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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

Fredrick Okoth Okaka, Beneah D O Odhiambo
Flooding can potentially increase the spread of infectious diseases. To enhance good understanding of the health consequences of flooding and facilitate planning for mitigation strategies, deeper consideration of the relationship between flooding and out-break of infectious diseases is required. This paper examines the relationship between occurrence of floods in Kenya and outbreak of infectious diseases and possible interventions. This review intended to build up the quality and comprehensiveness of evidence on infectious diseases arising after flooding incidence in Kenya...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Ryan Sinclair, Charity Russell, Genevieve Kray, Stephen Vesper
Indoor mold contamination has been associated in many studies with an increased risk of asthma and respiratory illness. This study investigated indoor mold contamination and the prevalence of asthma/respiratory illness in two low-income, Hispanic communities, Mecca and Coachella City, in the Eastern Coachella Valley (ECV) of California. The study consisted of a questionnaire to assess asthma/respiratory illness and the quantification of mold contamination in house dust samples using the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI) scale...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Anirban Maji, Tanya Khaitan, Rupam Sinha, Soumyabrata Sarkar, Pratik Verma, Anjani Kumar Shukla
Background: Bite mark analysis is an imperative area of forensic odontology and considered the commonest form of dental evidence presented in the criminal court. The process of comparing bite marks with a suspect's dentition includes analysis and measurement of shape, size, and position of an individual's teeth. The present study was aimed to evaluate the bite marks of males and females using a novel indirect computer-assisted method and explicate its application in forensic odontology...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Teshiwal Deress, Fatuma Hassen, Kasaw Adane, Aster Tsegaye
Background: Healthcare activities restore health and save lives at the same time; however, they can generate hazardous biomedical wastes to a human being or the environment. Generation and disposal of biomedical wastes have become an emerging problem worldwide. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice about biomedical waste management and associated factors among healthcare professionals in Debre Markos town healthcare facilities, northwest Ethiopia...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Samuel Fosu Gyasi, Bismark Boamah, Esi Awuah, Kenneth Bentum Otabil
Large dams play an important role in promoting economic and social development in many countries. However, the construction of such dams can have a detrimental effect on the environment. The aim of this study was to investigate perceptions of drinking water quality among inhabitants of selected communities within the Bui Dam environs. With the help of questionnaires, 100 respondents from communities "near to the dam" were randomly selected and interviewed. Their responses were compared with another 100 respondents selected from "far from the dam" communities...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Fabiola V Moshi, Stephen M Kibusi, Flora Fabian
Background: Rukwa Region has the highest maternal mortality ratio, 860 deaths per 100,000 live births in Tanzania. The region has neonatal mortality rate of 38 deaths per 1,000 live births. Previous interventions to promote maternal and neonatal health targeted access to maternal services by removing financial barriers and increasing the number of health facilities. However, maternal service utilization remains very low, especially facility delivery. The proposed intervention was sought to address deep-rooted behavioral beliefs, normative beliefs, control beliefs, and knowledge empowerment to determine their effect on improving birth preparedness, male involvement, and maternal services utilization...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Larisa M Gearhart-Serna, Nishad Jayasundara, Moises Tacam, Richard Di Giulio, Gayathri R Devi
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure is widespread, and many PAHs are considered carcinogenic. The PAH-contaminated AWI Superfund site in Virginia provides a model for studying a complex PAH mixture and its extrapolation to cancer risk and PAH exposure in the general population. We examined cancer risk at the Superfund site due to sediment-derived PAHs and then evaluated PAH sources in the general population and potentially vulnerable subpopulations upon PAH mixture exposure. The PAH mixture was assessed for potential carcinogenicity using the US EPA's OncoLogic™ ranking tool and the US EPA list of priority PAHs...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Sri Y Irda Sari, Deni K Sunjaya, Hana Shimizu-Furusawa, Chiho Watanabe, Ardini S Raksanagara
Fecal contamination in water sources is still found globally, especially in urban slum areas of mid-low income countries. Fecal contamination as an indicator of low levels of hygiene and sanitation practices as well as poor management of drinking water supply might increase the risk of waterborne diseases in developing countries like Indonesia. This study aimed to assess quality of all water sources in one of the urban slum settlements along a contaminated river basin in Indonesia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted during the period of August to October 2015...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Arwa M El Shafei, Ibrahim Soliman Hegazy, Fatina Ibrahim Fadel, Eman M Nagy
Background: Measuring health-related quality of life is considered an important outcome indicator in evaluating health-care interventions and treatments and in understanding the burden of diseases. Objectives: This study aimed at assessing quality of life among children with end-stage renal disease, either undergoing hemodialysis or had renal transplantation therapy and comparing it with healthy controls. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2016 and May 2017 in Abo El-Reesh Pediatric Hospital using parent/child reports of generic module for QoL assessment: PedsQLTM Inventory version 4 for both cases and controls...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Persephone Vargas
The prevalence of obesity is a public concern and is linked to chronic diseases. Filipino Americans have a high prevalence rate of hypertension and diabetes. This study investigated the dietary intake of first-generation Filipino Americans ( n =210). In addition, it provides a comparison of the obesity rates using the International guideline and the WHO Asian recommendation. The dietary intake included caloric, carbohydrate, and fat intake and was determined using the Block Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Awrajaw Dessie, Fentahun Adane, Ansha Nega, Sintayehu Daba Wami, Daniel Haile Chercos
Background: Globally, computer is one of the common office tools used in various institutions. Using computer for prolonged time led to the users at greater health risk of computer vision syndrome (CVS). Computer vision syndrome is the leading occupational health problem of the twenty-first century. About 70 percent of computer users are suffered from CVS. Besides the health problems, CVS causes inefficiency at workplace and deteriorate quality of work. The problem of CVS and its risk factors are not well known in Ethiopia...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Oscar Silva, Silvia Palomino, Ada Robles, Jorge Ríos, Frank Mayta-Tovalino
Introduction: The level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices with respect to infection control measures in undergraduate stomatology students is not well understood; that is why these variables were evaluated in the students of the Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista between September and November of 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 347 students from the Ica, Lima Norte, and Chorrillos campuses were evaluated. The sample was calculated using the statistical formula of comparison of means...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Luca Coppeta, Francesca Papa, Andrea Magrini
Background: Reported cases of vitamin D3 deficiency have been increasing in incidence worldwide. Although there is a lack of consensus relating to optimal levels of vitamin D, generally serum 25-(OH)D concentrations lower than 50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL) are at least considered to be detrimental to bone health. Aim: Aim of this systematic review is to investigate if occupations, and specifically shiftworking and indoor working, may be considered as possible contributors to the increased incidence of vitamin D3 deficiency in industrialized nations...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Abireham Misganaw Ayalew, Worku Tefera Mekonnen, Samson Wakuma Abaya, Zeleke Abebaw Mekonnen
Background: Open defecation (OD) is a widespread problem in the developing world. This practice facilitates the transmission of diarrheal diseases. In Ethiopia, still the national open defecation rate in 2014 was 34.1% (37.9% in rural and 8.7% in urban). Objective: To assess diarrheal morbidity in under-five children and its associated factors in Dangla district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016. Methods: A community-based comparative cross-sectional study design with a multistage random sampling technique was applied...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Lesley Maurice Bilung, Ahmad Syatir Tahar, Rosdi Kira, Aina Ariffah Mohd Rozali, Kasing Apun
Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of cutaneous bacterial infection involving community. Methods: In this study, a total of 42 swab samples were collected from the surface of various fitness equipment such as back machines, exercise mats, dip stations, dumbbells, and treadmills. Identification of the bacterial isolates was conducted using biochemical tests and further analysed molecularly using the PCR method targeting nuc gene (270 bp). The nuc gene encodes for the thermonuclease enzyme, a virulent factor of S...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Getachew Dagnew Gebreeyessus, Dessalew Berihun Adem
Considerable fractions of the world's diseases are communicable, of which over 60% are infectious. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of hygiene are very important to decrease these disease burdens especially in places like higher education institutions. This study is aimed at revealing the status and gaps on knowledge, attitude, and practice of hygiene among Kotebe Metropolitan University students. Alongside, morbidity records of the students' clinic are reviewed. Sampled regular students who are boarding and who serve the students' canteen are studied...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Edgar Mugema Mulogo, Micheal Matte, Andrew Wesuta, Fred Bagenda, Richard Apecu, Moses Ntaro
There is a paucity of information on the state of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) at health care facilities in Uganda. A survey on WASH service availability was conducted at 50 health care facilities across 4 districts of rural southwestern Uganda between September and November 2015. The main water points at the majority (94%) of the health care facilities were improved sources, while improved toilets were available at 96% of the health care facilities visited. Hospitals had the poorest toilet to patient ratio (1 : 63)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Aren Sinedeh Lemin, Md Mizanur Rahman, Cliffton Akoi Pangarah
Background: Disclosure of HIV-positive status is an essential prerequisite for the prevention and care of person living with HIV/AIDS as well as to tackle hidden epidemic in the society. Objective: To determine the intention to disclose the HIV/AIDS status among adult population in Sarawak, Malaysia, and factors affecting thereof. Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among adult population aged 18 years and above in Sarawak, Malaysia...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Sedra Habib, Hafiz O Ahmed, Naema Al-Muhairi, Reem Ziad
Background: Perchloroethylene (PERC) is a widely spread cleaning solvent, used in nearly all dry-cleaning facilities. It has been declared as "probable human carcinogen" by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) due to its hazardous and toxic effects on human health. The study aimed at assessing the exposure of PERC among dry-cleaning workers at four different dry-cleaning facilities in the UAE. Methods: The four dry-cleaning facilities, using PERC in one of the cities of the UAE, were selected...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Keneth Iceland Kasozi, Phyllis Candy Natabo, Sarah Namubiru, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Andrew Tamale, Pwaveno H Bamaiyi
Background: Inorganic pollutants in milk and beef are of major public health concern; however, information in Africa is still limited due to low food safety monitoring practices. In this study, we established levels of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe) in milk and beef and obtained the estimated daily intake (EDI) and incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) as measures of risk to the Ugandan population. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which a total of 40 samples of milk and beef were collected from Bushenyi district in southwestern Uganda...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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