journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541518/mapping-healthcare-systems-a-policy-relevant-analytic-tool
#1
Neelam Sekhri Feachem, Ariana Afshar, Cristina Pruett, Anton L V Avanceña
Background: In the past decade, an international consensus on the value of well-functioning systems has driven considerable health systems research. This research falls into two broad categories. The first provides conceptual frameworks that take complex healthcare systems and create simplified constructs of interactions and functions. The second focuses on granular inputs and outputs. This paper presents a novel translational mapping tool - the University of California, San Francisco mapping tool (the Tool) - which bridges the gap between these two areas of research, creating a platform for multi-country comparative analysis...
May 25, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407112/collaborating-to-develop-joint-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-and-neglected-tropical-disease-ntd-sector-monitoring-an-expert-consultation
#2
Robyn C Waite, Geordie Woods, Yael Velleman, Matthew C Freeman
Background: Joint monitoring between the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and neglected tropical disease (NTD) sectors presents an opportunity for enhanced collaboration and progress towards shared objectives. Taking forward outputs from global WASH and NTD Roundtables, we engaged experts in a consultative process of identifying measurable priority indicators for joint monitoring. Methods: We used a Delphi method for conducting expert consultation and developing consensus...
April 12, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582563/participant-centred-active-surveillance-of-adverse-events-following-immunisation-a-narrative-review
#3
Patrick Cashman, Kristine Macartney, Gulam Khandaker, Catherine King, Michael Gold, David N Durrheim
The importance of active, participant-centred monitoring of adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) is increasingly recognised as a valuable adjunct to traditional passive AEFI surveillance. The databases OVID Medline and OVID Embase were searched to identify all published articles referring to AEFI. Only studies which sought participant response after vaccination were included. A total of 6060 articles published since the year 2000 were identified. After the application of screening inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 articles describing 23 post-marketing AEFI systems were identified...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582562/adaptation-of-a-malaria-surveillance-system-for-use-in-a-visceral-leishmaniasis-elimination-programme
#4
Geraldine M Foster, Sophie Dunkley, Rinki M Deb, Edward Thomsen, Marlize Coleman, A C Dhariwal, R K Das Gupta, Sridhar Srikantiah, Pradeep Das, Michael Coleman
Background: Successful public practice relies on generation and use of high-quality data. A data surveillance system (the Disease Data Management System [DDMS]) in use for malaria was adapted for use in the Indian visceral leishmaniasis elimination programme. Methods: A situational analysis identified the data flows in current use. Taxonomic trees for the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in India, Phlebotomus argentipes, were incorporated into the DDMS to allow entry of quality assurance and insecticide susceptibility data...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582561/global-and-national-laboratory-networks-support-high-quality-surveillance-for-measles-and-rubella
#5
Wenbo Xu, Yan Zhang, Huiling Wang, Zhen Zhu, Naiying Mao, Mick N Mulders, Paul A Rota
Laboratory networks are an essential component of disease surveillance systems because they provide accurate and timely confirmation of infection. WHO coordinates global laboratory surveillance of vaccine preventable diseases, including measles and rubella. The more than 700 laboratories within the WHO Global Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network (GMRLN) supports surveillance for measles, rubella and congenial rubella syndrome in 191 counties. This paper describes the overall structure and function of the GMRLN and highlights the largest of the national laboratory networks, the China Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582560/the-critical-role-of-acute-flaccid-paralysis-surveillance-in-the-global-polio-eradication-initiative
#6
Rudolf H Tangermann, Christine Lamoureux, Graham Tallis, Ajay Goel
Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is a key strategy used by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) to measure progress towards reaching the global eradication goal. Supported by a global polio laboratory network, AFP surveillance is conducted in 179 of 194 WHO member states. Active surveillance visits to priority health facilities are used to assure all children <15 years with AFP are detected, followed by stool specimen collection and testing for poliovirus in WHO-accredited polio laboratories...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582559/why-transition-matters-as-much-as-eradication-lessons-from-global-polio-surveillance
#7
Joseph R A Fitchett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582558/promed-mail-22-years-of-digital-surveillance-of-emerging-infectious-diseases
#8
Malwina Carrion, Lawrence C Madoff
ProMED-mail (ProMED) was launched in 1994 as an email service to identify unusual health events related to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases and toxins affecting humans, animals and plants. It is used daily by public health leaders, government officials at all levels, physicians, veterinarians and other healthcare workers, researchers, private companies, journalists and the general public. Reports are produced and commentary provided by a global team of subject matter experts in a variety of fields including virology, parasitology, epidemiology, entomology, veterinary and plant disease specialists...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582557/global-infectious-disease-surveillance-getting-back-to-basics
#9
D N Durrheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582556/serious-bacterial-infections-in-neonates-improving-reporting-and-case-definitions
#10
Stefania Vergnano, Anna C Seale, Elizabeth J A Fitchett, Mike Sharland, Paul T Heath
Neonatal infections affect about 7 million neonates causing over 600 000 deaths every year. Estimating the burden is challenging as there are multiple reporting criteria and definitions for serious bacterial infections in neonates. Essential criteria for reporting serious neonatal bacterial infections have recently been published as the STROBE-NI checklist and, in the context of maternal vaccination, definitions have been published by the Brighton Collaboration Global Alignment of Immunization safety Assessment in pregnancy (GAIA) project...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582555/enablers-of-innovation-in-digital-public-health-surveillance-lessons-from-flutracking
#11
Craig B Dalton
Opportunities for digital innovation in public health surveillance have never been greater. Social media data streams, Open Data initiatives, mHealth geotagged data, and the 'internet of things' are ripe for development. To embrace these opportunities we need to provide public health professionals with environments that support experimentation with new technology. Innovative practitioners will lead discovery, adaption, trialling and deployment of new technological solutions mostly developed outside their organisation...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582554/novel-surveillance-methods-for-the-control-of-ebola-virus-disease
#12
C F Houlihan, D Youkee, C S Brown
The unprecedented scale of the 2013-2016 West African Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak was in a large part due to failings in surveillance: contacts of confirmed cases were not systematically identified, monitored and diagnosed early, and new cases appearing in previously unaffected communities were similarly not rapidly identified, diagnosed and isolated. Over the course of this epidemic, traditional surveillance methods were strengthened and novel methods introduced. The wealth of experience gained, and the systems introduced in West Africa, should be used in future EVD outbreaks, as well as for other communicable diseases in the region and beyond...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582553/-silent-and-noisy-areas-acute-flaccid-paralysis-surveillance-at-subnational-level-australia-2001-2015
#13
Michelle Butler, Beverley J Paterson, Nicolee Martin, Linda Hobday, Bruce Thorley, David N Durrheim
Background: Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance rates are used as an indicator of surveillance sensitivity to detect poliomyelitis with an expected rate of ≥1 case per 100 000 population in children under 15 years of age. Methods: The Australian AFP detection rates at sub-national (statistical local area) level were analysed using χ2 goodness of fit tests and exact Poisson probabilities for the combined years 2001-2015 to detect 'silent areas', which may require improved AFP detection efforts, and areas with greater than expected rates, which may indicate unexplained clusters such as those due to enterovirus infection...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505299/measuring-vaccination-coverage-better-will-help-achieve-disease-control
#14
Michael Edelstein
Timely and accurate measurement of vaccination coverage is required to evaluate the success of vaccine programmes as well as identifying susceptible groups in order to better control disease. Estimating coverage requires knowledge of how many people are eligible for vaccination, and how many have received the vaccine. Achieving this presents a number of challenges in both high and low income settings. Investing in systems that record vaccination coverage better, as an integral part of vaccine strategies, will be a step towards better control of vaccine-preventable diseases...
May 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338914/impact-of-decentralisation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-services-on-hiv-testing-and-care-at-a-population-level-in-agago-district-in-rural-northern-uganda-results-from-the-lablite-population-surveys
#15
George Abongomera, Sylvia Kiwuwa-Muyingo, Paul Revill, Levison Chiwaula, Travor Mabugu, Andrew N Phillips, Elly Katabira, Adrienne K Chan, Charles Gilks, Victor Musiime, James Hakim, Cissy Kityo, Robert Colebunders, Diana M Gibb, Janet Seeley, Deborah Ford
Background: We conducted unlinked cross-sectional population-based surveys in Northern Uganda before and after antiretroviral therapy (ART) provision (including Option B+ [lifelong ART for pregnant/breast-feeding women]) at a local primary care facility (Lira Kato Health Centre [HC]). Prior to decentralisation, people travelled 56-76 km round-trip for ART; we aimed to evaluate changes in uptake of HIV-testing, ART coverage and access to ART following decentralisation. Methods: A total of 2124 adults in 1351 households in two parishes closest to Lira Kato HC were interviewed using questionnaires between March and April 2013 and 2123 adults in 1229 households between January and March 2015...
March 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338880/the-yield-and-feasibility-of-integrated-screening-for-tb-diabetes-and-hiv-in-four-public-hospitals-in-ethiopia
#16
Degu Jerene, Nebiyu Hiruy, Ilili Jemal, Wondimu Gebrekiros, Tadesse Anteneh, Dereje Habte, Muluken Melese, Pedro Suarez, Gloria Sangiwa
Background: Our objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of integrated care for TB, HIV and diabetes mellitus (DM) in a pilot project in Ethiopia. Methods: Healthcare workers in four hospitals screened patients with TB for HIV and DM; patients with HIV for DM and TB; and patients with DM for TB. Fasting and random plasma glucose (RPG) tests were used to confirm the diagnosis of DM. We used screening checklists for TB and DM, and additional risk scoring criteria to identify patients at risk of DM...
March 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338827/strategies-for-halting-the-rise-of-multidrug-resistant-tb-epidemics-assessing-the-effect-of-early-case-detection-and-isolation
#17
Aquino L Espindola, Marie Varughese, Marek Laskowski, Affan Shoukat, Jane M Heffernan, Seyed M Moghadas
Background: The increasing rates of multidrug resistant TB (MDR-TB) have posed the question of whether control programs under enhanced directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS-Plus) are sufficient or implemented optimally. Despite enhanced efforts on early case detection and improved treatment regimens, direct transmission of MDR-TB remains a major hurdle for global TB control. Methods: We developed an agent-based simulation model of TB dynamics to evaluate the effect of transmission reduction measures on the incidence of MDR-TB...
March 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338813/antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-respiratory-infections-in-children-in-jordan
#18
Mera A Ababneh, Sayer I Al-Azzam, Rawan Ababneh, Abeer M Rababa'h, Saddam Al Demour
Background: Most acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children are due to viral etiology; however, over-prescribing of antibiotics for ARIs is common. The aim of this investigation was to identify antibiotic prescribing prevalence for children with ARIs and to identify predictors of broad-spectrum antibiotic prescribing. Methods: This was a prospective cross sectional study in a sample of ambulatory care settings in Jordan. Children (<18 years) presenting with ARIs were assessed in terms of patient's demographics, antibiotic prescription and clinical diagnosis...
March 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338749/evaluation-of-contact-tracing-activities-during-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-guinea-2015
#19
L Reques, I Bolibar, E Chazelle, L Gomes, V Prikazsky, F Banza, M Keita, B Diallo
Objectives: The objective of the study was to present the findings of an audit tool aimed at assessing contact tracing activities during an Ebola outbreak. Methods: The tool was based on Ebola guidelines and observations in the field. It was composed of 38 indicators covering contact tracing preparatives, resources, procedures and results. Results: All contact tracing teams were assessed in Boké and Conakry prefectures (24 supervisors, 22 community workers, 442 contacts) between 1 July and 10 August 2015...
March 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204499/-sustaining-the-dots-stakeholders-experience-of-a-social-protection-intervention-for-tb-in-nigeria
#20
Kingsley N Ukwaja, Isaac Alobu, Gidado Mustapha, Olajumoke Onazi, Daniel C Oshi
Background: Social protection for TB patients can lower patient costs and improve adherence. The aim of this study was to explore patients' and health workers' experiences of a social protection intervention for TB in order to inform a more patient-centred approach for the Nigeria National TB Programme strategy. Methods: This was a qualitative study consisting of 103 in-depth interviews and two focus group discussions with patients who received the intervention, and 10 key informant interviews with health workers...
March 1, 2017: International Health
journal
journal
42609
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"