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Psychology Research and Behavior Management

José Moral de la Rubia, Gerymar Pastora Colombo Andrade, Arelys Carolina Torres Yépez, Víctor Manuel López Guerra, Julio Alfonso Piña López, José Luis Ybarra Sagarduy
Background: Personality has been recognized as a key variable in the prediction of treatment adherence and health care behaviors in patients living with chronic diseases. Purpose: In order to contribute to the prediction of treatment-adherence behaviors among HIV-positive patients, this study aimed to test the metric properties of the 12-item Stress-Related Situations Scale (SRSS-12), which assesses four interactive styles of personality related to stressful situations when receiving treatment for a chronic disease...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Yanhong Huang, Haiyun Xu, William Au, Chongtao Xu, Kusheng Wu
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate relationships among family environmental characteristics, behavior problems, and social function impairments in children with ADHD. Methods: Among children from four primary schools in Shantou city of China, 132 who were diagnosed with ADHD were selected and 138 typically developing children were recruited from the same schools. These children were evaluated using the self-designed questionnaire, FES-CV, CPRS, CTRS, and WFIRS-P for familial environment, behavioral problems, and social function impairment measures...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Hui Wu, Kexin Zhou, Peiyao Xu, Jiayu Xue, Xin Xu, Li Liu
Purpose: Cortisol in fingernails could retrospectively reflect cumulative stress over a long period. However, the association between fingernail cortisol and perceived stress needs to be validated. This exploratory study aimed to investigate the associations of perceived stress with the present and subsequent cortisol levels in fingernails of the subjective stress measurement among medical students. Methods: Students were recruited from a medical university in Shenyang, China...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Triana Kesuma Dewi
Purpose: The present study aimed to adapt and determine the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Champion's Health Belief Model Scale (I-CHBMS) of breast self-examination in the measurement of belief toward breast cancer screening. Subjects and methods: A convenience sample of 406 Indonesian women aged 19-60 years was recruited. This study was conducted in Surabaya from December 2016 to January 2017. The I-CHBMS applied a "forward-backward" translation procedure to translate from the English version into Indonesian...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Jianbo Lai, Zhe Xu, Yi Xu, Shaohua Hu
Delusional infestation (DI), a debilitating psychocutaneous condition, featured as a false fixed belief of being infested accompanied by somatosensory abnormality, behavior alteration, and cognitive impairment. Although management of primary causes and pharmacotherapy with antipsychotics and/or antidepressants can help to alleviate symptoms in most patients, the underlying etiology of DI still remains unclear. Morgellons disease (MD), characterized by the presence of cutaneous filaments projected from or embedded in skin, is also a polemic issue because of its relationship with spirochetal infection...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Renato Zambrano-Cruz, Gina Paula Cuartas-Montoya, Rosa Martha Meda-Lara, Andrés Palomera-Chávez, William Tamayo-Agudelo
Background: This research article addresses the relationships among personality, risk perception, and health perception. The personality construct has been one of the main topics of research in psychology throughout history and is understood as the set of traits or cognitive, affective and behavioral characteristics that an individual possesses. Important relationships have been found that show the impact of personality on people's health as well as the impact of health conditions on the configuration of personality...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Stefano Boca, Maria Garro, Isabella Giammusso, Costanza Scaffidi Abbate
Background: Previous research demonstrated several benefits of strategic perspective taking in the field of intergroup relations and, more specifically, in the negotiation processes aimed at conflict resolution. The present study, which analyzes the effect of perspective taking and mediation in a conflict setting, corroborates the psychological models that hypothesize the positive effects of the assumption of the competitor's perspective on having intergroup conflict and lessening of negative consequences...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Binghai Sun, Lingyan Zhou, Weilong Xiao, Xiaoqian Zhao, Wenhai Zhang, Weijian Li
Background: Perceived empathy is a commonly used strategy to cope with pain and is crucial for maintaining intimacy in dyadic relationships. Materials and methods: This study used the cold pressor test to investigate how perceived empathy and relationship type interact with the subjective perception of pain and objective measures of recovery time, using heart rate as an index. One hundred and ninety participants were recruited, including 49 friend dyads and 46 romantic partner dyads...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Dina Ah Al-Jamal
Objective: This study has investigated the role of linguistic clues in medical students' reading comprehension. The association between medical students' reading comprehension and their use of linguistic contextual clues through a descriptive analytical procedure has been investigated. Methods: Three intact sessions were conducted at the Jordanian University entailing 20 students in each session. The participants responded to a reading comprehension test, an inference test, and a vocabulary scale sheet...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Maija Huttunen-Lenz, Sylvia Hansen, Pia Christensen, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Finn Sandø-Pedersen, Mathijs Drummen, Tanja C Adam, Ian A Macdonald, Moira A Taylor, J Alfredo Martinez, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Svetoslav Handjiev, Sally D Poppitt, Marta P Silvestre, Mikael Fogelholm, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Jennie Brand-Miller, Agnes Am Berendsen, Anne Raben, Wolfgang Schlicht
Purpose: Onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is often gradual and preceded by impaired glucose homeostasis. Lifestyle interventions including weight loss and physical activity may reduce the risk of developing T2D, but adherence to a lifestyle change is challenging. As part of an international T2D prevention trial (PREVIEW), a behavior change intervention supported participants in achieving a healthier diet and physically active lifestyle. Here, our aim was to explore the influence of this behavioral program (PREMIT) on social-cognitive variables during an 8-week weight loss phase...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Efrossini D Patsou, George T Alexias, Fotios G Anagnostopoulos, Michalis V Karamouzis
Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women worldwide and depression and anxiety are disturbing side effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of physical activity in global health, quality of life (QoL), and psychological factors (depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and anxiety) in breast cancer survivors after completing cancer treatment and through survivorship. Demographic variables (marital status, education, income), medical status (cancer stage), and level of physical activity (metabolic equivalent of task [MET]) were tested as predictors of depressive mood, anxiety, self-esteem, and QoL in younger and older breast cancer survivors...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Mario Miniati, Antonio Callari, Alessandra Maglio, Simona Calugi
Background: Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is a time-limited and affect-, life-event-, and present-focused psychotherapy originally conceptualized for unipolar depression, and then adapted to the treatment of other disorders, including eating disorders (EDs). The purpose of this paper is to conduct a systematic review of studies on IPT for EDs. Methods: The authors performed literature searches, study selection, method, and quality evaluation independently. Data were summarized using a narrative approach...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Paul H Lysaker, Emily Gagen, Steffen Moritz, Robert D Schweitzer
In light of increasing interest in metacognition and its role in recovery from psychosis, a range of new treatments focused on addressing metacognitive deficits have emerged. These include Metacognitive Therapy, Metacognitive Training, metacognitive insight and reflection therapy, and metacognitive interpersonal therapy for psychosis. While each of these treatments uses the term metacognitive, each differs in terms of their epistemological underpinnings, their structure, format, presumed mechanisms of action, and primary outcomes...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Mereerat Manwong, Vitool Lohsoonthorn, Thanvaruj Booranasuksakul, Anun Chaikoolvatana
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the effects of a group activity-based motivational enhancement therapy (GA-MET) program on social media addictive behaviors among junior high school students. Materials and methods: This cluster randomized trial was performed in 245 junior high school students who used social media in the lower part of northeast Thailand. The GA-MET program group and the control group sessions lasted 8 weeks and were followed up 4 weeks later...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Chemin Lin, Tzung-Hai Yen, Yeong-Yuh Juang, Chin-Pang Lee, Shwu-Hua Lee
Objective: Rodenticide as a means of suicide has been documented for centuries. However, this method is often discussed in conjunction with other pesticides. Thus, we aimed to focus on patients who committed suicide with rodenticide and compared them with those who used paraquat for suicide, another frequently used yet lethal method, to highlight the different psychopathology of patients who choose rodenticide as their means of suicide. Methods: A 12-year retrospective chart review was conducted on the medical records of all patients admitted to Chang Gung Memorial Hospital due to attempted suicide by either rodenticide or paraquat...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Silke Luttenberger, Sigrid Wimmer, Manuela Paechter
Anxiety disorders are some of the most widespread mental health issues worldwide. In educational settings, individuals may suffer from specific forms of test and performance anxiety that are connected to a knowledge domain. Unquestionably, the most prominent of these is math anxiety. Math anxiety is a widespread problem for all ages across the globe. In the international assessments of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) studies, a majority of adolescents report worry and tension in math classes and when doing math...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
A Nur Aulia Saudi, Nurul Hartini, Bahar Bahar
Introduction: The number of criminal acts committed by teenagers who are members of the motorcycle gang community in the Makassar City of Indonesia continues to increase at an alarming rate. Among the antisocial behaviors of teenagers in motorcycle gangs which might lead to criminal behavior is aggression. This study aimed to examine the aggression of teenagers in the motorcycle gang community in one area of Makassar City from the Personal Fable (dimensions of omnipotence, uniqueness and invulnerability) and risk-taking behavior perspective...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Satoshi Horiuchi, Akira Tsuda, Kenichiro Yoneda, Shuntaro Aoki
Background: Positivity refers to "a general tendency to view life and experiences with a positive outlook". Enhanced positivity has been linked with decreased negative affect and increased positive affect, but rather little is known about the factors that mediate these relationships. One potential such factor is perceived stress, which refers to how one appraises life situations as stressful. This study examined the mediating effects of perceived stress on the associations of positivity with negative and positive affect...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Amy E Mitchell
Dermatological conditions are common among children. They are a frequent cause of presentation to health care services and a leading contributor to burden of disease. Evidence supports the notion that bidirectional relationships exist between children's physical and psychological health, whereby the child's dermatological condition can impact their psychological health and well-being, while, in the reverse direction, psychological factors (eg, stress) can impact the severity and course of the child's skin disease...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Ningxi Yang, Han Xiao, Yingnan Cao, Shiyue Li, Hong Yan, Yifang Wang
Background: Medical staff's empathy is closely related to patients' outcome. This research aimed to verify the influence of Chinese oncology nurses' empathy on the cellular immunity of lung cancer patients. Materials and methods: The study included 365 lung cancer patients, who were attended by 30 oncology nurses between October 2016 and May 2017. At the time of admission and discharge, flow cytometric analysis was used to measure the cellular immunity of patients, including T-cell subsets and natural killer (NK)-cell activity...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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