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Psychology Research and Behavior Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30655710/executive-functioning-and-quality-of-life-in-acromegaly
#1
Emilia Solomon, Dumitru Brănișteanu, Andrei Dumbravă, Radu Gheorghe Solomon, Lorànt Kiss, Mihai Glod, Cristina Preda
Introduction: Active acromegaly is a rare chronic endocrine disorder caused by excessive growth hormone (GH). Clinical studies suggest that cognitive performance is impaired in acromegaly - particularly executive function as well as short- and long-term memory. This study compared the quality of life (QoL) and executive functioning in acromegaly patients vs healthy controls. Materials and methods: This was an observational case-control study on 38 subjects divided into 19 acromegaly patients and 19 matched controls...
2019: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30643473/motivation-in-ultra-marathon-runners
#2
Waśkiewicz Zbigniew, T Nikolaidis Pantelis, Chalabaev Aïna, Rosemann Thomas, Knechtle Beat
Background: In ultra-marathon running the proper motivation of the athlete is one of the milestones, not only during the races, but also during the practice sessions, which are long and very exhausting. Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of sport experience (expressed as number of finishes in ultra-marathons) with motivation characteristics of ultra-marathon runners. Subjects and methods: The Motivation of Marathoners Scale examined the motivation of ultra-marathon runners compared to endurance runners of shorter distances (control group)...
2019: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30643472/one-health-behavior-or-many-health-related-behaviors
#3
Jana Marie Havigerová, Jaroslava Dosedlová, Iva Burešová
Objective: Of the many existing health models, models of health behavior are considered optimal for research and application as they focus on concrete forms of behavior that support, maintain, or undermine one's health, and they accentuate the individual as the initiator of this behavior. Research in this area follows a broad range of concrete partial manifestations of health behavior. Is it necessary to differentiate between various types of health behavior or could these partial manifestations be combined under one common scale? Methods: Data acquisition tool: Health-Related Behavior Scale (HRBS, 42 items)...
2019: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30613170/mindfulness-training-enhances-flow-state-and-mental-health-among-baseball-players-in-taiwan
#4
Jian-Hong Chen, Po-Hsin Tsai, Yin-Chou Lin, Chih-Ken Chen, Ching-Yen Chen
Objective: To examine the effect of mindfulness-based training on performance and mental health among a group of elite athletes. Methods: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of mindful sport performance enhancement (MSPE) on mental health, flow state, and competitive state anxiety using a 4-week workshop. We recruited an amateur baseball team (N=21) in Taiwan, and collected information by self-reported questionnaires administered before, immediately after, and at a 4-week follow-up...
2019: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30588138/gender-differences-in-caregiving-among-a-schizophrenia-population
#5
Yu Yu, Wei Zhou, Zi-Wei Liu, Mi Hu, Zhi-Hui Tan, Shui-Yuan Xiao
Background: The present study aimed to investigate differences in family burden and caregiver distress in a population of caregivers for schizophrenia, by separating patient gender and caregiver gender. Methods: A sample of 327 primary family caregivers was recruited from a Chinese rural community through a one-stage cluster-sampling method. A cross-sectional design was employed, using validated measures to assess both family burden and primary caregivers' depression and anxiety...
2019: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30588137/comparisons-of-the-predictive-values-of-admission-criteria-for-academic-achievement-among-undergraduate-students-of-health-and-non-health-science-professions-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Mona Faisal Al-Qahtani, Turki Mashhoor Alanzi
Objective: The main objective of this study was to compare the predictive value of admission criteria for students' grade point averages (GPAs) over a 3-year period for a cohort of students enrolled in health and non-health science professions during the 2012-2013 academic year at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU). Materials and methods: This longitudinal, retrospective cohort study was conducted at eight colleges (four health and four non-health colleges) in IAU between December 2017 and February 2018...
2019: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30588136/basic-emotions-expressed-in-music-factor-analyses-on-intensity-ratings-by-non-musical-professional-chinese-university-students
#7
Chanchan Shen, Mufan Wang, Tongjun Ding, Yang Yang, Javier Cabanyes-Truffino, Lijun Sun, Chu Wang, Wei Wang
Background: Previous studies of musical emotion largely depended on the lexical approach which suffered from overlaps between emotions. Methods: In the present study, we explored emotional domains through a dimensional approach based on the intensity ratings on the emotion perceived in music. Altogether, 488 university students were invited to listen to 60 musical excerpts (most of them classical), to rate the intensity of emotion perceived without naming the emotion...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30573996/role-of-sleep-quality-in-mediating-the-relationship-between-sexual-minority-status-and-suicidal-behavior-among-chinese-adolescents
#8
Yeen Huang, Pengsheng Li, Zhisheng Lai, Xiaofei Jia, Di Xiao, Tian Wang, Lan Guo, Ciyong Lu
Background: Studies suggest that sexual minority adolescents experience higher rates of sleep disturbance than their heterosexual peers, and disturbed sleep is a well-known risk factor for suicidality. This study aimed to explore whether sleep quality had mediating effects on the relationship between sexual minority status and suicidal behavior in Chinese adolescents. Methods: We analyzed data collected from 7th to 12th graders from seven randomly selected provinces of People's Republic of China in the 2015 School-Based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30573995/a-research-on-sources-of-university-faculty-occupational-stress-a-chinese-case-study
#9
Qian Meng, Guan Wang
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the stress level of university faculty members, the important determinants of faculty members' stress, and the implications for both faculty members and administrators. Subjects and methods: Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire consisting of 24 questions. Reponses from 240 participants at a Chinese university were analyzed using SPSS software. The descriptive statistics showed the participants' statistical characteristics...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532604/anxiety-depression-symptoms-and-physical-activity-levels-of-eutrophic-and-excess-weight-brazilian-elite-police-officers-a-preliminary-study
#10
Rodrigo L Vancini, Claudio Ab de Lira, Sarah A Anceschi, André V Rosa, Ana P Lima-Leopoldo, André S Leopoldo, Weverton Rufo-Tavares, Marilia S Andrade, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Background: Police officers are subjected to high work-related stress. This scenario of irregular and insalubrious working conditions may be related to an increase in psychiatric disorders and overweight. In particular, low levels of physical activity and high work stress levels may predispose police officers to obesity, poor lifestyles, and, consequently, major risk of psychological disorders. Thus, our aim was to profile the anxiety/depression symptoms and habitual physical activity (HPA) levels of Brazilian elite police officers classified by body mass index (BMI)...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30519132/mild-and-severe-childhood-depression-differences-and-implications-for-prevention-programs-in-the-school-setting
#11
Elena Bernaras, Maite Garaigordobil, Joana Jaureguizar, Marian Soroa
Purpose: The study had two goals as follows: 1) to identify the prevalence of children with mild and severe depression (MD and SD), exploring sex differences; and 2) to determine possible significant differences in adaptive and clinical variables between children with different levels of depression (absence of depression, MD, and SD). Materials and methods: We used a sample of 420 participants aged 7-10 years (53.3% boys) enrolled in third and fourth grade of primary education, from schools in the Basque Country (Spain)...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30519131/a-longitudinal-inquiry-into-directionality-of-effects-between-coping-and-information-needs-in-hypertensive-patients
#12
Andrea Greco, Erika Rosa Cappelletti, Koen Luyckx, Marco D'Addario, Cristina Giannattasio, Patrizia Steca
Purpose: It is well recognized that effective health communication is associated with better adherence to medical prescriptions, behavioral changes, and enhanced perception of control over the disease. However, there is limited knowledge about the variables on which to tailor health messages. This study examined whether coping strategies were related to information needs over time in a sample of patients with hypertension. Patients and methods: A three-wave longitudinal design was used to examine the potential reciprocal relationships among variables...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30519130/among-substance-abusing-traffic-offenders-poor-sleep-and-poor-general-health-predict-lower-driving-skills-but-not-slower-reaction-times
#13
Nasrin Abdoli, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Vahid Farnia, Mostafa Alikhani, Sanobar Golshani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Background: Traffic accidents are a significant health issue in Iran. Explanations for such accidents have included single consideration of the role of poor sleep and negative psychological trait and state variables. In this study, we examined whether and to what extent sleep, general health, and aggression can concomitantly predict driving behavior. Methods: A total of 360 male traffic offenders (driving under substance use; mean age: 31 years) participated in this study...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30519129/cultivating-employees-communal-relationship-and-organizational-citizenship-behavior-through-authentic-leadership-studying-the-influence-of-procedural-justice
#14
Sadaf Iqbal, Tahir Farid, Jianhong Ma, Qaiser Mehmood
Background: Leaders play vital role in organization to accomplish organizational goals and establish healthy working environment. This study addresses the effect of authentic leadership on employees' communal relationship and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). In addition, this research also examines how procedural justice augments the effect of authentic leadership on both aforementioned employees' behavioral outcomes. Materials and methods: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 425 employees working in banking sector of Pakistan...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498379/group-size-and-composition-of-work-groups-as-precursors-of-intragroup-conflicts
#15
Andrey V Sidorenkov, Evgueni F Borokhovski, Viktor A Kovalenko
Purpose: This study explores the connections between formal quantitative group characteristics (such as group size, group composition by gender, age, and duration of group membership of individual workers, their average age, and duration of membership) with three levels of conflict (ie, interpersonal, individual-group, and individual-subgroup) of two types (ie, activity-oriented and subject-oriented). Method: Forty-one work groups - small-size enterprises and basic-level teams and units in medium-size companies and large corporations, with the total sample of 334 individual workers - took part in the study...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30464658/stigma-toward-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-indonesia
#16
Nurul Hartini, Nur Ainy Fardana, Atika Dian Ariana, Nido Dipo Wardana
Introduction: Mental health problems are serious issues in Indonesia. The prevalence of severe mental disorder in Indonesian population is 1.7‰. In community, people with mental disorder are often stigmatized, while in fact this stigmatization could negatively impact them. One of the most common form of discrimination toward people with mental disorder is the practice of pasung. Method: This research conducted a survey study on 1,269 respondents in East Java (in which the prevalence of severe mental disorder is 2...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30464657/factors-associated-with-life-satisfaction-among-married-women-in-rural-china-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-large-scale-samples
#17
Hao Huang, Siqi Liu, Aditi Sharma, Futing Zou, Fangqiong Tian, Hui Wu
Purpose: The living environment in rural China may predispose individuals there to low life satisfaction (LS). This study aims to evaluate factors that affect LS among married women in rural China. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in rural Liaoning Province in China, in 2015. Out of 3,900 married women, 3,385 (86.8%) completed a questionnaire survey. LS was assessed using the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), with 35 as the maximal possible score...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425597/the-role-of-gender-in-association-between-inhibition-capacities-and-risky-decision-making
#18
Semion Kertzman, Amichai Fluhr, Michael Vainder, Abraham Weizman, Pinhas N Dannon
Background: Research on the association between decision making and inhibition abilities has exhibited fundamental controversies. Some authors claim that inhibition abilities are an integral part of the decision-making process, whereas others suggest that the decision-making process does not operate in close association with inhibition abilities. Can gender explain variations in risky decisions via inhibition influences? Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to explore the associations between response inhibition, reflection inhibition, interference inhibition, and decision-making processes in men and women...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425596/nesfatin-1-and-cortisol-potential-novel-diagnostic-biomarkers-in-moderate-and-severe-depressive-disorder
#19
Ya-Yun Xu, Jin-Fang Ge, Jun Liang, Yin Cao, Feng Shan, Yang Liu, Chun-Yu Yan, Qing-Rong Xia
Background: This study aimed to determine whether plasma nesfatin-1, cortisol, and inflammatory cytokines could be used as novel noninvasive biomarkers for the diagnosis of moderate and severe depressive disorder (MSDD). Materials and methods: A total of 70 patients with MSDD and 70 healthy subjects were assessed. Patients with MSDD were selected from Hefei Fourth People's Hospital, Anhui Mental Health Center, and subjects in the control group were selected from healthy volunteers...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30425595/burnout-and-work-satisfaction-in-general-practitioners-practicing-in-rural-areas-results-from-the-hamedsi-study
#20
Charles Christian Adarkwah, Annette Schwaffertz, Joachim Labenz, Annette Becker, Oliver Hirsch
Background: An increasing number of general practitioners (GPs) are not satisfied with their working conditions and are at risk of developing burnout symptoms. As family medicine is becoming a major subject within the medical curriculum in Germany, practicing GPs need to meet higher demands in the future, ie, treating patients and taking part in the education of medical students. Accordingly, we aimed to determine GPs' work satisfaction and risk of burnout. Materials and methods: A survey was conducted among GPs in the region of Siegen-Wittgenstein...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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