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Case Reports in Dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422844/acrodermatitis-continua-of-hallopeau-with-bone-resorption-in-an-8-year-old-patient-a-case-report
#1
May Alorainy, Mohammed Alshaya, Ammar Al-Rikabi, Mohammed Ayesh, Fahad Alsaif
Acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau (ACH) is an uncommon inflammatory disease manifesting as sterile pustular eruption of the fingers and toes. The disease is of a chronic relapsing nature and is often refractory to treatment. With longstanding disease, osteitis with consequent bone resorption of the underlying phalanges can occur, leading to disability. While the incidence of ACH is rare in children, complications like osteolysis have not been reported previously in this age group. In this paper, we report the case of an 8-year-old boy with severe ACH complicated by bone resorption...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422843/cutaneous-metastases-from-salivary-duct-carcinoma-of-the-submandibular-gland
#2
Wahida Chakari, Luise Andersen, Jørgen Lock Andersen
Salivary duct carcinoma is a rare and highly aggressive malignant neoplasm that frequently metastasises to other organs, but cutaneous metastasis is uncommon. There are only 6 cases reported in the literature with metastases to the skin and in all cases the tumour originates from the parotid gland. We present a case of skin metastases from the submandibular gland that was mistaken for basal cell carcinoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of salivary duct carcinoma arising from the submandibular gland with cutaneous metastases...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282398/fenofibrate-induced-lichenoid-drug-eruption-a-rare-culprit
#3
Fayeza Mohammed, Laura L Wally, Jeffrey E Karaban, Vijaya B Reddy, Yongsuk Lertratanakul
A lichenoid drug eruption is a rare side effect which can occur following the administration of several different medications. Here we describe a unique case of fenofibrate as the causative agent of a lichenoid drug eruption. This case highlights a rare and clinically significant dermatologic side effect of fenofibrate. In addition, we report a potential familial association which underscores the potential for underlying genetic mechanisms to be contributory to lichenoid drug eruptions. A reminder of the physical characteristics of lichen planus, knowledge of the temporal relation between administration of medications and a lichenoid drug eruption, recognition of the effect of UV exposure on lichenoid drug eruptions, and realization for the potential of symptoms to persist despite discontinuation of an offending agent can aid practitioners in promptly diagnosing lichenoid drug eruptions and initiating appropriate therapy...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282397/swan-neck-deformity-mimicking-claw-hand-caused-by-arthritis-in-leprosy
#4
Hendra Gunawan, Nia Srie Haryati, Oki Suwarsa
Swan neck deformity is a hyperextension of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints and flexion of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints. Claw hand is a hyperextension of the metacarpal joints and flexion of the PIP joints, accompanied by reduced motor strength. A 23-year-old female, who was released from leprosy treatment, presented with a bend of the second to fifth fingers of both hands. There was hyperextension of the PIP joints and flexion of the DIP joints from the second to fifth fingers of both hands, thickening of the ulnar nerves, and hypoesthesia without motor impairment of the fourth and fifth fingers of both hands...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282396/carcinoma-cuniculatum-of-the-right-thenar-region-with-bone-involvement-and-lymph-node-metastases
#5
Robert Feldmann, Marlies Wruhs, Tobias Peinhaupt, Alexander Stella, Friedrich Breier, Andreas Steiner
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common type of skin cancer after basal cell carcinoma (BCC). The overall prevalence of BCC is 3 times higher than that of SCC, but this can vary when looking at specific locations such as the hand, where SCC is much more common than BCC. Carcinoma (or epithelioma) cuniculatum is a rare variant of SCC. It was originally described as a verrucous carcinoma of the soles. Exceptionally, it can arise in other parts of the skin. We report a rare case of carcinoma cuniculatum of the right thenar region with bone and lymph node involvement...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282395/lichen-planus-pemphigoides-induced-by-enalapril-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#6
Woranit Onprasert, Kumutnart Chanprapaph
Lichen planus pemphigoides (LPP) is a rare autoimmune bullous dermatosis. The clinical presentation of LPP may mimic bullous pemphigoid making the diagnosis difficult. A thorough clinical, histopathological, and immunological evaluation is essential for the diagnosis of LPP. The etiology is largely idiopathic; however, there are several case reports of drug-induced LPP. We report an 81-year-old Thai woman with underlying hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus who presented with a 4-week history of multiple tense bullae initially on the hands and feet that subsequently expanded to the trunk and face...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282394/treatment-of-multiple-actinic-keratosis-and-field-of-cancerization-with-topical-piroxicam-0-8-and-sunscreen-50-in-organ-transplant-recipients-a-series-of-10-cases
#7
Virginia Garofalo, Alessandra Ventura, Sara Mazzilli, Laura Diluvio, Luca Bianchi, Luca Toti, Giuseppe Tisone, Massimo Milani, Elena Campione
Organ transplant recipient (OTR) subjects are at high risk of skin cancer such as squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma. Actinic keratosis (AK) is considered the precursor of these non-melanoma skin cancers. Sun protection is mandatory in subjects with AK and this preventive strategy is very important in OTR. Treatment of the field of cancerization is also crucial to reduce the risk of recurrence of skin lesions in AK and non-melanoma skin cancer patients. Activation of cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 enzymes plays an important role in the pathogenesis of skin cancers...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282393/cd30-cutaneous-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-of-the-upper-eyelid-a-case-report
#8
Stéphanie Olivier, Claire Dachelet, Ivan Theate, Isabelle Tromme, Marie Baeck
CD30+ cutaneous anaplastic large-cell lymphoma is part of the CD30+ T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. This type of lymphoma is in most cases indolent, with a high survival rate. We report the case of a 59-year-old patient with a 1-month lasting crusty lesion of the upper eyelid. Eyelid involvement is very uncommon, as the most frequent locations are the trunk and the limbs.
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282392/diffuse-dermal-angiomatosis-of-the-breast-a-distinct-entity-in-the-spectrum-of-cutaneous-reactive-angiomatoses-clinicopathologic-study-of-two-cases-and-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#9
Jörg Galambos, Claudia Meuli-Simmen, Regula Schmid, Lisa S Steinmann, Werner Kempf
Diffuse dermal angiomatosis (DDA) is a rare reactive angioproliferation in the skin and considered to be a subtype in the group of cutaneous reactive angiomatoses. DDA is clinically characterized by livedoid patches and plaques with tender ulceration. Its histologic features are a reactive diffuse proliferation of bland endothelial cells and pericytes within the dermis, forming small capillary vessels. Previously described cases of DDA most commonly involved the limbs and were associated with a wide spectrum of predisposing comorbidities, especially advanced atherosclerotic vascular disease and arteriovenous fistula...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118702/plaque-type-syringoma-a-case-report
#10
Chutima Rungananchai, Daranporn Triwongwaranat
Syringomas are benign appendageal tumors originated from eccrine ducts. The lesions usually present as multiple small, firm papules at lower eyelids and cheeks of women. Plaque-type syringoma is an infrequent form of syringoma and to date, 12 cases have been reported. Pathology demonstrated benign proliferation of eccrine ductal structures in the dermis with surrounding fibrotic stroma. We report the case of a 40-year-old Thai male with plaque-type syringomas at infraorbital areas.
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118701/nevus-comedonicus-case-report
#11
Renata Pinto Fernandes Timbó, Maria Kátia Gomes, Eduardo Mastrangelo Marinho Falcão, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva
Nevus comedonicus is a rare cutaneous anomaly, characterized by the clustering of papules with firm, blackened horny buffers. It in general has a zosteriform pattern and affects both genders equally. In some patients, there is formation of cysts, abscesses, and fistulas, aggravating its psychosocial impact. The association with extracutaneous lesions characterizes the nevus comedonicus syndrome. Despite several therapeutic options, the result is unsatisfactory in most cases. We report the case of a man with an exuberant congenital lesion, affecting the left suprascapular region, arm, and forearm...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118700/looking-beyond-the-cyclosporine-swish-and-spit-technique-in-a-recalcitrant-case-of-erosive-lichen-planus-involving-the-tongue
#12
Aastha Gupta, Kabir Sardana, Ram Kishan Gautam
Oral lichen planus is a relatively common autoimmune disease affecting the middle-aged population. Although no treatment is necessary for a benign asymptomatic case, in case of erosive lichen planus, topical corticosteroids form the mainstay of treatment. In case of failure, apart from tacrolimus, cyclosporine, using the "swish and spit" technique, is a valid therapeutic intervention. In our case, though, this therapeutic option had to be replaced by the systemic use of cyclosporine with gratifying results.
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033823/successful-topical-treatment-of-pigmented-purpuric-lichenoid-dermatitis-of-gougerot-blum-in-a-young-patient-a-case-report-and-summary-of-the-most-common-pigmented-purpuric-dermatoses
#13
Jeyanthini Risikesan, Mette Sommerlund, Mette Ramsing, Mattias Kristensen, Uffe Koppelhus
We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who presented a rash with reddish-brown patches on the trunk and extremities indicative of pigmented purpuric lichenoid dermatitis of Gougerot-Blum (PPLD). The histological findings were characteristic for PPLD, thus supporting the diagnosis. Topically administered corticosteroid led to a fast resolution of all symptoms. PPLD is not seen commonly in young patients and is most often described as responding poorly to treatment with topical corticosteroids. However, the case presented here shows both that PPLD can be seen in adolescence and that the condition may be treated successfully with an intense regime of topical corticosteroids...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033822/facial-edema-in-an-elderly-man-an-unusual-presentation-of-nonepisodic-angioedema-with-eosinophilia
#14
Takashi Hashimoto, Kanako Muneta, Ken Watanabe
Nonepisodic angioedema with eosinophilia (NEAE) is a rare allergic disease with a young Japanese and East Asian female predominance. NEAE features transient, nonrecurrent angioedema and peripheral blood eosinophilia without visceral organ involvement. Angioedema in NEAE occurs on the extremities, while the trunk and face are rarely involved. Here, we report a case of NEAE affecting only the face in an 80-year-old Japanese man. He was otherwise healthy and took no medication until the sudden development of angioedema on the face...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033821/certolizumab-pegol-induced-folliculitis-like-lichenoid-sarcoidosis-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#15
Hiroyuki Sakai, Wakana Nomura, Motoshi Sugawara
Anti-tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) biologic agents are used for treating refractory sarcoidosis. However, sarcoidosis-like epithelioid cell granulomas may develop during anti-TNF-α treatment. A 63-year-old man suffering from rheumatoid arthritis was treated with oral methotrexate and methylprednisolone for 4 years. He subsequently started biweekly subcutaneous injections of certolizumab pegol. Three months later, light red follicular papules developed on his chest and they spread over the trunk and bilateral upper arms...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033820/pachyderma-in-primary-cutaneous-nk-and-t-cell-lymphoma-and-leukemia-cutis
#16
Eve Lebas, Cesar Chian, Nazli Nikkels-Tassoudji, Jorge E Arrese, Arjen F Nikkels
BACKGROUND: Pachyderma is defined as severely thickened skin with deep folds and is occasionally observed with primary cutaneous NK and T-cell lymphoma (pCNKTCL), primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma (pCBCL), and leukemia cutis (LC). AIM: To describe the clinical, histological, and therapeutic particularities of a series of pCNKTCL, pCBCL, and LC patients with pachyderma. RESULTS: In a series of pCNKTCL (n = 70), pCBCL (n = 12), and LC (n = 2) patients followed up during 9 years, 6 cases of pachyderma were observed...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033819/an-unusual-presentation-of-pyoderma-gangrenosum-leading-to-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#17
Ali Didan, Alan Donnelly, Hock Chua
This is a report of an atypical presentation of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) in a 26-year-old male who had a negative septic screen. The patient had a life-threatening presentation requiring an intensive care unit (ICU) admission for vasopressor support. It was thought that the likely cause of circulatory collapse was an overwhelming cytokine reaction or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) secondary to extensive PG lesions rather than septic shock. The patient presented with multiple large ulcers, the largest being 4 cm in diameter on the central chest...
September 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033818/itolizumab-a-new-biologic-for-management-of-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#18
Ganesh Pai, Anusha H Pai
Psoriasis is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory, immune-mediated systemic disease with mainly skin and joint manifestations. The available treatment options to cure psoriasis include topical therapy, phototherapy, and biological therapy. Biological therapy has become a promising option due to the rapid action and less adverse effects associated with its use. The newly developed biologic itolizumab is a humanized recombinant anti-CD6 monoclonal antibody of IgG1 isotype that binds to domain 1 of CD6, thereby immunomodulating human lymphocytes without interfering with the binding of CD6 to the activated leukocyte-cell adhesion molecule...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033817/cholesterotic-fibrous-histiocytoma-in-a-patient-with-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Masatoshi Deguchi, Setsuya Aiba
Among the many variants of dermatofibroma, dermatofibroma with cholesterol cleft (cholesterotic fibrous histiocytoma) is extremely rare. Here, we describe the case of a 50-year-old male patient with a cholesterotic fibrous histiocytoma on his left lower leg. He presented with a hyperkeratotic nodule 6 mm in diameter with a brown surface on the extensor surface of his left lower leg. The lesion had developed over the course of a few years without any tendency to heal. A skin biopsy performed on the tumor showed histopathological findings compatible with those of dermatofibroma...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033816/verruciform-xanthoma-of-a-lower-lip-lesion-a-new-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Filiz Cebeci, Ayşegül Verim, Adnan Somay, Emel Çalıkoğlu
A non-smoking man in his seventh decade presented with a lesion he had had for about 5 years on the right external surface of the lip 1 mm from the vermilion border. On physical examination, a yellowish-coloured, non-tender, verrucous mass of 0.5 × 0.7 cm was observed. A histopathological examination of the first 3-mm punch biopsy was non-diagnostic. The histopathological evaluation of a second, 5-mm-deep punch biopsy made by a pathology expert in oral lesions revealed a diagnosis of verruciform xanthoma. The key to the diagnosis of verruciform xanthoma is to recognize xanthoma cells...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
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