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Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare

Jan Gunnar Dale, Elin Midthus, Bjørg Dale
Background: Patients who have undergone a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are exposed to physical and mental problems after discharge from the specialist hospital and are often in need of post-discharge support and follow-up. Aim: This study aimed to explore the attitudes of CABG patients toward using information and communication technology (ICT) during the first year of recovery after discharge from hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional design utilizing an electronic survey was employed...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Craig Lockwood, Mirkuzie Woldie, Zachary Munn
Introduction: Policy makers and health professionals prefer to use preappraised and summarized evidence. Stigma and discrimination (SAD) reduction activities and programs are needed to improve the quality of care delivered to people living with HIV and the success of HIV-related prevention, care and treatment programs. The objective of this review was to identify and describe systematic reviews, best practices, consensus statements, standards of practice and guidelines that addressed SAD among healthcare workers (HCWs)...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Neal Cooper, Mazen Roshdy, Jason D Sciarretta, Christoph Kaufmann, Scott Duncan, John Davis, Francisco Igor Macedo
Popliteal artery injuries (PAIs) remain a challenging entity and carry the greatest risk of limb loss among traumatic lower extremity vascular injuries. Operative management of traumatic popliteal vascular injuries continues to evolve. Improved diagnostic imaging and the introduction of endovascular techniques offered alternative modalities to traditional surgical management. Despite major efforts in establishing protocols and guidelines in the management of vascular trauma, optimal strategies of traumatic PAIs are still under investigation...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Seyyed Mohammad Reza Hosseini, Mohammadreza Maleki, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Masoud Roudbari
Introduction: Prehospital emergency medical service dispatchers should make prompt and appropriate decisions to save the life of victims. The complexity of timely and reasonable decision-making in life-threatening conditions has driven researchers to investigate varying aspects of the emergency medical dispatch (EMD) process. The purpose of this study was to explore the contributors to appropriate and prompt decision-making among dispatchers. Methods: A qualitative study through thematic analysis was designed...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Peter Nyasulu, Simon Sikwese, Tobias Chirwa, Chandra Makanjee, Madalitso Mmanga, Joseph Omoniyi Babalola, James Mpunga, Hastings T Banda, Adamson S Muula, Alister C Munthali
Introduction: The global burden of tuberculosis (TB) remains significantly high, with overreliance on biomedical interventions and inadequate exploration of the socioeconomic and cultural context of the infected population. A desired reduction in disease burden can be enhanced through a broader theoretical understanding of people's health beliefs and concerns about TB. In this qualitative study, we explore the knowledge, beliefs, and perceptions of community members and people diagnosed with TB toward TB in Ntcheu district, Malawi...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Mohannad Eid AbuRuz
Purpose: Anxiety and depression are prevalent among patients with heart failure. However, their effect on the quality of life (QoL) is not well investigated in developing countries. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test the effect of anxiety and depression on QoL among Jordanian patients with heart failure. Patients and methods: Two hundred patients with a confirmed diagnosis of heart failure from 1 governmental and 1 private hospital in Amman, Jordan, were recruited between March and August, 2017...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Mohannad Eid AbuRuz
Purpose: Anxiety is a common psychological response after acute myocardial infarction and might be associated with higher levels of in-hospital complications. Perceived control might moderate this relationship, but the effect of this method has not been checked in developing countries. Therefore, the objectives of this study were as follows: 1) to check if anxiety was an independent predictor of in-hospital complications after acute myocardial infarction; and 2) to check if perceived control moderates the relationship between anxiety and in-hospital complications after acute myocardial infarction...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Tanja Louise Ibsen, Siren Eriksen, Grete Grindal Patil
Background: Day care services provide meaningful activities and coping experiences in a safe environment for people with dementia, as well as improve quality of life. Such services vary in types and settings. Farm-based day care (FDC) services are described as services that have been adapted from the farm setting, using farm resources to promote health. There is limited knowledge on the service offered in both FDC and regular day care services for people with dementia. The present study aims to investigate FDC in Norway and describe the services and the participants' care environment...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Kiyoji Tanaka, Hiroyuki Sasai, Kyohsuke Wakaba, Shin Murakami, Miyuki Ueda, Fumio Yamagata, Masao Sawada, Kazuhiro Takekoshi
Purpose: To test the effectiveness of professional dietary coaching via group chat using a smartphone application (app) for weight loss. Methods: This study was a 12-week, assessor-blind, parallel-group, waitlist-controlled randomized trial that included a 4-week follow-up period (trial registration, UMIN000025340). Data were collected between October 2016 and May 2017 and were analyzed between July 2017 and January 2018. Participants were 112 overweight, obese, or abdominally obese Japanese adults, aged 20 to 64 years, with at least one cardiometabolic risk factor...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Kristofer Skoglund, Ludvig Clase, Mikael Dellborg
Background: Among patients with congenital heart disease, implantation of a valved conduit is common practice for surgical reconstruction of malformations involving the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). The conduit has limited durability, and treatments with surgical replacement and transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) are common. Previous studies indicate that TPVR, despite being a less invasive alternative, is not used for the majority of these patients. Methods and results: This is a descriptive study of the medical records of 100 consecutive adult patients with RVOT malformations who were evaluated a total of 118 times between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2015, at meetings of the hospital's multidisciplinary heart patient review board, in which relevant specialists make all treatment decisions on each case through a consensus process...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Jeremy A Adler, Theresa Mallick-Searle
Despite advances in the treatment of severe intractable pain, opioids remain a critical and appropriate component of treatment. However, abuse, misuse, and diversion of prescription opioids are significant public health concerns. Opioid abuse-deterrent formulations (ADFs) are one component of an opioid risk management plan to manage patient's pain relief and quality of life while offering some protection against potentially harmful consequences of opioids from misuse and abuse. Opioid ADFs are designed to make manipulation more difficult and administration via non-oral routes less appealing...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Salma Naseem
Breaking bad news is a challenge in medicine. It requires good communication skills, understanding, and empathy on the part of a clinician. Communication has both verbal and non-verbal components. The requirement for non-verbal communication varies with various diverse groups, depending upon their cultural and religious beliefs. Breaking bad news in an ethnically diverse group is complex where cultural, religious, and language barriers may exist. The National Health Service was established in 1948. Ethnic minority comprised of only 0...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Kari Margrete Hjelle, Olbjørg Skutle, Herdis Alvsvåg, Oddvar Førland
Introduction: Reablement is a service for home-dwelling older people experiencing a decline in health and function. The focus of reablement is the improvement of the person's function and coping of his or he valued daily activities. The health care professionals and the home care personnel are working together with the older person toward his goals. In reablement, health care personnel are organized in an interdisciplinary team and collaborate with the older person in achieving his goals...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Vaibhav B Katkade, Kafi N Sanders, Kelly H Zou
Evidence from medication use in the real world setting can help to extrapolate and/or augment data obtained in randomized controlled trials and establishes a broad picture of a medication's place in everyday clinical practice. By supplementing and complementing safety and efficacy data obtained in a narrowly defined (and often optimized) patient population in the clinical trial setting, real world evidence (RWE) may provide stakeholders with valuable information about the safety and effectiveness of a medication in large, heterogeneous populations...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Zafar A Usmani, Kristin V Carson-Chahhoud, Adrian J Esterman, Brian J Smith
Background: Despite the high prevalence of anxiety in COPD patients and its impact on quality of life, evidence to support the effectiveness of various anxiety treatment options is insufficient, leading to the need for further research in this field. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of paroxetine for the management of anxiety in COPD and the impact of treatment on patients' quality of life and rate of hospitalization. Patients and methods: In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, COPD patients were allocated into groups that either received paroxetine 20 mg or placebo pills daily, for four months...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Subashini Jayawardana, Carukshi Arambepola, Thashi Chang, Ariaranee Gnanathasan
Background: Snakebite is an important public health problem in tropical regions of the world. Although devastating effects of envenoming such as kidney failure, tissue necrosis, bleeding diathesis, and neurotoxicity are well known in the acute stage following a snakebite, the long-term effects of snake envenoming have not been adequately studied. Materials and methods: A population-based study was conducted among 8707 residents in a rural district in Sri Lanka to assess the long-term sequelae following snakebite...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Rachel Wenke, Kelly A Weir, Christy Noble, Jill Mahoney, Sharon Mickan
Purpose: The current project evaluated the impact of a short-term, supported funding initiative that allowed staff from allied health (AH) professions to undertake research activity within rostered employment time. Specifically, the project will report on outcomes pertaining to individual research capacity, research output, and overall satisfaction with the initiative. Participants and methods: Sixteen AH clinicians (n=16) from six AH professions participated in the evaluation of the initiative, with data being collected within a service improvement framework...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 49 in vol. 11, PMID: 29403284.].
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Linda Sandberg, Lena Borell, David Edvardsson, Lena Rosenberg, Anne-Marie Boström
Introduction: An increasing number of older persons worldwide live at home with various functional limitations such as dementia. So, home care staff meet older persons with extensive, complex needs. The staff's well-being is crucial because it can affect the quality of their work, although literature on job strain among home care staff is limited. Aim: To describe perceived job strain among home care staff and to examine correlations between job strain, personal factors, and organizational factors...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Guowei Li, Yanling Jin, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lisa Dolovich, Jonathan D Adachi, Mitchell Ah Levine, Deborah Cook, Zainab Samaan, Lehana Thabane
Background: Disseminating research protocols, processes, methods or findings via peer-reviewed publications has substantive merits and benefits to various stakeholders. Purpose: In this article, we share strategies to enhance research publication contents (ie, what to write about) and to facilitate scientific writing (ie, how to write) in health research collaborations. Methods: Empirical experience sharing. Results: To enhance research publication contents, we encourage identifying appropriate opportunities for publications, publishing protocols ahead of results papers, seeking publications related to methodological issues, considering justified secondary analyses, and sharing academic process or experience...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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