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Psychology Research and Behavior Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765258/psychological-interventions-for-behavioral-adjustments-in-diabetes-care-a-value-based-approach-to-disease-control
#1
REVIEW
Boon-How Chew, Aaron Fernandez, Sazlina Shariff-Ghazali
Psychological aspects of a person, such as the personal value and belief systems, cognition and emotion, form the basis of human health behaviors, which, in turn, influence self-management, self-efficacy, quality of life, disease control and clinical outcomes in people with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. However, psychological, psychosocial and behavioral interventions aimed at these groups of patients have yielded inconsistent effects in terms of clinical outcomes in clinical trials. This might have been due to differing conceptualization of health behavioral theories and models in the interventions...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695941/a-naturalistic-study-on-the-relationship-among-resilient-factors-psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-a-sample-of-residential-patients-with-psychosis
#2
Nicola Poloni, Daniele Zizolfi, Marta Ielmini, Roberto Pagani, Ivano Caselli, Marcello Diurni, Anna Milano, Camilla Callegari
Objective: Resilience is a multidimensional process of adaptation aimed to overcome stressful or traumatic life experiences; only in the last few years it has been considered as a personal resource in psychosis and schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the relationship between intrapersonal and interpersonal resilience factors and schizophrenia, particularly whether and how resilience can improve the course of psychotic illness. Patients and methods: In this observational study, all patients recruited had to fulfill the following inclusion criteria: diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorder ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 ); aged between 18 and 65 years; provided written informed consent; to be clinically stable (Clinical Global Impression Scale <3); history of illness ≥5 years; to be compliant with antipsychotic therapy over the last year; and regular submission to periodic monthly psychiatric visits...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695940/camus-s-l-%C3%A3-tranger-and-the-first-description-of-a-man-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#3
Sam Shuster
The continued discussion about the meaning of Camus's famous novel, L'étranger , provoked a re-reading, and this, in turn, led to its clinical analysis and further investigation. The book rests entirely on the thoughts, words and actions of its central character, Meursault, and these were found to show impairment of social relationships, communication and interaction, with other traits diagnostic of the Asperger's subgroup of the autism spectrum disorder. It was then found that Camus had based Meursault on his close friend Galindo, and a search was therefore made for evidence of Galindo's character; this revealed him to be an intelligent but odd person, who exhibited the characteristic impairment of social and personal behavior of Asperger's syndrome...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695939/effectiveness-of-school-and-family-based-interventions-to-prevent-gaming-addiction-among-grades-4-5-students-in-bangkok-thailand
#4
Nipaporn Apisitwasana, Usaneya Perngparn, Linda B Cottler
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Participatory Learning School and Family Based Intervention Program for Preventing Game Addiction by Developing Self-Regulation of gaming addiction among students of grades 4 and 5 in Bangkok. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was implemented among students of grades 4 and 5 at primary schools in Bangkok selected through multistage random sampling. Two comparable schools were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695938/association-between-a-parent-s-brand-passion-and-a-child-s-brand-passion-a-moderated-moderated-mediation-model
#5
Faheem Gul Gilal, Jian Zhang, Naeem Gul Gilal, Rukhsana Gul Gilal
Purpose: Both marketing scholars and brand managers have noted the importance of brand passion. They have increasingly emphasized how brand passion influences consumers' psychological states and behaviors. In contrast, an almost negligible effort has been made to study whether the individual's brand passion can be transferred to others. Methods: Using consumer socialization theory and emotional contagion theory as a lens, this study explores whether airline brand passion can be transferred from a parent to a child...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695937/effect-of-mindfulness-and-yoga-on-quality-of-life-for-elementary-school-students-and-teachers-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-school-based-study
#6
Alessandra N Bazzano, Christopher E Anderson, Chelsea Hylton, Jeanette Gustat
Objective: To assess the impact of a yoga curriculum in an elementary school on student quality of life, and to assess teacher and staff perception of potential barriers to, and benefits of, introducing yoga and mindfulness into the classroom. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was utilized to assess the impact of a brief intervention on third-grade students who screened positive for symptoms of anxiety. Students were randomized to an intervention group of 20 students receiving small-group yoga/mindfulness activities for 8 weeks between October 2016 and February 2017, and a control group of 32 students receiving care as usual...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692638/co-rumination-anxiety-and-maladaptive-cognitive-schemas-when-friendship-can-hurt
#7
Leonardo Carlucci, Ines D'Ambrosio, Marco Innamorati, Aristide Saggino, Michela Balsamo
Background: This study investigated maladaptive cognitive schemas as mediators of the relationship between co-rumination and anxiety. Methods: Self-report measures of co-rumination, trait cognitive and somatic anxiety, and early maladaptive cognitive schemas were provided to a nonclinical sample of 461 young adults. Mediation of co-rumination and trait somatic and cognitive anxiety by each early maladaptive schema domain was tested using nonparametric, bootstrap-based resampling...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664477/erratum-how-does-cognitive-dissonance-influence-the-sunk-cost-effect-corrigendum
#8
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 37 in vol. 11, PMID: 29535561.].
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662330/development-and-validation-of-mylifetracker-a-routine-outcome-measure-for-youth-mental-health
#9
Benjamin Kwan, Debra J Rickwood, Nic R Telford
Purpose: Routine outcome measures are now being designed for session-by-session use, with emphasis on clinically meaningful items and sensitivity to change. Despite an increasing mental health service focus for young people aged 12-25 years, there is a lack of outcome measures that are designed to be used across this age group. Consequently, MyLifeTracker (MLT) was developed as a brief mental health outcome measure designed for young people for routine use. It consists of the following five items targeting areas of importance to young people: general well-being, day-to-day activities, relationships with friends, relationships with family, and general coping...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563846/avoidant-personality-disorder-current-insights
#10
REVIEW
Lisa Lampe, Gin S Malhi
Avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) is a relatively common disorder that is associated with significant distress, impairment, and disability. It is a chronic disorder with an early age at onset and a lifelong impact. Yet it is underrecognized and poorly studied. Little is known regarding the most effective treatment. The impetus for research into this condition has waxed and waned, possibly due to concerns regarding its distinctiveness from other disorders, especially social anxiety disorder (SAD), schizoid personality disorder, and dependent personality disorder...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535562/coping-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-stress-mindset-and-psychological-stress-response-a-pilot-study
#11
Satoshi Horiuchi, Akira Tsuda, Shuntaro Aoki, Kenichiro Yoneda, Yusuke Sawaguchi
Background: Coping, the cognitive and behavioral effort required to manage the effects of stressors, is important in determining psychological stress responses (ie, the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive responses to stressors). Coping was classified into categories of emotional expression (eg, negative feelings and thoughts), emotional support seeking (eg, approaching loved ones to request encouragement), cognitive reinterpretation (eg, reframing a problem positively), and problem solving (eg, working to solve the problem)...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535561/how-does-cognitive-dissonance-influence-the-sunk-cost-effect
#12
Shao-Hsi Chung, Kuo-Chih Cheng
Background: The sunk cost effect is the scenario when individuals are willing to continue to invest capital in a failing project. The purpose of this study was to explain such irrational behavior by exploring how sunk costs affect individuals' willingness to continue investing in an unfavorable project and to understand the role of cognitive dissonance on the sunk cost effect. Methods: This study used an experimental questionnaire survey on managers of firms listed on the Taiwan Stock Exchange and Over-The-Counter...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483786/reliability-and-validity-of-the-revised-gibson-test-of-cognitive-skills-a-computer-based-test-battery-for-assessing-cognition-across-the-lifespan
#13
Amy Lawson Moore, Terissa M Miller
Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of the revised Gibson Test of Cognitive Skills, a computer-based battery of tests measuring short-term memory, long-term memory, processing speed, logic and reasoning, visual processing, as well as auditory processing and word attack skills. Methods: This study included 2,737 participants aged 5-85 years. A series of studies was conducted to examine the validity and reliability using the test performance of the entire norming group and several subgroups...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440940/the-therapeutic-effectiveness-of-using-visual-art-modalities-with-the-bereaved-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Rachel E Weiskittle, Sandra E Gramling
Bereaved individuals are increasingly considered at risk for negative psychological and physiological outcomes. Visual art modalities are often incorporated into grief therapy interventions, and clinical application of art therapy techniques with the bereaved has been widely documented. Although clinicians and recipients of these interventions advocate for their helpfulness in adapting to bereavement, research investigating the efficacy of visual art modalities has produced equivocal results and has not yet been synthesized to establish empirical support across settings...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296103/interoceptive-sensitivity-as-a-proxy-for-emotional-intensity-and-its-relationship-with-perseverative-cognition
#15
Ricardo G Lugo, Kirsi Helkala, Benjamin J Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Natalie M Lande, Stefan Sütterlin
Background: Technical advancement in military cyber defense poses increased cognitive demands on cyber officers. In the cyber domain, the influence of emotion on decision-making is rarely investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess psychophysiological correlation with perseverative cognitions during emotionally intensive/stressful situations in cyber military personnel. In line with parallel research on clinical samples high on perseverative cognition, we expected a decreased interoceptive sensitivity in officers with high levels of perseverative cognition...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290696/dna-methyltransferase-3a-gene-polymorphism-contributes-to-daily-life-stress-susceptibility
#16
Melisa I Barliana, Shintya N Amalya, Ivan S Pradipta, Sofa D Alfian, Arif Sw Kusuma, Tiana Milanda, Rizky Abdulah
Daily life stress markedly affects the response toward stressful stimuli. DNA methy-lation is one of the factors that regulate this response, and is a normal mechanism of somatic cell growth, but its regulatory gene variations may cause alterations in the stress response. The aim of the present study was to investigate genotypic variants of the DNA methyltransferase 3A ( DNMT3A ) gene in 129 healthy subjects and evaluate its association with daily life stress. Blood samples were collected, and genomic DNA was isolated...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270035/epidemiology-and-evolution-of-the-diagnostic-classification-of-factitious-disorders-in-dsm-5
#17
REVIEW
Ivano Caselli, Nicola Poloni, Marta Ielmini, Marcello Diurni, Camilla Callegari
A systematic search for all case reports and case series of adult patients with factitious disorders (FD) in the databases MEDLINE, Scopus, and PsycINFO was conducted. FD is a psychiatric disorder in which sufferers intentionally fabricate physical or psychological symptoms in order to assume the role of a patient, without any obvious gain. The clinical and demographic profile of patients with FD has not been sufficiently clear. Thus, the aims of this study were to outline a demographic and clinical profile of a large sample of patients with FD and to study the evolution of the position of FD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255375/acute-alcohol-effects-on-facial-expressions-of-emotions-in-social-drinkers-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Eva Susanne Capito, Stefan Lautenbacher, Claudia Horn-Hofmann
Background: As known from everyday experience and experimental research, alcohol modulates emotions. Particularly regarding social interaction, the effects of alcohol on the facial expression of emotion might be of relevance. However, these effects have not been systematically studied. We performed a systematic review on acute alcohol effects on social drinkers' facial expressions of induced positive and negative emotions. Materials and methods: With a predefined algorithm, we searched three electronic databases (PubMed, PsycInfo, and Web of Science) for studies conducted on social drinkers that used acute alcohol administration, emotion induction, and standardized methods to record facial expressions...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238235/oppositional-defiant-disorder-current-insight
#19
REVIEW
Abhishek Ghosh, Anirban Ray, Aniruddha Basu
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is diagnosed broadly on the basis of frequent and persistent angry or irritable mood, argumentativeness/defiance, and vindictiveness. Since its inception in the third Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , epidemiological and longitudinal studies have strongly suggested a distinct existence of ODD that is different from other closely related externalizing disorders, with different course and outcome and possibly discrete subtypes. However, several issues, such as symptom threshold, dimensional versus categorical conceptualization, and sex-specific symptoms, are yet to be addressed...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238234/development-of-a-psychological-test-to-measure-ability-based-emotional-intelligence-in-the-indonesian-workplace-using-an-item-response-theory
#20
Fajrianthi, Rizqy Amelia Zein
This study aimed to develop an emotional intelligence (EI) test that is suitable to the Indonesian workplace context. Airlangga Emotional Intelligence Test (Tes Kecerdasan Emosi Airlangga [TKEA]) was designed to measure three EI domains: 1) emotional appraisal, 2) emotional recognition, and 3) emotional regulation. TKEA consisted of 120 items with 40 items for each subset. TKEA was developed based on the Situational Judgment Test (SJT) approach. To ensure its psychometric qualities, categorical confirmatory factor analysis (CCFA) and item response theory (IRT) were applied to test its validity and reliability...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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