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Psychology Research and Behavior Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615979/erratum-gender-stereotypes-in-occupational-choice-a-cross-sectional-study-on-a-group-of-italian-adolescents-erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 109 in vol. 10, PMID: 28458587.].
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579840/antecedents-of-positive-self-disclosure-online-an-empirical-study-of-us-college-students-facebook-usage
#2
Hongliang Chen
This study investigates the factors predicting positive self-disclosure on social networking sites (SNSs). There is a formidable body of empirical research relating to online self-disclosure, but very few studies have assessed the antecedents of positive self-disclosure. To address this literature gap, the current study tests the effects of self-esteem, life satisfaction, social anxiety, privacy concerns, public self-consciousness (SC), and perceived collectivism on positive self-disclosure on SNSs. Data were collected online via Qualtrics in April 2013...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496374/gender-differences-and-psychological-factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-among-youth-in-malaysia
#4
Norhayati Ibrahim, Noh Amit, Normah Che Din, Hui Chien Ong
Suicide is a global phenomenon that has been showing an upward trend in recent years. It is the second leading cause of death among youth. Studies on suicidal ideation warrant greater attention, as it leads to suicide attempts and other health risk behaviors. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare gender differences in suicidal ideation and determine the predictors of suicidal ideation among youth. This cross-sectional study was carried out among 232 youths aged between 15 and 25 years from selected urban areas in Malaysia...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490910/optimizing-psychosocial-interventions-in-first-episode-psychosis-current-perspectives-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Nicholas Jk Breitborde, Aubrey M Moe, Arielle Ered, Lauren M Ellman, Emily K Bell
Psychotic-spectrum disorders such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorder with psychotic features are devastating illnesses accompanied by high levels of morbidity and mortality. Growing evidence suggests that outcomes for individuals with psychotic-spectrum disorders can be meaningfully improved by increasing the quality of mental health care provided to these individuals and reducing the delay between the first onset of psychotic symptoms and the receipt of adequate psychiatric care...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458587/gender-stereotypes-in-occupational-choice-a-cross-sectional-study-on-a-group-of-italian-adolescents
#6
Tiziana Ramaci, Monica Pellerone, Caterina Ledda, Giovambattista Presti, Valeria Squatrito, Venerando Rapisarda
BACKGROUND: Gender beliefs represent cultural schemas for interpreting or making sense of the social and employment world, as they can influence attitudes, career aspirations, and the vocational decision process of young people, especially the adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the influence of gender stereotypes on the choice of career in adolescents. A group of 120 students were recruited to complete an ad hoc questionnaire, Scale of Perceived Occupational Self-Efficacy, and Semantic Differentials...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435341/empowering-patients-of-a-mental-rehabilitation-center-in-a-low-resource-context-a-moroccan-experience-as-a-case-study
#7
Hicham Khabbache, Abdelhak Jebbar, Nadia Rania, Marie-Chantal Doucet, Ali Assad Watfa, Joël Candau, Mariano Martini, Anna Siri, Francesco Brigo, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders represent a major source of disability and premature mortality worldwide. However, in developing countries patients with MNS disorders are often poorly managed and treated, particularly in marginalized, impoverished areas where the mental health gap and the treatment gap can reach 90%. Efforts should be made in promoting help by making mental health care more accessible. In this article, we address the challenges that psychological and psychiatric services have to face in a low-resource context, taking our experience at a Moroccan rehabilitation center as a case study...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435340/stress-and-its-predictors-in-pregnant-women-a-study-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Anwar E Ahmed, Alhanouf N Albalawi, Asmaa A Alshehri, Rand M AlBlaihed, Majid A Alsalamah
BACKGROUND: Although stress during pregnancy has negative effects on children's development and pregnant women's health, no study has assessed stress and its predictors among pregnant Saudi women. The aim of this study was to assess stress and identify its predictors in a sample of pregnant Saudi women. METHODS: A correlational study was carried out at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on 438 pregnant women who attended the obstetrics/gynecology clinic...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#9
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352207/improving-urban-environment-through-public-commitment-toward-the-implementation-of-clean-and-healthy-living-behaviors
#10
Nurul Hartini, Atika Dian Ariana, Triana Kesuma Dewi, Afif Kurniawan
BACKGROUND: Some parts of northern Surabaya are slum areas with dense populations, and the majority of the inhabitants are from low-income families. The condition of these areas is seemingly different from the fact that Surabaya city has won awards for its cleanliness, healthy environment preservation, and maintenance. AIM: This study aimed at turning the researched site into a clean and healthy environment. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quasi-experiment technique with a non-randomized design and pretest-posttest procedures...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280402/psychometric-properties-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-family-assessment-measure-third-edition-short-version-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#11
Monica Pellerone, Tiziana Ramaci, Santa Parrello, Paola Guariglia, Flavio Giaimo
BACKGROUND: Family functioning plays an important role in developing and maintaining dysfunctional behaviors, especially during adolescence. The lack of indicators of family functioning, as determinants of personal and interpersonal problems, represents an obstacle to the activities aimed at developing preventive and intervention strategies. The Process Model of Family Functioning provides a conceptual framework organizing and integrating various concepts into a comprehensive family assessment; this model underlines that through the process of task accomplishment, each family meets objectives central to its life as a group...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223851/a-phenomenological-study-on-resilience-of-the-elderly-suffering-from-chronic-disease-a-qualitative-study
#12
Parkhide Hassani, Fatemeh-Sadat Izadi-Avanji, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Hamid Alavi Majd
BACKGROUND: Resilience is a key factor in improving health and attenuating problems caused by chronic diseases in the elderly. Having a clear understanding of its meaning in a specific population can be of great help in taking efficient steps toward better health services. Given the lack of information in this regard, the aim of this study was to understand the meaning of resilience for hospitalized older people who experience chronic conditions. METHODS: The study was carried out as a qualitative work based on a descriptive phenomenological approach...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203113/the-influence-of-parenting-on-maladaptive-cognitive-schema-a-cross-sectional-research-on-a-group-of-adults
#13
Monica Pellerone, Calogero Iacolino, Giuseppe Mannino, Ivan Formica, Simona Maria Zabbara
BACKGROUND: The literature emphasizes the role of early interpersonal experiences in the development of cognitive vulnerability; in particular, interruptions in early family relationships, parental unavailability and dysfunctional parenting are potential evolutionary precursors to negative cognitive style and emotional disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study measured the relationship of retrospective ratings on parental bonding with cognitive patterns in a group of Italian adults...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182139/assessing-behavioral-patterns-of-internet-addiction-and-drug-abuse-among-high-school-students
#14
Zeinab Nemati, Hossein Matlabi
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction and drug abuse isolate adolescents from their family and friends and cause damage to their health, relations, emotions, and spirit. In the society, adolescents' addiction extracts high cost on health care, educational failure and mental health services. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral patterns of Internet and drug addiction among urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran. METHODS: A sectional and descriptive-analytical approach with stratified sampling method was employed to recruit 385 high school students from urban and rural areas...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138269/utilization-of-dating-apps-by-men-who-have-sex-with-men-for-persuading-other-men-toward-substance-use
#15
Smith Boonchutima, Watsayut Kongchan
BACKGROUND: Dating apps play a major role in connecting men who are interested in meeting other men for sex. Besides finding a partner, these tools are also exploited for other activities such as encouraging people to get involved in the habit of illicit drug consumption (substance use). METHODS: This study evaluated the overall usage of dating apps among Thai men who have sex with men (MSMs), with an emphasis on abusing these apps to convey messages encouraging substance use...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123313/developing-expertise-in-gynecologic-surgery-reflective-perspectives-of-international-experts-on-learning-environments-and-processes
#16
Patricia L Hardré, Mikio Nihira, Edgar L LeClaire
Research in medical education does not provide a clear understanding of how professional expertise develops among surgeons and what experiential factors contribute to that development. To address this gap, the researchers interviewed 16 international experts in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery to assess their reflective perceptions of what specific opportunities and experiences initiated and supported their development toward expertise in their field. Characteristics and influences explaining the speed and quality of expertise development were sorted into the following themes: the dynamic process of expertise development, internal and personal characteristics, general aptitudes and preparatory skills, role modeling and interpersonal influences, opportunities to learn and practice, and roles and reference points...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053561/mental-disorders-functional-impairment-and-nerve-growth-factor
#17
Fanny Helena Martins Salles, Pedro San Martin Soares, Carolina David Wiener, Thaise Campos Mondin, Paula Moraes da Silva, Karen Jansen, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Jean Pierre Oses
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is an important member of the neurotrophin family and its alteration has been associated with psychiatric disorders. Functionality consists of the activities that an individual can perform, as well as their social participation, which is an important factor in analyzing the carrier living conditions of subjects with psychiatric suffering. Several studies have evaluated functionality in bipolar disorder; however, no studies have evaluated the functionality in other mental disorders...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053560/validity-and-reliability-of-the-tibetan-version-of-s-embu-for-measuring-parenting-styles
#18
Ciren Yangzong, Sanguan Lerkiatbundit, Ouzhu Luobu, Chaoying Cui, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Baima Kangzhuo, Deji Quzong, Luobu Zhandui, Pu Zhen, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong
Parenting style experienced during childhood has profound effects on children's futures. Scales developed in other countries have never been validated in the Tibetan context. The present study aimed to examine the construct validity and reliability of a Tibetan translation of the 23-item short form of the Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran [One's Memories of Upbringing] (s-EMBU) and to test the correlation between the parenting styles of fathers and mothers. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 847 students aged 12-21 years from Lhasa, Tibet, during September and October 2015 with a participation rate of 97...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994490/relationship-among-temporary-separation-attachment-styles-and-adjustment-in-first-grade-iranian-children
#19
Siyamak Tahmasebi, Saman Mafakheri Bashmaq, Mansoureh Karimzadeh, Robab Teymouri, Mahdi Amini, Maryam Sadat M Vaghefi, M Ali Mazaheri
If mothers work outside the home, some degree of mother-child separation will be experienced and mother-child attachment will be affected. In this study, regarding the attachment styles, sociobehavioral problems in first-grade children with experience of preschool and in those taught by their mothers at-home are compared. A casual-comparative method was used to compare children in the two groups. A total of 320 first-grade children participated in the study. The study measures included a separation anxiety test, an adaptive behavior scale, and a children's symptom inventory...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980439/predictors-of-disability-related-attitudes-considering-self-esteem-communication-apprehension-contact-and-geographic-location
#20
Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Dinah Tetteh, Yen-I Lee
Individuals' attitudes about persons with disability (PwD) strongly affect differently-abled persons' quality of life and position in society. Some research offers support for the ability of systematic, supported, longitudinal contact between different groups of individuals to improve attitudes. College campuses, in particular, offer a potentially useful arena in which to facilitate this type of contact. This study explored contextual factors (eg, geographic region, biological sex) and predictors of disability-related attitudes among a college student population to determine strategies for course-based intervention design (eg, as community-engaged or service-learning initiatives)...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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