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Case Reports in Dermatology

Jürg Hafner, Christoph Gubler, Karin Kaufmann, Stephan Nobbe, Alexander A Navarini, Lars E French
A 74-year-old woman with extensive lichen planus mucosae (LPM) developed stenotic esophagitis that was refractory to intravenous glucocorticosteroids. Esophageal dilatations to 14 mm width were repeatedly performed without any lasting effect. After introducing oral apremilast, she experienced complete clinical remission within the first 4 weeks of treatment. Control esophagoscopy confirmed a marked recovery of the esophageal mucosa with no recurrence of the former stenosis. Our observation is in line with the case series of Paul et al...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Ioannis Karagiannidis, Martina Brunner, Christos C Zouboulis
Darier disease/dyskeratosis follicularis is a genodermatosis characterized by brown, oily keratotic papules and plaques in the seborrheic areas of the face and chest. Responsible for the disease are mutations in the ATP2A2 gene, encoding SERCA2, a calcium pump of the sarco-/endoplasmic reticulum. Mechanical trauma, heat, humidity, ultraviolet B radiation, oral corticosteroids and lithium are known trigger factors of the disorder. We report on a 48-year-old German woman with a flare-up of Darier disease under interferon-α-2a (IFNα-2a) therapy with clinical signs of lichen nitidus...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Michelle S Y Ng, Alice Y W Foong, Mark J A Koh
INTRODUCTION: The development of cutaneous neoplasms at immunization sites following vaccination is uncommon, and only few have been reported in the literature worldwide. We report an unusual case of an ulcerated giant dermatofibroma that developed as a chronic nonhealing plaque in the immunization scar of a young boy after vaccination. CASE REPORT: A 13-month-old Chinese boy presented with an unusual skin reaction on the vaccination site at the right anterolateral thigh following a routine intramuscular injection of '5-in-1' (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Haemophilus influenzae B) vaccine at 4 months of age...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Shusuke Uchida, Naoki Oiso, Kuriko Shiga, Tomohiko Narita, Akira Kawada
Cases of malignant melanoma on thermal burn scars have occasionally been reported. We report a 78-year-old Japanese female with malignant melanoma on a thermal burn scar with an interval of more than 70 years. Our case reemphasizes the importance of regular examinations in persons with thermal burn scars.
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Kathrin Schucht, Josef Schröder, Heiko Siegmund, Claudia Grafe, Stephan Schreml
A 52-year-old woman presented with a large partially yellow and erythematous tumor on her right temple. She reported that it had grown over the last 4 years. Regional lymph nodes were impalpable. A punch biopsy showed eosinophilic material in the dermis and subcutis. Immunohistochemistry showed positive staining for kappa and lambda light chains. Electron microscopy showed the typical amyloid fibrils (7-10 nm in diameter). There was no evidence of systemic amyloidosis, paraproteinemia or underlying plasmacytoma...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Dennis Linder, Elena Marinello, Pietro Maria Donisi, Roberto Salmaso, Edoardo Zattra, Anna Zampetti
Darier's disease (DD) is an autosomal dominant inherited genodermatosis which is often under- or misdiagnosed. In the majority of cases, the disease manifests in adolescents or young adults with small brownish-yellow, warty, hyperkeratotic papules in multiple seborrheic areas of the body. Localized DD (LDD) is a clinical variant, first described by Kreibich in 1906; only a few cases are reported in the literature. We described the case of an aged woman presenting with LDD, and we review the literature on this subject...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Osman Tanrıkulu, Yavuz Yesilova, Mustafa Aksoy
Lipoatrophy is characterized by inflammation and tissue loss in fatty tissue. This disease may be congenital or acquired, primary or secondary. Secondary lipoatrophy develops with infections, collagen tissue diseases, tumors and drug injections. In this report, we present the case of a 14-year-old female patient who developed lipoatrophy following intramuscular steroid injection to both buttocks.
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Rachael C Saporito, David J Cohen
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, pruritic skin disease often complicated by bacterial superinfection affecting 10.7% of American children. The pathogenesis involves a skin barrier breakdown in addition to dysfunctional innate and adaptive immune response, including an unbalanced increase in T-helper 2 cells and hyperimmunoglobulinemia E. The increased numbers of T-helper 2 cells are involved in stimulating the production of immunoglobulin E and eosinophilia by releasing interleukin-4, -5, and -13 as well as in decreasing protection against bacterial superinfection by releasing interleukin-10...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Nobuko Tabata, Hideka Yoshizawa
Generalized pustular lesions characterized by acute onset with fever occur in pustulosis acuta generalisata, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, and generalized pustular psoriasis. In the present report, we describe a pediatric case of generalized pustular eruption that was not completely consistent with clinical features. Our patient had no evidence of a post-streptococcal infection. We observed scattered symmetric eruption of discrete pustules with an inflammatory halo on normal skin. The eruption was absent on her palms and soles of the feet...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Ashraf F Hanna, Josh S Armstrong, Adam J Smith
A patient reported to the Florida Spine Institute (Clearwater, Fla., USA) with severe lichen sclerosus of the anogenital region and legs. The patient's pain presentation was neuropathic with hypersensitivity, allodynia, swelling, and weakness. The patient had failed multiple pain management modalities including opioid therapy, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants. The patient completed a standard intravenous ketamine infusion regimen developed at the Florida Spine Institute and reported complete abolishment of her pain syndrome...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Emily Tongdee, Khasha Touloei, Paul K Shitabata, Shahjahan Shareef, Eric L Maranda
Keloidal atypical fibroxanthoma (KAF) has recently been categorized as a variant of atypical fibroxanthoma. This paper will emphasize the importance of including KAF in both clinical and histological differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions which exhibit keloidal collagen and will also review the current literature on epidemiology, pathogenesis, histology, immunochemistry and treatments.
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Simon Bossart, Barbara Schnell, Katrin Kerl, Mirjana Urosevic-Maiwald
Infection with Mycobacterium wolinskyi, if not detected, may cause severe skin and soft tissue infection with prolonged healing process and is therefore associated with high morbidity. Only about 20 cases of M. wolinskyi infections in humans have been described in the literature until now, none of them in Switzerland. We report a case of an infection in a 72-year-old male patient with recurrent subcutaneous abdominal wall abscesses and ulcer formation after insulin injection in the underbelly. A culture of skin biopsy tissue showed rapid growth of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), which were identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing as M...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Tomoko Shima, Yuki Yamamoto, Hisako Okuhira, Naoya Mikita, Fukumi Furukawa
We report a patient who developed sebaceous carcinoma on the neck during therapy with immunosuppressive agents (cyclosporine, corticosteroid, methotrexate) for refractory psoriasis vulgaris, which showed rapid enlargement, leading to a fatal outcome. Multiple-organ metastases were detected. Weekly carboplatin + paclitaxel therapy resulted in the disappearance of tumor cells, but the patient died of febrile neutropenia. The development of sebaceous carcinoma is rare among psoriasis patients receiving immunosuppressive agents including cyclosporine...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Akiko Hagiwara-Takita, Taku Fujimura, Aya Kakizaki, Setsuya Aiba
Ectopic extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare variant of EMPD that develops in nonapocrine regions. Since reports about ectopic EMPD are limited, little is known about the biological and immunological background of ectopic EMPD. In this report, we present a case of ectopic EMPD on the lower abdomen that expressed RANKL but lacked the expression of MMP7. As we previously reported, Paget's cells express RANKL and MMP7, release soluble RANKL in the tumor microenvironment, and stimulate tumor-associated macrophages to produce tumor-loading factors in conventional EMPD...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Thirawut Sirikham, Salinee Rojhirunsakool, Vasanop Vachiramon
Eccrine syringofibroadenoma (ESFA) is an uncommon benign adnexal neoplasm which derives from cells of the acrosyringium of eccrine sweat glands. The clinical appearance is nonspecific but the histological features are typical. Five clinical subtypes of ESFA exist: (1) solitary ESFA; (2) multiple ESFA associated with ectodermal dysplasia; (3) multiple ESFA without cutaneous features; (4) unilateral linear ESFA (nevoid), and (5) reactive ESFA associated with inflammatory or neoplastic dermatoses. We report the case of a 42-year-old man with long-standing diabetes and neuropathy, presenting with a 4-year history of asymptomatic erythematous plaques on a background of brown hyperpigmentation on the left foot...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Fany Colson, Jorge E Arrese, Arjen F Nikkels
A 52-year-old White man presented with a dozen small, well-restricted, punctiform, asymptomatic, blue-gray macules on the left shoulder. A few months earlier, he had been treated with oral acyclovir for herpes zoster (HZ) affecting the left C7-C8 dermatomes. All the blue macules appeared over a short period of time and then remained stable. The patient had not experienced any previous trauma or had tattooing in this anatomical region. The clinical diagnosis suggested blue nevi. Dermatoscopy revealed small, well-limited, dark-blue, compact, homogeneous areas evoking dermal blue nevi...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Mohammad Fatani, Homaid Al Otaibi, Muath Mohammed, Osama Hegazy
Verrucous hemangioma is a rare vascular malformation consisting of a proliferation of dilated blood vessels of different sizes that occupy the dermis and hypodermis. The epidermis of the affected area shows a strong proliferative reaction that presents as a warty appearance. Here, we report the case of a 17-year-old male who presented with an asymptomatic warty growth above the lateral malleolus on the right leg, which healed after electrocautery.
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Masayuki Takahashi, Masaru Arima, Yohei Iwata, Kayoko Suzuki, Yoshikazu Mizoguchi, Makoto Kuroda, Kayoko Matsunaga
A 72-year-old male visited a nearby hospital with a large tumor in his occipital region, which had existed since 20 years. Since malignant tumor was suspected, he was referred to our department. At the initial consultation, an elastic-hard, yellow-brown, sessile tumor, measuring 8 × 7 × 5 cm and with a flat surface, was observed in the occipital region. The tumor was resected and covered with artificial dermis. Histopathologically, the lesion was composed of basal-cell-like cells with nest formation in the dermis...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Imane Bennani, Raphael Lopez, Delphine Bonnet, Gregoire Prevot, Arnaud Constantin, Dominique Chauveau, Carle Paul, Cristina Bulai Livideanu
Limited mouth opening (LMO) is a frequent complication of systemic sclerosis (SS). Its management is complex and there are limited treatment options. We report four patients with SS and severe LMO [interincisal distance (IID) <30 mm] treated with pulsed carbon dioxide (CO2) laser. Pulsed CO2 laser treatment of the white lips was performed after all patients had signed a written informed consent in the absence of alternative treatment. Treatment was carried out under locoregional anaesthesia using a Sharplan 30C CO2 laser in the Silk Touch® resurfacing mode...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Hitoshi Terui, Taku Fujimura, Aya Kakizaki, Sadanori Furudate, Setsuya Aiba
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma that only rarely regresses spontaneously. Since little is known about the immunological mechanisms involved in the spontaneous regression of MCC, we describe a case of MCC with spontaneous regression and employed immunohistochemical staining for cytotoxic and immunosuppressive molecules to investigate possible mechanisms involved in the spontaneous regression of MCC. Interestingly, compared to conventional MCC, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in MCC with spontaneous regression contained higher numbers of CD8(+) cells and granulysin-bearing cells and lower numbers of CD206(+) cells...
January 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
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