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Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444737/offspring-birth-weight-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-parents-the-role-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#1
F Shaikh, M K Kjøllesdal, Ø Naess
An inverse association between offspring birth weight (BW) and higher risk of parental cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and morbidity has been reported. Shared environmental, genetic and intrauterine factors may be responsible for explaining these associations. We studied the role of parental CVD risk factors in the association between offspring BW and CVD mortality among mothers and fathers. All births registered in Medical Birth Registry Norway (1967-2012) were linked to three health surveys, National Educational Registry and Cause of Death Registry...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397805/effects-of-infant-formula-composition-on-long-term-metabolic-health
#2
M Lemaire, I Le Huërou-Luron, S Blat
Early nutrition may have long-lasting metabolic impacts in adulthood. Even though breast milk is the gold standard, most infants are at least partly formula-fed. Despite obvious improvements, infant formulas remain perfectible to reduce the gap between breastfed and formula-fed infants. Improvements such as reducing the protein content, modulating the lipid matrix and adding prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics, are discussed regarding metabolic health. Numerous questions remain to be answered on how impacting the infant formula composition may modulate the host metabolism and exert long-term benefits...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397052/intrauterine-growth-restriction-combined-with-a-maternal-high-fat-diet-increased-adiposity-and-serum-corticosterone-levels-in-adult-rat-offspring
#3
E K Zinkhan, B Yu, C W Callaway, R A McKnight
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal exposure to a maternal high-fat diet (HFD) independently increase the risk of developing obesity in adulthood. Excess glucocorticoids increase obesity. We hypothesized that surgically induced IUGR combined with an HFD would increase adiposity and glucocorticoids more than in non-IUGR offspring combined with the same HFD, findings that would persist despite weaning to a regular diet. Non-IUGR (N) and IUGR (I) rat offspring from dams fed either regular rat chow (R) or an HFD (H) were weaned to either a regular rat chow or an HFD...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388514/maternal-verbally-aggressive-behavior-in-early-infancy-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-at-age-5-6
#4
L J C A Smarius, T G A Strieder, T A H Doreleijers, T G M Vrijkotte, S R de Rooij
Early life stress has been shown to contribute to alterations in biobehavioral regulation. Whereas many different forms of childhood adversities have been studied in relation to cardiovascular outcomes, very little is known about potential associations between caregivers' verbally aggressive behavior and heart rate and blood pressure in the child. This prospective study examined whether maternal verbally aggressive behavior in early infancy is associated with heart rate or blood pressure at age 5-6. In the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study, a large prospective, population-based birth cohort, maternal verbally aggressive behavior was assessed by questionnaire in the 13th week after birth...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374502/changes-in-renal-hemodynamics-of-undernourished-fetuses-appear-earlier-than-iugr-evidences
#5
A Barbero, C Porcu, A Spezzigu, S Succu, M Dattena, M Gallus, G Molle, S Naitana, A Gonzalez-Bulnes, F Berlinguer
The present study used a sheep model of intrauterine growth restriction, combining maternal undernutrition and twinning, to determine possible markers of early damage to the fetal kidney. The occurrence of early deviations in fetal hemodynamics which may be indicative of changes in blood perfusion was assessed by Doppler ultrasonography. A total of 24 sheep divided in two groups were fed with the same standard grain-based diet but fulfilling either their daily maintenance requirements for pregnancy (control group; n=12, six singleton and six twin pregnancies) or only the 50% of such quantity (food-restricted group; n=12; four singleton and eight twin pregnancies)...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366439/the-barker-hypothesis-confirmed-association-of-low-birth-weight-with-all-cause-natural-deaths-in-young-adult-life-in-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-community
#6
Wendy E Hoy, Jennifer L Nicol
Barker et al. proposed that low birth weight predisposes to higher death rates in adult life. We previously confirmed this fact in a cohort of young adults who were born in a remote Australian Aboriginal community between 1956 and 1985. We now present data in these same people with four more years of follow-up and a greater number of deaths. The fates of participants were documented from age 15 years until death, start of dialysis, or until the end of 2010 and causes of death were derived from clinic narratives and dialysis records...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353561/is-birth-weight-associated-with-blood-pressure-among-african-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
S A Lule, A M Elliott, L Smeeth, E L Webb
There is substantial evidence of an inverse association between birth weight and later blood pressure (BP) in populations from high-income countries, but whether this applies in low-income countries, where causes of low birth weight are different, is not certain. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a review of the evidence on the relationship between birth weight and BP among African children and adolescents. Medline, EMBASE, Global Health and Web of Science databases were searched for publications to October 2016...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345603/association-between-household-food-security-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-nairobi-kenya
#8
T N Macharia, S Ochola, M K Mutua, E W Kimani-Murage
Studies in urban informal settlements show widespread inappropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and high rates of food insecurity. This study assessed the association between household food security and IYCF practices in two urban informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. The study adopted a longitudinal design that involved a census sample of 1110 children less than 12 months of age and their mothers aged between 12 and 49 years. A questionnaire was used to collect information on: IYCF practices and household food security...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331157/eccentric-placentae-have-reduced-surface-area-and-are-associated-with-lower-birth-weight-in-babies-small-for-gestational-age
#9
G Ravikumar, J Crasta, J S Prabhu, T Thomas, P Dwarkanath, A Thomas, T S Sridhar, A V Kurpad
Placental structure and function determine birth outcomes. Placental mass does not always correlate with fetal birth weight (BW) in uncomplicated pregnancies which raises the possibility of other variables such as placental shape and cord insertion being the determinants of placental efficiency. In total, 160 women with singleton pregnancy, recruited into a pregnancy cohort were studied. Placental weight (PW) was measured and other data were obtained from clinical records. Birth outcomes were classified as small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) based on fetal gender, gestational age (GA) and BW...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317010/a-new-model-for-fetal-programming-maternal-ramadan-type-fasting-programs-nephrogenesis
#10
M Mohany, N Ashton, A H Harrath, J R Nyengaard, S Y Alomar, S Alwasel
The effect of maternal Ramadan-type fasting (RTF) on the outcome of pregnancy, kidney development and nephron number in male rat offspring was investigated in current study. Pregnant rats were given food and water ad libitum during pregnancy (control) or restricted for 16 h per day (RTF). Kidney structure was examined during fetal life, at birth, and in early and late adulthood. Maternal body weight, food intake, relative food intake and plasma glucose levels were significantly lower (P<0.001) in the RTF group...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310734/differential-methylation-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-in-offspring-of-physically-active-pregnant-women
#11
M R Marshall, N Paneth, J A Gerlach, L M Mudd, L Biery, D P Ferguson, J M Pivarnik
Several studies have suggested that maternal lifestyle during pregnancy may influence long-term health of offspring by altering the offspring epigenome. Whether maternal leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) during pregnancy might have this effect is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal LTPA during pregnancy and offspring DNA methylation. Participants were recruited from the Archive for Research on Child Health study. At enrollment, participants' demographic information and self-reported LTPA during pregnancy were determined...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310733/anogenital-distance-in-newborn-daughters-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-indicates-fetal-testosterone-exposure
#12
E S Barrett, K M Hoeger, S Sathyanarayana, D H Abbott, J B Redmon, R H N Nguyen, S H Swan
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects ~7% of reproductive age women. Although its etiology is unknown, in animals, excess prenatal testosterone (T) exposure induces PCOS-like phenotypes. While measuring fetal T in humans is infeasible, demonstrating in utero androgen exposure using a reliable newborn biomarker, anogenital distance (AGD), would provide evidence for a fetal origin of PCOS and potentially identify girls at risk. Using data from a pregnancy cohort (The Infant Development and Environment Study), we tested the novel hypothesis that infant girls born to women with PCOS have longer AGD, suggesting higher fetal T exposure, than girls born to women without PCOS...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310731/formula-derived-maillard-reaction-products-in-post-weaning-intrauterine-growth-restricted-piglets-induce-developmental-programming-of-hepatic-oxidative-stress-independently-of-microrna-21-and-microrna-155
#13
S Firmin, G Elmhiri, D Crepin, M Souidi, M Taouis, L Abdennebi-Najar
We recently reported augmentation of lipid peroxidation products in the liver of intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) piglets fed a high load of Maillard reaction products (MRPs) during suckling period. The underlying mechanisms of MRPs effects remain unknown. Here, we studied the long-term impact of MRPs exposure on liver oxidative status of IUGR juvenile pigs. Livers of 54-day-old pigs suckled with formula containing either a high (HHF, n=8) or a low (LHF: n=8) load of MRPs were analyzed for protein carbonylation levels , activities and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of glutathione (GSH) and main antioxidant regulators of redox homeostasis [Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were measured...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271332/the-hefty-fetal-phenotype-hypothesis-revisited-high-birth-weight-type-2-diabetes-and-gestational-diabetes-in-a-saskatchewan-cohort-of-first-nations-and-non-first-nations-women
#14
R F Dyck, C Karunanayake, P Pahwa, N D Osgood
Although low birth weight (LBW) increases the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2DM), the relationship between high birth weight (HBW) and T2DM is less definitive and largely confined to North American Indigenous populations. We re-examined the relationship between LBW (4000 g) and both T2DM and gestational diabetes (GDM) among First Nations and non-First Nations women in Saskatchewan. We analyzed new data for female subjects from a 2001 case-control study that led to our hefty fetal phenotype hypothesis. Using survival analysis techniques and a validated algorithm for identifying diabetes in health care administrative data, we followed a 1950-1984 birth cohort of 2003 women until March 31, 2013...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249219/the-role-of-the-tumor-necrosis-factor-tnf-related-weak-inducer-of-apoptosis-tweak-in-offspring-exposed-to-prenatal-hypoxia
#15
L M Reyes, A Shah, A Quon, J S Morton, S T Davidge
Exposure to prenatal hypoxia in rats leads to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), decreases fetal cardiomyocyte proliferation and increases the risk to develop cardiovascular diseases (CVD) later in life. The tumor necrosis factor-related weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) induces cardiomyocyte proliferation through activation of the fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn-14) receptor. The TWEAK/Fn-14 pathway becomes quiescent shortly after birth, however, it becomes upregulated with CVD; suggesting that it could be a link between the increased susceptibility to CVD in pregnancies complicated by hypoxia/IUGR...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249214/hitting-a-triple-in-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-field-sucrose-intake-in-adulthood-increases-fat-content-in-the-female-but-not-in-the-male-rat-offspring-of-dams-fed-a-gestational-low-protein-diet
#16
L Nicolás-Toledo, M Cervantes-Rodríguez, E Cuevas-Romero, D L Corona-Quintanilla, E Pérez-Sánchez, E Zambrano, F Castelán, J Rodríguez-Antolín
The excessive consumption of carbohydrates is related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in infants and adults. The effect of combining maternal malnutrition and a high carbohydrate intake on the development of NAFLD in adulthood remains unknown. We therefore hypothesized that consumption of 5% sucrose by the offspring of dams fed a low-protein diet during pregnancy promotes liver fat accumulation and oxidative damage differently in females and males. To test this, 12-month-old female and male offspring of mothers fed a Control (C) or low-protein diet (Restricted, R) were provided with either tap water or 5% sucrose for a period of 10 weeks...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248032/birth-weight-influences-the-kidney-size-and-function-of-bangladeshi-children
#17
F Ferdous, E Ma, R Raqib, Y Wagatsuma
Early-life conditions influence organ growth patterns and their functions, as well as subsequent risk for non-communicable chronic diseases in later life. A limited number of studies have determined that in Bangladesh, kidney size relates to its function among children as a consequence of the maternal and postnatal conditions. The present study objectives were to determine early-life conditions in relation to childhood kidney size and to compare their influences on kidney function. The study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort of 1067 full-term singleton live births followed from fetal life onward...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198238/the-effect-of-adverse-intrauterine-conditions-early-childhood-growth-and-famine-exposure-on-age-at-menopause-a-systematic-review
#18
S Sadrzadeh, M Verschuuren, L J Schoonmade, C B Lambalk, R C Painter
When the follicle reserve, which is developed solely during the fetal period, is depleted, women enter menopause. Intrauterine and childhood adverse conditions might affect the ovarian capacity by influencing follicle production in the first trimester, limiting the initial follicle pool or mediate an accelerated follicular loss thereafter. To investigate if adverse early life influences result in younger age at menopause, the following online databases were systematically searched: PubMed, EMBASE, CINHAL (EBSCO) and Cochrane library (Wiley) up to 1 January 2017...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151399/effect-of-neonatal-orally-administered-s-allyl-cysteine-in-high-fructose-diet-fed-wistar-rats
#19
B W Lembede, K H Erlwanger, P Nkomozepi, E Chivandi
S-allyl cysteine (SAC) has antioxidant, antidiabetic and antiobesity properties. We hypothesized that neonatal oral administration of SAC would protect rats against neonatal and adulthood high-fructose diet-induced adverse metabolic outcomes in adulthood. In total, 112 (males=56; females=56), 4-day-old Wistar rat pups were randomly allocated to groups and administered the following treatment regimens daily for 15 days from postnatal day (PND) 6-20: group I - 10 ml/kg distilled water, group II - 10 ml/kg 20% fructose solution (FS), group III - 150 mg/kg SAC and group IV - SAC+FS...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141697/microarray-expression-profile-of-lncrnas-and-mrnas-in-the-placenta-of-non-diabetic-macrosomia
#20
G Y Song, Q Na, D Wang, C Qiao
Macrosomia, not only is closely associated with short-term, birth-related problems, but also has long-term consequences for the offspring. We investigated the expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in the placenta of macrosomia births using a microarray profile. The data showed that 2929 lncRNAs and 4574 mRNAs were upregulated in the placenta of macrosomia births compared with the normal birth weight group (fold change ⩾2.0, P<0.05), and 2127 lncRNAs and 2511 mRNAs were downregulated (fold change ⩾2...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
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