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Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery

Min S Park, Marcus D Mazur, Karam Moon, Michael J Nanaszko, John R W Kestle, Lubdha M Shah, Blair Winegar, Felipe C Albuquerque, Philipp Taussky, Cameron G McDougall
OBJECT: Despite the popularity of flow-diverting stents for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms, there is no widely accepted scale for the characterization of results. We present an outcomes-based grading scale that considers factors related to failure of flow diversion. METHODS: The grading scale was developed using the results from consecutive patients at two institutions who were treated with flow diversion for a cerebral aneurysm. The initial treatment results were graded on patient, aneurysm, and treatment characteristics...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
S Fischer, A Weber, A Carolus, F Drescher, F Götz, W Weber
BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment of wide-necked aneurysms remains challenging without the use of adjunctive devices to preserve the parent artery. OBJECTIVE: To present our initial experience with a temporary bridging device, the Comaneci (Rapid Medical, Israel). The compliant remodeling mesh protects the parent artery during coil occlusion without flow arrest in the distal vasculature. Permanent dual antiplatelet therapy is not required since the device is fully removed at the end of the procedure...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Chun Fang, Hua-Qiao Tan, Hong-Jie Han, Hao Feng, Ji-Chong Xu, Shuo Yan, Zhi-Yu Nie, Ling-Jing Jin, Fei Teng
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial blood blister-like aneurysm (BBA) is a rare type of aneurysm that lacks all layers of the arterial wall. These fragile aneurysms have the propensity to rupture with minimal manipulation, which makes them hazardous and difficult to treat. The present study evaluated the safety and feasibility of endovascular treatment of BBAs with the Willis covered stent. MATERIALS: Thirteen patients (7 men and 6 women, age range 28-68 years) who presented with ruptured BBAs and were treated with the Willis covered stent were retrospectively reviewed...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
G Lee Pride, Justin F Fraser, Rishi Gupta, Mark J Alberts, J Neal Rutledge, Ray Fowler, Sameer A Ansari, Todd Abruzzo, Barb Albani, Adam Arthur, Blaise Baxter, Ketan R Bulsara, Michael Chen, Josser E Delgado Almandoz, Chirag D Gandhi, Don Heck, Steven W Hetts, Joshua A Hirsch, M Shazam Hussain, Richard Klucznik, Seon-Kyu Lee, William J Mack, Thabele Leslie-Mazwi, Ryan A McTaggart, Philip M Meyers, J Mocco, Charles Prestigiacomo, Athos Patsalides, Peter Rasmussen, Robert M Starke, Peter Sunenshine, Donald Frei, Mahesh V Jayaraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Miklos Marosfoi, Erin T Langan, Lara Strittmatter, Kajo van der Marel, Srinivasan Vedantham, Jennifer Arends, Ivan R Lylyk, Siddharth Loganathan, Gregory M Hendricks, Istvan Szikora, Ajit S Puri, Ajay K Wakhloo, Matthew J Gounis
BACKGROUND: Vascular remodeling in response to implantation of a tissue engineering scaffold such as a flow diverter (FD) leads to the cure of intracranial aneurysms. We hypothesize that the vascular response is dependent on FD design, and CD34+ progenitor cells play an important role in the endothelialization of the implant. METHODS: Sixteen rabbit aneurysms were randomly treated with two different single-layer braided FDs made of cobalt-chrome alloys. The FD-48 and FD-72 devices had 48 and 72 wires, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Joanna H Tu, Huy M Do, Viraat Patel, Kristen W Yeom, Joyce M C Teng
BACKGROUND: Sclerotherapy is one of the most commonly used minimally invasive interventions in the treatment of macrocystic lymphatic malformations (LMs). Several different sclerosing agents and injection protocols have been reported in the literature, each with varying degrees of success. The safety and efficacy of the treatments have not been evaluated comparatively in the pediatric population. METHODS: Chart review of pediatric patients with macrocystic/mixed head and neck LMs who underwent sclerotherapy using OK-432, doxycycline, or ethanolamine oleate at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford during 2000-2014...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Gustavo Balthazar da Silveira Carvalho, Sandro Luiz de Andrade Matas, Marcos Hideki Idagawa, Luiz Antônio Tobaru Tibana, Renato Sartori de Carvalho, Matheus Luis Souza Silva, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Andrea Parolin Jackowski, Nitamar Abdala
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the role of MR venography (MRV) for detecting transverse sinus stenosis, to determine the importance of this finding in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), and to propose an index that contributes to this diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed consecutive intracranial MRV of patients aged >18 years diagnosed with IIH according to the diagnostic criteria, between January 2010 and July 2012. The assessments were randomly analyzed by three radiologists...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Emrah Aytac, Erdem Gürkaş, Cetin Kursad Akpinar, Muhammad A Saleem, Adnan I Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative effectiveness of proximal and distal protection in prevention of cerebral ischemic events during carotid artery stent (CAS) placement using diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI). METHODS: We analyzed data from patients who had undergone DW-MRI before and within 24 hours of CAS for symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis (with last ischemic events within 3 months). The study was performed prospectively; patients were not randomized, and were treated either with a proximal balloon occlusion system (Mo...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Joseph R Linzey, Julius Griauzde, Zhe Guan, Nicole Bentley, Joseph J Gemmete, Neeraj Chaudhary, B Gregory Thompson, Aditya S Pandey
BACKGROUND: Stent-assisted coiling is commonly used to treat wide-necked and fusiform cerebral aneurysms. We evaluated our institutional experience with stent-assisted coiling of cerebral aneurysms to elucidate potential risk factors for recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing stent-assisted coiling of cerebral aneurysms from 2005 to 2012 resulted in 122 patients with 122 aneurysms. Demographic, peri-procedural, medical comorbidity, and follow-up data were collected...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Maxim Mokin, Kyle M Fargen, Christopher T Primiani, Zeguang Ren, Travis M Dumont, Leonardo B C Brasiliense, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Peter Kan, Visish M Srinivasan, Mandy J Binning, Rishi Gupta, Aquilla S Turk, Lucas Elijovich, Adam Arthur, Hussain Shallwani, Elad I Levy, Adnan H Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Vessel perforation during stent retriever thrombectomy is a rare complication; typically only single instances have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To report on a series of patients whose stent retriever thrombectomy was complicated by intraprocedural vessel perforation and discuss its potential mechanisms, rescue treatment strategies, and clinical significance. METHODS: Cases with intraprocedural vessel perforation, where a stent retriever was used either as a primary treatment approach or as a part of a direct aspiration first pass technique (ADAPT), were included in the final analysis...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Diogo C Haussen, Mehdi Bouslama, Jonathan A Grossberg, Raul G Nogueira
The use of balloon guide catheters in acute ischemic stroke intervention has been associated with improved reperfusion rates and clinical outcomes. This technique acts by promoting flow arrest and subsequent reversal to capture the thrombus debris that may be generated during the clot retrieval process. However, to the best of our knowledge, the use of BGC to remotely aspirate and remove intracranial thrombus has not been previously described. We report a three case series of patients with acute ischemic stroke from supraclinoidal internal carotid artery occlusions treated with remote aspiration thrombectomy through a BGC placed at the cervical internal carotid artery, leading to complete reperfusion without the need for intracranial catheterization...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Albert Ho Yuen Chiu, Rajalakshmi Ramesh, Jason Wenderoth, Mark Davies, Andrew Cheung
Subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to rupture of a circumferential dissecting aneurysm continues to be a treatment dilemma. Vessel sacrifice, when possible, continues to be the safest option but in certain cases this is not possible due to lack of collateral supply. In such cases, coil assisted endovascular flow diversion has become a potential option but the requirement for dual antiplatelet therapy in an unsecured intracranial aneurysm continues to raise concern.We present a 48-year-old man with a World Federation of Neurological Surgeons grade 5 subarachnoid hemorrhage, secondary to a ruptured intradural left vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm, who was treated successfully with a pipeline embolization device with Shield technology using aspirin and a single intravenous loading dose of abciximab...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Sumedh S Shah, Giancarlo Perez, Brian M Snelling, Diogo C Haussen, Samir Sur, Ishna Sharma, Dileep R Yavagal, Mohamed Samy Elhammady, Eric C Peterson
BACKGROUND: Angioseal, an arteriotomy closure device (ACD), functions as a collagen plug that physically closes arteriotomy sites and can simultaneously induce platelet activation and aggregation. When used 'on-label', the safety and efficacy profile of Angioseal is superior compared with those of other ACDs. However, Angioseal is sometimes deployed in less than ideal situations. Therefore, we sought to assess the safety and efficacy of 'off-label' Angioseal use in patients undergoing femoral arteriotomies...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Bradley A Gross, Karam Moon, Andrew F Ducruet, Felipe C Albuquerque
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The rarity of petrous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms has largely precluded analyses of their presentation and management in case series format. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of our endovascular database of patients treated from January 2001 to May 2016 to identify patients with petrous ICA aneurysms. We evaluated the treatment approach and results for patients managed in the era of dedicated intracranial stents and flow diverters, noting clinical and angiographic results...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Fabrizio Sallustio, Caterina Motta, Silvia Pizzuto, Marina Diomedi, Angela Giordano, Vittoria Carla D'Agostino, Domenico Samà, Salvatore Mangiafico, Valentina Saia, Jacopo Maria Legramante, Daniel Konda, Enrico Pampana, Roberto Floris, Paolo Stanzione, Roberto Gandini, Giacomo Koch
BACKGROUND: Collateral flow (CF) is an effective predictor of outcome in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with potential to sustain the ischemic penumbra. However, the clinical prognostic value of CF in patients with AIS undergoing mechanical thrombectomy has not been clearly established. We evaluated the relationship of CF with clinical outcomes in patients with large artery anterior circulation AIS treated with mechanical thrombectomy. METHODS: Baseline collaterals of patients with AIS (n=135) undergoing mechanical thrombectomy were independently evaluated by CT angiography (CTA) and conventional angiography and dichotomized into poor and good CF...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Karam Moon, Felipe C Albuquerque, Tyler Cole, Bradley A Gross, Cameron G McDougall
INTRODUCTION: Endovascular intervention for cervical carotid artery dissection (CAD) and vertebral artery dissection (VAD) may be indicated in specific circumstances. OBJECTIVE: To review our institutional experience with endovascular treatment of cervical dissections over the past 20 years to examine indications for treatment, interventional methods, and outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database to identify patients with extracranial dissection who underwent endovascular intervention between January 1996 and January 2016...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Stefan Kliesch, Christian Bauknecht, Georg Bohner, Thomas Liebig, Eberhard Siebert
We report a rare case of entrapment of the basilar artery into the sphenoid bone caused by a longitudinal fracture of the clivus. Using high resolution three-dimensional flat panel angiography, we show preservation of the basilar artery perforators in spite of severe stenosis of the entrapped segment of the basilar artery. There were no obvious signs and symptoms of posterior fossa stroke clinically or radiographically as far as could be assessed under given clinical circumstances.
September 23, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
S G Aoun, B G Welch, L G Pride, J White, R Novakovic, K Hoes, R Sarode
BACKGROUND: Stent-assisted coiling of intracranial aneurysms is an efficient alternative treatment to surgical clipping but requires prolonged antiplatelet therapy. Some patients are non-responsive to aspirin and/or clopidogrel. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the implications of this assessment using the 'whole blood aggregometry (WBA) by impedance' technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Southwestern Tertiary Aneurysm Registry was reviewed between 2002 and 2012 for patients with unruptured aneurysms treated with stent-assisted coiling...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Alex Botsford, Jai Jai Shiva Shankar
INTRODUCTION: Indirect carotid cavernous fistulas are treated with coil embolization when they present with orbital/visual symptoms or if there is cortical venous reflux. Most of the time, the treatment is done by non-specifically packing the whole cavernous sinus with coils. The purpose of this case series was to examine whether DSA-Dynavision before embolization would improve treatment by shortening the procedure time, requiring fewer coils, or reducing the complication rate. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 8 patients with 9 fistula sites were retrospectively identified...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Takashi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Takao, Soichiro Fujimura, Chihebeddine Dahmani, Toshihiro Ishibashi, Hiroya Mamori, Naoya Fukushima, Makoto Yamamoto, Yuichi Murayama
BACKGROUND: Although flow diversion is a promising procedure for the treatment of aneurysms, complications have been reported and it remains poorly understood. The occurrence of adverse outcomes is known to depend on both the mechanical properties and flow reduction effects of the flow diverter stent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the possibility of designing a flow diverter stent considering both hemodynamic performance and mechanical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted based on an ideal aneurysm model with flow diverters...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
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