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PLoS Currents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503360/risk-criteria-in-hospital-site-selection-a-systematic-review
#1
Mohammad Javad Moradian, Ali Ardalan, Amir Nejati, Ali Darvishi Boloorani, Ali Akbarisari, Behnaz Rastegarfar
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals should be safe and remain functional in emergencies and disasters as it is mentioned in the Sendai Framework. Proper selection of a hospital location has a direct effect on survival of affected population in disasters as well as cost and benefit of the hospital in non-emergency situation. Different studies applied different criteria for Hospital Site Selection (HSS). The present study through a systematic review aimed to find out a categorized criteria list that have been used for (HSS) in the literature...
May 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480124/constructing-the-indicators-of-assessing-human-vulnerability-to-industrial-chemical-accidents-a-consensus-based-fuzzy-delphi-and-fuzzy-ahp-approach
#2
Farin Fatemi, Ali Ardalan, Benigno Aguirre, Nabiollah Mansouri, Iraj Mohammadfam
INTRODUCTION: Industrial chemical accidents have been increased in developing countries. Assessing the human vulnerability in the residents of industrial areas is necessary for reducing the injuries and causalities of chemical hazards. The aim of this study was to explore the key indicators for the assessment of human vulnerability in the residents living near chemical installations. METHODS: The indicators were established in the present study based on the Fuzzy Delphi method (FDM) and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP)...
April 10, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#3
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480127/towards-providing-solutions-to-the-air-quality-crisis-in-the-mexico-city-metropolitan-area-carbon-sequestration-by-succulent-species-in-green-roofs
#4
Margarita Collazo-Ortega, Ulises Rosas, Jerónimo Reyes-Santiago
INTRODUCTION: In the first months of 2016, the Mexico City Metropolitan Area experienced the worst air pollution crisis in the last decade, prompting drastic short-term solutions by the Mexico City Government and neighboring States. In order to help further the search for long-term sustainable solutions, we felt obliged to immediately release the results of our research regarding the monitoring of carbon sequestration by green roofs. Large-scale naturation, such as the implementation of green roofs, provides a way to partially mitigate the increased carbon dioxide output in urban areas...
March 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439448/spatial-determinants-of-ebola-virus-disease-risk-for-the-west-african-epidemic
#5
Kate Zinszer, Kathryn Morrison, Aman Verma, John S Brownstein
INTRODUCTION: Although many studies have investigated the probability of Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks while other studies have simulated the size and speed of EVD outbreaks, few have investigated the environmental and population-level predictors of Ebola transmission once an outbreak is underway. Identifying strong predictors of transmission could help guide and target limited public health resources during an EVD outbreak. We examined several environmental and population-level demographic predictors of EVD risk from the West African epidemic...
March 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439447/the-development-of-a-veterans-health-administration-emergency-management-research-agenda
#6
Aram Dobalian, Maria Claver, Deborah Riopelle, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Ismelda Canelo
INTRODUCTION: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the largest integrated healthcare delivery system in the United States, is charged with ensuring timely access to high-quality care for veterans during disasters, and supporting national, state, local, and tribal emergency management and homeland security efforts. In 2008, the VHA Office of Public Health (OPH) sponsored the first VHA Emergency Management Research Agenda-setting conference to develop research priorities that address the needs of veterans and to position VHA as a national leader in emergency management by having VHA serve as a "laboratory" for the development of evidence-based emergency management practices...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357154/vaccine-hesitancy-in-search-of-the-risk-communication-comfort-zone
#7
Joshua Greenberg, Eve Dubé, Michelle Driedger
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports the findings of a national online survey to parents of children aged 5 and younger. The objectives of the study were to assess parental understanding of childhood immunizations, identify sources of information that they trust for vaccine-related content, assess where parents with young children stand on the key issues in the public debate about vaccination, and identify which risk communication messages are most effective for influencing the behaviours of vaccine hesitant parents...
March 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357153/the-demand-for-disaster-microinsurance-for-small-businesses-in-urban-slums-the-results-of-surveys-in-three-indian-cities
#8
Ronak Patel, Garrett Walker, Mihir Bhatt, Vishal Pathak
BACKGROUND: Small informal businesses make up the core markets for many poor urban communities, providing essential goods, services, and livelihoods. Many of these communities and businesses exist in hazardous locations. In most cases, these business owners do not have access to proper coping mechanisms including risk transfer and lack resilience to shocks. Access to risk-transfer in the form of insurance for these small businesses is extremely limited. This demand survey is the first phase of an intervention to test disaster microinsurance for these businesses...
March 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367356/correction-contributing-and-terminating-factors-of-a-large-rsv-outbreak-in-an-adult-hematology-and-transplant-unit
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.outbreaks.3bc85b2a508d205ecc4a5534ecb1f9be.].
February 27, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357155/analytical-and-clinical-validity-study-of-firststepdx-plus-a-chromosomal-microarray-optimized-for-patients-with-neurodevelopmental-conditions
#10
Charles Hensel, Rena Vanzo, Megan Martin, Sean Dixon, Christophe Lambert, Brynn Levy, Lesa Nelson, Andy Peiffer, Karen S Ho, Patricia Rushton, Moises Serrano, Sarah South, Kenneth Ward, Edward Wassman
INTRODUCTION: Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) is recognized as the first-tier test in the genetic evaluation of children with developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, congenital anomalies and autism spectrum disorders of unknown etiology. ARRAY DESIGN: To optimize detection of clinically relevant copy number variants associated with these conditions, we designed a whole-genome microarray, FirstStep(Dx) PLUS (FSDX). A set of 88,435 custom probes was added to the Affymetrix CytoScanHD platform targeting genomic regions strongly associated with these conditions...
February 27, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386515/current-state-and-problems-of-radiation-risk-communication-based-on-the-results-of-a-2012-whole-village-survey
#11
Yujiro Kuroda
PURPOSE: The entire village of Iitate was contaminated by radioactive material from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; even today, the residents remain evacuated. For the villagers, risk communication is an important element of recovery and maintaining health. This analysis focuses on the problem of radiation, presents results from a questionnaire of villagers, and examines methods for future risk communication activities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In May 2012, anonymous surveys were sent to 2914 heads of households whose addresses were registered in Iitate...
February 24, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480125/the-most-effective-methods-for-delivering-severe-weather-early-warnings-to-fishermen-on-lake-victoria
#12
Richard Tushemereirwe, Doreen Tuhebwe, Mary Ann Cooper, Florence Mutonyi D'ujanga
Introduction: It is estimated that five thousand people die on Lake Victoria every year by drowning which is triggered by severe weather hazards like lightning. Objectives:  In order to improve predictability of severe weather conditions on Lake Victoria, there is need to deliver timely and effective Severe Weather Early Warning Systems (SWEWS) to those at risk. On Lake Victoria, previous SWEW service trials ceased with the end of the funding grants. This study therefore assessed the possibility of sustaining the SWEW service by assessing willingness to pay...
February 22, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357156/does-zika-virus-cause-microcephaly-applying-the-bradford-hill-viewpoints
#13
Asma Awadh, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Amalie Dyda, Mohamud Sheikh, David J Heslop, Chandini Raina MacIntyre
INTRODUCTION: Zika virus has been documented since 1952, but been associated with mild, self-limiting disease. Zika virus is classified as an arbovirus from a family of Flaviviridae and primarily spread by Aedes Aegypti mosquitos. However, in a large outbreak in Brazil in 2015, Zika virus has been associated with microcephaly. METHODS: In this review we applied the Bradford-Hill viewpoints  to investigate the association between Zika virus and microcephaly. We examined historical studies, available data and also compared historical rates of microcephaly prior to the Zika virus outbreak...
February 22, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286700/women-s-challenges-and-capabilities-in-disasters-a-case-report-of-the-twin-earthquakes-of-eastern-azerbaijan-iran
#14
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh, Katayoun Jahangiri, Reza Khani Jazani, Javad Babaie, Mohammad Javad Moradian, Behnaz Rastegarfar
Introduction: The twin earthquakes of eastern Azerbaijan induced considerable devastations of many villages and cities. About 70% of all victims were women and children. The present case report was aimed at describing the lessons learnt from both capabilities and challenges of girls and women after the twin earthquakes of eastern Azerbaijan. Methods: A qualitative approach using in-depth unstructured interviews was used for this study. A total of 13 participants (two men and 11 women), affected by the quakes, were interviewed applying the purposeful sampling method...
February 22, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286701/first-report-of-the-east-central-south-african-genotype-of-chikungunya-virus-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#15
Thiara Manuele Alves Souza, Elzinandes Leal Azeredo, Jessica Badolato-Corrêa, Paulo Vieira Damasco, Carla Santos, Fabienne Petitinga-Paiva, Priscila Conrado Guerra Nunes, Luciana Santos Barbosa, Márcio Costa Cipitelli, Thais Chouin-Carneiro, Nieli Rodrigues Costa Faria, Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira, Fernanda de Bruycker-Nogueira, Flavia Barreto Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus that causes an acute febrile syndrome with a severe and debilitating arthralgia. In Brazil, the Asian and East-Central South African (ECSA) genotypes are circulating in the north and northeast of the country, respectively. In 2015, the first autochthonous cases in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil were reported but until now the circulating strains have not been characterized. Therefore, we aimed here to perform the molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of CHIKV strains circulating in the 2016 outbreak occurred in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro...
February 14, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255518/correction-coordinating-the-provision-of-health-services-in-humanitarian-crises-a-systematic-review-of-suggested-models
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.dis.95e78d5a93bbf99fca68be64826575fa.].
February 10, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275525/correction-focused-training-for-humanitarian-responders-in-regional-anesthesia-techniques-for-a-planned-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-disaster-setting
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.dis.e75f9f9d977ac8adededb381e3948a04.].
February 6, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255519/health-consequences-of-typhoon-haiyan-in-the-eastern-visayas-region-using-a-syndromic-surveillance-database
#18
Miguel Antonio Salazar, Ronald Law, Arturo Pesigan, Volker Winkler
INTRODUCTION: Typhoon Haiyan was the strongest storm recorded in Philippine history. Surveillance in Post Extreme Emergencies and Disasters (SPEED) was activated during the typhoon response. This study analyzes the health impact of different diseases during different timeframes post-disaster during Typhoon Haiyan in 2013 using a syndromic surveillance database. METHODS: SPEED reports medical consultations based on 21 syndromes covering a range of conditions from three syndrome groups: communicable diseases, injuries, and non-communicable diseases (NCDs)...
February 6, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286699/rural-women-s-experience-of-living-and-giving-birth-in-relief-camps-in-pakistan
#19
Humaira Maheen, Elizabeth Hoban
BACKGROUND: Women are more vulnerable than men in the same natural disaster setting. Preexisting gender inequality, socio-cultural community dynamics and poverty puts women at significant risk of mortality. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable because of their limited or no access to prenatal and obstetric care during any disaster or humanitarian emergency setting. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 women who gave birth during the 2011 floods in Sindh Province, Pakistan...
January 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286698/-i-aedes-aegypti-i-control-through-modernized-integrated-vector-management
#20
Laith Yakob, Sebastian Funk, Anton Camacho, Oliver Brady, W John Edmunds
INTRODUCTION: In the context of the ongoing, unprecedented Zika virus outbreak in the Americas, the World Health Organization has expressed its support for developing and up-scaling three novel approaches to controlling the Aedes aegypti mosquito: the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), the Release of Insects carrying Dominant Lethal genes (RIDL) and the release of Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes. Whereas the former two approaches are temporary insect population suppression strategies, Wolbachia infection is a self-sustaining, invasive strategy that uses inherited endosymbiotic bacteria to render natural mosquito populations arbovirus resistant...
January 30, 2017: PLoS Currents
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