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Journal of Inflammation Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042807/association-between-interleukin-6-6r-gene-polymorphisms-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-russian-population-influence-of-interleukin-6-6r-gene-polymorphisms-on-inflammatory-markers
#1
Vadim Mitrokhin, Alexey Nikitin, Olga Brovkina, Dmitry Khodyrev, Alexander Zotov, Nikita Vachrushev, Dmitry Dragunov, Andrey Shim, Mitko Mladenov, Andre Kamkin
This study determined the genotype effects of interleukin (IL)-6/IL-6R single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on circulating levels of different cytokines in healthy and coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with different allele frequencies. In the control patients, rs1800795 showed significant differences in IL-18 concentrations between CC and CG and CC and GG genotypes (P=0.003 and 0.004, respectively). Furthermore, circulatory IL-1β was significantly different between GC and GG genotypes from the same SNP (P=0...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026328/phosphorylation-of-stat-proteins-by-recombinant-human-il-6-in-immortalized-human-chondrocyte-cell-lines-t-c28a2-and-c28-i2
#2
Evan C Meszaros, Charles J Malemud
Two immortalized human juvenile chondrocyte cell lines, T/C28a2 and C28/I2, were employed to determine the extent to which recombinant human (rh) IL-6, a known cytokine activator of the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway in many cell types, caused STAT proteins to be phosphorylated. The results showed that STAT3 was constitutively phosphorylated in the absence of rhIL-6 in T/C28a2 chondrocytes. However, C28/I2 chondrocytes treated with rhIL-6 caused STAT1, STAT3, and STAT5 to be phosphorylated without altering total unphosphorylated STAT proteins...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932127/an-in-vitro-model-of-renal-inflammation-after-ischemic-oxidative-stress-injury-nephroprotective-effects-of-a-hyaluronan-ester-with-butyric-acid-on-mesangial-cells
#3
Olga Baraldi, Francesca Bianchi, Viola Menghi, Andrea Angeletti, Anna Laura Croci Chiocchini, Maria Cappuccilli, Valeria Aiello, Giorgia Comai, Gaetano La Manna
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury, known as a major trigger for organ fibrosis and independent predictor of chronic kidney disease, is characterized by mesangial cell proliferation, inflammation and unbalance between biosynthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix. Therapeutic approaches targeting the inhibition of mesangial cell proliferation and matrix expansion may represent a promising opportunity for the treatment of kidney injury. An ester of hyaluronic acid and butyric acid (HB) has shown vasculogenic and regenerative properties in renal ischemic-damaged tissues, resulting in enhanced function recovery and minor degree of inflammation in vivo...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919798/comparative-effects-of-the-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-derivatives-resolvins-e1-and-d1-and-protectin-dx-in-models-of-inflammation-and-pain
#4
Flávia Cs Fonseca, Ricardo M Orlando, Regina Mm Turchetti-Maia, Janetti Nogueira de Francischi
PURPOSE: Specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs), also known as lipoxins, resolvins (Rvs), protectins and maresins, have been implicated in the resolution of the inflammatory process. However, a systematic comparison of their activity in the relief of inflammation and pain models is still lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of Rvs E1 and D1 and protectin DX (PDX) were assessed in rat paws inflamed by the standard proinflammatory stimulus carrageenan or by histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine, substance P or prostaglandin E2...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848360/inactivated-probiotic-bacillus-coagulans-gbi-30-induces-complex-immune-activating-anti-inflammatory-and-regenerative-markers-in-vitro
#5
Gitte S Jensen, Howard A Cash, Sean Farmer, David Keller
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the immune activating and anti-inflammatory effects of inactivated probiotic Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 (Staimune™) cells on human immune cells in vitro. METHODS: In vitro cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy blood donors were treated with inactivated B. coagulans GBI-30, 6086 cells for 24 hours. After incubation, the PBMC were stained with fluorochrome-labeled monoclonal antibodies for CD3, CD56, and CD69 to monitor cellular activation by flow cytometry...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848359/review-of-autoantigens-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Louis Tong, Vanessa Koh, Bernard Yu-Hor Thong
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation in exocrine glands, resulting in reduced secretion of tears and saliva, manifesting as xerophthalmia and xerostomia, respectively. It is commonly associated with Sjögren's syndrome type A (Ro) and Sjögren's syndrome type B (La) antigens. However, in most patients, the identity of the triggering antigen is not known. Factors such as genetics of histocompatibility, dysregulation of T-cells, B-cells and viral infections have been implicated...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740415/the-extracellular-matrix-of-eggshell-displays-anti-inflammatory-activities-through-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-lps-triggered-human-immune-cells
#7
Tram T Vuong, Sissel B Rønning, Henri-Pierre Suso, Ralf Schmidt, Kristian Prydz, Marlene Lundström, Anders Moen, Mona E Pedersen
Avian eggshell membrane (ESM) is a natural biomaterial that has been used as an alternative natural bandage on burned and cut skin injuries for >400 years in Asian countries, and is available in large quantities from egg industries. Our aim was to characterize ESM that was separated and processed from egg waste, and to study whether this material possesses anti-inflammatory properties, making it suitable as an ingredient in industrial production of low cost wound healing products. Our results show that the processed ESM particles retain a fibrous structure similar to that observed for the native membrane, and contain collagen, and carbohydrate components such as hyaluronic acid and sulfated glycosaminoglycans, as well as N-glycans, mostly with uncharged structures...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652797/flll32-a-curcumin-analog-ameliorates-intestinal-injury-in-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#8
Jeffrey Eckert, Brian Scott, Shelley M Lawrence, Michael Ihnat, Hala Chaaban
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating gastrointestinal disease that primarily affects premature infants. It is characterized by inflammation and leukocyte infiltration that can progress to intestinal necrosis, perforation, systemic inflammatory response, and death. In this study, we examined the effect of FLLL32, a curcumin analog, on an NEC-like neonatal intestinal injury model. METHODS: NEC was induced in CD-1 mice pups using the Paneth cell ablation and Klebsiella infection model...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652796/the-microbiota-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-current-and-therapeutic-insights
#9
REVIEW
Erin R Lane, Timothy L Zisman, David L Suskind
Inflammatory bowel disease is a heterogeneous group of chronic disorders that result from the interaction of the intestinal immune system with the gut microbiome. Until recently, most investigative efforts and therapeutic breakthroughs were centered on understanding and manipulating the altered mucosal immune response that characterizes these diseases. However, more recent studies have highlighted the important role of environmental factors, and in particular the microbiota, in disease onset and disease exacerbation...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546762/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-clinical-implications-in-the-evaluation-of-connective-tissue-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Sophie Mavrogeni, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Loukia Koutsogeorgopoulou, Genovefa Kolovou
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is a recently developed noninvasive, nonradiating, operator-independent technique that has been successfully used for the evaluation of congenital heart disease, valvular and pericardial diseases, iron overload, cardiomyopathies, great and coronary vessel diseases, cardiac inflammation, stress-rest myocardial perfusion, and fibrosis. Rheumatoid arthritis and other spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory myopathies, mixed connective tissue diseases (CTDs), systemic sclerosis, vasculitis, and sarcoidosis are among CTDs with serious cardiovascular involvement; this is due to multiple causative factors such as myopericarditis, micro/macrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, myocardial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and finally heart failure...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507447/managing-refractory-cryoglobulinemic-vasculitis-challenges-and-solutions
#11
REVIEW
Predrag Ostojic, Ivan R Jeremic
Cryoglobulinemia is thought to be a rare condition. It may be an isolated disorder or secondary to a particular disease. According to immunoglobulin composition, cryoglobulinemia is classified into three types. In mixed cryoglobulinemia (types II and III), vascular deposition of cryoglobulin-containing immune complexes and complement may induce a clinical syndrome, characterized by systemic vasculitis and inflammation - cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CryoVas). Most common clinical manifestations in CryoVas are skin lesions (orthostatic purpura and ulcers), weakness, peripheral neuropathy, Raynaud's phenomenon, sicca syndrome, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and arthralgia and seldom arthritis...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496352/identification-of-expanded-t-cell-clones-by-spectratyping-in-nonfunctioning-kidney-transplants
#12
Maria Cappuccilli, Gabriele Donati, Giorgia Comai, Olga Baraldi, Diletta Conte, Irene Capelli, Valeria Aiello, Andrea Pession, Gaetano La Manna
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the application of complementarity-determining region-3 spectratyping analysis to determine T-cell-repertoire complexity and to detect T-cell-clone expansion, as a measure of immune response in nonfunctioning kidney transplants (group hemodialysis-transplant [HD-Tx]), nontransplanted dialysis patients (group hemodialysis [HD]), and normal subjects as controls (group C). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Analysis of T-cell receptor (TCR) diversity by spectratyping was applied to peripheral blood samples collected from 21 subjects: eight in group HD-Tx, seven in group HD, and six in group C...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405169/oxidant-induced-autophagy-and-ferritin-degradation-contribute-to-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-through-lysosomal-iron
#13
Apostolos Sioutas, Linda K Vainikka, Magnus Kentson, Sören Dam-Larsen, Urban Wennerström, Petra Jacobson, Hans Lennart Persson
PURPOSE: Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 triggers epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through autophagy, which is partly driven by reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of this study was to determine whether leaking lysosomes and enhanced degradation of H-ferritin could be involved in EMT and whether it could be possible to prevent EMT by iron chelation targeting of the lysosome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EMT, H-ferritin, and autophagy were evaluated in TGF-β1-stimulated A549 human lung epithelial cells cultured in vitro using Western blotting, with the additional morphological assessment of EMT...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360529/association-of-self-reported-symptoms-with-serum-levels-of-vitamin-d-and-multivariate-cytokine-profile-in-healthy-women
#14
Fawaz Y Azizieh, Khulood O Alyahya, Kamaludin Dingle
BACKGROUND: Although a large number of studies have investigated possible relationships among serum levels of vitamin D or cytokines with disease progress and prognosis, similar studies on self-reported symptoms are still controversial. The overall objective of this study was to look into the association between serum levels of vitamin D or cytokines with self-reported symptoms related to musculoskeletal pain, sleep disorders, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in healthy adult women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Venous blood samples were collected from 117 healthy adult women, and serum levels of vitamin D, pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17, IFN-γ, and TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13) were measured...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356765/erratum-reduced-butyrylcholinesterase-activity-is-an-early-indicator-of-trauma-induced-acute-systemic-inflammatory-response-corrigendum
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 221 in vol. 9, PMID: 27920568.].
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203100/from-amino-acids-polymers-antimicrobial-peptides-and-histones-to-their-possible-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-septic-shock-a-historical-perspective
#16
Isaac Ginsburg, Peter Vernon van Heerden, Erez Koren
This paper describes the evolution of our understanding of the biological role played by synthetic and natural antimicrobial cationic peptides and by the highly basic nuclear histones as modulators of infection, postinfectious sequelae, trauma, and coagulation phenomena. The authors discuss the effects of the synthetic polymers of basic poly α amino acids, poly l-lysine, and poly l-arginine on blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, bacterial killing, and blood vessels; the properties of natural and synthetic antimicrobial cationic peptides as potential replacements or adjuncts to antibiotics; polycations as opsonizing agents promoting endocytosis/phagocytosis; polycations and muramidases as activators of autolytic wall enzymes in bacteria, causing bacteriolysis and tissue damage; and polycations and nuclear histones as potential virulence factors and as markers of sepsis, septic shock, disseminated intravasclar coagulopathy, acute lung injury, pancreatitis, trauma, and other additional clinical disorders...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176955/urinary-excretion-of-il-1%C3%AE-il-6-and-il-8-cytokines-during-relapse-and-remission-of-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#17
Amal A Al-Eisa, Maysoun Al Rushood, Rajaa J Al-Attiyah
BACKGROUND/AIM: The role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the immunopathogenesis of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome had been widely postulated. Reports on the release of cytokines, during idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) activation, were conflicting in defining a specific interleukin pattern during relapse and remission of the disease. The aim of this study was to explore the role of IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 in the pathophysiology of INS during relapse and remission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 37 INS patients were included...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008279/activation-homing-and-role-of-the-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-the-inflammatory-environment
#18
REVIEW
Lukáš Zachar, Darina Bačenková, Ján Rosocha
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered to be a promising source of cells in regenerative medicine. They have large potential to differentiate into various tissue-specific populations and may be isolated from diverse tissues in desired quantities. As cells of potential autologous origin, they allow recipients to avoid the alloantigen responses. They also have the ability to create immunomodulatory microenvironment, and thus help to minimize organ damage caused by the inflammation and cells activated by the immune system...
2016: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920568/reduced-butyrylcholinesterase-activity-is-an-early-indicator-of-trauma-induced-acute-systemic-inflammatory-response
#19
Aleksandar R Zivkovic, Jochen Bender, Thorsten Brenner, Stefan Hofer, Karsten Schmidt
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis of systemic inflammatory response syndrome is fundamentally important for an effective and a goal-directed therapy. Various inflammation biomarkers have been used in clinical and experimental practice. However, a definitive diagnostic tool for an early detection of systemic inflammation remains to be identified. Acetylcholine (Ach) has been shown to play an important role in the inflammatory response. Serum cholinesterase (butyrylcholinesterase [BChE]) is the major Ach hydrolyzing enzyme in blood...
2016: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920567/evaluation-of-bode-index-and-its-relationship-with-systemic-inflammation-mediated-by-proinflammatory-biomarkers-in-patients-with-copd
#20
Naushad Ahmad Khan, Mradul Kumar Daga, Istaq Ahmad, Govind Mawari, Suman Kumar, Naresh Kumar, Syed Akhter Husain
INTRODUCTION: BODE index, a multidimensional grading system which is based on Body mass index, airway Obstruction, Dyspnea scale, and Exercise capacity, has been increasingly used for the evaluation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many of the systemic manifestations of COPD are shown to be mediated by elevated levels of proinflammatory biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between the BODE index, its components, disease severity, and proinflammatory biomarkers like C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6...
2016: Journal of Inflammation Research
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