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International Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867399/biodemographic-analysis-of-factors-related-to-perinatal-mortality-in-portugal-1988-2011
#1
Vicente Fuster
Background. The purpose of this paper is to determine the relative mortality risks at delivery and during the first week of life with regard to maternal and foetal characteristics. Methods. Yearly individual digital records on live births and early neonatal mortality were used to infer the possible factors involved in perinatal deaths. Results. The results show that the number of births per year declined with time throughout the period studied. At the same time, rates decreased in 66.4% for stillbirths and in 70...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795715/is-the-presence-of-the-father-of-the-baby-during-first-prenatal-ultrasound-study-visit-associated-with-improved-pregnancy-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#2
Sara H Lee, Rina Lazebnik, Margaret Kuper-Sassé, Noam Lazebnik
This study examined whether the presence of the father of the baby (FOB) at the first prenatal ultrasound study (US) visit of pregnant adolescents and young adults (AYA) is a marker for improved pregnancy outcomes. Charts of 400 pregnant AYA aged 14-22 years seen at an academic maternity hospital were assessed retrospectively for support persons brought to prenatal US visits. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between FOB presence and gestational age and birth weight. Of 400 charts with support person recorded, 298 charts with first US visit data, singleton birth, and complete gestational data available were analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777589/spirulina-supplements-improved-the-nutritional-status-of-undernourished-children-quickly-and-significantly-experience-from-kisantu-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#3
Féfé Khuabi Matondo, Kikuni Takaisi, Adolphine Bedi Nkuadiolandu, Aimé Kazadi Lukusa, Michel Ntetani Aloni
Aim. Despite high levels of malnutrition, there is still very little information on the nutritional benefits of Spirulina, a natural alga that provides essential amino acids, rare essential lipids, and numerous minerals and vitamins, to undernourished children in the world. Methods. We carried out a prospective study of 50 children aged between six and 60 months. The intervention group consisted of 16 children who received 10 g of Spirulina daily, as well as the local diet administered by the nutritional centre, and the control group of 34 children who just received the local diet...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698673/suboptimal-clinical-documentation-in-young-children-with-severe-obesity-at-tertiary-care-centers
#4
Cassandra C Brady, Vidhu V Thaker, Todd Lingren, Jessica G Woo, Stephanie S Kennebeck, Bahram Namjou-Khales, Ashton Roach, Jonathan P Bickel, Nandan Patibandla, Guergana K Savova, Imre Solti, Ingrid A Holm, John B Harley, Isaac S Kohane, Nancy A Crimmins
Background and Objectives. The prevalence of severe obesity in children has doubled in the past decade. The objective of this study is to identify the clinical documentation of obesity in young children with a BMI ≥ 99th percentile at two large tertiary care pediatric hospitals. Methods. We used a standardized algorithm utilizing data from electronic health records to identify children with severe early onset obesity (BMI ≥ 99th percentile at age <6 years). We extracted descriptive terms and ICD-9 codes to evaluate documentation of obesity at Boston Children's Hospital and Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center between 2007 and 2014...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656219/nutritional-status-and-intestinal-parasite-in-school-age-children-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#5
Berhanu Elfu Feleke
Background. The objectives of this study were to determine the burden of underweight and intestinal parasitic infection in the urban and rural elementary school children. Methods. A comparative cross-sectional study design was conducted. Binary logistic regression was used to identify the determinants of malnutrition or intestinal parasites. Two independent samples' t-test was used to identify the effect of malnutrition on school performance or hemoglobin level. Results. A total of 2372 students were included...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651803/evaluating-bone-health-in-egyptian-children-with-forearm-fractures-a-case-control-study
#6
Abeer El-Sakka, Cristina Penon, Adham Hegazy, Salwa Elbatrawy, Amr Gobashy, Alvaro Moreira
Objective. To determine the likelihood of vitamin D deficiency and low bone mineral density in Egyptian children with forearm fractures. Methods. A case control study of 46 children aged 3 to 10 years with or without forearm fractures. Validated questionnaires were used to assess calcium and vitamin D intake as well as sun exposure. Serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, and 25-hydroxy-vitamin D were collected. Bone mineral density was evaluated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results. Compared to the Control group, calcium and vitamin D intake was lower in the Cases group (p = 0...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651802/factors-associated-with-klebsiella-bacteremia-and-its-outcome-in-under-five-children-admitted-with-diarrhea
#7
Shamima Akhter, Tahmeed Ahmed, Shafiqul Alam Sarker, Monira Sarmin, Abu S M S B Shahid, K M Shahunja, Shoeb Bin Islam, Lubaba Shahrin, Tahmina Alam, Nur Haque Alam, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
Although Klebsiella bacteremia in children is perceived to be associated with fatal consequences, data are scarce on those children presenting with diarrhea. We evaluated the factors associated with Klebsiella bacteremia in such children. In this retrospective chart analysis, data of all diarrheal children was retrieved from electronic medical record system (named as SHEBA) of Dhaka Hospital of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012, who had their blood culture done...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648079/comparison-of-axillary-and-tympanic-temperature-measurements-in-children-diagnosed-with-acute-otitis-media
#8
Hatice Hilal Doğan, Rabia Gönül Sezer, Tarık Kırkgöz, Abdulkadir Bozaykut
Background. Acute otitis media [AOM] may affect the accuracy of tympanic temperature measurements. We aimed to compare tympanic temperature measurements in patients with AOM against control groups, as well as compare the tympanic temperatures with axillary thermometry. Methods. This is a prospective, observational study. Patients from pediatric outpatient and emergency clinics who were diagnosed as single-sided AOM were included consecutively in the study. Normal ears of patients and children having the same age and gender who were not diagnosed as AOM were also studied as controls...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635147/septic-arthritis-of-the-pediatric-shoulder-from-infancy-to-adolescence
#9
Justin W Walker, William L Hennrikus
Background. Septic arthritis of the glenohumeral joint in the pediatric population (<18 yo) is not commonly described in the literature. There is a corresponding paucity of information regarding its presentation and treatment. Methods. An IRB approved review of patients treated with irrigation and debridement by the Orthopaedic Department was completed. This retrospective study includes four patients, presenting from 2005 to 2015, with septic arthritis of the shoulder. Results. The mean age (M age) at presentation was 5 years, with a range of 1 month to 15 years...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418934/fecal-microbiota-and-diet-of-children-with-chronic-constipation
#10
Joyce Gomes de Moraes, Maria Eugênia Farias de Almeida Motta, Monique Ferraz de Sá Beltrão, Taciana Lima Salviano, Giselia Alves Pontes da Silva
Many factors explain dysbiosis in chronic constipation (CC), such as a low-fiber diet. The objective of this study was to compare the fecal microbiota of constipated and nonconstipated children and their intake frequencies of food. Methods. This observational study included 79 children (M/F 43/36) aged six to 36 months divided into two groups: cases (39 constipated children) and controls (40 nonconstipated children). We used a structured form to collect demographic variables, conducted anthropometric assessment, and collected food intake frequency data...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403170/knowledge-about-epilepsy-and-attitudes-toward-students-with-epilepsy-among-middle-and-high-school-teachers-in-kuwait
#11
Eman Al-Hashemi, Abdullatif Ashkanani, Haneen Al-Qattan, Asmaa Mahmoud, Majd Al-Kabbani, Abdulaziz Al-Juhaidli, Ahmad Jaafar, Zahraa Al-Hashemi
Background and Objectives. Attitudes toward students with epilepsy and epilepsy-related knowledge of teachers are crucial for child's safety in the school. The aim of this study was to evaluate teachers' knowledge and attitudes toward epilepsy. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 824 teachers from 24 randomly selected middle and high schools. Scale of Attitudes Toward Persons with Epilepsy (ATPE) was modified to assess teachers' knowledge about epilepsy and attitudes toward students with epilepsy. Results...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242907/timing-of-caffeine-therapy-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-study
#12
Ivan Hand, Nahla Zaghloul, Lily Barash, Rudolph Parris, Ulrika Aden, Hsiu-Ling Li
Background. Caffeine is widely used to treat apnea of prematurity. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of early caffeine (1-2 DOL) in decreasing the incidence of adverse neonatal outcomes. Methods. A retrospective cohort was used to compare the neonatal morbidity of 150 preterm neonates with gestational age ≤29 weeks. Infants were divided into 3 groups based on the initiation timing of caffeine therapy; (1) early caffeine (1-2 DOL), (2) late caffeine (3-7 DOL), and (3) very late caffeine (≥8 DOL). Results. The neonatal outcomes of early caffeine were comparable with those of the late caffeine group...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212955/does-nursery-based-intensified-anticipatory-guidance-reduce-emergency-department-use-for-nonurgent-conditions-in-the-first-month-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Kelly Kamimura-Nishimura, Vikram Chaudhary, Folake Olaosebikan, Maryam Azizi, Sneha Galiveeti, Ayoade Adeniyi, Richard Neugebauer, Stefan H F Hagmann
Objective. We aimed to evaluate the impact of an intensified anticipatory guidance program in the nursery on Emergency Department (ED) use for nonurgent conditions (NUCs) in the neonatal period. Methods. Parturient mothers of healthy newborns were randomized to an intervention group or control group. Baseline and 1-month follow-up knowledge surveys regarding newborn care were conducted. The primary outcome was the proportion of neonates who used the ED for a NUC. Secondary outcome was change in caregivers' knowledge on NUC...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190526/the-effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-hospital-stay-and-morbidity-due-to-various-diseases-in-infants-under-6-months-of-age-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Amarpreet Kaur, Karnail Singh, M S Pannu, Palwinder Singh, Neeraj Sehgal, Rupinderjeet Kaur
Background. Mother's milk is the best for the babies. Protective and preventive role of breast milk was evaluated in this study by assessing the relation of type of feeding and duration of hospital stay or morbidity. Methods. This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital and 232 infants in the age group of 14 weeks to 6 months formed the sample. There are two groups of infants, that is, one for breastfed and one for top fed infants. Statistical analysis was done and results were calculated up to 95% to 99% level of significance to find effect of feeding pattern on hospital stay due to various diseases and morbidity...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977161/orthopedic-manifestations-of-mobius-syndrome-case-series-and-survey-study
#15
Philip McClure, David Booy, Julia Katarincic, Craig Eberson
Background. Mobius Syndrome is a rare disease defined by bilateral congenital 7th nerve palsy. We focus on reporting the prevalence of orthopedic disease in this population. Methods. Twenty-three individuals with Mobius Syndrome underwent orthopedic physical examination, and additional 96 patients filled out a survey for self-reported orthopedic diagnoses. Results. Clubfoot was present in 60% of individuals in the physical exam series and 42% of those in the survey. Scoliosis was present in 26% and 28%, respectively...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977160/ear-infection-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-first-nations-and-rural-school-aged-canadian-children
#16
Chandima P Karunanayake, William Albritton, Donna C Rennie, Joshua A Lawson, Laura McCallum, P Jenny Gardipy, Jeremy Seeseequasis, Arnold Naytowhow, Louise Hagel, Kathleen McMullin, Vivian Ramsden, Sylvia Abonyi, Jo-Ann Episkenew, James A Dosman, Punam Pahwa, The First Nations Lung Health Project Research Team, The Saskatchewan Rural Health Study Team
Background. Ear infections in children are a major health problem and may be associated with hearing impairment and delayed language development. Objective. To determine the prevalence and the associated risk factors of ear infections in children 6-17 years old residing on two reserves and rural areas in the province of Saskatchewan. Methodology. Data were provided from two rural cross-sectional children studies. Outcome variable of interest was presence/absence of an ear infection. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between ear infection and the other covariates...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26925109/albuterol-use-in-children-hospitalized-with-human-metapneumovirus-respiratory-infection
#17
Lindsey K Rasmussen, Jennifer Schuette, Michael C Spaeder
Introduction. Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a paramyxovirus from the same subfamily as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and causes similar acute lower respiratory tract infection. Albuterol in the setting of acute RSV infection is controversial and has not yet been studied in HMPV. We sought to determine the frequency of albuterol use in HMPV infection and the association between albuterol administration and patient outcomes. Methods. We conducted a retrospective cohort study identifying all patients hospitalized in a tertiary care children's hospital with laboratory-confirmed HMPV infection between January 2010 and December 2010...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884771/is-it-time-to-review-guidelines-for-ett-positioning-in-the-nicu-sceptic-survey-of-challenges-encountered-in-placement-of-endotracheal-tubes-in-canadian-nicus
#18
Pankaj Sakhuja, Michael Finelli, Judy Hawes, Hilary Whyte
Objectives. To examine current opinions and practices regarding endotracheal tube placement across several Canadian Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Design. Clinical directors from Canadian Neonatal Network affiliated NICUs and Neonatal-Perinatal Programs across Canada were invited via email to participate in and disseminate the online survey to staff neonatologists, neonatal fellows, respiratory therapists, and nurse practitioners. Result. There is wide variability in the beliefs and practices related to ETT placement...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884770/community-acquired-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-compared-with-adenovirus-and-norovirus-gastroenteritis-in-italian-children-a-pedianet-study
#19
D Donà, E Mozzo, A Scamarcia, G Picelli, M Villa, L Cantarutti, C Giaquinto
Background. Rotavirus (RV) is the commonest pathogen in the hospital and primary care settings, followed by Adenovirus (AV) and Norovirus (NV). Only few studies that assess the burden of RV gastroenteritis at the community level have been carried out. Objectives. To estimate incidence, disease characteristics, seasonal distribution, and working days lost by parents of RV, AV, and NV gastroenteritis leading to a family pediatrician (FP) visit among children < 5 years. Methods. 12-month, observational, prospective, FP-based study has been carried out using Pedianet database...
2016: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783406/a-case-control-study-on-risk-factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-babies-in-eastern-nepal
#20
Ravi Kumar Bhaskar, Krishna Kumar Deo, Uttam Neupane, Subhadra Chaudhary Bhaskar, Birendra Kumar Yadav, Hanoon P Pokharel, Paras Kumar Pokharel
Background. This study was done to assess the maternal and sociodemographic factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) babies. Methods. An unmatched case control study was done involving 159 cases (mothers having LBW singleton babies) and 159 controls (mothers having normal birth weight singleton babies). Results. More than 50% of LBW babies were from the mothers with height ≤145 cm while only 9.43% of NBW babies were from the mothers with that height. Finally, after multivariate logistic regression analysis, maternal height, time of first antenatal care (ANC) visit, number of ANC visits, iron supplementation, calcium supplementation, maternal education, any illness during pregnancy, and hypertension were found as the significant predictors of LBW...
2015: International Journal of Pediatrics
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