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International Journal of Pediatrics

Cairina E Frank, Kathy N Speechley, Jennifer J Macnab, M Karen Campbell
Objectives: To investigate if an association exists between being born large for gestational age (LGA) and verbal ability or externalizing behaviour problems at ages 4-5 years. Method: A secondary analysis was conducted using the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, including singleton births in 2004-2005 followed till 4-5 years ( n = 1685). LGA was defined as a birth weight > 90th percentile. Outcomes included poor verbal ability (scoring < 15th percentile on the Revised Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) and externalizing behaviour problems (scoring > 90th percentile on externalizing behaviour scales)...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Olanike Abosede Olutekunbi, Adaobi Uzoamaka Solarin, Idowu Odunayo Senbanjo, Elizabeth Aruma Disu, Olisamedua Fidelis Njokanma
Skin fold thickness (SFT) measurement is a reliable, cheap, simple, noninvasive method of body fat estimation at all ages including the neonatal period. Objective . To determine reference values of biceps, triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac skinfold thickness measurements in term Nigerian newborns. Method . A prospective cross-sectional study over a six-month period (Dec 2010-May 2011) was carried out on term and healthy neonates delivered between 37 and 41 weeks. The anthropometric measurements were taken within the first 48 hours of life including the skinfold thickness...
2018: International Journal of Pediatrics
Asrat Meleko, Mesfin Geremew, Frehiwot Birhanu
Immunization remains one of the most important and cost-effective public health interventions to reduce child mortality and morbidity. Globally, it is estimated to avert between 2 and 3 million deaths each year. In Ethiopia, immunization coverage rates stagnated and remained very low for many years. Thus, this study was aimed to assess child immunization coverage and factors associated with full vaccination among children aged 12-23 months in Mizan Aman town. The study design was community-based cross-sectional survey...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Zegeye Abebe, Degefaye Zelalem Anlay, Belete Biadgo, Asemarie Kebede, Tsedalu Melku, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Mulugeta Melku
Objective: To assess undernutrition and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months in Gondar Town, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014. Multistage sampling method was used to select study participants. Structured interviewer administered questionnaire and anthropometric measurements were used. Binary logistic regression was fitted to identify associated factors. Results: The prevalences of wasting and stunting were 6...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
M B Kavinda Chandimal Dayasiri, Shaluka F Jayamanne, Chamilka Y Jayasinghe
Introduction: Kerosene oil poisoning is one of common presentations to emergency departments among children in rural territories of developing countries. This study aimed to describe clinical manifestations, reasons for delayed presentations, harmful first aid practices, complications, and risk factors related to kerosene oil poisoning among children in rural Sri Lanka. Methods: This multicenter study was conducted in North-Central province of Sri Lanka involving all in-patient children with acute kerosene oil poisoning...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Kaitesi Batamuliza Mukara, Richard J Lilford, Debara Lyn Tucci, Peter Waiswa
Middle ear infections are common in children, and delay in diagnosis and treatment may result in complications such as delays in speech and language development and deafness. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and care seeking behaviour for middle ear infections in children under five years in Kigali city. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 810 children aged 6-59 months in Gasabo district of Kigali city, Rwanda. The prevalence of middle ear infections was 5.8%, of whom 4% had chronic suppurative otitis media...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Laykewold Elyas, Amha Mekasha, Amha Admasie, Etagegnehu Assefa
Background: The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is globally low (35%) in sub-Saharan Africa, whereas it is 58% in Ethiopia. Exclusive breastfeeding has the potential to prevent 11.6% of under-five deaths in developing countries. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to assess the exclusive breastfeeding practice and associated factors on mothers attending private pediatric and child clinics in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study design was used...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Daniele Donà, Dora Luise, Liviana Da Dalt, Carlo Giaquinto
Background: Pneumonia represents an important threat to children's health in both developed and developing countries. In the last 10 years, many national and international guidelines on the treatment of pediatric CAP have been published, in order to optimize the prescription of antibiotics and limit their cost and side effects. However, the practical implementation of these guidelines is still limited. Main Text: We analyzed the current recommendations for the therapy of pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) that all converge on the identification of aminopenicillins and beta-lactams as the optimal treatment for CAP...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Brian LeCleir, Leslie Jurecko, Alan T Davis, Nicholas J Andersen, Dominic Sanfilippo, Surender Rajasekaran, Anthony Olivero
Aim: Our goal in this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of our oxygen (O2 ) protocol to reduce length of stay (LOS) for children hospitalized with bronchiolitis. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, the outcomes of children ≤ 24 months old that were admitted with bronchiolitis and placed on the O2 protocol were compared to historical controls. The primary outcome was hospital length of stay. Secondary outcomes were duration of O2 supplementation, rates of pediatric intensive care unit transfer, and readmission...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
C Castro-Correia, S Sousa, S Norberto, C Matos, V F Domingues, M Fontoura, C Calhau
CONTEXT: Several studies have shown a link between proinflammatory activity and the presence or deficit of some fatty acids. Inflammation is associated with several diseases including diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To characterize and compare the fatty acids profiles in children with inaugural type 1 diabetes, diabetic children (at least 1 year after diagnosis), and healthy children. DESIGN: Plasma fatty acids profiles in children with inaugural diabetes, children with noninaugural diabetes, and controls, all of whom were prepubescent with a BMI < 85th percentile, were evaluated...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Jonathan Izudi, Stanley Anyigu, David Ndungutse
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia substantially kills children aged 2-59 months in South Sudan. However, information on health workers adherence to Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) guideline in treating children with cough/difficulty in breathing remains scarce. This study assessed factors associated with adherence to IMCI guideline in Aweil East County, South Sudan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 232 health workers from 36 health facilities...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
M B Kavinda Chandimal Dayasiri, Shaluka F Jayamanne, Chamilka Y Jayasinghe
BACKGROUND: Acute poisoning in children is a major preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. However, there is a wide variation in patterns of poisoning and related risk factors across different geographic regions globally. This hospital based case-control study identifies the risk factors of acute unintentional poisoning among children aged 1-5 years of the rural community in a developing Asian country. METHODS: This hospital based case-control study included 600 children...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Abdul Subor Momand, Elizabeth Mattfeld, Brian Morales, Manzoor Ul Haq, Thom Browne, Kevin E O'Grady, Hendrée E Jones
The present study examined the impact of a novel intervention for children at risk for substance use or actively using substances that was provided to 783 children between 4 and 18 years of age in Afghanistan. They received the Child Intervention for Living Drug-free (CHILD) protocol while in outpatient or residential treatment. CHILD included age-appropriate literacy and numeracy, drug education, basic living safety, and communication and trauma coping skills. A battery of measures examined multiple child health domains at treatment's start and end and 12 weeks later...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Ana E Farfán-García, Chengxian Zhang, Aamer Imdad, Monica Y Arias-Guerrero, Nayibe T Sánchez-Alvarez, Rikhil Shah, Junaid Iqbal, Maria E Tamborski, Oscar G Gómez-Duarte
INTRODUCTION: Acute diarrheal disease (ADD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years of age. Understanding of the etiology of ADD is lacking in most low and middle income countries because reference laboratories detect limited number of pathogens. The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility to conduct a comprehensive case-control study to survey diarrheal pathogens among children with and without moderate-to-severe ADD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microbiology and molecular-based techniques were used to detect viral, bacterial, and parasitic enteropathogens...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Lemia H Shaban, Joan A Vaccaro, Shiryn D Sukhram, Fatma G Huffman
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/1092819.].
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Chariyawan Charalsawadi, Juthamas Wirojanan, Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Nichara Ruangdaraganon, Alan Geater, Pornprot Limprasert
Background. Clinical characteristics of fragile X syndrome (FXS) have been well documented in Caucasians, whereas in Asians they have rarely been described. Those that have been conducted used small cohorts that utilized DNA for diagnosis and larger cohorts that utilized cytogenetics for diagnosis. This study is to describe clinical characteristics of FXS in a large cohort of Thai patients diagnosed by standard molecular methods. Methods. Seventy-seven index cases and 46 affected relatives diagnosed with FXS were recruited into the study...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Athena Neofotistos, Nancy Cowles, Ragini Sharma
Choking on small parts remains one of the leading causes of death and injury in infants and toddlers. The current method of testing for small parts, created by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), has become outdated and has yet to be changed despite the many deaths and injuries of children. The method uses a device called the small parts test fixture (SPTF) that is supposed to mimic the size of a fully expanded throat of a toddler. If a product does not fit inside the cavity of the SPTF, then it is deemed safe to play with because it "will not fit" in the esophagus of a child...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
F M R Maoulainine, M Elbaz, S Elfaiq, G Boufrioua, F Z Elalouani, M Barkane, Nadia El Idrissi Slitine
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is now recommended for the treatment neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). This treatment protocol is applied in our department since June 2012. The aim of this study is to report the first experience with head cooling in asphyxiated neonates in Morocco. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study of newborns admitted for HIE from July 18, 2012, to May 15, 2014, in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Mohamed VI University Hospital...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
Giovanni Cucchiaro, Jennifer Schwartz, Alec Hutchason, Beatriz Ornelas
We reviewed the referral pattern of children with chronic pain to a specialized pediatric pain clinic. Data were obtained from referring physicians and medical records and during an interview with patients and their parents by physicians and a psychologist. We analyzed the following: referral diagnosis, demographics, duration of symptoms, number of physicians previously consulted, school attendance, sports activities, presence of psychological disorders, final team diagnosis, and outcomes. Children had been experiencing pain for 34 ± 55 months...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
M B Kavinda Chandimal Dayasiri, Shaluka F Jayamanne, Chamilka Y Jayasinghe
Plant poisoning is a common presentation in paediatric practice and an important cause of preventable mortality and morbidity in Sri Lanka. The burden of plant poisoning is largely underexplored. The current multicenter study based in rural Sri Lanka assessed clinical profiles, poison related factors, clinical management, complications, outcomes, and risk factors associated with plant poisoning in the paediatric age group. Among 325 children, 57% were male with 64% being below five years of age. 99.4% had ingested the poison...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
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