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Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104427/patterns-of-marijuana-use-in-a-6-month-pain-management-sample-in-the-united-states
#1
REVIEW
Hope M Smiley-McDonald, Katherine N Moore, David C Heller, Jeri D Ropero-Miller, Gregory L McIntire, Frank N Wallace
This study is a 6-month retrospective analysis of urine drug testing (UDT) data from a pain management population among specimens with clinician-ordered marijuana testing (N = 194 809). Descriptive statistics about the specimen positivity of clinician-ordered marijuana UDT are provided as well as other drug positivity. Specimens from men and adults aged 18 to 34 years had the highest prevalence rates of marijuana positivity. The prevalence of past-month marijuana use among a comparative national population was lower than the prevalence of positive marijuana tests in the UDT specimens by all characteristics...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051703/buprenorphine-naloxone-maintenance-therapy-an-observational-retrospective-report-on-the-effect-of-dose-on-18%C3%A2-months-retention-in-an-office-based-treatment-program
#2
Theodore V Parran, A G Mace, Yael J Dahan, Christopher A Adelman, Mykola Kolganov
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Buprenorphine has been available with few reports of the dose range necessary to adequately maintain patients. We report on the effect of 8 mg/d versus 16 mg/d of buprenorphine on long-term patient retention in office-based opioid maintenance (OBOMT). DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Case series, at an urban hospital-based primary care clinic providing OBOMT to 157 opiate-dependent, low socioeconomic status, uninsured, nonhomeless patients...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979131/the-use-of-substances-other-than-nicotine-in-electronic-cigarettes-among-college-students
#3
Deric R Kenne, Rebecca L Fischbein, Andy Sl Tan, Mark Banks
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have grown in popularity, especially among youth and young adults. Although e-cigarettes were originally intended to vaporize a liquid mixture containing nicotine, there appears to be an increasing trend in other substance use in e-cigarettes (OSUE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 1542 undergraduate college student e-cigarette users from a large Midwestern university were collected via online survey to assess prevalence of e-cigarette use, reasons for use, perceived harm, and prevalence and predictors of OSUE...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924351/moving-on-from-representativeness-testing-the-utility-of-the-global-drug-survey
#4
Monica J Barratt, Jason A Ferris, Renee Zahnow, Joseph J Palamar, Larissa J Maier, Adam R Winstock
A decline in response rates in traditional household surveys, combined with increased internet coverage and decreased research budgets, has resulted in increased attractiveness of web survey research designs based on purposive and voluntary opt-in sampling strategies. In the study of hidden or stigmatised behaviours, such as cannabis use, web survey methods are increasingly common. However, opt-in web surveys are often heavily criticised due to their lack of sampling frame and unknown representativeness. In this article, we outline the current state of the debate about the relevance of pursuing representativeness, the state of probability sampling methods, and the utility of non-probability, web survey methods especially for accessing hidden or minority populations...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912635/profile-of-justice-involved-marijuana-and-other-substance-users-demographics-health-and-health-care-family-and-justice-system-experiences
#5
REVIEW
Nikki Freeman, Justin Landwehr, Tasseli McKay, James Derzon, Anupa Bir
Substance users are more likely to have co-occurring health problems, and this pattern is intensified among those involved with the criminal justice system. Interview data for 1977 incarcerated men in 5 states from the Multi-site Family Study on Incarceration, Parenting, and Partnering that was conducted between December 2008 and August 2011 were analyzed to compare pre-incarceration substance use patterns and health outcomes between men who primarily used marijuana, primarily used alcohol, primarily used other drugs, and did not use any illicit substances during that time...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855796/medical-decision-making-processes-and-online-behaviors-among-cannabis-dispensary-staff
#6
Nicholas C Peiper, Camille Gourdet, Angélica Meinhofer, Amanda Reiman, Nicco Reggente
BACKGROUND: Most cannabis patients engage with dispensary staff, like budtenders, for medical advice on cannabis. Yet, little is known about these interactions and how the characteristics of budtenders affect these interactions. This study investigated demographics, workplace characteristics, medical decision-making, and online behaviors among a sample of budtenders. METHODS: Between June and September 2016, a cross-sectional Internet survey was administered to budtenders in the San Francisco Bay Area and Greater Los Angeles...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814878/heavy-drinking-in-university-students-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-contributions-of-drinking-motives-and-protective-behavioral-strategies
#7
Andrea L Howard, Tyler R Pritchard
This study examined rates of heavy drinking and alcohol problems in relation to drinking motives and protective behavioral strategies in university students with a documented current diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 31) compared with students with no history of ADHD (n = 146). Participants completed a Web-based questionnaire, and logistic regression models tested interactions between ADHD/comparison group membership and motives and protective strategies. Group differences in rates of heavy drinking and alcohol problems were not statistically significant, but medium-sized risk ratios showed that students without ADHD reported heavy drinking at a rate 1...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747817/conducting-systematic-outcome-assessment-in-private-addictions-treatment-settings
#8
Gerard J Connors, Stephen A Maisto, Clare E Campbell, Brenda To, David Sack
Systematic outcome assessment is central to ascertaining the impact of treatment services and to informing future treatment initiatives. This project was designed to be conducted within the clinical operations of 4 private addictions treatment centers. A structured interview was used to assess patients' alcohol and other drug use and related variables (on treatment entry and at 1, 3, and 6 months following treatment discharge). The primary outcomes were percentage of days abstinent (PDA) from alcohol and drugs, PDA from alcohol, and PDA from other drugs...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642642/access-to-and-payment-for-office-based-buprenorphine-treatment-in-ohio
#9
Theodore V Parran, Joseph Z Muller, Elina Chernyak, Chris Adelman, Christina M Delos Reyes, Douglas Rowland, Mykola Kolganov
IMPORTANCE: Office-based opiate agonist therapy has dramatically expanded access to medication-assisted treatment over the past decade but has also led to increased buprenorphine diversion. OBJECTIVE: Our study sought to characterize physicians who participate in office-based therapy (OBT) to assess patient access to OBT in Ohio 10 years after its introduction. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional telephone survey of Drug Addiction Treatment Act-waivered physicians in Ohio listed by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT)...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634426/prevalence-and-consequences-of-perinatal-substance-use-growing-worldwide-concerns
#10
EDITORIAL
Alice Ordean, Lisa Graves, Brian Chisamore, Lorraine Greaves, Adrian Dunlop
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615950/utilizing-big-data-and-twitter-to-discover-emergent-online-communities-of-cannabis-users
#11
Peter Baumgartner, Nicholas Peiper
Large shifts in medical, recreational, and illicit cannabis consumption in the United States have implications for personalizing treatment and prevention programs to a wide variety of populations. As such, considerable research has investigated clinical presentations of cannabis users in clinical and population-based samples. Studies leveraging big data, social media, and social network analysis have emerged as a promising mechanism to generate timely insights that can inform treatment and prevention research...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615949/contextual-effects-of-neighborhoods-and-schools-on-adolescent-and-young-adult-marijuana-use-in-the-united-states
#12
Carly E Milliren, Tracy K Richmond, Clare R Evans, Erin C Dunn, Renee M Johnson
Little is known about the unique contribution of schools vs neighborhoods in driving adolescent marijuana use. This study examined the relative contribution of each setting and the influence of school and neighborhood socioeconomic status on use. We performed a series of cross-classified multilevel logistic models predicting past 30-day adolescent (N = 18 329) and young adult (N = 13 908) marijuana use using data from Add Health. Marijuana use differed by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and public assistance in adjusted models...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615948/marijuana-use-recent-marijuana-initiation-and-progression-to-marijuana-use-disorder-among-young-male-and-female-adolescents-aged-12-14-living-in-us-households
#13
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Cristie Glasheen, Kathryn R Batts
Marijuana initiation during adolescence, and early adolescence in particular, is associated with adverse health consequences. Our study used 2005-2014 data from the annual, cross-sectional National Survey on Drug Use and Health to study the prevalence and correlates of marijuana initiation, use, and marijuana use disorder (MUD; abuse or dependence) among 12- to 14-year olds living in civilian US households (n = 84 954). Examined correlates included age, sex, race/ethnicity, poverty status, metropolitan status, year of survey, depression, tobacco use, alcohol use, and fighting at school...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607542/interactions-of-cannabinoids-with-biochemical-substrates
#14
REVIEW
Brian F Thomas
Recent decades have seen much progress in the identification and characterization of cannabinoid receptors and the elucidation of the mechanisms by which derivatives of the Cannabis sativa plant bind to receptors and produce their physiological and psychological effects. The information generated in this process has enabled better understanding of the fundamental physiological and psychological processes controlled by the central and peripheral nervous systems and has fostered the development of natural and synthetic cannabinoids as therapeutic agents...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607541/residential-mobility-transience-depression-and-marijuana-use-initiation-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#15
REVIEW
Cristie Glasheen, Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Jason Williams
Marijuana use initiation is associated with numerous health and behavioral consequences, particularly among young adolescents. Finding easily identifiable risk markers for marijuana initiation is an important step for targeting primary and secondary prevention efforts. This study used data from the 2010-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to evaluate the association between residential mobility (no mobility, low mobility, high mobility [ie, transience]), and major depressive episode(s) (MDE) on marijuana initiation among adolescents (12-17) and young adults (18-20)...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469427/vaping-synthetic-cannabinoids-a-novel-preclinical-model-of-e-cigarette-use-in-mice
#16
Timothy W Lefever, Julie A Marusich, Brian F Thomas, Daniel G Barrus, Nicholas C Peiper, Richard C Kevin, Jenny L Wiley
Smoking is the most common route of administration for cannabis; however, vaping cannabis extracts and synthetic cannabinoids ("fake marijuana") in electronic cigarette devices has become increasingly popular. Yet, most animal models used to investigate biological mechanisms underlying cannabis use employ injection as the route of administration. This study evaluated a novel e-cigarette device that delivers aerosolized cannabinoids to mice. The effects of aerosolized and injected synthetic cannabinoids (CP 55,940, AB-CHMINACA, XLR-11, and JWH-018) in mice were compared in a battery of bioassays in which psychoactive cannabinoids produce characteristic effects...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469426/doctor-shopping-behavior-and-the-diversion-of-prescription-opioids
#17
REVIEW
Ronald Simeone
OBJECTIVES: "Doctor shopping" as a means of prescription opioid diversion is examined. The number and percentage of prescriptions and morphine-equivalent milligrams diverted in this manner are estimated by state and molecule for the period 2008-2012. METHODS: Eleven billion prescriptions with unique patient, doctor, and pharmacy identifiers were used to construct diversion "events" that involved between 1 and 6 unique doctors and between 1 and 6 unique pharmacies...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469425/quality-of-caregiving-in-mothers-with-illicit-substance-use-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Denise Hatzis, Sharon Dawe, Paul Harnett, Jane Barlow
BACKGROUND: The quality of caregiving in mothers with substance abuse problems appears to be compromised. However, divergent findings, methodological variability, and sample characteristics point to the need for research synthesis. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic search was undertaken. Studies were eligible if they (1) compared substance-misusing mothers with non-substance-misusing mothers, (2) involved children from birth to 3 years, and (3) maternal sensitivity and child responsiveness were measured using observational methodology...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469424/-don-t-judge-a-book-its-cover-a-qualitative-study-of-methadone-patients-experiences-of-stigma
#19
Julia Woo, Anuja Bhalerao, Monica Bawor, Meha Bhatt, Brittany Dennis, Natalia Mouravska, Laura Zielinski, Zainab Samaan
INTRODUCTION: Despite its efficacy and widespread use, methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) continues to be widely stigmatized. Reducing the stigma surrounding MMT will help improve the accessibility, retention, and treatment outcomes in MMT. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 adults undergoing MMT. Thematic content analysis was used to identify overarching themes. RESULTS: In total, 78% of participants reported having experienced stigma surrounding MMT...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469423/prior-delinquency-and-depression-differentially-predict-conditional-associations-between-discrete-patterns-of-adolescent-religiosity-and-adult-alcohol-use-patterns
#20
Meredith A Hoyland, Wade C Rowatt, Shawn J Latendresse
Prior research has demonstrated that adolescent delinquency and depression are prospectively related to adult alcohol use and that adolescent religiosity may influence these relationships. However, such associations have not been investigated using person-centered approaches that provide nuanced explorations of these constructs. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examined whether adolescent delinquency and depression differentiated typologies of adult alcohol users and whether these relationships varied across religiosity profiles...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
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