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Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403340/subclinical-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-relationships-with-blood-pressure-hostility-and-sleep
#1
James A McCubbin, Heidi M Zinzow, Melissa A Hibdon, Aaron W Nathan, Anastasia V Morrison, Gregg W Hayden, Caitlyn Lindberg, Fred S Switzer
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among subclinical PTSD symptoms, blood pressure, and several variables linked to both frank PTSD and the basic psychobiological adaptation to stress. The authors recruited a sample of 91 healthy, young men and women between 18 and 35 years. We examined links among subclinical posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, blood pressure, sleep quality, and hostility. Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms were associated with poorer sleep quality and higher hostility scores in both women and men...
2016: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313873/effects-of-swimming-exercise-on-limbic-and-motor-cortex-neurogenesis-in-the-kainate-lesion-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#2
Vasavi R Gorantla, Amulya Sirigiri, Yulia A Volkova, Richard M Millis
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a common neurological disease and antiseizure medication is often inadequate for preventing apoptotic cell death. Aerobic swimming exercise (EX) augments neurogenesis in rats when initiated immediately in the postictal period. This study tests the hypothesis that aerobic exercise also augments neurogenesis over the long term. Male Wistar rats (age of 4 months) were subjected to chemical lesioning using KA and to an EX intervention consisting of a 30 d period of daily swimming for 15 min, in one experiment immediately after KA lesioning (immediate exposure) and in a second experiment after a 60 d period of normal activity (delayed exposure)...
2016: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26491558/risk-factors-associated-with-cognitive-decline-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Nikil Patel, Jatinder S Minhas, Emma M L Chung
Modern day cardiac surgery evolved upon the advent of cardiopulmonary bypass machines (CPB) in the 1950s. Following this development, cardiac surgery in recent years has improved significantly. Despite such advances and the introduction of new technologies, neurological sequelae after cardiac surgery still exist. Ischaemic stroke, delirium, and cognitive impairment cause significant morbidity and mortality and unfortunately remain common complications. Postoperative cognitive decline (POCD) is believed to be associated with the presence of new ischaemic lesions originating from emboli entering the cerebral circulation during surgery...
2015: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25785192/cognitive-outcomes-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ka Sing Paris Lai, Nathan Herrmann, Mahwesh Saleem, Krista L Lanctôt
Severe aortic stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease in the elderly in the Western world and contributes to a large proportion of all deaths over the age of 70. Severe aortic stenosis is conventionally treated with surgical aortic valve replacement; however, the less invasive transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is suggested for those at high surgical risk. While TAVI has been associated with improved survival and favourable outcomes, there is a higher incidence of cerebral microembolisms in TAVI patients...
2015: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25295180/impact-of-identification-and-treatment-of-depression-in-heart-transplant-patients
#5
Ike Okwuosa, Dara Pumphrey, Jyothy Puthumana, Rachel-Maria Brown, William Cotts
Background. The effects of clinical depression after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) are relatively unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of depression on outcomes after OHT. Methods. We performed a single center retrospective review of 102 consecutive patients who underwent OHT at Northwestern Memorial Hospital from June 2005 to October 2009. The diagnosis of depression was obtained from attending physician documentation. The primary endpoints were all-cause mortality (ACM), hospitalizations, and rejection...
2014: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25276418/a-comparative-study-between-olanzapine-and-risperidone-regarding-drug-induced-electrocardiographic-changes
#6
Saeed Shoja Shafti, Parisa Fallah Jahromi
Introduction. Among atypical antipsychotics, none has been linked to torsade de pointes. In the present study, the electrocardiographic changes induced by olanzapine have been compared with risperidone. Method and Materials. 268 patients were entered into an open study for random assignment to olanzapine or risperidone. ECG was taken at baseline and at the end of the treatment. The parameters that had been assessed included Q-T interval (corrected = Q-Tc) and other related parameters. Correction of the observed Q-T interval was done according to Frederica's formula (QTcF)...
2014: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25202453/gamma-glutamyl-transferase-levels-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#7
Nurbanu Gurbuzer, Eren Gozke, Zeliha Ayhan Basturk
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels, cerebrovascular risk factors, and distribution of cerebral infarct areas in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Patients and Methods. Sixty patients with AIS and 44 controls who had not cerebrovascular disease were included in the study. The patients were divided into four groups according to the location of the infarct area and evaluated as for GGT levels and the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HT), and hyperlipidemia (HL)...
2014: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25140248/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidities-in-acute-coronary-heart-disease
#8
Saeed Shoja Shafti
Introduction. Psychiatric problems and stresses may deteriorate the prognosis of patients with IHD. So evaluating their frequency possibly will promote our perspective regarding their vital importance in the field of consultation-liaison psychiatry. Method and Materials. One hundred and one (101) patients with IHD were interviewed in CCU of a general hospital by a psychiatrist to find whether there was any relationship between cardiac events and psychiatric problems or stresses. Results. Cardiac events were significantly more prevalent among patients with both psychiatric problems and biological risk factors (P < 0...
2014: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25057411/duration-of-type-2-diabetes-and-very-low-density-lipoprotein-levels-are-associated-with-cognitive-dysfunction-in-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Divya Yogi-Morren, Rachel Galioto, Sarah Elizabeth Strandjord, L Kennedy, Pooja Manroa, John P Kirwan, Sangeeta Kashyap, John Gunstad
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is now recognized as an independent risk factor for accelerated cognitive decline and neurological conditions like Alzheimer's disease. Less is known about the neurocognitive function of T2D patients with comorbid metabolic syndrome, despite their elevated risk for impairment. Computerized testing in 47 adults with T2D that met criteria for NCEP metabolic syndrome revealed that cognitive impairment was prevalent, including 13% in tests of memory, 50% in attention, and 35% in executive function...
2014: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25050177/emotional-regulation-and-depression-a-potential-mediator-between-heart-and-mind
#10
REVIEW
Angelo Compare, Cristina Zarbo, Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon, Chiara Marconi
A narrative review of the major evidence concerning the relationship between emotional regulation and depression was conducted. The literature demonstrates a mediating role of emotional regulation in the development of depression and physical illness. Literature suggests in fact that the employment of adaptive emotional regulation strategies (e.g., reappraisal) causes a reduction of stress-elicited emotions leading to physical disorders. Conversely, dysfunctional emotional regulation strategies and, in particular, rumination and emotion suppression appear to be influential in the pathogenesis of depression and physiological disease...
2014: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24701348/correlation-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-cardiac-disease-severity
#11
Hamid Reza Javadi, Shabnam Jalilolghadr, Zohreh Yazdi, Zeinab Rezaie Majd
Background. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is one of the most common respiratory disorders in humans. There is emerging evidence linking OSA to vascular disease, particularly hypertension. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms that link OSA to cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation are not entirely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD)...
2014: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24455201/fatty-acid-desaturase-gene-polymorphisms-and-metabolic-measures-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-patients-taking-antipsychotics
#12
Kyle J Burghardt, Kristen N Gardner, Joshua W Johnson, Vicki L Ellingrod
Atypical antipsychotics have become a common therapeutic option in both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. However, these medications come with a high risk of metabolic side effects, particularly dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. Therefore, identification of patients who are at increased risk for metabolic side effects is of great importance. The genetics of fatty acid metabolism is one area of research that may help identify such patients. Therefore, in this present study, we aimed to determine the effect of one commonly studied genetic polymorphism from both fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1) and FADS2 gene on a surrogate measure of insulin resistance and lipid levels in a metabolically high-risk population of patients largely exposed to atypical antipsychotics...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24455200/cognitive-performance-following-carotid-endarterectomy-or-stenting-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-severe-ica-stenosis
#13
Livio Picchetto, Gianfranco Spalletta, Barbara Casolla, Claudia Cacciari, Michele Cavallari, Cristiano Fantozzi, Alessandro Ciuffoli, Maurizia Rasura, Francesca Imperiale, Giuliano Sette, Carlo Caltagirone, Maurizio Taurino, Francesco Orzi
Background. Endarterectomy (CEA) or stenting (CAS) of a stenotic carotid artery is currently undertaken to reduce stroke risk. In addition removal of the arterial narrowing has been hypothesized to improve cerebral hemodynamics and provide benefits in cognitive functions, by supposedly resolving a "hypoperfusion" condition. Methods. In this study we sought to test whether resolution of a carotid stenosis is followed by measurable changes in cognitive functions in 22 subjects with "asymptomatic" stenosis. Results...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24455199/risk-of-mortality-including-sudden-cardiac-death-and-major-cardiovascular-events-in-atypical-and-typical-antipsychotic-users-a-study-with-the-general-practice-research-database
#14
Tarita Murray-Thomas, Meghan E Jones, Deven Patel, Elizabeth Brunner, Chetan C Shatapathy, Stephen Motsko, Tjeerd P Van Staa
Objective. Antipsychotics have been associated with increased cardiac events including mortality. This study assessed cardiac events including mortality among antipsychotic users relative to nonusers. Methods. The General Practice Research Database (GPRD) was used to identify antipsychotic users, matched general population controls, and psychiatric diseased nonusers. Outcomes included cardiac mortality, sudden cardiac death (SCD), all-cause mortality (excluding suicide), coronary heart disease (CHD), and ventricular arrhythmias (VA)...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24455198/effects-of-age-and-cardiovascular-disease-on-selective-attention
#15
Sylvie Chokron, Gérard Helft, Céline Perez
In order to study the effect of normal aging and cardiovascular disease on selective attention, a letter-identification task was proposed to younger and older healthy adults as well as patients with a recent myocardial infarction or a recent coronary artery bypass grafting. Participants had to detect either a big stimulus or a small one surrounded by flanking letters. The stimuli were displayed horizontally, either in the left (LVF) or in the right visual field (RVF). The interaction between the type of stimulus and the hemifield of presentation reached significance in all groups except in patients who underwent a coronary artery bypass...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24416588/risk-of-mortality-including-sudden-cardiac-death-and-major-cardiovascular-events-in-users-of-olanzapine-and-other-antipsychotics-a-study-with-the-general-practice-research-database
#16
Meghan E Jones, Giedra Campbell, Deven Patel, Elizabeth Brunner, Chetan C Shatapathy, Tarita Murray-Thomas, Tjeerd P van Staa, Stephen Motsko
Objective. Assess risk of cardiac events and mortality among users of olanzapine and other antipsychotics relative to nonusers. Methods. The General Practice Research Database was used to identify cohorts of antipsychotic users and nonusers with psychiatric illness. Outcomes included cardiac mortality, sudden cardiac death (SCD), all-cause mortality (excluding suicide), coronary heart disease (CHD), and ventricular arrhythmias (VA). Results. 183,392 antipsychotic users (including 20,954 olanzapine users) and 193,920 psychiatric nonusers were identified...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24198964/combining-personality-traits-with-traditional-risk-factors-for-coronary-stenosis-an-artificial-neural-networks-solution-in-patients-with-computed-tomography-detected-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Angelo Compare, Enzo Grossi, Massimo Buscema, Cristina Zarbo, Xia Mao, Francesco Faletra, Elena Pasotti, Tiziano Moccetti, Paula M C Mommersteeg, Angelo Auricchio
Background. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a complex, multifactorial disease in which personality seems to play a role but with no definition in combination with other risk factors. Objective. To explore the nonlinear and simultaneous pathways between traditional and personality traits risk factors and coronary stenosis by Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) data mining analysis. Method. Seventy-five subjects were examined for traditional cardiac risk factors and personality traits. Analyses were based on a new data mining method using a particular artificial adaptive system, the autocontractive map (AutoCM)...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24187613/improvement-of-processing-speed-in-executive-function-immediately-following-an-increase-in-cardiovascular-activity
#18
Nicoladie D Tam
This study aims to identify the acute effects of physical exercise on specific cognitive functions immediately following an increase in cardiovascular activity. Stair-climbing exercise is used to increase the cardiovascular output of human subjects. The color-naming Stroop Test was used to identify the cognitive improvements in executive function with respect to processing speed and error rate. The study compared the Stroop results before and immediately after exercise and before and after nonexercise, as a control...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24151548/sex-differences-in-associations-of-depressive-symptoms-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-african-americans
#19
Denise C Cooper, Ranak B Trivedi, Karin M Nelson, Gayle E Reiber, Alan B Zonderman, Michele K Evans, Shari R Waldstein
Young to middle-aged women usually have notably lower rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than their male counterparts, but African American women lack this advantage. Their elevated CVD may be influenced by sex differences in associations between depressed mood and CVD risk factors. This cross-sectional study examined whether relations between scores on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale and a spectrum of CVD risk factors varied by sex among African Americans (n = 1076; ages 30-64) from the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24024026/obesity-in-american-indian-and-mexican-american-men-and-women-associations-with-blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-autonomic-control
#20
José R Criado, David A Gilder, Mary A Kalafut, Cindy L Ehlers
Obesity is a serious public health problem, especially in some minority communities, and it has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. While obesity is a serious health concern in both American Indian and Mexican American populations, the relationship between obesity and cardiac autonomic control in these two populations is not well understood. The present study in a selected sample of American Indians and Mexican Americans assessed associations between obesity, blood pressure (BP), and cardiovascular autonomic control...
2013: Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
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