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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713433/black-tea-source-production-and-consumption-assessment-of-health-risks-of-fluoride-intake-in-new-zealand
#1
Declan T Waugh, Michael Godfrey, Hardy Limeback, William Potter
In countries with fluoridation of public water, it is imperative to determine other dietary sources of fluoride intake to reduce the public health risk of chronic exposure. New Zealand has one of the highest per capita consumption rates of black tea internationally and is one of the few countries to artificially fluoridate public water; yet no information is available to consumers on the fluoride levels in tea products. In this study, we determined the contribution of black tea as a source of dietary fluoride intake by measuring the fluoride content in 18 brands of commercially available products in New Zealand...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713432/haematological-profile-and-intensity-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-in-ghanaian-children
#2
Justice Afrifa, Desmond Gyedu, Eric Ofori Gyamerah, Samuel Essien-Baidoo, Isaac Mensah-Essilfie
BACKGROUND: Urogenital schistosomiasis is a widely contracted parasitic helminth infection often associated with haematological abnormalities. AIM: We investigated the relationship between the haematological profile and the intensity of schistosomiasis among children in the Yeji district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 participants comprising 50 Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium) infected and 50 noninfected controls aged 6-17 years matched for age and sex were recruited into the study...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694829/physical-trauma-among-refugees-comparison-between-refugees-and-local-population-who-were-admitted-to-emergency-department-experience-of-a-state-hospital-in-syrian-border-district
#3
Yigit Duzkoylu, Salim Ilksen Basceken, Emrullah Cem Kesilmez
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of thousands of people have fled to Turkey since the civil war started in Syria in 2011. Refugees and local residents have been facing various challenges such as sociocultural and economic ones and access to health services. Trauma exposure is one of the most important and underestimated health problems of refugees settling in camps. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate refugee admissions to emergency department because of trauma in means of demographics of patients and mechanism of trauma and compare the results with the local population...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642797/water-and-sanitation-hygiene-practices-for-under-five-children-among-households-of-sugali-tribe-of-chittoor-district-andhra-pradesh-india
#4
Venkatashiva Reddy B, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Chandrakant S Pandav, Anil Kumar Goswami, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality is associated with poor household water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) practices. The objective was to study the WaSH practices for under-five children among households of Sugali Tribe, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in four mandals in 2012. A total of 500 households with under-five children were identified. Data was collected from mothers/caregivers. A summary WaSH score was generated from four specific indices, water, sanitation, hygiene, and hand washing practices, and determinants were identified...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642796/riverbed-sediments-as-reservoirs-of-multiple-vibrio-cholerae-virulence-associated-genes-a-potential-trigger-for-cholera-outbreaks-in-developing-countries
#5
Akebe Luther King Abia, Eunice Ubomba-Jaswa, Maggy Ndombo Benteke Momba
Africa remains the most cholera stricken continent in the world as many people lacking access to safe drinking water rely mostly on polluted rivers as their main water sources. However, studies in these countries investigating the presence of Vibrio cholerae in aquatic environments have paid little attention to bed sediments. Also, information on the presence of virulence-associated genes (VAGs) in environmental ctx-negative V. cholerae strains in this region is lacking. Thus, we investigated the presence of V...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642795/why-do-the-youths-in-northeast-india-use-tobacco
#6
Laishram Ladusingh, Preeti Dhillon, Pralip Kumar Narzary
This study is an assessment of the influence of parent's tobacco use on prospective tobacco use trajectories among young offspring. The study is based on unit level data from District Level Household and Facility Survey-4 (2012-2013) comprising 27,706 youths in 15-24 years' age group from northeastern states of India and used multilevel regression to identify the potential risk factors of tobacco consumption. The likelihood of using tobacco was found to be 3.4 and 1.14 times more, respectively, for the youths coresiding with mothers who use tobacco and fathers who use tobacco, in comparison to youths staying with parents not taking tobacco...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638415/corrigendum-to-physiologic-conditions-affect-toxicity-of-ingested-industrial-fluoride
#7
Richard Sauerheber
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/439490.].
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634496/household-response-to-inadequate-sewerage-and-garbage-collection-services-in-abuja-nigeria
#8
Ismaila Rimi Abubakar
Provision of sanitation and garbage collection services is an important and yet challenging issue in the rapidly growing cities of developing countries, with significant human health and environmental sustainability implications. Although a growing number of studies have investigated the consequences of inadequate delivery of basic urban services in developing countries, few studies have examined how households cope with the problems. Using the Exit, Voice, Loyalty, and Neglect (EVLN) model, this article explores how households respond to inadequate sewerage and garbage collection services in Abuja, Nigeria...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611847/inhalation-dose-and-source-term-studies-in-a-tribal-area-of-wayanad-kerala-india
#9
Reshma Bhaskaran, Ravikumar C Damodaran, Visnuprasad Ashok Kumar, Jojo Panakal John, Danalakshmi Bangaru, Chitra Natarajan, Bala Sundar Sathiamurthy, Jose Mundiyanikal Thomas, Rosaline Mishra
Among radiation exposure pathways to human beings, inhalation dose is the most prominent one. Radon, thoron, and their progeny contribute more than 50 per cent to the annual effective dose due to natural radioactivity. South west coast of India is classified as a High Natural Background Radioactivity Area and large scale data on natural radioactivity and dosimetry are available from these coastal regions including the Neendakara-Chavara belt in the south of Kerala. However, similar studies and reports from the northern part of Kerala are scarce...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607563/examining-the-benefits-and-barriers-of-instructional-gardening-programs-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-preschool-age-children
#10
Kristen L Davis, Lynn S Brann
Research exists on using instructional gardening programs with school age children as a means of improving dietary quality and for obesity prevention. This article examines the potential use of instructional gardens in childcare settings to improving fruit and vegetable intake in young children. A qualitative study was conducted with childcare providers. Participants (n = 20) were recruited via e-mails, letters, and follow-up phone calls. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded to identify themes within two areas (1) childcare providers perceptions of children's fruit and vegetable consumption and (2) components necessary to initiate or improve instructional gardening programs...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553361/charting-availability-of-processed-and-unprocessed-foods-in-school-neighbourhood-nutrition-environments-in-an-urban-australian-setting
#11
Holly Oaken, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Robert S Ware, Lisa Schubert
School Neighbourhood Nutrition Environments (SNNEs) can facilitate or impede healthy eating. This study describes the SNNEs surrounding 6 Good Start Program (GSP) schools in 5 suburbs in Logan, Queensland. Relative density of healthy and unhealthy food outlets was calculated for SNNEs surrounding GSP (6) and non-GSP (10) schools within the 5 suburbs. Relative accessibility of minimally processed and highly processed food and drink in SNNEs of the 6 GSP schools was determined using shelf measurements of snack foods...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539940/horizontal-and-vertical-distribution-of-heavy-metals-in-farm-produce-and-livestock-around-lead-contaminated-goldmine-in-dareta-and-abare-zamfara-state-northern-nigeria
#12
O E Orisakwe, O O Oladipo, G C Ajaezi, N A Udowelle
Background. Hitherto studies in response to the June 2010 lead poisoning, Zamfara State, Nigeria, have focused on clinical interventions without information on livestock and other metals. Objective. This study has investigated the distribution of heavy metals in farm produce and livestock around lead-contaminated goldmine in Dareta and Abare, Zamfara State, Nigeria. Methods. Vegetables, soil, water, blood, and different meat samples were harvested from goat, sheep, cattle, and chicken from Dareta, Abare, and Gusau communities...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529528/safety-evaluation-of-potential-toxic-metals-exposure-from-street-foods-consumed-in-mid-west-nigeria
#13
O C Ekhator, N A Udowelle, S Igbiri, R N Asomugha, Z N Igweze, O E Orisakwe
Objective. Street-vended foods offer numerous advantages to food security; nevertheless, the safety of street food should be considered. This study has investigated the level of potential toxic metal (Pb, Cd, Hg, Sb, Mn, and Al) contamination among street-vended foods in Benin City and Umunede. Methods. Twenty street food samples were purchased from vendors at bus stops. Metals were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The methods developed by the US EPA were employed to evaluate the potential health risk of toxic metals...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512475/risk-factors-for-road-traffic-injuries-among-different-road-users-in-the-gambia
#14
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Babanding Daffeh, Laurence J Fuortes
We identified risk factors for road traffic injuries among road users who received treatment at two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. The study includes pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and drivers/passengers of cars and trucks. We examined distributions of injury by age, gender, collision vehicle types and vehicle category, and driver and environment factors. Two hundred and fifty-four patients were included in the study. Two-thirds were male and one-third female. Two-thirds (67%) of road traffic injuries involved pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists; and these were more common during weekdays (74%) than weekends...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512474/human-papillomavirus-genotype-distribution-among-cervical-cancer-patients-prior-to-brazilian-national-hpv-immunization-program
#15
Liz M de Almeida, Luís Felipe L Martins, Valéria B Pontes, Flávia M Corrêa, Raquel C Montenegro, Laine C Pinto, Bruno M Soares, João Paulo C B Vidal, Shayany P Félix, Neilane Bertoni, Moysés Szklo, Miguel Angelo M Moreira
To evaluate the impact of HPV immunization and possible changes in virus type-specific prevalence associated with cervical cancer, it is important to obtain baseline information based on socioeconomic, educational, and environmental characteristics in human populations. We describe these characteristics and the type-specific HPV distribution in 1,183 women diagnosed with cervical cancer in two Brazilian healthcare institutions located at the Southeastern (Rio de Janeiro/RJ) and the Amazonian (Belém/PA) regions...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491101/geospatial-assessment-of-cholera-in-a-rapidly-urbanizing-environment
#16
Olajumoke Esther Olanrewaju, Kayode Adewale Adepoju
This study mapped out and investigated the spatial relationship between cholera incidences and environmental risk factors in the study area. The study area was stratified into eight zones. Water samples from each zone were collected and analyzed to determine the colony forming units. GIS layers including housing density, digitized roads, rivers, buildings, and cholera incidence data from hospital archives were also collected and analyzed using ArcGIS 10.1. It was observed that there was an association between the ERFs (p < 0...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491100/increased-sensitization-to-mold-allergens-measured-by-intradermal-skin-testing-following-hurricanes
#17
Diego Saporta, David Hurst
Objective. To report on changes in sensitivity to mold allergens determined by changes in intradermal skin testing reactivity, after exposure to two severe hurricanes. Methods. A random, retrospective allergy charts review divided into 2 groups of 100 patients each: Group A, patients tested between 2003 and 2010 prior to hurricanes, and Group B, patients tested in 2014 and 2015 following hurricanes. Reactivity to eighteen molds was determined by intradermal skin testing. Test results, age, and respiratory symptoms were recorded...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479921/self-medication-in-university-students-from-the-city-of-mansoura-egypt
#18
R M Helal, H S Abou-ElWafa
Background. Self-medication is a common practice in developed and developing countries. Objectives. To explore the prevalence of self-medication practices among university students, probable reasons, symptoms requiring self-medication, and sources of advice. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in Mansoura University, Egypt, and included 1st and last year students of both medical and nonmedical faculties. Results. Prevalence of self-medication was 62.9%. Younger age, female, medical, and ever-married students and those having home pharmacy tended to self-medicate more than their peers with significant difference between them...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473861/environmental-spatial-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-nonfatal-injuries-in-indonesia
#19
Sri Irianti, Puguh Prasetyoputra
Background. The determinants of injuries and their reoccurrence in Indonesia are not well understood, despite their importance in the prevention of injuries. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the environmental, spatial, and sociodemographic factors associated with the reoccurrence of injuries among Indonesian people. Methods. Data from the 2013 round of the Indonesia Baseline Health Research (IBHR 2013) were analysed using a two-part hurdle regression model. A logit regression model was chosen for the zero-hurdle part, while a zero-truncated negative binomial regression model was selected for the counts part...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473860/epidemic-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-its-management-awareness-among-indian-medical-undergraduates
#20
Yangshen Lhamo, Preeta Kaur Chugh, Sandhya R Gautam, C D Tripathi
Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent across all age groups in epidemic proportions. The purpose of this study was to acquire a baseline assessment and create awareness among medical students regarding vitamin D. A cross-sectional, voluntary survey was conducted among undergraduate medical students. Data were collected using a questionnaire which assessed the level of knowledge students had with regard to where vitamin D comes from, what it does for health, how much is recommended, factors that affect its levels, and deficiency management...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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