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International Journal of General Medicine

Vinh Nhu Nguyen, Thuong Thi Hoai Huynh, Niels H Chavannes
Background: Most asthma patients in Vietnam have poorly controlled asthma. Besides reasons related to the health care system and health care providers, knowledge on the self-management of patients has also contributed to this situation. Purpose: To assess knowledge on asthma self-management among adult asthma patients in Ho Chi Minh City. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among 322 ambulatory patients using questionnaires filled in via a face-to-face interview...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 137 in vol. 10, PMID: 28507449.].
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Caitlin Richardson-Royer, Imran Naqvi, Christopher Riffel, Lawrence Harvey, Domonique Smith, Dagmawe Ayalew, Nasim Motayar, Yaw Amoateng-Adjepong, Constantine A Manthous
Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that video of and scripted information about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be deployed during clinician-patient end-of-life discussions. Few studies, however, examine whether video adds to verbal information-sharing. We hypothesized that video augments script-only decision-making. Methods: Patients aged >65 years admitted to hospital wards were randomized to receive evidence-based information ("script") vs...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Flora Kisuule, Eric Howell
Hospital medicine is the fastest growing specialty in the United States. An interesting aspect of the rapid expansion of hospital medicine is the expansion of the field beyond the United States. Although the health care systems, regulations, and cultural norms in these nations differ, there are striking similarities in the profession's development. We performed a literature review to better understand the factors contributing to the growth of hospital medicine internationally. In this article, we describe some of the drivers for expansion of hospital medicine outside the United States and the challenges faced by these groups...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Fumio Shimada, Yoshiyuki Ohira, Yusuke Hirota, Akiko Ikegami, Takeshi Kondo, Kiyoshi Shikino, Shingo Suzuki, Kazutaka Noda, Takanori Uehara, Masatomi Ikusaka
Background and objectives: Patients who come for a consultation at a general practice clinic as outpatients often suffer from background anxiety and depression. The psychological state of such patients can alleviate naturally; however, there are cases when these symptoms persist. This study investigated the realities and factors behind anxiety/depression becoming prolonged. Methods: Participants were 678 adult patients, who came to Department of General Medicine at Chiba University Hospital within a 1-year period starting from April 2012 and who completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) during their initial consultation...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Muhamad Ali K Shakhatreh, Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi, Majed M Masadeh, Emad I Hussein, George N Bshara
Background: Waterpipe smoking is a global health problem and a serious public concern. Little is known about the effects of waterpipe smoking on oral health. In the current study, we examined the alterations of oral microbial flora by waterpipe smoking. Methods: One hundred adult healthy subjects (59 waterpipe smokers and 41 non-smokers) were recruited into the study. Swabs were taken from the oral cavity and subgingival regions. Standard culturing techniques were used to identify types, frequency, and mean number of microorganisms in cultures obtained from the subjects...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Ahmad Abushahin, Ibrahim Janahi, Amjad Tuffaha
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to document the hospitalization rate due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and compliance with palivizumab use in preterm infants receiving palivizumab immunoprophylaxis during 2009-2012 RSV seasons. Design: This is a descriptive single-center cohort study. Infants who were ≤35-week gestational age were eligible for enrollment if they received the first palivizumab dose between November 1 and March 31 (2009-2010, 2010-2011, 2011-2012)...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Mohamed Abid, Mohamed Hsairi, Mouna Elleuch, Emna Ben Aissa
Aim: To estimate the proportion of diabetic patients on insulin, who interrupt fasting during Ramadan, and describe the reported reasons of this interruption. Design: This is a national observational survey of diabetic patients treated with insulin and fasting during the month of Ramadan 2013, proposed to all endocrinologists willing to participate. Consecutive patients were included until the required sample size, estimated at 498 patients, was obtained. Conducted among patients recruited by endocrinologists during the month following Ramadan 2013...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Puja Neopane, Hari Prasad Nepal, Rojeet Shrestha, Osamu Uehara, Yoshihiro Abiko
Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has the propensity to form biofilms, and causes significant mortality and morbidity in the patients with wounds. Our aim was to study the in vitro biofilm-forming ability of S. aureus isolated from wounds of hospitalized patients and their association with antimicrobial resistance. Materials and methods: Forty-three clinical isolates of S. aureus were obtained from 150 pus samples using standard microbiological techniques...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Sean J Johnson, Chris Alford, Karina Stewart, Joris C Verster
Introduction: Previous research has suggested that consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AMED) increases overall alcohol consumption. However, there is limited research examining whether energy drinks are unique in their effects when mixed with alcohol, when compared with alcohol mixed with other caffeinated mixers (AOCM). Therefore, the aim of this survey was to investigate alcohol consumption on AMED occasions, to that on other occasions when the same individuals consumed AOCM or alcohol only (AO)...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
James Sun, David Leor Kashan, Jolita Marie Auguste, Akella Chendrasekhar
Pyomyositis is typically thought of as a disease of the tropics. However, it is becoming more prevalent in temperate regions, and may be underdiagnosed. Here, pyomyositis is encountered as a complication of perforated diverticulitis, which has not been previously reported. A 61-year-old Caucasian man initially presented in respiratory distress and was diagnosed with respiratory failure due to COPD exacerbation. The patient was taking high-dose prednisone, 60 mg daily for the past 2 years. Initially, he was afebrile, normotensive, tachycardic to 178 beats/minute and tachypneic to 28 breaths/minute, requiring noninvasive ventilation to maintain oxygenation...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Larry J Klassen, C Matthew Blackwood, Christopher J Reaume, Samuel Schaffer, James G Burns
Background: Canadian guidelines encourage family physicians to diagnose/manage adults with uncomplicated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); specialist referral is recommended only for complex cases. This retrospective case review investigated adults referred to Canadian ADHD clinics. Methods: Adult ADHD specialists reviewed referral letters/charts of patients (aged ≥18 years and no family history/known/expressed childhood ADHD) from family physicians/psychiatrists over 2 years...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Aaina Mittal, Shyam Gokani, Alexander Zargaran, Javier Ash, Georgina Kerry, Dara Rasasingam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Warangkhana Wanla, Wasan Katip, Sakon Supakul, Porntipa Apiwatnakorn, Sompong Khamsarn
Background: Gram-negative bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to carbapenems and are related to the use of carbapenems. Thus, the main objective of this study was to compare the appropriateness of prescribing carbapenem before and after using an antimicrobial restriction system without infectious diseases consultation. Materials and methods: A retrospective cross-sectional before and after study was conducted in Lamphun Hospital to limit the prescription of carbapenems...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Caroline R Cartlidge, M R Abellona U, Alzhraa M A Alkhatib, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy, the third most common cause of cancer death, and the most common primary liver cancer. Overall, there is a need for more reliable biomarkers for HCC, as those currently available lack sensitivity and specificity. For example, the current gold-standard biomarker, serum alpha-fetoprotein, has a sensitivity of roughly only 70%. Cancer cells have different characteristic metabolic signatures in biofluids, compared to healthy cells; therefore, metabolite analysis in blood or urine should lead to the detection of suitable candidates for the detection of HCC...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Konlawij Trongtrakul, Chookiat Feemuchang
Background: Vitamin D is a steroid prohormone that regulates body calcium and phosphate metabolism. Recent studies have shown an association between low vitamin D status and high mortality in patients admitted to intensive care units. To date, there are limited data available specifically about severely septic patients in medical units. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in severely septic patients and its clinical outcomes, including mortality rate...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Vicken Zeitjian, Carmel Moazez, Mehrdad Saririan, David L August, Ranjini Roy
Introduction: Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the left coronary cusp of the aorta is a moderately rare but potentially life-threatening incident. Myocardial infarction (MI) and sudden cardiac death have been described with this anomaly, especially in those who engage in excessive exercise. However, this case study shows this incidence in association with hyperthyroidism. Case description: A previously healthy 51-year-old female with history of hypothyroidism presented with acute onset chest pain for 1 day...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Apoorva Krishna Chandar
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex functional gastrointestinal disorder that is exceedingly common in clinical practice. IBS with predominant constipation (IBS-C) is a subtype of IBS that accounts for more than a third of the IBS diagnosed. Diagnosis of IBS requires a careful personalized approach, a comprehensive clinical history, limited but relevant investigations, and continued follow-up. Major IBS societies and guidelines recommend offering a positive diagnosis of IBS based on presenting symptomatology...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Waseem Mehmood Nizamani, Fatima Mubarak, Muhammad Danish Barakzai, Muhammad Saad Ahmed
Objective: The objective of the study was to assess magnetic resonance (MR) planimetric measurements and MR parkinsonism index (MRPI) in differentiating progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease (PD) using 1.5 and 3 T MRI scanner. Subjects and methods: After ethical approval was obtained, analysis of 34 consecutive patients with PSP, 34 patients with PD and 34 healthy controls (HCs) was performed. HCs were age-matched adults without any history of neurodegenerative disease or movement disorders...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
Mojgan Mamani, Neda Muceli, Hamid Reza Ghasemi Basir, Maryam Vasheghani, Jalal Poorolajal
Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common disease with significant morbidity and mortality. There is evidence that vitamin D deficiency can be associated with infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of vitamin D between patients with CAP and healthy controls. Methods: In a case-control study on 73 patients with CAP and 76 healthy controls, the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) was measured. Severity and outcomes of disease and also duration of hospital stay were compared in patients with different levels of 25(OH)D...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
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