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PLoS Currents

Pangaja Paramsothy, Adrienne R Herron, Molly M Lamb, Kathi Kinnett, Jodi Wolff, Michele L Yang, Joyce Oleszek, Shree Pandya, Annie Kennedy, Darryl Cooney, Deborah Fox, Daniel Sheehan
Introduction: As the proportion of males with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) surviving into adulthood increases, more information is needed regarding their health care transition planning, an essential process for adolescents and young adults with DMD. The objective of this study was to describe the health care transition experiences of a population of males living with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy (DBMD). Methods: The eligible participants, identified through the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance Tracking and Research Network (MD STARnet) surveillance project, were 16-31 years old and lived in Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, or western New York (n=258)...
August 21, 2018: PLoS Currents
Erin Thomas, Linda Ekperi, Tanya Telfair LeBlanc, Erica Elaine Adams, Grete E Wilt, Noelle-Angelique Molinari, Eric G Carbone
Introduction: Using Interrupted Time Series Analysis and generalized estimating equations, this study identifies factors that influence the size and significance of Hurricane Sandy's estimated impact on HIV testing in 90 core-based statistical areas from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013. Methods: Generalized estimating equations were used to examine the effects of sociodemographic and storm-related variables on relative change in HIV testing resulting from Interrupted Time Series analyses...
August 21, 2018: PLoS Currents
Gudrun Freidl, Stefanie Schoss, Margreet Te Wierik, Max Heck, Paulien Tolsma, Anouk Urbanus, Ife Slegers-Fitz-James, Ingrid Friesema
INTRODUCTION: On 23 October 2015, six related cases with gastroenteritis called the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority. They suspected filet américain, a raw beef spread, to be the source of infection. Leftovers and stool samples tested positive for Salmonella Typhimurium. Multiple locus variable-number of tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) revealed a MLVA pattern (02-23-08-08-212), which had not been detected in the Netherlands before. Concomitantly, an increase of this MLVA type was observed in the national Salmonella surveillance, amounting to 46 cases between 26 October and 9 December...
August 16, 2018: PLoS Currents
Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh, Mona Khaleghy Rad, Hamidreza Aghababaeian, Mehdi Zare, Farnaz Kamranzad
INTRODUCTION: Earthquake is the most important cause of death from natural disasters in Iran. This paper brings attention to the main causes of loss of life due to the Kermanshah province earthquake (Nov 12 2017), and provides a wakeup call about the unsafe nature of buildings there. METHODS: This study is based on official reports review and a field assessment in the areas affected by the earthquake in western Iran. RESULTS: Although buildings in this area are mainly old structures, strangely, more than 70% of the destroyed buildings in this earthquake were under 5 years of age, newly built or renovated buildings according to mandated building codes...
August 16, 2018: PLoS Currents
Darakhshan Guhar, Nadia Jamil, Shoukat Jahan Talpur, Gulzar Ahmed Channa, Maliha Wajeeh, Muhammad Zohaib Khan, Saifullah Khan
INTRODUCTION: Chikungunya is an incipient disease, caused by Chikungunya virus (CHKV) that belongs to genus alphavirus of the family Togaviridae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, during an outbreak of CHKV in Dec 2016 in Karachi, Pakistan, samples were collected from patients presenting with fever, tiredness and pain in muscles and joints. Total 126 sera were tested for the presence of Chikungunya infection through ELISA and Real-time Reverse Transcriptase PCR assay...
August 7, 2018: PLoS Currents
Thomas Richardson, Gemma Hayward, Kevin Blanchard, Virginia Murray
INTRODUCTION: Despite the large number of hazards occurring every year, it is often only the most catastrophic and rapidly occurring hazards that are covered in detail by major news outlets. This can result in an under-reporting of smaller or slowly evolving hazards such as drought. Furthermore, the type or country in which the hazard occurs may have a bearing on whether it receives media coverage. The Public Health England (PHE) global weekly hazards bulletin is designed to inform subscribers of hazards occurring in the world in a given week regardless of location or type of natural hazard...
August 7, 2018: PLoS Currents
Lisel O'Dwyer, Kirrilly Thompson
BACKGROUND: Animal ownership has been identified as a risk factor for human survivability of natural disasters. Animal guardians have been reported to react or act in ways that may put their own safety and that of emergency services personnel at risk when faced with a natural disaster. Recent research has suggested that this risk factor could be reconfigured as a protective factor, whereby desires to save animals from natural disaster harm could motivate increased planning and preparedness behaviours amongst animal guardians...
August 2, 2018: PLoS Currents
Lorcan Clarke, Kevin Blanchard, Rishma Maini, Alin Radu, Nuha Eltinay, Zehra Zaidi, Virginia Murray
INTRODUCTION: To report on activities aligned with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, national governments will use the Sendai Monitor platform to track progress using a series of indicators that inform seven Global Targets originally agreed in 2015. In February 2017, the UN General Assembly adopted a set of 38 agreed indicators based on work led by an open-ended intergovernmental expert working group (OIEWG) on indicators and terminology relating to disaster risk reduction...
August 2, 2018: PLoS Currents
Stella Neema, Grace Mongo Bua, Doreen Tuhebwe, Julius Ssentongo, Nathan Tumuhamye, Roy William Mayega, James Fishkin, Lynn M Atuyambe, William Bazeyo
INTRODUCTION: Despite existing policy actions on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), many community members in Bududa still continue to settle in high-risk areas re-zoned for nonsettlement. There seems to be an apparent information asymmetry on expectations between the community and Government. The challenge then is ' how to consult communities and seek their opinion in an adequately representative unbiased way '. This paper sets out to explore policy options on resettlement management as a DRR approach and how engaging with communities in a public discourse using the Deliberative Polling (DP) approach; to obtain their opinions and insights on these policy issues, revealed underlying challenges to policy implementation...
July 26, 2018: PLoS Currents
Gideon Ney, Katy Frederick, Johannes Schul
Quantifying the age of recent species divergence events can be challenging in the absence of calibration points within many groups. The katydid species Neoconocephalus lyristes provides the opportunity to calibrate a post-Pleistocene, taxa specific mutation rate using a known biogeographic event, the Mohawk-Hudson Divide. DNA was extracted from pinned museum specimens of N. lyristes from both Midwest and Atlantic populations and the mitochondrial gene COI sequenced using primers designed from extant specimens...
July 13, 2018: PLoS Currents
Jody-Anne Mills, James Gosney, Fiona Stephenson, Peter Skelton, Ian Norton, Valerie Scherrer, Geraldine Jacquemin, Barbara Rau
Emergency medical teams provide urgent medical and surgical care in emergencies characterized by a surge in trauma or disease. Rehabilitation has historically not been included in the acute phase of care, as teams have either not perceived it as their responsibility or have relied on external providers, including local services and international organizations, to provide services. Low- and middle-income countries, which often have limited rehabilitation capacity within their health system,  are particularly vulnerable to disaster and are usually  ill-equipped to address the increased burden of rehabilitation needs that arise...
July 9, 2018: PLoS Currents
Christina J Pickering, Tracey L O'Sullivan, Alessia Morris, Carman Mark, David McQuirk, Emily Yy Chan, Emily Guy, Gloria Kw Chan, Karen Reddin, Ralph Throp, Shinya Tsuzuki, Tiffany Yeung, Virginia Murray
INTRODUCTION: An all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction emphasizes inclusion and engagement in preparedness activities. A common recommendation is to promote household preparedness through the preparation of a 'grab bag' or 'disaster kit', that can be used to shelter-in-place or evacuate. However, there are knowledge gaps related to how this strategy is being used around the world as a disaster risk reduction strategy, and what evidence there is to support recommendations...
July 6, 2018: PLoS Currents
Elvis Efe Isere, Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun, Olayinka Ilesanmi, Ibidolapo Ijarotimi, Beatrice Egube, Adewale Adejugbagbe, Gboyega Adekunle Famokun
INTRODUCTION: An outbreak of Lassa Fever (LF) reported and confirmed in Ondo state, Southwest Nigeria in January 2016 was investigated. This paper provides the epidemiology of the LF and lessons learnt from the investigation of the outbreak. METHODS: The incidence management system (IMS) model was used for the outbreak coordination. Cases and deaths were identified through the routine surveillance system using standard definitions for suspected and confirmed cases and deaths respectively...
June 29, 2018: PLoS Currents
Amy E Peden, Richard C Franklin, Peter Leggat
Introduction: Flooding is a common natural disaster affecting 77.8 million people and claiming the lives of 4,731 people globally in 2016. During times of flood, drowning is a leading cause of death. Flooding is a known risk factor for river drowning in Australia. With little known about river usage in Australia, this study aimed to examine the links between person demographics and self-reported participation in two flood-related behaviours, driving through floodwaters and swimming in a flooded river...
June 14, 2018: PLoS Currents
John Codrington, Jimmy Roosblad, Amrish Baidjoe, Natanael Holband, Antoine Adde, Mirdad Kazanji, Claude Flamand
Introduction: Since the identification of ZIKV in Brazil in May 2015, the virus has spread extensively throughout the Americas. Cases of ZIKV infection have been reported in Suriname since October 2, 2015. Methods: A laboratory-based surveillance system was quickly implemented according to previous experience with the emergence of chikungunya. General practitioners and public health centers located in different districts of Suriname were asked to send blood samples from suspicious cases to Academic Hospital for molecular diagnosis of Zika virus infection...
May 10, 2018: PLoS Currents
Khalifah Alfadhli, John Drury
Introduction: As the years of displacement accumulate, the burden of secondary stressors (i.e., stressors not directly related to war) increase on the shoulders of millions of refugees, who do not have the option of either returning home due to war or having a sustainable livelihood in the host countries. This paper aims to shed light on the overlooked importance of secondary stressors among refugees of conflict in developing countries; it will do this by highlighting the experience of Syrian refugees in Jordan, and developing a typology of these stressors...
May 10, 2018: PLoS Currents
Marie Nearing, James Novak, Terence Partridge
Introduction: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is a genetic disease that is caused by a deficiency of dystrophin protein. Both Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy patients and dystrophic mice suffer from intestinal dysfunction. Methods: The present study arose from a chance observation of differences in fecal output of dystrophic vs. normal mice during 20-minutes of forced continuous treadmill exercise. Here, we report on the effects of exercise on fecal output in two different dystrophic mutants and their normal background control strains...
May 2, 2018: PLoS Currents
John Mair-Jenkins, Tracey Lamming, Andy Dziadosz, Daniel Flecknoe, Thomas Stubington, Massimo Mentasti, Peter Muir, Philip Monk
Introduction: On 14th August 2015 an office manager informed Public Health England of five employees known to have been diagnosed with pneumonia over the previous three weeks. We investigated to establish whether an outbreak occurred and to identify and control the source of infection. Methods: We undertook case finding for self-reported pneumonia cases at local businesses (July-August 2015). Clinical samples from a hospitalised case were tested for common respiratory pathogens, but returned negative results...
April 27, 2018: PLoS Currents
Kosta Bovan, Benjamin Banai, Irena Pavela Banai
Introduction: Studies show that natural disasters influence voters' perception of incumbent politicians. To investigate whether voters are prone to punish politicians for events that are out of their control, this study was conducted in the previously unstudied context of Croatia, and by considering some of the methodological issues of previous studies. Method: Matching method technique was used, which ensures that affected and non-affected areas are matched on several control variables...
April 6, 2018: PLoS Currents
Abhinaba Chatterjee, Samprit Banerjee, Cheryl Stein, Min-Hyung Kim, Joseph DeFerio, Jyotishman Pathak
Introduction: The development of depressive symptoms among the population of civilians who were not directly involved in recovery or rescue efforts following the 9/11 World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks is not comprehensively understood. We performed a meta-analysis that examined the associations between multiple risk factors and depressive symptoms after the 9/11 WTC terrorist attacks in New York City among civilians including survivors, residents, and passersby. Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library were searched from September, 2001 through July, 2016...
March 30, 2018: PLoS Currents
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