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Translational Stroke Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726167/early-increased-bradykinin-1-receptor-contributes-to-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-ischemic-stroke-in-type-1-diabetic-rats
#1
Hongfei Sang, Zhongming Qiu, Jin Cai, Wenya Lan, Linjie Yu, Hao Zhang, Min Li, Yi Xie, Ruibing Guo, Ruidong Ye, Xinfeng Liu, Ling Liu, Renliang Zhang
Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a major complication of ischemic stroke and further deteriorates neurological outcomes. Bradykinin 1 receptor (B1R) has been proven to mediate vasculo-toxicity in various experimental models. However, its role in the development of HT after stroke remains unclear. We detected the B1R expression in brain tissues with or without HT in a rat model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) with type 1 diabetes, showing higher B1R expression in the hemorrhagic areas than the ischemic tissues...
July 19, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718030/precision-stroke-animal-models-the-permanent-mcao-model-should-be-the-primary-model-not-transient-mcao
#2
Devin W McBride, John H Zhang
An argument for preclinical stroke research to make more use of the permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model, rather than transient MCAO, is presented. Despite STAIR recommending permanent MCAO as the primary model, preclinical stroke research has not been listened. In 2012, Hossmann reported that 64% of the treatment studies for MCAO used prompt transient MCAO models and only 36% of the studies used permanent MCAO or gradual transient MCAO (i.e., embolic stroke model). Then, in 2014 and 2015, 88% of published basic science studies on large vessel occlusion used the transient MCAO model...
July 17, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691141/vinpocetine-inhibits-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-dependent-inflammation-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#3
Fang Zhang, Chen Yan, Changjuan Wei, Yang Yao, Xiaofeng Ma, Zhongying Gong, Shoufeng Liu, Dawei Zang, Jieli Chen, Fu-Dong Shi, Junwei Hao
Immunity and inflammation play critical roles in the pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke. Therefore, immune intervention, as a new therapeutic strategy, is worthy of exploration. Here, we tested the inflammation modulator, vinpocetine, for its effect on the outcomes of stroke. For this multi-center study, we recruited 60 patients with anterior cerebral circulation occlusion and onset of stroke that had exceeded 4.5 h but lasted less than 48 h. These patients, after random division into two groups, received either standard management alone (controls) or standard management plus vinpocetine (30 mg per day intravenously for 14 consecutive days, Gedeon Richter Plc...
July 9, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691140/preclinical-and-clinical-evidence-on-ipsilateral-corticospinal-projections-implication-for-motor-recovery
#4
REVIEW
Ali Alawieh, Stephen Tomlinson, DeAnna Adkins, Steve Kautz, Wuwei Feng
Motor impairment is the most common complication after stroke, and recovery of motor function has been shown to be dependent on the extent of lesion in the ipsilesional corticospinal tract (iCST) and activity within ipsilesional primary and secondary motor cortices. However, work from neuroimaging research has suggested a role of the contralesional hemisphere in promoting recovery after stroke potentially through the ipsilateral uncrossed CST fibers descending to ipsilateral spinal segments. These ipsilateral fibers, sometimes referred to as "latent" projections, are thought to contribute to motor recovery independent of the crossed CST...
July 9, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681346/rehabilitation-and-the-neural-network-after-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Norihito Shimamura, Takeshi Katagai, Kiyohide Kakuta, Naoya Matsuda, Kosuke Katayama, Nozomi Fujiwara, Yuuka Watanabe, Masato Naraoka, Hiroki Ohkuma
Stroke remains a major cause of disability throughout the world: paralysis, cognitive impairment, aphasia, and so on. Surgical or medical intervention is curative in only a small number of cases. Nearly all stroke cases require rehabilitation. Neurorehabilitation generally improves patient outcome, but it sometimes has no effect or even a mal-influence. The aim of this review is the clarification of the mechanisms of neurorehabilitation. We systematically reviewed recently published articles on neural network remodeling, especially from 2014 to 2016...
July 5, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656393/emerging-roles-of-sirtuins-in-ischemic-stroke
#6
REVIEW
David T She, Dong-Gyu Jo, Thiruma V Arumugam
Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. It is characterized by a sudden disruption of blood flow to the brain causing cell death and damage, which will lead to neurological impairments. In the current state, only one drug is approved to be used in clinical setting and new therapies that confer ischemic neuroprotection are desperately needed. Several targets and pathways have been indicated to be neuroprotective in ischemic stroke, among which the sirtuin family of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacetylases has emerged as important modulators of several processes in the normal physiology and pathological conditions such as stroke...
June 27, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646450/microrna-changes-in-preconditioning-induced-neuroprotection
#7
REVIEW
Josh D Bell, Jang-Eun Cho, Rona G Giffard
Preconditioning is a paradigm in which sublethal stress-prior to a more injurious insult-induces protection against injury. In the central nervous system (CNS), preconditioning against ischemic stroke is induced by short durations of ischemia, brief seizures, exposure to anesthetics, and other stresses. Increasing evidence supports the contribution of microRNAs (miRNAs) to the pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia and ischemic tolerance induced by preconditioning. Studies investigating miRNA changes induced by preconditioning have to date identified 562 miRNAs that change expression levels after preconditioning, and 15% of these changes were reproduced in at least one additional study...
June 23, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634890/ccl11-eotaxin-1-levels-predict-long-term-functional-outcomes-in-patients-following-ischemic-stroke
#8
Meaghan Roy-O'Reilly, Rodney M Ritzel, Sarah E Conway, Ilene Staff, Gilbert Fortunato, Louise D McCullough
Circulating levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine C-C motif chemokine 11 (CCL11, also known as eotaxin-1) are increased in several animal models of neuroinflammation, including traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer's disease. Increased levels of CCL11 have also been linked to decreased neurogenesis in mice. We hypothesized that circulating CCL11 levels would increase following ischemic stroke in mice and humans, and that higher CCL11 levels would correlate with poor long-term recovery in patients. As predicted, circulating levels of CCL11 in both young and aged mice increased significantly 24 h after experimental stroke...
June 21, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624878/a-combination-of-three-repurposed-drugs-administered-at-reperfusion-as-a-promising-therapy-for-postischemic-brain-injury
#9
I-Chen Yu, Ping-Chang Kuo, Jui-Hung Yen, Hallel C Paraiso, Eric T Curfman, Benecia C Hong-Goka, Robert D Sweazey, Fen-Lei Chang
Cerebral ischemia leads to multifaceted injury to the brain. A polytherapeutic drug that can be administered immediately after reperfusion may increase protection to the brain by simultaneously targeting multiple deleterious cascades. This study evaluated efficacy of the combination of three clinically approved drugs: lamotrigine, minocycline, and lovastatin, using two mouse models: global and focal cerebral ischemia induced by transient occlusion of the common carotid arteries or the middle cerebral artery, respectively...
June 17, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620886/to-improve-translational-research-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#10
EDITORIAL
Hidenori Suzuki, Fumi Nakano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601919/cerebellar-exposure-to-cell-free-hemoglobin-following-preterm-intraventricular-hemorrhage-causal-in-cerebellar-damage
#11
Alex Adusei Agyemang, Kristbjörg Sveinsdóttir, Suvi Vallius, Snjolaug Sveinsdóttir, Matteo Bruschettini, Olga Romantsik, Ann Hellström, Lois E H Smith, Lennart Ohlsson, Bo Holmqvist, Magnus Gram, David Ley
Decreased cerebellar volume is associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very preterm infants and may be a principal component in neurodevelopmental impairment. Cerebellar deposition of blood products from the subarachnoid space has been suggested as a causal mechanism in cerebellar underdevelopment following IVH. Using the preterm rabbit pup IVH model, we evaluated the effects of IVH induced at E29 (3 days prior to term) on cerebellar development at term-equivalent postnatal day 0 (P0), term-equivalent postnatal day 2 (P2), and term-equivalent postnatal day 5 (P5)...
June 10, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580536/annexin-a2-plus-low-dose-tissue-plasminogen-activator-combination-attenuates-cerebrovascular-dysfunction-after-focal-embolic-stroke-of-rats
#12
Xiang Fan, Yinghua Jiang, Zhanyang Yu, Qi Liu, Shuzhen Guo, Xiaochuan Sun, Klaus van Leyen, MingMing Ning, Xiumei Gao, Eng H Lo, Xiaoying Wang
Previous studies showed recombinant annexin A2 (rA2) in combination with low-dose tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) improved thrombolytic efficacy and long-term neurological outcomes after embolic focal ischemia in rats. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of the combination in early BBB integrity and cerebrovascular patency in the rat focal embolic stroke model. Ischemic brain infarct volume and hemorrhagic transformation were quantified at 24 h after stroke. At an earlier time point, 16 h after stroke, BBB integrity was evaluated by IgG extravasation, and the involved mechanisms were assessed for tight junction ZO-1 and adhesion junction ve-cadherin protein expression, matrix metalloproteinase activation, extracellular matrix collagen IV and endothelial barrier antigen expression, and activation of microglia/macrophages and astrocytes...
June 4, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551702/alpha-7-nicotinic-receptor-signaling-pathway-participates-in-the-neurogenesis-induced-by-chat-positive-neurons-in-the-subventricular-zone
#13
Jianping Wang, Zhengfang Lu, Xiaojie Fu, Di Zhang, Lie Yu, Nan Li, Yufeng Gao, Xianliang Liu, Chunmao Yin, Junji Ke, Liyuan Li, Mengmeng Zhai, Shiwen Wu, Jiahong Fan, Liang Lv, Junchao Liu, Xuemei Chen, Qingwu Yang, Jian Wang
Choline acetyltransferase-positive (ChAT(+)) neurons within the subventricular zone (SVZ) have been shown to promote neurogenesis after stroke in mice by secreting acetylcholine (ACh); however, the mechanisms remain unclear. Receptors known to bind ACh include the nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs), which are present in the SVZ and have been shown to be important for cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. In this study, we investigated the neurogenic role of the alpha-7 nAChR (α7 nAChR) in a mouse model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) by using α7 nAChR inhibitor methyllycaconitine...
May 27, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547726/stroke-induces-mesenchymal-stem-cell-migration-to-infarcted-brain-areas-via-cxcr4-and-c-met-signaling
#14
Oh Young Bang, Gyeong Joon Moon, Dong Hee Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Sooyoon Kim, Jeong Pyo Son, Yeon Hee Cho, Won Hyuk Chang, Yun-Hee Kim
Mesenchymal stem cells circulate between organs to repair and maintain tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells cultured with fetal bovine serum have therapeutic effects when intravenously administered after stroke. However, only a small number of mesenchymal stem cells reach the brain. We hypothesized that the serum from stroke patients increases mesenchymal stem cells trophism toward the infarcted brain area. Mesenchymal stem cells were grown in fetal bovine serum, normal serum from normal rats, or stroke serum from ischemic stroke rats...
May 25, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534197/pcmt1-ameliorates-neuronal-apoptosis-by-inhibiting-the-activation-of-mst1-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-rats
#15
Ligen Shi, Ammar Al-Baadani, Keren Zhou, Anwen Shao, Shenbin Xu, Sheng Chen, Jianmin Zhang
Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (MST1) is found to promote neuronal apoptosis. Protein-L-isoaspartate (D-aspartate) O-methyltransferase (PCMT1), an anti-apoptosis factor, was recently identified as an MST1-interacting protein. This study aims to explore the potential role of PCMT1 in reducing MST1-induced neuronal apoptosis after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats. One hundred ninety-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. An exogenous PCMT1 agonist, CGP 3466B, was injected subcutaneously 1 h after the SAH induced by endovascular perforation...
May 22, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509283/in-vivo-molecular-mri-of-icam-1-expression-on-endothelium-and-leukocytes-from-subacute-to-chronic-stages-after-experimental-stroke
#16
Lisette H Deddens, Geralda A F van Tilborg, Kajo van der Marel, Hedi Hunt, Annette van der Toorn, Max A Viergever, Helga E de Vries, Rick M Dijkhuizen
Molecular MRI allows in vivo detection of vascular cell adhesion molecules expressed on inflamed endothelium, which enables detection of specific targets for anti-neuroinflammatory treatment. We explored to what extent MR contrast agent targeted to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) could detect endothelial- and leukocyte-associated ICAM-1 expression at different stages after experimental stroke. Furthermore, we assessed potential interfering effects of ICAM-1-targeted contrast agent on post-stroke lesion growth...
May 16, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477280/biomarkers-of-acute-stroke-etiology-base-study-methodology
#17
Edward C Jauch, Andrew D Barreto, Joseph P Broderick, Doug M Char, Brett L Cucchiara, Thomas G Devlin, Alison J Haddock, William J Hicks, Brian C Hiestand, Glen C Jickling, Jeff June, David S Liebeskind, Ted J Lowenkopf, Joseph B Miller, John O'Neill, Tim L Schoonover, Frank R Sharp, W Frank Peacock
Acute ischemic stroke affects over 800,000 US adults annually, with hundreds of thousands more experiencing a transient ischemic attack. Emergent evaluation, prompt acute treatment, and identification of stroke or TIA (transient ischemic attack) etiology for specific secondary prevention are critical for decreasing further morbidity and mortality of cerebrovascular disease. The Biomarkers of Acute Stroke Etiology (BASE) study is a multicenter observational study to identify serum markers defining the etiology of acute ischemic stroke...
May 5, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378315/preclinical-development-of-a-prophylactic-neuroprotective-therapy-for-the-preventive-treatment-of-anticipated-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#18
Frances Rena Bahjat, G Alexander West, Steven G Kohama, Christine Glynn, Henryk F Urbanski, Theodore R Hobbs, Eric Earl, Susan L Stevens, Mary P Stenzel-Poore
Ischemia-reperfusion brain injury can be iatrogenically induced secondary to life-saving procedures. Prophylactic treatment of these patients offers a promising prevention for lifelong complications. We postulate that a cytosine-guanine (CpG) oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) can provide robust antecedent protection against cerebral ischemic injury with minimal release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, making it an ideal candidate for further clinical development. Mouse and nonhuman primate (NHP) models of cerebral ischemic injury were used to test whether an A-type CpG ODN, which induces minimal systemic inflammatory cytokine responses, can provide prophylactic protection...
August 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281221/evidence-for-decreased-brain-parenchymal-volume-after-large-intracerebral-hemorrhages-a-potential-mechanism-limiting-intracranial-pressure-rises
#19
Michael R Williamson, Frederick Colbourne
Potentially fatal intracranial pressure (ICP) rises commonly occur after large intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH). We monitored ICP after infusing 100-160 μL of autologous blood (vs. 0 μL control) into the striatum of rats in order to test the validity of this common model with regard to ICP elevations. Other endpoints included body temperature, behavioral impairment, lesion volume, and edema. Also, we evaluated hippocampal CA1 sector and somatosensory cortical neuron morphology to assess whether global ischemic injury occurred...
August 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243834/sodium-tanshinone-iia-sulfonate-enhances-effectiveness-rt-pa-treatment-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-associated-with-ameliorating-blood-brain-barrier-damage
#20
Biying Ji, Fei Zhou, Lijuan Han, Jun Yang, Haijian Fan, Shanshan Li, Jingwei Li, Xin Zhang, Xiaoying Wang, Xiangyan Chen, Yun Xu
Treatment with sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) may ameliorate blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage in acute ischemic stroke patients receiving recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) thrombolysis and improve stroke patients' outcome. This randomized, single-center, placebo-controlled clinical trial investigated the potential effects and underlying mechanisms of STS. Forty-two acute ischemic stroke patients receiving intravenous rt-PA thrombolysis were randomized to intravenous administration either with STS (60 mg/day) (n = 21) or with equivalent volume of saline as a placebo (n = 21) after randomization for 10 days...
August 2017: Translational Stroke Research
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