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Obstetrics and Gynecology International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044081/common-adverse-effects-of-anti-tnf-agents-on-gestation
#1
REVIEW
Zacharias Fasoulakis, Panagiotis Antsaklis, Nikolaos Galanopoulos, Emmanuel Kontomanolis
Autoimmune disease has affected up to 50 million Americans, according to the American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA) and 75 percent of those affected are women. These inflammatory diseases have variable activity and a lot of women will have to undergo major therapies during and after pregnancy. Many of the women suffering from these disease will improve during gestation. However a lot of women will require continuation of disease-modifying therapies (i.e., biological therapies) throughout pregnancy and post-partum involving many risks...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003825/endometrial-volume-measured-by-vocal-compared-to-office-hysteroscopy-for-diagnosis-of-endometrial-polyps-in-premenopausal-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#2
Mohamed Laban, Sherif H Hussain, Alaa S Hassanin, Waleed M Khalaf, Mohamed K Etman, Mohammed S E Elsafty, Ahmed M Bahaa Eldin, Ahmad S Hasanien, Noha A Sakna, Mohammed Taema, Mohammed H Mostafa, Marwa M Eisa
The aim is to compare hysteroscopy, two-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound (2D TVUS), and three-dimensional (3D) Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis™ (VOCAL) to detect endometrial polyps (EPs) in premenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). This prospective study was done at Ain Shams Maternity Hospital, Egypt, from March 5, 2015, to December 30, 2015, enrolling 118 premenopausal women with AUB. 2D TVUS, 3D VOCAL, and hysteroscopy were done. 109 patients reached final analysis. 36 women (33%) were diagnosed with EP by 2D TVUS...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990163/the-effect-of-epidural-analgesia-on-the-delivery-outcome-of-induced-labour-a-retrospective-case-series
#3
Angeliki Antonakou, Dimitrios Papoutsis
Objective. To investigate whether the use of epidural analgesia during induced labour was a risk factor for instrumental vaginal delivery and caesarean section (CS) delivery. Study Design. This was a retrospective case series of primigravidae women being induced at term for all indications with a normal body mass index (BMI) at booking and under the age of 40 years. Results. We identified 1,046 women who fulfilled the inclusion criteria of which 31.2% had an epidural analgesia. Those with an epidural analgesia had significantly greater maternal age, higher BMI, greater percentage of oxytocin usage, and a longer first and second stage of labour...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980537/obstetricians-gynecologists-problems-in-sickness-certification-consultations-two-nationwide-surveys
#4
Catharina Gustavsson, Elin Hinas, Therese Ljungquist, Kristina Alexanderson
Objective. To explore experiences by physicians working in obstetrics, gynecology, or maternal healthcare (O/Gs) of problems in sickness certification consultations and differences between two years. Material and Methods. Answers by O/Gs to two Swedish nationwide surveys, in 2008 (n = 1037) and 2012 (n = 992), were analyzed for frequencies and severity of problems and organizational support in sickness certification consultations. Results. One-third of O/Gs found sickness certifications problematic every week...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895667/attitude-to-the-menopause-and-sex-amongst-middle-aged-women-in-a-family-medicine-clinic-in-ibadan-nigeria
#5
Folasade Adenike Bello, Olufunmilola Olutosin Daramola
Background. Menopause is the expected end of reproductive life. Having a positive attitude towards it has been shown to result in a positive experience, while a negative attitude is associated with negative experiences and symptoms. Traditionally, women often abstain from sex after menopause. The study aimed to determine the level of awareness and perceptions about the menopause and sex in perimenopausal women attending a general outpatient clinic. Methods. Women over 40 years were recruited from the Family Medicine Department of University College Hospital, excluding those who were menopausal...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891148/can-we-accurately-time-the-administration-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-for-preterm-labor
#6
Paola Aghajanian, Quy T Nguyen, Naomi H Greene, Kimberly D Gregory
Background. Accurate timing of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) has resulted in improved neonatal outcomes. Objectives. Our primary objective was to determine predictors for optimal timing of ACS in women presenting with spontaneous preterm labor. Study Design. A retrospective cohort study of women receiving ACS for spontaneous preterm birth was conducted. Women were included if they presented with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes. Accurate timing of ACS was defined as administration within 7 days of delivery...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882055/determinants-of-patient-delay-in-seeking-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-moroccan-women-with-cervical-cancer
#7
Fatima Ouasmani, Zaki Hanchi, Bouchra Haddou Rahou, Rachid Bekkali, Samir Ahid, Abdelhalem Mesfioui
Introduction. This study sought to investigate potential determinants of patient delay among Moroccan women with cervical cancer. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to June 2015 at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat. Data were collected using questionnaire among patients with cervical cancer locally advanced or metastatic (stages IIA-IVB). Medical records were abstracted to complete clinical information. An interval longer than 90 days between discovery of initial symptoms and presentation to a provider was defined as a patient delay...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867397/knowledge-and-awareness-of-cervical-cancer-among-hiv-infected-women-in-ethiopia
#8
Netsanet Shiferaw, Mohamad I Brooks, Graciela Salvador-Davila, Shumet Lonsako, Konjit Kassahun, Jodi Ansel, Chidude Osakwe, Teklu Weldegebreal, Ismael Ahmed, Mengistu Asnake, Paul D Blumenthal
Introduction. Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death among Ethiopian women. Low awareness of cervical cancer, in combination with low health care seeking behavior, is a key challenge for cervical cancer prevention. This study assessed the knowledge of cervical cancer among HIV-infected women in Ethiopia. Methods. A facility-based cross-sectional survey was conducted from August to September 2012 among HIV-infected women between 21 and 49 years of age. Basic descriptive statistics were performed using SPSS...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840641/retrospective-case-reports-of-anemic-pregnant-women-receiving-intravenous-ferric-carboxymaltose-experience-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-spain
#9
Rafael Aporta Rodriguez, Mariola García Montero, Jose Pablo Lorente Aporta, Carolina Gallego Luque, Alfonso Chacón Mayor, Jose Aragón Ruiz, Virginia Torres Degayón, Claudia García Jimenez, Guadalupe Sanchez Sanchez
Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy call for safe treatment options that raise maternal hemoglobin levels and counterbalance iron demand and blood volume expansion while minimizing risks for the growing fetus. This retrospective study describes experience with intravenous ferric carboxymaltose given to pregnant women in a tertiary hospital in Spain. In a 5-year period, 95 pregnant women who had pretreatment hemoglobin <10 g/dL and at least one time of ferric carboxymaltose administration during pregnancy were included...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803713/plasma-markers-of-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-second-and-third-trimester
#10
Hongwei Li, Qian Yin, Ning Li, Zhenbo Ouyang, Mei Zhong
Objective. To determine plasma markers of oxidative stress during the second and third trimester of pregnancy in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Study Design. We conducted a prospective nested case-control study involving 400 pregnant women, 22 of whom developed GDM. As control group, 30 normal pregnant women were chosen randomly. Plasma samples were analyzed for 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α), advanced oxidative protein products (AOPPs), protein carbonyl (PCO), glutathione peroxidase-3 (GPX-3), and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) at 16-20 weeks, 24-28 weeks, and 32-36 weeks of gestation...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703482/determinants-of-antenatal-care-attendance-among-pregnant-women-living-in-endemic-malaria-settings-experience-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#11
Célestin Ndosimao Nsibu, Célestin Manianga, Serge Kapanga, Esther Mona, Philippe Pululu, Michel Ntetani Aloni
Background. Antenatal care (ANC) attendance helps pregnant women to benefit from preventive and curative services. Methods. Determinants for ANC attendance were identified through a cross-sectional survey in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Sociocultural bottlenecks were assessed via focus groups discussion of married men and women. Results. In this survey, 28 of the 500 interviewed pregnant women (5.6%) did not attend ANC services and 82.4% booked over the first trimester. The first visit is positively influenced by the reproductive age (OR: 0...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688772/herbal-medicines-and-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Athar Rasekhjahromi, Masoumeh Hosseinpoor, Farzaneh Alipour, Mehrnoosh Maalhagh, Saeed Sobhanian
Background. The aim of this study was to assess the association between herbal medication and OHSS. Methods. This retrospective cohort study was conducted with 101 polycystic ovary syndrome patients. 66 patients took conventional pharmacological medications and 35 took herbal medications. Data were analyzed by statistical test including Fisher's Exact and binominal logistic regression. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results. Of the 101 females, 53 were married and 48 were single. There was no significant association between the groups in marriage...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656213/unintended-pregnancy-in-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Kidest Getu Melese, Mignote Hailu Gebrie, Martha Berta Badi, Wubalem Fekadu Mersha
Introduction. Unintended pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy which is a sum of mistimed pregnancy (pregnancy wanted at a later time) and unwanted pregnancy (pregnancy which is not wanted at all). Unintended pregnancy is a global public health problem and its sequels are major causes for maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality with its effect to maternal metal illness as well. Objective. To determine the prevalence and associated factors of unintended pregnancy in Debre Birhan town, northeast of Ethiopia, in 2014...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648073/knowledge-of-latin-american-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-regarding-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#14
Luis Bahamondes, Victor Marin, Silvia Ciarmatori, Agnaldo L Silva-Filho, Juan Manuel Acuña, Maria Y Makuch
Background. Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a common gynecological complaint affecting quality of life. Objectives. To assess knowledge on diagnosis and treatments of HMB of Latin American (LA) obstetricians and gynecologists (OBGYNs). Methods. A survey was conducted during a scientific meeting, organized to provide updated information on topics of reproductive medicine to OBGYNs from 12 LA countries who were invited to respond to a multiple-choice questionnaire. Results. Of the 210 OBGYNs participating in the survey, from 169 (80...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630716/factors-contributing-to-massive-blood-loss-on-peripartum-hysterectomy-for-abnormally-invasive-placenta-who-bleeds-more
#15
Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Rie Usui, Hirotada Suzuki, Yosuke Baba, Shigeki Matsubara
Introduction. To identify factors that determine blood loss during peripartum hysterectomy for abnormally invasive placenta (AIP-hysterectomy). Methods. We reviewed all of the medical charts of 11,919 deliveries in a single tertiary perinatal center. We examined characteristics of AIP-hysterectomy patients, with a single experienced obstetrician attending all AIP-hysterectomies and using the same technique. Results. AIP-hysterectomy was performed in 18 patients (0.15%: 18/11,919). Of the 18, 14 (78%) had a prior cesarean section (CS) history and the other 4 (22%) were primiparous women...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630715/corrigendum-to-the-efficacy-of-inositol-and-n-acetyl-cysteine-administration-ovaric-hp-in-improving-the-ovarian-function-in-infertile-women-with-pcos-with-or-without-insulin-resistance
#16
Angela Sacchinelli, Roberta Venturella, Daniela Lico, Annalisa Di Cello, Antonella Lucia, Erika Rania, Roberto Cirillo, Fulvio Zullo
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/141020.].
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599065/response-to-female-genital-mutilation-and-obstetric-outcomes-flawed-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-does-not-accurately-reflect-the-available-evidence
#17
COMMENT
Rigmor C Berg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Atle Fretheim, Vigdis Underland, Gunn Vist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413377/client-satisfaction-with-delivery-care-service-and-associated-factors-in-the-public-health-facilities-of-gamo-gofa-zone-southwest-ethiopia-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#18
Rahel Tesfaye, Amare Worku, Wanzahun Godana, Bernt Lindtjorn
Background. Ensuring patient satisfaction is an important means of secondary prevention of maternal mortality. This study presents findings from a multidimensional study of client satisfaction from the Gamo Gofa Zone in Southwest Ethiopia. Methods. A facility based cross-sectional study using exit interviews was conducted from 2014. Client satisfaction was measured using a survey adopted from the Donabedian quality assessment framework. Thirteen health institutions were randomly sampled of 66 institutions in Gamo Gofa Zone...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403164/pregnancy-in-sickle-cell-disease-is-a-very-high-risk-situation-an-observational-study
#19
Narcisse Elenga, Aurélie Adeline, John Balcaen, Tania Vaz, Mélanie Calvez, Anne Terraz, Laetitia Accrombessi, Gabriel Carles
Sickle cell disease is a serious genetic disorder affecting 1/235 births in French Guiana. This study aimed to describe the follow-up of pregnancies among sickle cell disease patients in Cayenne Hospital, in order to highlight the most reported complications. 62 records of pregnancies were analyzed among 44 females with sickle cell disease, between 2007 and 2013. Our results were compared to those of studies conducted in Brazil and Guadeloupe. There were 61 monofetal pregnancies and 2 twin pregnancies, 27 pregnancies among women with SS phenotype, 30 SC pregnancies, and five S-beta pregnancies...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293441/histopathological-and-digital-morphometrical-evaluation-of-uterine-leiomyoma-in-brazilian-women
#20
Ana Paula Fernandes da Silva, Luciano de Albuquerque Mello, Erlene Roberta Ribeiro Dos Santos, Silvania Tavares Paz, Carmelita Lima Bezerra Cavalcanti, Mario Ribeiro de Melo-Junior
The current study aims to evaluate histopathological and digital morphometrical aspects associated with uterine leiomyomas in one hundred and fifty (150) patients diagnosed with leiomyoma. Uterine tissues were subjected to the histopathological and digital morphometric analyses of the interstitial collagen distribution. The analysis of medical records indicates that most of the women diagnosed with uterine leiomyomas (68.7%) are between 37 and 48 years old. As for the anatomic location of the tumors, approximately 61...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
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