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Journal of Environmental and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408936/household-food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status-of-children-6-59-months-of-age-in-east-badawacho-district-south-ethiopia
#1
Bealu Betebo, Tekle Ejajo, Fissahaye Alemseged, Desalegn Massa
Background. Ethiopia has one of the highest child malnutrition rates in the world. Food insecurity is one of the determinant factors of malnutrition in developing countries; however its role remains unclear. Objective. To assess household food insecurity and its association with the nutritional status of children 6-59 months of age in East Badawacho District, South Ethiopia. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 20 to 30, 2014 on a sample of 508 mother/child pairs of 6-59-month-old children...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408935/socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-cancer-mortality-incidence-and-survival-in-the-united-states-1950-2014-over-six-decades-of-changing-patterns-and-widening-inequalities
#2
Gopal K Singh, Ahmedin Jemal
We analyzed socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in US mortality, incidence, and survival rates from all-cancers combined and major cancers from 1950 to 2014. Census-based deprivation indices were linked to national mortality and cancer data for area-based socioeconomic patterns in mortality, incidence, and survival. The National Longitudinal Mortality Study was used to analyze individual-level socioeconomic and racial/ethnic patterns in mortality. Rates, risk-ratios, least squares, log-linear, and Cox regression were used to examine trends and differentials...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377791/effect-of-a-12-week-summer-break-on-school-day-physical-activity-and-health-related-fitness-in-low-income-children-from-cspap-schools
#3
You Fu, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, Ryan D Burns
Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 12-week summer break on school day physical activity and health-related fitness (HRF) in children from schools receiving a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP). Methods. Participants were school-aged children (N = 1,232; 624 girls and 608 boys; mean age = 9.5 ┬▒ 1.8 years) recruited from three low-income schools receiving a CSPAP. Physical activity and HRF levels were collected during the end of spring semester 2015 and again during the beginning of fall semester 2015...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377790/land-use-land-cover-changes-in-detection-of-water-quality-a-study-based-on-remote-sensing-and-multivariate-statistics
#4
Ang Kean Hua
Malacca River water quality is affected due to rapid urbanization development. The present study applied LULC changes towards water quality detection in Malacca River. The method uses LULC, PCA, CCA, HCA, NHCA, and ANOVA. PCA confirmed DS, EC, salinity, turbidity, TSS, DO, BOD, COD, As, Hg, Zn, Fe, E. coli, and total coliform. CCA confirmed 14 variables into two variates; first variate involves residential and industrial activities; and second variate involves agriculture, sewage treatment plant, and animal husbandry...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352287/long-term-body-weight-maintenance-among-strongwomen-healthy-hearts-program-participants
#5
Rebecca A Seguin, Sara C Folta, Miriam E Nelson, Karla L Hanson, Andrea Z LaCroix
Background. The repeated loss and regain of body weight, referred to as weight cycling, may be associated with negative health complications. Given today's obesity epidemic and related interventions to address obesity, it is increasingly important to understand contexts and factors associated with weight loss maintenance. This study examined BMI among individuals who had previously participated in a 12-week, evidence-based, nationally disseminated nutrition and physical activity program designed for overweight and obese middle-aged and older women...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352286/an-approach-to-developing-local-climate-change-environmental-public-health-indicators-in-a-rural-district
#6
REVIEW
Adele Houghton, Jessica Austin, Abby Beerman, Clayton Horton
Climate change represents a significant and growing threat to population health. Rural areas face unique challenges, such as high rates of vulnerable populations; economic uncertainty due to their reliance on industries that are vulnerable to climate change; less resilient infrastructure; and lower levels of access to community and emergency services than urban areas. This article fills a gap in public health practice by developing climate and health environmental public health indicators for a local public health department in a rural area...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348606/a-simulation-study-on-hypothetical-ebola-virus-transmission-in-india-using-spatiotemporal-epidemiological-modeler-stem-a-way-towards-precision-public-health
#7
Arkaprabha Sau
Background. Precision public health is a state-of-the-art concept in public health research and its application in health care. Application of information technology in field of epidemiology paves the way to its transformation to digital epidemiology. A geospatial epidemiological model was simulated to estimate the spread of Ebola virus disease after a hypothetical outbreak in India. Methods. It was a simulation study based on SEIR (Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered) compartmental model. Simulation was done in Spatiotemporal Epidemiological Modeler (STEM)...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286530/role-performance-of-community-health-volunteers-and-its-associated-factors-in-kuching-district-sarawak
#8
Melvin Hsien Liang Chung, Helmy Hazmi, Whye Lian Cheah
The objective of this study was to assess the role performance among KOSPEN community health volunteer in Kuching district and its associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in 21 localities in Kuching with a total of 210 respondents. Data were collected using validated interviewer-administered questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 22.0. The respondents comprised 55.2% females, 81.9% married, and 41.4% aged above 45 and above and 72.4% completed their education up to secondary school...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191020/compliance-with-standard-precautions-and-associated-factors-among-healthcare-workers-in-gondar-university-comprehensive-specialized-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#9
Tariku Gebre Haile, Eshetu Haileselassie Engeda, Abdella Amano Abdo
Background. In many studies, compliance with standard precautions among healthcare workers was reported to be inadequate. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess compliance with standard precautions and associated factors among healthcare workers in northwest Ethiopia. Methods. An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01 to April 30, 2014. Simple random sampling technique was used to select participants. Data were entered into Epi info 3.5.1 and were exported to SPSS version 20...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167969/bioaerosols-noise-and-ultraviolet-radiation-exposures-for-municipal-solid-waste-handlers
#10
France Ncube, Esper Jacobeth Ncube, Kuku Voyi
Few studies have investigated the occupational hazards of municipal solid waste workers, particularly in developing countries. Resultantly these workers are currently exposed to unknown and unabated occupational hazards that may endanger their health. We determined municipal solid waste workers' work related hazards and associated adverse health endpoints. A multifaceted approach was utilised comprising bioaerosols sampling, occupational noise, thermal conditions measurement, and field based waste compositional analysis...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115951/levels-of-urinary-metabolites-of-organophosphate-flame-retardants-tdcipp-and-tphp-in-pregnant-women-in-shanghai
#11
Liping Feng, Fengxiu Ouyang, Liangpo Liu, Xu Wang, Xia Wang, Yi-Ju Li, Amy Murtha, Heqing Shen, Junfeng Zhang, Jun Jim Zhang
Flame retardants are widely used in consumer products to reduce their flammability. Previously used flame retardants have been sequentially banned due to their environmental and human toxicity. Currently, tris(1,3-dichloropropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) and triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) are among the most commonly used flame retardants. TDCIPP and TPHP are reproductive toxins and have carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and endocrine-disrupting properties. Although high levels of TDCIPP and TPHP have been found in drinking water, seawater, and office air in China, data regarding human exposure are lacking...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115950/health-care-waste-segregation-behavior-among-health-workers-in-uganda-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#12
Martha Akulume, Suzanne N Kiwanuka
Objective. The goal of this study was to assess the appropriateness of the theory of planned behavior in predicting health care waste segregation behaviors and to examine the factors that influence waste segregation behaviors. Methodology. One hundred and sixty-three health workers completed a self-administered questionnaire in a cross-sectional survey that examined the theory of planned behavior constructs (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and intention) and external variables (sociodemographic factors, personal characteristics, organizational characteristics, professional characteristics, and moral obligation)...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115949/birth-preparedness-and-its-association-with-skilled-birth-attendance-and-postpartum-checkups-among-mothers-in-gibe-wereda-hadiya-zone-south-ethiopia
#13
Yohannes Lakew, Fasil Tessema, Chernet Hailu
Background. Birth preparedness program was designed to enhance skilled birth attendance and postpartum checkups of women in a developing country to reduce the three delays that lead women and neonates to death and disability. However, the relationship between birth preparedness with skilled birth attendance and postpartum checkups among mothers is not well studied. Therefore this study is intended to assess the association between birth preparedness and skilled birth attendance and postpartum checkups. Methods...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096820/increase-in-the-risk-of-respiratory-disorders-in-adults-and-children-related-to-crop-growing-in-niger
#14
Ali Mamane, Jean-Fran├žois Tessier, Ghislaine Bouvier, Roger Salamon, Pierre Lebailly, Chantal Raherison, Isabelle Baldi
Background and Objective. Environmental factors are an increasing concern for respiratory health in developing countries. The objective of this study was to investigate whether Nigerien people living in cultivated areas have more respiratory symptoms than those living in pastoral areas. Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 in two populations during the rainy season when land is cultivated. Environmental factors including pesticide use and respiratory symptoms were collected in adults and children during face-to-face interviews...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053609/association-between-asian-dust-borne-air-pollutants-and-daily-symptoms-on-healthy-subjects-a-web-based-pilot-study-in-yonago-japan
#15
Abir Majbauddin, Kazunari Onishi, Shinji Otani, Yasunori Kurosaki, Youichi Kurozawa
During the spring, Asian dust (AD) repeatedly makes its way to Japan, originating from drylands. We evaluated the association between AD-borne air pollutants and daily reported subjective symptoms in healthy subjects. We constructed an Internet questionnaire on daily ocular, nasal, respiratory, and skin symptoms. Forty-two healthy volunteers residents of Yonago (mean age, 33.57) were selected from the self-reporting web-based survey and recorded their symptoms between 1 and 31 of March 2013. We also collected information on levels of suspended particulate matter (SPM), particulate matter < 2...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053608/the-association-between-residence-floor-level-and-cardiovascular-disease-the-health-and-environment-in-oslo-study
#16
Mads K Rohde, Geir Aamodt
Background. Increasingly more people live in tall buildings and on higher floor levels. Factors relating to floor level may protect against or cause cardiovascular disease (CVD). Only one previous study has investigated the association between floor level and CVD. Methods. We studied associations between floor of bedroom and self-reported history of stroke, venous thromboembolism (VTE), and intermittent claudication (IC) among 12.525 inhabitants in Oslo, Norway. We fitted multivariate logistic regression models and adjusted for sociodemographic variables, socioeconomic status (SES), and health behaviors...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042302/airborne-infectious-agents-and-other-pollutants-in-automobiles-for-domestic-use-potential-health-impacts-and-approaches-to-risk-mitigation
#17
REVIEW
Syed A Sattar, Kathryn E Wright, Bahram Zargar, Joseph R Rubino, M Khalid Ijaz
The world total of passenger cars is expected to go from the current one billion to >2.5 billion by 2050. Cars for domestic use account for ~74% of the world's yearly production of motorized vehicles. In North America, ~80% of the commuters use their own car with another 5.6% travelling as passengers. With the current life-expectancy of 78.6 years, the average North American spends 4.3 years driving a car! This equates to driving 101 minutes/day with a lifetime driving distance of nearly 1.3 million km inside the confined and often shared space of the car with exposure to a mix of potentially harmful pathogens, allergens, endotoxins, particulates, and volatile organics...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025598/estimating-access-to-drinking-water-supply-sanitation-and-hygiene-facilities-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-in-reference-to-national-coverage
#18
Amha Admasie, Ashenafi Debebe
Introduction. The coverage of sanitation and access to safe drinking water in Ethiopia especially in Wolaita Sodo town are not well studied. Therefore, the main objective of this study was estimating access to drinking water supply, sanitation, and hygiene facilities in Wolaita Sodo town, southern Ethiopia, in reference to national coverage. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study design method was employed in the study in 588 households of Wolaita Sodo town inhabitants. Face-to-face interview to household owners, in-depth interview to key informants, reviewing secondary data, and observational check lists were used to collect data...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003835/a-citizen-science-study-documents-environmental-exposures-and-asthma-prevalence-in-two-communities
#19
Samantha Eiffert, Yomi Noibi, Stephen Vesper, Jonathan Downs, Florence Fulk, Juanita Wallace, Melanie Pearson, Andrea Winquist
A citizen-science study was conducted in two low-income, flood-prone communities in Atlanta, Georgia, in order to document environmental exposures and the prevalence of occupant asthma. Teams consisting of a public-health graduate student and a resident from one of the two communities administered a questionnaire, inspected residences for mold growth, and collected a dust sample for quantifying mold contamination. The dust samples were analyzed for the 36 molds that make up the Environmental Relative Moldiness Index (ERMI)...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867400/climate-change-impact-the-experience-of-the-coastal-areas-of-bangladesh-affected-by-cyclones-sidr-and-aila
#20
Russell Kabir, Hafiz T A Khan, Emma Ball, Kay Caldwell
Bangladesh is considered one of the countries most at risk to the effects of climate change and its coastal area is most vulnerable. This study tries to explore the experiences of cyclones Sidr and Aila affected people living in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. This study was conducted in the cyclone Sidr affected Amtali Upazila of Barguna District and in the cyclone Aila affected Koyra Upazila of Khulna District. Primary data collection was done using Focus Group Interview and then a thematic analysis approach was used for analysis...
2016: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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