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Journal of Inflammation Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214266/fecal-microbiota-transplant-a-new-frontier-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
REVIEW
Tagore Sunkara, Prashanth Rawla, Andrew Ofosu, Vinaya Gaduputi
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic multifactorial disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract and results from an aberrant immune response toward luminal antigens in genetically susceptible people. Most of the current therapies for IBD focus on the management of the inflammation by using corticosteroids, immune modulators, and more recently, monoclonal antibodies (biological therapy). Although these therapies provide benefit in most cases, there are still a significant number of patients who do not respond or become refractory over time, suggesting the need for alternative therapeutic options...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154671/current-treatment-of-acute-perforated-diverticulitis-the-role-of-damage-control-surgery
#2
COMMENT
Maurizio Zizzo, Antonio Manenti, Lara Ugoletti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122972/medicinal-plants-with-anti-inflammatory-activities-from-selected-countries-and-regions-of-africa
#3
REVIEW
Oluwafemi O Oguntibeju
Various nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to reduce pain and inflammation by blocking the metabolism of arachidonic acid by isoform of cyclooxygenase enzyme, thereby reducing the production of prostaglandin. Sadly, there are many side effects associated with the administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. However, there are medicinal plants with anti-inflammatory therapeutic effects with low or no side effects. The Afri-can continent is richly endowed with diverse medicinal plants with anti-inflammatory activities that have been shown to be effective in the treatment of inflammatory conditions in traditional medicine...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100749/cell-adhesion-molecules-and-exercise
#4
REVIEW
Yunsuk Koh, Jinkyung Park
Background: An extensive systematic review was undertaken in the current literature in order to explore the role of different types and intensities of exercise in cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), one of the markers of vascular inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and atherosclerosis. Methods: Twenty-eight qualifying studies were extensively reviewed to examine the effects of different intensities (low-to-moderate vs. high) and types (aerobic vs. resistance) of exercise on intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and selectins...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022847/il-1%C3%AE-correlates-with-severity-of-hepatitis-c-virus-related-liver-diseases
#5
Ahmed Khaled Tawfik, Ahmed Mustafa Amin, Mohamed Yousef, Noha Mohamed El-Sayd, Heba Elashry, Mahmoud Elkadeem, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
Background and aims: Immunoregulatory cytokines influence the persistence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronic infection and the extent of liver damage. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays an important role in the inflammatory process. Some studies have demonstrated that IL-1α production was impaired in patients with chronic infections of HCV, implying that IL-1α may play a role in viral clearance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum level of proinflammatory cytokine IL-1α in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950881/the-two-faces-of-pannexins-new-roles-in-inflammation-and-repair
#6
REVIEW
Helen P Makarenkova, Sameer B Shah, Valery I Shestopalov
Pannexins belong to a family of ATP-release channels expressed in almost all cell types. An increasing body of literature on pannexins suggests that these channels play dual and sometimes contradictory roles, contributing to normal cell function, as well as to the pathological progression of disease. In this review, we summarize our understanding of pannexin "protective" and "harmful" functions in inflammation, regeneration and mechanical signaling. We also suggest a possible basis for pannexin's dual roles, related to extracellular ATP and K+ levels and the activation of various types of P2 receptors that are associated with pannexin...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950880/the-effect-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-teucrium-polium-l-on-the-inflammatory-markers-and-lipid-profile-in-hypercholesterolemic-rats
#7
Mansour Amraei, Ayub Ghorbani, Yaser Seifinejad, Seyedeh Fatemeh Mousavi, Mahmoud Mohamadpour, Ehsan Shirzadpour
Background: Cardiovascular diseases are among the most common causes of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is necessary to control the risk factors of these patients. Since the level of inflammatory markers and lipid profiles has increased in cardiovascular diseases and due to the increasing role of plants in the treatment of diseases, the current study aimed to investigate the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Teucrium polium on inflammatory markers and lipid profile in hypercholesterolemic rats...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922081/is-there-a-link-between-inflammation-and-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
REVIEW
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
Purpose: Among autoimmune diseases of the central nervous system stands multiple sclerosis (MS), which is characterized by demyelination, synaptopathy, and neurodegeneration. MS fatigue can affect up to 90% of patients and be very disabling, with a drastic impact on their quality of life. To date, the evaluation of MS fatigue has relied mainly on subjective scales, and actual therapeutic interventions are challenged by modest efficacy and numerous undesirable effects. Therefore, finding biomarkers of MS fatigue might help in optimizing evaluation and treatment strategies...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922080/factors-correlated-with-the-improvement-of-endothelial-dysfunction-during-abatacept-therapy-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Maurizio Benucci, Francesca Bandinelli, Arianna Damiani, Francesca Li Gobbi, Maria Infantino, Valentina Grossi, Mariangela Manfredi
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis patients are exposed to a high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality even in the early phases of the disease. Methods: We evaluated carotid common carotid intimal media thickness (ccIMT) intimal thickness and brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients without known cardiovascular risk factors or heart disease on a stable dose of prednisone 5.2±1.2 mg/day and Methotrexate 11.5±2.1 mg at baseline (T0) and after 12 months (T1) of treatment with Abatacept 125 mg/week...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881303/inflammation-management-in-acute-diverticulitis-current-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Marco Ceresoli, Giulia Lo Bianco, Luca Gianotti, Luca Nespoli
The pathogenesis of diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis is still unclear and many different hypotheses have been formulated. Seemingly, there are several related factors such as chronic inflammation, gut microbiome, obesity and the immunogenic properties of fat tissue and diet. Inflammation plays a pivotal role in diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis. The aim of the present review is to investigate the role of inflammation in diverticular disease as well as in mild and complicated acute diverticulitis with a focus on current research and treatment perspectives...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844696/electroacupuncture-therapy-in-inflammation-regulation-current-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Ji-Yeun Park, Uk Namgung
Although acupuncture therapy is increasingly used to treat diverse symptoms and disorders in humans, its underlying mechanism is not known well. Only recently have experimental studies begun to provide insights into how acupuncture stimulation generates and relates to pathophysiological responsiveness. Acupuncture intervention is frequently used to control pathologic symptoms in several visceral organs, and a growing number of studies using experimental animal models suggest that acupuncture stimulation may be involved in inducing anti-inflammatory responses...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844695/role-of-biologics-and-biosimilars-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-current-trends-and-future-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
Prashanth Rawla, Tagore Sunkara, Jeffrey Pradeep Raj
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal system. The spectrum is of predominantly two types, namely, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The incidence of IBD has been increasing steadily since 1990, and so the number of agents used in their treatment. Biologics that are derived partly or completely from living biological sources such as animals and humans have become widely available, which provide therapeutic benefits to the IBD patients. Currently, monoclonal antibodies against tumor necrosis factor-alpha (infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab, and golimumab), integrins (vedolizumab and natalizumab), and interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23 antagonists (ustekinumab) are approved for use in IBD...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844694/a-review-of-vagus-nerve-stimulation-as-a-therapeutic-intervention
#13
REVIEW
Rhaya L Johnson, Christopher G Wilson
In this review, we provide an overview of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved clinical uses of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) as well as information about the ongoing studies and preclinical research to expand the use of VNS to additional applications. VNS is currently FDA approved for therapeutic use in patients aged >12 years with drug-resistant epilepsy and depression. Recent studies of VNS in in vivo systems have shown that it has anti-inflammatory properties which has led to more preclinical research aimed at expanding VNS treatment across a wider range of inflammatory disorders...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805266/oxidative-stress-and-metabolic-markers-in-pre-and-postnatal-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-rat-protocols
#14
Lady Serrano Mujica, Alessandra Bridi, Ricardo Della Méa, Vitor Braga Rissi, Naiara Guarda, Rafael Noal Moresco, Melissa Orlandin Premaor, Alfredo Quites Antoniazzi, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves, Fabio Vasconcellos Comim
Background: Several studies have described an enhanced inflammatory status and oxidative stress balance disruption in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, there is scarce information about redox markers in the blood of androgenized animal models. Here, we evaluated the serum/plasma oxidative stress marker and metabolic parameter characteristics of prenatal (PreN) and postnatal (PostN) androgenized rat models of PCOS. Materials and methods: For PreN androgenization (n=8), 2...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773951/the-role-of-neuroinflammation-and-neurovascular-dysfunction-in-major-depressive-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Sang Won Jeon, Yong-Ku Kim
Although depression has generally been explained with monoamine theory, it is far more multifactorial, and therapies that address the disease's pathway have not been developed. In this context, an understanding of neuroinflammation and neurovascular dysfunction would enable a more comprehensive approach to depression. Inflammation is in a sense a type of allostatic load involving the immune, endocrine, and nervous systems. Neuroinflammation is involved in the pathophysiology of depression by increasing proinflammatory cytokines, activating the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, increasing glucocorticoid resistance, and affecting serotonin synthesis and metabolism, neuronal apoptosis and neurogenesis, and neuroplasticity...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750051/angiotensin-ii-type-2-receptor-agonist-compound-21-attenuates-pulmonary-inflammation-in-a-model-of-acute-lung-injury
#16
Mario Menk, Jan Adriaan Graw, Clarissa von Haefen, Hendrik Steinkraus, Burkhard Lachmann, Claudia D Spies, David Schwaiberger
Purpose: Although the role of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor in acute lung injury is not yet completely understood, a protective role of this receptor subtype has been suggested. We hypothesized that, in a rodent model of acute lung injury, stimulation of the AT2 receptor with the direct agonist Compound 21 (C21) might have a beneficial effect on pulmonary inflammation and might improve pulmonary gas exchange. Materials and methods: Male adult rats were divided into a treatment group that received pulmonary lavage followed by mechanical ventilation (LAV, n=9), a group receiving pulmonary lavage, mechanical ventilation, and direct stimulation of the AT2 receptor with C21 (LAV+C21, n=9), and a control group that received mechanical ventilation only (control, n=9)...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731655/immune-regulating-effects-of-exercise-on-cigarette-smoke-induced-inflammation
#17
REVIEW
Ashkan Madani, Katharina Alack, Manuel Jonas Richter, Karsten Krüger
Long-term cigarette smoking (LTCS) represents an important risk factor for cardiac infarction and stroke and the central risk factor for the development of a bronchial carcinoma, smoking-associated interstitial lung fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The pathophysiologic development of these diseases is suggested to be promoted by chronic and progressive inflammation. Cigarette smoking induces repetitive inflammatory insults followed by a chronic and progressive activation of the immune system...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662323/investigation-of-chronic-efficacy-and-safety-profile-of-two-potential-anti-inflammatory-bipyrazole-based-compounds-in-experimental-animals
#18
Souraya Domiati, Mohammed Mehanna, Hanan Ragab, Hania Nakkash Chmaisse, Ahmed El Mallah
Purpose: Although nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used to treat a variety of disorders, their administration is associated with gastrointestinal side effects, acute kidney injury and liver enzymes' elevation. Accordingly, researchers are encouraged to create novel agents with better safety profile. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the chronic efficacy and safety profile of two compounds previously proven to have acceptable acute anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636627/a-meta-analysis-of-cyclosporine-treatment-for-stevens-johnson-syndrome-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis
#19
Qin Xiang Ng, Michelle Lee Zhi Qing De Deyn, Nandini Venkatanarayanan, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Wee-Song Yeo
Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are dermatologic emergencies with high morbidity and mortality risk. Cyclosporine, an immunomodulatory agent, is sometimes used off-label, and its role continues to be debated. This meta-analysis aimed to provide an update of current evidence and to clarify the role of cyclosporine in SJS/TEN treatment better. Methods: Using the keywords [cyclosporine OR cyclosporine OR ciclosporin OR CsA] AND [Steven-Johnson OR SJS OR toxic epidermal OR epidermal necrolysis OR TEN OR hypersensitivity OR dermatologic OR burns], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and Google Scholar Database yielded 615 papers published in English between January1, 1960 and July 1, 2017...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618937/the-impact-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-augmentation-therapy-on-neutrophil-driven-respiratory-disease-in-deficient-individuals
#20
REVIEW
Danielle M Dunlea, Laura T Fee, Thomas McEnery, Noel G McElvaney, Emer P Reeves
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is the most abundant serine protease inhibitor circulating in the blood. AAT deficiency (AATD) is an autosomal codominant condition affecting an estimated 3.4 million individuals worldwide. The clinical disease associated with AATD can present in a number of ways including COPD, liver disease, panniculitis and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody vasculitis. AATD is the only proven genetic risk factor for the development of COPD, and deficient individuals who smoke are disposed to more aggressive disease...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
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