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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539940/horizontal-and-vertical-distribution-of-heavy-metals-in-farm-produce-and-livestock-around-lead-contaminated-goldmine-in-dareta-and-abare-zamfara-state-northern-nigeria
#1
O E Orisakwe, O O Oladipo, G C Ajaezi, N A Udowelle
Background. Hitherto studies in response to the June 2010 lead poisoning, Zamfara State, Nigeria, have focused on clinical interventions without information on livestock and other metals. Objective. This study has investigated the distribution of heavy metals in farm produce and livestock around lead-contaminated goldmine in Dareta and Abare, Zamfara State, Nigeria. Methods. Vegetables, soil, water, blood, and different meat samples were harvested from goat, sheep, cattle, and chicken from Dareta, Abare, and Gusau communities...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529528/safety-evaluation-of-potential-toxic-metals-exposure-from-street-foods-consumed-in-mid-west-nigeria
#2
O C Ekhator, N A Udowelle, S Igbiri, R N Asomugha, Z N Igweze, O E Orisakwe
Objective. Street-vended foods offer numerous advantages to food security; nevertheless, the safety of street food should be considered. This study has investigated the level of potential toxic metal (Pb, Cd, Hg, Sb, Mn, and Al) contamination among street-vended foods in Benin City and Umunede. Methods. Twenty street food samples were purchased from vendors at bus stops. Metals were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The methods developed by the US EPA were employed to evaluate the potential health risk of toxic metals...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512475/risk-factors-for-road-traffic-injuries-among-different-road-users-in-the-gambia
#3
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Babanding Daffeh, Laurence J Fuortes
We identified risk factors for road traffic injuries among road users who received treatment at two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. The study includes pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and drivers/passengers of cars and trucks. We examined distributions of injury by age, gender, collision vehicle types and vehicle category, and driver and environment factors. Two hundred and fifty-four patients were included in the study. Two-thirds were male and one-third female. Two-thirds (67%) of road traffic injuries involved pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists; and these were more common during weekdays (74%) than weekends...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512474/human-papillomavirus-genotype-distribution-among-cervical-cancer-patients-prior-to-brazilian-national-hpv-immunization-program
#4
Liz M de Almeida, Luís Felipe L Martins, Valéria B Pontes, Flávia M Corrêa, Raquel C Montenegro, Laine C Pinto, Bruno M Soares, João Paulo C B Vidal, Shayany P Félix, Neilane Bertoni, Moysés Szklo, Miguel Angelo M Moreira
To evaluate the impact of HPV immunization and possible changes in virus type-specific prevalence associated with cervical cancer, it is important to obtain baseline information based on socioeconomic, educational, and environmental characteristics in human populations. We describe these characteristics and the type-specific HPV distribution in 1,183 women diagnosed with cervical cancer in two Brazilian healthcare institutions located at the Southeastern (Rio de Janeiro/RJ) and the Amazonian (Belém/PA) regions...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491101/geospatial-assessment-of-cholera-in-a-rapidly-urbanizing-environment
#5
Olajumoke Esther Olanrewaju, Kayode Adewale Adepoju
This study mapped out and investigated the spatial relationship between cholera incidences and environmental risk factors in the study area. The study area was stratified into eight zones. Water samples from each zone were collected and analyzed to determine the colony forming units. GIS layers including housing density, digitized roads, rivers, buildings, and cholera incidence data from hospital archives were also collected and analyzed using ArcGIS 10.1. It was observed that there was an association between the ERFs (p < 0...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491100/increased-sensitization-to-mold-allergens-measured-by-intradermal-skin-testing-following-hurricanes
#6
Diego Saporta, David Hurst
Objective. To report on changes in sensitivity to mold allergens determined by changes in intradermal skin testing reactivity, after exposure to two severe hurricanes. Methods. A random, retrospective allergy charts review divided into 2 groups of 100 patients each: Group A, patients tested between 2003 and 2010 prior to hurricanes, and Group B, patients tested in 2014 and 2015 following hurricanes. Reactivity to eighteen molds was determined by intradermal skin testing. Test results, age, and respiratory symptoms were recorded...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479921/self-medication-in-university-students-from-the-city-of-mansoura-egypt
#7
R M Helal, H S Abou-ElWafa
Background. Self-medication is a common practice in developed and developing countries. Objectives. To explore the prevalence of self-medication practices among university students, probable reasons, symptoms requiring self-medication, and sources of advice. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura University, Egypt, and included 1st and last year students of both medical and nonmedical faculties. Results. Prevalence of self-medication was 62.9%. Younger age, female, medical, and ever-married students and those having home pharmacy tended to self-medicate more than their peers with significant difference between them...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473861/environmental-spatial-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-nonfatal-injuries-in-indonesia
#8
Sri Irianti, Puguh Prasetyoputra
Background. The determinants of injuries and their reoccurrence in Indonesia are not well understood, despite their importance in the prevention of injuries. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the environmental, spatial, and sociodemographic factors associated with the reoccurrence of injuries among Indonesian people. Methods. Data from the 2013 round of the Indonesia Baseline Health Research (IBHR 2013) were analysed using a two-part hurdle regression model. A logit regression model was chosen for the zero-hurdle part, while a zero-truncated negative binomial regression model was selected for the counts part...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473860/epidemic-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-management-awareness-among-indian-medical-undergraduates
#9
Yangshen Lhamo, Preeta Kaur Chugh, Sandhya R Gautam, C D Tripathi
Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent across all age groups in epidemic proportions. The purpose of this study was to acquire a baseline assessment and create awareness among medical students regarding vitamin D. A cross-sectional, voluntary survey was conducted among undergraduate medical students. Data were collected using a questionnaire which assessed the level of knowledge students had with regard to where vitamin D comes from, what it does for health, how much is recommended, factors that affect its levels, and deficiency management...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469673/understanding-public-views-about-air-quality-and-air-pollution-sources-in-the-san-joaquin-valley-california
#10
Ricardo Cisneros, Paul Brown, Linda Cameron, Erin Gaab, Mariaelena Gonzalez, Steven Ramondt, David Veloz, Anna Song, Don Schweizer
The San Joaquin Valley of California has poor air quality and high rates of asthma. Surveys were collected from 744 residents of the San Joaquin Valley from November 2014 to January 2015 to examine the public's views about air quality. The results of this study suggest that participants exposed to high PM2.5 (particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in size) concentrations perceived air pollution to be of the worst quality. Air quality in the San Joaquin Valley was primarily perceived as either moderate or unhealthy for sensitive groups...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465693/social-environmental-and-health-vulnerability-to-climate-change-the-case-of-the-municipalities-of-minas-gerais-brazil
#11
Ana Flávia Quintão, Isabela Brito, Frederico Oliveira, Ana Paula Madureira, Ulisses Confalonieri
Vulnerability to climate change is a complex and dynamic phenomenon involving both social and physical/environmental aspects. It is presented as a method for the quantification of the vulnerability of all municipalities of Minas Gerais, a state in southeastern Brazil. It is based on the aggregation of different kinds of environmental, climatic, social, institutional, and epidemiological variables, to form a composite index. This was named "Index of Human Vulnerability" and was calculated using a software (SisVuClima®) specifically developed for this purpose...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408936/household-food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status-of-children-6-59-months-of-age-in-east-badawacho-district-south-ethiopia
#12
Bealu Betebo, Tekle Ejajo, Fissahaye Alemseged, Desalegn Massa
Background. Ethiopia has one of the highest child malnutrition rates in the world. Food insecurity is one of the determinant factors of malnutrition in developing countries; however its role remains unclear. Objective. To assess household food insecurity and its association with the nutritional status of children 6-59 months of age in East Badawacho District, South Ethiopia. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 20 to 30, 2014 on a sample of 508 mother/child pairs of 6-59-month-old children...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408935/socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-cancer-mortality-incidence-and-survival-in-the-united-states-1950-2014-over-six-decades-of-changing-patterns-and-widening-inequalities
#13
Gopal K Singh, Ahmedin Jemal
We analyzed socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in US mortality, incidence, and survival rates from all-cancers combined and major cancers from 1950 to 2014. Census-based deprivation indices were linked to national mortality and cancer data for area-based socioeconomic patterns in mortality, incidence, and survival. The National Longitudinal Mortality Study was used to analyze individual-level socioeconomic and racial/ethnic patterns in mortality. Rates, risk-ratios, least squares, log-linear, and Cox regression were used to examine trends and differentials...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377791/effect-of-a-12-week-summer-break-on-school-day-physical-activity-and-health-related-fitness-in-low-income-children-from-cspap-schools
#14
You Fu, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, Ryan D Burns
Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 12-week summer break on school day physical activity and health-related fitness (HRF) in children from schools receiving a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP). Methods. Participants were school-aged children (N = 1,232; 624 girls and 608 boys; mean age = 9.5 ± 1.8 years) recruited from three low-income schools receiving a CSPAP. Physical activity and HRF levels were collected during the end of spring semester 2015 and again during the beginning of fall semester 2015...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377790/land-use-land-cover-changes-in-detection-of-water-quality-a-study-based-on-remote-sensing-and-multivariate-statistics
#15
Ang Kean Hua
Malacca River water quality is affected due to rapid urbanization development. The present study applied LULC changes towards water quality detection in Malacca River. The method uses LULC, PCA, CCA, HCA, NHCA, and ANOVA. PCA confirmed DS, EC, salinity, turbidity, TSS, DO, BOD, COD, As, Hg, Zn, Fe, E. coli, and total coliform. CCA confirmed 14 variables into two variates; first variate involves residential and industrial activities; and second variate involves agriculture, sewage treatment plant, and animal husbandry...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352287/long-term-body-weight-maintenance-among-strongwomen-healthy-hearts-program-participants
#16
Rebecca A Seguin, Sara C Folta, Miriam E Nelson, Karla L Hanson, Andrea Z LaCroix
Background. The repeated loss and regain of body weight, referred to as weight cycling, may be associated with negative health complications. Given today's obesity epidemic and related interventions to address obesity, it is increasingly important to understand contexts and factors associated with weight loss maintenance. This study examined BMI among individuals who had previously participated in a 12-week, evidence-based, nationally disseminated nutrition and physical activity program designed for overweight and obese middle-aged and older women...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352286/an-approach-to-developing-local-climate-change-environmental-public-health-indicators-in-a-rural-district
#17
REVIEW
Adele Houghton, Jessica Austin, Abby Beerman, Clayton Horton
Climate change represents a significant and growing threat to population health. Rural areas face unique challenges, such as high rates of vulnerable populations; economic uncertainty due to their reliance on industries that are vulnerable to climate change; less resilient infrastructure; and lower levels of access to community and emergency services than urban areas. This article fills a gap in public health practice by developing climate and health environmental public health indicators for a local public health department in a rural area...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348606/a-simulation-study-on-hypothetical-ebola-virus-transmission-in-india-using-spatiotemporal-epidemiological-modeler-stem-a-way-towards-precision-public-health
#18
Arkaprabha Sau
Background. Precision public health is a state-of-the-art concept in public health research and its application in health care. Application of information technology in field of epidemiology paves the way to its transformation to digital epidemiology. A geospatial epidemiological model was simulated to estimate the spread of Ebola virus disease after a hypothetical outbreak in India. Methods. It was a simulation study based on SEIR (Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered) compartmental model. Simulation was done in Spatiotemporal Epidemiological Modeler (STEM)...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286530/role-performance-of-community-health-volunteers-and-its-associated-factors-in-kuching-district-sarawak
#19
Melvin Hsien Liang Chung, Helmy Hazmi, Whye Lian Cheah
The objective of this study was to assess the role performance among KOSPEN community health volunteer in Kuching district and its associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in 21 localities in Kuching with a total of 210 respondents. Data were collected using validated interviewer-administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 22.0. The respondents comprised 55.2% females, 81.9% married, and 41.4% aged above 45 and above and 72.4% completed their education up to secondary school...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191020/compliance-with-standard-precautions-and-associated-factors-among-healthcare-workers-in-gondar-university-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Tariku Gebre Haile, Eshetu Haileselassie Engeda, Abdella Amano Abdo
Background. In many studies, compliance with standard precautions among healthcare workers was reported to be inadequate. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess compliance with standard precautions and associated factors among healthcare workers in northwest Ethiopia. Methods. An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01 to April 30, 2014. Simple random sampling technique was used to select participants. Data were entered into Epi info 3.5.1 and were exported to SPSS version 20...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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