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Behavior Analysis in Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214140/teacher-conducted-latency-based-functional-analysis-as-basis-for-individualized-levels-system-in-a-classroom-setting
#1
Joseph M Lambert, Sarah E Lopano, Christina R Noel, Meaghan N Ritchie
Latency-based functional analysis (FA) may be appropriate when stakeholders are concerned with safety or feasibility. We trained a first-year special education teacher to collect data while she implemented a latency-based FA and validated a function-based intervention. Treatment effects were generalized across paraeducators and were maintained during a 1-month follow-up.
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214139/the-effects-of-advance-notice-on-problem-behavior-occasioned-by-interruptions-of-an-ongoing-activity-in-a-young-girl-with-autism
#2
Stephanie Vasquez, Adam Brewer, Yanerys Leon, Janet Vasquez
The current study describes a trial-based functional analysis of problem behavior conducted in a home setting for a 7-year-old girl with autism. Problem behavior was occasioned by interruptions to an ongoing activity. Advance notice, in the form of a 2-min warning, and the sound of a timer were used to signal termination of a current activity and were effective at reducing problem behavior along with increasing compliance to the interruptive demands. A trial-based functional analysis, which are not common in the applied literature, was conducted in a home setting for young girl with autism, using antecedent and consequence modifications described by Hagopian, Bruzek, Bowman, and Jennett (2007), identified the variables that occasioned and maintained problem behavior were interruptions to an ongoing activity followed by regaining uninterrupted access to the previous activity...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214138/treating-food-approval-seeking-behavior-one-bite-at-a-time
#3
Sarah R Jenkins, Linda A LeBlanc, Garrick P Lambert
The prevalence of feeding problems in children with autism is high. The current investigation was a treatment of a unique presentation of food-related prompt dependence with a 6-year-old boy with autism who was reliant upon approval from adults for consumption of every bite of food. Instructions were used to establish independent eating, in which the number of bites specified in the instruction was systematically increased. Independent bites increased from a baseline level of 0.67% to a final phase level of almost 100%, and the instruction was faded to "eat your lunch"...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214137/speak-up-increasing-conversational-volume-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Leigh Edgerton, Byron Wine
Deficits in social interactions are a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder. This study examined one relatively uncommon aspect of social interactions that has not received much attention from the literature: appropriate conversational volume. Conversational speech volume was measured using a commercially available application, and a package intervention was developed that consisted of feedback from the voice measuring application, signaling from a wrist bracelet, and differential reinforcement. The intervention was evaluated in an ABAB design and speaking at conversational volume was significantly increased when the intervention was in place and in probe conditions...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214136/training-parents-in-saudi-arabia-to-implement-discrete-trial-teaching-with-their-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Ahmad M Eid, Sarah M Aljaser, Anoud N AlSaud, Sultana M Asfahani, Ohoud A Alhaqbani, Rafat S Mohtasib, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Mitch Fryling
The present study evaluates the effects of a behavioral skill training package on parent implementation of discrete trial teaching with their children with autism spectrum disorder. Three mothers of children with autism participated in the study. The training package improved implementation for all three of the mothers. Moreover, these improvements generalized to skills that were not taught during training, maintained during follow-up probes, and resulted in improvements in child behavior.
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214135/developing-procedures-to-improve-therapist-child-rapport-in-early-intervention
#6
Ashley M Lugo, Melissa L King, John C Lamphere, Paige E McArdle
Rapport is a primary component in the development of a therapeutic relationship between health-service professionals and clients. Presession pairing is a procedure often recommended in behavior analytic practice to build rapport with clients. However, many service providers may not exhibit presession pairing skills correctly or at a sufficient rate. The current study aimed to operationally define therapist behaviors that are indicative of presession pairing and to train direct care staff to implement said skills...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214134/a-response-to-papatola-and-lustig-s-paper-on-navigating-a-managed-care-peer-review-guidance-for-clinicians-using-applied-behavior-analysis-in-the-treatment-of-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#7
Julie Kornack, Brandon Herscovitch, Ashley L Williams
In their 2016 article, "Navigating a Managed Care Peer Review: Guidance for Clinicians Using Applied Behavior Analysis [ABA] in the Treatment of Children on the Autism Spectrum," Papatola and Lustig provide an overview of the managed care process, discuss the medical necessity of ABA, and offer guidance to clinicians on how to navigate the managed care peer review process. Given that the authors are employed by a large international health insurance carrier and conduct peer reviews on behalf of that organization, this response seeks to provide guidance from both the clinical and public policy perspectives that reflect best practices in the field of autism treatment...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214133/systematic-review-of-functional-analysis-and-treatment-of-elopement-2000-2015
#8
Megan A Boyle, Reesha M Adamson
Elopement is a dangerous behavior that is emitted by a large proportion of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Functional analysis and function-based treatments are critical in identifying maintaining reinforcers and decreasing elopement. The purpose of this review was to identify recent trends in the functional analysis and treatment of elopement, as well as determine the efficacy (standardized mean differences) of recent treatments. Over half of subjects' elopement was maintained by social positive reinforcement, while only 25% of subjects' elopement was maintained by social negative reinforcement...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214132/practice-recommendations-for-addressing-problem-behaviors-in-siblings-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Joanna E Lomas Mevers, Nathan A Call, Sarah J Miller
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display an increased prevalence of problem behavior, relative to the typically developing population. Given the heritability of ASD and its growing prevalence, clinicians who implement behavioral treatments are likely to encounter families with siblings with ASD who exhibit problem behavior. Thus, there is a need for guidance for treatment of problem behavior for these families. This paper presents strategies for conducting behavioral assessments, developing treatments for problem behaviors, caregiver training, and generalization strategies when there are multiple affected children in one family...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214131/the-use-of-behavioral-skills-training-to-teach-graph-analysis-to-community-based-teachers
#10
Lindsay Maffei-Almodovar, Gina Feliciano, Daniel M Fienup, Peter Sturmey
In this study, the experimenter trained three teachers to implement data decision rules to detect when instructional changes should be made during the visual analysis of discrete-trial percentage graphs. The experimenter used a concurrent, multiple-baseline design across participants. The experimenter trained the teachers to follow decision-making rules using instruction, modeling, rehearsal, and feedback. Following intervention, participants increased the percentage of correct data-based decisions and decreased the percentage of errors...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214130/measuring-adherence-to-a-nutrition-and-exercise-lifestyle-intervention-is-program-adherence-related-to-excessive-gestational-weight-gain
#11
Taniya S Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina Campbell, Michelle F Mottola
To identify adherence required to achieve target health outcome(s) in nutrition and/or exercise interventions, a measurement tool that tracks objective and self-reported measures of adherence is necessary. The purpose of this study was to design an adherence measurement tool and test it retrospectively on the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP; Ruchat et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(8), 1419-1426, 2012; Mottola et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(2), 265-272, 2010), designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG)...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214129/using-multiple-exemplar-training-to-teach-empathy-skills-to-children-with-autism
#12
Maithri Sivaraman
The purpose of the study was to use multiple exemplar training to teach empathetic responding to two children with autism. Three emotions-happiness, frustration and sadness/pain-were chosen for this purpose. Treatment consisted of verbal prompting and reinforcement of empathetic responses. Four experimenter-defined categories with discriminative stimuli were used for each emotion. The multiple exemplar component of the model consisted of teaching responses in the presence of several discriminative stimuli drawn from the predefined categories for each emotion delivered by two persons across two environments...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214128/a-clinic-based-assessment-for-evaluating-job-related-social-skills-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism
#13
Dorothea C Lerman, Bridgette White, Carolyn Grob, Courtney Laudont
Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties obtaining and maintaining employment, yet little research has evaluated methods for assessing and improving critical vocational skills. In this study, we evaluated an assessment of job-related social skills for individuals with ASD by arranging conditions that simulated on-the-job experiences in a clinic setting. The experimenter contrived situations to assess a variety of social skills, including asking for help, asking for more materials, and responding to corrective feedback...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021945/an-evaluation-of-instructive-feedback-to-teach-play-behavior-to-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Laura L Grow, Tiffany Kodak, Andrea Clements
Instructive feedback is used to expose learners to secondary targets during skill acquisition programs (Reichow & Wolery, in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 327-340, 2011; Werts, Wolery, Gast, & Holcombe, in Journal of Behavioral Education, 5, 55-75, 1995). Although unrelated feedback may have clinical utility in practice, very little research has evaluated unrelated instructive feedback, particularly for promoting play behavior (Colozzi, Ward, & Crotty, in Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 43, 226-248, 2008)...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021944/a-program-evaluation-of-home-and-center-based-treatment-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Dennis R Dixon, Claire O Burns, Doreen Granpeesheh, Roshan Amarasinghe, Alva Powell, Erik Linstead
The present study aimed to retrospectively compare the relative rates of mastery of exemplars for individuals with ASD (N = 313) who received home-based and center-based services. A between-group analysis found that participants mastered significantly more exemplars per hour when receiving center-based services than home-based services. Likewise, a paired-sample analysis found that participants who received both home and center-based services had mastered 100 % more per hour while at the center than at home...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021943/application-of-a-pyramidal-training-model-on-the-implementation-of-trial-based-functional-analysis-a-partial-replication
#16
Faisal Alnemary, Michele Wallace, Fahad Alnemary, Lusineh Gharapetian, Jordan Yassine
We employed a pyramidal training model (PTM) to teach staff to correctly implement and collect data for trial-based functional analysis (TBFA) in simulated situations. First, we trained four behavioral consultants (BCs) in a group format, who each trained one behavior technician (BT) in an individual format. We utilized a non-concurrent multiple baseline design to evaluate the effect of the training. During generalization probes, participants implemented TBFA with a novel problem behavior. This study will contribute to the literature on teaching staff how to conduct TBFA...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021942/improving-pre-service-teachers-performance-skills-through-behavioral-skills-training
#17
Mary R Sawyer, Natalie R Andzik, Michael P Kranak, Carolyn P Willke, Emily S L Curiel, Lauren E Hensley, Nancy A Neef
In higher education, instruction that incorporates effective performance skills training is vital to equipping pre-service teachers with the tools they will use to educate children. This study evaluated the effects of behavioral skills training (BST) on performance of evidence-based practices by undergraduate pre-service special education teachers. A pre-post design was used to evaluate performance during role-play. BST sessions produced higher levels of correct performance than baseline measures across all seven participants...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021941/an-evaluation-of-differential-observing-responses-during-receptive-label-training
#18
Joseph Vedora, Tiffany Barry, John C Ward-Horner
The current study compared the use of a differential observing response (DOR) during receptive label training to a condition without the DOR. We extended the research on DORs used during receptive label training by using them with progressive prompt delay procedures and assessing responding following mastery without the DOR. Results indicated that both participants performed better in the DOR condition during the first comparison, but results were less clear in the second comparison.
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021940/using-video-to-bridge-the-gap-between-problem-behavior-and-a-delayed-time-out-procedure
#19
Sara Coppage, James N Meindl
Treatment plans focused on problem behavior often include punishment contingencies to decrease problem behavior. Immediate punishers are typically more effective than delayed punishers, but immediate delivery of a punisher is not always possible. Strategies need to be developed to increase the suppressive effects of delayed punishers. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of a treatment package involving replaying a video recording of problem behavior immediately before delivering a 15 min delayed time-out...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021939/automating-phase-change-lines-and-their-labels-using-microsoft-excel-r
#20
Neil Deochand
Many researchers have rallied against drawn in graphical elements and offered ways to avoid them, especially regarding the insertion of phase change lines (Deochand, Costello, & Fuqua, 2015; Dubuque, 2015; Vanselow & Bourret, 2012). However, few have offered a solution to automating the phase labels, which are often utilized in behavior analytic graphical displays (Deochand et al., 2015). Despite the fact that Microsoft Excel® is extensively utilized by behavior analysts, solutions to resolve issues in our graphing practices are not always apparent or user-friendly...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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