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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018647/self-reported-occupational-injuries-and-perceived-occupational-health-problems-among-latino-immigrant-swine-confinement-workers-in-missouri
#1
Athena K Ramos, Axel Fuentes, Marcela Carvajal-Suarez
Swine production has changed dramatically, and in the United States production often takes place in concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). Because of the size and density of these types of facilities, workers may be exposed to serious occupational health risks such as noxious gases, agricultural dusts, elevated noise levels, and zoonotic diseases. This descriptive study examines self-reported occupational injuries and perceived occupational health problems among a convenience sample of 40 Latino immigrant swine confinement workers (92...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983716/direct-microscopy-of-stool-samples-for-determining-the-prevalence-of-soil-transmitted-helminthic-infections-among-primary-school-children-in-kaduwela-moh-area-of-sri-lanka-following-floods-in-2016
#2
Nushka Ubhayawardana, Ishani Gammana Liyanage, H M J C B Herath, Uthpala Amarasekera, Tilanka Dissanayake, Sujan de Silva, Nayana Fernando, Sriyani Ekanayake
A descriptive cross-sectional school based study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of soil-transmitted intestinal helminths and the associated factors among school children in Kaduwela Medical Officer of Health (MOH) area in the Colombo district, which was affected by floods in 2016. The study was conducted in 9 selected schools in Kaduwela MOH area from September 2016 to March 2017. Permission was obtained from the relevant authorities. Grade 1 students were enrolled in the study after obtaining informed written consent from their parents/guardian...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971115/carboxyhaemoglobin-levels-among-traders-exposed-to-vehicular-emissions-in-three-motor-parks-in-ibadan-nigeria
#3
Olusola Olabisi Ogunseye, Godson R E E Ana, Daniel C Uhiara, Derek G Shendell
Carbon monoxide (CO) remains a leading cause of work-related chemical poisoning. Vehicular emissions are the primary daily ambient source of CO in urban Nigerian motor parks, where there have been few human exposure studies. Using a cross-sectional comparative design, we assessed carboxyhaemoglobin levels (% COHb), a biomarker of CO exposure, among traders at three motor parks (AMP, IMP, and NMP) and other traders (nonmotor park workers) in Ibadan, Nigeria, using a noninvasive pulse CO-dosimeter (Rad 57). Ninety-three traders were proportionally allocated between motor parks; 93 other traders were selected based on specific study inclusion criteria...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971114/investigating-youth-sport-coach-perspectives-of-an-asthma-education-module
#4
Francesca S Cardwell, Susan J Elliott
Physical activity can reduce symptoms and improve wellbeing in people who have asthma, and organized sport is one way for children and youth with asthma to engage in exercise. While asthmatic youth may experience a number of barriers to sport participation, healthy physical and social sport environments supported by coaches can help asthmatic youth athletes maintain long-term engagement in activity. This paper reports results of an assessment of an online coach education tool related to air quality, physical activity, and allergic disease (e...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951103/satisfaction-with-delivery-services-offered-under-the-free-maternal-healthcare-policy-in-kenyan-public-health-facilities
#5
C M Gitobu, P B Gichangi, W O Mwanda
Background: Patients' satisfaction is an individual's positive assessment regarding a distinct dimension of healthcare and the perception about the quality of services offered in that health facility. Patients who are not satisfied with healthcare services in a certain health facility will bypass the facility and are unlikely to seek treatment in that facility. Objective: To determine satisfaction level of mothers with the free maternal services in selected Kenyan public health facilities after the implementation of the free maternal healthcare policy...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887896/household-food-insecurity-underweight-status-and-associated-characteristics-among-women-of-reproductive-age-group-in-assayita-district-afar-regional-state-ethiopia
#6
Jemal Abdu, Molla Kahssay, Merhawi Gebremedhin
Background: Poor nutritional status of women has been a serious problem in Ethiopia. Rural women are more likely to be undernourished than urban women. Afar region is the most likely to be undernourished (43.5%). Despite the humanitarian and food aid, food insecurity and maternal underweight are very high in the region. Household food insecurity is not adequately studied in Afar region. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of household food insecurity and underweight status and its association among reproductive age women...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887895/bioaccumulation-of-heavy-metals-in-some-tissues-of-fish-in-lake-geriyo-adamawa-state-nigeria
#7
A A Bawuro, R B Voegborlo, A A Adimado
Bioaccumulation of heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Cd, and Cu) was determined in the liver, gills, and flesh from benthic and pelagic fish species collected from Lake Geriyo covering two seasons. The levels of the heavy metals varied significantly among fish species and organs. Flesh possessed the lowest concentration of all the metals. Liver was the target organ for Zn, Cu, and Pb accumulations. Cd however exhibited higher concentration in the gills. Fish species showed interspecific variation of metals. These differences were discussed for the contribution of potential factors that affected metals uptake like age, geographical distribution, and species-specific factors...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861750/human-genetic-markers-and-structural-prediction-of-plasmodium-falciparum-multidrug-resistance-gene-pfmdr1-for-ligand-binding-in-pregnant-women-attending-general-hospital-minna
#8
B Lawal, O K Shittu, A Abubakar, A Y Kabiru
The study aims to determine the association of malaria infection with ABO blood groups and genotype and also to detect point mutations at positions 86, 184, 1034, and 1042 of the Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance gene (pfmdr1) in blood samples collected from pregnant women attending General Hospital Minna. Out of 250 pregnant women screened, 39 (15.60%) had malaria infection. Prevalence was higher in women, during the third trimester (46.15%), genotype AA (64.10%), and O blood group (53.84%) individuals when compared with others...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853926/socioeconomic-and-environmental-predictors-of-asthma-related-mortality
#9
Ankita Sinharoy, Shubhajit Mitra, Pritish Mondal
The prevalence of asthma-related mortality (ARM) varies significantly among different countries, possibly influenced by various socioeconomic and environmental conditions (SEC). In-depth epidemiological research is necessary to understand the causal relationship between different SECs and ARM and to develop public health strategies to reduce the global burden of asthma. Our research aimed to identify the key SECs which may be attributed to ARM worldwide and to study the relationship between ARM and asthma prevalence...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853925/awareness-of-environmental-change-climate-variability-and-their-role-in-prevalence-of-mosquitoes-among-urban-dwellers-in-southern-ghana
#10
Precious Agbeko Dzorgbe Mattah, Godfred Futagbi, Memuna Mawusi Mattah
This study evaluates the extent to which urban residents of Accra and Sekondi-Takoradi (all of southern Ghana) were aware of environment and climate-related variability. A total of 150 questionnaires were given to adults of 40 years and above who lived in the cities for at least 35 years. SPSS version 16 was used to process the data. Results show that all respondents in Accra Metropolitan Area (AMA) and 96% of them in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolitan Area (STMA) noted the deteriorating vegetation cover over the cities...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853924/prevalence-of-anaemia-among-the-elderly-in-malaysia-and-its-associated-factors-does-ethnicity-matter
#11
Muslimah Yusof, S Maria Awaluddin, Maisarah Omar, Noor Ani Ahmad, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Tahir Aris, Maw Pin Tan
Introduction: Anaemia is common among the elderly, yet it remains an underresearched clinical condition. This study investigates ethnic differences in prevalence of anaemia and identifies potential factors associated with anaemia in the elderly. Methods: Data from the National Health & Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015 conducted by Ministry of Health was analyzed. Haemoglobin levels were measured using point-of-care testing, HemoCue® Hb 201+ System©, from consenting individuals...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796020/soil-transmitted-helminths-in-top-soils-used-for-horticultural-purposes-in-cape-coast-ghana
#12
David Oscar Yawson, Isaac Benjamin Yao Kudu, Michael Osei Adu
This paper investigated the concentrations of eggs of three helminths (roundworm, hookworm, and whipworm) in the so-called black soils used for domestic and urban landscaping, home gardening and as growth medium for potted plants and pot experiments. The black soils are largely collected from active or abandoned waste dumpsites and fallowed or vegetated idle sites in the urban fringe or rural areas. Users buy black soils from dealers. Samples of black soils used for various purposes and at different places were collected for analysis of helminth eggs...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780424/reduced-haematopoietic-output-in-automobile-mechanics-and-sprayers-with-chronic-exposure-to-petrochemicals-a-case-control-study-in-cape-coast-ghana
#13
Patrick Adu, Richard Pobee, Aaron Awuah, Paul B Asiamah, Festus Amoani, Sampson Gyabaa
Background: Automobile mechanics and sprayers are at a higher risk of exposure to hazardous chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals which may cause adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to use reticulocyte count as an indirect measure of the haematological output in automobile mechanics and sprayers in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. Method: This cross-sectional study recruited 130 participants: 90 cases (57 automobile mechanics and 33 automobile sprayers) and 40 controls (nonautomobile workers)...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765430/tobacco-dependence-treatment-grants-a-collaborative-approach-to-the-implementation-of-who-tobacco-control-initiatives
#14
Margaret B Nolan, Katherine E Kemper, Thomas J Glynn, Richard D Hurt, J Taylor Hays
The number of global tobacco-related deaths is projected to increase from about 6 million to 8 million annually by 2030, with more than 80% of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) came into force in 2005 and Article 14 relates specifically to the treatment of tobacco dependence. However, LMICs, in particular, face several barriers to implementing tobacco dependence treatment. This paper is a descriptive evaluation of a novel grant funding mechanism that was initiated in 2014 to address these barriers...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743893/children-under-five-from-houses-of-unclean-fuel-sources-and-poorly-ventilated-houses-have-higher-odds-of-suffering-from-acute-respiratory-infection-in-wolaita-sodo-southern-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#15
Amha Admasie, Abera Kumie, Alemayehu Worku
Background: Acute respiratory tract infection is the most common illness in childhood. Ninety-five percent (99% of rural and 80% of urban) of households in Ethiopia primarily use solid fuel for cooking. This study investigated the effect of household fuel use and house ventilation on acute respiratory infection in children, Wolaita-Sodo, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based case-control study design was used, covering a sample of 1144 children with ratio of 1 : 3 (286 cases and 858 controls) aged between 0 and 59 months...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686716/behavior-of-lung-health-parameters-among-smokers-and-secondhand-smokers
#16
Esther Ghanem, Re-Mi Hage
A cross-sectional study on a pool of undergraduate smokers and nonsmokers ( n = 200) was randomly selected from Notre Dame University, Lebanon. The study design is based on a questionnaire about the students' smoking record exposure, cotinine saliva levels, and ventilatory lung function parameters. Despite the nonsmoking policies that have been recently established by universities, diffused smoking stations in proximity to classes and offices still exist, at least in the MENA region. Such an environment still imposes a remarkable effect on certain lung health parameters of nonsmokers exhibiting similar exhaled air per second (FEV1) to smokers with a P value = 0...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683148/corrigendum-to-prevalence-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-singleton-term-breech-delivery-in-wolisso-hospital-oromia-region-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Temesgen Debero Mere, Tilahun Beyene Handiso, Abera Beyamo Mekiso, Markos Selamu Jifar, Shabeza Aliye Ibrahim, Degefe Tadele Belato
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/9413717.].
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675048/comment-on-disinfection-byproducts-in-drinking-water-and-evaluation-of-potential-health-risks-of-long-term-exposure-in-nigeria
#18
COMMENT
James Grellier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675047/menstrual-hygiene-management-and-waste-disposal-practices-and-challenges-faced-by-girls-women-of-developing-countries
#19
REVIEW
Rajanbir Kaur, Kanwaljit Kaur, Rajinder Kaur
Menstruation and menstrual practices still face many social, cultural, and religious restrictions which are a big barrier in the path of menstrual hygiene management. In many parts of the country especially in rural areas girls are not prepared and aware about menstruation so they face many difficulties and challenges at home, schools, and work places. While reviewing literature, we found that little, inaccurate, or incomplete knowledge about menstruation is a great hindrance in the path of personal and menstrual hygiene management...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666660/assessment-of-knowledge-regarding-climate-change-and-health-among-adolescents-in-yogyakarta-indonesia
#20
Sulistyawati Sulistyawati, Surahma Asti Mulasari, Tri Wahyuni Sukesi
This research was aimed at providing evidence on climate change and health knowledge among adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Yogyakarta city from June to September 2016. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data among 508 adolescents who were in the second grade of a senior high school. This study revealed that participants had a low and inconsistent understanding regarding climate change and its impact on health. They reported that they prefer to get climate change information via talking with family...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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