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OncoTargets and Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507443/erratum-retinoic-acid-and-arsenic-trioxide-in-the-treatment-of-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-current-perspectives-corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 1585 in vol. 10, PMID: 28352191.].
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507442/aberrant-promoter-methylation-profiles-and-association-with-survival-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Dani Zhong, Hong Cen
The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic and diagnostic value of genes with promoter methylation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. On the basis of The Cancer Genome Atlas data, we identified genes with differentially methylated promoters in HCC tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues, using the linear models for microarray data approach. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was applied to access the prognostic value of identified differentially methylated genes. The diagnostic value of the genes was evaluated through receiver operating characteristic...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507441/clinicopathological-significance-of-p14-arf-expression-in-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#3
Fang Wang, Heping Li, Jianting Long, Sheng Ye
BACKGROUND: p14(ARF), a tumor suppressor protein, encoded by the p16 tumor suppressor gene, has been reported to be associated with the clinicopathological features of lung cancer. However, the evaluated outcomes were inconsistent and remained inconclusive. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to clarify the significance of p14(ARF) expression in lung cancer pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Embase, and CNKI, were retrieved to collect relevant articles with inclusion and exclusion criteria...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507440/ocular-basal-cell-carcinoma-a-brief-literature-review-of-clinical-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Yingyun Shi, Renbing Jia, Xianqun Fan
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common malignant tumor throughout the world. One of the known risk factors of BCC is intense exposure to ultraviolet radiation. More than 50% of BCCs of the eyelid initially occur on the lower lid. The gold standard of diagnosis of BCC is histopathology. Treatment options for BCC consist of surgery, vismodegib, radiotherapy and imiquimod. Surgical excision using Mohs micrographic surgery or wide surgical excision with frozen section margin control is the first consideration for treatment of periocular BCC...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503070/tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-combination-therapy-in-first-line-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#5
Sarah Batson, Stephen A Mitchell, Ricarda Windisch, Elisabetta Damonte, Veronica C Munk, Noemi Reguart
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) has improved the outlook for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR+ mutations. However, most patients develop resistance, with the result that median progression-free survival (PFS) iŝ12 months. Combining EGFR-TKIs with other agents, such as bevacizumab, is a promising approach to prolonging remission. This systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) were undertaken to assess available evidence regarding the benefits of first-line combination therapy involving EGFR-TKIs in patients with advanced NSCLC...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503069/downregulation-of-long-noncoding-rna-tug1-inhibits-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-through-the-tug1-mir-142-zeb2-axis-in-bladder-cancer-cells
#6
Qian Liu, Hui Liu, Hepeng Cheng, Yang Li, Xiaodong Li, Chaoyang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is a common serious disease around the world. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to participate in the development and progression of various cancers, including bladder cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of lncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) on proliferation and apoptosis in bladder cancer cell lines and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: The levels of TUG1 were detected by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in bladder cancer tissues and cells...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503068/a-retrospective-study-on-the-prognostic-value-of-preoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-primary-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus
#7
Yan Wang, Jun Feng Liu
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that systemic inflammation influences the prognosis in patients with malignant tumors. The aim of this research was to investigate the prognostic value of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with primary small-cell carcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 129 patients with primary small-cell carcinoma of the esophagus who underwent esophagectomy in The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University between January 2008 and December 2010...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496342/sialylation-facilitates-self-assembly-of-3d-multicellular-prostaspheres-by-using-cyclo-rgdfk-tpp-peptide
#8
Sabah Haq, Vanessa Samuel, Fiona Haxho, Roman Akasov, Maria Leko, Sergey V Burov, Elena Markvicheva, Myron R Szewczuk
BACKGROUND: Prostaspheres-based three dimensional (3D) culture models have provided insight into prostate cancer (PCa) biology, highlighting the importance of cell-cell interactions and the extracellular matrix (EMC) in the tumor microenvironment. Although these 3D classical spheroid platforms provide a significant advance over 2D models mimicking in vivo tumors, the limitations involve no control of assembly and structure with only limited spatial or glandular organization. Here, matrix-free prostaspheres from human metastatic prostate carcinoma PC3 and DU145 cell lines and their respective gemcitabine resistant (GemR) variants were generated by using cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Lys peptide modified with 4-carboxybutyl-triphenylphosphonium bromide (cyclo-RGDfK(TPP))...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496341/the-coexpression-of-ephb4-and-ephrinb2-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-her2-positive-breast-cancer-retraction
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 1735 in vol. 10, PMID: 28356761.].
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496340/characteristics-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-organ-metastases-prognosis-and-t-lymphocyte-mediated-immune-response
#10
Wen-Wen Sun, Zhi-Hong Xu, Peng Lian, Bei-Li Gao, Jia-An Hu
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) possess profound influence on tumor metastases and disease progression. This study aimed to investigate the correlation of CTCs with clinical characteristics and T-cell immunity, and to explore whether CTCs and the subpopulations can serve as an independent prognostic factor in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A prospective study was conducted in late stages of NSCLC patients. The levels of overall CTCs and the three subpopulation CTCs were enumerated using the CanPatrol™ CTC enrichment system...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496339/fam172a-expression-in-circulating-tumor-cells-for-prediction-of-high-risk-subgroups-of-colorectal-cancer-retraction
#11
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 1933 in vol. 10, PMID: 28408845.].
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496338/the-voice-quality-after-laser-surgery-versus-radiotherapy-of-t1a-glottic-carcinoma-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Guanjiang Huang, Mengsi Luo, Jingxuan Zhang, Hongbing Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The voice quality assessment of laser surgery (LS) in comparison with radiotherapy (RT) remains uncertain in T1a glottic carcinoma treatment. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to compare the voice quality of the two treatments. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane with the following index words: glotti*, layn*, vocal cord, vocal, surgery, cordectomy, laser, radiation, irradiation, radiotherapy, cancer, and carcinoma for relative studies that compared the voice quality between LS and RT...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496337/immunogenicity-of-oncolytic-vaccinia-viruses-jx-gfp-and-tg6002-in-a-human-melanoma-in-vitro-model-studying-immunogenic-cell-death-dendritic-cell-maturation-and-interaction-with-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes
#13
B Heinrich, J Klein, M Delic, K Goepfert, V Engel, L Geberzahn, M Lusky, P Erbs, X Preville, M Moehler
Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging immunotherapeutic modality for cancer treatment. Oncolytic viruses with genetic modifications can further enhance the oncolytic effects on tumor cells and stimulate antitumor immunity. The oncolytic vaccinia viruses JX-594-GFP+/hGM-CSF (JX-GFP) and TG6002 are genetically modified by secreting granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or transforming 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) into 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). We compared their properties to kill tumor cells and induce an immunogenic type of cell death in a human melanoma cell model using SK29-MEL melanoma cells...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496336/curcumin-exerts-its-antitumor-activity-through-regulation-of-mir-7-skp2-p21-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells
#14
Shaoyan Feng, Yu Wang, Rongkai Zhang, Guangwei Yang, Zibin Liang, Zhiwei Wang, Gehua Zhang
Curcumin, a natural polyphenol compound, exhibits tumor suppressive activity in a wide spectrum of cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. However, the exact molecular mechanisms governing this tumor suppressive activity remain elusive. Multiple studies have revealed that miRNAs are critically involved in tumorigenesis, indicating that targeting miRNAs could be a therapeutic strategy for treating human cancer. In the current study, we set out to determine whether curcumin regulates miR-7 expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496335/knockdown-of-a-dis3l2-promoter-upstream-long-noncoding-rna-ac105461-1-enhances-colorectal-cancer-stem-cell-properties-in-vitro-by-down-regulating-dis3l2
#15
Wei Liu, Qiang Yu, Jun Ma, Yong Cheng, Hongbo Zhang, Wengguang Luo, Jie Yao, Hongyan Zhang
A large number of studies have identified plentiful long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) associated with the development of multiple cancers. Some lncRNAs have also been found to be strongly linked with stem cell properties such as pluripotency and differentiation. However, only in a few cases have cancer stem cell (CSC)-related lncRNAs been studied. Commonly, the expression and function of lncRNAs are associated with adjacent protein coding transcripts. In the present study, we found an lncRNA (AC105461.1), a promoter upstream transcript of DIS3 mitotic control homolog (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)-like 2 (DIS3L2), may be closely connected with "stem cell-like" properties...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496334/erratum-lead-identification-for-the-k-ras-protein-virtual-screening-and-combinatorial-fragment-based-approaches-corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 2575 in vol. 9, PMID: 27217775.].
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496333/immune-checkpoint-blockade-the-role-of-pd-1-pd-l-axis-in-lymphoid-malignancies
#17
REVIEW
Cristina Ilcus, Cristina Bagacean, Adrian Tempescul, Cristian Popescu, Andrada Parvu, Mihai Cenariu, Corina Bocsan, Mihnea Zdrenghea
The co-inhibitory receptor programmed cell death (PD)-1, expressed by immune effector cells, is credited with a protective role for normal tissue during immune responses, by limiting the extent of effector activation. Its presently known ligands, programmed death ligands (PD-Ls) 1 and 2, are expressed by a variety of cells including cancer cells, suggesting a role for these molecules as an immune evasion mechanism. Blocking of the PD-1-PD-L signaling axis has recently been shown to be effective and was clinically approved in relapsed/refractory tumors such as malignant melanoma and lung cancer, but also classical Hodgkin's lymphoma...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496332/epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-correlates-with-gefitinib-resistance-in-nsclc-cells-and-the-liver-x-receptor-ligand-gw3965-reverses-gefitinib-resistance-through-inhibition-of-vimentin
#18
Yong Hu, Jialan Zang, Xiaobing Qin, Dali Yan, Haixia Cao, Leilei Zhou, Jie Ni, Shaorong Yu, Jianzhong Wu, Ji-Feng Feng
The role of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in cancer drug resistance is increasingly acknowledged. We examined whether epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition affects gefitinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay, VIM expression levels were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Western blot and immunocytochemistry were performed to determine the protein expression level of vimentin. We observed morphologic differences between gefitinib-sensitive and -insensitive cells...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490892/the-effectiveness-of-egfr-tkis-against-brain-metastases-in-egfr-mutation-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Hao Bai, Liwen Xiong, Baohui Han
Brain metastases are usual in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with poor prognosis and few available therapeutic options. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) against brain metastases from NSCLC harboring activating EGFR mutation. A total of 148 patients with brain metastases from EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were orally given gefitinib (250 mg) or erlotinib (150 mg) once a day until intracranial disease progression, death, or intolerable side effects...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490891/no-genetic-relationship-between-tlr2-rs4696480-rs3804100-and-rs3804099-gene-polymorphisms-and-female-breast-cancer-in-saudi-populations
#20
Abdelhabib Semlali, Mikhlid Almutairi, Narasimha Reddy Parine, Abdullah Al Amri, Jilani P Shaik, Abdulrahman Al Naeem, Sana Abdulla Ajaj, Mahmoud Rouabhia, Mohammad Saud Alanazi
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. An association between the dysregulation of innate immunity, primarily the deregulation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), and BC development was described a long time ago. Several studies have reported that BC risk factors appear to be related to the interaction between certain genes and exposure to various environmental factors. Here, we investigated the potential correlation of three TLR2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs3804100, rs4696480, and rs3804099) with the development of BC in female patients from Saudi Arabia...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
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