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PLoS Currents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034125/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-disaster-preparedness
#1
Mehdi Najafi, Ali Ardalan, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Helen Elmi
INTRODUCTION: Disaster preparedness is defined as actions that ensure resources necessary to carry out an effective response are available before a disaster. Disaster preparedness requires a thorough understanding of the factors that influence performance or nonperformance of disaster preparedness behaviors (DPB). The major aim of this research was to further our understanding of DPB based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of factors determining of DPB in a representative sample of 1233 Tehran inhabitants...
September 6, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034123/ecological-niche-modeling-for-filoviruses-a-risk-map-for-ebola-and-marburg-virus-disease-outbreaks-in-uganda
#2
Luke Nyakarahuka, Samuel Ayebare, Gladys Mosomtai, Clovice Kankya, Julius Lutwama, Frank Norbert Mwiine, Eystein Skjerve
INTRODUCTION: Uganda has reported eight outbreaks caused by filoviruses between 2000 to 2016, more than any other country in the world. We used species distribution modeling to predict where filovirus outbreaks are likely to occur in Uganda to help in epidemic preparedness and surveillance. METHODS: The MaxEnt software, a machine learning modeling approach that uses presence-only data was used to establish filovirus - environmental relationships. Presence-only data for filovirus outbreaks were collected from the field and online sources...
September 5, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034124/multi-provincial-salmonellosis-outbreak-related-to-newly-hatched-chicks-and-poults-a-genomics-perspective
#3
Matthew A Croxen, Kimberley A Macdonald, Matthew Walker, Nancy deWith, Erin Zabek, Christy Peterson, Aleisha Reimer, Linda Chui, Lorelee Tschetter, Linda Hoang, Robin K King
BACKGROUND: A multi-provincial outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was linked to newly hatched chicks and poults from a single hatchery during the spring of 2015. In total, there were 61 human cases that were epidemiologically confirmed to be linked to the chicks and poults and the outbreak was deemed to have ended in the summer of 2015. METHODS: PulseNet Canada, in coordination with the affected provinces, used genome sequencing of human and agricultural Salmonella Enteritidis isolates to aid in the epidemiological investigation, while also using traditional typing methods such as phagetyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)...
August 9, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856066/estimation-of-time-period-for-effective-human-inhalational-anthrax-treatment-including-antitoxin-therapy
#4
Lewis Rubinson, Alfred Corey, Dan Hanfling
INTRODUCTION: Infrequent natural human inhalational anthrax cases coupled with high bioterrorism risk have brought about use of animal models to serve as the basis for approval of novel treatments. For inhalational anthrax, protective antigen (PA) drives much of the mortality, and raxibacumab, an anti-PA monoclonal antibody, has been approved for therapeutic use using the Animal Rule. Given the paucity of human inhalational anthrax clinical data including PA kinetics, the post-exposure period for effective treatment of human disease remains unknown...
July 28, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856065/the-enduring-health-challenges-of-afghan-immigrants-and-refugees-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#5
Nasim Sadat Hosseini Divkolaye, Frederick M Burkle
INTRODUCTION: Iran is the third country in the world with the highest number of registered refugees with the majority coming from Afghanistan. They suffer major health and social risks yet their health status has never been comprehensively determined. METHODS: This systematic review of the literature highlights major disparities among documented immigrants in health access, communicable and non-communicable diseases and the increasingly desperate plight of undocumented immigrants...
July 21, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856064/interventions-for-prevention-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-in-humanitarian-settings-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Marjan Delkhosh, Ali Ardalan, Abbas Rahimiforoushani, Abbas Keshtkar, Leila Amiri Farahani, Effat Merghati Khoei
INTRODUCTION: Humanitarian emergencies and the number of people who are adversely affected are increasing. In such emergencies, the vulnerability of women and girls to gender-based violence increases signifi-cantly and they often experience high levels of intimate partner violence (IPV). There are a limited number of interventions to reduce gender-based violence (GBV) and IPV in the contexts of humanitarian emergencies, and there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of these preventive interventions...
July 12, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856062/correction-effects-of-the-pimelic-diphenylamide-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-hdaci-4b-on-the-r6-2-and-n171-82q-mouse-models-of-huntington-s-disease
#7
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.hd.ec3547da1c2a520ba959ee7bf8bdd202.].
July 11, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856061/correction-differential-synaptic-and-extrasynaptic-glutamate-receptor-alterations-in-striatal-medium-sized-spiny-neurons-of-aged-yac128-huntington-s-disease-mice
#8
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.hd.34957c4f8bd7cb1f5ec47381dfc811c3.].
July 11, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856063/genomic-characterization-helps-dissecting-an-outbreak-of-listeriosis-in-northern-italy
#9
Francesco Comandatore, Marta Corbella, Giuseppina Andreoli, Erika Scaltriti, Massimo Aguzzi, Stefano Gaiarsa, Bianca Mariani, Marina Morganti, Claudio Bandi, Massimo Fabbi, Piero Marone, Stefano Pongolini, Davide Sassera
INTRODUCTION: Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is a bacterium widely distributed in nature and able to contaminate food processing environments, including those of dairy products. Lm is a primary public health issue, due to the very low infectious dose and the ability to produce severe outcomes, in particular in elderly, newborns, pregnant women and immunocompromised patients. METHODS: In the period between April and July 2015, an increased number of cases of listeriosis was observed in the area of Pavia, Northern Italy...
July 6, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856060/correction-a-comparative-analysis-of-disaster-risk-vulnerability-and-resilience-composite-indicators
#10
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/currents.dis.453df025e34b682e9737f95070f9b970.].
June 29, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736681/integrating-environmental-monitoring-and-mosquito-surveillance-to-predict-vector-borne-disease-prospective-forecasts-of-a-west-nile-virus-outbreak
#11
Justin K Davis, Geoffrey Vincent, Michael B Hildreth, Lon Kightlinger, Christopher Carlson, Michael C Wimberly
INTRODUCTION: Predicting the timing and locations of future mosquito-borne disease outbreaks has the potential to improve the targeting of mosquito control and disease prevention efforts. Here, we present and evaluate prospective forecasts made prior to and during the 2016 West Nile virus (WNV) season in South Dakota, a hotspot for human WNV transmission in the United States. METHODS: We used a county-level logistic regression model to predict the weekly probability of human WNV case occurrence as a function of temperature, precipitation, and an index of mosquito infection status...
May 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736679/chloroplast-genome-sequence-annotation-of-i-dendrobium-nobile-i-asparagales-orchidaceae-an-endangered-medicinal-orchid-from-northeast-india
#12
Devendra Biswal, Ruchishree Konhar, Manish Debnath, Sriram Parameswaran, Durai Sundar, Pramod Tandon
Orchidaceae constitutes one of the largest families of angiosperms. Owing to the significance of orchids in plant biology, market needs and current sustainable technology levels, basic research on the biology of orchids and their applications in the orchid industry is increasing. Although chloroplast (cp) genomes continue to be evolutionarily informative, there is very limited information available on orchid chloroplast genomes in public repositories. Here, we report the complete cp genome sequence of Dendrobium nobile from Northeast India (Orchidaceae, Asparagales), bearing the GenBank accession number KX377961, which will provide valuable information for future research on orchid genomics and evolution, as well as the medicinal value of orchids...
May 19, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736677/no-evidence-of-on-farm-circulation-of-avian-influenza-h5-subtype-in-ca-mau-province-southern-vietnam-march-2016-january-2017
#13
Nguyen Thi Le Thanh, Nguyen Ha Thao Vy, Huynh Thi Ai Xuyen, Huynh Thi Phuong, Phung Ngoc Tuyet, Nguyen Thanh Huy, Benjamin Nguyen-Van-Yen, Ha Minh Lam, Maciej F Boni
BACKGROUND: Subtype H5N1 avian influenza viruses, both high pathogenicity and low pathogenicity, have been enzootic in Vietnam since 2001.  The viruses are readily identified at live bird markets, but virus prevalence on smallholder poultry is typically zero or very low.  If the true direction of the viral transmission chain is farm to market, it is unknown why farm prevalence should be low when market prevalence is moderate to high. METHODS: We established a cohort of 50 smallholder poultry farms in Ca Mau province in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam...
May 5, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736678/rapid-assessment-zika-virus-knowledge-among-clinical-specialists-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Chee F Yung, Clarence C Tam, Victor S Rajadurai, Jerry Ky Chan, Mabel Sf Low, Yong H Ng, Koh C Thoon, Lay K Tan
INTRODUCTION: We report the results of a rapid assessment of Zika virus awareness among key clinical specialties in Singapore. METHODS: Between June 6 and June 19, 2016 we conducted an online survey of doctors working in obstetrics and gynaecology, neonatology and paediatrics in Singapore. The survey included 15 multiple choice questions to measure respondents' knowledge of Zika virus in four domains covering clinical and public health. RESULTS: A total of 110 survey responses (15% response rate) were obtained, 82% of respondents worked in the public sector...
May 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503360/risk-criteria-in-hospital-site-selection-a-systematic-review
#15
Mohammad Javad Moradian, Ali Ardalan, Amir Nejati, Ali Darvishi Boloorani, Ali Akbarisari, Behnaz Rastegarfar
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals should be safe and remain functional in emergencies and disasters as it is mentioned in the Sendai Framework. Proper selection of a hospital location has a direct effect on survival of affected population in disasters as well as cost and benefit of the hospital in non-emergency situation. Different studies applied different criteria for Hospital Site Selection (HSS). The present study through a systematic review aimed to find out a categorized criteria list that have been used for (HSS) in the literature...
May 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736680/spatiotemporal-identification-of-potential-tsunami-vertical-evacuation-sites-a-case-study-of-shizuoka-city-japan
#16
Gerasimos Voulgaris, Jelena Aleksejeva
INTRODUCTION: The city of Shizuoka directly faces the Nankai Trough (known for its tsunamigenic history), and is facing a potential tsunami threat. In this setting vertical evacuation can be of great significance in reducing loss of life. METHODS: We apply a GIS based method in order to identify sites that could be utilized for vertical evacuation within the existing building stock of the city, under two tsunami scenarios of 5 and 10 meters of run-up. For each building, we estimate the volume that is expected to be lost per scenario, as well as the number of people inside and how that number fluctuates over different times of the day...
April 24, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480124/constructing-the-indicators-of-assessing-human-vulnerability-to-industrial-chemical-accidents-a-consensus-based-fuzzy-delphi-and-fuzzy-ahp-approach
#17
Farin Fatemi, Ali Ardalan, Benigno Aguirre, Nabiollah Mansouri, Iraj Mohammadfam
INTRODUCTION: Industrial chemical accidents have been increased in developing countries. Assessing the human vulnerability in the residents of industrial areas is necessary for reducing the injuries and causalities of chemical hazards. The aim of this study was to explore the key indicators for the assessment of human vulnerability in the residents living near chemical installations. METHODS: The indicators were established in the present study based on the Fuzzy Delphi method (FDM) and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP)...
April 10, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#18
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480127/towards-providing-solutions-to-the-air-quality-crisis-in-the-mexico-city-metropolitan-area-carbon-sequestration-by-succulent-species-in-green-roofs
#19
Margarita Collazo-Ortega, Ulises Rosas, Jerónimo Reyes-Santiago
INTRODUCTION: In the first months of 2016, the Mexico City Metropolitan Area experienced the worst air pollution crisis in the last decade, prompting drastic short-term solutions by the Mexico City Government and neighboring States. In order to help further the search for long-term sustainable solutions, we felt obliged to immediately release the results of our research regarding the monitoring of carbon sequestration by green roofs. Large-scale naturation, such as the implementation of green roofs, provides a way to partially mitigate the increased carbon dioxide output in urban areas...
March 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439448/spatial-determinants-of-ebola-virus-disease-risk-for-the-west-african-epidemic
#20
Kate Zinszer, Kathryn Morrison, Aman Verma, John S Brownstein
INTRODUCTION: Although many studies have investigated the probability of Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks while other studies have simulated the size and speed of EVD outbreaks, few have investigated the environmental and population-level predictors of Ebola transmission once an outbreak is underway. Identifying strong predictors of transmission could help guide and target limited public health resources during an EVD outbreak. We examined several environmental and population-level demographic predictors of EVD risk from the West African epidemic...
March 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
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