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Behavior Analysis in Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556452/a-comparison-of-math-cover-copy-compare-intervention-procedures-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Reeva C Morton, Daniel L Gadke
Cover, Copy, Compare (CCC) and Copy, Cover, Compare (MCCC) procedures are effective interventions for improving math fluency. However, there is a gap in literature exploring the use of these interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The purpose of the current study was to compare the use of CCC and MCCC for children with ASD using a multi-component single-case experimental design. The results showed no notable difference between the interventions. Implications and limitations, particularly surrounding experimental control, are discussed in detail...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556451/no-less-worthy-recommendations-for-behavior-analysts-treating-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-with-dignity
#2
Dennis H Reid, Mary Rosswurm, David A Rotholz
In this article, the authors offer recommendations for behavior analysts on how to treat adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with dignity. Initially, the importance of treating adults with disabilities with dignity is emphasized in terms of the impact on people with IDD, their family members, behavior analysts and other service providers, and the behavior analysis field in general. The recommendations are based primarily on the authors' professional and personal experiences along with similar experiences of others involved either personally or professionally in the disability field...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556450/some-tools-for-carrying-out-a-proposed-process-for-supervising-experience-hours-for-aspiring-board-certified-behavior-analysts-%C3%A2
#3
Katie Lynn Garza, Heather M McGee, Yannick A Schenk, Rebecca R Wiskirchen
While task clarification, goal setting, feedback, and behavioral skills training (BST) are well-supported methods for performance improvement, there is no standardized approach to supervising aspiring Board Certified Behavior Analysts® (BCBAs®) that specifies how such practices should be used within a comprehensive supervision system, namely for supervising those who are still accruing experience hours for the purpose of becoming board certified. This article outlines a systematic approach to BCBA supervision and provides a set of tools that supervisors can use to ensure that they are engaging in empirically based supervision practices...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556449/guidelines-for-the-establishment-of-a-university-based-practical-training-system
#4
Erick M Dubuque, Molly L Dubuque
Individuals interested in applying to sit for a Behavior Analyst Certification Board® (BACB) examination are required to accumulate a predetermined number of experience and supervision hours under the BACB Experience Standards (BACB, 2015c). Currently, the BACB allows students to accumulate these hours while enrolled in a higher education training program that contains a BACB-Approved Course Sequence (ACS). There are numerous professional and financial benefits for programs offering practical training opportunities to students...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556448/teaching-young-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-community-based-navigation-skills-to-take-public-transportation
#5
Richard Price, Abbie J Marsh, Marisa H Fisher
Facilitating the use of public transportation enhances opportunities for independent living and competitive, community-based employment for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Four young adults with IDD were taught through total-task chaining to use the Google Maps application, a self-prompting, visual navigation system, to take the bus to locations around a college campus and the community. Three of four participants learned to use Google Maps to independently navigate public transportation...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556447/towards-a-meaningful-analysis-of-behavior-analyst-preparation-programs
#6
Collin Shepley, R Allan Allday, Sally B Shepley
Numerous universities and colleges offer coursework approved by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. Despite uniform requirements for approval, many differences exist among programs. To provide the field of behavior analysis with information about these differences, we conducted an initial analysis of programmatic variables and their relationship to pass rates on the Board Certified Behavior Analyst examination.Given the variety of preparation programs currently approved by the certification board, behavior analysts from different programs will likely differ with regard to their training and experiences...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556446/a-preliminary-procedure-for-teaching-children-with-autism-to-mand-for-social-information
#7
M Alice Shillingsburg, Sarah E Frampton, Sarah C Wymer, Brittany Bartlett
We used procedures established within the mands for information literature to teach two children with autism to mand for social information. Establishing operation trials were alternated with abolishing operation trials to verify the function of the responses as mands. Use of the acquired information was evaluated by examining responding to questions about their social partner. Both participants acquired mands for social information and showed generalization to novel social partners.
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556445/promoting-social-learning-at-recess-for-children-with-asd-and-related-social-challenges
#8
Lori B Vincent, Daniel Openden, Joseph A Gentry, Lori A Long, Nicole L Matthews
The school playground provides an ideal opportunity for social inclusion; however, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often struggle to engage in appropriate social interactions in this unstructured environment. Thus, they may spend recess time alone. The FRIEND Playground Program is a structured, play-based intervention aimed at improving social interactions of children with ASD and other social challenges during recess. The current research study employed a multiple baseline across participant design to systematically evaluate whether this intervention yields increased social engagement and initiations with peers during recess...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556444/sentence-reading-comprehension-by-means-of-training-in-segment-unit-reading-for-japanese-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#9
Mikimasa Omori, Jun-Ichi Yamamoto
Children with intellectual disabilities (ID) often have difficulty in sentence reading and comprehension. Previous studies have shown that training in segment-unit reading (SUR) facilitates the acquisition of sentence reading comprehension skills for Japanese students with ID. However, it remains unknown whether SUR training is also effective for individuals unable to read sentences and can generalize to untrained sentences. In this study, we examined the improvement and generalization of sentence reading accuracy and comprehension for two children with ID through SUR training with listening comprehensible sentences...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556443/a-preliminary-analysis-of-mastery-criterion-level-effects-on-response-maintenance
#10
Jessica L Fuller, Daniel M Fienup
Educators use a mastery criterion to evaluate skill acquisition programming for children with autism and other developmental disabilities; however, to the best of our knowledge, there has been no research evaluating how the mastery criterion level of accuracy affects the maintenance of those responses. This study investigated the effects of 3 skill acquisition mastery criterion levels (50%, 80%, and 90% accuracy) on response maintenance. Following mastery of a set of skills, maintenance was evaluated once a week for 3 to 4 weeks...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214140/teacher-conducted-latency-based-functional-analysis-as-basis-for-individualized-levels-system-in-a-classroom-setting
#11
Joseph M Lambert, Sarah E Lopano, Christina R Noel, Meaghan N Ritchie
Latency-based functional analysis (FA) may be appropriate when stakeholders are concerned with safety or feasibility. We trained a first-year special education teacher to collect data while she implemented a latency-based FA and validated a function-based intervention. Treatment effects were generalized across paraeducators and were maintained during a 1-month follow-up.
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214139/the-effects-of-advance-notice-on-problem-behavior-occasioned-by-interruptions-of-an-ongoing-activity-in-a-young-girl-with-autism
#12
Stephanie Vasquez, Adam Brewer, Yanerys Leon, Janet Vasquez
The current study describes a trial-based functional analysis of problem behavior conducted in a home setting for a 7-year-old girl with autism. Problem behavior was occasioned by interruptions to an ongoing activity. Advance notice, in the form of a 2-min warning, and the sound of a timer were used to signal termination of a current activity and were effective at reducing problem behavior along with increasing compliance to the interruptive demands. A trial-based functional analysis, which are not common in the applied literature, was conducted in a home setting for young girl with autism, using antecedent and consequence modifications described by Hagopian, Bruzek, Bowman, and Jennett (2007), identified the variables that occasioned and maintained problem behavior were interruptions to an ongoing activity followed by regaining uninterrupted access to the previous activity...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214138/treating-food-approval-seeking-behavior-one-bite-at-a-time
#13
Sarah R Jenkins, Linda A LeBlanc, Garrick P Lambert
The prevalence of feeding problems in children with autism is high. The current investigation was a treatment of a unique presentation of food-related prompt dependence with a 6-year-old boy with autism who was reliant upon approval from adults for consumption of every bite of food. Instructions were used to establish independent eating, in which the number of bites specified in the instruction was systematically increased. Independent bites increased from a baseline level of 0.67% to a final phase level of almost 100%, and the instruction was faded to "eat your lunch"...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214137/speak-up-increasing-conversational-volume-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Leigh Edgerton, Byron Wine
Deficits in social interactions are a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder. This study examined one relatively uncommon aspect of social interactions that has not received much attention from the literature: appropriate conversational volume. Conversational speech volume was measured using a commercially available application, and a package intervention was developed that consisted of feedback from the voice measuring application, signaling from a wrist bracelet, and differential reinforcement. The intervention was evaluated in an ABAB design and speaking at conversational volume was significantly increased when the intervention was in place and in probe conditions...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214136/training-parents-in-saudi-arabia-to-implement-discrete-trial-teaching-with-their-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Ahmad M Eid, Sarah M Aljaser, Anoud N AlSaud, Sultana M Asfahani, Ohoud A Alhaqbani, Rafat S Mohtasib, Hesham M Aldhalaan, Mitch Fryling
The present study evaluates the effects of a behavioral skill training package on parent implementation of discrete trial teaching with their children with autism spectrum disorder. Three mothers of children with autism participated in the study. The training package improved implementation for all three of the mothers. Moreover, these improvements generalized to skills that were not taught during training, maintained during follow-up probes, and resulted in improvements in child behavior.
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214135/developing-procedures-to-improve-therapist-child-rapport-in-early-intervention
#16
Ashley M Lugo, Melissa L King, John C Lamphere, Paige E McArdle
Rapport is a primary component in the development of a therapeutic relationship between health-service professionals and clients. Presession pairing is a procedure often recommended in behavior analytic practice to build rapport with clients. However, many service providers may not exhibit presession pairing skills correctly or at a sufficient rate. The current study aimed to operationally define therapist behaviors that are indicative of presession pairing and to train direct care staff to implement said skills...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214134/a-response-to-papatola-and-lustig-s-paper-on-navigating-a-managed-care-peer-review-guidance-for-clinicians-using-applied-behavior-analysis-in-the-treatment-of-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#17
Julie Kornack, Brandon Herscovitch, Ashley L Williams
In their 2016 article, "Navigating a Managed Care Peer Review: Guidance for Clinicians Using Applied Behavior Analysis [ABA] in the Treatment of Children on the Autism Spectrum," Papatola and Lustig provide an overview of the managed care process, discuss the medical necessity of ABA, and offer guidance to clinicians on how to navigate the managed care peer review process. Given that the authors are employed by a large international health insurance carrier and conduct peer reviews on behalf of that organization, this response seeks to provide guidance from both the clinical and public policy perspectives that reflect best practices in the field of autism treatment...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214133/systematic-review-of-functional-analysis-and-treatment-of-elopement-2000-2015
#18
Megan A Boyle, Reesha M Adamson
Elopement is a dangerous behavior that is emitted by a large proportion of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Functional analysis and function-based treatments are critical in identifying maintaining reinforcers and decreasing elopement. The purpose of this review was to identify recent trends in the functional analysis and treatment of elopement, as well as determine the efficacy (standardized mean differences) of recent treatments. Over half of subjects' elopement was maintained by social positive reinforcement, while only 25% of subjects' elopement was maintained by social negative reinforcement...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214132/practice-recommendations-for-addressing-problem-behaviors-in-siblings-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Joanna E Lomas Mevers, Nathan A Call, Sarah J Miller
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) display an increased prevalence of problem behavior, relative to the typically developing population. Given the heritability of ASD and its growing prevalence, clinicians who implement behavioral treatments are likely to encounter families with siblings with ASD who exhibit problem behavior. Thus, there is a need for guidance for treatment of problem behavior for these families. This paper presents strategies for conducting behavioral assessments, developing treatments for problem behaviors, caregiver training, and generalization strategies when there are multiple affected children in one family...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214131/the-use-of-behavioral-skills-training-to-teach-graph-analysis-to-community-based-teachers
#20
Lindsay Maffei-Almodovar, Gina Feliciano, Daniel M Fienup, Peter Sturmey
In this study, the experimenter trained three teachers to implement data decision rules to detect when instructional changes should be made during the visual analysis of discrete-trial percentage graphs. The experimenter used a concurrent, multiple-baseline design across participants. The experimenter trained the teachers to follow decision-making rules using instruction, modeling, rehearsal, and feedback. Following intervention, participants increased the percentage of correct data-based decisions and decreased the percentage of errors...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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