journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PLoS Currents

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188127/enhancing-ebola-virus-disease-surveillance-and-prevention-in-counties-without-confirmed-cases-in-rural-liberia-experiences-from-sinoe-county-during-the-flare-up-in-monrovia-april-to-june-2016
#1
Vera Darling Weah, John S Doedeh, Samson Q Wiah, Emmanuel Nyema, Siafa Lombeh, Jeremias Naiene
Introduction: During the flare-ups of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia, Sinoe County reactivated the multi-sectorial EVD control strategy in order to be ready to respond to the eventual reintroduction of cases. This paper describes the impacts of the interventions implemented in Sinoe County during the last flare-up in Monrovia, from April 1 to June 9, 2016, using the resources provided during the original outbreak that ended a year ago. Methods: We conducted a descriptive study to describe the key interventions implemented in Sinoe County, the capacity available, the implications for the reactivation of the multi-sectoral EVD control strategy, and the results of the same...
November 9, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188128/influenza-a-virus-infection-damages-zebrafish-skeletal-muscle-and-exacerbates-disease-in-zebrafish-modeling-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#2
Michelle Goody, Denise Jurczyszak, Carol Kim, Clarissa Henry
INTRODUCTION: Both genetic and infectious diseases can result in skeletal muscle degeneration, inflammation, pain, and/or weakness. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common congenital muscle disease. DMD causes progressive muscle wasting due to mutations in Dystrophin. Influenza A and B viruses are frequently associated with muscle complications, especially in children. Infections activate an immune response and immunosuppressant drugs reduce DMD symptoms. These data suggest that the immune system may contribute to muscle pathology...
October 25, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188126/the-united-nations-material-assistance-to-survivors-of-cholera-in-haiti-consulting-survivors-and-rebuilding-trust
#3
Phuong N Pham, Niamh Gibbons, Patrick Vinck
Introduction: In August 2016, the United Nations (U.N.) Secretary General acknowledged the U.N.'s role in the cholera epidemic that has beset Haiti since 2010. Two months later, the Secretary General issued a historic apology to the Haitian people before the U.N. General Assembly, for the organization's insufficient response to the cholera outbreak. These steps are part of the U.N.'s "new approach" to cholera in Haiti, which also includes launching a material assistance package for those most affected by cholera...
October 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188131/an-outbreak-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infection-linked-to-a-black-friday-piercing-event
#4
Peter MacPherson, Katherine Valentine, Victoria Chadderton, Evdokia Dardamissis, Ian Doig, Andrew Fox, Sam Ghebrehewet, Tom Hampton, Ken Mutton, Claire Sherratt, Catherine M McCann
Introduction: Outbreaks linked to cosmetic piercing are rare, but can cause significant illness. We report the investigation and management of a point-source outbreak that occurred during a Black Friday promotional event in North West England. Methods: Outbreak investigation was led by Public Health England, and included active case finding among individuals pierced at a piercing premises between 25/11/2016 (Black Friday) and 7/12/2016. Detailed epidemiological, environmental (including inspection and sampling), and microbiological investigation was undertaken...
October 16, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188133/discussion-informed-by-recurrent-lessons-from-a-systematic-review-on-targeting-practices-in-urban-humanitarian-crises
#5
Ronak Patel, Jami King, Laura Phelps, David Sanderson
Introduction: Urbanization has challenged many humanitarian practices given the complexity of cities. Urban humanitarian crises have similarly made identifying vulnerable populations difficult. As humanitarians respond to cities with chronic deficiencies in basic needs stressed by a crisis, identifying and prioritizing the most in need populations with finite resources is critical. Methods: The full systematic review applied standard systematic review methodology that was described in detail, peer-reviewed, and published before the research was conducted...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188130/first-wave-of-the-2016-17-cholera-outbreak-in-hodeidah-city-yemen-acf-experience-and-lessons-learned
#6
Mathias Altmann, Miguel Suarez-Bustamante, Celine Soulier, Celine Lesavre, Caroline Antoine
Introduction: Although cases were reported only in 2010 and 2011, cholera is probably endemic in Yemen. In the context of a civil war, a cholera outbreak was declared in different parts of the country October 6th, 2016. This paper describes the ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city from October 28th, 2016 to February 28th, 2017 in order to add knowledge to this large outbreak. Methods: The ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city included a case management component and prevention measures in the community...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188134/assessing-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-brazos-county-texas
#7
Jennifer Horney, Daniel Goldberg, Tracy Hammond, Kahler Stone, Seth Smitherman
Introduction: Although more than one billion people live at risk of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in areas of Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America, the degree to which they burden countries like the U.S. is unclear. Even though many NTDs such as dengue, leishmaniasis, and Chagas disease are typically not endemic to the U.S., the possibility of their emergence is noteworthy, especially in states like Texas with high levels of poverty, large immigrant populations, geographic proximity to endemic areas, and a climate amenable to the vectors for these diseases...
October 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188138/the-effect-of-armed-conflict-on-the-utilization-of-maternal-health-services-in-uganda-a-population-based-study
#8
Amrita Namasivayam, Pedro Arcos González, Rafael Castro Delgado, Primus Che Chi
Introduction: Maternal mortality rates can be adversely affected by armed conflict, implying a greater level of vulnerability among women, and is often linked to the lack of or limited access to maternal healthcare during conflict. Previous research in Uganda has shown that armed conflict negatively impacts women's utilization of maternal healthcare services for a multitude of reasons at the individual, health-system and political levels. Methods: This study compared aggregated Demographic and Health Surveys data from 13 districts in Northern Uganda, a conflict-affected region, with data from the rest of the country, for the use of maternal healthcare services for the years 1988, 1995, 2000, 2006 and 2011, using statistical analyses and logistic regression...
October 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188135/benefits-of-prenatal-taurine-supplementation-in-preventing-the-onset-of-acute-damage-in-the-mdx-mouse
#9
Robert G Barker, Deanna Horvath, Chris van der Poel, Robyn M Murphy
Introduction: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a debilitating muscle wasting disorder with no cure. Safer supplements and therapies are needed to improve the severity of symptoms, as severe side effects are associated with the only effective treatment, corticosteroids. The amino acid taurine has shown promise in ameliorating dystrophic symptoms in mdx mice, an animal model of DMD, however little work is in 21-28 (d)ay animals, the period of natural peak damage. Methods: This study compares the effect of prenatal taurine supplementation on tibialis anterior (TA) in situ contractile function, histopathological characteristics and the abundance of Ca2+-handling as well as pathologically relevant proteins in non-exercised mdx mice at 28 and 70 d...
September 22, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188137/listening-to-the-voices-of-the-people-community-s-assessment-of-disaster-responder-agency-performance-during-disaster-situations-in-rural-northern-ghana
#10
Stephen Apanga, Gregory Titi Addebah, Dennis Chirawurah
Introduction: In Northern Ghana, a combination of torrential rains coupled with the spilling of the Bagre dam in neighboring Burkina Faso in the past few years has resulted in perennial flooding of communities. This has often led to the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMAO) the main disaster responder agency in Ghana, being called upon to act. However affected communities have never had the opportunity to evaluate the activities of the agency. The aim of this study is therefore to assess the performance of the main responder agency by affected community members to improve on future disaster management...
September 20, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188129/a-rights-based-approach-to-information-in-humanitarian-assistance
#11
Daniel P Scarnecchia, Nathaniel A Raymond, Faine Greenwood, Caitlin Howarth, Danielle N Poole
Crisis-affected populations and humanitarian aid providers are both becoming increasingly reliant on information and communications technology (ICTs) for finding and provisioning aid. This is exposing critical, unaddressed gaps in the legal and ethical frameworks that traditionally defined and governed the professional conduct of humanitarian action. The most acute of these gaps is a lack of clarity about what human rights people have regarding information in disaster, and the corresponding obligations incumbent upon governments and aid providers...
September 20, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034125/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-disaster-preparedness
#12
Mehdi Najafi, Ali Ardalan, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Helen Elmi
INTRODUCTION: Disaster preparedness is defined as actions that ensure resources necessary to carry out an effective response are available before a disaster. Disaster preparedness requires a thorough understanding of the factors that influence performance or nonperformance of disaster preparedness behaviors (DPB). The major aim of this research was to further our understanding of DPB based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of factors determining of DPB in a representative sample of 1233 Tehran inhabitants...
September 6, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188136/fetal-zika-virus-infection-in-vietnam
#13
Phan Trong Lan, Luong Chan Quang, Vu Thi Que Huong, Nguyen Vu Thuong, Phan Cong Hung, Tran Thi Luu Nguyen Huong, Huynh Phuong Thao, Nguyen Thi Thanh Thao, Anthony W Mounts, Leisha D Nolen
As of 13 July 2016, 13 countries have reported fetal Zika virus (ZIKV) infection. Here we report a case of fetal ZIKV infection that resulted from an infection originating in Vietnam.
September 5, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034123/ecological-niche-modeling-for-filoviruses-a-risk-map-for-ebola-and-marburg-virus-disease-outbreaks-in-uganda
#14
Luke Nyakarahuka, Samuel Ayebare, Gladys Mosomtai, Clovice Kankya, Julius Lutwama, Frank Norbert Mwiine, Eystein Skjerve
INTRODUCTION: Uganda has reported eight outbreaks caused by filoviruses between 2000 to 2016, more than any other country in the world. We used species distribution modeling to predict where filovirus outbreaks are likely to occur in Uganda to help in epidemic preparedness and surveillance. METHODS: The MaxEnt software, a machine learning modeling approach that uses presence-only data was used to establish filovirus - environmental relationships. Presence-only data for filovirus outbreaks were collected from the field and online sources...
September 5, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034124/multi-provincial-salmonellosis-outbreak-related-to-newly-hatched-chicks-and-poults-a-genomics-perspective
#15
Matthew A Croxen, Kimberley A Macdonald, Matthew Walker, Nancy deWith, Erin Zabek, Christy Peterson, Aleisha Reimer, Linda Chui, Lorelee Tschetter, Linda Hoang, Robin K King
BACKGROUND: A multi-provincial outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was linked to newly hatched chicks and poults from a single hatchery during the spring of 2015. In total, there were 61 human cases that were epidemiologically confirmed to be linked to the chicks and poults and the outbreak was deemed to have ended in the summer of 2015. METHODS: PulseNet Canada, in coordination with the affected provinces, used genome sequencing of human and agricultural Salmonella Enteritidis isolates to aid in the epidemiological investigation, while also using traditional typing methods such as phagetyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)...
August 9, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856066/estimation-of-time-period-for-effective-human-inhalational-anthrax-treatment-including-antitoxin-therapy
#16
Lewis Rubinson, Alfred Corey, Dan Hanfling
INTRODUCTION: Infrequent natural human inhalational anthrax cases coupled with high bioterrorism risk have brought about use of animal models to serve as the basis for approval of novel treatments. For inhalational anthrax, protective antigen (PA) drives much of the mortality, and raxibacumab, an anti-PA monoclonal antibody, has been approved for therapeutic use using the Animal Rule. Given the paucity of human inhalational anthrax clinical data including PA kinetics, the post-exposure period for effective treatment of human disease remains unknown...
July 28, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856065/the-enduring-health-challenges-of-afghan-immigrants-and-refugees-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#17
Nasim Sadat Hosseini Divkolaye, Frederick M Burkle
INTRODUCTION: Iran is the third country in the world with the highest number of registered refugees with the majority coming from Afghanistan. They suffer major health and social risks yet their health status has never been comprehensively determined. METHODS: This systematic review of the literature highlights major disparities among documented immigrants in health access, communicable and non-communicable diseases and the increasingly desperate plight of undocumented immigrants...
July 21, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856064/interventions-for-prevention-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-in-humanitarian-settings-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#18
Marjan Delkhosh, Ali Ardalan, Abbas Rahimiforoushani, Abbas Keshtkar, Leila Amiri Farahani, Effat Merghati Khoei
INTRODUCTION: Humanitarian emergencies and the number of people who are adversely affected are increasing. In such emergencies, the vulnerability of women and girls to gender-based violence increases signifi-cantly and they often experience high levels of intimate partner violence (IPV). There are a limited number of interventions to reduce gender-based violence (GBV) and IPV in the contexts of humanitarian emergencies, and there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of these preventive interventions...
July 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856062/correction-effects-of-the-pimelic-diphenylamide-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-hdaci-4b-on-the-r6-2-and-n171-82q-mouse-models-of-huntington-s-disease
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.hd.ec3547da1c2a520ba959ee7bf8bdd202.].
July 11, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856061/correction-differential-synaptic-and-extrasynaptic-glutamate-receptor-alterations-in-striatal-medium-sized-spiny-neurons-of-aged-yac128-huntington-s-disease-mice
#20
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.hd.34957c4f8bd7cb1f5ec47381dfc811c3.].
July 11, 2017: PLoS Currents
journal
journal
42571
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"