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Psychology Research and Behavior Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296103/interoceptive-sensitivity-as-a-proxy-for-emotional-intensity-and-its-relationship-with-perseverative-cognition
#1
Ricardo G Lugo, Kirsi Helkala, Benjamin J Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Natalie M Lande, Stefan Sütterlin
Background: Technical advancement in military cyber defense poses increased cognitive demands on cyber officers. In the cyber domain, the influence of emotion on decision-making is rarely investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess psychophysiological correlation with perseverative cognitions during emotionally intensive/stressful situations in cyber military personnel. In line with parallel research on clinical samples high on perseverative cognition, we expected a decreased interoceptive sensitivity in officers with high levels of perseverative cognition...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290696/dna-methyltransferase-3a-gene-polymorphism-contributes-to-daily-life-stress-susceptibility
#2
Melisa I Barliana, Shintya N Amalya, Ivan S Pradipta, Sofa D Alfian, Arif Sw Kusuma, Tiana Milanda, Rizky Abdulah
Daily life stress markedly affects the response toward stressful stimuli. DNA methy-lation is one of the factors that regulate this response, and is a normal mechanism of somatic cell growth, but its regulatory gene variations may cause alterations in the stress response. The aim of the present study was to investigate genotypic variants of the DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) gene in 129 healthy subjects and evaluate its association with daily life stress. Blood samples were collected, and genomic DNA was isolated...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270035/epidemiology-and-evolution-of-the-diagnostic-classification-of-factitious-disorders-in-dsm-5
#3
REVIEW
Ivano Caselli, Nicola Poloni, Marta Ielmini, Marcello Diurni, Camilla Callegari
A systematic search for all case reports and case series of adult patients with factitious disorders (FD) in the databases MEDLINE, Scopus, and PsycINFO was conducted. FD is a psychiatric disorder in which sufferers intentionally fabricate physical or psychological symptoms in order to assume the role of a patient, without any obvious gain. The clinical and demographic profile of patients with FD has not been sufficiently clear. Thus, the aims of this study were to outline a demographic and clinical profile of a large sample of patients with FD and to study the evolution of the position of FD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255375/acute-alcohol-effects-on-facial-expressions-of-emotions-in-social-drinkers-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Eva Susanne Capito, Stefan Lautenbacher, Claudia Horn-Hofmann
Background: As known from everyday experience and experimental research, alcohol modulates emotions. Particularly regarding social interaction, the effects of alcohol on the facial expression of emotion might be of relevance. However, these effects have not been systematically studied. We performed a systematic review on acute alcohol effects on social drinkers' facial expressions of induced positive and negative emotions. Materials and methods: With a predefined algorithm, we searched three electronic databases (PubMed, PsycInfo, and Web of Science) for studies conducted on social drinkers that used acute alcohol administration, emotion induction, and standardized methods to record facial expressions...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238235/oppositional-defiant-disorder-current-insight
#5
REVIEW
Abhishek Ghosh, Anirban Ray, Aniruddha Basu
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is diagnosed broadly on the basis of frequent and persistent angry or irritable mood, argumentativeness/defiance, and vindictiveness. Since its inception in the third Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, epidemiological and longitudinal studies have strongly suggested a distinct existence of ODD that is different from other closely related externalizing disorders, with different course and outcome and possibly discrete subtypes. However, several issues, such as symptom threshold, dimensional versus categorical conceptualization, and sex-specific symptoms, are yet to be addressed...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238234/development-of-a-psychological-test-to-measure-ability-based-emotional-intelligence-in-the-indonesian-workplace-using-an-item-response-theory
#6
Fajrianthi, Rizqy Amelia Zein
This study aimed to develop an emotional intelligence (EI) test that is suitable to the Indonesian workplace context. Airlangga Emotional Intelligence Test (Tes Kecerdasan Emosi Airlangga [TKEA]) was designed to measure three EI domains: 1) emotional appraisal, 2) emotional recognition, and 3) emotional regulation. TKEA consisted of 120 items with 40 items for each subset. TKEA was developed based on the Situational Judgment Test (SJT) approach. To ensure its psychometric qualities, categorical confirmatory factor analysis (CCFA) and item response theory (IRT) were applied to test its validity and reliability...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225482/the-relationship-between-empathy-and-burnout-lessons-for-paramedics-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Brett Williams, Rosalind Lau, Emma Thornton, Lauren S Olney
Background: The concepts of empathy and burnout are critical for practicing paramedics and the profession. While there has been an increasing body of research on the relationship between empathy and burnout with physicians and nurses, surprisingly, no research has been undertaken with paramedics. The aim of this scoping review was to explore the relationship between empathy and burnout. Method: A scoping review was performed based on Arskey and O'Malley's framework...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138607/evaluation-of-sleep-profile-in-schizophrenia-patients-treated-with-extended-release-paliperidone-an-open-label-prospective-study-in-southeast-asia
#8
Ronnachai Kongsakon, Nuntika Thavichachart, Ka Fai Chung, Leslie Lim, Beverly Azucena, Elizabeth Rondain, Benson Go, Fe Costales, Osot Nerapusee
Objective: To evaluate the effect of 6 months of treatment with paliperidone extended-release (ER) tablets on the sleep profile of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A total of 984 patients meeting the The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia who switched their antipsychotic to paliperidone ER were recruited from 61 sites in five countries in Southeast Asia. We recorded patient demographics and assessed sleep quality and daytime drowsiness using visual analog scales...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070956/the-role-of-secure-attachment-empathic-self-efficacy-and-stress-perception-in-causal-beliefs-related-to-mental-illness-a-cross-cultural-study-italy-versus-israel
#9
Stefania Mannarini, Alisa Reikher, Sharon Shani, Inbal Shani-Zinovich
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that "mental illness etiological beliefs" and attitudes toward mentally ill people are significantly related; it has also been demonstrated that adult attachment style and empathic self-efficacy affect such attitudes. Moreover, community or regional culture has a significant impact on etiology beliefs and attitudes toward the mentally sick. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out this study in Italy and Israel among psychology students to compare two cultures in regards to causal beliefs of mental disorders and the roles that specific variables, such as secure attachment, empathic self-efficacy, and stress, play in etiological beliefs...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042824/family-profiles-in-eating-disorders-family-functioning-and-psychopathology
#10
Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Mimma Tafà, Eleonora Marzilli, Giulia Ballarotto, Fabrizia Bracaglia
Research has studied family functioning in families of patients suffering from eating disorders (EDs), particularly investigating the associations between mothers' and daughters' psychopathological symptoms, but limited studies have examined whether there are specific maladaptive psychological profiles characterizing the family as a whole when it includes adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). Through the collaboration of a network of public and private consultants, we recruited n=181 adolescents diagnosed for EDs (n=61 with AN, n=60 with BN, and n=60 with BEDs) and their parents...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033617/family-accommodation-in-adult-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-clinical-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Umberto Albert, Alessandra Baffa, Giuseppe Maina
The term accommodation has been used to refer to family responses specifically related to obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms: it encompasses behaviors such as directly participating in compulsions, assisting a relative with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) when he/she is performing a ritual, or helping him/her to avoid triggers that may precipitate obsessions and compulsions. At the opposite side, family responses to OCD may also include interfering with the rituals or actively opposing them; stopping accommodating OC symptoms or actively interfering with their performance is usually associated with greater distress and sometimes even with aggressive behaviors from the patients...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883746/clinical-impact-of-early-diagnosis-of-autism-on-the-prognosis-and-parent-child-relationships
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Harrison Elder, Consuelo Maun Kreider, Susan N Brasher, Margaret Ansell
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a lifelong condition that usually appears in late infancy or early childhood, and is characterized by social and communication deficits that impede optimal functioning. Despite widespread research and greater public awareness, ASD has an unclear etiology and no known cure, making it difficult to acquire accurate and timely diagnoses. In addition, once an ASD diagnosis is made, parents find it challenging to navigate the healthcare system and determine which interventions are most effective and appropriate for their child...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860880/rock-climbing-and-acute-emotion-regulation-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-context-of-a-psychological-inpatient-treatment-a-controlled-pilot-trial
#13
Maria Kleinstäuber, Merle Reuter, Norbert Doll, Andreas J Fallgatter
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is characterized by deficits in emotion regulation. This study examined associations between rock climbing and acute emotion regulating effects in patients with major depression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a nonrandomized, controlled study, 40 major depressive disorder inpatients were assigned to either a climbing session (n=20) or a relaxation session (n=20). Positive and negative affect, depressiveness, and coping emotions were assessed immediately before and after the session...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860879/association-of-perfectionistic-and-dependent-dysfunctional-attitudes-with-subthreshold-depression
#14
Satoshi Horiuchi, Shuntaro Aoki, Koki Takagaki, Fumihito Shoji
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional attitudes are beliefs and attitudes that induce negative thoughts about the self, others, and the future, leading to depression. Perfectionistic dysfunctional attitudes are beliefs and attitudes about achievement and excessive fear of failure, while dependent dysfunctional attitudes are beliefs and attitudes about dependency on, and approval from, others. Subthreshold depression refers to a depressive state that does not meet the diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790873/parent-child-interaction-therapy-current-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Corey C Lieneman, Laurel A Brabson, April Highlander, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an empirically supported intervention originally developed to treat disruptive behavior problems in children between the ages of 2 and 7 years. Since its creation over 40 years ago, PCIT has been studied internationally with various populations and has been found to be an effective intervention for numerous behavioral and emotional issues. This article summarizes progress in the PCIT literature over the past decade (2006-2017) and outlines future directions for this important work...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790872/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-current-insights
#16
REVIEW
Sarah W Kinsinger
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition associated with significant health care utilization and quality-of-life impairment. Latest research indicates that the brain-gut axis plays a key role in the disorder, and the presence of psychological factors and central processing deficits contribute to symptom severity and disability. Psychological therapies as a whole have demonstrated good efficacy in reducing the severity of IBS symptoms. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been tested most rigorously in multiple randomized controlled trials and consistently demonstrates significant and durable effects on IBS symptoms and quality of life...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790871/estimating-the-effect-of-lay-knowledge-and-prior-contact-with-pulmonary-tb-patients-on-health-belief-model-in-a-high-risk-pulmonary-tb-transmission-population
#17
Rizqy Amelia Zein, Fendy Suhariadi, Wiwin Hendriani
OBJECTIVE: The research aimed to investigate the effect of lay knowledge of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and prior contact with pulmonary TB patients on a health-belief model (HBM) as well as to identify the social determinants that affect lay knowledge. METHODS: Survey research design was conducted, where participants were required to fill in a questionnaire, which measured HBM and lay knowledge of pulmonary TB. Research participants were 500 residents of Semampir, Asemrowo, Bubutan, Pabean Cantian, and Simokerto districts, where the risk of pulmonary TB transmission is higher than other districts in Surabaya...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769597/prediction-of-employer-employee-relationships-from-sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-workers
#18
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah, Siti Norhedayah Abdul Latif
The purpose of the study was to identify the sociodemographic variables and social value correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public and private sector workers of both genders. A quantitative field survey design was used and data were analyzed by correlation and logistic regression. The rationale and justification for using this approach is explained. The main sociodemographic correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in this study were educational level and the district in which the employee resided and worked...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761383/on-the-dynamics-of-disobedience-experimental-investigations-of-defying-unjust-authority
#19
Piero Bocchiaro, Philip Zimbardo
Across six Experimental conditions with university student participants (N=600), we examined some of the dynamics underlying expressed defiance to unjust authority. Results revealed disobedience was best enacted by participants low in right-wing authoritarianism and was more likely to occur when: 1) in physical proximity of other rebels, 2) the authority made two demanding requests instead of one, and 3) there had been an earlier opposition to injustice. Results are discussed within the theoretical framework of bounded rationality...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740440/haphop-physio-a-computer-game-to-support-cognitive-therapies-in-children
#20
Carolina Rico-Olarte, Diego M López, Santiago Narváez, Charic D Farinango, Peter S Pharow
BACKGROUND: Care and support of children with physical or mental disabilities are accompanied with serious concerns for parents, families, healthcare institutions, schools, and their communities. Recent studies and technological innovations have demonstrated the feasibility of providing therapy and rehabilitation services to children supported by computer games. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present HapHop-Physio, an innovative computer game that combines exercise with fun and learning, developed to support cognitive therapies in children...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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