journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of General Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096688/extreme-leukocytosis-and-leukemoid-reaction-associated-with-the-lung-sarcomatoid-carcinoma-an-unusual-case-report
#1
Danyang Wang, Haiyan Zhang, Fengkuan Yu, Baijun Fang
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of extreme leukocytosis and leukemoid reaction associated with lung sarcomatoid carcinoma (LSC) and increase people's awareness of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 58-year-old male patient was diagnosed with LSC; however, after the end of the second course of chemotherapy, his white blood cells increased gradually without fever or use of medications such as granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and steroids. A bone marrow biopsy then confirmed it to be a leukemoid reaction...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053553/hepatitis-c-in-egypt-past-present-and-future
#2
REVIEW
Ahmed Elgharably, Asmaa I Gomaa, Mary Me Crossey, Peter J Norsworthy, Imam Waked, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
Hepatitis C viral infection is endemic in Egypt with the highest prevalence rate in the world. It is widely accepted that the implementation of mass population antischistosomal treatment involving administration of tartar emetic injections (from 1950s to 1980s) led to widespread infection. What is less well known, however, is that these schemes were implemented by the Egyptian Ministry of Health on the advice of the World Health Organization. There has been a spectrum of treatments to target the public health disaster represented by the hepatitis C problem in Egypt: from the use of PEGylated interferon to the recent use of direct acting antiviral drugs...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008280/thicker-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-increased-plasma-vegf-levels-suffered-by-post-acute-thrombotic-stroke-patients
#3
Yuyun Yueniwati, Ni Komang Darmiastini, Eko Arisetijono
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis causes reduction of the oxygen supply to structures in the far arterial wall, provoking the release of factors that drive angiogenesis of vasa vasorum, including VEGF. Other studies have revealed the inflammatory response in atherosclerosis and the role of platelet factor 4 (PF4) as an anti-angiogenic chemokine through the inhibition of VEGF. This cross-sectional study aims at measuring the effect of atherosclerosis assessed through carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) against plasma VEGF levels in patients with post-acute thrombotic stroke...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980433/bacteremia-caused-by-a-rare-pathogen-chromobacterium-violaceum-a-case-report-from-nepal
#4
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Anjeela Bhetwal, Sumitra Ghimire, Anjila Maharjan, Shreena Shakya, Deepa Satyal, Roshan Pandit, Puspa Raj Khanal
Chromobacterium violaceum is a gram negative saprophytic bacterium, prevalent in tropical and subtropical climates. Infections caused by C. violaceum are very uncommon, yet it can cause severe systemic infections with higher mortality when entered into the bloodstream through open wound. A case of symptomatic bacteremia in a woman caused by C. violaceum was identified recently at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Nepal. Timely diagnosis by microbiological methods and rapid administration of antimicrobials led to a successful treatment of this life-threatening infection in this case...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956843/lung-protective-mechanical-ventilation-strategies-in-cardiothoracic-critical-care-a-retrospective-study
#5
Vasileios Zochios, Matthew Hague, Kimberly Giraud, Nicola Jones
A body of evidence supports the use of low tidal volumes in ventilated patients without lung pathology to slow progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to ventilator associated lung injury. We undertook a retrospective chart review and tested the hypothesis that tidal volume is a predictor of mortality in cardiothoracic (medical and surgical) critical care patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation. Independent predictors of mortality in our study included: type of surgery, albumin, H(+), bilirubin, and fluid balance...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956842/role-of-a-proprietary-propolis-based-product-on-the-wait-and-see-approach-in-acute-otitis-media-and-in-preventing-evolution-to-tracheitis-bronchitis-or-rhinosinusitis-from-nonstreptococcal-pharyngitis
#6
Francesco Di Pierro, Alberto Zanvit, Maria Colombo
Antipyretics and/or anti-inflammatory drugs along with a wait-and-see approach are the only treatments recommended in early acute otitis media (AOM) or viral pharyngitis. Propolis has been widely investigated for its antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties and could perhaps be administered as an add-on therapy during watchful waiting in AOM or for better control of symptoms in nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. However, propolis has well-known problems of poor solubility and low oral bioavailability...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920571/commercial-test-kits-for-detection-of-lyme-borreliosis-a-meta-analysis-of-test-accuracy
#7
Michael J Cook, Basant K Puri
The clinical diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis can be supported by various test methodologies; test kits are available from many manufacturers. Literature searches were carried out to identify studies that reported characteristics of the test kits. Of 50 searched studies, 18 were included where the tests were commercially available and samples were proven to be positive using serology testing, evidence of an erythema migrans rash, and/or culture. Additional requirements were a test specificity of ≥85% and publication in the last 20 years...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895508/multi-ethnic-differences-in-hba1c-blood-pressure-and-low-density-lipid-cholesterol-control-among-south-africans-living-with-type-2-diabetes-after-a-4-year-follow-up
#8
Yacob Pinchevsky, Varada J Shukla, Neil Butkow, Tobias Chirwa, Frederick Raal
PURPOSE: Our study set out to examine if disparities in control of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) existed among an urban multi-ethnic cohort of South Africans, living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal, retrospective study consisted of 261 men and women with previously diagnosed T2DM who attended Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, South Africa across two time periods 2009 and 2013...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877063/copd-patients-medical-care-and-support-in-greece-during-financial-crisis
#9
George Mitonas, Alexia Juvana, Zoe Daniil, Chryssa Hatzoglou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: The need to follow a multidisciplinary strategy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management and rehabilitation in community settings in Greece raises significant questions, given the severe austerity measures being imposed at present. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical profile of patients with COPD along with the care provided in rural community settings in Greece. METHODS: Two primary health care centers and 200 newly diagnosed patients over a 12-month period were involved in the study...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843336/treatment-of-bleeding-in-acquired-hemophilia-a-with-the-proper-administration-of-recombinant-activated-factor-vii-single-center-study-of-7-cases
#10
Makoto Saito, Minoru Kanaya, Koh Izumiyama, Akio Mori, Tatsuro Irie, Masanori Tanaka, Masanobu Morioka, Masahiro Ieko
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is the bypassing agent used in the first-line hemostatic therapy for acquired hemophilia A (AHA); however, the occurrence of thrombotic complications in rFVIIa-treated AHA patients was recently reported to be 2.9-6.5%. Therefore, the investigation of the proper administration of rFVIIa for AHA is needed. In the present study, we retrospectively investigated the clinical features of AHA with regards to the use of rFVIIa (presence or absence of use and total amount) in 7 AHA patients encountered in our department for 7 years between January 2008 and December 2014...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843335/incidence-of-clinical-symptoms-during-long-duration-orbital-spaceflight
#11
Brian Crucian, Adriana Babiak-Vazquez, Smith Johnston, Duane L Pierson, C Mark Ott, Clarence Sams
BACKGROUND: The environment of spaceflight may elevate an astronaut's clinical risk for specific diseases. The purpose of this study was to derive, as accurately as currently possible, an assessment of in-flight clinical "incidence" data, based on observed clinical symptoms in astronauts on board the International Space Station (ISS). METHODS: Electronic medical records were examined from 46 long-duration ISS crew members, each serving approximately a 6-month mission on board the ISS, constituting 20...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822080/plant-wealth-of-a-sacred-grove-mallur-gutta-telangana-state-india
#12
Sateesh Suthari, Ramesh Kandagalta, Ajmeera Ragan, Vatsavaya S Raju
The Mallur Gutta (Hill) of Warangal district in Telangana state, India, reputed as a habitat for medicinal plants, was inventoried from 2009 to 2015 for its plant wealth through the traditional knowledge of the local people. The Hindu temples of Lord Sri Laxminarasimha Swamy and Lord Hanuman, and the ethnic worship of mahua trees indicated it was a sacred grove which was selected as a Medicinal Plants Conservation Area. The exploration of Mallur Gutta resulted in the enumeration and documentation of plant wealth representing 470 species of 318 genera pertaining to 95 families of vascular plants...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822079/intravenous-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-feasibility-and-safety-study
#13
Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabadi, Mehdi Farhoudi, Aliakbar Taheraghdam, Mazyar Hashemilar, Daryous Savadi-Osguei, Reza Rikhtegar, Kaveh Mehrvar, Ehsan Sharifipour, Parisa Youhanaee, Reshad Mirnour
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is available at a limited number of centers. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of IVT at Tabriz Imam Reza Hospital. METHODS: In a prospective study, over a 55-month period, any patient at the hospital for whom stroke code had been activated was enrolled in the study. Data on demographic characteristics, stroke risk factors, admission blood pressure, blood tests, findings of brain computed tomography (CT) scans, time of symtom onset, time of arrival to the emergency department, time of stroke code activation, time of CT scan examination, and the time of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator administration were recorded...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799812/travel-related-illness-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-osaka-japan
#14
Yoshiro Hadano, Michinori Shirano, Tetsushi Goto
We analyzed the travel-related health problems in persons returning to Japan from overseas. Data were extracted retrospectively for all patients visiting the infectious diseases department of Osaka City General Hospital, Osaka, Japan, between July 2012 and September 2013. There were 209 sick returning travelers during the period of the study. The median age of the subjects was 34.3 years, and the subjects consisted of 133 tourists (63.6%), 39 business travelers (18.7%), 17 expatriates (8.1%), 14 volunteer workers (6...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789971/morgellons-disease-a-filamentous-borrelial-dermatitis
#15
REVIEW
Marianne J Middelveen, Raphael B Stricker
Morgellons disease (MD) is a dermopathy characterized by multicolored filaments that lie under, are embedded in, or project from skin. Although MD was initially considered to be a delusional disorder, recent studies have demonstrated that the dermopathy is associated with tickborne infection, that the filaments are composed of keratin and collagen, and that they result from proliferation of keratinocytes and fibroblasts in epithelial tissue. Culture, histopathological and molecular evidence of spirochetal infection associated with MD has been presented in several published studies using a variety of techniques...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785089/minimizing-bleeding-risk-in-patients-receiving-direct-oral-anticoagulants-for-stroke-prevention
#16
REVIEW
Jeffrey Steven Habert
Many primary care physicians are wary about using direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Factors such as comorbidities, concomitant medications, and alcohol misuse increase concerns over bleeding risk, especially in elderly and frail patients with AF. This article discusses strategies to minimize the risk of major bleeding events in patients with AF who may benefit from oral anticoagulant therapy for stroke prevention. The potential benefits of the DOACs compared with vitamin K antagonists, in terms of a lower risk of intracranial hemorrhage, are discussed, together with the identification of reversible risk factors for bleeding and correct dose selection of the DOACs based on a patient's characteristics and concomitant medications...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757047/an-observation-on-inappropriate-probiotic-subgroup-classifications-in-the-meta-analysis-by-lau-and-chamberlain
#17
Lynne V McFarland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757046/ability-of-procalcitonin-to-diagnose-bacterial-infection-and-bacteria-types-compared-with-blood-culture-findings
#18
Yuji Watanabe, Nozomi Oikawa, Maya Hariu, Ryota Fuke, Masafumi Seki
Procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein serve as biomarkers of infection in patients with sepsis/bacteremia. The present study assessed the clinical characteristics of 280 patients with suspected sepsis who were admitted to Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University Hospital between January 2012 and December 2013. Among the patients, 133 and 147 were positive and negative for PCT, respectively. Patients who were PCT positive were older and more frequently male, had reduced levels of platelets and albumin, and increased levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and C-reactive protein...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672339/clinical-usefulness-of-red-cell-distribution-width-to-angiographic-severity-and-coronary-stent-thrombosis
#19
Aysun Erdem, Ufuk Sadik Ceylan, Aycan Esen, Ertugrul Zencirci, Birol Topcu, Kivilcim Ozden, Selcuk Yazici, Sait Terzi, Ayse Emre, Kemal Yesilcimen
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a quantitative measurement and shows heterogeneity of red blood cell size in peripheral blood. RDW has recently been associated with cardiovascular events and cardiovascular diseases, and it is a novel predictor of mortality. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical usefulness of measuring RDW in patients with coronary stent thrombosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 3,925 consecutive patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome and who underwent coronary angiography at the Siyami Ersek Hospital between May 2011 and December 2013...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660485/streptococcus-pneumoniae-sepsis-as-the-initial-presentation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Ilknur Erdem, Senay Elbasan Omar, Ridvan Kara Ali, Hayati Gunes, Aynur Eren Topkaya
OBJECTIVE: Infections are among the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) but are rare initial presentation of the disease. Therefore, in this study, we describe a case of Streptococcus pneumoniae sepsis in a young woman with previously undiagnosed SLE. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old female patient was admitted to our outpatient clinic complaining of high fever (40°C), chills, fatigue, generalized myalgia, and cough with brown sputum for 5 days...
2016: International Journal of General Medicine
journal
journal
42566
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"