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Psychology Research and Behavior Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022863/understanding-health-care-avoidance-and-initial-help-seeking-behavior-in-german-veterans-a-theory-of-planned-behavior
#1
Stefan Siegel, Simone Dors, Loni Brants, Katrin Schuy, Heinrich Rau
Objective: To gain initial insights into salient beliefs of former German soldiers (veterans) about the use of mental health services. Data source: Narrative interviews with former German soldiers (veterans) were conducted in 2016. Data collection/extraction method: Forty-three interviews were transcribed and analyzed thematically based on the theoretical framework of the theory of planned behavior. From within the behavorial, normative, and control beliefs, the salient beliefs were identified...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922102/integrating-self-determined-needs-into-the-relationship-among-product-design-willingness-to-pay-a-premium-and-word-of-mouth-a-cross-cultural-gender-specific-study
#2
Faheem Gul Gilal, Jian Zhang, Naeem Gul Gilal, Rukhsana Gul Gilal
Background: The present study integrates self-determined needs satisfaction into a relationship between product design (eg, aesthetic, functional, and symbolic design) and consumer behavior (eg, willingness-to-pay [WTP] a premium and negative word-of-mouth [WOM]) and to explore whether gender can differentiate the effects of aesthetic, functional, and symbolic product designs on self-determined needs satisfaction. Methods: To this end, participants from Pakistan and China were recruited, and the hypotheses for this study were tested using structural equation modeling and SPSS-PROCESS...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881315/the-measurement-of-workplace-incivility-in-indonesia-evidence-and-construct-validity
#3
Seger Handoyo, Samian, Dewi Syarifah, Fendy Suhariadi
Introduction: A large body of research in workplace incivility has largely been conducted in the West, while in Asia, it is still relatively limited despite its close relationship to local cultural norms. The purpose of this study was to explore workplace incivility experienced by employees in Indonesia and develop a workplace incivility scale based on the behaviors identified. Methods: This research was divided into two studies. The participants in the first study were 217 employees asked to answer questions on whether they had experienced or had seen their co-workers experiencing incivility from co-workers or supervisor...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872357/the-impact-of-coping-strategies-of-cancer-caregivers-on-psychophysiological-outcomes-an-integrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Ricardo João Teixeira, Allison J Applebaum, Sangeeta Bhatia, Tânia Brandão
Purpose: A growing number of studies have explored the psychosocial burden experienced by cancer caregivers, but less attention has been given to the psychophysiological impact of caregiving and the impact of caregivers' coping strategies on this association. This paper reviews existing research on the processes underlying distress experienced by cancer caregivers, with a specific focus on the role of coping strategies on psychophysiological correlates of burden. Methods: A broad literature search was conducted in health-related databases namely MEDLINE, Science Citations Index Expanded, Scopus, and PsycINFO, using relevant search terms...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861646/teachers-work-ability-a-study-of-relationships-between-collective-efficacy-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#5
Gloria Guidetti, Sara Viotti, Andreina Bruno, Daniela Converso
Introduction: Work ability constitutes one of the most studied well-being indicators related to work. Past research highlighted the relationship with work-related resources and demands, and personal resources. However, no studies highlight the role of collective and self-efficacy beliefs in sustaining work ability. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether and by which mechanism work ability is linked with individual and collective efficacies in a sample of primary and middle school teachers...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849471/psychological-resources-satisfaction-and-career-identity-in-the-work-transition-an-outlook-on-sicilian-college-students
#6
Giuseppe Santisi, Paola Magnano, Silvia Platania, Tiziana Ramaci
Background: The phases of career building today bring out a more complex process than in previous decades. Starting from the literature review, the university-to-work transition is considered a very important step in the future career of the graduates, and it involves some psychological resources and requires specific abilities. Methods: Research has examined the psychological resources that students at the end of a degree course can use in the university-to-work transition...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785145/linking-product-design-to-consumer-behavior-the-moderating-role-of-consumption-experience
#7
Naeem Gul Gilal, Jing Zhang, Faheem Gul Gilal
Background: Previous investigations of product design broadly link aesthetic, functional, and symbolic designs to sales growth, high turnover, and market share. However, the effect of product design dimensions on consumer willingness-to-buy (WTB) and word-of-mouth (WOM) is virtually ignored by consumer researchers. Similarly, whether the consumption experience can differentiate the effect of the three product design dimensions on WTB and WOM is completely unknown. Using categorization theory as a lens, our study aims to explore the effect of product design dimensions on consumer WTB and WOM directly and indirectly through the moderation of the consumption experience...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785144/the-neuropsychology-of-emerging-psychosis-and-the-role-of-working-memory-in-episodic-memory-encoding
#8
Marlon O Pflueger, Pasquale Calabrese, Erich Studerus, Ronan Zimmermann, Ute Gschwandtner, Stefan Borgwardt, Jacqueline Aston, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Anita Riecher-Rössler
Background: Episodic memory encoding and working memory (WM) deficits are among the first cognitive signs and symptoms in the course of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. However, it is not clear whether the deficit pattern is generalized or specific in nature. We hypothesized that encoding deficits at an early stage of the disease might be due to the more fundamental WM deficits. Methods: We examined episodic memory encoding and WM by administering the California Verbal Learning Test, a 2-back task, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in 90 first-episode psychosis (FE) patients and 116 individuals with an at-risk mental state for psychosis (ARMS) compared to 57 healthy subjects...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765258/psychological-interventions-for-behavioral-adjustments-in-diabetes-care-a-value-based-approach-to-disease-control
#9
REVIEW
Boon-How Chew, Aaron Fernandez, Sazlina Shariff-Ghazali
Psychological aspects of a person, such as the personal value and belief systems, cognition and emotion, form the basis of human health behaviors, which, in turn, influence self-management, self-efficacy, quality of life, disease control and clinical outcomes in people with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. However, psychological, psychosocial and behavioral interventions aimed at these groups of patients have yielded inconsistent effects in terms of clinical outcomes in clinical trials. This might have been due to differing conceptualization of health behavioral theories and models in the interventions...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695941/a-naturalistic-study-on-the-relationship-among-resilient-factors-psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-a-sample-of-residential-patients-with-psychosis
#10
Nicola Poloni, Daniele Zizolfi, Marta Ielmini, Roberto Pagani, Ivano Caselli, Marcello Diurni, Anna Milano, Camilla Callegari
Objective: Resilience is a multidimensional process of adaptation aimed to overcome stressful or traumatic life experiences; only in the last few years it has been considered as a personal resource in psychosis and schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the relationship between intrapersonal and interpersonal resilience factors and schizophrenia, particularly whether and how resilience can improve the course of psychotic illness. Patients and methods: In this observational study, all patients recruited had to fulfill the following inclusion criteria: diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorder ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 ); aged between 18 and 65 years; provided written informed consent; to be clinically stable (Clinical Global Impression Scale <3); history of illness ≥5 years; to be compliant with antipsychotic therapy over the last year; and regular submission to periodic monthly psychiatric visits...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695940/camus-s-l-%C3%A3-tranger-and-the-first-description-of-a-man-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#11
Sam Shuster
The continued discussion about the meaning of Camus's famous novel, L'étranger , provoked a re-reading, and this, in turn, led to its clinical analysis and further investigation. The book rests entirely on the thoughts, words and actions of its central character, Meursault, and these were found to show impairment of social relationships, communication and interaction, with other traits diagnostic of the Asperger's subgroup of the autism spectrum disorder. It was then found that Camus had based Meursault on his close friend Galindo, and a search was therefore made for evidence of Galindo's character; this revealed him to be an intelligent but odd person, who exhibited the characteristic impairment of social and personal behavior of Asperger's syndrome...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695939/effectiveness-of-school-and-family-based-interventions-to-prevent-gaming-addiction-among-grades-4-5-students-in-bangkok-thailand
#12
Nipaporn Apisitwasana, Usaneya Perngparn, Linda B Cottler
Purpose: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of Participatory Learning School and Family Based Intervention Program for Preventing Game Addiction by Developing Self-Regulation of gaming addiction among students of grades 4 and 5 in Bangkok. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was implemented among students of grades 4 and 5 at primary schools in Bangkok selected through multistage random sampling. Two comparable schools were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695938/association-between-a-parent-s-brand-passion-and-a-child-s-brand-passion-a-moderated-moderated-mediation-model
#13
Faheem Gul Gilal, Jian Zhang, Naeem Gul Gilal, Rukhsana Gul Gilal
Purpose: Both marketing scholars and brand managers have noted the importance of brand passion. They have increasingly emphasized how brand passion influences consumers' psychological states and behaviors. In contrast, an almost negligible effort has been made to study whether the individual's brand passion can be transferred to others. Methods: Using consumer socialization theory and emotional contagion theory as a lens, this study explores whether airline brand passion can be transferred from a parent to a child...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695937/effect-of-mindfulness-and-yoga-on-quality-of-life-for-elementary-school-students-and-teachers-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-school-based-study
#14
Alessandra N Bazzano, Christopher E Anderson, Chelsea Hylton, Jeanette Gustat
Objective: To assess the impact of a yoga curriculum in an elementary school on student quality of life, and to assess teacher and staff perception of potential barriers to, and benefits of, introducing yoga and mindfulness into the classroom. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was utilized to assess the impact of a brief intervention on third-grade students who screened positive for symptoms of anxiety. Students were randomized to an intervention group of 20 students receiving small-group yoga/mindfulness activities for 8 weeks between October 2016 and February 2017, and a control group of 32 students receiving care as usual...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692638/co-rumination-anxiety-and-maladaptive-cognitive-schemas-when-friendship-can-hurt
#15
Leonardo Carlucci, Ines D'Ambrosio, Marco Innamorati, Aristide Saggino, Michela Balsamo
Background: This study investigated maladaptive cognitive schemas as mediators of the relationship between co-rumination and anxiety. Methods: Self-report measures of co-rumination, trait cognitive and somatic anxiety, and early maladaptive cognitive schemas were provided to a nonclinical sample of 461 young adults. Mediation of co-rumination and trait somatic and cognitive anxiety by each early maladaptive schema domain was tested using nonparametric, bootstrap-based resampling...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664477/erratum-how-does-cognitive-dissonance-influence-the-sunk-cost-effect-corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 37 in vol. 11, PMID: 29535561.].
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662330/development-and-validation-of-mylifetracker-a-routine-outcome-measure-for-youth-mental-health
#17
Benjamin Kwan, Debra J Rickwood, Nic R Telford
Purpose: Routine outcome measures are now being designed for session-by-session use, with emphasis on clinically meaningful items and sensitivity to change. Despite an increasing mental health service focus for young people aged 12-25 years, there is a lack of outcome measures that are designed to be used across this age group. Consequently, MyLifeTracker (MLT) was developed as a brief mental health outcome measure designed for young people for routine use. It consists of the following five items targeting areas of importance to young people: general well-being, day-to-day activities, relationships with friends, relationships with family, and general coping...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563846/avoidant-personality-disorder-current-insights
#18
REVIEW
Lisa Lampe, Gin S Malhi
Avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) is a relatively common disorder that is associated with significant distress, impairment, and disability. It is a chronic disorder with an early age at onset and a lifelong impact. Yet it is underrecognized and poorly studied. Little is known regarding the most effective treatment. The impetus for research into this condition has waxed and waned, possibly due to concerns regarding its distinctiveness from other disorders, especially social anxiety disorder (SAD), schizoid personality disorder, and dependent personality disorder...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535562/coping-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-stress-mindset-and-psychological-stress-response-a-pilot-study
#19
Satoshi Horiuchi, Akira Tsuda, Shuntaro Aoki, Kenichiro Yoneda, Yusuke Sawaguchi
Background: Coping, the cognitive and behavioral effort required to manage the effects of stressors, is important in determining psychological stress responses (ie, the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive responses to stressors). Coping was classified into categories of emotional expression (eg, negative feelings and thoughts), emotional support seeking (eg, approaching loved ones to request encouragement), cognitive reinterpretation (eg, reframing a problem positively), and problem solving (eg, working to solve the problem)...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535561/how-does-cognitive-dissonance-influence-the-sunk-cost-effect
#20
Shao-Hsi Chung, Kuo-Chih Cheng
Background: The sunk cost effect is the scenario when individuals are willing to continue to invest capital in a failing project. The purpose of this study was to explain such irrational behavior by exploring how sunk costs affect individuals' willingness to continue investing in an unfavorable project and to understand the role of cognitive dissonance on the sunk cost effect. Methods: This study used an experimental questionnaire survey on managers of firms listed on the Taiwan Stock Exchange and Over-The-Counter...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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