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Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences

Javad Salehinia, Hamid Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, Daryoush Abedi, Vajihe Akbari
Single chain variable fragment antibodies (scFvs) have attracted many attentions due to their small size, faster bio-distribution and better penetration in to the target tissues, and ease of expression in Escherichia coli . Although, scFv expression in E. coli usually leads to formation of inclusion bodies (IBs). The aim of this research was to improve solubilizing and refolding conditions for IBs of scFv version of pertuzumab (anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) antibody). After protein overexpression in E...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seyyed Mehdi Jafari, Ali Nazri, Mahdi Shabani, Narges Zargar Balajam, Mahmoud Aghaei
Galectin-9 (Gal-9), a member of animal lectins' family, is implicated in the induction of apoptosis in various cancer cells. Here, we evaluated the anti-tumor effect of Gal-9 in OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells. The effect of the Gal-9 on cell viability was evaluated using MTT assays. Apoptosis was assessed using Annexin-V staining. The assessment of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) was performed using a JC-1 probe. The activity of caspase-3 and caspase-6 were evaluated with colorimetric assay. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was applied by fluorescent probe...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Attabak Toofani Milani, Mohammad Hassan Khadem-Ansari, Yousef Rasmi
Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial disorder, which affects the arterial wall. It has been reported that, hypothyroidism and thyroid hormone deficiency are related to cardiovascular disorders. Also, endothelial dysfunction plays an essential role in the development of atherosclerosis. We aimed to evaluate the effects of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) on pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and leukocyte adhesion, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and E-selectin in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Samira Eghbali-Feriz, Akram Taleghani, Hadi Al-Najjar, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Homa Rahimi, Javad Asili, Samira Hasanzadeh, Zahra Tayarani-Najaran
Pistacia atlantica ( P. atlantica ) subsp. mutica has been used in traditional medicine and is famous for its medicinal properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of methanol (MeOH), n-hexane, dichloromethane (CH2 Cl2 ), n-butanol (BuOH), ethyl acetate (EtOAc), water extracts and essential oil of P. atlantica subsp. mutica on melanin synthesis and oxidative stress in B16F10 melanoma cell line. The B16F10 cells viability after treatment with increasing concentrations of different extracts of the plant (0...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Soheila Rezapour-Firouzi, Shahram Shahabi, Adel Mohammadzadeh, Ali Asgar Tehrani, Fatemeh Kheradmand, Ebrahim Mazloomi
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has a fundamental role in the metabolism, growth, and regulation of the immune system. The interferon gamma (IFN-γ)derived from T helper 1 (Th1) cells is a prominent pro-inflammatory cytokine in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Due to the exclusive role of rapamycin (RAPA) in mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibition, essentially Th1 differentiation and IFN-γ production, we evaluated the potential therapeutic effects of hemp seed/evening primrose oils (HSO/EPO) in comparison with RAPA administration in EAE...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Rezvan Rezaee Nasab, Mahboubeh Mansourian, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Mohsen Shahlaei
Quinazoline derivatives are potent inhibitors of human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as anticancer agents. In this study, the cytotoxic effects of a new series of synthesized quinazoline derivatives were evaluated using MTT assay against MCF-7 and HT-29 cell lines. Using molecular docking, the binding modes of all compounds were analyzed at the binding site of EGFR. Based on the results, the compounds L1, L2, L4, L5, L6, L7, L10, L15, and L18 may be promising EGFR inhibitors based on docking score and hydrogen bonds...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Amir Nili-Ahmadabadi, Parisa Alibolandi, Akram Ranjbar, Leila Mousavi, Hossein Nili-Ahmadabadi, Amir Larki-Harchegani, Davoud Ahmadimoghaddam, Navid Omidifar
Thymoquinone (TQ) is the main active constituent of Nigella sativa seeds. The objective of this study was to explore the protective effects of TQ on diazinon (DZN)-induced liver toxicity in the mouse model. The animals were divided into five groups of 6 each and treated intraperitoneally. Group 1 received the vehicle, group 2 was given 16 mg/kg DZN, group 3 received 5 mg/kg TQ, and groups 4 and 5 were treated with 1.25 and 5 mg/kg of TQ as well as 16 mg/kg DZN, respectively. Finally, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) serum activity as well as nitric oxide (NO), lipid peroxidation (LPO), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total thiol molecule (TTM), and histopathological experiments were evaluated in the liver samples...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Negar Ataei, Mahmoud Aghaei, Mojtaba Panjehpour
Cadmium (Cd) as a metalloesterogen may have a role in development of ovarian cancer. One of the critical target genes of estrogens is progesterone receptors (PRs). There are controversial studies on association between Cd, PRs, and cell proliferation. This study investigates the effect of Cd on proliferation of ovarian cancer cell lines, PRA and PRB expression and their relationship. OVCAR3 and SKOV3 cells were treated with CdCl2 (1-100 nM) and cell proliferation was assayed using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) method...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Acharaporn Rattanamaneerusmee, Krit Thirapanmethee, Yasushi Nakamura, Bhanubong Bongcheewin, Mullika Traidej Chomnawang
Helicteres isora L. ( H. isora ) has been used in traditional medicine in Asia. This study was aimed to determine biological activities of H. isora fruit extracts. Chemopreventive effect was examined by cell proliferation assay and differentiation-inducing effect. Anti-inflammatory activity of extracts was studied on the levels of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE-2), and cyclooxygenas-2 (COX-2). Cell proliferation assay revealed that H. isora extracts and its major compound, rosmarinic acid, showed no cytotoxicity in THP-1 and RCM-1 cells...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vajihe Akbari, Mahboubeh Rezazadeh, Mohsen Minayian, Marjan Amirian, Azadeh Moghadas, Ardeshir Talebi
Erythropoietin (EPO) was successfully incorporated into a bioadhesive thermosensitive hydrogel based on trimethyl chitosan (TMC)/β-glycerophosphate (GP) for prevention and treatment of oral mucositis in cancerous patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of freeze drying on thermo-responsive property of the hydrogel and structural stability of the loaded protein. The freeze-dried EPO-loaded hydrogel were characterized using various methods. Gelation property by rheological analysis, EPO aggregation in formulations by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), protein secondary structure by far ultraviolet-circular dichroism (CD), and the antigenic activity of EPO with ELISA techniques...
December 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Fatemeh Rezaee, Behzad Zolfaghari, Masoud Sadeghi Dinani
Alliums are rich sources of steroidal saponins, flavonoids, and sulphoric compounds of which steroidal saponins have recently received more attention due to their important pharmacological activities. Allium paradoxum L. is a common edible vegetable in north regions of Iran, especially in Mazandaran province, where it is named "Alezi" and considerably used as a raw vegetable, to make dishes, and as a medicinal plant. Phytochemical investigation of chloroform-methanol extract of the plant resulted in the isolation and identification of a dioscin related steroidal saponin, using comprehensive spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR, its chemical structure was determined as (25R)-spirost-5-en-3b-ol,3-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)-[a-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)]-glucopyranoside...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Saleem Ali Banihani, Falak Hisham Khasawneh
Lansoprazole is a proton-pump inhibitor that is commonly used to treat many gastric illnesses. However, little is known about its effect on sperm function. Here, we investigated the in vitro effect of LP on human sperm motility, viability, nitric oxide (NO) production, and the ability of LP to chelate seminal calcium. Seventy-two semen samples from normozoospermic men were tested in this study. The effects of LP at 0.375, 0.75, 1.5, and 3 μg/mL on sperm motility and viability as well as at 3 μg/mL on NO production and calcium chelation in semen were assessed...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Safoora Poorirani, Sedighe Sadeghian-Rizi, Ghadamali Khodarahmi, Marzieh Rahmani Khajouei, Farshid Hassanzadeh
Nitrogen-rich heterocyclic compounds represent a unique class of chemicals with especial properties and have been modified to design novel pharmaceutically active compounds. In this study, a series of novel quinazolinone derivatives with substituted quinoxalindione were synthesized in two parts. In the first part, 6-(4-amino-3-methylphenoxy)quinoxaline-2,3(1H,4H)-dione was prepared from para-amino -m-crozol in 5 steps. In the next part, 2-alkyl-4H-benzo[d][1,3]oxazin-4-one derivatives were obtained from antranilic acid...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Maedeh Hamzeh, Seyed Jalal Hosseinimehr, Ali Reza Khalatbary, Hamid Reza Mohammadi, Ayat Dashti, Fereshteh Talebpour Amiri
Cyclophosphamide (CP), as a chemotherapy drug, induces hepatotoxicity through causing oxidative stress. Atorvastatin (ATV) at a low dose has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of ATV against CP-induced hepatotoxicity in rat. In this experimental study, 32 rats were treated with ATV orally at a dose of 10 mg/kg for 10 consecutive days, 5 days before and 5 days after the administration of a single intraperitoneal injection of CP (150 mg/kg)...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Maryam Boshtam, Seddigheh Asgary, Ilnaz Rahimmanesh, Shirin Kouhpayeh, Jamal Naderi, Zahra Hejazi, Hoda Mohammad-Dezashibi, Ina Laura Pieper, Hossein Khanahmad
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) is a protein that is secreted immediately upon endothelial injury, and thereby it plays a key role in inflammation via recruitment of leucocytes to the site of inflammation at the beginning and throughout the inflammatory processes. Aim of this study was to develop two separate cell lines displaying either human MCP-1 (HMCP-1) or rabbit MCP-1 (RMCP-1) on their surface. A DNA fragment containing HMCP-1- or RMCP-1-encoding sequence was inserted into a pcDNA plasmid...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seyed Ebrahim Sajjadi, Zeinab Delazari, Mahmoud Aghaei, Mustafa Ghannadian
Phlomis bruguieri (P. bruguieri) is a large genus in the Lamiaceae family, with a wide variety distributed in Euro-Asia, Central Asia, Iran, and China. Phlomis flowers have been used as herbal tea for gastrointestinal disturbances, protection of liver and cardiovascular systems. The aim of this study was to analyse phytochemical of flavonoid constituents in semi polar fraction of P. bruguieri . Methanol extract of plant material (4 kg) yielded 361 g dark green concentrated extract gum. After preliminary fractionation by normal column chromatography on silica gel, Fr...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Iman Esmaili, Hamid Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, Vajihe Akbari
Reteplase is a non-glycosylated and recombinant form of tissue type plasminogen activator, which is produced in Escherichia coli . However, its overexpression usually leads to formation of inactive aggregates or inclusion bodies. In the present study, we report on the development of optimized processes for isolation, solubilization, and refolding of reteplase inclusion bodies to recover active protein. After protein overexpression in E. coli BL21 (DE3) inclusion bodies were isolated by cell disruption and repeated wash of pellet with buffer containing Triton X-100...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Esmaeel Panahi Kokhdan, Hossein Sadeghi, Hossin Ghafoori, Heibatollah Sadeghi, Nazanin Danaei, Hamedreza Javadian, Mahmoud Reza Aghamaali
Stachys pilifera (S. pilifera) Benth (Lamiaceae) is used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of diseases. Despite some reports on the antitumor effects of some species of this genus, anticancer activity of S. pilifera has not been yet reported. Here, we examined the cytotoxic effect and cell death mechanisms of methanolic extract of S. pilifera and its alkaloid and terpenoid fractions on the HT-29 colorectal cell line. HT-29 cells were cultivated and then incubated in the methanolic extract of S. pilifera and its fractions at various concentrations for 24 h...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Nasrin Payab, Karim Mahnam, Mostafa Shakhsi-Niaei
Multiple sclerosis (MS), as one of the human autoimmune diseases, demyelinates the neurons of the central nervous system (CNS). Activation of the T cells which target the CNS antigens is the first autoimmune event in MS. Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) and myelin basic protein (MBP) are two proteins of the myelin sheath and have been shown to be among the high antigens contributing to the pathogenesis of MS. Production of the drugs with high specificity for the immune system diseases is a concern for various researchers...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Azam Hasanpouri, Farzaneh Lotfipour, Saeed Ghanbarzadeh, Hamed Hamishehkar
The objective of this investigation was to study the potential use of nanoliposomes and nanotransfersomes in dermal delivery of tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) for acne treatment. Vesicular nanostructures were prepared by thin film hydration method and evaluated for their size, zeta potential, morphology, and entrapment efficiency. Minimal inhibitory concentration values of TC-loaded vesicles were evaluated and compared with TC aqueous solution against Staphylococcus epidermis . In vitro drug release and ex vivo drug permeation through the excised rat skin were performed to assess drug delivery efficiency...
October 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
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