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International Journal of General Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721085/ambulatory-and-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-gaps-between-clinical-guidelines-and-clinical-practice-in-singapore
#1
Sajita Setia, Kannan Subramaniam, Boon Wee Teo, Jam Chin Tay
PURPOSE: Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurements (home blood pressure monitoring [HBPM] and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [ABPM]) provide important additional information for effective hypertension detection and management decisions. Therefore, out-of-office BP measurement is now recommended by several international guidelines. This study evaluated the practice and uptake of HBPM and ABPM among physicians from Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of physicians from Singapore was surveyed between 8 September and 5 October 2016...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694704/health-care-provider-experience-with-canagliflozin-in-real-world-clinical-practice-favorability-treatment-patterns-and-patient-outcomes
#2
Susan C Bolge, Natalia M Flores, Shu Huang, Jennifer Cai
PURPOSE: This study describes how health care providers approach canagliflozin for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the real world. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An Internet-based questionnaire was completed by 101 endocrinologists, 101 primary care physicians, and 100 nurse practitioners/physician assistants (NP/PAs). Health care providers were required to have experience prescribing or managing patients using canagliflozin to be included in the study...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684920/bacteriotherapy-with-streptococcus-salivarius-24smb-and-streptococcus-oralis-89a-nasal-spray-for-preventing-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children-a-real-life-clinical-experience
#3
Ignazio La Mantia, Attilio Varricchio, Giorgio Ciprandi
Recurrence of acute otitis media (RAOM) is a relevant issue in the clinical practice. "Bacteriotherapy" has been proposed as an option in children with RAOM. Streptococcus salivarius 24SMB nasal spray has been previously demonstrated to reduce the risk of acute otitis media (AOM) in otitis-prone children. The current retrospective and observational study aimed to confirm this outcome in a real-life setting, such as the common pediatric practice. Group A (108 children) served as control; group B (159 children) was treated with S...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652801/outcome-of-tuberculosis-treatment-and-its-predictors-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-southwest-ethiopia
#4
Adane Teshome Kefale, Yeniewa Kerie Anagaw
BACKGROUND: Co-infection with HIV challenges treatment of tuberculosis (TB) and worsens the outcome. This study aimed to assess the outcome of TB treatment and its predictors among HIV infected patients at Mizan-Tepi University Teaching Hospital (MTUTH), Ethiopia. METHODS: Medical records of 188 TB/HIV co-infected patients who attended the TB clinic of MTUTH from September 2012 to December 2015 were reviewed from March 14 to April 1, 2016. The primary endpoints of the study were treatment outcome of TB and its predictors...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579817/the-impact-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-on-work-ability-in-patients-with-depression-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Dominique Hange, Nashmil Ariai, Marie Kivi, Maria Cm Eriksson, Shabnam Nejati, Eva-Lisa Petersson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to investigate the effects of internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) treatment for depression compared to treatment-as-usual (TAU) on improving work ability and quality of life in patients with mild-to-moderate depression. We also examined whether patients treated with ICBT returned to work more rapidly, that is, had fewer days of sick leave, than patients treated with TAU. DESIGN: This study is based on material from the PRIM-NET RCT that took place between 2010 and 2013...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553133/inter-instrumental-comparison-for-the-measurement-of-electrolytes-in-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#6
Vivek Pant, Arjun Tumbapo, Bipin Karki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether benchtop auto-analyzers (AAs) and arterial blood gas (ABG) analyzers, for measuring electrolyte levels of patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU), are equal and whether they can be used interchangeably. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This study was conducted on 98 patients admitted to the ICU of the Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal between 15 October and 15 December 2016. The sample for AA was collected from the peripheral vein through venipuncture, and that for ABG analyzer was collected from radial artery simultaneously...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507449/perirenal-fat-stranding-is-not-a-powerful-diagnostic-tool-for-acute-pyelonephritis
#7
Hirotaka Fukami, Yoichi Takeuchi, Saeko Kagaya, Yoshie Ojima, Ayako Saito, Hiroyuki Sato, Ken Matsuda, Tasuku Nagasawa
PURPOSE: Pyelonephritis, an upper urinary tract infection, is a serious infection that often requires hospitalization. However, the accurate diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis can be difficult, especially among older individuals who can present with unusual symptoms. Imaging with computed tomography (CT) is not unusual in the diagnosis of pyelonephritis, with some clinicians regarding perirenal fat stranding (PFS) as a characteristic finding. However, the sensitivity and specificity of PFS in diagnosing pyelonephritis are currently unknown...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458573/factors-predicting-the-outcomes-of-elderly-hospitalized-myasthenia-gravis-patients-a-national-database-study
#8
Somsak Tiamkao, Sineenard Pranboon, Kaewjai Thepsuthammarat, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) in elderly populations is increasing. This study aimed to evaluate predictors for treatment outcomes in elderly hospitalized MG patients using the national database. METHODS: We collected data of elderly hospitalized MG patients from the National Health Security Office from October 2009 to September 2010. Predictors for treatment outcomes were examined. RESULTS: During the study period, 1,948 identified MG patients were admitted to hospitals throughout Thailand...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442926/hypothermia-due-to-limbic-system-involvement-and-longitudinal-myelitis-in-a-case-of-japanese-encephalitis-a-case-report-from-india
#9
Santhosh Narayanan, N K Thulaseedharan, Gomathy Subramaniam, Geetha Panarkandy, V K Shameer, Arathi Narayanan
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an infectious encephalitis prevalent in Asia. It usually presents with fever, headache, convulsions and extrapyramidal symptoms. Limbic system involvement and hypothermia though common in autoimmune encephalitis have never been reported in JE. We report a case of an 18-year-old girl with no previous comorbidities who presented to us with a history of fever and headache for 1 week duration. She developed bilateral lateral rectus palsy and asymmetric flaccid weakness of all four limbs, after 2 days of admission, which was followed by altered sensorium and intermittent hypothermia...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435311/application-of-bayesian-decision-making-to-laboratory-testing-for-lyme-disease-and-comparison-with-testing-for-hiv
#10
Michael J Cook, Basant K Puri
In this study, Bayes' theorem was used to determine the probability of a patient having Lyme disease (LD), given a positive test result obtained using commercial test kits in clinically diagnosed patients. In addition, an algorithm was developed to extend the theorem to the two-tier test methodology. Using a disease prevalence of 5%-75% in samples sent for testing by clinicians, evaluated with a C6 peptide enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the probability of infection given a positive test ranged from 26...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435310/tropical-diseases-of-the-myocardium-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Zoe C Groom, Aristotle D Protopapas, Vasileios Zochios
Cardiovascular diseases are widely distributed throughout the world. Human parasitic infections are ubiquitous. Tropical parasites are increasingly recognized as causes of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we address the most frequently reported parasites that directly infect the myocardium, including Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoal causative agent of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), and Taenia solium, the cestode causative agent of taeniasis and cysticercosis. We also discuss tropical endomyocardial fibrosis, trichinellosis and schistosomiasis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435309/recognition-and-management-of-platelet-refractory-bleeding-in-patients-with-glanzmann-s-thrombasthenia-and-other-severe-platelet-function-disorders
#12
Meera Chitlur, Madhvi Rajpurkar, Michael Recht, Michael D Tarantino, Donald L Yee, David L Cooper, Sriya Gunawardena
Patients with rare qualitative platelet disorders or platelet function disorders (PFDs) may present to the hospital physician with severe bleeding episodes or excessive surgical bleeding. Although standard treatment consists of platelet transfusions, repeated transfusions may result in the development of antiplatelet antibodies (APA) or clinical refractoriness, rendering further platelet therapy ineffective. In such settings, an approved treatment option for patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT), one of the well-known rare PFDs, is recombinant activated coagulation factor VII (rFVIIa)...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331354/utilization-and-prescribing-patterns-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#13
Maegan M Whitworth, Krystal K Haase, David S Fike, Ravindra M Bharadwaj, Rodney B Young, Eric J MacLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Scant literature exists evaluating utilization patterns for direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess DOAC prescribing in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in outpatient clinics. Secondary objectives were to compare utilization between family medicine (FM) and internal medicine (IM) clinics, characterize potentially inappropriate use, and identify factors associated with adverse events (AEs)...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331353/undernutrition-and-associated-factors-among-24-36-month-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#14
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Dagninet Derebe Abie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess undernutrition and associated factors among 24-36-month-old children in the slum areas of Bahir Dar city. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 480 children from May 1 to 26, 2015. The simple random sampling technique was used to select respondents. Data were collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 was used for analysis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293117/the-use-status-of-anticoagulation-drugs-for-inpatients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-in-southwest-china
#15
Huan Jie Zheng, Shu Kun Ouyang, Yue Zhao, Kai Lu, Su Xin Luo, Hua Xiao
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulants (OACs) are effective for the prophylaxis of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the status of anticoagulation treatment for hospitalized AF patients in Southwest China. METHODS: A total of 4760 hospitalized patients with AF were enrolled from 21 hospitals in Chongqing city from January 1 to December 31, 2013. RESULTS: Among the enrolled patients, 3785 were diagnosed with nonvalvular AF...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293116/how-french-general-practitioners-manage-and-prevent-recurrent-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-the-sourirre-survey
#16
Bruno Chicoulaa, Hervé Haas, Jérôme Viala, Maryline Salvetat, Jean-Pierre Olives
BACKGROUND: Recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) are the most common reason for children's visits to primary care physicians in France; however, little is known about general practitioners' (GPs) opinions and expectations concerning the management and prevention of these common and recurrent pathologies. PURPOSE: To describe French GPs' daily practice in the management of respiratory infections and the prevention of their recurrence in children. METHODS: A sample group of French GPs answered a structured questionnaire on risk factors, RRTI management, antibiotic use and prevention measures...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280379/amylmetacresol-2-4-dichlorobenzyl-alcohol-hexylresorcinol-or-carrageenan-lozenges-as-active-treatments-for-sore-throat
#17
Martina Morokutti-Kurz, Christine Graf, Eva Prieschl-Grassauer
Up to 80% of sore throats are caused by viruses. Several over the counter products are available which provide symptomatic, not causal relief. For such lozenges, containing the antiseptics and local anesthetics amylmetacresol (AMC) and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol (DCBA) or hexylresorcinol (HR), recently an additional virucidal effect was published. Therefore, we tested a set of Strepsils(®) lozenges, containing either HR (Max [#2]) or AMC/DCBA (Original [#3], Extra Strong [#4], Warm [#5], Orange and Vitamin C [#6], Sugar free Lemon [#7], Children/Strawberry [#8] and Soothing Honey and Lemon [#9]) for their antiviral efficiency against representatives of respiratory viruses known to cause sore throat: human rhinovirus (HRV) 1a, HRV8, influenza virus A H1N1n, Coxsackievirus A10, and human coronavirus (hCoV) OC43...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260942/frequency-and-predictors-of-suboptimal-glycemic-control-in-an-african-diabetic-population
#18
Davis Kibirige, George Patrick Akabwai, Leaticia Kampiire, Daniel Ssekikubo Kiggundu, William Lumu
BACKGROUND: Persistent suboptimal glycemic control is invariably associated with onset and progression of acute and chronic diabetic complications in diabetic patients. In Uganda, studies documenting the magnitude and predictors of suboptimal glycemic control in adult ambulatory diabetic patients are limited. This study aimed at determining the frequency and predictors of suboptimal glycemic control in adult diabetic patients attending three urban outpatient diabetic clinics in Uganda...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255252/hepatitis-c-treatment-where-are-we-now
#19
REVIEW
Nicholas J Burstow, Zameer Mohamed, Asmaa I Gomaa, Mark W Sonderup, Nicola A Cook, Imam Waked, C Wendy Spearman, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
Chronic hepatitis C infection affects millions of people worldwide and confers significant morbidity and mortality. Effective treatment is needed to prevent disease progression and associated complications. Previous treatment options were limited to interferon and ribavirin (RBV) regimens, which gave low cure rates and were associated with unpleasant side effects. The era of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapies began with the development of first-generation NS3/4A protease inhibitors in 2011. They vastly improved outcomes for patients, particularly those with genotype 1 infection, the most prevalent genotype globally...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223838/factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-among-slum-dwelling-women-in-india-an-analysis-of-the-2005-2006-indian-national-family-health-survey
#20
Maya Laxmi Patel, Raywat Deonandan
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is increasing around the world, and in India, this trend has translated into an increase in the size of slum dwellings whose environments are suspected of being associated with poor health outcomes, particularly those relating to women's nutritional status. With this study, we sought to determine the factors associated with Indian women's body mass index (BMI) in slum environments, with special attention paid to women with tribal status. METHODS: A multiple linear regression analysis was performed on data from the Indian National Family Health Survey (2005-2006), modeling demographic and behavioral factors suspected of being associated with BMI, with additional focus on the measures of social class, specifically caste and tribal status...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
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