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OncoTargets and Therapy

Gang Guo, Moushun Fu, Shuxiang Wei, Ruiwan Chen
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been identified to be both a risk factor and a prognostic factor in a variety of malignancies, but its association with the risk and outcome of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is still unclear. To elucidate this issue, we systematically reviewed the evidence concerning the association between DM status and NPC. Materials and methods: We identified studies by a literature search of PubMed, Embase, and ISI Web of Knowledge through May 31, 2017, and by searching the reference lists of pertinent articles...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Rong Wang, Danni Deng, Naiyuan Shao, Yuan Xu, Lian Xue, Ya Peng, Yatian Liu, Feng Zhi
Background: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant primary tumor of the central nervous system and is associated with a very poor prognosis. No further improvements in outcomes have been reported since radiotherapy-temozolomide therapy was introduced. Therefore, developing new agents to treat GBM is important. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the anti-tumor effect of evodiamine (Evo) on GBM cells, and to determine the underlying mechanisms involved...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xiaoying Wang, Jiefu Peng, Jing Wang, Miao Li, Di Wu, Songyan Wu, Jipei Liao, Jun Dou
Background: Despite the breadth of understanding the noncoding RNAs' function in molecular biology, their functional roles in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) core upon the expression of noncoding RNAs. Methods: The lncRNAs, mRNAs, and circRNAs were employed for identification of HCV core protein gene expression in human Huh7 hepatoma (Huh7) cell line. In data analysis, we applied a threshold that eliminated all genes that were not increased or decreased by at least a 2-fold change in a comparison between transfected and control cells...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xuejiao Li, Zhongxiu Jiang, Xiangmin Li, Xiaoye Zhang
Osteopontin (OPN) is a promoter for tumor progression. It has been reported to promote non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression via the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling. As the increased acetylation of NF-κB p65 is linked to NF-κB activation, the regulation of NF-κB p65 acetylation could be a potential treatment target for OPN-induced NSCLC progression. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a deacetylase, and the role of SIRT1 in tumor progression is still controversial. The effect and mechanism of SIRT1 on OPN-induced tumor progression remains unknown...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xiaoyu Zheng, Yu Wang, Linlin Dong, Su Zhao, Liping Wang, Hong Chen, Yang Xu, Guonian Wang
Background: Several kinds of cancer surgeries with propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) have been shown to have better outcomes than those with sevoflurane-based inhalational anesthesia (INHA). However, the effects of this anesthetic technique have not been investigated in patients with gastric cancer. In this study, the authors retrospectively examined the link between the choice of anesthetic technique and overall survival in patients undergoing gastric cancer resection...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yuhan Liu, Anbang He, Baoer Liu, Yucheng Zhong, Xinhui Liao, Jiangeng Yang, Jieqing Chen, Jianting Wu, Hongbing Mei
Several epidemiological studies have reported that polymorphisms in microRNA-196a2 (miR-196a2) were associated with various cancers. However, the results remained unverified and were inconsistent in different cancers. Therefore, we carried out an updated meta-analysis to elaborate the effects of rs11614913 polymorphism on cancer susceptibility. A total of 84 articles with 35,802 cases and 41,541 controls were included to evaluate the association between the miR-196a2 rs11614913 and cancer risk by pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Cristina Aguado, Maria-de-Los-Llanos Gil, Zaira Yeste, Ana Giménez-Capitán, Cristina Teixidó, Niki Karachaliou, Santiago Viteri, Rafael Rosell, Miguel A Molina-Vila
Fusion of the anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase gene ( ALK ) with the echinoderm microtubule-associated protein 4 gene ( EML4 ) is the second most common actionable alteration in non-small-cell lung cancer, with a frequency of 5%. Here, we present a case of an EML4-ALK-positive patient with an atypical in-frame insertion from the LTBP1 gene in the canonical junction of variant 1 . The patient was a 39-year-old never-smoker female diagnosed with Stage IV lung adenocarcinoma. A core biopsy was negative for EGFR and KRAS mutations but positive for ALK immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Junsheng Fan, Zengfei Xia, Xiaoli Zhang, Yuqing Chen, Ruolan Qian, Sihan Liu, Danming You, Jian Zhang, Peng Luo
Background: Alectinib is a second-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat crizotinib-refractory non-small cell lung cancer. We performed this meta-analysis to synthesize the results of different clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of alectinib. Methods: A search of 3 databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library, was performed from the inception of each database through September 5, 2017...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Zhongwu Hu, Daorong Hou, Xiaowei Wang, Zhenbing You, Xiufeng Cao
Background: Tetraspanin 12 (TSPAN12), a member of the phylogenetically ancient tetraspanin family, is linked to impaired vascularization of the eye called familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, while the functional role of TSPAN12 in lung cancer has not been well characterized. Results: In our study, TSPAN12 is able to regulate the growth of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells both in vitro and in vivo. TSPAN12 mRNA level was significantly increased in human NSCLC samples compared with their corresponding paracancerous histologic normal tissues...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Hong-Lei Guo, Ling He, Yan-Cui Zhu, Kun Wu, Feng Yuan
The advent of disease evaluation by means of multi-slice spiral computed tomography (MSCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represents a continually emerging role in the evaluation of various diseases; however, its role is yet to be adequately defined. Thus, the aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic value of MSCT and MRI in the diagnosis of peritoneal metastasis in primary ovarian carcinoma. Between January 2013 and December 2015, MSCT or MRI data were collected from 42 patients who had been previously diagnosed with peritoneal metastasis of ovarian carcinoma at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Donggen Jiang, Chutian Xiao, Tuzeng Xian, Liantao Wang, Yunhua Mao, Junfu Zhang, Jun Pang
Background: Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) has been proven to be involved in numerous tumors, while its role in prostate cancer (PCa) is still unclear. This study aimed at investigating the expression pattern and prognostic value of DCLK1 in PCa. Patients and methods: Real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were employed to determine DCLK1 mRNA and protein levels in 25 paired fresh samples of PCa and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) as well as in PCa cell lines...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Liang Tang, Jianming Li, Meihua Bao, Ju Xiang, Yiwei Chen, Yan Wang
Objective: The estrogen receptor (ER) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) each play an important role in female cancers. This study aimed to investigate the genetic association between three common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of ovarian cancer. The SNPs investigated in this study were ESR2 rs1271572 and rs3020450 and HER2 rs1801200. Methods: In this study, databases were electronically searched in a meta-analysis. Databases used were PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang and Cochrane library...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Bo Wang, XueBin Zhang, Wei Wang, ZhiZhong Zhu, Fan Tang, Dong Wang, Xi Liu, Hao Zhuang, XiaoLing Yan
Purpose: Forkhead box K2 (FOXK2) is a member of the forkhead box family of transcription factors. Recently, researchers discovered that overexpression of FOXK2 inhibits the proliferation and metastasis of breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and colorectal cancer, and is related to the clinical prognosis. However, in hepatocellular carcinoma, FOXK2 results in the opposite phenotypes. Currently, the contribution of FOXK2 to glioma pathogenesis is not clear. Patients and methods: We evaluated the expression of FOXK2 in 151 glioma patients using immunohistochemistry assays...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yang Zhang, Linjuan Xu, Minggang Peng
Objective: To deeply verify the clinical significance of CXCR3 in prediction of cancer patients' prognosis. Data sources: We performed a meta-analysis including 12 studies searched from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane databases. A total of 1,751 patients were used to analyze the association between CXCR3 and patients' prognosis, based on either overall survival or time to tumor progression. Study selection: Studies evaluating CXCR3 expression for predicting prognosis in human solid tumors were included...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xuefeng Yu, Fulan Hu, Chunfeng Li, Qiang Yao, Hongfeng Zhang, Yingwei Xue
Background and objectives: The dismal prognosis of gastric cancer patients is a global problem. We aim to evaluate the clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of proximal and distal gastric cancer. Materials and methods: Gastric cancer cases diagnosed and treated at the same surgical unit between 2007 and 2010 were reviewed. Follow-up data from all patients were collected for at least 5 years until 2015. A total of 964 patients were studied (distal gastric cancer [DG], n=777 and proximal gastric cancer [PG], n=187)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Li Cheng, Hao Wang, Kecun Guo, Zicheng Wang, Zhongyuan Zhang, Cheng Shen, Liang Chen, Jian Lin
Background: Human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common type of kidney cancer that arises from the renal epithelium. Up to 33.3% of RCC patients treated with local tumor resections will subsequently develop recurrence or metastases. Thus, optimized therapeutic regimes are urgently needed to improve the prognosis of RCC. Reversine was recently reported to exert critical roles in cancer therapy. Materials and methods: This study evaluated the anti-tumor effects of reversine on cell viability, colony formation, apoptosis, and cell cycle in 786-O and ACHN cell lines...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Chaogang Yang, Kun Zou, Zewei Yuan, Tangxi Guo, Bin Xiong
Background: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been proposed as a marker for predicting the prognosis of cancer. However, the prognostic value of CTCs detected with the CellSearch System in patients with gastric cancer (GC) remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of available studies to investigate this topic. Methods: Two authors systematically searched the studies independently in PubMed, Science Citation Index, Cochrane Database, Embase, and the references in relevant studies (up to September 2017) using keywords...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Xiaohui Wang, Changbin Ji, Huiying Chi, Haiyong Wang
Background: Few studies have focused on the optimal threshold of examed lymph nodes (ELNs) for breast cancer patients with more than three positive lymph nodes after modified radical mastectomy. Materials and methods: The X-tile and the minimum P -value models were applied to determine the optimal threshold. Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to analyze the cancer-specific survival and perform subgroup analysis. Results: The results showed that 12 ELNs was the optimal threshold for these patients, and the patients with >12 ELNs had a better cancer-specific survival benefit compared with the patients with <12 ELNs ( P <0...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Qian Fei, Xiao-Kang Tian, Jing Wu, Hong-Ming Zhu, Yan Wang, Fan-Yu Peng, Wen-Jun Zhang, Li Yin, Xia He
Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma is closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. However, the prognostic value of EBV-DNA in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma remains unclear. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to estimate its prognostic significance. PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were used to search for studies conducted until June 12, 2017. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to evaluate the prognostic value of pretreatment EBV-DNA on the overall survival of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Chendong Yang, Aihua Hou, Chunfeng Yu, Lingling Dai, Wen Wang, Kangle Zhang, Hongmin Shao, Jinghua Ma, Wenjuan Xu
Background: Multidrug resistance (MDR) frequently contributes to the failure of chemotherapeutic treatments in patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Revealing the molecular mechanism of MDR is indispensable for the development of effective chemotherapeutic drugs. Purpose: Due to the low-toxicity modulators to inhibit MDR, we considered that Kanglaite (KLT) is a potential agent for reversing MDR in HCC. Materials and Methods: BEL-7402/5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and HepG2/adriamycin (ADM) were analyzed for cell viability, colony formation assay, cell scratch assay, and cell cycle analysis and apoptosis assay by flow cytometry...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
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