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Behavior Analysis in Practice

Samantha R Dalfen, Daniel M Fienup, Peter Sturmey
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s40617-018-0226-z.].
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Dermot Barnes-Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Matthew T Brodhead, Shawn P Quigley, David J Cox
Behavior analysts likely can evaluate multiple organizations prior to accepting a job due to recent increases in the number of organizations providing ABA services. We argue that evaluating the ethical values of an organization is paramount during the job search process. We provide strategies for evaluating the ethical values of an organization prior to employment and describe considerations from the pre-application process through contract negotiations. Ultimately, we add to the growing body of literature that provides guidance for common problems behavior analysts may face over the course of their careers...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Anita Li, Hugo Curiel, Josh Pritchard, Alan Poling
An examination of article authorship and editorial board membership for 7 behavior-analytic journals from 2014 to 2017 revealed that, compared to findings from prior years, women's participation has increased substantially. This finding is heartening and shows the value of persistent efforts to ensure that everyone has the opportunity to succeed in, and be served by, behavior analysis.
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Ryan Redner, Nicolette Robertson, Stephanie Lo
The application of financial incentives has proved to be a gainful treatment for cigarette smoking, yet the cost of delivering financial incentives has been a barrier to its widespread implementation. The goal of the present study is to test this treatment (with counseling) in a brief 3-week format, thereby reducing the cost. Results indicated that for one participant incentives were effective at promoting long-term abstinence from cigarette smoking. Though more research is needed, this treatment appears to be effective and can be delivered at a relatively low cost...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Madison Smith, David A Wilder
The Performance Diagnostic Checklist-Human Services (PDC-HS) is an informant-based tool designed to identify the variables responsible for performance problems. To date, the PDC-HS has not been examined with individuals with intellectual disabilities. In the current study, two supervisors with intellectual disabilities completed the PDC-HS to assess the productivity of two supervisees with disabilities who performed a pricing task in a thrift store. The PDC-HS suggested that performance deficits were due to a lack of training; a PDC-HS-indicated intervention was effective to increase accurate pricing...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
E Amanda Boutot, Samuel A DiGangi
Infants with Down syndrome often have low muscle tone (hypotonia) and need activities designed to increase muscle tone (e.g., tummy time). However, no study has examined the effects of strategies designed to increase of tummy time for this population. The current study investigated activation of a preferred toy as a strategy to increase head lifting during tummy time for a 5-month-old with Down syndrome and associated hypotonia. The intervention was successful and is a promising early strategy for addressing hypotonia in infants with Down syndrome...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Kristen L Byra, Shannon White, Matthew Temple, Michael J Cameron
The current investigation extends the findings of previous studies on the effects of simulation and correspondence training for teaching hygiene skills. Two male participants between the ages of 5 and 6 with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were taught hygiene skills in a clinic setting. Both participants acquired the hygiene routine. Following instruction, the participants' parents conducted probe sessions to assess generalization to the home environment. Generalization occurred for both participants. Moreover, a 6-month follow-up probe confirmed the maintenance of skills...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
David A Wilder, Joshua Lipschultz, Chana Gehrman
The Performance Diagnostic Checklist-Human Services (PDC-HS) is an informant-based tool designed to assess the environmental variables that contribute to poor employee performance in human service settings. Although the PDC-HS has been shown to effectively identify variables contributing to problematic performance, interventions based on only two of the four PDC-HS domains have been evaluated to date. In addition, the extent to which PDC-HS-indicated interventions are more effective than nonindicated interventions for two domains remains unclear...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Jennifer S Croner, Samantha L Smith, Jessica E Woods, Mary Jane Weiss, Helena Maguire
An essential goal for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is to reach maximal independence on a variety of tasks that facilitate academic and vocational engagement and community integration. One-to-one instructional arrangements do not adequately prepare individuals with autism to function within various group contexts and limit opportunities for positive social interactions with one or more peers. Furthermore, group instructional formats have multiple benefits, including potentially increased instructional time and additional learning opportunities...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Samantha R Dalfen, Daniel M Fienup, Peter Sturmey
Completing frequent quizzes can improve exam scores; however, there is a lack of research on variables that influence quiz accuracy and whether there is an effect on exam scores. This study evaluated the effects of a contingency for quiz accuracy on quiz accuracy and exam performance. Eighty-one students enrolled in an introductory Learning course participated. For each class meeting and its related readings, the instructor assigned an online quiz due just before each class. During the no-contingency condition, the instructor assigned quizzes, but quiz accuracy did not result in points toward the final grade...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Thomas S Critchfield, Karla J Doepke
It has been suggested that the language of behavior analysis is not always consumer-friendly, but the very limited empirical support for this claim comes from examining jargon in English. We consulted publicly available data sets to shed light on one specific aspect of the jargon problem: how non-English speakers may react emotionally to the technical vocabulary of behavior analysis. Previous research has suggested that English speakers may experience English technical terms as unpleasant. Here, we show that the same may apply when speakers of other languages (Egyptian Arabic, French, German, Brazilian Portuguese, and Spanish) encounter translated technical terms...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Raquel Torres, Ruth M DeBar, Sharon A Reeve, Linda S Meyer, Tina M Covington
Research focusing on physical exercise and individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. Activity- and video-enhanced schedules have successfully increased leisure, academic, social, and daily living skills for individuals with ASD and may be effective in increasing exercise. We evaluated the effects of a video-enhanced schedule presented on an iPad® on exercise behavior with adolescents with ASD using a multiple probe across participants design. Specifically, the effects of a video-enhanced exercise schedule with graduated guidance on independent schedule-following behavior and on-task behavior was evaluated...
June 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Reeva C Morton, Daniel L Gadke
Cover, Copy, Compare (CCC) and Copy, Cover, Compare (MCCC) procedures are effective interventions for improving math fluency. However, there is a gap in literature exploring the use of these interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The purpose of the current study was to compare the use of CCC and MCCC for children with ASD using a multi-component single-case experimental design. The results showed no notable difference between the interventions. Implications and limitations, particularly surrounding experimental control, are discussed in detail...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Dennis H Reid, Mary Rosswurm, David A Rotholz
In this article, the authors offer recommendations for behavior analysts on how to treat adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with dignity. Initially, the importance of treating adults with disabilities with dignity is emphasized in terms of the impact on people with IDD, their family members, behavior analysts and other service providers, and the behavior analysis field in general. The recommendations are based primarily on the authors' professional and personal experiences along with similar experiences of others involved either personally or professionally in the disability field...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Katie Lynn Garza, Heather M McGee, Yannick A Schenk, Rebecca R Wiskirchen
While task clarification, goal setting, feedback, and behavioral skills training (BST) are well-supported methods for performance improvement, there is no standardized approach to supervising aspiring Board Certified Behavior Analysts® (BCBAs®) that specifies how such practices should be used within a comprehensive supervision system, namely for supervising those who are still accruing experience hours for the purpose of becoming board certified. This article outlines a systematic approach to BCBA supervision and provides a set of tools that supervisors can use to ensure that they are engaging in empirically based supervision practices...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Erick M Dubuque, Molly L Dubuque
Individuals interested in applying to sit for a Behavior Analyst Certification Board® (BACB) examination are required to accumulate a predetermined number of experience and supervision hours under the BACB Experience Standards (BACB, 2015c). Currently, the BACB allows students to accumulate these hours while enrolled in a higher education training program that contains a BACB-Approved Course Sequence (ACS). There are numerous professional and financial benefits for programs offering practical training opportunities to students...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Richard Price, Abbie J Marsh, Marisa H Fisher
Facilitating the use of public transportation enhances opportunities for independent living and competitive, community-based employment for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Four young adults with IDD were taught through total-task chaining to use the Google Maps application, a self-prompting, visual navigation system, to take the bus to locations around a college campus and the community. Three of four participants learned to use Google Maps to independently navigate public transportation...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Collin Shepley, R Allan Allday, Sally B Shepley
Numerous universities and colleges offer coursework approved by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. Despite uniform requirements for approval, many differences exist among programs. To provide the field of behavior analysis with information about these differences, we conducted an initial analysis of programmatic variables and their relationship to pass rates on the Board Certified Behavior Analyst examination.Given the variety of preparation programs currently approved by the certification board, behavior analysts from different programs will likely differ with regard to their training and experiences...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
M Alice Shillingsburg, Sarah E Frampton, Sarah C Wymer, Brittany Bartlett
We used procedures established within the mands for information literature to teach two children with autism to mand for social information. Establishing operation trials were alternated with abolishing operation trials to verify the function of the responses as mands. Use of the acquired information was evaluated by examining responding to questions about their social partner. Both participants acquired mands for social information and showed generalization to novel social partners.
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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