journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Inflammation Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773951/the-role-of-neuroinflammation-and-neurovascular-dysfunction-in-major-depressive-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Sang Won Jeon, Yong-Ku Kim
Although depression has generally been explained with monoamine theory, it is far more multifactorial, and therapies that address the disease's pathway have not been developed. In this context, an understanding of neuroinflammation and neurovascular dysfunction would enable a more comprehensive approach to depression. Inflammation is in a sense a type of allostatic load involving the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems. Neuroinflammation is involved in the pathophysiology of depression by increasing proinflammatory cytokines, activating the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, increasing glucocorticoid resistance, and affecting serotonin synthesis and metabolism, neuronal apoptosis and neurogenesis, and neuroplasticity...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750051/angiotensin-ii-type-2-receptor-agonist-compound-21-attenuates-pulmonary-inflammation-in-a-model-of-acute-lung-injury
#2
Mario Menk, Jan Adriaan Graw, Clarissa von Haefen, Hendrik Steinkraus, Burkhard Lachmann, Claudia D Spies, David Schwaiberger
Purpose: Although the role of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor in acute lung injury is not yet completely understood, a protective role of this receptor subtype has been suggested. We hypothesized that, in a rodent model of acute lung injury, stimulation of the AT2 receptor with the direct agonist Compound 21 (C21) might have a beneficial effect on pulmonary inflammation and might improve pulmonary gas exchange. Materials and methods: Male adult rats were divided into a treatment group that received pulmonary lavage followed by mechanical ventilation (LAV, n=9), a group receiving pulmonary lavage, mechanical ventilation, and direct stimulation of the AT2 receptor with C21 (LAV+C21, n=9), and a control group that received mechanical ventilation only (control, n=9)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731655/immune-regulating-effects-of-exercise-on-cigarette-smoke-induced-inflammation
#3
REVIEW
Ashkan Madani, Katharina Alack, Manuel Jonas Richter, Karsten Krüger
Long-term cigarette smoking (LTCS) represents an important risk factor for cardiac infarction and stroke and the central risk factor for the development of a bronchial carcinoma, smoking-associated interstitial lung fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The pathophysiologic development of these diseases is suggested to be promoted by chronic and progressive inflammation. Cigarette smoking induces repetitive inflammatory insults followed by a chronic and progressive activation of the immune system...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662323/investigation-of-chronic-efficacy-and-safety-profile-of-two-potential-anti-inflammatory-bipyrazole-based-compounds-in-experimental-animals
#4
Souraya Domiati, Mohammed Mehanna, Hanan Ragab, Hania Nakkash Chmaisse, Ahmed El Mallah
Purpose: Although nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used to treat a variety of disorders, their administration is associated with gastrointestinal side effects, acute kidney injury and liver enzymes' elevation. Accordingly, researchers are encouraged to create novel agents with better safety profile. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the chronic efficacy and safety profile of two compounds previously proven to have acceptable acute anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636627/a-meta-analysis-of-cyclosporine-treatment-for-stevens-johnson-syndrome-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis
#5
Qin Xiang Ng, Michelle Lee Zhi Qing De Deyn, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Wee-Song Yeo
Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are dermatologic emergencies with high morbidity and mortality risk. Cyclosporine, an immunomodulatory agent, is sometimes used off-label, and its role continues to be debated. This meta-analysis aimed to provide an update of current evidence and to clarify the role of cyclosporine in SJS/TEN treatment better. Methods: Using the keywords [cyclosporine OR cyclosporine OR ciclosporin OR CsA] AND [Steven-Johnson OR SJS OR toxic epidermal OR epidermal necrolysis OR TEN OR hypersensitivity OR dermatologic OR burns], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and Google Scholar Database yielded 615 papers published in English between January1, 1960 and July 1, 2017...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618937/the-impact-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-augmentation-therapy-on-neutrophil-driven-respiratory-disease-in-deficient-individuals
#6
REVIEW
Danielle M Dunlea, Laura T Fee, Thomas McEnery, Noel G McElvaney, Emer P Reeves
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is the most abundant serine protease inhibitor circulating in the blood. AAT deficiency (AATD) is an autosomal codominant condition affecting an estimated 3.4 million individuals worldwide. The clinical disease associated with AATD can present in a number of ways including COPD, liver disease, panniculitis and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody vasculitis. AATD is the only proven genetic risk factor for the development of COPD, and deficient individuals who smoke are disposed to more aggressive disease...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606885/systemic-low-grade-inflammation-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Kathryn Speer, Dominic Upton, Stuart Semple, Andrew McKune
Studies examining post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have either emphasized a relationship between PTSD and a systemically pro-inflammatory state or identified a link between PTSD and chronic disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the evidence for a relationship between individuals with PTSD and systemic low-grade inflammation that has been proposed to underlie chronic disease development in this population. The authors conducted a systematic review of the literature (January 2006 to April 2017) in accordance with the PRISMA statement in the following four databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and SPORTDiscus with Full Text...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593427/glucagon-like-peptide-1-exerts-anti-inflammatory-effects-on-mouse-colon-smooth-muscle-cells-through-the-cyclic-adenosine-monophosphate-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-vitro
#8
Ahmed Al-Dwairi, Tamara E Alqudah, Othman Al-Shboul, Mohammad Alqudah, Ayman G Mustafa, Mahmoud A Alfaqih
Background: Intestinal smooth muscle cells (SMCs) undergo substantial morphological, phenotypic, and contractile changes during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SMCs act as a source and target for different inflammatory mediators, however their role in IBD pathogenesis is usually overlooked. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone reported to exert multiple anti-inflammatory effects in different tissues including the gastrointestinal tract through various mechanisms. Aim: The aim of this research is to explore the effect of GLP-1 analog exendin-4 on the expression and secretion of inflammatory markers from mouse colon smooth muscle cells (CSMCs) after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563826/acute-pancreatitis-current-perspectives-on-diagnosis-and-management
#9
REVIEW
Adarsh P Shah, Moustafa M Mourad, Simon R Bramhall
The last two decades have seen the emergence of significant evidence that has altered certain aspects of the management of acute pancreatitis. While most cases of acute pancreatitis are mild, the challenge remains in managing the severe cases and the complications associated with acute pancreatitis. Gallstones are still the most common cause with epidemiological trends indicating a rising incidence. The surgical management of acute gallstone pancreatitis has evolved. In this article, we revisit and review the methods in diagnosing acute pancreatitis...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559805/moderate-glucose-supply-reduces-hemolysis-during-systemic-inflammation
#10
Johannes Jägers, Stephan Brauckmann, Michael Kirsch, Katharina Effenberger-Neidnicht
Background: Systemic inflammation alters energy metabolism. A sufficient glucose level, however, is most important for erythrocytes, since erythrocytes rely on glucose as sole source of energy. Damage to erythrocytes leads to hemolysis. Both disorders of glucose metabolism and hemolysis are associated with an increased risk of death. The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of intravenous glucose on hemolysis during systemic inflammation. Materials and methods: Systemic inflammation was accomplished in male Wistar rats by continuous lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infusion (1 mg LPS/kg and h, 300 min)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535548/exercise-induced-changes-in-stress-hormones-and-cell-adhesion-molecules-in-obese-men
#11
Jinkyung Park, Darryn S Willoughby, Joon Jin Song, Brian C Leutholtz, Yunsuk Koh
Purpose: The current study examined the relationship between exercise-induced changes in stress hormones (epinephrine, norepinephrine, and cortisol) and vascular inflammatory markers (soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1 [sICAM-1], soluble endothelial selectin [sE-selectin], and soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 [sVCAM-1]) in obese men over a 24-hour period following exercise at lower and higher intensity. Patients and methods: Fifteen physically inactive, obese, college-aged men performed a single bout of cycling exercise at lower and higher intensities (lower intensity: 50% of maximal heart rate, and higher intensity: 80% of maximal heart rate) in random order...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497324/inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-markers-in-diabetes-and-hypertension
#12
Chloé Pouvreau, Antoine Dayre, Eugene G Butkowski, Beverlie de Jong, Herbert F Jelinek
Background: Inflammation and oxidative stress are important factors associated with chronic disease such as essential hypertension (HTN) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the association of inflammation and oxidative stress in HTN with T2DM as a comorbidity is inconclusive due to the multifactorial nature of these cardiometabolic diseases. Methodology: The influence of pathophysiological factors include genetics, age of patient, and disease progression change throughout the lifespan and require further investigation...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483781/nod2-and-inflammation-current-insights
#13
REVIEW
Anna Negroni, Maria Pierdomenico, Salvatore Cucchiara, Laura Stronati
The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) protein, NOD2, belonging to the intracellular NOD-like receptor family, detects conserved motifs in bacterial peptidoglycan and promotes their clearance through activation of a proinflammatory transcriptional program and other innate immune pathways, including autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress. An inactive form due to mutations or a constitutive high expression of NOD2 is associated with several inflammatory diseases, suggesting that balanced NOD2 signaling is critical for the maintenance of immune homeostasis...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445293/clinical-utility-of-ustekinumab-in-crohn-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Paulo Gustavo Kotze, Christopher Ma, Abdulelah Almutairdi, Remo Panaccione
The introduction of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy marked an important milestone in the management of moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease (CD). However, there remains a pressing demand for alternative therapeutic options for patients with primary nonresponse, secondary loss of response, or intolerable side effects to conventional treatment and TNF antagonists. Ustekinumab (UST) is a fully human IgG1κ monoclonal antibody that inhibits the p40 subunit shared by the proinflammatory cytokines, the interleukin (IL)-12 and -23...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403302/magnesium-deficiency-and-increased-inflammation-current-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Forrest H Nielsen
Animal studies have shown that magnesium deficiency induces an inflammatory response that results in leukocyte and macrophage activation, release of inflammatory cytokines and acute-phase proteins, and excessive production of free radicals. Animal and in vitro studies indicate that the primary mechanism through which magnesium deficiency has this effect is through increasing cellular Ca2+ , which is the signal that results in the priming of cells to give the inflammatory response. Primary pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-1; the messenger cytokine IL-6; cytokine responders E-selectin, intracellular adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1; and acute-phase reactants C-reactive protein and fibrinogen have been determined to associate magnesium deficiency with chronic low-grade inflammation (inflammatory stress)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403301/early-exposure-to-distinct-sources-of-lipids-affects-differently-the-development-and-hepatic-inflammatory-profiles-of-21-day-old-rat-offspring
#16
Laís Vales Mennitti, Lila Missae Oyama, Aline Boveto Santamarina, Claudia Maria da Penha Oller do Nascimento, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
Introduction: Maternal diet composition of fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation seems to modify the fetal programming, epigenetic pattern and offspring phenotype. Aim: Herein, we investigated the effects of maternal consumption of normal-fat diets with distinct lipid sources during pregnancy and lactation on the somatic development and proinflammatory status of 21-day-old rat offspring. Materials and Methods: On the first day of pregnancy, female Wistar rats were divided into four groups as follows: soybean oil (M-SO), lard (M-L), hydrogenated vegetable fat (M-HVF) and fish oil (M-FO)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403300/association-between-il-18-18r-gene-polymorphisms-and-coronary-artery-disease-influence-of-il-18-18r-genetic-variants-on-cytokine-expression
#17
Vadim Mitrokhin, Alexey Nikitin, Olga Brovkina, Dmitry Khodyrev, Alexander Zotov, Nikita Vachrushev, Dmitry Dragunov, Andrey Shim, Mitko Mladenov, Andre Kamkin
Purpose: The present study investigated the influence of IL-18/18R genetic variants on cytokine expression in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Materials and methods: The polymorphisms rs1946518, rs187238, rs326, rs1169288, and rs183130 were determined in patients with and without CAD. Circulating cytokine levels were measured immunologically. Results: The rs1946518-GG genotype shows higher IL-18 concentration in the group with CAD, but still not significant...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386911/il-13-regulates-human-nasal-epithelial-cell-differentiation-via-h3k4me3-modification
#18
Lei Yu, Na Li, Jisheng Zhang, Yan Jiang
Introduction: Epigenetic regulation has been shown to play an important role in the development of inflammatory diseases, including chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps. The latter are characterized by epithelial mis-differentiation and infiltration of inflammatory cytokines. H3K4me3 has been shown to be involved in regulating lineage commitment. However, the underlying mechanisms, especially in human nasal epithelial cells (HNEpC), remain underexplored. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of H3K4me3 in HNEpC differentiation treated with the Th2 cytokine IL-13...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290690/protein-phosphatase-2c%C3%AE-wip1-regulates-phospho-p90rsk2-activity-in-lesional-psoriatic-skin
#19
Mads K Rasmussen, Jakob Nielsen, Rasmus B Kjellerup, Stine M Andersen, Anne H Rittig, Claus Johansen, Lars Iversen, Borbala Gesser
Objectives: P90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) 1 and 2 are serine/threonine protein kinases believed to mediate proliferation and apoptosis via the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) signaling pathway. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) are activators of this pathway and are elevated in the serum of patients with psoriasis compared with healthy controls. Studies on COS-7 cell cultures have shown that protein phosphatase 2Cδ (PP2Cδ) decreases the activity of RSK2 following EGF stimulation...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180887/ingested-capsaicinoids-can-prevent-low-fat-high-carbohydrate-diet-and-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-by-regulating-the-nadph-oxidase-and-nrf2-pathways
#20
Kazim Sahin, Cemal Orhan, Mehmet Tuzcu, Nurhan Sahin, Oguzhan Ozdemir, Vijaya Juturu
Objective: Capsaicinoids (CAPs), most commonly found in chili peppers, have a multitude of pharmacological and physiological effects, such as anti-inflammation, antioxidant, and anticancer effects. In the present study, we set out to investigate the hypothesis that CAPs mitigate obesity in rats and the possible mechanisms thereof. Materials and methods: Rats were divided into six groups, including control (±10 mg CAPs/kg body weight [BW]), low-fat-high-sucrose diet (±10 mg CAPs/kg BW), and high-fat diet (±10 mg CAPs/kg BW)...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
journal
journal
42500
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"