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International Journal of General Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138589/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-toxicity-from-amanita-mushroom-poisoning
#1
Satariya Trakulsrichai, Charuwan Sriapha, Achara Tongpoo, Umaporn Udomsubpayakul, Sunun Wongvisavakorn, Sahaphume Srisuma, Winai Wananukul
Objective: To describe and analyze the clinical characteristics and outcome of amatoxin poisoning cases. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of amatoxin poisoning cases from Ramathibodi Poison Center Toxic Exposure Surveillance System, from May 2013 to August 2015. Results: There were 30 consultations with a total of 55 poisoning cases. Most cases were male and from the north-east region. Hepatitis, acute kidney injury, jaundice, and coagulopathy accounted for 74%, 46...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123419/encephalitis-treatment-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up-of-ebv-pcr-in-cerebrospinal-fluid
#2
Fnu Zarlasht, Mashal Salehi, Mohammad Abu-Hishmeh, Muzammil Khan
Background: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been found to cause infectious mononucleosis multiple times, but has been associated rarely with EBV encephalitis. Also, whenever it is diagnosed, it is always treated symptomatically. Case report: A case of confirmed EBV encephalitis is presented, which was treated with antiviral therapy resulting in complete clearance of the virus in cerebrospinal fluid and minimal neurologic symptoms after hospital discharge. Conclusion: The Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines state that intravenous acyclovir is not recommended for EBV-related encephalitis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089783/provider-satisfaction-with-an-inpatient-tobacco-treatment-program-results-from-an-inpatient-provider-survey
#3
Susan Trout, Carol Ripley-Moffitt, Clare Meernik, Jennifer Greyber, Adam O Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization offers an optimal environment for ensuring that patients receive evidence-based treatment. An inpatient tobacco treatment program can deliver interventions broadly, but minimal research has examined the impacts of a consult program on inpatient providers. The Nicotine Dependence Program at the University of North Carolina has provided an inpatient tobacco treatment consult service since 2010. OBJECTIVE: The program sought feedback from inpatient providers to examine factors that prompted tobacco treatment consult orders, the impact on provider counseling behavior, provider satisfaction, and suggested program improvements...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089782/assessment-of-coronary-heart-diseases-in-diabetics-in-al-madinah-al-munawarah-retraction
#4
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 143 in vol. 5, PMID: 22393300.].
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075134/the-multidisciplinary-team-meeting-in-the-uk-from-the-patients-perspective-comments-and-observations-from-cholangiocarcinoma-patients-and-their-families
#5
Helen Morement, Rachel Harrison, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
BACKGROUND: The multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting has become the hallmark for cancer care in the UK. While standardizing care through adherence to guidelines, the MDT process can make the decision-making process somewhat remote from the patient perspective. The Cholangiocarcinoma Charity (AMMF) is the UK's only cholangiocarcinoma charity and is at the forefront of patient empowerment for those with this condition and for their families. It provides much needed support not only via personal contact but also through its website and on the social media platforms, Facebook and Twitter...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066927/career-planning-and-mentorship-a-few-key-considerations-for-trainees
#6
Sherif M Badawy
Publishing and securing funding are considered our "academic currency", and therefore, both should be emphasized during training, both residency and fellowship. Trainees should make an effort to find funding opportunities at or outside of their institutions and try to identify their short- and long-term goals. Establishing a track record of publications can help trainees get hired, funded, and promoted as junior faculty, and effective networking and mentorship are critical determinants of academic success. Given the positive effects of mentorship, trainees should understand what comprises a good mentor-mentee relationship and how to optimize the mentoring process...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042809/implementation-of-gina-guidelines-in-asthma-management-by-primary-care-physicians-in-vietnam
#7
Vinh Nhu Nguyen, Quynh Nhat Nguyen, Pham Le An, Niels H Chavannes
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is suboptimal in Vietnam. Lack of knowledge of primary care physicians (PCPs) for asthma management may potentially be one of the causes. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of PCPs' asthma management based on the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines (2015 update). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among PCPs in an urban and rural area of Vietnam using questionnaires related to asthma patients daily practice: use of spirometry and the asthma control test (ACT), prescription of asthma medications, and frequency of consultations...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042808/first-visit-patients-without-a-referral-to-the-department-of-internal-medicine-at-a-medium-sized-acute-care-hospital-in-japan-an-observational-study
#8
Nobuyuki Kajiwara, Kazuyuki Hayashi, Masahiro Misago, Shinichiro Murakami, Takato Ueoka
PURPOSE: We sought to profile first-time patients without a referral who sought medical care at the Department of Internal Medicine at a medium-sized acute care hospital in Japan. We anticipated that the analysis would highlight the demand for medical care needs from acute care hospitals and help confirm one of the problems associated with primary care in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 765 patients who sought outpatient consultation without a referral at "the Department of General Internal Medicine" at the Ikeda City Hospital on Fridays over 4 years...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033602/early-in-hospital-clinical-deterioration-is-not-predicted-by-severity-of-illness-functional-status-or-comorbidity
#9
Janice Wang, Stella S Hahn, Myriam Kline, Rubin I Cohen
BACKGROUND: Prior studies concentrated on unplanned intensive care unit (ICU) transfer to gauge deterioration occurring shortly following hospital admission. However, examining only ICU transfers is not ideal since patients could stabilize with treatment, refuse ICU admission, or not require ICU evaluation. To further explore etiologies of early clinical deterioration, we used rapid response team (RRT) activation within 48 hours of admission as an index of early clinical worsening. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively gathered admissions from the emergency department in an academic medical center was done...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026330/parecoxib-relieves-pain-and-has-an-opioid-sparing-effect-following-major-gastrointestinal-surgery
#10
Margaret Noyes Essex, Hao Xu, Bruce Parsons, Li Xie, Chunming Li
PURPOSE: Parecoxib provides analgesia following a variety of surgeries, including minor gastrointestinal procedures. To our knowledge, there is no data on parecoxib following major gastrointestinal surgery. This study assessed the efficacy and opioid-sparing effects of parecoxib following major gastrointestinal surgeries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients in this analysis were a subset from a large, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of parecoxib following noncardiac surgeries and consisted of those undergoing a variety of major gastrointestinal surgeries via laparotomy...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989283/abdominal-pain-and-nausea-in-the-diagnosis-of-streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-boys
#11
Hiroshi Igarashi, Naoki Nago, Hiromichi Kiyokawa, Motoharu Fukushi
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the accuracy of gastrointestinal symptoms, including abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, in the diagnosis of Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis in children and to determine differences in diagnostic accuracy in boys versus girls. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 5,755 consecutive patients aged <15 years with fever in the electronic database at a primary care practice. Gastrointestinal symptoms were recorded in the database according to the International Classification of Primary Care codes, and the data were extracted electronically...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979157/the-role-of-smartphones-in-encouraging-physical-activity-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
Melanie I Stuckey, Shawn W Carter, Emily Knight
Lack of physical activity is a global public health issue. Behavioral change interventions utilizing smartphone applications (apps) are considered a potential solution. The purpose of this literature review was to: 1) determine whether smartphone-based interventions encourage the initiation of, and participation in, physical activity; 2) explore the success of interventions in different populations; and 3) examine the key factors of the interventions that successfully encouraged physical activity. Eight databases (Medline, Scopus, EBM Reviews-Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBM Reviews-Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PsycInfo, SportDISCUS, CINAHL, and EMBASE) were searched and studies reporting physical activity outcomes following interventions using smartphone apps in adults were included in the narrative review...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979156/update-to-application-of-bayesian-decision-making-to-laboratory-testing-for-lyme-disease-and-comparison-with-testing-for-hiv
#13
COMMENT
Michael J Cook, Basant K Puri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919805/a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-computer-based-psychometric-test-battery-designed-to-detect-impairment-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#14
Nicola A Cook, Jin Un Kim, Yasmin Pasha, Mary Me Crossey, Adrian J Schembri, Brian T Harel, Torben Kimhofer, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
BACKGROUND: Psychometric testing is used to identify patients with cirrhosis who have developed hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Most batteries consist of a series of paper-and-pencil tests, which are cumbersome for most clinicians. A modern, easy-to-use, computer-based battery would be a helpful clinical tool, given that in its minimal form, HE has an impact on both patients' quality of life and the ability to drive and operate machinery (with societal consequences). AIM: We compared the Cogstateā„¢ computer battery testing with the Psychometric Hepatic Encephalopathy Score (PHES) tests, with a view to simplify the diagnosis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919804/morningness-eveningness-and-emotion-dysregulation-incremental-validity-in-predicting-social-anxiety-dimensions
#15
Esfandiar Azad-Marzabadi, Sohrab Amiri
This study investigates the usefulness of morningness-eveningness and emotion dysregulation for better understanding of social anxiety dimensions. Specifically, associations between morningness-eveningness and incremental validity of emotion dysregulation as a predictor of social anxiety were examined. Data were obtained from a sample of normal students (N=510). Results of regression analyses showed that morningness was a significant predictor of social anxiety variables. Dimensions of emotion dysregulation had multiple associations with facets from social anxiety...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919803/empirical-validation-of-the-horowitz-multiple-systemic-infectious-disease-syndrome-questionnaire-for-suspected-lyme-disease
#16
Maryalice Citera, Phyllis R Freeman, Richard I Horowitz
PURPOSE: Lyme disease is spreading worldwide, with multiple Borrelia species causing a broad range of clinical symptoms that mimic other illnesses. A validated Lyme disease screening questionnaire would be clinically useful for both providers and patients. Three studies evaluated such a screening tool, namely the Horowitz Multiple Systemic Infectious Disease Syndrome (MSIDS) Questionnaire. The purpose was to see if the questionnaire could accurately distinguish between Lyme patients and healthy individuals...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860840/influence-of-organizational-culture-on-provider-adherence-to-the-diabetic-clinical-practice-guideline-using-the-competing-values-framework-in-palestinian-primary-healthcare-centers
#17
Mahmoud Radwan, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Amirhossein Takian, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Aymen Elsous
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious chronic disease and an important public health issue. This study aimed to identify the predominant culture within the Palestinian Primary Healthcare Centers of the Ministry of Health (PHC-MoH) and the Primary Healthcare Centers of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (PHC-UNRWA) by using the competing values framework (CVF) and examining its influence on the adherence to the Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for DM...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848361/opisthorchiasis-and-cholangiocarcinoma-in-southeast-asia-an-unresolved-problem
#18
REVIEW
Thomas Hughes, Thomas O'Connor, Anchalee Techasen, Nisana Namwat, Watcharin Loilome, Ross H Andrews, Narong Khuntikeo, Puangrat Yongvanit, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
The prevalence of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) in Southeast Asia is much higher than other areas of the world. Eating raw, fermented, or undercooked cyprinid fish, infected with the liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini sensu lato (sl), results in chronic biliary inflammation, periductal fibrosis, and increased cancer risk. There may be associated glomerulonephritis. The process of infection is difficult to disrupt because eating practices have proven extremely difficult to change, and the life cycle of the fluke cannot be broken due to high prevalence in canine and feline reservoir hosts...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831268/a-prospective-study-of-the-association-between-sickle-cell-disease-and-hepatobiliary-effects-in-bahrain
#19
Maheeba A M Abdulla, Fajer Juma Almoosa, Rana Juma Almoosa, Jehad Al Qamish
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that leads to abnormally high levels of hemoglobin sickling in erythrocytes. Patients suffer debilitating and severe complications that affect multiple organs, though mainly the liver, gallbladder, spleen, bones, and kidneys. It has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality rates and is associated with substantial health care costs. METHODS: For this study, the researchers prospectively reviewed the charts of 154 sickle cell disease patients who had been treated in Salmaniya Medical Complex hospital in Bahrain between September 2013 and December 2014...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814893/presentation-and-outcomes-of-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections
#20
Kuan-Chin Jean Chen, Michelle Klingel, Shelley McLeod, Sean Mindra, Victor K Ng
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) are aggressive infections associated with significant morbidity, including amputation and organ failure, and high mortality. The rapid progression and significant risk of morbidity and mortality associated with NSTIs makes quick diagnosis and treatment critical. The objective of this study was to determine the presentation of patients diagnosed with NSTIs and their in-hospital outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of adult (>17 years) patients with a discharge diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis at London Health Sciences Centre (annual census 125,000) over a 5-year period (April 2008-March 2013)...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
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