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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147116/influence-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-practices-on-common-infections-among-under-five-children-in-longido-and-monduli-districts-of-arusha-tanzania
#1
Hoyce Amini Mshida, Neema Kassim, Martin Epafras Kimanya, Emmanuel Mpolya
The study aimed at assessing water, sanitation, and hygiene practices and their influence on infectious diseases among under-five children in semipastoral communities of Arusha. The study was cross-sectional in design. Prevalence of infectious diseases among under-five children was derived from patients' attendance register. Mothers randomly sampled from households were interviewed using questionnaire. Information regarding child morbidity and sociodemographic and WASH characteristics was gathered. Hospital data revealed that 2/3 of under-five patients visited the hospitals annually were suffering from infectious diseases...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129980/quality-of-care-of-patients-with-diabetes-in-primary-health-services-in-southeast-brazil
#2
Christiane Chaves Augusto Leite Simão, Mônica Barros Costa, Fernando Antônio Basile Colugnati, Elaine Amaral de Paula, Chislene Pereira Vanelli, Rogério Baumgratz de Paula
Background: Diabetes management involves multiple aspects that go beyond drug therapy as a way of providing high quality care. The objective of this study was to describe quality of care indicators for individuals with diabetes in southeast Brazil and to explore associations among these indicators. Methods: In this cross-sectional, observational study, health care providers filled out a questionnaire addressing health care structure and processes at 14 primary health care units (PHCUs)...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081813/living-with-bats-the-case-of-ve-golokuati-township-in-the-volta-region-of-ghana
#3
Jesse S Ayivor, Fidelia Ohemeng, Elaine Tweneboah Lawson, Linda Waldman, Melissa Leach, Yaa Ntiamoa-Baidu
Transmission of zoonotic pathogens from bats to humans through direct and indirect contact with bats raises public apprehension about living close to bats. In the township of Ve Golokuati in Ghana, several "camps" of Epomophorus gambianus roost in fruit trees that provide ecosystems services for residents. This study explored human-bat interaction in the township and the potential risks of disease transmission from bats to humans. Data were derived through questionnaire administration and participatory appraisal approach involving focus group discussions, participatory landscape mapping, and transect walk...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056976/interactions-between-neighbourhood-urban-form-and-socioeconomic-status-and-their-associations-with-anthropometric-measurements-in-canadian-adults
#4
Gavin R McCormack, Christine Friedenreich, Lindsay McLaren, Melissa Potestio, Beverly Sandalack, Ilona Csizmadi
Neighbourhood-level socioeconomic composition and built context are correlates of weight-related behaviours. We investigated the relations between objective measures of neighbourhood design and socioeconomic status (SES) and their interaction, in relation to self-reported waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of Canadian adults (n = 851 from 12 Calgary neighbourhoods). WC and BMI were higher among residents of disadvantaged neighbourhoods, independent of neighbourhood design (grid, warped grid, and curvilinear street patterns) and individual-level characteristics (sex, age, education, income, dog ownership, marital status, number of dependents, motor vehicle access, smoking, sleep, mental health, physical health, and past attempts to modify bodyweight)...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056975/exploration-of-the-risk-factors-of-generalized-and-central-obesity-among-adolescents-in-north-lebanon
#5
Germine El-Kassas, Fouad Ziade
Adolescents' obesity is an emerging public health problem globally and in the Arab countries. Alarming rates of overweight/obesity have been rising progressively in Lebanon. However, the risk factors for the development of adolescents' obesity have not yet been thoroughly explored in North Lebanon. To determine the dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with generalized and central obesity among adolescents living in Tripoli, a cross-sectional survey was conducted including a representative sample of 311 students aged 11-16 years from both sexes chosen from public and private schools in Tripoli...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951746/pesticide-residues-in-honey-from-the-major-honey-producing-forest-belts-in-ghana
#6
Godfred Darko, Jonah Addai Tabi, Michael Kodwo Adjaloo, Lawrence Sheringham Borquaye
Concentrations of pesticides residues in honey sampled from the major honey producing forest belts in Ghana were determined. Samples were purposively collected and extracted using the QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) method and analysed for synthetic pyrethroids, organochlorine, and organophosphate pesticide residues. Aldrin, γ-HCH, β-HCH, ∑endosulfan, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, permethrin methoxychlor, ∑DDT, chlorpyrifos, fenvalerate, malathion, dimethoate, and diazinon were all detected at the concentration of 0...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947905/urban-dog-parks-as-sources-of-canine-parasites-contamination-rates-and-pet-owner-behaviours-in-lisbon-portugal
#7
Ana Ferreira, Ana Margarida Alho, David Otero, Lídia Gomes, Rolf Nijsse, Paul A M Overgaauw, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Dog parks represent a recent trend in western countries, enabling owners to spend quality time with their pets in a controlled environment. Despite their growing popularity, few studies have been performed to date on these parks to investigate dog intestinal parasitic infections and soil contamination. The present study examined 369 faecal and 18 soil samples collected from 3 dog parks in Greater Lisbon, Portugal. Additionally, 102 interviews were performed with dog owners to assess dog-walking behaviours and parasite risk...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932248/opportunities-for-promoting-physical-activity-in-rural-communities-by-understanding-the-interests-and-values-of-community-members
#8
Thomas Park, Amy A Eyler, Rachel G Tabak, Cheryl Valko, Ross C Brownson
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) has well-established health benefits, but most Americans do not meet national guidelines. In southeastern Missouri, trails have been developed to increase rates of PA. Although this has had success, broad-scale interventions will be needed to improve rates further. In this study, we surveyed residents of southeastern Missouri to identify ways to improve rates of PA. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey in 2015 of adults (n = 524) from eight rural Missouri towns that had walking trails, regarding their activities and interests...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912823/assessment-of-environmental-attitudes-and-risk-perceptions-among-university-students-in-mersin-turkey
#9
Gulcin Yapici, Oya Ögenler, Ahmet Öner Kurt, Fazıl Koçaş, Tayyar Şaşmaz
BACKGROUND: Environmental destruction is one of the most important problems in this century. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the environmental attitudes and perceived risks associated with environmental factors of the students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 faculties of Mersin University. The research data were collected using a questionnaire. The questionnaire included sociodemographic characteristics, the "Environmental Attitudes Scale," and the "Environmental Risk Perception Scale...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900447/disinfection-byproducts-in-drinking-water-and-evaluation-of-potential-health-risks-of-long-term-exposure-in-nigeria
#10
Nsikak U Benson, Oyeronke A Akintokun, Adebusayo E Adedapo
Levels of trihalomethanes (THMs) in drinking water from water treatment plants (WTPs) in Nigeria were studied using a gas chromatograph (GC Agilent 7890A with autosampler Agilent 7683B) equipped with electron capture detector (ECD). The mean concentrations of the trihalomethanes ranged from zero in raw water samples to 950 μg/L in treated water samples. Average concentration values of THMs in primary and secondary disinfection samples exceeded the standard maximum contaminant levels. Results for the average THMs concentrations followed the order TCM > BDCM > DBCM > TBM...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890728/ambient-air-quality-classification-by-grey-wolf-optimizer-based-support-vector-machine
#11
Akash Saxena, Shalini Shekhawat
With the development of society along with an escalating population, the concerns regarding public health have cropped up. The quality of air becomes primary concern regarding constant increase in the number of vehicles and industrial development. With this concern, several indices have been proposed to indicate the pollutant concentrations. In this paper, we present a mathematical framework to formulate a Cumulative Index (CI) on the basis of an individual concentration of four major pollutants (SO2, NO2, PM2...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855920/occupational-exposure-to-needle-stick-and-sharp-injuries-and-associated-factors-among-health-care-workers-in-awi-zone-amhara-regional-state-northwest-ethiopia-2016
#12
Abebe Dilie, Desalegn Amare, Tenaw Gualu
BACKGROUND: Needle stick and sharp injuries were one of the major risk factors for blood and body fluid borne infections at health care facilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess occupational exposure to needle stick and sharp injuries and associated factors among health care workers in Awi zone, 2016. METHODS: institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among 193 health care workers. Study participants were selected using systematic random sampling technique...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814958/does-survival-vary-for-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-united-states-a-study-from-six-randomly-selected-states
#13
Hafiz M R Khan, Lisaann S Gittner, Abhilash Perisetti, Anshul Saxena, Aamrin Rafiq, Kemesha Gabbidon, Sarah Mende, Maria Lyuksyutova
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Disparities in some characteristics of breast cancer patients and their survival data for six randomly selected states in the US were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A probability random sampling method was used to select the records of 2,000 patients from each of six randomly selected states. Demographic and disease characteristics were extracted from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781599/uses-limitations-and-validity-of-a-registry-of-congenital-anomalies-in-iran-a-critical-review
#14
David H Stone, Saeed Dastgiri, Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Hossein M Abdollahi, Shahin Imani, Mohammad H K Maher
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Preventive strategies of congenital anomalies are basically relying on the systematic ongoing collection and analysis of data and timely dissemination of information. The aim of this paper is to briefly report a critical review of a surveillance system of congenital anomalies in a developing country, by describing the challenges and experience of the registry since it began. METHODS: Tabriz Registry of Congenital Anomalies (TRoCA) was mainly set up based on the guidelines provided by the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research (ICBDSR) for data collection, coding, process, analysis, use, and evaluation of the system...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781598/investigation-of-some-metals-in-leaves-and-leaf-extracts-of-lippia-javanica-its-daily-intake
#15
Kanda Artwell, Ncube France, Kunsamala Florence
Consumption of plant extracts can be a source of essential elements or a route of human exposure to toxicants. Metal concentrations in leaves, leaf brew, and infusion of L. javanica collected from five sites were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry after acid and aqueous extraction. Estimated daily intakes of metals in extracts were compared with recommended dietary allowances. Total metal concentrations in leaves varied with sampling sites (p < 0.05): Mn > Fe > Cu > Cr > Pb for sites SS2-SS5...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713433/black-tea-source-production-and-consumption-assessment-of-health-risks-of-fluoride-intake-in-new-zealand
#16
Declan T Waugh, Michael Godfrey, Hardy Limeback, William Potter
In countries with fluoridation of public water, it is imperative to determine other dietary sources of fluoride intake to reduce the public health risk of chronic exposure. New Zealand has one of the highest per capita consumption rates of black tea internationally and is one of the few countries to artificially fluoridate public water; yet no information is available to consumers on the fluoride levels in tea products. In this study, we determined the contribution of black tea as a source of dietary fluoride intake by measuring the fluoride content in 18 brands of commercially available products in New Zealand...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713432/haematological-profile-and-intensity-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-in-ghanaian-children
#17
Justice Afrifa, Desmond Gyedu, Eric Ofori Gyamerah, Samuel Essien-Baidoo, Isaac Mensah-Essilfie
BACKGROUND: Urogenital schistosomiasis is a widely contracted parasitic helminth infection often associated with haematological abnormalities. AIM: We investigated the relationship between the haematological profile and the intensity of schistosomiasis among children in the Yeji district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 participants comprising 50 Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium) infected and 50 noninfected controls aged 6-17 years matched for age and sex were recruited into the study...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694829/physical-trauma-among-refugees-comparison-between-refugees-and-local-population-who-were-admitted-to-emergency-department-experience-of-a-state-hospital-in-syrian-border-district
#18
Yigit Duzkoylu, Salim Ilksen Basceken, Emrullah Cem Kesilmez
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of thousands of people have fled to Turkey since the civil war started in Syria in 2011. Refugees and local residents have been facing various challenges such as sociocultural and economic ones and access to health services. Trauma exposure is one of the most important and underestimated health problems of refugees settling in camps. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate refugee admissions to emergency department because of trauma in means of demographics of patients and mechanism of trauma and compare the results with the local population...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642797/water-and-sanitation-hygiene-practices-for-under-five-children-among-households-of-sugali-tribe-of-chittoor-district-andhra-pradesh-india
#19
Venkatashiva Reddy B, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Chandrakant S Pandav, Anil Kumar Goswami, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality is associated with poor household water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) practices. The objective was to study the WaSH practices for under-five children among households of Sugali Tribe, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in four mandals in 2012. A total of 500 households with under-five children were identified. Data was collected from mothers/caregivers. A summary WaSH score was generated from four specific indices, water, sanitation, hygiene, and hand washing practices, and determinants were identified...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642796/riverbed-sediments-as-reservoirs-of-multiple-vibrio-cholerae-virulence-associated-genes-a-potential-trigger-for-cholera-outbreaks-in-developing-countries
#20
Akebe Luther King Abia, Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa, Maggy Ndombo Benteke Momba
Africa remains the most cholera stricken continent in the world as many people lacking access to safe drinking water rely mostly on polluted rivers as their main water sources. However, studies in these countries investigating the presence of Vibrio cholerae in aquatic environments have paid little attention to bed sediments. Also, information on the presence of virulence-associated genes (VAGs) in environmental ctx-negative V. cholerae strains in this region is lacking. Thus, we investigated the presence of V...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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