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Psychology Research and Behavior Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280402/psychometric-properties-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-family-assessment-measure-third-edition-short-version-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#1
Monica Pellerone, Tiziana Ramaci, Santa Parrello, Paola Guariglia, Flavio Giaimo
BACKGROUND: Family functioning plays an important role in developing and maintaining dysfunctional behaviors, especially during adolescence. The lack of indicators of family functioning, as determinants of personal and interpersonal problems, represents an obstacle to the activities aimed at developing preventive and intervention strategies. The Process Model of Family Functioning provides a conceptual framework organizing and integrating various concepts into a comprehensive family assessment; this model underlines that through the process of task accomplishment, each family meets objectives central to its life as a group...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223851/a-phenomenological-study-on-resilience-of-the-elderly-suffering-from-chronic-disease-a-qualitative-study
#2
Parkhide Hassani, Fatemeh-Sadat Izadi-Avanji, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Hamid Alavi Majd
BACKGROUND: Resilience is a key factor in improving health and attenuating problems caused by chronic diseases in the elderly. Having a clear understanding of its meaning in a specific population can be of great help in taking efficient steps toward better health services. Given the lack of information in this regard, the aim of this study was to understand the meaning of resilience for hospitalized older people who experience chronic conditions. METHODS: The study was carried out as a qualitative work based on a descriptive phenomenological approach...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203113/the-influence-of-parenting-on-maladaptive-cognitive-schema-a-cross-sectional-research-on-a-group-of-adults
#3
Monica Pellerone, Calogero Iacolino, Giuseppe Mannino, Ivan Formica, Simona Maria Zabbara
BACKGROUND: The literature emphasizes the role of early interpersonal experiences in the development of cognitive vulnerability; in particular, interruptions in early family relationships, parental unavailability and dysfunctional parenting are potential evolutionary precursors to negative cognitive style and emotional disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study measured the relationship of retrospective ratings on parental bonding with cognitive patterns in a group of Italian adults...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182139/assessing-behavioral-patterns-of-internet-addiction-and-drug-abuse-among-high-school-students
#4
Zeinab Nemati, Hossein Matlabi
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction and drug abuse isolate adolescents from their family and friends and cause damage to their health, relations, emotions, and spirit. In the society, adolescents' addiction extracts high cost on health care, educational failure and mental health services. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral patterns of Internet and drug addiction among urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran. METHODS: A sectional and descriptive-analytical approach with stratified sampling method was employed to recruit 385 high school students from urban and rural areas...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138269/utilization-of-dating-apps-by-men-who-have-sex-with-men-for-persuading-other-men-toward-substance-use
#5
Smith Boonchutima, Watsayut Kongchan
BACKGROUND: Dating apps play a major role in connecting men who are interested in meeting other men for sex. Besides finding a partner, these tools are also exploited for other activities such as encouraging people to get involved in the habit of illicit drug consumption (substance use). METHODS: This study evaluated the overall usage of dating apps among Thai men who have sex with men (MSMs), with an emphasis on abusing these apps to convey messages encouraging substance use...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123313/developing-expertise-in-gynecologic-surgery-reflective-perspectives-of-international-experts-on-learning-environments-and-processes
#6
Patricia L Hardré, Mikio Nihira, Edgar L LeClaire
Research in medical education does not provide a clear understanding of how professional expertise develops among surgeons and what experiential factors contribute to that development. To address this gap, the researchers interviewed 16 international experts in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery to assess their reflective perceptions of what specific opportunities and experiences initiated and supported their development toward expertise in their field. Characteristics and influences explaining the speed and quality of expertise development were sorted into the following themes: the dynamic process of expertise development, internal and personal characteristics, general aptitudes and preparatory skills, role modeling and interpersonal influences, opportunities to learn and practice, and roles and reference points...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053561/mental-disorders-functional-impairment-and-nerve-growth-factor
#7
Fanny Helena Martins Salles, Pedro San Martin Soares, Carolina David Wiener, Thaise Campos Mondin, Paula Moraes da Silva, Karen Jansen, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Jean Pierre Oses
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is an important member of the neurotrophin family and its alteration has been associated with psychiatric disorders. Functionality consists of the activities that an individual can perform, as well as their social participation, which is an important factor in analyzing the carrier living conditions of subjects with psychiatric suffering. Several studies have evaluated functionality in bipolar disorder; however, no studies have evaluated the functionality in other mental disorders...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053560/validity-and-reliability-of-the-tibetan-version-of-s-embu-for-measuring-parenting-styles
#8
Ciren Yangzong, Sanguan Lerkiatbundit, Ouzhu Luobu, Chaoying Cui, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Baima Kangzhuo, Deji Quzong, Luobu Zhandui, Pu Zhen, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong
Parenting style experienced during childhood has profound effects on children's futures. Scales developed in other countries have never been validated in the Tibetan context. The present study aimed to examine the construct validity and reliability of a Tibetan translation of the 23-item short form of the Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran [One's Memories of Upbringing] (s-EMBU) and to test the correlation between the parenting styles of fathers and mothers. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 847 students aged 12-21 years from Lhasa, Tibet, during September and October 2015 with a participation rate of 97...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994490/relationship-among-temporary-separation-attachment-styles-and-adjustment-in-first-grade-iranian-children
#9
Siyamak Tahmasebi, Saman Mafakheri Bashmaq, Mansoureh Karimzadeh, Robab Teymouri, Mahdi Amini, Maryam Sadat M Vaghefi, M Ali Mazaheri
If mothers work outside the home, some degree of mother-child separation will be experienced and mother-child attachment will be affected. In this study, regarding the attachment styles, sociobehavioral problems in first-grade children with experience of preschool and in those taught by their mothers at-home are compared. A casual-comparative method was used to compare children in the two groups. A total of 320 first-grade children participated in the study. The study measures included a separation anxiety test, an adaptive behavior scale, and a children's symptom inventory...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980439/predictors-of-disability-related-attitudes-considering-self-esteem-communication-apprehension-contact-and-geographic-location
#10
Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Dinah Tetteh, Yen-I Lee
Individuals' attitudes about persons with disability (PwD) strongly affect differently-abled persons' quality of life and position in society. Some research offers support for the ability of systematic, supported, longitudinal contact between different groups of individuals to improve attitudes. College campuses, in particular, offer a potentially useful arena in which to facilitate this type of contact. This study explored contextual factors (eg, geographic region, biological sex) and predictors of disability-related attitudes among a college student population to determine strategies for course-based intervention design (eg, as community-engaged or service-learning initiatives)...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942239/seasonal-affective-disorder-winter-type-current-insights-and-treatment-options
#11
REVIEW
Ybe Meesters, Marijke Cm Gordijn
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), winter type, is a seasonal pattern of recurrent major depressive episodes most commonly occurring in autumn or winter and remitting in spring/summer. The syndrome has been well-known for more than three decades, with light treatment being the treatment of first choice. In this paper, an overview is presented of the present insights in SAD. Description of the syndrome, etiology, and treatment options are mentioned. Apart from light treatment, medication and psychotherapy are other treatment options...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895520/effectiveness-of-social-work-intervention-with-a-systematic-approach-to-improve-general-health-in-opioid-addicts-in-addiction-treatment-centers
#12
Ghoncheh Raheb, Esmat Khaleghi, Amir Moghanibashi-Mansourieh, Ali Farhoudian, Robab Teymouri
PURPOSE: This study takes a systematic approach to investigate the effect of social work intervention aimed at increasing general health among opioid addicts in addiction treatment centers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an experimental plan (pretest to posttest with a control group); the study sample included 60 patients with drug dependencies undergoing treatment in addiction treatment centers. These patients were randomly assigned as case (30) and control (30) groups...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881928/internet-use-and-addiction-among-medical-students-of-universiti-sultan-zainal-abidin-malaysia
#13
Mainul Haque, Nor Azlina A Rahman, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder, Seraj Zohurul Haque, Zubair M Kamal, Zakirul Islam, Atm Emdadul Haque, Nor Iza A Rahman, Ahmed Ghazi Alattraqchi
BACKGROUND: The use of Internet has now become indispensable, and the technology has revolutionized the medical education and practice worldwide. Currently, medical students and professionals have an enormous opportunity to keep them always updated with the exponential growth of knowledge because of potential progression of Internet throughout the world that enables them to become a lifelong learner. Internet addiction is a widespread phenomenon among students and academicians at universities in Malaysia...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799835/a-brief-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-intervention-to-promote-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-college-aged-women
#14
Giselle K Perez, Dean G Cruess, Nicole M Strauss
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is prevalent among college-aged women. Although HPV vaccines decrease women's risk for cervical cancer, the vaccination rates remain inadequate. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the utility of an information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) intervention in promoting HPV vaccination knowledge, motivation, and intentions among college-aged women. METHODS: In Spring/Fall 2012, 62 participants were randomly assigned to a single-session intervention or attention control and were assessed baseline, post-intervention, and at 1 month...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757055/reliability-and-validity-of-the-italian-version-of-the-14-item-resilience-scale
#15
Camilla Callegari, Lorenza Bertù, Melissa Lucano, Marta Ielmini, Elena Braggio, Simone Vender
BACKGROUND: In recent years resilience has gained clinical relevance in sociological, psychological, and medical disciplines, and a lot of scales measuring resilience have been developed and have been utilized in the western countries. The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14), by describing its validity and reliability. As agreed with the authors of the original English version of the RS-14, it was translated into Italian...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729818/workplace-violence-in-different-settings-and-among-various-health-professionals-in-an-italian-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Paola Ferri, Monica Silvestri, Cecilia Artoni, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against health professionals is a global problem with an increasing incidence. The aims of this study were as follows: 1) to examine the frequency and characteristics of WPV in different settings and professionals of a general hospital and 2) to identify the clinical and organizational factors related to this phenomenon. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional. In a 1-month period, we administered the "Violent Incident Form" to 745 professionals (physicians, head nurses, nurses, nursing assistants), who worked in 15 wards of a general hospital in northern Italy...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672345/grappling-with-the-issue-of-homosexuality-perceptions-attitudes-and-beliefs-among-high-school-students-in-kenya
#17
Winnie Mucherah, Elizabeth Owino, Kaleigh McCoy
While the past decade has seen an improvement in attitudes toward homosexuality, negative attitudes are still prevalent in many parts of the world. In general, increased levels of education tend to be predictive of relatively positive attitudes toward homosexuality. However, in most sub-Saharan countries, it is still believed that people are born heterosexual and that nonheterosexuals are social deviants who should be prosecuted. One such country is Kenya, where homosexuality is illegal and attracts a fine or jail term...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660503/effectiveness-of-the-behavior-change-intervention-to-improve-harm-reduction-self-efficacy-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-thailand
#18
Duangta Pawa, Chitlada Areesantichai
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand reported unsafe injection practices resulting in injection-related health consequences. Harm reduction self-efficacy plays an important role and could be improved to reduce harm associated with injecting drugs. Evidence-based interventions targeting PWID are needed. This study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the behavior change intervention within the PWID population. METHODS: The behavior change intervention, Triple-S, was designed to improve harm reduction self-efficacy among PWID...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660502/how-do-laboratory-technicians-perceive-their-role-in-the-tuberculosis-diagnostic-process-a-cross-sectional-study-among-laboratory-technicians-in-health-centers-of-central-java-province-indonesia
#19
Bagoes Widjanarko, Dyah Anantalia Widyastari, Martini Martini, Praba Ginandjar
PURPOSE: Detection of acid-fast bacilli in respiratory specimens serves as an initial pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. Laboratories are the essential and fundamental part of all health systems. This study aimed to describe how laboratory technicians perceived their own self and work. This included perceived self-efficacy, perceived role, perceived equipment availability, perceived procedures, perceived reward and job, and perceived benefit of health education, as well as level of knowledge and attitudes related to work performance of laboratory technicians...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616894/the-relationship-between-emotion-regulation-capacity-heart-rate-variability-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-alcohol-related-brain-damage
#20
Jean-Paul Steinmetz, Claus Vögele, Christiane Theisen-Flies, Carine Federspiel, Stefan Sütterlin
The reliable measurement of quality of life (QoL) presents a challenge in individuals with alcohol-related brain damage. This study investigated vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) as a physiological predictor of QoL. Self- and proxy ratings of QoL and dysexecutive symptoms were collected once, while vmHRV was repeatedly assessed over a 3-week period at weekly intervals in a sample of nine alcohol-related brain damaged patients. We provide robustness checks, bootstrapped correlations with confidence intervals, and standard errors for mean scores...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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