-and-quality-of-life-in-psychiatry-residents
#16
Timothy M Scarella, Julia Nelligan, Jacqueline Roberts, Robert J Boland
We aimed to measure the effects of a residency program's mid-year shift from 24-h call to night float on resident burnout and quality of life. At the end of the year, residents who started the year with 24-h call had worse burnout and quality of life, with statistical significance and large effect sizes. Exposure to a twenty-four hour call system, when compared to a full year of night float, may be associated with increased burnout and decreased quality of life, though measuring this effect is not straightforward...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262168/psychometric-properties-of-persian-version-of-composite-scale-of-morningness
#17
Tayebe Rahimi Pordanjani, Ali Mohamadzade Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Morningness-eveningness preference is commonly measured by questionnaires such as the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM). The purpose of this study is to assess the Persian translation of the CSM and explore its psychometric properties. METHOD: Participants consisted of 288 students at the University of Bojnord, Iran. Of the participants selected, 47.6% were female, 52.4% were male, and all were aged between 18 and 24 (20.09±1.32). Participants were selected using the stratified random sampling method...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262167/sociobiologically-informed-psychiatrist
#18
LETTER
Swapnajeet Sahoo, Naveen Anand, Shivali Aggarwal, Shubh Mohan Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262166/pediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorders-associated-with-streptococcal-infection-treated-successfully-with-a-course-of-oral-antibiotics
#19
LETTER
Ananya Mahapatra, Prateek Kumar Panda, Rajesh Sagar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262165/folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-fregoli-syndrome-with-greater-severity-in-the-secondary-a-case-report
#20
LETTER
David C L Teo, Abishek M Abraham, Andrew L H Peh
Folie à deux and Fregoli syndrome are rarely seen in clinical practice. We present a case in which these rare syndromes co-occur. Remarkably, in this case the 'secondary' develops a more serious illness course than the 'primary' and reciprocally induces a de novo Fregoli delusion in the 'primary'. This case discusses how socio-cultural factors, such as interdependent family dynamics, could have precipitated this rare variant of folie à deux. It also highlights the importance of making culturally-sensitive formulations for treatment...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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