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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

Getachew Dagnew Gebreeyessus, Dessalew Berihun Adem
Considerable fractions of the world's diseases are communicable, of which over 60% are infectious. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of hygiene are very important to decrease these disease burdens especially in places like higher education institutions. This study is aimed at revealing the status and gaps on knowledge, attitude, and practice of hygiene among Kotebe Metropolitan University students. Alongside, morbidity records of the students' clinic are reviewed. Sampled regular students who are boarding and who serve the students' canteen are studied...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Edgar Mugema Mulogo, Micheal Matte, Andrew Wesuta, Fred Bagenda, Richard Apecu, Moses Ntaro
There is a paucity of information on the state of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at health care facilities in Uganda. A survey on WASH service availability was conducted at 50 health care facilities across 4 districts of rural southwestern Uganda between September and November 2015. The main water points at the majority (94%) of the health care facilities were improved sources, while improved toilets were available at 96% of the health care facilities visited. Hospitals had the poorest toilet to patient ratio (1 : 63)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Aren Sinedeh Lemin, Md Mizanur Rahman, Cliffton Akoi Pangarah
Background: Disclosure of HIV-positive status is an essential prerequisite for the prevention and care of person living with HIV/AIDS as well as to tackle hidden epidemic in the society. Objective: To determine the intention to disclose the HIV/AIDS status among adult population in Sarawak, Malaysia, and factors affecting thereof. Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among adult population aged 18 years and above in Sarawak, Malaysia...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Sedra Habib, Hafiz O Ahmed, Naema Al-Muhairi, Reem Ziad
Background: Perchloroethylene (PERC) is a widely spread cleaning solvent, used in nearly all dry-cleaning facilities. It has been declared as "probable human carcinogen" by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) due to its hazardous and toxic effects on human health. The study aimed at assessing the exposure of PERC among dry-cleaning workers at four different dry-cleaning facilities in the UAE. Methods: The four dry-cleaning facilities, using PERC in one of the cities of the UAE, were selected...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Keneth Iceland Kasozi, Phyllis Candy Natabo, Sarah Namubiru, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Andrew Tamale, Pwaveno H Bamaiyi
Background: Inorganic pollutants in milk and beef are of major public health concern; however, information in Africa is still limited due to low food safety monitoring practices. In this study, we established levels of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe) in milk and beef and obtained the estimated daily intake (EDI) and incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) as measures of risk to the Ugandan population. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which a total of 40 samples of milk and beef were collected from Bushenyi district in southwestern Uganda...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Vijayalaxmi V Mogasale, Enusa Ramani, Vittal Mogasale, Ju Yeon Park, Thomas F Wierzba
Background: Unsafe water is a well-known risk for typhoid fever, but a pooled estimate of the population-level risk of typhoid fever resulting from exposure to unsafe water has not been quantified. An accurate estimation of the risk from unsafe water will be useful in demarcating high-risk populations, modeling typhoid disease burden, and targeting prevention and control activities. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of observational studies that measured the risk of typhoid fever associated with drinking unimproved water as per WHO-UNICEF's definition or drinking microbiologically unsafe water...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Senzeni Nyathi, Joshua O Olowoyo, Agboola Oludare
Objective: Scavenging is a source of income for most unskilled people in the developing countries. The present study investigated the perception of scavengers on scavenging and related health hazards from the Onderstepoort waste dumpsite in Pretoria, South Africa. Methods: Primary data were obtained through observation and implementation of a questionnaire to a total number of 53 scavengers (27 females and 26 males). The questionnaire was structured to extract information that included perceptions of scavengers about their activities, health implications of scavenging, monthly income, and behavioural norms...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
William A Suk, Vajarabhongsa Bhudhisawasdi, Mathuros Ruchirawat
Deaths from complex, noncommunicable diseases such as cancer are predicted to continue to increase worldwide, with low- and middle-income countries bearing the brunt of the burden. This problem requires a concentrated global effort to avoid devastating losses of life as well as economic losses. Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a readily studied model of complex, noncommunicable disease, but it receives little attention outside of the scientific community in Southeast Asia. Here, we bring attention to the opportunity to study CCA as a model to understand the role of multiple, complex factors in cancer...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Heli A Arregocés, Roberto Rojano, Luis Angulo, Gloria Restrepo
Intake fraction was determined in this study to provide insight into population exposures to PM10 that is effectively inhaled due to emissions of an opencast coal mine. We applied the CALPUFF model to a coal mine in Northern Colombia, which has 6 active pits with an annual production of 33.7 million tons. We estimated the intake fractions for 7 towns through the integration of dispersion model results over the population data. The resulting average intake fractions were between 6.13 × 10-9 and 3.66 × 10-8 for PM10 ...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, M Habibur Rahman
The management and treatment of healthcare waste (HCW) are of great concern owing to its potential hazard to human health and the environment, particularly in developing countries. Nowadays, various technological alternatives are gaining momentum as efficient and favorable waste management options across the world. However, selecting a suitable technology as well as an effective waste management approach for the treatment of HCW is still a challenging task for the municipal authorities. This study renders a comprehensive analysis of healthcare waste management (HCWM) practices and the technological options for its better management through a case study in Khulna, the southwestern division of Bangladesh...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Amy Chanlongbutra, Gopal K Singh, Curt D Mueller
Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is associated with increased odds of high-risk behaviors and adverse health outcomes. This study examined whether ACE exposure among individuals living in rural areas of the United States is associated with adult activity limitations, self-reported general poor health status, chronic diseases, and poor mental health. Data from the 2011 and 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (N=79,810) from nine states were used to calculate the prevalence of ACEs in rural and urban areas...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Ahmad M Al-Bashaireh, Linda G Haddad, Michael Weaver, Debra Lynch Kelly, Xing Chengguo, Saunjoo Yoon
This systematic review explored associations between smoking and health outcomes involving the musculoskeletal system. AMSTAR criteria were followed. A comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct returned 243 articles meeting inclusion criteria. A majority of studies found smoking has negative effects on the musculoskeletal system. In research on bones, smoking was associated with lower BMD, increased fracture risk, periodontitis, alveolar bone loss, and dental implant failure. In research on joints, smoking was associated with increased joint disease activity, poor functional outcomes, and poor therapeutic response...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Abok Elisha Onyango, Michael Wandayi Okoth, Catherine Nkirote Kunyanga, Bernard Ochieng' Aliwa
Water security and safety is of vital concern in arid and semiarid regions of Kenya. Potable water accessibility and supply is limited due to fluctuating climatic conditions and environmental pollution that lower the wholesomeness of most water sources. The aim of this study was to establish the suitability of these water sources for drinking and use in industrial food processing by the small and medium enterprises (SME's). The aim of this study was to establish suitability of these water sources for drinking and use in industrial food processing by the small and medium enterprises (SME's)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Bhuvan Saud, Govinda Paudel
Air pollution has been a major problem of 21st century for both developed and developing world. It has a negative impact on various environmental aspects which directly or indirectly affect the quality of human health. Nepal, especially Kathmandu, in the current situation, is observing rapid urbanization and various infrastructure development projects. As a result, these sorts of human activities have been responsible for increasing air pollution in an enormous rate inside Kathmandu Valley. Chronic exposure of deteriorated air increases the chance of Noncommunicable Disease (NCD) like lung disease, heart disease, and cancers...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Kusuma S Lestari, Mika Vernicia Humairo, Ukik Agustina
Electronic cigarettes regulation in Indonesia has not been set yet. In the last 4 years the electronic cigarettes have been widely distributed and used in Indonesia. Electronic cigarettes contain nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerol, liquid flavors, etc. All ingredients produce vapor when heated. Vapor and particles from electronic cigarettes affect the human health. Formaldehyde is known as a product of propylene glycol and glycerol vapor degradation. Formaldehyde is one of the chemical agents categorized as carcinogen...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Wuqi Qiu, Cordia Chu, Ayan Mao, Jing Wu
Background: Epidemics such as SARS and H7N9 have caused huge negative impacts on population health and the economy in China. Aims: This article discusses the impacts of SARS in 2003 and H7N9 in 2013 in China, in order to provide a better understanding to government and practitioners of why improving management of response to infectious disease outbreaks is so critical for a country's economy, its society, and its place in the global community. Methods: To provide the results of an analysis of impacts of SARS and H7N9 based on feedback from documents, informants, and focus groups on events during the SARS and H7N9 outbreaks...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
John P Unyimadu, O Osibanjo, Joshua O Babayemi
Investigation of the levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in fish samples was carried out to assess the contamination status of Niger River. Ten different brackish water species of fish (6 samples for each, making a total of 60) were purchased from landing sites at the Delta area of Niger River. These were Drapane africana, Mochokus niloticus, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, Pristipoma jubelini, Vomer septapinis, Pseudotolithus senegalensis, Mugil cephalus, Pseudotolithus elongatus, Sphyraena piscatorum , and Lutjanus goreensis ...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Alasdair Philips, Denis L Henshaw, Graham Lamburn, Michael J O'Carroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Alasdair Philips, Denis L Henshaw, Graham Lamburn, Michael J O'Carroll
Objective: To investigate detailed trends in malignant brain tumour incidence over a recent time period. Methods: UK Office of National Statistics (ONS) data covering 81,135 ICD10 C71 brain tumours diagnosed in England (1995-2015) were used to calculate incidence rates (ASR) per 100k person-years, age-standardised to the European Standard Population (ESP-2013). Results: We report a sustained and highly statistically significant ASR rise in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) across all ages...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Athena K Ramos, Axel Fuentes, Marcela Carvajal-Suarez
Swine production has changed dramatically, and in the United States production often takes place in concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Because of the size and density of these types of facilities, workers may be exposed to serious occupational health risks such as noxious gases, agricultural dusts, elevated noise levels, and zoonotic diseases. This descriptive study examines self-reported occupational injuries and perceived occupational health problems among a convenience sample of 40 Latino immigrant swine confinement workers (92...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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