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Italian Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818086/mediterranean-diet-folic-acid-and-neural-tube-defects
#1
REVIEW
Maximilian Fischer, Mauro Stronati, Marcello Lanari
The Mediterranean diet has been for a very long time the basis of food habits all over the countries of the Mediterranean basin, originally founded on rural models and low consumption of meat products and high-fat/high-processed foods. However, in the modern era, the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern is now progressively eroding due to the widespread dissemination of the Western-type economy, life-style, technology-driven culture, as well as the globalisation of food production, availability and consumption, with consequent homogenisation of food culture and behaviours...
August 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810887/dietary-diversity-and-meal-frequency-among-infant-and-young-children-a-community-based-study
#2
Aysheshim Kassahun Belew, Bekrie Mohammed Ali, Zegeye Abebe, Berihun Assefa Dachew
BACKGROUND: Insufficient quantities, frequencies, and inadequate quality of complementary feedings have a negative effect on child health and growth, especially in the first two years of life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the minimum dietary diversity, meal frequency and its associated factors among infants and young children aged 6-23 months at Dabat District, northwest, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community- based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 15 to March 10, 2016...
August 15, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807039/the-impact-of-the-recent-aap-changes-in-palivizumab-authorization-on-rsv-induced-bronchiolitis-severity-and-incidence
#3
LETTER
Antonino Capizzi, Michela Silvestri, Andrea Orsi, Renato Cutrera, Giovanni A Rossi, Oliviero Sacco
Following the most recent modification by the American Academy of Pediatrics, based on American studies on RSV epidemiology, the Italian Drug Agency (AIFA) decided to limit the total financial coverage of the palivizumab prescription by the National Health Service only to the < 29 wGA group and age ≤ 12 months at the beginning of the RSV epidemic season. However, the vulnerability of otherwise healthy premature infants ≥ 29 wGA has been demonstrated in Italian analyses. We retrospectively reviewed records from children ≤ 1 years of age admitted for RSV-induced ALRI at the Gaslini Hospital, over three consecutive RSV epidemic seasons (RES) (2014-2017)...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806991/the-impact-of-an-educational-program-on-recognition-treatment-and-report-of-child-abuse
#4
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Nunzia Pia Manganelli, Francesca Ianniello, Maria Elisa Amodeo, Maria Amato, Ida Giardino, Antonio Chiaretti
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians play a crucial role in the identification and management of child abuse and neglect (CAN) but they often don't have a formal specialized training. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively data about patients, 0 - 18 years of age, victims of CAN between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2015. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary educational program, "CAN: prevention strategies, individuation and treatment", on the knowledge, case recognition, treatment and follow-up of physicians of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, regarding physical, sexual abuse and neglect...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797308/coeliac-disease-in-infants-antibodies-to-deamidated-gliadin-peptide-come-first
#5
Michele Arigliani, Francesca Rech Morassutti, Martina Fabris, Paola Melli, Elio Tonutti, Paola Cogo
BACKGROUND: The onset of coeliac disease (CD) in the first year of life is uncommon and the diagnosis can be challenging due to the suboptimal sensitivity of tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG) at this age and the many other possible causes of malabsorption in infants. Antibodies to deamidated gliadin peptides (anti-DGPs), especially IgG, may appear earlier than IgA anti-tTG in very young children with CD. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here on an 8-month-old child who was evaluated for failure to thrive, constipation and developmental delay...
August 10, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784159/epidemiological-and-clinical-peculiarities-of-polyglandular-syndrome-type-3-in-pediatric-age
#6
Mariella Valenzise, Tommaso Aversa, Angiola Saccomanno, Filippo De Luca, Giuseppina Salzano
BACKGROUND: Although the autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 3 (APS-3) is the commonest APS that may be encountered in pediatric age, last year literature includes only few studies aiming to specifically ascertain the clinical spectrum of APS-3 in childhood and adolescence. Aims of these study were: a) to ascertain how many young patients with apparently isolated Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) are at risk of manifesting other autoimmune disorders (ADs) compatible with APS-3; b) to individuate the ADs which most frequently segregate with HT in the context of an APS-3...
August 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778173/umbilical-cord-blood-acid-base-analysis-and-the-development-of-significant-hyperbilirubinemia-in-near-term-and-term-newborns-a-cohort-study
#7
Vincenzo Zanardo, Federico de Luca, Alphonse K Simbi, Matteo Parotto, Pietro Guerrini, Gianluca Straface
BACKGROUND: The recognition, follow-up, and early treatment of neonatal jaundice has become more difficult, since the earlier discharge of newborns from hospitals has become common practice. Since intrapartum hypoxic stress has been pointed as predisposing factor for the occurrence of hyperbilirubinemia risk, we tested the association with the cord blood acid-base index tests. METHODS: A cohort of healthy term and near-term newborns underwent umbilical cord hemogasanalysis at birth and capillary heel total serum bilirubin (TSB) pre-discharge, scheduled at 36 h of life, to define the risk of significant hyperbilirubinemia, defined as >9 mg/dL TSB level, ≥ 75th percentile on nomogram of Bhutani et al...
August 4, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774346/tall-stature-a-difficult-diagnosis
#8
REVIEW
Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Roberta Giacchero, Sara Pagani, Mauro Bozzola
Referral for an assessment of tall stature is less common than for short stature. Tall stature is defined as a height more than two standard deviations above the mean for age. The majority of subjects with tall stature show a familial tall stature or a constitutional advance of growth (CAG), which is a diagnosis of exclusion. After a careful physical evaluation, tall subjects may be divided into two groups: tall subjects with normal appearance and tall subjects with abnormal appearance. In the case of normal appearance, the paediatric endocrinologist will have to evaluate the growth rate...
August 3, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768552/a-mild-form-of-adenylosuccinate-lyase-deficiency-in-absence-of-typical-brain-mri-features-diagnosed-by-whole-exome-sequencing
#9
Marina Macchiaiolo, Sabina Barresi, Francesco Cecconi, Ginevra Zanni, Marcello Niceta, Emanuele Bellacchio, Giacomo Lazzarino, Angela Maria Amorini, Enrico Silvio Bertini, Salvatore Rizza, Benedetta Contardi, Marco Tartaglia, Andrea Bartuli
BACKGROUND: Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiency is a defect of purine metabolism affecting purinosome assembly and reducing metabolite fluxes through purine de novo synthesis and purine nucleotide recycling pathways. The disorder shows a wide spectrum of symptoms from slowly to rapidly progressing forms. The most severe form is characterized by neonatal encephalopathy, absence of spontaneous movement, respiratory failure, intractable seizures, and early death within the first weeks of life...
August 2, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754141/short-stature-an-ordinary-sign-for-an-unordinary-diagnosis
#10
Paolo Cavarzere, Valentina Bortolotti, Michela Capogna, Margherita Guarnieri, Francesca Lucca, Rossella Gaudino, Stefano Marzini, Claudia Banzato, Franco Antoniazzi
BACKGROUND: Short stature (SS) is a relatively early sign of poor health. Only in 5% of cases we can explain it through the presence of endocrinological pathologies. Therefore, if SS is present since the first months of life, it is necessary to investigate all systemic disorders with secondary effects on growth. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 16-months-old male infant with severe SS apparently not associated with other clinical signs or symptoms. The patient arrived to our attention after he was hospitalized for an Echovirus enteritis, associated to moderate neutropenia (800/mm(3)) and hypertransaminasemia (AST 116 U/L, ALT 88 U/L) at the age of 13 months...
July 28, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732540/rubella-sero-prevalence-among-children-in-kilimanjaro-region-a-community-based-study-prior-to-the-introduction-of-rubella-vaccine-in-tanzania
#11
Nikolas A S Chotta, Melina Mgongo, Jacqueline G Uriyo, Sia E Msuya, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Arne Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Childhood rubella infection is a mild, self-limiting illness. Rubella infection among pregnant women however, is a major public health concern. Depending on gestation age, it may result in fetal death, stillbirth or a new-born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Maternal antibodies protect young infants from rubella infection and lifelong immunity is acquired by vaccination or post-rubella infection. This study aims at characterizing rubella infection and its epidemiology in the Kilimanjaro region, prior to the introduction of the rubella vaccine in Tanzania...
July 21, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724436/expanding-the-phenotype-of-reciprocal-1q21-1-deletions-and-duplications-a-case-series
#12
Martina Busè, Helenia C Cuttaia, Daniela Palazzo, Marcella V Mazara, Salvatrice A Lauricella, Michela Malacarne, Mauro Pierluigi, Simona Cavani, Maria Piccione
BACKGROUND: Recurrent reciprocal 1q21.1 deletions and duplications have been associated with variable phenotypes. Phenotypic features described in association with 1q21.1 microdeletions include developmental delay, craniofacial dysmorphism and congenital anomalies. The 1q21.1 reciprocal duplication has been associated with macrocephaly or relative macrocephaly, frontal bossing, hypertelorism, developmental delay, intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: Our study describes seven patients, who were referred to us for developmental delay/intellectual disability, dysmorphic features and, in some cases, congenital anomalies, in whom we identified 1q21...
July 19, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724389/ataxia-in-children-think-about-vitamin-e-deficiency-comment-on-ataxia-in-children-early-recognition-and-clinical-evaluation
#13
LETTER
H Rahmoune, N Boutrid, M Amrane, M C Chekkour, B Bioud
A recent article from Pavone et al. published in the Italian Journal of Pediatrics entitled «Ataxia in children: early recognition and clinical evaluation» made an exhaustive overview of the large spectrum of pediatric ataxias. However, we would underline the importance of considering hereditary ataxia due to isolated vitamin E deficiency as a specific and treatable cause of child ataxia. We present a short clinical and therpeutic synopsis of this peculiar genetic etiology, frequently encountred in the mediterranean region...
July 19, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709466/effects-of-inhaled-hypertonic-7-saline-on-lung-function-test-in-preschool-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-results-of-a-crossover-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Raffaella Nenna, Fabio Midulla, Caterina Lambiase, Giovanna De Castro, Anna Maria Zicari, Luciana Indinnimeo, Giuseppe Cimino, Patrizia Troiani, Serena Quattrucci, Giancarlo Tancredi
BACKGROUND: This crossover, randomized, double-blind study (conducted over a 32-week period) was performed to determine, in clinically stable Cystic fibrosis (CF) preschool children: the effects of 7% inhaled hypertonic saline on spirometry and interrupter resistance technique (Rint), and the possible side effects. METHODS: Twelve CF children (6M, mean age ± SD: 5.7 ± 0.8 yrs) were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive hypertonic saline (HS-4 ml 7% sodium chloride), or normal saline (NS-0...
July 15, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709446/omitting-duodenal-biopsy-in-children-with-suspected-celiac-disease-and-extra-intestinal-symptoms
#15
Mauro Bozzola, Cristina Meazza, Chiara Gertosio, Sara Pagani, Daniela Larizza, Valeria Calcaterra, Ombretta Luinetti, Giovanni Farello, Carmine Tinelli, Lorenzo Iughetti
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to evaluate if in children with highly positive serology and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 (triple test, TT) and only extra-intestinal symptoms, it is possible to omit performing an intestinal biopsy for celiac disease (CD) diagnosis, as suggested by the new European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition ESPGHAN guidelines. METHODS: In this retrospective study a total of 105 patients, suspected of having CD because of extra-intestinal symptoms and showing serum tissue transglutaminase antibody (anti-tTG) and anti-endomysial antibody (EMA) measurements and HLA genotyping, were considered for the final analysis (33 boys and 72 girls; age range 1...
July 15, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646883/ioeasma-an-integrated-clinical-and-educational-pathway-for-managing-asthma-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Sebastiano Guarnaccia, Gaia Pecorelli, Marina Bianchi, Massimo Cartabia, Gianluigi Casadei, Ada Pluda, Cristina Quecchia, Valeria Gretter, Maurizio Bonati
BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of real life clinical and educational studies, "Io e l'Asma" Centre performed this implementation research (IR). Evaluate long-term effectiveness on bronchial asthma control of an integrated clinical and educational pathway for asthmatic children and adolescents. METHODS: An observational retrospective pre-post intervention IR study was conducted among 262 children with asthma, ages 6-15 yrs. The intervention protocol included three clinical visits 8 weeks apart; an educational course at visit 1, post intervention consisted in two follow-up visits 6 months apart...
June 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637490/lipoid-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-by-steroidogenic-acute-regulatory-protein-star-gene-mutation-in-an-italian-infant-an-uncommon-cause-of-adrenal-insufficiency
#17
Carla Bizzarri, Elisa Pisaneschi, Mafalda Mucciolo, Stefania Pedicelli, Daniela Galeazzi, Antonio Novelli, Marco Cappa
BACKGROUND: Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (OMIM n. 201710) is the most severe form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It is characterized by severe adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis impairment due to a defect in the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone. Affected infants experience salt loss, but glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid replacement therapy enables long-term survival. Classic lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia is relatively common in Japan and Korea but extremely rare in Caucasian populations...
June 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615030/the-autoimmune-burden-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#18
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Andrea Pession
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis of unknown origin which can be considered an autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this study is to analyse the presence of two or more autoimmune diseases (polyautoimmunity) in patients suffering from JIA and to evaluate the occurrence of ADs in their families. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with JIA aged 0-21 years, admitted to the Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna were screened for ADs...
June 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610634/medication-related-visits-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-an-8-years-retrospective-analysis
#19
Cristiano Rosafio, Serena Paioli, Cinzia Del Giovane, Valentina Cenciarelli, Nilla Viani, Paolo Bertolani, Lorenzo Iughetti
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the characterization of medication-related visits (MRVs) to the emergency department (ED) in pediatric patients in Italy. We have estimated the frequency, severity, and classification of MRVs to the ED in pediatric patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data for children seeking medical evaluation for a MRV over an 8 years period. A medication-related ED visit was identified by using a random pharmacist assessment, emergency physician assessment, and in case of conflicting events, by a third investigators random assessment...
June 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606112/acute-cerebellitis-in-children-an-eleven-year-retrospective-multicentric-study-in-italy
#20
Laura Lancella, Susanna Esposito, Maria Luisa Galli, Elena Bozzola, Valeria Labalestra, Elena Boccuzzi, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Laura Cursi, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Nadia Mirante, Danilo Buonsenso, Claudia Tagliabue, Luca Castellazzi, Carlotta Montagnani, Chiara Tersigni, Piero Valentini, Michele Capozza, Davide Pata, Maria Di Gangi, Piera Dones, Silvia Garazzino, Luca Baroero, Alberto Verrotti, Maria Luisa Melzi, Michele Sacco, Michele Germano, Filippo Greco, Elena Uga, Giovanni Crichiutti, Alberto Villani
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebellitis (AC) and acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) are the principal causes of acute cerebellar dysfunction in childhood. Nevertheless. there is no accepted consensus regarding the best management of children with AC/ACA: the aim of the study is both to assess clinical, neuroimaging and electrophysiologic features of children with AC/ACA and to evaluate the correlation between clinical parameters, therapy and outcome. METHODS: A multicentric retrospective study was conducted on children ≤ 18 years old admitted to 12 Italian paediatric hospitals for AC/ACA from 01/01/2003 to 31/12/2013...
June 12, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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