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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191020/compliance-with-standard-precautions-and-associated-factors-among-healthcare-workers-in-gondar-university-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#1
Tariku Gebre Haile, Eshetu Haileselassie Engeda, Abdella Amano Abdo
Background. In many studies, compliance with standard precautions among healthcare workers was reported to be inadequate. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess compliance with standard precautions and associated factors among healthcare workers in northwest Ethiopia. Methods. An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01 to April 30, 2014. Simple random sampling technique was used to select participants. Data were entered into Epi info 3.5.1 and were exported to SPSS version 20...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167969/bioaerosols-noise-and-ultraviolet-radiation-exposures-for-municipal-solid-waste-handlers
#2
France Ncube, Esper Jacobeth Ncube, Kuku Voyi
Few studies have investigated the occupational hazards of municipal solid waste workers, particularly in developing countries. Resultantly these workers are currently exposed to unknown and unabated occupational hazards that may endanger their health. We determined municipal solid waste workers' work related hazards and associated adverse health endpoints. A multifaceted approach was utilised comprising bioaerosols sampling, occupational noise, thermal conditions measurement, and field based waste compositional analysis...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115951/levels-of-urinary-metabolites-of-organophosphate-flame-retardants-tdcipp-and-tphp-in-pregnant-women-in-shanghai
#3
Liping Feng, Fengxiu Ouyang, Liangpo Liu, Xu Wang, Xia Wang, Yi-Ju Li, Amy Murtha, Heqing Shen, Junfeng Zhang, Jun Jim Zhang
Flame retardants are widely used in consumer products to reduce their flammability. Previously used flame retardants have been sequentially banned due to their environmental and human toxicity. Currently, tris(1,3-dichloropropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) and triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) are among the most commonly used flame retardants. TDCIPP and TPHP are reproductive toxins and have carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and endocrine-disrupting properties. Although high levels of TDCIPP and TPHP have been found in drinking water, seawater, and office air in China, data regarding human exposure are lacking...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115950/health-care-waste-segregation-behavior-among-health-workers-in-uganda-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#4
Martha Akulume, Suzanne N Kiwanuka
Objective. The goal of this study was to assess the appropriateness of the theory of planned behavior in predicting health care waste segregation behaviors and to examine the factors that influence waste segregation behaviors. Methodology. One hundred and sixty-three health workers completed a self-administered questionnaire in a cross-sectional survey that examined the theory of planned behavior constructs (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intention) and external variables (sociodemographic factors, personal characteristics, organizational characteristics, professional characteristics, and moral obligation)...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115949/birth-preparedness-and-its-association-with-skilled-birth-attendance-and-postpartum-checkups-among-mothers-in-gibe-wereda-hadiya-zone-south-ethiopia
#5
Yohannes Lakew, Fasil Tessema, Chernet Hailu
Background. Birth preparedness program was designed to enhance skilled birth attendance and postpartum checkups of women in a developing country to reduce the three delays that lead women and neonates to death and disability. However, the relationship between birth preparedness with skilled birth attendance and postpartum checkups among mothers is not well studied. Therefore this study is intended to assess the association between birth preparedness and skilled birth attendance and postpartum checkups. Methods...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096820/increase-in-the-risk-of-respiratory-disorders-in-adults-and-children-related-to-crop-growing-in-niger
#6
Ali Mamane, Jean-François Tessier, Ghislaine Bouvier, Roger Salamon, Pierre Lebailly, Chantal Raherison, Isabelle Baldi
Background and Objective. Environmental factors are an increasing concern for respiratory health in developing countries. The objective of this study was to investigate whether Nigerien people living in cultivated areas have more respiratory symptoms than those living in pastoral areas. Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 in two populations during the rainy season when land is cultivated. Environmental factors including pesticide use and respiratory symptoms were collected in adults and children during face-to-face interviews...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053609/association-between-asian-dust-borne-air-pollutants-and-daily-symptoms-on-healthy-subjects-a-web-based-pilot-study-in-yonago-japan
#7
Abir Majbauddin, Kazunari Onishi, Shinji Otani, Yasunori Kurosaki, Youichi Kurozawa
During the spring, Asian dust (AD) repeatedly makes its way to Japan, originating from drylands. We evaluated the association between AD-borne air pollutants and daily reported subjective symptoms in healthy subjects. We constructed an Internet questionnaire on daily ocular, nasal, respiratory, and skin symptoms. Forty-two healthy volunteers residents of Yonago (mean age, 33.57) were selected from the self-reporting web-based survey and recorded their symptoms between 1 and 31 of March 2013. We also collected information on levels of suspended particulate matter (SPM), particulate matter < 2...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053608/the-association-between-residence-floor-level-and-cardiovascular-disease-the-health-and-environment-in-oslo-study
#8
Mads K Rohde, Geir Aamodt
Background. Increasingly more people live in tall buildings and on higher floor levels. Factors relating to floor level may protect against or cause cardiovascular disease (CVD). Only one previous study has investigated the association between floor level and CVD. Methods. We studied associations between floor of bedroom and self-reported history of stroke, venous thromboembolism (VTE), and intermittent claudication (IC) among 12.525 inhabitants in Oslo, Norway. We fitted multivariate logistic regression models and adjusted for sociodemographic variables, socioeconomic status (SES), and health behaviors...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042302/airborne-infectious-agents-and-other-pollutants-in-automobiles-for-domestic-use-potential-health-impacts-and-approaches-to-risk-mitigation
#9
REVIEW
Syed A Sattar, Kathryn E Wright, Bahram Zargar, Joseph R Rubino, M Khalid Ijaz
The world total of passenger cars is expected to go from the current one billion to >2.5 billion by 2050. Cars for domestic use account for ~74% of the world's yearly production of motorized vehicles. In North America, ~80% of the commuters use their own car with another 5.6% travelling as passengers. With the current life-expectancy of 78.6 years, the average North American spends 4.3 years driving a car! This equates to driving 101 minutes/day with a lifetime driving distance of nearly 1.3 million km inside the confined and often shared space of the car with exposure to a mix of potentially harmful pathogens, allergens, endotoxins, particulates, and volatile organics...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025598/estimating-access-to-drinking-water-supply-sanitation-and-hygiene-facilities-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-in-reference-to-national-coverage
#10
Amha Admasie, Ashenafi Debebe
Introduction. The coverage of sanitation and access to safe drinking water in Ethiopia especially in Wolaita Sodo town are not well studied. Therefore, the main objective of this study was estimating access to drinking water supply, sanitation, and hygiene facilities in Wolaita Sodo town, southern Ethiopia, in reference to national coverage. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study design method was employed in the study in 588 households of Wolaita Sodo town inhabitants. Face-to-face interview to household owners, in-depth interview to key informants, reviewing secondary data, and observational check lists were used to collect data...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003835/a-citizen-science-study-documents-environmental-exposures-and-asthma-prevalence-in-two-communities
#11
Samantha Eiffert, Yomi Noibi, Stephen Vesper, Jonathan Downs, Florence Fulk, Juanita Wallace, Melanie Pearson, Andrea Winquist
A citizen-science study was conducted in two low-income, flood-prone communities in Atlanta, Georgia, in order to document environmental exposures and the prevalence of occupant asthma. Teams consisting of a public-health graduate student and a resident from one of the two communities administered a questionnaire, inspected residences for mold growth, and collected a dust sample for quantifying mold contamination. The dust samples were analyzed for the 36 molds that make up the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI)...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867400/climate-change-impact-the-experience-of-the-coastal-areas-of-bangladesh-affected-by-cyclones-sidr-and-aila
#12
Russell Kabir, Hafiz T A Khan, Emma Ball, Kay Caldwell
Bangladesh is considered one of the countries most at risk to the effects of climate change and its coastal area is most vulnerable. This study tries to explore the experiences of cyclones Sidr and Aila affected people living in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. This study was conducted in the cyclone Sidr affected Amtali Upazila of Barguna District and in the cyclone Aila affected Koyra Upazila of Khulna District. Primary data collection was done using Focus Group Interview and then a thematic analysis approach was used for analysis...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807453/comparative-analysis-of-households-solid-waste-management-in-rural-and-urban-ghana
#13
Simon Boateng, Prince Amoako, Divine Odame Appiah, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Emmanuel Kofi Garsonu
The comparative analysis of solid waste management between rural and urban Ghana is largely lacking. This study investigated the solid waste situation and the organisation of solid waste management in both urban and rural settings from the perspective of households. The study employed cross-sectional survey covering both rural and urban districts in the Ashanti and Greater Accra Regions of Ghana. The study systematically sampled houses from which 400 households and respondents were randomly selected. Pearson's Chi square test was used to compare demographic and socioeconomic variables in rural and urban areas...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777590/women-in-saudi-arabia-and-the-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#14
Mashael K Alshaikh, Filippos T Filippidis, Juren P Baldove, Azeem Majeed, Salman Rawaf
Background. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death in Saudi Arabia. Saudi women in particular are more susceptible as there are sociocultural restrictions on female physical activities that may lead to high prevalence of CVD risks, especially obesity, and physical inactivity. This study aims to systematically review the published articles related to the prevalence of CVD risk among women in Saudi Arabia. The search strategy covers all published articles that assess the risk factor of CVD in Saudi Arabia from January 2000 to December 2015, using the following sources: Medline, Embase, and PsycINFO...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752266/association-of-household-food-insecurity-with-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-low-income-urban-ecuadorian-women-with-children
#15
M Margaret Weigel, Rodrigo X Armijos, Marcia Racines, William Cevallos, Nancy P Castro
Chronic physical and mental health conditions account for a rising proportion of morbidity, mortality, and disability in the Americas region. Household food insecurity (HFI) has been linked to chronic disease in US and Canadian women but it is uncertain if the same is true for low- and middle-income Latin American countries in epidemiologic transition. We conducted a survey to investigate the association of HFI with the physical and mental health of 794 women with children living in low-income Quito, Ecuador, neighborhoods...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752265/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-primary-school-students-influence-of-the-schools-vicinity
#16
Alexandre Lebel, Pascale Morin, Éric Robitaille, Benoit Lalonde, Ramona Florina Fratu, Sherri Bisset
The purpose of the research was to explore the associations between the characteristics of schools' vicinity and the risk of sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in elementary students. Findings exposed an important variation in student's SSB consumption between schools. Schools with a lower socioeconomic status or in a densely built environment tend to have higher proportion of regular SSB drinkers. These characteristics of the school's vicinity partly explained the variation observed between them. We estimated that a student moving to a school with a higher proportion of SSB drinkers may increase his/her chances by 52% of becoming a daily consumer...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648080/identifying-the-prognosis-factors-in-death-after-liver-transplantation-via-adaptive-lasso-in-iran
#17
Hadi Raeisi Shahraki, Saeedeh Pourahmad, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi
Despite the widespread use of liver transplantation as a routine therapy in liver diseases, the effective factors on its outcomes are still controversial. This study attempted to identify the most effective factors on death after liver transplantation. For this purpose, modified least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), called Adaptive LASSO, was utilized. One of the best advantages of this method is considering high number of factors. Therefore, in a historical cohort study from 2008 to 2013, the clinical findings of 680 patients undergoing liver transplant surgery were considered...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471519/cross-sectional-study-of-polybrominated-flame-retardants-and-self-reported-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-us-youth-aged-12-15-nhanes-2003-2004
#18
Jennifer Przybyla, Molly L Kile, Ellen Smit, E Andres Houseman
Background. Animal toxicity tests and epidemiological studies suggest that exposure to PBDEs can alter attention behavior, yet few studies have examined their association with diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescents. Methods. Logistic regression was used to examine the cross-sectional association between ADHD and lipid and non-lipid adjusted blood serum concentrations of 2',4-tribromodiphenyl ether (BDE-28), 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenylether (BDE-47), 2,2',4,4',5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-99), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-pentabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-100), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-153), serum PBDEs, above/below the 75th percentile of serum PBDEs, and tertiles of serum PBDE in 12-15-year-olds (N = 292) using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446219/a-coproduction-community-based-approach-to-reducing-smoking-prevalence-in-a-local-community-setting
#19
G J McGeechan, D Woodall, L Anderson, L Wilson, G O'Neill, D Newbury-Birch
Research highlights that asset-based community development where local residents become equal partners in service development may help promote health and well-being. This paper outlines baseline results of a coproduction evaluation of an asset-based approach to improving health and well-being within a small community through promoting tobacco control. Local residents were recruited and trained as community researchers to deliver a smoking prevalence survey within their local community and became local health champions, promoting health and well-being...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433168/pyrolytic-waste-plastic-oil-and-its-diesel-blend-fuel-characterization
#20
M Z H Khan, M Sultana, M R Al-Mamun, M R Hasan
The authors introduced waste plastic pyrolysis oil (WPPO) as an alternative fuel characterized in detail and compared with conventional diesel. High density polyethylene, HDPE, was pyrolyzed in a self-designed stainless steel laboratory reactor to produce useful fuel products. HDPE waste was completely pyrolyzed at 330-490°C for 2-3 hours to obtain solid residue, liquid fuel oil, and flammable gaseous hydrocarbon products. Comparison of the fuel properties to the petrodiesel fuel standards ASTM D 975 and EN 590 revealed that the synthetic product was within all specifications...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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