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Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences

Sedighe Sadeghian-Rizi, Ghadamali Khodarahmi, Amirhossein Sakhteman, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Mahboubeh Rostami, Mahmoud Mirzaei, Farshid Hassanzadeh
Diaryl urea derivatives have exhibited a broad spectrum of biochemical effects and pharmaceutical applications. Several diaryl urea derivatives such as sorafenib, regorafenib, linifanib, and tivozanib and lenvatinib are in clinical trial or clinical use. Therefore, development of small molecules within the diaryl urea scaffold with the ability of binding to variety of enzymes and receptors in the biological system are an interesting topic for researchers. Sorafenib as a diaryl urea derivative is a well-known anticancer agent...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Najmeh Naseri, Kurosh Kalantar, Zahra Amirghofran
Echium amoenum (Boraginaceae) is an important remedy used for various illnesses. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of E. amoenum in the J774.1A macrophage cell line. We prepared ethyl acetate, dichloromethane and hexane extracts from E. amoenum flowers and examined their possible cytotoxic effects using MTT assay. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages were treated with the extracts after which we measured nitric oxide (NO) production by Griess method. Inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 gene expressions were examined by real time-PCR...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kaveh Tabrizian, Hamideh Khodayari, Ramin Rezaee, Hosseinali Jahantigh, Gholamreza Bagheri, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Mahmoud Hashemzaei
Carbon monoxide (CO), a toxic gas produced via incomplete fossil fuel combustion, has several poisonous effects in the heart including induction of necrosis, apoptosis, and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes. Magnesium sulfate (MS) is a drug with cardioprotective effects especially when used after ischemia/reperfusion. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate MS cardioprotective effects following CO poisoning. Animals were exposed to CO 3000 ppm for 1 h and immediately after the exposure period and on the next 4 days (a total of 5 consecutive doses given on a daily basis), MS (75, 150 and 300 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally (i...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Azam Mohamadi, Mahmoud Aghaei, Mojtaba Panjehpour
Estrogen is a steroid hormone that plays a key role in the development and regulation of reproductive system. It has been shown that estrogen is related to breast cancer development through binding to its receptors. In order to uncover the estrogen effects on adenosine receptor expression, estrogen-positive MCF-7 cells were used to treat with agonist and antagonist of estrogen and then the mRNA expression of adenosine receptor subtypes were evaluated. Estrogen-positive MCF-7 cells were treated with various concentrations of 17β estradiol (E2) as an estrogen agonist, and ICI 182,780 as an estrogen antagonist...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Akram Ahangarpour, Leila Zeidooni, Azin Samimi, Soheila Alboghobeish, Laya Sadat Khorsandi, Mitra Moradi
Diet is one of the important risk factors that could potentially affect arsenic-induced cardiotoxicity. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of high fat diet on arsenic-induced cardiotoxicity in mice. Mice were divided into six different groups (n = 12), two control groups received either low fat diet (LFD) or high fat diet (HFD) along with deionized drinking water and four test groups given LFD + 25 ppm arsenic, LFD + 50 ppm arsenic, HFD + 25 ppm arsenic, and HFD + 50 ppm arsenic in drinking water for 5 months...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Esti Hendradi, Dewi Melani Hariyadi, Muhammad Faris Adrianto
The objective of this study was to determine and evaluate a controlled release implant of ciprofloxacin using bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA)-chitosan composite and glutaraldehyde or genipin as crosslinking agents. Ciprofloxacin implants were prepared using BHA, chitosan, ciprofloxacin at 30:60:10 and using three different concentrations of glutaraldehyde or genipin (0.3, 0.5, or 0.7%) as crosslinkers. Implants were formed as mini-tablet with 4.0 mm diameter weighing 100 mg using compression method. Further, the prepared ciprofloxacin implants were characterized for porosity, density, water absorption capacity, swelling, degradation, compressive strength, compatibility (Fourier transforms-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR)), morphology (scanning electron microscope (SEM)), X-ray diffraction (X-RD), and in vitro drug release...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vajihe Akbari, Saeed Zafari, Afsaneh Yegdaneh
Marine seaweeds produce a variety of compounds with different biological activities, including antituberculosis and anticancer effects. The aim of this study was to investigate anti-tuberculosis activity of Sargassum boveanum (S. boveanum) and cytotoxicity of different fractions of this seaweed. S. boveanum was collected from Persian Gulf. The plant was extracted by maceration with methanol-ethyl acetate solvent. The extract was evaporated and partitioned by Kupchan method to yield hexane, tricholoroethane, chloroform, and butanol partitions...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Leila Safaeian, Behzad Zolfaghari, Sajad Karimi, Ardeshir Talebi, Mohammadreza Aghaye Ghazvini
Recent evidences have suggested the beneficial cardiovascular effects of some plants belonging to the genus Allium. The present study is an attempt to investigate the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Allium elburzense bulb on dexamethasone-induced dyslipidemia in rats. Total phenolic content of A. elburzense bulb hydroalcoholic extract was determined using Folin-Ciocalteu method. Thirty-six male Wistar albino rats in 6 groups were studied. Group 1 (dyslipidemic control) received dexamethasone (10 mg/kg/day, s...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Amirhosein Shahali, Mustafa Ghanadian, Seyyed Mehdi Jafari, Mahmoud Aghaei
Natural products isolated from plants provide a valuable source for expansion of new anticancer drugs. Nardosinen (4,9-dihydroxy-nardosin-6-en) is a natural sesquiterpene extracted from Juniperus foetidissima. Recently, we have reported the cytotoxic effects of nardosinen in various cancer cells. The aim of the current study was to investigate the anticancer features of nardosinen as well as its possible molecular mechanisms of the nardosinen cytotoxic effect on breast tumor cells. MTT assay showed that nardosinen notably inhibited cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sara Ranjbar, Najmeh Edraki, Mahsima Khoshneviszadeh, Alireza Foroumadi, Ramin Miri, Mehdi Khoshneviszadeh
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a phosphoinositide 3-kinase-related protein kinase which controls cell growth and is frequently deregulated in many cancers. Therefore, mTOR inhibitors are used as antineoplastic agents for cancer treatment. In this study, 1,2,4-triazine derivatives containing different arylidene-hydrazinyl moieties were designed and synthesized. Cytotoxicity of the compounds was evaluated on HL-60 and MCF-7 cell lines by MTT assay. S1, S2 and S3 exhibited good cytotoxic activity on both cell lines with an IC50 range of 6...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Elham Jafari, Najmeh Taghi Jarah-Najafabadi, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Safoora Poorirani, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Sedighe Sadeghian-Rizi
Cyclic imides are a group of compounds which have valuable biological properties including cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal activities. In this study, succinic and phthalic anhydrides were treated with glycinamide in pyridine to yield the corresponding amic acids. These amic acids underwent ring closure with acetic anhydride and anhydrous sodium acetate to form cyclic imides. In another procedure, succinic and phthalic anhydrides upon reaction with 2-amino-benzylamine in pyridine gave the corresponding cyclic imides...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mahshid Mohammadian, Shima Zeynali, Anahita Fathi Azarbaijani, Mohammad Hassan Khadem Ansari, Fatemeh Kheradmand
The use of heat shock protein 90 inhibitors like 17-allylamino-17-demethoxy-geldanamycin (17-AAG) has been recently introduced as an attractive anticancer therapy. It has been shown that 17-AAG may potentiate the inhibitory effects of some classical anticolorectal cancer (CRC) agents. In this study, two panels of colorectal carcinoma cell lines were used to evaluate the effects of 17-AAG in combination with capecitabine and oxaliplatin as double and triple combination therapies on the proliferation of CRC cell lines...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Atefe Mohammadzadeh Vardin, Bita Abdollahi, Morteza Kosari-Nasab, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi
Cisplatin (Cis) has serious adverse side-effects that limit its clinical use. The mechanism underlying the effects is complex, including mitochondrial oxidative stress and inflammation. This study investigated whether Cornus mas , a fruit with high antioxidant contents, hydro-methanolic extract (CME) can modulate the cisplatin-induced changes. Forty Wistar rats were divided into a control group, Cis group, CME group, CME 300 + Cis group, and the CME 700 + Cis group. After the intervention, blood samples were taken for biochemical and hematological analysis...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sedighe Sadeghian-Rizi, Ghadamali Ali Khodarahmi, Amirhossein Sakhteman, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Mahboubeh Rostami, Mahmoud Mirzaei, Farshid Hassanzadeh
In this study a series of diarylurea derivatives containing quinoxalindione group were biologically evaluated for their cytotoxic activities using MTT assay against MCF-7 and HepG2 cell lines. Antibacterial activities of these compounds were also evaluated by Microplate Alamar Blue Assay (MABA) against three Gram-negative ( Escherichia coli , Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi ), three Gram-positive ( Staphylococcus aureus , Bacillus subtilis and Listeria monocitogenes ) and one yeast-like fungus (Candida albicans) strain...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Amith Kumar, Reshma Kumarchandra, Rajalakshmi Rai, Ganesh Sanjeev
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity and antigenotoxic effect of hydroalcoholic leaf extract of Persea americana ( P. americana ) in albino Wistar rats against whole body X-ray irradiation. Rats were orally administered with (25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg body weight) of P. americana leaf extract for five days. On the fifth day after last administration, animals were exposed to whole body X-rays of 8 Gy. Based on Kaplan Meier's survival analysis, 100 mg/kg body weight was selected as an optimum dose for radioprotection...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Rahimeh Bargi, Fereshteh Asgharzadeh, Farimah Beheshti, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mehdi Farzadnia, Majid Khazaei
Thymoquinone (TQ) is the main active ingredient of Nigella sativa seeds with various pharmacological effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TQ on renal fibrosis and permeability and oxidative stress status in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in male rats. Eighty male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups as follow: control (received normal saline), LPS (1 mg/kg/day), and LPS+TQ (by doses of 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg/day). After three weeks, the biochemical parameters such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine in serum samples, oxidative stress markers including malondialdehyde (MDA), total thiol groups, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities in renal tissue homogenate and renal permeability (evaluated by Evan's blue dye method) were measured and renal fibrosis was evaluated, histologically using Masson's trichrome staining...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ebrahim Shakiba, Saeedeh Khazaei, Marziyeh Hajialyani, Bandar Astinchap, Ali Fattahi
In order to achieve the controlled release of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), poly(ε-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL) copolymer with average molecular weight of 5.34 kDa was synthesized. The nanosized micelles were prepared from copolymer by nano-precipitation method. Critical association concentration (CAC) of micelles was measured by fluorimetry and results indicated low CAC value of micelles (1.9 × 10-3 g/L). ATRA was encapsulated in the core of micelles using different ratios of drug to copolymer...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Leila Darzi, Maryam Boshtam, Laleh Shariati, Shirin Kouhpayeh, Azam Gheibi, Mina Mirian, Ilnaz Rahimmanesh, Hossein Khanahmad, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar
Integrins are adhesion molecules which play crucial roles in cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Very late antigen-4 or α4β1 and lymphocyte Peyer's patch adhesion molecule-1 or α4β7, are key factors in the invasion of tumor cells and metastasis. Based on the previous reports, integrin α4 ( ITGA4 ) is overexpressed in some immune disorders and cancers. Thus, inhibition of ITGA4 could be a therapeutic strategy. In the present study, miR-30a was selected in order to suppress ITGA4 expression...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Rezvan Rezaee Nasab, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Ghadam Ali Khodarahmi, Mahmoud Mirzaei, Mahboubeh Rostami, Ali Jahanian-Najaf Abadi
A series of novel derivatives of quinazolinone Schiff bases were synthesized from benzoic acid starting material and evaluated for potential cytotoxic activities against the human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) and the human colon adenocarcinoma (HT-29) cell lines. Compared to the reference drug, these compounds showed good cytotoxic activities against studied cell lines especially compounds 4d and 4e . The ground-state geometries of these compounds ( 4a-g ) were optimized at the B3LYP/6-31G* density functional theory (DFT) level...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Melina Sadighara, Jalal Pourahamad Joktaji, Valiollah Hajhashemi, Mohsen Minaiyan
Statins are widely used in patients with hyperlipidemia and whom with high risk of cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, statins also exert some adverse effects on the liver and pancreas and enhance the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The objective of the present research was to investigate the protective effects of coenzyme Q10 (Co-Q10 ) and L-carnitine (LC) on statins induced toxicity on pancreatic mitochondria in vivo . Seven groups of male Wistar rats received atorvastatin (20 mg/kg, p.o.), atorvastatin + Co-Q10 (10 mg/kg, i...
December 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
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