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Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Mohsen Bazargan, Magda Shaheen, Senait Teklehaimanot, Alireza Ahmadi, Joan Smith Cooper, Stacey Teruya
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are 1) to depict the prevalence of moderate depressive symptoms (MDS) in adolescents living in California, 2) to examine the role of acculturation in reported MDS, and 3) to identify any relationship between acculturation, "needing emotional help," and "receiving psychological or emotional counseling," as reported by adolescents with MDS. METHODS: We analyzed data from a cross-sectional population-based telephone survey for adolescents who completed the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) in 2007, 2009, and 2011-2012...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Stephanie W Kanuch, Kristin A Cassidy, Neal V Dawson, Melanie Athey, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Martha Sajatovic
Recruitment and retention of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) and comorbid diabetes mellitus (DM) in research studies can be challenging with major impediments being difficulties reaching participants via telephone contact, logistic difficulties due to lack of transportation, ongoing psychiatric symptoms, and significant medical complications. Research staff directly involved in recruitment and retention processes of this study reviewed their experiences. The largest barriers at the macro, mediator, and micro levels identified in this study were inclement weather, transportation difficulties, and intermittent and inaccessible telephone contact...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Gail Boe, Carolyn Noonan, Leslie Carroll, Dedra Buchwald
The Institute of Medicine and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have identified policy and environmental strategies as critical to the prevention and control of obesity. However such strategies are rare in American Indian communities despite significant obesity-related disparities. Tribal policymaking processes differ by tribal nation and are often poorly understood by researchers and public health practitioners, hindering the dissemination, implementation, and successful scale-up of evidence-base obesity strategies in tribal communities...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Jordan B Hearod, Kim Tran, Keith C Norris, Dedra Buchwald
In the United States, medical students must demonstrate a standard level of "cultural competence," upon graduation. Cultural competence is most often defined as a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, organization, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. The Association of American Medical Colleges developed the Tool for Assessing Cultural Competence Training (TACCT) to assist schools in developing and evaluating cultural competence curricula to meet these requirements...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Ashley J Housten, Regina A Abel, Terianne Lindsey, Allison A King
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell trait (SCT) screening is required at birth in the United States; however, adults rarely know their SCT status prior to having children. PURPOSE: Assess feasibility of a community-based SCT education and testing intervention. METHODS: Participants were recruited from eight community sites to complete an educational program and offered a hemoglobin analysis. A genetic counselor met individually with participants to discuss lab results...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Lee S Caplan, Tabia H Akintobi, Tandeca King Gordon, Tiffany Zellner, Selina A Smith, Daniel S Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: For minority populations, there is a continuing disparity in the burden of death and illness from cancer. Research to address this disparity should be conducted by investigators who can best understand and address the needs of culturally diverse communities. However, minorities are under-represented in health-related research. The goal of this project was to develop and evaluate an approach to motivating and preparing master's degree students for careers dedicated to cancer disparities research...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Catherine Wolff, Amelia K Boehme, Karen C Albright, Tzu-Ching Wu, Michael T Mullen, Charles C Branas, James C Grotta, Sean I Savitz, Brendan G Carr
BACKGROUND: Women have more frequent and severe ischemic strokes than men, and are less likely to receive treatment for acute stroke. Primary stroke centers (PSCs) have been shown to utilize treatment more frequently. Further, as telemedicine (TM) has expanded access to acute stroke care we sought to investigate the association between PSC, TM and access to acute stroke care in the state of Texas. METHODS: Texas hospitals and resources were identified from the 2009 American Hospital Association Annual Survey...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Celia P Kaplan, Anna Nápoles, Sharon Davis, Monica Lopez, Rena J Pasick, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 Latino cancer patients diagnosed in California; 10 health professionals from the San Francisco Bay Area and Fresno, California; and 10 Cancer Information Services (CIS) information specialists from the regional offices handling calls from Spanish-speakers. Interview guides were designed by the investigators to answer three main research questions: 1) How do Latinos obtain information about cancer and what types of information do they access?; 2) What sources of cancer information do they seek out and find credible?; and 3) What are the barriers and facilitators to Latinos obtaining cancer information? Stakeholders generally viewed health professionals as the most credible source of cancer information...
2016: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
David Drake, Deborah Dawson, Katherine Kramer, Amy Schumacher, John Warren, Teresa Marshall, Delores Starr, Kathy Phipps
Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) is a terribly aggressive and devastating disease that is all too common in lower socio-economic children, but none more so that what is encountered in American Indian Tribes. Nationwide, approximately 27% of 2-5 year olds have decay while 62% percent of American Indian/Alaska Native children in the same age group have a history of decay (IHS 2010, NHANES 1999-2002). We have conducted a study of children from birth to 36 months of age on Pine Reservation to gain a better understanding of the variables that come into play in the development of this disease, from transmission and acquisition of Streptococcus mutans genotypes from mother to child to multiple dietary and behavioral components...
2015: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Laetitia Meyrueix, Gabriel Durham, Jasmine Miller, K Bryant Smalley, Jacob C Warren
Rural women represent approximately 20% of women living in the United States, yet research on the specific mental health needs of rural women is limited. Given the well-recognized gender-linked difference in depression rates, its correlated depressive symptoms in women still need much investigation. While emerging notions of depression in men embrace potential symptoms related to irritability and aggression, less research has focused on the potential role of aggression in depressed women. This connection may be particularly relevant for rural women who face unique mental health stressors in comparison to their urban counterparts...
2015: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Amelie G Ramirez, Patricia Chalela, Kipling J Gallion, Edgar Muñoz, Alan E Holden, Linda Burhansstipanov, Selina A Smith, Evaon Wong-Kim, Stephen W Wyatt, Lucina Suarez
PURPOSE: This study examined interest in and attitudes toward genetic testing in 5 different population groups. METHODS: The survey included African American, Asian American, Latina, Native American, and Appalachian women with varying familial histories of breast cancer. A total of 49 women were interviewed in person. Descriptive and nonparametric statistical techniques were used to assess ethnic group differences. RESULTS: Overall, interest in testing was high...
2015: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Dan K Kiely, Dae Hyun Kim, Alden L Gross, Daniel A Habtemariam, Suzanne G Leveille, Wenjun Li, Lewis A Lipsitz
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether previously reported racial differences in fall rates between White and Black/African American is explained by differences in health status and neighborhood characteristics. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 550 White and 116 Black older adults in the Greater Boston area (mean age: 78 years; 36% men) who were English-speaking, able to walk across a room, and without severe cognitive impairment...
2015: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Charles R Rogers, Patricia Goodson, Margaret J Foster
Of cancers affecting both men and women, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cancer killer among African Americans in the U.S. Compared to White men, African American men have incidence and mortality rates 25% and 50% higher from CRC. Despite the benefits of early detection and the availability of effective screening, most adults over age 50 have not undergone testing, and disparities in colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) persist. Owing to CRC's high incidence and younger age at presentation among African American men, CRCS is warranted at age 45 rather than 50...
2015: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Natasha A Brown, Katherine Clegg Smith, Rachel L J Thornton, Janice V Bowie, Pamela J Surkan, Darcy A Thompson, David M Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Susan C Duncan, Lisa A Strycker, Nigel R Chaumeton
This study examined associations between personal, family, and peer variables on objectively measured physical activity (PA), and sports participation, of African American, Latino, and white girls. Specific variables included barriers efficacy, parent PA, parent support of PA, the home exercise environment, friends' PA, and friends' support of PA. The sample comprised 372 girls (mean age = 12.03 years; SD = 1.81; n = 128 African American, n = 120 Latino, and n = 124 white). Data were analyzed using multiple-sample structural equation models (by ethnicity), controlling for age, household income, body mass index, and physical development...
2015: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Meghan G Bean, Elizabeth S Focella, Rebecca Covarrubias, Jeff Stone, Gordon B Moskowitz, Terry A Badger
OBJECTIVE: Hispanic Americans and American Indians face significant health disparities compared with White Americans. Research suggests that stereotyping of minority patients by members of the medical community is an important antecedent of race and ethnicity-based health disparities. This work has primarily focused on physicians' perceptions, however, and little research has examined the stereotypes healthcare personnel associate with Hispanic and American Indian patients. The present study assesses: 1) the health-related stereotypes both nursing and medical students hold about Hispanic and American Indian patients, and 2) nursing and medical students' motivation to treat Hispanic and American Indian patients in an unbiased manner...
October 1, 2014: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Marie-Anne S Rosemberg, Jenny Hsin-Chun Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Chronic diseases are the leading causes of death in the United States. Chronic disease management occurs within all aspects of an individual's life, including the workplace. Though the social constructs of gender, race, class, and immigration status within the workplace have been considered, their connection to disease management among workers has been less explicitly explored. Using a sample of immigrant hotel housekeepers, we explored the connections between these four social constructs and hypertension management...
2014: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Michele P Andrasik, Hong V Nguyen, William H George, Kelly F Kajumulo
Although links between low mate availability and increased HIV and STI risk for African American women have been documented in the literature, we know little about the impact of limited mate choices on the quality of relationships between Black men and women and how these relationship dynamics impact risk for young Black women. We conducted a qualitative study with African American female young adults (N=12) to explore the perceived impact of structural forces on African American female young adults' dating and sexual behavior...
2014: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Arlene E Edwards, Charles B Collins
When seeking to prevent HIV/AIDS in women, attending to aspects of their lived experience provides opportunities to address the presence of social determinants in prevention strategies. According to the CDC, in 2010, the rate of new HIV infections among Black women was 20 times that of White women, while among Hispanic/Latino women it was 4 times the rate of White women. Additionally, 86% of HIV infections in women were attributed to heterosexual contact and 14% to injection drug use. The WHO indicates that worldwide, 49% of individuals infected by HIV are women, with a predominant source of infection tied to heterosexual transmission...
2014: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
Gena C Dunivan, Pamela S Fairchild, Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers
OBJECTIVES: To determine if distance traveled for care influenced patient choice for conservative vs. surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all new patients seen in the Urogynecology clinic at the University of New Mexico Hospital (UNMH) from January 2007 through September 2011. Data collected included medical history, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ) examination, and validated quality of life questionnaires...
2014: Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice
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